Newspaper Page Text
Dissensions, Misery and Divorce the Result of
1Husband's Wounded Egotism.
Average Man Must Be the
Bread-Winner and the
King or the Domestic
Structure Is in Danger of
Collapse - The Case of
Burr Nichols and His
Shattered Romance of Two
Artists Seems to Prove
That a Woman Must
Beware of Becoming
More Famous Than Her
Husband, in His Chosen
Line of Work.
Jealousy, dissensions, misery and di
vorce. Are these the inevitable conse
quences when a wife is engaged in the
same life occupation as her husband,
when their lives move on parallel
lines and with parallel ambitions, and
when it is possible that the work of
the wife exceeds in merit that of the
So it would seem from the unhappy
marital history of Mrs. Rhoda Holmes
Nichols, a history in which art and
Jealousy crept in at the door while
love flew out through the window.
Her divorce has Just been recorded
In the New York supreme court.
It is not an altogether unusual thing
nowadays for a wife to outdo her hus
band at his chosen occupation. in al
most every instance where this oc
curs misery is the consequence.
Men do not like to have wives
amarter than themselves, or more ar
tistic, or wiser in a business way, or
who win praise for doing things for
which praise is usually accorded a
man, declares a writer in the New
He is the bread-winner and the king.
Those in his kingdom must be weaker
than himself and dependent upon him,
or the whole domestic structure falls
and there is no more happiness in the
So it was with Mrs. Rhoda Holmes
Nichols, who now has her own studio,
her own children, and her own lonely
course in life, separate and distinct
from that of her divorced husband.
Before Rhoda Holmes married she
was known as now as a water-color
painter of much merit. Her pictures
were sought by dealers and connois
seurs, who paid good prices for them.
Being an artist, she naturally be
came well known in the New York
From the commercial
standpoint it is difficult
E IU T foW jiI4 ' to see any cash value to
the discovery of a pole,
the north pole, for exam
ple. The route through
the frozen seas from
By JHN RTCHI. ~Nova Zembla to Green
of Boston scientific society.NoaZmltoGen
land, requiring, as it
might, from two to three
years to traveire, could hardly be of possible use as an avenue for trading
vessels or for pleasure parties, while from what is known of the commer
cial products of the region there seems to be little prospect of a return
on the cost of exploration were this purely a business venture. The value
of polar research. therefore, to the very best of our present knowledge, lies
in fields other than the commercial.
The exploration of the poles has, however, a value to science, and,
like man,; other matters in which much money is spent, this lies in added
information or knowledge and mental satisfaction. Practically all the
value of the science of astronomy lies apart from any help that it can
give us in a business way. It is very true that we depend upon astronomy
for our time, for great help in the navigation of vessels across the oceans,
end for the ability to determine how far apart two places may be on the
artist colony around Fifty-seventh
street and Eighth avenue. She was
pretty and popular and good.
Miss Holmes was not only a painter,
but even after she began to sell her
pictures she continued to be an en
She went to France and Italy, where
she studied art in the best schools.
She was successful there, and event
ually went to South Africa and Asia
Still heartfree and winning her own
wa'y in the wcrld, she settled down in
Florence, where the air is the very
breath of art, and where the sky is as
tender as the eyes of love.
Here in the course of her work she
met a young painter named Burr Nich
ols. He, too, was a fine artist, and
their mutual tastes drew them much
It is strange that the very traits
and characteristics and the mutual
likes which give birth to love should
in the end be the means of its death
and funeral. The young artists did
not dream of the truth of these things.
How could the art from which love
sprang be its murderer? Neither did
they reck of the future when they
became engaged. Was there not the
magic of love in their brushes? Were
they not bohemians enough to face
the future with light hearts? Could
they not paint the tearful eyes away
from the face of sorrow, and put the
cap and bells on the picture of pov
erty? On these fundamental beliefs
they were married.
Nichols, like his wife, was a fine
painter. They lived an ideal life in
their studio. They painted together,
talked together, planned together, liv
ing and dreaming for each other.
The Nichols artist family was in
creased by two lovely children as
time passed, and their happiness in
IS BETTER FIELD.
While they were prosperous and
contented in Florence they at last de
cided that they could better them
selves in this country.
They came accordingly and settled
down in the studio quarter in New
York. They continued their successful
career, disposing of their pictures as
fast as they could paint them. They
were happier than most married peo
ple. They made friendly criticisms of
each other's work, adopted each oth
er's suggestions, were forbearing and
forgiving, as men and wives should be.
In 1S97 Mr. Nichols began a picture
which, as it developed and the inspira
tion took wings within him, he re
solved to send to the Paris Salon. As
the idea grew his work became more
painstaking. Should he succeed, the
added inatentive as well as the pres
tige It would give him would be of
priceless value in his future work.
The wife watched his work with
the greatest solicitude and pride. She
encouraged him an l gave him loving
and unstinted praise. She put her
own brush by to watch his. To her
his work afforded a period of self-ab
negation in which all her being was
wrapped up in his.
Eventually the great painting was
finished. With the utmost care they
packed it and sent It off to the Paris
Then followed a period of deep
anxiety in which two souls joined. Im
patiently they awaited the issue. In a
month the answer came. The pic
ture had been accepted and would be
displayed "on the line."
Joy reigned in the Nichols house
hold. They would now paint with a
deep and strong foundation of success
under them. The Paris Salon had
2HODR A D/Ye2A'CF
spoken and the Paris Salon was
mighty. The picture had secured
The husband resolved to paint an
other picture for the following year's
Salon. The wife would try it, too, she
said. Was not her husband's success
her own? If she should succeed, would
not her success be gracious in the
eyes of her lond and master?
Mr. Nichols smilingly gave his as
sent to the plan and they set to work
with light hearts Mrs. Nichols could
only paint between the intervals of
caring for her children, but she went
at the work with a light heart, hoping
against hope for success.
Up to this time not a cloud had
marred their domestic sky. They were
happy, with the careless happiness of
children. Their art was a joy-a play
And so they played together until
the paintings were finished. In order
to insure separate consideration they
were packed and shipped in separate
boxes to the Paris Salon, where sit
the world's arbiters in art.
In due time Mrs. Rhoda Holmes and
Mr. Burr Nichols received their re
For Mrs. Rhoda Holmes it was:
"Painting accepted and given honor
For Mr. Burr Nichols it was: "Paint
ing judged unworthy; hereby re
Here fell the shadow, if we are to
believe those who sympathize with
Mrs. Nichols. Here entered the note
of discord. Here was the parting of
the ways whereby two souls became
estranged, through the life of earth
and the eternity of heaven.
Although the shadow was in his
heart, the husband spoke bravely of
the future. "Let us try it again, he
said; "we may both win next time."
And so they went to work for a sec
ond trial. Side by side they painted
as before. But now there stood a
ghost between them-the impalpable
shadow of jealousy and discontent
The wife, perceiving this, grieved
much over it. The husband, imagining
things that were not, grew gloomy
surface of the earth. But it is also true that enough is now known of the
motions of the earth, moon and planets to serve every demand that is made
by commerce. An observation once or twice a year, perhaps, and a few
computations will be all that the business man can use commercially. But
there are few who consider the large sums spent in astronomical research
as wasted, because they add so largely to the knowledge that man has
about his surroundings.
In the same way, most intelligent men do not begrudge the cost in
time and human life that the search for the pole demands. The most of
the disagreement and discussion on this sub
ject is about the way to accomplish it, and on
this point there seem to be nearly cc many A
opinions as there are individuals.
Good Sample of "New Woman."
Quite s versatile young woman is
Frances Zerby, daughter of a Potts
ville (Pa.) newspaper man. She has
just passed hre law examinations and
is now licensed to practice in the
Pennsylvania courts. She is also lo
cally famous as A pedestrian, eques
trian and camper out, is handy with
rod and rifle, has tamed bucking
bronchos, has written pieces that have
In due t!me the two pictures were
packed in separate crates and shipped
to Paris and in due time the answers
His answer was a box with his pic
ture, returned with a due acknowl
edgment; hers an acceptance with
Then, say Mrs. Nicholf friends, the
man's nature seemed to change en
tirely. He became grumpy and cross.
Nothing seemed to please him. The
iron had entered his soul. The wife
had outdone the husband in his chosen
sphere of life. Oh, strange phase of a
man's nature which makes such a
Some old philosopher has called
love "the egotism of two." The ego
tism of Burr Nichors had received a
fatal blow, and under that blow love
withered. There was no more peace,
no more happiness in the household.
Seeing this, the children were silent
But the last straw came when Mrs.
Nichols' picture, her famous "Scarlet
Letter," received encomiums on both
sides of the Atlantic. The husband
had never done anything like it.
After a year of trouble the couple
separated, the husband going away
and the wife, remaining to work out
her own career.
Thereafter her existence was peace
ful, if lonely. There was but one easel
now, and one painter. There was but
one ambition, and that was the sup
port and education of her children.
Art for art's sake was no more. Love
for love's sake was a farce.
The woman continued to work
bravely. She could have gone to
France or Italy, where her young artist
days were passed, but she preferred to
remain in this country and educate her
children. She took a studio at East
IN CHILDREN'S LOVE.
For eight years Rhoda Holmes Nich
ols has never ceased to struggle. She
has earned a fair competence and has
led a retired life, but gradually she is
learning to be happy again-happy in
the love of her children, which knows
no distrust or jealousy.
The other day the curtain fell on
the last act in this strange marital
Mrs. Rhoda Holmes Nichols received
a decree of absolute divorce, carrying
with it the legal custody of the chil
dren, and authority to resume her
Incompatibility was the cause given,
but the divorce papers are sealed.
Mrs. Rhoda Holmes is still young
and much of life is yet before her.
But it is doubtful if she will ever again
regard love as anything but a mirage
of the youthful brain, an unsubstantial
d eam, the fiesh tints laid upon the
bo:. es of an awful skeleton.
But the ex'cerience of Mrs. Holmes
is iot singular. So long as man's n-..
ture reoains unchanged, just so lo=.g
will he demnnd the leadership of the
family, both mentally and physic-ily.
The spiritual crown he accori.j to
woman without question.
Moral: Do not beat your b ieband
at anything he may undertake.
-een ; -iw d and wiays the violin en
t?as cingl y.
"You say -ou haven't been able to
fnd -',k in 46 years?" asked the kind
lady o, Frayed Fauklyn.
"Dat's right, mum."
"Gcodness! How old are you?"
"Forty-six, mum."-Milwukee Se&
NECESSITIES FOR SICK ROOM.
Simple Precautions That Will Save
Lives and Money.
A zet of dishes should be selected
for the sick room and these should be -
washed by the nurse and never mhixed
with the dishes used by the family.
The nurse should disinfect all bed and
body linen used by the patient and
also keep the sick room and all be
longings to it free from infection.
Nothing contaminates the atmosphere
more than dust and nothing creates
worse air dust contamination than the
spilling of foul discharges on floots, I
rugs and bed and body linen and allow. 1
ing them to dry. All such foul matter I
should be wiped up at once with a
moist disinfected cloth which should 2
be burned. A broom is out of place I
in a sick room. It only scatters the I
dust into the air. The only safe dis
posal of the refuse from a quarantined I
room is cremation. The nurse in
charge of a case of contagious disease 1
should avoid direct contact with other
members of the family, especially chil
dren. If needs be she must mingle.
with others she should have a special
gown for the sick room which should l
be discarded with her cap on coming
out and always worn in the room, and 1
she should disinfect her hands before
touching anything outside of the room. l
All these simple, commonplace quar- 1
antine regulations faithfully carried
out would save thousands of lives
yearly among the children of the land 4
and also greatly lessen the cost to
common people for illness and funeral :
expenses. Nothing would pay better
than for the heads of all American
households to be their own health of
ficers.-Dr. Kate Lindsay, in the
CARE IN WASHING SWEATER.
Garment Never Should Be Hung Up to
Dry-Needs Much Rinsing.
In washing a sweater, rub thor
oughly in warm water and soap suds,
rinsing several times to get all the
odor of the soap out of the wool. Be
sure never to hang up a sweater to
dry, as hanging ruins the shape and
stretches the garment.
If you can lay the sweater on the
grass, do so, having first spread out
a heavy towel or a sheet folded. If
you must dry it on the fire escape
or in a window, spread out first a
newspaper and then cover that with
towels or a sheet to keep the water
from soaking through, and then lay
the sweater on them, not stretched
out, but rather in a heap.
Half a day of hot sunshine will dry
it, but it must be hot. Don't try to
wash a sweater on a cloudy day.
The New "Leo Purses."
Tiny calfskin "Leo purses" for
small change are to be seen in the
hands of up-to-date shoppers now.
They look for all the world like an
tique water jars, about three or four
inches in length and from one to two
inches wide, with a stitched call
"handle" at one side and a little
bulge at the bottom. The handle is
wound about one finger, and the en
tire purse grasped firmly in the
hand. They come in red, green and
gray, and are sometimes worn inside
the waist for carrying jewels. They
are designed primarily, however, for
money alone, but, other than their
novelty, their special fitness for this
purpose is evident only in their un
closable mouths, which make it an
easy matter to "get at" change in
a hurry and save the fingertips of
Two Good Cleaning Recipes.
Here is a recipe which is efficacious
for cleaning fabrics without injuring
their texture or changing their color.
It is also particularly good in cleaning
rugs and carpets. Grate two raw pota
toes in a bowl which contains a pint
of clear, cold water. Now strain
through a sieve, allowing the liquid to
fall into another bowl containing an
other pint of cold water. When it
settles, pour off the water into a bot.
tle and keep for future use. Dip a
sponge into the potato water and rub
the soiled garment carefully, after
which it may be washed in clear wa
'When ivory knife handles get discol
ored dip half a lemon in salt and rub
on them. Wash off immediately in
warm water, and the handles will look
as white as when new.
Peach stains are among the most
difficult spots to remove because they
show so little before the cloth is wet
and then they turn dark. The old.
fashioned grass bleaching is an ex
cellent way of taking them out and all
spots disappear from white table linen
if it is spread on the grass in the sun
and kept wet. It is a slow process,
however, and may be aided with a lit.
HIe javelle water. The recipe for mak
ing it comes on all cans of chloride of
lime where the directions are also
given for using it. Be sure and wash
the bleach thoroughly from the linen
when the spot has been removed, as it
is an acid and will injure the fabric if
not washed out.
To Make Raw Eggs Palatable.
If you have to take raw eggs to
build up your strength (and there's
nothing much better) take them with
out beating them up-without break
ing the yolk.
A dash of rich grape juice over the
egg, a quick swallow and, although
you feel that a glove stretcher has
been applied to your throat, the egg
is down, and all you taste is a deli
cious bit of grape juice.
Try taking it another time with a
squeeze of lemon juice on it, or
beaten up with lemon and sugar and
water-egg lemonade, in fact. And
beating it up with milk is another
To Sweeten Musty Cellar.
A damp, musty cellar may be sweet
ened by sprinkling upon the floor pul
verized copperas, chloride of lime, or
even common lime. The most effec
tive means ever used to disinfect de
caying vegetable matter is chloride
of lime in solution. One pound may
be dissolved in two gallons of water.
Plaster of paris has also been found
an excellent absorbent of noxious
odors. If used one part with three
parts of charoal, it w11l be found
JOBBER AND MANUFACTURER
Advantages of Buying Direct from Manufacturer-The Ideal Business Met hod
Not Always Possible-The Jobber Indispensable to Class of Trade That
Buys in Small Quantities-Jobbers Should Endeavor to Create Individual
Brands of Goods-Concern That Gouges Its Customers Gouges Itself.
By CHARLES N. CREWDSON, Author of "Tales of the Road," Etc.
"There is a growing tendency on
the part of the retail merchant to
buy direct from the manufacturer,"
began the St. Louis buyer - he
was a successful dealer in ladies'
ready-to-wear goods-"and there are I
several reasons for this. In the first
place, we merchants all feel that we
want to be on the ground floor. This
middle-man business is fast becoming
a thing of the past. Every handler
that we place between the first source
of supply and the final demand means
just one more profit to be paid. 4n
other advantage we merchants get
when we buy direct is that we can
have stuff made to suit us a great deal
better than if the goods have to pass
through the hands of a middle-man.
A merchant knows the peculiarities of
his trade and if he can design his own
garments, say in my business, he is
going to be better satisfied than if he
leave the designing to some one on the
outside. Of course, I confess that a
great deal of this making special de
signs on the part of the retailer is all
poppycock. 1 know that many of us put
manufacturers to needless trouble, but
at the same time it tickles the vanity
of us all to be able to get things just
as we want them. And another thing,
it spurs the manufacturer on to make
things right when he knows that he is
dealing directly with the man who is
going to sell the goods to the con
sumer. The manufacturer who makes
goods for the jobber, who in 'turn sells
them again to the dealer, is not nearly
so careful about making things as he
is when he deals direct with the retail
er. Why? Because when he manufac
tures for the jobber it is of times many
months before the goods get to the con
sumers, and then the kicking is not so
strong as when it comes direct from
us. One thing that is helping the
manufacturers more and more every
day is rapid transportation both on
land and water. W1b, comparatively
a few days will bring materials here
to New York city from any part of the
World, and a couple of sunrises almost
will see them from here to the Missi"
%ippi river. Bull-team ideas and meth
ads are rapidly coming to an end.
New Methods in Business.
"Now, one of you gentlemen talked a
little while ago about an old man who
raised watermelons and brought
them to town, where he sold them to
the man who ate them. Now, I don't
eat the watermelons that I buy, but I
am in mighty close touch with the
people who do, and I want to get them
from the man who raises them."
"You are right about that," said the
retail shoe merchant. "The very
strongest competition that I have-in
fact 1 can scarcely compete with themn
at all-comes from a concern that
manufactures its own leather, converts
this leather into shoes, and has a long
chain of retail stores all over the coun
try, that supply the customer direct.
In just a word, the most successful es
tablishment in my business is the one
that practically takes the hide from the
anim 'is back and puts it on the cus
tomer's foot. That is the ideal way to
"Now, just for example, I know a I
tanner who manufactures into gloves
part of the leather he makes; the bal
ance he sells to other glove makers.
Now, ask yourself, which one cuts the
best leather for his gloves-the man
who makes it or the man who buys it
from him? For my own part, if I were
handling this line, I would buy the
gloves from the man who made the
leather. I know human nature, and
the truth of the matter is this man has
a great deal easier time distributing
his stuff than the other fellows. You
see, the man who buys the goods is
always hunting for the right place to
buy them from, but he is not always
able to find it. This gives the jobber a
The Jobber's Place.
"The jobber," interrupted the hat
manufacturer, "has his place. For a
certain class of trade and for certain
lines of goods he is a necessity. Now,
take in my line, for example. No one
factory, no ten factories, can success
fully make a complete line of goods
for the merchant in the country who
buys only comparatively small quanti
ties of anything, and who has none too
much capital in his business. Of course
the great big dealer in the large cities
in my line can profit some by buying
directly from us, perhaps, but still
there is not such a very great differ
ence, so far as price is concerned, as
many imagine. A great deal of this is
mere imagination. In a business where
it is necessary to combine the products
of several concerns in order to get to
gether a complete line, the jobber can
compete well with the manufacturer,
simply because when a manufacturer's
sales of his products are small, his
percentage to sell is proportionately
great. Where a manufacturer makes a
line and can sell it in sufficient quan
tities to the retailer to justify his ex
pense, he can do business. Otherwise,
he cannot. Of course, I quite agree
with my friend from St. Louis in all
he has said. The whole question for
a manufacturer is, does he make a
line, or can he make a line, of which
he can sell large enough quantities to
retailers to pay the salaries and ex
penses of his salesmen-enough to
make a volume?"
"You are just exactly right in that,"
remarked the silk buyer. "Take in our
business-the wholesale dry goods bus
iness-for example, there are thou
sands of items made in almost that
many different places. How would a
factory down in Rhode Island that
made nothing but hooks and eyes, or
tacks, sell its product except through
its jobber? Yes, there is a place for
the jobber in the class of trade that
buys small quantities only of any one
thing that a factory turns out.
Jobber's Proper Field.
"One thing that the jobber should
strive for, too, is to create individual
lines and individual brands of goods.
There is no profit in his handling
marked arti es. He may do this suc
cessfully in his own little village, but
he cznnot go into the other fellow's
territory unless he has merchandise
that bears an individual brand or indi
vidual quality. The successful jobbers
to-day are those who really are nct
jobbers. They rather combine the job
bing mnd manufacturing business; that
is, they carry enough things to make a
complete line, but they control the out
put of factories as nearly as they can,
sometimes entirely, and in a great
measure they really become manufac
"But whether a man be a manufac
turer or a jobber, he has his troubles
with his customers. This distributing
merchandise after it is made is like
treading Ibarefooted on a bed of roses.
It may lok pretty and smell sweet,
but y u must very often stop and pick
a briar out of your heel. If you make
a man pay too much you are certain to
hear about it. A concern that gouges
its customer gouges itself.
(Copyright, 1906, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
ROMANCE OF TWO CADETS.
Friendship Maintained, Though Fate
Made Them Enemies.
%two cadets roomed together at
1Aest Point from September, 1857, un
til they were graduated in June, 1861.
In the summer encampment they tent
ed together. Their ranks in the class
alternated, standing one 20, the other
21, and then reversing their relation
through their whole academic career.
They were known in the academy as
"Number Twenty" and "Number
Twenty-one," although their names
were George A. Custer, of Ohio, and
John W. Lea, of North Carolina.
At the outbreak of the civil war Lea
resigned and entered the Confederate
service as a subaltern in the Fifth
North Carolina infantry. At the bat
tle of Williamsburg, on May 5, 1862,
he was severely wounded and taken
prisoner. Custer, like Lea, a captain,
was attached to Hancock's brigade on
staff duty. He hastened to his old
comrade's assistance, ministered to
his wants, and secured his provisional
release on parole.
In August, 1862, when the army of
the Potomac was withdrawn from the
peninsula by Gen. McClellan, Capt.
Lea, still suffering from his wounds,
was visiting in Williamsburg. He in
formed Custer, who had then been
promoted to a post on Gen. McClel
lan's staff, that he was engaged to be
married, and requested him to be his
best man at the wedding, which was
to take place early the next morning.
Custer accepted, and remained the
guest of Lea and his friends that
night and the next day, going to camp
long enough only to dress for the wed
ding. Capt. Lea wore a bright new
Confederate uniform, while Capt. Cus
ter wore the full uniform of a captain
of the union army. It was a novel and
romantic wedding, probably one of the
few of its kind that occurred during
the war. Capt. Lea had never met his
destined bride until after he was
wounded. He had been carried to her
house, and her tender nursing had
helped to bring him back to life.
After being exchanged, Lea rejoined
his regiment, and though arrayed
against Custer in battles the two
never met until the surrender at Ap
pomattox. Custer immediately after
the surrender rode Into the southern
lines, and "capturing" his friend, took
him to his headquarters. That was
the last time they were together. Lea
became an Episcopal clergyman and
died in the discharge of the duties of
that sacred calling. The fate of Cus
ter all the world knows.
Foiled His Wife.
Perhaps one of the queerest of fu
nerals was that of Samuel Baldwin,
of Lymington. It seems that this
English squire and his wife were in
the habit of quarreling nearly every
day. In one of their wranglings, the
wife got the better of old Sam by tell
ing him that some day she would
dance over his grave.
This worried the old man, and to
spite her and to prevent her from
carrying out her threat, he arranged
with his executor that he should be
buried in the sea, outside the Needles.
To confirm this statement, there is
this entry in the old Lymington
church register: "Samuel Baldwin,
Esq.. sojourner in this parish, was im
mersed without the 'Needles,' sans
ceremonie, May 20th, 1736."-The
Ten-year-old Robert had a severe
cold as the result of playing "arctic
explorer" in the brook. His mother
was greatly worried.
"Do you think he's out of danger,
doctor?" she asked tearfully, when
the physician said that Robert was
much better than he had been the day
The doctor looked at her solemnly.
"I could hardly say that, from ex
perience with my own boys," he said,
without a suspicion of a smile, "for
he will probably do It again some
Heard the Worst.
"Doctor, you may as well be frank
with me. Tell me the worst," said
the patient, nervously.
"I can do nothing for you," said the
doctor, calmly but firmly.
"Absolutely nothing. There's n-th
ing the matter with you."
Greatly relieved, the patient went
out in the back yard and sawed wood,
Dhnce Once Form of Worship.
That the dance, primarily, is religi
ous in its nature is declared by Prof.
Gabrielle to be undoubted. Among
the more civilized nations the dance
has lost much of its religious meaning,
while among the savage and semi-civ
ilized tribes it still retains all its
meaning, and the motions of the body
are used to express a worship deeper
than that exyrsss d in song er in