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Nashville union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1868-1875, December 03, 1872, Image 1

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"rMON AND AMERICA?-
. OF HUBSCKIPTIOK:
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f4enI-tVeefcIy..$--'WreeUly. 813.
PAYABLB IX ADVAHOS.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
Xaturally this document opsns with 3Q
allusion to the Boston ,fire and a lengthy
t self glorification over the award of the Ge
neva Tribunal. The sore fiubjec's
or Mexico and Cuba are taken
up- only, to be dropped, while we
get a glimpse of Gen. Sickles interfering
"with the internal oconomy of Spain that
"Castilians, and reflecting no credit on
our officious propagandise. The Treasury
figures seem all right after the discrepancy
Jbetwcen the monthly fctateuients and the
aoUl for the year is ingenuously explained
.No doubt it suits the bondholders, but the
strenuous appeal azainst any reduction
.of taxes will bo a damper on the
aoiling millions. The reference to
indebted Southern railroads is sadly brief
to those interested, while the advocacy of
Southern canals Is coupled with the Bug.
jgeslion of a huge ripariau ciml as a eub
ftlstltuta,'for the Atlantic Ocean. Neither
Tfcdoca "Old Probs." 'receive that at
"uantion that his merits would command
... ti.A t i r ti,a
' -i iud jjauua ui auvfuiu. xu
aboddy rottenness of our navy and the de-
icay of our commercial lnarino are con
ifetsed, and no remedy suggested beyond
: further subsidies; in other words, we farni-
ers en ma luienur must pay more ias.es 10
.make naval princes of a few New
Englandera. The postal telegraph is spoken
of as a project determined on, without con
tdoBcandlng lo the first iota of argument
ona subject that would nearly double the
dangerous patronage of the Executive. The
IKu-l3ux stories invented and exaggerated
in the exigencies of political contest, are
i taken for so much truth by the Chief Magis
itrate of the nation, and he distinctly an
nounces no change in policy toward
. .. w uu.ri w. .... . . u n i ..-w
of the Bureau of Education as
ithe cause of the universal interest
on that subject is certainly " childlike and
"bland" almost as much so, as tho eulo-
-..i..m r r i rt (111 i-r 1 rm T-n rr n .
if - he Federal District. One word
of force and fire we find in this
message: it Is directed against the Mormons,
'let us seo what will come of it. Tho coo-
eluding words on tne civil (service are
absolutely non-committal, and we can
make nothing out of them except that the
President has progressed some distance
thsr.'kward in the last twelve months.
The official report of tho census of Great
rBrtiain and Ireland, taken in 1871, has just
Ibeen published. T?he report of our census
ttaken 1870 has also just been published; yet
we talk about the English being a slow
.going people.
The Pall Mall Gazette of London criti
clsed one or Dr. Hepworth Dixon's works
in a way fee did not like, and hs sued that
paper fo? libel. The suit has just been
tried zal tho jury awarded the Doctor one
farthir.g as the damages Inflicted upon his
reput ation. There was great cry there for
so little wool.
The Atlantic Monthly, which advocated
'Grant's re-election, now throws cold water
on the result it helped to achieve after the
allowing fashion: "The election of Grant
is therefore the choice of the lesser ovil. It
is not an unqualified indorsement of his
conduct, nor a declaration of popular con
tentment with th3 present status of another
four years"
the Public debt.
Scgalnr Monthly Statement Iteduc
tlou in November, 81.19S,229.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 2. The pub
lic debt statement has just been issued, of
whjjfthe following is a recapitulation :
Debt Bearing Interest in Coin.
Bonds at C per cent Sl,5,134f050 00
Bonds at 5 fer cent 414,507,300 00
Total 31,789,702,250 00
Debt Hearing Interest in Lawful Money.
Lawful moncv debt S 19.708.000 00
.Matured debt. 4,210,110 00
Debt Bearing no Interest.
X.egal tender notes 358,135,613 00
Certificates, deposit. 24.405.tW) 00
Fractional Currency. 43,72i,CS9 (X
Coin Certificates -M&G.OOO 00
'.Total without interest 8440,601,232 00
Total debt. 2,229,224,922 00
Total Interest 34,527,859 00
Cash in the Treasury.
Coin S03.C03GIO 00
Cununcv 10,118,11100
Special deposit held for redenip
' tion of certificates, deposit aa
provided by law 521,405,000 00
Total In Treasury 103,186,051 10
Debt Lett Cash in the Treasury.
Debt less eash in Treasury. 52,100,513,030 00
Docrease or debt during past
month S 1.193,223 00
Bonds Issued to Pacific Railroad Companies In-
terest Payable in Lawful Honey.
VaivU issued to Facias Kailroad
Company, Interest payable in
nwuey. p.iucipal outstanding., C4,C23,512 00
Interest accrued and not yet paid l,G15,5s" 00
Interest paid by United States.. 16,5J0,575 00
Interest repaid by transportation
of mails, etc 3,953,450 00
Balance interest paid by United
States. ..7 12.C17 ,124 00
EPIZOOTIC.
ttrenks np lto New Orlctiim Knees.
New Orleans, Dec. 2. The Louisia
na J ocky Club announced the postpone
ment of the races until Saturday, for want
of facilities for reaching the track. It is
reported tnat ten racers navo tne maiauy.
It is expected others will have it. The
horses now sick will not beln racing condi.
tion for some weekf. Further racing be
fore Spring is improbable.
Cairo, III., Dec 2. The epizootic
has made its appearance. None fatal ss
yet,
St. Louis, Dec 3. The horse distem
yer appeared in east St. Louis to-day and
created considerable excitement. Some 80
casa3 of a mild type reported. No cases
yet reported in this city.
Me iimis, Dec. 2. The epizootic Is rap
idly disappearing under the gonial influence
of the weather, which Is sott and spring
like. t
Condensed Telegrams.
V'cil is the mau who "salted" Arizona
with diamonds, and ho sojourns in Salt
Lake.
Two prisoners efcaped from a Pittsburg
Jail by digging a 40 feet tunnel.
The New York Recorder threatens to
quash all the indictments against the Tam
many ring on come new found flaw.
New York is celling alarmed over the
unusual quantities of inflammable mate
rial which finds storage down town.
Senator Schurz passed through New
York Sunday, and regrets his inability to at
tend the funeral of Horace Greeley.
The death of Greeley wa9 the text in
most of the New York pulpits Sunday.
Atl the Department reports, except that
of the Treasury, were published by the New
York papers - yesterday leaky officials
somowneie.
Utics reports ice two inches thick on
tl'eL-te canal.
Ctgr if A Bradlaugh had a brawl In
Hyd" Park, London, on Sunday. London ;
is tbjvaieued with darkness by a strike of
the ttokers at five several yasworks.
Kind words are the flowers of earth's j
cxlb'txice; use them, and especially around i
tne ur.atua urciu. i uoy arc jaweis oeyonu ,
rrice, aim are poweriui toneaUbe wouiiOY-l !
hssr' nnd to make the woighcddown spirit
MAS
ESTABLISHED MAECH 30, 1835. .
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
No. Seduction of Taxation.
More Subsidies for Ocean Lines.
The Ku-Klux Again Paraded.
A Few Equivocal "Words about CItII
Servlpo Reform.
To the Behate and Houso of itepresentatlTea:
In transmitting to you my fourth annual mes
sage, it is wall thanknilness to the Giver of aU
good, that aa a nation wo havo been blessed lot
the lust year with peace at homo and abroad and
a general prosperity vouchsafed to but low peo
ple. With the exception of the devastating llro
which swept from the earth with a breath us It
wcrc.miiiions accumulated In the city of Boston
there has been no overshadowing calamities
within a year to record. It 6 gratifying
to note- how, llko their fellow
citizens of the city of Chicago under
Eimlllar circumstances a year earlier, the citizens
of Boston are rallying under their misfortunes,
and the prosncct Is that their enertrv and t)urs-
rerance will overcome all obstacles and how tho.
same prosperity soon that thev would have, had
no disaster befallen them. Otherwise we havo
been free from pestilence, war and the calami
nes wnicn 01 ten ovcrtaae nation?, ana as tar as
human Judgment can penetrate tha future, no
cause seems to exist to threaten our present
leace.
lie Alabama Claim Settlement.
en Congrosa a-ljeurned in June las'; a ques
tion had beeu raised by Great Britain and was
men pending, wmcn tora lime seriously imperil
led the settlement bv rrlendlr arbitration nf th,
differences existing 'hetween thli Government
and that of HcrUntanloSIaJesty, which by the
t Mini ' iT U'fluMnnfnn K ..... 1 n A
bunal of arbitration, which had mat at Geneva.
The arbitrators howevtr disposed of the ques
tion which had feonardlzed the whole of tho
treaty and threatened to involve tho nations in
most unhappy relitlons toward each other, in a
manner entirely satisfactory to this Gov;rnment
ana in sccoraanco wuu tne views and the polic
which it bad maintained. Tho tribunal whici
had convened in Geneva, in December
concluded its laborious session on tho
Hth day or September last, on which
day bavins availed itnelf of the dlscretlonarr
-power given to it by tho treaty to award n sum
in cross, maae its decision, whereby It awarded
tho sum or $15,500,000 in gold as the indemnity
to be paid by Great Britain to tho United States
mi iuo MfcusiauLiuii ui uu iuc claims rexrrrcu to
its consideration. This declsida happily dis
posed of a long standing difference between the
two governments and in connection with an
other award made by tho Garnnu Emperor, un
der a reference to him by tho same treaty, leaves
the two governments without a shadow upon
theirTrlendly relations, which it is my sincere
hope may forever remaiu equally unclouded.
The report of the agent of the United States ap
pointed to attend the Geneva Tribunal, accom
panied by the protocols of tho proceedings of
the Arbitrators, tho arguments of the counsel of
both governments, the award of tho tribunal,
and the opinions Kiven by the several arbitra
tors, la transmitted herewith. I have caused to
be communicated O the heads of the three
friendly powers, who complied with the joint
request mde to them under the treaty, the
thanks of this Government for the appointment of
arbitrators made by them respectively and also
my thanks to the eminent personages named by
them, and my appreciation or the dignity, p
tience, impartiality and ereat abilitv with whl
they discharged their arduous and high func
tions. HerMajesty's Government has commu
nicated to me tue appreclitiou by Her Jtaje'ty
of tho ability and indefatigable industry dis
played by Sir. Adams, the arbitrator named on
the part of this Government, during the pro
tracted inquiries and discussions of the triBun
aL I cordially anito with ller Majesty in tills
appreciation. It is due to the p gent of tho
United States before the tribunal to record my
high appreciation of tho marked ability, un
wearied patience and discretion with which he
has conducted the very responsible and delicate
duties committed to him, as It is also duo to the
learned and eminent counsel who attended the
tribunal on the p-trtof this Government to ex
prens my t-ense of the talents and wisdom which
they brought to bear In the argument. Of a re
sult so happily r ached it will be the province
of CjnreKS to provide for tho distribution
amun those who may be entitled to it of their
respective hhares of the money to be paid.
Although tho sum awarded is not pavable
until a ear from the date of the award, 'it is
deemed advh-able that no time be lost in making
a proper examination of the several cases in
which indeninilication may be dne. Oonfc
qucntly I recommend the creation of a Board of
Commissioners for the purpose.
San Juan.
By tho third and fourth articles of the Treaty
of Washington, tho respective claims of the
United States and Great Britain in then- con
struction of the treaty of the 15th June, 1S16,
defining the boundary line between their respec
tive territories, whero submitted to the arbitra
tion and award of hU Majesty the Emperor of
Germany, to decide -which of thosa claims is
most in accordance with the true interpretation
of the treaty of 181S. His Majesty, the Emper
or of Germany, having been pleaded to under
take tho arbitration has the earnest thanks of
the government and of the people of the United
States for the labor, pains and care which he has
devoted to the consideration of this Ion? pending
difference. I havo caufed an expression of my
thanks to be communicat.d to his Majesty. Mr.
Bancrolt, tho repre-entative of this government
at Berlin, conducted the case and prepared the
statement on the part of tho Uirited States with
the sbillty that his past service justified the pub
lic In expecting at his hands; as a member of the
cabinet at the date of the treaty which has given
rise to the dlscus.-iou between the two govern
ments, as the minister to Great Britain when
t'ue construction now pronounced unfonnded was
lira, advanced, and as agent and representative
of the government to present the c&to and to re
ceive the award, he has been associated with
tho question in all of its phacs, and in every
stage has manifested a patriotic zeal and earn
v.tnesa in the maintenance of the claim of the
United States. He is cctltled to much
credit for the success which has attended
tho submission. After patient investigation of
the case and of (he statements of each party, His
Maiestv. the Emneror. on the 2lst of October
last, signed his awarl in writing, decreeing that
the claim of the covernment of the United S tatty
that the boundary line between the territories of
Her Britannic Majesty and the United States
should bo dr.'.wn through the O'Hara Channel,
is most in accordance with a true interpretation
of tho treaty concluded on the 15th of Juno,
1846. between the auehtsofller Britannic Ma-
jetty and the United States. Copies of the case
presented on oeuan or cacn government and of
the statement in reply of each, and a translation
of the award are transmitted herewith. Thih
awafd conlirms the United States in their claim
in the important archipelago of islands muz be
tween tho Continent and Vancouver's Is'.and,
which for 20 years since tho rat!hVaicn of
the treaty Great Britain has contested, anil
leaves ns for thelirst time In the his'oryofthe
United States as a nation without a question of
disputed iHiundary between our territo
ry and tho possessions of Great Brit
ain on this continent It Is a grate
ful duty to acknowb dge the prompt.spontaneoufi
action uf Her Majesty's government in giving
eflect to the award. In anticipation of any re
quest from this government, and before the rtr
ception in the United States of the award sijne J
by theEmperor, Her Maj4 ty had given instruc
tions for iho removal of her troops which had
been stationed there and for the essation of nil
exercise or claim of Jurisdiction, so as to leave
the UnltedStates In exclusive possession of the
Htely disputed territory. 1 am gratified to bo
able to announce that the orders lor tha removal
of the troops have betn'executed snd the mili
tary Joint occupation ot San i.uan has ceased.
The islands ate now In the exc usivo possession
of the United States, it now bec -mes neces'iiry
to complete th6 .surv.e-y and determination of
that portl-m of the' Boundary line through the
O'Hara channel, ufidn which tho Commission
which d-termimfdttb remaining part of tho line.
faded to agree. I recommend the appointment
of 8 commission fo act jointlv with one which
may be named by Her Majesty for that purpose.
1 he AInsKiSI.tne.
Emerlenro f the difficulties attending the de
termination ot our admitted line of boundary af
ter tho occupation of the territory and Hs settle
ment by those owing allegiance to the respect! vo
governments, points to the importance of estab
lishing by natural objects or other monuments
the actual lino between the territory acnulrcd
by purchase from BusRla and the adjoining pos
sessions of her Brittanic Majesty. Tho region Li
now so sparsely occupied that no conflicting In
terests of individuals or of Jurisdiction arc likely
to interfere to tho delay or cmbassmcnt of tho
actual loeat'on (if tho line. If deferred until
population shall entr and occupy the territory,
some trivial contest of colghbors may again ar
ray the two governments in antagonism. I Ihcro
foro recommend the appointment of a commission
to act Jointly jvith one that may be appointed on
thepartof Greit Britain to determino tho line
between our territory of Alaska and tho con
tiguous possessions of Great Britain.
The Fisheries.
In my lat annual messaee I recommended the
legislation necfssary on the part of the United
States to bring into oni ra inn the articles of the
treaty of Wa-hinntiin, of May, 1871, relating to
the fisheri s, and to other matters touching tin
relations of the United btites toward the British
Nurth Amcrlcatip srssions to become ope.utlve
as soon as t e projx;r legislation should be had on
the part of Groat Britain and its posRe-slone.
1 hat legislation on t-c part of Grsat Britain and
its -ossesslois had not th-n been had, and dur
ing the fOFien ot Congre-s a question was raised
which for tho time raied a dubt whether any
action by Congress in the direction Indicated
would become important. This question has
since been disposed of and I have received no
tice that the imperial i'arliamtntan'l the legis
lature of the Provincial Government hav- pasd
laws to carry the provisions of the treaty on the
matters re'erred to into operation. I therefore,
recommend your early adoption of the legislation
In tho same direction necessary on tho pwt of
this Government
JLuhc of the Woods.
The Joint Commission for determining the
boundary lino between the United States and the
British possessions between the Lake of the
Woods and the Kocky Mountains has organized
and entered upon its work. It Is desirable that
the force be increased In order that the comple
tion of the survey nnd the determination of the
line may lie the sooner atti'ned. To Hils end I
recommend that a iulllciej.t appropriation be
maae.
Oar Continental Jlolatlons.
TTith France, out earliest a ly; Itussla, the
constant and steady friend of the Unit d States;
Germany, with whose government and people we
have so many causes of friendship and so many
common sympathies, and the other powers f
Europe, our relatione are maintained on tho most
friendly terms.
Since my last mcsfage the exchange lias been
road of the ratifications of a treaty with Ihe
Atiftro-Hungary Empire relating to naturaliifv-.
tion; also of a treaty with. stlie German Empire
respecting consuls and trade marks; also of a
try with S weden and Norway relating to uatr
IH.I-L:LE .UNI0N ANB AM
urallzatlon, all cf which treaties have been duly
proclaimed.
Congress at its last session having made an
appropriation to defray the expense ot Commis
sioners on the part of thn United States 'to the
International Statistical Congress at St. Peters
burg, the persons appointed in that character
proceeded to their destination and attended the
sessions of the Congress. Tho report shall in
due season bo laid before you. This Congress
meets at intervals of about three years and has
held its sessions in several of the countries of
Europe. I submit to your consideration tho
propriety of extending an invitation to tha Con
gress' to hold its next meeting In the United
States. The centennial celebration to be held
in 1876 would afford an appropriate occasion for
such meeting.
ilie Vlcmiii Exposition.
Preparations are making fur .the International
Exposition to he heiu during ino next year in
Vienna on a scale, of very great magnitude
The tendency or these expositions is in tne di
rection of advancing civilization and the elevn
tion of industry, of labor and of the increao of
unman iiamuness. aa wen as ot crcaicr luter-
eourso and good will between the. nations. Aa
tuts exposition is to oe ine arci wn en win nave
been held in eastern f.uropc, it is nciieveu tnat
American inventors ami manufacturers will do
readv to avail themselves of the opportunity for
the presentation of their productions, if encour-
ageu by proper am asu protection.
At tho last " session of Congress
authority was given for the appointment of
one or more agents to represent tnis government
at the Exposition. The authority thus given has
been exerciseu, out in tne ausence ot any appro
crlation. there is dancer that the important ben
efit which the occasion offers' will, in a largo de
cree, be lost to the citizens of the United States,
I commend the subject strongly to your Tnsld
eratioo, and recommend that an adequate ap
propriation be made for tho purpose. To further
aid American exhibitors at the Vienna Expos!
tion, I would recommend, In addition to an ap-
Sroprlation of moneys that the Secretary of tho
avy be authorized to lit up two naval vtssels to
transport ustween our Atlantic cities ana i riest,
or the most convenient port to. Vienna and l"ok
tueir articles lor exiuuiuon. .
IUcxIco.
Sinco your lat session the President of the
Mexican Kcpub.l& distinguished by his high
character and by his services to his country, has
meu. ins temporary successor lias now ucen
elected with crcat unanimity bv the neoDle.
proof of confidence on their part in his patriot
ism and wisdom, which It Is believed will be con.
firmed by the results of his administration. It is
particularly desirable that nothing should be left
undone Dy tno government ot cither republic to
strengthen their relations as neighbors and
friend. It is much to be recre'ted that manv
lawless acts continue to disturb too quiet or tue
settlements on the border between our territory
and that of Mexico, an d that complaints of wrong
to American citizens in various parts ot tne
country are made. The revolutionary condition
in which tho neighboring republic has so long
been involved, has in some degree contributed to
this disturbance. It is to be hotted that with a
more settled rule of order through the republic.
whici may be expected from tho present govern
ment, the acts of which just complaint is made
win cease.
The proceedings ot the commission under the
convention with Mexico of the tth of July, 18C3,
on the subject of claims have unfortunately been
cherlrpd hv nn nhstacliv for tlio rmoval of which
measures have been taken by tho two govern
ments, which it is believed will prove successful.
Outrages on Tux u n Border.
The Commissioners appointed pursuant to the
toint resolutions oi congress ot me unot Jiay
ast. to inauire into depredations on the Texas
frontier have diligently made investigations In
that quarter. Their report upon the subiect will
d commumcaiea 10 you. xueir researcnes were
necessarily incomplete, partly on account of tho
llnllted appropriation taaJe by Congress. Mexico
on tne pan i t tneir government nas appointed a
similar commissioner to mvesugato these out
rages. It is not announced officially, but the
pressof that country states that thefullest Inves
tigation is desired, and that the co-operation of
all parties concerned is invited to secure that
end. I therefore recommend that a special ap
propriation be mads at the earliest day practlca
bl to enable tha Commissioner, on the part of
the United Stats, to return to their labors
without delay.
Condition of Cnbo.
It is with regret that I have again to announce
a continuance cf the disturbed condition of the
Island of Cuba. Xo advance toward pacifica
tion of the dijeont-nted part of the population
as been made. While the Insurrection has
gained no advantages and exhibits no more of
tue eiemeniB ot power or ot tne prospect oi uui
mate success than were exhibited a year ago.
Spain on tho other hand has not succeeded in its
repression, and the parties stand apparently in
the Fame relative attitude which they havo oc
cupied for a longtime past This contest has
lasted now lor more than lour years, were it
seen at a distance from our neighborhood, we
might be indifferent to its results, although hu
manity could not be unmoved by many ot its in
cidents wherever uiev might occur, it in, now-
nrnr nt nnr ?.irtY- T .Qim. t 1nv!it tliff 1ia cnn 1 1.
nucd maintenance of slavery In Cuba is among
tho strongest inducements to the continuance of
this strife. A terrible wi ong is the natural cause
of a terrible evil. Tho abolition of slavery and
the introduction of other reforms In the adminis
tration of the government in Cuba could not faU
to advance the restoration of peaco and ord.T.
It is especially to be honed that tho pre-ient lib
eral government of Spain will voluntarily adopt
this view. The law of emancipation which was
passed more than two years since has
remained unexecuted, and In the absence cf reg
ulations lor its m'orceraent it was but a lcoi
step toward emancipation, but it was the recog
nition of the riirht and was hailed as such, ami
exhibited Spain In harmony with the srntiments
of humanity and ol justice, ana in sympathy
with the other powers of the Christian and civil
ized world. "Within the past few wesks the reg
ulations for carrying out the laws of em ncipa
tlouhave been announced, giving cvidce of
the. sincerity of intention of tne present govern
ment to carry into ofi't-Ct th law of 1870. I have
not failed to urge the consideration of tha wis
dom of the policy and the Justice of a more ef-
lective system lor tue aooimonoi tne great evil
which oppressed a race and continues a bloody
and destructive contest close to our border, as
well as the expediency and the Justice of con
ceding reforms of which the propriety Is not
questioned.
Anicrica.u StnvciioMera.
Deenlv impressed with the conviction that the
continuance of slavery is one of the most active
causes ot the continua-ice of the unhappy con
dition in Cuba, I regret to believe that citizens
of the United States, or those claiming to be
such, are large holders In Cuba of what is there
claimed as property, but which is forbidden and
denounced by the laws of the United Elates.
Thev are thus, in defiance of the spirit of our
own laws, contributing to mo continuance oi
th s distressing and sickening coniest In my
last annual messago I referred to this subject,
and I again recommend such legislation as miy
bo proper to denounce, and if not prevent, at
least to discourage American citizens lrom hold
ing or dealing in slaves.
Ho u tli America.
It Is gratifying to announce that the ratifica
tion of the convention concluded under the aus
pices of .his Government, between Spain on the
one part, an i the allied Itepublics of the Pacific
oa the other, providing for an armistice, have
been exchanged. A copy of the instrument is
herewith submitted. It is hoped that this may
be followed by a permanent peace between the
same parties.
The uitlerenccs which atone time threatened
the malntainance of peace between Brazil and
the Argentine Itcpublic are, it Is hoped on tho
way ot satlslactory adjustment, with these
States as with the Republics of Central and South
America we continue to maintain the most
friendly relations.
Oar Venezuelan Minim.
It is with regret, however. I announce that
tho Government of Venezuela has made no
.further rayments on account of the awards un
der the convention ot the 2oth of April, 1SC6.
That Republic Is understood to be almost If not
quite tranquilized. It is hoped therelore that
it will lose no time in providing for the unpaid
debt to the United Stati s, which, having origi
nated in injuries to its citizens by the Venezuclau
authortics and having been acknowledged per
suant to a treaty in the most solemn fvrm known
among nations, would seem to deserve a prefer
ence over debts of ft different origin and contract
ed in a difii rent manner. This subject U again
recommended to the attention of Congress for
such action as may be decided proper.
Our Japanese CouslnK.
Our treaty relations with .Tanan remain un
changed. An imposing embassy fro-n that in
teresting and progressive nation visited this
country during the vcar that i3 nsslnc. but be-
ing"unptoviried with powers for the signing of a
convention In this country, no conclusion in that
direction was reached, ,'t Is nuped however,
that the Interchange of opinion which took place
during their slay in this country -lias led to a
mutual appreciation of tho Interests which may
be promoted when the revision of the existing
treaty shall be undertaken. In this connection
I renew my recommendation of a year ago that,
to give iraiortancc and to add to the elficiencv
of our diplomatic relations with Japan and
China, and to further aid in retaining the gco.i
opinion of these people and to secure to the
United States its share of the commerce destined
Inflow between these nations and the balance of
the commercial world, an appropriation he made
to support at least four American youths in ca. h
of thews countries to serve asa part of the ollicial
family of our ministers there. Our representa
tives would not even then be placed upon an
equality with the representatives of Great Bit
tain and of some other powers.' As now situa
ted, our lcpresentattves in .Tapan and China have
to depend for interpreters and translators
uion the natives of those countries who know
our talk imperfectly, or procure for tho occasion
the services of employes in foreign business
houses or the interpreters of other foreign min
isters. I'ropuseil Traiihfer.
I renew tho recommendation made as on a pre
vious occpsion of the transfer to tha Department
of the interior, to which they seem more appro
priately to belong, of all tl-e powers and duties
in relation to the Turritoriee, with which the de
partment of State is now charged bv law or by
custom.
The Innocents Abroad.
Congress from the beginning of tho govern
ment has wisely made provision.for the relief of
d stressed seamen in foreign countries. Ko sim
ilar provision, however, has hitherto beeu made
lor tee relief ol citizens in distress abroad other
than seamen. It is understood to be cuMomary
with other governmenls to authorize Consuls to
extend such relief to their citizens or subjects in
certain case?. AsimiWr autooriry and an ap
propriation to carry it into effect are commended
m caso ot citizens of the United States sick. Un
der such circumstances It is well known that
such citizens resort to foreign countries in great
numbers. Though homo of them are able to
bear the exnenso incident to locomotion, there,
arc some who. through accident or otherwise,
become penniless pud-have no friends at home
aide to succor them, persons 4n this situitlon
must cither perish, cat themselves upon the
charity of foreigners, or be relieved at the pri
vate" charge of our own otlleers who usuall' , evn
w'lUtliB mot-t bcuevolentdispositicihavo no?h
iuglo.spare, were such tho purpose.i1hoald the
authority and appropriation asked for bo ae
oorded, caro will be taken to carrv th benifi-
NASHVILLE, TENN.,
cence of Congress into effect, and that it shall
inoij b unzeccssaruy or unwortauy owcu.
Tho Treasury
Ihe money received and carried Into the treas
nrr diTrlntrtha nVc.it vriir eniliin .Tune 30. 172,
were" from customs S21C.370.2SU.77; from sales of
-public land 82,675,714.19; from internal revenue
5136,421,777.20; from tax on national bank circu
lation, etc. 5S,&a,3'.Hi 33; trom thepacme nan
road companies S749.601.87: from customs-lines,
etc, Sl.130,442.34. from fees, consular, patent,
land, etc., S2,284,097.92; from miscellaneous sour-
ccs si.iizM.i j. Total receipts MjO-m,..
f?rni ,iriTYiliiTT n.. u 1 i.o t" M n Cl 4 1-2. 117.135.
Total net receipts 8374,106.837 50. Balance in
Treasury. June 30, 1871 , S109,935,7U5, including
3182,228.35, receipted from unavailable Total
available cash 5181,002 073.10.
Tile net expenditures by warrants during the
same period were: Kor civil fivnenscs SIC, 163.-
059.70; for foreign interests S18.4CW.369.14; Inuians
S7 ,005,723.82; pensions $23,533,402.70; tor military
establishments, including fortlticatlons.rlver and
uaroor improvements and arsenals, 3J.-,3ie,is wo;
for tho naval establishments, Including vessels
aud machinery and lmnrovements itnaw yards.
S21,2t9,809.99; for miscellaneous civil. Including
public buildings, lighthouses nnd collecting the
revenue, $19,958,329.08; Interest on tho public
debtS117,357,8S9.72. Total, excluslvo of principal
and premium on public debt S270,659,ca3.91. i'or
premium on bonds purchased S4,958,26G.7fl; for
redemption of the public debt 599,900,253.04: To-
lai iut),-ji8,ou.iV. xotai net disbursement-
5377,478,216.20; balance ill the treasury June m.
ion, sijBoo.wu.wi: Total $4S4,U42,a73.i3.
Too Public Oobt.
From the foregoing statement It attp'tara that
the net reduction of the nrinbinal of the debt du
ring the fiscal year ending 1S72 was $99,'Jfi0 233
54. The source of this reduction Is us follows:
Net ordinary receipts during tho year, $.'!G3,G91,-
m'j.-ji; net ordinary expenditures, incitumg iu-
terest on the public debt, S270 559 095.91. tomi,
S94.13I.534 00. Add amount received lrora pre
ininm on sales of geld In excess of t.'io premium
paid on' bonds purchased S24,G44J700.l And
tho amount of the reduction or tho cash balnieo
at tho close of the year, accompanied with sane
at mo commencement year, g7,33i 3ti.tu. To
tal S99.960.253.54.
This statement treats solely of the principal of
the public debt, by tho monthly statement of
mo public uebt, wiiicu auus togemcr tne prinei-
Sai ana interest due ami unpaiu, ami viz ln
serest accrued to date, due, and deducts the
casn in we treasury, as according: on the day
ui puuucaiion, u: rcouiion was jiw.im.i'Ji.-JS
Tho source of this reduction is as follow s
Kcductionin principal account J99.9C0.003.54;
reduc.lcn in unpaid interest account $3,330;
952.96. Total S103,290,95O50. deduction in cash
on hand $2,746,465.22. Total 8100.544,491.28.
On tho basis of the last t-iblo tho statement!)
show a reduction of thu publio debt from tho 1st
of March, 1869, to the present timo ss follows:
From March 1, 1?09, to March 1, 1870, SS7,184,
782 81; from March 1, 1870, to March 1, 1871,
!-in,w3,wu.ii; irom luarcn i, ibii, tojiarcm,
1872. 91,893,34&91; from March 1, 1872, to, Nov.
i, lbtz, eigut mouths, tot,ni,iii.S4. Total S353,
b98,999.87. Xlic EZcdaction of 'Sa.-s.ca.
"With the creat reduction of taxation bv nr.ti of
Congress at its last session, tho expenditure of
the government m collecting tho revenuo will lo
much reduced for tho nsxt fiscal year. It H vcrv
doubtful.howsver.whether anyfurther reduction
of so vexatious a burthen uponni.y people wlli
be practicable for the pr.seut At all events ns
a measure of Justice to the holders of rational
certificates of lnibbtcdaess, 1 would recommend
that no more legislation bo had on this subject,
unless it oe to correct errors or omission or com
mission in the present laws, until sufficient time
had elapsed to prove that it can be done to meet
the current expenses of tho goveramsnt, pay the
interest on the public debt aud provide for tha
sinking fund established by law. The preserva
tion of our national credit Is of the highest Im
portance.
Wnnlcil A Sound Currency.
Next In Importance to this comes a solemn
duty to provide a national currency of fixed, un
varying values as compared wltli gold, and as
soon as practicable having due regard for the
interests oi me oeoior cias anu tne vicissiinara
of trade and commerce.and convertible into gill
at par.
Tue War nopartmmt.
The report of the Secretary of "War shows the
expenditures oi jus war .Department tor the
fiscal vear endlnc June 30. 1S71. to ba S35.709.-
991.62, aud for the fiscal year ending June 10,
1872, to bo S35.372.157.2J, showing a reduction in
faverof last year of S127.S31.C2. The estimates
lor military expenses lor the next hscal vcar
ending Juno 30. 1874. aro S3J.801.378. The esti
mates oi tne uniei oi .engineers are submitted
separately lor the fortifications, river and harbor
improvements anu lornuonc buucincs anu the
Washington acqueduct.
I'reetlmtiii'a Bureau.
Tho officers of the FrecdmenV Bureau have
all been transferred to the war Department and
regulations have been put into execution for the
speedy payment of the bounty, pay, etc., duo the
V,J.WIH lHlll .1. .A . IJT JUilU UUUC1 LUIti
Bureau and all the war accounts for money and
property prior to 1871 ha vo been examined and
irausmitcu to tue Treasury ior mui settlement,
f ransp or tut 1 on.
During the fiscal year there has been raid for
tr.ilitrui.t o t In.. 1 rnllmau Ol TAA AAA nf i.U.1.
SS0.857 was over the Pacificrallroad; fortranspor
tation by water 82,637,33.4 and by stage 31,697,584
ana ior tne paralyse or transportation Animals,
wagons, niro oi teamsters, etc., gy.wo.w.
Southern Kailronda .oynI Claims.
About S370".000 have been collected from South-
orn railroads during tho vcar, leaving about S4,
000,000 etill due.
The yuartermastcrhas examined ami trans
mitted M the sccountinz officer for settlement
Si7,C17,271 of claim by loyal citizens for quarler-
masiT-s stores taxen during the war.
Subsisting supplies to the amuunt of S3,904,S12
uau IQSUeU lO IUU XIlUlwllU.
Tue Army Sic (Ilea I.
was 24.101 white an5 2.494 colorcdfsoldiiT. The
total deaths of soldiers tor tho year reported were
M. wnite ami oi colored.
The distribution of the Medical and SurMe 1
nisiory oi ma v ar is yet to no ordered by utn
iiicss. J.111T0 eAisM an aosouue necessity ior a
medical curps of the lull number established bv
act of Concress of Julv 23. INK!, theru lieim now
fifty-nlr.e vacancies aud the number of success-
tui candidates rarely exceeds eight or ten in any
one year.
Internal Improvement.
The river and harbor improvements hav l.pn
carrel on with energy and economy. Though
uiib-ii are only partially comuleted.'tho results
hJvo saved to commerce many times the amount
expenueu. Tne increase or commerce with
greater depth of channels, greater security In
navigation aud the savimrof time, adds mill'lnne
totlw wealth of the country and increases the
resources of the Government
The bridge across tho Mississippi river t TtncV
Island has been completed, and the m-mier Kite
has been determined upon for the bridge at La
crosse. The able and exhaustive report made by
tho Commissioner appointed to Investigate tho
Sutro tuunelhas been transmitted to Centres'.
Tho Weather Kurort u.
The observations and reports of the Slmml Of
fice liave been continued. Stations have hee.n
maintained at each ot the principal lake, seaport
aid river cities. Ten additional stations
been established in the United States, and ar
rangements have been made for the exchanpo of
reports with Canada, and a similar exchange nf
uuscrvuuuzia is; i-umcuJiu-ueu wiui uie WCS. inula
isianus.
KccomincurialtocH of tho Secretary
or Won
The favorable attention of ConcrreFs Is invirerl
to the i olio wing recommendations of the Secre
tary of y.'nr: A discontinuance of tho appoint
ment of in extra lieutenant to serve as adjutant
and quartermaster; the adoption of a code pro
viding the specific j-eualty of a well-defined of
fense, so that the inequality of sjntencos adjudg
ed by court martial may be adjust d; the consol
idation ot the accounts vnder which expendi
tures are made, as a mean? of economy; a rcap
pr priation ot tho moi.e.v for the construction of
a depot at San Antonio, the title to tho site be
ing now perfected; a special act placing the cern
etryat the City of Mexico on the same basis as
other national cemetries; authority to purchase
sites for military tosts in Texa?;theappointment
of commissary sergeants from non-com
missioned officers, as a messure for
securing the better care and protection
of supplies; an appropriation for the
catalogues, tables of tho anatomical section of
tlio army and a medical museum; a re-approprl-atlonofthe
amount for the manufacturing of
breech-loading arms, should tho selection be so
delayed b v the board of officers as in lr thn
former appropriations unexpended at the close
of the fiscal year; the sale of such arsenals cast
of the Mississippi as can be spared, and the pro
ceeds applied to tho establishment ot one large
arsenal of construction and repair upon tho At
lantic coast, and the purchase of a suitable site
tor Iirovintr aiidexnersmenrrtl imumil nr lieavv
ordfance; the abrogation of the laws which de
prive inventors m the United States from deriv
ing any benefit from their invention-";
thu repeal of the law prohibiting promotions
in the staff corps: a continuance of tho work
upon the coast deience.s: ili rvnonl nf llm act of
July 13, 166C, taking from engineer soldiers the
uirui mnjju it, oiuer troops; a limitauonoi
time for the presentati uior subaistenco supplies
under tho act of Julv 4. lhT.fi. nmi n modification
in tho mods ot the selection nf nmlttts for tho
military academv in oninr tn iimn. thn useful
ness of the academy which is impaired by reason
of the large amount of time necessarily expend
ed in giving new cadets a thorough knowledge if
the mere elementary brauchesof learning which
they should acquire bci ore entering the academy;
also an appropriation for philosophical
apparatus aud an increase in' tho number
and pay of the Mllita-v Academv .eBoard.
Mooted Southern Canals.
The attention of Conn-ess will t.. Railed during
its session to various enterprises for the more
certain and cheaper transportation of the con
stantly Increasing surplus of the western and
southern products to the Atlantic seaboard. The
subject is one that will forco lf-ell upon the leg
islative bra-nch of thegovcrnnientsooner or later,
and I suggest before that imme.iliat.i steDSbo tak
en to gun all necessary information to inevitable
aim just legislation, js. route to connect mo
Mississippi valley with the Atlantic, with Charles
ton, South Carolina, and Savannah, deorgiJ, bv
water, hv
and canals and slack . ater navigation, to the
Savannah aud Ocmulgeo rivers has been sar
veved and reports made by au accomplished en
gineer officer of the anuv. Second and third
new routes will bo proved for the consideration
of Cong-ess, namelv. by an extension of
tho Ksnahwa and James liver canal to tho
Ohio, and by an extension of the Chesapeake
and Ohio canal. I am -nnt i.rmiarcd to
recommend Government aid to theso or other
cuterptiscs until it is ciearly shown that they aro
nnt nnli. . , : . . . . . . .
v " jiatiunai iiircrt-t but mat uun
completed thev will be nfn. v.iln rnmminsiiratn
with tlu-ir cost That product on Increases more
rapldiy than tho niuan- cf tnansportation in our
country has been demonstrated by pat exi
rlence. That the rapid growth in population
and prcducts ot tbo whole country Will require
t'..e additlocat facilities of cheaper mean lor the
more buikr articles of cainWrftn frv r, .:-U till?
water and amarkerwtll bo 'demanded -in thi ;
nearfuturiHs equallrd5monstrable7 n-wbuld!
uiereiore suggest eitnar a commute or oommU
TUESDAY, DEOEMBEE 3, 1872.
slonto beauthorized to consider this whole ques
tion and to report to Congress at some future
day tor its belter guidance in legislating on the
important subject. Tnei railways of the country
have been rapidly extended during tho last tfew
years to meet tlie growing demands of produ
cers, and rellect much credit upon the capitalists
and managers engaged In their construction.
Klngaro Whip Canal.
In addition to these a project to facilitate
commerce by the building of a ship caual
around Niagara Falls on the United States side,
which has been agitated for many years, will no
doubt be called to yar attention this session.
A Htminintj Const Canal.
liOoklng to the great future of the country and
theunceaslcg demands of commerce it might
bo well, white on thl3 subject, not only to have
examined and reported upon the various practi
cal routes lor connecting the Mississippi with
tide water on the Atlant.c, but tha feasibility of
an almost continuous land-locked r.avigntiou
from Maine to the Gulf of Mexico. Such a
route along our coast would b&.of great value at
all times aud of inestimable value In case of a
foreigu war. Nat me has provided the greater
part of this route, and the obstacles to be over
come are easily within the skill of engineers. I
bave not alluded to this subject with the view of
having any further expenditure of pubiio money
at this tlmo than may be necessary to yrocu'e
and place all the necessary information bofore
Congress In au authentic form to enable It here
after, if deemed practicable and worthy, to leg
islate on the subject without delay.
Our Decrepit! Navy.
The report of the Secretary of the Nary, here
with accompanying, explains fully the condition
of that branch of tho public service, its wants
and deficiencies, the expenses incurred (luring
the7past year and appropriatiocs for the same.
It also gives a complets history of the servlcesof
tho Navy for tha past year in addition to Its regu
lar rvlces. It is evident unless steps are tafen
to preserve our Navy that in a very few years
the United StaUs will bo tho weakest nation ui
on the ocean of a'l the great powers. With an
enrgetlc, progressive, business peopla like
ours, pcu-trating and terming business relations
yvitli every part of tbo world, a navy strong
eirugu to command tbo respect of our Hag
abroad is necessary for the pro-ection of their
rights. I recommend a careful consideration by
Congress of the recommendations madu by the
secretary oi tueiavy.
Ihe Postal Department.
Tho accompanying report of the Postmaster
General lurnishes afull and satisfactory exhibit
of ihe operations of the Postofflce Department
during ttio year. The ordinary revenue ot tne
department for the fiscal year ending June 30,
ltfi 2. amounted to 321,915,32657; tho expenditures
526,658,192.21. Compared with tho previous fis
cal year, tuo increase ot revenue wassi.eie 020.
95. or 9.37 per cent, of the increase of expendi
tures, $2,263,053.23, or 9-29 per cent., addinzto
the ordinary revenues tho annual appreciation
of $700,000 for free matter and the amount paid
to the subsidies on ma 1 stsamshlp lines from
special appropriations, the deficiency paid out of
the ceneial Treasury was S3.317.7G5.91. n excess
of 5389,707.28 over the deficiency for the year
1871
Interesting statistical information relating to
our rapidly extending postal servicois furnish
ed in this report. The total length of railroad
mail routes on the 13th ot June, ibrz, was .,'ju
miles, H,v. I additional nines oi sucn service uav
in? been nut iuto operation during the vear.
Eight new lines of railway postofflces have been
established with an asgregato length of of 2.909
miles. The number of letters exchanged in the
mails with foreign countries was 21,36200, an In
crease of 4,006,502, or twenty per cent over the
number in 1871, and the postage thereon amounts
to S1,871,VU7.25. The total weight of the mails
exchanged with European countries exceeded
Siuions. tho cost or me united atatci tramr
Atlantic mall steamhir service was 2220,301.71.
The total cost of the United States ocean steam
ship service, including the amounts paid to tho
subsidized lines ot man steamers w&ssi,irci,uju.'
i!7.
More Subsidies Wanted.
The following are the only steamship lines now
receiving subsidies for mall service under special
acts of Congress: Tho Pacific Mall Steamship
Company receive SKO.ooo per annum tor carry
incr amonthlvmail between San Francisco, Ja
pan and China, which will be increased to 81,-
wo.uw per annum ior asemi-momuiy man on anu
after Get. 1. 1873. The United States and Brazil
Mall steamship Company receive S!50,000 per
annum lor carrying a montniy mau between
Kio do Janerlo, Brazil; and the California,
Oregon and Mexican Steamship Company re
ceive 575,000 per annum for curving a monthly
mall between San Kranckco anil Honolulu, Ha
waiian I'lands, making the total amount of mail
steamship subsidies at present, S750,OiO per an
num. our postal communications with all parts of
tue civiuzcu wo iu uiivs Lrcmi uiau-u uuuu u
most advantageous footing bv the Improved lOi
tal conventions and arrangements recently con
cluded with the leading commercial countries of
.Europe and America: and the gratifying state
ment Is made with the conclusion of a satisfac
tory convention with France, the details of which
have lccn definitely agreed to by the head of the
French Postal Deportment, subject to the ap
proval cf th Minister of Finance, and littlo re
mains to le accomplished by treaty for some
time to coni-3 m respect to reduction of rates or
Improved taciUties for-postal Intercourse.
Vnnr f Avoraht. cnnftliierAtiou SKTi"tentrullv in
vited to the recommendations made by the F-ost-mafter
General for an increase of the service
from monthly to semi-monthly trios on the mall
steamship route to Brazil; for a subsidy inside of
me estaMisumcnt oi an American imo oi man
steamers between San Francisco, New Zealand
and Australia; for the established of a potolHcc
savings banks.andfor the increase of the salaries
ot the heads oi bureaus.
Tho Frr.isltluar Privilege.
I have heretofore recommended the abolition
of the franking privilege, aud sec no reason now
for changing my viewa on that subject. It not
havinir been favorably regarded by Con-
-gress, however, I now suggest a modflcation or
me privilege 10 correct its glaring anu cosuy
abuse.
Postal Telegraph.
I would recommend, also, the appointment ol
a committee or commission to take into consi-t-eraticn
the bet method, equitublo to private
coriorations who have invested th;ir time and
capital in the establishment of telegraph lines',
ot acquiring the title to all telegraph lines now
in operation, and of connecting this service with
tha postal teivice of the nation. It Is not prob
able tuat mis subject couiu receive tue proper
consideration daring the limits of the short ses
sian of Congres?. but it may be initiated so that
farther action may bo fair to the Government
aud to the private parties concerned.
Jloro Pap for a Prostrate Commerce.
There are but three lines of ocean steamers,
namely: The Pacific Mail Steam'hip Co., be
tween San Francisco, China and Japan, witii
provision made for emi-montb.ly service after
Oct. 1. 1872; the United Stat sand Brazil line,
monthly, and tho California. Ncrf Zialand and
Australia line, monthly, plying between the
United States and foreign ports, and owned and
operated under our flag. I earnestly recommend
that such liberal contracts fur carrying the mails
be authorized with these lines as will insure
their continuance. If the expediency of extend
ing tho sid of the Government to lines of steam
ers which hhheito have not received it, should
be deemed worthy of the consideration of Con
gress, political and commercial objects make It
advisable to bestow such aid on a 11. c
under our flag between Panama and the
Western Sonth American jiorts. By this
mjans much trade now diverted to other coun
tries might be brought to us to the mutual ad
vantage of this country and those lying in that
quarter of tho continent of America. The re
port of the Secretary of the Treasury will show
an alarming falling off in our carrying trade lor
the last ten ortwelve years and even for the past
year. 1 do not bellove that the public treasure
can oe ueiier cApeuueu m uio mierest ui me
whole people than In trying to recover this trade.
An expenditure of S5.000.000 per annum for the
next five years If it would restore tons our pro
portion ot tne carrying trace ot me world, would
be profitably expended. The price of labor iu'
Europe has been sj much exhausted within the
last few years that the cost of building and
operating ocean steamers In the United States Is
not so mucli greater than In Europe that 1 be
lieve the time has arrived for Congress to take
this subject into serious consideration.
The Department of Justice Kn-IIIux
A detailed statement of tho disbursements
through the Department of Justice will be fur
nished bythe report of the Attornoy General; and
though these havo been somewhat Increased by
the recent acta of Congress to enforcothe rights
of citizens of the United States to vote In the
several States ol the Union, and to enforce the
provisions of the -fourteenth amendment to the
Constitution of the United States, vet thev are
Justified by their necessity and by the salutary ef.
tectot tnese enraiment'. itcciuess aim lawless
men.'I recret to sav. have associated themselves
together in some localities to deprivcother citizens
of the rights guaranteed to them by tho Consti
tution of the United States, and to that end have
committed deeds of violence. But the
prevention and punishment of many
of these persons have tended greatly to
the lepression of such disorders. I do not doubt
that a great majority of the people lu alf parts of
the country favui thefull enjovmcnt by all class
es of persons ot thoe rights to which they are
entitled under Constitution and the laws, and I
invoke the aid and influence of all good citizens
to prevent organizations whoso objects are bv
unlawful means to lntefere witli those rights. I
look with confidence to the time not far distant
when tho obvious advantages of good order and
peace will induce an abandonment ol all combi
nations iirohlbitod bv the acts referred to. and
when it will be unnecessary to carry on prosecu
tions or iiuiict punishments to protect citizens
Jrom the lawless doings of such combinations.
Tho Policy ori'ordous.
Applications have been mado to'me to pardou
persons convicted of a violation of said acts,
upon the ground that clemency in such cases
would tend to trauquilize the public mind, and
to test the vlrtu-s of that policy, I am disposed,
as ray sense of justice will permit, to give to
-these persons a favorable consideration, itut my
action mereon is not to be construed as indica
ting any change in my determination to enforce
with vigor such laws so lonir a3 the conspiracies
and combinations therein named disturb the
peace ofthe country. It is much to be regretted,
and Is regretted by no one more than myself.that
a necessity has ever existed to execute the en
forcement act. No one can desire more than I
that the necessity of applying it would never
again be demanded.
Department of the Interior.
The Secre tarv cf the Interior reports satisfac
tory IninroveniMit and nrotnession In each oftbo
several bureaus under the control of the Interior
Department. They aro all in txcel eut condi
tion. The work which in some of them for some
years has been In arrears, has been brought
down to a recent date, and, in all. the current
business has been promptly dispatched.
Iho Indian Policy.
The POlicv which was adopted at theb-iiuDln ?
of tho admuilstrat-on with regard to the man
agement of the Indians has been as successful
as its most ardent friends anticipated within g-
short a time. It has reduced the exoer.se of
their taanagiment, decreased their loragcs upon'
mo wiwio settlements, -.cmtoa to give tua largest
opparpnittO'tHb est- nsi6n ol tho great rall
ways tiiroush the public domaltf 'aadtho'push
ing of settlements intoths wore remote districts
of the country, and at the same timo improve
the condition of the Indians. The policy will
ba maintained without any change, excepting
such as further experience may show to be ne
cessary to render it more efficient ggf
Proposed Indian Territory.
Tho subjectof converting the fo-called Indian
Territory, south of Kansas, Into a home for the
Indian, and erecting therein a territorial form
of government, is one of great Importance a the
complement of tho existing Indian policy. The
question of removal to the territory, within the
las: year has been presented ttr many or the
tribes resident upon other and less desirable por
tions of the public domain, and has generally
been received by them with favor. As a prelim
inary step fj tho organization or such a territo
ry, it will bo necessary to confine tho Indians
now" resident therein to farms or proper size,
wiilch should be secured to them in fee, the resi
due to be used for tho settlement of other friend
ly Indians. Efforts will be made la tho Imme
diate future to induce the removal of as many
peaceably djsposid Indians to the Indian terri
tory as can bo settled properly without disturb
ing iho harmony cf those already there. There
U no other location now available where a peo
ple whj are endeavoring to acquire a knowledge
of pastoral aud agricultural pursuits can bo as
well accommodated as upon the unoccupied
lands In tha Indian territory. A territorial gov
ernment should, however, protect the Indians
lrom the Inroads of the whites for a term of
jears,tintil thoy become sufficiently advanced in
tho arti and civilization to guard their own
rights, and rom the disposal of lands held by
them for the same period.
Tho Piihllc Lands.
During the last fiscal yerr there were disposed
of out of the public lands H,t6175 acres, a
quantity Creater by 1,099,270 acres than were
disposed ot the previous year, of this amoun t
1,370,320 acres were sold for cash; 369,400 acres
located with military warrants; 4,671,332 acres
were taken for horn-steads: 093,013 acres located
with college scrip; 3,554.887 acres granted to rail
roads; 405,37 acres granted to wagon roads; 711,
235 acres given to State as swamp land, and H,"
760 acres located by Indian rcrlp. Tho cash re
ceipts from all sources In tho land office amount
ed to $3,218,100.
During the same perlod22.0ie,009 acres of the
pupllc land were sarveved whlo- added to the
qtiautity before snrveved amounts to 583,364,780
acres, leaving l,227,6j3,62i acres of the public
lauus suit unsurveyea.
Tho reports from the subordinates of the Land
Office contain interesting Information in regard
to their respective districts. They uniformly
mention the frultfulnt83 of the son during tho
past season and the increased yield of all kinds
ot produce. Even in those States where mining
is the principal business, agricultural products
havo exceeded the local demand and liberal slsy
ments have been'made to distant points.
Tho Patent tlfilcci.
During the year ending Sept 30, 1872, there
were Issued from thoPatent Office 13,026 patents,
233 extensions and 556 certificates aid registers
of trado marks. During the same time 18.5J7
applications for patents, Including re-Issues and
designs have been received and 3.10J caveats
filed. The fees received during the same prl(.l
amounted to 5700,959.86, and the total expendi
tures to J623.553.90, making the net receipts over
tha expenditures 577,400.56. Since 1836 20O.(riO
applications for patents have been filed and
about 134,000 patents issued.
The offices being conducted under the same
laws and general organization as were adopted
at the original inauguration when only from 1)0
to 500 applications were made per annum, the
commissioner shows that the office has outgrown
the original plan, and that a few Improvements
have become necessarry. This subject was pre
sented to Congress in a special communicate a
In February last with my approval and the ai
proval of the Secretary of the Interior, and the
suggestions contained In 6ald communication
were embraced in a bill that was reported to the
House by the Committee on Patents at the la-tt
session. The subject of the reorganization r
tho Patent office as contemplated by the bill n
ferredisof such importance to the industrial
luterests of tho country that I commend it to the
attention c-' Congress.
The Commissioner also treats the subject "jf
the separation of the Patent Office from tne De
partment of the interior. This subject Is also
embraced in tha bill heretofore referred to. The
Commissioner complains of the watt of room
for the model gallery, nnd for the working foreh
and necessary" tiles ot the office. It Is impo&it le
to transact tho business ofthe office properly
without more room In which to arrange flies ai-d
drawings that must be consulted hourly In ti e
transaction of business. The whole ofthe Patent
Office building wlIlKonbo needed. If It is nut
already, for the accommodation of the built
of the Patent OfHcei
Pension.
Tha amount paid for pensions in the last Cecal
yparwasS30,r9,340, an amount larger by Sa,
708,431 than was paid during the preceding
year. Of this amount ?2,313,4( were paid under
the act of Congress of reb. 17, 1871, to survivor
of the war of 1312. The annual Increase of j! -biousbythe
legislation of Congress has more
than kept pace with the natural yearly losses
from the rolls. The act of June 8, 1672, has added
an estimated amount of 55750,000 per annum to
the rolls without Increasing the number of pen
sions. Vo cannot, therefore look for anv snli-
stantial decrease In the expenditures of this dj
partment for some time to come, or so Ions as
Congress continues to so change the dates of
pcuaions.
The whole uumlier of soldiers enlisted in the
" .wb.uvu n ui -..M,l. L UQ Willi
number or claims lor Invalid penilun U ITfi.Oisi.
being but C per cent, on tho whole number'of en-
nstcu. me total number or claims on hand at
tho beginning of the year was 91,609. Tho num-
bcrrecelved during the year was 20,574. The
number disposed ot was 35,173, making a t
gam or 1204. The number of claims now on
file Is 79,035 On the 13th of June, 1872, there
were on the rolls the names of 95,405 invalid mil
itary pensioners, and 113,513 widows, orphans
and Uejendeiit relatives, making an aggregate
of 208,923 army pensioners. At the same tsme
there were on the rolls thu names of 1,449 navy
pensioner and 1,730 widows, orphans and depen
dent relatives, making the whole number of
naval jitustoners 3,179. There have been receiv
ed since tue pass-age ot the act to provide
ltndons for the euivivorS or the war of 1812,
36,551 applications prior to Jnne 30, ls72. Cl
these there were allowed during the last fiicat
year 2.oi j claims. 4.S46 were rejected during the
year, leaving 11,580 claims pending at that date.
Tho number of pensions of all classes granted
duridg the last fiscal year was 33,830. During
that jierlod there were dropped from the rolls for
various causes 9,101 names, leaving a grand b
talor.233,2 pen-dons on the rolls on the 30th f
June, ls72. it is thought that the claim ft.r
pensions on account of the war of 1S12 will all ta
disjiosed of the first of May, 1873. It Is estimated
that 830,4SO OuO will be required for the pension
service during the next fiscal year.
The Census.
The ninth census Is about completed. Its
completion is a e abject of congratulation, Inas
much as the use to bo made of tho statistics be
in contained depends very greatly on the
promptitude of publication. The Secretary of
the lntjrijr recommends that a census be taken
in 1S75. which recommendation should receive
the ready attention of Congress. The Interval at
present established between the Federal censuses
is so long that the information obtained atthf
decimal periods as to tho material condition,
wants aud resources of the nation Is of llttl
practical value alter the expiration of the first
l-alf of that period. It would probably obviate
the constitutional provision regarding the deci
mal census if a census taken in 1875 should be
divested of all political character and no re-ai-portionnientof
Congressional representation bs
mado ULd.r it. Such a census, coming asit
would In the last year of the first century of our
national existence, would rumlsha noble mon
umcrt of the progress of the United States dur
lug that century
Education.
Tho rapidly Increasing interest In education i
a most encouraging feature in the current his
tory ot me country, anu it is no doubt true ma t
this is due in a creat measure to the efforts ofthe
bureau of education. That office is continually
receiving evidence which abundantly proves its
efficiency from tho Various institutions of lean.
mg and education of all kinds throughout tin
country. Tho report of the commissioner con
tains a vastramount of educational details ot
great interest. The bill now pending before
congress providing for the appropriation of a
part of the proceeds of the sales of public land
for educational purposes to aid the States in the
general education of their rising generation, is a
measure of such great Importance to our rial
progress and is so unanimously approved uy ih
leading friends of education that 1 recommend
it the lavorable attention of Congress.
Territorial AlTalrs Utah.
Affairs in the Territories are genSrally satis
factory. The energy and business capacity of
the pioneers who are settling up the vast domin
ion not yet Incorporated into States are keeping
pace in internal improvements and civil govern
ment with the older communities. In but one
of them, Utah, is the condition of affairs unsatis
factory, except so lar as me quiet or mo citizen
may be disturbed by real or Imaginary danger of
Indian hostilities. It has seemed to bo the policy
ofthe Legislature of Utah to evade all resionsi-
bility to tho government of the United Mates,
and even to hold a positi n in hostility to it. I
recommend a careful revision of the present
laws ot the Territory by concres. and tue enact
ment of such a law as the one proposed in Con
gress at its last session for instance, or something
similar to it as will secure peace, the equality of
all citizens before the law, and the ulttmate e
tiuguishment cf polygamy.
'Iho District.
Since the establishment of a territorial gov
ernment for the District of Columbia, the Im
provement or tbo condition or me City or waiii
incton and surrouudlugs. and the increased pros-
peiiy of the citizens, is observable to tho ii.ost
casual visitor. The nation, being a large owner
of property in this city, should bear, with the
citizens or tue district, its just share or mo ex
pense of theso Improvements. I recommend,
therefore, an appropriation to reimburse the
citizens lor tho.workptfone by them along aud lu
front of publiu- griffCM!.1! during tho past year,
provcmSnt uott' eSuelHshnient ofthe public
buildings and gfofu5Jli6Jiy keep paco with tha
lmprovcmenn mado.byJ tlfetgrntorial authorities
The AstricaitaralItureaa.
The report of the Commissioner of Agricul
ture gives a very full and Interesting account of
the several divisions of that department, tho
horticultural, agricultural sUtlstical, entomolo
gical and chemical, and the benefit conferred by
each npon the agricultural interests of the cocn
rv. i iiiiwiiii!ratviTtlii mmplete history In
total of the working or that department in all its
branches, showing the manner which the farm
er, nrchatitsami miner Is informed, and the ex
tent to wh-ch ho is aided In his pursuits. Trio
Commissioner makes ono recommendation: that
measures be taken by Congress to protect, and
Induce the planting of lorests; and suggests that
no part of the pubuc laudsshould be disposed of
without the contition that onc-tcnth or It be re
served in timber where it exists, and where it
does not exist inducements should be offered by
planting it.
1870.
In accordance with tha tcrais ot the M of
nrmrrirfi) March 3. 1871. "wovidlnif for
lUe celebration or the one hundredth anntvers aty
.of.Am-flcaii iiiaepeiidence, a Commission has
bceS organized consisting of two" mpmbersfrohT1
ClkVU Ul I-I4C.JUIICBHIJII 4ii.j,viib. -
ElilCAN.
NEW SEEIES--NO. 1,35S.
slon has held two sessions and has mada satis
factory progress in the organization) and la the
initiatory steps accessary tor carrying out the
provisions of tho act, rjid for executing the pro- i
vit Ions also of the act or Jnno 1, 1871, creating a .
Centennial Board of Finance. A preliminary
report of progress has been iNcelved from the
President or the Commlssionand is hen-wltli ;
transmitted. It will be the duty of the Commls- '
slon at your coming session to transmit a report
ofthe progress mads and to lay befofa you the
details relating to the exhibition of American and
foreign arts, products and manufacture, which, .
uf me irrau ui me act, is ro do ne:a under tho
auspices of the covernmeutortheUnltod Slates.ia
the city or Philadelphia, In tha year 1376. Thin
celebration will bo looked forward to by Ameri
can citizens with great Interest, as making a
century of greater progras and prosperity thn
is recorded in the history cf any other nation,
and proving a further good purpose in bringing
together on oar soil the people of all the commer-
cial sections ofthe earth on a matter calculated the select committee, Messrs. Poland,
to secure international good feeUnj. ; Banks, eck, Niblack and MeOaryv
Ttoe Civil Service. jr, Dawes said: ilr. Speaker, believ-
nearoestdrtlrehasbeenfelttocorrectabustis t- that( all viill concnr iuttw proprhtytf
Wt&& ! alublicrecosniUoncfew.uawipra.sive
appointments. Offices havo been regarded too and so without a peralM ii ti e matory or
ranch a the reward or political services. Under t ina covernment. that have rFjpntlvtrans
the authority ot Congress rules liave been estab- I srrifri r r,em ; OT(ww. to , frK, ttefiWlow-
lisheu to regulate the terms of ofHce and the
mode or appointments. It can not be expected
that any system of rules can be entirely effectlva
unSKKb
practice and amended according to the fconire-
ments of the service. During-my term of ottlce it election more than thnse million of votes
shall be my best endeavor to so apply the rules j were cast for President, lint a record be
aa to secure the greatest possible reform In tha "X,T " T Jr r,
civil service pf the government, but It will re- made on the JonrnaU ef L-otgreS3 ofappre
qulre the direct action of Congress render the ciatlon fur tha eminent sen.cejann per
enforcement of the system binding upon my anc- j soual purity and worth of deascl, and c f
cessors, and I hope that the experieno of tho Ml- !,n-in r-vifvil bv tU iW'l-
past year together with appfonriate legislation "u SmpWsslon crvaUU Of 13 osax,
by Congress may reach a satlslactory solution o? following a Been family DWeHWtiient.
this question, and secure to the pubfo service tar j Cwc, of New Yoifc, ibea paid at.eiil
waKK th mtur ami curapter of
wi&&&jM$hoh , ia7rerej-,aftef-which, lb iewfaj(ii.Bas
Eiicctivis Mansion, Dec. 2, 1872.
CONGRESSIONAL.
Sumner Invokes Oblivion and Civil
Rights.
JJanks . Wants to Be3lgn, but Can't.
Blaine Wants the Credit Mohllier
. Investigated.
Coucnrrent'Tribnte to Horace (Jreeley
WAsniNCrro.Y, Dec 2. Both the Senate
and House commence the ses3ion with an
unustully full attendance. The weather is
bright and mild. The galleries are
crowded.
SENATE.
Tha Sinate met at noon, tha Vice-President
In the chair, and all leading Senators
present, with largely more th3a a quorum.
The Chaplain in the opening prayer al
luded to the d&itli of Greeley as that of
one whose pen had given diteclkm lo nub
lie thought and had been a benefaction to
mantinn
mankind.
The Houso was notlded ef the Senate's
readiness for business, and a number of
bills wetvi introduced. Among ttem was
one by Sumner, as follows:
"Whereas, National unity and good will
among fellow-citizens can be assured only
through oblivion of past differences, and K
is contrary to the usage of civilized iiatiocs
to perpetuate the memory cf civil war:
therefore,
"Be it enacted, eic , that the names of
battles with fellow-citizens shall not be con
tinued in the army retjtster or placed on J
regimental colors 01 tbe uniteu istates."
Mr. Stevenson, of Kentucky, presented
tbe credentials of Mr. Matcbln, SanaU.r
fro-n Kentucky to succeed Garrett Davis,
and he was Bworn in.
Tha Vice President presented I hi cre
dentials of Mr. Morrill, elected from Ver
mont. Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, k traduc
ed a bill for the sufferers bythe Boston fire.
Thts cUlb similar to the bill for the relief
of Chicago sufferers.
Mr Cameron, of .Pennsylvania, intro
duced a bill granting a pension or S2,000 a
year to the widow of Gen. Meade.
All these bills were tabled to await tne
organization or committees.!
Mr. Anthony offered a resolution thai at
one o'clock on Monday next the Serate
proceed to the consideration of tho .calen
dar. Laid over.
ilr. Itice, or Arkansas, onered a resolu
tion asking the President to furnish Infor
mation In regaru to tne rece it application
for United States troops to be sent to Ar
kansas, stating where and by whom the
application was made, for what purpose tl.e
troops were to be used and what sctiui
had been taken in the matter
Mr. Edwards said the resolution had beV
ter lie over.
Mr. Morrill, of Vermor.t gave notice that
on Wednesday next he would make re
marks on an amendment to the bill for the
endowment cf a National College.
Mr. Pomeroy offered a concurrent reso
lution to suspend the twtnty first jjint rule
which prohibits the passage during the tirst
six days ofthe srssion of any bill remain
ing over from the last session. Laid over
and ordered printed.
Mr. Scott, of Pennsylvania, effereda iej
olution re-appointing the Senate Confere3
noon all bills on which Committees of
Conference were appointed last session and
failed to report, or on which the reports
made were not disposed of. Laid over.
vumner moved the present consideration
of his civil rights bill.
Mr. Pomeroy made a point of order, that
ULdcr the 21st joint rule it could not Le
considered.
The Vice President sustained tho point
of order.
Mr- Pomeroy taid he did not raise,the point
of order because he opposed the bill. He
ws9 in favor of the bill.
The Vice President appointed Messrs.
Cockling and Thurman a committee on the
part of the Senate to wait upon the Presi
dent. The Seca'-e then tovk a recess til 11:30
A. M.
After recess a message was received from
the House announcing the adoption of a
concurrent resolution In regard to the
death of Horace Greeley.
Mr. Fenton moved the immediate con
sideration and it was unanimously agreed
to. .
Mr. Conkllng from the committee to wait
npon the President announced that it had
discliarged the dnty, and the President
would communicate in writing.
The annual message was then brought
In by Gn. Bibcock and read by tha clerk.
Three thousand extra copies cf the message
were ordered printed.
The Vies President presented the annual
reports of the several departments. Tabled.
Tho Senate then ai'jcurnod.
The House was cal'ed to order at noon
by Speaker Blaine. 'iLe attendance of
members was very lar,-e and the galleries
were crowded with spectators.
Proceedings were opined with prater by
Chaplain Rav. J. G. But'er.
The roll of members was then called.
One hundred and forty-nine members an
swered to their names. Tha following
new members were sworn ic:
Joseph R. Hawley, of Conuec.!cut; Con
stantino C. Esty, of Massachusetts; O. V.
Dodds, of Ohio, and Erasmus W. Beck, of
Georgia.
A committee was appointed, consisting
of Messrs. Maynard, Tyuer and Potter, to
wait on tho President and inform him the
House was In session and ready to receive
any communication he might have to make.
Mr. Bnks offered his resignation as
Chairman of tbo Committee on Foreign
Affairs, but the House, by a vote of 70 to
C9, refused to accept it.
Speaker Blaine then called Mr. Cox, of
New York, to the Chair as Speaker pro
tern, and took the floor to offer the follow
ing resolution:
"Whereas, accusations liave been made
In the publie press, founded on the alleged
letters of Oakes Ames, a Representative
from Massachusetts, and upon the affidavit
of Henry S. McCcmb.a citizen of Wllnil'jg-
fon, in the State of Delaware, to the effect
that members or tbia House were bribed by
Oakes Ames to perform certain legislative
acts for tha bene lit ot the Union Pacific rail
road company by'presents of stock iu tho
credit mobilicr of America, or by presents
of a valuable character derived therefrom.
Therefore,
"Resolved, That n special committee, of
nvo members be appomtea ny tne speaker
nro tern, whose duty it shill b to investJ-
,gate and certain whether, any.vniegvkfis- yf"
any person oForporatiou, In any mStter
NO OUE IK TILS CITY Oil SVlHTRT.
SHOULD BE WITHOUT XKJ
DAILY AM) AMI1ICM
WHKN IT WTia, BE DELIVERED AT THK
DOOR PKOMPTLY EVERY MQBN
HB AT TV7HNTY-FIVE
CENTS PER WEEK.
touelifog his legisbtive duty, and tint tha
committed fce authorized to send for per
sona and papers."
Mr. Bhiiue said he had requested ulr.
Cox to appoint a mjj wi'-y ofDeancrats on
the committee, aud wade a few remarks
challenging Investigation.
Mr. Archer opposed the motion on tha
ground that tha scandal hid been, refuted
and investigaUon tvaa unnecessary.
Mr. Randall favored it as a matter of per
sonal privilege.
Mr. Dawf s said ho hoped the resolution
would br adopted.
The resolution was adopted with a few
negative votes on the Democratic side, and
Mr. Uox, as bpeaser pro lent, appoiatea as
inn reiolntion:
i - . i i
'Rssnlved, by tue b na e aud House
of
I Hpresentatives in viewortbeiecaotj death
of Horace Greeley, for waont at tho late
. unanimously- auopitu.
Mr. Banks anain rose and o&irdd Ms res
ignation as Chairman of the Committee on
Foreign Atfiira, remarking that k was pro
per tbaulw House sbonid be represented
by use who was unqualifiedly cjmmiUedto
the policy of the Majority, as he cjwM xo;
claim to be.
The House, by a vote of 59 to 76, refused
lo accept his resignation.
Mr. SargeDt, from ihe Comnifclee on
Ways. and Means, reported thd Indian ap
propriation bill, whlcn wai mid 3 4he spe
cial order for Tuesday, tai 10th Inst. He
stated that the amount appropriated under
It was $5,870,365, being S3&2,t3'J7 lss thai
in the same bill last year.
The Speaker presented the resignation of
Mr. Met cur, of Pennsylvania, who kis been
elected Judge of thff Supreme Court of that
State.
After a short recess the President'n mes
sage was at 1:40 i u. received and read.
Ihe message was ordered to be printed.
Mr. Garfield from tha Committee on Ap
propriations reported the pension appropri
ation bill, which was mada tiie spiial or
der for Wednesday ot Eext week. The t '.ll
appopriates $30,4b0 000.
Tne legislative, executive, ana jhuic at
aDDrt)sr.atlon was also resorted, wMch was
. . . . . i j- mt I
made ma special oruer ior xnursuay ii
next week.
Messrs. Twitched and Butter Introduced
bills for the relief of suilsrers by the Boston
fire. Referred. - '
Mr. Scofield Introduced a bill for a re
duction of the officers and expenses of the
Internal Revenue Department. Referred.
Hons? adjourned.
WASHINGTON.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 2. Tho
President during tie winter will devote
from 10 to 12 o'clock daily, except Snndaj'a
to Senators and members of Congress, acd
12 to 2 except I uesday '3 and Friday's when
the Cabinet meetings are held he will re
ceive by card.
The Supreme Court reissembied to-day,
and immediately adjourned, to pay their
respects to the President.
New York. Dec. 2. Washington dis
palchss say tlnu many of the Western
members are disappointed with tho civil
service outtoofe.
MOPHI8.
DUutftrona Fire Destruction of
County Records.
MEitrms, Dee. 2 About half pustlO
last night a fire broke out a Cote & Co 's
pjlnt and oil stf re, Second street, under
the building, used as County Court house.
Owing to tne amount of oils and paints it
was with great difll llty extiB4u;sbd. No
sooner had the firemen gained inas'ery over
the flames, then it was discovered ine office
of the County (io'tr-. Ulerk
had alio been set on fire. Before tl fl sines
were checked a large number of valuable
records were destro j ed. The Tx coBeetor
and County Register's Iw-ks ere saved by
removal but the loss iu the County Court
Clerk's oilice is great and cannot be os i
mated. There U considerable excitement
over tbe affair this morning as tl.e lire was
undoubtedly the work of au incenciary and
the object was the destruction of the entire
records of the county. Detectives are at
work trying to fenet out the piiity parties.
The budding was owned by W. B. Green
law. His loss is fully covered by insurance
In local companies. Cole & Co.'s loss is
abou: $10,000, likewise covered in kcal
companies.
steamboat" sunkT
Iu Believing-Another.
St. Louis, Dec. 2. The steamer St.
Johns grounded at the chain tn miles
above here Saturday night. ThoKehbsburg
was sent up to relieve htr. After taking
off the St. Johns' passengers and cirgo and
as she was starting for St. Louis she struck
a rock and sunk, losing a large number of
live hogs, a lot of wheat, etc Hr passen
gers were taken ashore safely. The new
Boston was sent np this afternoon to save
what cargo and other valuables on board
that she could. The Kdthsburg was val
ued at $100,000, belonged to tbe Keokuk
Packet Company. Not insured.
FOitEIGN.
The Parisian Volcnnu.
Pahis, Dec. 2: Long cabinet councils
were held vesterday. Thiers finally agieed
to remain in the Presidency If the Ministers
would withdraw their resignations. JLae
latter consented to do so.
It is reported that Gen. Ducrot ii sum
moned ts Versailles to reply to an accusa
tion that he la preparing his troops to act
hostile to the government lu case ol a crisia
The DelaU says the fitt that Ducrot la
In possession of an important command Is
not reassuring to thosa fearing a coup.
Switzerland Presidential JUectlon.
Berse, Dec. 2. Tho Session Federal
Assembly of Ssvtorland opeuad to-day.
M.Raguin, of San Sine, was electeu Presi
dent, and M. Hopp, of Lacaras, Vice Pres
ident of the Republic.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
Dcaperato Flgbt by JacSuou'n Cavalry
wltli Indiana In Gregou A. Xarjre
Number Kilted, anil lUa Battle Bn
decided.
Sax Francisco. Dec 1. Tho Commi3
slonei; of Indian Affairs of Oregon ordered
Superintendent Ordeneal to put the Ladians
on tbe Klamath reservatiou by force if nec
essary. Ha west in person, but the Mo
docs refused to go. The matter of removal
was referred to the miliary autnorities
Ontlu2S:h, Mjr Jickioi, witnotnpiay
B. First cavalry, thirty-nve mau. Jefc
Forth Klamath for the camp ou tbe MOBoca
near tbe mouth cf Lest rivfr, Ore'.n, and
surrounded the camp aud reqaKl a in
terview with tbe chmr. Int. iuuma ware
told that the soldiers Lai no cyme aj flgh
them, but to put th-m oa ihe reservation.
The Mwlocs rtfused to oinpiy. and wre
ordered to-lay down Uieir arms. During
the parley an IhdUn raised b gun and
fired at Lieutenant B-.-.Kli.-, b:it mused tfis
aim. Boutelle returned the tin, acd kUled
the Indian instantaneously. Firm; on both
sides ensued, and the battle lasted iwo
hours. It was a desgerata tifebt. Oaac4
dier was killed and four wouuJd. xw.
citizaus, Wm. Nss and Hureher, wtfr
killed. Fifteen Modoa were Kilted, tu
women and children. Man ww;
captured. The Indians wuMJed u tw
hils in the si"jsraoo. Dr. rdra3tal
recommen&d firing it bst 6iyt flte
ffchl wasiUll'goibgfti'aod t&fr
were kills a.

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