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BY BTItO.H M. BROWH.
My lovo ascends to Thee, 0 Qod!
Like Jnccnso from tho flow'r,
On sweet repentance's balmy breath,
At cv'iiing'e prny'rful hour.
For then Thy" goodness fills my heart,
Thy grandeur fills my brain,
As daily cares su.-pond their art
And die in gasps of pain.
'lis then I read thoso poems bright,
With rapturo-swclling eyo,
Thy awful hand's primeval might
Inscribed upon the fky.
Tho stars arc poems and each beam
Is nn immortal lino,
In which iu silver diction gleam
Thoughts of Thy loro divine.
Awed by thy genius nnd its power,
Thus, pensive, I peruse,
At ov'ning'a meditative- hour,
Tho products of thy Muse. .;
And thus I yield to Thy control,
Dominion of my heart,
When from tho surface of my soul
Day's sultry storms depart.
Laxsino, Jan. 5th, 1359.
INTENSELY INTERESTING NARRA
TIVE. Our Consul General, Mr. Harris whose
name is so intimately associated with the
unlocking of Japan to Christianity, wrote
two piivato letters to tho late Com. Per
ry whose Japan Expedition is fresh in
the memory which letter did not reach
this country until after tho death of the
Commodore. Tho Courier and Enquirer
is permitted to print the letters, and in
them wo havo an account of tho iourney
of Mr. Harris to Ycddo; what ho saw on
the way, and what ho saw there; forming
an intensely interesting chapter m tho
liirv rIV ucdiiuso given
llio ease and freedom of Iclterdom of let
ten, to a familiar friend. ' These cond let
City of Yeddo, March 8, 1S58.
Mr Deau Commodoue Perry: In
my letter to you, dated October 27,1857,
t intormetl you tnat l biiouiu go 10 i cci
lo during the next month. I according
ly left Simoda on tho 23d of Novc'mlwr,
and arrived hero on tho 3.0lh of tho samo
month, having passed tho intervening
Sunday atKawuski, the placo that Cha-
am liittcngcr reached w hen no mauo ms
lash at Yeddo. Reforo leaving tho Uni
ted States tho President gave mo special
powere to negotiate a Commercial treaty
with tho Japanese, which fact I made
known to tho Couucil of State.
I was, accordingly, received r.nd enter
aincd on my tourney, as tho representa
tive of tho UnRcd Slates, and every pos
siblo honor was paid to mo in that char
I did not havo occasion to complain of
any omission of marks of respect ; on tho
contrary, 1 would very gladly liavo dis
pensed with many ot litem. All tho way
from Simoda tho bridges wero repaired
and many new ones built, tho road put
in order and swept clean a lew hours be
fore I nasscd. Iho authorities ot eacli
town and village met mo at their respec
tive boundaries and walked bclorc me
quiet through their little Government.
Travel on the road was entirely sumxmm-
fidt ro I did not boo those ciowds of
travelers, Priests, IN tins, etc. etc., men
lioncd by Nempfer. Business was sus
ponded m all tho towns and villages, only
tho cook shops and tea houses being open.
Tho people in holiday dresses, were kncel-
lng on mats in iront oi muir uvwim--.
Not a sound was hoard; not a gesture
nulirnlivfl of curiosiiv was scent all was
From Odawara tho villages and ham
lets are very numerous, and after crossing
the river Logo at Ivaw a baki they iorm
n, onntinuoua street, l'fom binngawa it
is firo English miles to the -Ncpon Les,
nnd nothing particularly marks tho lino
of separation between the two Places.
I was conducted to my quarters, suuaiou
.... , - i
in tho fourth or outer circlo of tho castle,
and found thcro all I could reasonably ex
pect in tho way of comfort. Tho Japa
noso had constructed chairs, tables, bed
steads, bath-rooms, Ac., all copied from
Mm tliinnr nt mv residence. Thrco days
after my arrival, I paid a visit of ceremo
ny to Holts, Princo of Bittau, ono of the
hereditary "Dimios" or landed Princes
of Japan. Ho is now Prosideut of tho
Council of state, and has recently bee
created Minister of I'ureign Affjurs.
Eight days after my arrival I had pub
lie audienco of the Ty-Coon, (not Tio
Goou, of which raorc anon,) w hen I made
an address to his Majesty, rccciveu his
repjy and delivered tho letter. The cere
mony, so far as I was concerned, was pro
ci ely that of any European Court; three
bows as I cntcrod and tho samo on leav
ing. I stood during the wholo audienco
and wore new, unsoilcd shoos. In tho
chamber, only six members of tho Couu
cil of State and three titular brothers of
tho Ty-Coon were present ; they were
prosirato on their laces, lu the adjoin
ing room some thrco hundred or four
hundred f tho Princes and higher ofli
ccrs of Stato wero present. Tho "Cam
missimo or dress of ceremony is difler-
cnt from other occasions, but, except tho
ureeencs, inero is noimng worthy ol par
ticular note. Tho breeches nro nuito a
yard longer than the leg, and when tho
wearer walks they trail out behind, which
gives him tho appearance of walking on
his knees. They wear a black laced cap
which cannot be described in words, but
is something like the cap worn by tho
ointoo priests, which you saw when m
Japan. Tho Ty-Coon wears a black laced
cap of an inverted bell shape. He was
clad in robes of yellow silk. Not a sin
glo pearl, diamond, or jewel, or any gold
or silver (except the small gold ornament
of tho sword) was visible. All was plain
as possible, and from its very simplicity
was most striking. None of tho golden
roofs, fretted ceilings and gilded columns
which olden writers describe as being
seen by them, wero seen by mo. Tho in
terior wood-work of tho palace was tm
paintcd. Three days after mv audienco
I had a business interview witli tho Min
ister of Foreign Affairs. This was very
long and highly interesting. From this
time I am constantly engaged in giviug
instruction to tho Japanese on tho laws
of nationsn Polity, J&uotv tH5
resource of a country with all tho matters
that naturally flow., from r aro connected
with these' important subjects. The pres
ent stato of Europo and America camo
in for its share of attention.
Tho labor has been almost beyond be
lief; for as I gave them new ideas, for
which they had no descriptivo terms, I
had to convey the true meaning by a va
riety of illustrations, added to which Mi-
riama, who was the interpreter, was quite
ignorant of tho Dutch term used for much
of tho foregoing, so 'Vt lie had first to
bo instntcted. Sot mcs ' ' almost t!cs-
aircd of ".or succcUJiiK in conveying
my meaning, ,Vut l yrsoverod and am ro-
warIcd lor my i'uOi and patienco oeyond
mv most sanguine expectations, for I have
succeeded in making a commercial treaty
that effectually , opens Japan to a lrec
commcj o with tho U. S. You arc aware
that I am not' permitted to divulge the
particulars of my negotiations until tho
treaty has been ratincd. on ono point, i
may venturo to stato to you, and that is
on tho subject of religion. Tho treaty
secures to Americans m Japan tho iroo
cxcrcUo of their religion, with tho right
to build churches. It also 'declares tho
customs of trampling upon religious em
blems to bo abolished. I think you will
consider tho treaty as a whole, as sat is
factory a that made by wr. usinng
with China. No one so well knows as
ou do tho serious obstacles to the mak
ing a treaty with this singular people.
It should also be bcrno in mind, that
I have onlv arguments to use; I used no
threats: 1 had no force to point to as ir
resistible arguments; and lastly that I
was entirely alono with a singlo exception
of lluesken, Dutch interpreter to th
Consulate, lor 1 did not even unng my
Chineso servants with me. I am proud
to havo thus connected my namo with
your great work of 1854. It is an hon
or I havo always coveted, but I had not
tho most rcmolo idea that 1 should suc
ceed in less than twenty months after my
arrival in Japan in attaining this object of
For moro than a year after my arrival
I used tho namo or titlo of Zio-goon, to
designato tho ruler of Japan, so also, when
speaking of tho residenco of their " Spir
itual Emperor," as they called him, I
named it Miako. It shows the perfect
system of concealment of this people,
that during all this time they never in
formed mo that both tho terms wero er
roneous, and it was not until a short time
beforo I started for Yoddo that they in
formed mo that tho title of their political
ruler wasTy-cooh ic "and not Zio-goon,
which means 'generalissimo,' so also 'Mi
ako' means 'the court,' " the true name of
tho placo being Kiato. You aro aware
that with tho Japanese, seclusion and
rank nro equivalents. Reforo I arrived
hero I had determined on tho course
would follow whilo hero;
Reforo I left Sid mo they wished nie to
engage that 1 would not visit their shops,
or tho business part of Ycddo, or as they
expressed it, "not to go whero common
people lived, w
I declined making any sueh engage
ment, and told them I must bo entirely
lreo to go out Jrom mv residence when I
pleased and visit where' I please, nnd it
was with tins clear understanding that I
began my journey.
At tho samo time I had no intention
of exercising that light, and except on
tlio occasion of my audienco and thrco in
tcrviews with the Foreign Minister, I havo
only been out twice, and that was mere
ly for a horseback ride in a Ca-Ca or
'Champ-do Mars' in tho vicinity of my
residenco. All tho interviews (except
thoso above noted) and the negotiations
took place at my quarters. From all
this you will nt onco infer that I cannot
give you moro than a very imperfect ac
count of this truly large city. Tho castk
is tho chief feature, and consists of four
irregular circles, all surrounded with moats
or ditches, tho thrco inner circles have
stono walls, being a bank of earth faced
with stono, and varying in height from
12 to 30 feet according to tho nature of
the ground on which they arc built. The
gateways through tho walls open into a
quadrangle of somo 50 to CO feet, the
gale of egress being placed at right an
gles with this entrance gate. As a means
of defenco it is unworthy tho namo ex
clusively by the Tycoon and his sons;
and tho second by tho Council of State
and Princes; tho third and fourth arc oc
cupied by tho Dimios, ritular Princes; and
high officers of the government. IcnuhJ
or extent of "either castle or city. They
pretended tho most profound ignorance
on all these points, and unblusjiinglyAle
clured lhat'a census was never taken in
They gave me the plan of Yeddo, but
as it is drawn without referenco to a scale,
it is impossible to form any satisfactory
opinions from it. If I can place any re
lianco on their statements, the city is about
50 miles in circumference ; the outer cir-
lo of tho castlo varies from 7 to 5 miles
in diameter all English measure. I rom
tho best information I can get, I placo the
jtopulation at two millions, and I think
this to be rather within the actual amount.
Tho houses aro all built of wood and cov
ered with tiles; none aro moro than two
stories. The streets through which 1 pass-
id were from 50 to 80 feet wide, but 1
am told they aro much narrower m the
parts outside the castle. 1 have not seen
a singlo company of soldiers all the time
I havo been here; they appear to nave
been here; they appear to havo studious
ly concoalod them from mo. Tho Police
arc numerous and sufficient. Ycddo, like
tho other cities of Japan, is divided into
"streets," i. c. a distance of oUU teei.,
where a strong barrier is erected across
tho street, with gates which arc closed at
nn carlv hour in tho evening. Each of
theso divisions has an "Ultoiio, or cap
tain, and is responsible for its own Iran
quility. In many places the barricades
aro double, leing placed somo ieet
apart, and form a little impregnable slock
adc against any forco without artillery.
I am told that leddo contains ucnvceu
8000 and 0000 of these streets. From
this an approximation to the population
might apparently bo formed; but owing
to tho great difference of the interior size
of tho souarcs, the estimate would at least
bo very imperfect. I will now close this
letter, which has becomo so unreasonably
long. I foar it will weary you to read it,
T remain vour dear Commodore. Yours
very sincerely, Towksend Harms.
Negro in Union College. A young
colored man recently applied for admis
sion to the Junior Class of Union Co!
logo, Schenectady. Tho President said it
should be left with tho class. The class
decided, by a majority of ten, last week
to admit; but since, the President claims
that tho consent of tho class must be
The End of the World. Abraham
Flavcll and J. Decker, St-cond Advcnlists,
havo issued a circular, called tho Time
Messenger, containing twenty-eight col
tunns of arguments and figures to dem
onslrate that tho second coming of Chris
will bo during the Passover of tho pros
Every mau lias just as much vanity
as no wants unuersianuing.
Sam Jones, tho Seminole Indian
Chief, died, recently, in Florida.
"This is net gain," as tho spider
said when ho caught a lly. -,
Tho census of Oregon shows a pop
ulation of 41,850, with 5,900 voters.-
A flirt changes all her opinions cv
cry day, excepting tho good opinion she
nas oi ncrseir.
Eighteen revolutionary soldiers havo
died the past year, lherc aro yet full
two hundred survivors.
It is with life as with roffoc, he
who drinks it pure must not drain it to
Dr. Adam Clarke says, tho hog
was cursed under tho old law, and never
received a blessing under tho new.
Tho use of steam on the Erie Canal
shows a saving in the expense of running
boats of about 45 per cent.
Thcro aro 209 public schools in New
York City. The bible is excluded from
twclvo of them.
An Iowa farmer, on being asked if
ho had ever done much farming before,
replied, " No, but last year I farmed con
siderably behind !"
Tho losses by firo in the United
States in 1858, excluding all losses less
than $10,000, make an aggregato of
Men forget that many a privation
has a bidden joy, as tho llower blooms
under tho leaf. Shadow is sometimes
Tho Dentuts of Indiana aro nbout
to form a Stato Associat ion. Their seal
wIlLl-h tnfi'nv vvife wonders why men
can't do something useful mightn t they
as well amuse themselves smoking hams
cigars t . . ..
An editor who was shoit of trav
ling funds, sat upon a saw-horse for an
imaginary jourucy in the country, and
wrote letters homo for his paper.
Thcro is a town in Iowa whore the
belt is rung every day, at 12 o'clock, for
the people to taKO ineir quinine, as uicy
have the ague all round.
Virtue is like precious odors, most
fragrant where they are incensed or crush
ed; for prosperity dolh best discover vice,
but adversity doth best discover virtue.
" Doctor, what do you think is the
cause of this frequent rush of blood to
my head! ' " O, it is nothing but an ci
fort of nature. Nature you know, abhors
a vacuum." '
McCormick's patent for improve
ment in Reaper Machines has expired, and
the invention, thcreioro, becomes public
property. Tho Commissioner of Patents
overruled the applications for extension.
At tho late Indian Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, tho
venerable Bishop harly, ordained twelve
Indians, principally chiefs in their tribes,
to tho gospt i ministry.
"Tommy, mv son," said a fond moth
cr, " do you say your prayers night and
morning " "Yes, that is, nights; but
anv smart boy can take care ot himscii
in the day time.
The monument to Ethan Allen, nt
Burlington, Vt., is completed. It is forty
feet high. A collossal statuto of the
Green Mountain hero is yet to be placed
on the summit.
( Sam, why don't you talk to your
massa, and tell urn to lay up his treasure
in heaven ?"
"What's do ur,o ob ho laying up he
treasuro dare ? ho ncler 6ce urn again !"
At Dubuque, Iowa, on Monday, an
old lady kicked a boy at whom she be
rnmfl nnrv. with such force that she rup
tured a 'blood vessel, and died in a short
An editor savs his attention was
fi rvil. ilrmvn to matrimony, by tlif skillful
manner iu which a pretty fiirl l" idled a
A brother editor says tho manner m
which his wife handles a broom h not so
PmsTEit'rf Toast. Woman the
fairest work of creation the edition be
ing extensive, let no man bo without a
Our only objection to the work is, that
thero aro too many gilt edged aud fancy
bottud copies in tho market.
For tho Grand Haven News.
My Dear News: Will you permit
me the u.;o of your columns for the pur
pose of offering to your readers a few
stray thoughts upon tho subject of Tem
perance, and to vindicate tho Good Tem
plars of our villago from tho foul asper
sions cast upon them. Tho subject of
Temperance is ono upon which so much
has been said, and written, that I do not
expect to produce anything new; and my
only reason for writing at all is tho
fearful amount of intemperance prov
ider! among us, and tho apparent apathy
of many of our citizens upon the subject,
this, with the avowed hostility of others,
the ten thousand times exploded objec
tions to tho causo which are urged upon
tho youth among us, has iuduccd m6 to
appear in your columns. In ofieriug my
thoughts on this subject to tho public, I
shall do so fearlessly, and yet I hope af
"Nothing cxtcnuato nor set down aught in mal
With this object in view, I shall now
endeavor to present a development of tho
principles of Temperance, and answer
sueh objections as stand in our way.
With the abstract lawfulness of tho
moderate uso of wine, fec, under ordi
nary circumstances, wo havo at present
nothing to do; but admitting that ab
stractly considered it may bo both lawful
scriptures (which wo takoas tho standard
of practice as well as faith,) enforco no
imperative injunction requiring tho use of
whiODrsirong drink a.f an oicnnitry bever
age, but on tho contrary furnish numer
ous examples in which tho excellent of
tho earth in different ages and dispense
tions have abstained. Somo occasionally5
as the pr iests, whilo performing their sa
cred functions in tho sanctuary, and such
Jews as have under the Nazaritish vow,
whilo others abstained during life, as
Sampson, tho Rachabites, Daniel and his
self-denying associates, ami John tho Bap
Every one at all acquainted with his
biblo knows that while somo of these
cases of abstinence wero in accordance
with divino appointments, others were tho
result of free and voluntary determina
tion. But in the hitter caso as well as
in the former tho individuals practicing
abstinence nro spoken of by tho inspired
writers, aud by tho Almighty himself, not
in terms of censure;- but in tho languago
of aj 'probation.
Now what do these examples prove?
simply thw, that the disuso of wine. and
stron drink is lawful and proper. In tho
praclieoof total abstinence tluroV we,
, iolato no scriptural command, nor arc?
guilty as some havo charged us witlfco.
tempt of tho divino goodness. Wo are
merely exercising a right God has given
us, a liberty tho scriptures acknowjedgd
without impugning, and a liberty which
somo of the best men in every ago havo
unscrupulously used, exercising n right
the biblo so clearly acknowledges iui
good men in all ages have exercised.--With
what forco does the epithtt, infidels,
fanatics, &c, apply to us? However,
while our conduct is sanctioned by the
word of Gcd wo havo no reason to bo
ashamed it; and encouraged by tho ex
ample of a holy Daniel, a John tho Bap
list, and a host of others who havo Iwt-n
tho brightest luminaries of tho world,
wo havo no causo to bo ashamed of, or
to blush at the company in which wo aro
In my next I propose to show that not
only is total abstinence consistent with
scripture, but that circumstances .may
arise iu which the sacrifice of lav ful things
becomes a christian duty.
Yours tmlv, - vindex.
Graud Haven, 'Fib'y 10, '59. . -