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x-v ii,.r..n. e.nvHiv.l llAXH. with a larcn l"t ol all
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HOUSES FOR RENT.
Al'PLY TO JOHN C. FKIIH,
J ' axuWBO-K BINDERY ,!'o. 1 0 Weaderlfk St.
) ioR RENT A dwulllDt! bouse en ccrner of Ftt5
j X uud Spruce m reel.
' luR RENT A dwelling bouse on corner or Alllsdu
1 HudSlovemoO sli-oeu.
Three rooms lu buute No. I'.t, ou IVaiF
X er U street, up stills
John c. itrm,
aprll l l-lw
TENNESSEE MONEY TAKEN AT PAR !
-r"1KKAT HAROA1NS In Cigars, Tobaecn, Pipea, aul
thir.g to Ibat Hue, will le "l'l cheap lor
ii. lUvmg ivuriveO" a large lot of Cigar" ami I
bacco.ol all grid. , 1 guuruuleo to sell clieap
J. . Hie chi-apcwl.
Sutler ni Mcrctittiin win no wen go
call belore purging else bere
No. il Co Uv Sireel ,
apillU-lu' rwwaiiee House Huibluig.
i ON THK SUl DAY OK MY: W- 1 Wil l, IX
i . ...ikii.. -i'". to I Ua lnuliei hui.lor. Inr ciub. at
1! 'ii.e'iuun'lto'ise yir4 gale, m Nashville; oao to-tf
?! ,. r UHioe,l Willi mi, lewd on a llio properl of
3 1 i. A lUioHUiii, to fli:v auiiiry exe.-uiu.us in
.......... . Unl M.wn. .1 S. h.in. .iVvra.V
I r,,. l-.'t
Alex, l.i iloi u r in , ,. n. ucii'mii,
I II Ullll A II
,.,iio.l uv W.li. Koucrut.'ii ttiiou.
I '". ., .. i .l II i, , 1 - k . A. il
' jors i. ni'Wt
Atoti 1 j- t I
C. D. C
FRIDAY, APRIL2J,, 18C2.
To r.dltore t
PIcaso direct our exchanges to the
Union m& save us a great deal of annoy
ance. Confederate Papers!
Persons receiving newspapers from the
South will confer a great favor on us and
our readers by sending them to us. We
are anxious to get them regularly.
Correspondents will confer a great
favor on us by leaving their communica
tions for inspection at pur leisure. We
have no time to hear communications
read over by their authors. We are al
ways glad to hear from any one who has
a fact to impart or a thought to suggest,
and hope to hear often from those who
can contribute to the public information.
We commend this article of the Con
stitution to those rebels who contend for
thesovercignty of a State in all things.
"Tuts Constitution, and the laws of the
United States which shall be made In pursu
ance thereof, mull be tub So
rnKMi Law of tub Land; and (be Judges la
every State Miall be bound thereby, Any-
TiiiNo'iN tub Constitution and Laws op ant
State to tue contkaky notwithstanding."
Federal Ooiutilutiun, Art. VI, sec 2.
... .... . .
Many of those blockheads who are
forever blabbling about tho Constitution,
don't know that there is such a clause
Voice from Tcnneaeee.
We need not t ay anything to deepen the
Interest ot the following letter (enys the Cin
cinnati Er.quirer), received by 'yesterday's
mail, from one of the most respectable houses
in tho interior of Tennesfee. If aught were
wanting to infuse new strength and vigor
Into the efforts of our Government and peo
ple to crush out this unholy rebellion, It is
the disclosure of such facia and feelings as
ere huro exbiblud. Who will consent to
eave the true men in the seceded States un
protected by the strong arm of the Uniou,
to which their best wishes oud hopes have
clung through the dark days of rebel do
, TuN.KKi, April !), 18C2.
Dkaii-Imukm) : After so loni? a time, huv-
in j; pushed throngh the mo-t awful reign f
terror tliat a free people were ever mude to
eull'er, we are permitted to open a corres
pondence with you. W e can partially breathe
tiee again. It Is useless to try to give you
u (alnt Idea of the tyranny wnicn has ben
exorcUed over the many (although ou may
have been led to believe they were frw) men
lu Tenneeseo whose ouly crime was ihnt ihiy
loved their country, ana would uot raise tneir
aims against a Government which bad al
ready protected th m and cost them no
thing. We Kay we begin to breathe again the air
or lrecdora, from tno iact thai one uivimon
ot the Union army has pawed by und South
of us, uud which we tru-it will not return
unUl tho rebellion is pat uown, ana uoa
n-nint Hint soon rnav be. This wish. Dublic-
ly exprefsed two months since, would hnve
cost a man hi Hie. We are buppy to sny
that many are beginning to see and feel tbut
the one real object now is to tui aown tue
Tho worst feature, and most to be lament
ed over, is that there ate go many of our
poor boy a in the rebel army against their
will, b 'log pressed into the service. No
longer buck than November, Tennessee had
but io.OUO men in ihe field. A nqniniiion
was then madu for 30, (HID more, and in order
to get theiu out, our Governor, King Hains,
. 1 .. .. 1...
arm may wo
tiev. r behold MiCb a linf egain
liearted.joun;? men, vlib leur in their eves,
would say to'luoi-e wbo Lad latnilius, " You
stay and t;iku care of your wile aud litilu
nn. s. and we will co. a.Lkiu!: Ci t lu forgive
the uiimo of lUhliiut uirnint principle." Vo
olten unLed ourselves, IIjw can mcu a thin
Missocki. The Union feeling is stead
ily gaining ground, we are glad to hear,
in (Southwest IJiasouri, and the guerilla
warfare which was threatened there," af
ter the rebel "regular army" had been
vanquished, is dying out. A correspon
dent of the St. Louis llquddiam, writing
from Springfield on tho 'J'Jih ult, says :
"Many thoughtless persons who have
been in Price's army are returning huuie,
Homo of them quietly, hoping that no no
tice will be taken of their treason; oth
ers coming and giving themselves up to
tho military authorities, asking to be
m rinilted to take the oath of allegiance
and return to the peaceful avocations to
..... . i . i
WIlICIl tliey wne loiiutn mioiuiiii'u,
All these returning rebels e.jiits tlu-ir
dissuM with the rebellion as a failure,
and are now convinced 'that the (iovent -inent
of their fathers is a wise and benefi
cent one, and too powerful to be easily
Qen. Zollicofier's CorrespoDdencp!
HIGHLY IMPORTANT RirVELA.
TIONS MADE BY THE REBEL
The rcople of i:aat Tenncsaee to be
The following letters were found in
Ue.n. Zolwcoffek's camp. They possess
great interest, as they reveal several im
First. That an overwhelming number
of the East Tcnnesseeans were devoted
to the Union.
Second. That the rebel leaders were re
solved to 6ubjngate them at. the point of
Hard. That all the Union men were to
Fourth. That " no prisoners were to le e
leased even on talcing lite oath of allegiance to
the Jeff. Davis Government. lie time for
such meamres had past ! Head the corres
pondence carefully and sec how these
devils unmask themselves.
Important Eebel Correspondence.
U.MON tEELItU I ENSUE
THE PEOPLE READY TO WELCOME
THE NATIONAL TKOOPS.
A large mass of correspondence was
found at General Zollicofl'er's headquar
ters after the capture of his camp, por
tions of which contain important admis
sions as to the prevalence and extent of
the Union feeling in East Tennessee.
Ve reprint some'letters of great interest:
Athens, Tenn.,Nov. 10, 1H01.
Col. Wood, Knoxville, Term. :
I have reliable information that some
1,500 Lincoln men are under arms in
Hamilton county, ostensibly for James
town. 1 heir destination is more proba
bly Lowden Bridge.
U. V allack, President.
Lowden, East Tenn., Nov. 10, 1801.
Dear Sir, Captain Canood's company
arrived here at 0 P. M. yesterday, and
are pitching their tenfs to-day at tho
northern end of the bridge, while Captain
Eldridge is encamped at the southern
end. Extra pickets and sentinels were
posted during tho night, but no demon
stration was made from any quarter, and
the night was past in quiet.
Hie Union feeling of this county is ex
ceedingly litter, and all they want, in my opin
ion, to inluee a general uprising, is encourage
ment from the Lincoln armies. They Lavo
a great many arms, and are actually
maiacturmg Liuon Jlags to receive the
refugee Tennesseeans when they return,
They are getting bold enough. If I had
one or two more companies a great many
arms could be procured hero in this neigh
borhood I mean if we had the forrc to
spare from tho bridge.
Jacksiiouo, Nev. 9, 1801.
Col. W. II. Wvxl, Knozville, lenn. :
Sir, Your dispatch just received, in
forming me of the burning of lliwassec
bridge, and other bridges on tho railroad,
and asking me for reinforcements. Col.
Powell's regiment being five miles from
here on the Knoxville road, J have sent
mm an order to march at uavliuht lor
Knoxville, making u forced march. II
is instructed to communicate with you
immediately on his arrival. ou will be
in command, and may make such dispo
sition ol the lorcts as you may think au
visable. l'rigadier General V. 11. Car
roll's three regiments have been ordere
to report to me, but have not reported
and 1 have no knowledge where they are
1 have expected them by now at Knox
ville. Have you any knowledge where
they ore ?
Very reaped fully,
1'. K. .OI.LICOFl in,
CllAill.KSTO.N, Nov. 10, 10P
Colonel Wxl :
A reliable nicxsenger informs me that
(7o) eeventy-live Union soldiers were to
day near Hamsun. They had knapsacks,
ahd were going to Captain ('lilt's. It is
believed that he has fifteen hundred
(1, '( i) men organized.
.1. 1. Slf'.T.
lo i Clulll
'I. Wm. 11. Snct.l, J. 7. (',;,-, .V;w r
It'uMi'r, Gen. Z..Vo.ir-, Col. Mud:
About 000 men, part of them from
Bradley county, leave Clilf's, in this
foiinl v, to-dnv, in s inaili", either lo or-
ganize for operations against this place
and Lowden P.ridge, or to meet Union
forces from Kentucky. They have some
wagonp, and are partly armed. Tho reg
iment is formidable. ' Send word to
General ZoliicofTer, that he may catch
them. John L. Hopkins.
Charlkston, Tenn., Nov. 12, 18G1.
7o Gilleipie t"r Key:
Jeff. MaUm j within 12 miles of this
place; has 100 men. We can disperse
them; shall we do it? I expect help
from you immediately.
Smith A; McKaney.
Chattanoooa, Nov. 12, 1801.
Jo (kneral Gillespie :
They have formed a camp at Bower's,
near Smith's Cross Koads. They may
return to this place or to Lowden. They
calculate to organize 1,000 men. Relia
ble. J. L. Hopkins.
Jacksboho, November 12, 1861.
Col. W. B. Wood, Knoxville :
Sir The express man reached mo
this evening at U o'clock, with two let
ters from you, both dated November 11.
You say the tory force at Papaw Hollow
is augmenting from the adjoining coun
ties. Please state what county Tapaw
Hollow is in. You say you inclose me
a despatch from John L. Hopkins, Chat
tanooga, but no despatch is inclosed.
I have two cavalry companies under
Captain Kowan, near Oliver's, on tho
road from Knoxville to Montgomery, and
two near Huntsvilln, on the road from
Chctwood's to Monfgomcry. But your
omission to send tho despatch of Hop
kins, and only incidental allusion to cut
ting oil somebody near Kingstown, leaves
me at a loss what orders to send there.
Mease give me all tho information you
have which will enable me to intercept
any body of tories attempting to pass
toward Montgomery, Jamestown, Hunts
ville, or Tost Oak Springs. I rejoice
that you have caught six of the bridgr
burners. I am yet unadvised what pre
cise bridges are actually destroyed, or
whether my intended telegrams are real-
y transmitted over the wires.
will to-morrow send despatches to the
forces near Jamestown, the cavalry near
luntsviue, that near Oliver s, and start
out the cavalry hero to commence simulta
neously disarming Iho Union iulialilanln.
lou will please simultaneously send or
ders to all detachments under your com
mand to inaugurate the same movement
at the same time in their various locali
ties. Their leaders should be seized
and held as prisoners. Tho leniency
shown lutein has been unavailing. They
have acted with duplicity, and should no
onger be trusted.
F. K. ZoLLicoFFicn, Brigadier General.
Knoxville, Oct. 28, 1801.
f'eneral The news of your Tallin?;
back to Cumberland Ford has had tho
effect of developing a feeling that had
only been kept under by the presence of
troops, it was plainly visible that the
Union men were so glad that they could
hardly repress an open expression of
their joy. This afternoon it assumed an
open charabter, and same tight or ten of
the lulliei or leaders made an attach on some
of my men near the Iimar Jfouxe, and seri
ously wounded several. Gentlemen who
witnessed the wuoJe aluir say that my
men gave no offence, and were not t all
to blame. The affair became directly
general, and couriers were sent to op-
prise me at my camp of its existence. I
immediately marched Captain White's
cavalry and one hundred of my men into
the town to arrest the assailants, but
they made their escape.
lite S'Uiheniers lure are considerably
alarmed, believing that there is a precon
certed plan for a united action among
the Union men, if by any means the
enemy should get into Tennessee. Lie un
tenant Swan told me to-night that he
heard one gay this evening, as Captain
lute s cavalry rode tluoii"li tow n, that
'they would do so now, but in less than
ten days the Unien forces would'bo here
and run them oil'.'' I cannot well tell
you the many evidences of dissafec
tion which are manifested every day,
and the increased boldness that it, is as
suming. Very respect fully,
W- P.. 'ooi, Col. Com'g Post.
11 EADlrfl'AItTr.ltS, K NO A VILLI', TeillieSSeP.
November 1, 101.
Jim). J 1'. Jleitjtuiiin, Sccrctar'i of War:
Sir I have to-day written to General
Cooper, in reference to the state of af
fairs in Fast Tennessee, and the necessi
ty of rcinforecmwit4 being sent immedi
ately. l'Ui, as there is a misapprchen
bionin reference to the feeling of the
late Union part y, 1 have recaiotod Mr.
Walker of llichmond, now on avi-it here,
to call on you, and give you fuller infor
mation than 1 can write.
' In addition to what 1 have written fo
General Cooper, I will Fay that there can
i .1 l i ..f . r i a i l.
miiuhf ring from twenty to a humli ed, are
every day pas-sin,: through the; narrow
and tiiit'ic!ti nted gaps of the mountain
into Kentiiikv to join tin- army. My
courier, jut in lioin J aiiie;. i;;f;rn:;
me that a few ni:tits since one hundrd
aid seventy men parsed from Boane coun
ty into Kentucky.
I do not Mier'e that the Unionists are in the
least reconciled to llu Government, hut, on the
amtrary, are as ltostile to it as tlie people of
Ohio, and will be ready to, take up arms
as soon as they believe tho Lincoln forces
are near enough to sustain tlidn.
Y'ours, respectfully, W. B. Wood,
.. Colonel Commanding Post.
Knoxvh.lb, Tenn., Nov. 10, 1801.
(kneral Zollicrfer :
Sir Information has been received
that Mr. Hodges, member of the Legisla
ture, has been making a treasonable
suspected of having a knowledge, if not
an instigator, of the bridge burning.
He, was here yesterday morning, and
we could have arrested him, but ho made
his escape, and will probably try to get
through the lines.
iivo oi uic iiieeuumries mar, ournca line uup, ami the Jirsl intimation of tie ap
the Lick Creek bridge have been arrested. proah of tlie Lincoln Army, then were in
.mo uiuju ii uuiuii Hits ueeu uesiroycti,
one at Charleston, two on the Western
and Atlantic lload, below Chattanooga.
I had a company at Licit Creel; hut the incen
diaries deceived them, and getting possession of
their guns, twit them prisoners, ami accom
plished their ends. .
Hespectfulfy, V.B. ood.
Knoxville, Nov. 11, 1801.
General S. Cooper, Adjutant General, etc.:
Sin My fears expressed to you by
letter and despatches of the 4th and tth
inst., have been realized by the. destruc
tion of no less than live railroad bridges.
Tho indications were apparent to dip, but
I was powerless to prevent it.
The whole 'ounlry now ts in a stole of re
bellion. A thousand men are within six
miles of Strawberry Plains Bridge, and
an attack is contemplated to-morrow. I
have sent Col. Powell there with 200 in
fantry,, one company of cavalry, and
about one hundred citizens armed with
shot guns and country rifles.
J-ive hundred Unionists left Hamilton
county to day, we suppose, to attack
Lowden Bridge. I have Maj. Campbell
there, with 200 infantry and one com
pany of cavalry.
I have about the same force at this
point and a cavalry company at Wash
ington Bridge. An attack was mado
there on yesterday. Our men succeeded
in beating them off, but they are gath
ering in largo force and may secure it in
a day or two.
They are not yet fully organized and
bavo no subsistence to enable. them to
hold out long. A few regiments and
vigorous means would have a powerful
effect in putting it down. A mild or con
ciliating policy will do no good; they
must bo punished and some of the leaders
punished lo the extent of the laws.
I have arrested six of the men who
were engaged in firing tho Lick Creek
Bridge, and I desire to have instructions
from you as to tho proper disposition of
them. The slow course ot uvil law in
punishing such incendiarie,, it seems to
me, will not have the salutary effect which
I learned from two eentlemen just ar
rived, that another camp is being formed
about two miles from here, in Sevier
county, and already 300 are in camp.
ihey are bong reinforced from Blount,
ICoane, Johnson, Ureeuc, tarter anu oilier
I feel il to be my duty f place this
city under Martial Law, as time were a
large wwjority of tliepcplc sympathising with
the enemy, and communicating with Owm by
the unfrcfptented mountain paths, ana to
prevent surprises and the destruction ot
public property. I need not say tlud great
alarm i fell by the few Souutern men here.-
They are finding places of safety lor tneir
families, and would gladly enlist if we
had arms for them. I have had all the
a-ims in the city seized, and authorized
Major Campbell to impress aU he can
lind in the hands f f I nion men. Very
truly. Wm. B. oon,
I.KTII.ll I KOM WOOD TO HKN.IAMIN.
Knoxville, Nov. 20, 101.
To Jim. J. 1'. Jteujamin, ftrretary of War :
tilr. The rebellion in Last lennessee
lias been nut down in some of the conn
ties, and will be effectually suppressed
in less than two weeka in all the coun
ties. Their camp3 in Sevier and Hamil
ton counties have been broken up, and a
large number of them made prisoners. -Some
are confined in this plaeo and oth
its sent to Nashville. In a former com
mutiication 1 inquired of tho Department
what I should do. It is a mere Iimtc fo
arrest tin in and turn them over lo the
courts. Instead of bavins the ellect to
intimidate them, it really gives encou
ragement and emboldens them in their
traitorous conduct. Patterson, the son
in-law of Andrew Johnson, Slate Senator
Pickens, ami several ollu-r members of
the Legislature, besides others ol inl.ii
c-nce and distinction in their counties. --
These men have t-ncoui aged the -rebellion,
but have so managed as not to be found
in arms. Ncvei the legs, nil their actions
und words have been unfi iendly to the
luvn iiiiK-ni ui tue onicuerate rtaie. -Tin
ir w ealth and inlliiein e have been t -ert'
d i'i fivor of the Lincoln (iivnii
inelit, and they are the parlies ino.-it to
They really deserve the gallows, and,
if couMs'viit with the law, oii-ht eed-
ily to receivo their deserts. But there is
such a gentle spirit of conciliation in th
South, and especially here, that I have
no idea that one of them will receive
such a sentence at tho hands of any jury.
I have been hero at this station for three
months, half (he timo in command of this
post; and I had a good opportunity of
learning the feeling pervading this coun
try. It is iMtile to the Confalerate Govern
ment. Then -:'" isls iht. ,,r An'mw
with no intention to den-e it. Ihm art tU
slaves of JtJitison and Mayaard, and never
intend to be otlimrise. When arrested. tlwt
suddenly laxnne very submissive, and declare
they are for peace, and not supporters of
to be Union men. At one time, whilo
our forces were at Knoxville, they gavo
it out that a great change had taken plae
in East Tennessee, and that tho peoph
were becoming loyal,
At the withlrawal of the army fvtn litre 6
ar-rr.s, and scarcely a man but was ready to join
it, ana mane war upon us. The prisoners
we nave alt tell us that they had cverv
assurance that the enemy was already ia
tho State, and would join, them in a few
days. I havo requested at least that the
prisoners I hava taken be held, if not as
traitors, as prisoners of war. T.relcaso
them is ruinous. To convict them before
a court is next to impossibility. But if
they aro kept in prison for six month.
it will have a good effect!
Iho bridge-burners and snies ou-ht
lo bo tried at once.
Very respectfully yours, 1
W. B. Wood.
DKNJAMIN'S Iiri'LY. '
War Department, )
BiciiMOND, Nov. 25, 1801.$ ,
Col. W.J1. Wood:, : i . V :
Sir Your report of the 20 Ji instant
is received, and I now proceed to givo
you the desired instruction in relation
to the prisoners of war taken by you
among the traitors of East Tennessee:
l'trsi All such as can bo identified in
having been engaged in bridge burning
are lo bo tried summarily by drum-head
Court Martial, and if found truilty. exe
cuted on the sjyl by hanging. It woull la
well to leave twir bcxltes Ivtnnrng in the vuw-
.... jT - 1 1 , t
u y vi me vurnea uriayes.
becond All such as havo not been o
engaged, arc to be treated as prisoners of
war and sent Willi an armed 'guard to
iuscaioosa, Alabama, there to be kcDt
imprisoned at the depot selected by tho
Government for prisoners fcf war.
Whenever you can discover that arms
aro concentrated by these traitors, yon
wilt send out detachments, search for
and seize tho arms. In no cose is one of
the men hunon to havcleen iq in armi against
iie Government lo be released on ami vledne
or oath of allegiance. The time for such.
measures is past. 1 hey aro all to bo
held as prisoners of war, and held in
jail to the endof the war. Suchasconvo
in voluntarily, take the oath of allegi
ance, and surrender t heir arms, are alone
to be treated with leniency.
lour vigilant execution of these order
is earnestly urged by tho Government.
iour obedient servant,
J. P. Benjamin,
Secretary of War.
Col. W. B. Wood, Knoxville, Tenn.
P. S. JudtfO Patterson (Andy John
son's son-in-law, Item. Corresp.), Colonel
Pickens, and other ring-leaders of tfa
same class, must be sent at once to Tus
caloosa to jail as prisoners of war.
Embalming the Itemd.
A Washington correspondent gives tho
following account of tho process of em
balming adopted there :
"The body is placed on an inolined
platform; the mouth, ears, nose, etc., aro
stopped with cotton ; It wounaeu, cotton
is put in the wound, and a plaster is put
on; au incision is made in the wrist, tho
attachment is madd from an air-pump,
and fluid in jected info tho arteries. Tbe
wound is then sewed up and the body
hoisted up to dry. To save tho eyes from
sinking in, wax is put under tho eyelids.
I he hair J lound to come out very easy,
but after the embalming it could not bo
removed. 1 lie, bodies take on an aver
age about seven quarts, but General Lan
der took seventeen quarts. There 'were
some tight bodies on hand: f,nij had
been there thirty days. Tho operator
sayin four months the bdy will becomo
solidified like marble, but no chance has:
yet been had to prove it. Colonel liaker'a
body, on arriving at San I Vancis io, was)
in au advanced stale of decomposition.
Dr. Holmes, lale of Williamsburg, Long
Island, is tho oldest in the business here,
and I am told he hits nude thirty thou
"Missis. Brown and Alexander are
tiying to et a bill through Congress for
Uln exclusive right to embalm bo-lies,
and to have (..ocgrtss authorize a corps
of cinbalijiera for each division. The
ciiarges aro tf-Vlfor an ofli'-er and fr
a piivate, and I nm-! say the bodies look,
a- life-like as if Ihey u re asleep.
Fort Pulaski, just tacii by our '-,
was built at a "-t ol '.;'0 '.).