Newspaper Page Text
4 Oregon, Holt County fJontinol
i Juno 30, 1365-1866
0-188 OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1865.
Sentinel ' . .. .
$oU (founts fcntinrl.
n:t;M!iir.i wr.KKLr r
CITAS. AV. JJOIVIMVIV.
OtTICK In Wrick Mock Northwest corner Pitb
llo Square, Oregon, Mo,
Ti'iimTii A(Ivmo J
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vliili of ten copies per y pur, 20 00
and one copy to getter tip of club.
aw k ut isiNoTrFinigr
tine fq., (10 linen or leu) uuo lnscttlon,...?l 25
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One half column ooo year, '. ,.,,,..45 0Q
One column one jent 80 00
$2""Adu'rtiMrn will please tnirlt on lliclr
fiviiri tlio numbor of tltaes they Yfisb. them
"Transient advertisements must ho paid
fur in advance.
Kns. Rutf. T. Lo,x, St Joseph, Member of Con-
grcs. IVurth Cnngres!mml PUtrlct.
Hon William IIkiikh, of Andrew, Judgo Cir
cult court, 12th Judicial DHtriot.
I. C Paiikkr, Circuit Attorney.
A 0. IIOLi.tsTKti Representative
,A. N' ltrn-.v OlrcnU Clerk.
Vi'iu.ism KuoiiKn, .. Slior! IT.
A.J Ivans 1
tiro. M'lxTTiiK -Co. Court.
Bamu:i. Tiii'Mi"os J
Wnnn.v II. 1vm Clerk.
UiNU.i .hi; Attorney.
Ha mi;;, Daviii .'. Treasurer.
S-. 0. Cm. I i.n.i urvejrfr
'JP. n. PAlIKIiSII,
A TTORNKY T LAW, OrfRon. Mo., vll)
Jr pivi pn.nipt iiltimtlnn to nil Imilae.n en
triHinl to lili cure, in Jirth'Wcat Missouri ami
OFl'lCE to the Court 1 line,
AND COUNSELLOR AT
OFFICE In lltlrk Hlojk, Nnrthwi-st corner
rnuuo nu'irr. J ; """
"W'LL rmcltcn In Ike courts or IMt and aJ
J ji.Inltig cnuntlcj.
II. 1). M..VIi:iCL,A.ISI,
A T T O It X E Y A T L A W,
OFFICE Sou'beast ronni In court house
yyr 1 LL OIVF. prompt nttoutlfii to any Imslncu
cntriutcil tohiscoro In tho Twelfth' Judicial
loolc Jto VttiiltuHltirlc,
ATTORNEYS AND O )l'N3KI.r.01l8 AT LAW,
Jieal Estate, Claim Jlgcnls, and Con
veyancers, OiUCtiON, - - - MISSOURI.
"Vy.ir.ri a ipeclnlntlontlou to tlio collection
Y ofCitiimi), III" sulo of hind,. tlio payment
rf T.ixea for non-Uo'lden's, mid tlio Redemp
tt'.'n nf l)lluiiient l.ind f r Northwest Mo.
OFl'ICU over the store of Cottrcll, Keetes,
V C., North-West corner l'ubllo Spunre.
.A.. C. JiKVA.TV.
P1G.V, & ORNAMENTAL I'AINTHR,
Over Walter & Noland's Rlacksiulth
I1 F.SrF.CTFULLY lnformH tho olllicns ofllolt
X) county and tho puhllo Keoorolly that ho la
prrpirrd to do UlaokninlthlnR in Its vnrlou
iironclim, promptly irnd on reimonfihlo terms,
81101' Second huildlug east of City Hotel.
.. J. UTT,
!r Manufacturer and Dealer in
I' HARNESS, SADDI.153, 1IRIDLES, COLLARS,
WHIl'S, &o o.,
Kast ildo I'uhlto Sn.'rf,
ALL Wotk dona under tin supervlilou of Cup
tain J. S. HART,
OUBGONi ..... 'MISSOURI.
pteprod'to'o any thing la my lino of
Aide Wn In.
i . . .
An Incident of Tort Wagnor.
nr rniKDG oaey.
Fort Wagner 1 that U n jdacu ftr us
To ) member will, my 1ml 1
For i!j,- who ere under tho guns, and knoir
Tho Moody work vrc bad.
That vrns tho spol vebcro onr ;;alKnt fibnw
Wa IfftrttuotiR tho deadj
"Uurlal under hlj nlggoM, so'1
The foul-ioouthcd traitors enld.
I ihculil not speak to ono so younj,
Terhnps, an I do to you ;
Rut you aro a soldier's son, my boy,
And you fcnorr what soldiers do.
Anil whon peace romcs to our land nf.nin,
And your father nits In his homo,
You will hear Mich tales of vrnr ai thin
For many a year to come.
We were rcpulso I from tho fort, you know,
And saw wir heroes full,
Till the dead were piled In Moody heap!
Under tho fronnlng Trnl I.
Yet crushed ns vo wwo, and beaten back,
Our spirits ncrcr bowi.d ;
And g.illant deeds that day were doivj
To mako a ecldler proud.
Rrava men rorc there, for their country's sake
To spend their latest breath ;
Rut tho bravest wao one tho gmo lili lifo
And his body f''. utath.
No Rrf atcr word.i than his dying on
travu been spoken under tho un ;
Not tven his who brought tho news
On tho field at IUtisbon.
Iwn pressing np, to try if yet
Our mm nitwit take the placo.
And my feet had slipped In his ooiinj b'.ood
ltcforo I saw his face.
Ill t fuccl It vfas black ns tho skies o'eihcnd
With the smoke of the angry Riuia ;
And agaih In his booin showed thu uoik
Of ouroouutry's traitor eons.
"Your pirdon, my poor boj !" Isold,
"I did not soo yon hcrcj
Rut 1 will not hurt jon as I pass,
I'll have a catc ; no fear 1"
lie ijmlled ; ho had only strcn'ff.h to bjt
Tliefa worus, nou Hint vras uil :
I'm done gitiu Massa ; step on mo,
And you can scale tho wall !"
THE FKEBDMEN QUESTION.
"Veteran Obscrvor," Corrospomlont
of tho New York Times, thus discusses
this question, which ia now ns3utning
considerable importance in tho miiula o!'
the pocp'o. Wo give his viows for
what they aro worth :
Tho thinking mind oC this country
ha3 been and ia very much oxcrcisod on
the question of "what" Khali ho done
with tho negroes, for their good and for
tho woltaro of tho country ?" Every
honest man acknowledges that ns ne
havo cnused their emancipation wo must
do our part in fitting them for freedom.
Can thoy ho made lit for citizenship?
Gun they be mado as industrious and
valuable us other mombera of society ?
It is not to he denied that a largo num
ber of intelligent people think that they
ore rather inferior, or, at any rate, from
their degraded position, can never lm
mado mluablo citizens, except in asta'
of recognized subordination to tl' ' ry respect 1 Ho certainly is. If they
whitos. The.re is another largo class udo not servo him well, ho at once dis
people who think that, if they can bfj misses thorn, and thoy give him no fur-
rum it up, id mus., in any even., uc i
slow process ; and probably tho ven j
apostles of negro elovation will admit
in thoir inner inhpl that tho problem cu
fitting negroe9cr a valuable and inlol
ligont" citizenship is a hard one. In my
opinion tho problem will be solved much
moro easily than many supposo J be
cause God will solvo it, as Ilo has solv
ed tho war, by natural lawo applied r
His Providence to tho caso. I do not
agroo with either of tho ultra schools of
negro philosophy. Tho school ot Wen
dell Phillips, and of many who did not
hold his extrerno viowa, hold in sub
stauco that tho negro can bo put upon
an equnlity with tho whites. Legally
ho may ho, butBocially ho never will be.
It ia simply an impossibility, Th
Ethiopian cannot change his akin, nor
tho leopard his spots. It is ontirply
true that a black man may be elevatou
morally, intellectually, and politically
so thnt wo shall readily and cheerfully
admit his equality in these particulars
A Christian and a Republican will doivy
no rights, beforo the law. to anv man.
.But it wiiLnot chango tho natural facts.
aBegrb carries witUJiiia, oar-marks
'WvH? to all, and he, must remain & no-
'jM BuVihjwrUfHnotbor fot which.
fl!iT2awwton worM .fiatepanw
V li.,l, UdMinUVUi llIUlim-
iipt. be ele vatedjjn ,ono I'fceri-,
j ernlion.- They aust not only 'bo frob-r.-
not only educated but there aro other
things wanting. Thoy must havo tho
habit of elevation ; they must loso tho
memory of tho scourgo ; they must feel
that no superior raco looks down upon
them. Thii they cannot do (if over)
in at least half a century. Wo must
solve tho problem of tho frocdmcn by
thrco very simplo rule3 : 1st, to observe
tho laws of naturo in regard to their
condition ; 2d, to organisso negro in
dustry on tho principles of justice; and
3d, to observe tho laws of Christian du
ty toward them, exactly as toward other
men. To know oxactly what these laws
aro, wo havo somo aids of great impor
tance in the recent census statistics.
Thoy throw great light on this wholo
question. Wo can do nothing right
without first getting tho preciso stato of
facts. I havo beforo mo the volumo of
Cutin's statistics on "Agriculture,"
propared by Mr. Kennedy, which con
tains the number of slaveholders and
the number of slaves ; and this very
statement solves somo of tho difficulties
of tho question. As a fair samplo of
tho wholo, I will give tho main facts as
to th'o condition of slavery in Virginia,
(including West Virginia, which, hav
ing very few slaves, will not materially
vary tho facts,) which will show how
easily tho freedmen question can be set
tled as to two material points property
and industry, Tho following aro tho
main facts, viz :
Number of slaveholders 52,1C8
Number who own over 300 1
Number who own 100 and under 1)00 118
Number who own CO and under 100 710
Number who own 10 and undcrSO 13,091
Number who owu less than 10 37,775
Nearly half the wholo number of
slaveholders own less than fivo each.
Tho idea commonly held of great plan
tations cultivated by slaves is entirely
gono in regard to Virginia ; and the
number of such in tho entire South is
comparatively few. In Virginia there
aro not over a thousand such plantations.
Thcro aro not more than 80,000 persons
in Virginia who own farm laborers, and
there aro 80,000 farms nf over ten acres.
It is, thprotiroj evident that aio.,1
body, of farms in Virginia arr cultivated
now by free labor. In tho largo Coun
ty of Augusta, for example, thcro aro
about 558 farmers who own raoro than
two Blaves, and there aro 1,500 farmers.
It is perfectly clear that two-thirds tho
farms aro cultivated by free labor.
Now, those are most instructive facts.
Thoy show that in tho largest slave
States in tho Union, ( Ye3, by tho grace
of God, tho Union now,) the change
from slavo to f reo institutions will bo
attended by no practical difficulty what
ever. One half tho slaves aro nothing
moro than houso servants. Now sup
poso Jno. Jones owns four a man,
(waiter,) a woman, (cook,) and two
children and that tho nggregato value
is $J,000. This is a fictitious wealth,
for ho has to pay all their cost of food,
shelter, raiment, and medicino. To
day, tho law puts a fictitious value on
them ; to-morrow, it puts no value on
thorn. What is the difference to hlra ?
Ho retains their services, pays them
fifty cents a doy,- lets them go to school,
and gets rid of all obligatiou to sup
Dort them. Is ho not better off in eve-
In this changed condition of things,
no real valuo has disappoated whatevor.
Virginia is worth every dollarsho was
bofow. Sho has lost nothing but a
mem fiction. Tho property question is,
thoroforo, absolutely nothing ; and if it
wero, not moro than one-fourth the
whilcwojile of Virginia havo any in
terest itv slave property Supposing
tho 52,000 slave-holders to be heads of
families, (tough many aro not,) thoy
ronresont bH 00,000 persons, whilo
Virginia ha Tl, 250,000 whito people.
Thus ends p'J onco the wholo humbug of
tho South di'Ooiulent upon slavo proper
ty, NumirV;ly thcro wcro three thou
sands ofjllious of dollars in slaves,
but roallyero was nothing at all.
The whop value of tho slaves was in
their kfS and their labor remains.
And hcrif rcomo to what I.remarked.
that W0?dPU8,t first observe the laws of
nalureil yte do not, uaturo will ride
oyer us, pother we choose or not. Tho
first olemwt in tho condition of tho
freedracQW Utat they should remain
whero twre until education and solC
suppotVas fitted them to seek aa indo
pdndwit OJjtonco whoro they may choose
to,,jp. Thoy who' wish -tho freedmen
wen. and wish to restoro'this countrv to
peacoind haRnony, Wllj never encouri
go tke jiegroo . to remove while they
can liavo human rights' whore they are.
Whoro could they go ? Only into tho
Northern States; and that would at
oncojexcito all tho old prejudices against
lucm. At presont tne popular fooling
is to aid tho nogro in any way likely to
uo mm goou. anis leeling, however,
is only tho result of tho war of tho re
bellion. It is not a permanent thing.
It has removed no natural nroiudiees :
and thoy can bo removed only by time
and education. Tho Black La-vs, as
il tl 1 I .a . '
tuey aro caiioti, in tho JNorthern Stato9,
wero onactod by tho Democratic party,
in aubscrvienco to tho South. Thoy
aro now repealed by their opponents, in
opposition to tho rebellion. Neither
action tests tho popular feeling toward
negroes. There is a strong desiro to do
perfect justice to them ; but thero is al
so a fixed purposo never to allow them
to como thcro in groat numbers. Nei
ther is it the purposo of naturo. Tho
negro is a nativo of tropical climates,
and liis natural tendency is toward the
tropics. This is shown by his wholo
history in this country. Henco, whoev
er would do him good would never in
duco him to como to tho North. Event
ually, tho nogro will draft into or near
tho tropics. That is his destiny and
his mission, and no ono need troublo
himself about it. Thero is very little
pf tho territory of tho present United
States which cannot bo cultivated by
whito labor ; nnd the immigration from
Europo will hereafter go into tho South
as well as tho North, and build up new
branches of industry. A largo part of
tho negroes will bo employed as nouso
seryants, and aa common laborers, till
their intelligence, cultivated by educa
tion, enables them to bocomo mochanics
and manufacturers, and in that business
thoy will bo very successful. They can
not bo land-owners to any considerable
extent. That requires capital, and thn
whites will, for ages to como, retain tho
lands in their own hands. Do justice
to tho negro in regard to national laws
and right?, and opposo no laws of na
turo, and tho wholo problem of the con
dition of tho negro freedmon will be
solved easily and readily. In regard to
I must speak at another timo.
No doubt thero aro many readers of
thp Times who havo thought mo san-
uino about tho war ; but they seo to
ay that I havo held no viows of tho
war which aro not now accomplished.
Tho nation has not only triumphed over
tho rebellion, but it has triumphed by
tho destruction of negro slavery, and it
has triumphed by tho destruction of ev
ery element, whether political or milita
ry, which wa3 arrayed against tho gov
ernment ; and nothing savo3 tho re
mainder of tho robel power from anni
hilation but submission. Yes, disguise
it not, tho wholo rebel Confederacy
(which silly blockhoads said could not
bo conquered) has como to plain, hon
est submission. Now, I say that tho
country is not only savod, (saved by tho
graco of God,) but that its negro freed
men, (from which so many havo imaged
cvil) will give it no real troublo. The
troubles will disappoar and a cloudless
sky look down upon a happy peoplo.
Proper Use of Exercise. Those
who aro ablo can scarcoly tako too much
exorcise of any kind, so that it is kept
within tho bounds of fatigue. Walk
ing, riding, rowing, foncing, and vari
ous games, as fives, tennis, cricket, &c,
aro to bo recommended to thoso who aro
ablo to enjoy them. Ilorso oxcrciso is
Earticularly bonoficial, whon it can bo
orno, partly from tho exhilarating ef
fect of rapid motion, but principally by
tho gontlo exorcise of voluntary inspira
tion it induces.
Reading aloud, and singing, whon
not carried to excess, aro tacit beneficial
oxorcises, and can bo practiced by tho
most infirm. Thoy tend to produco
dcop inspiration, equal oxpansion of tho
lungs, and givo freo access of air to tho
smallor divisions of tho air passages,
thoreby decarbonizing tho blood moro
rapidly. Tho lung3, diaphragm, and
walls q. ho chest aro gontly but freely
exercisou, and tho air tubos are freo
from obstruction. Like all other or
gans, thoso of respiration acquiro pow
er by exercise, and that which at first
produces breathlcssness is soon perform
ed almost unconsciously and without fa
tigue. In all those cases, and in all
gymnastic exorcisca, care must bo taken
not to hurry tho circulation so as to
firoduco either broathlessnosa or muscu
You can easily koop yourself through
out tho winter from rreeiing, by getting
oontinually into hot water with your
Shorrann's "Bnmmors"-Thoir Sor
vioca,.Exploitg, and Peculiarities.
Sherman's "bummers" havo not re
ceived full justice at tho hands, of tho
historians of tho campaign through tho
Uarolinas. Thoy havo generally boon
spoKcn ot as having ranucrou moro ser
vico to themselves than to tho nrmv
as having been actuated solely by a de
siro to plunder, in all operations
Whatovcr may havo boon thoir object
on starting out in tho morning, they
frequently provod themselves of great
valuo to tho causo bororo thoy wont into
camp at night, and the confessions of
many an olhcer ot rank go to provo that
tho army woulu havo gono to bed hun
gry a great many times, but for these
identical men, to whom a rather con
temptuous namo has boon applied.
Tho titlo of "bummers" was given at
a very early stngo of tho campaign, to
such men as wcro in tho habit of forag
ing on their own account, independent
of the regular details mado for forag
ing on every day's march. Thoy gen
erally lagged behind in camp3 until
commands got started on tho road,
whon thoy would go off to tho right and
left, taking by-ways andcoi-patli3, and
leaving tho main road to tho main army.
Thoy generally managed to "concen
trate" beforo going very far, and by
tho timo the detachments wero up, there
was frequently a very respectable regi
mont of them. Their first object was
to get "transportation" for their plun
der, and tho first half dozen farm hous
es they camo to, wcro laid under con
tribution for rolling stock ami motive
power. JNot disposed to stand on cere
mony in such matters, thoy would wil
lingly coinpromiso on a buggy or a
four-horso cairiago, if thero' was no
draught wagon at hand ; and would ac
cept of oxen if moro Hoot-footed quad
rupeds wero not attainable. They gen
erally managed to load their vehicles
in a very -short time, with a miscella
neous cargo of looking-glasses, silver-
'jpoons, china cups, live pigs anil cluck-
ens, bacon, corn, butter, and eggs. It
must bo admitted th)t they seldom stop-
and beast, and" too ocft"Sppvop
what they could not uso and di
On several occasions tho "bummers"
found grist mills in their march, and
ran them for a wholo day, making corn
meal and flour, for want of which the
army would othcrwiso havo sufferod. It
was no uncommon thing for a brigade
or division commander to rocoivo an
"official dispatch" from a "bummer,"
to tho effect that if ho would sond wag
ons to such and such a mill, ho would
rccoivo so many hundred weight of corn
moal or Hour ; and this, too, at a time
whon prospocts of a dearth of tho arti
clo so generously profferod wore loom-
Tho "bummers" utterly refuted, by
their conduct, tho oft-repcated maxim
that soldiers who stoal won't fight.
Very often after wandering fifteen or
twenty miles irom tuo main column,
liny found themselves. confronted by a
rebel force more, than their equal in
strength. Instead of boating a hasty
retreat as is commonly 6uppo3cd such
men would do under such circumstances,
thoy would immediately choose ono of
their number as their coramandor, and
"go for tho Johnnies" to the best of
thoir abilities. IE- unablo to defeat
them, thoy would erect rudo fortifica
tions of rails and logs, and behind these
hold tho enemy in check until thoy
wcro "reinforced" by Gon. Sherman.
Not a fow of tho towns along tho march
wore captured by tho "bummors" and
formally surrendered to them. On one
occasion Gen. Howard actually received
a dispatch from tho "bummers," Btat
ing that thoy had captured a town, (tho
namo of which I havo forgotten,) and
requesting that a division bo sent to oc
cupy it, that thoy (tho "bummers")
might press on! Hathcr cool, to bo
suro, for tho "bummers" to call for "a
division" to tako tho ploco of a fow
hundred scalawags liko thomselves, in
order to allow thom to go on conquer
ing and to conquer.
Tho "bummers" proved thcmsolvcs
moro valuable in finding out tho enemy
than any scouts or cavalry over used
for that purpose. 'They coverod both
flanks of the army, sometimes for a dis
tance of twenty-fivo miles, and between
what they found out by actual observa
tion and what they learned from citizens,
very fow facts connected with tho
strongth or position of tho enemy es
caped their knowledge,
The results of "bumming" are ap
parent every regimont, brigade, di
vision," and corps of the army. I WM
first impressed with this fact yesterday
in a visit to some of tho boys, in their
improvised dwolling behind the fortifi
cations. At ono comfortablo little
"shanty," occupied by ton or twelvo
privatos, I asked for a drink of water,
and tho aqueous fluid was poured from
a silver pitcher into as fino a wine gob
lot as ever wo need wish to uso, and
which, a few weeks since, was consider
ed good enough to graco tho lips of
South Carolina aristocrats, In anoth
er tent I found a corporal scanning the
pages of "Shaksp'cro's Heroines," a
costly volumo, full of beautiful por
traits of tho eminent fctnalo characters
of English drama. Ho didn't exactly
liko tho appearanco of Cleopatra, and
was, as ho thought, improving it by tho
addition of a moustacho from a lead
pencil. Anna Bolloyn, Titania, Mis
tress Page, and Ophelia, also received
artistic emendations from his Fubcr,
which lie felt assurod would addgroatly
to their valuo as historic personages. A
third tent I found richly ' ndorncd with
oil paintings, somewhat (Lnn'red bv
having been carried on tho point3 of
bayonets for a long distance. Thcro
is scarcely n regiment in tho wholo ar
my that has not got hor3cs and buggies
enough ta acenmmodato a goodly por
tion of it3 members, and most o' tho
division and corp3 head quarters spoit
barouchc3 and carriaccs fine enough to
olioit ndiniration in t'ront of A. T.
Stowart's, on Broadway. As for fino
saddlo horses, tho Colonel or General
who rules an animal without historical
pedigree and a namo intimately con
nected with southern race courses, must
bo regarded as unpopular, and under
tho bnn of "bummers," who would
scorn to sec ono of their favorites on a
common government steed. Gen. Lo
gan rides a horso that has won its weight
in gol.i on tho Charleston track. Gen.
Blair rides a horso that ha3 carried off
tho first premium at half a dozan trot
ting matches, and so of nearly overy
other commanding officer hero. A peo
ple loss disloyal than tho citizens of
Goldsboro would havo prepared a raco
track for tuo av,ouiiiuoiiuuuu ut t.s.
--ly.lVx.n ita .orrivnl llCrO.- UltlCin-
"Galilean, thou hast conquered."
Such was tho dying exclamation of Ju
lian, tho Roman Emperor. Though
onco a professed christian, he apostatiz
ed from tho faith, and employed all his
energies for tho overthrow of the religion
of Jesus and tho establishment of idol
atry, lie shut up christian sanctuaries,
re-opened and patronizod heathen tem
ples, nnd in faco of tho positive asser
tion of Christ that the Jewish temple in
Jerusalem should remain in ruins, im
piously attompted to re-build it. But
no contendod with ono far mightier than
himself, and was forced to submit.
Wounded in battle by a Persian lanco,
ho took a handfull of his blood, and
casting it up toward Heaven, cried,
"Oh, Galilean, thou hast conquered!"
Omnipotence was too much for him.
And thus will all tho enemies of Christ
bo subdued at last, for ho must reign
till ho hath put all his enemies under his
You.va Men, Pay Attention!
Dri.'t bo a loafer, don't kcop tho loaf
er's company, don't hang about tho
loafing place!; .You had better work
for nothing and board yourself, than to
sit around day after day, or stand
around corners with your hands in your
pockets. Better for your own mind,
better for your own respect. Bustle
about, if you moan to havo anything,
if you mean to bo a man. Many a poor
physician has obtained a real patient
by reading hard to attend to an imagin
ary ono. A quiro of old paper tied
with rod tapo, carriod under a lawyer's
arm, may procuro him his fir3tcase and
make his fortune. Such is the world ;
to him that hath shall bo given, Quit
loafing, droauing, complaining ; keep
busy and mind your chances.
AaES of days havo troddon their way
ovor tho highway of timo, yet when, af
ter a stormy winter, thoy chanco along
bright and balmy with tho heralding of
summer sunshino and winds, flood tho
fields with wondrous beauty,' nestle in
tho sheltered nooks and on tho southern
slopes, creep ovor tho steaming roofs
and smilo through tho windows, we feol
liko saying "Wero tho days ever so
A captain of a rifli company was
guilty of an unhoard-of barbarity on a
cold day last winter. Ho actually
marched his men to the very brink of
the canal, and then coolly commanded
them to "fall in."