Newspaper Page Text
A MAN OF THE FUTURE.
at GEXII'S 117/c l.oYES AMERICA AXD
MAS A Illili! TO ITS GUE ATX ESS.
lew Teals I-....W* at Work- One* a Newe
paper Man. N >w Ht* (ireaioat of
E ?? lrle*l Ooors. _
(ropyrichi, for The Tlrrma. lSpl.)
It i? .1 ni"?l ..lei. ult Hiing tO Interview
Nikola Tessa, but to sit Sown and talk
"wl(h him. men t" num. ah. thai la a
e*iiff'r"it matter, arni if one haf had that
f.ri. i. be glad to remember it
n ye* rs to e nie. and lo t#-11 his grand?
children al."-ur it, fe.r lt is quita likely
(hal Hey will know very w ll who Ni?
kola Teals was.
This brilliant electrician, who undoubt?
edly la the^ foremost thinker of,the World
In his eboeen 6eM, la honeatly an'l sin?
cerely mod'st. No writer who ha? trie-el
(.. eft lum to '.ilk for publics tion has
any doubt on that ? ore "it ls sn em?
barrassment to nc." hs gays, "th .( my
work has attracted much jul.Ile atten?
tion, not only ??? lune I be ? re that an
earnJ'Si mm wno lose.* science more
than all else abo lld l?i his work speak
for him if li will, luii because I am
afraid rhat .".nie- of the sclenilsts whoas
friiindsbln I raine sos much Buaraset ma
vt encouraging newspepei notoriety."
thous i iTTi.t woni.rm.
Mr. Tesla reverted to this matter severn]
times in tha cou ree of two convene
Hons and is evidently sena!tIve about lt.
Th-re'.,ie the ponions of thia article
that i .uri.- from him should he regarded
aa a apeclel conce alon, particularly ns
he has never telked so freely before,
Bonus interviews es,Hi him have been
published e.f late, but this ls genuine.
1 TS!.As 1 Aliofuie.m.
Mr. Tesla spenda hla dnya on Ihe fourth
floor Of a machine hop ot No S3 South
Fifth avenue. HI* nam, loei nol ap?
pear anywhere on tin building md there
ls nothing ala.ut the place lo Ind Ste
that lt la one of tbe ntei ol
electrical Interest. The whole flooi ii ...
cupl<e! by Mi. Teals - lal s ept
(hat one curlier is partitioned "d' I"'"
Hu p liiiii si of little offices containing
principally s modest desk for the inven?
tor, s yoi more moderai .1. ii for his 1...<>k
keeper, s book cane largely devoted lo
ihe ?' iflle lg] Gasette of the Patent Of
fi. er-.'' end a snail black board which
bangs on the ss.,11 ano berni ...
of hard usage. The black is worn Hom
this h...nd in several spots, snd the Mst
<d lt iv covered with figures and caba
listii .-urns. No doubt the selene? of
electricity would nevi been notably poor?
er bul i'>r son.t the problema worked
not on that shabby black bo.nd, for when
the inventoi la pussled he e,,fS te. it
and works awns- un it nervously with a
Mui,hs pie a ol .1 alk
Thc laboratory Itself looks common
jlr.'e te. the uninitiated lt ls filed with
mae lom! 1 and elee iri' el Bppllani ea, nnd
a stranger prowling about the building
ni win would Burel) ml take lt- fourth
tl. foi a p en of i'd ma. hine shop bi
low. One ssh., la not an electrician would
find in ihe Ti pis workshop noi.I the
1 11 - ? th et make I. Ilson'a laboratory
bett. 1 tl sn 1 -1" ."< for the
An ' lee m. lan, how s.t, would find ne
, r, 1- there ss Uh ssh -h li.nil mah.
mid hleek roloi.Mii fortunes em the stock
market tm reasons thal win appear
Rut Mi Tesla's luilf dozen empli
? ic trie d and trusted men, an I the
?would be s 1 nor would (Ind it an ea
tie,nels .lilli- ult rnaii'T t,. . . 1
laborati rv, lt he did .mt In he would bi
uti.ie than hki-ls to find Hm Inventor
then-, working ovei some- bl! of machln
crs ssilii a liiiii.li, ? lb ot his
lht.,,1 In ll 11 of a . olin, J et di. -. d In
doth, a of faa! ut andgenerall)
looking s.i j ne il and clean 1 nllke Mi
Edison, tbe ye ung Inventoi h u omi r<
gard ("i hil : ? ? nal apitenrani ??
Ills pi ii-,,s?i ITT.
i me rarel> m. ? free fi om
i,ff., t.iii.n- nnd sall ? ons, lousm aa than
Nikola Tesla. He does nol like to ialk
of bim.. lt. .md when that alibied cornea
np hi ki sun to *'? ? 1 ass,is 1 rom u as
qul< kly as possible He nos b n helor
quarter! at the Oerlach on ss.-si Twenty
.-..?si nth stree! bm he 1 sn be four, 1 al
Deli..'? ?? nearlj alss;i>s st breokfaal
and d'Hiiei time
u uh due ... do 1 1 I.. Mr Te ila foi
so much personality, it mas be said thal
he bi ihe 1 1 ol eountens 11 ?
Ignace Jan Paderewskl long and thin,
win. iii,*-, ci.-an . ul festures, loss 1 ire
h. a I, and a certain 11 leam Ol Hu- es c
that d.lei ss hat might be called spirit
l.allls ll. || ur. Idealist, and one Who
1 ai create I an ideal >>f him from Ihe
fame thnl hi ha- con, will not be dla
appolnted In him upon aeelns him for
the lust time He la fully sMt fejS tall.
verj slender, very dark of complexion,
mrs. .11- .md ss us. I mpreaaionable meld
? 1, Would lill 111 lose ss ilh Ililli ul Bight,
but h> ir,. no tune tu think of In ,
Blonable mai.hus Has and night lie I*
w firkins aw?) at deep problema that tai
? iiiate hun. and anyone who talks with
bim ti even a fen minutes will gel
th.- iinpi, 1 11 ibat science la hla only
mistress and thai !<> cares more foi her
lb.in for in .c. . 01 fame.
\. ssh,, has .1 Paderewskl and
has I..-.ti Bide to speak German or French
willi soil. 1, nt linen s io eii),,s a rott
Itllill ssllh bim. and who hus al*o
bad tbe plea u?. of a talk svlti Te?la
across ..ie of Delmonico'* t thlta, will
feel Instinctively thal the E 'llsh^piani-t
inn! the s. isi.ii ch 'ic ian luise numb
In common, and that it la s preat nlty
H'S Ilise tics el HUI Some pillia nt (, |o
Plat cunhl du Imth of Hu in a service by
bringing them together when Parcrewskl
come t,, this rountrj again next Decem
h.i The) 1.mil ni least find a ..un
,u,,n ur,am,| ,,f Intereai m Slavic Utera
lor.-, si Uh which both lave ,1 ss 1 I
Sneaking of love for science, Mr. Tesla
Bald Hie edhcl il..S 111 ol.t Ml,' I.I' o, ,
menta when h.. could be induced to talk
nf himself. "Wherever 1 am. 1 cannot
h<dp working ai problema thal present
themaelvei to me and seent so in p.u
liitit Hint I cann ,t help hut Irs tn BOlve
them 1 Spend so p. ms. bl ol N a' ms
laborator) al tunes that m> friends h.
? "to al : i n -l and threat* , t ? i .. ?
placs up and lid.- thc key. Beriousl)
m . . '<
r' -'-? ft i w)1
Ci. .. .- j^J \%
he OOnHnued, with earnest fane and
? rh abtaM, "oertonely, it they
tiled to do that 1 should shoot tMm j
would Indeed, lt mokea no dlffeience to
a mans health how lon* he ss,,iks SO
V** * -'"bl Ibo ol! li. the lamp which
keeps tt,e wick bum tn. without con
Mtatna the w?k llself. Vhei, ihe oil la
gone the., it is mm tba wv k Joes fast
If at any moment I 1 .st my whmu
aWmTttSmx^ lhe* V*ry ?*^*B
?MU W.? OMCS I JOl'SSAM'T
amlSSLWS-3*** w?ul<? have harrer-ed
too carefully, and I, n*.l^*l? I./wr<Mf
too SqjE&? kr& i SSS wVii:
de of whlrh I was particularly proud,
my friends would nay: 'Tesla, that was
a masteri-l-v-e" pm the editor would Bay
'Why dont yin writs something more
llvelt'1 Not a half a dozen i.enple v. Ill
read that Stuff.' No. Journalism ls tne
hardest work In tb" world for the man
who wishes to b*" thoughtful. My henri
was not rn it. sad it w?..iid bsvs s ra
,n.- out soon. Ilk- Hi* wlrk without arv
oil Etan as lt ls now I gu worn ?Ut
sometimes, but it is a grant ?wort.M
??. ..m's own BBSatSf lad IO MOl Wai
.there ls nothlmr to prevent SM s arop
ri.in* al) work at any moment and /,;,rl*
inK for EuropS or somewhere else for as
lot.tr a rest ai one wants.
I have noticed a ijueer thin* W"
mv mental op-ration, and that D "?
toy mind seems to w#ork In two I ?????
each Independently of the other, so t??
when I talk, or even when I slr- J-yJ
one-half of my mind aapeaura "",?.,,n
engased. the other half goes 'n "m??,,
iv with whatever I have on m* *?"?
or may bs I ought to sar ?.,*?,.?.
ever ll hs* on Ita mind M> V.,,,,..,...
?You will kill yourself- 1 *^iaj3 I re*
I ?.,.., to be ar. athlete onee m ^ .
cuperate very 'i',1"1'->' ' f tnf.v ?rri>
He h-H np his banda a ii >,,..,.,.
trustworthy lndi< atora or , M-i thin sad
condition. They werei mar ' d thf.
nervous. They Wft w j., 'drawn from
conclusion i..;tf , "',,,.,.r....r wsi a
- . . eras tba '"'lr ?,.?,.,??. although
man whose ir*n??d0- ?,/,? ,,,- him
' "***' tun rsstsrso,
Mr Tests ls only ??'?:?/%/,??
?"?? 1, ? ,u ,. .? ,i.-'T. lie was
?>W. >"",.h .wn csTled SmllJan In
?"rr ,??,?' V,Vde?laCndn of Aus^Hui^arjr.
hm, to enter the c"??;**ni, ,,, meg
be k-pt away fr>-m expenim nts mi
netlsm and electrl Ity, In which he waa
Interested bj Hie tinie he waa
sixteen. Ho was llnally perm lt' -i to
,-' ,? - DoJytachnli si boo with the Idea
SfirMS a P?ofe.sor of jWth^Hrs
and physics. He was maklrg Inn
,d improvements for the t<
fore he waa twent) five yeara old. H"
s,. ured employment In Paris aa an elec?
trl al engineer and then came lo Amt ri?
ca early In the Wa, nol because he na
any de.ir.it- employment m vl?w. '/ '
because he became convinced that
United Btatei wsa thi bi I country in
the world for an Inventor, because new
Ideas wera m..re quickly i"-'i higniy ap
pre. .at. t h-re than anywhere *??*?.,
The day he arrived here he went toaors
for Mr. Kdlson, for whom h" had ana
has yet, the BtrongeBl admiration. He
left Hie wizard of Menlo Park In order
to Join a " mpany orsanlxi 'I to sell aome
of his Inventions in arc lighting.
Mmli of .Mr. Tesla'* fpars time during
by electricity, will be hrmirht almost as
near to other rdtlee hs lt now ls to Huffa
lo, whi-~h will I ac siva Itu first Installment
of p-.wer from Nianar.-. Falls In a few
we. ks at a prke promise*! to lie some?
where near a fourth cheaper than that
BOW paid for Hie work done by steam.
This miii'h may be said positively, and
lbs Btatesnent ls here maa* to the pilb?
il,- f..r the first time: If the wonderful
rna. hine on whl-h Mr. Tesla ls now pat*
I Mn* the ftnlshintr touches, works ns well
I elsewhere as lt has already w<>rke| in
, the Tesla laboratory, it will bring the ex
TltS tm nvur'i'HtT BTstAM f ?MI>.
trsordlnsry advantages auggested shove.
The Inventor himself refuses to msks any
definite Bl itemrnl sa to what his en?
gine will 'l ?. "i hnow," ha says, "that
lt will sccompllsh in my laboratory re
' Milt? that .ni""' bul be considered im
i portent, snd tbs! i erl linly open up a
? hen fi dd f ir high pi int b tilers. It
I ls now in operation and bsa aucc.led
i .-rta ilutelr, bul of course I must not
predii t from laboratory results what ??
'machine- will accomplish wh-n applied
to public uses. H may take two
three years to prepare for placintr lt
on the market I have, of course, a pret?
ty definite Idea sa to the reduction lt
Will iiiak" in t!.,- , : of electricity, hut
there are mat ?? reason why It wou'd not
bs well to give the fl
l\ l vi'AHiM.rti HI AM WBtttVBt.
The young Invenl ir endeavors to ?peak
v-ry conservatively <>( thin new ma
. hine nf his, bul 1' If r.it- pr bable that
li- believes he has solved one of thc
moat Important practical problema within
reach of the electrical iclei ? -f the
present Bay. Anyone a*ho I* fntnili.it
with the mathematica of the ?te?m en
glne win .. ,pr. ; ' i ? f hts
device when ll la stated thal it la noa
nm with a stesm pressure ol 375 pounds.
the highest that was ever pul t ? pra<
ti.'ni use, Thc pressure generallt used is
atm it I7S po indi Tl b< lier which sup?
plies thia ateam pressure In the Teals Isb?
oratory is FHid to be t'.e most powerful
aver constructed, lt waa built for tba
Vis tn st five vears In this countrj was
ho iti i to experiment sviti'
kn.issn as the rotating Held 1 ? '-sn',
tin- alternating current In iyx.
\ lions pro*, ? d Hint ti', s ., nu; cleo
tn,-i,in hoi produced an alte
i-e-ni motor c>f au efflclenc) cejual to nat
' ? i currenl ned,.',
with Hie brushes mid commutators whu h
had added materially t" iii-' cost and In?
convenience of manufacturing electricity.
Ml,,, \ i !-m, rn,
Ile push.- 1 mi r. geri) in thc |
h id opened, ex| erlmer.ting i'- :p
lng .! rciii* of r-\ tiaordlnarj high
tints ami frequencies, Hie resuitH of his
i. , or.* mn Eli befe re Hie i
i ?? delis-, red l" i te- tin A
Instil .'? . In Mas. Issi. Re
fore i'd rim.- he had been I.sn only
? r. lana Rs ihe hour 'h.- rvjiorts
I. . lure lin I lound their was io
the pul-iii 'ru- ssas lamons, lin- brilliant
pathetic of sclentlsta before whom 'in
lecture s- i-. delivered ss.c taken b)
with In-- theories md hie remarkable ex?
periment! ni Veril at,, n oi theoo Soon
after, onother le I lelivere I be
fore th.- most notable bod) of
coins in Europe, Hie I md , i ot inn cf Elec?
trical E".'-?"?? 11 * iii London, an.', his recep?
tion l's i'.i- rn waa ..< enthusiastic sa it
had tn-, n in America, \ d. ? later, by
ii ?? nest, he repeated ins experi?
ments before Ihe H..sal Institution, I
-o,n after w ar i responded to an urgent
call from the two fore.st societies "f
oimlneers in Er.nice. In Iv:: he delis.- . I
?i Et.lia i.-li hie ard ti ir p.- which
served (?? intensity public interest rn
lum e inc of bis eapeiim hi se
two occasions was spectacular in inc es
Ireme, Facing an audience of som,
. , i s'c i through hla bi dy a
,? . - - <i s < its , suslng stre ima of
light to pour from lii~ body snd break
from his flngemtlps, ss her. as ;i cur
renl e,f a hundreth bart of thal energjf
ss,, id bsve killed nlm instant!-., th -
proving ihu the amount "t el? ??
e-ncirs Hat mas- be pnnsed Into the
human bod) depends on the strength .ucl
frequency of the current, ami that the
higher Inese are the less harm Hies do
the body. Mr Tesla n ill at the tim. that
tue only Inconvenience lie felt from thus
makine an elee ric light of himself was a
nllgbl pricking as of a rice Ile ind a
burning sensation at the finger ttpo,
KI* UTd A.'HlrV,V|!*r.
The- most Important work on which Mr.
Tesla is bow engaged, and which bids
(air to bring him more fame (han any?
thing lie his done lu fue this, ls il ms
chine bs which a heretofore unhearlof
Me-ain pressure '-.in bs applied to the
generation of electricity. reducing, the
waste of the current (incl, what ts of su?
preme Importance, reducing the cost ot
it is sasy to se- thai any device by
which the >s>st ,,t electric power ls
brought below the cost ot steam power.
will bring n revolution la the process e,f
inannrncturtng more pudden stn] atartllng
than waa brought about t,\ the Intro?
duction of steam. The economical trans?
mission of electricity generated by water
power, as at Niagara Palls, bas already
brought B promise of this revolution, and
If Mr. Tesla's machine will tiring a cor?
responding reduction in the cost ot elec?
tricity to cities too far awnv to derive
benefit from water power like that at
Niagara, then. Indeed, the revolution will
be complete. Electric motors will every?
where take the place of coatly and waste?
ful shafting In mills and factories and
the .lay when private houses will be
jjl_hted? heated and to aoma osteal run
Inventor by Babcock e.- Wilcox, snd so
far has responds I to the am icing
t . which lt has been put The machine
to n lu. h this unprecedenti -1 pn ?sure has
been applied has lo run i thout
fri. lion, thal la the k- mel ol Mr. 'i ?
di* livery, li- lelia me thal he would
dare applj n iteam prei of l.uou
pounds to his machine, ai 1 would do ?o
:: he i ould get a holli i tba! i oukl supply
? -' $'\ I /vx*'
<" ' 'i' S li,'- * v* - .
will conclude, unless thc:
Tesla personally, mat he i
L'STHrraa ros TiiKrtr.'TTriiiRArmr urs.
st..r bint rtiRi.t ,,n nts r uni'.
the pressure. Engineers who read ihli
Ona technical value of Hus now dis
?? f.?r utilising ftesm si nigh pres?
sure is in thi that lt makes in tbs
i , 'i-i; thi a team, bi
bj :' ls s queer freak of nature 'hat
requires proportionately much lesa bael
to produce steam st high pressure tim
to produce lt at low pressure, ifor m
st.in, e. lt tnkt.s an itu renae of only >> de.
greea Fahrenheit to raise steam pres?
sure from u pounds up to Bl peunda.
n.'< ii.i' nr'- rri.tiiF.'.
There are other electricians who any
of Mr. Tesla thut he is not a particularly
great man sa a prai ti. ai, w..rkinK eic -
tn,-.m. '.ml iii-1! bia machlnea are not
always si traioabls in practice as th?v
arc tn theory, bul mool ol them admit
willingly thal ns baa no peer as a theorist
and lavi stlgstor, s dre imer of the dieams
that wm come true His talk of the
future is ?? "ith Dunkin* at out. He ts
very confident thal si sat things are --om
Inar SOOT through tVie utilization of the
el e.-trust a fa- ur mannell.- condition of the
earth Itself. "-.Sometime." he says, "elec
tiiclty will be taken from all about us
and used for llRht, heat, and BSOtlvs
BOWar, Wa will re ch down to the earth
and tai> the CBUTSMl anywhere. Batting all
we want without expense, lt ia inter?
esting; to sit down somewhere awav fi om
all interruption and think out what that
would mean. It eeema hardly possible
that these wonders can be far away
becauee the process by which they can
be reallied la so simple. K.xpre?s-?d
roughly, all that would have to ba done
would ba to aet tbe earth's electricity to
vibrating, and adjust ? ???*? Jo these
vlbratl.ms WbOtweof^.tkO *** a^lnttb
rjulred. It ls something as '? .
were a rubber boa. Shake >* **"?*_?_"
and you feel the vibrators In anoih.r
place roo and I ?_??M ?_* '&J**,
electrical vibrations, but I *M?l?""g
a machine that wl.l. If "?,th'n.K ^}Si\u
tranamltted by these vibrations.tnt ele?
gance surely will be. I h?v? 2SJ22
Of r.rn,* for predicting that niess_.es
wili be tranamltted through tbs earth In
thia way wlinout wins like* a pu .oe.
through a hui-ia.i b*?'ng- \l BPem" ?"r'
prising that this has not been done be
0'rit is reasonable-to suppose that the
eartn's electricity ls generated by the
atoms of which all thing* are composed.
Wa and OUT world are not only whirling
through space with terrific- speed, but
every little atom In th- world is whirl?
ing- too. N'.w th'-re ls a good reason
to believe that Hm molecii.e* and th.dr
atoms are really little worlds that re?
volve and move In' their orbits like the
Mars, causing the ether about them to
spin with them, thus generating electric?
ity, or affording the conditions suitable
to its generation ,, , ,,
"Whlie electricity could hardly be call?
ed Lbs cher Itself, lt ls probable that
the effects of dynamic electricity and
? I.- trornagnetism are the e ff e. ts of ether
In motion, ari the effects of static elec?
tricity are the effects of ether under a
?'rain. The li-., rivery of ? method of
utilizing this practically exhauBtleai 1 ? ?
that lld SO loos at hand, would uncover
what are surely some of (he gn
? rs of tba universe, ir would he the
greatest discovery since th?- creation, and
would bring about a total revolution In
KUO-ba r-OWF.U TO* KEW Tor.F.
Mr. Tesla's enthuMosm ls of the kind
thnl km ilex quickly, and th.- great elec?
trical work now going on ni Niagara
Fails is oi.f the subjects that I* mos!
likely to arouse it. "Some da) all wood
and 'oil will be used Up." tte said, wh.n
this subject was introduced, "and. so
far as I cnn ?."?. we will free-,, mi I
starve to el.nth unless electricity is used
to transmit the e ? riergy ot
il r power to ans- distance, wherever
man hes his habitation, and turn it Into
light, heal, end power for him. I int nu*
th u tranamlssl m of energy by means
of electricity has become not onlj possi?
ble bul practical, there need be na more
imp!' i -.shot Will
happen to ui after the world's supply ol
fuel has been exhausted The operations
at Niagara .re g promise to \i< ot this
insurance against sshut the future may
luise in store for us. Tbe w,iris there
I-- Inspiring of ? .., too, for tl e
future* Of ide,-tri. l's .'"
He I -i,cs..-, u is Impossible to deliver
eic ctricll generated al the Falls to (he
.|o,,r- ..f New york cheaper than steam
power ls generated lore'. He was en
pllcll ,,n this j rd,it and had evidentl)
given careful thought to the subject st
some previous time, ffe said: "rf you
have 150,000 horse-po- transmit In
one hulk, you eau send il ?'."" miles and
vet compete with steam generated on
rhe spot for th . now tn ti ie. Hut
if you semi only lo.OOO for Instance, then
in my estimation, it cannot be aenl to
compe(e with steam to a diatom ?? ' I
mu. h more (han 50 miles, lt should bp
added, howe vcr, thal while (his
men! is (rue according to the results of
lal oratory pra< tlce it mas- not a pi : ?
actly to the actual operation where all
the differences of conditions from those
in the laboratory cam I be fully dis
i ounte 'I befi irehnnd "
A fellow -eic dridan who ls in a port
tioti to lucie, of Mi Tesla with friendly
impartiality gives this opinion of lim
1 '?-'??'." /?
La \t>y \
powga ggnniTgn nc m ruoji ri ms,
an i lt is a,, opinion thal prob il.lv will
i.- found to hos" rh- approval l
i.-titi-ts who h in ? on
tact with Hus wonderful
lie is ;i scientist who is In ads.un" of
his time, a se.-r, a gentiim poet ol elec?
tricity, a tuan w!'. foe USSed tO
il things "f - i.-rn ", .u.d whose
mm.! l- fitted by nature to deal with
th-tu better titan with the commonplace
? the mool of ns are I
ti. buss- ourselves with. He hai been
s. uh being a visionary, bul it
. me thal ih'- thai ge
i though Tesla undoubtedly saw
' that other scientists had no!
seen, som,- of them were baaed on rea?
soning rather than on imagination un?
able I h. fa- i as was pi .sci i,s the cir?
cumstance thal the othei scientists saw
? slons ait'-i T. da had pointed
.mt the was to lick for them. They
tim' s ' ' op.-r , 1 rle h loss todds
f,,r scientific exploration and that will
bring pram al benefits tn ever) house?
hold Tesla is young ari I
his h.-nd is i ''ii r,. ! He
ever and lhere li no re ison ' i supppose
that th.- most briliian! and useful part
of his Hf- is not vet before him."
Mr. T.-sl.i is going to Europe v r ? noon
bul nc ' ' not by ans rn i
he is too thorough-going an
s ,u f,,r that. He believe - the
Pnlted H Res I* the most progress
lightened and liberal land on earth, an l
of all tim reasons he has f r satisfaction
With life he hillls one of til" greet.-S'
to )??? the decision thal brought him to
this country ten vei.ru ago.
1 sail to him a weds ago, on bidding
good-b) .-? ??' sou are thorough?
ly Americanised now; that you'll never
after ans other tillea than that
of a cltlsen of this I'i m." And
emorable saying *>*-.th
w hi. h he made ,-m enthusiastic ai ri
Homes. Shankt *sr-, af Wheels.
The noe. who sings tbe i mg i f 'ti- i
.-.ul ebnek I fl free
,,f th- wan Icrtng borough He has b ii
s limited franchise: is bul hall a "tuen.
Huh-- lt" is forever wondering whether
id- horse i~ nol too tired io go any
further, whether the ni ir I rreleg lai not
puffy wi., th. i the stable al Lo; A sn
ningi end unwh< lei
whether the hostler did not forget
Or the is af '
The cyclist, on the "(her har,.: la nevi r
norn.,! hs- thinking wh.dh.r
had nol 'I -ne enough, or t<>o muen, Bi?
ri ,ds ir he is himself read) to go on.
1- nothing to prevent him \s lom?
as the road has a emooth part te feel
norry to him If (he\ in ve only
small Mrtp of good In Hom, and
they usually hav. li ls true tba
cyi Hal ? anno! lesp a hedy ? b it
ss'ho ar- ,h|.tis lent ott Singing tin I
of the op.-n road do I ' ' ' ' "'"'
hedaes. What thi a mr li I ? an ie dj
the farms and the hedg
village gr.'n. its pond, and white rai
i,,.;s i tat the "id mamu house an I 1'*
elms, the church and Its Clipped yen
ll.w- superior ls the poaitlon of th*
touring cyellal to ih.it of on a
w liking tour! Bach carrie ? *
the natue, but, oh. how different The
w ilkel totter- on, tbe strm ? con!
working on his shoulden. 1 riging, like
. . -Mans, to cant clown Sis burden
cyclist's kit I- strapped (?? ti - rn i
and gives him neitner tb ight 1 trou
hie The addition to the weight may
make (he mme esnenoiture of en?.-.s
produce r.Ine Instead of nine ind I ball
mHes an hour, but that i--> alb?TBS
Out of ?orts.
Printer's Ink: Able Editor-Yon
nm turned in your regular batch of jok-s,
Mr Ha shaw.
Mr. Ilawhaw (the professional hum..Hs'.
111 try to -lo them to-morrow, 'ir. i
haven't felt In the mood to-dav.
Able BUR i What ia the matter? Are
Mr Haw-haw-No. air. only out of
\ TeiTe! In Verse.
He deemed her tender and true.
Hhe thought the same of him. too;
Thev wedded, they partel.
And now. broken-hearted,
R is said shs U going ie Sioux-*
WANT BETTER ROADS.
WESTERS Son TH CA RoLISA PEOPLE
ISTEREsTED IS TllfJ SUBJECT.
The Improvements Already Matte Have
Been sf (?real Men. ti - in Hie Country.
.tali- rllie Honda.
ASHEVILIM., ft, c., oct. 5i.-Speclal.
Ashevllle'K funding bonds, amounting to
sold, the .?Ier
rem.-irk.itiie rea turo of the tr.uisa. ? .v ??
perbapa, was the drain* ot th- purcrasira
to have stricken out thc gold clsiise in?
serted by the miint.-lpai nutii..rltte* WBOO
the bonds were hist printed, last Jone, in
the haps that they would COSaBBSJBd B
readier sale thereby. They ar- now pay?
able "In lawful money o' th"> united
States." I have often heard of debto s
Objecting to the insertion of the ' M>1 i
clause' In esntracts ns hoing s harda-nip
on them, but this ls tbs Brst time tr.at
has cv.-r come under my ohsstvation
in whb-h the Insertion sf this stipula?
tion bas been distasteful to . reditors.
These Luis ar- tlitrty-.v ? ar, f-lx | or
cms., and were suthoTised to pay ott
the floating debt ..f tbs city, wh.cn
bas gn wa under steady socumulatlons
to iii-.te than $7'.
Captain Carter, collector of internal
revenue for this dlatrl t. has announced
the f'.llawiiiK app Intmcnts of atore
keepera snd mingera: John T. fJabb.rd.
H. Tr..Illili..-!-. William H. Wyatt, i'.--.
C. Whit-. I.nani Lr. Weeks, A. Miller
Anthany, McDowell Boyd, E. ?) Bailey,
Edward' Barber, J M. Crimp, .ir, Kobe ri
J. Craig. Michael Davis, .lunn ti. Kym..
James i:. Graham, Thomas Lee Grant,
James J. (Ireenwood.
ki p saxiavan him.
This Hst r-minds nt- that Captain Csr
ter is the successor ol Hon Kopo Biles,
Hie friend and arden! aupportei of Presl
deni Cleveland, wno after he waa ap?
pointed collector tn July. 18JS, used t i
announce appointments that in Impor?
tance and number rtmlnded o a ol the
patronage in Iden! to a ? sb net p ?sl?
Hon. And you i m Jual t> t yi ui bcttoi
-I-.liar, as the saying *??*?*, that Uncle
(Cope got In nearly every one of the
.'..?i .tr. i add appointments be on lng to
the office before Senattr V'nn e's perala
tent committee warfare made him retire
Conaequently Collector Carter, when he
came in, bad s comparatlv.h easy time
with ti.fflce-seekers, as all th- onVea
were comfortably filled by thoae who
wi re iti no a Isa anxious to ? ic its
Railroad talk ls plentiful with us now.
Work has begun on I ti a rsad from
Rrevard to Hendersonville and there ls
much agitation here In favor of tappin-?
it al Mall's River with one from Ai ?
tai K rf M'lur r.Aii n iaiis.
The presence here a few daya uko o'
Major lt. !'?? McDowell, a veteran In
his particular line rallroal bull I i
lias revived Interest In the Alla
Aahet Illa and li.llMtn.
la h< petui that the i eople along th. ?
posed route win >>t arouse t' the Im
portance of this, ins pel project Sever
th. I- a, I mtiBl bb) the p?< p e of '
- ombe seem to t- mui h more Inteteste 1
just now in the betterment of their pub?
lic dirt roads than In building railroads
tl pn Si nt Indi. atlat:s, I am sure with
lu i- is than two yeara more tl
In county bonds will !? thia
purpose and work will begin in eal
Vanderbilt's work ? thia line,
supplemented by the publication of the
i-p ri of ..ur g.I i - lttee, re
I sent at the pul Ile ? < ? Ve .
.i-i ii | Ni -,". york for the pun
of ' onsldi ? ;ti-- the
toad building In vogue there, have d
much to u ti -??
h prim- Impoi ' ? ?
mir i eopli Stat 'li es ha
been her ? during the aa ? k tanking i
th- road and ? ..nus. liing with
lng ? it z-n-.
frau !' r I an ll n, tl
cnngrei Ional ind Hi sp ike al
lille, the home of the I
More than rOU men on h i ?> back, lt is
aald, mi ' Hrawforl il tl- di poi and ?? ??
corted him to the place ..t the -,
l: liable ri pat* lndl< ite tha ?
ls gaining ground all i I ir- t.
Th- .-., inty i andld ilea are wari
their work and the RepublL-ana are on
?lamping a l'ue-burred lisle.
rid which ii.. who vt
sj m pa thy with him like V ? ? M
nm extent ,i iwe I
his ri I. nd J. H M
dow n i ? af!- ?? i ? ? or e ? ? li li
'I he eJt'n me ibth.t mel?
in i. ahl< li led .1 H Mill
-.". , - the (i "ii- st mel iph) sicul t '
? Ixford a i *ted upon them ig|< ai hali
Ung, was a distinct hindrance to mat
? I- at nee <of statement a hi- h ? i
vi lion to the average mt"!'- ? lils
r- il-us sometii ?? '. wei ? I
Juggled w it"., each lenten. -? ... ,
but Ihe whole page waf misti. whlh the
. ? i ?? lunn ? d ind t lie w .: '--.
aa '?? forced?difficult.i .??.-?
done with, bul somehow were not i
1 remember Hi ni > Sldi
bridge) saying to m<
(we were undergrad
: I da' ?? "Iii Mani Ice g h md
pg led up t'. ai -i
which I* youi I
tloa w III > '"i ;;? : over lt'.' Mau
you Hi- gate, dilates upon li
ht, l!* Insuper ibll
a little more, snd a I ?
\ .ni t'u -i ...I ? if looking it tnt
the other i-id". Vou know ?
ovei lt legit I ma l ... m
lind yourself on ihs oth ?
There w ia also a certain auton d In
? ii of thought, born ol .. pe
? lui-k faculty t'. ? -. the ?
et ? rv question, w tn- h n i le
\i , ii ice were the fl mp), it
t ?>? ii t" . ? hei
an l auntie distortion full < r I
i ii ad ,\. S'othtng t
Maurice's sincere Intention. The i
Ihe ai?Kt-r's Bad I'un.
Indlanspolla Journal: "Have von
off that viii..m's head yet?" aake.|
ity, referring to an abnoxi us , r
son who ? Uta no parti, ular tig .
"We have n->\" admitted tbe prim- min?
ister. "MM* attorney h.is shown us that
all his ur.-ij-et t\ :s m his wife's name
?What the dickens has that got to do
"Wh\, it makes him excutirm .
don I > "i
Too Much Pul!.
Life: Friend?How ia lt yeh ain't got
tt it p. sltlon v-f i.nst yer pull?
Mr. Wail, Heeler Oh, rvs gol thc
pull, plenty o' pull. My application ls
l by all th-r political leaders of th'
"Then wot's thcr matter?"
' nt git any of 'em to so on me bind."
1 Was Sick
Every day. suffering with stomach, liver and
k: '.ney trouble, also from after effects of the
Mr. II. F. Harri*
mp. with pain In my beck and limb*. Hiflerent
medicine* failed to benefit me. The first dose
ol lliaait Sarsaparilla relieved my stomach. 1
iiave continued and I am now permanently
c'lrod. All pain has left me. my appetite ls food,
my fleet* to-nd sud refreshing, and I am at rot ic
and neil. 1 never enjoyed better health, ll./
llAnniB. White liluff. tennetiee.
- Hood's PiUa curs si) litai ula. ass.
Bring back whatever yon get here If, when roo get it
hom** and get a good look at it, you'd rather have the money.
Most of the larger stores oblige their cnttomert more or
leas by taking back goode, t>ut most ot' then', baggie about it
and make it unpleasant.
Few ot' tho little atorea take anything back. They arc
\ smooth aa oil in telling, hut rollah with dissatisfied 1
I [J especially with stranger*
1 lt' u roercliant, big or little, puts obstacles in the way of
your proper freedom in this respect, hie goode are not so :
as they lock in the store, or lie is too "close*' to he sate.
Kl Thc use of this thought is to keep you from parting with
tn money where you can't get it again it you want it.
| One-Price Clothing House
1009 E. MAIN ll 0PF0, P0ST0FFIGE.
J. JACOBUS, Prop'r.
J^^bliIlSr\,.SI^ \JS . \.a>sA
ULLMAN I CO.
Wo bars alren.lv Siplsios I bc w cheap we I ought tins ant. s st ok, nm! als., the COO SS
if tim sale Wa h.nie now t JOH with the following figures to profs thal we ara
the greatest BAU iAlN GIVER* in oar lino.
.'. Saturday, October 20th, .'.
BEGINS A.50THEB WEEK IOU ECOXOHK IL
Bays' ami Girls' lb lurltiiriit.
75c. Basket of Boya' Lace and B
(Jiman i I
buys the beor in town foi '
Bei <, ,i i bte.
H.ns' I.- ? ll 1 3, ll.
I -' Hutton. Il to S, Jl.
:. to 5 1-2, tl.
Girls' Hutton, lt to -. IL
| a ls tbs 1 onomy Sp.
and wi '? ?' ' beat In fha
BLI i HERS, for Misses and Children, J
tl. tl.25, '
HM-, ai BS ' ebla>.
also Hongola i
ITman prli t *
? $i _'i Tah
-I worth |2 i n\
pointi i ? tier lip;
sq na i ? -uti . i.ni... . ?
ai M S.MM ladle.
< ii- .ore Made Shoes, In a I
< - |
It. f *, D and
I.-1 us iry lt.
aeaa, ?"e Iso and Co''gr?ss e,pu!- tho*- pnrntlBBSlI al Bl all BIS Bl ll fl lld Ba thfBSJgll
OUT.' or'sntira ?tock, wa iva sates .t and caa prove th ? ftetesai si
in thia lat will l - foiiii'l "?'?<"?' celebrated mskea t\s flan Isa ?"? Shoo ur Bala t ria ? Li ?
mw aa Hand w.-lt fl ' : "'*'" ' '??'?'??'? *'\',"^s oar sal m I
('on \leVa lin .I.e. f ; a r- dlstdBTsd OS our lieut * Bsrss lt. 'Ubi- tbsl alli 0*1- ...
l^t. ?tV?h* dolar or one.h-ir what yon witt bs chuged elsowbera Hernia i 1 si
mU gold dollars for foe, but whan as to?stock af ghees sis foi a ......
abai we a tveitiv.
??EVT a ( 0% KIt'a \T 1 Fi:H? trt ) bHOK MH-SsiN,; p
BULCKIXfJ IP I'emaiaui-lntfor IMC f Heat f..-I a i JQ
Ver Box. ** I OsmN'sad Ladies. ,v*' I au I ( !..: lr. a, ^
One-Price Shoe House, 311 E. Broad.