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HARDWARE, CROCKERY, GLASSWARE
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I?,ESS S2 lllTG-IjH -
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Dealers in Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils,
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M. J. DUTY, GuLLETT'SMAGNOLIA
Engineer & Ilachinist, G IN
-AGtNT FO11- The FOREMOST
Gullett's Magnolia Gins sTAN
MvtseY liry and Engineer's Sulppzjes. OF THE
o n....e. sOCK oN mAn1. HIGHEST AWARD D'.JtPk
", w, POWER SIHOP '"' "" ""'' "" "'
hav NO" 21 (RAND STr:,:,.,
r an..tr sh l nl, t.. 1 ,tdrt ,or Ilnrtbr particulars
"DNROE, - - LA. GULLETT1ICO.AMITECIT, LA.U
IS 1~ E EARTIl ABOtMBN
And lay We All be. llown late Eter
alty by a Natural ;ain Explosion.
New Brunswick, N. J., correspon
dent New York Herald, of July 14:
Apropos of the recent interview pub
Ilshed in the Herald with Professor L.
W. Thickstuo of Metuchen, concern
log the possibility of the upheaval of
the earth caused by a natural gas ex
plosion, I secured from 1r. Thickstua
yesterday an explanetion of his ideas,
which is as startling as it is important.
"Natural gas in western Penneylva
ala, eastern Ohio and 1in some other
parts of the country," said he, "is one
of the things the public is thinking
about with some degree of apprehen.
*ioti. Capital. In large amounts has
been invested in V:A production, or
rather in its capture and in its appli
cation as a beater and as au illumina
tor. Millions of dollars find profitable
employment In,this manner all over
the extensive territory known as the
oIu Pittsburg alone enough natural
gas Is consumed daily to give sufflicient
amount of light for the needs of the
largest city in the world. North of
Pittsburg 120 miles, at- Erie, and all
the way between the two places, natu
ral gas is found in nearly every neigh.
borhood where proper tei-t, have'been
made. In all other directions from
this busy and prosperous imanufactu
ring center gas has been found in quan
titles apparently inexhaustible.
"A reservoir of vast proportions, or
many reservoirs must have been pro.
vided for by nature to contain what
gas has already escaped from wells and
what Is yet stored tway in the bowels
of the earth. Ertensivo deposits have
also been found in the western coun.
ties of our own State, as well as in
Pennsylvania and Ohio. How far the
openings extend below the earths sur
face is not known, hut the subterranean
cavern or caverns where gas abounds
must be of great magnitude.
'"Gas began to appear in large quan
tities soon after the first wells on Oil
creek were. finished; Colonel Drake
drilled the first oil well near Titusville
Pa., during the summer of 1839, and,
at a depth of sixty.ntne feet he struck
oil. That was a pumping and not a
flowing well. From it a small amount
of gas escaped, as is the case with most
pumping wells. Subsequently many
other wells were opened, thousands of
them, some pumping and s',me tflw
"All flowlug wells are gas as well as
oil wells. In flo'iug wells oil Is
thrown out by escaping gas. 13ig
'spouters' began to apspear eight or ten
miles below Titusville, along 'the
creek,' early in ISGO. Since then they
have been opened in hundreds of other
localities from the source to the month
of the Allegheny river and along many
of its tributaries:
"Among the meat noted und the
most profitable of all flowing wells was
the Noble well, seven miles below
Titusville, struck on May 3, 1803. It
began as a 1500 gallon well. It was a
'boomer' of the first order. Gas and
oil came from a crevice in the sand
rock, 140 feet below the bed- of Oil
creek. Twenty rods lower down the
stream was the Caldwell well. It was
a good 700 barrel well. Oil was reached
in it ti about the same depth as in tile
Noble well. By May 28 the produc
tion of the Noble well ran up to 1800
barrels and the Caldlwell had fallen off
to 400 barrels a day. Before the mid
die of June the latter was so nearly
exhausted that it flowed not more than
seven or eight barrels, anti the former
was pouring out a flood of 2200 barrels
of petroleum every twenty-four hours,
'The Noble well did nobly, ran
about twenty-two months, produced
over 500,000 barrels of oil, an imi mense
amount of gar-wasted on Oil creek
air-and then it, too, was a worthless
hole iu the ground. Watet fills the
place and the gas and oil occupied and
no one fears danger from that quarter.
,'Not very far from the Noble well
there is another kind of a blower. This
has no water or oil in it, only gas, and
that comes out at such a rate that you
might hear it pulsating and fairly
pounding a mile or two tiway on a
still summer evening. This, Ihkeother
wells, was sunk for oil, and this is the
kind in which danger lurks. This well
never tills up with water and probably
never will. There are hundreds and
thousands scattered all over the oil re
glons just like it. We tire anxious to
know what sort of a place is under our
country where this treachellcrou ub
sintcc cotmes from.
'If the Noble ,.l!l threw out 300,000
barrels of oil andl as much gas besides
in less thar two yetra, what are these
purely gas wells doing' WVhat have
they beten doing :D score or mnore year.?
witll sone ,t:e rie to liia f.t t at;d ex
Thinking pe, 1le are grrowing uneasy
about i'. VhiCre does this enormous,
pIroduct tiel corne from, anywa ?
Whele is the vast L'ts storehouse or
storehoust.s lcatled? l)o these subter
ranean resetrveira fijl up as rapidly as
they are emptiedl? J)ocs our atmo*
phere rush in to take the place vstc.'l
ed, or is gas formIng constantly to
keep the leaking tanks lull? \Will too
much of our an:o:phere riiove from
the outside to thn inside of the earth to
the injury or extitinction.f animal and
"Worst of all, will the air mingle
with the gas under our feet and there
by enable it to iits amnd'e,[ pl "Ii
an explosion coneie will It blOW' l 313,
the .oil regions froie the rrt IakeS to
old Virginia, and will the:' Alleiilgay
mountains stand between us' ,ied all
narnn? Do-oeans of natural" gah ex
tend from Titowville to tbh moeeinhl,
and from the msounnt to tNo'Nw Yotk,
and it is possible oitr tu .'lIsik-w
unmanageable .d .s,-.a is' d4yai
mile---s t possible torithem to. e set
on aire at the msam instant?
"Some of these b Inte gatorise may
seem absurd and not worth the Ink it
takes to print them or file tis it re.
quires to read them;, but then, again,
suppose they are all pertinent? ,aUQ
pose the last one turnS out'to be s fact
as well as a question, what then?
"Might not an explosion oceur
which would be simply terrifle? an.
stead of a torn up and devastatei o911.
field beyond thbe mountainsl , we aght
have a ruined and fragmentary planet.
No wonder people grow nervous had
wish the owners would plug upevery'
gas well on earth."
THOWWIKG TBE WA NGA.
T. Joana's Eva.
Shrill over dark blue Pontchartrain
It comes and goe the weird refrain,
The trackless swamp is quick with cries
Of noisome things that dip and rise
On night-grown wings; and in the deep
Dark pools the monstrous Sbrsmathat ileep I
Inert by day uplift their heads.
The zela flower its poison sheds
Upon the warm and languorous air;
The lake-vine weaves its noxious snare;
The wide palmetto leaves are stirred
By veneoied breathings, faintly heard
Across the still, star-lighted night.
Her lonely spice-fed fire, alight
Upon the black swamp's utmost rim.
-Now mroads and flarbe, now smouldors
And at her feet they curl and break,
The dark blne waters of the lake.
Her arms are wild aboveher head-
Old withered arms, whose charm has iedl.
Zizi, Creole Zizl,
You Is slim an' straight es a seplin'
-Dat grows by the bayou's aidge;
You is brown an' sleek ez a young Bob
Whar.hides in do yaller sedge.
Yo' eyes is black an' shiny,
An' quick ez de lightnln' flash:
You wuz bawn in de time or freedom,
Ant' never is felt de lash.
Mo, I kin th'ow wanga i
Her dusky face is wracked and seamed,
That once like ebon marble gleamed.
WZii, Creole Zizi,
You is spry on yo' foot a de jay-bird
Whar totes de debble his san';
You kin tole the buokra to lo' side
By the turning o' yo' han.
Yo, ways is sweet ez de sugar
You-puts in yo' pralines,
When de orange flower on the banqelotte
An' do pistache-nut is green.
MIe, I kin th'ow wangn I
lie knotted shoulders, brown and bare,
Tine deathless sears of slavehood wear;
ZIai, Creole Zisat.,
You is cropo lak to de do'-yard
When do moon wuz shiniu' high,
An' you stole do ole man' heart erway
Wid do laughin' in yo' eye.
My ole nan! do cbillun's daddy I
WVo is hood do cotton row
An' shucked do corn-shock side by aide
For forty year an' mo'l
-Mo, 1 kin th'ow wanga!
Itno flales that leap about her feet
ilurn with a perflnse strange and sweet.
Zizi, Creole Zisl,
'Twis' yo's.'l in de coonjine
Lak in Moccssin in de slime;
Twis' yo'so'f when de fiddle talks
For do las' enduring time;
Den was'o tor de bone in de midnight,
Inn de nlawnin' was'o erway;
Bu'n wid heat in do winter-time,
An'l shiver do hottes' day
Ondet yn' ilan'tin' tignon
Do red-hot bottles crawl.
Wid claws dat seo'ch inter de meat,
An' mook do blood-drape fall I
Over yo' bed de screech-owl
In do mnidnight cereech an' cry I!
Don kiver yo' bead, Creole Bzl-
Den ktver yo' head ant' die-
1ier voice is hushed, she crouehes low
Above the ember's flickering glow.
The swamp-wind wakes, and many a thing
Unnamed fits by on ftrry wing
They brush her cheeks unfelt; she bears
The far-off songs of other years.
Her oyos grow tender as she sways
And croons above the dying blaze.
Oh, do cabin at do quarter In de old plan
Wid do garden patch beLin' it and de
gode-vine by de do',
Ann' de do' yard sot wid rosen, whar de
chillun runs anrd plays,
An' de streak o' sunshine, yaller lak,
or.slautin' on de flo'!
We wlnz young an' lakly niggers when de
ole tan totchll me home.
)!o Mis' she gin do weddin', an' young
M is' she dress de bride!
lie say hie gwinoter love mie 'twal do time
on kingdom coine,
Ant' forty yeararn' uperds we is trabble
side by side!
lhnt tlo Mars' wnr. killed at Shilob, an'
young Mtars' at Wildernos;
Ol;o bMis' is in de graveyard, wid young
.All' all or wesall's famtbly is scattered enas'
Ain' dto gods vine by the cabin do' ant' de
roses 411 has dleJ !
My ciillan dey is s.attered too, an' some
is onder grouiln,
lil wtns forty year ani' upcrds, we is
trabble, Iilm an me I
'ile Mis' whar Is de glory o' de freedpm I
Do 0ol man ine is loeF' iie for de young
Her arms are wild above her head,
The Softness from her voice has lied.
Zini, Creole ZIsl.
iTlla, )o'sel'f in de coonjine
Lak a moccasin in de sllme;
Kunjur de le man wid yo, eye
Fer de las' endurln' time!
iDon cry an' mo'nl in do mawnin',
In do midnight mo'n an' cry.
Twel de debbie has yon, ban' an' fot,
Den stretch yo'se'f an' diel-
--lof(,e k. Moors Davi., in Harper's
W'eekly, July p.
DY MI O- ? .e ,CK GHAM.
Nelifisns lastrantia. .
BALTItoRMi , July 11,-A peciall
from. Wasbhitgon says: , uWb OOI4'
ion, the eqlecticjournal of We Ina ton,
wilt, to.-morow (Friday);" publish
ppers from the peni-of Cartiit[.ltlalUb
bon, rev. Dr.'Tbomae iUexZ-pree!s.
aint of Harvatd UgsviIralty;- DrM.
Savage, t . Boston; andF · L
arris, edlth r of the JonrJo at' peq;
dative Phitoeopb; on thit. lqueiel.ti
"Is religious lnstruetion 1'~ the ipb
,ebootl expedient;. i so, what oI
he itseobaraetqr al ,ltiaitattooua"
Beliw are given etracots from 1teso
papers. Cardinal Gibbona says that
an education that Improves'the mind
and memory .to the neglect of tmoaL
and religlous trainnlg is at best bat an
imperfect and.detlstiva system. Y It lb
most desirable that our youth shpuid
be aequalated with the history of out
eountry, its origin ~nd principles of
its government; shid with the eminent
men who have served it with their
statesmanshbip and valor. But .it Is
not enough for children to ave.a ec.
aler edeatilon; they must reciae "re'
lilious trainilg.- .1eligous knowledge
ls as far above human, scteonee as- the
soul is above the body, as heaven Is
above the earth, as eternity t, bove
time. By secular educbtion we am.
prove the mind; by religious tralolng
we direct the heart. The religious
and secular education of. our children
cannot be divorced from elich otihe
without nflillting a fatal wound pol.
the soul; they must go .hand in baud,
otherwlse their education is shallow
and fragmentary-a curse Instead of a
Piety, says the Cardinal, Is not to
be put on for state occasions, but is to
be exhibited In our conduct at all
times. Our youth" must put in prac
ties every day the commandments of
God as well as the mules of arithmetic.
Then, he asks, how can they familiar.
ise themselves with these saaecred du
ties if they are not dally Inculcated?
The eateehetlcal instructlonl given
once a week, in every Sunday-school
are not uflicient to supply the rail.
gious wants of our children. It is Im.
portant that they should breathe every
day a healthy religious atmosphere in
bchools in which not only the mind Is
enlightened, but the christian faith
and sound morality are nourished and
invigorated. The combination of re
ligious and secular education is easily
accaupilsbed in - denomnational
schools. To ¶what extent religion may
be brought in the public schools with
out Infringing the righls and wound
ing the conselence of somb of the pu.
pile is a grave problem beset with dif
ticultles and very hard to be solved,
inasmuebh as thbese schbools are usually
attended by hildren belonging to the
various Christian denominations, by
Jews also, and even by thpose who pro
fees no resigion whatever."
The Reov. Dr. Thomas Hill says that
public schools with compulsory At
tendsancoe are an essential adjunct of a
republican government, and that Ihe
republic is bound to superintend with
oars the education of the chlfdreh ; and
whatever may be the theoretieal rela
tion and morale, It Is practically true
that children can be kept pure, truth.
ful and honorable in no way so effectu.
ally as by cultivating their natural
reverent senseof religious sanctions.
He concludes, therefore, that rell
gilous Instruction is more than expe.
dlent; it is demanded as a political
necessity. But it must not be given
by the text-hooks, lectures or recitita
lions. It must be given incidentally
first by the selection of teacheors of
good character and good Tense, then by
careful selection of wholesome.reading,
and finally by daily brief religious cx
erclse, at which a passage from the
bible shall be read, a prayer recited
and perhaps a hymn sung. But great
care should be takes that there be
nothing in the service to which any
reasonable parent could object.
The State, he says, does not under.
take to define Christianity or to decide
upon the true Interpretation of the
scriptures, but assumes Christianity as
part of the common law of the land.
r"The government exists for the pub.
1ke good," he says, "*and it is the peo-.
pie alone who have the power to de
cide what is for their good. The State
must, for its own sake, make good
morals and good manners the first and
lahest aim in public education."
With regard to private schools, Dr.
iil believes it the duty of the State
to lInspect them and rcqulre that the
educeation given therein shall be such
as to prepare the pupils for the duties
of citizenship. The L8tato ashould not
admit tbst education in the parochial
schools of a denomlnatilois a political
eqilvalent for a public education.
Least of all is a Catholic parochils
school capable of fulilitng the pabLle
ends of a good cduestio,, since ia
them is not only that partial and dis
torted view of hslatory, but a limita
tion of the right of private Judgment
wbich must partly unfit the pupil for
considering questions of public polcy
with unbiased mind. Calholic educa-.
tion Is favorable to the development
of dlplomatists and political managers,
I but tends to unfit a man for frank and
honest public discoausion. The aim ol
every lover of our country and its Jib
ertltes abOtald therefore be to readet
the public schools so POlnifestly supn
rlor, mKrally and Intelleclually, t
bein Xte 1r
dutyili nod e
othemtl' thai r
critical etertn q
spirit., thait tll
Mr. Harclt et`
Slate reof such:
or methods otlr@l
pagesu, and then
rouht over at
ago, have so mUi
•warm over the co
Olio and Mt
the first named ta
el? doan ut the :
sarrows tha n o the
Tfhe Department reo.os
parochial schools t'
dthe only posble way to
recitatious andg ;d.
them, It. would, however, be i "
goritical alernt concetiof b "l
much harm--or good. .. , .
The Item would elSUgelit I l t
might be ffectiman ve. Pa' y a: ,d
-eurm to the Fncb ieaderl-lll ,
to trim latdls' hats and drrellisWth
sparrow,' wilg . W thltble
as the rages, and the Englb parrow od
have a hard road to travel.
To shponge. hat the sprow
borae ught eeley do lie tO "l g
we extreet as lollow+ frotmaii'o ,
aoott (have) Mtlorlt
heswarm oveuesr othe Brtlsh sprow-i
almost and ellel. 01 all oar bo"la
the vafirst ha is the worst--an ene.yo
poeace ald confort, to hortleulmafe and - "
buds, blossome and fRllegn, eotar stalt
Therden epds and venotabls, our g .ras ,d
other o rups; heing against ot ourn ttvs
ontgsters, rad ho m k mklbiaslf sptr*
root lnllisace by hls ilthy ablts.
The Monltor conssible , t ad with .
this view the Itm would rerellver, be a
that the onglich sparrow is wibth 'd
much harm-or good.
Dmight bn'e effecnt tive.o arry a Slgoun.
[ Pck's f un]
le had made his doolaration of love
adto trim lad bee heard drewith a lowerith
of the rair head with spa brrow o the
soft cheek. But he could t ot help ve.
lTog something to th11 wte sparrow it
ed for her we c to r.
,,Wben I say I hive never lofed till
now," he said, ult Is nOt as empty
weord. try pact as folow neve to ed the
e Iniquti oany womf tn-h pt sparrow
er'al; my haond bas neer pressefalld wore
man's hand; I do hot dance, and ma
n look of sange otabl des, our:met na
over the bauiul lac d the des iin e'p
eyes grew large ad she Iisten ed.
',Is this true, eorgeT" she esked
with abated breath.
f"It is," he answby heris; filthyt is literall
The loonitk o wonclderment merged Wileth
to view lanthe of y stem regr tu sh rose
to her lull height and confronted hlm.
,'Then, Englis heave's akewith usGege"
sheidn't , ntgo om her ad praelee
till you get a record."
ipoc had made his delaratIon ofea love,
been hav' been heard with at lowering
placf the" air head, with a blush on the
holler on th' "But h could not help aod
l something to In while wait
ed for her aswe rt.
"Wen Isay I have never loved till
now," he said, ,ot aIs not am empty
wan' hand; I do o .dace an my_
arm-"L1· ~ Pt)Sr