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SMITH, CAMP Sc CO.,
W. HT. SMITH, PM,,
IRA P. JOKES, ,ralterJ-
Offltt, Jto. 16, Deaderlck Street.
SPEECH OF HON. JOHN BELL,
I tbs United States Senate, March 18, 1858.
The Legislature -l..-ctei iu OctoVr, 1856,
met In January, 1857, and, in conformity w ith
the vote of twenty-five hundred of the people
in the preceding Octclx-r, they pnwd ati act
providing for the election of delegates on the
loth of June to a convention to meet in the
following September. Governor Walker made
bin appearance in the Territory in May. lie
published an address to the people of the Ter
ritory, which was declared to be in conformity
with the views of the President and bin Cabi
net. In that addrewj he assured the people of
bid determiuation to use every means in his
control to prevent all disorder and violence
at the election to be held on the 15th of June,
and earnestly advised the free-State party to
go to the pollri and vote for delegateK to the
convention, warning them that, although he
would use all Liu influence to have the consti
tution, when framed, submitted to a vote of
all the bona fide inhabitants, and hud no doubt
that it would be ko Kubmitted, yet he had no
authority to dictate that course. By the act
tf the Legislature providing for the election
of delegated to the convention, the most ob
noxious of tne test oaths prehcribed by her
first Legislature was repealed, and a census
was directed to be taken, and a register made
of the qualilied voters in each county, which
was to be the basis of the apportionment by
the Governor of delegates among the Hcveral
election districts into which the Territory was
divided, and also the test of a right to vote
in the election. One objection to going to
the polls, as stated by the free-State party,
was, that of the thirty-eight countries of the
Territory, including Arapahoe, in which there
was no population, there had been no register
inadj of the qualified voters in nineteen of
them, as the law required, and that no census
bad been taken iu fifteen of those nineteen,
and that, as a matter of course, the people in
thos; counties could not vote. Governor
Walker and Secretary Stanton confirmed this
statement, and the tact is indisputable. I do
not see what could be a greater or more fatal
irregularity in getting up a convention to
form a State constitution. Sir, one-half the
counties of a Territory left unrepresented
allowed no voice iu the convention! Is that
no objection to a constitution formed by a
convention so constituted? TlieS nator Irom
Georgia passed this irregularity over as a
matter of slight or no consequence. It had,
be said, been satisfactorily au.-wered and ac
counted fur. Where is llie explanation or
justification to be found of this rn.-s irregu
larity ? Upon what evidence does it rest 1 I
have seeu or heard of none which does not
appear to me a mere pretense an evasion.
To say that some free-State men in some one,
two, or three of those counties refused to be
registered, and threatened tlie officers with
perso.ial violence if Jhey persisted in the dis
charge of their duties, was a sufficient reason
for taking no census and making no register
at all iu nineteen counties, appears to me to
be preposterous. When gentlemen talk of
there oeing no irregularity in forming the
convention I must believe hint they have not
examined into the facts connected with the
Bulj ct. It is alleged that the population iu
the nineteen neglected counties was small. In
many of them that no doubt was so. Hut
slill, after deducting the nine thoii.stnd two
hundred and fifty-one legal voters returned
on the register made out iu the other nine
teen, judgiug from the number of votes polled
iu October, l57, and again in January fol
lowing, there cannot have been less than three
thousaixl legal voters iu the neglected coun
ties. Thus it appears that the sixty delegates
to the convention were elected by the' nine
teen counties iu which registers were duly
made out; while not a single delegate was
voted lor or elected iu the other nineteen
couuties of the Territory. Governor Walker,
in ouo of his letters to Secretary Cass, states
that in some of the neglected counties the
people made out a register on their own au
thority, and elected delegates to the conven
tion; but they were uot allowed seats on the
ground that their election was irregular. And
the further significant fact is staled by him
that iu the election of October, IfviT. more
Votes were cast in three of the neglected
counties than were given to the twenty-eight
delegates who formed the Lecompton consti
tution. But I am departing from the order of my
narrative. The election of the loth of June
for delegates to the convention was held.
The free-State party did not participate iu it,
assiguiug.asareasoii for their relimal to do so,
besides the one 1 have just mentioned, that
they had no confidence in the oiticers who
were to hold the election, and the opinion
given by Governor Walker, that any consti
tution which might lie framed would be sul
mitted, lor ratilicatiou or rej. ction, to a vote
of all the people iu the fall, whether they vo
t.d at this election or not. At thin election,
when it may le presumed the pro-slavery
party put forth their whole strength, only
twcity-two hundred votes were polled less
by three huudrtd than the vote pulhd iu Oc
tober, 1856; but the loss may be I. oily ac
counted for by the exclusion of the pro-slavery
voters iu the nineteen couuties iu which there
was no register.
The convention met on tlie 5th of Septem
ber, but adjourned to a day iu Octob. r, us it
was understood, to awuit the result of the ter
ritorial election fixed for the first Monday m
that month. Governor Walker had given the
strongest assurances of his purpose to use all
the luoaus iu his control to preserve order and
prevent violence at that election, t'onveu
tious were called, nominating candidates on
both sides. On the one side, they w ere culled
.National Democratic candidates; on the other
bide, free-State candidates, or, if you please,
Abolition candidates; it is no matter by w hat
name they were called. By that lime two
thousand regular troops had armed in the
Territory, sent at the earnest rcoucst of Gov
ernor W alker, who staled that mis, w us the
only mode of presi rving peace aud preventing
uioousueel. lie stationed tlielii at dlllcrenl
and t.ie most exposed points, on election d:iv.
to prevent inroads from Missouri, or any oilier
disturbance at the polU. The result was,
mat llie Iree-Matc party proper cast some
seven thousand six hundred voles, and l he-
national Democratic party, compos d of pro-
slavery men and sucli of Hie tree-Mat Uciuo-
cr.ils as united with them i it the election
polled some' three thousand seven hundred
votes. It is material to state that Kausoni,
the candidate for Delegate to Congress nom
inated by the national Ih-iiiocrulic party, was
ree-oou in nts principles, -iiogelner, iliere
were upwards 01 eleven tliou.-u.ml votes, cuM
in that election, after rejecting some twenty-
eigut nu-iurcu votes found to liavo lie-en fraud
ulently returned; sixteen hundred from ihe
famous Oxford precinct, and twelve hundred
front Me Gee county, in which no poll was
opened. These ore all strong fact., but the
cmator from Georgia can see nothing m them.
That benator asks tor the evidence by which
these alleged frauds were proved. He said
that Governor Walker aud Secretary Stuuion
were uot entitled to any givutcr cn-dil than
common witnesses, and ny courtesy alone did
be concede them that. He said ihiy traveled
over the couutry, looked ufxiut, ami came t
the conclusion that so great a uuuilx r of vv
- ten could not bo there. This w a the sort of
evidence upon which his friend from Kentucky
held his immense fabric of fraud and unfair
ness. Sir, uot only did Governor Walker and
Secretary Stanton examine the matter, but
Others of undoubted integrity have cotitirnn-d
the ex.steuce of the frauds alleged. A census
baa b.-eu taken, and lorty-mne is returned as
the number of residents in the Oxford puciuct.
Mr. Wilson. There are forty-tbieo voters
la the preciiict or Oxford, aecordnig to the
actual census returns.
Mr. IIeix. There could not lw tnanv iu
that county, because IheSuawnee Indians own
nearly all ihe land. How umuv are tti. re in
the whole couuty T
Mr. Wilson. Three or four hundred voters
in the whole county.
Mr. BiXL. 1 hav e examined the proof, but
I Cannot retain all the foe is in my lueumiy.
The Oxford returns were r-j-t-til oy Govern
or Walker on the ground of irregularity iu
the returns. Singular us it may seem, he ap
pears to have considered it u censary, to justi
fy bis interposition, lo find out some irregu
larity iu tlie certificate or return, although lie
was convinced from the first that tiie return
was fraudulent. Well might the eloquent
benator from Kentucky exclaim that fraud
i eems to have become native to the region of
Kansas, and to claim the privilege of being a
tort of established JuatilbUou tbrre.
The result of the October lcttiou was, that
nearly every member elected to the Territori
al Legislature was a free-Slate man.
The convention reassembled iu October, ac
cording to adjournment, sud l'uruiwd the con
stitution which is now before us. When the
fact transpired that the convention had not
submitted the whole constitution to a vote of
the people, and that the question of slavery
alone was to be submitted, and that in a form
and under the restriction of a test-oath which
would prevent the free-State party from vo
ting, such a commotion immediately arose as
threatened to lead to bloodshed aud civil war.
In this condition of affairs, acting Governor
Stanton, as a means of averting puch a calam
ity, called an extra session of the Territorial
Legislature. That body, when assembled,
passed a law for taking the sense of the peo
ple upon the constitution recently formed, on
the 4th of January hist the day fixed by the
constitution for an election of State officers
and members of the Legislature under that
constitution. The 21st of I). cenibcr last was
appointed by the convention to take a vote of
the people upon the slavery clause of the con
stitution in this form " the constitution with
slavery, "' the constitution without slavery. "
There were six thousand seven hundred and
ninety-three votes returned ascast on that day
six thousand two hundred and twenty-six
for the constitution with slavery, and five
hundred and sixty-seven for the constitution
without slavery. The remarks of the honor
able Senator from Kentucky in regard to that
election were justified by the circumstances of
the case Votes enough were returned in
favor of the constitution to overcome any
majority that had ever before been given in
the Territory. There had been eleven thou
sand and odd votes given in the October elec
tion, aud it was arranged to show a vote to
exceed one half that number. It is well es
tablished by a commission appointed to inves
tigate the subject under authority of the Leg
islature, that two thousand seven hundred, or
nearly one hfflfthe six thousand and odd votes
returned as having lteen cast on the 21st De
cember in favor of the constitution were fraud
ulent; and about an equal numljer returned
as polled for State officers and members of the
Legislature on the 4th of January last In
the vote taken by authority of the Territorial
Legislature, on the 4th ot Jannary, on the
Lecompton constitution, there were ten thou
sand majority against it. The Senator from
Georgia says that on the same day there were
over ten thousand votes cast for State officers
and members of the Legislature under the
constitution; and that to sustain the fairness
of the votes agaiust the constitution the joint
vote should have been twenty thousand. I
must conclude tlat on that point the honora
ble Senator from Georgia made his statements
altogether in the dark, and at random, in re
gard to the true facts anil circumstances at
tending the votes taken on the 4 th of January.
He asks the reason why these ten thousand
claimed us a majority vote against the con
stitution did not vote in the election for State
otlicers and memlx-rsof the Legislature. The
explanation must be obvious to all those who
pretend to know any thinsr about recent events
in Kansas. A convention was called by the
free-State party to decide whether they should
vote or not in ihe election for State officers
and members of the Legislature, on the 4th
of January. It was contended that if they
voted it would be taken us a ratilicatiou of
the constitution, just as the President now
construes the vote actually given iu that elec
tion by a portion of that party. This view be
ing taken by a majority, the convention came
to a resolution not to vote; but after the re--gtilar
convention adjourned the minority got
together, and. alter considering the question
fully among themselves, decided that it was
best to make an elfort to carry these elections;
and thos- who chose more than half their
party voted under the recommendation of
the minority of the convention.
1 believe that no attempt has been made,
from any respectable source, to cast a doubt
on the genuineness of the vote- cast against
the constitution on the 4th of January last.
Th" result of that vote shows, incontestably,
that there must he a majority of at leie-t four
or five to one, of the people of Kansas, against
I have now narrated the most important
fact iu the history of Kansas affairs, which
have any material bearing upon the question
belore the Senate, and upon which we may
rely iu deciding w heth r this constitution
should be accepted or rejected. These, how
ever arc not the only material facts connect
ed with the case I mean facts calculated to
show whether it is expedient, just, or politic
to admit Kansas with this constitution. As
suming it as a point that cannot be contested,
that a large majority is opposed to the con
stitution, what are the further facts connected
w i.li this subject material to be noticed 7
Gov. Walker declares to you that a large
majority of the people of Kansas are deter
mined to resist the organization of a Slate
government under this constitution. Mr.
Stanton expresses the same' opinion. The
people th'-mselves tell you the same thing
through their Territorial Legislature. U. -solutions
have been adopted tiy that Legislature
pledging their fortunes and their liven iu re
si -ting this constitution. But there are some
facts that speak louder than words. The Pre
sident has now under him two thousand
troops in Kansas ; and he expresses the hope
that when this measure shall pass, he may Ite
able to withdraw them. Why has he not
withdraw tht-iu before? Ho tells us why. It
is not considered safe to do so. When ami
how long alter the adoption of this measure,
before he w ill consider.it safe' to withdraw the
troops 'rom Kansas? Of course, after the
people of Kansas shall, voluntarily or by
force, have yielded to the authority of this
constitution. It may lake twice two thou-aud
troops to f.,ree this constitution 'at people of
whom such a large and determined majority
are opposed to it; und who have shown, by
their olN-tinatc persistence in opposition to
the territorial government up to u late day,
that tlu-y are of a character and east of men
that we may justly apprehend will continue
their resistance. They say that no Stale gov
ernment shall be organized under this consti
tution if it lie accepted by Congress. I know
it is calculated that the friends of law and
order, and the natural tendency to reaction
alter all great excitement, will induce suls
missiou. The result may still be civil war ;
but I trust they will submit.
But, sir, I am not yet don.: with the eviden
ces in my possession to show th" true state of
altairs iu Kansas. More than fifteen months
ujjto the leading pro-slavery men iu thai Ter
ritory abandoned the id' a of making it a slave
Slat ; and 1 desire to go a little into detail
on that point, b cause 1 know tliat.il' this
measure Im ivj cbd.it will be said iu some
quarter of the South, nay, the idea is already
urttully propagated, thai a slave State can Ik?
established permanently in Kansas if the meas
ure HOW before the Senate rhould be adopted.
The Senator from Georgia said to-day that his
friend from Kentucky only had the evidence
f Gov. Walker and Secretary Stanton as to
the frauds alleged to have been practiced iu
Kansas; and ivho are they? Those gentle
men, he said, did nothing from the time they
went to Kansas untif they w. re tak"U out of
it, except to violate the Constitution of the
I'nited States, the organic law of Kansas, and
to break down tlr Administration that had
sent them there. Those statements confirm
me iu the impression that the Senator from
Georgia has mad ' his entire speech with but
very little know 1-slge of the stale of things in
Kansas. Will he recognize the name ami au
thority of Dr. Stringf -How, who. for the first
two years of the existence of Kans.ts under
the territorial gevi rumeut. was the very soul
of ih.? pro-slavery pariy llieSp -aker o'l their
House of Representatives during the first two
Legislatures. What is Ins opinion? 1 have
no direct authority lo i-p-uk tor him, but am
told that he has published a letter, which is
to lw found in one of the public journals, slat
ing that Mucd July last he has abandoned all
hop-' of making Kansas a slave State, and con
siders it idle to make any further i-llort to cllcct
that olj'-cL Will ihe S. u-Uor from Ge-orgia
rerog ii.'- the name ttiid credit the statements
of such men as Dr. Teblm. a leading and i.i
tjiieiiiiul upholder of the- pro-rlavery pat ty in
Kansas, wiiile there was my hope' of success?
of" A. W.Jones, who lrvcratl the South to
obtain recruits to su-'tain th" pro-slavery cuus
in Kansas? If th" S nator ignores t'ie authori
ty of theiH' nam s, w ill he resjn cl thai of Gen.
Whittl 11, so well-known as lie- former Dele
gate froiu Kansas ii the oih r 11 usc ? Will
he please lo point out a single pro-davery
b uder iii Kansas, unl ss it Ik- John Ciluouu,
tlie surveyor general of the Territory, who
now maintains lhal Kansas can t? made a
slave Mote. Will tiny xui.t out a single ro
slvery b-ad'-r, who lum i -o in that Tt-niioiy
from hie first, w ho did not concur w ith Gov.
Walker and Secretary Stanton i.i th-ir views
and in their policy iu relation l Ka-isas
alfairs? Of tin? twi-nlv pro-slaerv journals
in Kansas, all but One approved the x,iev of
Gov. Walker. They agreed thai it ttiu idle
to attempt to make Kuusa.t a slave Mat j at
any tune sii.C- January, 1n"7. Ihe time Gov.
Geary left the Territory! If ihe Senate will
U-ar willi me, X wdi read a lew passages irom
a slip that has been placed iu my poMxtwiou,
taken from the press of the astnogiou Union.
1 am informed, on authority that 1 can rely,
if any qu-tioa is made about it, lhal the pub
bcauou of the letter which are copied iu this
slip was u prei. d by a number of the Ca-
I'liiel, and t do not know but by the I r-ideut
him If. 'i li. se are ihe ireiacur rrniarks of
of the editor of the Washington C'":
"Tt !"IUm4it fc-iu-r, bl'InW lo rvtol.-man In
Una City, h t.i Uantlml l aa t. iub.klx. W
ciwwfuily Klv uia t iba Wow ( u,a iurtsM uf
ramuvms fcujr rrrmiu uu atitefe ba tal
Uiiti-r m llu ituuils X hiiwi't uur nilwri frimJ us
rt-Kafl t" fi rnaeul ftatllt (a, arouiuruta, ami w.
UM1 ul U trt-u Ury nana I aauaa. Mr. lubtta, Ua
wrau-r, wi'lr kuuaa ai il aiefaaiy iaicti.
11a m a VkTa.au4u by lorUi, wavouutox, asU u tauauf
the early settlers of Kansas. He has been a member
of every Legislature since Kansas became a Terrntory;
and it is scarcelv necessary for us to aJJ, that in each
instance representing a very decided pro-slavery con
BUtuency. His radical views on the slavery question
have rendered him peculiarly obnoxious to the Black
Republicans of the Territory."
Then comes the letter of Mr. Tebb, from
which I take this extract :
"Now, sir, how can it be that Gov. Walker has done
fo much, as if charged, to abolitionize Kansas ? If
Kansas is abolitiouized it has been done by the pro
slavery party, and not by Governor Walker, for they
bad adopted thia policy long before he bad entered the
Territory. But every candid man will see at a glance,
aud must admit, that neither Walker nor the pro
slavery party have done it ; but the Bimple fact th.'it
more anti-slavery men than pro-slavery men have
gone to Kansas, whether from interest, natural or un-'-natural
causes, it inatu-rn not, they are there. But I
will not anticipate events or hazard preilietiiins. Let
the great principle of xipolar sovereignty be fairly and
honestly carried out. That la all I ask."
Let me alo read an extract from a letter
of General Whitfield to the editor of the
Union, dated Washington City, September 2,
"I have seen the letter addressed by Dr. Tebbs to a
gentleman in this city. His letter fully and fairly re
presents the condition of parties in Kansas, both before
and after the advent of Gov. Walker. And I have
been erfe-ctly astonished uxn my arrival here, to
tlnd the crusade from the South upon Governor Wal
ker, charging him with an attempt to 'abolitionize
Kantuis.' it required no action from Governor Walker
to miike Kansas a free State, its doom, if it is fixed,
was fixed long be-fore Robert J. Walker ever entered
"1 repeat again, sir, that, knowing fr. Tebbs well,
and knowing him Ut be thoroughly posted upon Kan
vas -affairs, I endose fully his views and conclusion as
expressed in his letter to you."
Dr. Tebbs makes this further Ftatement in
the letter from which I have just read :
"That in January, lS5ti, four or five months before
Gov. Walker arrived in the Territory, the pro-siavery
party held a convention of all the members of the Le
gislature and of delegates from every county in the
Territory to discuss the condition of parties, and lead
ing pro-slavery meu deliheratly declared. 'it as their
opinion that the pro-slavery party proper was in a
The convention to which I have just allud
ed concluded that it was no longer worth while
to attempt to form a slave State in Kansas.
When a convention was held, in July last, to
nominate candidates for the October election,
over which Judge Elmore, one of the largest
slaveholders in the Territory, presided, the
game opinions were announced. Not only
that, but, from the date of January, 1857, the
position was taken by the leading pro-slavery
men that the constitution to be formed bv the
delegates to be elected on the 15th of June
should be submitted to the people; aud if not
that it ought to be rejected by Congress. Gen.
Whitfield himself said, in a speech made last
summer, that it ought not to get ten votes in
Congress, if it were not 80 submitted.
I have adduced the testimony furnished by
the letters and verbal .statements of the early
and most influential firo-slaverv leaders in
Kansas, to show that the views I "have presen
ted of the actual state of things in that Terri
tory do not rest exclusively upon the infor
mation furnished, or the opinions expressed,
by Governor Walker and Secretary Stanton.
I was, myself, under the impression last spring
and siiunuer. that, Governor Walker, Us well
as the President and his Cabinet, was looking
more to party and political objects than the
support of any particular interests the South
could have iu the management of Kansas af
fairs; and it is due to that gentleman, whoso
course has been so harshly denounced in this
debate, that he should fx; vindicated and sus
tained by a reference to the course and poliey
of leading pro-slavery partisans, upon whom
no shadow of suspicion resls, as to their per
fect tid-lity to the slavery cause in Kansas.
It appears now. incontestably, th.it long be
fore Governor Walker arrived in Kansas, and
even before the advent to power of the present
.Administration, the idea of making Kansas a
slave State had boon abandoned by those lead
ers who had the deepest interest in the ques
tion, being slaveholders themselves. The ut
most they had any hope to accomplish, by the
conciliatory policy adopted in the convention
held on the second Monday in January, lfc.57,
and again in the convention held in July
following, so far as the interest of slavery
was concerned, was to protect the right of
property in the slaves then in the Territory.
Governor Walker, in his letter to Secretary
Cass, dated 15th July List, slates that "It was
universally admitted here (Kansas) that the
only question is this: whether Kansas shall
be a conservative, constitutional, Democratic,
and ultimately free State, or whether it shall
be a Kcpuhlican and Abolition State?"'
After it became known in Kansas that the
Administration had changed its policy, and
particularly after the increased exaspi ration
of the free-Slate parly, which ensued upon
the promulgation of the Lecompton constitu
tion, I learn from a well informed and relia
ble source, that a large proportion of the
slaves have been sent out of the Territory;
and tiiatof the two or three hundred there a
j' ear ago, not more than one hundred remain
some say not exceeding fifty.
It is a most striking and remarkable feature
in the present xtatii of this question in Kan
sas, that it is not the slaveholders who are
most active and forward iu keeping up this
controversy against afl hope of making Kan
sas a a slave State', but political adventures,
ehi'-tly office-holders or office-seekers, who
have not the slightest interest in the questions,
ls-yond the expectation of some personal lieu
etits. Henderson, w ho is implicated in the
perpetration of election lrauds, is, I am in
formed, a special mail agent; Calhoun is surveyor-general
of the Territory, aud .Me Lain
his chief cb-rk. Others 1 might name,
who are only seekers of ollice. 1 f.-ar I may
have done General Whitfield, who is and
office-holder, an injury by quoting him as au
thoiity in support of th" policy of Governor
Walker. The S -nator from .Missouri, Mr.
Green in his opening speech, announced that
he had seen a telegraph dispatch, stating that
he had leen notified by the free-State party to
leave the Territory. 1 hop,? that is not true;
and as there h.ts been no confirmation of the
statement, I conclude that there was no foun
dation for it. The danger to which I may
have exposed him lies iu another quarter. I
hope he has had the prudence to abstain f rom
t iking any part iu this question since be was
informed of tin? President's present views,
w hioh would expose him to executive ven
geance. My friend from Florida, Mr. Mallory said,
in his able speech the other day, that il would
be difficult to persuade the people of the South
that if this constitution lie rejected by Con
gress, it will not lie upon the. ground that it
recogni.v.'s slavery. That is also the opinion
of the honorable Senator Irom Georgia, aud
others, l.'uless it he that these honorable Sen
ators want some immediate pretext for a
movement in the South, I advise them to in
vestigate, this question more fully than they
seem to have done, before they conclude to
make the rejection of this measure, should it
Ik? rejected, a . tli.-junrtumis. We are told
that it will lie difficult to persuade the people
ol the South that any other objection exists
to this constitution except that it recognizes
slavery, and these opinions are avowed iu the
face-of accumulated frauds aud irregularities
connected with its history, and though it is
clear that four-filths of the people of Kansas
are opposed to it.
It will not do for these gentlemen to say
that there is uo record, or other satisfactory
proot, to show the frauds aud irregularities
alb'ired against the Lecompton constitution,
or of many other statements made by the (
po.i' iits of this m asure in relation to tne
state of things existing iu Kansas. The sujv
porters of this measure in the Senate and iu
the House of Representatives have obstinate
ly persi-ted in voting down every proHsitiou
to investigate and take proof upon tlie' con
t sted questions of fact; and 1 lake it for
granted thai this course w ould uot have b--en
per.it'.'d in, unless it was understood that the
would turn out to be as they have been
If i have not wholly misconceived and mis
elat -d the material points in the history of
Kausas attain which precifded the forma. ion
of the Lecompton constitution; if 1 have uot
mirepresfuted the facts connected with iu
formation; if I am not w holly mistaken in the
view 1 have presented of the existing state of
p iblie sentiment in Kansas in relation to this
constitute:)!!, is it becoming the character of
the national Legislature lo accept this instru
ment as the oriuic law of tne new State
which is prop.s-l to be admitted iuto the
Is it fit, is it liecotning the S nate of the
I'nited Slates, to stamp this constitution, w ith
all IU atlendeut cirvuinstanci-a. w ith their ap
proval, mi I scud il to Kaasaa to be abided by
or resisted to blood by the people there? Sure
ly, air, there ouht to bo .m.' fc-reatand over
ruliux political uco-tity existing iu ihe cou
ditiou of aftaira to ju-Uty puch a proceeding.
The 1'renident, 1 und -p-taiid, from his spec ml
message, lo say taal nich a lievesoity dec
exist. He insist thai iu no other way can
ihnt dangerous tdavery agitation l Urm ma
ted, ami peo; hi rinbtred to th j a hide coun
try. He ini4 tliaf, if Kansaj shall lie ad
mitted iuto the I uion uuder thia constitution,
thin -sectional controversy will, at all events,
Ih? excluded from the Halls ol Congre; that
the agilaliou upon thiubject will be locali
zed, and couttiied to the Kiple "vhoui it con
cern. This U no lo w conception; auch an
experiment ban been ma d . before. TbJCoun
try baa already bad ihe U-uetit of a great
leaxou UMU Una uhjcCt, if it Will only pTufit
by if- If I way venture to trvapaa" uu the
patience ct the Senate, I propoae to aketcb
the hUiory of that experiment and iU remit.
1 ihiuk it will be found rich and abounding la
Migeiioua aa to the probalde ttuqueccv of
the renew id experiment propoaaxl to be made,
lu locabziux ulavery agitation iu Kauaaa,
t our year ago, when it, aa proposed to
repeal the Missouri compromise to adopt the
principle of non-intervention, and to concede
to the people of the Territories the right to
settle the question of slavery in their own
way it was said by the advocates of the mea
sure that as soon as the principle of it came
to be understood all agitation and discussion
upon the subject of slavery in the Territories
would be localized excluded from Congress
and the country would be left in undistur
bed repose. So boldly and confidently were
these views maintained that the whole south
ern delegation in Congress Whigs and Dem
ocrats, with seven or eight exceptions, to
gether with many Democrats from the free
States came intothe support of the measure.
How were these bold predictions verified? In
less than one month of the time during which
the Kansas-Nebraska bill was pending in Con
gress, nearly the w hole North was in a flame
of resentment and opposition. Old men of
high charact r and great influence, who had
for. twenty years opposed the policy and de
signs of the abolition faction in the North,
suddenly became its allies and coadjutors.
Thousands of the best citizens at the North,
w ho had exerted all their energies to repress
all opposition to the execution of the fugitive
slave law of 1850, became suddenly converts
to free-eoilism. The religious feelings of
whole communities became frenzied. The
pulpit .was converted into an engine of anti
slarery prnpagandi.-m, and hundred of thou
sands of sol-r-minded and conservative peo
ple at the North, who had nevet countenan
ced sectional strife on the subject of slavery
evinced that they had thrown oil' their conser
vatism, and were ready to array themselves
uude rthe banner of any party leader or fac
tion to check the progress of the South in
what they considered its aggressive policy.
After that demonstration of opposition at
the North, but little more was said in debate
of the tranquilizingcharacter of the measure.
But its most influential supporters from the
South, liecoming inflamed and irritated by
the fierce invectives with which the measure
was assailed, both within and out of Congress,
became, in their turn, reckless (apparently at
least) of all consequences, and seemed only
bent on victory on obtaining a ttijmph by
passing the bill! It was in vain that they
were adding largely to the abolition faction at
the North; that they were increasing the free
soil element of political power in that section.
They admitted no distinction between Aboli
tionists and Free-Soilers, and denounced all
at the North, who opposed the bill, as Aboli
tionists and foes to the South. Some gentle
men declared that the screams of the Aboli
tionist were muic to their ears. It was idle
to warn m-iti, in such a tempest of passion,
that, instead of sowing the seeds of peace, as
tliey had promised, they were sowing dragons'
teeth, that would spring up armed men. So
intense did tie; fooling become on the subject,
that some southern m -tubers of Congress, who
had gone into the support of the bill on the
idea that tie? Missouri restriction act was a
violation of the treaty with France, and who
would not have listened for a moment to the
admission of aliens to the right of suffrage in
the Territories, lost sight of these' views under
the influence ol the furor that was gotten up
among the friends as well as the opponents
of the measure; and they became even more
determined champions of Ihe bill when these
grounds of their original adhesion were en
tirely swept away one by the rejection of
the Clayton amendment, and the other by the
Ifadger proviso than th"y were at the outset.
There were, however, a few of the supporters
of the bill who to the last contended that the
intemperate demonstrations of opposition at
the North were but the ebullitions of tern po
ll ry excitement, which would subside as soon
as tlie equitabl.? and just principles of the bill
should be exhibit' d in tin ir practical opera
tion in Kansas. On what flimsy grounds that
delusion was indulged, and how soon and un
der w hat circumstancas it vanished, I need
not account. The recoil -ction of every pat
riot must still be painfully impressed with
them. It is enough to say, soon after these
principles were put iu operation in Kansas,
disorder, anarchy, and civil war, ensued in
rapid succession. It required the strong arm
of the Government of the I'nited States, and
the interposition of the military force, to sus
tain the territorial government: and even now,
after the lapse of lour years, we still find that
the presence of a military force is necessary
to maintain peace. So much for the effect of
that measure on Kansas and the country.
How has it lieeu iu Congress? Need I ask
that question? Has not the subject of slavery
in the Territory been the absorbing subject of
our inouguts ami discussions at evi ry session
of Congress since the passage of the Kansas
Nebraska act? And as for the character and
t m per of the debates upon this subject, hare
they not, iu asperity and fierceness, far ex
cel (led those of any antecedent iteriod of our
Seeing that the principles of non-interven
tion and popular sovereignty established bv
the Kansas-Nebraska act had not ln-en success
ful in repressing slavery agitation aud sec
tioital controversy, the friends of that measure
appear, in the last resort, to have invoked the
Supreme Court to interpose? itsermine to stay
the fratricidal strife; and that august tribunal,
th'.; last stay and hope of the Constitution to
preserve the halanee of justice even amid the
storms of dangerous and powerful faction;
has plung' d into the vortex of political and
sectional controversy. I'.ut that high tribunal,
wnu an me advantages ot tlie respect, venera
lion, and confidence which it has justly enjoy
ed Tor sixty years, has not lioen abb; to stem
the tide of sectional controversy, which stilll
rolls onward and threatens to sweep us on to
a tatal catastrophe.
The President tells us iu his special message
that every patriot had hoped the Kansas
Nebraska act would have put a final end to
the slavery agitation w hich for twenty years
'cotivulseii the couutry and endangered the
I num.-' That statement is notnuite fair. If
he had gone back thirty-seven years he would
have included the .Missouri compromise,
Kvcry patriot hoped that measure was c
final settlement ol all difficulties in regard to
the Territories then belonging to the I'nited
States. If the President had adverted to that
oilier period, if4 and l.boo, when there was
another slavery agitation that convulsed th
country and endangered the L'nioa, he might
have said with jM-rie-ct truth, that every
patriot had hoped that the compromise meas
ures, then adopted, would put a quietus upon
slavery agitation. The great men of both
parties, the distinguished statesmen of Ihe
country at the period of 1820 and 1K0, reali
zed by their wisdom and patriotism tin; ex
pectations of the great founders of our system,
who anticipated diifieulties on this subject.
So important was the promised exemption
from future slavery agitation held out bv the
compromise measures of 1851 felt to Is' by the
people, so highly appreciated and hailed WfJi
such joy, that in lt02, when the two great
parties of the country met in convention to
make their platforms aud nominate their
candidates for the presidency, lxth felt com
pelled, by public sentiment, to soletnenly
pledge themselves to abide by, or acquiesce
in, the compromises of 1S50, and never again
to countenance agitation ou the subject of
slaverv in any form whatever. Each of tne
nominees of the two parti?. General Scott, iu
his letter accepting his- nomination, pledged
himself that if he should I called to the Presi
dency, he would faithfully conform to the
policy to which his party had pledfd itself
upon this subject. So deeply w as the interest
d.llused throughout tln? country in favor of
maintaining ihe compromise of 1850, that,
though there was not a breath of suspicion
against General Scott's fidelity and sincerity
iu maintaining the cause of peace, becau it
was supposed that he had some prominent
friends who had not that obj-ct so much at
beai t, that slight ground of distrust had the
effect to turn the election In favor of the more
tru-tsl candidttB of the lemoeratic party,
General Pierce more trnsted for the devotion
of his friends to the maintenance of the com
promise of 150 by the overwhelming num
ber of two hundred ud fifty-two electoral
vote to forty-two. given to General Scott;
while ihe dlstmg'iNli-'d Senator from New
H impsh re, Mr. Hai.e. who allowed his
name to be run ou the Free-Soil tirket, re
ceived in the whole Union a Mpular vol of
only one hun lr -d and tifty-neven thousand,
and uot a single electoral vote. That, bow
ever, is not the strongest evidence of the
feeliug that waa manifest' d in regard to the
compromise measnres of 1850. In the elec
tions w hich came off in the fall of.s52, aud
in the s.tcceediiig spring, one hundred and
fifty -nine I Vine-ratio members were t-lect-d
to the House of Keprcsenutivca, giving the
Denva-ratio party a majority of eighiy-four ia
that 11 ms .
Mr lUu. And I lo-t my election to the
Senate th?s same year.
Mr. DuJ- Ye; and other, then lu'-mber
of th Senate, at well aa joursrlf, might
uevt-r have lrn returned to the Senate sgun
but for the parage of the Kanj-Nebraka act
When Cou grew met ia December, ltvJ. the
Democratic tarty had the large majority in
the House of Keprveutativca Uf.-re sUted;
and amoujr the m.uorily there were only three
or four member who desired to farth r agiut
the quction of slavery, while ia the Senate
there were only live k rre-Sotlrr, all told; ao
etT -ctually bad the Fr-soil movement in the
North Urea put dow n by the compromise of
The Senator from Georgia aid to-day that
the compromise of 120 bad never riven aat
lafacliou or quiet aaywbere. South or Nona.
Lt tne tell Lira that at the hut teaaioa of the
Thirty-Second Congrtt the wry una that
preceded th luirodacUoa of 1L9 Juta-
Nebraska bill a similar one, saving the clause
repealing the Missouri Compromise, and es
tablishing the principle of non-intervention,
passed the House of Representatives, with
scarcely an allusion to the slavery restriction
act of 1820.- There was only fortv-three
votes against the bill in the House, and some
of them from the North. On that occasion
hr wfts not a word said of the nroDrietv or
justice of repealing the Missouri Compromise.
. m . . I X a. 1
On tne last mgnt 01 mat session 1 coutnou
ted, with the distinguished Senator from
Texas, Mr. Houston, to defeat the passage
of that bill in the Senate. The objections
.urged against it were, that there was no white
Imputation in the Territory; that the measure
would be a violation of numerous Indian trea
ties: and at last the bill failed, more from the
waut of time than from any other clause; not
a Bingle Southern Senator, besides myself
and the Sena tor from Texas, interposed a word
against the bill. So much as to the correct
ness of the statement of the Senator from
Georgia, in relation to the effect of the Mis
souri Compromise. That bill was laid on the
table on the last night of the session the id
of March, 1853. General Pierce, on the next
day, in bis inaugural address, congratulated
the country on the restoration of jieace aud
harmony, and, true to bis former pledge, he
solemnly promised that he would do nothing
during his administration to disturb the con
dition of things then so happily existing in
the country. In the first message, on the
meeting of Congress in December following,
he renewed this pledge; but in less than two
short months from the date of that message,
the whole political heavens, then bouming
brightly and sending joy and gladness to the
hearts of the people of the whole country,
the scene as it were, in a twinkling, and as by
the agency of some diabolical njagic, was
changed. The political skies were suddenly
overcast by dark and portentous clouds, out
of which a storm arose, which, in the language
of the President, "'has convulsed the Union
and shaken it to its very center."
J now ask the attention of the Senate to
the effect of the experiment of localizing
slavery agitation in the Territories made in
1854, in changing the complexion of parties
both in Congress and in the couutry. In the
Congress which passed the Kansas-Nebraska
bill we have seeu that there was, at the com
mencement of the session in Decemlier, 1S53,
a Democratic majority of eighty-lour in the
House of lfepreseutatives, and only four Free
Soilers; and in the Senate a like number so
small, yet so distinct in their principles, that
neither of the two great parties then known
to the country knew well how to arrange them
Mr. Hale. You left them off.
Mr. bru- The AVhigs were afraid to touch
them. Mr. Chase was a Demjcrar, and was
so recoguizid by his brethren in the Senate,
aud was taken care of by them in arranging
the committees ; yet he was one of the gentle
men whom I have designated as Free-Soilers.
Now, let us see what was the effect of" the
Kansas-Nebraska act on the elections which
ensiled in the fall of lb'54, just on the bet Is of
the adoption of that measure. One hundred
and seven Free-Soilers were returned to the
House of Representatives; and the Democratic
party, instead of having a majority of eighty
four in that House, found itself in a minority
of seventy-six; and iu the Senate the number
of Free-Soilers was increased to thirteen.
Such was the complexion of the two Houses
of Congress in the Thirty-Third Congress,
which assembled in December, 1855. Now
we find in the Senate twenty Free-Soilers.
How many more they may have in the next
Congress will depend upon the disposition we
make of the question nmp lefort the Stnute.
1 call upon the Senator from Georgia to say
whether he will have that iiuiiiImt limited or
not. Does he want a sufficient number to
prevent the ratilicatiou of any future treaty
of acquisition ? How long will it fie before
we have that numlicr if the Southern Democ
racy persist in their present course? They
would seem to be deeply interested in adding
to the power of the Republican part'. I con
sider that the most fearful and portentous of
all the results of the Kansas-Nebraska act
was to create, to build tip a great sec'ioual
party. My friend from Ohio, w ho sits near
me', Mr. Waok, must allow me- to say that 1
regard hisjiarty as a sectional one.
Mr. Waie. Is not the other side a sectional
Mr. Dell. So far as the' are confined to the
South tlu-y are, but they say that they lap
Mr. Wade. Lap over further South still.
Mr. Dei-l. I consider that no more omin
ous and threatening cloud can darken the
political horizon atjany time. How formidable
this party has already la-come may lie well
illustrated by the fact that its representative
candidate, Mr. Fremont, was only beaten in
the last presidential election by the most de-s-jterate
efforts; and I feel warranted in saying,
that but for the imminent prosjiect of his suc
cess w hich shone out near the close of the
canvass, Mr. Duchanan would uot have attain
ed his present high position.
Such have been the trophies of the victory
the triumph achieved in the passage of thl?
Kansas-Nebraska act in ls.'i f. -It is with all
this sad experience of the effects of that ex
periment iu localizing the slavery agitation
iu the' Territories, that we are now call' d
upon to renew it. To la? sure, we are told the
circumstances arj riot the same. They are
not identical, I admit. For instance, we are
told that if there is any wrong done by accep
ting the Lecompton constitution, the people
of Kansas can easily redress it. They have,
it is said, an inalienable right to change their
constitution w hen and how they please, and
that they are not fettered by any restrictions
contained in this constitution. I was sorry
to hear the honorable' Senator fine Virginia.
Mr. Ik XTElt. vv horn I regard as one of the old
fashioned supporters ot sound principles to
whatever inconvenience they sometimes lend
say, in bis lata speech, that he was inclined to
think the provision iu the Ltcomploii consti
tution which prescrils's that aft; r the year
18G4 it may bo amended ia the w ay therein
poiutcd out, does not prevent any altera
tion or change of it w hich the people may
think proper to make before that time; nay.'l
luay say that 1 was astonished to bear such a
declaration coining from that Senator, w hen
we all know that the only purpose of that
provision in the constitution was to prevent
auy amendment Itefore lMi4. This is the very
restriction relied upon to give color to the
change already made, anil propagated iu some
of the slaveholding States, that those uu lu
ll: rs of Congress from the South who may by
their votes defeat this measure, will have pre
vented the establishment of a slave Stale in
Time Sale of (iroceries
11 a nius Si c o . ,
(At V. II. (iordon A. Co.'a Warehouse.)
0" irESDAY, Al'lUL IJth, 1-5S, wo will .ir-r for
ulo at AucUuu at W. 11. OorJeu k Co. 'a Ware
CM) hh.ls.Siig-vr.all graJes.lUOO bhU. lcli!W Whi
JuO Hw Colter; ky; varw-UH tTaudn.
J-iO httig. WnUss-; to Imti-K Sw.;
150 half do; iol iloz. I'aino-il It'ickt-U;
aoo boxe Star Cm. Ilea; liio U'ls " Tub;
joi) half Ui. do; 600 k.e. NaiU;
With many othr article;
TtirMi kimkU will bo ulierud in large lot with l.beral
All (iitua under tSoOrasti; ovrrtOOand under (1000
45daya;uvr floooeo day , lor approve. I ru.Waed
DuU-a fiayabla la liaiik. If AiUllS a; tti.
We will alo mU olTon a crsla of four nvmlha :
1 purhroa turn Jatiuuca 2 J, in s.ncU llrauuy ;
J lip flu Holland Gin;
e f Wo will also awn. without n-r a eooaignmeot
i rank! Brandy;
6 V, do do
84 euK aaJ tt IVkles and
?1 ra-n aa'd IJ-('itr:
-.A ttl (wire "I I Kyo Whis
ky 17 V eta ab' priMff.
HAiaas a 01.
It A I Lit r AO PIKK.
THE undcrtfc'Bd ta tna a-nhorisod Mturf for th
aaie U "urwr, Kolfo 4 8' u Rnr. l sp.ko,
aajd to Im 16 bra and chrapt xWea bow ta u. A
supply oututtantly oo hand mi l lur al by
l. 1. 1'H-KKY",
aprllMf Collejw t-url, N4.iit .iio .
IWL AllUS juat received and Pr aW bv
aprl U. IK IK 1K .'.
N baad aud Ux Aj by I. It. MlVKY
IjfcS Bl I kXl J ust rrvrr-t and for aak by
ailte I a. a a. U U UUkLY.
SAL.I2 or m:ghoi:s.
WE ul tail ! Lk.iy yuuuf .Vuito,tcaaJl,al
t awuua KU.MiiV Um jjOt A,yiJ,ai 129 Ou
M Uw t'vurt Hon iara.
aiw.0 t IL 11 UAYNEi CU-
Lath or uocajuuv a arru,
Comntlislon and Forwarding
UUUC II A X 'V ,
50. 9 Koarn lEccjTo i ram,
kT. LOl la, no,
Y I. & L.R. SIIRYOCK,
Commission and Forwarding
NO. 26 LEVEE AND COMMERCIAL STREET,
SAIAX LOUIS, MO.
3"- Solicit orders for the purchase of HEMP, BAR
GING, HOPE, B.U.XIX, LAKI, t'LOL'K, WHEAT, CUEX,
jrp Sell every dpscriptinn of Country Produce on
Consignment, and" Forward Merchandise promptly to
all jioint. from st. Louis.
JtTp Refer to Fishc-r, Whe-less k Co.; R. O'Kane.
April 10 6m.
CUXGAje Sex ITT.
WILLIAM C. SCOTT.
SCOTT & BROTHERS,
Commission and Forwarding
NO. 9 LlXT'T STREET, EET. MAIN AND LEVEE,
Saint Louis, 3Io.
Jt3 Particular atteution given to the s;lo of Produce
and tilling orders of every description. -
Rkjtjkkvces: Merchants and Banks of Nashville.
April lu datrivvly.
CllS. S U A 1 W V
Third appearance of the
MISS ELIZA laOUAX,
On which occasion she will appear iu her great char
acter of LI CREIXA BoRGlA.
On Saturday Evening, April 10th, 1858,
Will be acted the fur famed drama, in three acts, en
t.tled Ll'CKETIA BtjKOIA; ob, Thk PoHorn. Luere
tia, Miss Kuza I;as: Genarro, Mr. C. C. Humii.tox.
Favorite I'anee, M:ss K. Hknkadk. To conclude with
tlie favorite farce of tWlSS fc'AIN"s
Full particular Bee Programme BilU. apr9
M A B I E ' S
Newly Organized Double Troupe of
"YSenisei,ie ami Circus!
Magnificently fitted up for the" Season of 1858.
Keeper of tlie Menagerie..
...S B. IHJND.
W. II. T'llT.
. . ,WM. KKWHI'V.
. . .T't.NKV l'ASTOK.
. . .Prof. ISkaslky.
The combined Me-uaye-rie- aud Circus will exhibit at
FRIDAY AXD SATI'SDAV, APRIL 9th and 10th,
On Market Street, notir the litis Works,
lor Two Ia Only Afternoon and
Doors onen nt 2 o'clock and T P. M. Admission 50
cents; Children and Servants 25 cents.
A GUAM) PJIOCLSSIOX
Will It, made in the foreiHMin of
the day ol exhibition, preceded by
Draw ii by IClcplianto !
Tlie following 1 i r-t comprises the
wild animals now exhibiting in M.i
liics' joint l-naf'-ric ami Circus.
Three Colossal Elephants!
Forming the ten in of the
GEEAT BAND CHARIOT ! !
Ten in.iL'iiilii -eut Lions. Koyal lien
t'.il TiL'i-r. Itra.ih in I'.l.i. t Tiuer,
I.-oiaros, i 'an I hers. Concur . K-eios,
Tiear Cats, striped and siMitted Hy
enas, ;ri7.ly and llluek Hears, Cam
els and I'rume.l.irii s, Limits, I'.ur-mi-se
Cow and Alpaeas. pray and
black Wolves, white I'.xmi, liailei-rs.
Porcupines, and a wilderness of
P.irds and Monkeys.
Fife Inhibition !
GRAND WIRE ASCENSION
11 y JTlad. 1. routine.
Thit sreat feat is done dully, en
th" o'lt-idc of the Pavilion , and free
I lo an, (except ill casi-s oi ri y oiii
y'i-e . , winds or rain, which would render
It revolting to Humanity.;
For further particulars, see larpe
pictorial aud descriptive hills Hint
lithographs of the Company . apr-'-td
For Cairo unci .Memphis.
"MIB flu ius-Hi:tr wicktT
Mail Steamer, J. J. I I.1NK, -a- -rrt-Bk
C. P. Kluott, Master, will leave M O X ! A V ,
April PJlli.at -J o'clock, P. M.,for the above and all
intermediate ports. 'or freight or j-assage apply ou
board, or to A. L. 1AV1.-,
For Cairo and St. lonis? Tues
day, April I'.Uli.
f IM IE regular ss.-nger and !'.
1 freight Meamer, SAI.I.IK Ira-jCWflSKifc! J
RT , J . X . Co.j.ktt, Muster, w ill aavr"..!-. Miaffli
leave for the above ami all iiiti-rtiiediati- orls, on
H'KSI'A V, April i:;th, at 4 o" lot k P. M. Pur
height or passage applv ou board or to
aprT td " A. HAMILTON", Agent.
To Caacb. and Carriage Manufacturers, Cabi
net Makers and Painters.
ri'MIIC undersigned have received Ihe agency for the
JL sale ol til'- celebrated V.vKMl-llhS in iniltaelilred
ly ihe ll.iv rtei.l Vitrui.-U Manul.M I irii'g Company,"
which are universally aeknowledge.1 to be suiwrior to
any oiher Varnishes iu the Cini.el r-Lates, and lta pi.-t
received a large supply "I the tollownn; dillerent Kinds
which they will sell at a very small auvunee on Mono,
fuclurers' prices :
lllack Knuini-le-d Coach Itody Varnish,
Histic " " I in. Kugjish.
Im. hiighsh Wearing "
' Palo Couch " "
Hmwn Japan '
lil.u k lrn "
U h.le Copal
Walnut Stain "
Km a pine Carriage "
Xo. 19 Public Spiarc. oppcaite Market lioiine.
MADAME LA ROSE,"
-lauet readers, has filtered the cilv. She can be
rn at No. 76, 111 ion atr-t, opp.-ile Odd fellows'
Hall. She c in describe all disvux-s w ln h altbcl hu
manity. Ladies in feeble heailii are urticulurly re
tjocstcd to call. Thousands can tesl.lv lo the most
wonderful cures she has n-rformed Sue will read to
you your lite, and show the likeucaa of your future
companion ; deserilM-s friends and enemies, can hruijf
Ihe sejiarutc t-'geOier; ami cause ss-.-dy marriage.
Thousands have consulted her with entire sattsliu lion.
IjmIu admitted Irom a A. U. wild 1 1'. M. Oentleuten
from -J P. M until S P. M.
Saturday Moriiins, April lOtli,
ih:n.i. f. siui:iai)s
"lTIJ. pell a great variety of SPNIiKlI-, new and
dumas-t-d, lo t I nto out lots. Tins sale will em
brace ai tit les "f ulihiy.
At the same lime will bo add the rein.tinin? ritrhts in
theCheroi.ee Planter and iret American cti Shel
ler, and we believe the best Seed Sower invenWol.
ALs.', will be ad l' d to this ankt, two second hand
Carriage and one IU kawav, which w.ll be sold oa 4
tiioutlts' time for aaliaiactory li"-r.
aprV-;t ilKN'J. F. SI1I13JS.
siKLG a.d somen GOODS I
FOR CASH OMA!
XfE are receivmif our M.-k "t STAPLE AS
FA ViT ';'"'. for Spraig anj SuniTner , wits. t
we are oirenuj lo the trade at ery k pi are,
I UK CASH 0I.V.
We invite the att-ntem of all Cash ffciyers ti a care
ful examination M our aui k hefure maiiog tije.r tmr
rluui -, beiii fully sutisUe-l we can mae it t tlie-r
Interest to buy lrra t, our uu.to heuaj "yuwa auita
aud auiall r,ilU lor cash."
W. A. k. 1. (i. Wc I iJlAMl,
a;-T-tf aaoj 61 aol i3 tWiei auaec
"W TT miat earnestly ca'.l ata all pereooa In4rhe4
f V to ua, eiaer by note or tsisUt aec-ual, to euort
forward au I pay aj-. aa we must btt ail our ac
counts ct rd. We dislike lo put auy of our frssUJS n
any ritra r.aHs, put will Oe vo do ao ll tuia
Bots- Ut UeA attended t-'-p7U
ai W. A. k i. ti. M.1JJ.LAXH.
Of LadifV fiiiSf' end IhiUrru'i Wear.
IAI'IFJ' iTrT atilrtW ca!f kid Conrress GaJtera ;
J ' lloisiat ctotii l.cd Osrf, a.lu aud lr
out her Is.
Lavdiev' tarn kl Coturma iJuola.
" " tns k a. da Uoria.
thta sde loss s.
lluwea' lasting pla.-n aad l-p'd Gaiter.
kht (Miaip be-l -rtoldrva'a
(ual, kid and Ireuch Hcxm Boots, thark
aa-t lata aoiea
CTjiHS!-eo' K'A BuoU, email atae. a frat rartMy.
Keyset ed by JtHN KAMAbK,
aa.erii'ij if i l iAjkege Mod
r-f nnfl rtrT Worked Wkita Ptaa rtuorm..
luat receive aai fur aal b
a or 1
l. U. HULI
f A EnixrSlasirtciiTt4aa4ftr
Will leare a Stubble from
T1IE ADOVE CUT 13 AN ACCURATE REPRESENTATION OF TI1E
Manufactured Ly 3Iiller, "Vi115ate & Co., of Louisville, Kr.. as it will appear at
work ia the ficM. We Lave one of these Machines set up iu complete Working Order
at our Store, to which we invite the attention of Farmeils.
Price, including Neck Yoke, Double Trees, Ac, complete; SloO.
MACEY tt HAMILTON, Agents. Nashville, Tenu.
THE ONLY MACHINE IN' EXISTENCE
out risk of INJURY to the Saw. Also,
inches. Also, Saw 31audrels lor an hizes
CUMMING S PATENT HAY, STRAW AND
Hand or Horse Power. Also, Sauford's and
GUM BELTING, STEAM PACKING. CONDUCTING HOSE, HEMP A
Packing. Lac Leal her. DUFO.M'S lioliins Cloth, Pages & Child's Patent C
Wove Wire for Rolling Screens, Sc., Ax., on
riORN SHELLERS. GRAIN CRADLES AND
J GRIFFIN'S GENUINE Sevtlie DlatLs, uud
at lh lowest prices.
Building and House-keeping Hardware.
T OCKS, PUTTS. HINGES. I'd LTS AND SCREWS, TACLE CUTLERY, PLATED FORKS
I J and Snootis, und all other articles used in the I'.uildiug or lloiise-ket ping line.
MACEY A HAMILTON,
FULL AND COMPLETE STOCK OF SAWS, FINE P.RACHS AND PITTS. COOK'S
A Patent and Snell's Augurs, Pitts, lioriiis; Mac hint's Morticinz 31ac!ii lies,
Planes of all kinds. Cliiels, Drawing Knives, Ac, ou hand ami for side at the lowest rates
J)V MACEY A HAMILTON.
TANUFACTURED BY JAMES SMITH A
j)L stock ou hand by
Morton's Gold Pens.
A SUPPLY OF
3K)IIT(K w c os c.oi.d n:.s,
J I' ST KKCKlVEt v
apr-Vtf W. T. i:itlSY A .
1"KV W H K
By Rev. Dr. Halsey of Louisville, Kentucky.
Tlie laiteiary Attractions of
Or. A rioa lorllie Vrl f ioJ, con-
aideretl as u 1 lale.
UY I.K HOY J. HAI.SKV, l.l.
I-K HOY J. HAt.SKV,
1 vol. 12im. l
fn the foll'iwinK se it i pri".s.-J to present aa
outline "f wh:it may lo eall.-.l the ineitlenul uttrne
tii'iiscf the Itit'le to set forth its claim.-', both n a
classic ami as a bixilt of general e.liu ate'ii. Ilei;arJ
cl ciinj'ly as a l"ck of learmnir, ut taste ami K'-iiin,
ef history uikI ebiq'ieiiet, It has exerteil an intl lenee
a llied raiin.'t l- too h.ehl v t-t;ni.ile.l , aiel emm-ii'ts
itself , every eultivatei! iiii.lervt.ui ti:i. It is the
D'HK 111 uur I'-lirnini;, ih'i h-m ui.ui ..-. -"-j
biixis or 01 r eivili7ali"ii, nt less iiian mir saivao'.n.
It bun moulih-'l into hhape, it Ii is piiek-ii l into life
llif wlmlc ho'ly of our K.M-ular l-ariiiiis..is well as our
ttimiloey; it has breathe.! its own vital spirit into all
our hcieure, literature, lee;.-!.iiii, iihilusophy , ami so
eial ami political insiitulious.
It is thee attraction, hieh may 1' felt and ar
treiat"t even by the irrel.rff.em and worldly mind
cd, w Inch we propose t" (.'roup toc-lliT hi one distinct
aud connect'-d view. Our object w ill he lo i-ak ol'
the Ifcnik of i;.d us a production of inspire I Kcmiia
and rlaxsic LisU'; to reveal soiiielhins of us iniiii'-as.
uratile tteaiih. r.s a Held of know le lee and a minr of
wisdom, a model of el.Hpiencr.a m.ist-r pice of -.
sy,a u-xt book of instruction; and thus to rtmd.-r it,
60 fur as we tdiall bo able, attractive to all.
V O X X l; T S .
niAlTK.R J. usuut eii vR v'Tkmi-ti'I" or tiik mvix
ah A i-LAsieaL book. introduc l. The liiblt aK a
CliiKsie The Ihble adupu-d lo I hil.lliood Tlie llibln
in the -hoo! and ro'leec The lldilo in our Fiik'lmh
vi-rsion The UiMe IU the f ir sreat Clas.io Toiitfiiea
-flio ll.ble as related to the .Lite and ita whools
The ICbletli" I'alladmm of American luirt.lulious Tlio
lliblo and the Church of I'.f in r -iic'.udiiig Ih-marks.
CM AITKK II- iMirraT M' Tiir mtwi thk uinia
Naturo and used of Ti- try in tit l'.i' I' nirrermre be
twepa Hebrew l'rosc and 1'iM-lry stylo if Hebrew
fiM-try, rarallelism Spirit of H -leew l'. try !
parlmel.U of Hebrew INhIi V Iiilhienco of Hebrew
pix-try Writer of l'oelry in the Il.lde Tlw .-Vi.-n
Greater lUrd--Tlm Arirum- ut fiom I'.x'try Courlu
CHAITUt 111 rt.iajrrv M" onT ir -nut oin
TiesTAanvT. KJemciiLs and Character ..-t.es of m.spiene
Uliu.traUonof l-j.Kjuenee Karl.vt K.vauiple of K.i-
queuce ill the oi l Tej-uiueut In Uti a an Oral.r
Aroo aa an Orator Othvr Exaniidca front the OU
Testament Khuenee of Muslim, the Archil'.
t'HAITKIt IV. TIIK KL.-OCHV7 OICATOMa t ml MW
TwnAXKVT Exaniplea of IVrvcrted Hpieire Ht.r
od and Tertullu SiM-eeh of (iainalial Tlio Kl'Npienl
ApKiIl SU-ph-n' AddreifMo tho Council I "rt-aeh-tiig
of Johu Cue ISaptu-t IVt -r aa au Orator lprech
of Jame Ix-fore lh- Syaod Tho lU-corder or Town
Clerk of Kphcau Tlie Kl-xpience of 1'aul I'aul oa
liars H 11 lMj--ourK of our lord J'om lu.
CHAfTKR V. Tr o rr.aaia unonni ut Ta
laia lut r-nt of the nubj'H t lieneral VifW (laa-n-0.
alien I'M turc of Kv Sarah and K-hca,ah Oiar
a l r of Ii-b.irah Character if EsthrT aud Ruth
Jcx-'txd and Ath.-liah Heronuut and her lamcmc
PuurfhtT Abi.-a.l, Huiuab ami Martha The Mary
tTIAITlTt VI v.rrCT.rjtriTtt rmw n or ti
I ma Kinep and I.iunla nt Vie Then" Tlie Firat
Yoiukc Jl-n Tho First Two Ilndhcr Charaeter f
Jeih The Youth of Vtmr Kk-trh T I "avid aud
Jonathan Sketch of i'amurl aad sa-il Siaul aad Sam
ael at lln tor h ranr of A'.al n Tb Vnin Uaa
aa Niverricn Hie Vo'.i.; Men of Uit i'apuvrt)
Voui'j llrn of tlie S- Tr4an.nl.
CHAlTtK VII i-ia D mi r.. or Tut arm.
IVUle-u and B.aiH'-t of tlie Mhj-l The Wf il
S.-MU e of U. liMe n" H bbr on l'hy'.cl svivoce
Firt Sra-ntiOC I 'lura-i-Til- Som 1 t liararler!! ie
Third Chara. l-nl-- Additional loiu-lralMiru The
SaT'-e of Ihe t.Mr.
t llAniJt VHI -it1iijii owrrrn.im; o. oajarr
or auam atn aaalTT l mim. Tue 1-leine i
'tat-ure Ti Trovkder-c ol l.l Per oal
Chara Ur ol tTr-t The Ha of rt :al 1 1 vine liidu
turf The Ch irth of timl The C :& Uroliei Loo4
nf Maa The ty of Sacrwl Hmi The VllraD:tim
The Hee'irreetjofa of the IVd lt 1 AM JadcaarDIr
Tle 1 l-a t co i y Wurlil The ls h Q.e uf KeMkctupiauti
H-aiittiiati4t au-1 Cooaluoa.
Fur aa ity W. T. Itl'JlBY Ct.,
aprj-tf Fuhtic txjaara.
.cif Volume TeanesNee Keports.
(fourth fiveed )
REr-ORToF CA1 AlUiVt'Jl AM WKKMINU) IN
THE St TKi-aJE XK.'KT or TKXNK-S duru,f the
yerlvKt-7 fcjr JiUV i. T. SN1-U, JM-ta tU-puru-r
fur aaW r W. T. PKRKT. rub! fttara.
For Sale at Auction.
VTIXartt aa Wall SATVRIUT. KHh saat-.attlva
CtKUt Iwuw cala, a ftrat-rmtai H-Mtaa dvrTaal.
apc-U IU U BoVU, It
rtUSTKHS' BASK vr TEXESSES,
X'Ukmlit, -Mora. Slat, I I
TiirRX will be a naervia W lb. !vkiildw of iSm
Hat held at Uta luakiat itooae a .aa die. oa
Usa let Jae a.al, at l vcft, A. M , V We law
aeaiaaB aa act pinn t al tae reeaat aeaawa af Ua
l.ef itUwra t4 thia suu, mHwaanf aa aprwB.lmaet M
U vtuVr W Vtua twa. lr e 'r u.e K (-
Si-l4 IK wAK, tavabcr.
1 to 22 incites High.
FOR GUMMING CIRCULAR t?J
Circular Saws of all size's, fr
oiu 10 to CO
MACEY & HAMILTON.
CORNSTALK CUTTER. FOR EITHER
Sinclair's Straw Cutters f'.ir s.d ly
MACEY & HAMILTON.
MACEY &. HAMILTON.
SNATHS. COTTON AND TORACCO HOES.
all kiuds of EJge Tools, on hand und for sale
MACEY A HAMILTON.
CO.. OF PHILADELPHIA A COMPLETE
Nash vii. i.i:, Ti:nnessek.
No. 39, Market Street,
N as 1 1 v 1 1, i, 1:, t 1: x x 1: ssi: i:,
Wll'llfc-.llJt VP IlKFAIL I'MI t.11 IK
.Uriiirul, .Uisrrllitiirous ami Scliuol Ilimkii,
fetter, C'ai. .Ni'ws, Wrapping
ami other l'api'i;
ami a lAitt.K Aoiim:T or
Ink, Slates, Pencils and Stationery generally.
Ie !,.' If
WHITE'S (HI YlTTi FLIT ULTCfTOR
?i V, V 14 o o w s .
The Three Beauties,'1) Mr. Soi-rnwoimi, anthor
of the "list llcu ei-", c " This --is a picture of fifie,
in riiiners and scenery, in the viiuiiy Soulh," and la ouo
of the best of the .iiithorcaV works.
The Lost Daughter, by Mrs. Caroline Isr Henli
aulhr of 'l.tuda," ic. Uus is -ls.ine.l one of lh
fair aiithor-ss' best woiks, and ae a.'nv wilh tho
Cincinnati l.'azelle tint .inioni; American aulhora of
lietion llierem none more pleasmc and iu!-lriii-ljvcll!aii
The Belle of v"aEhmgton, ' y Mrs N- r. L"-
SKIl.K. Though a Wolk ol la tiou, liie neleT poltinved
in tins book are said lo be "not l.mev keleh'-. but a
true piriure of life in Washington , which can he eas
ily recognized by those familiar w t!i aoeiety iu the
The Two Apprentices, wtha lusi -ry -t ii ir U-
zy Tour; aud
Ihe Perils of certain English Prisoners, "d
their treasure in a otiian, children , silver aud jei-.n
I'xith "f these bok saru from tho proluic jh-u ol ('hath a
For sale by F. HAOAN,
luarl'.i-tf Market slrw-t.
klKKI'ATKICK, M:V1S & CO.,
Sceivinj, Forwarding.aa 1 Wholesale
3Iarket street. Xahville, Temi.
HA VK itow in store a Uu l'i' and complete uass.M'tuivtift
if t. r ce: i iiiliriii'iiii;
New Orleacs Sugars, "f !lfT.i;
HolaSSdS, barrels and half I ancle;
ClJee, iarpe and eoiupicle atis.k;
Kaisins, a full so ck, .ih
'lra, jtnillea, SurtIiii-, ;larr4
atawurlrtl, I'rrau, .larkrrrl;
T"e'"ther u tii Mil kind ol a. t.i s uu.k!!y kept ui the
llrm-ry line. Ourst'M-k "f
Krundlca, I lira, M lilk), Ar.,
We ihii.k cannot be aurjuKM-1 iii lii it any other
mark. I. To our heavy si k of j;lkU uew in atore wo
luvite tin nttet.t.ou ol (he tra.ie.
DOOKS AM) STATIO.XEKY.
"t-7K invite Ihe alu-utiou of Men hauta atid Tiadera
? j;ruerl!y to our lark-e stoca of
School Hooks and Stationery,
AT WHOLESALE AND SET AIL,
At pru-ea w hah cannot lad to plismse. Our alock of
la also Uri-e. and wewdl sell at very mWf
Teacher would do well lo examine
our stock. W e a ill niair sjt eul arra.irmer.U tovup
ply at hoola.
KT:VFNS4iV k ITAN. Aeeuts,
Ann '"A ly la.-t .-"ide Tabnc Square, Nashville
new" drug" store.
pm. i wtitav
A. a. iOHBt.
m:hSa noortu & co.,
WHOLESALE AUD EFTAIL DEALESS Cf
Ertis, Medirines, Cheml-
can, rain is, axnisaca. win,
Drv-stuSi, rushes of svll
kiadi, PerfuEterr, Faaey J
ticles. Fine Wines .ad Li
qnors, fjr Medical Purpos
es,) Fine Cigar aadT"bae-
co, Sootca ana J5.accs -jot
BioA. e- Ac., So, 21 Ceixr irjeet,
Nali ille, Trune!ier,
"ITT'ori-H lake tin. luethud of inforiuin their frwnda
t I ami lai' is-bis: eurrailT that lory are now r.
o ii ti:i at tiM ir .Ware, atca ot the IJuN k UuKTAR,
a Urge aad well aeaoibHl atialt uf the forrcouif aru
t lea, rmhracuit ever y Um. uauaily kept ui their luie.
alt ut whah were bohl I ma and new lu U eaaiora
cll eiprevaJy l.if Uw Naahrille trade.
ThuM who waul I'ura and I res a DrufS and Medi
cine, a dl h well ! ve llu-ia a c 11.
K. S frrat-riptaa lpal! aud accurately eona.
pounded al all hure hy cxpvi-fciioeU iTeacripuomaia.
U. C. McXAUW V CO.
mruvtn this iat by tU'Ktes,
. rv i0L iViudtt a.sl i.H.T-e;
1 !UU Id an hivnioa . Mirta, whita k ec4';
la urUttl aala, a.w atykea;
14 aa. alwaija da tVsae:
aa. New atyi. oulu Kbak, f"f aarly "prltif;
ftaaa t uOara aa4 ttssrvea, aw My lea;
Crapa IMkra aad hosevea, Uo ;
Hraakfaat ta, -;
tun taipea aad Brrthea, do.;
Ow Mr. McNairv at bow ra Uaa bsieri rttleat, aad wa
wui aa fWtiB Kew Cauda every lew ua)r aa. uig It a
tT.f a4 autaiil a call frvai oar frM-nD aad the
t t.n;. K- C. Mi-NAIkY CXA.
PTVT aa4 QCJkRT I'U&Xs tur Sals T