Newspaper Page Text
Troops Orderea lo Keinrorcc
Destructive- Floods in Mexico
Rank Failures at St. Johns, N. B.
Heavy Lawsuits Against the Eric
A Question of Judicial Compe
tency at Richniomd.
A ttcpubllc Proclanied at .Mad
The rialit Hour fv!tciit Troops
tiered to tho rinins.
Washington, Nov. 17. It is believed
the Attorney General hap, in an opinion
prepared in regard lo government employes
workine according lo the eight hour sys
tem, derided tlmt they are entitled lo the
HHine compensation as n working ten hours.
(Jen. Henuing-cn denies having any
connection with ihe Cuban expedition.
Orders have been i.'i-ucd from the Navy
Department, detaching Admiral Farragut
from command of the European squadron,
and he ii placed in waiting orders.
By command of Gen. Grant, the Siper
intendent of the mounted recruiting ser
vice at Carlisle barrack, will forward,
without delay, nil di-pensable rtcrnits at
lhiapa-tto Fort Hrker, Ksnsa, vhere
they wiil be reported to Gen. Sheridan for
Iiiiioriaiit I'liieliiiM' by Hie Erlr It. It.
Co. Hiti Nletctis Itallt-ry I ire In
New York, Nov. 17. The Venango Oil
Transportation Company have sold lo the
Krie It. It. Va , for the sum of 1 GOJ.000
:t water-front of 2000 feet at the Venango
Oil dock, in Weehauken. The transfer
ws made subject toainorigsge of 52-30,000
held hy the Hoboken Laud Improvement
Company. The certainty (hat this local
ity at no distant day will bo the great di
out and termir.u of the Western and
Southern line, induced Ihe Erie company
lo forettsl! any competition by securing
this valoiblo w.de-.'r. n'.
In accordance wuh the will of the late
I'M win A. Steven, the S.even.' bitlery is
lo be completed at a coat not excecdin,:
$1,000,000. Gen. G 11. McCIellau has
been engaged lo superintend Ihe work at a
salary of $10,000 a vear. This engage
ment was effected in Paris by the late Mr.
Slevena shortly before his death, Gen.
McCIellau and he h iving bsen negotiating
with eeveral of Ihe E.iropean governments
fur the construction of a bitlery similar to
the one projected by Mr. Stevens. Accord
ing to the will thn batiery wheu coniplrled
shall be presented to the State of New
Jersey, and in cie it is not ecccpled, it
shall be sold ami the proceed added to
Eight buildings in Fulton aveaus,
Brooklyn, owned by S.J. Herman, were
destroyed by lire yesterday. Lw, $22,
000, including that of ihe occupants.
New York, Nov. 10. Etnil Steumfels,
late Uniltd States Consul to Maricaibo,
died on Ihe piFSige of ihe Ilvis. to this
A new .-nit a ainst the directors of the
Erie Railioad Company wai begun in
the Sujireme Court chambers before Judge
Soulherland to-diy, on the application of
Aug- Bilmont. The complaint is founded
on an olTidavit by Frank Work and others,
suiBtsr.lially netting forth that the money
of the Erie Railroad Company has been
used hy Gould, Fisk and Lane, in further
ance of stork ep.-culations for their private
iulerert. The affidavit further sets forth
tliat Fiel; is an adventurer from New Eng
land. It i also alleged in the afli Iavit,
that Pike's Oper.i lions.; had been pur
chased in the sole mine of Fink, with the
monev ol the u.-inpany to the amount of
SS3.O00. Fi-k, Gould and Line are further
charged with Laving issued from $23,000,
OW to 520,000,000 spurious share, with a
view of creating a corner in Wall street.
The affidavit further alleges that tie
abovc-iiamed individual have denied the
other directors acceai to the book.', and in
fact manigfd the affair of the company
exclusively for their own interest and in
a reckless, manner. Judge Southerlano
granted an ii junction, which directs the
tfiioers and agent of the compmy to re
frain from inorei'ing Ihe capital stock of
the Erie Jlailroad Company beyond tie
amount now outstanding and now in the
hands -f the bona fide holder", and also
ordeie- the defendants to refrain from ic
moving any of the books, prpers, securi
ties, or foni"1? "f the company from the ju
i Miction of the tourt, and directs that the
lund shall b.' applied for no purpose but
the payment of the legitimate debts and
espowes of the company, the balance to
be dipoed of in such manner an the
court may from time to time direct.
The court aluo orders that officers and
ogenlsof the ompnny shall refrain lrom
.hrtirting anv cf the directors from er
hUiiiiing any r.f the books of said company.
Another suit ha been begun by Charles
Mcintosh agiirist the Directors and Augtut
l'.tdnjont, in which an injucclion has been
.ibtsinrd, but whether it is in aid oragsint
ihe Fisk suit does rot apj)ear.
1-att-rt devlopmen(s in Erie afl'iir, ac
Cirlirig rej)rrt, ii tlisl J;y tiould wa
appoi'ilcd n-ceiver ol the ivtui:iiiy la-t
Thui-div bv Jtii'ge Barnard.
- Eennrt alsu hsvm nlwt $7,000,000 if
t g)d has betn taken out of the Gild Ex
change Lank, and taken to Jerrcy City.
A rumor is current ot the failure of
lar?e house in breadstuff, but not anlhentt
cattd. ItlihelieveJthatth.' iovernment old
gold largely to-day.
(jen. rai, Horace ureney, jouo uiw
fell Young and Sen. Ihdeoo, took break
Satl ct I'elmonioo'a this mornirg. Ger.
Grant diovcout diis mining to visit some
friend in the city.
Mrs. Stowi; has irfuid a call . for a con
vention f the fiiemlsof woman suffrage, at
Yillande, N. J , on the 2d ol December.
Mr. Bottaffi, he Greek Consul, hs
issued a card al.ing contributions in mor.cy
jnd clothing, for destitute rfupees in
Capt.iJen. Leisundi, ofCoba, telegraphs
tt the Sp'inih C.unsil here tiuttli- inui
itction is lurking up.
Ciiilirxnatiirlnl Ti-fliiliies Nni Yet
el I led.
Tali AUAssitr, Nov. 17. Gov Gicasob
has issued a proclamation that tho Legis
lature at the late special session was rc-cojrnw-ed
a a l.-gul body by Gov. Keid,
and that its j.ro. e dings in ho impeach
ment matter was jierlVolly legal Ho
proclaim that mid Harrison Ileid, Gov
ornorof FloiiJa, is deemed by thP enrs'i
tution under arrest, nnddh-qualificd from
performing any ) the duties of his offico
until acquitted by Ihe S-'nate, and that
tho powerfl have devolved upon him by
tho Constitution to put down tho lawlesi
H83S and nn ircby which will inevitably
f Jiiilse I'lisli Seizure
ClNTISNATl, Nov. 17. Judge John M.
Pngh, of Colnmbii, was before United
States Commisiionernolliday this evening,
charged with bsuing fraudulent naturali
zation papirs. The case was iv.nlimiul
until to-morrow afternoon.
This morning Collecle.r Neff seiied over
40 000 worth of books of English publi
l,.,'nlQ TIipv were sni)Tioed to have been
i...,..l.i tmlii" United States from England
throuh Canada. They were seized on
charge of fraudulent invoicing.
ESTABLISHED MARCH 30, 1835.
Gov. t la j Ion Doclnroft W'nr .salut
Mmipins, Nov. 17. The Avalanche
publishes to-morrow the following from
Gov. Clayton of Arkansas :
A Cir.CCI.AK LETTER TO THE StIEKirFS
AND OTHER COCXTV OFFICERS.
I have transmitted your county copies
of ray proclamation declaring martial law
in certain counties of tho State, The
election being over, the time has now ar
rived when the State government must
sustain itself at the point of the bayonet
if necessary. Tho American people havo
by overwhelming majorities declared in
favor of tho validity of tho reconstruc
tion measures and the government acting
thero under. Tho United States author
ities, m deference to the decision ot tho
people, must now give us protection. But
before we ask for help from abroad we
must show a willingness to help ourr
Tho enemies of the State government
aro demoralized by tho effects of the
stunning blow recieved on the 3d inst.
Now is duo tho auspicious tirao for
ofiicors, Government, Suite, County and
Municipal, aided by loyal people, to re
cover their lost authority and by one
grand effort establish peace and order
permanently in this state. It is tho in
tention of the executive committee to
lend every energy toward the accom
plishment of this much desired end. If
officers in tho various departments in
tho State, nd tho law abiding people
will but heartily second him in his efforts
it will bo accomplished. 1 therefore urge
upon officers in your county to put forth
their united and determined efforts in tho
enforcement law and toward bringing
criminals to punishment. You must
make your authority respected or bring
on an open issue.
If aficr inaktDg a vigorous attempt you
fail, then martial law will be extended to
your county and upon the heads of the
people tho dieadltil responsibility must
rest. You aro requested to perfect an
organization of militia of your county.
If loyal people do not volunteer in the
State guard, reserve militia must be
organized. When called upon, you must
furnish your quota of militia to operato
in other portions of the State. Urge upon
citizens not to act on to their own opin
ions against that of the authorities A
general plan is determined upon, and all
must render cheerful assent. Ic order to
make it successful, warn the people of
your county ngainst unauthorized inter
ference in affair3 of other counties, and
report promptly all matter:-, of im
portance Powell Clayton,
St. Louis, Nov. 17. The Democrat has
a t.pvcial from Little Hock, Ark , which
say-; Advices from the southern part of
the State report that a part of Gin. Co.
lersoii'3 command was attacked by Ku
Klux at Center Point, Sevier county, on
Ihe 1 1th. Three of the attacking parly
and otic militiaman were killed and sev
eral ou both sides wounded.
The Arkansas L'gislalure convei. J to
lU'liiibllcau CiiiKliilale Tor Jlnj or.
Boston, Nov. 17. The Republican
Ward and City Coinmilteo, last night
nominated Moses Kimball for Mavor.
llni:wx,Nov. 17. Haron Von DercLidt,
Minister of Finance, officially informed
the Chamber that Count Bismarck will
resume his scat in that body some time
Naples, Fov. 17 Vesuvius is in a vio
lent state of eruption.
Paris, Nov. 17. It is reported that
Spanish llepublic is proclaimed at
Money I) in mi lw ly lor .MiisUh.
Loxixin', Nov. 17. Bariiig Brother j
yesterday drew a million sterling fr.im
tho Bank of England for the Ius.ian
government It is said this was on
American account and tho money was i n
part payment for Alaska.
LosnoK, Nov. 17. Bcv. John Jackson
D. D., Bishop of Lincoln, has been pro
moted to Secretary of London, and Arch
Deacon Wadsworth has been appointed
to succeed the Bishop of Lincoln.
Parliamentary elections which contin
ued lo day, havo been favored with good
weather. So far as yet known, the Lib
erals havo elected 147 members a gain
of 30, while the Conservatives havo re
ceived CO a gain of S.
Iliots have occurred in Birmingham
and some shop? havo been sacked. At
last accounts tho police and the mob
were fighting. Tho election in Belfast
has been postjoncd in consequence of the
liots and troops occupying the town.
LATER Total footings to tlm li mo are
Liberals 207 a gain of 15 ; Toriei 77 ; a
giiin of 2j. In Bri't'il murh d image Ii.h
been done by tlif louh. The Tory Cjuv
misfiionei's Kounis were demolished, ths
inns saikcd, the liquors drunk or thrown
into the street' and many persons injured,
twoscriou.ly. Ai. l"t acount Ihti mob
were desnerate. At t'ulton there was an
Irih riot and ininy persons wounded. Thi
riot act w.is re.id and troop cillrd out
when order was restored.
Tijkxico Asn cai.ss oisma
DlsaMi'im Morm mill riomW.
Sn 1-nANrir. iov. J. lerriit.s
wit.d and tain .-tonus ragpd over Mex e
frnm O.Soiter l.Vli in ihe 1 Sill, doing im
mM daitiscf. t tutnir ce.it suffering an I
los of life. Th city of Alimo, in lb-
State of Sjn-ra, con aming a piuilati-m
of seven thousand was le!royeii uv 11
ml uhiriwind. Lorallo. l,owcr California,
and several other small towns entirely de
molished. Herds of cattle were swept
awav, oranee groves and crops in some in
stances were totally mined. Yugai and
Nesjor river tose forty feet.
The nejienl Movement
IlALirAX, Nov. 17. 'Ihe repeal contro
Vcrsv continue.. Hon. Wm. Arnauu iris
pnbiiFhcd a letter in reply to that ot Mr.
Howe. He is confident ot bringing about
the repeal in England, and anticipate! the
failure to conciliate Nova Scotia Jndg
Mamhall basal., written another letter, in
which hesavs Mr. Howe counts loo largely
n (t.H sleadfa-t drvotion of the people, and
warns any people in nflioe, that if they sup
irort Howe their career will bo ehort. The
repealers generally think Hove cant in
Nova 8otia. but fear that his
nonw will have immense influence in
U:tiK f.nllur s iiml Ieirecnlioi.
St .kiiino. N. B. Nov. 11. Tho mone
tary escitemtnt continues. The St. Ste
phens bank agency closed yesterday and
Tno.ln nnnimncrmcuts thatiuspaper would
l... redeemed at the bead office. The re
has been a general run for cold on the
n.t.or bunks which so far has been
nrnmntlv met Gus. P. Sander, C.i-hier
,.f the Commercial Bank, has absconded
l ...rin-rdefaieations amounting to t'.m.iwM
r. -mmercial Bank notes have declined to
Hav xa, Nov. 17. The steamship fctar
of ihe Union from New Orleans arrival
,.n TnMihv last Iter cotnmanue:
thinks the steamer Post was totally
-T.w.t.-l ,.n tho Cuban coast near lSahm
tk .it- mi..1 nftopenirors were all saved.
Memphis, NuV. 17. Tho body of a ne
.mmnntroarnnnilin the Hatcliie river
xcterdav disemboweled and horribly
inntilated It had been in the watbr a
long time with no moans of identifying it
or nny clue to the perpetrator!
XKWS OF TK DAY.
At Lapere, Michigan, on the 14;h, a fire
caused the loss of $40,000. Jennings
Brothers, clothing merchants, were the
Daring the fical year, which hasju.t
closed, the public debt of Ohio was re
duced 5499,260 13, leaving the amount
outstanding $10,532,675 43.
The negroes of St. Paul, Minnesota, had
a celebration last week over their admis
sion lo suffrage. They were addressed by
prominent Radicals. -
Cars aro now running on the Efnus
ville, Henderson and Nashvillo railroad
from Ilendorson to Slaughtersvillc a
distance of twenty-fivo miles.
Rev. A. P. Williams, an eloquent and
distinguished minister of the Baptist
Church, was killed on Monday last near
Glasgow, Mo., by his horso falling over
At Huntington, Indiana, Saturday night
the jewelry store of T. W. "Gardner was
entered by burglar?, who carried off three
thousand dollars worth of watches, dia
A bill will be presented to the next New
Jersey Legislature for the consolidation of
Jersey Cily, Hoboken and Hudson' City,
as one city. The proposition is favorably
regarded in places interested.
The City Council of Hopkinsvillo has
voted tho necessary appropriation to .ex-
tend the Evansville, Henderson andlfasli
villc railroad to that city. Work will bo
commenced at oner.
There is not a town in Texas except
Galveston, Bays the Galveston Aw, which
uses any thing else but a specie currency.
Hard dollars actual mint drops are very
nearlv all the fsshion in the Lone Star
Many persons have arrived in Washing
Ion from various States, seeking govern
ment employment. Instead of increasing,
the Departments are diminishing their
forces, and therefore there i no prospect
OruSunday night of last week an at
tempTwas made to assassinate Mr. J. W.
Koy, manager ot Gen. Pillow's plantation,
near Helena, Ark. A gun was fired at
him through tho window, but a table
standing near turned tho charge aside.
A duel with sabres took place near
Now Orleans, on Wednesday, between
Louis E. Moussicr andL S. Payne, the
latter receiving a slight wound. The
duel grow out of a similar affair which
took place between Mr. Moussier and Cjl.
AVilkin3 a short time ago.
The meteoric shower made a magnificent
display at Terre Haute on Saturday morn
ing At several interval between raid
night and diyligBt, thousands of meteors
were observed, many of them very large
and brilliant. The movement was from
northeast to southwest.
A band of Spanish malcontents, who
have held pos-dsion of Seville since the
revolution, but obstinately refused to obey
the oiders of the National government,
have been routed by the regular troops
after a fierca combat. Complete quiet hn
now brcti restored in that city.
The Cunard and Inman steamship lines
have contracted with Ihe British govern
ment for seven years to run three mails
weekly between England and America.
Two of these mails will be between New
Yor k and Liverpool, and ono between Bos
Ion and Liverpool.
The trial of Burt Curtley and Charles
Medley, two negroes, charged with the
murder of Captain Miner, at Amhcrst
burg, about a mouth since, was concluded
at Smdwicb, Cinada, Saturday. Both
were f. u id guilty, and sentenced to b
hung ri'i Monday, December 21.
George J. Wylio and R. M. Dezany,
Secretary and Solicitor of the International
Mutual lnsnrancc Company, were arre3ieu
at St. Louis, Saturday, ctiargcu tiy L.acg,
the Preiiden t, with embezzling funds of
the company. Lang had previouly bfen
arretted en a t-imilar char.'.
C. H. Camiit-u, emigrant agent at Colum-
lm. Ohio, renorts the arrival of 49o emi
grants at that point durin Km wsek end
ng Saturday, llioy propp?a ii toeaie a
follows: In Ohio, Si; Mmoun, 1UI ; Illi
nois, 110; Indiana, CS; Kentucky, 42 ;
Wisconsin, -Micliigm, ; arm i en-
At Doiter Park. Chicico. Sitnrday,
(linn tcfla fi trntlint? match between Moris
fey. Sleapv John and Queen of the West.
John and'Queen each won a heat. O.i the
third heat the sulkies attaclieu to inese iwo
cime in collision, throwing out Jim Rockey,
Queen's driver. Morrissey was awardtd
the heat and race, the others being decided
distanced. Rockey was mi seriomly in
A mortizacefor one million dollars, giv
en on their property by the St. Louis and
St. Joseph Railroad Company, in favor i f
Eastern capitalists, was men in me iw
carder's ofiiee, at St. Joseph, Missouri, on
the 11th inst. Stamps to tlie amount oi
$1000 ornamented tho instrument. v mi
the money procured on this mortgage, me
work on the road is lo be vigorously prof e
ctited. A convention calied lo consider the sub
ject of the Texas cattle diea, which has
prevailed so lalaliy during me iuji
and the best measures to be inaugurated to
prevent ili introduction and spread, w."
meet in Ihe cilv of Springfield, Illinois, on
Tuesday, the 1st of Decemb-r next. To
this convention nearly all the Siatea have
Elizabeth Jones, the child murdere-s,
La- made a follconfesionof her complicity
in the murder of her coasiu, a girl cf
twelve, in Caaadi, lxt June. She enticed
her cou?in into the w..d. struck her twice
with a stick, and finding herself unable to
do the job, called her father, who came up
and murdered the piorgiri. r.uzauu.11 .
promised two new dresies by her father if
she would cemmit the horrid deed. She
will be sent lo the Penitentiary and Lfr
A Wft.l.inetuu sihcUI of lb - H h - iys
Phe convention entered i-ito bv MiniXir
Johnson and Lird Sttnley for ihe eltlt-
meiil of the Alabama question, aud ei.t
over for the ratifienion of government, is
exn?f led to reach here on the ol inr.
the details Ot tlie agreement win
made public for soma time to cuine, unlcs
ii. iints lavorai.ie in a-agiauu a.c mmui..
i. - ... i ii i .... M ni.,..
therefor ellect on uie rariiaaiem nj
tians The President said to-day it would
be improper to make any reference to the
pjint agreed O'i, lint lnumaies ajiu -let's
ttaument in Parliament that differ
ences wrro about settled ?as correct. A
prompt am! aatirfictory adjustment oi mo
qnealioii at is-ua nny, therefore, be antici
Cultl Weather niul Heavy hit aw.
?t Loins. Nov. 17. Omaha dispatchis
sav that a heavy snow storm raged thero
all day yesterday. Communication with
tho West was cut oil, uiu inuus uini-
The thermometer last night reaencu ono
hundred degrees above zero.
Mrs. Sarah Page, of Canaan, N. II,
has in her possession a bible printed in
1599 by th.-. deputies 01 iinaioim.
Barker, printer to the Queen's most ex
cellent majesty." It was brought from
Lindou by fczeuici ueever, uu iuuiou-.
oldPuritnr. fchoolmastcr, to whom the
Boston boys for an entire generation wero
deeply indebted for their primary educa
tion. .Master l IlCCVCr came iu m'3 "
try in June, 1037, and died in Jmston in
170S, aged ninety-thrco years. Before
his death this biblo was presented to his
sen, the Rev. Samuel Cheaver, tho pastor
of the church at Alnrbicncau ior mine
than fifty years. From him it descended
toMrs. rage, in a direct line uirouu m-i
maternal ancestor, Mrs Elizabeth Field,
of Salem, who died of a wound received
in escaping irom nei rou 0 uu- .......
on fiio October, 1774. The house was
burned down in the nighty time, but tho
i.i ir.i.in ir-ia c.ivp.d. and is likely to be
HXA I'lU.W ....n , ; . . - p
for the admiration ol luturo
generations Boston Journal.
NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18,
Tho anti-proliibitionisU of Boston have
nominated G. W. Messenger for may
or. Charles B. Lird, Judge or tho Circuit
Court, .died in St. Louis Satutday after
noon. Charles Rcade gets S30,000 for his
new novel, on which he is now hard at
Bishop Stevens fell on the sidewalk at
l'ithlehem, Pa., last Saturday, breaking
his arm and leg.
Brevet Maj. Gen. T. U. Bates, retired,
has been detailed for duty as Recorder
of the St. Louis Rotiring Board.
Caleb Cushing has gone to Baltimore
tonppcar for General Butler in the caso
ag'Sinst the latter in that city.
Mothers never see any homely babies
in .their own families. Tho "perfect
frights" aro among tho neighbors or
Charles C. Green, of Louisville, has
been restored to his former position of
Mail Agent on tho Louisville and Hend
A wooden-headed donkey named
Woodman, in Auburn, Maine, declines to
serye as representation bocauso ho thinks
Democratic votes elected him.
Thomas Armstrong, of tho firm of
Armstrong, ',Catorf.& Co., oncrbf- tho old
est and most activo merchants o' Balti
more, died on Sunday, aged 72 years
Among tho first bills that will be
brought into the Italian Chamber after
its opening will be ono to prevent tho ex
portation of boys for organ-grinding pur
poses. A negro woman was arrested noir
Meridian, Mississippi, a fow days ago,
for attempting to posion the family of
Mrs. White, hy placing a scorpion in
Mahogany is so abundant in Nevada
as to be used for fuel. A contract has
been entered into to supply several
thousand cords of it at threo dollars and
a half a cord.
Benjamin F. Oakie, sentenced to ten
years' imprisonment, eomo eighteen
months since, for embezzling a letter
while elerk at the New York Postofficc,
has boen pardoned by tho President
Tho report from tho East that Dublin
Tr'cks has brought suit against MeCoolc
for money duo him 33 tho trainer of tho
latter for the Coburn fight, is authora
itatively contradicted in St Louis
A numbor of attaches of Lake's circus
wero badly " flaxcd out" at Pocahontas,
Ark., the other day, by some indignant
countrymen, who had been swindled out
of several hundred dollars by them. One
or two were shot, but not daogerously so
The principal of n Missouri institution
for sheltering homeless children and get.
ting them adopted out to advantage, says
there is groat difficulty in getting places
for children who do not possess blue eyes.
A mania for bluoocycd children prevails
among tho childless in Missouri.
Senator Henderson expresses Gill conn
fidencc in tho prospect of his rcclcction
to the United States Senate by tho Legis
lature of Missouri, asserting that a con
siderable 'number of Republicans will
vote for him, and he expects to get the on
tiro Democratic vote, which is more than
Nashville, Nov. 17, 180S. Senate was
called fo order by Speaker Sealer at 10
a. si. Twenty-one members present.
Indefinite leave of absence was granted
Semtor Wisener, on aroount of sickness in
Mr. Norman moved thai the committee
appointed to make a settlement with the
Treasurer, be granted leave of absence from
the chamber. Leave was granted.
INTRODUCTION OP HILLS, RESOLUTIONS, ETC.
By Mr. Nelson: A bill to repeal an act
entitled, an act to provide for the ieirgan
izatiou, supervision and maintenance of
common srhools. Pa.wd first reading.
By Mr. Rodger. : An act for the benefit
of persons holding the elections of this
This bill ptovides that all persons acling
as Judge, Clerks, Receivers, or Returning
Officers at any of the elections of this Stat-s
shall be exempt from the payment of poll
lax for one year. It further provides that
all persons summoned by the proper offi
cers to attend and hold elections at any
voting pl8.ee in any county in this State
that shall fail or refuse to attend according
to such summons, shall be subject to a fine
of S10, recoverable before any Justice of
Ihe Peace of the county, which fine shall-
be paid to the County Superintendent for
common school purpoies.
By Mr. Rodgera: A bill to explain the
law upon the subject of wag ins. Referred
to Finance Committee.
By Mr. Patterson : An act lo amend an
act passed March 13, 18G8, making the law.i
of evidence uniform in the Federal and
Slate courts. Passed first reading.
By Mr. Fuson: An act In require ecr a'm
feci of Sheriffs to ha piid in advance.
Passed first reading.
HOUSE JOINT i:rOLUTIONS.
House Joint Resolution No. 222, adjourn
ing the General Assembly on the 21st Dec
ember, at 12 o'clock ?.i, wai hid upon the
Senate bill lo amend the eh .rter of the
Various railroads in Ihe S:ite co that stock
holders shall be allowed i.ne vote for each
share they may hold, wa amended as fol
lows: Provided it shall not interfere with
the vested righti of the cjmiianv. The
amendment was adopted and the acion r f
the House was c incurred in.
Ai act to charter the Philologtan Society
of Cumberland U'.ivorrity, pasied first
Bill authorizing the sale of the Court
house, Jail, and other properly in bliclhy
county, was laid over until to-morrow.
Mrl Frierson moved to lake up Hou
Joint Resolution No. 9U in regm! to ent-
nlovintr counsel to reprejetit the buie i n.
anile nendini: in the Supreme Court of the
United States, which he withdrew on Mon
ditf last lor amendment. He olltred a
resolution in lieu giving tin Governor,
Comptroller, or Secretary of State power to
emplO Counsel ill an buiw oi iuu oiuie in
tliH So'nremo Court of ihe United States.
The resolution in lieu wis adopteil and
ordered to be immediately transmitted to
the loWer Hou.'c.
lloie loint resolution iNo. Ui, in r
gard to the judicial system of the Sute,
was non-concurred in.
scsate joint 11E3OI.UTI0NS ON HOUSE
No. 42, providing for the printing of ibe
imneachment trial ot judge i-razirr, in
No. 62, in relation to the Peni:e.itiary,
SENATE BILLS ON THIRD HEADING
No. 247: Bill to annex pari of Grundy
county to Cotiec county, pas3cd threo read
Ho. 204: JSiIl to allow private ways,
pissed third reading
SENATE HILLS ON SECOND HEADING.
No. 210: Bill for the benefit of Railrchd
Receivers. Report of the Judiciary Com
mittee concurred in.
No. 271 : Bill lo enable the Governor to
fill vacancies in office, puacd second re.id
No. 271: Bill lo amend an act apjuint
ing Notary 1'ublicj for thectuoty of AI
eomerv. naascd second reading.
No. "7o: Bill to secure the publication
of lecal notices, reiected.
No. 270: Bill to amend an act parked
Mav 24. lSoG. passed stcoud reading.
No. 277 : Bill to incorporate the Edge
field Cemetery, pasicd second reading.
No. 279: Hill to enforce the Ixxvlh
chapter of the sets of 1808, passed r.eeond
read I lit?
No. 280 : Bill to adopt a daughter, parked
No. 231: Bill to legulatu the sitting
ChaiictTV and Circuits for Warren county,
i)ssed socond readme.
.No. S'J: liill to charter a uauK oi uis-
couut and deposit at Bristol, passed second
No. 2S4 : Bill to amend the 9lh section
of an act passed March 24, 1803, changing
county lines, passed second leading.
No. 2SG: Bill to amend an act incorpo
rating the Tennessee and 'Pacific Railroad
Companv, passed second reading.
No. 2S7: Rill o protect.lhe interest of
Tenness.ee in railroadi. .jPassed second
reading, and on motion of Mr. Parker, was
referred to the Judiciary Committee.
No. 2SS: Bill amendirig"an act is'jib
lishing a Municipal Cbnr.t- in Memphis.
Passed second reading.
No. 290: Bill to prevent loss of value
on real estate. Passed second reading.
Mr. Eaton introduced alhlll entitled an
act for the relief of unfinished railroads.
This bill provides for the appropriation of
$900000 in bonds to thOjKnoxville and,
Htnt'ucky railroad; S200,000lo the Cum
berland Gap and Cincinnati railroad;.
$700,000 lo the Knoxville and South Caro-'
lina railroad, and 500,000 to the South
western railroad. Tho MlPpassed 059
reading and was referrei,to Committee
on Internal Improvements.
Senate adjourned until 10 o'clock, a. si.,
lo morrow. . "ij,,
The House met at ten A.', si., Speaker
Richards in the Chair, andsixty-three
Indefinite leave of absence was granted
Mr. Prosser presented a petition with
reference to the improvement of the Capitol-grounds,
which will be found in another
column. Referred to Ihe Committee on
Public Grounds and Building).
NEW BILLS AND KESOLUTION3.
By Mr. Jordan: Bill to protect stock
raisers. Passed first reading.
By Mr. Walker: Bill to regulate the
salaries of members and officers of tho
General Assembly. Referred to Ihe Com
mittee on I'inance and Ways and .Means.
By Mr. Smgletary : resolutions requir-
inir the (Jlaim uommiesioner 01 me oiaie
to report to the Houseas s6oa as practicable
Ihe amount of claims audited by him.
By Mr. Murray : hill for the protection
of sheriffs. R.ferred lo Judiciary Com
mittee. Bv Mr. Boston : bill lo reorganize the
Board of Claim Commissioners of Lauder
dale county. Referred to Judiciary Com
mittee. By Mr. Ryder: bill to incorporate ihe
Southern 'Railroad Association. Referred
to Committee on Internal Improvements.
By Mr. Singlctary: Rill fortnereiiet 01
unfinished railroads. Referred to Commit
tee on Interne! Improvements.
By Mr. Welsh: Reiolutioii allowing the
special committee appointed at the last
tc3.ion to investigate alleged lrauds prac
ticed upon the State in the issae of fraudu
lent bonds, further time to report. Adopted
under a suspension of the rule.
11? Mr. Woodcock: Kesolution icqnir-
ing the Secretary of State to firnish letter
heads, envelopes, etc., to the General As
sembly. Adopted, under a suspension of
Bv Mr. White, of Greene: Bill to pro
vide for the more efficient working of pub
lic roads, and for other purposes. R-frrred
lo the Committee 0:1 Public Roads.
Bv Mr. Mynatt: Bill provi ling that ail
bill becorao laws forty dayJ afier their
passage, unless otherwise provided on the
face of the bill. Referred to the Judiciary
KESOLUTION LYING OVER
For the appointment by the House of a
phonographic reporter. Rjected.
HOUSE BILLS ON SECOND HEADING.
430: For tl.e benefit of Hamilton Rigon.
139: To incorporate the Howard As
sociation of Memphis. Passed.
-115 : Requiring railroid csmpanies in
the Slate to transport the dear, dumb,
blind, etc., free of charge. Withdrawn.
353: To amend the replevin laws. A
motion made hy ilr. Lordell to iai:e up
the motion entered to rieonider the vote
rejecting lhi bill, prevailed. After soma
dicucsion the motion to reconsider was
carried and the bill referred to ihe Ju
402: For the heneht 01 John uooo, etc.
141 : To regulate the rates of land rents.
Adjourned to ten to-morrow.
i O.WE TO CIRIEIV
Irosetl Hintion to Hen. Hrnnt
Mlipeil ill the II lid.
Corrcjuondence of tho New York Herald.
W.siiix;tox, Nov. 12. Notwithstand
ing Gon. Grant has expressed his opinion
of men who press him with civilities and
-. 1 ..1 i. C I...Mn
courtesies wuu mo uiy-ci. ui uw..mk
prominently before his eyes their ex
alted merits a3 government officials or
aspirants to such portions, it seems thero
are still a number of public functionaries
. -1 1 1 . -Al.
here who have uceoinc miiuewcu wuu
long confinement in government omces
and havo not construed tho utterances ot
the General aright To-day the Fifth
Auditor of the. Treasury, Mr. Walker,
issued cards of invitation to five or six
heads of bureaus ol the Radical per
suasion, among whom were Commis
sioner Rollins, Second Comptroller l.rod
head, First Comptroller Taylor, Commis
sioner of Customs Sorgcnt and others, to
take wine and lunch with him athisrcsi.
dence at noon to morrow. A Iter the edibles
and potables shall have been disposed of it
is proposed proceed in a DOiiy 10 army
headquarters to pay :i ceremonious visit
(o the President elect, merely to congrat
ulate him upoiiliiasuceco-t, nothing more
Most of the gcntlen'ii-n invited accepted
General Spinner, however, wlme mental
constitution in regard to iussand teaitier
displays is much akin to Grant's, wrote a
renlv to tno nuui"r, si.mng, n i ciu,
that tlie iirsc pan m tue programme
wine ami lunen w.is always in uruui,
but considering the feelings shown by
GeacralGrant on similar "buncombo" on
casions ho ventured to 6ii2g03t that tho
second part might be wisely" omitted. In
... . . .-1 ..rU.:.nA.
dciorence to mo jiuusuou oi ujiiuhki .
is understood that the visiting part ol tho
plan has ben reconsidered. Ono of tho
invited guests, hearing that tho proposal
to call and speechify General Grant had
been withdrawn for further consideration,
'frankly admitted that tlit wholo thing
had lost its interest ami win ue nothing
more than playing "ILiinlei without the
Prince of Denmarl:.
HoullirrncrM In Sew Yorlt.
Tho Now York correspondent of the
Mobilo Register gives the following in a
recent letter :
1 have seen it stated in print that
Satithrotiism (if I may coin a word) has
almost disappeared lrom tn.s city 'J lie
statement is not in any respect true.
Thorc ismoreofitthanevorbelore. Thero
is hardly a trade or prolcF3ion in which
a large number of Southern men aro not
engaged, and most ol tlnse have come
North binco the war. They are found at
tho bar, on the press, practicing medicine,
in educational iiihiuiiuoh-, .-ngagou in
mcrchantilo pursuits, in banks and in
surance offices, employe! as elerks in
wholesale stores, and, in fact, following
every business on the long li-t of avoca-.
tions in New York. Then there are
lnre and constantly increasing social
circles, coniposeu nuuooi. uxeiusiveiy oi
Southern men and womu, lurgi- and fash-,
icnablc boirdini homes, where one
meets hardly any but Southern people,
u church attended by Southern peoplo
on!y, and two hotels known by every ono
to be patronized almost solely by South
erners. Instead of being on tho decline
in New York, Southern influence is con
stantly increasing It permeates the
whole business circle, is found in the
best society, and is almost brushed against
by every sauntcrer on Broadway. No
donbt this is very annoying to thc"Joyal"
element, but 1 don't see how that element
is going to got rid of it.
R. W. Jaques, Deputy Revenue Col
lector, at Columbus, Ga , lias been in
dicted by the grand jury, for attempting
to swindle merchants ot mat city.
THE SURUATT CASE.
Startling and Conclusive Evi
dence of Mrs. SurriuTs ,
The Crime of the Century.
liow a Guiltless Woman was
Sacrificed to the Hagc
Innocence of Other Prisoners.
Arnold, Dr.lMndd.'Snanglcr, 0'
Langlilin and John It.
Demand for their Release.
Tfic'Cdhspiracr, the Assassin
tion and the Sequel Reviewed.
Corrcinanilcnce of tho New York World.
Baltimobe, Nov. 10 If governments
were intended to be superior to the sway
of human passions, and to be adminis
tered according to a firm intellhrencb and
justice, no government on the earth stands
in such need of warning as Hist which has
obtiincd another four years' lease of power
over the United States. Since Radicalism
has been in all ages and countries, as in
ours, provocative of social turbulence and
crime, it is not unnatural to euppoo that
ihe incoming Ridical administration may
have serious disorders to con' end with.
Prosperity and tranquillity in the South
will be insecure as long as the policy
which has been pursued at Washington is
unremitted ; the lives of certain high ofO
cialsjnay beendangered ; President Grant
himeelf may have, as Abraham Lincoln
had, a maniac for a Nemesis.
These gloomy things will be incited only
by persistence in the profound mistakes
which have characterized the course of the
party in power in the pa3l; and results
worse than these even the disruption of
the whole political and eocial system, and
a disclosure of a widespread sympathy with
the policy ol political assassination may
happen, if more discrimination is not used
by the Government in its dealings with
public offenders. I presume lint the as
sertion I am to make will surprise but few
intelligent persons throughout the country;
that the forward and vindictive action of
the military court which consigned Mrs.
Surratt to the scaffold, and decreed the
lonely imprisonment for life of several
other persons as innocent as she was of
participation in or foreknowledge of the
plot for Mr. Lincoln's murder, resulted in
begetting a symptby for Mrs. Surratt and
these prisoners in the minds of vast num
bers of people a sympathy which ha3
partially extended 10 the memory of the
real criminals, and which, according lo a
subtle law of human nature, is at least
equal in fervency to the regret catutd by
the death of the President.
A sympathy in part so inevitable and so
inevitably perverted, is mixed in the popu
lar mind with a detestation of Mrs. Surratt
and the rest of the prisoner, inspired by
her. loathsome death and their wretched
servitude. Ou the one hand, the woman is
regarded as a martyr, on the other, her
memory and her family is disgraced. And
so, by the mingled doubt and indignation
with which the action of the Government
in her case afflict the public sense, the sac
rifice of Lincoln and the guilt of Booth
are both obscured and deprived of some
meaiure of their significance.
Mrs. Surratt, living with her daughter
Anna and her son John, kept boarders in
her house oil II street, Washington. This
method of ckiug out her income was ren
dered necessary by the stringency of the
times and by the fact that her husband had
left a certain claim on the Surralt property,
in Siirrattsville, unsettled to the satisfac
tion of the executors of Hon. Charles B.
Calvert, formerly owner of the estate. The
executors were anxious for the payment of
this claim ; and on the Friday previous lo
the assassination of Mr. Lincoln, Mrs. Sur
ratt made a journey to Surratlsville a
short way from Washington to collect
money from her creditors wherewith to re
duce the debt. Failing to obtain all the
necessary means, and having received two
letters from the executors Ihe week of the
assassination reminding her of her hus
band's dues, she resolved to make another
visit to Siirrattsville on the following Good
Friday, and collect a snm owing to her
from a man named Nott, in the neighbor
hood of the estate. '
That same Good Friday happened to
have the terrible sequel in the night now
familiar to a'l mankind.
It seems that J. Wilkes Booth, an actor
of Shaksperian tragedies, and ayoung man
who had been imbued from hi.i father's lips
with a certain liking for the character
named Brutus in Roman history, ought not
lo have arisen from his bed on the morning
of that day at all. It would probably havo
been better for tho nation ar.d for the mor
als of the aga if the young tragedian had
been seized by a fatal pang at the heart, and
been found dead by a Coroner's jury before
the clock had struck ten of those remarka
ble twenty-four hours. But J. Wilkes
Booth nevertheless did awaken and arise
a good deal later than umal and attired
himself with a scrupulous care that was
habitual to him. He presented himself in
the breakfast room at a tardy time before
noon, but was t;o lonunaie as 10 eai iim
meal in company with a joang lady gnest
of the hotel (the National Hotel,) who
miv. nerhaps, have held her appetiie in
cheek for the pleasure of meeting him.
After breakfast and badinage, Booth
quilted the National Hotel, at the comer
of Pennsylvania avenue and Sixth street,
and walked up Sixth street to II street, to
Mrs. Surratl's house. Mrs. Surratt's son
John and Booth had been very intimate
indeed it is plausibly supposed that John
H. Surratt had been taken into Booth's
confidence in the matter of a plot to ab
"duct Abraham Lincoln. President of the
United States, and convey him bodily anil
gnuiciing to Richmond, the temporary
capital of the temporary Southern Confed
eracv. As John II. Surratt wss on lha
morning in Elmira, N. Y , or thereabouts
a good distance from Washington, his
mother, and his friend J. Wilkes Booth
the latter might reasonably have wished to
hear tidings of him. Or, as Baolh had
been accustomed to call frequently at John
Surratt's room while Surrait was in the
city, and had been introduced to Surratt's
mother, some social interest or oiner orui
nary concern may have grown up between
Booth and the family which Booth Mrolled
up to inquire abont.
Mrs. Surralt had teturned from church
a short whilo before Bioth arrived. It be
inir Good Friday, the Catholic service had
been, as usual, conciuucu in time ior an
early dinner, which she bad at that mo
ment fioi-hed. Wcichtnm, .1 familiar
boarder, wns atlhe door wiih the buggy
which was lo convey her to S.irrattsville.
As daylight would last only until a quar
ter past six P. Jl , she was in a hurry to
go into the country, lran?act her busines,
and return hi uuie 10 serve iim 10 net
Therefore, whatever lnqniriej Looth
may have had to make of her must have
been brief, and so must have betn her re
plies. He walked back into ihe parlor
withher and remained scarcely five minutes
when they appeared at the front doorway,
and Mrs. Surratt left ,wilh Weichman for
While the buggy-ride lo Siirrattsville
was iu progress, J. Wilkes Booth replaced
the hat which he had lifted to Mrs. Surratt
at her departure, and sauntered liackdown
Sixth street to Pennsylvania avenue.
Thence he took the eaty, careless, graceful
stride which was one of the characteristics
of 1.13 street appearance, up Pennsylvania
avenue, and around the corner of Tenth
street toward Ford's Theater, lo get his It!
ters. At the theater tho fcene transpired
which I described' literally in a previous
letter, narry Ford, brother cf the pro
prietor, thought to have a joke with Booth,
being on the best of terms with him, and
"Jeho, the President is going to ba here
to-night with Gen. Grant. They've g t
Gen. Lee here as a prisoner, and he's earn
ing too. We're going to put him in the
At the same moment Harry Ford handed
Booth a letter enclosed in a long envelope,
addressed lo him. Booth broke the seal,
remirktsg, in a. pooh-poohing sort ef tone:
"O, no; they haven't got Lee a prisoner;
they certainly wouldn't bring him lo Wash
ington." Now, the fact, important to be stated, is,
that only an hour or two before a messen
ger had come from the White House to the
theater to say that the President and Gen.
Grant, with Mrs. Lincoln and Mrs. Grant,
would visit the theater that evening. At
that hour, when the messenger came with
this announcement, Booth must have been
about getting out of bed or at breakfast,
and as Booth had already seen Mrs. Sur
ratt, and as she was then bowling along in
a buggy toward Siirrattsville, and as she
was not to, and did not retnrn to, Washing
ton till nearly or after dusk, the cise en
deavored to be made out against her that
she went to Surratlsville on Booth's errand,
with foreknowledge of his purpose to un
dertake the assassination at the theater that
evening collapses in the tint place. Booth
hadmo possible means of knowing, nor is it
supposed that he knew, anything about the
purpose of Mr. Lincoln to attend the even
ing performance until he visited the thea
ter at this time and heard the news from
Harry Ford's tongur. Therefore, the ab
eurdity of the idea that the deed at the
theater could have been contemplated be
fore this information was communicated to
Bcotb, also collapses.
Booth read, or rather skimmed over his
letter, in a way that indicated that some
thing else was troubling his mind. He
folded it suddenly, and satisfied himself
by several other earnest inquiries that at
least that part of the news he had beard
which concerned the intention of Presi
dent Lincoln and Gen. Grant was true.
Saying "good morning," he walked toward
the avenue and toward tho Kirkwood
Houso al a rapid pace and with a preoccu
pied manner a contrast to his former lazy
and p?rfectly-at-ease appearance which
seems to have been observed (in such an
elegant personage) by nearly all tho wit
nesses. The presumption, fully fortified by the
facts to be related, Is that the thought that
Mr. Lincolu might be killed in the even
ing as be sat in the theater box first
occurred to Booth in thess moments. Cei
tainly the thought could not have been
One Atzerott was ataying at the Kirk
wood House; Booth went to seek birr.
Aizerott was doubtless one of the chief
conspirators in the previous abduction plot,
ia company with Payne and Herold.f
After this visit to the Kirkwood ;Houe,
Booth was not seen on foot duringtbe after
noon by auy witness who appeared at Ihe
trial or who has made himself known
elsewhere. It was there that he saw Aize
rott, and he also had an interview with
Payne and Herold. There the plan was
probably arranged; Aizerott u to take
ihe life of Vice-President Johnson ; Payne
was to slaughter Secretary Seward ; and
Booth undertook to attend to both (he
President and Gen, Grant. The actor who
thus succeeding in screwing up the temper
of his associates to the sticking point of a
reo!ve to murder sat down and wrote a
letter justifying the intended ac He and
the rest signed the paper, which Boolh
eealed and directed to the editor of the
FromtheKirkwoodHo.ne Bouh rodi
to a stable for a horse, mounted on which
he started up Pennsylvania avenue. O.i
the avenue he met an acquaintance, Ma'
thews, and intrusted lo him the sealed let
ter directed to the national IntMintncer.
r i-l : .. i T . i . t i
iim- utrtuug uu ine a:reei oi liooin
witli Malihews was corroborated, at the
trial of John II. Surralt, by a witness who
had mistaken Matthews for Surralt. The
fact that Booth did hand Matth ews the let
ter has been confirmed by Matthews him-
elf, who on the lt of the ensiiimr Jolv.
met Mr. John F. Coyle, proprietor of the
Intelligencer, and another gentleman, near
the Intelligencer ofiiee, and informed them
not only that he had received the letter
from Bio'h, but that, in his agitation the
ensuing .light, when the town wa raging
with Ihe new3 of the assassination, he had
opened the letter, read and burnt it.
ISootb's whereabout., between his adieu
to Matthews and his eecohd appearance at
'ord's theatre at uight were never conjec
tured. One clue alone has been afforded
to them. Payne stated in prison before
his execution that they met again ; that
some doubt arose, and that it was not until
S o'clock that night' the final resolve was
made- Herold was appointed lo conduct
Booth along the route beyond Washington.
Meanwhile Mrs. Surratt. accompanied
by her boarder, Welch man, jogged along
a buggy towards Surratlsville. lhat
was the early springtime, about the middle
of April; and, as Mrs. Surratt had been to
church and worshipped as a devout Catho-
icon Uood rriday, we may suppose that
her anxiety concerning Ihe money due to
her, and the monev she had to pay, was
measurably softened by the recent influ
ences of the cathedral and the surrounding
odors of gra3CT and songs of birds. Per
chance the gabble of her attendant edified
her; with bim she might have compared
notej ot lle e nances of clearing Ihe Surratt
estite from its pecuniary burdens; with
him, eichiuan, she might have deigned
to jest a little; his humor, such as it wa,
might have beguiled this woman to laugh
ter, whose life ho was destined to swear
away off the end of a rope. It is not very
pleasmt to think ot the ride of thoe two
beside each other in tho afternoon of an
April day, and then think of what occurred
on the 7ih of Ihe followinc Julv.
Lloyd, ihe tavern-keeper at Surratlsville,
is the lellow who helped Weichman to
swear Mrs. Surratt off the scaffold. Yet
the proof is sharp as steel that Mrs. Snrratt
did not once see Lloyd that day until after
she had finished her business and her
horst'a head was turned cityward. Wi:h
man was then in the bugny with her; they
chanced lo see Lloyd as they wero about
starting for V ahineton ; and Lloyd, when
he came out to the buggy to speak lo them,
was beastly drunk. His drunkenness wa
eo apparent that it was observed at once
by both Weichman aud Mrs. Surratt. The
latter is, or was, accused of making a con
fidant, in a feartul, unprecedented con
spiracy, of an inebriate in the very Lo z'.-
nefs of inebriation I
Weichman, a most cowardly scoundrel,
who. if there was cot a murdered woman
in the cas?, would deserve to be laughed at
for bn blundering perjury, Bworc one day
at the trial that Lloyd uhispend lo Mrs
Surratt lhat day. Liioyd, lo whom eich
man confided the fact that he had given
I hia testimony (in a prison ambulance,
after be had given it), indignantly turner
to Weichman, reproached him for the
story, and denied having done any sucli
thing. But, accepting the testimony
Weichman as true, and considering lhat
. , , , ri . it if.
tne tirunKcn man, ijioyo, reauy uiu ap
proach Mrs. Surratt and puzzle her with
some hoarse maudlin syllables, what a
commentary is this upon "circumstantial
evidence" at a creat state trial I Nor
Weichman, nor anybody else, has been
able to slate what Ihe whispering amounted
to or meant It mii'Iit hive been : '' Missus
S'rat hie 'twen oursel's n'fir.e hie
dyf or, "hie M' s'rat, 'ow's Johnny?"
liut nobody but uod is the wier lor
The "trial affords us no light whatever
upon this complaisance of Mrs. Surratt
towards a drunken man, save that he was
drunk, and that she hesitated to offend him
by not stopping to accost him.
One day a gentleman contineJ in Cirroll
Prison, who tciiified as a witness at the
trial, was sent for by Col. Wood, the keejier.
Entering Col. Wood's, office, this geutle
man who relates this circumstance to me
found himself in the presence of Col.
Wood, Junius B. Booth, and John S.
Clarke. Col. Wood converged there and
loarfce. uoi. tioau conversen mere aim
then f.eely about ihe trial. The reraark
." - - .
was addressed to him ; "Colonel, you are
a shrewd judge of men ; what do you think
of Weichman ' " lie is a lying !
was Col. Wood', prompt reply. Some tvo
years afterwards the same gentleman met
Col. Wood and aiked him if he had
changed his opinion. Colonel Wood an-
NEW SERIES NO. 72,
swered; " No, indeed. Time has bat cor
roborated my belief. He swore that poor
woman's life away, out of fright to save
his own." Col. Wood', well known sagacity,
his nltra Union sentiments, and his per
sonal devotion to Mr. Lincoln, caused bis
opinion to confirm the gentleman's own
Mrs. Surratt and Weichman drove
home. They drove back while the sun
was retting, and while the boarders at the
honse were getting hungry for sapper.
Their own appetites were sharpened by
their exercise and the air; and like other
travellers, as they fIt the wind blowing in
their faces, they became rather sleepy and
dull and thought of bed.
We have icen what occurred in Wash
ington during their absence, and wo all
know what happened that night. Let us
glance, now, at a series of facts associated
with the night of Ihe assassination, which
illustrate how blindly and malignantly
others besides Mrs. Surratt were prosecuted
and ''convicted" by the government nndei
the feverish influence of the time, and show
upon what flimsy teimony and supposi
tions they were condemned :
1. The folly of Sergeant Dye's statement
about the dramatic "calling of time" when
Booth entered the theater a statement
which of course tended to implicate the
employes and give the x thing the( air, of a
huge ramifying conspiracy has bcen'ex
posed. It was within the knowledge of the
prosecution (hat aa Booth entered the
theater he simply asked Buckingham, the
doorkeeper, what lime it was, and that
Buckingham referred him to the clock in
the lobby. Booth looked at the clock and
went up into the dress circle. But this
statement was not allowed to be made;
neither was Buckingham, who afterwards
became a government employe at tho navy
yard, called as a witness in the J. H. Sur
2. When Booth jumped from the theater
box to thg stage, after firing the pistol, hia
spur evidently struck the frame of a por
trait of Washington, used as a decoration
beneath the balustrade of the box on that
evening. Lower down his spur tcraped
the ledge above the stage-box beneath.
This threw him off his balance, and he fell
to the stage, striking on the side of his left
foot, and dislocating or breaking the bone
of his left ankle. The pursuit of him
across the stage by Colonel Stewart is evi
dently mistaken as to time, for he moved
in great pain. He told Herold, w"ho met
him outside the city and acted as his
guide, that he did not get his injured foot
into the stirrup nntil he wa going up
Capitol Hill a half mile from the scene
of the crime. The visit to Dr. Mudd was
made solely at the suggestion of Herold, to
have his ankle set and tied with splints.
The Doctor's house was a considerable dit
taoco from the direct line of escajve. Booth
and Herold arrived there late at night,
when Booth explained to the Doctor tint
he was hurt by being thrown from his
horse. He remained, after the Doctor had
attended to his ankle, to have a crutch
made, and left. When he had finished
with his patient, Doctor Mudd quitted the
room, (aud, I believe, ihe house) on some
errand. lie did not see Booth near enough
to speak with him again, hut observed him
at a distance leaving the place with Herold.
Herold stated in prison that Booth suf
fered greatly with hia hurt, but more from
the cold, wet weaihei when they remained
out all night in the woods. As a passing
and curious reminiscence of the assassin'
pluck, young Garrett, at whose place Boolh
was killed, responded, in answer to the
question whether Booth complained much
of hid leg? "No; I slept with him all
night, and he did not disturb me by moan
ing orcomplaict of pain."
3. Arnold (now under sentence for lif-)
wxs at the time of the asasstnHtion, and
had bsen fir week, employed at a sutler',
store at Forlre-s Monroe. There is no
trace of any correspondence, and no uvi
dence cf aa interview, between Arnold
and Booth during the month ot April.
4 O'Lmghlin (uow dpad) whom a bar
ber, at the trial of J. II. Surratt, swore
Booth had called ".Mac," was employed in
Biltimore, but was in Washington on busi
nesj Ihe dav ot the assassination, ills
movements were perfectly acounted far by
some officers of the navy.
. SpaDg'er was at and about the theater.
His admiration for Mr. Lincoln, and hi.
innocence of complicity or knowledge in
Booth's plan, are firmly believed in by
everybody who kucw him. He was not
even arreted for several days. Another
prisoner, arrested afterwards, had ben
found asleep in the carpenter shop of the
theater at night, soen after the assassina
G. Mr. Jcnkini", Mrs. Surrali a brother,
was arrested and mrown into tirroii
prison, and kept there, becaiuehe attempt
ed to prccure evidence of her innocence.
tins gentleman, Air. Jenkins, was a well
known Union man, residing iu Prince
George county; he planted the first Ameri
can flag iu the conuty after the beginning
of the rebellion, and slept uear it to pro
tect it until it was allowed to stand.
'Mrs. Surr< had formeily mil a man
named Payne. When she met him he was
dressed like and wa. said to be a clergy
man. (His father is a clergyman.)
When the man named Pavne wl.o had
come remarkably near making an end of
Secretary Seward came again to Mrs.
Snrratl', house the night of his arrest by
Ihe detectives, he was digiiised as a la
borer. He. was sosmeartd with mud, and
carried such a worn pick-axe over his
shoulder, that when Mrs. Surratt confront
ed him, she did not recognize her clerical
acquaintance. This is the less surprising
as Mm. Surralt was near-aighte.l. It i still
lesi to be wondered at when the fact is re
membered that one of the detective., ho
had Payne in charge, and who may be sup
posed to have bien rather ahirp-sighted,
was unable to swear to the color of the
coat that Payne wore that night, or to dis
tinguish between two ve.y ilitlereut coats
offered for his inspection the real one. Yet
Mrs. Surratt's assertion that she did not
know Payne (who was almost a stranger lo
herl in Im diszuise was held to be a U3
picion V circumstance, sad wasused against
Pavne himself declared in prison that
ho went to Mrs. Surratt's only because ho
knew but two or threo houses in Wash
intnn. and because ho knew John Suri
ratt so well. Ho had no opppotunity of
making anv communication to Airs, our
ratt at all. He presented himself at a
most unfortunato moment tor him, and
wa3 nabbed by the officers before Mrs.
Snrratt came out through the parlor door.
Uo fels himself to bo hunted down from
1. and flew to this nlaco fir refuge,
tn find himself in tho lion's mouth. "If
I had two lives." said Pavno at ono time
to General Hartranft, who was in charge
of the prison,"! would giro them both to
save that woman.
Tho Benucl of the facts thus recited is
so inevitable, to thrilling, that it writes
itself, and cannot fail, l believo to make
an indelible impression upon every
In tho first place, it was simply impos
sible that Booth, or Payne, or Atzerott, or
Horold, or anybody else, could have ae
termined uoon the assassination of PreS'
ident Lincoln at the theatre until they.
or cfie of them, know that Mr. Lincoln
tens io be at tho theater.
In tho second place, the messenger
from the White House announcing that
the President and family desired a box
for lhat evenms did not arnvo at tne
theater until sonio time ia tho forenoon
and Booth could not hayo heard of it
nntil ho came, two or three hours later,
for his letters.
In tho third plac?, Booth had then, just
quitted. Mrs. Surratt's house, whera he
infther stirtine for Surratsville, in the
i-nuntrv. whence she did not return until
ni"ht iter aDsenco renaereu it impos
sible for Booth to have any communica
lion with her about his bloody project.
In the fonrth place, not one of the other
priponers could havo been informed of,
, , . . . !,..
or aro shown tohave taken any part what-
1 m thn nl)n-i ,V r t-ii a -vl nV TT fL-
p.ver in the affair. No trace of anv meet
ing or correspondence between Booth and
others, save Payne, Herold, and Atzerott,
or between the 'latter threo and other sus
pected parties save Booth and themselves,
during the remainder of that day up to
the hour of tho assassination at night,
exists. Mrs. Surratt, let It be repeated,
was in Surrattaville; Dr. Mudd was at
his home several miles from Washington
Arnold was at Fortress Monroe ,
O'Laughlin was engaged on business with
certain navy officers who account for his
whereabouts; and Spanglcr was in, end
in tho neighborhood of, the theater, whero
Booth did not chH again after receiving
his letters nntil night.
In the fifth place, the communication
had, or attempted to be had, by tho four
guilty men with tho other prisoners or
any of them, before and after the day and
night of ihe assassination, are perfectly
accounted for Arnold, O'Laughlin and
possibly John Surratt, wer shown to
have been interested in a conspiracy lo
abduct tho Pieaident, which had its
birth months iri advance of tjio auddon
resolve of Booth to nasossinato him.
Booth's visit to Dr. Mudd s honse was a
visit off his line of flight from Washing.'oa
to have hia broken ankle set. Payne's
visit to Mrs. Surratt's resulted in his be-.,
ing captured before a word passed bo
twecn them to prove or dispel the idea
that they had an understanding!
Let justice be done! Even ntjthijost
of lawyers roputationsandthetoo "loyal"
prejudices of whatever men or clas, let
justice be done now to the memory of a
woman unjustly hung and to prisoners
most unjustly confined. Mrs. Surratt
was innocent as innocent, doubtless, of
the crime imputed to her as any hous-1!
wife who sits stitching at her children's
garments in some log cabin oa the West'
orn plains, Not less to her memory and
to her children- both whose consciences
are as clear as hers was of responsibility
in this execrable business than to all
decent women in the United States, is the
-justice, the poor bat only possible repar.
utiou, oi an oiuGiui acknowledgement ot
her innocence, due.
I shall have moro (specially relating to
the trials of Mrs. and John H. Surratt) t j
communicate in regard to this matter
nnnj-lnz' 3Icn and Women In Englrini!
for Petty Theft nnil Cutting Dona
At a late meeting of the electors of
Berkshire, England, Mr. Walter, one of the
liberal candidates for Ihe Home of Com
mons, remarked that they had arrived at
one of those crisa in the history of Eig-
lanu when the ISrilish Constitution was
once more going to be ruined, andsaiJ
that ne was old enoogu to have seen it
going to be rnir.d three or four times. He
added that in his boyhood people were
hanged for sheep stealing and cutting down
cherry trees ; and at that time thera wera
similar arguments used in favor of the per
petuation of auch horrors a? are now ad
vanced against the present policy of the
liberal party. In the reijrn of Georjre HE
a married woman of the tender age of It),
and the mother of two children washanged
at Tyburn, for aa attempt at petty theft.
The case was thus recorded in a public re
port of the poor woman's trial aud execu
"She was very yonng, under nineteen,
and remarkably handsome. She went to a
lineu-drapei'. shop in Luilgata streer, took
some coarse linen off the counter aud
slipped it under her cloak. The shopman
saw her, and she laid it down. For thit
she was hanged. Her defence was, that
she had lived in credit, and had wanted
for noihing, till ihe press ganc came I
stole her husband from her ; but since then
she had no bed to lie on, nothing to give
her children to eat, and they were aloioc
naked; and perha pi she might have don-'
sotnethiug wrong, for she scarcely knew
what she did. T!i piridi officers testified
to the truth of this story. When brought
lo receive senlenre she beh-.ved in stich a
frantic manner as proved her mind to ba
in a desponding and districted sute; ard
the child was sucking at her breist whci
she s-l out for Tyburn to be haugol
Under the premiership of Lird Liverpool
and the chancellorship of Lord El.loci, a
man named Elward Polio was ban;; -l for
cutting down a young cherry tree ia a
llantiition in Eex. In paig smtenco
upon him the judge observed ' that a maa
who would (wilfully cot down a youn;:
c'.erry tree would take awa- a mar., life
In the stme year, 1814, a child ten veara
of ag w-n hinged before the w ills of
Newgate Air stealing a pocket lun lker
ehifcf, while a mffi in teeeived a ft-w weeki
iaipiismment for gouging tout a woman'
eye. A voic. ' That was iu the gooi
old timei' It w in 'ihe g jJ o.d
liuiev lint sucli la'3 h id heea reptlcJ
bv the Liberals of the old sehool, a-J ye.
lie Bri ish CoostitnUou survived."
The above is interesting, not ocl7 from
itd political moral, but from the illustra
tions it affords of the mrei!e-s and savage
pirit. unrelieved hy one eletn of refine
ment cr humanity, whieh h:l stamp-d iti
nredeemed brutality upon the criminal
a s and administration oi urea: tiritain
down to as late a period as IS 14, and at the
time when Ihe United Stalei Were at war
with that country for the vindication of the
ight ot expatri uion and the inviotabiuiy
ot our ship iNoWhere, whither in the
camp, the fleet, the tchoolhouse or anv
branch of civil or domestic governmeul,
was the influence of compassion ptrjiit.el
to toften the harshness of discipline, i' uj
groundwork of the English chancer,
though admirable in its m.i-ivenes, was
so hard and unyielding that now that it
has been polished oft by the mollify iog in
lluence of civilization, it is difficult to rc-
cognize it as the same, except, wnea n
some volcanic explosion .of re.ribn'ive
rage, it blows Sepoys from the mouths -1
cannons, or, in a lit o: pious appreue.nl ;!)
for lis religion liberties, howl j around th;
oors of ritualist chapels, and pelti the
clergy till they are in peril of ihiir lives
It mint be aoktmwledged that a people,
members of one of whose political parl.e
few centuries ago complained tlut a
leader of the opposite party was s off.' red to
dio without seeing his bowels burned be
fore hia fice. and when gentlemen of the
same period arranged pleasure excnr-ilo.a
to liridewell to see wom?n wnipped, an i
who were so slow in yielding to the soften
ing influences of the age that but little
more than half a century ago ihey could
hang a child of ten yeaiBiif age for stealing
pocket handkerchiel must have heeu
naturally as good haters and as free from
humanity 03 any raca of men that ever
lived. What must have been the indura
tion of national characters which, amid all
the luxuries of wealth, and an intelligence
among iu tuucouonai classes no wuere suz
passed, could retain upon in statute booki,
not as a dead letter, but a living thiuQ-,
which was actually put into practice, al.v
whereby a child of leu years old could be
hung for stealing a pocket handkerchief I
And actually, Mr. Walter speaKs now a n
the British Constitution, ia the opinion cf
aoure, was rather put in peril by giving up
the practice or hanging children lor Ibitoi
fease. If the British Constitution was eu!-
i 'cted to a strain by such t change, what ia
J . i .i. .
t ) become 01 ll now, wueu tne uue.-iiiuiiaii-
uient of the Irish Ct.urca n proposed7
However, it is evident that we derive our
party paions in this country legitimately
from the old stock, though it is no vanity
to remark that our people are an improve I
ediiiun in the way of sensibility to sulfeiin 7
Tbisis said ianospirit of disparagement io
the nerhP8 most mogrewive nation of tho
Old World ; but still, in view of the les
son, of the past, which leach lhat tha
British Constitution can survive necessary
changes in the direction of humanity au I
liberalism, (and if it couldn't, it ought nv.
toeurvive at all,) it i well enough to ia:.r
the advice which Mr. Walter an.) theoth. r
liberal leaders give her in regard lo
Irelaud, which has uow been ia aa unre
constructed tlate for some seven hundred
years, and i likely to remain a thorn in
the side of Enl tod until the eod of tirue,
unless she ia treated with juslics ani
Charleston asp Direct Tkabe. Tho
citizens of Charleston, S. C, are rejoicing
over their prospect ot" direct trade with
Europe, which, from present appearances,
promise to be a success. The lir-t
steamer of the line, the " Golden Hum
has reached that port, and on Wcdneday
au entertainment was given on bu&ri,
which was participated in by all the lead"
ing citizens of the city. This stcamrr
will be followed I17 three others, the
Camilla, Marmora and Ccbden, As a
bright indication of tho sucsess of this
effort of direct trade, tho Charleston p.t
pcrs notice the arrival there oa Wtdnes-.
day of five car loads of cotton, from Self
ma, Ala., without breaking bulk, inten
ded For shipment by the "Golden Uorn."
Our sister eity Norfolk should feel eni
couraged by the above, and push on with
energy her own plan for a connection,
with tho European market.
BV' Jill '1 MMUl