Newspaper Page Text
That Would Be a More Accurate Da*
i alarnatioa than Sandpaper.
Sandpaper as now made la false to
Its name, for It bas no sand about It,
the place of that material being now
taken usually by powdered glass, which
does Its work with vastly greater effect
Ono of tho most Important operations
In the fabrication of sandpaper Is tho
pulverization of tho glass Into powder
of tho different grades of fineness. Com?
monly an iron mortar is used for this
purpose, n heavy Iron pestle being tho
crushing Instrument. Stamping ma?
chinery Is better. It consists of a stout
box, whose iron side walls servo as a
base for tho stamping machinery. Iu
the box, which can be closed by a wood?
en door to prevent waste of material
aud also Injury to the workman, aro
two Iron cylinders In which play tho
stamps. These crush the glass, turning
on their own axles us they work. '?
For grading tho powder several shift?
ing cylinders nro necessary, covered
with gauze of different mesh. Begin?
ning with tho coarsest tho workman
proceeds gradually to tho finest, re?
sitting each tluio that which pusses
through the network.
Tho paper to bo used In the manu?
facture must be good, stroug and rather
long-fibred; It must also be free from
knots nnd Irregularities, and It there
bo any such they must bo plnued off.
If they should be overlooked, tlipy
would Interfere with the proper use of
the snudpaper; the knots would pro?
trude through the glue, nnd little ridges
aud channels would result, making It
impossible to.smooth off a surface
evenly with the paper.
The paper Is cut into largo sheets,
spread on work tnbles, fastened down,
and then painted, by means of n largo
brush, with a thin, even coat of hot
glue. If the glue Is too thin and tho
paper of bad ipiullty, the glue souks
into the paper, so that which re?
mains Is not of suflicleut consistency to
hold the glass. Thus results a sand?
paper from which the glass easily rubs
off, or which, Iu places, has no glass
at all, or not enough. This is notably
the case with the coarser .varieties, in
which the layer of glue must be put on
with exceeding care Hint the relatively
large fragments of glass, which enn In
no manner be soaked with the binding
material, may he held fast in It. On
the other hand, If the layer of glue Is
too thick or tlic cousistenco too viscous,
the outer part hardens too quickly, so
I that tho glass powder cauuot embed
itseir In It.
When the glue has been spread on
the paper Iho powdered glass must be
sifted on through an appropriate sieve.
This operation also requires considera?
ble skill, through not so much ns the
Spreading of the glue. For tho glass
must nbt bo sifted merely In such a
manner ns to use a given ciuantity to
a sheet, but so that each sheet may be
covered evenly. Even then nil the
- powder will not stick, and some of tho
particles lie upon others without touch?
ing the glue; these cau be shaken off
by a slight movement of the paper.
When the superfluous glass powder
has been removed a wooden roller Is
passed lightly over the paper to press
the particles of glass as firmly ns pos?
sible into the glue and to form a per?
fectly even surface.
Revolution in .Men's Dross.
"There is one thing about the bicycle
craze," said a tailor to a New York
World reporter. "I believe it is going to
revolutionize men's attire, which has
been so somber for so many years.
Dress reformers have done much for
women, but men's clothing Is practical?
ly tho snmo year In and year out.
"The leaders of fnslilon nre not ns a
? rule robust, nnd the chaps who lend
cotillons have smnll legs. If the wheel
develops their calves, ns It will, I bo
llcvo the age of short clothes will re?
turn, nnd knee-breeches for evening
dress may be seen again In drawing
rooms. Bloomers nro popular, for a
shapely woman likes folks to know It.
Thin-legged men have a chance to build
up their calves Iu summer for the win?
Uocs lln Chow or Sniolco?
II so, f% is only a question of time whoa
bright oyoa grow dim, manly stops lose llrm
ness. nnd the vigor and vitality so onjoyablo
now will bo destroyed forever. Clet n book,
titled "D?n't Tobacco Hplt or Hmoko Your
Lifo Away," nnd lenru how No-To-JJnc.with?
out physical or lluanolni risk, cures tho to?
bacco liai.il, brings back tho vigorous vital?
ity that will make you both happy. No-To
Ilnc sold and guaranteed to cure by Drug?
gists everywhere, llook free. Ad. Sterling
Ilemedy Co., New York City or Chicago.
A brown coloring mattor is now extracted
from tho leaves of u vino.
The pleasant oftcct and perfect safety with
which Indies may uso tho California liquid lax?
ative, 8yrup of Figs, under nil conditions
makes it thoir fnvorlto remedy. To got tho
u ne und goiiulno article, look for tho name of
tho California Fig Syrup Co., printed near tho
bottom of the package.
The steamship Paris koeps up steam with
ho aid of 51 furnaco dre3. ?
Ono CUvm Relief.
Tt Is en oisy tobe mistaken about Indiges?
tion, nnd think there Is s>mo other trouble.
TIim euro 1h H pans Tabulvs. Ono tubule glros
relief. Ask any drusglst. '
Krurje hns made ovor 20.000 guns of largo
oallborfor tho armies of Europo.
Dr. Kilmer's Swami'-Koot enros
all Kidney and bladder troubles.
Pamphlet and consultation froo.
Laboratory Binghumpton, N.Y.
Btroot rofuso in Italy is sold by public
Alnort Ilurch, Wont Toledo, Ohio, nays:
"Hall's Catarrh Caro saved my life." Writ<
him for particular.). Sold by Druggists, 7uc
Mrs. Wlnslow'sSoothing Syrup for children
Had hi lift, softens the gums, reduces Infliima
lion,allays pain, cures wind colic.25c.ubottlo
I cannot speak to highly of Plan's Core for
Consumption.?Mm, Frank llonss. 215 W. 2Jd
-Stroot, Now York, October IB, 1S9I.
1 f nfTlieted with Eorooycsuao Dr. Isaac Thomp
ion's Eyo-wntor. Drugclstssollnttirjcperbottlo
A Good Appetite
Indicates n healthy condition of tho system
and tho laok of It shows that tho stomach
and digestive organs nro weak and debili?
tated, Hood's Barsaparilla bas wondorful
powor to tono and strengthen those organs
and to orento an appetite. By doing this it
restore.; tho body to health and prevents ot
faoks of disease. Iiumoniber
Is tho only truo blood purillor prominontly
before the publto oye today.
Hnorl'c Pille lh8?',ordlnn'rp'"???
UUU t? rillb family catbirtlc S3 et?.
TOPICS) OK INTKRICST RKKiATlVlS
TO 1'AlUi AND GARDEN.
m083 ON apple trke3.
Tho appearance of moss on npplo
trees shows that thoro is an excess of
water in tho soil, and this occasions
lessened vitality. Washing tho trunk
with water in whioh potash has beon
dissolved will remove the moss, but it
will como again uuless tho oaueo is re?
moved. Tho land should bo drained
for orchards as for other crops. It is
by undcrdroining that tho soil is
dcopened, bo that tho subsoil will hold
tho moisture in shape for tho roots to
nso. Stagnant water is of no benefit,
and is nioro oftou the cause of moss on
trees than any other ono thing.?Bos?
curing green hides in warm weather.
Wo cure groeu hide-, iu wurin
weathor, writes "A. D. F.," by cover?
ing tho flesh sido with salt, as soon as
taken from tho carcass; using eight
quarts of salt for a lurgo hide aud less,
accordingly, for a smaller ono. When
a tingle hide is to bo cured, after
spreading the salt wo fold aud then
roll tho hide iu us small a compass in
possible aud take it to market. When
several hides nro to ho cured at a time,
ilret removo tho horns, tail bones aud
sinows; then spread the largest hide
on the floor, flesh side up, and cover
evenly with aalt. On this place tho
next larger-1 hide, liefh sido up, head
on head, tail on tail, aud cover evonly
with salt. Stretch out all uneven
parts bo ob to givo tho hides a chance
to drain. Contiuuo iu this manner
until all tho hides are used. Lot them
lay ovor a week, thou shako oft' tho re?
maining salt, tio up and ship.?New
New Jersey is tho most northerly
Stale whoro tho sweet potato is exten?
sively oultivatod, although crops havo
matured at tho experiment stations of
Nebraska and Now York, says a re?
cent farmers' bulletin. Tho sweet
potato is most- commonly propagated
by means of buds from roots planted
iu hotbeds, and tho shoots as they de?
velop aro planted iu tho hold. Out?
ings from these vines are often rootod
and transplanted for the main crop.
Tho plant rarely matures seed iu the
United States. Ninety days after tho
acts aro transplanted early varieties
will bo ready to dig for use. Tho best
growth is made iu warm, sandy, well
drained, au.l oveu dry, soil. The
greatest caro in harvesting is neces?
sary to prevent bruiting tho roots in
haudling, for tho skin is very tender
aud wounded roots uro suro to decay.
Thoy are uest preserved by being kept
in a temperature of seventy-live de?
grees for n fortnight after digging,
and then lowering tho tomporaluro
and keeping it during tho winter at
from fifty to sixty degrees iu a dry at
ltnthcr moro than two-thirds of the
weight of tho sweot-potato root is
water. Three pounds of tho roots af?
ford as much dry matter as ouo pound
of corn, but only about half as much
protein. On sandy soil, howovcr,
more dry matter to tho acre can bo se?
cured with a crop of sweet potatoes
than with a crop of corn. Tho youug
loaves and tender sprouts of tho pluul
tiro sometimes prepared and eaten
like spinach, and tho vines, although
thoy aro usually left to decay in tho
field, can be profitably used as food
for cattle. Thoy aro hotter foil green
than cured iuto hay, and thoy cannot
bo successfully mado into ensilage,
a useful suitort eor tomatoes.
Tho illustration herewith shows a
Eitpport for tomatoes that has several
special advantages, for while it serves
its purpose well as a support for both
tho upper and lowor branches, these
supports on cithor sido are slightly
SmWICEAni.E TOMATO TRELLIS1.
iuolinod away from tho row, causing
the plant to spread out from its cen?
tre, thus lotting tho sun aud air in to
ripen tho fruit within. With most
tomato supports tho plant, with its
abundant leaves and many branches,
is held together bo that tho fruit
within 1b not only difficult to roach,
but much of it decays because of want
of air and suulight. Light frames like
those illustrated can bo mado of any
length desired, aud driven in besido
tho rows whon tho plants aro bogin
ing to throw out branches.?Now Eng?
Beans .thrive best on a soil that is
light and warm. Clover sod is tho
host laud. While thoy will grow and
maturo crops on ground whoro noth?
ing elso will live, it is also true that,
if tho best results aro desired, fertili?
zation aud cultivation aro as uecorsary
for them a3 for any other crop. It is
surprising that thoy should bo so
much noglcctcd, as they always com?
mand n good price, and are profitable.
Thoir culture is largely limited to cer?
tain sections of tho country, Now
York, Ohio aud Indiana heing tho
j growers of this crop. But Now York
is tho chief hoan producer. It is esti?
mated that noarly half of all tho boons'
grown in tho United States aro raised
iu that State, and Brockport is said
to bo the greatest bean market iu tho
Not being a hardy vegetable, beans
should not bo planted whilo thero is
any danger of frpst. As thoy havo a
short growing Boason, this is au ad?
vantage, aR thoy may bo mado to toko
tho'plaoo of ?omo early crop which
has failed. Tho best returns aro ob?
tained by plauting iu drills thrco feet
apart and tho plants six inohos apart
iu tho row. This will givo tho plant
plonty of room to grow and mature
If plautod in hills, as is best for field
crops whoro hand culturo ie limited,
fivo beans should bo deposited [a a
hill, tho h?ls being o> foot apart from
centre to ooatro.
Boans should not bo caliivutod when
tho ?low is on, as tho flrio soil, by ad
boring to tho leaves, will injure tho
growth of tho plant. Up to tho timo
of blossoming thoy should have fro
quent shallow cultivation, but should
not bo disturbed oftor thoy commonco
to bloom, as it will provont thoir sot?
Most beans aro harvested with a
beau, harvester, whioh cats tho roots
just bolow tho Burfnoe of tho ground,
two rows beiug carried togothor by
tho machine, and forked out iu pilos
to euro. If pullod by baud, two rows
should ho takou at a timo and piled
together on tho right, roots up. This
will givo epaco to drivo tho wagon on
whioh they aro to bo drawn. Caro
should ho taken to handlo tho vines so
as to provont waste by shelling whon
handling in tho Hold. With largo
crops tho threshing is done with a
special separator run by a throahing
lnaohino; othors uso n flail or tread
out tho boans with horsos. In tho lat?
ter ease the animals should not bo
shod, ob ehoea aro opt to split tho
beau. TLo beau vinos form excellent
fodder for cows aud sheep, but should
not bo fed too frooly.?Now York
making a stonk drain.
A stono drain ia not suitable for
soft ground, as a wot swamp, as tho
etouo will oortainly settle down into
tho mud and fall out of plr.co and un?
do the wholo work. Tho most suitable
method will bo to iirst dig tho ditches,
and leave thorn opon for a year or
two, to givo timo for tho soft ground
to settle, and then lay ties on boards
at tho bottom of tho ditohos. Tho
a stonk drain.
bonrdB may bo of tho commonest stulT,
aud as cheap as may bo procurable.
Thoy will uot decay in this situatiou,
aud will keep the tiles iu placo per?
manently. Oa solid ground a stono
drain is tho best of all kinds, except?
ing, perhaps, that tho larger ditches
will cost more to dig thau tho smaller
ouo8 for a tilo drain. But as tho
stono costs nothing, and tho removal
oi it from tho land is worth somo
| thing, tho drain of sto'uo is the ohoap
| est in tho end, ns well as at tho begin?
ning. Tho etouo chould bo laid with
euro to get room for tho water aud
p.rovent tho earth from being washed
from behind tho walls. Tho diagram
shows how the stones should bo laid
for this result. Tho top stones aro
chosen for thoir flatness and thinness,
so as to fit closely ; tho spaces betweou
aro covered by small pies, that tho top
soil may not fall through into tho
draiu. The bottom of tho drain should
bo hollowed a littlo to koop tho water
in tho middle.?Now York Titnos.
farm ani> oardisn notes.
Don't allow tho cows to bo driven by
Bavo tho hoifor calves from tho host
Tho churn should not bo moro than
half full of cream whon beginning to
Thrift will work wonders on dairy
premises from making tho cowfl givo
milk to preserving its quality pure.
Homo dairymen eveu invert the
cover only, aud let it rest on supports
over tho opon cau. This ia not good
praotice, howover, as tho milk is In
danger of smothering.
To dostroy rod outs sprinkle borax
around tho atoms and roots. This is
tho best remedy wj know of. Some?
times raw bonos aro used as traps. Tho
ants cougrcgrato on them, and aro
easily captured, but this is a tedious
Tho most careful and thorough
dairy patron never loft his milk ex
p-jsod on rainy nights, aud uovor de?
livered poor milk. Ho possossed a
model farm, but ho had mado it bo by
systematic cultivation, as it was natu?
rally a sterilo one.
Vases, owing to tho small quantity
of soil thoy contain, and tho necessity
thoro is, many times, to back tho soil
up above tho rim, will rcquiro lots of
attention, especially with regard to
water. A covering of sphagnum moau
will aid considerably iu kcoping tho
Tho destruction of trcC3 plantod for
ornament or shade in cities, excopt iu
ca60 of obsoluto necessity for publio
improvements, is a universally unpop?
ular polioy. It ia regarded justly as
vandalism. Arborcido is a serious of?
fense when not committed necessarily
or under cxtonuatiug circumstances.
Ducks aro very prolific fowl?, con
Bcquoatly thoy aro prolltablo to breed.
They lay well, beginning loto in Feb?
ruary, and coutinuo until September,
when molting brings thorn into pain,
aud thoy cannot lay and suffer both
at one timo; thoy can, in a way, but
seldom do it. Tho prico of duoks aud
thoir eggs usually rulo ton [coute
higher than chickens. Tho demaud
for them has bceu on tho iucreaso for
80verol years past, boiufj proforred for
some reasons to chicken by our moro
Tho hatching of partridges or quail,
whilo it has been repeatedly tried by
countrymen, has not been very suc?
cessful. Tho young aro often found
iu tho fields, nnd taken and placed un?
der a hen that had chicks of tho same
ago; but iu nearly ovory caso tho
young partridges would rofuso to cat
and soon die. Their propagation
seems beyond their own parents ; and
they aro unliko tho turkey, that has
bcon brought from its 'wild ctato to
that of a very useful adjunct to our
collection of domeatio poultry.
WATf-u AS A MRAS8 OF 1NTB.>
DUC1NO DISISASK GKRMS.
Bacteria Thrlvo In Puro Witter nud
Porlsh in Turbid Itlvcrs?Valuo
of Filtering?Persons Sus
ccptlblo to Buctorlu.
PltOFESSOK KAY L VNKE3
tor bos givon us, in Borao re?
cent addresses, a most inter?
esting and instructive review
of what has thus far been learned
about bnoteria and thoir relation to
tho honlth ot niau. That that relation
is intimate, eaye tho Now York Tri?
bune, is no longer a matter of doubt.
Nothing is moro cortnin in modionl
nnd biological soieueo thau that vari?
ous diseases urn directly oaiiHod by tho
introduotion of spcoiflo baetoria into
tho human system aud thoir pernicious
activity thorc. Among such diseases
are anthrax, glanders, tetanus, tuber
culosis, leprosy, diphtheria, typhoid
fover, Asiatie eludem and tho doadly
"rolaxing fovor" of tho East.
Tho diseaso-induciug baotoria aro
taken into tho system iu various ways,
but chiefly iu food aud drink. Wator
is perhaps tho cotnmouest medium. It
is tho especial vohielo for tho intro?
duotion of typhoid nnd cholera gorms.
1 Voplo having regurd for thoir wel?
fare, thoroforc, when such plaguen aro
rife, sook tho purest wutor obtainable.
In Hub, however, thoy somotimes orr.
Professor jLaukoBtor'tolls us that suuh
baetoria will livo and thrive and mul?
tiply iu tho purest, even in distilled
wator; providod, of course, that they
onco got into it. On tho other hand,
in ordinary rivor water, turbid and
impure, thoy quiokly parish. Tho
roason ot this Booming anomaly iu
simple. Tho river wntor is swarm?
ing with other bnoteria which
aro innocuous to man, lint
which nro relentlessly hostile to the
cholera and typhoid gorms. This fact
has, tho Profesaor Bays, bcou ascer?
tained boyoud dispute, nnd it seems
to ruvcnl it singularly beautiful and
bouetieont provision of nature for
man's safety, without which the lakes
aud rivers of tho world would soon
become hopelessly polluted aud the
ravages of discuses incomparably juoro
doadly aud extensive thau at presout.
These facts lead to u consideration
of the question of filtering wator. If
dono properly, suoh a process is high?
ly valuable. Tho great lilter bods of
sand used by tho London water oom
pauies transform foul water into an
oxooptioually wholesomo supply. They
do this not mechanically, by straining
tho water through minute interstices,
but thoy have what wo might term an
aseptic, or oven n biological, action.
Tho lower layers of sand become coat?
ed with jolly-liko massos of baotoria?
that is, of the ordinary, putrefactive
baetoria. A purist might think those
fouled tho illtors. On tho contrary,
thoy give thorn their roal efficiency.
The wntor has to percolate through
these layers of baetoria, nnd as it doos
eo tho noxious bacteria it may have
contained nro infallibly destroyed.
ThiB is not tho caso in tho ordinary
domestic lilter, except, perhaps, witti
roforenoo to typhoid germs. The lut
tor mny bo intorcoplod and destroyed.
So far as all others aro concerned, the
lilter is moro apt to fill tho water with
thorn than to rid it of them. Profes?
sor Laukcstor tells us that every do?
mestic fitter iu which tho same filter?
ing rontorial is used again aud again
should bo sterilized by boiling overy
day. If not, within a week it will In ?
come, a rogulnr nursery for bacteria,
and increase their number iu tho "fil?
tered" wator it hundred-fold.
It is well known, of course, that
bacteria induce disease only iu those
porsous whoso tissues aro iu a recep?
tive or morbid stale. Some persons
may drink cholera germs by tho pint
with impunity becauso their organs
and tissues aro in such a condition of
health as to bo ablo to resist their
attacks. How tho tissues are made
susceptible to morbific inlluoucofl is an
interesting iiold of inquiry. Somc
timcB it is by general nnd chronic
constitutional changes. Sometimes it
is by neu to attacks of othorwiso
trilling ailmouts. A little unsound
fruit, for example, which of itself
would oauso but slight disorder, mny
prepare tho soil for the rapid and
fatal propagation of cholera germs.
Curiously enough, too, just ns Bomo
bacteria destroy othors, so somo pro
paro tho way for others, aud assist
thorn in their deadly work. Tho com?
mon baetoria of putrefaction nro
harmless, und so, taken alone, nro
those of tetanus. Hut tho ono pre?
pares tho system for tho rocoption of
tho other, und tho two together do
disastrous work. Happily, loo, it is
possiblo by artificial means to fortify
tho system ngninst morbilio bacteria
and render it practically immune, and
also to poison nnd destroy tho bno?
teria after they havo been introduced.
Tho power to do this appears to rosido
largely iu tho serum of tho blood,
and in tho thyroid gland, and from
tho study of these, and other anti?
bacterial agents Professor Lankoster
expects to soo somo of the greatest
future triumphs of tho healing art.
Antidotes lor .Snake Bib s.
Professor T. It. Frasor, of tho Uni?
versity of Edinburgh, has communi?
cated to tho Edinburgh Royal Sooioty
an account of his oxporiinents cxteud
iug over six years in rendering ani?
mals immune against tho venom of
tho cobra and other serpents.
Tho Professor, by administering to
guinea-pig?,whito rats, rabbits ami oats
successivo non-lothal doso.s of venom,
has again and again mado them per?
fectly indifferent to a lethal doso from
ten to fifty times an largo as tho nor?
mal one. His discovery, which will
bo complotod when ho has oxporimont
od on humau boiugs, iB regarded ns im ?
portatit ono to India, where tho yearly
destruction of lifo ia 20,000. ?Wash?
A Statesman's Humor.
Ono timo William Evtirts was in nn
elovator at the State Department in
Washington when it happened to be
loaded with an unusual number ot
BtrangerB, presumable applicants for
positions as foreign Ministers nnd
ConBuls. Turning to a friend, who
was with him, Evarts said : "This is
tho largest collcotio.i for foreign mis?
sions that I havo seen taken up for
aomo time."?Now Orleans Picayune.
Tlio Making ol Map*,
Probably very fow poopio ander?
stand tho difllonlties aud complications
that oriso in tho preparation of maps.
It ia ono of tho most puzzling of tasks
to so arrange lines and points that tho
reproduction shall bo absolutely cor?
rect. Indeed, to all intents and pur
po8op, as Eomo experts claim, it ia im?
possible to mako thorn so?at loast so
that thoy will convoy a porfcot idoa of
tho topography of tho country to tho
st ranger's oyo.
It is altogether likely that tho out
como of map-making will bo tho pane
ramio photograph. Imagine, for ex?
ample, tho Hudson River in photo,
graph from Now York City to Albany.
Starting from tho Battery, a photo
oould bo taken for every thousand feet
or more, according to tho plat adop?
ted. Put upon a continuous panora?
mic roll, thoso viows could bo mcrgod
ouo into another, so that the porspoo
tivo aud all would bo approximately
oorreol. Two of these panoramas
oould bo arranged ou a stage iu V
shape, tho open end to tho audiouoe.
Tho two ilelds would move iu absolute
harmony, and as thoy Hlowly unrolled,
what a wondor of laudseapu beauty
would bo tlisphvyod 1 Ono might iu
this way givo tho most porfcot viows
of any locality or scenery ou tho faeo
of tho globe, aud tho result wi u'd bo
a knowledge of tho topography of tho
country impossible to obtain by any
othor means. Accurate coloring, thu
addition of the animals and tho in?
habitants aud tho peculiarities of tho
region could be brought out iu the
most perfect fashion.
What could bo more delightful tha i
a continuous picture of a voyage up
or down tho Amazon, or through tho
almost unexplored countries of Africa?
Scriptural panoramas of this sort,
the journeys of tho tribes, tho eoursos
ot the pilgrims, thu path followed by
tho shepherds of Ituthlohein and simi?
lar incidents of places would bo of un?
told interest and value as educators.
The future of topography has grout
promise, and with the camera a i an
auxiliary, what wondors it might
bring to us! -Now York Ledger.
Old Timo Commoiiennioitl Cost it me,*.
Tho college youth of tho period who
goes to his coinnieneenient ball iu a
Tuxodo jacket, or arrays himself for
class day m whalovor hot-weather
clothes tho contemporary modes per?
mit, may bo interested to know how
seriously his forerunner in tho early
part of the century took tho matter of
costume. This is what a graduate of
the University of North Carolina woro
at the commencement ball in tho your
181K : "'My coat win of broadcloth ot
sea-groou color, high velvet collar to
match, swallow-tail, pockets outside
with lapels, aud largo silver-plated
buttons; while satill dainusk vest,
showing the udgu of u bluo under
vest; a wide opening for bosom ru tiles,
and no shirt collar. Tho neok was
dross od with a layer of four or flvo
thruo-coruerod cravats, artistically
hud, and Rurmouulud with a cambric
stock, pleated and buckled behind.
My pantaloons were white Canton
crape, lined with pink muslin, and
showing a poaoh-blossoni tint ; stock
ingH were tlosh-colorod silk; low-out
pumps with shiny buckles, lily hair
wuh very black, very long, and queued.
I should ho tuk'on for a lunatic or a
harlequin in sitoh n costume now."
Perhaps ho would, for fashions
change in eighty years. Still, a
young mau dressed ill the garb of our
great-grandfathers must have boon an
imposing sight. Clothes did more for
mou in those days than thoy do now ;
and for a diffident youth just begin?
ning to make his polite advances to
tho young ladius it must havo boon a
soitroo of ooulldonoe aud roossurauoo
to have so much outside of his more
personal self to submit to the approval
of society.?Harper's Weekly.
The Secret ol Ulanils.
In a cortaiu drawing room tho othor
afternoon wo woro talking of somo
well-kuown superstitions, and among
others, of that socrot room In tho
Castle of Glands, which, Sir Walter
Scott tails us, is known only to tho
Karl of Strathnioro, his hoir-apparent,
and ouo other person of whom tho
Earl may choose lo confide. Ono ot
our party told us an amusing story
coucermng this aooret chamber of
Glamis. Once, whon stopped at tho
castlo iu autumn, a curious and indis?
creet visitor took advatitago of tho
host's absence to suggest a plan by
which tho whoroabouts of tho hiddon
chamber should bo rovoalod.
Tho castlo was full, uu.l it was pro?
posed that each guest should hasten
to his or hor room and liaug his or her
pillow out of tho window, whilo ono
visitor was told to mark oft such win?
dow as displayed no white signal. Iu
tho middle of carrying out this pretty
plan tho master of tho castlo returned
unexpectedly, and groat was hi?? wrath
at this uiisooinly curiosity. Novor
had tho owner of Glamis appeared iu
so towering a passion. Tho display of
temper is hardly to bo woudored at,
for the Glamis secret is regarded with
an extraordinary seriousness by tho
Stratkmoro family, aud, when im?
parted to tho heir, has been known to
till him with a gloom hard to dispel.
Queerest ol Lead Pencil*. '
A German oxohaugo gives nu ac?
count of a bit o? smuggling rascality
which would do credit to tho sharpest
of malefactors. Tho Kassian Govern?
ment knew lhat counterfeit paper
money was being brought into tho
country, crossing the frontier at a cer?
tain place, hut for a long time could
not ascertain how it got in.
At lust the Bchome was rovoalcd by
au accident. Tho money was rolled
tightly into tho holes in tho ecntro of
lead pencils, tho cuds of which woro
filled with graphite us usual. A ease
of pencils fell from a wagon as it was
being inspected ; the inspector put a
pencil in his pocket, and utter a timo
?shurpoucd it and used it. I'ruscntly,
of course, he camo to tho hollow ami
pulled out a counterfeit bank bill.?
A Maine Brink Cure.
A Saco man has no uso. for tho Keo
loy euro. In order to prevent his
breath tolling his wifo wimt ho hail
been drinking, ho swallowed liireo
moth halls. He says tho very thought
of whisky noiv makes him sick.?
Lowiston (Ale.) .Journal.
WE LEAD THE WORLD.
In the Production of Metal, tho United
States Stauda Pirat.
In 1800 the United States produced
one-third of tho world's pig Iron.
In 1SUU tho United States produced
ovor one-third of tho world's Btcel.
Our copper production Is more than
two-fifths that of all other countries.
Kvory mineral and metal of vuluo In
the arts or Industries Is found within
tho limits of tho United States.
Tho United States produced, In ISfifl,
over one-fourth of the ontlro amount
of Iron mined on the clone.
In 1825 tho United States became
prominent as n lend producer, and has
sluco enormously Increased tho world's
In tho production of steel the United
States stands tlrst, largely exceeding
tho output of Kreut Britain, and being
uenrly ?oublo that of Germany.
The United States produced tu 1SO0
over two-lifths of all the sliver mined in
the world, tho next sliver-producing
country being Mexico, with a product
The United States produced almost
one-third of the ttital product of eoal
mined during tho year IHM. The total
amount produced by all the coal-mlulng
nations was over halt n billion short
Tho United States furnished in 1800
28 per cent, or nearly ouo-thlrd of the
total amount of gold produced by the
world. Its leading competitors uro Aus?
tria ant] Russia, the former In the same
year producing about $:tO,000,iHM> und
tho latter producing about $21,000,000.
Many articles of food become poison?
ous under certain conditions. The po?
tato should not be eaten when it lias
commenced to germinate, or when It Is
green from having been partly exposed
to the air while growing. The green
parts and tho "cycu" contain an un?
doubted poison, which has a sharp
taste, and Is capable of producing par?
alysis or even death. Mushrooms
should always be carefully vorlttcd by
a person thoroughly acquainted with
their peculiarities. All animal food In
an advanced slate of decomposition Is
more or less poisonous; for this reason
tinned llsh Is never to bo (rusted, as
the fleh uro often stale when tinned,
Mussels, again, are always poisonous,
although the seat anil nature of tho
poison bus never been discovered.
Ho Will Kot Vrorrn Himself,
(From the Troy, JV. 1'., Timea.) \ %.
B. W. Edwards, of Lanslngburgb, was pros^
tratcd by sunstroke during tho war shd it
bos entailed on him peculiar nud serious
conaequoucos. At tho proscnt writing Mr. E.
Is a prominent officer of Post Lyon, O. A. lt.,
Conors, nnd a post aid do ennip on the staff
of tbo aoiumaudor-iu-ehluf of Atbauy Co. In
tho Interview with a reuortor ho sold:
"I wu i wounded and Kent }n tho hospital
nt Winchester, They sent mo, together with
othere, to Washington?a rldo of about 103
miles. Having no room In tho box earn wo
wero placed face up on thu bottom of flut
cars. The sun boat dowu upon our unpro?
tected bunds. When I reached Washington
I was inseusiblo und was uuconsolons for ten
days white In the hospital. An aboceesgath?
ered In my ear and hr< joj It has been gath?
ering and brenkliiK ever since. Tho result
of this 100 nille rldo und sunstroke was heart
disease, nervous prostration, lnsomnln and
rheumatism; a completely shattered system
which gave mo no rest nicht or day. An n
last resort I took romo l'ink Pills nud they
helped mo to n wonderful degree. My rheu?
matism Is gene, my heart failure, dyspepsia
nnd constipation are nliout gone, und tho nb
sccsa in my cur bus stopped discharging und
my bend feels ns clear us a bell, when boforo
It felt ns though It would hurst, nud my onou
shuttered nervous system Is now nearly
sound. Look ut those lingers,'.! Sir. Kdwnrds
paid, "do tlibv look ns If there wns any rhou
inntlsni there'/" Ho moved hit) lingers rapid?
ly and freely and strode about tho room llko
n young hoy. "A year aim Umso lingers wero
gnarled at thu jolnti nun to stiff that I could
not hold a pan. Sly knees would swell up
und I could not straighten my legs out. Sly
ioluts would Bipienk when I moved them.
1 hin Is the living Irnth.
"When 1 came to think tlmt I wns going
to bo crippled with rheumatism, together
with the rest of nvy nltiTfriii^Limlyou lifo
sooined not worth living. I suffiirT^-rrlrrfiL?..?
desnondunoy. l cannot begin to tell you."
Hiihl Sir. Edwards, as he drew a long hreatii,
"what my loollug Is at present. I think If
you lifted ten years right oft my lifo and loft
mo prime and vigorous at forty-soven, I
could feel no bettor, I was nn old mnu ami
could only drug myself luilnfully about the
house. Now I can wiilk off without any
trouble. Thai la itwlf " continued Sir.
Edwards, "would bo siiluolont to give mo
csusa for rtlololiig, but when you oomoto
Consider Hint I urn no longer wluil you
uiifcht cull nervous, und (hut my heurt Is np
|inreiltly nearly healthy, and that I can sleep
nights, you may realize why I may appear to
speak in extravagant praise of rink rills.
These pills ipttot my nerves, tnko that awful
depression Irom my hcud und ut tho nnmu
tluio unrloh iny hlood. Tlioro seemed to 1st
no olraulatlon in my lower limbs a year ngo,
my Icon being cold and dummy ut times.
Now the circulation (hero Is ns full nud as
brisk as at any other purl of my body. I
used to ho so llglit-hi'iidod and dizzy from
my nervous disorder Unit 1 frequently full
while crossing the Hour of my house, Kprlng
Ik com lug iiml I never felt better in my life,
mid I am looking forward to a busy season
Highest of all in Leavening Tower.? Latest U.S. Clov't Report
? The BEST ?
PHILOSOPHY OF A ROUGH MAN. I + ASK YOUR DRUGGIST FOR
Ho Huh Discovered Hint Any Cullliiu;
In TlrcMOmo toTlamu Who Kollow II.
lie was a poorly dressed and rough i
In npponranco man, but, nevertheless,
he was something of a philosopher, lie
WHS plodding along AhIiIiiuiI avenue,
near (loth street, when a young man
overtook him anil made hoiuu Inquiries
an to a street lu that purl of the idly.
The street was about ball' u mile away,
no they continued to trump along thu
rough wooden sidewalk together.
"'Tiilu't so long ago," said the rough
man, llnutly, making a motion toward
a blick pile near the street, "since I
used to pile them tilings for a living."
"Hard work, I should think," sug?
gested tho young man for want of some?
thing belter to say.
"That's what It Is."
"What?" .. ._ ?
"I say It must be monotonous?tire
"Oil, sure." Then, after it pause:
"So'h everything oIhu."
"Oil, (here Is variety In Bomo things,"
protested the young man.
"If a feller doesn't have to do 'em,
there Is," returned the other, "but I
guess any business Is tiresome to Ihn
feller that baa got to 'lend to it right
along. I kliowcd a feller that worked
In a store?reg'lar hours, reg'lar work
and all that. Hut he got tired of It.
lie wanted variety, he said?wanted to
travel mid have a change all the lime.
He got the chalice anil grubbed ll quick,
lie was sent here and there and was on
marching orders most of the lime
Iota of excitement and change, hut he
got tired or II. Actually kicked lo get
back at u desk again, 'cause he said
traveling was so blamed monotonous
nnd tiresome and he wauled u change.
Same way with everybody, I guess,
riling bricks Is mighty bard nnd tire?
some, und I'm doing better now, but
sometimes I feel 's If I like lo pile
bricks again JiiMt for u change. There
ain't anything that ain't tiresome to the
feller that's got lo do It every day.
What's ambition but a hankering for a
change, anyway. The only difference
between people Is that some of 'em
want a change so bad that they'll go
backward to get It, while the others
have sense enough to swear and kick,
but hang on till they can get It goln'
* JOHN CAKM1 & .sons. New York. *
Tile Greatest fledlcnl Discovery
of the Age.
DONALD KENNEDY, OF ROXBURY, MASS.,
Has discovered In ono of our common
piiMluro wood* a remedy that ouros every
kind c f Humor, from tho worst Bcrufula
down to u common pimple.
llo hail tried it In over olnvon hundred
rase?, und never failedoxcopt hi Iwouuso*
(hath thunder humor). II? has now la
his possession ovor two hundred cortlll
cotes of Its value, nil within twenty miles
Ol Doston. Mend poslnl card for book.
A bcniillt Is always experienced fromtht
first holtlii, und u porfrot euro Is warranted
When tho. right quantity hi taken.
When tho lungs urn affnnlud It cansoi
(hooting paint, like noodles pnsninu;
through th.on ; tho riunn with Ihn I,Ivor
Or llnwols. This is oiitisn I by the duoti
belli:; slopped, and alwiiys illnappnurs la a
Wuok altar taking It. Ituud the InboL
II the ntomuah Is foul or blllouo It will
eaiiM> squeamlsll fouling* tit llmL
No bttangu ol diet over noceasary. Eat
thu host you can /;-', nnd enough of It
Huso, ono tablespoonlul hi water at bud
lima bold bv all Drue -I'da
EWIS' 98 % LYE
I'owdorod and Ferfumsd.
Tho ttrftngta'. un.l purrjf I,YB
Mode. Unlike ollll-r J,>n. II belli* A
niio pawdiT und pnekud In n run
will, lumovahtn INI, Oiu cements nru
olw >'? n ivly for tine. Will innko
toe lie"! iterniuieri Hard Bone In ?I
en.mi.-..".m.a/en/ ]t I? tl,o
bet for elennphitf whip piped, ni,
lofiotliiK nliik?, .Sorem, waahluu
liottlci, pnlnlK, treen, etc.
I'l'.N.V A. SA I.T AI I'd. CO.,
Uou. ?se . J'lilla.. I'n.
Old Kip Van Winkle went up into the
C,it',kill mountains In lake a little nap of
twenty years or bo, and when he wakened,
he found that the "cruel war was over,"
the monthly magazines had "fought it
over" the second time nud " blown up"
all the officers that had participated in il.
This much is history, and it in also an his
/orient fad that, it took Hie same length of
time, for Or. l'iercc'a Golden Medical Dis?
covery to become the most celebrated, Bfl
it is the most effective. Liver, Dtood and
Lung Remedy of the age. In purifying the
blood and in all manner of pimples,
blotches, eruptions, and other 3k in and
scalp diseases, scrofulous sores nud swell?
ings, nnd kiudicd ailments, the "Golden
Medical Discovery" manifests the most
poiilii'e curative properties.
DECT Condensed Nows, H.nrlon, Mlscnllnny,
Dud I Wullen s, Ulilldron's, Agricultural,
I'olltloil Departments. Answers to eorrespon
?leiilH.IC IHoi IoIh. everything Will hefuund In thu
tveeliiy Ootirler-.lmirnal u in-psKo,K-cnlumu
Dnnineratle Newspaper, Henry U nit. i.. Is
Um l'.lli.ir. I'rli'i-. 811 a your. 'I hi. WKKKI.V
COtllllKK-IOUItNAl. irnikiiH very libornl terms
V, ii^.<i.is. Sample o iplen of the paper mid pre?
mium Siipplcinoni scut Free to miy nddn hs
Wrllc to COll It I KK-tlOttltNAI, COMI'ANY,
DAVIS HAND OR POWER
im? Ihtril innre i.?Her anil Of hlflier
quality than by olhar known ayatonif.
8AVB8 MONEY AND LABOR
Hlia? from I tu 1,000 Cowi. ramphttt
Mailed Free. Agent? Wanted
DAVIS * UANKIH lll.PO. ABU MK(I.
CO., Bulo UanufActurara, Chicago, 111.
PATPMTC, TKADBifAttkS Kxnnilnutlon
r ? ~'m " **nn.l n.luro 11.1 ii. |i?teiitnblliy of
Minion. Send for Inventors (lllhle, or how lUBUU
I HUM. 1'A'lltlCK O'KAKIIKU Wahiiisuto*. U.O
^ CONSUMPTION "
ifTh) Mote You Say the Less People Remember." One
Word With You.