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NASHVILLE, TENN.. SUNDAY, APRIL 20, 1862
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11 ",' ' .l I.M ll i.i.r.
V 'la l'a-1 arulrv.
SUNDAY, AI'HIL 20, 18C2J
The following is an extract from a
letter written from this city to the New
York Timet. It will be read with inter
Sevsral days since I reached Nashville by
privilege of tho epecial train provided for
lion. Andre Johnson, now Military Gover
nor Cf tho State, who was accompanied by
Hon. Emerson Etbwldge, clerk of the United
Slates Ilou&e of Representatives, and Hun.
Horace Mayuard, M. C, from the Knox villa
Iirtrici, wiio were . returning t their dl3-trcRt-d
Stato after the Lricf, though blight
ing rclgu of terror which has afflicted it. I
v6.t gratlGud that circnniutnDces affordvd
mc tho opportunity of being in immediate
contact with those who, es much from merit
63 the peculiar relations they tccupy to the
condition or their Slate, aro tin observed.
As I wa an oiiginal admirer, and of tho
saino fchool of politic as that of Mcwrn.
I'.theridgoand Maynard, it will not appear
rlrango to any one acquainted with the
natural and intellectual attractions of tbene
gentlemen, tbut I am at this linie u tiled
with them in feeling and sympathy. It had
not b;rn thu cufj, however, with Governor
J ohm-oil, whom I had bocn tchoolcd to op
pose, and taught to believe that tiothiug
pcod could coma out of Nzreth. I know
Lim now, however, na I had never known
liim before. Instead of tho politician, I Uml
Ihim tho statesman ; rather than tbo man of
prejudice, 1 find Lim liberal and tolerant in
his views, just in his judgment, and t-low to
ficeuj'urc; ratDc-r tuan repulsive, courteois
and iuvitinr in his manner. Uia Iriunda in
Tennessee are legion, and give him a hearty
welcome back to the S:ats, and teem desiroug
to uribifeFt their determiaatijn to sustain
lim in his efforts to restore lh-;m to the dig
nily of pokition of vvhitU they h(Tvo ben
robbed by unfcrnpiilou onddesigaii); dema
gogues tin 3 traitors ; to tho ecsomplisbmnt
of which I am fullftirfd he i3 devoting bim
pclf with an enerjy that must soon reftlizo
to them their anxious wish. It ia truo there
are yet many in Tenneswi who aro not
friendly t j Guvrrror JolinKOii'a purpose, and
would bo yralifi"d to increase the difiicul
lius that already i tnbiin iih tis cfl'orti. Tiny
ate piiwcrlt'?s, however to harm, and only
ixcito sympathy nnj pity ratnor tnan nutr
The friends of the Union abroad us wj)1 as
in T: tine-'-eo huvc caiuc to 'congratulate
thetn-elves (hut such a man occupies the
place now filled by Gov Johoton, conscious
that hn i3 deulin with the must delicate pe
riod t f this rebellion, and appreciating that
fact, his tctrt will bo prompted by the most
KtrioUB and anxious dcmsiou of their pro
priety. It is Dot hU wis a to wield the power
at Ms command to opprcs. No! it would
be uunatural. The people of Tenuewee nio
hia own fellow-countrymen, who have often
honored him with their conitdence and truat,
and I do not believe him capable of abusing
them at this time. I have beforo mo the ad'
drew IsFued by him on hi arrival, the.tono
of which I very much admiro, and tho pplii
of which, I am confident is eutertuiued by a
large majority of the people ol the State,
This aJdresB rell.'Cts the policy which, while
it is liberal and just to nil, is caleulatel to
enjuurage the wavering oud timid, and in
mobt kludly luvltlng to those who, untrue to
Ibems-elvcs, had departed from their duty as
citizons, nud arrayed themselves under an
unfriendly banner, whose emblem was trea
Hon and wTjoko itilluceca was most banetul
to morals, virtue and ttulb. i heartily
trubt the luvitatiii viil be appreciated unl
retpcb'd. I believe it will, for it U (rue, I
know, liiat very many who ut this titnu e'-rvo
In t'.ie rebel urmy are not there from Inclina
tion or choice, but, in Gov. Johnson's owu
L language, "were carried away by excite.
meut or overawtd by eeditlous clauur."
In ref renco to the disloyal sentiment
Ndhvilc and Davidson County, there Is yet
a fitliog if resentment to the aulhotity cf
the govtrntnent, aud many give to Han nu
willing and ungraceful adherence. This
feeling, however, Is pacing away under the
liberal and generous policy of the authori
ties that nuw prevail. There uro enconrag
lug evidences of the dis-poitillon of vury to
reaouncj their fytnpatby with (ho rebellion,
aud to return in gaud fith to their allegl.
anee, lo which th-y are s gracefully Invil
lid by (Jjv. Johnson.
Aciiuiiiuted, as 1 nin, wilh Nashville and
its mcieiy, I must o iiiless the abi -r.ee of
uimy t nyliir lacs; ih-y ure u-turuia,;,
bosviver, aii'I io diy 1 met upon Ui; t.ets
a imbiber who, uinb r the f il.i i b it hine.i cor
rected ii.H'ieii u thai the Nation il avmy
might treat them i ud-ily, had ' il d ihtb
Iiouhs In fear aud anxiety for tln-ir j e:i,i;al
-u((,iy, and who, i.o iloi.li, are uniti.e,! t
iLc c J j alio i .;i l j.rvbity witli wl.i-h
the aoldier demean lhi?iiioeJve. Kor is it
tiDC.iinmon to lier txelamutions of aloa
iibtuuut from the lipM)f Nis'ivfil' citi. rs,
and c.n(e-hu-t t'u,i tb lr minds had been
a'msed n to the triiv c'dtriei-.-r of the army.
Tbey now umbr-ici a rrienls those whom
they iio recency regarded a' ).
Ohio ;cnerala nt the Lite Itiitllc.
The two liighcst General in command
at Pittsburg Landing, Goner!0- Grant
and Bckll, aro Ohio'ans. Gen. Grant is
forty years of ae, a graduate of West
l'oint, and served honorably in the Mexi
can war. His commission as Drigadicr
was dated May 17lh, 1801. He was
engaged during fhe most of last year in
Missouri, subsequently having commau j
of the division that occupied Tadiuah,
xy. He coinmanded at the baffle of
Fort Donelsoii, and upon the creation of
tho new military district of Western
Tennessee, hs was appointed to tho com
mand, with tho rank of Major-Gencral.
General I). C. Hcell, is now-forty-two
years old. Ue was born in Ohio and
reared in Indiana. Ho was a graduate
of West Point," and Iras been in the army
twenty years. I lo served as Lieutenant,
Captain and Adjutant in the Mexican
war, receiving a severe xvuund at CTmru-
busco. When the war broke out he was
a Lieufenant-Colonel in California. ' lie
was appointed ii I5rigadier-tjfner.il by
Congress, and put in command of a divi
sion of the Potomac Army.' Although a
Major-Gencral, h is outranked by Grant,
who therefore had command of the com
bined armies at Piflsburg Landing.
General P.cf.ll arrived with his army at
tho decisive moment, in linic to save our
army and win the day.
Gen; W. T. Sherman, anotner Tory pro
minent officer in the late battle, is also an
Ohioan, having been born at Lancaster, in
th.it Stale. lie is now forty-two years
ot age. lie married the eldest daughter
of the Hon. Tuos. Kwtso, and now has a
family of 6ix children. Afler graduating
at West Toint, he went to California, but
in a few years returned, and wasoppoint
ed President of the Louisiana Military
Institute. At tho breaking out of flic
rebellion, lie resigned his position, aud
visited Washington for the purpose of ex
posing the extent of fhe insurrection. He
was in command of a lirigado at Hull's
Pun, aud was soon after transferred to
Louisville, where lie remained until Gen.
IJur.i.L was placed in command.
Thofollowing is tho President's Mes
sage on the Emancipation of Slavery in
tho District of Columbia :
IWow-Citizens of the fitnate and House f
Tho act entitled "An act for tho id
lease of certain persons held to service
or lab'T in the District of Columbia,"
has this day been approved and signed.
I have never doubted tho Constitutiou
al'authority of Congress to abolish sla
very in the District, and I have desired
to see the Naticnal Capital freed from
fhe institution in some satisfactory way.
Hence there has never been in my mind
any question on fhe subject, except one
of expediency, arising in view of all the
circumstances. If (hero be matters within
and about this act which might have t.i
kcn the course or shapo more satisfactory
to my judgment, I do not attempt to
specify them. 1 am gratified that the
true jirinciples of compensation and col
onization uro both recognized ami prac
tically applied in this act. In thermit
fcr of compensation, it is provided that
claims may bo presented within ninety
days of (ho passage of the act, but not
thereafter; and there is 6av!iig for mi
nors, fortunes covert, -insano or absent
persons. I prcBiime there is an ontis
bion, by mere oversight, and 1 recom
mend that it be supplied by an amend
atory or supplemental act.
O'Quecn Victoria, it is said, since
Priueo Albert's death, is withdrawing
herself more aud more from the world,
and devoting herself to her religious du
ties. Peceittly, tho parish minister of
Osborne had occasion to visit an aged
parishioner. Upon his arrival at tho
house, as lie entered the door win ro the
invalid xvas, he 6aw sitting by the bed
sideja lady in deep mourning, reading the
Word of God. lie was about to retire,
wheu the lady remarked, " Pray, remain.
I should not vvinh tho invalid to !;:-; the
comfort vvhii h a clergyman might all'ord."
The lady retired, and the clergvtnaii
found lying on the bed a book with texts
of Scripture adapted to the stek; and he
found that out of that bouk portions of
ci ipdire bad bt en read by the lady m
Mark. That lady was the Ooecn of Kng-laud.
The TPrlceof Ilattle.
The startling reports of the LrE.!on loss
and the rebel loB?j at the great battle of
Pittsburg Landing have very naturally
called up a comparison of figures -with
some of the celebrated sanguinary strug
gles of former times.
The battle of Waterloo was fought
June 18, 19 lo. Allied army on tho
ground 72,Ti00 men ; loss about oO.OOO
men. Napoleon's army 80)QO"ir,rn ; loss
JO ,000 men,
Patlle of Jena, October II, 180(5.
French army H0,00fi men. Prussian
army 100,000 men. Tho Prussians lost
.10,000 men killed and wounded, and
nearly as many prisoners, making nearly
00,000 in' all, and fhe French 11,000 in
all. . .
At the battle of I'orodino, Uussiau army
132,000 men, the - French army about tho
game, said to havo been "the most mur
derous and obstinately fought balllc on
record," in which the French lost in kill
ed, wounded, and prisoners 50,000 men
(lie Ii'ussians about the enrao number,
making in all 100,0000 men in one
battle! - . . - ' i
Pattle of Auslei litz, 2d December lb05.
French army 80,000 men, Kussian and
Allies 100,000. Tho French loss 12,000
send the Allied loss ;i0,000 in killed,
wounded, and prinoneis.
P.attlo of iVagratn, Nepolcon's army
175,000 men; Austrian army larger.
Loss on each side 25,000 men, or 00,000
iuall, in killed and wounded.
Paltle of Leipsic, French army 175,000
men; Allied army 181,000. The. battle
lasted three dajs. Napoleon lost. two
Marshals, twenty Generals, and about 00,
000 men, in killed, wounded and prison
ers fhe Allies 1,790 officers, and about
10,000 upwards of 100,000 in all !
At the battle of Aepcra, 22d May, 1800.
French army 75,000 men, and loss "7,-
000. Austrian army 75,000, and loss
At Dresden, where tho batf'o lasfcd
two days,' the Allies lost, iti killed
wounded, and prisoners 25,000 men ; and
the French about 12,000.
At fhe battle of Areola flic Austrian
loss in killed anc wounded was 18,000
men, the French loss 15,000.
AlLutzen the French loss was 18,000
the Allies 15,000.
The Iiim iuirly at 1'oiiit.
lVri:i tho Cincinnati Tinis
VAi IT A Dl'.KKAT i 1 he question
agitating the community in regard fo tho
lato battle, has now come down to the
one proposition: "Did we defeat tho
enemy V A view of all tho circum
stances shows tho following:
1st. That the enemy choso their own
time and place of attack.
. 2d. Inat they attempted a stirpriso
and carried it out at tho beginning by
Ocoming most unexpectedly upon our for
ces, whilo many ot (hem w ere preparing
3d. That their troops outnumbered
ours considerably. , ,
The result w as, that after lo hours of
severe fighting, they wcro force i to re
tire lo their old quarters, having in killed
and wounded nearly double the uunibcr
of men lost on our side. Wo aro of the
opinion that it was at leant such a de
feat as will forbid their making a similar
attempt under tho same circumstances.
There is a point beyond which reason
cannot consistently go, and thoso who
wish more should take their muskets in
hand and stand side by sido in such a
contest as tho Oth and 7th, with the val
iant men who, under a galling lire, sent
baik the balls like hail upon their as
sailants. Failing to accomplish their
object, when they began operations under
such favorable circumstances, was of
itself a defeat, but having driven them
back with heavy loss, constitutes it doub
Milruiialilus J-r VorLtoivn.
A New York correspondent says :
Ibnliigr the fr-t days ekbnibh o:i eur riht,
two k hlLrs, obP tiom M lire, ihe other-trout
Vit'A I'tJM, po.l' l thein-elves tut'i behind a
tr-e, ut).t in.lul .-d iu sdii.lry )hot, without
efi'-'i-t on eitb-r tile, at, th' mm ' t'lnu k J)
111 If I'D a lively dial. I il.a I.V, lhl iri-llii.g
a I ilibt t dioii-, Georgia Crtlli- '-it lo Mime,
" Giv-' in,' )-ho-," meisr.ii.g sbpont and
pi ve uu i ppi nudity to bit. M "in-, to i
fin:ii, pi-k on I bis he.ut A fw iiietnv, -u:d
G--"riia ciHoks v.vuy and mi-e-i'. -'Too
hUh." &)s Maine. ' Now giv ni. a t-bow."
Georgia p k-s vM liisliu'vl. nd Maine Mas s
saj. ' Too i'iw" ni ( G'iu!-'. Ia 'his
w-.iy lie- io lo-in-i.-d - vu-il i-m itli
our Mill: g. t-i lolly. Mhiiim wn.i a lull "
i-e ; t. .- tee 1 ri i) wii.ui inch 1 r twf of
itieeiret tj-nii t '()- Yim.j," flu. ill
(i ' I ' a-e il lv" li-.-IOi.iN M.iiiic.
l.o. k ane.' Kum n", ' w ' h ive c ri i on
S j 1 1 . 0 i:
H A H II
. l"i g HK.ng'l
m'j ij b r i ..' .-o
i ti , i . At.il s-o 'Ii
'I. ft t in 0 rs ct'i-i'-
t-.-l I'l u ilny.
iv,- riiarelo d
Y-.lt'f! I'.'O'Jl '
J1 l'ii I
Death of TLendoro rrclinghnyarn.
The Hon. Theodoro Frelinghuysen died
at his residence in Newark, New Jersey,
on Saturday, the 12th Inst , after a lin
gering illness. His age was seventy-five
Mr. Frelinghuysen was born at Mill
stone, Somerset county, N. J., Match 28,
187. Ho took hia degree at Princeton,
in 1801, and entered on the practice of
c law in low. He immediately gained
a high reputation at tho bar. In the war
of 1812, he took part as a captain cf a
company of volunteers. In 1817 ho was
chosen Attorney-General of tho State.
In 18U0 ho was transferred to tho United
States Senate. Hn wan a VK!. ir. .i;.
tics. Ho enjoyed, moreover, amid the
too common dissipations and license of
public men, an exalted character for
probity, for essential religion,', and an
esoteric as well as exoteric observanco
of the capital proprieties of life. It was
natural, therefore, with the religious
sentiments lie felt as well as professed,
that on tho question of the non-carrying
of tho mail on Sunday, ho should take
fho Sabhathariau side. Other votes in
dicative of a similar temper were re
corded by him. His sympathies vvcrc
with ''the poor Indian," as shown by
his votes. Tho tariff, of course, lo a
gentleman of such liberal-culture, 'was
an object of profound interest and earn
est support. In 18115, he quit tho Sen
ate, of which ho had so long been a
moral and political nrnauient, and a
Democratic Senator followed ' hint as
the exponent of New Jersey. New York,
alivo to his learning, his piety and his
noble sharacfer, then made hint Chan
cellor of her University. In 18-1 1, the
Whig National Convention at Baltimore
nominated him for Vice President and
Henry Olny for President. In 1850, Mr.
Frelinghuysen gave up his Chancellor
ship and became President of Putger's
College, New Prunswick, N; J. Ho has
also been active in his connection with
religious bodies, in the distribution of
the Scriptures, and religious end moral
i The father of Mr. IYelinghuyscn was
a distinguished lawyer of New Jersey;
took part ii the battles of Monmouth
and Trenton, and enjoys flic credit of
having shot the Hessian commander
Pahl. So it will bo seen that he came
of good sound Ilcvolutiunary stock, and
did honor to his blood and breeding.
Vlltut ftiraon ltrownlowSiilItrol in
He was thrown into a room with about
twenty-five others, with no furnifuro but
a wooden bucket and a tin cup. There
was not room on the floor for all lo sleep
at onre. Tho prisoners took rest by
turns, a portion standing while the oth
ers slepl. Tho bucket and tin cup were
used for watering the occupants of the
room. A bucketful would scarccjjj go
round, as fhe weather was wanofand
many of them were feverish. To supply
them with water, a hogshead of it was
brought and placed in tho yard, and one
of the prisoners was permitted to go un
der an escort of bayonets, and draw a
bucket full. Through the window s tliey
could see crowds of dirfy, sweaty Con
federate soldiers go to the hogshead and
wash their hands and faces in it. Dr. P..
himself would ic inonstrato, felling them
it was the prisoners' only dependence
for drinking water. Tho reply was, that
the water in which a Confederate soldier
washed his hands and face, was good
enough for any el d Lincolnib- to
drink. The food given the prisoners was
composed of scraps from a hotel of a
leading secessionist the meat and
bread sometimes half raw and sometimes
burned. As this vile treatment and
loathsome diet produced disease, the
Confederate brutes were afforded addi
tional opportunities for oll'ering pi r-.onal
Indignity. In the most retiring demands
of nature, they were purposely exposed
to the gaze, on a little eminence selected
for that purpose, and the refined south-t-rn
cyo was invited to tho spectacle, as
one of its "iiiiis." Perhaps this is the on
ly right it ought to enjoy under the sun,
at leait in, til it learns better manners.
- We saw a young lady on the streets
recently with a Confederate flag pinned
across her bosom. We guess it was a
rebel tlag Ibiatin over Vt b e n' n,i J, .
ll.trbnrltf of Scclon Atroclotia
Drrlalou of Crtiifcdorato Attorncjr
Wo have shown rceapted instances of a
disposition on tho part of rebel leaders
and rebel newspapers, to disregard lh
ordinary usages of warfare, and to in
troduce thn moat bsrhsrous practices int2
the civil strife now raging through th
land. They burn bridges, they burn ho
tels, they rip up railroad, they cut tele
graph wires, they fire the cotton and de
stroy the crops of their own friends.
iJut this mensf rons crime is sanct ioncd by
the highest legal authority, and justified
by tho decisions of Courts aud of At
torney Generals. We take from fhci
I'iiim mid Amcriran, ot the 17th of
August, ISO I, tho following opinion
of Mr. Milks, Jhe Attorney General
of the Confederate States for tho district
of South Carolina. Not in the annals of
the Spanish Inquisition, not in tho black
records of the dungeons of Venice, or of
Austria, not in the brutal atrocities of the
Bavago tribes of America, can anything
more- villainous, more cold-blooded, more'
demoniac be found ffian in this opiniou
of this Confederate Attorney General.
Here it is :. - - ;
War, howev r, h rH a nnii''r between
Gov rnm'-nf la their' political rliainoter .
merely; U a tied s every c't'z in ol Ah coun-tib-s.
Ai soon io ti e GoKt rnmeai. which t
is ih ' ackiinl"'2-dn:.-iiit of tV public will,
hu d-ebtr'l war, if i tvir ht'wf(n ntl the in
tlividul of the ' and a'l thf indiviJm! of :
o lur which the ndton it cwnpiivil irnytc ive erf
tiia (if. tJ fc'uui, ( , tocril, I'oUUeU or tiuu- r
Ufa aji iitttt.
It t illow.i frAm th'i niivcrul hotility,
which ! '.hi n ces-ury bid lent of war, not.
oniv, tint the: (loverrmiid hn i, riylj t deit
v'J-'t ' prjt'i :f the tntmy . i . Wt fatl
in'o i r, in nur'i m nine f c$ il th ill de(m
lest for the interest (f the whole, np'oi un en-
birred view ot policy and exp-dl ncy lm- .
prNoniiijr their ptr-oi, ut'd cenlhcitiug
ilicir properly n'ul ! b'; il it sh ill deem U
tx;":dii ii- lo do to - 1 u' al 'ot'iiu all rcla-
Hons, oth'-v thm thoso f b-tMiiy, butwean
tha Hi! j 'C'K I' ih.t Ii-I i; t:iL CQdutlil'S,
must t-uii.ely cease. , .' , ,
Her is a declaration of iudiscrimiuaU
warfare against persona and property,
expressed with such latitude that any
outrage and oppression may bo commit-
fed, any family turned out of doOrs, or
imprisoned, any proper! j' confiscated
and in lino any amount or species of in
jury inflicted which a 'hostile party nunj
deem t it t adrruilogc. Tho lawj of com- ,
mon humanity aro cast aside, artd tho
rebel Government is advised to act in all
Ibiiis "AS IT SHALL DKKM F.i'STP
Inhuman doctrine, which if carri .'d into
practice, would make Hell itself shrink,
back appalled with horror, and fill all
the winds of Heaven with one long ami
bitter wail of human agony! Friends of
humanity what good can come of a cause
couceived in sin so black, and supported
by such damning iniquities? All the
civilized world lifts up its hands to God
and prays fervently for its itter over
throw, and that prayer will surely ba
TuMu or Dlnlxnrei.
Taking 'Pichmond as the confer, fhe
following table shows nt a glanco th
tl stanoo of dillerent points iu Virginia
fi')t!i (hero :
From Norfolk lo Richmond,
From Suffolk to Richmond,
From Cape Henry to Richmond
From Hampton to Richmond
from Fortress Monroe to Richmond
From Yorktown to Richmond
From Williamsburg to Richmond
From Fredericksburg to Richmond
From Washington to Richmond
From Winchester to Richmond
From Gordonsviile fo Richmond
Front Staunton to Richmond
Tub Di m: hv Wkllivoton. Some
years since, the Duko was silling at hia
library table, when tho door opened, ami
without any announcement in stalked a
figure of singularly ill-omen. "Who'ro
you?" asked Ihe Duke, in his short dry
manner, looking up without the least
change of countenance, upon tho intruder.
' I am Apollyon." "What do you want." '
"1 am sent fo kill you."i Kiflme very
odd!" "Iam Apollyon, and must puk -you
lo death." " 'JJliged to do it to day'
I am' not told the day or the hour, but ,
must do my Mission." "Very inconve
nifiit very busy great many Idlers to
wiite call aain and write mo word
I'll he read for you." And the Duko
went on with his correajomlence. Th
maniac, appalled, probably, by tho stern,
immovable old man backed out of th
nx-m, and in half an hour was safe in
5',Ai:i) Wanti-.k Hy two young gt-n-lliineiiiii
a private family where there
are no other hcanl'-rs. '.Wdmis, staling
terms or (.ivlng ed'hes, II. H. I!.
April VJ. .'U Drawer b'i I 0.