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PULASKI, TENIT., FEIDAY HOBNIHG, JAIJUAEY 12, 188G.
L ti li 11
HOW IS THE TIME
THE NEW VOLUME
The New Year!
The Citizen, will positively lo issued on Friday.
ho 5th inst., and regularly caeh week thereafter.
We invite our friend to call and get specimen cop
ies. It is tli- official paper of Giles county con
taining each woek, besides the commercial and mar
kot reports, Congressional, Legislative and miscella
neous news from all parts of the country a concise
and rcliablo report of oil local, County and State
news, together with the proceedings of Courts and
public meetings held in the county.
In sending out a prospectus for the Pulaski CUi
aen, we deem it useless to inflict upon tho pcoplo of
Giles county, who know ua so well, a lengthy and
unnecessary address, detailing its political status.
You aro all familiar with its career before tho war,
and aro well acquainted with our ideas of govern
ment and political economy, as anuounccd from
week to week beforo tho war. The CUizn will be
the some papej that it was then, so far as It can be
consistent with the now order of things. Of course
it will recognize tho death of slavery, aud accord to
tho late slaves all tho rightsand immunities which
their new situation entitles thein to. Believing it
to the interest of the white race as well as the black'
for friendly relations to exist between the two, wo
would exhort the former to bo generous aud liberal,
and the latter to bo patient, moral, industrious.and
provident to raise themselves by industry and ed
uation to a higher standard morally, socially and
intellectually. Let tho white men of the South
prove themselves the truest, best friend tho negro
has, arid then lot tho negro prove himself true to
the write mnn. Wo would not raise the negro to
a sociiflevel with tho white man. "Wo believe so
cial equality a humbug and an impossibility. Nor
would wo tako from them the mean of education,
and reform. Let them be educated if they can be,
and they at once know their true relation to tho
otLcr race. We will oppose negro suffrage, but un
der all tho circumstances as they exist in Tennessee,
wo believe it best that if? be admitted to tho civil
Courts to sue and bo sued, plead and bo impleaded.
We of course will not become tho organ of any
party, sect or individual, but ill take high, inde
pendent ground--r-Bdvocatiug that which seems to
us best for our conutry, lashing parties and parti
zans whenever they come in tho way. W e wero
not & partisan before the war, and our friends may
rest assured wo aro much less a partizan now. Our
object will bo to print a paper well filled with lite
rature, market and financial reports, interesting
miscellany and news from all parts of tho world
eschewing party and doing everything wo can for
the iutcrettof our town, county, State and country.
So far as President Johnson's administration has
developed his policy toward the seceded States and
towards tho lato rebtils, we will give him our cor
dial approval. If ho pursues to tho end tit course
Udieated by his recent acts and sayings, as wo un
derstand them, his administration will have been
just, generous and statesmanlike, and tho people of
America will accord to him the honor of bringing
order out of ehac-s, rcbtoring civil and religeous lib
erty to the country, crushing out tho germs of an
archy and confusion which had woll nigh ruined us,
and of restoring tho government to its original pu
rity. In contradistinction to the radical party who
neck to rule his administration for base party purpo
ses, tl e President has shown himself wise and good.
We commence the CULmn with a very small sub
scription list, and trust to tho future for an increase
of patronage. We request every friend of the en
terprise to aid us in getting up a large list at once.
Wo hope no ono will consider is services unneces
sary, but let every true friend take a prospectus,
(how it to tho country pcoplo and the town people,
and let every man subscribo. - Receive no namo
without the money.
Terms of Subscription.
Tour Dollar$ a Tea? inxariaHy in AJranee.
COME VP AND SUBSCKUjr AT ONCE.
Facts About Milk.
Cream cannot rise through a great depth
of milk. .If, therefore, milk is desired to
retain its cream for a time, it should be put
into a deep, narrow dish; and if it be de
sired to free it moet completely of cream,
it should be put into a broad shallow dish,
not much exceeding one inch in depth.
The evolving of cream is facilitated by a
rise, and retarded by. a fall of temperature
of the dairy 50 degrees fahrenbeit all
the cream will probably rise in 3G hours;
but at 70 degrees it will perhaps rise in
half that time, and when the milk is kept
near the freezing point, the cream will rise
very slowly, because it becomes solidified.
In wet And cold weather milk is less rich
than in dry and warm. The season has its
effects. The milk in spring is supposed to
be the best for drinking, and hence it would
be best for calves; iu summer it is best
suited for cheese, and in autumn, the butter
keeping better than that of summer, the
cows less frequently milked, give richer
milk, and consequently more butter. The
moiring's milk is richer than that of the
m i . Mi . V . , "
evening, xne last drawn mux, me "-strip
pings" at each milking, and at all times and
seasons, is richer than that first milked,
which is ever the poorest.
Magnificent Donation. One-of the
noblest and most judicious acta of liberality
and enterprise which has occurred in the
present era, is the loan by Adams Express
Company of 2,000,000 of its accumulated
capital to several of the Southern railroads,
to enable them to resume operations. The
New Orleans Picayune sayc, this company
by such donati ns, attests its great wisdom,
and establishes new claims to the support
and patronage of the people of theJ5oulh.
A like liberality upon the part Vf other
large capitalists who are interested in our
prosperity, would soon restore, nay, give
new and greater impulse to our progress
and prosperity, and make the South what
we believe it i3 destined in not many years
to become, the most flourishing portion ot
Of this wonderful business, so extensive
ly manufactured .in New York, it is said
that until quite recently, the art was scar
cely" practiced irT ihia country. What is
wanderful about it is, that
"A single grain of gold may'be beaten
with the hammer bo as to cover 6everty
five square inches, which would leave it
less than the 350,000th part of an inch in
thickness, or requiring more than a million
sheets to make a pilothree inches high.
This would be about the 1,200th part of
the thickness of common prinling-p3per,
and is owing to the extreme tenacity of
gold. A pound of gold m ay be drawn into,
a wire that would reach around the globe.
A silver wir, coated with the thinnest
wash of gold, may be drawn out to an in
definite exto it without breaking the coating
so much that a defect could be discovered,
even with a microscope, The gold which
i3 used for beating is very slightly alloyed
with silver and copper, unless the leaf is to
be exposed to the weather, when pure is
How to Clean Ribbons. A lady sends
us the following receipts for cleaning rib
bons, which she wishes piT vshed for the
benefit of those of LeTseFwho wish to try
a successful experiment, "as she has done
In these hard times all economical hints
are eiceptable: Wet tbe ribbon in alcohol
and fasten the end of ii to something firm;
hold the other end in your hand, keeping
the ribbon out straight and smooth; rub it
with a piece of castile soap until it looks
decidadly soapy; then rub hard with a
sponge, or, if much soile with the back
of a knife, keeping the ribbon dripping wet
with alcohol. When you have exhausted
your patience and think it must be clean,
rinse thoroughly iu alcohol, fold between
clothes, and iron with a hot iron. Don't
wring tbe ribbon; if you lo, it will geU
creases in it that you cannot get out. Ex.
Truth Stranger than Fiction.
The past history of the families of Louis
Napoleon and the Sultan of Turkey i3 full
of interesting and marvelous incidents, some
of which are probably not generally known
to our readers.
These two monarchs, a few years ago, so
cordially united in the struggle to maintain
the integrity of the Ottoman Empire, are
both descendants of American ladies; the
one a grandson, and the other a great
grandson. These ladies were born in the
same neighborhood, cn the Island of Mar
tinique, one wf the West Indies. They
were of French origin, aad companions and
intimate friends in childhood and youth.
They were Josephine de Tasoher and a Miss
S . The history cf Josephine is gener
ally known. She went to France, and was
married to M. de Beauharnais, by whom
she had one son, Eugene, and a daughter,
Kortense. Some time after the death of
T3eauharnais, Josephine was married to
Napoleon Bonaparte, and become Empress
of France. Her daughter, Hortence, wa3
married to Louis Bonaparte, then king of
Holand; and the present Emperor of France
is her son by this mari3ge.
But now for the romance of the affair.
Josephine's bosom friend quitted the island
of Martinique some time before she did.
But the vessel that was carrying her to
France was attacked and taken by Algierine
coisairs, and the crew and passengers made
prisoners, but the corsair ship was in turn
attacked and pillaged by Tunis pirates, and
Miss S. was carried by them to Constanti
nople, and offered for sale as a slave. Her
extraordinary beauty and accomplishments
found her a purchaser in tho Sultan him
self, and she soon became the chief lady in
his seraglio, and Sultaness of Turkey. Mah-
moud II., was her son; About Medjic was
the son of Mahmoud, and the present Sul
tan, Abdul Aziz Khan, ia the grandson of
Thus the two sovereigns who occupy so
large a space in the world's eye are de
scended from two American creole girls,
who were playmates in their youth, and as
remarkable for their beauty and excellent
dispositiors as for their varied and singu
lar fortunes. Both these women, iu the
height of their power, remembered the
friends of their youth, and provided mu
nificently for their welfare. Many of the
relatives of the Sultaness left the Island of
Martinique and settled at Constantinople,
where their descendants still reside, and
enjoy the favor of the Sultan.
The Sulianess died in 1811; the Em
press Josephine in 1014.
The London Times. It is stated that
this leading journal of the world circulates
more than 50,000 copies daily. It was
established January 1, 1785, by John Wal
ter; in 1803, his son, John "Walter, Jr.,
succeeded to the management; and ia 1837
he in turn was followed by his eon, John
Walter, the third, the present publisher.
The T'.mes has secured its immense influ
ence by literary merit, accuracy, and enter
prise, and chiefly by faithfully following,
instead of leading, public sentiment. It
yields its proprietors a net profit of about
$225,000 a year. When the secret last
leaked out, its editor was John Delane, who
was associated with Mowbray Morris, the
manager. Besides a host of reporters,
there are numerous departments, with a sub
editor at tho head of each.
Two Hundred Ysaks Hence. Scene
Parlor in the house of an tlerly gent in N.
York. -Old gent telegraphs to the kitchen,
and waiter ascends in a balloon,
y Old gent John, fly over to South Amer
ica, and tell Mr. Johnson that 1 will be hap
py to have him sup with me. Never mind
your coat; now, go. .
John leaves, and at the end of five min
John Mr. Johnson says he will come;
he has got to go to the norlhPole for a mo-
ment, and then he will be here.
Old Gent Very well, John. Now start
the machine for setting the table, and tele
graph to my wife's room, and tell her that
Mr. Johnson is coming. Then brush up
my balloon, for I have an engagement in
London at 12 o'clock.
The Host Consistent and Earnest Peace
The most consistent and earnest peace
makers, the most sincere and efficient re
constructionists, are the relumed soldiers
of the great armies of the North and South,
now at home, but lately engaged in taking
one another's lives. These men know the
value of peace, and appreciate the blessings
of civil government. They-have no malig
nity to gratify, and with that frank and
manly honor, which the profession of arms
inspires, they are above the mean trickery
of politics, and care not a fig for the crack
of party whips, or the threats of party
whippersin. With that greatness of soul
and magnanimity, which aro a soldier's
characteristic attributes, with that good
sense and sound experience, which the war
ud their travels have improved and enlarg
ed, they contemplate the great political
questions of the day with minds imbued
with charity and unbiased by party preju
dices and affiliations. In the presence of
the cool judgment and calm valor of the
veterans, the contemptible machinery of
demagogues, and the clap-trap of selfish
politicians will be dirt cheap, and lament
ably unavailing. The soldiers know what
patriotism is, and who the patriots are, and
they have no mean and cowardly revenge
to take upon a vanquished foe. The sol
diers of the late Northern and Southern
armies respect and like each other, because
they have fought like men; and they are
more ready to trust and honor a recent
antagonist on the battle-field, than they are
one-half of the mousing politicians So lb
or North. Exchange.
Died on the night of the 6th inst., at the
residence of Mr. A. L. Crow, Gen'l. Scott
Crow, the oldest dog in the county. Aged
about 17 years. Well known to all the
sportsmen in and about Pulaski. lie was
honored with a decent burial.
"THE CONQUERED BANNER."
The following poem one of tho best in the
language was written by " Monia," a correspon
dent of tho New York IreemarCt Journal.
Furl that Banner! for 'tis weary,
'Round its staff His drooping dreary ;
Furl it, fold it, it is best ;
For there's not a man to wave it,
And there' not a sword to save it,
And there's not one left to lave it
In the blood which heroeB gave it;
And its foes now scorn and brave it ;
Furl it, hido it, let it rest.
Take thatBanner down ! tis tattered ;
Erokenis itsTstaff and shattered,
And the valiant hosts are scattered,
O'er whom it floated high.
Oh ! 'tis hard for us to fold it ;
Hard to think there's none to hold it ;
Hard that those who once unrolled it
Now must furl it with a 6igh.
Furl that Banner ! furl it sadly ;
Once ten thousands hailed it gladly,
And ten thousands wildly, madly,
Swore it would forever wave
Swore that foemen's sword could never
Hearts like theirs entwined dissever,
'Till that flag would float forever
O'er their freedom or their grave.
Furl it ! for the hands that grasped it,
And the hearts that fondly clapped it.
Cold and dead are lying low ;
And that Banner, it is trailing,
While around it sounds tho wailing
Of its people in their woe,
For, though conquered, they adore it.
Low the cold dead hands that bore it,
Weep for those who fell before it ;
Pardon those who trailed and tore it.
And oh ! wildly, they deplore it,
Now to furl and fold it bo.
Furl that Banner! true 'tis gory,
Yet 'tis wreathed nronnd with glory,
And 'twill live in song and story,
Though its folds are in the dust ;
. For its'famo on brightest pages,
Penned by poets and by sages,
Shall go sounding down through ages
Furl its folds, though now we must.
Furl that Banner! softly, slowly;
Treat it gently it is holy
.For it droops above the dead.
Touch it not unfold it "never,
Let it droop there, juried forever, j
For its people's hopet are dead.
ASHES OF GLORY.
ET A. 1. BEQUIKB.
Fold up the gorgeous silken sun,
By bleeding martyrs blest,
- And keep the laurels it has won
Above its place of rest.
No trumpet's note need harshly blaie
No drum funeral roll
Nor trailing sables drape the bier
That frees a dauntless soul I
It lived with Lee, and decked his brow
From Tate's empyral Falm :
It sleeps the sleep of Jackson now
As spotless and as calm.
It was outnumbered not outdone ;
And they shall shuddering tell,
Who struck the blow, its lstestun
Flashed ruin as it fell.
biecp, shrouded Ensign nt the brcezo
That smote the victor tf.r,
With death across the heaving seas
Of fiery Trafalgar:
Not Arthur's knightfmid the gloom
f Their knightly deeds have starred ;
Nor Gallia Henry's matchless plume,
Nor peerless-born Bayard !
Not all that antique fables feign,
And Orient dreams disgorge;
Not yet, theSilvcr Cross of Spain,
And "Lion of St. George,
Can bid thee pale ! Trond emblem, still,
Thy crimson glory shines
Beyond the lengthened shades that fill
Their jroudest lingly lines
Sleep ! iu thina own historic night,
And by thy blazoned scroll :
A. tcarior't tanner talez it flight
To greet a warrior1 soul !
Hon. Henry Clay Dean, of low, in a
speech delivered at Hackensack, New Jer
sey, a few days ago, paid the following
tribute to Virginians :
'I dare speak one kind word for the op
pressed in the very teeth of the oppressor.
Since Adam took possession of Eden, no
part of his heritage has given to man such
an hundred years of history as that of Vir
ginia, beginning with the public life of
George Washington, and ending with the.
surrender of the armies of General Robert
E. Lee. The great orator, Patrick Henry,
whose spirit lighted up the great Revolu
tion, and whose mild, sweet voice called
armies up the valleys and down from the
mountains to defend New York, New Jersey
and Massachusetts from the invader's hoof,
was a Virginian; George Washington, who
led those armies, wa3 a Virginian; Thomas
Jefferson, whose great soul encompassed
the world and lifted its light upon a be
nighted age to teach it liberty, was a Vir
ginian; James Madison, who invironed our
rights by a flame of living fire, which the
most illustrious periods in the past and
present century preserved unharmed, all
that was sacred in life and precious in hope
the Constitution of the United States
was a Tirginian; John Marshall, whose lu
minous mind, guided by immutable justice,
gave being to a most profound and compre
hensive judiciary the bulwarks of Ameri
can institutions, tbe marvel of mankind
was a Virginian; Henry Clay, whose com
manding majesty of soul drew after him,
whithersoever he went, one full half of the
whole moral and intellectual power of
America, who did obeisance to his name.
was a Virginian; the Lees Richard Henry,
Arthur, Francis Lightfoot, Light-Horse
Harry, and hisUustrious son, Robert E.
Lee were Virginians; Thomas Jonathan
Jackson, the great military genius of the
Western Hemisphere, born on my own na
tive Monongahela, was a Virginian. The
courts, and legislatures, and forums and
pulpits of every State in the Union, and
every government on the continent, have
been adorned by Virginians. Their blood,
shed in noble defense of liberty, has fatten
ed every valley, and their bones have
bleached on every mountain from Bunker
Hill to the City of Mexico.
GIVES HIII UP.
Our good friend John Bull, who spent
some thirty -five millions of dollars, thirty
years ago, or thereabouts, to try the ex
periment of getting the African to govern
himself, and become a civilized, Christian
creature, has about come to (he conclusion
that it was a bad investment. The events
now and recently in progress in the once
pet and petted colony of Jamaica, have
opened tbe old gentleman'a eyes and bence
we have such powerful organs of British
public opinion as the London Times, as in a
fit of disgust, declaring now that
" The atrocities that have been commit
ted in the island remind one of the Sepoy
mutiny, and prove thai, despite all possi
ble advantages, it is impossible to eradicate
the original savagenea3 of the Afiican
It may be that the fallen fortunes of the
island will fall still lower now that it is
known that not even thirty yenrs of
freedom and full political rights are capable
of giving the Jamaica negro the instincts
of civilized man. That he was incorrigibly
idle was known by experience, since it baa
been necessary to bring coolies half round
the globe to do the work which he refused,
but it might have been hoped that he had
lost the worst instincts of the race, and the
attrochie8 of St. Domingo would not be re
peated in free and evangelized Jamaica.
The lesson comes at an important time, aud
Ehows how cautious the American States
should be in dealing with their great popu
lation of Africans. Though we should be
sorry to see this event made use of as an
argument against giving the colored man
due political rights, and even the suffrage,
on such conditions as well devised property
qualification would impose, yet we are con
vinced that it is for the benefit both of the
white man and the negro, that the latter
should remain essentially under the tute
lage of the former. It is the character of
the race, that though individuals show
considerable ability, and are capable of at
taining to position which should give them
the full rights of citizenship, yet the mass
remains very low, both intellectually and
morally. Two or three generations hence
instruction and increased civilization may
have msde a change, but every age legis
lates for its own wants and according to its
own c ji7relinces; and it sfivnsto us that
the bee, 'rtcj for any people who have
to deal with the black race is to keep a
gtJ'oTigband over them."
J ..Ihisis, substantially, giving the negro
Now that Mr. Johnson has declared open
war against the Radical programme, we
hope that he will push hostilities with all
the 'energy and decision of his character.
He will have to encounter a bitter and ac
tive opposition. No effort will be spared to
thwart, annoy and weaken hi3 Administra
tion. Mr. Sumner's prompt and vindictive
attack: when the Message was read in the
Senate, exhibits tho nature of the antagon
ism tl at he must confront, and is the pre
lude of the gathering etorm. Popular senti
ment' will support the President, and all
the more earnestly if he meets the issue
unflinchingly and proves himself equal to
the emergency. The radicals have had
just rope enough to hang themselves with,
and Mr. Stevens has adjusted the noose
himself and kicked away the prop. A
brief struggle, a spasm or so, the convul
sion of the dying agony, and Radicalism
will have ceased to exist to disturb the
harmonies of republicanism. Jicquiescalin
- Sherman and Jo. Johnston.
The Memphis Bulletin eays: "For the
first time since the deposition by Jefferson
Davis, Joseph E. Johnston met General
Sherman evening before last at the Gayoso
House. It is needless to say that the greet
ing of these soldiers was kindly and cordial.
Hundreds of citizens called on these two
Generate whose genius lends brightest lus
tre to the annals of fratricidal war. By
' them the arts of offensive and defensive
campaigns were exhausted. Through all
future time, those who would excel, in do
ing mischief to mankind, will study each
day's atory of that ninety days of battle
from Daltoo to Atlanta. No two comman
ders were ever more tireless aud sleepless.
If Sherman always moved to the right place,
Johnson never did to the wronjr one. And
when a long line of earthworks was aband
oned, extending twenty or thirty mile"
cross the country, and all corps andr
ions moved inwardly to a common hiu'1
as each passed the point of icterseclion ol
routes, another fell in behind with the pre
cision of clock work. Humbold's head was
never 60 full of maps as Johnston's of charts
of northern Georgia.
Would that euch men may never agtjn
have occasion to exercise matchless skill in
winning glory at tbe cost of human anguish.
yet, whili mankind have wars, warriors
must be pre-eminently great. More than
this, unless American statesmanship rise to
the standard of excellence which it lost with
Clay, WebsUrand Calhoun, the very globe
may soon tremble beneath the tread of arm
ed men, and woes of the late war may be
trifling as tears of childhood, compared with
that convulsiveagony of soul which unmans
Gen Sherman, in external appearance an
unassuming plain citizen, has been in the
city several days, lie left last evening for
St. Louis, at the same hour with General
Johnson, for Cincinnati. '
Both these gentlemen are vigorous and
active. Johnston, when his robust appear
ance was referred to, said he had more than
his share of vigor. He wore a citizen's suit
of plain black, and singularly enough, a hat
with narrow brim and round top. He is
therefore thoroughly 'reconstructed.' De
spite all this, he is brusque, quick, decisive
in all he says and does. The old soldier
still crops out. Easy, polished and suave
in manner, he won the legqrd of all who ap
proached him. His room in the Hotel was
next that of Gen. Sherman. If flank move
ments were neither executed or evaded at
the Gayoso, in dreams or in fact, wo 6hall
never more have faith in that human manr
netic sympathy which evokes the wonders
Georgia and Tennessee.
Tho Legislature of Georgia has passed a
bill regulating the reception of testimony of
freedmen, It makes free persons of color
competent witnesses to civil ca6es where
like persons are dependent, and in criminal
cases where the offence is against the per
sons or property of freedmen. It provides
also that where freedmen are plaintiff and
defendant, they may make and file any affi
davit now allowed to citizens, which shall
have the same force as if they were whites.
The joint resolution was adopted unani
mously, to the effect that the President has
been magnanimous toward the people of
Can anybody tell us why the radical leg- -"t
islature of Tennessee refuses to pass such 1
bills and resolutions, unless it is that they ij
hope by refueing, to keep the State in seem- f .
ing hostility to the general government, and
thereby secure the displeasurjet Prf '
ident toward her once rebeloo3 popyi
Are not these deserters from the ref ;
who pretend to be representaiij;
people, but who nevertact any cohLu
among the peopIe.-Teally trying to Uo ahv
harm they can to the interests of the peopl
It positively requires all the energy, indus-
try and caution possessed by the coneerv-
atives to hold the radical in check, and
they uarenot introduce a sensible bill before
tho body. It is pounced upon with theje
rocily of wild beasts by the deserters befor
alluded to. 1
Dr. Ordway, our genial representative)
preserves his equanimity with much r" '
becoming grace than we ever imagine
could do in tho tniJst of such an nn
The Southern Trade.
A 1JQ A. VI m JLd jtoa cava llio pi J I CSS
of the Southern trade since the suspension "V,
of the rebellion attracts attention. In cot- .
ton, Bome eleven hundred thousand bales
have been delivered at Northern aad West
ern porta and towns, and at the estimated ,
value of 8400000,000. Most of this has 'i
been paid for in money, which is at this
time being applied to the development o
the industry ot the South. Mobile, N'
Orleans. Memphis, Nashville, Savant.
Richmond and Wilmingi.on, ae growir
wonderfully. At Savannah, where, before v
the war, there wero but two or three steam- ;
boats running to New York, there now are i
five lines of steamships, or fourteen first-
class steamships in ail. There ia, also a
lins between Savaua and Philadelphia and
Boston direct, and two to Liverpool, willy"
two lines of boals with Charleston, tw
with Florida, and between Savannah an
Augusta there are four boals in all sixt
Jauss McCormick, who was undou;
edly the oldest man in this country, d?
in the State of New York on the llrh insk-.,
sged one hundred and fourteen years, three
mouths and five days. His invariable an
swer to the queeiion what ho thought mcie
than anything else caused him to live e
loDg was, temperance, exercise, plain food,
regular roeale, and rejulir Lours in goiug
i to bed and galling up.