Newspaper Page Text
Somebody claims to have figures to
(prove that one married woman out o)
ievery ten supports her husband.
The Supremo Court of Indiana has de?
cided that ho who lies occasionally is not
a liar any more than ho who takes a
a dram is a drunkard.
Last year there were widowers
married in Now York City, while ot
widows there were only 1574, so that
about twenty per cent, more widowers
than widows were married.
It is said that a enreful annlysis of nil
the dnta collected concerning farm
wsges from 1840 to 18(55, in compari?
son with results of the more recent in?
vestigations, will show that in fifty yenrs
the compensation of farm labor has very
Dr. Nnusen, whose plan for seeking
the North Pole is to jab into the drift?
ing ice in a stout vessel, and resign hiiu
lelf to certain ocean currents, proposes
to lay in a four years' supply of provis?
ions when he finally embarks ou this
voyage. Ho will also take along an im?
mense stoc k of patience, adds the Chi
An article is 6aid to be sold in P.ttis
which consists of an aqueous solution of
iodide of starch and is "specially in?
tended for love letters" In four weeks,
explains the Chicago Herald, characters
written with it disappear, preventing all
abuse of letters and doing away with all
documentary evidence of any kind in the
bunds of the recipient.
Captivity is made as endurable as poS
bible for the ApaCUO Indians who, with
their brutal chief, Geroairao, arc con?
fined at Mount Vornon, near Mobile,
Ala. (icronimo has been the gardener
of the garrison, and has become noted
locally as a maker of canes. To add to
his dignity he has been made a Justice
of the Peace to sit iu judgment over of?
fenders of his trihe.
A correspondent at Hamburg, Ger?
many, says the deadly mortality by
cholera in that city is not surprising
when the condition and filth of its people
nre considered, lie says: "Cases arc
ou record of four families consisting of
twenty-two persons occupying a single
small room divided off into sections for
the use of the different families by chalk
Sine*. AH married servants on an catatc
arc housed in one room."
The condition of agriculture in Eng?
land is so seriously depressed by com?
petition with the cheaply-grown wheat
of America that it is suggested seriously
to give a bonus to wheat growers to mako
up to them the losses mistniucd by the
culture of this crop. A proposition hns
been made to the effect that an income
tax should be levied on those persons
whose incomes are derived from rents,
for the purpose of paying this bonus to
A society called "The Association ot
Married Women for the Control of
Husbands'1 has been formed in Berlin.
The aim of the society is to enable mem?
bers to prevent their husbands from get
ting into mischief. It employs detec?
tives, who, upon complaint of a mem?
ber against her husband, are scut out to
watch the suspected man at night, and
eventually induce him to attend a meet?
ing of the association. At this meeting
the husband is informed of the proof
against him and he is threatened with
exposure in case he does not promiso to
rcform. All but ono of the men arraigned
by tho society last year found it ex?
pedient to accept a reprimand and re?
form without uttering a protest, but the
culprit who refused to submit to its dis?
cipline betrayed its secrets to the news
In his article- on "The Betterment of
Our Highways," in the Atlantic Monthly,
Professor N. S. Shaler speaks as follows
of the influence of bicycling in the mat
tor: "The sudden access of interest in
the construction of highways which
characterizes our time is in good part
due to the invention of the bicycle. Tho
whee". carriage propelled by foot power
is a relatively old contrivance, but until
tho last quarter of a century the machine
adhered to the old type of the four
wheeled vehicle. It required the hardy
spirit of our time to lead the inventor to
the conjecture that a man might ride on
but two wheels. In its social importance
the bicycle deserves to rank next to the
railway and the telegraph, among the
inventions of our waoing country. The
use of these instruments, the number of
which is probably now to be reckoned
by the million, affords to those who cm*
ploy them constant object lessons as to
the condition of our highways. Where
a man is drawn by a horse, he needs to
have a very keen sympathy with his
beast in order to perceive how appar?
ently slight differences in the condition
of the roadway may greatly vary the
amount of strain which is put upon tho
propelling agent. When, however, bis
own thews arc employed, every little ac?
cident ot the way makc3 a distinct im?
press on his body. Thus every cyclist
becomes a critic of the highways ho
traverses; and as these people are scat?
tered far and wide over the land, and
are of a station to make themselves effi?
cient developers of public opinion, wo
have through their art gained a very
stimulating influence id favor of better
BOW BEARS ARB CAUGHT ALIVE
IN THE ROOKY MOUNTAINS.
Sometimes a Ui? Grizzly Catches a
Alan?Intelligent routes i'lay
an Important i'm t iu
~T~ AUGE gnmo animals of the
C United Stntos, says a writer in
V the New York Recorder, are
rapidly vanishing before the
march of our civilization. Nearly n third
of n century ago, when I was an oftlcor
of the regular Army stationed at a ro- :
mote military post in New Mexico, the
"foothills" and the main ranges of the
Rocky Mountain* swarmed with boar.
It was the most exciting of all sports to
go with a party of Mexican vaquer.os, or
white cowboys from the' then' great
cattle ranches, to catch bears alive with
the lariat, or lasso, as the "rope" is best
known in the Eastern States. The pre?
liminaries to this sort of a hunt, are that
two of the selected number, experts with
the rope, of course, whether to capture
the grizzly, cinnamon, or common brown
bear, go out a day or two iu advance, to
look over the ground of tbo proposed
chase, which sometimes covers an area
of three or four square miles.
A played out pony is taken along,
nnd when the spot has been selected for
laying tbo bait the poor animal is killed.
His visceia are then drawn out, in ordci
that the bear may scent the clUuvia nt
a greater distance than he could if the
nniinal were left Intact. A whole quarter
of the pony is then cut olT, fastened by a
rope to the horn of one of the men's sad?
dles, and dragged all over tho entire
ground, after which proceeding it is
taken back, and left with the remainder
of the carcass; but great precaution is
exercised to cover the whole bait pretty
well with brush, to prevent the buzzards
from devouring it before the bear finds
When Hie time has arrived for the
party to set out, all are tnouutcd on
horses; those who ate to do the business
With the bear, are on those that have
been drilled to the use of the rope; it is
not at all necessary that their animals
should be particularly fast but they
must be lively, and Know exactly what
to do the moment the bear is roped. The
parly generally endeavor to arrive where
the bait is laid, about dusk; it having
been placed on nn open, clear piece of
ground, where there are no rocks, or any
obstacles to interfere with straightfor?
ward riding; but it must be within a
few hundred yards of a ledge, or rather
kind of shelter, where the party may hide,
bo that the bear will not sec any of the
men or horses as he approaches the bait.
A horse trained to hunt the bear in
this manner, soon learns to understand
what the necessary silence of the expedi?
tion means, aud after a few time seems
to take as much interest, in the sport ss
the men themselves. lie lets his rider
know by deep breathings and pricking
up his cars when to be on a sharp look?
out; and when this occurs, either on the
part of all the animals, or only a portiou
of them, the hunters know that bruin is
on his way to the spot. Then they get
up from the place where they have been
lying concealed, mount their nuimals,
and with rope already to throw, they
quietly spur the horses forward, though
no urging is needed, for the obedient
animals are as eager, apparently, a3 their
riders to capture the bear. A horse is a
much swifter aud nimbler animal than a
bear, and if everything lias been pre?
pared correctly, as to proper ground,
good bait, a full knowledge of nil holes,
ravines, etc., bruin is certain to be over?
taken before he can find cover.
The cowboy or vnquero who happens
to be in advance when the bear is seen,
forges ahead, nnd the moment he comes
within throwing distance, swings his
rope, almost always sure to catch the
bear by the neck, around the body, or
one leg. If he should by nny circum?
stance miss, the others arc by this time
close behind him and throwing their
ropes, the bear is caught by one or more
in some manner. Tho moment the shaggy
monster finds himself in the toils of the
rope, he almost invariably catches hold
of it with his forepaws, and then it must
be drawn tight quickly or he will soon
free himself, for a bear is not n slow ani?
mal in his movements when he is in a
scrape, however clumsy he may appear
as fie shambles along alone in the forest
and not disturbed. Sometimes ho will
sit up on his haunches and begin to pull
the rope haud-ovcr-hand, and, as has
been the case, draws the horse and rider
in rather too close proximity for coin
fort, especially if the latter should have
bis rifle or revolver empty at the mo?
ment. Such nn instance could only hap?
pen where the bear is a monstrous
grizzly, but such an event is on record.
The instant the bear is roped, the
horse's sagacity and strength are called
into action ; he keeps a sharp eye on the
movements of both his master and the
bear, doirg all in bis power to protect |
himself and his rider. Sometimes it
happens that fiom carelessness on the
part of the hunter the bear will run
around the horse's legs with the rope,
but a well-trained animal will with the
greatest agility and judgment clear him?
self from the tangling alliance without a
word or motion from his rider. There
are well authenticated instances on record
I where, when the bear has run right up
to the horse, tho latter, watching the
bear all the while, instead of jumping
Bidcways at the supreme moment of dan?
ger leaped directly over bruin, then sud?
denly turned and faced the vicious brute.
Of course, such things are not common,
and can only occur when the horse is nn
exceedingly intelligent nnd perfectly
It the hear caught is a very large one,
it requires two or three ropes to secure
him, as they have a fashion of taking a
rope in their teeth and biting it off, or
bring such a strain to bear upon it as to
The bear now well entangled in two
or three ropes is dragged away, the
horses snort with apparent pride, while
the savuge beast behind them growls,
rears, pluDges, and pulls back vigor?
ously. He must, however, go in the
direction his captors elect, for any other
choice he has none; if he decides differ?
ently, he is checked up by the horsemen
on the opposite side, who, of course, has
a rope attached to him somewhere. The
greatest trouble is yet to come, if it is
the purpose of the captors to keep him
alive, in such a manner that, will not in?
jure his agility or affect him adversely,
nnd make him a good bargain, for some
menagerie. If that is the intention, they
drag the bear to the place where be is to
b? confined, and there, selecting somi
stoat young tree, two men get their rope*
over hit head and one forearm,
and two more theirs ova
each odo ot bis hind legs. Thi
last two then pull bruin, going on op?
posite sides of the tree, until they get
his hind parts close up, with a leg on
each side. All four of tho men noa
keep a tight strain of tbo rope with three
turns around the horn of their saddles,
their horses facing the hear, and holding
back. There must now bo another man
on foot, who taking a strong ropo,
makes one end fast to the leg of tho bear
just ubovo tho ankle, in such a manner
that it will not draw too tight; he then
does exactly tho same with tho other
hind log, and keeps on until he has eight
or ten turns on both. Tho ropes which
tho first two mon fastened to the legs aro
cast loose, and now the hear is well se?
cured. The tree is between his hind
logs, and the ropo behind it. The front
ropes uro taken off cither by slacking
them with long poles, or aro left on foi
bruin to chew off at bis leisure. Tin
animal witli his whole hody free, cac
move around the tree, and not injure
himself. Great care is taken not to ves
him unnecessarily, as bears sometime;
die with rage. After bruin has become
accustomed to his quarters, be will soon
be very tame, for the specie! is very sus?
ceptible to kindness.
Active Volcano In Indian Territory.
An active volcano is one of the curios?
ities of the wonderful Indian Territory.
About forty-five miles west of Chicknsha,
in a dcti.ehcd spur of the Wichita Moun?
tains, there has existed for eighteen yean
a fully developed volcano?on n small
scale it is true, but sufficiently awe-in?
spiring, as these phenomena always lire,
to have frightened away its discoverers.
Eighteen years ago Chief Quanah and hit
pcuplc pitched their camps on the west
fork of Cash Oreok, hard by onootthcf
spurs of the Wichita range.
After sentinels had been placed od
duty they betook themselves to slumber.
In the night the whole band was aroused
by the screams ami jells of the terrified
sentinels, mid the surrounding country
was lit up by a bright glare emanating
from the tncuntain-sido. They lied with?
out even gathering up their camp
equipage. Many months after this eveui
Quanab gathered his tribe together and
went back to investigate. As they ap?
proached the spot it required all then
courage to induce them to proceed nein
enough to discover the cause of theit
fright. They found smoke issuing from
the side of tho mountain. They im?
agined it to be the abode of the evil i
spirit, und approached it cautiously at
lirst, but becoming emboldened as they
proceeded, at length found themselves
near enough to toss a rock into it. From
this they set to work carrying stones as
large us they could lilt and throw them
into its mouth, with the purpose of till?
ing it up. After some time they found
I no headway was gained by such proceed?
ing, aud they abandoned the attempt.
The vent is oval-shaped and is three
feet long aud twenty inches wide.
Smoke issues trom it coutiuually, aud nl
i long an I irregular intervals it sends forth
a bin. ,i-colored blaze, as if from a burn
] ing mine. There arc known to bo ex?
tensive coal-beds in that country, but
even if it could havo takou tiro from
some internal agency it does not seem
possible for it to havo smouldered for sa
long a period. It is therefore decided to
be a miniature volcano.?Galvestoa (Tex?
English Meadows. >,
IIow and when men first learned tc
make hay will probably never be known.
For haymaking is a "process," and th?
product is not simply sun-dried grass
which has been partly fermented, and ii
a; much the work ot men's hands as
Hour. Probably its discovery was due
to accident, but possibly men learned ii
from the pikas, the "calliugharcs" of tin
steppes, which cut and stack hay for tht
winter. That idea would tit in niceh
with the theory that Centrnl Asia wo:
the "homo of tho Aryan race," if w?
were still allowed to believe it, and hay.
I making is certainly an art mainly prac?
ticed in cold countries for winter forage.
Probably there are no meadows in th<
world so good as those in England, or sc
old. Yet from tho early Anglo-Saxor
times old meadow has been distinguished
from "pastures," and has always beeo
scarce. Two-thirds of what is now es?
tablished meadow land still shows tin
?narks of ridge and furrow, and fron;
the great time required to make t>
meadow?ten years at least on the besi
land, 1U0 on the worst?men have always
been reluctant to break up old pasture.
The aucicnt meadows, with their greal
trees and close, rich turf, are the sole
portion of the earth's surface which
modern agriculture respects and loaves
Hi peace. Hence the excellence of tue
meadows of England and the envy of the
The Ore.tt Japanese Tree Lllno.
Syringa Japouica, the great tree lilac ot
Northern Japan, certainly improves witl
ngc, and tho large plants in the garden.'
of Eastern Massachusetts, where thi:
line plant was introduced several yean
ago through the agency of the Arnolc
Arboretum, arc better than ever thi'
season, being covered with their immens?
clusters ot creamy white flowers, whicl
stand up boldly above the masses of rict
dark green foliage. Among small late
fl rwering trees Syringa Japonica here tl
the North has no equal when once it ii
established in deep, rich soil with suffi
cient room to insure the growth nuc
ripening of its upright, rather rigic
branches, which, when the plants an
well grown, form a compact, rathe
formal head. The largest plants ii
Massachusetts are now nearly twenty fee
high and twelve or fifteen feet througJ
the branches.?Gnrden and Forest.
Trout at Mice-Eaters.
During the past few days trout have
been caught in the upper Annnndali
streams which have been feeding on thi
mice, or field-voles, with which oui
pastures sro plagued. A Moffat lady,
who had got a present of trout from i
friend living near Evan Water, was tht
other day surprised to hear her donicstii
scream, and, on inquiring the cause,
found it was due to the presence of ?
vole in tho stomach of a half-poun?
trout. A gentleman angling in Moffa
Water caught a pound trout near Bodes
1 beck, and on cutting up tho fish founi
a whole vole in its stomach. The vole
run to tho streams in dry weather, au<
many of them are drowned. It will -hi
strauge if the trout has to be clnsscd witl
; the hawk, the owl and the weasel as i
"natural enemy.1'?Dumfries (Scotland
1 Courier. _, _
TUE GIANT SQUID.
THIS Jimt FnifJHTPOlj OP AliU
m mix to mon.sti-.us
Pull-Orotvit Ones Weigh 10,000
founds ami i luv.- Arms lOO
J'Vet Ijnnj;?The Ondiuiu
ami Die Devil Vith.
UNDOUBTEDLY the giant
squid, which has only become
familiarly known to science
within a few years, has fre?
quently been mistaken for u sea. serpent,
lu nil qualities which can render a
muri tic monster horrible, says the Boston
Transcript, this huge and frightful
moilusk may be said to compare very
favorably with any creature of fact or
Motion. When full grown it weighs
10,000 pounds, having a body lifty feet
long and two ar ns, each 100 feet in
length, as well as eight smaller tentacles.
A. model of a diminutive individual,
measuring Ob|y forty-two feot from tho
sad of its tail to either tentacular ex?
tremity, is on exhibition at the National
Museum in Washington. Specimens of
this kiud arc not infrequently en?
countered by fishermen in the Indian
Ocean, where "the humble toiler of the
tea must be prepared at any time to tee
a monstrous creature with enormous
goggling eyes rise out of the depths aud
Bing across his boat a gigantic tentacle
armed with scores of suckers so power
(ul that nothing thou of horse power
jan pull them oil from the object to
which they have been once fastened,
b'or such an adventure the fisherman has
Always at hand a keen knife with which
to slash oil the tentacle before it has
dragged him overboard in a fatal em?
brace. He must work quickly, for tho
monster has mother tentacle to help him ?
m the attack, and it is hardly an even
light between otic or two men aud a
beast with an arm reach of one hundred
Such is the appalling description given
.'?y the author of "Sea Monsters Un?
masked1' of the giant squid. "As for
the victim," he udd.s, "once capture !
md held fast by the horrible sucking
tentacles, he is drawn into the closer em?
brace of the creature's eight short arms,
which are likewise equipped with suck?
ers, and the frightful animal sinks with
its captive to the bottom, where it tears !
aim to pieces with its powerful parrot?
like beak, goggling the while with grci.t
greenish eyes over its hideous repast."
The giant squid, by the way, has eyes
many times bigger than those of any
other known animal, measuring quite
eighteen inches in diameter in a full
Attempts ha vo been made to identify i
this seu serpent with a supposed giaut
iquid. These great mnllusks not infre?
quently run ashore, and they nro very
numerous in tho North Atlantic. In
fact, they arc so plentiful in those waters
that their dead bodies would frcquontly
be found floating, were it not that they
afford a favorite food for many tishes
and especially for certain whale. On
November 3U, 18G1, between Madeira
and Tcncritte, tho French steamer
"Alccton," commanded by Lieutenant
Bouyer, came upon un enormous speci?
men asleep. Many bullets that were
fired at it passed through its soft ficsli
without doing it much harm apparently,
and harpoons buried in its body would not
hold. Finally a ropo with a running
noose was slipped over the tail of the
animal; but when it was attempted to
hoist it upon deck, the enormous weight
caused the rope to cut through the mass,
which fell and sank. On July 8. 1873,
according to nili lavits made by the offi?
cers and crew of tho barque "Pauline,"
they all saw three large sperm whales oil
the lee bow. Suddenly a strauge and
unknown monetcr appeared just ahead
and threw nn arm that was quite
one hundred feet long around one
of the whales, encircling the latter three
times, and dragged it head-foremost to
The giant squid swims backward by
expelling a stream of water from a huge
siphon with which he is provided. While
feeding at the surface, its tail projects
above, nud the convolutions of the long
tentacles following after might easily
produce to the eye the effect of n snake
In the National Museum is n hideous
reproduction in papier macho of that
other frightful mollusk, the poulp or
octopus, the specimen represented hav?
ing a spread of sixteen feet. This crea?
ture chooses for its haunt some dark
iranny in the rocks, where it lies in
ivait, clinging with threo or four of its
jreat arms, while the others, glidiug and
teeling about in the water, are on the .
ilert to grasp and prey. A man who is
io unfortunate n3 to come within reach !
is at once embraced. Instantaneously
the pistons of hundreds of suckers that j
;ovor the eight tentacles arc drawn in
ward, the air is removed from the pneu?
matic holder;, and, a vacuum being
created in each, the victim is so pinioned
that hardly a struggle is possible. The
other arms are immediately wrapped
about him, and he is drawn into a closer
embrace, to bo torn to pieces by the ,
creature's benk and absorbed.
The Chinese rcgnrd these octopods ns.
a great delicacy for eating, and they arc
limilarly relished in many other parts of
the world. In the Mediterranean nu?
merous species of them, mostly of smnll
lizo, aio fished for, and along the coast
of Algeria they are caught in a vety cu?
rious fashion, by means of earthen jugs
tunk in the water. Probably because
the poulp is a soft bodied animal nud
therefore an easy prey for many enemies,
it will eagerly take advantage of an op?
portunity to seek shelter in a jug, from
the mouth of which it can spread its
tentacles for prey. Accordingly, it is
oot uncommon for the fishermen, on
hauling up these queer traps after a few
hours, to find every one of them occu?
pied by an octopus. In tho graves of the
ancient Peruvians, enclosed with the
mummies, are found quite frequently
objects which were at first ignorantly
supposed to bo desicated human eyes. As
a mutter of fact, however, they are the
corncrl parts of the eyes of octopi, which
must have been regarded by these peo?
ple as charms of great value.
Tho term "devil fish" is commonly
applied to the great octopus, though the
true devil fish is quite a different animal,
belonging to the family of rays. This
latter is one of the most dangerous and
ferocious monsters of the'deep. When
full grown it measures thirty feet from
dp to tip of its tremendous "wings,"
which aro merely very much developed
fleshy fins.'Its muscular power is so enor?
mous that there aro many well-authen?
ticated stories of its carrying oil smnl!
vessels, having become fouled with tht
anchor-line*. A specimen captured ol
Barbadoea required seven oxea to drav
it over the lund. Accounts on less roll
able authority are given of its aasailinp
boat?, swamping them with upliftec
win;. . A beak consisting of two fleshy
horns that extend forward from its head
assists it in grasping its prey. Being
carnivorous, it would presumably devour
human being*. Tales are told of its at?
tacking divers, swooping from above,
so that the unfortunate, while helpless
to escape, beholds a living cloud settling
over him with eager jaws to gobble.
The devil fish is particularly fierce when
accompanied by an offspring, of which
it brings forth only one at a birth.
A Wonderful Watch.
In a recent iss.ue of n journal pub?
lished in Bombay. India, a marvelous
watch, which has been made by a Bom?
bay firm, is described. The timcpiocc is
similar in appearance to an ordinary
hunting-case watch. Tho cases are in
crusted with diamonds, rubies and em?
erald?. The dial, which is gold, is also or?
namented with diamonds,rubies aud em?
eralds, and co itains four smaller dials,
each of which faithfully records the
progress of time in its own division. The
watch, preforms so von different functions,
and the mechanism necessary to securi
the perfect working of tho whole is
governed by the winding button at the
top, as is an ordinary timekeeper.
The watch is a minute repeater, and
by striking a gong indicates the hour,
tho quarter an 1 the minute. Thus by
pressing a spring the time may be deter?
mined .it any hour of the night, or when
no lights are available. In addition to
this a perfect chronograph action di?
vides time into accurate fifths of seconds.
This mechanism may be set in motiou or
stopped at pleasure, being controlled by
the pressure of n button over the figure
12, which start--, stops and brings back
to zero the slender centre seconds hand
which revolves around the large dial.
There is also an ordinary small seconds
hand and a dial which shows the second?
when the chronograph is nt rest. Thii
.smaller dial is placed in a scmicirch
showing a mimiture hemisphere, whicb
though apparently stationary, is moving
and showing exactly the age and phases
of the moon. Tbc remaning three small
dials constitute a perpetual calender,
one showing the mouths, another tht
days of the week, while the third points
to tho day of the month. So iugeniously
is this constructed that it shows Feb?
ruary -'?! once in four years only, while
the dial indicating the mouths hns the
twelve names repeated four times nround
its circumference, the groups being
marked Noc. 1, 2, 3 aud 4, the position
of the indicator showing how many
years have passed since the previous leap
An Engineering Curiosity.
There are few more interesting engin?
eering achievements than the little nar?
row-gauge railroad running to Caracas,
the Capital of Veuczuela, from its sea
port, Guayru. The distance between the
two cities as the crow flic3?supposing
for a moment that lie could fly through
the mountains?is only six miles,but the
the railway connecting them is tweuty
threc miles in length, und constantly
twists and turns on itself.
The road ruus in a zigzag fashion up
the monntaiu to an nltitudc of about
DOOo feet above its starting point, aud
then-descends some lftOO feet in the same
manner into the Valley of Caracas.
Twenty-two thousand rails were used
in laying the track, and of these over
18,ODD are beut. It is jestiugly said that
the cugineer almost die.l ot a broken
heart because he could invent no excuse
for bending tho remaining 4090. He did
his best, however, and no one who has
to ride over the line and finds himself
shaken at every one of the 310 sharp
twists which the track makes will find it
in his heart to condemn the poor mac
for not making a perfect job.
Two passenger trains pass over the
road daily, leaving Gunyra atS:30 in the
morning aud at 3:30 in the afternoon,
making the journey in two and a hall
hours. This is n speed, exclusive of
stops, of uot quite ten miles un hour. ?
They Catc'.i and Devour Microbes.
Any physician with the least smatter?
ing of microscopic knowledge will tell
you that hundreds, thousands or even
millions of deadly microbes enter tht
human body every day by way of the
respiratory organs and the esophagus.
"But why," you nsk, "are these deadly
midges comparatively innoxious?" Be?
cause they are caught, killed and de?
voured by minute guardians placed at
every vulnerable point throughout the
system! In oue sense of the word these
watchful guardians uro simply blood
cells, but they are called phagocytes anc
seem to be ondowed with an extraordi?
nary amount of reason. They have in?
dependent power of motion and not only
wander inaide the veins but oftcu make
their way outside the tissues and pursue,
devour and digest any bacilli, whether
poisonous or otherwise, with which they
come in contact. So long as these
phagocytes remain on guard the body is
safe from attack; but, should they relax
their vigilance, millions of iuvadiu ?
parasites would pass into the blood nnd
destroy life, cither by numerous mechani?
cal lesions or the poisons which they
secrete. The discovery of the uses ol
the phagocytes, which only dates back
to January, 1891, is one of the most
marvelous revelations of modern science
?St. Louis Republic.
A Venomous Bird.
But one species ot venomous bird is
known to the student of ornithological
oddities?the Rpir N'Doob, or "Bird of
Death," a feathered paradox of New
Guinea. It is not a large or formidable
looking creature, as one would naturally
expect, neing scarcely as large as a com?
mon pigeon, but longer and of a more
slonder build. It is of a gray, glossy
color without any special markings, ex?
cept the tail, which ends with a blood
red tip. The bird is comparatively
helpless, being tble to fly but a few feet,
and can be caught without difficulty;
however, it is unnecessary to say that its
poisonous bite causes tho native Papuans
to let it severely alone. Persons bitten
by the sreature are seized by maddening
pains, which rapidly extend tc every
part of the body. Loss of sight, con?
vulsions and lockjaw are the other symp.
torus which follow in rapid succession.
Tho natives say that there is not a case
on record of a survival of the bite, there
being no antidote, death always ensuing
within tho short space of two hours.?
St. Louis Itcuublic.
KEBUIiTS OP THE EXPLORER'S
TRIP TO THE FAR NORTH.
Peary and a Companion Traveled
Over lUOO Miles Across Inland
Ice?No Hornau Beings on tho
North Greenland Coast.
N an illustrated
account of Lieu?
tenant R.E. Peary's
to this country.thc
The success of
Lieutenant K. E.
Peary aud his party
goes lar to prove
the claim that
Amcricuus aro pe?
culiarly fitted to
explore. They are quick to adapt them?
selves to their surroundings and possess
unusual skill in contriving menus by.
which to attain the desired ends.
In n dispatch to the Navy Department,
from St. Johns, N. P., Lieutenant Peary
says: "United States Navy claims high?
est discoveries on Greenland east coast.
Independence Hay, 82 degrees north
latitude, 34 degrees west longitude, dis?
covered July -1, Jt>II2. Greenland ice?
caps did south of Victoria inlet."
Lieutenant Peary presented his ideas
at exploration to the Academy of Natural
Sciences of Philadelphia in January,
1801. His plans showed so wide "a
familiarity with existing conditions, and
were so practical in character that the
academy, which hail previously borne
the expense of the expeditions under Dr.
Kane and Dr. Hayes, accepted his propo?
sition and provided the outfit needed for
It has been the experience of Arctic
explorers who had heretofore attempted
high northern latitudes by means of
ships to find that once their way was
barred by ice it was
impossible to proceed
farther with their
ships, and, should
they become ice- T?^iCfci .';SW8ffiS.\\
bouud, they must re- /j!/Sff^3^e?<fc^
main there until their^P^5B*?Bi^ywJl
vessels are destroyed'" f^M?l/*''''
or drift out in the "^fftyi,
recognizing this fact
made careful arrange?
ments to travel on foot aud by means of
The expedition sailed on the Kite,
a steam sealer, which on July 30, 1801,
left the party on the south shore of Mc
Cormick Hay. After constructing a
house, a series of boat trips and short
excursions was begun. These trips con?
tinued through the winter aud until May
3d of this year, when Peary and all the
party, excepting Mrs. Peary and Mr.
I Verhoelf, left for the north. On June
3d the supporting pnrty returned, having
' parted from Peary and Astrup nt Hum
I boldt glacier. From this point they
' continued northward until July 4th they
discovered Indencn?ence Bay, After an
absence of ninety-three days, during
which time Peary and his companion
traveled over 13U0 miles across inland
ice, they returned to McCorinick Bay,
meeting the Kite, which had in the
meantime returned for the party.
While preparing to return home, Mr.
Verhoeff went on n short geological trip
to a neighboring settlement. Not return?
ing, search was made, and after some
time traces of his footsteps to a iiirge
glacier were discovered, but no sigu of
:he missing man was found, and it is sup?
posed he lost his life in one of the nu?
This expedition verities the possibility
of parties making their way on foot
toward the north pole, instead of by
ihips, and this belief has been enter?
tained heforo by eminent and practical
Lieutenant Peary's accomplishment re?
vives the inspiration in the heart of
avery Arctic explorer who has been
bntlled by ship progress to again make
the attempt over the land, on foot and
by sledge journey, establishing, as the
line of discovery progressed, necessary
depots of supplies lor the purposo of se?
curing retreat, or tiding over unseen de?
Although Peary reached North Green?
land last year with a broken leg, good
luck seems to have been his portion. Ho
was fortunate in being able to procure
plenty of dogs. Ho took with him on
the ice cap twenty of these animals, bred
by the natives ol Whale Sound, and they
hauled four sledges as for as Humboldt
glacier, where the return pnrty went
back, and Peaiv and Astruu. with thir
teen dog* and to reo sledges, kept ojj
their course. Peary had killed an nbuud?
auce of seals and walrus for dog food
during the winter, and traveled in tbt
lightest marching order. Pemmican,
pea soup, beans and biscuit formedJ^ij
Eivard Astrup, who accompanied Pear,
on this journey of 1300 miles, is a young
Norwegian who had lived in the United
States only u few months when he volun?
teered for the expedition. He was skilled
in the use of tho "skie,' as the peculiar
snowshces of Norway are called.
Peary's enumeration of the Arctic high*
landers gives a total of less than 250 souls.
They are apparently decreasing in num*
bora, but not so rapidly as v<as supposed1
a few years ago. In thoir recent inter?
course with the whites they havo been
favored beyond most savage people. A,
largo part of tho men whom they have
seen were rough, and they haven't al?
ways been treated with justice.. Bane
had serious difficulty with "tho natures,,
und two of his men accused these people?
of plotting against their lives. This timo
they havo beeu treated by their white
visitors with kindness, consideration and*
On the North Greenland coast Pcar>
I found no traces of human beings. II'
has been n favorite theory with some;
scientific men that the cast coast derived,
its population from the migration of peo?
ple living on the northwest coast. There?
's uo evidence whatever to substantiate
this unlikely theory, and it is probable
that the remains of Esquimaux huts
found ou tho shores of IEobesou channol,
in Grant land, indicate the most north"
crn limit of human occupaucy.
Peury intended to do for tho Arcthj
5 vessel, the kits.
Highlanders what Holm did for the 500
natives ho discovered on the cast Green?
land const. Ho bus thoroughly carried1
out this purpose. Ho has made a com?
plete enumeration of the inhabitants, and
Iiis long association with them enabled
him to sccuro photographs of fu^ly halt
the Arctic highbinders. Ho brings back
a large quantity of ethnological material,
including tent:-, costumes, sledges, boats,,
dogs, and photographs of the people and
Eight days after Peary and Astrup
left the party and pushed forwaid by
themselves they saw, says Peary, "the
land at the head of the St. Qeorgo's
fjord, nud then for two weeks were baf?
fled and bnrrasscd by storms, fogs, cre?
vasses and steep ico slopes, while trying
to weather the feeder basins of the St..
George's and Sbcurd Osborue glacier
system, the Hatteras of the northern in?
land ice sea. June 26 wo were under the
oighty-sccond parallel, whon the land
which 7 had been keeping in view to
the northwest confronted me to the north
pkauy's house, ?t'cohincK bay.
nnd northeast and then to the east, de
llecting me to .the southeast. After
marching four dnys to the southeast, the
land still extending southeast and east,
I made direct for it toward a large open?
ing in the mountains visible pvar the =
nearer summits, and landed JulyT? July
4, after three days' travel overland, I
reached the head of a great bay, lati?
tude 81.37, longitude 34, opening out
east and northwest. I named this In
dependence Bay in honor of the day and',
the great glacier flowing north bito it.
Academy glacier. I reached inland ice
again July 7, with foot gear cut to pieces
nnd selves nnd dogs exhausted and dead
lame from the bard climbing, sbuip
stones and frequent falls."