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RE AND LITERARY T
By ARTHUR T. EASTJVIAN, Lit. D., B. D., Ph. D.,
Assis':ed by a Staff of Prominent Literary Men.
ED1TORJAL?"TheBook of the Season."
POLITICAL AND SC1ENCE?Asia and
PHILOSOPHV? Dictionary of Philoso
; pliy and Psychology.
BIOGRAPHY?Who's Who in America.
THEOLOGY- Tlie .V.odeni Mission Cen?
POETRY?The Gage of Youth.
HCTION?Slifi Stands Alone.
My Strangest Case.
Warwick of the Knobs.
JUVEMLE?Kidsof Many Colors.
??The Book of the Sco*on."
How often do wo not see, either in the
prophetlbal notice sent out by tlie pub
iisher or in the notice by some critic who
deslres to deal out unstinted praise, that
such or such a work is "The book of the
season." lt is not. apparently, in the least
detrimental to tlie use of this title that.
it is applic-d to about one-fourth of the
novels which are issued during any given
year, nor does it socm to pall upoir tbo
p-.ihlislicr or revicwer because of much
s'-rvieo; lt is rc-cognized as a. classic. und
so cannot be ovemsed. Hence. its catho
llclty of application.
But there is another, and a more evi?
dent use cf the title. retrospective, or, at
least. current. This is when some lately
issued work has won such hold upon the
affection of the pubiic that in sales and
talk "its namo icads all the rest." Exam
ples not a few will occur to any readcr
who watch.es thr movements of the lite?
rary market. and we r.eed not instance?
which, would, indeed, in view of what we
have to say, be a somewhat ungracious
For we would ask: How often does
"the book of the season." taking the title
as Icgitimatc-ly won in tlie last-mentioned
manr.'er, know a longer life than for the
season of which it was the hero? Rare?
ly, indeed. do those works of which the
sales, during the first year of their exist
ence, run into tbe hundreds of thousands,
retain any real life for so much as a cen
M'.y.- of weeks. lt seemes to be an unal
terable law that the work of fiction which
cr< ates the greatest furore will be among
tin- shortost-lived of its kind. lt appears,
dazzles am! glows as a meteor, and as a
nuaeqr it falls. Ani it falls -nevor to
ris.. agaipVj ?. it fails to the darkness of.
uttcr obscurify. lls author may maintain
popularity for a time; but the book itself
is heard of no more.
Tho fact cannot. we venture to think,
bc controverted. lt remains for us to Hnd
lho reason, if this may be done. There is
an old saying that "one nail drives out
another." and doubtk-ss this is of appli?
cation here: but of itself it will hardly
sorve to account for the ephemeral char
aotor of popularity displayed by lato
w.>rks of fiction. It is true that. thanks
10 judlcious advertising, "great novels"
are forced upon the pubiic with such
rapidity of seiiucnce that their very num?
ber pivcludi's favorable momory of one of
their host; but this is not sufficient cause
for the total negiect that is subsequently
meted . out. i'or it must be noted that
many novels which are not "books of the
so.-i^on," rimain wiih us and find steadily
u.-owing popularlty. Neither can the phc
nomenon which we are discussing be at
tiibuted to sudden and vielent changes of
tasti- in tho pubhc; as a rule, such change,
when it occurs at all, is a gradual evolu
tion whose stops are hardly to be marked. j
Perhaps the true reason is to be found j
in the fact that "the book of the season"
almost invari.--.bly lias extraneous or ad
ver.titious aid tb popularity. It is written
by a youhe girl, or it deals with some
question of tho time, or?most potent rea
Boh of all?it deals with some phase of
Hfe wiih h is novel in liction and thus
un-.isos a temporary euriosity. lt wins
ephemeral success, not on its intrlnsic
merits, but by Intrihsic circumslanco.
That this should bring success is not a
good sign of public sanity; but so it fs,
and so it will continue to be until the
public leams to disUnguish between in?
herent mcrit and meretricious glamor?
j oetween literary; abinty and a,ptness for
adverti si ng.
? ? *
AS1A AND EUROPE. By Meredith Town
se.nd. G. P. Puniams sons, JNew York.
One of lhe ir.ost imporiant eontribuiions
to politie^al literature has anpeared from
ihe press of G. P. Putnam's Sons. Its title
is "Asia and Europe, ' and ns author
.Meredith Townsend. The value of this
wcrk at the pre&ent. time lies not so much
in its deUuct-ions regarding the Asiaiic
and tlie Euxx>j>ean, but in the conclusions
reached by Uie author in his study of the
radical peculiaritics of the dwellers in
Assa, and the effect that such peculiaritlea?
wiil have upon American inlluence in the
Eastern Continent. This statement will
appear somewhat extraordinary when we
consider that nearly all that our author
says about America is to be found in his
preface. The thoughts uttered by Mr.
Townsend thereln are. however, .of great
importance, and because of his knowledge
of Uie subject. arising from a life devoted
^ to its study, possc-ss an authoritative
value which we are not willing to accord
usually to dogmatic statements unsup
I'orled by dc-iinito proofs. Thc scope of
the book is of great width. and each of
its essays contains much that is new to
most readers, and, for that matter, to
many students. Mr. Townsend discusses
the influence of Kurope or Asia. Ile then
gives a comparison between the effects of
Isiam and Christianity in lndia, and he
says: "Mohammedan proselytism succeeds
in lndia because it leaves its converts
Asiatics still; ChrisUan prosc-lytism fails
in lndia because it strives to make its
converts Er.glish middle-class men. That
Is the truth in a nutshell, whether we
choose to accept it or not." In the chap?
ter entitled "Will England Retain lndia?"
the conclusions of the author will provoke
loud dissent from those who believe in the
permanent Er.glish supremacy in that
country. Mr. Townsend gives much space
lo a discussion -of the Asiatic character
and Asiatic society. "We have not seen
such a. series of illuminating chanters
upon uhis subject ln any other work. It
appr-ars to us that no student of politics
or hislory can sfford to allow this book
to go unread by him. A. P. S.
DICTIONARY OF PH1?-SOPHY AND
FSYCIIOEOGY. Edited by James
Mark Baidwin: The Macm.llan Com?
pany, New York.
After long preparation Dr. Baldwin's
"Dictionary o? Philosophy and Psyeholo
gy*' is issuing- from the press. The work
will be welcomed not only by the students
of the sciences of which it treats, but
by the general reader seeking specilic
information on points in them. In the
preparation of his work, which is to be
issued in three volumes, the first of which
is before us, Professor Baidwin has been
assisted by a Board' of Editors which
contained thc most disUnguished special
ists in philosophy. logic, ethics. psycholo- -
gy. philology, physical science and mathe
matics, mental pathology and anthropo
iogy, biology and their allicd studies. The
l first volume (that being reviewed) con
j tains the division of the work beginning
with A and endlng with Laws. An
' examination of the pages s..ows that,
althought the greatest erudition is con
stantly in evidence. the work is not
made "so technical as to be unusable by
the oroinary student. The articles are
ckar and well written, and will be found
exceedingly satisfactory for purposes of
WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA. Edited by
John W. Leonard: A. N. Marquis &
XV* lu ve before us "Who s Who .n
.n.'ica" for 1901-1902. This work His
i unique place in a field all its own. We
have many encyclopcdias of ^^^"7
s6me excellent ar.d some worthless-but
Uiere is but one which is devoted ex
ciu^ivelv to comtemporary biograpny, ex
cluding the names of all whose activi
ties are of a oast day. though it be but
ve=terdav. For such a work there is
eonstant" and wide use. Not only are
we therebv enabled to keep in touch with
the actual factors that make up the
sum of actual strenuous life, but we are
priven information of many whose ser?
vices to manklnd have not been sullicicnt
to cntitlc them to a place in a general
biography. yet whose work has an in?
terest for us during the time ot Us pef
?istence. It is to meet the need that
is often felt in his respect that that ex?
cellent i-ublication. "Who's "VHio In Amer?
ica" was first issued and is now re
issued in a revised and enlarged edition.
lt is a biograhplcal dictionary of notable
living men and- women in the United
States. Every name which is in the least
likely to demand innuiry or information
is included in the 1.2S0 pages of biogra
phy, and. the information furnished is
at once complete and brief. The achieve
ments of each Indlvidual, the reasons for
his or her notability, are given, together
with the chief events of the life-history
of each. The notice of each person,
whether widely famous or but little
known, is strlctly limited to the recital
mentioned; there is no laudacion, no criti
cism, nothing but bare facts. This gives
the work the value of unquestloned ac?
curacy. "Who's Who in America" is
c-ne of the indispensable reference books
of its time. P. K. U.
j ALASKA. Edited by C. Hart Merrlam.
Two Volumes: Dcubleday, Page &
Co., New York.
Among the sumptuous books of travel
-iprriman's Alaska Expedition, ' ?'?
1 before us, must take high rank. The
mechanical excellence of these volumes
is worthy of special commendation. The
binding is well done; the cover is most
attractive in its sea-green and gold; the
paper used in the set is of high ciuality;
the niustrations are lavishly used and
are of great variety. These latter em
bellishments are worthy of special men
tion; they include colored plates, more
than usually well done. photogravure
plates of tho highest quality, and a host
of text figures that add materially to
the value of information so attractively
presented. The books before us are is
sued under the ed'.torship of a number of
dlstinguished writers, among them John
Burroughs, John Muir. George Bird Grin
nell. William H. . Dall, Charles Keeler,
Henry Garnett, William L. Brewer and
M. L. Wnshburn. The general editor
is C. Hart Merriam.
"Alaska" is the direct result of the
expedition -nhich Mr. Edward H. Harri
man in the early srring of 1S09 equip ?
for exploration in Alaska. The co-opera?
tion of the Washington Academy of
Sciences enabled the projector of the ex?
pedition to assemble leaders in several
branches of governmental scientific work
as well as experts in active professorial
life. The present rosilts is not a dull
compendium of scientific date. It is
live story of the trip itself. It takes
the reader to Alaska; it shows him the
country, its people and its anirnals as
they are. and all this wlth a fullness of
detail. a. vividness af. d^scription, and an
authoritativeness of statement that c-^us-.s
the book to be accepted as the most in?
teresting and valuable volume in its spe?
cial field. G. AV. T.
THE MODERN MISSION CENTURY.
By Arthur T. Pierson: The Baker &
Taylor Co.. New York.
The Rev. Arthur T. Pierson has al?
ready a large number of readers. His
works, all on rel'gious subjects. number
a dozen. The present volume is per?
haps the most satisfactory of any of the
works of thls aiuhor that have come to
our atfention. thought all of them p-iss^ss
interest and are fmitful in good. The
purpose of "The Modern Mission Centu?
ry" is to sum up the work that has
been done during the last hundred years
in advancing the cause of Christ in for?
eign countries. The style of the author
is interesting. and. despite the mislead
ing chapter-heads. the plan of the work
is satisfactory. Our author commences
with what may be called an argurnent
for the foreign mission work. He then
passes into a discussion of the character
which the successful missionary should
possess. and then sketches the variety
of missions and the incidents attending
their inception and cxecution. In the
chapter devoted to tl\e translation of the
Bible and lo the extension of its use
among foreign nations we find many facts
of interest to the general reader. It is
cxlraordinary that such good work of
translation as is shown in the 100 dif?
ferent langua^ed editions of the Bible
has been accomplished. As our author
says: "The marvel is not that there
hnve been so many mista.kes or confessed
fa'lures, but that they have not been far
m >re numerous and hopeless. If even
such a sehol.ir ns Dr. Poh-'ff could. in
pubiic prayer. thank God that 'we are
v.'shed in the blood -of the Lamb.' -rai.s
lators mny be pardoned for absurd and
comical idioimtic nustakes." Mr. Pier
"(??? covers nlmost every 'I^.diof t "'ssion
work, and. while wo do not pgr-Je wlth
him in several of his statements. yet we
may on the whole commend the bo k
to all interested in mission wo'k.
E. V. G.
THE GAGE OF YOUTH. By Gelott Bur
f'-ss. Small. Miynard" & Co.. Boston.
"We. are honestly puzzlod what vordicf
to pronounce on the little volume of
verse entitled "A Gage of Youth." by Ge
lett Burgess. If we take tho verse at its
best, we must accord it very high praise;
if we take?it at -its worst, we must use
terms of renrehension. One thing is cer?
tain: Mr. Burgess is one of the most
skiliful . of American versitiers of the
nresent day. ln the mechanical portion
of his-art.he has indeed few equals. Look
at this stanza from the title-poem:
Youth's in the saddle; hot play for him;
Let them make way for him?Love and
old' Time and grim Want;
Hark to his vaurit; gaze at the gage he
"Who'll win at last?
God help him, what an array for him!
Trembie and pray for him! Youth can?
This shows a mastery over form that is
as rare as it is aclmirable.
Now listen to the little poem entitled
Fair as a star, rare as a star,
The joys of a future lie,
To the eyes of a child, to the sighs of a
Heavenly far and high!
Fair as a dream, rare as a dream,
The hopes of a '"uture sure *
To the woudering child, to the blund'er
Trusting and free anu' pure!
Fair is the soul, rare ls the soul
Who has kept, after youth is past,
Ail the art of the child, all the heart of
Hpldirig his faith at last!
That is poetry. and poetry of a very
high order. Nor does it stand aione;
there are other poems in the volume
nearly as flri ? as this. lf Mr. Burgess will
put aside his occasional vulgarisms. as
well as his affectation of Philistinism,
and' will devote himself to his true im
pulses. he should take very high rank
among American singers. His little vol?
ume is well worth reading, even as it is.
T. A. K.
* * *
SHE STANDS ALONE. By Mark Ash
ton. L. C. Page & Co., Boston.
Mr. Ashton has written an excellent?in
some respects an acVmirablc?work of its
class. From a literary standpoint tlie
book has some domerits which are fa?
tal to claim of high standing; it is at
times slow in narratiye. tame in inci?
dent. and utterly inadeuuute in style:
but. such work as this cannot be viewed
only from a literary standpoint. Pur?
pose and tendency of thought must be
considered' in a book which has evident
aim; and in these respects Mr. Ashton,
with the exception of some narrowness,
d'eserves great praise. If there is but lit?
tle dopth in his thought, it is always
high' and clear, and thc r^'gious por?
tions of the book are reverently and
quietly handled, writh no hirit of sensa
tionalism, that- bane of too many writ
crs of religious fiction. "She Stands
Aione" is very far from being on the
plane of "Ben-Hur." with which it nat
urally comes into comparison; but it is
.no less earnest and digiiified in trentment
than Waliace's masternicce. Especially
good are the scenes which are laid' in
Britain. though the chapter entitled "Eu
nhrosyne's Dream" is tlie finest in lhe
book. B. T. P.
* * *
THE CAVAL1ERS. By George W. Ca?
ble. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
"The Cavnlier'". is not good work; it is
exasperatingly bacT work. Exasperating?
ly, because tlie story gives constant op?
portunity for .excellent results and ef
?fects.- and th'ere are'occasional" tonehes
which show how Mr. Cable could have
written tlie book most admirably, if only'
hc had not been possessed of some de
rri'on which nulliiied every conception
and brought it'to naught. And it is dif?
ficult to define the nature of the fault.
One feels that' the story should be inter?
esting, and yet it lacks interest; that the
characters. are well u'rawn. and yet they
are vasrue and shadowy: that the con
versation is brirrht and clever. and yet
it leaves the mind perfectly blank of im
I pression. Perhaps tlie trouble lies in a'
| sense of liurry and uneertainty: Mr. C.-?
! ble seems himself to have had no real
grasp of either His incidents or charac-:
ters. and so is unable to give improssion
of them. to create any illusion. The first
I portion of the story is especially vague?
i to us, even incomprehensible: we could
follow neithcr conversation nor incident
i with any grasp of their relation to one
The story is of a portion of the war in
j M>ESissiopi. and the hero?though not he
who teils the story?is one Ned Ferry, who
! is at the head" of an organization called
I Ferry's Scouts. We are over and over
| again told that these scouts are very re
I markable men; but they never do any
thirig. so far as we can see. Ferry him?
self is intended for a noble character;
nnd so he may be, if we could' only un
dcrstand him. The other chief character
i.i a woman?Chnrlotte Oliver?a snr in
tho service of the Confederaey, who is
beibved by Ferry and loves him in re?
turn. But she is unharipily married. aneT
hr-nce arise oorvilicfitions?thoush the ex?
act nature of th^se corhplications is hid
den from us. Thero is plenty of flght?
lng in the book. but it all seems pur
pos( _ess. Charlotte's husband. by tlie
wav. is twice supnosr-d to be dead? and
twice reappears: and his flnal fate is an
outrasre upon the reador's feelings and
creduiity. Mr. Cable must do better work
than this if his enemies are not to tri
umph. M. C. P. A.
CTRCUMSTANCE. By S. Weir Mitchell.
The Century Co., New York.
Dr. Mitchell terms his new book "Cir
cumstance"; and' it is hard to say that
he was not inspired when he named it.
It is purely circumstantial; it is a con
glomeration of events which have no
particular excuse for existence in the
form of fiction. which begin nowhere and
lead nowhither. Dr. Mitchell's chief and
pet character is an adventuress?one Mrs.
Hunter. She is strictly. conventional. ex?
cept that she does not smoke cigarettes.
An adventuress who does not smoke ci
I garettes is an anomaly in fiction. and
thus far Mrs. Hunter Is original. Other
wise, she is very bad, indeed; it is even
stated of her that "she had no belief in
doctors?bad or good:" and one can read
I ily uriderstand how this was a damning
circumstance in tbe eyes of Dr. Mitchell
! and is put in the book in order to show
! the total depravity of the lady inques
j tion." She has, however, a redeeming
trait; ad'venturesses always do have re?
deeming traits. and generally this con
sists in love for a brother or sister. In
I Mrs. Hunter's case it is the former, and
I the brother is, of course. a scapegrace.
' The lady ambles through the story, mnk
. ing herself and things in general as dis
; agrecable as she can, which is the way
i of adventures'ses in tiction from time im
j memorial. Of course. there i3 the excep
I tion of the old man whom she fascinates.
j who in Dr. Mitchell's book is named
I Fairthorne, and whom she tries to poi?
son at the end'. However, Mr. Fairthorne
' dies just as he is about to drink the poi
! son', which is consid'erate of him. but
j seems to serve no possible purpose in the
The remaind'er of the personases are
only to be described as deadly dull, and
in their depiction lies. as we think. a
chargo of slander against Dr. Mitchell,
since he claims that they are representa
tives of Philadelphia society. There is
no special story. the book being entirely
fashionable in this respect We have
never heard Dr. Mitchell accused of any
especial elegance of style, and he has in
"Circumstance" given no ground for such
accusation. F. L. M.
* * *
MARNA'S MFTTNY. By Mrs. Hugh
Fraser. Dod'd. Mead & Co.. New York.
"Marna's Mutiny" is a story of Japan.
but it is very far from being a Japanese
story. The charaeters are European,
and, except for mere mise en scene. the
reader would rarely realize thnt he is
reading a work of fiction that Pretonds
to deal' with another civilization than
that' which is familiar to us. This is no
detriment to tho interest of the novel;
rnfher, we menlion it only to prevent pu
tative readers of the book from being
sffrighted by the thought that they are
to be criven wearlsome descriptions of
life and manners among the Japanese.
"Marna's Mutiny" is rather abovo the
average novel of the day. Mnrna, the he
roine of the storv. is a bri.-rht and d'e
termlned little body, whom we soon Iearn
to like for herself and whose occasional
vagaries of act and speech we readily
forgive. Betty. however, is decidedly
better as a uortrnit; we have known not
a few Betties. though very rarely one
who, after years of attempt at self-sale
to a suffieiently high bidder. retained the
capacity for true feeling, as does the Bet?
ty of the story. Kilmorack. the chief
male character of the novel, is?oh, well,
I he is a man drawn by a woman, and
therefore entirely out of drawing when
it ooni.'s to the subtleties of delineation:
but he is no worse than the average of
such portraits, and will be accepted by
most women readers, at least. as being
true to nature. Thn rest of the charae?
ters are siight and make little impres
sion; though we fancy that IMrs. Mow
bray was rather a favorite creation with
t'ne author. We like the book as a
whole. eontrasting it with others of great?
er pretensions which we have read this
autumn. and we recommend it to such of
our readers as read entirely for amuse
ment. S. K.
* * *
THE STRIKING HOURS. By Eden
Phillpotts: Frederick A. Stokes Com?
pnny. Ncw York.
"The Striking Hours" is a volume of
short stories. or rather sketches. most
of them told autobiographically by one
of *he actors in the incident described,
and all but one written in the dialect pe?
culiar to the part of Devon which is the
scene of the story. The book takes its
t'tle from a quotation from Dr. Martin
eau, "God has so arranged the, chro
nometry of our spirits that there shall be
thousands of silent moments between
the striking hours,'' and the applicabllity
<^f the title is at once discernible. There
are fourteen tales in the collection, vary
ing greatly in merit and interest. but all
rossessing a certain charm which is dif?
iicult of definit'on. Perhaps the best
of the collection is that called "The Red
Rose;" but "Ano?her T Ptle Henth-Hound'*'
and "Tho Devil's Tight-Rope" are al?
most as good "in their varying ways.
Mr. Phillpotts' stories are all of a ciuiet
type. even though some of them deal with
battle. murder. and sudden doath. Th<
pathos of the book Is.' as a whole, better
thnn the humor thereof;. but the latter
quality is by no means lacking, and is
not of the bludgeon sort that wearies
after a page or two. Altogether, while
we see in Mr. Phillpotts no successor to
Mr. Blackmore. we recognize him as a
pleasant and skillful writer, and we can
cordially commend his book to the gen?
eral reader. T. T. D.
M,. STRANGEST CASE. I* C. Page
& Co., Boston.
This is an cxciting book. From tho
lirst page to the last the reader is earried
rorward through a host of excitmg in
i cidents to a enmax which, though con
i ventional, is none the less sat.sfactory.
The story opens in Singapore. There
three Englishmen meet and plan the re
covery of an immense treasure- nidc? n
in the ruins of a Burmese Tem. !o. Jri
this abandoned temple the adva 1- irers
tind a treasure of enormous value. They
have not Ume tj; take it all, but eac?pe
I from the treasure chamber with jewels
valued at almost a million d-i'i.i:.. Oup
adventurer betrays the ^uist :'? P'J'-od ln
him by the others. secures the jewels
. nd flees. His slceping coairadea are
atta'cked by ,the Chinese, -uUS i 'fat
fui tcrtures, in which Sea:injs Lrcd
has 1-Js tongue torn out by h"; routj, the
ivitwater is blinded. the *retch?d ad
venti.; trs are turned loose in the r.rest
n Hayle is pursued o e '. ry
c utpc ?_? of the British ar uy. es?
capes those upon h's tra.^k n 1 :>--t>
reaches London. All this forms thc in?
troduction to the story proper. This
commences with the arrival of Kitwater
and Codd at the office of George Fairfax.
the detectiv*. The aim of Kitwater and
CoeM is to find Hayle. recover thc jewels
of which they were robbed, and to tear
out the tongue and hlind the eyes of
the thief. They engage i'airfax to Hnd
him. Then commences the hunt to which
the pages of the book are devoted. Hayle
linds the deteetlve upon his track. bold
and resourceful as he is he cannot shake
the numan sleuth-hound trom his sport.
Turn and double as he may. Fairfax
is always hot upon the scent. The trail
leads in and out of the ptirlieus of Lon?
don and then across the channel to Paris.
Though baffied for a moment. the de?
teetlve soon discovers ihe hiding place
of the fugitive. Now the pursued turns
upon the pursuer. For a minute it
seems that victory is in the hands of
Havle. The French police come to the
rescue of their English comrade, and
once again the bold criminal is forced to
fly. Pursuit is hot. The French and
the English police are hardly a day be?
hind h!m, and now Kitwater and Codd
join the search-party. It would seem as
If these two mut'lated men could do lit?
tle, but the dumb leads the bllnd and
the Wind speaks for the (lamb. By
their persistent effort. spurred on b\- their
thirst for vengeance they succeed in
reaching Hayle before the police, and
as the ofiicers of the law arrive. Kit?
water plunges into the sea with Hayle
In his grasp. Death to both and the
suicide of Codd ends the story. For
those who like this sort of a book fur?
ther reeommendation of it is unneces?
sary. c- A- c
KIDS OF MANT COLORS. By Grace
Duffie Baylor and Ike Morgan: Jamie
son-Higgins Company. Chicago.
In the world of books thero are few
products so common as books written
"for children." and no product so un
common as books suitable for childrr-n.
There are those, of course, who will take
exception to this statement, those who
boast of their optimistic view of writers
of to-day; but if they will steal into some
child's nursery they will find that the
mother of the i.Ule one buys it the sto
ries of writers now long dead; or, where
the child itself has its choice between
tne books of modern and earlier writers,
they will find the books of the later writ?
ers new and bright and clean enough to
have been the possession of some angel.
while the Robinson Crusoes and Mother
j Hubbards and other stories of long ago
are thumb-markeel and torn and some
of them actually devoured, as if the lit?
tle ones found them sweet enough to eat.
Why is ih's state of affairs? Theso
earliest writers possesed the minds of
men ant; could comprehend, at least in
part, the needs of the child mind; while
many of the later writers of juvenile
liction seem as if they themselves had
not yet passed the period of infancy. We
have before us a book for children that
is in marked contrast to the 5taJ*rity
of juveniles of to-day; it is interesting,
it is amusing. it is a child's book suita
hle for a child. The "Kids of Many
Colors." by Grace Duffie Baylor and Ike
Morgan, will come as close to be'ng a
substitute for a nurse as it is possible
for a manufactiired article to bo. The
pictures. bright in colors, pleas'ng in de
sign, amusing in subject, will eniploy
the. attention of the ch'ld who is too
young to read or understand the text.
The litUe bits of stories in verse will in?
terest the slightly older child if read to
him while he has ' the pictures before
him; while the older child. and that
even includes the reviewer. will tind the
book not only. readable,. but entertaining
as well. The variety of the stories?
and they tell tales about little children in
every country of the wide earth?afforded
the artist unlimited opportunity to vary
the drawings, and he has tanen advan?
tage of the opportunities. We are plcas
ed to review ttus book, for it makes us
feel that there are at least a few who
b;lieve that children of to-day in their
needs and desires are much as we wero
in the days of our ckildhood.
G. L. B.
? * *
WARWICK OF THE KNOBS. By John
Uri Lloyd. Dodd. Mead & Co., New
Exactly why pathos should be more
pathetic humor more humorous, because
couched'in language of which the chief
characteristic .s a dislncllnation to spelt
words in a manner which Is common. to
the use of the cultivated or even educat?
ed, is a problem which has busled our
thoughts more than once. We havo
not arrived at any sol'ution thereof: yet
that these things are true is evident by
the delight which many people?and peo?
ple not lacking In either intelligence or
cultivatlon?flnd ln the reading of dialect
stories. Indeed. there are readers not
a few who care for nothlng but dialect:
if you were to offer them a verb _ por
trait of a man of the proletariat, how?
ever beautifully and sympathetically
drawn. who did not misspell and mis
pronounce the commonest words of the
English language. they could see in him
nothing but an impostor in the realm oC
pathos or humor. We do not unUer
stand: but we are compelled to admH.
We see no merit in such works as "War
wick of the tvnobs." which reports?and
probably with accuracy?a pha.se of life
which brings no true leason. Warwlck.
the chief character, by his stern theolo
gy and practice contributes to the ruln'1
of his daughter. Herein lies the moral
which the author evidently Intended to
draw: but it can apply only to those
under similar enviroument as his char?
aeters: and will these read the book?
For all others. the story can serve only
to gratlfy a morbid taste. We can find
nohting to pralse in conception or exe
CUtioo. D. J. L.
? ^ m
My Soul Was Tbirsty.
My soul was thi'sty- till she came.
My heart was hungry tlll her eyes ?
Lishted Iove's fuel into flame
And taught me Paradise.
I huntrer and I thirst no more:
Lo! 'tis a fount where honey drips;
I drink a thousand kisses from
Tho chnllce of her curved lips.
?Robert Loveman. in "A Book of Verses"
Reprinted by permissioru
Admirers of Mr. HowellS' will be grati
fied to learn that during the current
month they may expect from him a new
book called "Heroines of Fiction." The
book is to be uniform with "Literary
Friends and Acquaintances" and the pa?
pers of which it is composed have al
read. appeared in Harper's Ba:-.ar. Ia
the work Mr. Howells discourses on- tho
heroines of many of the famous novelista
of old as well as those of the present
day. Mr. Howells' method is to treat
the heroine of each novel as a central
point, to consider the story in relation to
her, rather than her in relation to tha
story. and to find the reasons for her ?x
istence and individuality th.rough thu
course and trend of the portions of thn
novel, with which she is immediately
concerncd. This method. as will be
readily seen, opens up great opportunt
ties for critical study and removes tha
work from the category, into which lt
mijrht otherwise have fallen. of mere de?
tached monographs of but little interest
or value. One thing may be looked upois
as absolutely certain: however th*- judg?
ment of Mr. Howells may be impugned.
his readers will thoroughly onjoy hi3
book. for in nothins: is tho great
Aiueriean reaust nappier man in tms
species or wriunsr. rt.' nas tne ngnt
touch which is little less than Impera
tive. and his verdicts are given in such:
a delightful manner that. however we
may dissent from their results, we ar*
bound :o be charmod with his manner ot
statina them. We do not greatly rlsfc
rtputatiou as a prophet by foreteiling
that every reader of "Literary Friends
and Ac-'iu'-mtances" will eagerly w.-Icomp
and reml its companion volume and irtll
find "Heroines cf Fiction" delight?
ful as its predecessor.
""Who is de Colima?" Thls question has
almost immediately followed the pub?
lication of a novel from a now hand.
Colima is a social parasite who fli?ures
conspicuously in Jarne;; O. G. Duffy's
novel "Glass and Gold." Under the guis*
of teaching Ttalian to tho Four Hundred.
this Colima is a walking chronicler of
scandal, admitted into every house ou
Fifth Avenue and its environs and into
exclusive clubs. He collects al! the gossip
he can and carries it impartially to his
Other Literary Features.
LN" OUR COUNTRY. By Marion Harland,
AUnioi- OI "&o.le CC'H_l..u ilomesttaus."
' u/icje Xihuobs x\ati-.. eic. ivcW loriv:
<j. i'. i-'umaaiis son.-. cioiii, i;mo, il
Iustiaieu, -i--. jia^-.s. l'.icc. not given.
_uuiun iicuioiiu _cuo no inuuaucuon
!.? r.iCnmunu. n-uiin . wno have Peiiciu
ber l.ttiUry bucce^s wuh t-o nutcii fiienuiy
inn.-ri.-si. ui inis u<'.-i- lau-sij worK s_e
Ji .s givi n i.s a iiuiniK r oi bhort ttories of
?.'.?! t'lrguna au-. it is wek Lhat yro
coouid l'hMi-vi' uie piciurcs ol ihai past
age, iinu wno niora .u_d ior tno task
than Marion Harland? T<> her il is "a
w.Jik ol loxv. a glau txercise of the niem
<ny. In her introauciion; she says of the
period of Wiiic.ii she v.nu-s: "it is ol tne
forever Jiast as truly as tht- feudal age
beiongs to ancient history. The Old Vir?
ginia of my childhood is so unljke the
vliglnla of the twentlclh ceatury that I
vould not ho;>e to reproduce it for my
read< rs were my own recollections of it
less vivid. The stoncs of her social and
domesUc life collected in three pages are
but a few of thc many i'_corporated into
a Iil. that spins lhe great gulf lixed be
tv.etii lhe then and now. My tales have
naught to do wlth lhe mighty convulsion
that opened that gulf. My business is
\\ ith the days that are no more.
The storles are ten in number, and run
the gamut of thc human heart. Romance
and trugc-dy, humor ar.d oathos. things
tanglblo ahd thihgs lntangible (otherwloe.
ghosts) all have their place. Worthy of
special note are the opening story "Dod
dvr," "At the Spa" and "MarUey." The
stories are told in the author's charactcr
The lllustrations are from photographs
ol ihe actual scenes. and are a charming
?iddition to a dellghtful rolume.
? - ?
A THOROFGHBRED . fONGREL. THE
TALE OF A DOG. TOLD BY A DOG
TO LOVERS OF DOGS- Bv Sto~?n
1 Townsend. F. R. C- S. With an mtro
duction by Frances Hodgson Burnett.
New York: Fi-tutricK .-*-- ow^ v^u^i
pany. Cloth, special cover utsign; 12
mo.." iliustrated, 175 pages. Price. $1.25.
| For sale by The Bell Book and Station?
ery Co.. Richmond.
Thls unicue little volume is charmlng
| in its origiriality. We have had many
I stories about dogs?dogs have even told
j their own stories?but a story written by
i a dog about another dos is something
! new in the world of books. The point of
; view is of interest. since we "humans"
have an opportunity to see ourselves and
' our actions. our faults and our foibles,
as they appear to an intelllgent dog-. Mr.
j Townsend has given us an unusually
clever bit of writing. full of light touches
? of satire. of delicate humor and of pa?
thos. To see ourselves with ihe eyes of
a dog shows us "humans" up in a light
not always agreeable.
"Hett." our writer. is a skye terrier, -and
has no sporting blood', for she cannot un
derstand what "humans" call "sport,"
and nours her scorn upon the so-called
"sport" of "shattering to pieces bewilder
ed pigeons as they escape from the
cramped confinement of airless traps to
fiy out into the open vault of the heav?
ens," or of "shooting down by thousands
the wild birds of the sea, as they fioat
'twixt the blue of the sky and ocean.
leaving them lifeless, to rot on the sur
face of the waves, or after days of un
told suffering to be cast up as so much
sensitive refuse on the shore."
It is a most sympathetic little story,
showlng deep feeling and serious thought.
Mrs. Burnett has been most happy in
her introduction and description of tho
personality of "Hett" and her diagnosis
of her mental attltude. The numerous
illustratfbns. drawn by J. A. Shepherd.
are appropriate aud well chosen. Ail Us
all, the little volumc is a gem.
A MUNIC1PAL PROGRAMME. REPORT
OF A cu.uiUi i j r._ or' t ri._ .nai'hj.s
AL AlUxs'lvJJPALi LUi AGUE AlJUPi'ED
iil' Mri?; 1.. .1 ,UK iNOVrtr.i.r>rtif n,
l!_;t, ToGEaijiK WITH E_.Pi__NA
UuKY Ai.U uitiEll L'.\Prnn.ti. Aew
Vork. Puolished lor the Munic'pal
l League by the Aiucmillan Company.
A copy of iriis woi-k. nas been sent to
The Times b.v Mr. Clmion Rogers Wood
ruii, of PliilaUeipiiia, secretary of the Na?
tional -Municlpal League, who recently ad
uretScd the ConsLitutional ConvenLion
^ommiltee on Cities and Towns, of which
Judge Brcoke is chairman. ln it is con
tained ihe report of the Committee of the
National Municlpal League on the subject
of nunicipa! government, together with
the proposed constitutionai amendment
and municlpal corporations .act, which is
the result of careful study on the part of
a selected committee of the league and
which represents two years of thorough
iiivestigation ar.d conslderation of the
whole question. Mr. Woodruff thinks that
the prineiples laid down in the "Municlpal
Programme" are such us to commend
themselves to those interested in drafting
a new Constitution for Virginia and com
mc-nds the work to the attention of the
Municlpal government is one of the dif?
ficult problems of the age and the larger
our southern cities grow the more diffi?
cult these problems become. A munici
pallty is largely a business corporation
and its business affairs should be conduct?
ed on business prlncinles. We have not
had time to sr've th's work under review
a creful read'ng but it apnears to be a
vpluable contribution to munlclp.1 lfrera
tur? fnd the members of *he Constitu?
tionai Convention will do well to read it.
HERB OF GRACE. By Rosa Nanchette
Oarey. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott
Companv. Cloth, 12mo., -140 pages.
Two generations of girls have enjoyed
Miss Carey's pure, whblesome stories.
Everything from Miss Carey's pen ha3
been pure in morals: and, while not
"goody-goody," the tendency of her writ
ings has been elevating. Sho has writ?
ten stories of everyday life, showing the
beauty of uhselfishhess and other homely
virtues. - She has written of that most
interesting of all subjects to dawning
womanhood?love?and has treated it sim
ply and. reverently as "the gift which God
has given." While teaching no religious
dogma, she has inculcated simple faith
and the belief that since God's in her
Heaven, all's right with the world."
This may not seem up-to-date teaching
for the "Twentieth Century" girl, biu
these homely virtues make a firm foun
d:-.tion of character.
ln "The H'crb of Grace" (which, being
interpreui'd, means patience) the author
shows how a lover's patient endurance
has its reward at last.
PRACTICAL OR IDEAL? By James M.
Taylor, D. D., LL. '_>. New York:
Thomas Y. Crowell & Co. 12mo, 2S
pages, white lcatheref.e. (Wii.it is
. Worth While Series.) Price, zo ctnls.
The president of Vassar ? o'Hege here
draws a strong conlra-::. i.-etwebn lho
practical and the ideal,. snownig in what
sense they are inter-reii.vf ai?l the
extent of their separate bearing upon
life. The "practical," indeed, destroys
itself and its own special ends, he says,
unless it realizes more than can be touch?
ed or seen or measured; in other words,
there is really no practical that is not
also ideal?nothlng ministers to life in any
Droper sense unless it touches something
deeper than what we generally mean by
the actual and useful. It is along the
lines of this reasoning that the author
Iraws some striking truths.
. ' ? '
?THE GREATNESS OF PATIENCE. By
Arthur T. Hadley, President of Yale
University, New York: Thomas Y.
CroweH & Co. liimo, white leather
ette, 2S pages. Price, 33 cents.
This dainty volumo is a late issue of
r.he "What i? Worth While" series. and
consists of a selection from an addri
denvered hy 'President liadley before a
graduating class. when he lirst spoke ot
the "Greatness of Patience." The treat
ment of the subject is clear-cut and logi?
-Lue definition or padence is so full of
encouragement to strugghng humanity
that we reproduce it.
"Patience, in its highest sense, is
spiritual endurance. It means quiet de
-ermlnation in the face of discourage
ment. It is characteristic of this kind
of patience that it is hardest for the best
and strongest men, because it seems to
involve a limitation of that part jf their
nature which makes them best ?_.d
strongest. But the achlevj-nent v.-nirh
comes through trial anil failure is nob'er
in quality than Uiat whi-h seems to j
come of itself."
TIIE PRICE OF A WIFE. By John
Strange Winter, author of "The Career
of a Beauty," "The, Other Man's Wife."
otc. etc. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippin
cott Com. any. Cloth, 12mo., 269 pages.
This weil-known writer gives us in
"The Price ' of a Wife" a simple little j
love-story. While lacking the power ?
and dramatic force of some of the au- ]
th'or's more pretentious novels, notably
"A Name To Cor.jure With," yet this
unpretentious story is told in delight
ful fashion, and will give pleasure to
Mrs. Stannard's many admirers. It is
marked bi' a wholesome freshness of
tone, in happy contrkst to the pesslmis
tic style so much In vogue at present.
The motlf of the story is so simple
that it can scarcely be dlgnified by the
term "plot." Lawrence Murgatroyd, in?
jured on the hunting-field. falls in love
wlth his pretty trained nurse. and per
suades her to marry him secretly. His
j wealthy old father, believing in the old
saying. "Riehes marry riches," selects, in
turn, several rich young women, any one
nf whom would be, to his mind, a sult
ahlft wtfft for bis son. "Voung L_~rence
!is;overs some fault in. eacii fair maid,
md the father finds himself on his death
ocd, and his son, as he supposes, ur>
married. Determined to carry out his
purpose, he leaves a will as follows: "To
?my son. Lawrence, I leave everything
of which I die possssd, on one condition?
that within two years of my death he is
married to a lady with not less than
twenty pounds to her fortune: * * * at
the end of two years, if he is not mar?
ried in accordance with my wish. let
everything be divided between the county
hospital at Binghley and the "Asylum
How the wily lawyer who drew up the
will, but who falls a victim to the charms
of the penniless wife, finds a loophole by
whlch the injustice is prevented. and
Lawrence Murgatroyd and his faithful
wife come into possession of their right
I f id home is best .told in the author's own
* . '
! STEVENSON'S ATTiTUDE TO LIFE.
By Prof. John F. Genung. New York:
Thomas Y. Crowell and Company.
Cloth. gilt top, 12 mo.: 60 cents.
"Every heart that has beat strong and
cheerfully has left a hopeful impulse be?
hind it in the world and bettered the
traditions of mankind." Thus said Rob?
ert Louis Stevenson, among other brave
and uplifting things which he was so con
stantly giving to the world. He belleved
in happiness, not so much for personal
pleasure, as to create a circle of klndly
influence round about him. He builded
wiser than he knew; for that bit of ge
niallty is becoming infused throughout
tho world of letters. just as dld the bon
homie of Charles Lamb. Prof. Genung,
the well-known writer and lecturer of
Amherst College, has an inspiring topic
in Stevenson, and he handl&s it in an
inspiring manner. He give3 many a
glimpse at his subject both by description
The letternress of the book itself will
appeal to those who Xikf. examnlns nf nn
THE MODERNS. A TALE OF NEW
YORK. By George Trimble Davidson.
New Y'ork: Frederick A. Stokes Com?
pany. Cloth. special cover design, 12
mo.. 304 pages. Price. ?1.5<>. For sal*
by The Bell Book ana Stationery Com?
This is a story of New York life of to
day. In the prologue the author gives j
most reallstic elescription of the terribi*
Charity Bazar fire in Paris a year or two
ago, when so many Ilves were lost.
The book proper opens with a dinnei
party in Fifth Avenue. and the author
describes for the renders' benefit the
magniiicent interior, gorgeous dresses
and liveriee".' lackeys. which are the essen
tial envlronment of a New York society
The story is the old therne of a young.
beautlful and wealthy American girl be?
ing sought in marriage by a titled for
eigner. The Duke of Montrort uses ev?
ery means, foul as well as falr. to secure
the young beauty and her fortune. but
his rival. a young American artist.
blocks his game and in the end the duk*
is revealed in his true color*?an Impos
tor in every sense of the word. since h?
is only the valet of the former duke.
The plot ls well conceived and well
executed. and the climax comes In th"
last chapter. when the vengeance plotted
against his rival rebounds upon the mas
querading Duke's own head. The book
abounds in dramatic situations. which are
well sustained. The characters are bolu
ly drawn and are significant of the varied
types which go to make up New Yorlts
? * ?
We should treat the tenn "the United"
States" as we treat anv other noun
which, though plural ln form. is some?
times plural. sometimes slngular ln mean?
ing. In speaklng of the United States.
when we mean the several States we use
a plural verb: when we mean the nation.
or the uovemmental entity. which is
designated by the term "the United'
States," we use a singular verb."?Ladies