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AIM, ... , NAGEIV1
NASHVILLE, TENN. SUNDAY, APRIL 13, 1862
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SUNDAY MORNING APUIL, 13, 1-G2.
Itlea of Hebel Irloinr.
The Secretary of War haw. it U alalcd.
issued an order stopping the release or
parole of prisoners taken at Fort Donel
sop. It is known that an agreement for
the exchange of prisoners was made
some weeks ago, under the direction of
the Secretary of War, by General Wool
with. General Cobb, by which all of our
prisoners were to be delivered the nest
day under a flag of truce. A boat was
sent to receive them, but no prisoners
were brought uowii. The sa-ie was re
peated for two days without success.
Explanations were demanded by Gen.
Wool, but none were furnished. Tend
ing this breach of faith by the rebels all
release or exchange will be refused by
How the IIebkIj Steamer Merrimac
is to be Sunk. in toe ucuaic in me
Senate on the Stevens' float ing battery,
Senator l'omeroy, of Kansas, expressed
bis opinion that it will soon be demon
strated that any wooden vessel, any
Inrge ocean steamer, for instance, can
run down such a battery as the Virgin-
atid sink her. lie said if he was
captain of tho Minnesota he would light
en her, except in tho stem, a;:d put her
at her highest speed, and run her upon
the Vinrinia and sink her. The Boston
Commercial Bulletin says on the sub
If tho Minnesota or any other vessel
of. the same size, should run bows on
with a speed of twelve knots an hour,
striking the Merrimac on her broadside,
she would sink her. As for instance, in
1K39, the ship Columbian, MX) tons, ly-
inir at Damon s wharf, Charleston, part
ed her bow hawser, and swinging with
tho tide, run bows on against Charleston
bridge, and cut it through.
In 1841, the ship Eli Whitney, of 100
tons, coming tin the harbor with her three
topsails set, run three-quarters of her
length Into tho end of Lonsr Wharf. In
1H.V, a ship Roing up the Ducks in Liv
erpool became unmanageable and run into
the stones pier-headed, moving the stones,
some twelve or thirteen feet, and doing
but comparatively little damage to the
ship- Wc believe there is tact and skill
enough in our navy to di spose of t lie
Mei-imac if she ventures out of Norfolk.
The Sprinuliold fitnuhlican says these
sagacious and prophetic hints are 'et ting
common, and, since half the people here
abouts already know what the projec t to
be tried ;n Hampton Koads is, and tho
rebels are unquestionably well informed
on the subject, there can be no harm in
printing the fact that the ocean steanieis
aiulerbilt and Arago nave neen armed
with strong iron prows and arc now
awailiug the appearance of the Virginia
to try upon her the experiment suggest
ed. It is also stated that their upper
works are protected by a covering of cot
ton bales, which are more impervious lo
cannon balls than iron. The experi
ment will be a novel and exciting one,
and if it shall turn out that iron-dad
vessels can thus be destroyed by vessels
of superior speed. and momentum, new
andiniportautelements will be introduc
ed into the calculation of the value of
mailed ships of war. The Virginia is
unditMlttedly ready to come out, and if
she does not soon appear, it will indicate
that the rebels have lost; confidence in
her impregnability. lu. Jour.
The Size ok Out Aitiiv. Assumim; au
army of ('.00, (Mill men formed into a line,
single rank, they will show a front of
twenty-three miles. Should the jrener
allssimo wish to make a rapid inspection,
if he had the appliance of a parallel rail
road track and a last locomotive, he may
run down in front of the line in a quar
ter of an hour, and make a hasty review.
If mounted on his charger, at a smart
trot, it would require over a half hour.
The respectable army, formed in hollow
square, in double rank, would be nearly
three miles from side to side, showing
on each front a fraction under three
miles. The inclusuie would cotain about
o,760 acres, an area equal to some im
mense Indian corn fields in Illinois.
Some time ago a relative of Gen. Mc
Clcllan's remarked to him at a private
dinner table, so the story runs, and wc
believe it to bo true, "Of course you will
Hot till us anything, but I suppose it
would bo quite safe to assume that there
wiil he at least two hard battles fuuht,
d:i i t (he W-t and one in iho South, or
i, O.utii ulnrlv one ut Coliimhus and
t.ne at Mntmij." 'Vou never were ft:r-
tin r .; in your nre," replied General
't. '.'k li.ti.; "1 iv, i to take both of those
,s vii'i...,t Mi.Kn.s blow at them
Si.", a iii:!.!' ll. ,.vent showed
t he !, i ! iid l.t, ,,ans !U1( j1(lW
!,e '-i t. i I Ui, lupines'.
Mr. Clark's Great Teletcope.
Mr. Alvan Clark, of Cambridge, has
recently completed an achromatic teles
cope, aid to be the largest in the world.
It wa9 constructed in pursuance of a con
tract which has been abandoned in con
sequence of the rebellion, and is now to
be disposed of to any person or institu
tion desiring it. How well Mr. Clark has
succeeded in his great undertaking may
be seen in tho extract below, which is
taken from the proceedings of the Boston
Society of Natural History, reported by
Dr. Kneeland, the Recording Secretary,
and relates to this remarkable instru
At the regular meeting of the Council
cf the Boston Society of Natural His-
tory, Feb. &1SG2, Chas. W. Tattle, Esq.,
a member present, and formerly of the
Cambridge Observatory, at the request of
Dr. Jackson, made some statements con
cerning the great refracting telescope re
cently constructed by Air. Alvan Clark.
Mr. luilm said tuttl in uiiuul sOeiil
a little out of place, in a society where a
branch of science so little kindred with
astronomy was" almost exclusively culti
vated, to indulge: in any remarks on as
tronomical subjects ; but as he had been
requested by one of the Vice-Presidents
of the ociety to make known to the
members then present the result of an
hour s inspection of an instrument, in
"which all intelligent persons now felt a
common interest, and towards which
public attention henceforth would be di
rected, he would briefly relate what he
had seen along with othirs.
Having been invited, some weeks since
by Mr. Clark, to witness the performance
of his recently constructed great teles
cope, ho availed himself of a clear even
ing, and the company of several members
of this society, as well as other distin
guished gentlemen, to visit Mr. Clark's
residence at Canilmdge, where he had
had the pleasure of viewing a few celes
tial objects through the largest refract
ing astronomical telescope in the world,
so far as ho knew, certainly the largest
in this country. The evening was one
of unusual serenity. The sky was
everywhere free from clouds, and the
atmosphere so tranquil as to allow the
images of stars to remain nearly steady
and unrutlled in the lield of view. Hard
ly anything but the bright radiance of
tho ;uoon, thru vfrirt to its tit quar
ter, prevented the night from being a
rare one for re lined astronomical obser
vation. , .
The giant object glass, twenty-three
feet local length, and eighteen inches in
diameter, was placod in a temporary
tube, and by means of ropes and pulleys
attached to the euinnut ol the Observa
tory tower, was hoisted into mid-air.
where a 'limited range of the starry
heavens was had. This. view embraced
the glorious constellations of Orion and
Canis Major. Mr. Clark at once adjusted
the telescope on' the eelebaated nobula
in the sword-handle of Orion. With a
far less powerful telescope than this,
this most wonderful of all nobulous ob
jects presents a epeiticie surpassing all
description; but the view which this
telescope revealed was gorgeous and
striking far beyond any view ever before
obtained of it.
i he most careless observer could not
fail to note at once the exquisite defining
and illuminating power of the instrument
Mars ol every conceivable telescopic
magnitude were scattered over tho bril
liant mottled nebulous mass, and blazed
upon the eye with great distinctness and
splendor. The remarkable sextuple-star,
Theta 1 Ononis, disclosed to view its two
minutest, members, which stood out clear
and prominent. Herselfcl regards the
distinct perception of both of these faint
stars as the severest test which can be
applied to a telescope. How many of the
innumerable stars iu the field had been
before r.oted by astronomers it is impos
sible to tell from so general an observation;
but the capacity of the telescope to col
lect faint gleams of licht must have hc-ie
resulted in showing a large number or
hitherto unseen small stars.
Tho grand nebula was most admirably
defined, and the numerous luminous
ridges of its granular structure seemed
almost ready to bloom into swarms of
individual iniitute stars, and especially
so in that part w here its form assumes a
kind of rude resemblance to the head
and yawning jaws of a monster. Time
did not admit of any inspections of the
wonderful ontli.ies of this great nebula,
which are known to extend over a con
siderable space, and possess very great
The telcacope was then directed to the
bright star Sinus, the most luilliant star
in the whole heavens, and popularly
known as the ''Dog Mar." All eyes ea
gerly '"ht fCil tlii- minute companion
star which Mr. Clark had discoveied on
the previous Friday evening, on the occa
sion of his first directing the telescope
to that star. It required but little lime
for those accustomed .to look at minute
telescopic o!i!)ci, iu itiviT tl.C little
stranger hovering close within the la
.ling rays of the brilliant Sii ius, am' al
most t ui tly following it in light ascen
sion, lis minute, trcfiiiiliMis liht. 'vhen
once caught be the eye, was cauily kept
in view, and as the star ascended in alti
tude, became still better seen. In point
of brilliancy it does not differ greatly
from the well known "sixth star iu the
trapeiinm" of Orion.
This discovery must be regarded as
one of the very highest interest in side
real astronomy at this time, on account
of the connection it ny bv with tho
phenomenon of orbital motion of Sirius.
l'ut whether this newly discovered min
ute star is physically connected with
Sirius or whether its proximity to that
Btar results solely from the small angle
under which it appears, and the smaller
star is far more remote, or even still
much nearer us than Sirius, remains to
be determined. Tho probabilities aro in
favor of its be'ng physically associated
with the larger star. In caso it is physi
cally connected with Sirius, it is of the
highest astronomical interest to know
whether it is the lioii-luniinotis ''body "
which the astronomers have assigned to
Syrius to account for its anomalous
That the deviations in the proper
motion of Sirius indicate its connection
with some body hitherto undiscovered,
is ciear from the inutrpeiwlrr.t deduction
of Bessel, l'eters, and more recently those
of Mr. SafTord, of the Cambridge Obser
vatory. ; The two latter astf onomers have
concurred in, assigning a period ot .fifty
years to Sirius, in which time it performs
a revolution round some object hitherto
undiscovered. ' It is highly improbable'
that Sirius revolves round so small a
body a this little star would seem to be
as a cenlrol attracting mass, but the
laws of synoniics assure us that two
bodies counccted with and revolving
about each other in space, do revolve
about, their common centre of gravity,
which is situated in a line joining them
and nearest tho greater mass. This
being so, the larger star would appear to
describe an orbit round tho common
centre of gravity. Further observation
and calculation will be necessary to make
out the true character of this little star.
From so slight an examination of this
great telcscopoit would bo impossible to
declare its highest capacity, or the limit
beyond which it becomes powerless.
Mr. Tuttlo closed his remarks, saying
that it was a matter of just national and
individual pride that our countryman,
struggling ajrainst adverse circumstances,
had at length rivalled the best opticians
abroad, and had succeeded in building
so noble an instrument. '
Oaiii. April 10. The correspondent
of tiie Cincinnati Times gives the follow
ing acoounl of the Pitt sburg batth:
Our forces were stationed in the form
of a semicircle the right resting on a
point north of Cramp's Landing, our cen
tre being in front of the Union road,
leading to the river, in the direction of
Hamburg, four miles north of Pittsburg
At two o'clock on the morning of the
lilh, four hundred men from i'rentiss's
Division were attacked by the cnmey,half
a mile in advance ol our lines. I ur men
fell back on the Twenty-fifth Missouri,
swiftly pursued by liie enemy.
The advance of the rebels reached Col.
IVabody's Brigade just as the long roll
was being sounded and the men were
falling into line. Itesistanee was but
short, anil they retreated, under a galling
lire, until they reached our lines, the
At six o'clock the attack had become
general along the entire front of our lines
The enemy, in large force, drove in the
pickets of Gen. Sherman's Division, and
tell, with a vengeance, on the forty
eighth, Seventieth, and Seventy-second
These troops was never before in action,
and being bo unexpectedly attacked made
as ablo resistance as possible, but were
in common with the forces of General
Prentiss forced to seek support on boats
immediately in their rear. At ten o
clock the entire line on both sides was
fully engaged. The roar of c annon and
musketry ias without intermission from
t lie main centre to the point extending
halt way down the left w ing.
The rebels made a desperate charge on
I oiu IceiitU Olim liatlei v. nil it not be
inn; sufficiently sustained by infantry
fell into their hands. Another severe
light occurred lor the possession of tin
Fifth Ohio batfery, ami three of its guns
were taken by in' enemy. By eleven
o'clock a number of commanders of. reui-
ments had fallen, and in some cases not
a single lield oili er remained. Vet the
lighting continued with an earnestuess
which showed that, the contest on both
sides was for death nr victory. Foot by
foot the ground wai contested, and find
ing it impossible t drive back our cen
ter the enemy 8lackruoil their tire and
made a vigorous effort; on our left wing,
endeavoring to outllai.k it and drive it to
iho rivr bank.
This w ing was under the command of
General Hurlbut, and (onipo-.l of lhi
Fourteenth, Thirty-second, Fortj - fourth,
and Fifty-seventh Indiana, and the
Twenty-first, and Eighteenth Illinois,
fronting its entire line,1 however, ' were
the f ifty-foui iii, Fifty-arventh, and Sev-
nl ir.a,.v.til It 4 llti.fc it .1 tltA l'il'llt ll.it
' J " - - - - -
cavalry of Sherman's division.
For nearly t'.vo hours a sheet of fire
blazed from both cohuns, the, rebels light
ing with a valor that was only equaled
by those ontending wilh them.
While the 'contest ragel tho hottest,
the gunboat Taylor passed up tho river
to apointopposite the enemy, and poured
in a broadside from her immense guns,
greatly aiding in forcing back tho ene
my. Up to 3 o'clock the battle raged
with a fury that defies description.
The rebels had found every attempt to
break our line" unavailable. They had
strived to drive in our main column, and
finding that impossible, had turned all
their strength upon our left wing.
Foiled in that quarter, they now made
another attack on our centre, and made
every efTott to rout our forces beforo rein
forcements, which had been sent for,
should come up.
it T o'clock there was a short cessa
tion in the firing of the enemy, and their
lines falling back on their centre for
nearly half a mile, then suddenly
wheeled, and again threw their centre
force upon our left wing, determined to
make a final struggle in that quarter, but
the gunboats Tyler and Lexington poured
in their shot thick and fast with terrible
Meantime, General Wallace, who had
taken a circuitous route from Crump's
Lauding, appeared suddenly on the
enemy's right wing. In the face of this
combination of circumstances, the rebels
felt that their enterprise for the day was
a failure, and, as night was approaching,
fell back until they reached an advanta
geous position somewhat in the rear, yet
occupying the main road to Corinth. Tho
gunboats continued to send their shell
after them until they were out of range,
and, after a waried watching of several
hours of intense anxiety, the advance
regiments of Gen. Buell's army appeared
on the opposite bank of tho river, and
the work of crossing the river began.
Iho Thirty-sixth Indiana and tho
Sixth Ohio, being first to cross, were fol
lowed by the main portions of General
Nelson's and Brucc's divisions. Cheer
after cheer greeted their arrival, and they
were immediately sent to' the advance,
where they rested on their arms for the
All night long sleamcrs were engaged
in bringing Buell's forces across the river,
and when daylight broke in, it was evi
dent that the rebels too, had teen strongly
The battle was opened by tho rebels at
7 o'clock from the Corinth road, and in
half an hour extended along the whole
line. At t) o'clock tho sound of artil
lery and musketry fully equalled that of
the previous day. the enemy was met
by lite reinlorcenients, and the str.l tin-
wearied soldiers of yesterday with an
energy that tney certainly could not have
It became evident that the enemy
were avoiding t lie extreme ot our lelt
wing, and endeavoring with perseverance
and determination to lind some weak
point by which to turn our force. They
left one point but to return to it immedi
ately and then as suddenly they would,
by some masterly stroke of Generalship
direct the most vigorous attack upon
some division uere luey lancied tney
would not be expected, but the fire of
our lines was as steady as clock-work
and it soon became evident that the ene
my considered the task they had under
taken a hopeless one.
Further reinforcements now began to
arrive and take position on the right of
the main centre, under Gens. Wallace,
Grant, Buell, Nelson, Sherman, and Crit
tenden, who were everywhere present
directing the movements for a new
stroke on the enemy. Suddenly both
wings o'f our army were turned upon the
enemy with the intention of driving
them into an extensive ravine. At the
same time' a powerful battery was
placed in an open field, which poured
volley after volley of cannister into the
rebel ranks. At half past eleven the
roar of the battle shook the earth. The
Union guns were fired with all the ener
gy that the prospect of an enemy's de
feat inspired, while the rebels' lire w as
not so vigorous, and (hey evinced a de
sire to retire.
They finally fell back slowly, keeping
up the lire from their artillery and mus
ketry along their whole column as they
retreated. Thev wont in excellent order,
battling at every advantageous point,
and delivering their lire with considera
ble effect, but from all the divisions of
our lines they were closely pursued, a
galling lire being kept upon their rear.
yond our former lines, and were in full
retreat for Corinth.' pursued by our cav
alry. The forces engaged on both sides in
this days' battle aro estimated at about
x no rutin jr
Snow - at tub Nohtii. Tbe Maiicliu-ter
(N. 11.) Amir wan y l'iu lua huow io north
em Vermont and New HitiupHbire U of jjreat
w-ptb. In Punch .nn (Vt) tbe puoplu are
Laing ihi ir cbitiubcr windows lor door, aud
iba ureharJ are buried thai tbe tops cf
the Hues appenr lik hushes, tua uppermost
tl$ only coming ahovn tbo snow, (.'no
driu iu Tny lim b.seii tmm' iled for u ilia.
Uiieu ot over hhy loil-, JiaSii r.f Uoj,
wood, .t?., p throng '-ii.'ewpOM a Wr
drill whs t.xcivuted, u u to-make a room
Mxiy fet by rty, un:l eigtucea teet cigo ia
ttw cenler. I i lb room festival was held,
mm hundred ami (-i-b y l. liun und lUtle
hum bf.iaf prtsenb Two lara tables were
upreud, and !be m'.)'.v jitl ic win illi.uiiiiaiffii
bv twisiv h ot jr la:ep.
Terrible Explosion ana Lean of Life.
Ve take tho following from tho Phila
delphia 2??Wn of Saturday evening:
Our readers who heard the fire bell
ring between eight and nine o'clock thf
morning had no idea that just at that.!
time a terrible ' e.losion had taken
place in the Southern part of the city
t-.ii .- r
uv "v muci vi mcu aim womv-ix
had been killed as terribly and suddenly
as if they had been blown from Iho
mouth of a cannon. The explosion took
place at the cornor of Tenth and Keedl
streets, and just above the junction of
the Passayunk road. The fire works anl
cartridge manufactory of Mr. Sauiaet
Jackson was blown up in some, as yet.-
unaccountabie manner, the edifice taking
fire and in a short time leaving 6nly
few ruins. The building was a one
story frame, located on a lot about on
hundred feet square. Ths edifice itself
was about fifty feet square. Mr. Jack
son was engaged in filling a heavy order
for cartridges for the United States
Government, and he had about fifty girli
and about twenty-four men working for
him. The effects of the explosion wero
terrible. The edifice was scattered ia
rums i at leasi foui' or Hve vi i'rnt wurat
people were killed instantly, and two
or three of them were blown to minute
fragments. The heads of three persons.
a number of arrai, and numerous parts oE
bodies wero found around the immedi
ate vicinity of the factory. The Klica
ana citizens immediately rendered all
the aid possible. The dead and wounol-
cd were carried out and placed in var
ious neighboring dwellings, drug stores,
etc., while Borne of the injured were ta
ken to the Pennsylvania Hospital. Al
though there were no buildings immedi
ately contiguous to the factory, tho ex
plosion did much damage lo the sur
DusPAiiiixo Call ronTnoors. Tbe follow
ing call appears in themoft prominent place
iu the Paulding (Uhs.) Clarion. It U el ia
doubie-leedsd small pica a a -5 belrjrri
cou'inued defeat" of tbe rebels :
"A meeting will ba held la Tauliing ca
Mondiy for tue purpose ot forming a volun
teer company tofc bJ tendered to tbe gov era
m.eiit urjihr the late eill lor troops. Rev.
D. 1. Bestor Is expected to be prQt and
deliver an addroii. Tbe men of ibia cjuaty
need no urging now to cau.e th-tn to tura
out and fTll up tbe raoks of thisco:jpny
promptly. Tbe time is at hand whea every
rniii able to shonldor a gun his to go. Tbe
enemy i at our do rir al reverse! ardeve-
do, ml do at one, or ou ts d ;j, us-i
we are bopelcisly Ibst.' .
cerning lh- occupation ot U'asbingKa, tbe
Express says : "Oa Friday lat tbree hun
dred Unionists landed from tbair gja bm
at Washington. N. C. asJ, hciid by a Uni'
of music, marched throushtbe toa. playing
Hail Columbia and waving the Siar"a'Jd
Stripea at a li?ly rite. Thj fiw Deopla
who bad remained in the pbc? iact? tLe (ill
of Newborn received tb'jm with muksd exl
nesM. Tbe peoplu. we hear, are mining
lb. ir colton and turpentine ia all direction!.
For miles and miles, oar informant Mate,
Immense columns of dense black unske are
ascending to the heavens and darkening th
skies. Capt. Sutter, who wa taken prisoner
at Ilattrras, and sutTered a long contiameat
at Fort Warren, gathered all bis catton lota
a pile, surrounded it by all the torp-aliai is
poi'-essed.and then with bis o u huil appliel
Aw kit. "Tiu(iEDv''AT Dkcati a Tha 1j
catur (III.) papers utate that on last Siturdy
the body of Mrs. Marthi Thtwell wa fuau4
tu?P'nded by tbe neck from the joists ot
room in the house ot her busbaiJ, Samuel
Phewell, about one lulio south ot ths "Tost
Mile llouee.'' A coroner's hiT-ieal wiwheli
by Equire Steel, and the jury return ver
dict that "ibo deceased bad come to ber
death by hanging, at tbe bands of artme per
son or persons uukuown to them." The aiott
inaular circumstance connected wkh the
offiir was that there was no cbiir, stool, or
anything else by which the woman could
have raised herself high enough to put thu
ropu around Ler neck, within tweve feet of
tha body when it was found. Tbe loop ww
eo 'mall that it was ditlieuU to remove, to
that to have committed the deed herself she
must have bold bersvlt sucpended wild oaa
band while she adjusted the rope with tho
other a rather diillcult matter tor anyone
hut a pymnust to perlorm. This led to the
belief that the could not have comraiiuvl
puicid i, and the fact that her bustnud bit
been living iu open adultery with author
woman, iu Iba sime house, lurtbr?e or tour
months, put rather a aark coioriun !
picture. l!-ides, Dr. Aston and McUillia
held i post mortem exumtnationand their
conclusion was that the womnn w kilW ia
om! manner and buug afterwards. Thee
disclofures led to tlo arrent of Pbewell. who
ia iu Jail in lVontur. His pa.-amour is ia
safo keeping. tVe hope tha RJiUy par:le.
whoever they may bo, will be speedily
Piwu.MbiM axo Lanckks. Rev. J. It. Grave,
alitor ot tho Tennessee Biitit(, Ie'.y pu
liitied at Nasbvllle, bn pubsisbed . rd la
which he icforns hispHrorw that, owing U
tlm Hudden and unexpected tall of 'h?illd.
h was unable to move any of presie.
typ.t.r paper, and that the pubhoatioo ot
the 'Uapti.t will hi suspended lor toe itc
eu' probably t'!!. llie teiini nation cf th;
u (Jmvi'ii hI unuouuoiia. hia Dur
poi o"i entering tbe military sortie, pm-,o-iiig
to raise a legion, batuliou or cvm
patiy of pikunieu or laneera so sona
Pre-idont UavU au'.iounce that sujh will t
received lu (He Gjutedecttd iervkv.