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title: 'The Pulaski citizen. (Pulaski, Tenn.) 1866-current, August 03, 1866, Image 1',
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PULASKI, TENNESSEE, FRiDAf JMURNING, AUGUST 3, 1S66,
l t i
s. x. wiLto.-i, u. a. OAKTtn, n. m. james.
T7HS0IT, CARTER & CO.,
COTTON FACTORS, . v.
AXD WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEKB IN
Groceries & Plantation Supplies,
No. 10t MAIN STIIEKT,
Corner Washington, jane 1J memphix, tenx.
Corner Cedarand Cherry Streets,
J. G. FULGHUM, Proprietor,
Formerly of 23 North Summer St.,
J. G. WILSOV, Clerk.
This Hotel has been lately refitted and newly fur
nished. The proprietor di hires a liberal patronage
of the traveling public. may lS-Cm
OQce in Court-house next to Pest Office,
WILL. PltACTICi: L A w
in Chancery ami Circuit courts of Giles. He will
Attend to the Collection of Claims
gain t the U. S. for Bounty, l'erwion, Back Pay,
or claims for property and charge m thing in euch
xintil tfe iiumtif in collected.
SOLOIST VI. HOSE,
Attorney & Counsellor at Law,
Office in the Bonth-west Corner of the Court House,
In the Courts of Giles and ndjouning counties, reh2
AMOS R. RICHARDSON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Will practice in Giles and adjoining counties.
Office in the Court House. janlOtf
T. M. N. JONES,
.A ttoriioy ctt Law,
Will Practice in Giles and the Adjoining Counties.
O HT1 IB1 1 C IE3 ,
West eide Public Square, Up-stairs, over the Store
of May, Uordcn Mar, next door to the Tennessee
House. jn 12, 2n
P. G. STIVER PERKINS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Will Practice in Giles and the adjoining counties-
In North end of the Tennessee House, we.it ide
ot'tho public square. jan 12-tf
iSO. C. BROWS. 'AS- a'clUltf.
BROWN & McCALLUM,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OFFICE The one formerly occupied by Walker
Jan 5, tf
WALLACE RCTLKnOK. H. R. REED.
RUTLEDGE & REED,
Attorneys and Councellorg At Law,
1U LASKI, T I NN ESS EE,
X7ILL prnctico in the Courts of Giles, Marshall,
VV Mai:rv and Lawrence. Partii ular attention
(riven to the collection of claims.
Public Square, Up stairs.
Olhce s.e. corner
Jan 5, ly.
Watch Maker & Jeweller,
ALL kinds of Ifnpniring in Watches or Jewelry
done promptly , anil satisfaction warranted.
Shop at Mn?on Ezell's Store, feb H tf
M. D. Le MOINE,
fflc; No. 1 1, Cherry St., near Church,
1 O. Box 37". Jan 1 ''- Cm
r. ii. L7.i:ll,
Ezell & Edmundson,
East Side Public Square, Pulaski, Tenn.
Keep constantly on hand a full and assorted
STOCK OK GOODS,
Embracing a great variety,
ALL ol which they offer at h v prices especially
their elegant stock of
Heady ."Made. Clothing.
AH kinds of Barter, all kinds of money, premium
and uncurrent, taken at their market value,
! J- r. grant.
IK. C. O. ABERNATIIT.
DRS. GRANT & ABERNATHY.
HAVING associated themselves in the practico of
Medicine mid Surgery, respectfully tender their
flcrvioe-s to the peoplv of Giles and the adjoining
counties; and hope by htrict attention to business
to merit a liberal share of public patronag3.
Special Attention Given to Surscry.
Having had ample experience in the Army during
the war, and being supplied with all the appliance
necopsary, they fwl fully prepared tn treat ail cases
.entrusted to their care."
l-J7"Vffv near Suuth-uw-t Crmr Pull it Square.
jan S-6:n .
ALEX. HOOKER, CAL. BOOKER.
ALEX and CALVIN. Knights of the art Tonsorial,
invito thu vounfr. the old. the-gay, the grave, the
tliit of Pulaski, to call on them at their new
North side Public square, fit the striped pole.
L. W. McCOllD,
!Hoolc ii nd JdVj 3?riiiter,
aoi'Tii r.Air coknsr rrnnic pqtake rr -tairs,
(1S!( r"tidr.J It 'l .!'!-worr". "o Job '.'in Ns
J !' i . m ' i.rfd pf.nl for
Fashion and Fashions.
We have for some time desired to Bay a
few words on fashion and fashions; and
perhaps we shall find no better time to dis
burden our mind than the present. If we
should accidentally drop any bint worthy
of notice, the Convention is now in session,
and, we doubt not, from the facility with
which they receive and refer to the proper
committee suggestions upon all other con
ceivable subjects, will be able appropriately
to dispose of this.
Fashion, if we rightly comprehend it, is
a law established by some arbitrary authori
ty, either self-constituted or universally ad
mitted to be supreme, which undertakes to
regulate the modes and forms of dress and
manners of all persons who aspire to be
considered as belonging to "good society."
Fashions are "the modes and forms of
dress and manners" prescribed by that ar
bitrary authority, and exclusively adopted
by those who submit themselves thereto.
It is rebellion against the authority of
fashion to depart in any particular from the
fashions; aad no excuses on account of
health, incompatibility of form, color or fea
tures, are understood to be any extenuation
of the offence; but the individual so offend
ing is forthwith excluded from that mysteri
ous association, called "good society."
In Tenn., however, this despotic rule is
exercised almost exclusively upon" the gjnt
ler sex; and in regard to both dress and
manners, the men generally seem to actupon
the rule that prevailed among the Jews at
the time when there was no king in Israel,
when "every man did that which was right
in his own eyes;" and, accordingly, the
styles and forms of male attire are such as
would drive the prime ministers of that
arbitrary monarch, fashion, fairly crazy, if
compelled to see and tolerate such barbar
isms R3 are daily enacted all over Texas
without a blush.
It is, then, upon the better half of our
people that thi3 inexorable despotism exer
cises its grinding influence.
"And pray, Mr. old fogie Editor," we
think we hear from the Sabine to the Rio
Grande, "if it concerns us alone, why do
you meddle with what don't concern you?"
Sit down, dears, and don't all speak at once;
let the old fogie say out his say.
Where does this law originate? In other
words, whence do you derive your fashions?
From Frank Leslie and Harper, in New
York, or Godey in Philadelphia? Whence
do they derive them? From the court of
London, the court of Paris? Do the Queen
of Great Britain and the Empress of France
establish the law? And will you, every
one of you being equally a sovereign, suf
fer them to control your choice of a shoe
tie or a breast knot? to dictate that you
shall wear kid slippers in wet weather and
match a brunette complexion wiih a dark
dre6S, because such things are the fashion?
Or hang to the back of your heads, a thing,
composed of you know not what, and to
worship which, would be no violation of
the second commandment, seeing it is like
unto nothing that is "in Heaven above, nor
in the earth beneath, nor in the waters un
der the earth," though it is called a water
fall? But this Old Fogie doubts very much
whether most of these things called fash
ions, have so respectable an origin. To our
mind, they smack unmistakably of Shoddy
and are redolent of Codfish.
We have been observing you, fair read
ers, for more years than is particularly
necessary to be here 6et down, and the re
sult of our observation is, that she who
follows her own pure, simple taste, with a
knowledge of the requirments of her own
figure and comple'xion, will dress hetself
in such manner, 'that, though she may
commit terrible solecisms in fashion, every
eye that sees her will be gratified, and rest
with pleasure upon her general appearance;
and we may add (not that you care any
thing about it: oh, by no means!) that to
the greater half of creation, a lady so adorn
ed is more, a thousand fold more attractive,
than the butterflies of fashion, though ar-
rayed as Solomon in
all his glory
A Richmond paper thinks there should
bo a new Cabinet officer called the Secre
tary of the Exterior, and appointed from
The new work on the Mormons gives the
The internal arrangement of affairs at the
harem is very similar to that of a young
ladies' boarding-school. Each woman hav
inf her own room, her affairs are all cen
tered there. The culinary department is
under control of such of the wives as Brig
ham from time to time appoints. She is
the stewardess, and carries the keys. A
cook is employed generally a man and
several servants besides, who are all under
the control of the stewardess.
When the meals are prepared and ready
the bell rings, and each woman, with her
children, if 6he has any, files down to the
dining-table, and is seated as before stated.
Each, on rising, has her children to at
tend to, and get ready for breakfast; this
over, ehe commences the business of the
day, arranges her rooms and sit3 down to
her sewing ar other work, as the case may
A sewing machine is brought into requi
sition, and one of the number appointed to
use it. For the benefit of those who want
a sewing machine, it may be well to state
bow this was procured.
One day a man from St. Louis came to
offer one for sale, 6tating that his price was
ninety dollars. Brigham bought it, pro
mising to pay the man whenever he should
call. The man being poor, called in a few
days. He did cot get his pay. He called
again a number of times, -with the 6ame re
sult. One of the wives became quite indig
nant, and said: "If I was in his place I
would never ask it from one so high in the
priesthood. He had better give it to him
than ask pay of him." The poor man nev
er received his money, as soon as he could
get the means, left the territory. This is
the manner in which the Prophet becomes
possessed of much of his property.
Most of the women spin and make their
every-day clothing, doing their own color
ing. They are quite proud of the quantity
of cloth manufactured in their establish
ment every year. All work hard, and take '
but very little out-of-door exercise. At
parties and theatres Brigham and one or
two of the favored wives sit together in the
"King's box," but the remainder of the
woman and the children sit in what is call
ed "Brigham's corral." This is in the
parquette, about the centre of the area.
The Prophet goes down once or twice during
the evening to the corral, and chats for a
few moments with one and another, but in
a short time he can be seen beside his "dear
At the Mormon parties much gaiety pre
vails. Appearances are maintained, some
what, by paying more respectful deference
to the first wives on such occasions. Gen
tiles, with whom the saints are on good
terms, are well received and kindly enter
tained at these parties, and all join in giv
ing themselves up to the influences of mirth
and festivity. Dancing is not only a favor
ite amusement, it is more; it is cultivated
to such an extent that it becomes a passion.
Brio-ham's women, thoujrh better clothed
than formerly, still work very hard. They
are infatuated to their religion and devoted
to their husbands. If they cannot obtain
his love, they content themselves with his
kindness, and endeavor to think themselves
happy. As religion is their only solace,
they seem to make it their only object. If
it does not elevate their minds, it deadens
their susceptibilities; and as they are not
permitted to be women, they try to con
vince themselves th3t it is God's will they
should b3 slaves.
A music-master, a dancing-master and a
teacher of the ordinary branches of the
English education are employed in the fami
ly school. Also a teacher of French . Hi3
children have much better advantages than
any other in the territory. Dancing and
music are the leading accomplishments, and
everything else is made subordinate to
How to Make Good Butter.
A lady experienced in making butter,
6ays: Before I go to milk, I put a kettle,
say one third full of water, and large enough
to let the milk pail into it, on the stove,
where it will get boiling hot by the time I
come in with the milk. I then strain the
milk into another vessel, and wash the pail,
which should always be of tin, and then
pour the milk back into the pail, and set it
into the kettle of boiling water till the milk
becomes scalding hot, taking care not to let
it boil; then pour it into pans, and set it
away in the cellar for the cream to rise in
usual way. Cream produced in this way
will seldom require more than twenty
minutes to churn, while by common prac
tice the dairy maid may often churn for
hours, and then, perhaps, have to throw it
away, as 1 did before I became acquainted
with the Russian plan, the essential features
of which I have adopted in my present
mode, as given above. The method is ap
plicable to all seasons summer as well as
Insect Life. A peculiar poetic pen
furnishes the following funny fancy:
Insects must generally lead a joyful life.
Think what it must be to lodge in a lilly.
Imagine a palace of ivory or pearl. With
pillars of 6ilver and capitate of gold, all ex
haling 6uch perfume as never arose from a
censor.. Fancy again the fun of tucking
yourself up for the night in the folds of a
rose, rocked to sleep by the gentle sighs of
the 6urauer air, and nothinsr to do when
you wake up but to wash yourself in dew
drops and fall to and eat your bed clothes.
The following notice was very recently
found posted on a tree, having been put
there by some old curmudgeon who was too
mean to lake a paper or to advertise:
"Lost a red Caf. had A whit Spot on
1 -of Her legs. be was a She caf. i will
Gir 3 dollers to evri Bodi that brings him
Wiit is President Johnson like a poet?
Because he caa "wake toecstacy the living
Ea "by Talk.
Where's ze baby, oiess its "art,
; Muzzer's 'ittle darley boy,
Tume and time into its tart,
Suck its 'ittle Bugar toy.
Now we'll take it ridy widdy,
Dearest, preshus, birdy, honey,
Ma won't let it slidy idy",
i . Cause 'twould 'urt her 'ittle sonny.
Oh. you pitty sugar plummy!
f Does it want its story talky?
, So it gall; you ducky tummy.
Let its muzzy see it waiky.
My! -what ails its twetest monfy ?
" Mama faid its going to ky,
Only see its lippeys pouty
. Ilushey, darley rocky bye.
Does the cabbage mama eaty
Make its 'ittle tummy ache?
Ia its 'ittle eyes so seepy,
Ilickup keep it wide awake?
l Does it want to pee its daddy?
' So It sail in a little while;
See it trow its tinny paddy,
What does ail ze blessed chile?
Ugh ! you naughty pin, go way !
Ilushey, deary, go to seep,
Mamma by her baby stay,
Uggy fies from baby keep.
A jewel of a little girl
Onelucious summer night
The angels dropped, by chance I gues?,
Into a nest of white,
Baptized from dainty head to heart
In heaven's transcendent light.
What could they name so fair a thing
If 'twere not Little Pearl?
Her hair was like a mist of gold,
Each little line a curl,
One watched unconsciously to see
Two hidden wings unfurl.
From the La Crosse (Wis.) Democrat.
How New England Rules the Country.
The West, her Hewers of Wood and Draw
ers of Water.
Readers tax-payers working men!
Come with us a few moments. Do you
see that map of the country hanging against
the wall over yonder? Let us step closer
and look at it. Trace the water mark. The
ocean line with us from the Bay of Funday,
down by Cape Cod, Cape May, Cape Hat
teras. Cape Fear, Cape Florida, Mobile
Bay, Corpus Christi Bay, thence over to
Cape San Lucas, thence up the Pacific
coast to Victoria, and then across the coun
try to the pine points of Maine, Michigan,
Pennsylvania, Minnesota and Texas the
rocky hills of New England the coal-beds
of the Keystone State the rich farms of
New York and New Jersey the plantations
of the Sou'h the broad prairies of the
West the golden gulches of California
the quartz mountains of Nevada, Montana,
Idaho, tt.o., the Eastern, Western, North
ern and Southern States, all belonging to
the Union to you, the sovereigns.
And do you realize, traitors, that all this
country is controlled by the devil of New
England radicalism, New England aristo
cracy, New England protection, New Eng
land Puritanism, New England narrow
mindedness, and New England bondocracy
Let us see.
Way up there is a little point of land. It
is where the witch-burning, psalm-singing
Puritans lrnded, and whipped people for
kissino- their wives on the Sabbath, and
where men are taught to mind the business
of other people, and to 6kin everything from
eels to gun-flints. Let us lake these six
New England States and see what they
amount to, in area, population, and voice
Maino .31,766 623,274
New Hampshire 9,2SO C2t,072
Vermont ..10,212 815,116
Massachusetts 7;S00 1,231 ,003
Khode Island l,3fQ 174,621
Connecticut 4,074 400,151
This portion of our Union is represented
in Congress by twelve Senators and twenty
Now, look over there toward the setting
sun, yet not half way to the Pacific! There
are six Slates. Let us figure a little. Take
your pencil and set down
Area sq. ni
Indiana . ,
Hardly a State of the six last named but
is equal in size to all of New England, while
one is a third larger. And the population
is nearly double.
In view of the fact that since the the cen
sus was taken from which we glean the
above figures, the New England Slates have
fallen off twelve per cent., and the six West
ern ones have increased over thirty per
cent., it is safe to say we more than double
them iu population, as we beat them five
times and over in extent.
And all this tract of country, an empire
of itself, has but the 6ame representation
with forty-five representatives in the House.
Now let us sit down on this log by the
forge on your &boe, tailor or carpenter's
bench; let us lean on this hoe-bandle, rest
on this pick-ax; on this plow-beam, or
wherever we are, and see what a difference
there is between the West aad the East, and
see if we owe the East our very blood, as
When the late rebellion began, the West
went into the war, fighting her real friends
to aid her real enemies. It was New Eng
land intolerence, bigotry, abolition and envy
which brought the rebellion upon us. We
were living in peace prosperous and hap
py. The South was driven to the wall
the South rebelled Western men who
loved the Union New England hated, fought
their best friends and proved the suprema
cy of our flag.
The war is over. The armies are dis
banded, and still New England intolerance,
vengeance and spite, war upon subdued
people, and upon the Constitution she
Nev.vEngland nabobs hold United States
bonds, by a New England controlled Con
gress exempt from taxation.
New England dares not have the South
back in the Union, for the votes of that
section will justly be against her narrow
minded protective interests.
New England abolitionists have set the
negro free, and make you and I not only
support the freedmen, but the bond-holder
who 6its and receives his interest, the whole
exempt from taxation.
New England wants her manufacturing
interest protected. She wants the burden
of taxation to fall upon the consumers of her
industry, and to rise to power and wealth
on the labor of the poorer classes, who in
the thirty other States of the Ucion pur
chase of her.
The East is built up. It is fiuished.
Her schools, roads, churches, j-iils, prisons,
poor-houses, asylums, &c, are erected.
Much of this work is yet to be bone in the
West. While we in the West are at work,
New England bond-bolders are riding in
their easy carriages, sitting iu the 6hade,
revelling in wine dinners, sporting in creek
and jungles, their wealth secured, aad in
United States bonds, by a New England
controlled Congress exempted from taxa
tion, we have a country yet to improve.
We have roads, school-houses, asylums,
churches, towns and cities yet to build.
We have the expense of Government to
pay. We have millions of dollars a year to
pav to the rich, lazy bond-holders who are
by the Government protected in their lazi
ness, while we are by the same Govern
ment ground still deeper into the earh on
account of our poverty.
Why this favoritism? Is this the reward
given the West for forsaking her business;
for fighting her best friends; for spilling
rivers of blood?
We did not restore the Union, for New
England says the Union is not restored!
We did not benefit the negro, for be is
worse off to-day under the drippings of this
New England mercy than uuder the care
of his former master.
We did not better ourselves by the war.
We did not soften the hearts of the
But we did this, Western men. We
made fools of ourselves. We fought our
true fiiends to help our worst enemies.
We piled up a mountain of debt, astride
of which sit thousands of New England
bond holders, and we have got to bend our
backs to the load, while they crack the
whip over us the poor white trash of the
May God in His goodness hasten the
day when the people will open their eyes
and look at the greatness of the misery in
store for us a3 a nation, and give us men
bold enough to lead the way to peace and
Letter from a "Disbanded Fenian."
From the St. Louis Eepublican.
St. Louis City, Siilberbs, June 9.
Mr Editor Mavorneen, it's niesilf that
feels imposed upou and used up intirely.
It's not in the heart of a man to traverse
the earth for eight and twenty years with
out sarious misfortune, to be kicked to death
by a jackars at and nivtr complain of it.
Bad luck to the man that persuaded me
with his blarney from my precious ould
home, with lots o' good liviogand lashuns
o' whiskey, to shoot a' Canucks in the big
British sheep pasture up North o' the lakes.
Bad luck to him, I say, and if I live a hun
dred years I wont risk my life wid such
You see, ver mightiness, the case was in
this wise. About four years ago Michael
O'FUherty, that'9 the son of our ould
Misther O'Fla herty, and "Mike" we used
to call him when he wa3 a mere fpeck of a
darlint, from the bags o' Ballyragget, he
comes to me, and says he, "Fennegan, do
you want to join the Faynians?" "What's
that?" said I. "A great military organi
zation," says he. "Does it fight for the
stars and stripes and aiyle of liberty?" say
I. ''The divil a bit," says he. Thin it
was that he put the tip of his forefinger to
the point of his nose and winked with both
eyes wide open till I thought he meant
something to destroy the Guvernment, the
best the sun ever 6hone on, for sure I once
heard a man say to in aspache. Myblod
oommenced a rollin' and a jumpin Dd I
'bought of dear "Id Erin far out in the sea.
So, to punish him for insultio ne, 1 tossed
shamrock at his head, and I before he re
members it. The shamrock was a brick,
After a while Tim comes to rae again,
and tells me the Faynians is a body of men
who are going to flog the British, and re
lease ould Ireland from tyranical rule. I
was glad of that, and I touhi him I'd join
on that very evening. Then we shook
hands and look a smile, O'FIaherty ami
That very night I went into the Fayian
tooth and toe-nails and all my ould clothes.
Night and day we drilled and worked to
learn how to shoot down the inemy. The
officers drilled us, and the speakers bored
us, and we all felt merry, fcr they said we
would take Canada, and thin blessed ould
Ireland would be free once again.
Och, Mavonrneen, wasn't I gallant?
I drilled till I thought of fatiguo I would fall.
I sphent a whole week in the ranks with a ratMlret,
Larr.in' a step for the Canada hall.
That's what I used to sing, and a short
time ago, when two thousand of us (barrin
tin eighteen hundred who had to turn back
for to saw 6ome wood before they could
go,) started for the Canada border, which
is a very troublesome piece of American
embroidery. I felt glorious, Misther Edi
tor, and my heart went pity-Pat. But 1
went to the front, and be dad it's a wonder
I didn't sthay there. The commander saicJ
we would come out victorious, but the mi
racle was that we came out at all. The
red-coats were all around us, and the
Americans wouldn't let recruits pass over
to us, because maybe they couldn't pay
Funds was mighty low, yer graciousnesa,
for it costs a great deal to run the Fayniatk
organization four years, and the treasury
had the Sweeney. Reinforcements cooklo't
get transportation, you see. If they had
fallen into British hands they would have
got transportation for life. So, when we
saw that we couldn't get help, we lft Fort
Erie, and gave it up to the British again,
the spalpeens. We could not hould a place
like that. It wasn't our fort.
Next day I was musthered out. Faith,
it's a wonder I wan't peppered out. I got
ray discharge, without a mouthful o' ta
tions, back pay or bounty. I could neither
get any back pay, nor anybody to pay my
may back, so I had to walk over and foot
my own bills. But I'm full o patriotism
a3 ever, and I long for the day that M to
shorten the bondage of Erin, dear Erin, the
land o my birth. (That's poetry.)
But I won't go to Canada again. It's a
mighty fine country it is, aad a good place
to take, but it don't pay. My Colleen
Bawn and the two childers may wake to
dreams o' future bliss and prosperity, for
their husband and father has unsoldiered
himself and will hereafter leave Canada in
peace and barenoess. It's at I ome I am,
aod I've commenced Wearin' off the Green.
With a heart firm in the cause, and a body
that means to keep out of it till the pros
pect brightens, I am, Misther Editor,
Tim Fikveoa. T. C. (Tail Centre.)
Drying Up of the Mississippi.
The St. Paul Pioneer says: Old steam
boat men declare that the signs of the past
four or five seasons point to the permanent
drying up of the Mississippi river, reduc
ing it from a stream navigable for the larg
est boats the whole season to one of uncer
tain navigation like the Missouri, passable
at certain Reasons, and the rest of the year
shrunk to a mere creek, winding along
amonij sand bars and shoals. There is cer
tainly some change taking place in our cli
mate that 13 affecting our lakes aod river.
They are greatly indifferent in their habits
to what they were eight or ten years ago.
The average of water is still decreasing.
Our "June rise," once as certain as the
coming of the month, has totally ceased.
The heaviest rains, which once would have
swelled the river several feet, now do not
seem to affect it in the least.
There are many theories advanced to Ax
plain this. One is that the climate is un
dergoing some change, which seems plaus
ible, as those who have studied the meteor
ology of our State are convinced that this
change is taking place. Another theory is,
that the cultivation of the country, destruc
tion of the forests, and other physical
causes have tended to decrease the rainfall,
and retard the flowing cf the extra moisture
into the etreame.
Whatever may be the cause, the effect
certainly exists, and the same thing has
been on all the Western rivers, which are
gradually shrinking up. In our case, how
ever, the evil is less to be feared, because
our railroad system is so nearly developed
that our river navigation is not now the
necessity it once was to our commercial
public. The river can never again, whether
it continues navigable or not, assume the
important part it has hitherto played in the
development of our State.
A Western editor has on exhibition n
his office, the bUdder of a musquilo, which
he eajs, contains the aouls of twenty Gov
ernment swindlers, and the fortunes of a
dozen or more editor, acumulated to pub
I'shirj. country cewspapers.