i Newspaper Lawn.
Subscribers who do not give ex
r88 noMce to the oontrary are eonsid
as wishing to oontinue. their sub?
'A. If subscribers order tho discon?
tinuance of their periodical the publish?
ers may oociiriue to send them until all
arrearages are paid.
- 8. If subscribers refuso or neglect to
take their paper from, the oflico to which
they are directed they are held respon* .
aiblo nntil they have settled their bilU
and ordered them disoontiLued.
JJ O. ALDERSON,
TizswELL, C. H., Va.
Will practice in tho cou'-ta of Tnzewoll
county, nnrl the Court of Appeals at Wytho
villot; Collecting a r-pocinUy.. Lands for
sale and land titles examined.
Will practice in tho counts of Taziwell,
Virginia, Mercer nnd McDowell counties,
g M. B. COULtNG,
Attorney-at-Law & Collector
Graham, Tazewkll County, Va.
Pmcttcn in all tho Courts of Tnzewo'.l
?ounty, Vo., nnd Mercer County, W. Va.
3. W. Williams. A C. Davidson.
Bland C. H , Vn. Princeton, W. Vu,
HLLIAMS Sb DAVIDSON,
Practice in all Iho Courts of Toz*wel
e unty, Virginia, nnd Mercer county, Wat
J. & B. D. MAY.
' TAZEWELI. O. R., VIRGINIA,
Practice in the Courts of Tnzewoll county,
and in tho Court of Appeals at Wythevlll
Va. Particular attention pnld to the ro'
lection of claims. Office opposite new Court*
Pliysloinn nnd Siij-juj-ooii,
TAZEWELL C. II, VIRGINIA.
|37-Office Court House Square.
j" T. COOLEY,
Rooms In resilience east end of town.
Office West Front Room, Stras building,
HAVING AND HAIR CUTTING.
T. "3. "WARREN.
Tazkwell, C H.. Va.
Saloon Eist front room. Rtroa building,
tip stairs. Elegant Chairs, Plate Glass Mir?
rors, nnd all tho modern conver iecces.
G. R SURFACE. JESSE F. WHITE
CENTR AL HOTEL I
SURFACE & WHITE, Prop1 8.
X5y**Houso entirely Refurnised.
A well-supplied Table, a complete Bar
and good Stahles.
TAZEWELL, 0. II. VA,
L. R- DODD
This1 large Hotel ie entirely refurnished
and fitted ap to suit modern require?
Speoial arrangements for commercial
Table always supplied with the best.
The Bar supplied with the finest and
purest Liquors, Oigurs, &o.
Good Stables, Sheds, &o.
t* fi i ist t 13sr a
?DONE AT TIIR
Olinoli Valley TM?;w-w
Every Kind of Work wil' bn done
Neatlv nnd Qoictly.
VALLEY MUTUAL LIFE
d. b. baldwin.
T?ZEWCLL, 0. H., VIRGINIA,
a c EIST
FOB TAZEWELL COUUTX,
J. P. & J. H. Kelly, Publ
The London World prints tho thrill I
big news thnt tomo of tho younger
princesses wore, at a certain perform- |
anco, soiled dressos of cream muslin, j
with ermine capos thut had soon bottoi |
days. 13nt the shock that this informa-'
tion -would give tho sensitive reader is'j
softoned bj tho additional record that
the Priuoess Louiso of Wales had a
fresh and pretty new frock at a certain
state hall. _
How the whirligig of time changes
men and things 1 At the close of the
war Parson Brownlow, then Governor
of Tennessee, drovo his predecessor,
Ishnnt O. Harris, out of tho country by
offering n roward of $">,000 for his cap?
ture. Not long ago tho name Harris,
now a Senator from Tennessee, intro?
duced a bill for tho relief of the
widow of 1'arson Brownlow, and heart?
ily supports it. ..
In somo of tho moro primitive set?
tlements of Canada they nro ready to
laugh at any joke, howovor old. A hu?
morous leoturor recently appoared in
a smnll back town in Ontario, and in
the course of his remarks.Baid that no
piano is needed in a houso where there
is a male infant, bocauso "there is nl
wnye mtihio in tho heir." Tho laugh?
ter that followed lastod ton minutes by
a stop-watch, nnd ono young man was
taken out in convulsions.
jMii. Li It kin, who was for ten years
a sort of s'oeretary and intimato associ?
ate of Carlylo, says that tho dpon so
oret of tho Scotchman's life ivtxs his
desiro to bo a man of affairs rather than
aw.-it.-r. "Littleas sotno of his crit?
ics imag'no it," snys Mr. Larkin, "his
heart wns sick of perpetually exhort?
ing nnd admonishing. To longed to
bo doing something, instead of, ns ho
say.s, eloqnontly writing and talking
about it; to lie a king of kings, or n
loader in the practical activities of lifo,
uot u moro prorihct, forover and for?
A few days ago, in tho presenco o
nnd assisted by tho Highgato Temper
mice Gospel Help Ono Another Socioty
Mr. William Orcon, of Bishopwooc
IIon.se, llighgnte, England, tho Presi?
dent of tho so iety, destroyed his col?
lar of wine, about *j,000 bottles, valued
at .?000. Ia a speech explaining his
reasons ho snid that after mature re?
flection and earnest prayer ho had
ronro to tho conclusion that it was
God's will that ho should part with tho
contonts of his wino collar. After this
address the contents of the bottles were
poured into tho sewer.
Fon any number of years, while
Judgo Davis was on tho Supremo
bench, nnd in tho Senate, his daily
luncheon consisted of two apples, o
ginger cooky and a glass of milk,
which cost him never moro than ten
cents, and woro always cnten precisely
<t the samo hour, standing boforo the
counter of an old womnn called "Dys?
pepsia Mary," who for years yoars Bold
pies and cakes in tho Sonate corridor.
She always selected tho best tipples in
her basket for him and laid them care?
fully to ono sido; and ho got a hu g, r
nllowanco of milk than the other cus?
tomers, a mug boing kept for his spe?
cial uso. . _
A mnn named Swindler has been ap?
pointed postmaster jit Climax, Mo.
For Instant Use
As a reliable remedy, in cases of Croup,
Whooping Cough, or sudden Colds,
nnd for the prompt relief and cure of
throat and luug diseases, Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral Is iuvuluable. Mrs. E. G. Edgerly,
Council Bluffs, Iowa, writes: "I consider
Ayor's Cherry Pectoral a most important
remedy for home use. I have tested its
curative power, in my family, many
times during the past thirty years, ami
huve never known it to fail. It will re?
lieve the most serious affections of the
thront and lung9, whether In children or
adults." John II. Stodtlard, Petersburg,
Vn., writes: "I have never found a med
leine equal to
for the prompt relief of throat and lung
diseases peculiar to children. I consider
ft nu absolute cure for all such affections,
nnd nru never without it in the house."
Mrs. L. E. Herman, 1S7 Mercer St., Jorsey
City, writes: "I have always found
? Ayer's Cherry Pectoral useful in my fam?
ily." B. T. ^lohuson, Mt. Savage, Md.,
writes: "For the speedy cure of sudden
Colds, and for the relief of children afflict?
ed with Croup, I havo never found any?
thing -equal to Ayer's Cherry Poctorid.
It Is the most potent of nil tho remedies I
have over used." W. II. Stickler, Tc'rro
Haute, Ind., writes: "Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral cured my wife of a severe lung
affection, supposed to bo Quick Con?
sumption. We now regard the Pectoral
as a household necessity." E. M. Breck
curldge, Brnfnerd, Minn., writes: "I
am subject tp Bronchitis, and, wherever I
go, am always sure to have n bottle of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
with me. It is without a rival for the euro
of bronchial affections."
prepared by ~
Pr. J. C. Ay6r & Co., Lowell, Mass,
For sale by all Pruggists,
Kcrtnl or Immorlal.
If thou art bnso and earth!]', than despair,
Thou art but mortal na the brute that fal'a,
Birds weave thvir nests, the lion finds a lair,
Man builds his halls.
Thcso aro but coverts from earth's war and
Homos where our leaser lives take shape
But, if no heavenly man has grown, what
Clothes theo at death!
And when thy in cod of penalty is o'or,
And firo has burned the dross, where gold
Shall 8opnrato lifo, but wasted heretofore.
Still linger onf
God fills nil Rpnco: w' atover doth offen I,
From HU unbounded presence shall be
Or deem'st thou Ho should garner tares, whoso
Is to be burned!
It thou wouldst soo t ho Power that round
In whom all motions,, thought, and Ufo nro
bliiow ttint the puro, who travel heavenward
1 See Chid at last.
?Francis Henry Wood.
HOW I PROPOSED.
We wore seated in luxurious arm-chnirs
before the cheerful open fire In Jack's
snug smoking-room, enjoying his excel?
lent Havanns, when my host broko tho
silenco which had lasted for several min?
utes with the surprising question, ' 'Did
I ever tell you whoro and how I proposed '
lo my wife?"
I nodded a negativo reply, well aware i
os I did so that ho knew he had not told
me, but had prefaced his talc with an in- i
tcrrogatlon according to his usual cus?
"It's quite a long story," said Jack in
A warning tone, remembering my aver?
sion to lengthy yarns as told by anyono
"Ahl but such a subject," I answered,
settling myself moro comfortably in my
chair, nnd drawing tho box of Hnvnuas
conveniently near. "I shall bo delight?
ed to hear about it, but what will Mrs.
Taylor say to your tolling me?" I added,
kuowlng how tho . partner of my lot
would feel on the subject.
"She has positively forbidden mo ever
to speak of it," said he, laughing, "und
I have obeyed her until now?with ono
or two exceptions?but its too good to
My curiosity was now fully aroused,
and as Jack would toll tho story, of
course I was obliged to listen; and if you
think that in repeating it I am ncting
unfairly, I'll stop nt onoo.
"It was during jny second year at Har?
vard," began 'Jack, knocking tho ashes
from his cigar; "how long ago it seems,
but, let me sco, its only eight years. Yes,
it was during my Sophomore year, that I
accepted Frank "Wilson's invitation to
spend tho Easter holidays with hiin. Ho
was awfully good company, and I know
that I would be sure to put in n jolly
week nt bis place Besides, there was
another very strong inducement.
"I was in love at that time with
his cousin, Helen Wilson, who I had as-"
ccrtained would bo of the party. I believe
wo used to writo to each other. I know
I used to spend the greater part of my
time composing verses about her, many
of which, however, I had not the cour?
age to send.
"When I heard that she was to be at
X-I was delighted. I determined to
go to New York nnd see if we could not
arrange to travel up together.
"When I arrived in that city I went
directly to'her house; but at tho door I
learned that she had just loft for X
having decided to go a day sooner than
she had expected.
"I inquired how long she had been
gone, and the servant said about fifteen
minutes. Hoping to overtake her, I
rushed up to the Grand Conti al Depot.
There was not an instant to lose. Hasti-j
ly buying a ticket, tore frantically after
the already slowly moving train, and,
owing to my length of limb, succeeded
boarding the last.car. .
'Tanting, pesspiring, but exultant, I
? went through each car, in every seat ex?
pecting to find the object of my haste.
I "I had gone tlirough all but one when
? wo entered the tunnel, and I was begin?
ning to fear that after nil perhaps she
might not have taken this train, when,
as I wns standing by the door, the ray
of sunlight which came in through the
occasional openings in the tunnel re?
vealed her. to me seated alone at no great
distance ahead ot me.
"My heart gave n bound, and scarcely
realizing what I was doing, I rushed up
to her, nnd grasping her hninl, said:
. "'Darling I I thought I had missed
;? " 'What do you meanl' s!ic exclaimed,
? In a tone of mingled indignation nnd
? fright. 'Let go my hand; you have
' made a mistake 1'
"I obeyed her, thinking that she was
nngry at my mode of address.
" *I beg your pardon,' I said. 41
should not have spoken to you as I did,
but I was so rejoiced to find you that I
did not remember whero we nre. But as
I have begun, I may as well finish. Dar?
ling,' moving a llttlo nearer, 'wilLyou
marry mcf You must know that I love
you; I have so for ages, ev-cver sinco my
I freshman year."
j "But the mention of that astonishing
piece of "constancy produced no result In
ray favor. 8he turned her back upon
me, if possible more completely than she
had dono before. But I would not give
11 'Can't you lovo me a little?' I in?
quired, tenderly, trying to tako her hand.'
But sho snatched it away, and declined
cither to turn her head in my direction
or to answer my question.
"As the train was making a tremend?
ous noise, I thought that perhaps sho
couldn't understand me, so I repeated
my words at tho top of my lungs. She
inado soino reply, but I didn't catch it.
" 'Whatdo you say, denr?' I bawled.
" 'I don't cvon know you,' sho an?
swered, in what sounded liko a shrill
whisper, hut tho tono was in reality a
"I thought I could not havo hoard
aright, and to convince myself that it
was my hcoring which was nt fault, I
planted my glosses more firmly on my
nose, and look a closer inspection of her.
tell you I don't know you,'sho
repented, bringing her foot down on
mine with much energy; 'leave me this
moment, -or I'll-'
"Here tho train emerged from tho tun?
nel, nnd you can picture my nmnzement,
horror, and mortification, when I toll
you thnt I found that tho girl to whom I
had been screaming out my love was an
utter stranger to me.
"Dazed nnd scarlet, I arose from my
" 'I beg'yo'ur' pardon,' I said, reraov
'ing my hut, 'I hnve taken . you for some?
"Not observing how my npology wns
received, I rotrc.itod to the smokiug-cnr,
where I remained until wo reached X-,
too stunned even to think.
"When I loft tho train, In looking
about for some sort of conveyance to
tako mo to tho Wilsons' placo, I found,
to my increased cmbarrissincnt, that the
girl to whom I had so recently offered
myself was standing on the platform, ap?
parently waiting for someone.
"Thnt sho saw mo I could toll from
tho expression of not seeing mo which
she immediately assumed. As sho would
not Iook at me, I had plenty ot opportu?
nity to obsorvo her, and saw thnt sho
rcnlly did resemble Helen in many wnys,
notwithstanding she was both fairor and
"But my object wos not to admire
her, although I nssure you my inclination
was; so, linding thnt thcro was no hopo
of obtaining a vehicle, I stnrtcd onfoct,
fortunately getting a lift over tho greater
part of tho way.
"Arrived at tho house, I was wel?
comed with much cordinlity by myhost
and his family, nnd introduced to tho
"I imagino my footings when, in the
course of tho conversation, I loarnod
that Frnnk'3 sistor wns expected homo
from boarding-school thnt afternoon by
tho vory train on which I had come.
"It was then to her I bad boon mak?
ing lovo, instead of her cousin. My dis?
position was to turn nnd run, but I
know I should hnvo to stay and mako
tho best of it, so I smothered my moti
fication, nnd when a few minutes later
tho carriogo arrlvod bringing Miss Wil?
son, and I was presented to her, I think
that of the two she found the situation
tho more awkward.
"Tho next day tho tardy Helen ar?
rived, and explained how, returning to
tho house for something sho hnd forgot?
ten, she had missed her train nnd her es?
"During tho entiro week I w?8 impa?
tiently waiting for nn opportunity to
offer myself to iler, hut before I could
do sol lenrnoi that a largo diamond
ring which she hnd been wearing for
several months \yns the plcdgo of en?
gagement to some other fellow; nnd, to
my surprise, discovered nt the same time
that the knowlcdgo did not trouble mo
I ^ "I supposo you think that I was half
in love wr.h the sister, but assure you I
was not I considered her-.tio young for
me, although now I think her just right
for mo in every particular, ond it was
not until several years later, when. I met
her again as a charming young lady,
that I realized that I had accidentally
proposed to the woman whom of all oth?
ers I would choose for my wife."?Anna
Zerega in Tid-Bits.
A Dark Cloud on Love's Horizon*
"Now, my darling," said he, "I would
ask you to have some oysters to-night,
but since the Rs have disappeared from
tho months' oysters are no good ; in fact,
the scientists say they are hurtful. Of
course you would not ask mo to'treat you
"Certainly npt, dear John, but there is
ico cream, you know."
"I'm awaro of it, but, they say that
arsenic goes into the manufacture of ico
"All tho better, dear John. There is
nothing better for the complexion than
"But, my love-"
"Never mind, John, I'm willing to
"But if you should die, darlingt"
"You will take a plate also nnd wo will
Then John was forced to confess that
he bad only fifteen cents in his pocket
and the engagement was at an end.
Thus do dark clouds loom up on younj;
Jqvo's horizon.?Boston Courier,
Some Abnormal Peculiarities
of tho Faculties.
Men of Oulturo Who Have Lost tho Powor
oi Beading and Writing.
There nro four forms of aphasia which
may co-exist, or which may bo found iso-.
hxtod: (1) tho loss of tho powor of under?
standing spoken words, or, as it has
been named, raihcr Improperly, since tho '
failure is uot physical but mental, verbal
deafness; (2) verbal blindness, or the in?
ability to rend; (3) muter apluvsin, or tho
loss of tho power of nrticulnte speech;
(4) ngraphin (a term invented, wo believe,
by tho English physician, Dr. Ogle) or
tho loss of tho power of writing. An
instance of loss of the faculty of under?
standing spoken words, while that of un?
derstanding words \viitten remained is
quoted by M. Ballet from Abercrombio.
It is that of a gentleman-farmer in Scot?
land, who recognising tho sounds of
spoken-words without understanding
their meaning, and who, to make com?
munication with his laborers possiblo,
had a written list in his room of the most
ordinary terms. On hearing without in
tho least comprehending tho spoken
words, he turned to h:s wrltton list, and
his^crccption of what was said became
clear. Of verbal blindness (as it is
called) M Ballet gives the instnnce of a
French merchant, whom ho cull M. P., n
?man of fair cultivation nnd more or lesa
of n reading habit, who through nn ncci
dent in hunting lost tho faculty of rend?
ing. "M. P. understood perfectly every?
thing that was said to him, answered
questions with much precision and cx
\ prcasod himself with n certain degree of
facility. Moreover, ho wroto with enso
not only his nnino and address, but n
long letter, and that without any nota?
ble mistake in orthography. Tho inter?
esting fact is that, though he could
writo, nnd did it with a certain case, ho
was incapablo of reading. 'I writo,' ho
said, 'as if with my eyes closed ; I don't
read what I write.' In fact, ho was
wholly unable to re-rood the words
which ho had traced a few seconds be?
fore." The letters themselves written in
this condition wcro quite equal to those
which ho had written before tho acci?
dent befel him.
Of motor aphasia, or the inability to
use articulnlc speech, M, B diet gives in?
stances of a patient at tho Saltpctricrc,
whoso reply to all questions consisted of
tho word "Mnonsan, mnrasca"; of anoth?
er who could only say "Monomnmcntif";
of n third who was reduced to tho ex?
pression "Iqul phnphoiqui"; nnd of n
fourth whoso vocabulary did not go be?
yond "Buden ahnden bndena." Tho
poet Bau lelniro could say only, "Cru
nom, ere nom," being in thin respect In?
ferior to a very distinguished lady,
whose conversational powers extended
to though not beyond, the entiro phrase
of which Baudelaire gave the usual nb
brcvintion. Still inoro advanced wns an?
other lady who repeated nt every mo?
ment, "Madame, etc. man Dicti, est 11
, possible, bonjour Madame."
In tho earlier stages of tho malady
! proper names aro forgotten. An eminent
, man of science was reduced to designate
the person of whom he spoke as "My
I colleague who invented such nnd 6tich n
i thing." Next common nouns disappear.
When the Abho Pcrier asked for his hat
the said: "Qivo me my?what one puts
I on one's?." Mb coat was, "What is
I worn to be dressed in.''. Seissort, with
' another ' patient, wcro thingB one
'cuts; the window, what one looks
'through, what gives light. Whnt can
' not be Bind by people affected with mo
1 tor aphasia can sometimes be sung by
' them. An officer who could not pro
' nouncc tho word "enfnnt" nnd "patre,".
I whoso power of speech wero confined to
tho word "pardi" and the letter "b,"
was capable of Bulging with perfect ;ir
j tlculntion tho first couplet of tho "Mar
sellaise." A farmer, "du cojntcde Wik
' low ? dont .pnrie Graves,',^t<?|d not pro
' nouncc tho nnmes of his wftc^'and child?
ren except by reading thom.-^A-striking
instance of agraphia is that of n Russian
' oflicer, well acquainted with Russian,
French 'and German, who, having been
afllictcd with motor aphasia as regards
French and German, afterward becatno
subject to ngraphin as regards all tho
three languages though he retained or
rcgnined the power of rend ng nnd speak?
ing them. A woman being asked to
j write her name, produced the words,
"Sumil siclna satrcni," and gave her ad?
dress as "Suuesr nut to mcr llnu lain."
An English n ival office belonging to tho
' Admiralty," was constrained to add the
.[terminator "dendd" to each word, nnd
I to writo, "Itoyondcndd nnvendendd
siorendendd [sic] belondendd," etc?
Young Man (to dealer in sporting
goods)?Havo you baee ball suits?
D,:aier?O.i, yes, sir. X can furnish
you with any thing you like in that line.
Young Man?Well, you can get mo
up n suit made of chillol steel with lit?
tle sharp-pointed spikes) sticking out all
Dealer?But, my dear sir, you
couldn't play ball in suO'i a suit us Hint.
Young.m.u'i?.Qfjj r.i* u '? [>inv?.-r;
I I'm an umpire.- Jfctfi Yuri; pun. k
Price, $1.60 Per Year. C
The Wood Rut.
Tho wood rat lays up enormous stores
of acorns during or prior to tho wot sea
?on. But it is n useless provision, as '
the nuts can bo found nt any time A I
nest recently opened was arraugud seem- '
ingly in a, regular mannor as regards '
apartments; the general shape was domo- '
liko, being formed of sticks nnd other |
roftifo piled upon euch other, so that it '
was .'lorn apart with great difficulty.!'
Three openings wero apparent, leading
innrem below, and entering tho nest 1
proper, which constituted the tlrst story. 1
This was provided with ?oft moss ma?
terial of various kinds, showing that.tho
wood rot had nn eye for comfort. Im
nicdintyly above this wns nn apartment,
if it can ho so culled, tilled with acorns,
several tpmrts, as near as I could judge,
and above this roso tho domelike top,
forming n perfect wntershond, n fact
proved by the dry nest, that did not
show tho slightest signs of moisture.
The position of tho nest varies. In the
ono mentioned it was on the ground,
built up around a tree. Others are con?
structed in tho open gronsewood, and
still another, in Millar's cany on, is built
on n tree six or eight feet from tho
ground. In somo nests tho material is
undoubtedly tho accumulation of years,
nnd might well weigh u ton, ami would
form two good loads for a curt. Whcth
er tho wood rat hibernates I hnvo been
unable to determine, but am inclined to
think not; Ihn supply of acorns pointing
to nn active uppetitc, ?nnd I have seen
them out within a month. Almost every
branch of animals has its representative's'
among thu winter or summer sleeper.*,
and Dr. Abbott, the eminent nrclitoolo
gist, is under the impression that he bus
observed swallows in a chimney in n
state of hibernation. Ah the snakes in
southern California ami nil over the
north hibernalu in winter, so do the
large reptiles in Florida; us the alliga?
tors, though this Ih only in thu portion!
where tho cold strikes them, as on tho
Bt. Mary's river and about Furimudinu.
?Um Francisco Call.
A Thoughtful Itelntlte.
There's one young fellow in Ball Fran?
cisco whose ingenuity and forethought
ill him for .thu highest place in politics,
if he chooses to adopt that mode of life.
I envy him, not so much the ingenuity
ns tho rich female relative lipon whom he
has inadu use of it so successfully. Hht
in far away in a distant land, and appro*
elates, ns all people do titular such cir
bllnvtniicos, the thought fulness and kind?
ly attention which lire perhaps rarely
given to thu distant poor. This lady hni
it pnssion for strange brle-a-bntc, nr,d sh<
prizes n pieco that comes from so fni
away as Bin Francisco. This, young
i gentleman wished to remember hot
birlhdny and send her something. lit
bethought him of n piece of rare china,
but Ihn price of what ho wanted rut her
nppnlled him. There was nn old piece
of broken china that was worth little.
His eyes fell upon it.
"Now," ho said to himself, "if I
send a pieco of china through thu mail, it
will very likely gel broken. If I send
this it will ho taken for granted it was
broken in the mail, Bhc'll have it mend?
ed, .and there you are."
lie sent tho broken piece, and thu rich
relutivo hns already Hcnt him several
remittances ns acknowledgement. All 1
want is tho rich relative. I've got Hit
broken china.?Sun Francisco Chronicle.
The Alps uro nt the present time
pierced by three long tunnels, two en?
tering Italy from France and Switzerland
respectively, nnd tho third connecting
thq latter with the Tyrol, nnd called,
nCCOrding to the mountain chains
that arc traversed, tho Mont Cents, Bt.
Gothard, nnd Aribcrg tunnels. Of these,
the Mont Cenis, tunnel is seven and three
quarter miles in length. Its co-t wns
$15,000,000. The Ht. Got bard tunnel if
?nine nnd a quarter miles In length, nnd
cost $J2,r>00,000, tho diminution in ex?
pense being owing principally to the
more rnpid progress of tho work by im?
provement! in the drilling machines.
Tho Aribcrg tunnel is shorter than those
of Mont Ocnis or Gothnrd, being only
nix nnd n-half miles. Its cost, with tho
railway, was $17,400,000. A fourth tun?
nel, hud n most formidable rival to-Mont
Cools nnd Bt. Gothnrd tunnels will b'c
Bimplon tunnel, by which the existing
line from Geneva to Mnrtiguy and Brcigg
will bo carried through the mountains
to Dunnio d'Ossola, und so on to I'uil
nnzo or Strczii, on the Logo Mnggiorc.
As this tunnel will be commenced nt a
much lower level than any of the others,
it will necessarily bo longer, tho rough
.estimate being twelve nnd a half miles,
and the probable cost about $20,000,000.
A llnnir-Mniln ISnrometcr.
Tho following, though o d to somo,
may be new to others, nnd will ennble
j the latter to make a simple barometer for
themselves: Two drachms of camphor,
half drachm of pure saltpetre, half
drachm of inurinto of ammonia, nnd two
ounces of | roof spirits, in a glass tube or
a narrow phial, will make n very good
weather guide. In dry weather theso
j hit on will remain clear. Oa tho np?
' proiich of change, minute stars will rise
', up in the liquid, while stormy weather
will be indicated: by tli i very disturbed
|e ndltioj of the chemical combination,
1 Weather Journal,
IMPORTANT TO PATBONS.
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111 nil arrearages oro paid.
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nleaa special terms are made.
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All subscriptions are duo with first copy
Address all business communications t?
Jlinch Valley News. *
The thickness of.tho cartli's crust is
xjlicvcd by Monsieur Faye, tli? Frohch
geologist to bo grcntor under occuns than
>cnoath continents, because tho earth's
icnt has always radiated more freoly
Suits of copper?usually regarded as
rory poisonous?have been administered
>y a French chemist to dogs and rabbits
without serious effects, either from large
loses or from a long continued rogular
iiso of tho substances.
Surveys mado during tho past two
years have shown that tho river Rhone
line cut for itself it channel in tho bottom
,)f Lake Geneva, through which it flows,
between parallel banks, like an ordinary
stream on the earth's surface. Tho Rhino
makes a similar passage through Lako
An instructive display at tho newly
opened colonial exhibition in London is
that of the rice of India, which includes
ten thousand different varieties, all be?
longing to IV single species. All colors
uro represented, from black to pale yel?
low nnd white. Two species of wild
rico aru known, only one of which closo
ly resembles tho cultivntad varieties.
On tho Trans-Caspian railroad in Rus?
sia, now approaching Morv, it is claimed
that about f800 per mi la la being saved
by the use of ozokerite, or mineral wax,
for ties. When puriflod, melted and
mixed with limestone .and gravel, tho
ozokerite, which is* nbmidatit in tho vi
oinityof the railroad, produces n very
good uspha't. This is pressed into shape
in boxen, nnd gives ties which retain
their form nnd hardness in the hottest
The botanic gardens of tho world,most
of Ilium scientific in character, nro re?
ported to number 107, of which Ger?
many has 1)1, Italy 211, France 20, Great
Britain nnd Ireland 12, West Indies six
and the United Status live. More than
half are Bitpportcd by government nnd
only five percent, by private ontoi prise.
A novel loeomotlvo is to bo built for
trial on ono of tho French rnllronds. Boe?
ing thnt big driving wheels wcro good
for speed, the investor proposus to build
n locomotive with six coupled wheels
8 1-4 feet in diameter, The tender nnd
conches arc to have wheels of tho samo
dimensions, mill tho calculation is thnt
with such u train a speed of from 72 to
78 miles an hour can bo obtained.
Quickness ef Perception;
Tho following story from tho P.nn
Jf nthly is related of Agassis, and it is
sufficiently characteristic of this remark?
ably acrurato obsorvor to have the merit
of probability. Wo are told that once
upon a time the professor had occasion
to select an assistant from ono of his
classes, Thcro wore' a number of candi?
dates for tho post of honor, nnd finding
himself In a quandary as to which ono
hs should choose, tho happy thought oc?
curred to him of subjecting three of the
more promising students in turn to the
simple tost of describing tho vlow from
tho laboratory window, which overlook?
ed tho the sido yar.l of tho cottage. One
said thnt he saw merely a board lence
and a brick pavement; another ndded a
stream of soapy water; a third detected
the color of tho paint on tho fenco, noted
a green mould or fungus on the bricks,
and evidences of "bluing" in tho water,
besides other details, It Is needless to
tell to which candidate was awarded tho
Hdudin, the celebrated prestidigita?
tor, attributed his success in his position
mainly to his quickness of perception,
which, he tells us in-, his entertaining
autobiography,, ho acquired by educat?
ing his eyo lo detect a largo number ol
objects at h single glance. His simple
pla-i was to select a shop window full of
a miscellaneous assortment of articles,
and walk rapidly past it a numbor ol
I limes every day, writing down each ob?
ject which impresso I itself on his mind.
In (his way he woi nb!e, nftcr a time, to
detect instantaneously all the articles in
tho window,.even though they might bo
numbered by scores.?Scientific American*
A Washington Character.
General Jo? MeKiljben is a character
who is a frequent sight upon tho street!
of Washington. The general Is one ol
the few men who can truthfully say that
during the two years of his service as a
member of the housu ho nevor made or
' attempted to make a speech. This is all
tho more surprising as years ago McKib
ben wns acknowledged to bo one of tho
bast political speakers that ever graced
the stump in California. Speaking upon
! this topic tho other evening, tho general
said: "I never know any good to come
out of speech-making but once, nnd that
was when the governor ordered me to re?
main and take part in the campaign. I
'had bought a ticket upon tho steamer
? Central America, intending to go to
J New York. The steamer was wrecked
j and 000 lives wcro lost. Among them
j was Lock wood, one of tho brightest law?
yers thnt ever graced the bar. While
j the steamer was sinking Lockwood was
ordered to take his place at the pumps,
lie replied : 'Those who aro afraid can
work the pump?, but I shan't.' Then ho
took ofl his money biig which was full of
: gold and threw it into the sen, exclaim?
ing: 'I came to California without any
; thing, lind I !?ev ? it equally wealthy.''--,
I Uoiion 'JVireelUr,
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