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B'AIJLY MASHlYiLLLE UNION
MSIIVILLE, TENN.. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 186!
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'V-.r tlorf! Canvcil HAMS.wllli a l.irpo lot oi ull
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o;r old No. 6 y. A ,)lt(,
ISlAT GREAT RELIEDY,
TIIK KIM Or PAIN,
Itit'emul H'erual JTIcUlclne,
V loolbailio 111 one inmutc, Ninr.ilgi u live
mliiuttM, hi.rftii.s U twi'lily tumuUi, horo Tbriml In
I.. . ..,i.. t'nlui and Cramp in 6 minutoH, Rlii'unm-
ir" Z ..... hi.iir.Baln In Hie rk or Slilu 111 10 tutu-
utt'sjlaa Couha or folda m 15 mlnuloi. Curt ib'-U
nu AsUinit, I'rfi'H, Bronchitis Alloi noun, U) spt'pam
Vpverand Ague, o. , i
K.H'ii It lu your luinlllea,
ot pt'iled. W4lH0D HuJRU
f HOUSES FOR BENT.
AIMMA' TO JOHN i Fllll,
TUIi CH)1C -IIINDKRT.O,
10 Pt uUerlt K St.
'V ? itVT i ilwolliDK hotuse cn ccrnei or tigg
lOR KF-NT A Uwi'Uing bouso ou coruiri.f Allmou
J StOVl'lli'U Bll OOlH.
,- ,H pi'VT Threo romim lu Uoun- No. 1'', t.ii IN-ad
. pc.i.'i'airt-t't, ujti.. JOHN C. KtllU.
i' .'1J MHWV ITIK'M VI' Ull) I
'if l)r...t.AJ t.aw.tu I iiuu.l it i k i.
iKtAT BAROA1NS in Ciiuh, T.ilwini, 11 j . , al
ll V lllll'B I" 'bt lllo', W ill I n H '!'! cht'ap lor
.. ..'.i.ll..i..il.,I .1 t'i....iM and T
I lilV l" ' ' r
id ull fcrndfa, 1 guarui.Uu lo m II a.i t lu a p
"I""1. .... ... ... .. ,,. U .
. , . .. . 1 1
. l-it imit't "in .i.i w.-ii i" K''u
li'urtoro puu hating ' hi''.
Ml' F. AM.VR,
iti i n h-.il S' r.'i-t .
.f! lloi.t II uld HI.
WEDNESDAY, AriUL 23, 1SC2.J
Itobbery of the School Fund.
What has becorao of the magniliccnt
and generous School Fund provided by
this Plate for the education of her chil
dren? A fund of some $200,000 was
donated and made inviolable by the
Constitution, which reads as follows in
Article XI, section 10, latter clause, as
"And the fund called the. Commm
fklml Fund, and all the lands and pro
ceeds thereof, dividends, storks and
other property of every description what
ever, heretofore appropriated bv the
General Assembly of this Stato for the
use of Common Schools, and all such as
bhall hereafter bo appropriated shall
remain a perpetual fund, tho principal of
which" shall never be diminished by
Legislative appropriation, and the inter
est shall be inviolably appropriated to the
support of Common Schools throughout
the State, and for the equal benefit of
ail the people thereof; and no law shall
be made authorizing said fund, or any
part thereof, to be diverted to any other
use than the support and encouragement
of common Bcliuols."
Did King Harris and his Legislature
plunder this noble treasure which the
wise benovoience of the Commonwealth
had provided for training up tho poor
children, and fitting them for useful and
honorable lives? To plunder such a
fund is to rob chanty herself.
The insidious and sly remark in the
following.paragraph from the Gazette of
January 23, 1SG2, about the "deceased
being a Union man," will strike the
reader as having a strange meaning in
the connection where it is employed:
Homicide. Wo learn that an alterca
tion occurred yesterday in Nt-eley'
l.end in this county, between Dr. Banks
and a man named Kascoc or Bashaw, in
which the bitter was shot with a doubled
barrelled shotgun, and instantly killed.
liit deceased wa-1 rennled as a union man,
and it is supposed that the quarrel grew
ut of political diLierences. According
to tho information wc have upon tho
subject it wan clearly a case of justifia
Does that mean that if a man was one
of those whom the Gazette stigmatizes
as " white-livered scoundrels," "detest
able traitors," a man to be "marked" by
Vigilance Committees and Knigbjs of
the Golden Circle, putting him out of the
way with a "short shrift and a long
ropo was not. mucii auer an : iiui wo
havo clearly proven what, a blessed timo
the Union men enjoyed here under t' o
reign of rebelism.
The I!Kr.?-.L Gcnboats on toe Mis
sissippi. A correspondent writing lrom
Commodore 1'ooto's flotilla says that in
addition to the six new gunboats men
tioned iu a late letter, thero are three
others at Memphis, two of them formerly
coasting vessels. They have four or five
guns each, and are partially clad with
iron, but would offer little resistance to
the Union flotilla. Tho rebels havo a
floating battery also, covered with iron a
quarter of an inch thick, with -slanting
sides, and mounting six largo guns. This
implement of war is not formidable, and
could easily be sunk. The Manassas
ram is usually regarded as a failure in
the South. It has but ono gun4 a nine
inch Dahlgreen, and when lired it often
draws blood from the eyes and ears of
the crew by tho concussion of the at
mosphere, and bus a number of times
broken, the engines. It draws nine feet
of water, and is now lying unemployed
at the New Orleans levee.
r Jed' Davis says that tho Union of the
States can never and ought never to be
restored. Old Hickory said: "The
Union must bo preserved." When old
Hickory said a thing must bo done, it
was generally done. We will put his
prophecy aguinbt that of the rebel leader.
1 Am'Hkw Ji'iiNsi .N. A )tnrao this 1y
as Audit w J .litmuit, a liure I Stati s Sena
t.-r from Teen-M-ee, whieli St at j w .s then
prop si' ti i t ft t ii union, w.is trneiung
hri'iU'h V i i ijii.U, I e us iiru-s y in-nl'-.-d e.t
LjivliSnrg oy cy input la w i ri n ceo
Ml. ii. To il i) tfe-" ruili 1 1 Hi" qujiiing ln.
Li" I'l.'ini- it ti.o L'.itou aitiibn v t - -Aui'.n
-.t JuIi.imiii, i 'ic i.-.; i In1 m.ij.ty i!
Hint li'.ii'.U. is iie.i:)'' iisGoveini.r i t his lia-
l i i: S a'e ai d i. Iiii.; to re-tot ll to Us loy
i.ltv - .'.' i-citt Jctirml vf 'If '.'If. r
Albert Sidney Johnatoii to Jeff". Pavli
on his ieratlcna In Kentucky and
On Monday of last week tho death of
Albert Sidney Johnston being an
nounced in the Kcbel Omgress, Jr.
Barksdale of Miss., read a letter which
had been handed him b,y J try. Davis,
giving an explanation of Johnston's con
duct of the war in Kentucky. We-quote
from the letter : . .
Pkcatu-r, Ala., March 18ib, 18Gi
My Dear General:
I received th despatches from Richmnnd,
with your private letter by Capiain VYick
lin, tnre iay pincfl ; but th prcfsaro of
ttll'itirrfand the necefffity of gettiog my com
mand across the Tennessee, prevented ma
sending you an earlier reply. ,
1 niiiicipated ali tbut you have told mo as
to thfi ctnrtore which the fall of Fort Donel
bou drew upon tno, and tbeattneka to which
you might bs tubjected, but it was impossi-.
ble lor me to guther the facts for a dutailud
report, or to f pare time which was required
to extriciti the remainder of my troop, and
Mive th birgo accumulation of store and
provisions' ulier that dixhearteDlng dienster.
I iranfinitted the n-portsof Guuorals Floyd
anJ Pillow without examining or analyzing
tho facts, and tcarcely with time to read
When about to nsRume command Of tills
di'partmi.'iit, tho Government clmiged tno
with the duty of dncidiug the question ot
occ ipying Bowling Green, Keutuclty, which
involved uotonly niuuary ot pomicai con
fiiderat'.on. At the tiuiu ot my arrival at
Niihhvilb. tho action ot the LrgnlMaro ot
Kuutiicky Led put an end to tho latter by
sanctioning tbj tornnliou ot companies ma-
tmcing Teuni Bsi.-e, by a-suniing the cm:: ot
ihe Gjvernmunt ut YVnhlugion, and by
ubAndoning thy dp Urulity it protoi-sud, and
in onsi'fi'jence ot their action the occupy
tioii uf Bowliog-Grei-'n bfiwo nece.sary as
an .uct of Eelf duiensj, at least in the first
About tho middlo of Seplemoer General
Buckner udvanced with a Hinall lorce of about
4 000 men. which was increased by the lliili
ot October to 12,000, and though ticcesnions
of force were nceivej, it coutiuutd at about
the nunc strength until the end of Novem
ber, measles and other dinuusen keeping down
tba efl'jctivo foice. The enemy 'h force was
reported to the War Department at 50,000,
and an advance was impossible.
Believing it to be of the greatest moment
to protract the campaign, as the dearth of
cotton might bring strength from abroad
and discourage tho North, end to gain time
to utrunRthuu myeulf by nw Hoop from
Tennessee aud other States, I maguiii-.tl my
force to the enemy, but made known my
true stren(ith to the department and the Gov
ernors of States. The aid given was tmill.
At length, wh-n General B;utirtg:nd came
out iu February, ho expressed liis surprise
at i he euiHllui'ts of my force, and was iui-
pre.-sed with the dinger ot my po-itioo. 1
admitted what was fo manifest, and laid be
fore hint my views tor the future, in which
lnj entirely concurred, and sent me a mo
moranduiu of our conference, a copy of
which I send you. 1 determined to fight
fur Nashville at Donelson, and have the best
pirt of my army to do it, retaining only
1 men to cover my iroiu, auu giving
10,000 to defend Douelsou.
The force at Donelson is staled in ueneral
Pillow's report at much less, and I do not
doubt the correctness of his statement, for
the force at Bowling Green, which 1 suppo3
ed to bo 11,000 effective men, (the medical
report showing only a little over 500 sick, in
tiie hospitals), was
diminished more than
i.000 by those who were unable to stand tho
fatigue of a match, and inado by lorce oit
reaching Nashville less than 10,000 men. I
enclose Medical Director's report.
Had 1 wholly uncovered my front to De
fend Donelson, Buell would have kaowu it,
and inarched directly on Nashville. There
w.'.s only ten small steamers iu the Cumber
land, in imperfect condition only three of
which were available at Nahhville, while the'
transportation of the enemy was great.
The evueuatiou ot Bowling Green was Im
peratively necessary, and was ordered before
and executed wl.ile the buttle was being
fought at Donelsou.
Johns-ton refers to the fall of Fort Donelson,
and says on his retreat from Nashville:
Nnshville whb 'inctpablcot defence from
Its position, and from the forces advancing
from B i. ling Green and up tho Cumberland.
A rear guard was hit under Gen. Floyd to
secure the stores and provisions, but did not
completely ellect the ot j ct- The people
were tenitied, and some of tho troops were
disheartened. The li-couragemeut was
spreading, and I ordered the command to
MurlVeeshoro', where I manag-d, by assem
bling Crittenden's division uud the fugitives
lrom Donelson, to collect hu army able to
cfh-r buttle. The weather was inclement,
lite floods excessive, and the bridges were
wushid away, but inoji ol lliu stores and
provisions were saved and conveyed to new
Tnis hiving been accomplished, though
with setiodi loss, In conformity with my
niiginui d""igu, 1 maiched Southward, and
cro ced the Tennessee at this point, so us to
co operate or unite with General Bi iuregaid
lor ui 'defeuse of the valley of the Mis.-i.-hip-pi.
The passage is almott completed, and
i ue head ot my column is already who Gen-er-d
Bra'2 ut Uorinth', The movement was
deemed to Lsztidous by ih ; 'most exptii-uuetdm-nuf
my stair", but ihe object war
lanttd ihe risk. The diflhuliy ot iff -cling
a janciicn is not whoWy overe' m -, but It
appronehes coiupletiori. Day utter to mar
tow, miles t h j enemy intercepts me, lihall
L's wi:h Braf.'.
'I'.. , l .....I...1... . . f..ll.- vi
The test ot nun it in my pi otes-i in, ul h
the p 'i-ple, is $uefs. It ts Hard i.ilc'bm 1
think it runt. It 1 join tLi-ici-tps to the
I, .ices if (i-n.ertl 1'ie.iuiegiid, (1 i:o:it.:ss a
lis. trdous exp riineni.) tiiea ibon-wti ) mo
now decUimiiijjt agiiiit in i w 11 be without
an urg'iui.'ut. Vour liieuil.
Battle of Pittsburg.
AMIOrtll MHlltIt; ACCOIST.
OUlclal Jlcportsfroni ;rucrul Grant
and Kris. General Sherman.
The special correspondent of tbo New
York Tribue furnishes a very stirring ac
count of the great battle at Pittsburg Land
ing, and ollbough wo havo already published
very full details, we subjoin Feveral interest-
IlEOINMNO OF TIIK BATTLE,
Sunday moriilng, early, a Jew stragnl'-ts in
the woods away from our foremost position
saw lobel prowlers suspiciously thick among
the trees, aud closer than they bad ever be
fore approached. General Prentiss, com
manding a division on the left wing, Imme
diately sent out, to reconnoiier, two compa
nies ot the Twenty fifth Missouri civalry.
Hardly had these gone thrco hundred yards
when they met a body of the enemy; an ex
change of shots took place, and immediately,
from every quarter, swarmed forth dene
columns ol men.
The woods was thronged with them ono
shout, caught up by thousands furllier back,
nnd they rushed toward our camp. The cav
alry tied quickly, but the alarm had reached
the troops. The long roll beut to arms every
tent poured f rth its inmates, and while yet
forming in line, thi-re came one solitary re
p irt ot u ritli, then a storm of musketry
poured upon the ranks, nnd the enemy -a
wide, dark rnnss of riflemen pressed slead!ly
forward. With the river for a b.ine, our
camps formed a half circle, and on the left
wing, General Prentiss', po-ition, the foe fell
first. Scarcely formed in ranks, attacked bv
overwhelming number', the troop-) returned
a volley that for a moment staggered the
enemy's advance, and sent hum re Is to the
ground. Reinforcements poured froia tho
woods. A solitary camion iu ambu-h sent a
charge of cnnis.'er among the Hi tin strug
gling body of Union troops, nnd with a crash
like tiiuutier, henvy guns-und musketry open
ed from every Bide.
During a period of four hours on tho ft ret,
day, the deadly strife continued, tho enemy
di-playiug a degree of obstinate courage
they had never before shown, and fighting
with a desperate determination that com
pelled our f'. rces rrrredo gradually before
them. The generalship on the prt qf the
Confederates was consummate far exceed
ing ours, and deserving, from a'militory point
ot view, of tho highest tid miration. The
most uQ-xpected movements were made.
When we attacked it certaiu poiut, we m "t
with res stance from a new quarter; wl.m
we went to the right, we were uttneked from
tho b it; when v.e advanced to tho centre, a
deadly tiro was opened ou ns from the rij;ht;
and so we were constantly deceived by the
skill and strategy of our foes.
Constant t-fl'jrts were mada to flank our
regiments, and iu many instances the rerc!s
narrowly escaped Rucces-; so much so waB
this thtf case that we weru rgain and agaiu
put upon tho defensive, when the olfen-ive
was the need of the hour. By this time the
enemy bad occupied a large portion of the
grounds on which wo had been encamped
when tho action began, and wo were still
falling ty.ick b-fwte the Confederates, vlio
seemed to be fighting with more and more
detoruiiuutiou, and who were doubtless
cheered uud encouraged by their early sue
The Union centre gave unmiHtakablo
symptoms ol giving way, lor it wus sorely
pressed, and tho fortunes of the day appear
uil io be against us, when General liuiibut's
division was ordered to its support, uud well
and bravely was it supported.
, A TEItniDI.K sniUGOLE.
Hotter ami uotter grow tne contest; liercer
and fiercer tho Hrug!lo. Eicb man fought
as if eucc is or defeat depended on his own
right arm; auu cnarpe aiier charge wnH
made upon the rebels to regain the groul
wo had lost. They stood firm os a n ck, and
Ibough our ariillery olteu swept down their
rauks, and left fearlul gaps in their columns,
they manifested no trepidation, nor did they
waver lor a moment. Tho living mpplit d
the place ot the dend. Tho musket that had
fallen from a lib-bss hand was poized at
once, nnd ihe horrid strife swept ou us be
fore. The force ol the enemy appeared In
creasing, and where the gteatest havoc wus
made, there the strongest opposition was
shown, lland-lo-hatid contests were innu
merable. Every struggle was for life.
Quarter was asked ou neither side, and tho
kground drank up the blood of hundreds of
brave fellows every Lour.
IXTtNUITV OF TUB KXCITKUKNT.
Tbo balance of victory ever vaii-d. It
now inclined to this side, aiid uow lo that.
Here the Unionists gaiued au ulvunt.ige;
thero the Confederates. Advance wim lol
lowed by retreat; succest by repulse. At
this point we drove the enemy back, but
tvt-ro driven buck in return. Success wus
always Kbiltiiig, bat never setlled. Hope
and lour, joy aud sorrow, seized ihe soul by
turns, and every hour held a nioutU ot emo
tions. All cuutciou-ues ot lime ceased; ull
tho ight tit the future, ull recollection ol the
jia.-t. Everything was absorb, d ij the sau
guliury present, and external nature as-um-td
the hue of blood. Men glared at ea-b
oih-r ns at wUd Ll.ihIb; mid, when a taeil
buist with fatal t il ct among a crowd ol the
Bvlvaueir.g foe, and a'lm, legs and head-)
wire tiru nil', a joim smile of pl'iisum
ligtiod up the siiioke beiiium. d IdCus ol Ihe
lioU-Lrujud biiuu who Wltuesred the ca
tastrophe. hoi Iu. is w. re wound". i n:id knew It not,
So Uileiise wua liie.r i XLlleim'Ut, ulid o!i -u
wio, Ul hurl w.h uin.oiiiiee.1 to Hie victi.n
t Lly by th ! ces-.itiuii ol vitiliiy. Mod wilii
kui'lui brow H id lliii.il tti'ilii Sunlit
iimdiy cter i i J j; - r tl--r. ravii.es, u.;l up
s'cp Rfconts, with blood and perspiration
streaming down their fac-s. Men with shut
tertd finccers changed their tuuskels to the
left bnnd, and still Drd their pieces as best
Everywhere was" mad excitement, every
wbero was horror. Commtnder galloped
wildly to tho front of their reglmests, end
cheered fnem on, using their sabres on ech
and every f.et and urging their spirited
steeds whenever the troops wero fulling
bsck, careless of their own life, as if they
bad a million souls to spare.
ltKCKLKSSNKSS Of LIFE. .
No life was worth a birthing; for ho who
lifted Lis musket this moment' tell tho next a
stiffened corpse. Youder afresh regiment
rnshed bravely forward, and ere they had
gotio iweuiy yottln, n otint go vf KT"I,n si'tli
the turemost bleeding to the earth. WhoU
heaps of corpso lay upon the murmuring
ground, and fixed eyes stared at the sur
roeeding strife with ths awful ftaro cf
During Sunday ariernoon eleven or twelve
of the UrtloQ regiments, after fighting brave
ly lor two hours, were , thrown iuto disorder
by a nnmb of rhe'ls which burst absve and
around them, and at tho saras moment a
rebel battery opened upon them at a
distance of half a mile with terrible dovssla
tion They could not. eudura the murder
ous fire. They turned and lied, and several
of their officers endeavored in vain to rally
them. They were utterly panij-sirick-n st
first, nnd they would have rut) if the infer-
ual oil had (. hniiiil ItHforn thiir hurrvin
feet. No appeal, no censure affected them.
Many threw away their arras, and sped u;i u
country school-boy who thinks he Las hod
a ghost in the villng church yard.
A number of flying soldiers recovered
their alirm and llij;ir pride, and returned to
thidr posts, fighting mo: e bravely than lie
fore to wipe out the stain ; b,ut the greater
part ran beyond the rea2h of the human
vole1, even crossing tho river aud going lo
ARRIVAL OK OF.NERAL BCEI.L,
As the sun was sinking toward tho West,
General Buell's column; so nnxiou Oy ex
pected, appeared on the opposite side of the
river, and tho enemy redoublod llieir illjits
to ins ire our defeat, knowing that on tho
morrow our numbers would nearly Vqu tl
their own, aud that they must put the lart
remnant ot strength into the contest. . They
did so. Tney summoned a large portion of
the reserve, und fell with unexampled fury
upon our ranks, shoutin liko madmen, und
striving Id every possible way to extend
tho panic wMi which tho nnfortuuato tvvolv
regiments had been seized. Every one i f
(h-ir cannon stcin'l At play, evt-ry luiiikei
performing Its natural office. The renout-cs
ot their generals wero exhausted. Tln-y
told their troops the condition of affairs
that this was the golden opportunity, (jJui
ell depended upon winning a victory belor -the
darkness should compel a suspension of
The reliefs swept l;Ve an avalanche u;i'iii
the loyal troops, und the shock had its i ll'ect.
Our soldiers wavered, fir they were newly
exhausted with the long, hard liht, and Ihe
enemy's iresh forces g av them the advan
tage. Here was a crihis, and General Grant
rode along ihe whole line, amid a storm of
balls, and encouraged the men, andassund
them, that if they held out until ihe in xt
nnrniiiK Buell, with his thousands, would
have crossed the river. His bi let' rem irks
added courage to many a faint heart, and
strength to many a tired arm, aud our ranks
fought with u desperate and invincible spir
it. Still, 'hey could hardly cope wi'h the
overpoweriug force of the rebels, until Col.
Webster, chief of G to. Grant's stuff, plauted
several batteries) and brought them to bear
dirtctly upon the enemy's rilit, and about
the same lime tho gunboats Lexington aud
Taylor, so near were the contending armies
to the bank, opened u heavy firo upon the
Tho foe endeavored heroically t ) on lure
this terrible doublo fire, but their culumns
had nut the fortitude to stand au 1 be mowed
dowu by hundreds. Beauregard aud John
ston attempted to hold them to their position,
uud they exposed themselves most reckles-ly
to prevent them from falling back; but to no
purpose. Every di-charge of the butterie.'.
every roar of death from did guuboatt, s. nt
the rebel regiments reeling to the grave, a d
iu less thin half an hour, they moved back
wind, leaving us iu possession of ull tuu
ground wi had occupied in the morniug.
TIIK MKUOND DAY'S KIOIITINO.
During tho night, Uen. Nelson's division of
Buell's army reached the buttle-fl Id, un l
early in the morning tho engagement wus
renewed; Nelson occupying the. b ft und (Jen.
Wullace tho rirht. Nelson and Wallace
opened tipon the tuemy with a heavy lire,
and caused the-ui to fallback. For s.ver-tl
hours th victory seemed to be ours; hut
about 10JJ the rebels, who must buvu h n
reinforced, made a series of gallant charge.-.,
und caused our troops to retire for a q i.irier
of a mile, pouring, most fearful voileytot
musketry luto our ranks. Again th-i pro
pi. ct looked dark, and thou-ands. of heart
lelt alarmed, not for themselves, but fur ih
fortunes of ttiu great buttle ou which so mil n
No pen cau deseriho the FCeno the d ibb.
t-taie advance the clone holding id" ih -ground
tho coutestiug of every iuoi -iiie
feaiful slaughter the bruve del- rmina'i hi
the surging ol ih'j densu tuasnen ol n.en
bs sbouti, cheers, groans, the pluog.m: ol
wounded and frightened horses the siiildii
ilovvu of whole rauk of men at a vol! -y !
How luadly it, raged! Throng) ttoj lore
uoou ebbb d and flowed tho lido of vieu-r.
The suee of the previous day tinl fl l e I
lb) enemy with bopj. To be thwutt.d uo.v
- to h.-h vi .-lory slip through bis ling i at
l ist, was not to bj (bought of. Aun ujij
ngtln Ih re'i ls tfastmj up tj i ur .
Ag tiu uhi agti'i it.ey cre drivt-u b -eK, b l
lwi:d by out loreos, who were duv a m io
turu. Th..ie w, u ceres ot grt,u..d i..n. t
over und tvtr n,iiii, where the Je.ul m.'l
woundedw..r; tioblea b'll-ath the C ou d-
ti n ial Bueil Lai ero-s d the rlvt-r b.-l w
the ji -'i ii i where N-lnou had, kud hi thlt
juncture cmo up with fresh troops and fhnk-
ed tho enemy; scd capture l a numbar of
pieces of their artillery. The rcbils here
made a terrible charge to recover their loss,
but ih'y werrt nnsucc 'ssfiil. They wavered
ant were driven back rallied, and mtda
a final attempt, but wero repuN"d, Buell's
f-mv meeting and engigloj ihera la a
spieuuid muner. i
liKfKAT OF THE COX JSDF.RATK8.
Our army Raw thlr a lvantitgo.nn I follow
ed It up la magnificent style; and from that
hour the rebels seemed to have lost faith in
them'olves. They cmld not ! rallied,
though lh"ir commanders hallooed them
sidvs hoars?.- They oould not keep their
ground, nnd they slowly retired, with thoir
face still to the Unioni.-ts. anil rtgb'.iag,
though somes-hat languidly. Their hope and
energy appeared to jitni rish stelily, and
th-y sinn gave evidence of demoralization,
and before eix o'clock retreated.
A DKAIt VICTOIIT.
Our victory was dearly purchased, nnl ft
is most fortunate tint wo were not tlefr-nt 'd,
as several mistakes were mal) that night
which would have produced sue'd u result,
but for a lu.ppy enmaination of clro'itnstfino
es. Our success eem. to have b-ien decided ;
but whether or not tho enemy will bo ena
bled to give us luttlo again in a few weeks
is a m ilter of conj cture. Beauregard will
mako a h'Tcul-'an effort to retrieve his for
tunes, as will Ihe other secWion lmd jrs;
but It, Is very doubtful if the priva'e3, who
are d"cl,ired t ) be grea'ly detnorali, nl, can
bo rallied to a standard id whioh tuov htva
lost faith on account of th"ir frequent de
feats.' CAPTLRB OF l'IMSON'EltS.
The rebels havo bikm nn immense num
ber of prisoner- not less than 1 00 ), I am
informed Gen. Premiss among tin number.
Two full regiments worn capiured by tin
fl inking movi inmt, and s ) out ell lrom tha
main army. The o win hurried otf their
prisoners r.-.p'dly, givinu; us no opportunity
tor. cover lib m. The Conloileiio s, who fell
inti) our hau ls will rohably numh r 801) or
Interesting questions of inquiry in tho
science ot -Medical Topography, will
grow out of tho experiences of Iho war,
and will challenge the attention and
study of the Galons of tho land. Tho
ratio of constant sickness in the regi
ments varies widely nmong tho troops
lrom tbo diuercnt btatcs. Ihe avergo
number steadily ou tho sick list for every
thousand men is nearly a follows:
N. York, (per thousand strong,) f).r
Senator Henderson, of Missouri, lately
said that in his opinion tho number of
slaves in Missouri bad been reduced from
a hundred nnd fifteen thousand to fifty
thousand since tho wnr hosan. Tho
Frederick Kxaminer, of Maryland, says
that slaves havo recently been sold in
that State for about one-sixth of tho
price they would havo commanded boforo
tho outbreak of t lie rebellion. Ve havo
no ligures to guide ns in judging of tho
diminution in the numbers and the de
preciation in the value of the slaves in
Kentucky and Tennessee. But many
must have ru,v away, and tho value of
those who remain must have declined.
The Frederick Examiner declares tint
fate of slavery is sealed in Maryland. If.
is scarcely probable that tho institution
would ever regain Its former strength in
the border .States even if tlio war should
cease nt once. Tim same causes which
have weakened it thero mud also weaken
it in the more Southern Males as tho
war moves on toward. the Gulf. Faclj
succeeding day nbont more and moro
('inclusively that it was a suicidal blow
which hlavery struck when it opened the
Gknklal Buhs-.hu; in Puaveii Tho
victories of Koanoku aud Newborn, to
gether with the other numerous and yet
important successes of General Burnsido,
are now the theme of grateful mention in
every patriot home. In a recent sermon,
Bishop Clark, of ithodo Island, madt. tho
following personal allusion: ''While ho
was planning his magnifiet ntoxpodilion,
it was my fortune to occupy tho samo
room with him in Washington, and I
shall never forget how ( very morning,
we used to kneel down together, and
pray for tho blessing of God upon bin
solemn work. That blessing insure, hi
success, Tiie Lord of Hosts is with
him, the God of Battles is his refugu."
ToAin i.-m. - A Cairo correspondent
says that '-thero is a marked difference in
the treatment of rebel anil Union wound
'.;d oflicers. Cnpt. PoiT,c f the rebels, wa
r urtw-ittl 1 .fjtio3, Cf Df. vf't?C
United Slates army, taken into the ladies'
cabin of tho City of MeinpoiJ, ami treat
ed with the greatest atlenf lou, b'-iiig fed
upon win: and ih lira ies, and made tho
receiver of attention from nurses, while
our own ofliecrof equal rank, were coin
polled to lie on the guar'!-) and s'.lm -.t
upon pilot bread,