Newspaper Page Text
ANDREW COUNTY REPUBLICAN.
-,, if .
JOM SHERMiy, Publisher.
SAVANNAH, MO., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1871.
VOL. I.--NO. 4,
LITEST NEWS IN BRIEF.
The public debt his been reduced $s U.'iO,
490 during1 October.
The president has appointed Charles C.
iii-amsn, jr., examiner of claims in tho de
partment of State. Mo3es M. Adam? has
been appointed agent for the SiRRtlon Indians
Gov. Peilmn, of Maine, has written a let-
t r to Senator Trumbull, proposing in be- 20th, in which it is stitcd that Avery Tom
fialf of t'e State to donate for the use of tho ' Hason ouil Bratlon, together with twenty
i-mnty and bar of Chicago, copie3of stat I or thirty others of tha Ku-klux, haveprc
ntcs. reports and digest of the State. Seaa cipitately tied, about ICO have delivered
for Trambull is collecting hero a great mass i themselves up, and the evidence is very
of public documents, of value as books of ' strong against them. There la coutirma
itfercncc, and forwarding them to the press tion ol a large number of whippings, and
and lawvers of Chicago. of the hanging- of Tonilinson, of which
The order for the arrest of W. 1 Foil.es, ;
late Pension Asrtnt at Philadelphia, has
been forwarded, and it Is snppos ed tint ho
has been taken in custodv.
ri iwnii. . n,n nimi,rta !1U
thnriTPd thn Mrroinio Vntinniii Hank of ,
Toledo to commence business, with a card-
f il of 300 000
Thc'waV Department again decline to
-rant an escort to the Indian Superintend-
cut Viall, on the ground ot insuUicencv o
troops In Montana and the season being too
i .i ,
nZT'xr mmmIs,i m
. ...,. r rr,.
session, on the subject of post-master". .
Tim rfifTlenltv isfnfi a tioint where com-
pctitivc examination shall commence, as of i
:!0,000 postmasters, 22,000 receive salaries
less than $1,000 a year, and it is thought this
class will not submit to examinations, as
the greater part of offices held arc merely
Or neighborhood accomodations and not
The President, Secretary of War, and
General Sherman arc now engaged in reor
ganizing the military department ol the
George B. Williams, of Indiana, Deputy
-.'nnimissioner of Internal Revenue, his
been appointed, at a's8lary of ten thousand
I'o'.lars, to proceed to Japan and introduce
into that hitherto happy country the pres
et American system of revenue.
Military changes have been made by tho
President : Transferring the State of North
Carolina from the Department cf the East
to the Department of the South. The Indi
an Territory north of Texas and south of
Kansas has been added to the Department
of Texas, to be under command ol General
Augur, and the Department of Texas is
added to the division of Missouri. The De
partment of the Platte, lor the present, Is
discontinued. The States ot Louisiana,
Arkansas, Mississippi and the Gulf posts
will constitute ths new Department of the
Gulf, to be commanded by Col. Morey. j
The Fifth cavalry is ordered to Arizona ; ,
the Third cavalry is ordered to Fort Mc-
Phcrion. Second Lieutenant Frederick G. !
Grant, cfthe Fourth cavalry, has been or
ib red to report to general army headquar
ters, and will accompany General Sherman
oahistourof military Inspections in Europe.
The Commissioner ol pensions is now in
Pniladelphia to effect a settlement with
Forbes, the invalid pension agent of that
city, who is in arrears 200,000 to the gov
mcnt. The telegram from Russia denying that
Minister Catacazy will not be recalled after
thu visit of tho Grand Duke has attracted
attention In official circles. There Isauthor-
ity for tho statement that Catacazy lia3 been
told that after the visit of the Grand Duke i
he will not be received as Minister here, and
that if he doe3 not leave ids passports will
The returns of November 1st shov. that
-03 grain and 10 mo!asse3 distilleries are In
operation, Hliuois has 42, Indiana 21, Ken
tucky 1C, New York 11. Ohio 39, and Penn
it i miucrsiooa mat, on uie arrival of our xil0 .mericans in Paris presented Minis
comingroyalguestatPhilaaelphia. the lion, j ter Washburne with a sei vice of plate in rc
Simon Cameron will meet him in the capac- cognition of his services to his couiitryiii- u
lty or ex-United States minister to Ktusia, during thesicge.
and tender him the 'hospitalities of the city ' The" workingmen's committee of Beiliu
and commonwealth. From Philadelphia it j ha3 summoned a congress of workmen to
uiuruicrimuereioou jur Cameron wm cs-'
iiiu uuuit liustmn anu tunc to iue com, tho nniih.g is to organize a general flrikc
iron, and oil regions in ouc or the myguifi- fur the reduction of Uie dally term of l.ibor
cent coaches of Colonel Thomas Scott. ,to 5llC lt)tln a!i a tm.ritl icreiM, of
The United States steamer fabash, flag- wages,
ship of the European squadron, sails from ' Subscription to the Chicago iclier fund
Boston about the latter part ol next week, ' received at tho Bourse to date amount to
for Europe. General Sherman, Colonel ! 20,500 thalers.
Andenreid and stall fake passage on the j A compromise lias bun arrived at between
Wabash. They will be absent about six the French and English governments in ro
U)t!nll)S' ! gard to tho commercial treaty. The notice
The secretary cf the Interior has sctaude , ofabrogation given by France has been v.ith
'the bids for the Kaw land3 as too low. drawn and tho treaty continued in rorce. but
The awards of mail contracts for (he i
Southern States were made to-day.
At the cabinet mtcting to-day a petition
from Chicago was read, signed by the
representatives of both political parties,
asking that troops be stationed m that city
for the protection of proprty, those which
were there immediately alter the firo hav
ing been withdrawn. In accordance with
tie petitiou aa order has been issued, by i
wnica a portion of the Eighth infantry, now ,
it Willett's Point.ivlII. be dispatched to
The President has issued a proclamation
IfwlRV. rt Vi-,l-t.... .1... .
. j, 11K; Mivpcnsion oi me i
habeas corpus in Marion county, South
uarouii3, it naving been ascertained that un-1
bwfol combinations do not exist there to i
(he extent described in tho proclamation
juspending Ihc said writ, and declaring
bat, as ft his been ascertained that un
Vwful conspiracies do exist in IVion
-ounty, the usual nolicc will be given to
feuch combinations to d perse withi'i five
.-r of lit-
pian ana.rs will be made during the present . European affairs of strengthening the coun
jweek, an.I It, W1H probably bo either Col. try by thus pmnoirrri th
IPfinminnre M-... . , .
Mllllcr,mcprcseniisupcrii..tironip:iy and freely under any adverse or
loudcnt of tn? ccnuiK
I Tbfi l,"-f,i!c,lt appointed W i'rescott
poiuii una j. ,y. h, imnii,,.nm f,m
flarylayil for tho centennial
hdcpctidcnce. Malor .TamoB wi,,wr
pe engineer corps, has resigned.
uinnrcnuent lloag reports that Big
Mouth, the famous Arapahoo clilef, says he
is convinced of the 'advantages to bis peo-
plo to U2 derived froin the whites. He sees
that the whites will booh cover the whole
land, and if tho Indians do not go from the
whitcman's ir.t!i they will ba swept away.
He is therefore determine! to learn to culti
vate the soil.
Senator Scot: has received a, letter fiom
Yorkvilie. Soutli Carolina, dated October
Brsttou was the leader,
Crds have becu published by O'Dono
van Kossa mid Gen. Sigcl, the one soliciting
support in behalf ol the other, ltossa states
that Sigcl promises to give one-third of th.
Patronage of the offlco of register to Amcr
,?ans5 one-thlrd to Irish and one-third to
Germans. He calls on tho citizens to keep
,loo,k wf for the count, as If begets a
lu"IUU"l "c "u " "
e orJfr ffr T,he reIesf ? ' th
"hrf3 f Ludlow street jal , signed
by Judge Barnard not being complied with
T the sheriff, who had taken the advice of
counsel on the matter of jurisdiction, the
W5U "l- P"5'
Tiie Chinese government has voted a mil
lion and a half of dollars to pay for the ed
ucation ol thlrt? native students annually at
A Pennsylvania firm has just shipped
forty-one cases of school slates to Japan
another evidence of the growing popularity
of American ideas.
John W. Sweny, one of the supervisors ol
Pima countv, Arizona, says that thirteen
years ago ho came to Arizona, and that
about fifty men cams with him at tho time,
and that of these fifty all hut about a dozen
have been killed by the Indian?.
The Sioux City Journal estimates that
there will not be ten thousand acres ot un
sold government lauds in Iowa by the 1st
o! May next.
There were 14,203 emigrants who left Liv
erpool last month for the Unite 1 States.
Thaddcus Stevens' homestead is adver
tised to be sold at auction In Lancaster by
order ot the executors. November 7.
There are twenty-six building associations
at Cincinnati, of which the taxable value is
A petition in bankruptcy has been filsd in
the United States court at Chicago, against
thoMuihattan Insurance company, to test
whether foreign companies are liable to the
action ol the State binking laws:
Fred Douglass has been unanimously
nominated as Republican candidate for the
Assembly from Rochester, New York.
The Grand Dnke Alexis will visit San
Francisco while In this country, should he
arrive at a!!.
Oat of 1S.S72 regisfrcl voters in th- Dis
trict of Columbia, or Territory, th" v.ltit.-
have only a majority of 1512.
It is among the gossip that Sec. Robeson
is to leave the cabin-rt and be appointed mln
ister to Vienna.
The comptroller of currency reports that
tho resources in all the National banks ou
October 2,exceptiugthree banks In Chicago,
one bank m Indiana, from which reports
have not yet beui received, amount to Sl,-
724,010,722; number of banks l,G5.t.
j The recall of the Papil nuncio In Munich
is considered imminent. No new develop
ments have occurred in the clerical questions
' recently agitated In that city.
', Austria submits propo3ah respecting the
j International Society, for tho consideration
of the government at Berlin.
meet tin re on the 19th lust. The object of
rrill, mil,itl TnmliflmlTnun !,! ,ltnllo r.t
which have been agreed upon.
A Paris dispatch Intimates that nsne of
the communists, now remainlning in prison,
will be executed, excepting M. Ferre.
The Frencli army is reorganized into nine
corps, csch corps containing three divisions,
each divhlon two brigades, caeli brigade
two regiments of 3000 men each, inaddl-
tion to cavalry and artilery, and l.l.oOO men
extra for Algiers,
Victor Hugo lu3 made a second visit to
Thicri to procure a pardon for Henri Roche
fort. The President received him kindly,
but declined to interfere.
Communist Quesncl has been convicted of
firing buildings in Paris, and sentenced to
A supplement to the Official Qazclle of
November 4th contains tho proclamation of
the Queen cf England proroguing Parlia
ment on iho 27th of December next.
In Berlin on November 4th the Reichstag
passed the war fund bill. Duain? the dc-
bate and prior to its passage Bismarck
" -V w av.1,
mrcaieninr circumstnnroi Tho n.. nr
tho bill, which was recommended In tho
Emperor's address, would leave his majesty
unshackled. It would virtually place Prus
sia in a position to eel either upon tho of
fensive or defensive. No complications are
at present apparent.
vwvva iiHiNuav W
CENERAL AND PARTICULAR.
Tho probable production cf pig iron In
the leading countries of Kuropc in 1S72, is
thus given: Great Britain, 5,100,000 tons ;
France. 1,002,000 tons; Germany, 1,907.000
tons ; Belginm, 520.000 tons ; Austria, :SG5,
000 tons : Sweden, 20.1,000 tons : Rii'siu. 420.-
000 tons; and other European eiiuntrics,
100,000 tons. Assuming that this estimate
Is approximately realized, the production of
piz iron m Europe next year will be about
y.3J,000tons. The actual European pro
duction in 1SC0 was 8,313,000 tons.
One man in a hundred reads a book; ninc-
iv-aine in a uunurcu reau a newspaper.
Neirly a century sgo, when the American
press, which is now a spreading cak. was In
Its irrecn twig. Thomas Jefferson said he
wo ilil rather live in a country with newspa
pers and without a government, than In a
country with a government but without
newspapers. The press, Instead of being
tue lourin, is me urge estate oi ine realm.
There is but one absolutely lire-proof gov
ernment building In the country, and that
one is in Philadelphia, occupied as tho ap
praisers (tores. Tho authority for this
statement is the supervising architect at
Washington City, Mr. Mullett. Tho build
ing 13 rf brick, which M. regards as the only
absolutely tire-proof material. Granite, he
says, will resist time and heat and damp,
but it won't resist fire. When subjected to
severe heat it cracks and splits off'ln Hakes
and crumbles into sand. Neither are safe?
constructed of granite burglar-proof. With
a blow-pipe and sharp blaze well haiulird.
block of granite can be cracked to pkc e.
A Tennessee man, residing where forests
and game arc plenty, sayB that his boys,
who all have a gun apiece, "became short of
percussion caps a few days ago, and the first
thing he know they were shooting with
match-heads as a substitute. How many
boxes of matches he had lo.tintbat way he
did not Eay, but he found they fired ns clear
as tho cap itself. Here Is a chance for some
man to make a fortune by getting out a
" new patent." All that is necessary is
to adapt the gunlock to the " match-head."
Tho sentencing to seven years In the
State-prison of Itosenweig, the famous New
York abortionist the sami who?c victim's
corps was discovered boxed up and on its
way to Chicago will met t a stronir popular
approval not less hero than in New York.
Wooniyfe.ir that In live or six months or
so.lt may be dlf covered that '-the ends of
justice have been sufficiently subserved " In
nis case, ami inciniiuman scoundrel set rrcc.
This kind of discovery i3 verv common in
A telling argument in favor of the indus
trial training of the masses is allordc.1 bv
the fact that hut about thro? per crnt (if
the country have bcu trained in anv cralt.
More bsldne-s among ladies lias been cms
ul by the prevailing f.ishlon of weiring
heavy knots of false hair on the top of the
held, durinz the last tw.- vcars. t ianinn
decade before. This is the uniuiiimus tes
timony of phvsicians.
The Italian 1U:: Is coini;oi-e,l of three col
ors, as are all the flags of the constitutional
nations, and represents th" three powers of
thestite, executive, legislative, and judiciary.
The oricinof this liar ircncr.xllv dates with
the Cisalpine Republic about the latter part
of the last ccaturv, at tho lime of Napol
eon's war lu Italy. The green w.vs then
idopted to distinguish It from th Fronch.
From that! date this trl-colorcd was
adopted in nil the Italian lilieral move
ments of 1S20, 1S.")1, 1S1". and lS5r. ami fin
ally In 1SC0. with the constitution of th-1
kingdom ol Italy. 1 lie suicld lu tun center
wun uiecroPB, is me arms oi mo notice ox
Savoy under whose regime Italy has finely
. . i a t I - m a l -
dence. By coincidence tho colors of lb..
Italian flaz represent the thm cardinal vir
tues Faith, white; Hope, green; Charity,
The oldest tree on record In Europe, Is
asserted to be tho cypress ol Si'inmn, in
Lombardy, Italy. This tree is belfi vid to
havo been In existence nt the tium , i Juli
us Cxsar, forty-two years before ' rlr,
und Is therefore lull years old. It I 10! In:
In bight, and twenty in i lretnuferen.-e at ow
loot irom me ground. -Napoleon, wiien lay
ing uown nis piau lor me great road over
tin: Mmpion. diverged from n strxigiit Um
to avoid injuring this tree.
The English postal telegraph Siit-iu has
been in operation about liftf-en months. It
pays its way and shows a balance to its credit
of nearly four millions or dollars. It lias
Increased telegraph accommodation. Be
fore the transfer to the Postofllce depart
ment, less than one hundred and fifty towns
nau t legrapnic facilities; now, more than
two thousand postollicea distribute lele
grams. and nearly as many railway stations
nave oeeu added to tins nuuiuer.
An ingenious Yankee has endeavored to
introduce the peculiarly American institu
tion known as the "gift enterprise" In Ger
many, DUt uie auttioritierf nave lorced film
to take his own leave instead of giving him
Anew steam fog horn is in use in llos-
lon. il was Heard on board the t'unard
aiestner Samaria, between seven and eight
miles distant, and so distinctly that tlm pi
lot ran her safely In durlnsr n douse fosr,
Its value will bo beltr appreciated as pilots
become more familiar with its range of
sound and how tho sound Itself Is affected
by the wlud.
There are no less than so en expeditious
now tit work in tho frozen regions two
from Germans', under the command, resprc
tivelyrof Rosenthal and Prayer, with the
latter cf whom Weyprecht is assotiale 1 ;
one from Sweeden, sent out by the govern
ment, ana consisting ol two war esstl.s;
inn Irnm pMilIanH, nmUr Mr. T..aiujiil , mm
from England, undertaken by Mr. Le'gh
Smith ; one from France, fitted out bv M.
Octave Pttvy,'.and the American expedition,
under Captain Hall.
Kcports from tho forest fires aloni? the
Lake Shore Railroad gives the curious fact
that tho dry " muck, " which forms the first
layer oi sou, noout inrco rect in thickness,
burned with the 6low fire of corapresssd
peat, eating under green trees and uproot
ing mem to auu tneir iuci to uie names.
The committee of tho city council of Cin
cinnati on smoke consumption, have the au
thority l scientific men for saying that the
smoke yearly injures Cincinnati to the ex
tent of $3,500,000 that is, a million and a
hall more than the city's annual coal bill.
The French practice in building is a good
ouc. Instead of using flimsy lath for thin
partitions, thoy employ stout pieces of oak,
as thick as garden palings. These thsy nail
firmly on each side of tho lmming of the
partition, and fill tho space between with
nibble and plaster of Tarls. They coat the
wholo with plaster. tTha floors arc
managed in the same way, as well as the un
der side of tlie stairs. Houses are thus render
ed almost as near " fire-proof as if built of
stono throughout. In Notingbam, England,
where they nave gypsum in tho neighbor
hood, as in Paris, they form their floors mid
partitions In the samo solid mann- r ; enn e
quently a building is rarely burned down in
that populous manufacturing town.
About flvo hundred acres of Twiichell's
island on tho Pacific slope were sown with
wheat this year, and 1,350,000 pounds of the
finest quality of tho grain were produced.
All that was done to get this crop was
simply to burn the ground over, sow the
sceu In tho ashes, anutramplc It in by driv
ing a flock ot sheep across. This yield
brought $19,000 in the home market, and a
heivy burden of hay was gathered a few
months after tho first crop was harvested.
As illustrating the fierceness of the flames
in tho recent burning of Peshligo. Wiscon
sin, and the terror into which tie people
were thrown by their approack. one or two
facts are giver. It only took about fifteen
minutes' time to envelope in flames the
three hundred houses in the place. As the
torrent of flro approached there seemed to
be no escape lrora it except by some
speedier death, and many shot themselves
to avoid perisuicg in uie names, one else
Is recorded in which a German cut the
throats of his wife and three children, as well
as his own, preferring this death for him
self and them to the lingering torture of liro.
A gentleman In Canada, who has given
close attention to emigration to America
and Canada, writes that he Is astonished at
the lukewarmness shown by the govern
ments of America and Canada in relation to
Scottish emigration. He says Canada lias
only lately sent an agent to 'Scotland, and
tho United States has no such, agent at all.
and, taking into consideration the fact that
Scotland is ripe far. the work of an agent, he
says It seems anomalous. All kinds of ser
vants cr help can be had from Scotland, If,
he says, you will show them that you want
them, and bethinks that country Is tho one
in which ths best clouirhmen and domestic
scrvauta can bo obtained.
Tho Early Days of Wm. L. Maroy.
A eorrcspv.dcnt of the Liberal Christian
i H. till. ' rv about Wm. L. Marcv:
I '- nt ml ,- of my vacation at Charles
tuwii, .Miss. As we rode Into tho village, on
the evening of our arrival, we saw an old
man on his way from his house to the barn
close by, going, with pail In hand, to milk
the cows. He was nmctv-two years old.
jiv nut limits hhj uut urivi:s
them to pasture, and goes after them again
evorv dav. lust as he has done I know int
IT. .nlll.o .. .i-i
how many years. In tho morning, as we
sat niiucr me piazza oi mo nnici, tuc out
man was seen walking along the street on
tho other side, with a quick, energetic step,
when Mr. Pratt called him over to tho
house, rnd introduced us to him. He sat
down and was very chatty, talking over the
times that were long ago, and telling us of
the years when he saw such men as George
Washington, nnd John Adams and Fisher
Ames, and mingled with the ereat spirits of
a generation which frems quite distant from
the; men ofjto-day. General Salem
Towue. our venerable friend was formerly
himself a man ot mark and influence, well
fitted by nature and education to associate
with the most eminent of his contcmporles.
The Keneral Is often spoken of as the
man who made Bill Marcy." Bill Marcv
wss a na
stive of the immediate vicinity, and , iaUoas based on the surveys by those coun
p to Iw a wild and heady youth. He tries of an arc of the meridian be proved
was tliougtit by nis parents and all the
neighbors to be.tho worst boy they know
One winter he succeeded. In conlmietlon I
1 spirits. In outing the teacher
istrlct school. SaVcm Towne,
-. -n p.,mmn,,n,i ,1 '
from Uir ill;
h.., . ,,, .. .,,n.mnnn.i ,i'
fittest person to tako chargeof these unruly ' , a, sohulon of gold, platinum, etc., is
youth, and complete the term. Everybody mixwI Jv,th llJ;drato o chloral and an ex
thought the new teacher would certainly cf. ca(uV? vo ?,h or, 1S0,la,' S?d l.ho
have trouble with Hill Marcv. Hut tli whole heated together. After boiling for
trouble did not come. Tho first day had
not iia?cl beforn Mr.Towno tin.l ili5mv,.r..,l
in I,;, ,m.ii on i,m,M, ,f ..,.1 .i
told him so. This, to the boy, Cvas a mo
ungual acknowledgement, and it touched
his heart. Some one had seen good In him.
He was, then, capable of better things, and
he was determined to make the onddkvor.
It was the turning point or his hfc. Such
was his conduct and such his, progress In
uiiiy uuii nil leacner uuvi-rti nun ro go on
I .1 1.1 I J At t
ami iireiian; ir coiicgc. u was a
great surprise to his parr nts, but at tho ur -
I their consent. land ho was placed under the
instruction oi a clergyman in the vicinity of
ill icnirui no rniemi conece.
and passed through the course with great
success, justifying at every step the contl -
dence anil hope of his best friend. In sub -
sequent life he roe from one decree ot em
inence and usefulness to unotucr until nt
hut tho wholo world wot familiar lth the
nanio nnd fmne of the great statesman of
New York, Wm. L. Marcy.
Long years after he had lelt his school
day haunts and when he had come to do- ,
served eminence, lie visited Boston, and was '
the guest of the then governor of tho old
Hay State. Among the distinguished men ;
who wir.: Invited to meet him was General
Samuel Towne. When the govcrner saw
Marcy and Towne greet each other as oid
s, no very naturally expressed a picas-
urauu, surprise t mt tuey knew each oilier
well. Why," said Marcv, that Is the
man that made me. When I was a hoy cv -
rj body was against me. None no, not
even my father or mother-saw any good
in inc. Ho was tlm firet who Ih-hSwiI in
m... Li irii-mleilmo. told mpwlmt imiiri.thr-
" i. . . . . ... .
icai juncture. Whatever of merit or dis-'01 Rreat strengtn, wiucn, it is said, can bp
tinctlon I have since attained to I owe to ' P?, lZ r?n . liCtSt,Aan
him more than to any other living person." and w,,,cn sot " easily worked. One of the
We need not say that tho teacher, who has ?ostnt .mPr f",1,"' ,,nltacsf 1?,?,,ml fo,r
so long survived the Illustrious pupil, $ tills new alloy l that It is not liable to oxi
proud ?a remember that he Is "the man who 1 ratIou .cx ,os,u.re " ,,uu,ntnl0SP'wc. But
inado Bill Marcy." tho, Principal object ol the invention is to
make a perfectly malleable metal which enn
Tun Grand Tbcxk IUilwiv. So many be tempered to tho utmost hardness, and
railways of great extent and cost have been I which, being cheaper than lino steel, can bo
recently completed in tha United States as substituted for it In many important appli-
to caufo us to loeo sight of somo of the
magnificent enterprises undertaken by our
ueignuors in mo vanauian uominion ; anu
among them tho Grand Trunk Hue, ou ac
count of Its great length and cest, claims
our first attention.
Thi3 great work Is thirteen hundred uad
wveuiy-seven miles in length, and extends
a most from ono end of Canada to the other.
I tr. ..... .1 : , 1. .. . li. . I 1
.iiiu is uuii&uuuieu in uiu must suosianiiai
thu Victoria iron tubular bridge, the longest
In tho world. At Quebec It connects with
the Intercolonial Railway, which terminates
ut Halifax, Nova Scotia. Tho latter rail
road Is now In progrcsB of construction,
and, when completed, will, together with
the Grand Trunk Railway, afford an unin
terrupted railroad communication from
Halifax, Nava Scotia, at tho cast, ' port
Sarniu, on Lake Hurca, near Detroit, on
the west a distanco not fur short ( tweii-tv-flve
hundred miles. The eastern end of
this ro.id will probably form part of the
proposed Canadian Pacific Railroad. Tho
Grand Trunk Railroad has not, npto the
present time, proved to be a profitable un-!
dcrtaklnjr, but its pro-peels iiro gradually '
brli?httiiln!r. The irrs? revenue for the
year 1S70 was n million and a half sterling,
or about $7,500,000, and tlm revenuo for
1871 will exceed that amount considerably,
so tlmt in a short time It will be enabled to
pay handsome dividends.
Gucet "How comes this dead fly in my
snnr.1" Waiter "In fact. sir. 1 haveno
positive idea how the poor thing came to Its
death. Perhaps It had not taken any food
for a l ing time, dashed upon the soup, ate
tou much of it. contracted an infiamation of
tho stomach which brought on death. The
fly must have a very weak constitution, for
when I Mirvcd f lie soup it was dancing mer
rily on Hie surface. Perhaps and tho idea
nri!se;:l.s itself onW nt this moment It cn-
deuvoitd to bwallow too longa piece ot veg
etable; this remaining fast In his throat,
caused a choking In the windpipe. This Is
tho only reason I could givo tor the death
of this insect."
Persons visitincr St. Louis should not for
get to k-j the llisr Boot, 1028 nnd 1030 Broad
way. Send for list of elub price?.
CURIOUS AND SCIENTIFIC.
Dr. Hjaltelln is of the opinion that tho in
troduction of the potato and more vegetable
diet has caused the'decrease In leprosy in
Europe since the Middle Ages.
A Prussian engineer has invented a ma
chine which will manufacture ice withont
chemicals, merely by compression and ex
pulsion of air. The specimen machine no v
at iew 1 orK maki s two tons or tee per dny,
and the capacity ccn be increased to twenty
Two-thirdH of all the zinc produced is
manufactured into sheets. The remainder
Is employed In making brass, in wire, in
zinc-white as a substitute for lead in paints
and for castings. The two chief require
ments for zinc sheets are roofing and sheath
ing the bottoms of ships.
An Englm chemist has been experiment
ing for the purpose of ascertaining how
much of various kinds of food must be eat
en in ordf r to make one pound of flesh. He
comes to the conclusion that it requires 23
pounds ot milk, 100 of turnip, 50 of pota
toes, 20 of carrots, 8 ot oatmeal, 71-3 of bar
Icy meal, and :l-'i of beans.
The phosphorescent matter in fishe3 is as
serted to be merely fat, in a paper lately
read before the association of Naturalists
nnd Physicians at Turin. Baron deSelyg
Longchamns, In a communication to the
Entomological Society of London, estimates
. "t"i iiV ""trl" "uo" 'V ui uKou "3"
. 1. i .- , ! r i
Same recent preparations have proved
dangerously explosive on being mixed by
the apothecary- A lady in England re
cently put a box of pills which had been
prescribed for her. in her bosom. In a short
, time there was a severe explosion, and she
v.n? iiqiilv hlirnpil Tho nfinnw,j a mir.
( ; ' ; J -" . ..t.u ..... M
1 turc ot xydc of silver, munatcof morphia,
' and extract of gentian.
Auother f fljrt to demonstrate aerial navi
gation is soon to be made in Washington.
Tho plans have been submitted to scientific
men there nnd elsewhere, and have cer
tainly awakened an Interest, which Is a trib
ute the demonstrator may regard as valua
ble. It Is understood that movements are
on foot to organize a company to give prac
tical reality to the theory which has Dccn
A party of gentlemen connected with tho
Coast Survey are engaged In triangulating
the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. The work
has been in progress In Missouri and Illinois
for some time past. When the work Is fin
ally completed after about twenty-five
years scicHce will bo enriched by a knowl
edge of the exact dimensions of tho globe,
nnrl tl,o TPmo-Io,, rr...l. T.- 1 1 .,
I and rectified.
Hydrate of chloral uiaj-, in many cases.
;?ccordnF tf a pennan pharmaceutical
" conveniently applied to ho re
ductiou of precious metals, lorthispur-
auction oi precious metals, t or this pur-
"bout urn- m unite ittie reduction Is complete,
anu lnu precipiliitn n ca-ll)' waMied. in tUe
case ol silver the action Is especially satis-
' ractor but solut.ons of silts of mercury
are not reduced.
: From a piper on tha vertebrate animal; of
Australia. lately published by Mr. Kreflt,
the curator of the Sidney Museum, wefcarn
, that no woodpeckers or humming birds
have , oyer been met with. In that country.
iiiiuiik umit, wc (larrui u uie most promt-
I il...... . . A A
' nrm, uiuu uviuz uiwu man mjiv McciC3.
, Keptlles abonnd among them a speelcs of
. . A .1., 1 . T - . . -
grow to the extraordinary length of thirty
net, ami occasion inucn trouble to the
i cuiuiksi-.. .id um: oi me live venomous
- snakes of the country is so deadly as the
' hngllh vlpsr. I he number
, harmless species
i is seventy-five.
The English journals report that during
rec nt explorations in the moss on the shores
of Loch Etlve, ArgyJe county, Scotland, the
remains of an exteusive lake dwelling were
discovered. The platform of this structure
is sixty ftet In diameter, ana the dwelling in
the middle istiftyfcetloug and twenty-eight
feet broad. There was also discovered In
a large cairn a structure composed of huge
stoms, and conslstingof twochaiiibers.cach
twenty feet long, connected by a passage of
nearly the same length. One broken urn
und the remains of four others were also dis
covered. Loch Etive Is an Inlet to tho sen
011 ti,c northwest coast of Scotland, running
,, flir o;rr twenty mile), and varying in
1 breadth. "
I ..',, ,. , . , ,
! .A?, ' ?, C c0 Wcr J1".1 lron ,1'cs ten
. '"cntcd whic i is regarded as a discovery
P1 mHr" P-ietlcal importance. I he blend
Int' oftlii tivn mi fnU nrn.!inr
Ingofthe two mitals proJnccsa substance
cations for which the latter is now rarely
employed. The tests to which the nowalloy
has been submitted show its peculiar adap
tation for the purposes In question.
The extraordinary drouths which have
prevailed throughout the country during tb$
past summer have given a new impulse to
the study ol the problem of tho manufacture
ol rain. A leading physicist haa.rVJ"
ni n mat, Mll3CaV0
Tuc author starts wltli the lact from
a great range of examples, that heavy artil
lery 11 ring in great battles nas invariably
been followed by rain and argues that artil
lery firing will always produce a liko result.
The explanation of this phenomenon Is not
easy, but tho phenomenon stands aa a fact.
Th iuii- lusion is that the Government
uii, lit to take the matter in baud, and by a
series of experiments at different places
lest the practical valuo of the principle It
Is argued that tho expenso would bo incon
siderable compared to tho beneficial results,
and the Government could supply rain
gauges and charge for tho amount each
unner would rectlve.
Fituxcii Substitute for Maiiocixv
The difficulty of procuring mahogany and
other valuable woods, and the consequent
cxiiorbitant prices uemanucu ior rue samo,
whether in a crudo or manufactured state,
have brought into requisition tho art of the
chemist, and certainly with verv satisfactory
results. It has been contrived to render any
species of wood or a closo grain, so nearly
to re-emblc mahogany In the texture, den
sity and polish, that the most accurate judges
are incapable ol distinguishing bctwi en the
Imitation and the native product. The first
operation in this process, as now practiced !
in ! ranc'., is 10 piano mo suriaco as in ren
der it pciicetl v smooth, mid the wood is then
rubbed with diluted nitrous acid, which pre
serves it for thomaterlalssiibseqiicntly tobo
applied. Afterwards, one omii-n and a bdr
of dragon s blond, ilisMilved In a pint of
spirits of wine, and one-third tha qiuinUy
of carbonato of soda arc mixed togitiirraml
filtered; and the liquid In this stato it
rubbed, or rather laid, upon the wood with
a soft brush. This process is repeated, with
very littlo alteration, and in a short interval I
afterwards the wood Is found to possess tho
exit i ml appearance of mahogany. When 1
this application Is made with tho requisite
skill, the surface resembles that of an arti
ficial mirror ; but if the polish becomes less
brilliant, by rubbing with a littl cold
drawn linseed oil. the wood will be restored
to its former brilliancy. For all the various
uses to which mahogany, as an ornamental
wood is used, tlu3 French substitute Is said
to be adapted.
A remarkable electric clock has for some
time past been doing public duty in Lon
don, forming one of the most conspicuous
objects to be seen in the city, and exciting
very general Interest, on account of the pe
culiar application of electricity to its move
ment. The object of the company by
whom this electric clock was erected, was
to make the "globe" do duty as a clock
face ; some of its convexity has, therefore,
been sacrificed, bnt the result is declared to
be a novel and beautiful object, the Interest
of which is only exceeded by its utility.
The globe'.ls surrounded by gilt stara which
indicate the hours, and by the shape of the
dial so much light Is thrown upon them
that they are visible by night and by day,
while the pointers contribute greatly to the
general effect of the design. The clock,
constructed on the peculiar principle of
electrical action, of course requires no wind
ing up. The dial IsIllnminatedbySchtefier's
patent doublo burners ; and by an ingenious
apparatus the gas Is turned off every morn
ing and evening two minutes earlier and
two minutes later every day as the days are
lengthening or shortening, and it Is adjust
able as well for the fotrarT days of Novem
ber 3 for the light nights of summer.
Hlgh'Llfe in Liberia.
The Missouri Republican states that the
wife of Col. Frank Eoberson. the St. Louis
barber, has received a letter from the wife
of J. Milton Turner, American minister to
Liberia. Th letter Is dated at Monrovia,
August 3. Mr. and Mrs. Turner were forty
three days making tho voyage, arriving at
their destination on the 7th of July. She
writes : Beginning with his Excellency the
President, and down to the most humble
citizen, we have received the most unweary
ing attentions. Mr. Turner is lauded and
feasted and flattered and sought for and ad
mired until, 1 fear, the great tax will be too
much for his health in this climate. Such
are the multifarious demands made upon
Ids attention that he has not had time to
write such a letter home as he would like to.
I see and learn so many things in this
strangest of strange countries that, hurried
as I am to reach the mail before it is closed,
I scarcely know which to write first about.
But I must tell you that the President and
Cabinet gave Mr. Turner a superb reception.
Persons from many distant parts were pres
ent. A few evenings afterwards he arranged
for us a select gathering at his residence
which was simply elegant. The Mayor of
tho city also gave us a reception at bis res
idence. ThU entertainment caused me for
the time being to forget that we were in Af
rica. Every luxury of the tropical climates
was upon tho table, and the company was
very Intellectual. Just to thl nk or generals
and colonels In uniform, cabinet officers,
city counclimen, lawyers, doctors, other
professional characters, authors, editors,
poets, and other distinguished literary peo
ple, together with a live president, and a
bevy of ladies to correspond, and they, ev
cjyonc , colored I gP'SS"
the: mlnUtmfoE af
i dcdanflt vra the ricest affah- i
haraewr KM wShave hadofevlr
1C."J Lmntoms oMt Th nPxt Mmn'i
l$ urLTls Sly mtercsK
eryone, colored ! Thero were also present
,i1r -j . mnm- nrM .nmm
1111 Uf OIIU C71l.41V4J UiUil Ul IA1 tA A uuuuu
. c-niWim hn Vlrnr tHpfr liftln h,mw
J "xhey all go naked, and Insure
1 1-" iJroTXi,;,'
i . .7
. -v- -v- c. m,
' omnanlv(, .,,.,. of the nsrriculhiml
nrmlnotQ of Vpw Ynrlr fllinw snmn mmqrVn,
hie chances during the ten years from 1SG0 to
1870. While thu area of improved land in
the State has Increased from 11.33S,000 to
13,027,000 acres, the growth of orchard pro
ducts has far outstripped the grain pro
duct a fact which reveals a new phase In
the development of rural labor. Tho yield
of wheat In 1S70 was 12.000.000 bushels, in
round numbers an increase of about 3.300. -
000 bushels over 1SG0 ; but tho value of orcn-
ard products rose from 3,i20,000 toS,34i,-
uuu in inn uecauc or more man uouuie.
Tho produce of market gardens shows
scarcely any change between 1SC0 and 1S70,
and tho number ot pounds of butter produ
ced in the latter yrar was but a trifle larger
The yielcf of
ttian tnat ol ten years before,
llax nau doubled isiu; but mere was a large
falling ofl in the product or maple sugar,
honey, Indian corn, and swine. The num
ber ot working oxen had also decreased
very largely. The value of animals slaugh
tered or sold Tor slaughter rose from 15,
500,000 in 1SC0 to $25,225,000 In 1S70 nearly
double. Pasture land and orchard growth,
therefore, are receiving much greater atten
tion than formerly, and a marked change is
visible in the character of agricultural in
dustry. The present cash valuo of the
farming lands of the Ststc Is estimated at
$1.272,S37,000-agalnst $503,000,000 In 1S60;
and the value ol farming implements and
machinery has risen from $29,000,000 to
SlG.000,000. Evidently, the old easygoing
days of the farmer have given place to new
er ideas anu iresncr energies.
The N. Y. Herald discusses "Cabinet
Councils and War Preparations In England
The Troubled Condition of Europe,!? It
savs: - " "
Prussia, or rathpr Germany, hasbcnjme
Britain Is no longer satisfied that she is safe.
A little mora success for Prussia on the con
tinent, and the British Isles may look out
for not a threatened but an actual invasion.
It 13 quite manifest that In the early future
Europo must pass through the agonies of
another dreadful war. Germany Is not yet
a unit, and Bl'tnarck Is Impatient to crowu
the edifice. Russia, rather than Austria,
stands in thu way. A conflict between Rus
sia and Germany will moro or less involve
tho wholo ot Europe. Is England once
again to look on? The popular sentiment
says "No," Bismarck may revise Poland
If be will; Austria may retire to the lower
Danube it she pleases. But if a hand is laid
on Turkey, or on Sweeden, or on Denmark
or on Holland, Britain must draw the
sword. It Is stated with some authority
that In the event of any further attempt be
ing made to change the map of Europo in
the interest of any of the great powers tho
Brittlsh government will at once take pos
session of Egypt. Egypt is necessary to
them as tho highway to their Indian empire,
and many of tuc statesmen of England are
of tho opinion that had Lord Palmers ton
now been llvlngand full of vigor, the land of
the Pharaohs would be under the control of
an English viceroy.
At the funeral of the Duke of Wellington,
a little chihl was standing with her mother
ari,ord Ashburtou's window, to sec mo m
neral go by. She made no remark until tho
Duko's horso was led by, Ihosaddlc empty,
and the boots reversed f n the stirrups, whon
she, looked up into her mother's face and
said, "Mamma, when v;e diu will thtjro be
nothing left of ur but our boots?"
To all merchants who will furnish us
with their addresss and business wo will
furnish them, free, all circulars aud cata
logues of auction trade sales referring to
their respective rnivlnessca.
HARVEY, T1 LER A, CO .St. Louis.
John Buskin says : " Though I have!
invitations enough to visit Ameriq
could not. even for a couple of mont
in a country so miserable as to pessca
Mr. Mori, the Japanese Minister at
inzton. thinks there is no dancer 1
oeace of his country from the recent i
ments ior the abolition of its fcudel
Barney Aaron complains that,alterl
almost completely cleaned out by the
cago lire, he was compeuea to spena
five dollars in telegraphing to his fi
that he hadn't been hung. to a lamp-po
"You have lost your rieht arm,"
Georze the HI. to Lord Nelson at his 1
Interview after the accident. " But nol
rlrht hand. " replied his lordship.
have the honor of presenting Captain 1
to your .majesty."
One of the Paris comic' pacers had
representing M. Thiers standing on the j
dome column witn a otue cotton umo
over his head, and with'hishand shs
his eyes, whlu he scanned the horizon
The hobby of the crown prince of Pr
is agriculture, nis rarm, near urai
bure. costs him every year fifty thou
dollars ; but he has, at all events, the pi
ure oi temng nis guests at tne uinner i
tnat no tumseit raised an tne vegen
wmcn are placed on tne tame.
A San Francisco letter say3 : Eev. Hoi
Stcbbins, the successor or Starr lving ii
pulpit of the Unitarian church, has rect
received a call to fill an Eastern pulpit.
promise of a oalary of $10,000. The sod
will endeavor to offset it. Stebblns is
"Beecher," and yet ho does not equal
late lamented btarr lung.
J. il. stunner, one of the most nfl
special correspondents of the London pa
in Mexico during the reign of Maximil
in Crete durlnsr the risinsr against theTu
with the Prussians in their sharp and si
war with Austria, and with Gcrmanj
last year's great war wita t ranee is el
ing over to America to. lecture during
Potter Palmer says that by the fir
January ho intends t3 bo setting S10.0C
rents from tenants on the first floor of
State street hotel, near Monroe. He
work In full force during the winter pnl
structure, and wnen ne can not lay mon
wUl lay cement. By June or July next
expects to have the fourth floor of the bd
Ing complete, and " as high tip as that!
cupica uy guesu."
El Tato is a celebrated matador at"
encia. who lo3t his leer last year. AY
King Amadcus attended tho buII-fighJ
mat piace tne cnppieu nero sat next!
King, on rising to go tne king gave
some cljrar3 and a purse of money. Dm
tho tumult of applause which followed,
man 6houted, "Long live tho democrat
then, hearing no response, cleverly adt
"of our king," which pleased tho mt
. , t 1 . ' i 1 . . .
iuuo mjiiieiisciy. i.-tux in uie tiay uie a
attended a second rato " people's thcati
M; Thiers, observes Ibo Correspond!
Atiuroptenitc, gives dinners every day,
great liberty of speech, is allowed. 1
President, who is a"good whist player, i
men of all shades ot parties to plav
him. without fcariBir that they will dev
one another. General Douai, M. Jd
Simon, M. Do Lancy Republicans, Bd
partlsts and Legitimists are to bs sa
Orleanists swarm at the Presidency.
Thiers smiles upon all; nothing eaa
Rev. Robert Collycr, in answer to ma
letters from the East, invilioglum tolectl
on " Tne Ohicago ire," writes: "ido
expect to pe aoie to icavo uiucago
winter on any Ions: journey : and if it
otherwise, it would still be impossible
me to lecture on thi3 great calamity at pi
ent, oicause tuc pain oi it still presses
nam upon us an; anu men l suouiu i
ashamed to tako advantage of the cspl
market ior sncn wares just mw, anu so
a Dig price lor a poor article.
Graco Greenwood, now in the Mor
1 country. In a recant letter, savs : I've s
Brisham Young , I hhave heard many d
criptious of his personal appearance, bui
could not iccojrnlze the picture so often c
elaborately painted. I did not sec a col
mon. cross-Iockln:: person, with rude mi
ners, and a sinister, sensual countenanl
but a well-drcsed, dignihed old gcntlcma
with a iale, mud lace, a clear, gray eye
pleasant smile, a courteous address, al
withal a patriarchal, paternal air. which.
course, he comes rijihtly by. In shorq
could sec in his faca or manner none of t
profligate propensities, and the dark crirj
charged against this mysterious, master!
many-siueu anu many-wiveu man.
Gen. Breckinridge was serenaded at Na
vllle. Tenn., one evening lastwcok, by I
number of ex-Confederate todiers, to wnol
he was introduced as "first in war, first I
peace, and first in tne ncarts ot nis count
men." In much better tasto ana sen!
were the General's own remarks on tl
occasion, which contained this excellel
advice to nis old associates: "1 do n
now make speeches, and if it were my hah
to do so perhat3 if I were to take an hoi
. . . . - ... . a
rm tne circumstances tnat surround me p
sonallv. I could say nothiny that would '
more useful than to express the hope thl
we are nni oiisy anu uumg somciuing
express the hope that we all feel that ;
idle, whining, pining man demands aeithl
The new poc t, J oaquin Miller, strongly i
minds ono of N. P. Willis ; but in maanl
and character he is most uniike that dain
coet and brilliaat man ofsocicty. He is sin
pie, unconventional, and apparently unspol
ed bv Enclish adulation and social petunl
He stem to be a man of no disguises or prl
tensions, 13 still, where lie lecls at caso, ;
Impulsive, natural and Hnsuspcstiug as
boy. vet not wantinir in keen perception i
character, and a certain cool, quiet shrewl
ncas which, if I mistake not. has had a cool
deal totloinhis late remarkable success in 111
endure. L nuoubtedly he has genius, but 1
Kpems to lack. If not the artistic faculty, tl
habit of systematic effort aud conscienuou
study. Yet ho looks quito as much tne a
tlst and the -student as tne " mid singer i
the. Sierras." He dresses like a young painte
showing In nis brown velvet coat anu ua
sombrero and rich fur overcoat, his jewel
and crimson neck-tic. an eve for effects (
liirht and shade, and a sensuous delight il
ornament and color. But ids faco Is pa
and thnuchtfnl. the expression of his eya
grave and Introverted, and he has somethlnj
or a scholarly stoop, in snort, no ioom
moro liko the man who has spent his bca
ycarsover the desk than likctneliunicr, tu
miner, tne reckless ntier anu nguier, u
daring, romantic frontiersman that he
.s.iiil to lin. 1 Tr seems to me to be in dans:
of thinking that crcat uocms sln2 then
selves that ho can continue to take th
world, as'h'o took'tho London critics, by
wild, galloping swing of verso by a mcur
!a!i Hir rush of stroll'", tree fancy, by
prairie fire sweep ofpassinii, without turthel
labor and stauy, without carcitu cansuu
cnlfurc. But he U a"mau ill his prime.-
Letter Irom Salt LakeCIty by GracoGrceri
Tho larircst fauey and staple dry co
house west of New York is Dodd, Brow
A Co.'s, St. Louis.