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SUNDAY, APRIL 20, 1902,
THE ALL-ABSORBING QUESTION.
Wo have devotcd a great deal of space
to the discussion of the question wheth?
er or not the new Constitution shall bo
submitted or proclalmed. because that is
now the all-absorbing question before ihe
voters cf Virginia, and we have endeav
ored to give the drift of tho discussion
as indlcating public senliment. Tho
Blackstone Courlcr in a well-considered
articie says that those who argue for
submission are really 5n favor of an ab?
ridged electorate. Det us say Just here
that our contemporary is mlstaken in
that. There are many people ln Vir- j
l?inia, who are In favor of sutomitting to
the present electorate. Delegato J. C.
"VYysor. for one, haa taken that position
snd other distlngulEhed members of the
Constitutional Conventiom think that the
pledge, if binding ai all, binda them to
?. full submission.
Our Blackstone contempcrary proceed-s:
There are strong advocates of both of
these methods, but to us the advocates
of the submission plan give their case
dead away and admlt their apparcnt
demagogery?we do not use the term of-'
fenslvcly?when they say it is a foregone
conclusion that with the abridged electo?
rate there can be no posslbillty of do
Seat. The*'dear people" must have their
eay, although lt Is apparent beforehand
what the "dear people" will say.
Now we ask ln, all slncerity and open
Jionesty: Is there any use for this? How
do wo know the people are golng to ratify
lt except through the abundance of ex
SjreBSions from the people that they will
do so? If we are satlsfied about this, are
we not equally as satlslled that these
same people will be satlsfied to have it
proclalmed? Must we Sndulgc in a little
touncombe Just to tickle ? ourselve3 into
tho belief that we are fooling tlie peo?
ple? The people quailfied under the new
electorate will not be caught with what
Eppears to us as being merely chaff.
There Is no more ardont defender of
the peoples prerogatlves than the Courier.
"We do not wish to take from those en
titled to a voice any atom of their rights
unless satlsfied that it meets with their
full approval. It ls then not taking their
rights, but simply acting for them in re
lleving them of unnecessary worry and
trouble. This is the view we take of
It and feel eatisf.'ed that fully nlne-tenths
at the voters of this sectlon ngree with
Usjn this particular.
Of course, wo believo in keeping pledges
and promises. We belicve a majority of
ihe peopie expected at the time the elec
.iion was held tS detcrmine whether or
not a convention should be held, that tho
?new instrument would bo submitted for
their approval. Many of them were in
duccd to vote for lt by this understand
ing. But we also belicve their senti
ment has changed. We belicve they are
iatlsfled, if not gratlfied, and do not care
to he boihered farther.
Wo have talked with a great number.
In all stations of llfe, in. this section, and
lt is very rarely that one is met who de
pires submission. lt would, according to
our view, be equally as inconsistent with
the promise to proclaim a portion -as it
would the whole. If submission is in ac
cordance with the promise then a. full
Bubmission to the present electorate is
what is requircd. 3f this would be fool
Ishncss then the other would be useless
ncss and the case fnlls to tho ground.
This is, at least, our view of the matter.
There 5s no escape from this conclusion.
lt was the general understand ing when
Ihe call for a Constitutional Convention
was being canvassed that the new Con?
stitution would be submitted to ths exist
tng electorate, and many of the candidates
and other public speakers who advocated
the call bo understood it and so led the
people to understand.
So far as the party pledge ls concern
cd. it is a ?deba.table question how ?av that
pledge binds tho ind'ividual members of
tho Constitutional Convention. It is a
question for each delegate to determino
for himself?a more important considera?
tion. personally speaking, for each indi
vldual delegato is, whether or not he
pledgcd himself to his constituents before
or after he was eleeted', to submit the
new instrument. Some of tho Democratic
deiegates made no such pledge and bound
thcmsclves in no way whatever. These,
from a personal point of view, are mor
nlly free to vote in favor of proclamation.
Those who did make pledged must set
tle the matter with thel- own consti?
tuents and with their own "conscience.
Therefore, wc have urged that tho people
ln tho varlous sections of the State can
vass tlie question among themselves and
ndvlse their rcspectiv? delcga.tcs what
course to pursue.
But in the.midst of the confuslon, it
seems to us perfectly clear, that if the
convention ls pledgcd in any way, by
party dictum and declaration or other
wlse, to submit the new. Constitution, lt
will bo no fulfilmcnt of the obligation
to proclaim tho suffrago clause and then
-eubmit the other clauses of tho Consti?
tution to a vote of tlie now electorate.
And all thc specious and ingenlous argu
ment in the world will not alter that un
We prlnt to-day In the Educational De?
partment of The Timcs two able and in
*truetive communtcations from two alila
Virginia Instrtictors, which we commend
to thc thoughtful consideration of all who
are ln favor of popular educatlotu
One of our contrlbutors is Professor S. ;
C. Mltchell, of Richmond College. who
argues with his usual force and earnest- j
ncss and consdcndousness in favor ot
the uplifting of tbe niasses by popular
lnstruction in the public schools. Ho
?mphasizes tho lact that knowledgo is a
kowe-r; that education is not merely a
jnoral and myntal agency, but that it In
creases the earning capacity of man.
Professor MUehell is so deeply intcrested
Jn this aucsUon and so thoroughly con
vlnced ofr tho logic of his position that
he ts ln favor of recelving all honorable
and legitimate ald that may be offered
Xs> the peoplo o? the South from whatever
aource, of acceptlng all such gifts in the
pirit la wbich they, are made and uslnsr
them for the benefit of our young peo?
ple. . ' ' '
Thercfore, ho ls in favor of. meeting
klndly and graclously tho overtures which
have bcen made to us ,from Ndrthcrn
Just here let us ask this practlcal
question: This aid is not so much for
adults of the present generatlon as for
tho children. Those of us who have al
rcady reached-manhood and womanhood,
who aro no longer at school, will derive
only an indirect benefit. But if tlie aid
is brought here the children of the pres?
ent generation will recefve a great benefit
from it. What right, thercfore, have tho
adults to declino it? As well may a fa
ther decllne to accept a legacy left to his
child. We say that if philanthropists
at the North or elsewhere dedde to give
a benefit to the children of Virginia; the
grown people have no right to refuse it,J
pr&vidcd, of coursc, the gift is made in
tho right spirit and for a good purpose.
The other communication is from Rev.
James Cannon, of Blackstone Female In?
stitute, who has built up one of thc most
flourishing Institutions of learning in thla
State. Mr. Cannon is not a.teacher in
the public schools and to some extent the
public schools are in competition with his
own school. but he is broad enough in his
view to understand that popular education
is a public bencfactJoi. and, therefore, he
is in favor of receivlng aid from men in
other sections of the country, who are
honestly endcayoring to help us. But
let us say just here that an improvement
in the public schools of Virginia will not
hurt such Institutions as the Blackstone
Female Institute cr the Richmond Col?
lege, or any other college in thc State.
On the contrary, these schools will be
benefitted in proportion as popular edu?
cation Increases and improves.
Mr. Cannon discusses at length and in
detail the work of the General Education
Board and the Southern Education Board,
and his reasoning is unanswerable, as it
must be conclusive to all who view the
subject In the right spirit and without
A LESSON FROM EDITOR BRYAN
As the question was raiscd by some of
our csteemed cbntemporaries and by a
correspondent as to the propriety of
printing in the editorial columns of Tho
Times a prlvate letter from Mr. William
J. Bryan, editor of the Commoncr, we
think it but just to The Times to say
that it has since received another letter
from Mr. Bryan in which he says "no
harm was done" in the publication of;
his former letter, and that we need give
oursclves no concern about it.
In his letter Mr. Bryan also took occa
sion to say that while he did not agree
with the editorial pollcy of Tlie Times,
he read it because he is "always glad to
know what is being said by the best ex
! ponents of the other side of every ques?
tion." That simple remark does Mr.
Bryan credit botlv as a politiciian and an
editor. The man who is deslrous of gct
ting at the truth does not confine his
reading and investigation to one side of
the dispute, Every man of experience
knows that there are two sides to". every
question, and the man who confines his
reading and researches to one side will
get only half the truth. The whole truth
is to bo obtained only by searching both
sides, by investigating the entire ques?
The charge has been made by skepti<23
that the Bible will not stand, investiga?
tion, and that in order to believo the.
gcspel, preachers must take a partisan
and one-sided view. We deny any such
absurd charge. The .Bible is itsdf a
book of investigation, and it challenges
the investigation of the crilics of tho
world, as lt has done from the begin
r.ing. The proof of Its truthfulness is
sufficiently established by the fact that
it has .stood all tests. lt stands to-day
unshaken in spite of the fact that shrewd
men have investigatc-d it and. criticised
it in all ages. The Bible is the fairest
book ever written. The cold, cruel truth
is told even about the Lord's elect There
is no attempt at condealment. Both
sides of tho story are told, nothing con
ceale. nothing extenunted. If there is
one great, important lesson that this
Book of God teaches it is the lesson of
fairness.. It enjoins and encourages every
man to get all tho facts- to be obtained,
to glvo them Intelligent consideration,
wcigh them in the scales of his judg
ment, and then draw his conclusions.
Editor Bryan is a close student of the
Bible and has been for years, and we
dcubt not that this rule which hc has
established for himself of studying both
sides of tho question is largely the result
of his Bible training.
THE VALLEY OF DECISION.
(Selected for The Times.)
Multitudes, multltudes, in the valley
of decision; for the day of the Lord is
near." Joel III. 14
Multitudes, as far as the eye' can reach
or the mind conceive, are come into the
valley for judgment. They have been
gathered, that they may be examined,
criticlsed in the light of heaven and judg
ed by a standard, unchangeable and eter
nal. Thero is to be a time of judgment
when the right and left shall be specifi
cally distingulshed; when tlie good and
the bad shall be known one from the other,
and separated forever.
Who undertakes this marvelous classl
fieation? Who will darc to be the judge?
Blessed be God, not man! We are to be
judged by the Creator, not by the crca
tnre. What man could judge his broth-'
cr? What does a man know about his
dearest friead? Nothing! We live apart
and unknown to all save to^the All-See
ing Ona The soul that apparently walks
in whiteness yet has visors thln as nlms
which it draws over itself and through
which the most penetrating human eye
Wo mlght go further and say no man
rcally know himself. To himself every
man is a surprise; he stands and won
ders as he reviews the post and says:
"I did not think I could have acted thus;
I must have been possessed." WThen
does tho evil-doer fail to plead sudden
ncss Of attack? "Or tho murderer.^ self
Blessed be God. He is tho Judge. We
bless His namo. in the capacity of judge,
because Ho knows it all. God knows the
mystery of herodity; what ancestor it is
v.'hlch influences us to do this or that
Adara. had nothing mystcrious or per
plexing* about him; he was fresh from tha
Maker's hand. Be that Adam whom ;ho
may; the Adam of the Bible, or the Adam
of geology, no matter which, the man that
began the series of men had an easy lot
compared to the child born yesterday.
All past: tributaries flow into the river
of tho last birth. A man is not himself
in any narrow or small sense?far from
Queen Elizabeth once said that she felt
the blood of a hundred klngs in her
veins, burning in anger, or rising in pride.
We who are not in the line"of kings are
yet in a mysterious line nevertheless.
The drunken ancestor. the courtly sol
dier, the gentle invalid, the student, the
relaCIye that died two hundred years ago,
a raving maniac, the salntly grandmother
Eunice, the fender, careful mother, Lois
the man that prayed all'day, and thought
a day too short because he had more to
say to God?all these are bound up in a
man. Who could judge him? Only the
Lcrd. The Lord knows every drop of blood
thatis in the fountalns of the heart, and
why it Is there. He knows our frame.
He remembers that we are btrl dust Let
Him judge. Shall not the Judge of all
the earth do right?
Tne Lord will portray us to ourselves.
What surprise Will then startle us when
He tells us what-'we have been dolng.
He tells us what we have been doing
and we never knew it. Then many an
outcast, hreadless, homeless, friendless,
will be set among the white robed angels,
because of element in character not
known to the magistrate who sentenced
to prison, and the sclf-ejected judge who
condemned without mercy.
There are more good men ln the world
than we have reckoned in our statistics.,
Kead the lives of men who have never
made any profession of religion, and see
how often you will find consideration,
pity, kindness, benevolence, great ser?
vices, partaking even of thc ' nature of.
self-sacrificc rendered by them ^without
ostentation and without claim upon
Jn tho light of this fac't every man
must judge,hivnseif, You know whether
you are a bad mfin or a good one; the
answer is in yourself.
Are you pure in thought and deed?
Are j-ou tr.uthful? Are you gentle in
heart, and is it your daily struggle to be
gentle in manncr? Are you sober? You
may be sober according to the flesh and
yet drunk in the soul every night. A
n.an 'is wliat he is in his heart. Be
sevcre with yourself, thrust the knifc
deeper in, hold the light nearcr and
nearer. "Brethren, if our hearts condemn
us"?that is the standard, and at ths
cross is the true bar of judgment
It may be that the idea here is more
"decision," a linal act, than judgment.
Think of the idea of uritold'multitudes,
multitudes on multitudes, in this valley,
in the' sense of each saying boldly, "As
for me and my house, we will serve the
Lord." That is "decision." It comes lo
you to-day for you to declde this most
important of,.all auestions. On whose
s;de will you be? "If the Lord be God,
serve' Him; if .not"?whom will you
There Is no time to halt Time is earn?
est and passing- by. Thou knowest not
what a day may bring forth. He that
judgest thee is at tho door. O haste
thee! for the time is short.
Hear again the sweet words, the silver
tones pealing over hill and sea, waftcd
fiom eternity: "Seck ye the Lord while
He may be found. Call ye upon Him
while?while (it is a measured wrord)?
while Ho is near."
In speaking of the rumor that a new
sleel trust is to be formed, the Staunton
It is remarkable that the eyes of the
steel trusts are not yet turned on Vir?
ginia. The county bf Alleghany alone has
iron ensugh in it to supply hundreds of
furnaces for hundred of years, to say
nothing of the iron in Augusta, Bath,
Highland and' other counties. The coal
of Southwcst Virginia is also very attrac?
tive and there is no doubt that pig iron
can be manufactured in Virginia far
cheaper than in Pennsylvania. The time
Is surely fast approaching when some
of these aggregations will take up the
iron about us. It is useless for our
people to attempt anythlng of the kind.
The competition is -too great and tho in
fiuenees too broad for any loeal persons
or any company' of small means to enter
the field, so development must come main
ly from large syndicates.
Here is a direct bid, on the part of our
anti-trust contemporary, to the Octopus
to come into Virginia. It is worse than
that It is a confesslon that we must
have the Octopus, to develop our mineral
wealth, or'we are lost! Has the Specta
tor turned traitor, or struck oil?
A QUESTION OFGRAMMAR.
Editor of The Times:
Sir.?Which is correct? "And he asked
us if the place were for sale" or "And
he asked us if the place was for sale."
Kindly give explanation and rule. Also,
if both" may be used, which is the pref
erence, and oblige,
' Richmond, Va., April 19th.
If our correspondent had converted this
expression into the present, this perplex
ity would havc disappeared, and the cor?
rect expression have become apparent.
Thus: "And he asks us if the place is for
sale." Put that in the past tense, and it
becomes, "And hc asked us if the place
was for sti'.r."
We may add that it would be entlrely
proper to employ "were" in sentences of
this character if an unrcal condition
should be involved. Thus: "If the place
were-for sale?but it is not?my price
would be so and so."
Redeem the Pledge.
"That's tho question" which now con
fronts and dlsturbs tho-members''of the
Constitutional Convention. In view of all
that has transpired in connection with
"the call" for the convention, the making
the call a partv measure, the solemn
pledge of the Democratic party in con?
vention assembled at Norfolk that the
Constitution, when framed, should, be?
fore becomlng operatlve, be submitted to
the people for their ratificatlon or r&
jection; the unequivocal promise and as
surance made by candidates to the voters
of the tSate as a meahs of allaylng, dis
trust and oppositioa to "the-call," and
the injunctlon of the Legislaturo in the
act providtng for the< convention that
the Constitution, when framed, should be
submitted to the people for their apprpva!
or dlsapproyal, we aro unable to perceiye
how or.-why any such question should
now arJse, or if having been raised, why(i
with men wbo are mindful of their, own
promises and are regardful of their par-"
ty's.honor, it would be one difficult to
solve or even about which there should
bo the least doubt or uncertainty. Every
consider'ation of honesty; good l'aith and
fair deallng demands that- the people
sbould be' afforded the promifced oppor
tunity to pass judgment upon the work
of tho convention. Their right to do so
is sanctioned by loag .established prece
derit, and is fortified by pledges both sol
emn and sacred.?Brtrnswick Gazette.
The Liquor Traffic. *
The lavish. tndiscrimlnate and often 11
legai sale. of' intoxicants in our town
caused a late session- of the Council, by
unanimous vote, to apply to the Legls
lature of Virginia for the passnge of a
bill for a dispensary law for this town.
The bill was passed, and a vote on the
same is to be taken on April 20th. This Is
not a prohibitive move, but ono to place
this necessary evil In responsible control.
The conservation of the health and morals
of our. people and suppression of crime
In our midst is our first aim. The ob
tair.ing of puro and good liquors at rea
sonable prices for those who must have
them will be assured. The revcnues ac
cruing from this traffic will be applied
to the uses of our town, in cleaning.
beatitifylng and building it up, and to re
ducirig owners' taxes instead of to enrich-.
ing private individuals.
Tho fight ln this town to place the sale
of liquor under strict control is nearing
it.-t close. The Indlcations point to sucr
cess for the dispensary. But there is
much harcl work ahead. Since the time
of Hannibal everything worth fightlng for
lies on the other side of the Alps. "We
have not won the fight yet, and'so we.
call on the people to stand up' for:
More money for the schools. /
More money for improvements.
More money to pay the town debt
Fewer young men ruined.
And better whiskey.
The meeting of the Jamestown Com?
mittee yesterday was the actual beginning
of a movement that must undoubtedly
culminate in tho greatest show on land
or sea the world has ever seen. The same
harmony and enthusiastic determination
that has characterized^the efforts of the
promoters from the first inception of the
exposition idea prevailed at the gather
ing yesterday. There is no doubt but
that tho same condition will continue-to
cxist until lhe incorporators, and the
world at large sees a new era opened to
Tidewater Virginia. '. That is what it
means?nothing less. The Jamestown Ex~
pesition will bring the outsders here, and
it rests with the people to reap the har
vest of new ir.dustriJ.s that must follow.?
OUR RELIGIOUS CONTEMPo..
It will be seen that this number of our
paper is largely devotcd to the causo of
missions. The importance of tho sub?
ject justif.es tliis
THE MISSIONARY special appropria
AGB tion. The present
. age may be termed
by.emphasis the missionary age. Never,
certainly since "'the modern missionary
movement was inaugurated', has there
been so much activity, so much enterprise,
so much earncst and aggressive effort in
piying and pushing the evangelistic
agencies of the Church as *now. The
first century of our era witnesstd a devo
tiori and zeal on tho part of the early
C'nristians suchas have never been sur
pnssed. Tho eehoes of the Great Com
mission were still sonnding in their ear3,
and thc eagerness and encrgy. with which
they sought its earliest execution was
simply wonderful. "When wo consider
their restricted resources, the tardy and
difficult modes of travel, and the harfl
ships and perils attendant upon long
journeys, that they accompllshed so
much before that first century expired,
is, indeed", marvelous. The glad tidings
of salvation had been borno to Babylonia
on tho East, and to tho Pillars of Her
cules, if not to the shores of Brittania on
the West. It would be strange if the
Church, with the unparalleled facilities
now at hantf, and tho ever-enlarglng and
inviting field before her, did not riso to
qha fprim,itivo Istandard of rrtjtesionai-y
zeal and effort. The secular and politi
cal world is rejoicing ln the friuts of the
last century's amazing progress and de
velopment. Geographical discovery and
exploration have opened up vast and hith
erto unknown regions to commerco and
colonization; while the investigations of
scienco and the inventive genius of man
kind have so improved the means of travel
and intercommunication, as almost to
annihilate space, and bring every part
of tho world into immediate contact and
intercourse with every other.?Christian
* * *
The Southern Churchman in further dis
ctissing the evil of cigarette smoking,
says: The trouble and danger of the
cigarette to the
THE BOT AND small boy is com
THB CIGARETTE. plex: First of all,
the cigarette is the
mildest form, possibly, in which tobacco
can bo used, provided the smoke is not
inhaled. Hence, it is the easiest" and
most seductive of all ways by whiclu to
contract tho tobacco habit. The small
boy who would bo made ill to a degree
known only to those who have had tho
disaster befall them, by thepipe, or cigar,
and who. possibly by that internal con
vulsion and its attendant upheaval might
be diacouraged from further experiments,
can puff his mild cigarette with impuni
ty. and though he bo only six or seven
years old, can get the habit, fastened on
himself without any serious attendant
dicomfort or suffering. And hereln lies
one of the subtlest dangers of the ciga?
rette, so far as tho small boy is con
? * *
In the one hundred and fourth Psalm
there is a memory of the Leban'on ce
dars, "Tho trees of the Lord are full of
sap." The great
"THE GRAVES est, noblest, most
WERE GOD'S royal of all trees
FIRST TEMPL.ES." was well suppliad
and richly water
ed, full of life from hidden sources to
the farthest top. That was tlie care of
God, effpctual, sufficient, abundant. It
had supplies of life that were hidden,
appropriate, unfailing and marvellously
rich and beautiful. Year after year the
great trees were full of sap, and never
failed, winter and summer, to live and
grow and fill the sky above with greenerj
that mingled with the blue of heaven.
What a splendid figure that is of tha
man who has the life of God! He is a
treo full of sap. Some there are who
are small and stunted in. growth, and
some grow large and royal like a.cedar
on the mountain side. A life they havo
from the hidden sources 01 God s Spirit
It ascends in channels that are not seen
of men. It brings a thousand green leaves
of duty and patience, of prayer ana
praise, of confession and witness and
service, and its ltfe does not fail in the
drouth and is not.. lost In the .-winter.
One day it will be fitted into a place of
honor in the Templo of God, the house
not' made with hands> that will never
be destroyed, far up on the heavenly
hills. It is by a simple personajI faith,
repeated through all the days, that wo
lav hold of eternal life, are made green
with God's life and care, and are brought
to the home of God forever.-Central
Babita Ourad ?t mySdaa.Ux
tarm l? a? ini.TTHandxetU
25 yaara a ?6i!oialty. floolt.oa
OUR EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY.
By PROF. S. C. MITCHELL, of Richmond College. r
Editor of The Times:
Sir,?The South has a noblo. record In
its pub.ic: school system. lt"was during
the penod of dire poverty following :i
most^ exhaustlng war that. the Stutli
siarted the free schcols. Moreover,
owing to the presence of the two distlnct
races, it was necessary to set up a dual
system of education.-' entaiiing almost
double expense. .When these two facts
are recalted, all must admlre the courage
ous spirit with which the South has ad
Uressed itself to this heroic lask. Not
!ess gratifying has boen the progresa
m'ade in..popular educr.tion. The people j
have pationtly borne the burden of taxes
to support these schools; excellent ad- |
ministrativc boards haive been croated
in the several States; numerous nornial
schools have been established; . illiteracy
has been diminished; and the faith of the
South in the common school has been
tested. The achievements of three de
cades amid untold difficulties may well
cause us to thank God and take courage."
In reviewlng that period jt need sur
prfso no one to discover that several ex
periments have been costly, that soma
idea-ls have not been realized, that many
mistakes have been made. Such thing-3
do not reflect eit'ner upon the people or
their leaders, who are effectlng results
on. tho whole so desirable. Yet it is
worth while to inquire whether expen
ence and oportunities do not now warrant
even lager undertakings.
He will do mqst for the South who will
nationalize it in politlcs and liberalize it
ir. thought We have suffered the evils
of isolation. Coincidently with the de
velopment of America, the nations of
Southern Europo beeamc hopelessly deca
dent The seats of power were trans
ferred to northern countries, particulany
Hojland,- France, and England. The
r.crthern route to. America was conse
qu'ently the shorter, and the more north?
ern American ports became at -once im?
portant Wlirope has since been pouring
its life into this country largely througn
?New York. To this geographieaMsolatfon
slavery added economic isolation. The
South. richly dowered in soil and cllmate
favorable to the plantation system; be?
came almost wholly agricultural, where
as the North became more and more in
dustrial. Political isolation followed the
These facts have to be undone. And
we may rejoice at the brightening pros
pect of their speedy reversal. The pro
. / ...
posed Isthmian Canal will put the South
on the path of the world's trafftc. Indus
trialismls maklng strides among us. in
pollttcs there seems to be a growlng dis
pcsltlon to replace sectional by natlonat
issues, to" substitute free trade for free
silver. It is ln the light of these larser
tendencies, I believe. ? that the revival ln
education now in progress throughout the
South must be viewed. Mighty forces
have long been silently working toward a
| new order witi which we are to-day face
I to face. The signs of the times are un
! mistakable. Witness tho forceful appeal
i fov educatlon in the messages and
! speeches of Governor Montague, the ex
' pahding influences of the Richmond Ldu
I catiori Association. and the great popular
' intcrest in educatlon awakened by the
wise leadershlp of "The Times." Vast
opportunities confront us. So inviting is
ti?e sltuation that public-spirited men in
nj North are identifying themseives with
us in the endeavor to realize these possl
biHties in educational and lndustriat ue
velopment Expressive of this spirit are
the Southern Education Board and the
General Education Board, composed as
they aro of both Southern and Northern
men, working together for purposes that
cannot but prove beneficial to all parties
concerned. Their misslon strengthens
everv force among us that makes for
progress. It is an auspicious hour when
Northern and Southern men with sympa
the-c mind unite their energies to quicken
ihe intelligenco and to increase the pro
ductlve power of our people.
Naturallv this educational revival has
stressed particularly lndustrlal tramlng.
"We have found we can grow crops and
at the same time mahufaccure products.
In this imperial domain of the South
there is room for factories as well as
fields. Superb water power. rich coal
fields. vast forests. raw materials in cot
ton, wool. hides. ores, a mild climate and
sniendid hwrbors for exnort. these all in
.r,-ite, or rather drive, our people to study
the llberal arts. The fingers of the hand
must be multiplied a thousand times by
machinerv. To labor it is proposed to
add skill; to sklll. Intelligence. and to
inteltisrence. moral and civic virtue.
While this educational revival rejoices
in the self-reliant spirit of the South. it
does not disguise .the fact that poverty
- followed defeat. Hence it begins to raise
anew the foundation of our eeonomic
struettire. to develoo our material re
sdurces in mine, field, forest and factory;
to quicken thc latent energies of all the
peonle. S. C. MITCHELL.
Richmond College, April 16, 1002.
GENERAL EDUCATION BOARD; OUR ATTITUDE.
By REV. JAMES CAN NON, Principal Blackstone Institut*.
Editor of The Times:
Sir,?I have been somewhat surprised
that'so little has been written concern
ing tho General Education Board by the.
leaders of our educatoinal work in .Vir?
ginia. I have been much intercsted In
the matter ever since it was brought to
mv attention in a conversation with Dr.
Robert Frazer, who is himself greatly ln
terested in the work,-,and I have read
with care everything that I have been
able to find" on the subject. I venture
to ask space in your columns to express
some views upon it.
(1) The first question concerns itself
necessarily with the general purpose of
this Board. What do the incorporators
aini to accomplish by this movement?
(2) The second question is in this case
c-qually important. How do they pro
pose to carry out their purpose? What
will be the methods employcd? (3) The
third question goes a little deeper into
motive and manner, and asks, In what
spirt is the work undertaken by these
gentlemen? What attitude do they as
sume toward us and toward our people?
The answers to these three questions
will determine the answer to a fourth
question, which is equally as important
as the first three, namely, (4) What
shall be the attitude of our educators to?
ward this movement, and in what spirit
shall wa meet it?
I shall try to give answers to these
four questions as briefly as will be con
sistent with clearness.
(1) What is the purpose of this Board?
For the answer to this question we must
look to their printed statement. It says:
"It is the purpose of the Board to pro
mote education within the United States
of America without distinction of race,
sex or creed"
This fundamental statement of purpose
must be commended by all persons In
tersted ln the cause Of education. It is
a broad platform. It makes no dis
crimination of any sort or kinu'. It leaves
the question of whero work shall be done
to be determined by the facts which
shall come before the Board. Is lt pos
sible to object to the formation of a
Board with such a purpose? Does it
not appear on its face to bo an- expres?
sion of genuine patriotism of the broad
est type? I think the answer to the first
quostion Is satisfactory. Can the sec?
ond, question bo answered ln such a way
that the answer will prevent any unset
tling of the opinion ln reference to the
(2)- How does this Board propose to
carry out its purpose? How to do a
thing Is usually a dlfflcult problem in
every sphere of life. Familics. socie
tics, cities, counties, aye, even churches
can dedde that a certain thing ought to
be done, but tho question of the "how"
is a source of discussion, contention and
sometimes of bloodshed.. So, when one
?snters upon this point, he does it feeling
tliat lt- will bo almost Imposslble for
this Board to present plans that will be
free from criticism or universally ap
provcd. But may not the fact that hon
est differences in plans to accomplish
a good purpose are so prevalent ln other
matters among us act to keep us from
questioning too hastiiy the sincerity and
importance of 'the purpose of this case
even-if we should not be able to approve
all the methods employed? What are
then the methods of the Board?
Like every other Board they have first
found out the educational conditions of
the fleld in which they propose to oper
ate. Having secured their facts, they
examine and compare them, aad find out
where there is the greatest need for
their work, and there they go to work.
Is not this the only reasonable method
to adopt? If-it is right to establlsh such
a Board, ought not that Board to find
out where the cause of education is most
backward, and seek to promote the cause
there? Well, the facts in this case are
at hand, brought up to the year 1900 and
I glve the figures in reference to the
white population in the North and South,
leaving the question of heed among the
negroes out of the comparison. The fig?
ures show the percent of white popula?
tion over ten years old, unable to read
Northern States?Malne, 2.5; New
Hampshlre, 1.5; Vermont,' 3.5; Massa
chusetts, 0.8; Rhode Island, 2.3; Connecti
cut, 1; New York; 1.8: New Jersey, 2.7;
Pennsylvania, 3.5; District of Columbia,
1.7; Ohio, 3.5; Indlana, 5.3; Illlnois, 3.1;
Mlchigan; 2.5; Wisconsln, 2.1; Mlnnesota,
1.4; Iowa, 1.4; North Dakota, 1.4; South
Dakota, 1.2; Nebraska, 1.3;. Kansas, 2;
Montana, 1.6; Wyomlng 7.3;. Colorado,
3.8; Utah, 2.3; Nevada, O.S; Idaho, 3.8;
Washlngton, 1.3; Oregon, 1.8; CaCllfornla,
- Southern States?North Carolina, 23;
South Carolina, 18.1: -Alabama,..18.4; Vir?
ginia, 14; Ge6rgia.7l6.5- liOulsiana, 20.3;
Arkansas, 16.6; Tennessee, 18* Texas,, 8.3;
Mississippl, 11.0; Mary land, 5.9; Florida/
Can there be anf question with these
tigures staring us in the face, where this
board ought to work, if it is to work at
all? Suppose this board, after its organi
7ation, had Issued a call to the country
.ro give funds that it might promote edu?
cation In Minnesota, Iowa, Dakota,' and
Nebraska. Would we not have said that
it is not a natlonal board. but a seetlonat
toard, and that hatred of the South had
c.'tused its great needs to be ignored?
These figures show that If this board is
to promote education at all. it ought to
give special attention to the Southern
States, and that Is just what it has de
cided to do. If the purpose of the board
in good, the purpose to work esecially in
the South is also good, for there the need
Is greatest. - -
How does it propose to help us in our
First, and of primo importance, it does
rot propose to come among us and take
charge of our educational system, or to
put Northern or foreign born men m
charge of our work. It does not come
with a demand that we shall surrender
all of our traditions, and conform our
views on social or political questions to
men of other sections and of different
training. This should be strongly em
phasized everywhere, for were there sucn
a purpose, we would be oblig-ed to decline
thfv proffered aid and continue to strug
gle on alone against adverse conditions,
arj we have done for nearly forty years.
But this movement Is characterized by
its sanity on this very point. This board
hat; recognized the face that if it is to
do the work needed to be done, it must
do it through men who can do it. and that
ihese men are our Southern men. The
plan of this board. therefore. is to select
men who are known to us. who are of our
p-'ople, who understand us, our feelings,
our eustoms, our needs. and to gain
through our own men knowledge
of our needs, and to co-operate
with us in meeting these needs. Is not
this a sensible method? Is it not a great
imnrovement on anything v/e have had
before? Money has come Into the South
from the North for many purposes. The
funds for yellow-fever sufferers, for the?
flooded districts of the Mississippi and of
Galveston. for dr ought and famine in
Texas, all have been Iargely helped by
the North. Millions of dollam have come
to establish negro- schools end colleges.
And moreover our white people have not
onjy not refused money from the North,
l ut have in many cases sent their agents
to the North to secure funds for our edu?
cational work. Emory and Wesleyan Col
Ieges, of Georgia, Vanderbilt University.
f.nd right here in Virgini* within the last
year or so Richmond College. Washington
and Lee. University of Virginia. and
Hampden-Sidney have all received and
tcen glad to receive money from the
North. Tliis giving has not been consid
ered a doling out of alms to beggars. but
an effort of broad-minded men to foster
r.oblo enterprises, and to invest their
money where it would brlng the great
t:s'- returns. But it is true that many of
the gifts of Northern znen have been made
without any comparativc idea of the
needs, and without any meane of knowing
whether they were doing the best thing,
when they gave their money. The great
educational needs in the South have "never
been presented to the wealthy* philan
throphists of the North. Only a few of the
'.iore prominent white colleges ha,ve been
brought to their notice. They -know, very
little of the struggle we have had to
maintain our colleges. academies, semi
s^aries. aye, even our high schools and
common schools. The privations and self
denials of the man and women who
taught tho present generationhave been'
too great to be recounted here. Suitable
houses, equipment, and text-books have
all been lacking. and the three or five
month term of the common school has
been the despair of all good teachers and
scholars. It is a constant wonder ,t.bat
wc have done so much. But of these
needs there was little knowledge at the
North. I saw in one of the Richmond
papers a few days ago that Robert Bil
:ings. of Boston. made public" bequests of
$P00,00O. Of this amount $40,COO came to
the South. and all to three negro schools.
The needs of all three of these schools
had, no doubt been brought prominently
to his attention, and he probabfy knew
littlo of the other educational TTeeds of
the South. Now if numey.is to be given
to our Southern educational work, is it
not better that it should be given after
consultation with men who have made a
careful survey of the whole field. and
who are plannlng not to push ono par
tmcular enterprise, but to eievate every
branch of the work. Is it not better that
money should bo placed In"the hands of
this boaM to usa in promoting the cause
or education than that It should b*> given
by men, because of indivldual appeals. to
especlal enterprises, ;wlthr,ut any regard (
to the comparative" needs of white or col?
ored, or common school or university edu
SKILLiED LABOR 13 EMPLOTSp ON
THE HARNESS THAT WE 3ELI
Every thing that can be done to xnake tha
product look wdl ?j*??__????_?_
The result Is a PERFECT SCTOFHAR,
NESS. that you can trust your life to any
day in the year.
Have vou seen our show-rooma? If not.
you are invited to inspect all V?a* '? ne,T
and good in the way of CARRIAGES and
HARNESS. _ _ ~-r~-~ ._,
We rcly on QUALITY and PRICES t?
make our sales.
The Implement Company,
1302 and 1304 E. MainSt.
cation? Especially when we remember
tha- this board is to do its work in close
co-operation with Southern men. I as.-^
again, is this not a sensiale p!an7 n
seems so to me. ,.
1 cannot eiuer etaborately into? a au
cussion of other methods ot worfc bufcwu
indicate a few of them. ^ 'nV Pa?e
Work" for April, the edltor. Dr. ?j>Q>
who is a member of the Board. glves. a
elear statement of the princlples unuer
l>TSllhit ^ w'.-.lle to help those that
heip themselves atul only those.
2 It is best worth while to help tne
public that helps itself. because by build
inc up public sentlment. a permaner.c
investment ls made in democracy. tho
Board has also sent out a statement. trom
which I seiect the followlng as some ot
the methods they will pureuo: To- co
operate with other organlzat ons later
ested in educational ?r*-J?J^?S\i
public school system especially r,i rur. I
districts. to aid bvthe J^^KSSaSKa
imnrovement of educational lnstltutioni
LTreadV MtabHshed. to fiirther *ee3tt*
llshment of training schools for teachers.
to develop the princlples of self-neip py
iVrging lncreased local taxation. Jocal
contributions. or by other..meansv to
act as an eductlonal bureau both
In the collection and dissemlnatlou
of educational inferrmation. TElieso
are some of the ways in which this Boa.a
proposes to promote education Is .not
the answer to the second question sui
ficiently satisfactory for us to go on tu
1 38 In^vhat spirit does this Board under
take this work? Th'.s question I belteya
to be the most Important oC all. and ttii
one that must be most clearly- answere;!.
The spirit shown by those who offer n
help us determines in most cases whetn-r
we will accept their help. Is tnere any
ovidence that this Board has any Im
proper spirit? Have they assumed .1
Pharisaic air, or do they. pose as rrus
sionaries? There is no proof of it. rnor
attitude is that of men. who have Iear::
ed some facts. and who feel that in vuw
of those facts they want to do certam
things. Thev have discovered that tha
North is jointly responsible wltn the
South. for the conditlon of arfairs in tn-i
South. that the burden upon the southern
white man since the war has hefti ^reatcr
than he could bear, that he has not been
able to educate his own children and yet
thev have discovered that. out of their
povertv, the Southern whltes have given
millioris to the educatlon of the negroes.
They have discovered that-we are earn
estly engagetf Trr'th*e" tTromotion ot pubUe*
education. but that we have a far greater
task than any other section of the coun?
try'. and so they have come forward and
they sav. "you "have a great work to do,
it is more than you ought to be expected
to do alone. We want to help you do this
work, and we are going to do so. if you
will acefpt our aid." This is the spirit
of this Board if I understand it. It does
not come to minimize our work. or to
ridicule our condition. It does not i-omo
with an air of arrogance or superiority.
It does not come d'emanding to be put
in charge of our affairs. It comes appre
clating the work we have done under
adverse conditions and asks that it may
aid us ?m our great work. The names i>f
some of the men on thi? Board Is a furth
er guarantee of the spirit of the under
taklng. Dr. J. L. M. Curry, Dr. D. C
Gilman. Dr. Walter H. Page and Mr.
George Foster Peahody are rnen who ar?
well "known througnout our section aa
either natives or well-wishers of tha
South. Is there any reason therefore. ln
view of the above to doubt that the spirit
of this Board is fratemal and sympathetia
in the broadest sense?
4. What shall be tho attitude of ouf
educators fcoward this movement and ln
what spirit shall we meet lt?
In view of what has been said above
tho reader already knows my answer to
this ouestion. I belle\-e that Southern
educators should heartlly co-ODerate with
this Board. and should accept its aid ln
the same fratemal sprrit In which lt Is
offered. We have a great work to do,
esnecially In the publie-school work, from
primary to high-sehool trrade. My ^xpo-.
rienee of nearly ten years as prindpal nt
one of the larpr^st seenndary schools ln.
the State. with students fromnearlv every
county east of the Blue Ridge and my
canvrtssinc: throusjhout the country dis?
tricts, have revealed conditions which
cause *"" ^o v.'oloome most heartilv tha
aid which thta Board proposes to extend.
I hope all those who are Kivincr thelf
lives to this Kreat cause and all thoaa
who are Irite'rested in it. will investlgata
the plans of this Board. will fe^is en
couraged by tn** fact that wo have nn*
other stronsr ally in our work. and will
arivo a henrty wlcome to thos<> g?nt!e
men. who have shown a prnctic.nl apprsv.
clntion ot" our Iobors nnd difficuities. b*
offering to help u? to do our senpat work.
JAMES CANN'ON', JP-.
Blackstone. Va.. Apri! 15. 1902.
Editor of The Times:
Sir,?As it has been suggestedl that
for the purpose of glvlng more room to
the House of Delegates, tho Stats Capitol
be extended in Iength either on tts
northern or southern end', I writo to say,
and I have no doubt many others will
agree with me, that such a thing shoiud
never be done, as it would entirely de
stroy the' proportions of the buiidinar
which are now correct and are Its chlei
beauty, It3 Iength and width, and heign:
being now in almost exact proportlon to
each other, and any disturbance of them
by adding to either end or lessening the
width of the arch would mean the who:<i
Moreover, it is not at all necessary that
any such thing shouid be done. For
the House of Delegates now has only
one hundred members, whereas befora
the war when Weat Virginia belonsed to
Virginia that body contained one hun
drea and fifty-two members, and after
the war for some yaars lt contained one
hundred and forty members. If tha hall
was large enough then, and there ap
pears to have been no complaint on thaS
score. lt certalnly seems that itfis largs
enough now for the House of Delegates.
when lt is a so much smaller body than
it formerly was.
Richmond, Va., April 15.
A Faithful Servant.
The burial of Morse Cur.mlngham. tha
late steward of the Deep Hun Hunt Club,
marked- the pa3sing of an old-time colored
man, born and bred in Virginia during tha
days that Virginia was "the school for
gentlemen." He had manner aa well .aa
manners, he had dlscretlon. and he waa
profJerly deferei.tlal. with a dignity bora
of self-respect. well sustained by a trained
and high character. Morse was an hon?
est man and he was trusted. He wasf a
shlning example to his famOy and to ht?
race and he. waa respected in his plac?
by every white man who knew him. Ha
was a good and faithful servant, befora
' men and b??fore ouj- Lord, and beyonil
[ doubt he baa gone to his reward.