Newspaper Page Text
1 wk. ilmon, :3 mos. iC mos. Hmog
* l.oo t a so
2.00 4 00
30.00 SP I
Marriage and Death notices not exceeding
ten Uses will bo Inserted free of charge.
Obituaries will l>e charged at half of our
? 1. Subscribers who do not give ex-.
Vress no*.ico to the contrary aie consid?
ered as wiihiug to ooutinuo their sub?
*? 2 If (ubscribers order tho discon?
tinuance of their periodical tho publish- |
or8 may cot tiuuo to toLd them until all
arrearages aro paid.
3. If rubscribers refuse or neglect to
tako theirtfaper from the oflico to whioh
they are directed they are held respon?
sible until iliny have settled their bills
?nd ordered them discontiuued.
frROFESSIO NAL CARDS
JJ a ALDERSON,
5 Tazewkll., C. II., Va.
Will prnctico in tho rou-ts of Tarewoll
coifVty, nnd the Court uf Appeals at Wythe
vljle. Cn||pt:tinK n spoiiuUy. Lands for
silo and land titles examined.
J~* H. STUART,
Will practica in tho cunrts of Tnziwell,
Virginia, Mercer and McDjwo'.I couuties,
g M. n. COULINO,
AttorLey-at-Law & Collector
Graham, Tazf.weli. County, Va.
P BctiiM in nil tho Courts of Tnzewell
ounty, Vn., nnd Mercer County, W. Va.
?. W. Wilmamb, A C. Davioson.
Hland C. II , Vn. Princeton, W. Vn.
Practice in all tho Courts of faipwel
runty, Virginia, nnd Mercer county, Wert
J. & 8. D. MAY.
TAZEWELL C. R., VIRGINIA,
Practice in the Courts of Tnzewoll county,
end in the Ccurt of A pp< als at Wythevill
Va. Port.lculnr attention paid to tho co'
Irctlon of claims. Oil! :e opposite fibw Court
JT^ B. 0ILLE8PIB,
J*liyesieitiii mid Surreoon,
TAZEWELL C. II, VIRGINIA.
J^~Office Court House ?quaue.
Booms in residence cart end of town.
Oflleo West Front Room, Stras building,
gHAVING AND HAIR CUTTING.
T. 13. AVT^XiX^ETV.
Tazewki.l, C. H.. Va.
Saloon Eist front room. Stros building,
upstairs. Elegant Chairs, Plate Glass Mir?
rors, nnd till 'the modern convor jeuccs.
G. R SURFACE. JESSE F. WHITE
? SURFACE & WHITE, Tiiop's.
6Q!rHouse ontiroly Refurnisod.
. A well-supplied Table, a complete Bar
and good Stables.
TAZEYS ELL, C. H. VA.
L. R- DODD
This large Hotel is ontiroly refurnished
and fitted up to suit modern require?
Special arrangemonls for commercial
Table always suppliod with the best.
The Bar supplied with tho finest and
purest Liquors, Cigars, &o.
Qood Stables, Sheds, &c.
4 HAVK YOUR
? done at the -
j Olinol?. Valley News
Every Kind of Work will be dono
Neatly and Quickly.
VALLEY MUTUAL LIFE
D. B. BALDWIN.
TAZEWELL, 0. U., VIRGINIA,
FOR TAZEWELL OOTJ^y.
J. P. & J. H. Kelly, Publii
Writino to tho rail At <H Gazette 1
ancnt that journal's discussion of how
to give nway $500,000, John Kuskin !
says: "It happens at this moment that
I don't want to givo away any of my
money; and what I want to bo told is ,
how I am to do any good by keep?
ing it." _
Representative St. Martin, of New
Orleans, is tho only creole in Congress,
and tho most cautious man in tho world. |
During the rebellion, when Oenoral
Leo was nt tho height of his groat .
famo, somo ono nskod St. Martin what
ho thought of him. "Woll," wns the
reply, "Beaurogard speaks quite favor?
ably of him!"
The fourteen miles of street railway
in Glasgow nro owned by tho city, and ]
bring to the treasury a rental of $70,000 |
annually. T)i9ro is no uniform rato o)
faro, Lut a penny a milo is charged,
with reduced rates morning and even?
ing, when tho working ptoplo travel.
Tho originnl purpose of tho tramway,
in fact, wns to enable workingnien to
inhabit tho suburbs.
The young Indies in tho American
colony in .Ta an are suffocated with joy
when they hear of tho arrival of an
American mnn-of-war. Tho joy is not
occasiouod 1 y nuy foeliug of security
uaturally lent by an imposing ironclad,
but by tlio prospect of having a good
old-fashioned Yankee danco?a pdstirno
that is ns unknown in that country as
tho Japanese language is in this.
William Anderson, a citizen of Cin?
cinnati, objected to paying hack hire
nnloss tho haekmnn proved himself tho
better man. Finding argument use?
less, tho linckman drovo Mr. Andorson
to n ret red spot, and there wiped the
ground with him. Then, to his disgust,
ho found that Mr. Anderson hadn't n
red cont, and could not pny, though
ho had boon well thrashed.
THIRTEEN boys in the school at Ar?
eola, 111., struck against further study '
whon called in nftov recess. Tho teach- \
or, who is apparently n born diploma?
tist, called up tho thirteen largest girls
In tho school, told thorn of (ho stato of
affairs, and ordored thorn to march out
and each bring in a boy. Within three
minutes and a half a baker's dozon oi
lads, with very rod faces, were trying
to study holes in thoir books, aud have
boon too busy since to talk about tho
sad affair. _
A RESIDENT of Minnosota, who has '
soon sovoral severe tornadoes, says \
that tho r most peculiar feature is the
singular sucking movement. Build?
ings nro sii"kcd up into the clouds
ent're, nnd como down soon in frng- ]
monts. After the groat Ro.diostor
tornndo, a farmer twelve miles from j
town found nn uninjured marble-top
tab'o in his rield. Another fo'.vnd n
very largo sheep that had como from
no ono knows whore, nnd had been
deposited in his fn-vd unhurt. Tho
Minnesota man further said that ho
had seen a board into which wheat
straws had boon driven until theystu"k
through oh the other sido, Also, he
saw a pla k, driven through a big tree,
and u p:o c of pine molding driven
? IV.'Uji'ii r, rtllllll! I? '!e.i"it tr'-H.
Ilcadnclie, Nausea,Dizziness, nnd Drowsi?
ness. They stimulate the Stomncli, Liver,
nntl Bowels, to healthy nction, assist diges?
tion, and increase the appetite. They
combine, cathartic, diuretic, nnd tonic
properties of the greatest vnlue, nro a
purely vegetable compound, and may bo
taken with perfect safety, cither by chil?
dren or adults. K. L. Thomns, Framing
ham, Mass., writes: "For n number of
years I was subject to violent LTeadachcs,
arising from a disordered condition of the
stomach and bowels. About a year ago I
commenced tho Use of Ayer's Pills, and
have not had a headache since." W. I'.
ITannah, Gormley P. 0.,York Co., Ont.,
writes: " I have used Ayer's Pills for tho
last thirty years, nnd can safely say that I
have never found their equal ns a cathartic,
ninliclne. I nm never without them In
my house." C. D. Moore, F.lgln, III.,
writes: "Indigestion, Headache, nnd Loss
of Appetite, had so weakened and debili?
tated my system, that I was obliged to givo
up work. After being under tho doctor's
coro for two weeks, without getting nny
relief, I began taking Ayer's Pills. My
appetite and strength returned, nnd I wns
soon enabled to resume my work, In per?
Dr. J, C. Aycr &, Co., Low ell, >!nss,
gold by nil Druggists,
Tho Sliver Lining.
A fisherman bat at his door one day
"Watching tho clouds that, heavy and gray,
Obsburod tho sunlight's shining:
And ho said to Bright Eyes at his knee,
"Look yonder out in tho west nnd seo
Tho cloud with the silver lining."
I think when our skies nro cold nnd gray
And wo vainly seek to find tho way, %
Somewhcro the light is shining.
If wo bmvnly resolvo to do our part,
And bear our griofs with a pntlent heart,
And free from all repining,
Wo shall bo I?! to a higher way,
I To a better work than wo do to-day,
And find love's sunlight shining;
For truth of spirit nnd strength of sou
will mako tho darkest cloud unroll
I And show its silver lining.
i WISHES AND WORKS.
A Story or llovr Three Iloys Invested
Three little ragged urchins stood be?
fore tho iron-barred window of n Wall
. 6trcet bnnking house gazing wistfully at
j the yellow heaps of gold coins which roso
among a field of green-backed bills like
\ golden-rods in a country meadow. It
j was late in tho afternoon nnd the busy
street was almost deserted. After feast?
ing their eyes upon tho riches for some
I time in silbpec one of the lads remarked
with a little sigh of discontent:
I "Say, Billy, don't you wish nil that
i was yours?"
I "Don't I, though," replied William
with an emphasis which left no doubt of
"What would you do with it?"
"What would I do with it?" repeated
tho boy, after n pause, for the thought of
possessing so much money wns new to
him, and he hardly knew just exactly
what he could do with it, "Well, I'd
buy all the candy I could And, nnd then
wouldn't wc have n feast?"
"Feast indeed 1" retorted the first
speaker. "That would be a nice way to
spend your money 1"
"What -would you do with it, then,
"I wouldn't buy any candy. No, sir
j cc. That would be a baby way to spend
money. Men never cat candy. How
much candy do you s'posc you could
'?I dnnno," replied Billy. "I believe
I could cut nil there is in the world. I
I Dcver had enough in my life."
"Well, you could buy your candy if
you wnntcd to, but I'd go to that gun
store 'round the corner nnd buy some re?
peating rifles nnd some revolvers nnd
hunting knives nnd all tho ammunition
wc could enrry."
"Then we'd shoot cnts," interrupted
Billy earnestly. "I know where there
aro morc'n a hundred."
"Shoot cnts?" retorted Jimscy indig?
nantly. "Not I. We'd try bigger game."
"What do you mean, Jimscy?" asked
Billy in a half-whisper, for the mysterious
manner of his comrade impressed hint
with something like nwc. "Shoot hor?
ses and dogs?"
"Nnw," answered Jimscy with intense
disgust. "Do you think I nm n butcher?
No, sjr; we'd go out on the plains nnd
hunt Indians, deers nnd buffaloes, like
'Screaming Sam, the Scorcher' in that
new story pnper. We'd live in a cave in
the mountains, shoot our own game,
thero's lots of it out there, and we'd make
our own clothes out of skins."
"That would be bully," exclaimed Bil?
ly with enthusiasm, "but how would you
sew our clothes together?"
"That's nothing," replied Jimscy dis?
dainfully, as if making clothes out of
deerskins was an;evcryday matter with
him. "You don't have to bo a tailor to
mako clothes out of skins. All you have
to do is to peel 'cm off the deers, dry 'cm
on boards and sew 'cm together with an?
telope thongs. Nothing's easier. Then
wo'd make our fires by rubbing sticks
"Yes," answered Billy, who was ncwi n
matters of this sort nnd had never been a
trapper in tho far West, "but if wc had
so much money we could buy matches?"
"Where do you s'poso we'd find 'cm?
inquired Jimscy with indignntion. "Do
you think the plains is up in Harlem?
Do you think they have grocery stores on
tho ploins? No, sir-co. Where we'd
go no white men havo ever been before.
We'd go to Montana or down on the
Rio Grande. I ain't made up my mind
which. When the Indinns attacked tho
settlers we'd go to their Tcscue. Wo'd
cut notches in our guns for every red?
skin wc lnid low. We'd be scouts, Billy,
and when we como homo wo'd given
Bhow with some cowboys nnd real In?
dians. Wo'd wear our hair long and
stop at hotels like regular swells."
This entrancing description of tho
pleasures of wealth, while itifascinatctl
tho two speakers, produced no effect
upon tho other lad, who hod hardly list
fned to what they were saying, so intent
was he with his own thoughts. Notic?
ing his silence Billy asked :
"Say, Snml wouldn't that/be fun?"
"Yes," ho replied; "hut Td rather not
"You wouldn't go West if you had all
I this money?" inquired Billy astonished
that any one could have another desire.
"No, not unless mother nnd sister
could go too."
"They couldn't go of course. The
n'.njns js or.1v fit for men. not women,'1
AZEWELL C. H., VA,
"Then I'll stay hero with them,"ro
plied Sam decisively, "'and if I had this
money I'd take it all homo to mother,
and pour it in her lap. 1 don't believe
-ho ever saw so much money in her life. i
\nd my I wouldn't she laugh?and sistei
too. Then she'd got well right oil. 1
know, 'cause the doctor says money is all
she needs. Then I'd buy her some
grapes nnd oranges like what you seo on
tho fruit stands, and some coffee and real
milk, and we'd have meat every day.
I'd buy mother a now calico dress with
red flowers all over it and a new bonnet
and sister too. And this winter we'd go
down South whore the doctor says moth?
er ought to go."
To sny that tho other boys wero sur?
prised at Sam's way of spending the money
would hardly do justice to their feelings- i
They were not a little ashamed, too, |
for they were unselfish at heart, as most |
boys nrc. But they didn't allow 8nm to
sec whnt effect his words had upon them.
It was not so, though, with a toll, wclU
dressed gentleman who had stood next j
to the boys during their talk nnd heard
every word of it. When Snin'had finished
he observed to them kindly:
"So, boys, you would liko to have all
this money, would you?"
No one replied, but he didn't seem to
think any was required, for he reached
down into his pockot and drew from it
thrco bright half dollars.
"Here," ho said as he hnnded them to
the lads, who were speechless with as?
tonishment. '"'Take tlie.se luid seo how
wisely you enn spend them." ?
The boys mechanically took the money
nnd with a pleasant smile the gentleman
turned nnd walked nway.
"Well," exclaimed Jiinsey ns ho rolled
the coin over in his grimy hands. "This
is n go, Isn't it?"
"It is," replied Billy lnconicnlly.
"Here, Sam," remarked tho former at
he shoved the money into the boy's hand.
"Here, you take this, you need it inoro'n
"Take mine, too," cried Billy, as he
followed his friend's example.
Then, ns if ashamed at their generosity,
they both darted into the street and cut
around the corner ns though they had
done something wrong und were in n
hurry to escape from the consequences.
"Well," observed Ram to himself as n
hard lump came up in bis throat, "those
boys is good enough almost to bo preach?
ers."?jVcw York Graphic.
American K 'sources.
The Marquis of Lome, in an article on
"Opportunities for Young Men in Ameri?
ca, written for Youth''* Companion, says:
And with whnt a choice is the young
American blessed in regard to his career!
Although ho may not look forward to be?
coming an East Indian nabob, he may
nchicve greater success by cotton plnntn
t ions on the Mississippi or in some fertilo
tract of the South than can a modern Eng?
lishman in India. He mny have under
him hundreds of dusky workers, better
thnn coolio slaves, becauso vhey arc now
frco laborers, worthy of their hire. Al?
though he may not hopo to ennunnud
victorious armies waging war in Egypt,
in China, in Central Asia, or in some
grcon jungle of Africn, he mny guido the
forces of workmen building some mag?
nificent continental railway lino, or pierc?
ing another isthmian canal.
If we have a fancy for exploration, he
can vie with the Englishman in ondcav
oring to reach that goal which will prob?
ably never bo reached and climbed ex?
cept by a white bear, namely, tho North
Pole. Ho has (he next best chance to
tho bear's for Englishmen have not at
their back the host of enterprising nnd
generous privnto citizens such as, in the
Stntcs, nrc nlways seeking some new
thing on which to spend their well
I have often wondered what I should
do if I were, by some happy magic,
transformed into nn Amcrcan boy, and
were not deprived by the change to
youth of that knowledge of the world
man can only gain in nfter life. Most
men of forty would here be moro pu/./.Icd
on the subject of a choice of professions
than nrc most fortunate youths of that
great nntion. The temptations nrc so
many to pursue nlfnost any career. That
vision of becoming a big railway con?
tractor, having armies of navvies, nnd of
course making piles of gold, is one most
enticing career, but it needs hard work,
brain for mathematical study, nnd a turn
for civil engineering and mechanical
knowledge, which things nrc not born
with every man.
Tho Lust Shot.
Nap. Cosby fired the last gun of the
wnr on the Confederate side in Gen. Lce'a
army. At the time of the. surrender of
Appomnttox the Federals nnd Confeder
' ntcs wero drawn up in lines facing each
> other, nnd but a few feet apart. The
' lnttcr were almost stnrvcd, having been
without food for several days. AVhile
the terms of surrender were being ad?
justed, some very good hogs came along
nenr the linn, and, as soon as discovered
by Casby, he raised his gun nnd shot one
of them. Tho shooting of the animal
created intense excitement for n brief
time, nsit wns generally supposed that n
conflict had been opened by the two op?
posing forces. The facts soon became
known, nnd Cnsby was nllowcd to take
his "forage" for the benefit of hirnwlJ
an? frj5.nds,?--Bullimor? A merican,
FOR THE FAR SI AMD HOSUfc
Food fur Cntvei.
Many farmers linvo suffered losses
among their calves by putting them too
early upon a non-milk ?Hot of an unsuit?
able Datura. The stomach of n calf but
a few weeks ohl is very tender and deli?
cate, and will not stand irritation stich
as is produced by many feeding Stulls
that arc readily digested at a inoro ad?
vanced age. It is necessary to remove
from such foods all particles of husk and
librc, and whatever may be tho materials
used in the mixture, wheMicr bean meal,
pea meal, wheat, linseed, or n variety of
others, it is important not merely to
grind finely, but to carefully separata
through a silk or lino cloth sieve all par?
ticles of husk. If theso are not removed
they arc, however finely ground,likely to
cause serious irritation. The judicious
use of gruel made from properly prepar?
ed foods, at first in partial and finally in
total substitution for milk, from an early
age, efiects a considerable economy on a
large dairy farm.
Ilovr to Unw ? <;.n>.i I'atntn Crap.
Edmund Horsey, Iliugliam, Mass.,who
has had largo experience, said at a meet?
ing of the Massachusetts State Hoard of
Agriculture that he got tho most, the
largest and the best quality of potatOf.nl
from small tubers, cut two eyes to a
piece. Ho believes: 1. The shape of a
potato cannot be changed by the contin?
ued selection of any part'cuhir form of
thu seed planted. ?. The crop may be
increased by thu selecting of healthy,
well-kept tubers, and diminished by se?
lecting for seed diseased nnd poorly kept
potatoes. 8. Hard potatoes that have
sprouted but little are better for Btcd
than those that are soft, or havo any
long sprouts. 4. Long continued plant?
ing of any variety gradually changes its
sliaractoristlcs. 5. Largo crops arc only
ihtainod on rich soils, well prepared by
being thoroughly pulverized. 0. In or
linttry field culture the size of tho tubers
planted should be sufllotcnt to givo thu
young plants a vigorous start. 7.
Neither tho size or form of tho seed tuber
is of half as much consequence as is its
dealt by condition or its vital powers.
8. No rule can he laid down in regard to
tho quantity of seed per acre, thu amount
3f manure to be applied, or the particu?
lar method of cultivation. 0. Uno or
half a dozen experiments aro not sufllc
?nl to establish any particular facts, and
such one must experiment fur himself on
his own farm.
For ordinary farm uses where hay and
rrain are the staple crops a ono-slory
barn with n'bascmont is the most desira?
ble shape. And in tho buy tho open
ipno.c should extend from the roof to tho
bottom of tho basement. Tho cntiro
, tveight of grain or liny will press down?
ward, making tho muss at the bottom
eery solid. Hut for other uses more
llooring is often desirable, Seed growers
and those who ban Ho tobacco requiro a
succession of floors with plenty of ven?
tilation; The difficulty is in driving .in
Dn the upper floors, but this is accom?
plished by building on n side hill and
grading up. In a three-story barn long
rnou.eli for two floors, cno wagon pnssnge
may be run on the first floor and tho pro
?uet be pitched upon thu second. The
)thcr may be built up to the second
loor, nnd this will enable products to
lie drawn by team nearly to Ihn roof,
j These high buildings require only the
lamp rooting as lower ones, and afford
better ventilation. BuA oho great draw
! back to this form of building is danger
from fire. In country places it is ditti
! Cult to throw streams of water to the
tops of high buildings, and when n fire
ander such circumstances gels under
I headway it is nearly Impossible lo save
lltything. Even the basement barn is
j )bjoctcd to by owners of valuable block,
for the cellar under a barn when tho
' latter is in flames js n death trap, which
ao one who values his life tlnrc enter.?
All eggs should be tested by some
means. Eggs that arc unfertile will bo
I easily distinguished from tho fertile ones
in three or four dnys a'tcr setting; in
' fact an expert may detect them on the
In France it is the practico to examine
or test the eggs nfter tho hen has been
on them two days, and if they prove un?
fertile they arc used on thu table. In
this country almost every ono feeds the
young chicks boiled eggs the first two or
three dnys of their existence, nnd for this
purpose eggs that have been set on six
or eight dnys are equally as valuable, as
Now for a cheap luster, take a heavy
piece of brown paper, wrap it aroiind a
stick, paste it fust all nlong, draw the
stick out and you have one that will dis?
tinguish between fertile nnd unfertilo
eggs when set upon five or six days.
To use the tester, wc have but to hold
it to thu eye and hold an egg to the other
end of it, -looking through tho egg to
wnrd the sun or a lamp. Every stage of
incubation may be noted in this way,
and the egg saved by this process nnd
used as food for chicks will nbundontly
pay for all the trouble. A still more
valuable consideration is tho fact that
when a half dagon hens.arc set at pnc.e,
tho fgjtilci cares inaybtv puj jnto a, less
Price, $1.50 Per Year.
IMP 0 RT ANT TO PATRONS.
t-fj~ No subscription will be discontinue*!
Uli oll arrearages are paid. ?
Advertise tuen ta are payable in advance
unless special terms are made.
No anonymous communication* will be
All subscriptions are due with first copy
Address all business communications to
Clinch Valley News.
number of nests nnd other fresh eggs mny
be placed under tho hens rendered idle
by tlio removal of the unfcrtilo egg? and
tho consolidation of tho fertile ones.?
Knsllaicr tu Stacks.
Strong support to the stack syslom of
ensilage has been given by tho committee
appointed by the Royal Agricultural so
cioty to Inspect tho silos ami stacks of
tho country ns judges in tho competition
for prizes recently uwarded. Prof. Long,
ono of the members, in giving evidence
tho other ilny before tho ensilage com?
mission, stated that hound his colleagues
were very favorably impressed with the
stacks they saw. Ho further remarked
thai, where tho stack system was suc?
cessfully carried out, tho loss on the out
sides was very small, and not more than
the average loss in silos. Tho committee
estimated the loss on the prize stack be?
longing to Mr. Johnson, of Onkwood
Croft, mar Darlington, at only 3 per
cent. Tho concluding sittings of the
onsilngu commission did not bring to
light inucll else of importance, unless it
was the evidence of several witnesses as
tff'uio value of maiz: ns an ensilage crop,
and Hie best inothocl cf cultivating it in
Ibis country. Sir John Lnwos appears
to liu us skeptical as over in respect of
tho advantages of ensilage, though he is
almost alone among those who have tried
the system. Dr. Voelcker, from his ex?
perience, has come to quite u contrary
opinion, having been convinced that
there nro very great advantages to bo de?
rived from ensilage, one of which is the
growing of two filthier crops, such as
Inte? und maize, for the silo or the stnek,
in tho same season. When Sir John
Lawcs compares mangolds with ensilage
crops, he does not appear to consider the
great expense of tho former, especially
on tho clays, and the serious injury done
to benvy land by carting heavy root
crops oil the laud in a wet autumn. The
lliuil report of tho commissioners may be
expected shortly, and there is no doubt
that it will bo strongly in favor of ensi
I'm I' l*lnuul>lii|(.
Ill fanning, us well as in dairying or
i grazing, everything depends on tho con?
dition of the soil Here is a foundation,
anil unless this is in proper condition tin
superstructure is bound to full.
A great deal has been sail] and written
ns to the proper depth to plough, and
there is such n dlfforpUCll of opinion held
among farmers in regard to it that, tin
question is still as far from being settled
Bvor, "Wo think, however, that tin
lending cause for sueli tlllTerenee of Opin?
ion may bo found in the difference in tin
land itself. That good crops are and can
be grown on shallow-ploughed land that
is good, no ono will deny, provided tho
season he neither too wet nor too dry; I.
e., with moderate rains the whole season
In such a season anyone can grow good
crops. But Stich seasons ore rare, and,
in fact, every season is likely to be at
tended with either a long drought or a
long wet spell. Now what, the farmer
wants is to guard against both, and ih
only way to do it is to break up his land
as deeply as possible, say not less than
from seven to ten inches. Hut how
this to mend the matter? Wo answer
very easily. In case of u heavy rain, i
largo portion of the water, instead o
running off, will be absorbed by tb
deeply disintegrated land, where it i
held us if by a sponge fur Ihn use of (h(
plants, mid if a drought should inl
veno, I bore is a supply of water just
where the plants want il, and when ex
haunted, its place is at one,! supplied by
capillary attraction from below. It will
thus be seen that by deep ploughing tin
farmer provides agninst drought by bnv
ing u supply of water in reserve or a
plnco ready to receive and hold it when
ever it comes. The belter to insure this,
however, as well as to facilitate the es?
cape of too much water, it is better to
USO ii sub-soil plough and an additional
team, running tho same immediately
after tho breaking plodgh, and tho rip?
ping up the sub-soil tho desired depth.
This need not by done for every crop
raised on tin: land, but only once in
every three or four years.
It has been well said that it is better
to have two acres of good land, ono on
top of the other, than ns many acres
alongside of each other, as it costs only
half as much to tend them. The way to
do this is by deep ploughing, nnd thus
double the depth of the soil, ns well as
the crops grown thereon. ? Tribune and
A piece of zinc put on live coals in tho
stove will clean out the stovepipe.
To remove paint splashes on window
glass, moisten the spots with a strong so?
lution of soda, then rub hard.
Oil stains may be removed from paper
by npplying pipe clay powdered nnd
mixed with water to the thickness of
cream; lenvo on for four hours.
If one ounco of powdered gum traga
canth Bo mixed in the whitn of s x eggs,
well beaten nnd applied trj a window, it
prevent the rays'of the sun from pen
Otirtnina of swift* or Ince are placed
aext to the window in front of the shades
with pretty cffQct. They only reach to
the sill, ailil aro loo^sd back with whit
ribbon, fjr a piece pf goods embroidered.
All high-backed rockers must bav?
h'ad-rcsts or bo old-fashioned. Thcao
rests arc little oblong affair.! in tho shape
of a small log, nnd mado out of rich ma?
terial beautifully embroidered or siinplo
cretonne. Somo of tho prettiest nro
ohrochcttod out of variegated worsted.
They have a filling of fenthersor cotton
and fastened to tho chair by ribbons, u_
Cinnamon Holl*.?Tako a piece of pio
crust, roll it out, cut it in narrow strips,
sprinkle with cinnamon, roll it up tight,
place in a buttered pan nnd bake until
Omelet with Spinach.?Pick, wash nnd
chop a handful of spinach, put in an
omelet pan nn ounce of good buttcrr
when it is hot add tho spinach with a
little salt nnd pepper. Then beat up
thrco eggs with a tablespooiiful of sweet
ream and a soupcon of snlt. Add to
tho spinach and lln;..b as a plain omelet.
Niet (!riddle. Cakes.?Two cupfillscold
boiled rice, one pint Hour, ono tenspoon
ful sugar, one-half teaspoonful salt, ono
and one-half tonspoonfuls baking pow
ler, one egg, little more than ono-half
>int milk. Sift togotbor Hour, sugar,
alt. and powder; add rico frco from
lumps,dilutcd with beaten egg and milk;
mix into smooth batter. Have griddlo
well heated, make cakes large, bnko
nicely brown, serve with maple syrup.
French Xdtaf Cake.?Ileilt one pound of
sugar with half pound of butter until
very light nnd stir in ono cup of cream,
then beat in one quarter of n pound of
Hour. Dent seven eggs until they nro
very light und add by degrees to tho
mixture; then add three-ipiarters of a
pound of Hour, half of it at a timu alter?
nately with the juice and grated rind of
one lemon. After beating nil well to?
gether, add one teaspoonful of snlnrntus
and beat a few minutes longer. Havo
the pans buttered and lined with white
paper, pour the mixture into them and
bake in a moderate oven.
Something About Chinese.
Chinese is n queer langungo. All its
words nro only one syllable long, but
tho sounds in the Chlnesn language nro
not very many, some four hundred und
sixty-ltvo at most, nnd their written lan?
guage contains about eighty thousand
pictures, each picture representing n
thing or idea. And tbcsn pictures must
bo commit I cd to memory. This is hard
work, and not even tho wisest (Jhinesat',)
professor can loam them all. Hut tyfW/.I^
comes a difficulty. Kor, ojV'course, >vb?rfl](>
therii are so many wor<jiH nnd so few
sounds, many different Vvords have to ba
called by the same so,,,,,]. How ttyjnj,-,
are they to (ell, when ?,.Vcnil different .
things have exactly til ,. a .mil nnuu,
which of them is meant?
Wo have such words, feor instance1,
there is Hill, the name of a boy ,; and bill' i
the beak of a bird; there is bill, mi old
weapon, and bill, a pleeo of nu.-.noy;?'?
there is bill, nn article over whii h le^/Ss- jj
I at il res debate, and bill, a claim for pay- ..j
nient of money; besides bills of exchange, ,
bills of lading, and so forth. Hut VW^H
eso is full of such words of a single Sjlla-''
bio, yen, for instance, which, like bill, '
means many very different things. Ho
they chose a number of little pictures,
and agreed that those should bo used as
"keys." Knelt "key" meant that tho
sign or signs nenr which it stood bo
longed to some largJgeneral set of things,
like things of tho vegetable, mineral, or
nnimnl kingdom, forests, m ines, or sens,
air, or water, or of persons, like gods or
men. It was like the ganio called Throw?
ing Light, in which you guess tho nrticlo
by narrowing down tho fluid until certain
what it is.
Hut there Chineso writing stopped
short, thousands of years ago. Tlicro it is
to-dny. Tbcro art) now two hundred
and fourteen of those "keys," nnd, by
intense application, Chinamen loam to
use their method with surprising quick?
ness and success.?<S7. Nicholas.
KiiRHla's Peat Deposits.
There is u'l excellent chanco for the
inventor of a simple pout cutting ma?
chine, for Russin, which can bo worked
by n team of horses, and would tnko ths
place between the ordinary hand-cutting
machine nnd those worlcoJ by stoam,
the latter of which cost about $-1,500.
Large deposits of peat exist in tho coun?
try, which it is intended to uso instend
of coal as soon as they can bo worked
cheaper than coal. In fact, on ths
Northern Railroad of Russia tho locomo?
tives hitherto burning wood or coal are
ucing ndaptcd for peat-burning, ns a con?
siderable saving is expected to be real?
ized. The hand-machines, by the way,
have the drawback that tho peat can not
bo wo ked below eight feet, while tho
stcam-culting machines ponctrnto twenty
feet, nnd reach a superior kind of peat.?
A Hull's rjoltlen Teeth.
A Nevada City, (Nov.,) butcher re?
cently killed a steer whoso teeth were
completely incrusted with gold and sil?
ver bullion. Tho nnimnl came from p
ranch on Carson River.
It is supposed that tho precious metal
on its teeth was collected while drinking
the water ?f tho river, which is impreg?
nated with tho tnilings of the mills re
dueing Comstock ores. It is said thai
most of the cattle along this river have
g?ld and silver on, their teeth,?Chicaat