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title: 'The Holt County sentinel. (Oregon, Mo.) 1865-1880, September 03, 1880, Image 2',
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Image provided by: State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO
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Oregon. Ha., Friday, Septesrtjr 3, 1 8Q
A MOTHERS ANXrVEIlSABY.
NotliythCEca-bonnlthat'l love tbo best.
Where the great waves coco diiuelug up tno
Bound thn E'-ack Nifb In fearless mirth to
-Anti tlmjr white foam-HnVcs -on his rtjrjml
Whilo the 'soil -wlna-comcs -sweeping from the
And lbe Un'i stnjri In blue depths far away;
Not there, nrr-iCailing, do I keep U-da.v,
The day .iC'days to me papreincly foli-st.
The day that trowrht out happy lifu Its rrown,
The djy Rod ssi-tit blschoicest lilolnirdinvn,
Tbc'Sai- that woke the ene of ntuer'n Jove,
The irirt all otbcrirtlt nf llle ab-vc:
The iky. when -as all else around me smiled.
Your father ifcaukt.il
mo for his tirst-Uurn
Ah, blue-eyed nnjr?l of our momlnir prime.
Calory and rlidncvsof ourbrlKht ntiontide,
Sucet comforter that nestled to my side
When life was darkened In Us rairtnl ilmr.
And the sweet j .y-liells. In their fuUesfebl-s
Were jarred and sileticcd; rhO to hope and
Woke my ValT-lroltii heart: soft stay and
tip tbcSuno rntb, so steep and hnnl to cliuibl
Here, ny the Mniinrni sen, i mi ana jnue.
now our nni cnuu, inueeu, oas
And pieture all the Joys that I would choose.
Had 1 tbeprintiuirof bcr life's fic-h pnire;
This the best wish to frame, -hcr babo to be,
To her. Just all that shb has lieen t o me."
All Vie IW j.juad.
MAKCn OF TUB
IU Rnvnrts In Xew cfcr-aey and on Jonz
XaluDd-Movloc In Solid Columm and lie
vourlnr Fields of Gni uud Grain In a
The exrixruse "heal fcf last spring, which
turned up the crops and drove the
common earth-worm dop down into
the mold, seems to hare fettsned and
nourished in the soil -of New Jersey and
Long Island tho -destructive littlo creat
ures known as army-woruu, so-ciHed
irom their haVit of traveling in covmt
lcss numbers, and, like an army dV te
march, advancing in regular order as"
though acting under the direction of a
leader. They advance a certain dis
tance every day, and all stopping at
once in a field, fhey quickly strip tt of
every irreea leal, iney aro countless
in number, literally covering: the
ground, and it seems almost impossible
to arrest their march.
The army-worm that has appeared
this year is about an inch long, and of
a slate color, and looks like a dark "rub
of the caterpillar species. Its back is
. wrered with a rough fur or coating -ef
ft5v 4air, which protects ittoa Ereat
biv irsa tie wild birds, thougn tho
extent. JKotl lnsas cat it up with a
harder-til. sjss'we .plainly visible, and
relish. Itsc. "et feelers. The fore
iroin its bead pro, 'rntsbed with un
gi&ctof the body is hind part lies
awnfuered kgs, while Uk n issuaic
Bhtt'onahe ground. Itsmoi.. -yj, awi
ihingibotwvca a walk and a era.. j.
it guts-ovoriht grotmil at an asiou
ing Taste. Its -appetite eecms lo bo nev
er satisfied. When, some Jive or six
years ago, it appeared in smaller num
bers in Jkwrnvath County, N. J-.tho
season was .good one, and slUHticnt
rain had made the grass crop. corn,
wheat and timothy plentiful. Afi
a coniequcucc the anuy-worms
had. suflic'roul to eat, sad they de
voured enough to iusure their
own destruction. In two weeks noth
ing remained of llieui. But this sea
son they have come to a parched land.
The drought has been beiorelliem. and
they are obliged to euib their appetite.
They therefore last krtigcr. aud at pri-s-nt
there seems lo be iio hope of gev--tiCgTid
of them. Unlike the potato
Tbui ttcy caie nothing for thu succu
leric. root ou which the latter feeds, and
-couu'nc t'heir ravages to grass, timothy,
wheat and com. The tomato docs not
liiKBt VhuUt, nor do they seem lo relish
fhc-tt-raiu of the conn Weie the sea
sun litiXc fiVthcr advanced this crop
wouK. be vafo Jroni mum. uur, unionu
natulv. tho harvest is lato this year,
and d?.v'ur...lnS.,. I??
n L It'll H riuiTiiui.uu-
in hhtin?rtbo Army-worm with Taris
gn.cn the jKjisau. was used in tho way
that had proved most successful with
the potato-bug mixed with earth plas
ter and thrown over tho invaders; but
the luiir on tho creatures' backs re
ceived the mixture, which was too con
tistCBl to penetrate, and tho worms
shook it off aud suffered no injury.
Tlitn Paris green mixed with water was
tticd, and, so far as the primary mtcn
Vioh was concerned, it was successful.
stroved the crops as surely astbcgTub
itself could Itavc dime, so K -,ras aoan-
It killed the artuv-worm. nut it niso uq-
doncd, r.ud the farm.rrs fo'd back on
trenches, coal Ur and fire. This fire
Is applied by siiny selling a match to
mew graiw arounu uio uems. uu"
BUY ui may aw 1 - l
full kill those worms that como be-
nnntii its immcdiatu influence: but the
ilustruttion of a certain number
nf the prubs in a rriven snot is like an
nitmnnt tn drain the ocean with a tea
cup, aud is attributable rather to a not
nuualural desire on lira part of the
fiumi for revenue than lo a rcasona-
Itln ntlnmnt 1(1 .Sl.tV tllC nliCTlO.
Tho. nrm.wonu has wroushtmuch
destraclion iu various parts of Long
icl.m! It fiiinf.nvd cm tho iouth side
of the islaud about two weeks ago, and
lnrrp.aj.od ranidlv hi numbers. Tho
insm-L armies turned their faces north-
ward and marched straight ahead, leav
ing behind them in thefarms they trav
rrSivl not a frrecu blade of irrass The
nwthods of defense havo been
adopted by Iho farmers as aro used by
lr T Ik I ... ..-,1 rr,.ii i -
me larmcrs iu iiew okiomj, bv-.-Uv
with p.niinl want of success.
When this pest first appeared in the
neighborhood of Shrewsbury. N. J.,
nrnfVa niro. very few. even of tho
older farriers, had any suspiciou of
what it rcallv was. It was thought lo
Vi that 5np.vita.blo evil which, it was an
inmalArl. mnst follow the dTOUKllt.
Not many of tho farmers recognized in
it the seounre that a few Tears ago de
stroyed the crops and laid the country
iwrn. Most of those on whoso farms
it appeared had a quantity of Pans
green left from the stock they had used
fn fiirhUntr the potato-buir. aud this
they nsed freely, hoping thus to check
the adrance of the new enemy. But
tha nrmv-worm seemed to thrive on the
deadly poison, ate all that was given lo
ium, anu prcsscu lorwaru as uun..
At last the invader was recognized in
his true character, but the recognition
-e&xne too late. In numerical slrcngtn
ihn rtp.st had increased, and was in-
nrnirinnrfflnuslr. and nlthou'rh the
nhSr. farmnr- who. moro than once,
(..m hud littler exnerienco of the
Dnrm'n destruelivc powers, say that
when he first appears resistance is use
inns, nnd the best way is to allow him
in hfim hl own way. destroy overy
thin", and wait until ho emigrates
from a wasted land, tho agricult
nrfeunf Monmouth Couutv Ihiuk that
had they known his nature earlier they
.n1.l linrrn liiltll'l! with 111 111 niOrC SUC-
,J .1. I w -
Even as the ease stood, they at once
adopted vigorons modes of resistance.
The most approved method wa: to dig
trenches in the path of the advancing
army, holes deep enough, it was hoped,
lo swallow tip tho van and deter the
rear guard; but where the trenches
were not sufficiently deep the worms
filled iheniup and passed over the bod
f n.nir pnmrailes. and When this
was rendered impossible, they worked
around them, and thas gained the other
side, or, in somo bestanccs. simply
..i,i ,inwn one side and up the
other. Tlun solutions of lar anil other
a short time, caused some delay in the
work of destruotion; but the relief was
meroly temporary. Millions perished
in the tar, but millions more, marching
behind them, found a comparatively se
cure ssrfacc on 'the dead bodies of thsse
that had gone before. "Whole fields of
timothy aud other seed grass fell bo-
- 1 1 . 41..!. ' o'-nnl ttn in 1
;singic n-'ght, and many of tho smaller
iarmors saw ruin staring tnm in tno
The trenches were, in semcirrisi.-vhccs,
sitccessful when they were dug deep
cnovgh. Tli ;y were constructed with
a plow, and to bo effective were Tit
least seven Uches deep aud five broad,
'ike side toward tho road was simply
rough loose earth, but that next to the
field to bo pritccted had to be careful
ly smoothed with a spade. It sloped
slightly inward from tho base to
the top. so that a worm trying
to cross ths trench would be obliged to
crawl up tho smooth surface with his
back leaning toward the ground. This,
if the trench was well constructed, was
mot often accomplished. It was only
when the worms visited a farm in enor
mous numbers, and the trenches were
made only a few inches deep, that tho
creatures filled up tie holes and pissed
over; but instances were not wanting
in Monmouth Couuty of such occur
rences. , ,
A journcv through a largo part of
Monmouth County by wagon revealed a
smtrnlur KLitc of atfairs. Trenchis wero
scon extending for miles along tho j
roads close to the edges of tlto fields;
imt tho crops, for the most part,
wers withered and lifeless, and it was
evident, that the jrccaution had been
takes, too late. Very often a long trench
ran across a field of wheat, showing
where a farmer Juid abandoned one por
lion of his crop- and tried to save the
;.!.,.. no'ouallv a field was
seen intersected by numerous tiinchos.
indicating that the
.ticnt,twl thft frrminfl
foot. In one place Uiq grass on the J
road in front of a field ot haif-ucstroj so. ,
corn was blazing for a hundred j ards or
more. and a JounS farmer was looking I
with nfaiat elcani of pleasure at tho ;
dring struggl.s of his uemics.
M Wckod the grass and made the names
. it iri is some oi era, ' uu sam, iu
i n inctier. "ana wiuu. iuuh; ui wu-
and then, more
cm. -4- .-"i j "I Itr..i- Z
ever we night they'll have cat up
every itai' Ct &e young corn. They
gs more harm, drat 'cm,
hut r5 bum up a" 1 of 'cnl-"
In mx J x the road was literal
ly covered ifith worms. .11 la mo-
p. is.mds ami tens ot
on either side. Il h lh tU
tiiotiiands were en. 3 ,Y. i.
.vagon wheels fi XTS
leet, buttlie rest preset , , au
latcrvals snots were na.
.... . V i to U uranii
aenTss the icud beyond wm jfJSta
M'orm pnnld not uass. ro ,
I pace boyond. sometimes foi 7 HoSty
, roads but the tuljoming
tue vt a, wo""
be seen Until. uo cioar s
waste ; timnieiit
liassed. ,Knr OV(,r miuious 0f them,
again ro. Jamcs jadwon, whoso prop -i'amicr
. ii,..i, imraw thu
1jrt' is at J- .ijj.-.i I,,, tin nimv-wonu. 1
first to be v boul lw0 weukg .j,m,t h0
one evening. .. Iarm lo lool- at Uls
walked oyer u b0mcluing singu-
cnf s. He ouse. ne0 oI wiioat, and,
lar m the pp?-r:' , tound tint a
cvaiuinmg cio lea.ros ' had been!
huge portion 51 111c , d CXperiOUL.0
stripped off. 110 nas j(0 knuw tj,.lt
witn tnc army wou".
tiff, npst lirul been at WOl
k. Itrcnulred I
110 very extended search
the grub, not 111 very .ai Sllfficknllv
indeed, at that time, bt.i Man-could
so to alarm tho farmer. that
bo done to check their n. n. ow:nw
1.- .1 n.
lllgllL, iiuwvvcr, xrcly
morning they had incicased sa
as to- make it almost impossi
propntKH ' of interest; whose company is sought,
his pcrJeJUtora ana nmi:,i,,,i by tho lover of Nature;
witn uicni ioot
. - T
mull, UI 1 Uliiiuivia niiuuuuiuiiui vviiMT
tv. he iaved "M least a portion of his
In Shrewsbury, probably, tho greatest-damage
has been done, for although
nearly every fanner in Monmouth
County has iuffcrcd, many in this local
ity have been almost ruined. Ono of
the heaviest losers, but also, fortunaie
iy, one of tho richest agriculturists iu
the county, is Fanner Gcorgo Uance. of
Shrewsbury- He owns three farms, all
of which have been visited. Ho says
th'e army-worm ought to havo been la-
1 - . .Mm. !n 1 1 1 n nmilitA
m:iiart5 every farmer in the couuty,
7holus descended npun
"UJ lJ,n?:JZ On this occa-
"Von tho littlo pest has given them a
, iha cver bcforo. not luorc
lUan fivo n ,BTln clapwd since his
last visit. Usually about twelve years
n liv lmtwcen UlO worm s visiui. xu
dry weather, he says, the trendies stop
the worm far more oflcctually than
when tho ground is moist. When tho
earth is parched it crumbles when tho
worm tr.es to ciimo up, auu, Kv,un
way. rolls with the worm to tno ooiwni
of tho hole. But after a shower of rain
1iii fnllrn nil ibis is altered. Then the
worm obUiins xootiiolu m luosoiianu
out of the trauch. Tho
w. . .
fmit trees, ho savs, havo not suffered
t nil frnm tho pest.
- - i - -. ... , ,
imimir Hip. IllaeCS WllCrO. lUSt. now,
ilm rniv-worm is most pientuui is
Unif Branch. What he can una to cat
there is a problem that has not yet been
solved, but no sooner docs a visitor,
landed from tho steamer, reach the
ulinrn p.nd of lhe iron pier than he finds
himself walking on a path uiai seems 10
i, iivp Tim wholo 'surtaco oi mo
road is covered wilh worms, anu a mr
midablnanny guards tho approach to
t .,.r Unto!: Any altcmtto ehooso
one's fool-steps is useless, and the only
tl.lnfr in lin rlflllO IS Clllier lO uuauuuu
all llbpc of gelling to the hotel, and re-
turn to uic sicamcr, or u uuuu.;
hundreds of worms at
every slop. Tho hotel proprietors have
1 1.1 ll.nm.-ntvnc nf lIlS llllis.HlCO.
iriuu w i iu Luu.uaw.wM. . ... V i
but thi'ir efforts have been attended
with no greater success than fell to tho
lot of the farmers. Y. Sun.
WIT A3D WISDOM.
TT.. .....I.,. In liomiiln lIlPS
fly-paper, but you'll finU they'll stick to
molasses. Boston bit.
Lay up something for a rainy day,
if it is nothing moro lhau the rheuma
tism. Boston Transcript.
Gcntlcmon's coats aro worn shorter
this season than hist; but it takes as loii
to get Ihom. Af. O . ncagwie.
The growing taste for old China
has greatly increased lhe manufacture
of that article. .V. 0. ricayunc
There is one reason at least why
type-setting machines ougni to uecome
very popular with editors. They can
not yell for copy. ifowie Sen! tno.
Jraco: I am going to see tiara to
Have you any message -ar"
lotto: f wonder how you can vtsii
that dreadful girl. Hive her my iovc.
A clerk in a Broadway store ro-
ntii.iit-rit fur n half dav'S absouco.
;, ilm pnimirv. When he returned the
Iup4iikp nn wiuiicu to .uigiiii . luuui-i
next morning wilh red hands and :i
freckled face his employer saiu
Where are the Iish?" X. Y. Herald.
n.P Piiitur of a Lcadvillc paper
meant to be complimentary when he
of an u:trcss as "tins smu ui
tweuty-live," but as he was oi
" imt n he was over lortv
hc didn't take lbe statement as
m,ii.,l hn hnulil. and waltzed
him with a meat ax anu ninue niiu puo-
.....w.. . ... ,.
rnn them ouU Farmer Jac JnhcxfTns serve mi utkiu d.
aho was only
LITTLE TOMMY SMITH.
Dimple-checked and rosy-lipped.
With tilncap ilm backwunl tipped,
Still in fancy 1 can sco
Little Tommy smlloon me
Little Tommy Smith.
Little unsung Tommy Smith
Scurec a name to rhymo it with;
Yet most tenderly to inn
Somctbltur sing in c nsinply
J.utlo Ti.rainy Smlra.
Onthovcnro ot somo farland
fstt.l forever daes ho stand.
With bi cap rim mkt-hly
Tilted; so he smiles on inc
Llttlo Tommy Smith.
Oh. my Jaunty statuette
Oftlrst love, f seoyouj-et:
Tloturh you smile i raistly.
It 13 bill tbrouah tours I se)
Llttlo To., my Smith.
JlHt with -own tlppeil tuck behind.
And the plndhand r tho wind
Smoothing back jour hair, I sec
Heaven's best ansol smJj on mr
Jama II'. HUcy, in .V. 1'. San.
QUEER LITTLE SEXTOXS.
There aro not many of us who feel
Inclined to seek tho society of sextons.
We have no csiiocial fondness for View
ing their somber deeds, or investigating
their methods of nroccdure. As a race.
wn cherish no lovo for soxtons, but
ratlmr avoid them as uncanny bcinnJ,
whose services wo shall never seek in
our own behalf, but know full well that
some dav, sooner or later, our friends
will seek" them for us. Wo do nut like
tho idea. Tho deep, darkholes he dis,
in tho uursuance of his somber trade,
aro not "inviting in appearance, and so
wo shrink from the grave-digger and
All this is very true as applied to tho
human sexton; but away down in the
lower scale of creation, among God's
humbler creatures, there dwells a iam-
u'l.nsi. o-ra.vn-liennr nroceedinirs aio
observed with strong interest, instead
of bcin" avoided with an irrepressible
shudder? In this family, of which there
aro cver&J tranches or tribes, the mem-
Lnra are nil sextons. J. lie OII1C0 13 uc-
rcditary, dcsconling alike from father to
Ron. from mother to daughter. To dig
; u "jg he ono busr.
" - r:A .rv fiirrross-
nnoa ni i iii'ir 1 1 vivs. nun a t v
I iug occupation they apparently iSd it.
They boast a hig-sounuing name. i e
miirht call it a national name, for it em
braces all the sevoral tribes. Kccro
phagee, or, if jou aro inclined to treat
them with a familiarity that savors of
disrespebt-, you may call them a3 most
poople do Grave-digging Beetles.
They have their own family uame. dis
tinct from those of tho general tribe,
andthcse.too, have anaristocraticflavor
of their own, such as Ilislcr cadiyer
inus, Kccrophortis vcsiigcUor, SUpha
opaca, and several others equally im
pressive. Each family has a uniform of its own.
Somo aro arrayed in shining brown
coats, others in rusty-black, others have
bright-orange bais crossing their broad
backs, while one pigmy family boastB of
a coat smooth, and shiny, and. black as
ilm limv-st ieL And to this queer little
nation of sextons we, the proud lace of
humanity, owe much, though few of us
Tecoguize tuo uuuu
Wo have often heard tho query:
Iow is it that, in walkibg in the
n ds. wo never como upon me ueau
K 3die of birds 6r small animals?" We
Vn iff t hat many of them must die from
. ,i nausea in the denths of their
nativ.3 for -sts, yet their bodies arenever
" Wh'Tr Jiecause 1110 creator,
CEn- .1. n. tful for Ilis creatures, in
!mall as in R-iat things, has ordered
""J"' r Hc:e dead bodies, that
Tolln.'o the atr .and lil it
..1. mima: and taithiuiiy
.1 .ho lit tin wot kcrs verform tltclr last,
nnf nnk nresprv ing
the air in all its
MWV ""-J 1
nii'dini to thu fer-
purity, but uctuaifj
tility of the soil by cot.' h -
v .. , ...
1innm the elements t.1 uu
sofar innourishinvevhW.'OTCfjrTlo -
"w i . nn
a .T mi i.!.. .i (nt
1 . - - . . - ... 1 1'
it;5 least crca
iirp. hn ordained tlmt in XvOrKlDC: lor
lnM (tinr. rtlaA nMa flit ill S til VCS
'WlO tuuj uiad dwiu hjau - s
. nrxr. liii?v mi. ilii iiiii.jimt
. ct . .1- .it . iniiQ
T .,miiui. lin cnnnnA Uiott il. 1 wit
r ii Sn tent and tnowieugc.
iun" ,i, j,0-., f ii,n:, i;r. s to
? A ..lm.1. IUI.9 H hm- -rvr. Ill
bnry a ea , ih o(jul . b. ., Becaua
icujou, th(J propCr substanco on
they fun u -tU from wh!ch
which toe. et . The decaying flesh
spring out i , h , t h t h
and aftenvaal . food tfaus
most wonderft. J'y t n f u ,
provided for Uie J foronco thoy
seem to agna v. th - J
emerge f -pm the vol.
TtuK ucs dart hither and
ilattish, black creaU ncs . . . ,
thither with most .woit t , " 1
without any apparent oou. ,nTinr!llllinil
getting rid of somo ot t.ueu-. r
ant acuviry. . ,!,.
We had often desireo. to we these
queer littlo sextons at wo'k, bi " nBcr
succeeded until very reOentljT- "o1
many days ago. however,
which had been making sad Lwo
among tho roots oi some yount or
trees, was finally shot, and as we U
observed several beetles close Vy. v, o
resolved to put a surmiso as to thfir be
ing "sextons 10 uio rest, ou u- -
tho dead mole, with studied careless
ness, upon tho ground, beneath tiie
broad leaves ot a uanana. tu
not very hopeful of the result, for tho
sextons love best to pursue thoir trade
in tho dead of night, and unless greatly
in want of a depository for their eggs,
they seldom work by day. But evi
dently our particular friends locrc
pressed, for in a few moments two
orange-barred beetles camo flying, with
wide-spread wings, and alighted on a
lower leaf of the banana. An instant
or two of investigation, and then, ap
parently satisfied that tho corpso was
bona fide, down thoy swooped upon it,
, . l.l !...: l.-.i .1 tvinrra nfirntlll
anu VUCKiuy mtii .""p- -
ly out of sight, promenaded awhile up
and down, over and around the body,
no (iinnirli nn A tour of insncction. At
lenoth fhoysct about their work in real
earnest Now, consider a moment
ft. mnln was at least fifty times as
tho xp.xtons who wore ubout to
di" its grave, so you will perceivo that
to"difr a hole, and then drag tho mole
o it, was as impossible as for you or
L j0 drag an elephant. In fact, these
oueer K'tlc sextons aro so much small
er than anrof the animals whoso graves
they prepare na-" "u" "
tion for them to cove the corpso mtho
very leatt. And ihey know this perfectly
well. So. being unabto to bring the
corpso to the grave, they bring the
grave to the corpse. .,.,nfi..
Our two sextons, having sufhcicnu
i !.; nri-rn suililnnly disan-
aunoitu , j ,...S 1
pcarcd beneatii it. Very soon, a littlo
heap of sand began to appear to ono
side, and then, bending cautiously, vo
could see the tiny grave-diggers' modo
of procedure. They were working side
bv side, their heads bent, their slender
black legs vigorously scraping, pushing
and kicking; their shoulders, or collars,
which wero much broader than their
heads, serving the while as a brace or
support Gradually the mole sank into
the gra that was being dug beneath
it; but our sextons must havo been
new to their work--they wero not ox-
nnrtfl find KO thev juddenlv discovered
that ono end of the ojrpso was sinking
much lower than iho ouier, inswjau oi
Uninrr ,l WflS tlflinCr. Oil ft lCVCl. Tills
,.nT.,i tn i.if.zlo them sadly. They
!tnnn,i ili.ino-. and. mounting thu
v.r. laid tTieir heads together, as if
i .m.,ii..iinn nvor the dire catastn)-
! ily of soxtons whose movements are full
nx,. imt directly they set to work
again, and proved themselves to fce
possessed of enough intelligence to
remedy tho fault for this time they
commenced at once to deepen the
shallower part of the grave, and tho
mole was" fast settling down ii.to a
more level position, when darknc3S
made us desert our post of observation.
Oc-r little friends had been hard at
work for three hours, ahd tho mole was
scarcely more than onc-foarth buried.
Hut in the morn' ng (as wo felt auto
would be thu case), the mole had dis
appeared, ami on scraping away the
soil we found it carefully covered, three
or four inches below tho surface, and
loading out from beneath it was a litllo
round hole, where Lady Nccrophorns
had come up, after laying her eggs
upon the tit-bit so laboriously provided
for her coming progeny. w
A famous entomologist, M. Glciditscn,
tells us some strange things about thpss
same curious insect soxtons, he having
mado them a special study and subject
of experiments. Once ho half-filled a
"lass vessel with moist earth, and
placed four ws.vtons within it; then ho
laid a dead linnet on tho surface of tho
soil, 'lhe insects, so far from showing
alarm at their captivity, appeared to
have but one idea in life, tht of bury
ing tho linnet as quickly as possible.
M. Gleiditsch had observed that ono of
tho beetles was smaller than tho others
(he supposed it to be a female), and
now, alter two nours 01 luru wui.
there was a sudden t ausc, and the
three largo beetles united to drive away
tho smaller one. Why did they do
this? Surely they had some reason for
Riioh unanimous action? Was the out
cast beetle not working skillfully, or
was it workinsr bevond its strength?
Was it driven away in friendship or
I enmity? Who shall say? At all events,
! lhe three resumed their occupation.
nmi tlmiifrh the smaller one strove sev
eral times to tome back, it was jiol al
lnweil tniloso. o it finally W$pt at a
ilist-incG and watched tho others as they
worked steadily on. Hut at last even
their more sturdy strength began to
"ie out. despite their evident lcsolve
10 bury that linnet without loss of time,
just ono little black sexton rested from
his labors, then nnother, but the third
Imetln kcnl on and on and on. till at.
ttlniilibjch Tiotcd. with astonishment.
that no less than five hours had passed
sineo its last fellow-worker had given
out: but at last. it. too. sank down ex
hausted. After a very short rest, how
ever, it roused itself, and, with a wen
.Wfnl nflbrt of stioiiL'th. acluallv lifted
tha linnet on its back, and settled it
down lni.0 the crave. The other bee-
io MMirftiiff. went to work nrrain.
v.'it irr.t- tbBrn three davs to hollow
mil dm o-rnvn hmicaili the linnet, and
onvrr it. nut OI slfTUL.
Hut ti eniiLscu cave tuetu iiieutv
more work to do. desirinjr to test their
imrtai pnniieittps. and thus, in fifty davs,
these four busy sextons (for after a time
the fourth was allowed to resume work)
proceeded to dig graves for three Dims,
two grasshoppers, four frogs, two fish,
two large picuus ui ui,
frails ota laree iish.
Another oftheso littlo eravo-diggerJ
was so strong, and so persevering, that
it succeeded, bv its own single oxer-
tinn. 'nlnirvinrr amolointwodavs, and
as we have Been, tho mole bein fifty
times as large as the beetle, it cost
iii little sexton imt as" much labor as
it would tost a manf to bury an object
fifty times his own size no 1 ght under
Hut snmetimos theso queer little sex'
that is too much
for them. For instance, we arc told of
a sheep that was skinned and thrown
where tho beetles most did congro
rmin Thn result w as that anticipated
by the naturalist who thus prepared the
bait. The body swarmed with hungry
beet!c3, but all theit efforts were of no
fir.iil. Tho united crertions of hundreds
Of Nccrophiqcr. weie only able to sink it
nne.fnnrlh beloW the SUrfaCC of the
"Tound, and then they left it in despair,
Gut not before their entertainer t
second Tantalus-had captured sped
mens of every snecics existing hi En
i.,i ,vi,ipi, mc
l 'in'" """ ti- --- - --- i
tiie scene oi.,iuq ex-
rT - Anarnowa wura iu ciofing rcgaru.
ii f l
ing the method of grave-digging prac
ticcd by the sexton-bccl.c. Is it not
wonderfully like the plan adopted bv
man in sinking wells in sandy soils'?
The insect digs away the ground from
beneath the body, and tho latter sinks
lower and lower. Tho mnn builds
,i circular wall of stone or brick, and
.ligs away the sand from beneath it, to
tL'at it sinks to a lower level. Then
ruo.vo wall is built, and asain the sand
Js scoped away, and tho tubo thus sunk
tot conges tho lining of the well. Man,
out of .His experience and intelligence,
has .invented this method of sinking
laro . bjtMts in the ground, but who
taught .tbe humble littlo beetle the
same principle, the same method of
sinking a weight too great for it to
raovo Fn anv-.oObor way? Man thought
it out, and it IcoX him a long time to do
it, too, but suAoli" H was God who
taught the humble jnscct sexton how
best to pursuo the awing He had se
lected for it! It is- rnly one among
myriads of proofs thai. 1 all around us
of our Father's inlinit(f-iVro- and love
for tho very least of Hh3 creatures.
Helen Harcourt, in Golden. Ityys.
A Curiosity from Japik'n.
A curious crowd gathered abot the
United States Customs Appraiser Ktrbe
iTaciflc Mail Dock yesterday af tempos
to witnesss the oncnlu? and oxaniihn-
k'onof a case brought on tho City oi
Tckio and said to contain the preserved
Irenvimsof a veritable "sea unicorn,"
the nrst oi tho species, it is sam, ever
cO-Ughl 11 "as cujjiuiuu iuiiv ujr
moans of a not near Uapo Scgatni, but
,. -.' Bnr., nftnr It. n'ftl liilcon. Tim lildn
was s.'uflod and earefullv preserved by
a skillful lliiueriiiisL. mo uuujr is ui
the size of a small deer and covered
with scaics ai"1 nu bich in diameter,
with tufts pf rsddish-brown hair grown
quite plentifully between tho scales.
Its legs aro qiitc slender and hare long
hair about the hoofs, which resemble
those of a dccV or .goat The tail is
straight and tuftAl, IIk that of a corr,
while the snout is enlarged at tho end
like that of a swino. and the mouth
shows formidable tusks protruding ott
cither sl.'o. From the center of thd
face projects a singlo horn, not moro
than six inches in length and less than
an Inch in diameter, which curves up
ward slightly. This is tiro aisunguisn
in" feature of the unicorn. In addition
there aro two long feelers or tentacles,
ono on each side of the mouth, rcsom
blingsomewhat those on a horned pout.
Tho hair upon tho neck is longer than
elsewhere, of the same reddish color,
and has tho appearance of a short mane.
The fishermen related that this animal
was sometimes seen upon the shore, and
that ho mado a musical noiso which
gave him tho name of " tho sinking uni
corn." It is apparent tat this is a
V(5rv different species from tho narwhal
of tiie Asiatic scaa, which is popularly
called lh3 95 unicorn, and which is
cetacean imU.umai oi mo pu n
Monodon. It is dcscncu m me book
as a powerful animal, frCTO. ten to stv
K : i o. ...til, n liliTiv-hnln no
tho top of its tlcad. and a singld spirat
horn or tusk of solid ivory live or fix
feet in length.
A naturalist describing this specimen
mil. U. flm "mnnoccrous." which is
hn still extant in tho recesses of
the jun"los in Central Africa and Asia;
but lids' is the fir.t one brought to light
nml nnmnfroni the Litsehottcn Islands.
between Loochoo and Kin3u. in tho
Japaneso Archipelago. It was shipped
ntliong Kong. San trunctsco wron
Great llrilain has nearly fivo thous
, aud miles of inland boat navigation.
LATH, SASH, DOOR
Lime, Cement, Coal Plastering Hair,
mi (l everything usually
YjiinIjs, Coi'iioivOak find i2l .Streets,
AKD BUILDING MATERIAL.
t.,.... in i,nv will find il t tl i.tire5t to call ami examine our
Stock before puuhasing f.lewl.re, as
stock cver brought to
J. M. Winsch & Co.,
LIVE STOCK, ETC.,
YO MY FRIENDS AND CUSTOMERS IN GENERAL:
M-ivlii" removed my store from
date all my old customers and as nuny new ones is will call with as good goods
as can be found in the market, nt a ru?Minahe profit. Hoping that my dealings
in th? past havu been such as to merit a continuance of the same mid by fair deal
ing make many now ones.
WELLER & GELVIN,
H. M. BLACKWELI & CO.,
LUM BER, LATH,
Shingles, Sash, Doors, Blinds
AND BUILDING MATERIAL
Cor. Sixth and Perm Streets, sr. Joseph, Mo
At tho opening: of the sca
:.soh -wo purchased largely;
"ive have no desire to carry
rgoods over from one .-.eason
ito another. This stock must
'be disposed of in order to
'make room for our new Fuji
Purchases. We have hut
onc price to all, which
means Low Prices; Means
fairness; Puts all on the
same footing: and prevents
favoritism ; Means that the
buyer who may be no judge
of values is protected, and
obtains as much for his
money as the wisest pur
chaser. AVe do notclaim to
sell you goods for "Half
Price," "Below Cost," etc.
But we do claim to give,
you Tull value for ever
Rlckel of Your Money.
R. P. ZOOK & CO.,
JTox-ctdt Oily, Mo,
kept in a Lumber Yard.
we have the lar.st aud met complete
AVh'yr XallfX- U' tha nci
new nail uourisui-ig
.11 .(I UI aULUllllllU-
Was It a HlghtmareT
A vonnsr English lady, who Is said to
possess remarkable intelligence and ho
. reditary acumen, relates in Notes anil
i Queries the following strange personal
experience in an old Yorkshire man
"What lam going to relate," she
says "happened to myself while stay
ing wilh some North-country cousins,
last July, at their house in Yorkshire.
I bad spent a few days there in the
summer of the previous year, but with
out then hearing or seeing an vthing out
i of the common, un my seconu visit.
oi me common, uu uxy actuuu iu,
arriving early in the afternoon, I went
out boatincr with some of the family.
spent a very jolly evening, and finally
I went to bed a littlo tired, perhaps,
1 with the day's work, but not the least
, nervous. 1 slept sbundlyuntil between
, three and four, just when tho day was
beginning to break; I had been awake
for a short time, when suddenly the
' door of my bedroom opened and shut
1 agiin rather quickly. I fancied it might
be ono of the servants, and called out,
C ome in. After a short time the door
opened again, but no tme came in nt
least, no one that I could sec. Almost
' at the same time that the door opened
' for the second time, I was a little
1 startled by the rustling of somo curtain
i belonging to a hanging wardrobe,
, which stood by the side of the bed; the
rustling continued, and I was seked
I with a most uncomfortable feeling, not
1 exactly of fright, but a strange, un
I earthly sensation tluit 1 was not
I alone. I had ha l that feeling
for some minutes, when I saw at
I the foot of tho bed a child, about
seven or nine years old. The child
j seemed as if it were on the bed. and
came irlitling toward me as I lay. It
j ivasihe figure of a little girl in her
i night dress a litlle girl with dark hair
i and very white face. I tried to speak
to her, but could not She came slowly
i on to the top of the bed, and I then saw
I her face clearly. She hocmed in "groat
, trouble; her hands were clasped, and
her eyes were turned np with a look of
! entreaty an almost agonized look.
Then, slowly unclasping hor hands, she
touched me on the snonuicr. -ine nanu
fcit jq- cold, and while
T trovn to
n...l- .1., i . j.nn.n T f .! f mnm frirrht- '
cned after the child was gone than be
fore, and began to be very anxious for
the time when tho servant would make
her appearance. Whether I slept again
or not I hardly know. But by tho limo
the sen-ant did como I had almost per
suaded myself that tho whole affair was
nothing but a very vivid nightmare.
However, wh.t I came down to break
fast there were many remarks made
alFont my not looking well; it was ob
I served that I was pale. Inanswcrl tokl
rny cousins that 1 had had a very vivid
j nightmare, and I remarked, if 1 was a
I believer in zhoits I should imagine I
had soen one. rio
Nothing more was said
t at the time upon this subject, except
. that my host, who was a aoctor, od
' .served that I had better not sleep in
the room again, at least not alone.
"So the following night one of my
cousins slept in the same room with me.
IS either of us saw or heard anything
out of the way during that night or the
early morning. That being the case,
I persuaded myself that what I had
seen had been only imagination, and,
touch against everjbodys expressed
wish, I insisted the next night on sleep
ing in the room again, and alone. Ac
cordingly, havinsr retired to the same
to sav my prayers, when exactly the same
dread as bofore tame over me. TTio
! curtains of the wardrobe swayed about.
i and 1 had tho same rensation as
previously that I wa3 not alone. I fOit
lOO ingniencu lO Slir, waen menu) mr
mo, one of my cousins came in far somc-
. t l. T I . I. rt 1. .. .1 T r fit I ti rr
at me she exclaimed. Have you seen
UllXJlT IIIU11 auu 1UU v.
anvthh.srr 1 said Ii o,' but told LOt-
how I felt; and, without much persua
sion bciner necessary, I left tho ro m i
with her. and never returned to it
Whenmv hostess learned what had i
li.nn.mAil f-a elm itlll lTiimoilmlolT win
tttiirrimriTrTiOrSTCIIiria that roofi
again, as the nightmare had rmido such
nn impression on mo. 1 should imag-
inc. slu said, all sorts of th'ng3. and
make mysdf quite ill. I went to an-
other iom, and during the rest of mv
viiit--a week I was nut tioubled by
any re-appearance of the little girl.
' " On leaving, my cousin, the eldest
daughter of the doctor, went on a visit
villi me to the hou.e of an uncle of
m'no in the same county. AVe stayed
there forabout a fortnight, and during
that time the 'little girl was alluded to
only as my nightmare.
" In this 1 afterward found there was
a little reticence, for, just before leav
ing my uncle's, my cousin, said to me:
'lmust'tcll you something I haTobccn
longipg to tell you over since I left
homo. But my father desired me not
to tell you, as, not being very strong,
you might bj too frightened. Your
nightmare was not a nightmare at all,
i but the apparition of a littlo girl.' She
t then went on to toll mo that this 'little
J girl' had been seen three times before,
by three different members of the fam
ily, but as tuts was somo nine or ten
years since, they had almost ceased to
think anything about it until I related
my experiences on the morning after
the first night of my second a Lit.
' My cousin went further on to tell
mo that her yonngcr sister whilst in bed
had cue morning, about daybreak, to
her great surprise, stcn a little girl with
dark hair, standing with her back to
her, looking out of tho window. She
took this figure for hor littlo sist'-r, and
spoke to it The child not replying or
moving from her position, she called
out to it 'It's no use standing like that;
I know you; you can't play tricks with
me. Oa looking round, however, she
saw that her littlo sister, tho ono sho
thought she was addrossing, and who
was sleeping with her, had not moved
from the bed. Aim- st at the same time
the child passed from the window into the
room of heK(my cousin's) sister A ,
and tho latter, as she afterward doi-lared,
distinctly saw tho figure of a child with
dark hair standing by the side of a table
in her room. Sho spoke to it. and it
instantly disappeared. The 'little girl'
was subsequently again scoi. fcr the
last time before I saw it b uiv cousin's
father. Dr. II . It was in tho early
daylignt of a summer s morning, anil
ho was going up stairs to his room, hav
ing just returned from a professional
visit On this occasion he saw the samo
child (ho noticcit its dark hair) running
tip the stairs immediately before him,
until it reached his room avd entered it
When he got into tho room it was gone
"Thus the apparition had been seon
thrco times by the familv, and once bj
me. I am the only on however, that
has seen its faco. Il has also never been
seen twico in the same room by any oy.
Mr. Robert II. Coleman, tt wealthy
graduato of Trinity College in last
year's class, has been so affected by the
recent death of h's young wifo in Paris
that ho has ordered that tho work on a
dwelling in Lebanon, Pa., intended to
cost $100,000. bo discontinued. The
partly-raised walls will bo demolished,
tho cellar filled and tho site plowed
over, so that every vestigo of lhe home
which ho had designed may be effaced.
Sikceiuty is nn openness vt heart;
'tis found in a very few people, and
lhat which wo commonly see is not it
butasubl'o dissimulation to gain the
confidence of others.
Tub truest self-respect lies, not ijt
exacting honor that is undeserved, but
in striving to attain tbat worth which
receives honor and observance as ils
WANT TO SEE
Full, Fine, Freth snd Fragrant Stock of
DRUGS AHD CHEMICALS,
onhiffc Sun CTiTinucov
B00KS AND STATIONERY,
SCAfS AKD FEf.FLKERY
SCHOOL RECORSS, .
! TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
I SEWING MACHINE, NEEDLES
. SEWING MACHINE ATTACHMENTS,
PQCKET BOOKS. ;
Paints Ready-XIxed, and otherwise, and
in fact ercry thing usually kept in a first
Came to the Old. Stand of
KING- & PROUD,
singer mm IACIM
Tho Vcrr Best in the "World!
I have the Agency for the above ma
chine for Holt couuty and keep a suj
ply always on hand at the store of Miss
Rose Biggurs, Mound City.
B3? Lojk oat for Bogus Machine.
i'ec advertisement of the Genuine
.'inger on the iruide f the Sentinel.
J. A. McADAM.
BAENES' POOT POVVEE
. . v
teen illftrrrct machines
. Mlnh Vuildrrj. Cabinet
Vlri. ATaron-JEkirs. anil
Jcll.ris is MLTtllaiMoiu
ntk ran ounpHe as to ;ital
lty ar.d price with steam inr
rrmnnuljrturing; a!s sinn,
truri scpiilif saw blades
designs lur Wall EraciJia
i an I Saildsn" Scroll Work.
t jachines Sent on Trial.
May whi-r. jta read thu and send fur Cata
locju; aud i nrrr.
W.F- WFV BARNZT .
l'usMSJMsl of tab remedy, every man mayba
hi jo. .ii Ilvctar. It may be rubbed lotu tho
systen. tut as to reach any Internal complaint:
by thev nieaiiJ it runs Sore ur ulcers iu tho
Tliniat. Stiimarh. Urer. Vpi.io or oilier imiti,
Ilbau Inf3tllt!t rmflv for Bad Ijks. lUd
llrer.:. Contracted r sua Joiutt. tiont, Klieu
nwtbm. an. ail Skin !!.
iJtroitTANT r.VTio.t.Xonn nre cenulno
T.N-.r th,-iii:ilurf nl .1. HaiiiOCK. xi acent
!! Statcj ?mr...n.l.H each nox of
1 a,,d.i rah.
' fcC-Th.--'Li coctid.rable saTtng by tak!n$
1 larger taA,rottow.Ar t Co.. New York,
BKEKT GOOD & CO.i'
j Wholctolo Aconts. HEW YQKK.
STILISH I KG
ORSGONTSANSFER AND EXPRESS UHi
i '" 1
j To the public I would say that I at
! still in the field and ready "at all times
i to accommodate mv patrons. Anv-
thing entrusted to my care will bo
promptly attended to.
Come on With Yonr Orders
HEXKV MOLTEK, Proprietor.
4SIZESJRPM75GEKTS APIECE UE
most Praptical MacHis
OF THEIR KIND IH THE MARKET.
Merulcn, Uct.n. U.S. A.
"CMIdrflB's Blow Pedals,"!
Invented and Exclusively
used By this Company.
The most popular
Organs of te day!
RIVALLED IN QUALITY.
"Tho Wiloos &. WMto
Orpna Snatyuotor" is tliQ
BEST and CHEAPEST
in. tho rs.arlr.Qt!
TOUIIU UC10I-U iuc uw..i, . .