Newspaper Page Text
?sthoso who, on eomo lonoly mountnlnhelght,
Watching through all tho weary houra of
Await tho palo roso of tho morning light,
' I wait for theo. ,
'As ono who, wnklng on a hod of palu,
'And, helpless in his agony, Is fain
To wait thoswoot return of sloop ngntn,
I wait for thoo.
As ho who, in somo vast cathedral, dim
With shadows, silent waits, on bended limb,
Tho muslo of tho Euoharlbtlo hymn,
I wait for thoo.
As deaf men eravo for son;;, and blind for
As weary sons of toll long for tho night,
And as tho fettered spirit longs for flight, .
I long for thee.
?Arthur T. Froggott, In tho Spectator.
Stealing a Policeman.
by 8. bab1nq-gouj.d.
UTLAND in llio
smallest county in
Englaud ; it is imt
eighteen m i 1 e s
[^>x?vJC^A\ long, and its cx
?itt&Jm?' X i 1,',,m" breadth is
nftccn. Tin) con
scqucuco of this
contracted area is
Unit whatever hap?
pens in one corner
of tbc county is noised over every
part of it, and Hint tbo affairs of overy
purBon in the county nro intimately
known to every other.
In ono of tho fifty parishes, which
ehtill not be named, because to name it
iB unessential, lived a youth named
Joseph Samuel Wardloy. Ho was tho
son of a blacksmith, was an able
bodied, line-looking fellow, brond
shonldercd, broad-breasted, with light
red hair, und eyes that seemed to have
fallen into tbo ooppor when bis mother
was washing, and to have bud the color
boiled out of them, no light wero they.
Joseph Samuel Wardloy was?if vir?
tue consists in a series of negatives?a
most exemplary character. He didn't
swear, ho didn't drink, ho didn't quab?
ble with his fellow-men. If, however,
virtue consists of positives, then it
would bo hard to say what Joseph
fiomiiel Wardloy wns distinguished for
his virtue ; for, ns a matter of fact, it 11
.would bo hard to soy what Joseph
Samuel Wnrdloy did that was good.
Ho was slow in his movements, slow in
taking iu ideas, slower in making use
of them when ho hud received thorn
into his brain.
Ho had worked with his father at the
forge, but bis father feared that hell
would never make n blacksmith, ns be
tired the horses oat nnd made them
restive before ho had shod nil their
four feet. Then Joseph Samuel was
Beat to work on a farm, but ho was so
slow at the plow that tho farmers t
would not retain him in their services. I '
It wca said that Joseph Samuels was
always nsleep. Thin was not exactly
true. Joseph Samuel wns so drowsy
and indolent over his work by day,
that ho was never BuOloiently exhaust
cd by his elTorts to enjoy a sound sleep
at night. Ho was half nsleep by day,
ho was half awako by night. There- is
nothing ho conducive to all-forgetting
sleep as" the exercise of tho full ener?
gies by day. Joseph Samuel did not
put forth even one-half of his energies
by day. The other half remained to
disturb tho tranqnility of the night;
consequently ho was a light sleeper,
nud sometimes it wns ns doubtful
whether ho wero asleep at night, ns it
was doubtful whether ho wero awake
As ho was dismissed from tho plow
tail, ho returned to his father, who
employed him to work tho bellows
which kept bis lire going iu the forge.
"But," ns tbo farrier suid, "a chap
can't go on all his life blowing bet
low?. I must find some profession or
trade for which he is suited."
Accident or Fate seemed to give the
requisite, indication; Tho father of
Joseph Samuel had been an industri?
ous man all his lifo, and it was believed
that ho had amassed money. Ho had
no dealings with tho bunk at Oakhnm ;
that wns well known. "Where, then did
ho keep his money? It was whispered
that, singularly enough, whenever he
had received payment of a heavy bill,
Mr. Wardley was observed to mount a
ladder to put straight, iib he said, ono
of the tiles iu bis roof that was out of
place nnd let the water through. That
tho coincidence was noticed, und was
a mutter of discussion, never oc?
curred to tho blacksmith. The lust lime
ho brought in his bill to the Squire it
was for tbo sum of Itve-nud-twentv
pounds and some odd shillings. X
sooner had ho received the money than
it was remarked a tile was again loose
in his roof.
r Ono night that Joseph Snmuel lay
awake, uniible by any means to induce
sleep?such ns by counting sheep go?
ing through a gap in tho hedge, re?
penting his catechism, listening to the
snores of Iub parents in nn adjoining
room?he thought ho heard a Bound on
tho tiles, ns if somo ono wns engaged
ropniring Ibc roof. He got out of bed,
* peered through tbo window, nud saw
by the light of a orescent moon Hint a
ladder was eet against tho house, nnd
that a pair of legs were viaiblc on the
As Joseph Samuel wns inclined for
activity all night, nnd was prompt then j
in his resolutions, which was not tbo j
caso by day, ho stole downstairs on
tiptoe, nnd opened tho buck door .
softly. He was in his robo de nuit.
Thnt did uot matter. Tho air wns cool
but not frosty,nnd no rain was falling.
Ho wns at tho back of tho house?the
oppOBito side to that at which the
ladder was set up, nnd where be had
observed tho legs. Ho knew where
hiB father kept a ladder. Ho went
barefooted to tho Hpot, removed the
ladder planted at the back of the
house, climbed up it without causing
tho smallest noise, and succeeded iu
making his way cautiously up tho tiles
till ho reached tho ridge of his father's
roof. Holding to tho ridgo tiles, ho
heaved himBclf up by both hands
breast high ahovo tho ridge-picco.
Then ho saw what was being done on
tho further sido.
Two men wero there. One was on a
ladder and hold another by tho ankles
who had scrambled onto tho roof.
Tho latter wns lifting tilo after tile nnd
feeling nndor each, obviously evpent
ing to find and carry off tho farrior's
ptoro of savings.
Joseph Samuel Wardloy did not hes
Jtato for a moment what to do. With
perfect presenco of mind, nnd groat
energy as well as courage, bo said*
Tho robbers wcro staggered. Thoy
looked up, saw n Bomi-whito flguro ris?
ing above tho roof, glowering at thom.
Their nervo gave way. Ho who woe on
tho ladder lot go tho ankleB of tho man
on tho roof; the latter Blid down, and
fell on tho man with his foot ou tho
ladder rungs; and both wcro precipi?
tated to tbo bottom.
Joseph Samuel now nrouscd tho
house, and tho burglars wcro arrested.
Ono had dislocated hiB hip, tho other
had concussion of tho brain, his head
having fallen on a brick. Had tho
brick been a littlo harder, it is believed
it would havo broken his bond ; as it
was, the burglar's head broko tho
brick?split it into three pieces.
Tho two men were delivered over to
tho poliee, and wcro brought before
tho magistrates at tho Petty Sessions,
who consigned thorn to bo tried at tho
Quarter Sessions for attempted bur?
When the trial came on, tho plea put
in for tho two men was that they had
been bird nesting, nnd evidence was
produced t hat they had been seen going
Nothing had been taken. Tho Iioubo
had not boon broken into, bo Unit some
difficulty was entertained as to tho na?
ture of their offence, und tho amount
of punishment to lie awarded if found
guilty. Fbially, thoy wcro found
guilty of an attempt at bird nesting
with felonious intent, and wero or?
dered nine months' imprisonment with
This incident determined tho mind
of tha blacksmith as to tho proper av
oeatioii for his sou. Joseph Samuel
must become a policeman. A "bobby"
hns to be about nt night, nnd that was
precisely what Joseph was calculated
for, as ho could not sleep at night.
He was so able bodied, wns Bach ft
fine figure of a man, that ho was at
anoo accepted and put in tho force. Ho
ussnined the not unpictnresipio uniform
[?f a county policeman, and believed
that, ho had fonnd his true occupation.
He was finally planted nt a placu ou
the opposite side of tho little county.
Of course, the fame of his exploit had
preceded him. He was looked up to as
it man of tho greatest ability, energy
und resolution, and it wns concluded
that with him in the parish everything
It was conjectured, rather than
known, that the fear of Joseph Samuel
had fallen on all the miscreimts iu tho
souuty of Rutland. It was high time
that men of a superior order of intel?
ligence should be engaged in tho force,
Tor a number of robberies had been
committed of late on the graziers of
[iiitlilandshiro. Tha low liuid, readily
jverflowod, serves for tho rearing of
young cattle till they nro fit to kill,
ndicn they nre sent in great numbers
to the London market. There had
lioon theft of calves and young bul?
locks. Sometimes the livo bensts had
la-en carried oil", rapidly dispatched
mil dismissed to London beforo tho
lay broke. Some graziers had lost
leveroly. It was not possible to say
ivhcro tho next robbery would take
[dace, consequently nil wero equally
mxious and uneasy.
A small farmer was ono evening on
Ids way tu the nearest town, He hnd
the carcass of a young bullock to dis?
pose of. His ground was ovcrllowod,
und ns he could no longer feed his bul?
lock ho killed it, and was taking tho
carcass to London, when, pussiug
through llnsheutine?tho villago ut
which Joseph Samuel was quartered?
ho disposed of it to tho villago butcher,
who at onco removed tho dead mcnt
and paid the man for it.
Tho farmer had something to do in
Iho town besides Belling the carcafis, so
he proceeded on his way, but drow up
nt a little tavern where ho was fond of
having his glass. Ho unharnessed his
horse, ran the light cart under cover,
nnd entered tho public house. Tho
man was ahdieted to drink; bo hnd
money* in his pocket; ho met there
with some chums; nnd the end was that
he resolved to make a night of it.
A spirit of perversity rules tho
destinies of men. As Ions as Josoph
Samuel was obliged to he awake by
day, ho could not sloop nt night; but
aow that ho was a policeman, and bad
to make his excursions by night, ho
felt sleepy when tho dark Bet in, and
some nights was hardly ?hin to keep
his eyes open. It was so on tliiB even?
ing. He was coming along tho road,
besido which stood tho public-house
into which tho farmer hnd gone. Ho
wns so weary, so heavy in his eyes,
that he resolved on having just a wink
of sleep to freshen him boforo ho pro?
ceeded on his beat. Accordingly, ho
entered the shed attached to tho
tavern, and finding a light cart, crept
into it, stretched himself on tbo straw
in tho bottom, and in a moment was
fast asleep. Ho slept so soundly that
he did not stir?did nottmoro.
Not aqaartorof nu hour bad elapsed
before two men stole into the cart
shed. Ono hud a Blight limp. Tho
other had a lump at tho back of his
"You're sure of it?" asked tho latter
of these meu.
"Certain. Ho killed bis bullock
this morning. He's drinking in tho
"Shnll we get out his cob, harness
it, and drive away with cart and car?
"Tho stable door in locked. I think
we'd best draw the enrt ourselves. It's
light, and we shall get to the station
The two men drew tlio cart forth.
"It's heavy," said the limping man.
"It's the bullock ; it'naprimo beast,
I can toll you."
'Tho two fellows drew tho cart into
the road, put themselves into tho
shafts, and started running ns hard ns
they could, drawing the cart along
with them. Tho night was durk, the
movement was conducive to Bleep, nnd
Joseph Samuel slept on peacefully, and
dreamed of home.
A littlo after midnight. "I say,
Tammas," said tho shaft horse, "I'm
tremendous hungry. What do you say
?shall wo halt, cut a slice out of the
carcass and havo a cutlet each?"
"I wouldn't risk it," said the leader.
"The liro might betray us; we
couldn't eat raw cutlets?wo ain't sav?
age b. "
"Well, cut along, Tummas."
And away cantered tho thioves with
tho cart and carcass. Toward dnwu
they nearcd tho station.
Doth were becoming fatigued.
''J Wy Ttsmpipfl fcuid tbo pgftj
h?rne-, "I'm so rampageous hungry 1
could cat tho wholo bullock."
?'And I'm so thirsty.', said tho
lender, "I could drink his blood."
Both halted nnd looked back. Tho
gray dawn was broaking. Behind thoy
henrd shouts nnd tho sound of ohorso's
hoofs approaching nt n gnllop.
But they saw something that still
moro greutly disconcortod them?a
head nnd shoulders rising over the
splash-board of tho cart, and heard.
Tho men let go tho shafts?they ran
?ran as fast as they could iu thoir
thon condition of exhaustion.
Swiftly nlong tho road camo the
farmer galloping, swearing an ho gal?
loped in pursuit of his lost enrt.
Hut hind is a small county ; so small
that tho story of how Joseph Samuel,
the policeman, was run uwuy with by
thieves ilew all over it; and it had
reached his nativo village beforo th<
arrival of Joseph Samuol himself, whe
was dismissed the force.
Joseph Samuel has returned to th?
hollows. Ho blows thorn for his father
at tho present day.?Now York Stori?
Our Joyous Northern Neighbor.
Tho Frenchman of Canada remaini
essentially an Old "World product
Centuries of lifo in tho New Worte
havo not transformed his nature. Hit
transplanting hns modified his man?
ners, given him new interests, sur
rounded him with new conditions, but
in spirit ho remains what his ancestor!
wero when they camo to Now Franc?
from Normandy in old Franco. Ho ii
tho same cheerful, optimistic, pleas
uro-loving being that they were. In
many respects ho is as simplo ns ?
child ; in others ho is ns cunning and
as guileful as any small trader on th?
earth. Tho French Canadian cannot
livo in solitude; ho muBt have society.
When his American neighbor in New
England hns finished his work in the
fields or woods, and has dono th<
chores about tho houso und barns, he
gets himself into a brooding frame ol
mind, and rellceta upon his mortgage
until tho threatened return of interest
day drivcB him to his dark bed room.
When evening comes to the Canadian,
he loaves his plow in tho furrow and
greets the stars with ft song that hii
forefathers who fought with Fontenai
brought over from tho land that thcil
descendant still calls "la hello France.'
Their tired women aro novcr too tired
to danco in tho midst of cares auc
labors so heavy and sovcro that theii
liko lias driven hundreds of thousand!
of the habitants into tho United States.
The old custom of visiting, of great
feasts on tho day set apart by tht
Church to the saint who is tho patron
of tho parish, and on tho family anni?
versaries, aro kept up as they are at
homo. Here as there tho raco is the?
atrical ; the dramatic effects of cos
tumo and of conduct aro still dear tc
tho heart of this Freuceman who hal
never seen X'ranco. and whoso poopll
for generations wcro born in tho som?
bre forests of Canada, while ho has
spent a lifo of toil on tho fields thai
decline to yield n fruitful harvest to
his untutored and inadequate cultiva?
tion. By the light of blazing logs in
tho humble cottage, ho and his neigh?
bors aro happy and cheerful after n
manner and to a degree that would
seem to tho gravo Now Engl?nder
wiokod levity and mad irresponsibility.
Origin of Cholera.
All tho theories of tho origin of
cholera, Mr. C. Egortou Fitzgerald
suggests, may bo right. Tho disease
will eventually bo found to bo a mias
matio one, of which tho hitherto un?
discovered germ can bo conveyed
through tho nir, by water, excreta, in?
fected bodies and clothing. AVhat tho
special germ may bo wo as yet know
not; but that it multiplies with enor?
mous rapidity under favorable condi?
tions of heat, moisturo and dirt there
can bo no doubt. Each individual as
ho is attacked becomes a fresh nidus,
a hotbod for disease germs, which seek
and require only a suitable soil or cul?
tivating medium for thoir propaga?
tion ; but a suitable condition of the
atmosphere exists only under certain
exceptional circumstances. This ac?
counts for tho rapid spread of cholera
among largo masses, especially dirty
masses, of men. Each unit of infec?
tion acts on suitable modia exactly as
would a particle of yeast if introduced
into a mass of fermentiblo fluid, under
tho requisite conditions of temper?
ature, etc. This is tho explanation of
tho fact that, although cholera may
arise sporadically anywhere, under fa?
vorable but exceptional circumstances,
it is endomio only in India, where,
presumably, these requisite conditions
constantly prevail. That cholera does
spread principally nlong tho lines of
human intercourse, that it may be con?
veyed by man, by water, by fomites,
may bo readily conceded without af?
fecting tho contention as to its mias?
matic and aerial character and method
of propagation.?Popular Scicnco
Eat Bananas and Turn Brunette.
Thoso who cat heartily Oi bananas
may run some risk of becoming tawny
or copper colored. This may bo in?
ferred possibly from tho peculiarities
of plumage in tho turacos of Africa.
As long as tho weather is dry these
birds are gay, tho primary and second?
ary feathers being gorgeously crimson,
but when rain comes ths color is washed
out, and tho birds seem to bo humilia?
ted and ashamed at tho transformation.
But the color returns in dry weather.
The cause of the coloration has been
traced to copper in a very pure state.
A single feather burned gives tho char?
acteristic indication. Tho source of
tho turacin has now been traced to
bananas, on which the turacos feed
chiefly. All tho aborigines who make
bananas a diet are very deeply tinted,
but tho color is sooty rather than rod.
Tho North American Indian cannot owe
his coppery huo to banant s. Ho has
ocly known of this fruit on reservations,
and chiefly by the peelings.?San Fran?
Due to Expansion.
It 13 not generally known that
people aro taller on rising in the morn?
ing than when they go to bed at night.
Tho reason for this is that the verte?
bra) of tho backbone, twenty-four in
number, yield considerably to tho
j pressure of tho body in an erect posi
i tion in tho day, audoxpaud themgelvca
I during tUP foposo of tho P.t$b.t.
MIMT.W ON THE VEBnENA.
Tho verbcuo, with its bountiful
blossoms in such a variety of colors
and shinies, would boa favorito house
plant if it wero not so badly troubled
with mildow upon tho leaves, winch
sometimes destroys its beauty even
out of doors, but most surely when iu
tho house. At tho Cornell University
they have kept this mildew iu check so*
that it caused no dumagc, by spraying!
twice a week with a solntiss mndo by
dissolving one-fourth of an ounco ofl
potassium in ono gallon of water. If)
it would do this it might bo effectual)
upon some other plants similarly!
troubled. ? Boston Cultivator.
Tim INC0DATOB IS A COMTOItT.
Tho incubator in a very reliable hen ;
it bus records surpassing the average
of tbo heu in tho number of chicks
hatched from a given number of eggs.
It is so scientifically adjusted that at
fixed and proper periods the eggs are
turned aud tho proper moisture for
advantage to them during incubation.
Instead of a dozen, liuudrodH of eggs
can be set us easily as a small nnmber;
and, under favorable conditions, hun?
dreds of the little downy creatures may
bo fount! scampering about, making all
tho musio any ono could wish foe
from a hundred or mora tiny, throats.
If you enn afford it nnd the timo'buyn
hatcher, a brooder, und test this pleas?
ure by yourself.?Now York Inde?
no v.* isoDTi Aim rinowx.
Tho soil for roots should bo quite
free from weeds, ns tho first growth
of these crops being weak the young
plants nrj quickly smothered nnd de?
stroyed. For this reason it is neces?
sary to sow tho need iu rows so that
the ground may lie cleaned by tho cul?
tivator and hand weeding reduced to a
minimum. The rows are from twenty
four to thirty inches apart for tho dif?
ferent kinds, ns mangles, having the
greater space. Tho seed required is
from two pounds of rutabagas to six
pounds of boots or mangles per acre.
The rows are easily soon if a machine,
either hand or horse, is used for the
sowing, and in this case n cultivator is
run iu tbo rows a few days after the
seed in sown to keep tho first growth
of woods under. Tho rows must bo
cleaned by baud nnd the plants thinned
out to a distance of eight or ton inches
apart in tho rows. This work is nil
?well pnid for by the large crop, which
depends 0:1 clean land und frequent
cultivation. A fair yield under favor
aldo circumstances is GOD to 1000
bushels to an nere.?Now York Times.
hints ox riiANTisa rnuir thefj.
In most localities tbo planting of
fruit trees will bo completed. Better
plant lato than not at all. Nursery?
men dig up a lot of trees of varieties
most in demand nnd heel them in.
This is douo early in the senson, nnd
lias the effect of retarding the starting
of the trees, and they arc ready for the
immediato tilling of orders. If trees
shrivel in transit, dig a trench, lay in
tho trees, tilling iu the soil so that it
will come in contact with every part
of tho bark. In live days, or a week,
trees that oro apparently past
remedy will become plump and quite
restored. After planting, place a
mulch over the root. A "mulch" is
any material that, placed on tho soil,
?will prevent evaporation; its action
being mechanical, many different sub?
stances arc used ; litter, straw, marsh
or salt hay; leaves, with a little soil
sprinkled ou, to hold thom in place;
chips, or tan bark, nnd even small
stones may be used. After all, a most
effective mulch is a layer of lino dry
earth. This is scoured by working tho
soil of the orchard with a cultivator,
or somo other implement that will
keep the surfaco loose and light. It
will keep weeds iu subjection.
Amateurs arc often afraid to pruno
their own roses, says tho Gentlewoman,
and the unlucky roses aro sometime;;
left uupruned or clso remorselessly
chopped off without rhyme or reason.
A few clear rules will enable onyone
to prune her own roses, for, like many
other things, this is a. simple matter
if you understand it.
Tho bef-t tlowers nro borne on the
strong wood thrown up from tho base
of the rose in autumn ; therefore, theso
stout "canes" must bo preserved, only
OUttingthem back ton good "dormant"
cyo (ono that has not as yet made any
growth) about a foot or so from the
All weak, twiggy wood (much of
which will be found to bo half dead)
must bo cut out, using a sharp knife;
nnd removing this just above tho soil.
Those who wish for a plentiful supply
of roses, not of the largest size, can
leave their strong canes pretty long.
If only a few very large blooms arc
needed canes may be shortened to with?
in six inches of tho soil.
These rules do not apply to standard
roses, for no "cane" from tho baso can
be thrown up by these, except from
the brier on which they aro budded ;
and theso must, of course, be removed
at once, as they sap the whole strength
of the rose.
But "standards" arc fast grtiug out
of fashion, and roses "on their own
roots" arc now usually preferred, uv
thoy are far more, hardy and strong.
? Climbing roses, again, must not b
much pruned in spring, the weak an
the dead wood only being remove.".,
and the strong shoots shortened, *f<
otherwise they would not make euou
growth to climb much.
In tho autumn the redundant grow ;
can bo shortened back and old wen.:
bits cut out, tho best wood being used
to tnko its placo. If this bus been
properly attended to they do not re?
quire much cutting in tho spring.
; Whou (here, w depressiv?;) Sn tho
nirrket for certain hinein of horses,
nyn\ J. C. Lovoring, iu tho Ohio
Fur,nor, it is wise to inquire into tho
came, and, if possible, prescribe a
rem-uly. While good, flrBt-class draught
and i coach horseB aro scarce in the
mnriot and bring good prices, inferior
ones wro plenty and a drag at very low
prices* resulting from tho fact that the
market is overcrowded with inferior
stock, as tho Eastern market reports
show. FHnco tho introduction of
electricity; for street enrs nnd other
purposes thero is no demand for in?
ferior stofek, nnd the farmor can not
uflforal to rjtiso it at the present market
prico, butislumld breed only from the
very best' that is within his reach.
Om-^grcnti mistake tho farmers innko is
ia adding their best mares. Because
thoy can not sell their inferior ones
thoyVsell tho best at what seems a fair
pricey nud keep the inferior ones and
ithosoi'that are blemished, to breed,nnd
?then becaiiBO'thoy havo an inferior ot
'blecnisbed mure they nay it will not
:pay to breed to a.good, high-priced
horse'. They,.breed'to a low grado or
ncrub borso because, ho is ohcap, and
thof progeny v is just what thoy might
expect, a Cheap colt finch, as tho mar
ket'.iB overstocked with.
Now tho roniody for this trouble is
plain. Furincrriishoiild keep ouly thoir
very, besttmnrosi for breeding purposes
and then direedionly to the very best,
pure-bred,' rccu.'dodsireBof draught or
coach borBOs. . And tho same rulo will
apply to rond^or light harness horses,
and with the Tjiarcsof mixod breeding.
There will bo 4'ommou ones enough
then .to BupplyKho market with that
class, It does mot cost any moro to
raise a pjood colt tjlian a-cheap one, one
that will sell lor double tho price in
the market without waiting for or
In timesdikortho present, when strict
economy is 1 eccssory to success, tho
farmer can not. afford to food inferioi
stock, csj)(<cially when tho demand foi
good, lirst-*'les8 horses exceeds tho
supply, and' where thcro is littlo or no
FARM A>tD OARDEN N0TE3.
Wheat hay isivcry inferior to alfalfa.
Poultry meeds*their breakfasts early.
Ensilage should be taken from tho
Apple trees ? should not bo planted
Brau and ground oata aro good for
A'egetables aro most easily grown od
n sandy soil.
Charcoal given in Boft food is good
Corbolized sulphur isigood for dust?
ing fowls with.
Buhach will prcscrvo cabbages from
.the green worm.
Don't allow tho weeds to get the
start of tho corn.
Peas should bo sown ns early as pos?
sible in the spring.
Poultry require their food as rcgu- j
;lurly as tho farmer.
Fruit-growing requires to be learned
(like any other business.
In the Northwest farmers will grow
more llax this year than usual.
Moist tree fruits do best on the
.northern slopes of timber ridges.
Sheep will eat a greater variety ot |
plants than any other farm animal.
Vermin cause three-quarters of the
? diseases which ore so fatal to poultry.
The size aud qualities of berries may
?bo improved by pruning in tho early
Plymouth Rocks area purely Amori
? can breed of fowls and arc as popular
Arrangements for the maple sugar
exhibition at thoiChicago Fair are pro?
If farmers would raiso moro EtocK
and grass, they would find their bill
for fertilizers diminish.
A good remedy for red spiders is
to dust tho fruit trees with powdered
sulphur when wot with dew.
Spray the ehtcken-housu occasional?
ly with keroseno emulsion. It is said
no lice will trouble the chickens.
When tho butter is taken from tho
freezer it has better keeping qualities
than butter held in ordinary cold stor?
Young turkeys requiro care. They
should bo given plenty of good food
mid guarded against cold and damp?
Don't wait for insects and fungi to
do any damage, but start in before
them with your preventatives instead
When a hen becomes orop-honnd,
tho crop must bo split with ft sharp
knife, the. dead grass removed, and
tho wound sewed up.
Bermuda gross is tho best for all lo?
calities subject to drought or inunda?
tions. Tho pasturage from it is excel?
lent, both in quality and quantity.
Whenever tho average farmer will
begin to estimate tho value of sheep od
the farm from a general advantage to
ithe farm, they will bo moro generally
V teaspoon fill of turpentino mixed
j -. ! a a pailful of ashes will prevent the
j :? ? iges of the cucumber beetle until
1 ? ? plants grow strong enough to re
! s tho enemy.
'ants should bo given plenty of
e, and weeds should not bo per
l to interfere with their growth,
? :>! from them tho fertility or
. . tare of the soil.
Repeated trials in England of tho
best method of preserving eggs have
resulted in favor of tho packing in salt.
Tho fielt prevents evaporation, and if
the tub or keg in which tho eggs ara
packed is turned frequently to prevent
tie- yolks adhering to tho shell tho eggs
: wiU'keep lor a yem,
HOUSEHOLD HATTE BS.
mm TO BOAST MEAT.
Tho glory of a piece of roosted meat
lies in tho preservation of its juices.
This may bo best dono by placing the
meat in a very hot oven, at first, until
it is lightly browned. This "sets'-' tho
juices and causes a coating to form on
tho outside to keep all juice from es?
caping. After the first fifteen minutes
tho ovon may bo allowed to cool some?
what, so that the meat has a chance to
become thoroughly cooked without be?
ing burned on tho outside.
In boiling meat tho picco should be
plunged into a pot of briskly boiling
water. It should then boil inoro slow?
ly until cooked through. In this -way
tho natural flavor and nourishing
juices aro preserved.?Now York
OLD TOTATOES MADE NEW.
At tho season of the year when pota?
toes aro opt to 1)0 strong tasting, nnd
to bo less appetizing than at any other
time, it is well to try to present them
daintily at the table. To removo tho
rank taste, soak theui several hours in
ico cold water, then wash, cut out dork
spots, and boil in tho skins. When
done, pour off water, set on back port
of stove, with a thin linen cloth spread
over them, then peel. Somo prefer to
steam them altogether. . If this way of
cooking is liked better it is advisablo
to peel them before putting over tho
fire. Potato salad is rather an appe?
tizing dish at this time of tho year.
It may bo mode by putting n layer of
sliced onions, cold potatoes, and hard
boiled eggs in turn in a deep dish, and
then pouring over tho usual mayonaiso
TAKE CARE OF THE OVEN.
Tho condition of tho average stovo
oveu in which food and pastry aro
baked is not such as to inspire ad?
miration. In fact, a perfunctory sort
of sweeping is about all tho cleaning
onr stovo ovens ever receive. In a
great many cases remnants of dishes
which hovo boiled over remain for
months charred on the oven bottom.
Now all this negligeuco in tho caro
of tho oven undoubtedly affects tho
food cooked in it. In somo parts of
England whero brick ovens aro used
tho walls of them aro whitewashed.
This purifies them, as common white?
wash, it is well known, is an excellent
disinfectant. Of course, it would not
bo possiblo to treat an ordinary iron
stove oven in this way, us tho limo
would corrode tho oven. In somo
parts of Europe, tho ovens arc tiled
aud these may be easily washed clean.
Thero is no possible objection to wash?
ing out tho oven of an iron range. If
this is dono systematically at least onco
a week from tho beginning, tho oven
will never get in the black Booty con?
dition in which it is eo frequently
When anything boils over in tho
oven, it should bo allowed to burn to
a char, as it then may be easily scraped
off and brushed cut. After this tho
oven should be thoroughly aired. It
is a grcot mistake to bako a delicate
dessert or cake or pie in the name oven
with a dish of meat which has been
flavored with onions or strong spices.
Tho flavor of tho meat will invariably
affect the more delicate dishes. Tho
shallow oloset under tho baking oveu,
commonly called tho heating closet,
whore dishes may bo temporarily kept
warm after they are cooked, should bo
kept as clean as the stove oven. It is
certainly a very disagreeable and a
hard job to clean a stove which has
been neglected, but. it is a small matter
to keep a stove clean, if you begin at
tho beginning and never allow it to
become clogged with soot and dust
and tho dobris of food. Tho flues of
every oven should be cleaned out onco
a month.?Now York Tribune.
cooiuxa ron invalids.
Broiled Beef Juice?Broil one-hull
pound of round steak ono or two min?
utes, on each side, cut in small bits,
squeeze out tho juice, salt and serve.
Stewed Beef Tea?One-half pound of
round Btcak ; cut fine and soak in one
half pint water for half an hour, lot it
heat, not boil; strain, salt and servo.
Egg Gruel?Beat well one egg, whito
aDd yolk separately; pour one cup
boiling water or milk to the yolk, add
ono teaspoouful of sugar, mix and ctir
in tho white.
Beef Essence?Put one pound of raw
beof cut fine in a glass jar set in cold
water, heat gradually, not quite to boil?
ing, and keep there two hours, strain,
season and servo hot.
Raw Beef Sandwiches?Scrape ftno
two or threo tablespoonfuls of raw,
juicy, tender beef, season slightly with
salt and pepper, spread on thin slices
of bread and toast slightly.
Stewed Beef Essence?Cut one-half
pound of beef iuto bits, salt it and in a
few minutes squeeze it; let it stand
for half an hour, heat real hot, but do
not boil it, aud servo at once.
Gruel, Cornstnrch, Bico or Wheat
Flour or Arrow Boot?Wet two tea
spoonfuls of flour in cold water or milk,
stir into ono cup boiling water, add
salt, boil five to eight minuter, thin
with one-half cup milk.
Broiled Steak?Wipe the steak with
a clean wet cloth, take a piece of ' tho
fat to grease tho gridiron and broil
over a hot fire four or five minutes ;
turn often ; put on a hot plate, season
and spread with butter.
Indian Meal Gruel?One tablespoon
ful of flour and two tablespoonfuls of
meal, wet in a littlo cold water and stir
into ono qusrt of boiling water and
with ono teaspoonful salt; boil thirty
minutes, stirring often.
Broiled Beof Tea?Broil one-halt
pound of lean, juicy beef ono minuto
on each side, cut iu small pieces, pour
over it one-half cup of boiling water,
squeeze it, salt tho jnico and serve in?
stantly. Do not heat it again.
Milk Porridge ? Boil twenty-fivo
raisins cut in quarters, in water enough
to cover them, twenty minutes ? when
plump nnd tho water hon evaporated
add two cups of milk, and, when boil?
ing, add ono teaspoonfid of flour
rubbed to a paster, let it boil up then
with a little cold milk; odd tho whito
of an egg woll beaten.
George, tho two-ond-n-holf-ycar-old
son of nonry Webber, o.* Bondhill,
Ohio, is a young giant. He weighs
sixty-four pounds, wears a 0} hat und
No. 10 shoe, ^nd the calf of hi^ Jpg ia
i ten inches in vircurnfcrcucc,
my Mouse in the ait^.
I notice tho house that I build In tho air,
With tho architect Fancy to plan It,
Wth clapboards ot clouds and with shingles
And with paint of aerial amethyst,
Stands moro firmly the shock ol Time's rudo
wear and tear,
And Is not so liko to get out of ropalr
As my houso with foundations^! granite.
And though scoffers may Jeer at my houso In
Wlth gibes that nro glib and sarcastic,
Those hard-headed fellows of dollare and
Whoso wholollfo consists In collection of
Hnvo never yet boon In ray parlors up thero,
And sat In my easy nnd drcom-hauntod chair
In tho waving cloud turrets fantastic.
No mortgngo, yo thrifty collectors of reals,
Con you clap on my cloud-bosomcd men*
No real cstnto broker can enter Its walls,
For tho drawbridge comC3 up, and tho port
culls falls :
Henoo, yo vulgar profane, with your prido
No welcomo for you ; so ariso and go honco
From tho homo of tbo souI'b expansion!
Then stay with your ledges, aud cipher nnd
And jcor at tho houso of my vision;
I, snugly enconcod la Its vapory walls,
Or, walking entranced In Its shadowy halls,
Can laugh In my turn nt your ciphering clan,
That has mado such a tragla distortion of
And hold your whole trlbo In derision.
?Sam 'Walter Foss tn Ynnkoo Blade.
l'lTH AND POINT.
A music rack?Tho poor performer.
A trado secret?how to get tho beet
of the other fellow.?Truth.
Columbus's egg was ono of tho best
jokes ever cracked.?Truth.
Tho quinine manufacturer seldom
complains of his bitter lot.?Buffalo
Tho average man doesn't got much
of a show in a ten-cent circus. ?Buffalo
To address an army officer below his
grado is to offer him a rank insult.?
A boor and au inflated egotist nro
infrequently fouud in tho name hide.
?Kansas City Star.
A really pretty girl is not often vain.
She is simply a candid and intelligent
Tho man who was dissatisfied witb
tho menagerie said it wa6 a beastly
Not ono man in twenty can give a
sensible reason, if you ask him, why
ho koeps a dog. ?Bain's Horn.
Nowadays a man is morn apt to bo
applauded for saying a good thing than
for doing a good thing.?Truth.
Gladys?"My mind is mado up."
Vivian?"Thanks, dear. I knew the
rest of you was."?Harvard Lampoon.
"What term is applied to a man that
signs auothcr man's name on a cheek?"
"Ten years generally."?Harvard Lam?
There are accidents that nrcpoculini
to tho seasons. The balloonist gets the
worst of it in tho fall.?Binghamton
"Why did sho marry that old man?"
"Ho remembered her birthday and
threatened to tell when it was."?Chi?
Ono of tho poets says wo can't livo
without cooks, and many ladies soy
they can't livo with them. ?Philadel?
Sho?"Charley Touchall never ceeras
to work. What does ho do for a liv?
ing?" He (with a sigh) ? "His friends."
Clerk?"I would like to get off to
bury my aunt." Employer?"Very
wall, but don't let it occur again."?
In tho lino arts galleries- The Con?
noisseur? "That is a Vandyke." Mine.
Parvenu?"Bcally? I thought it wan
on oil painting."?Chicago Record.
Tho pon Is mightlor thou tho sword ,
The saying's truthful quite,
Excopllug whoa your fountain pcu
Determines not to write.
Tommic?"Do yon know what
draught horses aro like?" Freddie
"'Course I do ; they ore the ones thnt
travel like tho wind."?Chicago Inter
Treetop?"A dollar for pulling ono
tooth?" Dentist?"Yes; yon tools
gas." Troetop?"How much a thou?
sand do you charge for that?"?Brook?
Townley? Aren't tlie heavy dowe
out in tho suburbs annoying?" Bnsti
ens?"Oh, no. I got used to them. I
belong to so many secret societies, you
Popper?"That boy of mine ic n reg?
ular phenomenon." Bachcller (wearily)
?"In what way?" Popper ? "Six
years old and never said a bright thing
in his life."?Pittsburg Dispatch.
Tho Butcher (haughtily) ? "Mndoni,
my reputation rests upon my meat."
Doubting Customer-"Well, if it's a3
tough as that last steak you sent me, I
feel sorry for yon. "--Buffalo Courier.
Teacher (in physiology class)?
"Now, Johnny, how many senses havo
you?" Johnny (very promptly)?
"Five." "Correct. Now, what nro
they?" "All pennies."?Rochester
A careful young man uptown when
calling on his "beet girl" always an?
nounces himself by knocking. If ho
were to come in with a ring" it might
be considered a proposal.- -Philadel?
Young Collegian?"If only people
knew ns much an they think they
know?" Voss.v; Graduate (wickedly)
?"Why, then the undergraduate)
would bo delivering lectures to thj
"Gusher is not very happv in his
ehoico of adjectives." "Why so?"
"Miss Gnmmn flshod f??r a compliment
by askinrr what lie thought of her
slippers." "And what did ho say?"
'Ho said they wer;; immense."--Chi?
"I never could understand, Mr.
Widehat, why it in they'cnll vour part
of the country tho 'Wool'.-' West.' "
"It wouldn't bo any mystery, my dear
Miss Hnrlcmbridgc. if "you" knew tho
number of Eastern lambs sheared out