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AND IS GOOD EXERCISE
It Involves No Expenditure of Nervous En
crgy, and Thus Rests the Brain,
ORIGIN OF THE GAME UNKNOWN
Its Mastery Requires Long and Constant
Practice, but It Is Interesting
from the Start.
By FREDERICK ADYT.
(Copyright; all rights reserved.)
Of indoor games. there stand out three
-^bess. whist and l.illiards-which seem
to dofv all efforts of time and progrcss
to improve uPon them, or to tavent oth
rrs which shall even approach them ln
merit. Which of these three noblc pas
Times is the fincst, and. therefore, as the
?rreat Aristollo (who might have. played
anv or all ol" them without in the least
derogating from his philosoplncal digni
tv) would say. the most "cholce-wortl-y,
ls a matter of personai prcdilcctlon. I he
studious ca.lm. the cht-quercd board with
iis pieres arrayed in mimie lmagery of
war. please one: the clean hearth. the
bright lire, and the rigor of the game,
beloved of Sarah Battle. delight anolher:
Tvhile the strongest attraction for a third
oonsists in tho well-appointcd lamn
shaded billiard-room, where on thc lield
of groen run the Ivbry sphercs smooth
and true. propelied by weH-balaaced cue,
with chcerful cllck and free rebound
from fast resilient cushions. Tlie two
-nmipr games aro certainly more pureiy
intcllectual, and cxert therefore with
their subOe combinations and endless
problems a superior fascinatiou upon the
moro thoughtful brain; but while yield?
ing to them this disiinetion. we claim for
the last the very forcmost place as a
means of recreation.
And this, wc take it, should be the me
tier of these higher class games. and the
reason of their being: not to kill time?
any triviality. besique. nap, draughts,
bagatelle or dominocs, will serve for this
-but lo aftord a means of relaxatiou
and diversion for the care-vexed and bus
ihess-harried after the day's toil is over;
or. on a wet day. to serve as an amuse
nient for his participation in which the
most reasonable and conscientious of
mankind need think no scorn of himself.
AS AX IXDOOB EXEKC1SE.
A very great mcrit of billiards is that
ft is the one indoor game which affords
exercise. This may appear to tbe robust
and vigorous to be of the mildest char
actcr, but it is very much better than
none at :dl; and I am Inclined to think
that ln billiards, as in croquet. a game
?which rcquires a similar amount of inan
iiiU skill without involving any considef*
able physical effort, one gets in an hour
or two"s play a deal more exercise than
ihe nature. of the game wouid promise to
afford; and therefore I should imagine it
to be a most beneflclal pastime to any
person debarrcd, through any dlsability,
from outdoor exercise. in had weather
Another great advantage which the
game possesses is the slight demand it
makes upon the brain. By this we do not
mean to imply that the intelligent per?
son -will not learn 10 play a better game
1 than tho stupld or unobservant, for he
inevitably will: but merely that it levies
110 tax upon the brain. and therefore in
volves no expenditure of nervous ener
gy. This in itself is an important desir
eratum. since it is obvious that a game
which demands (as chess, for instance,
does) severe and unremitting concentra
Uon of mind, affords no real relaxatiou
for a person who has been engaged
throughout tho day In intcllectual work,
or has even been applying his mind
through long consecutive liours in the
conduct of his daily business. That is, of
course, for the avexage individual. There
are men of such robust mental tempcra
ment that to them even the most diffi
cult game Is but a relaxatiou after the
hardest head work (I have even known
one who found recreation for his leis
ure in tho solving of nbstruse mathe
matical problems!), but such are ob
vlously the exceplions, and ihe average
fcrain worker will naturally sook his in
a game which affords a maximum of in?
terest with a roinimum of mental effort:
It is Just this which billiards, 1 think,
supplies in a higher degree than any
Xo game which is played ns a recrea?
tion should be for stakes, the winning
or losing of which shall be of considera?
tion to the player- There are persons, it
appears, so constituted that a game has
no cavor for them uness accomyanied
by some stake or wager; and perhaps in
most iustanocs such eontinsrency does
add zest to the actual play. To others of
different temperament the very fact of
a stake depending 011 the result is suffi
ctent to mar the enjoyment of the game;
producing. as one would think it must
in all forms of gambling, mental unrest
and anxiefy during the contest. with pos
sibly depresslon on the part of the loser
after it is over. For this reason 1 should
be inclined lo deprecate pool or pyra
niids with anything more than a mere
nominal value on the life of the hall. If
a man cannot play a game for love of the
same ]et him either not play it at all,
or only for stakes so iminitcsimal in pro
portion to his purse. that it is of no act?
ual Donsequenoe to him whether he wins
or lose.s. This paper is not intended as
a dissertatiou on tbe vice of gambling,
and I inlroduce the point only to show
that a stake of tbe least Importance to
either pluyer is more calculated to im
pair the plcasuro of the game than to
enhainc it; while at the same time it in
evitably depreciatcs its value as a recrea
FA.SCIXATIOX OF BILLIARDS.
But thc Intimate association of billiards
with gambling which so long cxisted In
the public mind is happily almost. if not
entirely, a thing of the'past. Probably
such association never cxisted to the
exient which was generally supposed.
Xot so very many years ago respectablc
fathers of families were horrlfied when
their sons Ludulged in the game: now
they play It thcmselves, ofter with con
siderable zest. without loss of self-re
ppect. For billiards happily is no louger
one of the chief mediums for gambling;
and carries with it now no reproach, save
prj-haps 10 -?. few prcjudiced survivors
who hold by obsoleto iradition, and to
the unco guid, who are with us always.
Jndeed. I doubt if as a matter of fact,
any considerable sums ever do now-a
days change bands over the board of
green Cloth; unless possibly in bets on
the niau-l.es between ihe great profes
sional players. though eren of these I
have 110 eognizaiu-e. Large sums nn
doubtedly are subscribed as prizes for
these piaycrs, but lhis is quite another
matter. and there is nothing more ob
jectlonable In it than in ihe providing
of siniilar prizes to be competed for by
our yachts or racc horses. The game.
one of the most beautiful and sclcntiilc
Uiat we possess, has In short passed
into a clearer and purer atmosphere. and
'?* now probably more played by the clean
and cultured tluui by the dlssolute aud
drbascd or our helerogcnous human so?
ciety. Xeverthele.ss a word of warning
is not superiluouK. The fascinafion ot
bllliardu its *o great. its gharw so en
trai.cing. thal many an iugeuuou. voulh.
even under the modern conditions of the
game, has been known 10 sacriJice a
promlRliig career in the pursuit of this
too enchanttng and very expensive mis
Tbwe i_ a dark story ia my own
family of one of its members (he did not,
I may say, bear the writers name) hav
ing once shut liimself up in a billiard
room with another born gambler like
liimself. wlicro he played for two nights
and the intervening day; at the end of
which he had lost or won (I forget
which, and it does not matter, for wheth
er on any jiarticular occasion he win or
iQse, the gambler's end is always the
same) a large sum of money; and there
are many sirnilar tales. But without in
dulging in such disreputable orgies as
these, a youth, void of sclf-restraint.
may easily suffer in health, pocket and
reputation from an excessive devotion to
a game which. played with discretion,
miglit have contributed to the enjoyment
and Iegitlmate relaxation of a long and
virtuous life. Cavete juvenes!
AX AXC1EXT GAME.
Billi.irds. though probably quite mod
ern as compared with the immense an
Liqulty of ciiess, is an ancient game. Of
its actual origin comparatlvely little is
known. Some contend tliat it was in
vented in France, the birthplace of ten
nis and other gamesjif skill; others that
it was an improvement on the jiart of
that nation of a more ancient pastime
once in \ogue with their neighbours?
that billiards, like so many more modern
things, was "made in Gennany." French
authorities even are divided on the sub?
ject. some writers attributing its inven
tion (or adaptation as the case may be)
to one Henrique Devigne, who llourish
ed in the reign of Charles IX.. while-ihe
Academie des Jeux .-iscribes the honour
of its actual invention to tlie Engiish.
Bruillet aiso in his articie on the game in
the Dictionnaire Universel remarks that
billiards would seem to have been de
rived from the game of bowls, that it
was invented in England and imported
into France for the diversion of Louis
XIV., whose ]diysieians recommended the
gentle exercise it affords. Spain and Ita
ly, too, I believe, both claim the origin
of the game.
We may. I think, take it as certain that
billiards .as a variation or adaptation of
some olde*" pastime. Strutt. in his Sports
and Pastimes of the People of England,
considers iliat it was the game of Paille
Maille elevated to a table from the
ground or' floor. This Pall Mail, by the
way, is a. o Supposed to have contained
the germ of croquet, and possibly of
crieket itself, Mail being obviously an
abbreviation of mallet, an instrument
which may oredibly have been evolution
izrd both into the mace witli wliinh the
game oC billiards was lirst played and
the crieket bat. At first the game seems
to have consisted in driving the ball
through a ring which, when struck. re
volyed on a pin flxed in the bed of the
table; while in a hook called the Sehool
of Recreation, published in 3710, there is
a i-epresentation of a table on which two
players are engaged in playing two balls
through a, pair of little arches placed
near the centre of ihe board. The game
was certainly known in England
Shakespeare's time, though it is probably
with a fine anachronism that he refers
it back to the days of Cleopatra, who
proposes to divert with it her ennui while
awaiting the coming of her rcyal lover.
"-Let us to billiards:
IIOW THEY PLAY IX AMERICA.
The billiard table seems formerly t
have varied much in size and shape, be
ing occasionally oval, or even round. The
French game, as all know. is played on
a ]iocketless table, generaily Sx4 feet, and
ot course the scoring is by cannons.
There. is aiso a variation called the Bri
cole game, in which every stroke must
be played off a cushion. The American
game is played with four balls?two
white and two colored?winning hazards
and cannons alone being scored: and
there is aiso a Russian game, called Car
line, which closely resembles the Amer?
ican. But the Engiish game '-all in" on
a full-sized table, 32xG feet inside tho
cushions, is tlie best of them all; and
though there are actually but four
strolces i:i billiards. viz.: The central or
full stroke, the side stroke, the screw,
and the following stroke, the combina
tions of the game are so infmite, the
angles of incidenee and reilection so va?
rious, that it cannot ever become nionot
onous (barring the spot stroke, which,
however, requires so much practice that
it is never iierjietrated ad nauseam by
the amateur), and consequently the game
is one that, like crieket, never palls. but
rather increases in power of fascination
the more one plays iL
Billiards is without doubt a difficult
game (I hardly know one really worth
playing that is not so); but there is lit?
tle actual drudgery in learning it. since
from the lirst the tyro takes an absorb
Ing interest in his attempted strokes.
There are several manuals of instruction
written by leading players, fron: almost
cveiy one of which much may be Iearn?
ed.: but more useful than any printed iu
structions are a few hints from one who
knows the game, even if himself but
a Very moderate pcrfonner. ln the sludy
ot ai y game, sport or art much time is
often wasted by the beginner neglectirig
lo ayail himself of the results of ex
jierieiice. ln archery, crieket. or rowing.
for icstance. it is most ini]>ortant to start
rright by getting some expert to place
you in right juxta'position to >our bow,
bat cr our. and tulvise you when you de
I'.art ther^from; after whieli success be
comes merely a matter of practice. aid
ed I.y such opportunitles as may present
themselvi-s of ctserving the methods of
the adept. Whc-reas if you start wrong
ly, ther? is the additional labor of un
Icirnlng what yot> have errohebusly
lai ght yourself. Therefore, get some one
io show you how to make your bridge
anc hold your cue, the rest being a mat
ter of aim and "strensth," which can on?
ly be acquired by cousU-nt practice.
Delightful as the game is. billiards can
never be so universally played as its
mer.'ts would seem to "u&tii'y. on account
of its expense. a good table by one of
the best makers costs anything between
X%) and ?250, though a second-hand one,
piactlcally as good as new. may often be
cbtalned for a very much smuller sum.
But the chief difficulty is the room. In,
houses ot mpderato size one large
enough e.iu rarely be spared for the pur
pose. This difficulty, however. mighi be
generaily obvialed bv the adoptlon of a
miniature table, which when equally well
built. with everytldng in just propbrtion,
affords a game little, if at all, Iriferior to
ihe lull-sized. Indeed, 3 am inclined to
think Uiut for very many players iu this
niyoplc age it is even superlor. the posi
Uon of the balls at its further end bc
iiig nuturally soniewhat more easy to
disi-t rv.. lt should of cburse bo as near
the regulaiion size as the dlmenslons of
the room will sidmit: and ia no case
should the balls !..- too small to take a
full aniuuiit of "side." "sidb" being, as it
were, tlie very essonce of the game. If
peoplo would conteut theniselves with i
the emaller board, this delightful past- [
FITZ LEE COOK
are tlie best and most perfect
bakers oti the market. Very
durable, haudsonie and clieap,
and have extra large ovens.
If you want the BEST, don't
fail to get a
time might be enjoyed by many more
players; who would certairily never re
gret having been at the pains to learn
tho ru-liments of a game which has of
late years come to resume the 3ilace it
formerly enjoyed (and has always de
served to enjoy), in tlie esteem of every
Xext Week: "Card Games," by Pro?
A. Rejrular Life Xot Always tho Best
Late Or. Moses 1>. llog;e an I'.iaiiiple.
There is it, wide difference of opinion
among people as to the habit of regular
ity. Quite a number believe in having
a cjwtain hour to retire, to get up and
for meals, and we believe this class is
in the majority. A geiuleman who has
imade a study of the habit custom, how?
ever, regards it as a piece of folly. Hc
says: I have had the -advantage of reg?
ular habits preached to me all my life,
but my own have always been irregular,
both from choiee and necessity, and 1
have always enjoyed excellent health.
Tlie system becomes accustomed to hab?
its which are regularly irregular as well
as those which are simply regular. I
never knew a man with more irregular
habits than the late Dr. Moses D. Hoge,
the distinguished Presbyterian minister of
Richmond, yet he enjoyed excellent health
up to his death, at the age of eighty, which
?was the result of an uceident. He made
it a rule never to take breakfast at the
same hour twice in suecession. One morn?
ing ho would breakfast at 7 nnd the next
day at 10. Frequently he would go with?
out any breakfast. He was just as irregular
iu his other meals. He took exercise ns
he felt inclined, aud if not he would take
life easy by the use of a rocking chair. He
had no rules as to diet. He would drink
wine on occasion, like all the old-school
.ministers, although he wsis a model of
temperanee. He was aiso a coffee fiend
and used to'oa.cco. He had no regular
hour for going to bed, and would often
sit up all night. When he did this he iu
vnr'ably smoked half a dozen strong cigars
and drank a. cup of strong coffee. Some
years ago he -made a tour through the
Holy Land with a large party. Muny of
the party who were. what are ordlnarily
called creatures of habit were made sick
by the irregular habits of travel. Dr.
Hoge, however, was never ill a moment.
"The. same thing is shown to be true in
an army, where the city men always enjoy
better heulth and exhibit more endurance
than the men -from the country. lt is
simply due to the matter of habit. The
country men are ereatuxes of regular
habits, while, ns a rule, lhe city mien are
not, and i.hereforo they (are not as easily
knocked out by the irreguiarities of a
eampaign as their fellow country men."?
RICHMOND TO PETERSBURG.
A Discussion of the Advantn-jes of tho
Now Electric Line.
'Mr. "U'm. Andrew Kirkhn.m, of Peters?
burg, discusses in tlie 1 ndex-Anpeal the
electric road now building from this city
to Petersburg, and whether it will endure
and pay. He says:
The features of this raiilway that are
favorable to its continued existence and
satisfactory return in money are the
small cost'of construction and> equipment
and the small expense of its operation.
Tlie construction cos-t will embrace sub
stantially 2,300 tons of GO-poiHidrails, 23
miles ol" trolley wire, 40,000 ties, l.uOO poles,
several light bridges and the horizontal
levelling of tho road as the cars will run
up and down hills. These are the chief
The equipment wi'l Iprobahly consisf of
10 cars?2 for daily use and tlie others held
The expenses of operation may be con
fined to Uie mot.ive power by electricity
(sream would cost about ?S,000), to four
motcrmen and four conductors, operating
sixteon hours a day, eight liotirs- to each
set, to five section hands, a superinten,
dent, treasurer, and general repairs.
As compaved with steam railway con?
struction this line should not require more
than $S,000 per mile for its complete equ'ip
mont and construction.
As a general statement from the fore
going assumptious we would have twenty
three miles of road at SS.000, each, equal
to an investmeiit of $1SO,000. The expenses
would be in general, about $20,000 an?
Thle ineome at 2"! cents for a. round trip
on an average of 200 passengers a day
from Petersburg to Richmond and 200
from Richmond to Petersburg would be
530.500; at'50 cents, $73,000. But 25 cents
would probably yield a larger incoine.
There would be then:
1 nves-tment cost of.$151,000
Inconie from 25 cent fares. 36,500
Income from 50 cent fares. 73,000
Annual expenses. 2\>,000
For dividends from 25 cent fares.. 16,500
For dividends from 50 cent fares.. 53,000
Ttie oivil cngineer in charge wouid prob?
ably smile at the erude figures submitted
above as meeting approximatively the
construction, and expense accounts of the
railway, but they are neverthelesB con
tributed on a subject in which the citizens
of Petersburg andl Richmond are interest
It may be well that the road shall be
built. The Seaboard Air Line does not
run a iocal train between Petersburg and
Richmond-all trains coming a*nd going
at very unsuitable hours aiso. The At?
lantic Coast Line does better, but its fare
does not pleasv, while it could. by a low
fare, tiave eontrolled the local passenger
travehbrtv.een Petersburg and Richmond.
With a car departing and arriving every
hour from G A. M. to 10 P. M. each day,
lhe people of Richmond and Petersburg
w'll have full railway facilities for going
to either place and the P. and R. Elec?
tric Railway Co. will very probably he
fully re-vard!ed for its enterprise. by the
public of both places.
Kiiicnsi lo'S lHiy.-r.ai-d.5
Fincastle was yislted by a heavy wind
storni Saturday morning, which unroofed
the Methodist Church. scutteivd all the
timbers in the frame of the Odd-Fellows'
Hall, being erected by the colored people.
and wrecked the steeple on the colored
Baptist Church. The weather was very
cold. and a good quality of ice has been
gathered there. AVe ? can't understand
that. Salem is only twenty miles west.
of Fincastle, and it hasn't been cold
enough here to freeze Ice an iuch thick.?
Salem Timea-Res-ister. _ - -
DESIGX FOR BROADUS MEMORTAL BAPTIST CHURCH.
NEW CHURCH IN
THE EAST m
PLANS THAT WERE ADOPTED.
Broaclus Memorial Soon to Erect
To Be an Attractive Brick: Structure
and Cost $15,000 ? Work to
IJcgin "t Once? History
of the Movement.
The congregalion of the Broaddus "Me?
morial Baptist Church hope soon to have
a handsome, well aaranged and eommo
dious edilice in whieh. to worstiip.
The plans have been adopted. the money
REV. C. P. STEALET,
(Pastor of Broadus Memorial.)
is being raised, work will begin without
delay, and next fall will probably find the
congiregation comfortably housed in their
leetiire-room, If hot in the auditorium.
The building is to be erected according
to the design of Mr. D. Wiley 'Anderson,
an excellent illustration of which is given
herewith. It will be of brick and only one
story. The auditorium and Bible-school
room will be so arranged that upon spe?
cial occasions they may be thrown togetlt
I LEGISLATURE IS
GETTING TO WORK
"Farmer" Pilcher Up to His Old Tricks*
? Something About Other House Objectors.
No Peanut Stand This Seasoru
RICHMOXD DELEGATION STARTS OUT
TO MAKE AN ADDITIONAL REPUTATION.
It looks like old times to see the Legis?
lature again in _ession, and the presence
of the members here brings back many
happy memories to those whose bustaess
took them daiiy to tlie Capitol during the
regular sc=sion last winter. There have
been only two elianges in the penspnnel
of the body since adjournment last March.
In the interimi two members of the lower
branch have died?Captain R G. Patter?
son, of Roekingham, and Hon. Alexau
der King, cf Essex?and their successors?
Hon. Frank Rolston and Hon. E. H.
Birdsong, have been duly &worn into fUl
their piaces. The House in the opening
days of the session passed tehder resolu?
tions respeeting the memories ot the de
parted membeiw, and ordered that the
i-esolution be spread upon the journai, that
future bodies might know of the h'.gh es
teem in which they were hold by thejr
colleagues-. The two- new members are
both line geutlcmen, and will, no doubt,
worthily rill the hign piaces left vacant
by their lumented and distinguished pre
They are regular attendants upon _fce
?_ssions of the body, and are rapidly be
toming acquainted with their new du?
ties, and responsibilities, at the same
time making strong .friends of their fel
UP TO IIIS OLD TRICKS.
Farmer Pilcher, the "Old Cochin China"
from Fauquier, has forgotten none of his
old trlcks during thc- recess of the 'Legis?
lature. He entered tho arena soon after
the session opened. with all his oid-tlme
vigor, as the "great objectpr" of the
House. , , . .
He sat for several days at the beginmng
Of the aessloni with such an innocent and
Kindly expressi&n u-*,on his rugged l'ace.
that thofe1 whom he had so often routed
ln debate .vldentiy fhough 'that some.
g-nttle influer*ce h?,d softened his temper
shice tha regular ..session adjourned', and
they were quietly congratulating them
selv'e.V that at least one dbstacle' in the
wav of sP?eilv legMatfon had removed
itself. and tliat they would have smooth
saiting; so far as the Fauquier farmer
But a little while proved that they were
sadly mistaken. The farmer was only
awaiting a good' opportunity. a>ul when
it come?as- it did when several member.'*
wanted bills passed without reference to
er, affordmg accommodations for "050 or
700 persons. There will be an infant de?
partment, ciiass-roonu' and a nursery, in
whioh mothers with little children may
have am opportunfty of hearing preacliing
\sithout being thrown with the congrega
YOUXGEST BAPTIST CHURCH.
Broadclus Memorial is the youngest
Paptist Church tfns the city. But it is a
vigorous and protaising one. It was or
ganized ln July, 1SCC), as the resuit of a
tent meeting conducted in Uie East-Hnd
by Rev. R E. Chambers, then working
under the direction cf the Baptist City
It is therefore a child of Richmond
A tcmporary house was ereclcd near
Uie corner of Thirty-second and Mar?
shall Street.--. in which excelient work
ba.-- been done. The Church mimbers one
hundred and sixty-four members. ueariy
alU of whom ae.ti.vely support the work.
Last year the contributions for Church
expenses amounted 10 about $17,000. Over
?100 of this sum was for misskms>. Tiie
Church is in- Uie m-idst of a ?rapidly-grow
ing and inteiligent eommunity. In the past
eighteen, monilis at least one- hundred sub
stantial hou&'e3 havo been erected in its
immediate vicinity, and one contraetor
now knows of eighteen houses being ptana.
ed for within one sciuare of the Church.
The membersliip, realizing the great op
portunity as well as responsibility. ihave
determined to meet it by erecting a com
modious and' attractive liouee of wor
sh'ip, the .plans* for which. were adopted
last Sunday, and tiie architect was* in
structed to proceed with the work as rap
idly as possible.
COST OF THE BUILDIXG.
It is estimated that tlie cost of the
building will be about S1G.0CO. The one hun?
dred and gixty-four members heroicaliy
undertook *to raise ?5,000 among them
selves, anoire than half of which sum has
already been pledged, and one member of
the Church undertakes the raislng of $?"">.
W0 from outside sources, of whien a good
beginning has been made; and the Church-,
through her pastor, appealed to the Bap?
tist Ministers' Conference for aid in rais
ing $5,000 among the-i Baptist Churches* of
Ri hmond. The conference appointed a
comrmlttee to study the situation and
make'recommendations. The committee
recommended io the conference that it
express its approval of the request of the
Church, and commend the same to the
liberal aid of tlie other Churches at the
eariiest possible day. The report'was* hear
tilv adopted. and the Ohurchv in its oan
vas. as meeting with a cheerful response.
The first pastor of the Church was Rev.
Jacob Sallada, who did excelient founda
tion work and was much bejoved by the
?people; then came Rev. H. L. Qua.rles,
D. D., who was pastor nearly four years.
During his pastorate the work was sys
tematized *and organized on a -small
basis. The present pastor, Rev. C. P.
Stealey, has been with the Church only
live months, but has the hearty co-opera
tion of the entire fmombers-hiip, and is
leading the eongregatjon in untiring ef
forts to secure the much-needed house.
coirmittees?he broke loo.se with all the
flerceness of a Xebraska cyclone, and
made things exceedingly turbulent for a
Hon. John Whitehead wanted a bill put
through immed'.ately. requiring property
owners in the City in Xorfolk to pave
side-walks under certain conditions. The
Hcu.se v.as about to grant the favor
asked by the .senior member from Xor?
folk, when the Fauquier farmer fell upon
him like an enragedi lion. and sent the
bill sailing to the Committee on Counties
Cities and Towns.
AGAiX AFTER MR. MATHEW3,
But the fun did not stop here. l.-i five
minutes after Farmer Pilcher had made
successful objection to the immediale
consideration of Mr. "YVhlthead's i-ill, the
mild-mannered member from Accomac,
and his courtly colleagtie from Xorthamp
ton, sought to have passed under suspen
sion of the rules a bill which they had
jointly introduced relating to the taking
cf oysters from their natural beds on the
ocean side of Accomac. The subject of
oysters has long been a sore one with uw
Fauquier farmer. and when Mr. Math*r.vs
moved that the bill be ordered to its en
grossment he sprang to his feet and in
vigorous terms demanded ithat it go to
the Committee on Chesapeake and its
Tributaries. This brought both Messrs.
Mathews and Xottingham to their feet,
and: thev er.deavored to explain to the
member" from Fauciuier that the bill was
entirely local in its nature and that It
was demanded by the people whom they
represented. He would not yield how?
ever and for several moments hurled
some of his choicest. bits of repartee at
his opponents in the spirited colloquy
that followed. "?
Mr. Mathews. said: "If you wiil hear
me a moment I can explain""; but the
former cut him off with. "Oh, I don't
want to hear you; I am in no condition
to-day, to listen to any explanation on
the ovstei* question." Mr. Mathews
dropped into his seat, nnd his able and
chivalrous colleague, Mr. Xottingham.
came. forward and made a fer\'ent plea
for his bill; but it did not move the cold
hearted farmer to relent; for when the
tloater deltjgute had concluded he just
c-oldly said: ','Hr. Speaker, I insist upon
my motion," and the bill was committcd.
Tlie action of the Fauquier farmer in re
suming his oid Tactics was a great dis
appointmeut to many of the members,
8BETTER ' |
Knowledge is the power that moves the wcrld. If
you want to get posted on what transpired dnring
1900, buy the new
1901 Richmond Times
It tells about the pop
f^^ cities; about
?JL and famines;
XjS storms aud
5f about the crops of the
^ world; about imports
)<? and exports.
AT OUR BUSINESS
The Times Almanac Contains an Alphabetical List
of the Virginia ^ostoffices, the only publication
that contains this information.
lt tells tlie conquests of war. S
It tells the conquests of peace.
It tells the late censtts.
It telh> about the Boer war.
It tells about tables, wei hts, crops, measures.
This is a great book to have in the home.
There are many special features in this year's "chmond Times Almanac
The National and State ElectionReturns.
The Prominent Events of the Passin Century, in Gitj
The Virinia Game Laws, in a carefully tabulated form
and corrected to date.
Full Information and List 01 Members of the Several Virinia Stat
tional Conventions of 1776,1S29,1S51, and lSui'.
Startlin Facts About the Ne ro Problem.
Useful eceipts for house and farm.
Money in Circulation?old e.xpcrts.
What to Do in Case of Accidents.
Political Platforms. TaritT. Ports of Entry.
Wheat Crop of the World?tabulated.
Statistics of Every Description.
The first portion of The Times Almanac is prepared in
peculiarlv adapted to the needs of this city, State and immedia
State, Nation and
readily undei : .!
Tbe Price is Only 25 Cents.
THE TIMES COMPANY,
who had hoped he would "be easy'' on
them at the extra session.
OTHER HOUSE OBJECTOR3.
Another "objector" on the House side
is necessarily Hon. "William Henry Boaz,
the very able chairman of the Finance
Committee and ex-officio the "watch-dog
of the treasury."
But Mr. Boaz does not boiher himself
much about bills unless they are such as
carry appropriations. He exercises" the
closes*t scrutiny. however. aiong this line.
and is ofteh on his feet with". "Mr.
Speaker, I object i"
Hon. Tifion D. Jennings, of Lynchburg,
a prominent member of tlie Finance Com
ittee, and one of the most conservative
and watcJiful mea in the lower branch.
often flnds himself iu the position of an
"objector;" but he never objects just to
be objec-ting. He looks carefully into tne
bill unuer consideration. and courteousiy
asks tho patron to explain its provisions
and effect, and if this is done to his
^atisfae'tion, hc as courteous-Iy permits it
to pass without objection. There is one
class of bilis. however, to the passage of
wrfich Mr. Jennings may always* be relied
upon to object. and that it to ailow
dentists, medicai doctors and pharmaeist-;
to practice their professions without
standihg the State Board. His people
have expressed to him their opposition
to such a cour,*e by the Legislature, and
he succeeds in "holdihg r>:>" every bill ot
'this character that come.? before the
House. Straage as St may seeni. ilr.
Jennings' course on thisi question has
lost him rtO friends in the (House, and he
is one of its most popular as well a- one
of its ablest aint most conservative
PEAXUT STAXD ABAXDONLD.
One thing which gives an unfamillar
appearance to the roiund-*. of the Capitol
during the extra session is tho absence ot
the peanut stand, conducted last winter
bv tlie merchant-meuiber from Lee coun
ty When asked about the matter several
d'avs ago the member said h<* would not i
"oiien up"-at the extra session. as bts
little boy, who acted as his elerk during
the regular session. was now at school.
and he could not spare time himself from
his legislative duties to give the stand
the proper attention. His colleagues will i
miss the stand. as they found it a great
convenience when the sessions were long. ;
and gave the eiiterprisuig member the ',
preference of their patronage out of that
well known courtesy which has long cx?
isted among Iegislators. If the member
can succeed in getting some reliable boy
to look after it. he may yet eonciude to j
re-establish ras stand, but he wants it
distinctly understood that he will not
permit this or any other outside matter |
to interfere with his official duties. His ?;
constituents are pressing him to be a
candidate for re-electlon next fail. and |
while he has not said he would do so, he ;
is known to have the matter under ad- ;
STARTEl) OLT WELL.
The threa bright young member- of the
Richmond city de.'.egation? Messrs. Kelley, i
Anderson and* Folkes?have t-aken an m. -
tive part in the proceed'ngs it Ihe <:ira i
session thuis far, and ure sustainirig th?ir !
reputations as or.uo.rs und fuithful legis
latom. Messr?. Kelley and Ar.dersoa t-ueh
made britliant and capttvvtiing speech' - in
seconding the nomluatl-ju of Judgc ? Whit?
tle in the Demleratic caucu-*. ?.viiile Mr. ;
Folkes performed a like task l:i i mcs'. j
admirable rnanner f>r Hon. A A. I'hifgar. J
The two former geuiI-uiKn ure rec-ognijeJ j
as among the mo~i
the H< Kuse, -wblle I
vigorous and altog
sjpeaking, which ls
The other fk-.t' tie
Hons. S. -*. i'. Patl -
are sh rwlns up we
iu the II
.\c\v Pimei Plant.
iptions ba* taken
w.U'T ri^iit ^ ? ?? :?
Waynesb ?ro, with . ??
electric power plai
supplying power to eon
tri( s, an I ala ? I ? -- ' :
Stay of Execution.
A writ of ' rror has h ':' ' ,:
Judge Blackstoi ? .?"" ? '
Fosque, sentenced to '???
or" February- The writ d tes i
the prisoner, but only opcrati i as
of execution until a motion for a ? ??'
trial can be heard by the judge. wb
will probably be during the regular terra
of the Circuit Court in Aprih?Peninsula
last year there were sold bere !-' I
borses valued al W.35O.000-. The ? tom rra
were from the Middle, New England and
South Atlantic States.-?Norfolk Journa:
-32 ORGV'IZED 1832.
YirgiDla Fire & ffiarine
OF RICKMOND, VA.
This oid Virginia in.stitution
instiresall descriptionsof Property
in City and Country; DwelHngs,
Fnrniture, Stores, Farm Buildings,
Crops. etc; Sehool Honses, Mills,
Chnrches, Factories. &c.
Agents in Every Town and County.
E. B. Addisos, L-. O. Davis,
W. JOSMH Leake, ? Orro KottWG
N. W. BOWE, ' W. II. PAU-JHt
W.M. IL PALMER. W. IL McCARTHY,.