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'%OI~IM $-11O DONALDSONYILLI4 LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, DECEMER 2584. y
T1e D 0aleovile Chief
amise u mnani H qeneris.
A Wlde-A1wake HomeNewspaper
ablished Every Saturday Morning at
Donaldsonville, Asoension Pariah, La.,
ML. E. BENTLEY, Editor and Proprietor.
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Editorial notices, first insertion, 15 cents per
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Address: Tan CxBr, Donaldsonville, La.
Sm .+ I
Dr. P. J. Friedrichs,
Suooessor-to Dr. W: S. Ohandler,
I). W. M. McGALLIARD,
Corner .Houmas andIberville streets.
J I. HANSON, M. D.
:Corner Houmas and Iberville -streets, near C.
DR. J. L. RICHARD,
.OFFICE AND RESIDENE. -
Lessardstreet, between iberville and Attaka
:orner Chetimaches and Mississippi streets,
A complete stock of pure chemicals always on
Land. Prescriptions carefully compiled at all
hours, day and night.
SM. REED MILLS,
ATOTRN~T AT LAW,
No. 8 St. Charles Street,
New Orlehns, La.
Practices in all the Courts of Louisiana, State
p M HcCULLOR,
Attorney at Law and Notary
Office and Residence, corner Attakapas street
and Railroad Avenue,
Practices in all the Courts of Louisiana, both
State and Federal. Address, P. O. Lock box S.
CHAS. A. BAQUIE,
ATTOR NBT AT LAW,
Practices in the Twenty-Second and Twenty
Sixth Judicisl Districts, comprising the parish
es of Jefferson, St. Charles. St. John, St. James
qnd Ascension, and before the Federal and
Supreme Courts in New Orleans.
pecial attention paid to the collection of
Address: Hahnville P. 0., St. Charles, La.
R. H. DUNN,
Carpenter and Builder,
Shop-on Iberville street, near the corner of
Orders received through the Post-office will
meet with prompt attention.
Carpenter and Builder,
Pine street, opposite the Iron Bridge,
Port Barrow, La.
Orders from the country solicited and
promptly attended to. Guaranteesgood work at
1 w rates. Post-office address, Donaldseenville,
T. H. DONLON,
House, Sign and Ornamental
DAINTING in all its branches and in the
dmost perfect style. Sign painting, graining
and ornamental work a speciality. Address
through Donaldsonville post-office,
DRY O DS. GROCERIES. Etc.
M. IS L C:., dealers in Dry Goods,
*. Clot . Boots, Shoes, Saddlery, Bug-.
gies; etc., co Mississippi and Lessard streets.
N ,orner Crescent Place and Hon
G, masst dealer in Dry Goods, Notions,
Boots and Bes, Groceries, Provisions, Corn,
Oats and B
A . VE dealer in Dry Goods, Notions,
SClohi gBoots and Shoes, Hats, Grocer
ies. Liquor ardre, Tobacco, Oils and
Glass. Agen~ br the Domestic Sewinji Machine.
Corner, Ba sd Avenue and Mississippi street.
BERNAR LEMAN -& BROTHER, dealers
in We Produce, fancy and staple Gro
ceries, Liq ib Hardware, Iron, Paints, Oils,
Carts. Pl saddlery, Stoves and Tinware.
Furniture, kery, Wall Paper and House
Furnishing oods, Mississippi street, corner
Creecent Pl e.
OS. GO BRAN & SONS, dealers in Dry
* Goods, lothing, Notions Hats, Groceries,
Wine. Liu. Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Paints
Oils. S ry Crockery, Furniture and all
kinds of Ho 'Furnishing Goods. Blue Store,
I D. P &K, dealer in Staple and Fancy
S G *es, Provisions, Plantation and
Steamboat upplies, Canned Goods, Wines,
Liquors, ttled Beer, Ale, eto., Dry Goods
and Notio corner of Mississippi and Cheti
maches streets, opposite River Ferry.
HOTELS AND BOARDING-HOUSES.
EE~PDAY HOTEL AND BARROOM,
L Missi ippi street. First-rate accommo
dation an reasonable prices. Western Union
telegraph office in the hotel.
CITY yEL, P. Lefevre, Proprietor, Rail
r enue. corner Iberville street. Bar
supplied ~th best Liquors.
LIQUOR AND BILLIARD SALOONS.
THE PLACE. Gus. Israel, manager,, Corner
_ Lesmrd and Mississippi streets. Billiards,
Lager Beer, Best Wines and Liquors. Fine
PAU WUTKE, Tinsmith, Port Barrow, La.
Rlooaný,guttering, stovepiping, repairing
and all tork pertaining to the tinner's trade.
Address P. O. Box 14, Donaldsonville. Ln.
LOUI4 J. RACKE, Tinsmith, Missiessippi
street, at Lemann's old stand. Orders at
tended to with dispatch and satisfaction in
ROGGE & LANGBECKER, City Barber Shop,
Mississippi street, adjoining Peep-o'-Day
Hotel. Shaving, Shampooning, Hair-cutting,
Dyeing of Hair or Whiskers, etc., in the best
style, at popular prices. Respectfully solicit
the patronage of the public.
L L. FERNANDEZ, Barber Shop, Mississippi
- street, near corner Lessard. Shaving. hair
cutting, shampooing, etc., in most artistic style.
ATTORNEYS AT LAWV.
FREDERICK DUFFEL, Attorney at law and
Notary Public, office on Chetimaches street
opposite the Court-House.
EDWARD N. PUGH, Attorney at Law, Atta
kapas street, opposite Louisiana Square.
Visits Napoleonville on Mondays.
PAUL fLECHE, Attorney at Law acid Notary
Public, Donaldsonville. Office: on block
below the Court-House, on Attakapas street.
Bot SE AND SIGN PAINTING.
Gu4ZW, THE EFi lR; '"s; i at Ceaip
GTony's Store, corner Mississippi street and
Railroad Avenue. House, Bign and Ornamental
Painting in all their branches. Best work at
SCHONBERG'S Undertaker's Establishment,
Railroad Avenue, between Iberville and At
takapas streets. All kinds of burial cases, from
the pine coffin to the metalic or rosewood cas
DRUGS AND MEDICINES.
B RYBISKI, Apothecarr and Druggist, Mis
s" issippi street, between St. Patrick and St.
Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's store.
MRS. M. BLUM. Milliner. Mississippi street,
between Lessard and St. Patrick. Latest
styles of Bonnets, Hats, French Flowers, etc.;
also. all kinds of Ladies Underware.
SODA WATER MANUFACTORY.
SODA WATER MANUFACTORY, H. Hether,
proprietor, No. 11 Mississippi street. Soda,
ineral, Seltzer and all kinds of aerated waters
manufactured and sold at lowest prices.
BLACKSMITHS & WHEELWRIGHTS.
QCHULER & BRINKER, Blacksmiths and
S- Wheelwrights. Horse-Shoers. Wagon and
Cart makers and repairers, Railroad Avenue,
between Mississippi and Iberville streets.
FIAVORITE COFFEE AND EATING STAND,
-' lower end of Donaldsonville Market-house,
Albert Gossett, proprietor; Hot Coffee, Lunch,
Cakes, Pies, etc., at all hours. A lunch for 10
cents, a good meal for 15, a regular gorge for 25.
JOHN P. FORCHA,
RailroadAvenue, opposite the Post-office
All work guaranteed and satisfaction -war
ranted. Prices lower than the lowest.
MRS. I. PALMER,
Railroad Avenue, near Claiborne street,
Plain and fancy sewing of all kinds done in
best style and on reasonable terms. A trial
solicited and satisfaction guaranteed.
M W. DARTON,
Civil Engineer & Surveyor,
(Parish Surveyor of Ascension.)
Will attend promptly to work in all branches
of his profession, such as surveying, mapping,
leveling for canals, bridges, rice flumes, etc.,
estimating cost and supervising-construction of
same. Orders left at the CHIEF office will meet
with immediate attention.
No. 107 Customhouse street, between Royal and
NEW ORLEANS, LA.
Meals at All Hours.
Rooms and Board by the Day, Week or Month
at Moderate Prices.
Kursheedt & Bienvenu,
-ALL IIDS OF--
M A R BL E W O t K
CEM ETERY RAIL1 N OS
Nos. 114,120, 122, Camp St.,
HER TAM O' SHANTER.
Come saddle Pegas. my steed,
Right gayly will we canter;
I.sing about my lady faise
About her Tam o' Shantor.
We sailed one day acroes the bay
In breezy summer weather,
The cap she wore-the face beneath,
They won my heart together.
O Robbie Burns, can it be true
That Tam, the tipsy varlet,
Wore aught upon his graceless head
Like to her cap of scarlet?
The wind, I think, that stormy night,
Across the bridge went racing,
And blew it from his tangled locks
Back to the witches chasing.
The youngest, fairest witch of all,
As through the air 'twas flying,
Caught it and keeps it to this day
For witches are undying.
Anti when she wantsato work a spell
This hazel-eyed enchanter
What feeble mortal can resist
Her dainty Tam o' Shanter?
THE MIAN AT THE WHEEL.
BY FRANCIS HOWARD WILLIAMS.
The sun went down, out came the stars;
The steamboat.Neptune held her way
In middle stream, between the bars,
Straight down the river to the bay,
And as the engine toiled and panted,
The deck-hands lolled at ease and chanted
A quaint and curious roundelay.
Tom Simpson, in the engine room,
Was chatting with a grimy mate
Who watched the gauge, while, like a loom,
" The pistons moved at even rate,
Impelled as by a law appalling,
Forever rising-ever falling,
Unpausing as the hand of Fate.
When suddenly the pilot's bell
Sounded a solitary stroke;
It echoed like a funeral knell,
So unexpectedly it broke
Upon their talk, upon their laughter;
Tom said: "Now, what's the old man after?
Slow her down, Jim-or it's a joke?"
"Joke or no joke, I'll slow her down."
Answered the grimy engineer;
"Just skip above and ask old Brown
Whatails him; it is 'tarnal queer,
On such a night, too, clear as crystal;
I jumped as though I'd heard a pistol
A-fired off agen my ear."
Tom Simpson turned upon his heel
And sought the pilot; Brown sat there,
His wrinkled hands upon the wheel.
The breeze blown through his silvered hair.
"Hello! old grand-dau, what's the matter
Ye're makina all this blasted clatter
When everything is calm and fair?"
"The mist! the mist," the pilot cried,
YThe river's thick.-lease off the-steam."
"What mist, old lunkhead?" Tom replied;
"The night is clear you do but dream;
Wake up, old man.' With sudden shiver
The pilot pointed down the river:
"The mist is heavy on the stream."
"Now dash my buttons! here's a case,"
Tom growled; and then, in queer surprise,
He looked hard in the old man's face
And saw the mist there in his eyes.
"Eh, what's this, mate? Rouse up, old fellow."
The moon shone on him soft and mellow,
Like some far gleam of Paradise.
"Rouse up! I'll call the Cap'n, Brown;
You are not well: hold up your head."
Still -ominously pointing down
The river: "See the mist!" he said.
"My God! he's dyin'." Tom low muttered.
"The mist!"-'twas the last word he muttered.
The bell had rung-old Brown was dead.
-Every Other Saturday.
N. O. Morning Star.
Governor Cleveland has been elected
President simply and exclusively as a pro
nounced anti-ring man. An anti-ring man
Sis one whod b ahppienedti d t uirpation
the effrontery, the corruption of the polit
cal combinations by which a minority gets
control of government in spite of the un
willingnesss of the majority, and gets pos
session of it for the purpose of promoting
private interests and fraudulent schemes.
If President Cleveland proves to be the
man that Governor Cleveland was sup
posed to be, he will have ample opportunity
to-show it in the administration of Federii
affairs in this State. If he proves himself
faithful to the principles imputed to him,
there will be little difficulty in effacing the
disgraceful, disgusting, poisonous leprosy
that has for years covered the political af
fairs of this State with foul blotches. He
can do this by going outside of all political
rings in filling important Federal positions
here. Let him avoid the appointment of
any party hacks or chronic office holders.
They are all' tainted with ring doctrines and
tattooed with what may be called moral
The man of all others that would be wel
comed by every conservative citizen as the
head of Federal affairs here, that is Collec
tor of the Port, is Gov. Nicholls. He is a
man after the type ascribed to Gov. Cleve
land, a man who holds and has always held
aloof from combinations to override the
popular'will, who has never soiled his hand
with speculation or fraud or robbery, and
whose political history is not a record of
ballot box stuffing, miscounting votes, re
warding unscrupulous followers, repressing
opposition with violence and general hood
It will be thought by some persons that
the general government will not have suffi
cient influence in local politics to material
ly affect the power of our State and local
rings. But that is a great mistake. There
are thousands of voters in this community
who always support the Ring nominees,
simply because they think themselves bound
as Democrats to do so. If, however, there
were a National Democratic organization
here, these men would for the very same
reason consider themselves bound to follow
its leadership rather than that of any local
subdivision of the party. They would do
this, too, with the greatest alacrity,'being
glad of a chance to escape from the bond
age of a despotism to which they have been
yielding a mistaken and unwilling loyalty.
Let President Cleveland give us one of
the Ring leaders for Collector, and Ring
rule will be consolidated beyond all hopes
of escape for the people except by revolu
tion. Let him give us Gov. Nicholls, and
the ring will dissolve into thin air without
the necessity of an effort on the part of its
Let Mr. Blaine console himself, if he
needs consolation, with the thought that
Daniel Webster, Henry Clay and John C.
Calhoun, three of the most brilliant states
men our country has ever known, were all
unsuccessful candidates for the Presidency.
Some people are slow in telling what good
things have been done for them,. but Mr. John
P. Daly of Gillisonville, S. C., says he takes
great-pleasure in testifying to the wonderful
efficacy of Brown's Iron Bitters in dyspepsia,
fever and ague,, and general debility of the
system. He has personally experienced the
most satisfactory results from the use of this
valuable medicine. Make a memorandum of
this, all ye whose systems are run down.
Brown's Iron Bitters will cure you.
OUR LETTER FROM BROADBRIM
The Cry of Hard Tiel--gtarvatuon any
Opulence-Money Gidlngto tohe I1ogs
Bfoom in German Oper--=Juvenla. an:
Other . Thieves-Mixed Politics, Stock
and Weather. -
Naiw ioxK, Dec. 20, 1884.
I was strollingalong Broadway last week
adid meeting a friend who was just in fron
Hocking Valley, he remarked they were
having hard times out in Ohio, and yet hi
said they are wbrse off in West Virginia
where they are actually starving to death
"Starving to death,"' I said. "Yes," he re
plied, "starving, to death." ' While he wa
speaking we stopped in front of Schaus'
store to take a look in the window. Th.
picture was a noble landscape, and mysell
and friend were delighted. "Let us step
in," I said, "and see what they have in
side." At the door I met my old friend
Herman Schans, his face beaming with de
light. "Come in, come in," he said cor
dially. "I have the finest colleetion now
that I have had since I came to New York."
At the extreme end of the store is a room
about sixteen by twenty, and in that small
space was $100,000 worth of pictures. On
the easel was a little canvas ten by twelve,
by no means a pretentious looking pic
tore. I asked the price; it was $10,000. It
almost took away my breath. "What's the
matter," said Mr. Schaus. "Ten thousand
dollars for that little picture," I exclaimed.
"Oh, that's nothing," said he, "there are
pictures in those cases worth $25,000; yes,
sir, and we sell them, too." Here were
Schreyers and Millais, and Messoniers, and
Bouteliers, and the other sons of gilded
art, whose canvas, like diamonds, is
weighed by the carat. I went from picture
to picture in wonder and-amazement and
then started out to find a curious friend to
show him these pictures of marvellous
price. I was gone about'half an hour and
when I returned the little ten by twelve
$10,000 picture was sold, and I met thejlit
tie old lady who had just given her check
for the money walking out of the store
with it under her arm. Hard times and
starvation! Let us jump into this 'bus and
ride ride down Broadway. Come into Del
monico's and get a little lunch. At the
next table is a pair of young bloods just
out of the Stock Exchange. "Rough
times," one of them.remarks, "nothing
doing, business not worth a-by the way,
Jim, have you seen that team I bought last
week, cheap as dirt-2:30, and only seven
thousand five hundred. Eh, by Jove, it
was just like picking them up in the street.
Here, take a ticket for the Dempsey mill to
night. Billy Edwards made me take three;
dropped thirty dollars, but Billy says it's
going to be a slashing mill." Hard times, I
said to myself, ten dollars for a ticket to go
to a fight andseven thousand five-hnnredi
dollars for a; tm. _' Coaýst s. i terY
friend, " let us drop into the Produce Ex
change." The floor of the vast hall is not
crowded, but here and there are knots of
eager, anxious faces. Come over here; this
is the wheat market. December wheat at
76 and corn at 47. The memory of men
runneth not back to the time when such a
thing hath occurred before in this land.
"Hard times," says a burly-looking broker
who last summer paid $27,000 for a yacht.
Yes, it is hard times, for the bushel of corn
that costs 47 or 50 cents in New York only
yielded to the man who raised it in Iowa or
Illinois 15 or 17 cents. Wheat to-day is
thirty cents less in New York than corn
was last year at this time and corn brings
less than one-half of its last year's price.
Everybody says times are hard. Let us
journey up Broadway again. The crowd
sweeps by like a rushing torrent, mer
chants, mechanics, professional men,
bankers, brokers, and immigrants. Here
comes a fine lady, if fine feathers can make
her so. She carries about her three or four
thousand dollars and thinks nothing of it.
Her husband, who is a merchant, remarked
as he started down town after breakfast
this morning that times were awful hard,
but Mrs. B. has on her shoulders a camel's
hair shawl that cost in Paris $1500. It
passed the customs without paying duty, but
that is often done. In her ears are a pair
of solitaires, cheap at $1000; several da
monds flash on her fingers good for $1000
more; her hat cost $50 in Paris and the
dress is a genuine Worth. Yes, $4000 will
hardly pay for her ladyship's gear, but she
knows that the times are hard. Ah, here we
are atTiffany's; let us step in for a moment
to see the glittering baubles which repre
sent in hard cash about five milions of dol
lars. The cases are one blaze of light, for
diamonds and other precious stones are
scattered about like the sands on the sea
shore. How much for this locket, my good
sir? $5000. Here, however, is one muoh
cheaper, that one we can sell for $3000, but
if you want cheap goods we have for ten,
five, or even as low as a thousand dollars.
In the back office sits the elder Tiffany, the
head of this great firm-- cold, anstere man
somewhat stately and not over communica
tive, but I have the open sesame. Step in
to his little office, perhaps he may show us
something. I whisper in his ear and he
takes from his private drawer the largest
cut diamond on the Continent; it weighs 97
carats and is worth $100,000. It is a bright
topaz color and if it were a pure brilliant
would be worth a million. Yet "we are not
doing much," he says, "for the times are so
Every-place of amusement is crowded
night after night. Two grand operas sup
port the most expensive singers in the
world; food is abundant beyond precedent
in the memory of living men, dresses are
more costly than they have been before in
fifty years-in a hundred years, and yet
above the roar of the revellers, the vivas
and the bravos, rises the piercing cry of
hard times. There is not only plenty of
food but plenty of money here. One young
lady gives the Catholic council which met
at Baltimore the other day $300,000 to
found an educational institution, and an
other damsel who fell a victim to her love
of travel in Colorado, left $200,000 to
Brother Bergh's Society for the prevention
of cruelty to spavined horses, lame dogs
anddiscontentedcats. Lucky Bergh, Lou:
Bonnand left himb $200,000 for fear thi
I he might in the future state be turned int
a dog or a donkey, and perhaps this ol
-maid has left-the bulk of her fortune t
him so that she might secure reasonabl
protection- in casean overruling Providenc
should turn her into a cat or a parrot. Tb
lady's heirs contept the will,but I.expect he
fortune will-go to the dogs.
But to return to my muttons. We hay
abundance of money., As an evidence c
that fact, loans are made on real estate a
nearly its face value, at three and four pe
cent. Our store houses are full of ever3
thing to eat. Thousands of barrelsof goo
family flour were sold here this week awa
below four dollars. Why should the time
be hard? I give it uir. Let the next feJ
low try it and send Broadbrim the answe
by express, telegraph or mail.
A few respectable and honest pqopl
are left in the world yet, enough for seei
A citizen whose conscience pricked his
sent $2500 to the Brooklyn tax collect,
for unpaid taxes on personal propert
whidh he did not render to the city long yeas
ago. Now the city is in a quandary whic
fund to put it in. If that honest citize
had passed that money over to Broadbrir
he would have saved the city a heap of trot
lle and have materially advantaged your
respectfully: I have been revolving in m
mind since I heard the news if the ma:
Dr. Damerosch has made a success of th
German opera. I get along with the Get
man opera very nicely, though the nounn
verbs, prepositions and conjunctions ar
a little confusing at times. They call th
German operaheavy. No wonder: the ten
or is good for 260 pounds, and the baritone
and base will touch 300, the romantic youn:
prima donna takes a forty-six inch belt ti
her bridal dress, wears a No. 183 glove an(
a 9% shoe. While this is all right to a Ger
man audience who understand this sort o1
thing in its proper light, it knocks the ro
mance out of an average American to set
a couple of young lovers trying to em
brace, whose arms will scarcely reach hall
way round each other's waist, and whost
united weight can not be far from X0(
pounds. It may lack the romance but ii
has the advantage of stability and substan
Notwithstanding our stringent school law
which compels all children below a certain
age to go to school, the streets swarm with
hoodlums who are organized into gangs.
They go about in parties from two to a
dozen and when there are five or six to
gether they are not afraid to attack a man.
Children, however, are their legitimate
game, or messenger boys going with .bun
dles are attacked and robbed. The discov
ery of another Fagin who .was working
about fify boy thieves has ciwa i
covery which comprised everything from a
baby's rattle to a gold watch. The young
thieves are only emulating the old ones, a
couple of whom attempted to-rob a lady at
11 o'clock in the day, and would have killed
her if some citizen had not interfered after
she had been fighting them full ten min
Politics are mixed. The retiring Mayor
is determined, if he can, to leave as little
behind him as possible for his successor,
who comes in with the new year. He is
playing a desperate game, and as it is only a
question of plunder between the rival fac
tions all the citizens have to do is to look
on and pay the bills. The County Denmbc
racy wants the bulk of the swag, while
Irving Hall puts in a modest claim for a
few of the loaves and fishes. Tammany's
claims are not to be ignored, for in the
language of one of their statesmen, " They
may be conquered buit not subjewed,"
while the Republicans hold the balance of
power-not a very heavy balance, but still
a balance, so they want a slice. It is pleas
ant to see all these honest gentlemen cast
ing lots for our garments, the only diffi
culty is that we.can't find enough to satisfy
All the stock dealsir-e manipulated in
the Board; no outside bliying.
The weather*hich was very fine in the
first of the week has been wet and miserable
at the last.
The deficiency of two millions in the re
ceipts of the N. Y. Central gave the boys
a shake on 'change, but the divy of eight
per cent. was paid all the same. No cause
for alarm as long as it it kept down to two
millions. Vanderbilt could pay that out of
his private funds for a hundred years and
then have something left.
Yours trnly, BROADBRIM.
Curious Endorsement on a Ballot.
The following quaint endorsement was
found on the back of a Cleveland and Hen
dricks ticket voted at Barnwell, South Car
olina, at the late election:
"Grover Cleveland, stand up. A jury of
your countrymen have found you guilty of
designing and conspiring with divers Dem
ocrats to become President of the United
States, to the great harm and personal in
jury of over 100,090 loyal office holders of
the Republic. And more: you have caused
anger, hatred, ill will, curses and maledic
tions to spring up and live among the hith
erto united Republican family of this coun
try. Your advocates have defended you
with great zeal and ability, such as have
never before been known in the history of
presidential campaigns in these- United
States. As the jury have recommended
you to the mercy of the courtt however, I
make your sentence as lenient as the law
allows. It is that'you, Grover Cleveland,
be confined at hard labor within the walls
of the White House, in the city of Washing
ton, District of Columbia, for four long
years from the 4th of March next ensuing,
and may the Lord have mercy on your souL
Bring in Tom Hendricks."
The report of a regal cat's funeral comes
fron Yeddo. The coffin was covered with
a white silk pall, and a bodytf chanting
priests followed the body to the grave, over
which-a handsome monument was erected.
to EDMUND RIDSON.
President 6f the -rld's Fair, Nov
)r Openis: tthe rescent City.
For six months froieceber18, 1884
the leading attractions a great sight and
h landmark in.thporss of civilization, ii
n the New Orleans World's Industrial and
G Cotton Centennial position. This is the
grandest brhibitionof `roducts and-indus
s tries in the long I iM which has foliowec
that of London,;in .18.,
n It-grew out of an idea which was far les
comprehensive in- the beginning than at
e now seen in the h vgelopment whi.o
surprises all visitors jectors thoughi
of cnmflning the a display of the
e products of the ol peeially otn
and of the vario 'al ptse
through which this before sol!i
e the counter in the r forms of mus
g lin, calico, etc. A. s as their plan had
o been published, howbyr, they were beset
a with applications for ep t and soon found
it advisable to enlarge scope of their
f plan. One building w projected, but in
May last a second Wud.determined upon,
which a lucky offer to loan a million del
lars, made by Congripsmade at once prac
f ticable., And so the good work went on,
u until by opening $Z ..y of the 237 acres
D appropriated for EB tion uses were cov
t ered with building, .i thirty-seven acres
more of it laid out in grounds and stables
as a live stock department.
The Main Building covers thirty-three
acres, the Government Building twelve,
and Hortiontural aj~three acre .Ot her
structures of vast size and great interest
are the Art Gallery, the structure raised
by the Mexican Government, and a build
ing for saw-mills an. wood-working ma
The opening exerci s were magnificent
and largely att.e President Arthur
started the my electricity from
Washingtoni, amid onies which were
©ri 1Pwith - rejoicings auspi
the largest exhibit. TiheRepublics of Cen
tral America are surprisingly well repre
sented, and the interest of leading coun
tries in the other continents is most grati
We print the features of the fine old gen
tleman who is President of the Exposition.
He is "the largest cotton planter in the
world," and has amassed great wealth by the
sagacity and assiduity withwhich hebas ap
plied himself to business. Mr. Richardson
is a resident of Louisiana, a- most useful
citizen of. our State, and now happily the
leading man in a noble enterprise which in
its dimensions and probable value to the
civilized world eclipses the performances
of the nast.
The Spanish Treaty.
The proposed new commercial treaty
with Spain does not seem to grow in favor
as its provisions are more carefully seruti
1 nized. It is felt that the gain to our manu
facturers under its operations would not be
sufficient to counterbalance the heavy loss
suffered by our sugar and tobacco produ
cers. In admitting sugar free and tobacco
at a reduction of fifty per cent. from pres
ent duties, we would cause an annual lose
of many millions of dollars to the country
for whibh there would be inadequate com
pensation in the increased sale of manu
factured products. The character of- the
population and the labor system of the
Spanish colonies must be considered. Ne
groes with tropical wants only, and Chinese
coolies existing in a state of slavery, will
form pgor customers for our silk, iron,
woolen and cotton manufacturers. But
they will compete with American labor in
a manner to work great injury to large
numbers of our workmen. The sentiment
that led to our civil war, so far as that sen
timent was directed by economic consider
ations, should oppose the ratification of
this treaty. If the labor of the Northern
States was injuriously affeeted by the slave
labor of their Southern sisters, then the
proposition to equalize conditions between
the people of the Spanish colonies and the
people of this country is an unjust propo
sition, and it should not be accepted. What
class is to be benefited by reciprocity with
the Spanish West Indies? Certainly not
the slaves, and the freedmen, scarcely yet
free, on those islands. The benefits are to
go to a few hundred sugar and tobacco
planters and tobacco manufacturers, too
insignificant numerically to appreciably
increase the trade of any body of produ
cers in the United States. It is not sur
prising that our tobacco manufacturers
have already taken the alarm. It would be
more strange were the treaty allowed to go
through without a vigorous protest from
every person intererested in the production
of sugar or tobacco.
AFrench astronomer has found reasons
for believing that a circular protuberance
-presumably a volcano-which exists in
the southern hemisphere of Venus has an
elevation of not less than seventy miles. He
regard such a vast mountain as not in
compatible with the planet's volcanic na
On and after January 1, 1885, the day
will be reckoned at Greenwich Observatory,
near London, England, as commencing at
midnight, the hours being counted on up
fJ IAL S$
Five lives were logy in the esItr &
Newport, Ark.._- :
An $8000 election bet astbe pesi
a NeswB/ awickjN 4'>
A New York broir has gin $00fde
a clock adeihtn t4at ty.
John fooullough, the it t
pla iaansywnm ,narP
Theair in Philadelphia for thebnt
a1 the First Pennsylvania ri
A resolution itsto be offered in the~os }
1us $ ~00G.
,forbid theeusot government vesaM( in
The iwife of a .wodhpb ... San t
Clare county Nervada, *.aie r
huebean with ·.a-a
The onr of
Etate Us n jaie Port k heridr
eholera in France hasploZiet sli aof
Four masked l io an oe
in- Cleveland, and after
awatchmzan an ,_blowing opn te~e ! t
only sixteen cents.
B Senator Voorhees ai soawi:l bpVe
second instance only iathe historrik0
1 country when a lathes anda. son # eaA
same time in Congress.
The American Nw. Cpayoffr *a
pLay $50,000 for tbe privig. t eFMaI
k iosks in tthe str for t r sale;o.ews
t papers, andi peri ial
SThe New York e* pa $861
text of thenewtreatywit
in its colamns, $2000 for the. -.. a
$4616 for cabling it from Madrid.
Moody andsankey have reeaidinro o
alties from the pubistera of t oeir qlplee,
tion of hymnas $i0000 . Every dollar hac
been given to the cause of religion.
John R. McLean sent: the night mesf..
ger boys of hcinnati prsent of $140
in response to a visit of cnr li
inmade by the littlefelilows taftst hismat
The third elopement within a week ofhku
within a small radius in 8uaolk u
Long Island, took place reen , the o -
tracting parties being the wife of a wealty
farmer andi a Negro.
A bill has been introduned in th. eues
providing for the payment tof pDensis to
the relatives of those who l it ts
on the Tallapoosa and th
survivors for personal pe
It is proposed to make Clevelat a
guration the most a .aiot ea
There will be a grand nilitaray sa
display, and thebet festures of the . i ;
sal and- Mardi;Grs proessionseof
Orleans and Mobile will be importefe
the o iasiop. F
The"West Washington Clubwd ill a h&aus
attractive feature to the inag ratin er :
cession.in the' form of a ,ie1 ntpt A19
in theElectoral College, which will be adi
vided into detachments typiifypg a evotis
of each State separately.
Fashionable balls in London are over by
War is threatened between BraziL and.
the Argentine Republic.
Miss Fortesgue, after a tour of the provo
inces, will come to America.
Louise -Michel, the narchist .agitator',
now in prison, will be pardoned January 1.
Mme. Cdlumbier is undergoing a fort-: •
night's imprisonment in, Paris for the au
thorship of "Sarah Barnum."
The English government offers £500tre
ward for the discovery of the authors of
the London bridge explosion.
Portugal is making arrangements to cede
to Germany the Portugeee possessionsr o
Delagoa Bay, in Southeast Afriea. -
Port Said, situatedatthe northntenmie
nus of the Suez Canal, has the repuatI".
of being the wickedest place in thew~orld.
All printers in St. Petersburg are seirded
nightly by the police on leaving their ofiees
to prevent the secret printing of .pdftlous
A fund is to be raised in Berlin to .ay
the salary of an assistant for Prince Bis
marchk, as an expression of the oonfdence
of the nation.
The sentence of Capt. Dudley and Mate
Stephens, the Mignonette cannibale, has
been commuted from hanging to six
months imprisonment without labor.
The Imperial Supreme Court has rected -
the appeal of Madame Kolemine again.
the decree of divorce granted by the eourt
at Darmstadt to Grand Duke Lewis of
The $50,000 awarded to the plaintiff in
the Fortescue-Garmoyle breach of promise
suit is probably the largest amount of
damages in such an action ever recordedin
A pearl weighing ninety-three carats and
valued at $17,000 was shipped to" London
from Guaymas, Mexico, recently. It isthe
largest in existenef and was originally pur
chased for $90 from a California Indiia.
WASB NOuse. -
Osman Digma is at Debbeh awaitingthe
Osman Digma has been sent -reainfore
ments of 14,000 men.
Gen. Woisley will begin his march
through the desert upon Shendy on Jani
Out of a garrison at Suakim of 1)0 ma
rines and sailors there are only 100 effective
men. Fresh troops will be sent there.:
In the recent engagement with the :
nese, near Chunaniehu, the Franekna . .
twenty killed-and ninety-three wou.nded..
The French Minister has been ordere. O
inform China that any further negotiations
are useless, as the dispute must now be set.
tied by the sword.
It is understood Bismarck wishes to e
barrass Mr. Gladatone by obliging to:
British Cabinet to meet Parliamentbe-.
arriving at an agreement. .
French reinforcements sill be. fee
to Tamin annoe t#,h
gutirai dbt f~canr -on.
ant Taunasui Yorrosa. 5-,