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Ireland has occupied one-half of tba |
"British House of Commons during the
last twclvo years. ~~ ? -?*? ^'--'
The American Farmer avers that bad
roads and worthless dogs cost this ccun- [
try more thau big armies do tho . pcoplo
of Europe. i
Ouo-half of the West Point cadets are
obliged to wear glasses, it it said. The
state of affairs, according to a scientific
nuthority, is largely due to the fact that
tho barracks ore lighted by electricity
instead of gas. -
Mule raising is still a profitable holi?
ness. There is at least $30 profit in a
$4t> weanling and about $15 profit in a
$60 one, the ancestral value ranging from
$10to$lf>. A mule's father may be
worth auywherc from $200 to $2000 or
The minors that the Empress Freder?
ick and her son, the German Kaiser, do
not get on well together arc quite with?
out foundation. In fact, in Germany,
the accepted idea is that tho country is
in reality ruled by IIci Majesty, and that
Kaiser Wilhelm takes no step without
first consulting his mother.
King Humbert, of Italy, has written n
lettei in which he asks that tho ex?
pressed inte ntion of his subjects to gather
subscriptions for a gift to himself and
the Queen on the occasiou of their silver
?wedding in April next shall be changed
so as to have the funds applied to vari?
ous charitable institutions and objects.
"Silver speech like this," exclaims the
New York Picayune, "is better thau the
famed golden silence."
The fishery dispute in Ilcring Sen
seems likely tc bo settled by the seals
themselves, without the arbitrators.
This season the seals have almost entirely
abandoned their usual haunts round the
famous Pribylov Island, and, unless this
desertion is temporary, the scaling in?
dustry in Hering Sun may be considered
practically (h ad. Sealing experts de?
clare thai the seals have followed the
Jnpancsc warm current, which this year,
from tome unknown cause, has been de?
flected towani the south, oil tho Aleutian
archipelago. The fish on which the
senls feed live mostly in this warm cur?
The death iu the White House of Mrs.
Harrison makes the second case iu the
history of the Executive Mansion in
which the wife of a President has died
there. A little more than n half century
Ago, on September 10, 18-12, Lctitin
Christian Tyler, first wife of President
John Tyler, died in the White House.
She had entered it in delicate health,
unable to perform the social duties of
the place, but her death, nevertheless,
came as a surprise and a shock to the
country. The tolling of the church
bells the following day announced her
death. The funeral ceremonies took
place in the East Riom. Two Presidents
also have died iu the White House.
William Henry Harrison, the President's
grandfather, ended his days there just
ouc month utter his inauguration.
Zachnry Taylor, the old Mexican war
hero, also died iu the White House in
July ot the second year after his in?
auguration. There have been a few
other deaths in the historic building, of
which deaths two were of members of
the President's family circle. Lincoln's
little boy, "Tad," died there, and so did
Frederick Dent, Mrs. Grant's father.
During President Arthur's administra?
tion the tfcwaiiuu Minister suddenly fell
nt a New Year's reception and died in D
very short time.
A Philndclptiinn, the manager of well
known metal works oti Cnllowhill street,
has organized a society for the eating of
horseflesh. He insists that the under?
taking shall not be greeted with ridicule,
as it is the experience of himself and
twenty-five fellow-members that horse
llcsK can be made into very appetizing
dishes. The society, which draws its
voluntary membership from Cincinnati,
Philadelphia, Chicago, Pittsburg and
other cities, is to meet once in three
months and cnt a horse dinner. Among
the members arc Captain P. I. Kelly, of
Pittsburg, who, while on the "trek" in
South Africa during the diamond ex?
citement, was reduced to eating horse*
flesh and liked it; Clyde M. Allen, of
Cincinnati, whom circumstauces forced
to make several meals ot his own horse
during an expedition in the far North?
west; and Henry II. Fulton, of Chicago,
whose experience was obtained during
siege of Paris. "My own friendship for
this maligned food," says the founder,
"dates from the breaking of the engines
belonging to the steamer St. Kildn on
the Indian Ocean ten years ago. The
ship was carrying a number of Australian
horses, from Sidney to Bombay, when
she met with the accident. I was one
of the crew, and when our provisions
gave out, wc tackled those horses. I tell
you they beat salt juuk and wecvily bis?
cuits, and when wc were eventually
taken in tow by a friendly vessel, we
were fatter by several inches, in spite of
our long drift." He adds that "great
difficulty was experienced in inducing
any restaurant keeper to serve us with
tho dinner wc want. These men tear
that their business would be ruined if
it were to leak out that they cooked
horseflesh. Finally, however, a down?
town caterer, who, as a soldier in the
war, ate horse himself, agreed to gratify
us, on condition that we kept his name
/ BEYC\ND THE LIMIT.
A dream lay on tho rim F
(3t tbe horizon for and dim,
"VVhcro tho sea and *ky together
Shut in the golden weather; <i
Tho ships with stately ease,
CIoso to tho steady breeze.
Drew on, and on, nnd on,
1'ierced tbp limit nud wero gone.
The headlands In tho sheen
Of orchnrJs waxing green.
Wore like billows of raro bloom;
Tho air was nil perfume;.
Great sea-birds overhead
On silent pinions sped
Alt was so sweet and calm
That mero living was a balm.'
But somowhere, far awny,
A hiut ot sorrow lay
A vague, deep longing stirred (
Some strain, as yet unheard
' (Of music strange, to shako
l'ho heart till it should break-,,
Wat just beyond tho rim
Of the horizon far and dim.
O land! O sky! O sea!
Is there no poaco for m>t?
IVIint shadowy dread is this
That hovers round my bliss?
Knr as my vision goi?
My tide of pleasure flows;
What lioi bsyottd tho rim
Of tho horizon far and dim?
?Maurice Thompson, in the Century.
THE WRONG- MAN.
KiflT ahead of mc
in a smoking car as
we pulled out of I
ft H w? Chicago, sat a young
V irk man about twenty
six years of age, with
brown, curly hair,
stooped, wearing a
light overcoat uud a
dark felt hat.
I was a young man
a b o u t twenty-six
years old,with brown,
curly hair, shoulders
wearing a light over?
coat and a dark felt hat.
I noticed with some interest those
several points of coincidence, and
finally, in order to get a square look at
the stranger's face, I passed h'.in In go?
ing for a drink of water. A twin
brother could not have resembled mc
more closely in feature nnd expression.
Tho likeness was wonderful.
lie looked up suddenly and my own
astonishment was reflected in his face.
".My double," he exclaimed pleasant?
ly, ' even to the hat nnd coat. You
almost frightened inc. I am John
Loyd Evans, of Boston."
"And [,*' as wo shook hands, "am
Parker M. Lconnrd, of Chicago."
"So," he laughed, "if only our
names got mixed, there would be a
He had handed mc his card, and this,
after glancing at i'., 1 put in my pocket.
The name was printed in old English
type on thick bevel and gilt edged
AVe soon became quite confidential.
He told me that he was a stuck broker
and man of leisure.
I told him that I was senior book?
keeper for a big Chicago packing firm,
that I had fallen ih love three yo.rs be?
fore with an Ohioyouug lady and was to
marry her next day.
"It's pleasant to hear you talk nbout I
it," he said, thoughtfully; "I wish you
lie was silent for a second, busy with
his own thoughts. Then he tisked
"Don't you stay over in Cincinnati un?
"Yes; leaving at 9 sind reaching there
"1 never liked. Cincinnati," ho re- '
joined, "but your dreams thcro to-night
will be pleasant enough."
"Yes," I laid, "but don't you go on
to Cincinnati with me?"
"No; my ticket is for Cincinnati, but
I won't go that far. Leonard?or Mr.
Leonard?will you humor a fancy of
"In reason," I assented readily.
"What is iti"
"Register to-night under my name.
Call yourself John Loyd Evans, of Bos?
ton, and let ine register as Parker M.
I thought he must be joking, bu1; his
face was quite serious. It seemed a silly
request, but after some little hesitation 1
Five minutes later 1 left him to
turn to the rear car in which I had left
my valise and parcels.
"No," ho had replied to my invita?
tion, "1 won't go back no.v. 1 must en?
joy an other cigar or two here. How?
ever, I will sec you again presently."
He didn't, though. Just before the
train reached Cincinnati I went forward
to look for him, but my double hail dis?
In Cincinnati I registered according to
promise as Johu Loyd Evans, Boston.
For an hour or two I lounged about
the hotel, meetiug no one with whom I
wus acquainted, and was finally upon
tho point of going to my room and to
sleep when I notice J a shabbily dressed
man at the clerk's desk staring at me.
Just then another man joined the one
at tho counter nnd both stared at me.
After a second's conversation?nbout me,
I thought?they npproached mo to?
"Good evening," said one of them.
"What is your name, sir?"
"Leonard," I answered, thoughtlessly
and rather curtly.
The shnbby man laughed boisterously,
nudging his companion.
"That's good," he said, "that's
clever. But isn't your name John Loyd
"I nm registered by that name," I had
"So?wc want you, Mr. Johu Loyd
Evnns. We want you Dad."
Before I could protest I was hand?
cuffed. They started out with mc, one
on each side.
"Come, com3," said the shabby man,
"you're too old a bird to be taking on
'ike this. Come along quiet."
I pleaded and threatened, but to no
purpose. A crowd of street nrabs were
following at our heels nnd people pass?
ing by stopped to 1 ok and smile.
"I have been a fon!," I protected fran
i tically, "but no more thau that."
"It was rather lame iu you," said my
shabby captor, "but the smartest of you
slip once or twice in a lifo time."
I was finally allowed to order a doublo
larriago so that all three of us might
ride to tfic central police station, in this
manner avoiding tha humiliation Ot be?
ing dragged along tho sidcwulk.
At the station I was searched. It can
readily bo understood that on a wedding
trip I carried no business letters or other
papers Of identification. Tho only name
in my pockets was on that card which
Evans had given me.
In this card my two captors and tho
several other detectives present appeared
?'The saino to a T," said my shabby
acquaintuuec. "Get tho tolegratu aud
Tho telegram was from the chief of
polieo of Philadelphia:
Arrest Link Murphy, alias Stoop
Meadows, confidence man, forger, safe
expert and iv.urdcrcr. One thousand
dollars rewnrd. He is twenty-eight
ycurs eld, brown curly hair and stoops
slightly, Ho was in Chicago two days
ago, hut believed to have left there for
Cincinnati to-day. Just before ho left
hero .Monday night called lit job print
in tr otlico for cards ordered that morn
mg. There was only oue, which had
been taken as a proof for him to correct.
He took this with him. It was in old
English type on bevel odged white card,
also gilt edged. When lit left here
wore light overcoat, dark felt hut uud
I listened to this as to my doom. 1
' was bewildered and desperately dis?
heartened. What would my bride do
"when to-morrow caruc and no lover?
When I thought over the matter, pay?
ing little attention to the conversation
of the detectives, I caught tho words
"said" and "deserved it." I wondered
what connection tliey could have with
"Yes," my shabby friend was saying,
"very clever fellow, seamed to me.
Used to bo on the force iu Philadelphia
himself. Shrewd fellow, lie put us on
to it. Come in asKin' if Link .Murphy
wasn't wauled?said he believed he'd
Been him. He showed up all right, nnd
wo let him look at the telegram. He
said it was the man aud named one
hundred. We put it up down stairs and
lie waited there till we got back with
our man. It was a plum ease and he
took the money."
"Has begone yet?" asked another de?
"His train left at 12:35," said the
narrator, looking at his watch. "I guess
he sifted pretty soon after we came and
turned over the money to him. Any?
how, he's gone now, for it's exactly 1
1 had listened in absolute amaze?
"!),) you mean," I asked, "that some
man got ?100 from you for pointing me
It must have been my double?no
other than Link Murphy himself.
"Let ine interrupt just once more,"
-aid I. "I must send some explanation
to this young lady's family. You won't
let me telegraph her nor her father. Let
inc send the message through the chief
of police at that place. He will know
Howard Pearson, anil surely you can
tru?t no chief of police. 1
??PearsonI" repeated one of the men.
"I think that's it. I think our man
telegraphed him over un hour ago. 1
think that's the name.
"What did he say?" I gasped. *
"This man who poititcd inc out to
you. What message did he send to Mr.
"Don't let it scare you. I don't know
what it was."
The impudence of that man Liuk Mur?
phy I He had thrown the police oil his
own track by having me arrested, he
had put ?100 iu his owu pockets us uet
profit on the transaction, aud finally had
taken in bund n correspondence with the
family of my betrothed, leaving me pow
crlcti to interfere I
1 was led ton cell finally, still hand
culled, to stay uutil morning. For live
minutes I was left there. My cell mates
were two men, one a negro. The white
man was beastly drunk. He waked up
as tho door was unbolted for me to enter
and then bolted after me. He grumbled
at being waked and cursed at me, and
presently he was snoring again. The
atmosphere was sultry and malodorous.
There were thieves aud cutthroats for
company. I was ouo of tucin. To?
morrow morning I was going to Phila?
delphia with my shabby friend. I won?
dered vaguely if my double would ac?
tually take it into his head to marry my
bride, nnd then I wondered if I was
going crazy. I was afraid so.
These thoughts were interrupted by
another clanking of bolts and rattling
of iron doors. .My shabby friend nnd
the turnkey were coming toward my
cell. The detective was swearing vic?
"Well, Lin'cy," lie said to me, "the
lawyers will get a whiok at you after
all. It's habeas corpus I reckon."
"Thank God!" I s.id, huskily.
"Linky," the detective continued, se?
riously, "what's the use of this? You're
only makin' trouble for us, that ain't
your best game. G> nlong quiet, why
don't you? A day or two a week ain't
goin' to help you any."
"But the ciiief said to hold him any?
how," interrupted the turnkey.
I learned then that a telegram had
been received from .Mr. Pearson, my
bride's father, and that the chief of po?
lice had ordered ine held in Cincinnati
until the case could be investigated.
"The old man's comin' on himself,"
added the turnkey. "They tell ir,c he
chartered a special engine for the trip
and be is to reach here at G: 10?one hour
and twenty minutes to wait."
Gradually I reasoned to the conclu?
sion that this must be tho work of Link
Murphy himself. Tbat was tho telegram
he had sent Mr. Pearson?n message that
was bringing the old gentleman on post
haste to Cincinnati.
I was too happy to care for my shabby
riend's disappointment or profanity. I
positively smiled at tho thought of
what he would do wheu he learned that
I was really not Link Murphy, nnd thnt
the real Link Muipby had swindled him
out of $100.
There is little more to bo said. Mr.
Puarsoo, tukiug hold of the case in a
businesslike way, sooa straightened the
matter out. I wus kept in custody two
days in comfortable quarters under
jguard, postponing the marriage just that
long. I was happy "tid miserable, of
! course, until I walked out a free man,
nnd then I was altogether happy. I even
foigavc quite l.cartiiy my shabby friend,
I the detective.
The night of the wedding wo found,
amoug scores of letters and telegrams of
congratulations, this note:
I ?'Mr. and Mrs. Parker M. Leonard :?
' I wish you a long, useful and happy
life together. Bo good enough la your
LappinoM to forget end forgive the suf?
fering I have caused you, and- to accept
tbo hoarfctt congratulation ot John
Loyd Evaks."?Chicago Herald,
Uses or Cottonseed Oil.
At first cottonseed oil was tried as a
substitute for all the more expensive oils.
It is intermediate between tho "drying"
und "non-drying" oils, so that it is dif?
ficult to substitute it for linseed oil,
which should dry quickly, and still more
difficult to adapt it for lubrication, where,
a perfect non-drying oil is required. By
different processes of refining and man?
ipulating it succeeded, in n small way,
in both of these fields,.' but its
greatest success was at first as a sub?
stitute for, or adulteration of, olivo
oil. In 1872 the production of cot?
tonseed oil in ths United States
was 2,200,000 gallons, half of which
was exported, mostly in a , crude state,
to Italy, France and Spain, where it
was refined and made iuto '.'olive oil."
Tho business flourished on this de?
mand until 1880, when tho production
was 10,000,000 and tho export 7,000,
000 gallons. Olive growing countries
becoming alarmed ot the extent, of th.?
cotton oil trade, levied heavy duties
upon this product, and thus for o time
depressed the business, reducing our ex?
ports for the fiscal year of 1882-0 to less
than .100,000 gallons, though the pro?
duction had grown steadily up to 19,
Refined cotton oil is still used in
Europe for adulterating olivo oil, and
nlso used in the pure stnte as a substi?
tute by the poorer classes in Southern
Europe. It is used in Hollaud in t'uo
manufacture of butter nud cheese, and
in America in the manufacture of butter
substitutes. It is largely used in all
countries for soap-making, ouo of tho
most widely ndvertised brands of soap
containing it in lnrge propcrtions. But
[ the most important use if cotton oil now
is the manufacture of '?refined lard" in
tha United States.
Stated iu a general wny, the process
of making refined lard consists in press?
ing tho oil out of pure lard and supply?
ing its place with cotton oil, which is
cheaper than the lard oil replaced. Oil
is expressed from the caul fat of beef,
and the residue, known as uloo-slearine,
is mixed with the above compound to
make, it firm nnd to bring it up to its
specific grt-.vity aud melting point to
these of pure lard. Cotton oil generally
enters into the programme to the extent
of forty per cent. The United States De?
partment of Agriculture has takeu up
the subject of lard compounds under the
general head of "Food and Food Adul?
terations," anil a most careful review of
the work done in this line, with a full
discussion of the physical and chemical
nropcrties of lard, cotton oil aud other
substances used in the compouuds, has
bnea published.?Engineering Magazine.
Descried Nevada Towns.
It is queer traveling iu some parts ol
Eastern Nevada, where pnralysis has
struck the mining camps aud nearly ob?
literated once flourishing towns. Not
infrequently one finds but half a dozen
people in a town that once had thousauds,
and very often, in a place that once had
hundreds, one finds but a single indi?
vidual?a lonely link between the present
and the past, and generally a gray old
hermit, who lingers like a belated ghost
whom sunshine should have sent back
into limbo. Yet the place is invariably
mapped nud charted as a town; has a
Government mail service and its daily
accredited postmaster, aud, to the out?
side world, exists as palpable as ever.
Of course the hermit is the postmaster,
and very frequently he is some sort of an
electric officer besides. Iu tho seuse
that he is "monarch ot all bo surveys,"
and that his "right there is none to dis?
pute," be is a sort of Alexander Selkirk
the second; for his nearest neighbors are
the scattered ranchman who live from
fifteen to forty miles apart, and his im?
mediate society is that ot the Indians
who. dig in his garden, when he happens
to have uue. Yet he invariably appears
to be more than satisfied with his lot,
and, apparently, would not e.xchange
positions with tiic President. With him,
good health, good appetite, a full cub
board, andn wenther tight cabin discount
the glory of the world. Moreover, ho
neyer lies awake at night to think ab >ut
his sins; for the sound of the church
going bell is something that he beard
but few times in his life, and so lougngo
that it is quite like a dream. Tne here?
after has neither charms nor terrors for
him.?Salt Lake Tribune.
Where Do You Buy Your Sponges?
Among the large consumers of sponges
are hospitals in which surgical opera?
tions arc performed. This is nearly aU
1 ways the destination of the great Anclote
grass sponges, though they do not reach
j it under that name. While they have tbo
size and texture of the well known Med
ittcranean car sponge, so called from its
faucicd resemblance to elephant's cars,
I and used, the world over, for stanching
blood in large, open wounds, they have
not the shape prescribed by custom.
Consequently they are exported to E.iropc
as "Anclote grass sponges;" and arc
there cut into the required shape before
being sent back to this country ns
I "Mediterranean ear sponges." Quanti
[ tics of shecps'-wool nnd other smaller
sponges are also used for surgical pur?
poses. Many of these, after having seen
service, aud been discarded in tho- hos?
pitals, fall into the hnnds of unscrupu?
lous dealers, who wash them in an acid
that not only cleanses and bleaches
them, but renders them worthlessly ten?
der. They are then hawked about tho
streets of large cities by curbstone
peddlers, who tind a ready sale for their
tine looking but utterly valueless wares.
The Railway Review tells of a novel
method of laying foundations in swnmpy
soil recently employed by nn American
eugineer. The building to be supported
was a low wooden ono which it was pro?
posed to use for tho storage of a ma?
chinery. Cnsks were set in holes in the
ground along the line of posts nnd were
tilled to the depth of about one foot with
iron turnings. The posts were plnccd in
the casks, wnich were then tilled with
[ iron turnings compactly rammed in place.
] A solution of salt anil water was slowly
I poured over the turnings, under the nc
tiou of which they solidified into a hard
moss. The heat of the oxidation of tho
iron wa9 so great that the posts were
charred. This also served to act as a
preservative, and to that extent the iron
turnings arc probably superior to con?
crete under similar conditions.
.? . ? .' ? i
UIO.IKsr UKMGIOUK DUTY OK
, l I! I; MOUAMMKOANS.
Jnci In Their Lifetime Th'T Must
C!o tit tlie.Holy I'lac ot Arabia
? Caravan* on Their Journey
? l*)l?crUnuxoJ to Mccei.
IT is tho highest religious duty anil
it is tha inteution of every Moslem
?indeed, it is enjoined as necessury
to his salvation?once in his life
dine to make the pilgrimage, either in
ieis in or by.proxy, to the holy places of
Lrabin. It is not to the purpose to
risit Mecca and Medina at any time of
.be year. Only .by making the pilgrim
ige in the right month, aud by taking
>art in the ceremonies at each holy place
in the days set apart for them, is the
worshiper entitled to the mmo of
Hadj. ltcpeated pilgrimages are works
>T supererogation, but add to the honor
ind sanctity of the pilgrim. In the
lilies of Damascus and Cairo the traveler
ices many, houses decorated on the ex
;er:or with rude, fantastic, and highly
:olo'red pictures. These mural uUorn
neuts are the certain signal of distinction,
'or they are permit tetf-to no one who has
lot made the Hadj. The pilgrimage usn
dly occupies about ninety or one hundred
Jays. These are the days following the
great fast of Ramadan. As the Moslem;
?eckon by lunar months, their seasous
lo not coincide with ours, nnd so the
pilgrimage m ikes graduatly the circuit
if our. year and the high festival days
)f Mecca may fall in the heat of summer
5r in wiuter time. A great caravan sets
>ut yearly from Damascus and another
!rom Cairo. The str.iggliug bauds of
worshipers from the wide world cither
Tall in with these caravans eti route, or
aiaku their way to Mecca a? they can,
ind await there the arrival of the mass
jf pilgrim?. That from Cairo sets out
in the 25th of the month Showel, fol?
lowing the fast of Kunudau. The three
Jays of high ceremony in aud about
Mecca are the 10th, 11th and 12ch of
Zill Hadj, and the caravan returns lo
Uairo about the 25th of Saflcr.
Formerly the pilgrims assembled on ,
the edge ot the desert outside of Cairo, I
wdiere the caravan was formed. It took
up its line of march across the desert, I
passing uorth of Suez, rouud the Gulf
jf Akaba, aud turniug south to Yembo
d-Nakhel. Here it found itself near the
great Syrian caravan, which had come i
from Damascus by way of Medina, and .
marched on a parallel line with that to
Mecca. It traveled only by night, and j
rested in the daytime. The journey
took thirty-one nights, aud as there was |
a halt of seven entire days on the road, 1
the distance from Cairo to Mecca was
reckoned at thirty-seven days. These
two caravans were the important and of?
ficial contributions to the Mecca festival,
hut there was u smaller Bagdad curavau,
and great numbers, (singly and in groups,
went by boats to Jedda (Djedda), the
port on the lied Sea, distant about
forty-six miles from the holy city; aud
immense crowds flocked in from all parts
of Arabia, by which the conventional
number of 70,000 was made up. It was
said that if this number were not
present for the day ut Arafat, the
nngels would miraculously increase it. |
There have beeu great exaggerations in |
the estimates of the annual concourse at
Mecca. Ludovico Bartima, of Koine,
estimated the Damascus caravan in 1503
at 10,000 men nnd 35,000 camels.
Giovanni Fiuanti, renegade Italian con?
script, in 1S14 put the Syrian aud Afri?
can caravans at 40,030. Ali Bey (a
Spaniard), whose real name was Domingo
Dadinrv Leblich, in 1S07 computed 80,
000 men, 2000 women aud 1000 chil?
dren, nssembled on the day of Arafat;
nud Burckhardt (1S14) estimated the
crowd at Arafat ut 70,000. Burton, iu
1S53, was sure there were not over 7000
in the Dnniascus caravan, nor more than
50,000 on Mouut Arafat. Both Burck
hardt and Burton thought the number of
annual pilgrims diminishing.
The official caravan from Damascus
carries the covering for the Prophet's
tomb at Medina, which is annually re?
newed. Cairo supplies annually, in the
expense of the Government, the mahmel,
or canopy of dark cloth or velvet,
wrought with texts in dark threa I,
which is the cover of the Kaaba, and
the kisweu, or lining lor the interior of
the Kiaba, which is of rich silk, heavily
embroidered with Arabic sentences iu .
gold. The kisweh thai was hung in the
tarn pie a year ago is brought b.ick to
Cairo, and divided into bits aud shreds !
among the faithful. Formerly the mah?
mel used to lemniu, aud the Kuaba was
shrouded in layer above layer, until the
cloth decayed, but now the old canopy
is removed before the new one is put on.
The conditions of pilgrimage huve
greatly changed in the last few year*.
TueSyriau aud African caravans con?
tinue, h?.t they seem to be less in size.
The Governments still pay tribute to the
desert sheiks for passage through their
territories, but the dangers which re?
quired so many to travel together seem
to have diminished. Pilgrims make j
their wnv from all parts of the worid by i
rail and by steamboat. As hosts under?
take the pilgrimage who are exceedingly I
poor, nnd many postpone it till they are I
diseased uud old, tue mortality must i
still be great, and large numbers die on
the way, or have the felicity of
passing to paradise from the vicinity
of the Knabn, their wasted, fanati?
cal bodies bathed for the last
time in the sacred waters of the well
Zcrazcm. The annual pilgrimoge from
Cairo goes by rail to Suez, and there
takes steamboats to Jedda. In the sea?
son tramp steamers voyage about the
Mediterranean, picking up pilgrims at
every Mohammedan port, and transport?
ing them through tbo canal and the Red
Sea to Jedda. These steamers arc
usually overcrowded, and tli6 passengers
suffer more, though for a less time, than
tho old desert travelers, and from time
to time we hear that one of these unsca
worthy crafts is consumed by fire, or has
gone down with its load of devotees.
As heaven is as near by water as by land,
and tbe intention of devotion is all in
all, the modern mode of travel satisfies
the requirements of the Hadj. The word
which we translate pilgramage means
aspiration, is a symbol of our tian
sit through the wilderness of this world
to a bettor country, nnd the final reward
will be in proportion to the hardships of
tho journey. No doubt something of
business and trade enters into the an?
nual festival, and gives Mecca, whose
greedy population largely live by accom?
modating and fleecing the pilgrims, the
chnractcr of a "fair," but the main mo?
tive that draws devotees from Africa.
from India, from Persia, and fiom the
whole of missionary and proselyting
Islsm is a faith equal in sincerity to and
more fiery in intcusfty than the xeal that
directs the steps of Christians to Jeru
salem and to Home.?Harper's' Maga?
Eighteen Millions of Sun?.
The "Milky Way," the grandest fca
ture of the "firmament which bendt
above us," the hazy path which so ma?
jestically bauds the whole fabric of the
skies together, is uow known to be com?
posed of a grand aggregate of at least
eighteen millions (18,000,0011) of suns,
each as large or larger than that whioh
makes vegetable aud auimal life to
earthly possibility. One is apt, wheo
allowing the mind to revert to the con?
templation of these misty and indistinct
astronomical subjects, to measure their
magnitude, or attempt to measure it, by
making terrestrial comparisons. It is
obvious, however, upon more mature re?
flection, that such comparisons ure.wofce
thau "odious." The bulk rf our sun
exceeds that of the earth 1,200,000
times, beiug 600 times greater tuan that
of the bulk of his whole train of plan?
ets taken collectively. This beiug the
case, what basis can we use for calcula?
ting the magnitude of 18,000,00.0 suds,
ench, probably larger thau that which
give u3 heat -and lignt?
The infinite number of suns which,
taken together, make up the "Milky
Way" are uow set at a uniform distauc?
from our enrth, or even from our sun; in
fact, they appear to work altogether in?
dependently of either this mundane
sphere or our "glorious orb of day." The.
majority of them are p'.auted at a dis?
tance too remote to be even imperfectly
measured or understood. Some of them
are so near that light, which travels nt
the rate of 185,000 milt'3 per second,
would cross the distance between us and
them in the period of about an even ten
years. Others, however, arc so remote
that it would take a full thousand years
for their light to reach usl Some argue
that light, the astronomer's only basis of
search in the unfathomable regions of
space, expands and decomposes in its
progress, and that at best it only gives
us only very imperfect data upon which
to base calculations. These curious cal?
culations cannot help but force upon us
the reflection that other solar systems
still throng beyond the farthest yet dis?
covered, and'tttat though man may, by
aid of modern instruments, behold the
immensity of nature he will never be
able to firing its bounds within the
range of vision.?St. Louis Republic.
Saving a Child Prom Sltaivs.
"The prettiest battle I ever witnessed
was between a Cuban nnd a couple of
sharks," said Thomas C. llidgeway to a
St. Louis Globe Democrat reporter. "Wc
had reached Havana from New York,
and were lying perhaps half a mile from
the dojks awaiting the signal to go in.
Several fruit peddlers had boarded us,
aud among them a swarthy young fellow
who looked like a pirate. The purser
was standing by the rail, holding his
five-year-old son in his arms, watching a
couple of mou?ter sharks that were hang?
ing about the vessel, when the child
slipped from his grasp aud fell into the
water. The father plunge.l overboard
aud seized him, aud the sharks at once
made for the pair. The young buccaneet
dropped the frait basket uud went over
the rail like a flash.
"As the fust shark turned on his back,
the invariable prelude to biting, the Cu?
ban rose, aud with a long keen knife
fairly disemboweled it. The other was
not to be disposed of so easily. He
seemed to realize that in the Cuban he
had a dangerous foe, and, in tbo language
of. the ring, sparred for an opening.
Several of us began to blaze away at him
with our revolvers, but the Cuban ap?
peared to fear our bad marksua inship
more than the shark, au.I begged us to
desist. The purser and his child had
been pulled on deck, and the combat- I
ants had a fair field. Tnc Cuban dived,
but the shark did not wait for him to
come up and changed his location.
"Finally the latter advanced straight
upon his antagonist, his ugly fin cutting
through the water like a knife, turned
quickly upon his back, and the huge jaws
came together with a vicious snap, but
the Cuban was not between them. He
had sunk just in time to avoid the shark,
aud ns the latter passed shot the steel
into it. Tue old sea wolf made the
water boil, and strove desperately to
strike his antagonist with his tail, but
the latter kept well amidships and liter?
ally cut him to pieces. We male up s
purse for him, and the next c ay tht
brave ragamuffin could have given Solo?
mon pointers ,in the matter of gorgto
Fibres of Plan's.
It is said that 0 small instrument hn?
beeu invented by which au orange may
be neatly peeled without soiling the
hands. This good result can be readily
obtained without anything special if one
only knows how. The fibres of plants,
including the fibres of oranges, all fork
from the bottom upward, nnd it is the
attempt to split anything against the
grain which makes splitting difficult. II
one wants to peel an orange without
soiling the bauds, all that is necessary
to be done is to cut with a knife a very
small circle around the stem end, and
then mark dividing lines from the stem
to the summit?at points on tbo surface
of the orange. This skin" can then be
drawn off just as easily as one may draw
a finger from a glove. This suggestion
may not only apply to the peeling of an
orange, but also to the splitting of a
stick. Those who make hoops for bar?
rels, split the hoop in order to make
them, but they do not corannnce with
the top or slender portion of the pole
nnd split downward. They could not
do this; but by taking the thicker end
and working from the thick to the thin
no trouble is fonud?tho pole splits
Red, Uliic and Orauge- Hailstone*.
Humboldt, an authority on atmos?
pheric phenomena, who lias never beeu
disputed, tells of a heavy hailstorm
which passed over Tuscany on Mnrch 14,
1813, every ice globule of the entire fall
b:ing of o beautiful orange color. Five
years prior to this extraordinary event
Cnrnioln, Germany, was treated to a fall
of five feet of blood-red snow, followed
by a slight fall of blue hail, which is
said to have given "the whole face ot
the earth au exceedingly curious aspect."
Red hailstones fell nt Amsterdam in
j 1726, at London in 1663 (during tho
time of the great plague), and. at divers
places in Ireland and France in the early
part of the present century.?St. Louis
TIMKLY TURKEY BECirn.
The standard' holiday dish is
turkey with oyster stuffing, which!
first put iu sic] e the tnrkey, and af t er wa J
put inside those who gather atf
dinner table. Tho turkey is drawn
roasted as usual. ,
For the stufilog tako bread at. lc
ono day old, grated fine, and one-til
of the bulk of the bread in ovate
Add, for nn ordinary sized fowl, tj
onions chopped fine, four ounces f
melted butter, pepper, salt, thyme a|
sage according to taste, and a little|
the fluid of the oysters. Baste
' turkey until it is roasted to a lie
brown. Make a gravy out of the giblel
heart and liver, thicken with flour al
add a dash of Worcestershire sauce,!
lump of butter, pepper and salt. w|
this dish should be served the old-fa
ion cd cranberry sauce, made ot eqd
weights cranberries nad brown sogar,
which are added two ounces of biitt!
and a dash of cinnamon. Let the who
simmer until the skin of tho cranbe
ries is tender. Set to cool . on ice f J
three hours before serving,, which wj
make the sauce like a jelly.
For a roast turkey with chestnut stuj
fing the same recipe applies, except thj
boiled chestnuts, grated or mashed vei
fine, are substituted for tho oysters. Tl|
large Italian chestnuts are best.
For an onion stuffing, considering tb|
turkey weighs fourteen pounds,chop fiv
onions very fine and substitute for oyd
teis, with sufficient bread crumbs, buj
te'r, pepper, snlt, sago and thyme.
If one should want fried turkey a 1|
Creole for a change, which is a favorit
Southern way of serving the h"^5, i
should be disjointed. Then mako
batter of equal parU of milk and eggs
well beaten, to which a little salt is add
ed. Dip the sections of turkey int<
cracker dust, then into tba batter, an\
then into tho cracker dint again, afto
which fry iu equal parts of butter ant
For this dish tho sauce is made
three ounces of butter und two. heaping
tablespoon fids of flour, melted together!
to which add a pint of milk and a dast
Df salt. Serve with small boiled nutate
balls, sprinkled with chopped parsley.
For the ordinary friev\,turkty, dip it
batter as before and serve on ?diamond-)
shaped pieces of toast, with cranberry
sauce. This kind of sauce is mado offi
one quart of crauberries, two ounces offl
buttot und eight ounces of light brownf
sugar. Allow to simmer until cooked,!
?ud then either pour over each portion,!
jr allow each guest to serve himself.
In serving fried turkey with applo
mure, prepare the turkey as "before. For
the sauce, peel two quarts ot sour apples,
take out cores and add one and a half
pounds of light brown sugar and two
tmticcs of butter.' Boil together with ono
peeled lemou, aud set to cool until ready
Boiled turkey with rice requires much J
care to serve properly. The turkey.|
should be. druwn and skinned ,/jtrtd ttedl
tight in a thin, linen cloth, \with no I
stultiug. When the water begins to bolt!I
slowly add one pint of rice, taking care'
at the same time that the water novcr
gets below boiling point.
If too much rics is added at a time it.
becomes soggy. After three-quarters of
an hour, or according to the weight o?
the turkey, aud wheu the rice is tender;
enough to yield when pinched between
thumb and linger, take out the rice aud!
a little of the water and stew it sep-j
urutcly with two tublespoonfuls of butter,
and a little curry, pepper and salt. Al?
low the turkey to get tender, and theu
serve on a large dish, surrouuded by tho
rice. Serve cranberry or apple sauce, ac-J
cording to taste. With this dish may b?
served boiled potatoes aud onions,
cooked separately, and stewed tomatoes,
In serviug boiled turkey with oysters
the turkey is smiled with bread crumbs;
moistened with oyster liquid, and oyster;
to the amouut of one-fourth the bread
crumbs. To the stuffing is added three
ounces of butter; pepper aud salt to
taste. The turkey should be tied in a]
linen cloth, as before. Servo with white'
sauce, made with four ounces of butter!
and three tnblcspdoufuls of Hour melted
together, to which is added a little salt
aud a quart of milk.
If a housewife builds her ThanksgivJ
ing dinner on any of these recipes, she
will be very happy, and her husband will
be verv proud of her, besides being very,
well fed. . 'Jjfc : ?
A custard should never quite reae'a the
Jolling point or it will curdle.
A drop or two of camphorated spirits,
will allay inflammation of tho gums.
To stone raisius easily pour on boiling
water and let them remain in a short
To whiten the hands take one ounce.
Df gum camphor, half au ounce of glyc?
erine, one pound of mutton - tallow and
melt them together Apply every night.
A piece of chamois skin bound on thoj
edges, shaped to fit the heel aud kept in
place by a. piece of clastic rubber worn;
over the. stockings will save much inend?1
Never allow meat to be placed direct*
ly on the ice, us water draws out tho
juices; it is even worio to lay it iher? '
wrapped in paper. It should always be
laid iu a cooi porcelain vessel.
Water soaked boots and shoes that
have become dry and hard may be soft-i
sncd and made pliable by a free use ot!
coal oil. Hub on with a flannel rag
(soaked iu the kerosene) away from the
To cure a wart scrape a carrot fine and,
apply as a poultice for six nights. It
the above process does not produce
the desired effect rub sal ammoniac
twice a day upon the wart until it dis>'
Fish that is to be fried should bo laid;
in a cloth to lose some of its moisture,!
then rolled in tine cru nbs or corn meal.'
Those kinds that are liable to break must
be dipped in beaten eggs, then in crumbs.
The fnt in which it is fried, whether it
bo lard, butter or oil, must bo very hot.
All fried fish should bo garnished with
The proper way to brush tho hair is
not to brush it lengthwise, but to hold
the ends of the hair, if it be long
enough, and sin:ply comb the scalp with
the brush. This process promotes the
circulation of the blood nnd cxcitc3 tho
oil glands to action. After the hair has
been thoroughly brushed in this way it
should then bo finished with a faw vig
orous strokes lengthwise of the hair. I
A hen at Hawthorne, Fla., hatched 1
nineteen chickens from eighteen cgg?. J