OCR Interpretation


Eaton weekly Democrat. (Eaton, Ohio) 1866-1875, March 17, 1870, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034457/1870-03-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

The Eaton Democrat.
G. W. MHAFFEY, Proprietor & Publisher.
'Principles, not Meri."
TWO DOLLAES PER ANNUM IN ADVANCE.
VOL. V.
NO. 5.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1870.
WHOLE NO. 212.
JOB PRINTING
In all Its branches, neatly and promptly exe
cuted at this office on reasonable termr.
Arc reg,ii4ated to band In their favors as early
i the wfck as possible.
Ail orders lor job work or advertising, when
tent by will receive as prompt attention
tf parties called In person.
Advertisements not. undei contract must be
plainly marked tbe lenrth ot time desired, or
they will be continued and charged for till or
dered out.
The New York Sao eays : The
negro, having got his Thirteenth,
his Fourteenth, and hia Fifteenth
Amendments to the Constitution,
ought eoon to disappear from the
theatre of Federal politics as a star
actor, and hereafter figure only on
the local hoards of tne Southern
States.
The Louden Times, on the subject
of the recent decision by the Supreme
court of the United States on the
matters of legal tenders, aLserts that
the decision has restored English
confidence in American Justice.
We have reports of horrible atroei
ties committed by the. troops of Lo
pez in Paraguay.such aa cutting the
throats of starving. and unprotected
women, and leaving their bodies
scattered along the highways. De
serters report Lopez as habitually
drunk.
The New York Sun asks : Of
what benefit to the country is the
Solicitor of the Navy Department ?
His bureau was created by Congress
during the war. It was made to re
lieveSecretary Welles of work which
it was impossible for him to do.
With Lea's surrender passed away
the necessity for a Solicitor-General.
Yet for five years Mr. Solicitor
Bolles and his small army of clerks
have drawn their salaries with per
tinacious regularity. Let Congress
lop this excrescence from the Navy
Department without delay.
The fur. trade is probably the only
traffic of any importance except,
perhaps that in ice which can be
carried on in our new territory of
Alaska. The principal sources of
supply there are the seal fisheries ;
and the attention of Congress has
lately been directed to the necessity
of so restricting the indiscriminate
slaughter of seals as to prevent the
utter extermination of these animals
dae islands of oat arctic posses
sion.
It is said that no less than twelve
men of this Congress and the last, of
both parties have been charged with
the miserable business , of Bailing
oadetships, and that considerable
testimony tedding to prove the alle
gation has been offered in every
case. This is ' certainly - a startling
revelation. Whatever may be the
facts or the results, the country de
mands the fair trial and prompt ex
pulsion of all men who have dared to
put up at auction the rights and
privileges of the people. And if the
convicted and expelleeL members
will only turn state's evidence and
volunteer their testimony, in' expos
ing all other Congressional corrup
tions and iniquities with which they
are fn any way acquainted, they
will be furnishing fruits meet for re
pentance. " -
A New Cabbage.
Mr. James Vick, of Rochester, N.
Y., the well known florist and seeds
man, writes to Moore's Rural New
Yorker :
I am acquainted with no cabbage
that has given sueh general satisfac
tion as the Filder kraut. It Is more
conical or "sugar loaf" in form than
any cabbage I have ever known, is
very solid and keeps well. It forms
a solid head even under quite unfav
orable circumstances, and I do not
think I ever observed three plants in
an acre that failed to produce a fair
marketable head. I was induced to
Import it on the recommendation of
one of my German customers who
thought he would have to return to
Fatherland if he could not get some
of his favorite "kraut" in this coun
try. So you see I have had the dou
ble pleasure of preserving a good and
industrious citizen to this land of
liberty, and of introducing a cabbage
of great excellence.
JAMES VICK.
A lady living at Marseilles was re
turning from church on a recent Sun
day, when she heard steps behind
her, and felt some one take her hand
and draw it under his arm. Turning
round she aaw a gentleman, elegantly
dressed, who was quite a stranger toJ
her. She tried to put away her arm
but the unknown held it firmly, and
said with an air of the greatest polite
ness, "Madame, lam a thief, and am
closely pursued by the police. They
know that I am a stranger in the
town, and will never suspect me Ifj
they 'see me in the company of a
lady so respectably connected as ydsjt
most be."
Southey says, in one of his letters :
I have told you of the Spaniard who
always put on his spectacles when
he was about to eat cherries, that
they might look tne bigger and more
tempting.1 In like manner, I make
the most of my enjoyments : and
though I do not cast my cares away.
I pack them in as little compass as I
can, and carry them as conveniently
aa I can for myself, and never let
them annoy others."
The numerous deluded "American
heirs" to English estates, who are
constantly being fleeced by lawyers,
would save their money if they were
aware that an alien cannot be an heir
in England where there is no will,
and that he can not take real estate,
even if left to him by will.
Congressional.
In the Senate, bills were introduc
ed tor tne conversion of unexpend
eti appropriations, anu ror the sur
render of certain military reserva
tions. A personal explanation bv
Senators Thayer and Tipton, of Ne
braska, developed the fact that Mr
Sumner had "cut them out" in mak
iog announcement of the ratification
of the Fifteenth amendment by the
Nebraska Legislature : adutv which
in courtesy belonged to a Nebraska
Senator. Debate was had on an
Oregon railroad land grant bill, in
volving the whole subject of land
grants and the exhaustion of our
public domain. The bill was then
passed, the Senate having first, by
vote of 3 to 3, refused to strike out
all provisions appropriating land.
The House . adopted a new rule,
that the Committee on Election shall
consist of fifteen members, to be di
vided by its Chairman into sub-corn
mlttees of three on each case of con
tested election. It was stated by
Mr. Garfield, who reported the rule,
that the Democrats would be rep
resented by five members of the en
larged committee. A bill was pass
ed throwing open to pre-emption
and homestead entry the FortCollins
Military reservation in Colorado.
Mr. McCrary, of Iowa, introduced a
stay law for cases arising under the
late decision on legal tenders. The
House, in Committee of the Whole,
made some progress with the Legis
lative Appropriation bill, and after
ward there was the usual Saturday
delivery of set speeches, some of
which were permitted to be printed
in tne otooewittiout being spoken on
the floor.
The Senate passed a resolution
Chat only such speeches as are actu
ally d el ivered.iu, Congress be publish
ed in The Globe. The NavyDeflciency
Appropriation bill, reduced by com
promise to two ; million dollars, was
passed. Mr. Chandler spoke in de
nunciation of Fltz John Porter, the
cashiered General, who is moving
for a rehearing of his case ; and Mr.
Wilson answered in behalf of Porter,
that if wrong has been done him, he
ought to be righted. A bill was pass
ed giving consent to the erection of
a bridge across the Delaware river at
Philadelphia. The New -York and
Washington Air-line Railroad bill
was taken up.
In the House a great number of
bills were introduced. Among Uiese
was a bill by Mr. Bingham to en
force the Fifteenth amendment giv
ing suffrage to colored persons tn all
the States. The resolution offered a
few days ago by Mr. Loughridge, of
lowa, looking to an increase ot ntty
millions in circulating currency, was
adopted by a vote or 110 to 73. a res
olution to relieve pork packers from
payment of manufacturers' tax was
passed and then reconsidered. Gen.
Butler reported from the Reconstruc
tion Committee a bill to relieve some
500 persons named therein from po
litical disabilities, and explained that
its immediate passage was necessary,
and that the Committee would soon
report a general amnesty bill. Mr.
Cox declared that he would not vote
for a measure picking out men by
name. Mr. James Brooks was op
posed to. the whole system of peddling
pardons.
In the Senate, Mr. Howard report
ed a bill authorizing the Northern
Pacific Railroad Company to issue
mortgage bonds. Mr. Schurz report
ed a Civil Service bill, creating a
Board of Commissioners for the ex
amination of all persons now or here
after to be employed in the civil
service, except judges and clerks of
courts, members of the Cabinet,
Ministers to foreign governments,
and officers of Congress. At two
o'clock, the Senate adjourned.
In the House, Messrs, Hale, Kerr,
McCrary and Porter were appointed
additional members of the Commit
tee on Elections. A bill was passed
extending the benefits of the Home
stead law to the children of deceased
soldiers. The report of the Confer
ence Committee on the Naval Ap
propriation bill, fixing the appro
priation at $2,000,000, was adopt
ed. The Legislative Appropriation
hill was taken up, and some progress
made.
Among the bills presented at a re
cent meeting of the Sandusky Coun
cil, was one demanding $2.50 "for
preaching funeral sermon for a Dar
key died with smallpox." Notwith
standing its reasonableness it was re
ferred.
The Elgin watch Company adver
tise a new and reliable improvement
in their watches, consisting of a
patent Dust Excluder, effectually
closing the works, and enabling the
watch te run without being cleaned,
as long as a movement can possibly
do without it. This is a valuable
addition to the Elgin Watches, and
will be appreciated by Farmers, Me
chanics, and others, more or less en
gaged in out-door employment. The
Company are said to have doubled
their sales in California and the min
ing regions since the introduction of
the dust excluder.
The Excluder is an entirely differ
ent thing from the dust rim upon
other American watches, which af
fords but a partial protection to the
movement, and is only found on the
Elgin watches.
"Indade, an' ye must just ask the
mistress. She touldmehow te feed
the cow ; an' I did it, an' she houids
out uncommon doesn't shrink one
bit, and drinks every dhrop I give
her of the hot sup, and likes it too."
"Weil, well, Corny, obey in all
things, and if all her commands can
make such returns, I shall be willing
to obey also. I thought we should
have to buy both milk and cutter to
supply our family this winter ; but
feed the cow well, and that will be
needless. Hearth and Home.
Some music teacher once wrote
that "the art ofplaying a violin re
quires the nicest perception and the
most sensibility of any art in the
known world." Upon which ah ed
itor comments in the following man
ner : "The art of publishing a news
paper, and making it pay, and at the
same time making it please every
body, beats fliddlin' higher than a
kite."
SOUTHERN NEWS.
At Centralia, Ky., a man working
about machinery was caught by his
comiorter and instantly strangled.
Strawberries, grown in the open
air. are selling in Mobile at a dollar
a pint.
The mean temperature of Florida
for twentv vears past has been 69
deg. 52 min.
General Lee Is urged by his Virgin
ia friends to make a European trip
for the benefit of bis health.
A gentleman of Columbia, South
Carolina, is making arrangements to
plant eighty acres of cotton within
the corporate limits.
The Cleveland (Tenn.) Banner says
that the cominsr wheat crop never
looked more promising, at this sea
son of the year, than it does how.
The personal estate of the late Jo
seph S. Hubbard, merchant, of Hick
man, lventucky, loots up ssiou.uuo in
money, besides real estate. This is
to be divided between four heirs.
An imposter is going about Virgin
ia Daseiug-himseir on aa Hidward J
Ball, a member of Andrew Jackson
lodge ( Masonic) No. 20, of Alexan
dria, and Masons generally are cau
tioned against mm.
According to the Dardanelle Times,
Boone county, Arkansas, contains
lead in inexhaustible quantities,
while in the Bolt mountain are found
three varieties of the most valuable
marble in the world.
The presidents of three freight
lines, leading from J-iouisvule, have
reduced the rates on fourth class
freight from sixty to fifty cents, and
the fast freight companies agree to
abide by the decision.
There is no "professor of journal
ism" in Gen. Lee's college. There
are twenty-nve scholarships for
young men intending to make news
papers their business, and also ar
rangements for the practice of type
setting and stenography.
The Floida Senate has passed a
bill referring the question of a remov
al of the capital from Tallahassee,
and. it is said, that a pledge nas been
made of one hundred thousand dol
lars from the city of Jacksonville and
county of Duval toward defraying
the expense or providing tne neces
sary buildings and a free deed of a
site for location, in case the capitol
be located there.
A neero named Gardner was hantr-
ed at New Kent Court House, Va.,
on the 11th. His speech on the gal
lows was, in its way, a model. It
was as follows : "I am net guilty.
I don't know whether I am going to
heaven or hell." The doubts of the
condemned were as novel as they
were painful, the state of persons in
his situation usually being decidedly
hen ti flq.
Jenny Lind of To-day.
We waited . very impatiently
through Herr Goldschmidt's ambi
tious "instrumental prelude," and
through the first of bis jerky cho
ruses. It was not entirely fog which
made our eyes see dimly the sweet
faced woman sitting on his left hand
thinner, older, sadder, but still
with the same winning atmosphere
about every pose and every expres
sion which conquered allhearts twen
ty years ago, disarms all criticism to
day, and will continue to do so as
long as Jenny Land's soul dwells in
Jenny Lind's body. If there be such
things as perfect grace of clumsiness
perfect beauty of homeliness, she,
has them, and they are more lasting
than the gracefulness or the beauty
of good looks. As it is with her face,
her movements, her attitudes, so It
is with her voice. Sacred above all
it has lost, it has kept a certain some
thing of such individuality that one
would know it for Jenny Lind's
voice. In spite of the husky chest
tones, in spite of the strained and
hardly reached upper C, there is a
peculiar soul-full quality in it which
has been rarely heard on any stage,
except when Jenny Lind has sung.
Critics would say and, perhaps, by
rules of art, their assertion cannot
be contradicted that Jenny Lind's
voice is gone. Both men and women
are still moved to their heart's by
her singing. I believe if she sings
when sue is three score years and
ten, it will be the same. London
Letter.
The Sin of Exaggeration.
There is a fault, which does not
get itself called by the ugly name of
lie, but which is a dangerously close
relation to it, and that is the habit of
exaggeration. A man hears a thing,
true enough perhaps in its original
shape, but he passes it on with a lit
tle addition of his own. The man to
whom he passed it on adds his touch
of exaggeration, until, at last, the
statement is so swollen and distorted
as to convey anything but the facts
of the case. Take many statements
which have gone forth and obtained
credence in the world, and yet, though
they are in their final stage grossly
false, and do sore injustice, it is dif
ficult to charge any one with a full
grown lie, in the share he has had
in propagating the deceit. The result
is a sort of accumulative lie, made
by successive persons contributing a
little touch of exaggeration to the
story as it came into their hands.
The worst of it is that this mis
chief is caused by the exercise of a
power which is sometimes useful I
mean that creative imaginative pow
er which lends life to a description.
A man hears a thing, and then gives
It the color of his own thoughts
almost unconsciously ; and yet, as I
fear, this may produce very mischie
vous, perhaps disastrous results.
And who is to blame ? "W hy, every
one who has a share in the accretions
which the story or statement has
received. See how responsible we
may be for the effects of a lie, even
when we do not wish to deceive.
How careful we should be not to add
to what we hear. If we must needs
repeat it, or help to circulate it, let
it leave us as it came. Let us pass
it on scrupulously unchanged, with
no twist or increase of our own.
All the business houses at Sitka,
Alaska, have succeeded in get tine
in their ice, and the crop is said to bg
very fine almost a quarter of a mile
hick.
Farmer's Headwork.
How olten do we hear persons
give as a reason for making a mis
take, "that they did not think !" It
is by no means an uncommon thing
to find two farmers, having the same
amount of work to do, with the same
amountof help, andyetone is always
hurried, while wUh the other every
thing goeB on like ciocKworK. xiyou
will take the trouble to examine in
to the matter you will find the latter
works with his head as well with his
hands. He lays out his work in ad
vance and does not work to disadvan
tage ; he does not rush at a job with
out first thinking of or finding out
the best and quickest mode of doing
it. Another great advantage to oe
derived from headwork isthat it will
teach a man the true meanii.g of
the word economy. Many fanners
"economize" in a way which is any
thing but economy. How ofton do
we find farmers who, for economy's
sake, "can not afford to lime," yet
these same men mustand will admit
that the applicationof lime will
greatly increase their crops.
Let us aoplv headwork to this and
see what such economy is. Almost
any one will admit that a coat of
lime applied to a field which has had
none for ten or fifteen years, will in
crease the yield to an amount equiv
alent to two bushel? of wheat per
acre, and will continue this rate of
increase for five years at least, or ten
bushels, worth say $15. A coat of
fortv bushels, per acre will cost (cost
of putting on included) about 20 certs
per bushel, or $8 per acre. By ap
plying these two calculations to each
other, we will see that the lime is
nearlv twice paid for bv the increased
yield of the first five years, to say
nothing of the after increase, for its
action will extend beyond five years.
Therefore to cease liming is not econ
omy by a great deal. Some will
continue to use a worn-out plow
share, and instead of getting a sharp
one, will raise the clevis and thus
run the plow unon its point, adding
at least one-fourth to the draught of
the team, and plowing up the groand
in a manner which will shorten the
crop to an amount which wouid buy
ten or fifteen shares. Much men will
mostly plead want of time as an ex
cuse for not doing many things
which should have been done, yet
such are the men who swell the
crowd at public sales and such places.
we will nnd such men running
their plows against the same "tight
stones" year after year, or plowing
round the same stump because they
have not time to remove them ; but
they never seem to think tha t the
time spent in getting over obstruc
tions and in replacing broken plow
shares would be sufficient to remove
it several times.
We should remember that to
practice eeconomy we must not save
a dollar and thereby lose ten, or. In
otner words, adopt tne old adage or
"penny wise and pound foolish."
We may look where we will, in any
kind of trade, and we always find
that the man who practices headwork
always has the inside track in the
race of life, while your "economist
is often left behind by those who un
derstand true economy. German-
town Telegraph.
A correspondent of the New En
gland Farmer has made skim-milk
cheese In the fall when milk can be
kept sweet several days, by putting
the juice of grated carrots into the
milk after skimming, as is done to
color butter, and then treat the milk
in the ordinary way of making
cheese. After forty years' experience
he pronounces such cheese nice.
A T5el fast, stnrekeener. annoved bv
loafers who persisted in roosting oh
the granite sill of his window, poured
sulphuric acid on the stone, so that
each of the loafers left a part of his
trousers there when he got up.
LITERARY NOTICES.
The Lady's Friend. A beauti
ful steel engraving of Windsor CasUe, the res
idence of Queen Victoria, is the opening em
bellishment of the March number . Then we
have the large plate of Colored Fashions, giv
ing the latest styles from Paris. This is fol
lowed by charming spring scene, "The
Swallow's Nest. ' ' The music for this number
The Bedford Springs' Polka." Among
the numerous wood-cuts illustrating the latest
styles for Jackets, Suits, Ac, the ladies will
Sad a riding-dress of the newest fashion . The
literary matter is usually varied and attrac
tive. Published by Deacon a Peterson, 819
Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Price S-'.50a
year (which also Includes a large steel engra
mer.) Four copies. G. Five copies (and o
av-
one
gratis), s, "The Lady's Friend" ai
I ! , WO I .cut. .Jl J d .niiiu
The Saturday Evening Post' ' (and on en
nil
graving,) 84.00.
The Aldine Press. The typo
graphic art is shown In it j perfection In this
ournai, published by Suttox, Bowwa a Co,
New York. It is a monthly, and has attain
ed to its third volume. Each Issue seems an
Improvement on its predecessors, where im
provement is hardly possible, and aU are beau
tiful. With twelve pages, of goodly news
paper size, it contains much excellent literary
matter every monui, anu is uiuatraieu wun
the finest specimens of engraving. The Feb
ruary number, especially nne in niaiier anu
manner, deserves heartiest commendation.
Eoline, or, Magnolia Vale ; or,
The Heiress of Glenmore. By Caroline Lsk
Hbktz. Philadelphia: T. B. Peterson &
Brothers ; Chicago : S. C. Griggs a Co.
This is the sixth volume issued of Petersons'
new and beautiful edition of the complete
works of Mrs. Caroline Lee Henta, to be is
sued complete in twelve large duodecimo vol
umes. Two volumes will be published each
month until the series Is complete .
The Old and New for March im
proves with age. In the "Record of Progress"
we find an elaborate puff of Riverside, one of
the suburbs of Chicago. There is also a short
article on the public works of Chicago, whfch
is not an advertisement.
"Zell's Popular Encyclopedia,"
promises to be an emlmently valuable com
pendium of knowledge. It is sold only by
subscription. It is published by T. Ell wood
Zell, Philadelphia. The publisher of the
work is at the head of one of the oldest Ih oases
in the United States (founded in 1819), and
guarantees the work will be equal In all re
spects to the parts already issued ; and that if
they exceed fifty parts (of forty pages each) at
50 cents per part, the additional parts shall be
given to subscribers gratis, but to none oth
ers ; hence the cost of the entire work, un
bound, shall not exceed $25.00, and that the
charge for binding in good English cloth, shall
not be more than $1 .26 per volume, two vol
umes in all. We will only add that Zell's Is
the Encyclopedia written since the war, con
sequently all the battles and heroes are given ,
and often accompanied with lllnstations.
Twenty Thousand A Year.
It appears to be taken for granted
that poverty is the normal state of
clergymen, and that the preacher
who is in easy circumstances is but
a poor exemplar of the doctrines he
sets lortn from Sunday to Sunday
We apprehend, however, that this
opinion results quite as much from
the fact that the majority of clergy
man are underpaid, as from any good
reason wny tney snouid be so.
In these days of printing-presses
and newspapers, a man who is com
pelled to earn his livelihood by per
suing some secular calling during the
week can nardly be expected to
preach edifyingly to an intelligent
congregation on Sunday. We must
not, then, take great credit to our
selves because we agree to contribute
to the support of one who will make
it his business to so prepare himself
during the week, as to be able on the
babbath to dispense to us moral and
religious instruction.
Borne of our religious exchanges, we
notice, have been discussing wheth
er it be just to expect a minister
to perforrr; the varied duties required
of him for the slender pittance of six
hundred dollars a year, and they
have our hearty wishes in the cru
sade against such narrowness. Sev
eral of the daily papers, on the other
hand, have been pouring out the
vials of their wrath on a well-known
clergyman, because his congregation
proposed to increase his salary to
$20,000 ( which increase he, however,
declined with thanks.) But suppose,
he had accepted it, what then 7
We do not consider it to be either
desirable or expedient that our cler
gymen should live in ostentatious
luxury ; and yet we are persuaded
that it is a spirit of niggardliness
which resolves to give them no more
tban just enough to pay their current
expenses. A good library of refer
ence is all but indispensable for a
elegy man as well as an editor, and it
requires no small expenditure to ob
tain one, as those who have tried
the experiment on small means are
well aware. Nor is there any reason
why a clergyman should not have
the means of giving his children a
thorough education, Including a col
legiate course, without the assistance
of some liberal-minded parishioner
J.G may not nave occurred to tnose
who feel horrified at the idea of a
clergyman with a salary of $20,000,
tnat, in attempting to hold leading
members down to a dead level of
MtnlinA"atlAn v V rxrr oa afTantiiall tr
riveting the chains that now gall the
six-nunured-doiiars-a-year martyrs
out sucn is none the less the fact
If people were more accustomed to
pay ministers as other professional
men, according to the real value of
their services, they would undoubt
edly hear less frequently of parishes
paying only starvation salaries to
their pastors. Hearth and Home.
Go to Work.
The idea of "respectable employ
ment" is the rock upon which thou
sands split, and which shinwreck
themselves and all who depend upon
them. All employments are alike
respectable that bring honest gain.
The laborer who is willing to turn
his hands to anything is as respect-
a Die as tne clerk or drapers tore tender.
Indeed the man who is ready to work
wherever work offers, whatever it
may be, rather than lie idle and beg
is by far a more respectable man than
one who turns up his nose at hard
labor, wearies his friends with his
complaint that he can find nothing
respectable to do, pockets their bene
factions without thankfulness, and
goes on from day to day, a useless,
lazy grumbler. The only remedy
for him is to arise and go out and
seek employment, throw the false
idea of respectability to the winds,
and become in reality a respectable
man by becoming a useful man.
Strive for employment of some
kind. If you fail on the first appli
cation, try the second, and so on ;
even if you fail ninety nine times,
the hundredth application may be
triumphant. "Try again" should
be the encouraging motto of all who
are looking for employment. Wait
ing, Micawber like, for something to
turn up, won't help yeu ! The world
will help those who are striving to
help themselves.
The selfish max' i, the world owes
me a living never advantaged any
one ; but it has carried many to
the almshouse and more we fear to
the prison. There is enough in the
world for every man, but the condi
tion upon which that living is attain
able is expressed in a word ; effort.
The sentence, "by the sweat of thy
brow, thou shal t earn thy bread," is
in full force and it would be a woeful
day for humanity were that sentence
reversed. In obedience to that con
dition, we secure health, both of body
and mind, and make life the blessing
which a merciful Providence design
ed that it should be.
Eating With Forks. Mr. W.
Peters of Otsego County, New York,
wishes to know "why it is not con
sidered polite to eat with a knife."
He says he has mingled with all clas
ses in"New York City and elsewhere,
and has noticed "that the male per
suasion who eat with their forks on
ly, generally carry a gold-headed
cane, part their hair in the middle,
and spend the money their fa
thers have earned ; the gentler sex
who never put their knives in their
mouths usually sports a long trail,
read novels, flirt with brainless fops,
and think it degrading to know
how to cook a steak or make a loaf
of bread." Notwithstanding all this,
it is a fact that, in proportion as our
social civilization advances, four
tined silver or plated silver forks are
found for sale in hardware and house
furnishing stores all over the coun
try. There are two reasons for this.
A knife sharp enough to divide meat
on the plate is an unsafe, not to say
dangerous, instrument to put in the
mouth. It is also in the nature of a
shovel, while the fork permits only
slow and select feeding, which is a
sure mark ef refinement in man or
brute. New York Tribune.
A notorious desperado named Good
berry Kirby, who killed Constable
Cotten, near McMinnville, Tennes
see, a few days since, is wanted bad-
Ply, and $200 will be paid for his cap
ture.
The Moon and the Weather.
Most people believe that a change
of moon brings about a change ef
weather.
A certain honest High Sheriff, find
ing himself shut up in his own coach
with the late Justice M., whose rep
utation as a "rough customer,"
though keen wit, had preceded him
on the circuit, was rather at a loss for
conversation ; there was another
Judge, of course, in the vehicle, but
he was a silent man. and so the poor
Sheriff was left to his own resources.
"My Lord," said he, at last, "the
moon has changed, and bo 1 hope we
shall have fine weather."
"Are you then, such a fool, sir,"
growled, the great M., "to believe
that the moon has anything to do
with it ?"
Here the silent Judge, who was a
courtly man, interposed with :
"Really, Brother M., I think you are
very hard upon our friend, Mr. High
Sheriff. I confess that I, for my
part, believe that the moon has a
very considerable influence on the
state of the weat er."
"Then all that I can say is, Broth
er," rejoined great M., "that you
are as great a fool as the Sheriff."
The author of the present useful
volume take3 the same view as the
crusty Judge. "One frequently
hea.3," he says, "of the weather al
tering at the change of the moon : but
careful observers have been unable to
detect any real difference in the state
of the air at such times." The sun,
indeed, is a better prophet ; but then
his- predictions only refer to the
coming few hours. "When it 5
evening, ye say it will be fair weath
er, for the sky is red and lowering."
Matthew xvl. And this is corrobo
rated by many a popular saw.
- -say Tea at nignt is tne sailor's aengni ;
Sky red in the morninc is the sailor's warn
ing."
ITost weather beliefs, however.
notwithstanding that they may be
both ancient and far diffused, are
illusive and unfounded. There is a
nautical proverb which arises from a
supposed clearance of clouds which
takes place when the full moon rises :
The full moon eats clouds :" and
there is also an Indian saying, al
most identical : "The full moon
grows fat on clouds." Yet close ob
servation has proved that there is no
fact of the sort. Again : "The west
wind is a gentleman and goes to bed"
(that is, drops in the evening), says
the proverb ; but Cornish men know
better. It "drops on" to their ships,
and behaves in a manner anything
but gentlemanlike. Weather prov
erbs are, in fact, as a general rule,
only to be trusted when they are
quite local ; they are almost ail em-
Sirical, and four-led on insufficient
ata ; and it is only on a limited
area that anything like certainty
can be attained. Chamber's Journal.
Anecdote of the Blind. John
Stanley, the musician, lost his sight
when only two years of age. He had
so correct an ear, that he never for
got the voice of a person he had once
heard speak. An instance is given
in which he recollected the voice of
a person he had not heard for twenty
years, who then accosted him in an
assumed voice. If twenty people
were seated at a table together, he
would address them all in their reg
ular order, without their being pre
viously known to mm. Hiding on
horseback was one of bis favorite ex
ercises, though it would seem a very
dangerous one for the blind, and to
ward the close of his life, whan he
lived in Epping Forrest, and wished
to give his friends an airing, he would
take them the pleasantest road, and
point out the most agreeable pros,
pects. He played at whist with
great readiness and judgment. Each
card was marked at the corner with
the point of a needle, but these
marks were s delicately fine as
scarcely to be discerned by any per
son not previously apprised of them.
His hand was generally first arrang
ed, and it was not uncommon for
him to complain of the party that
they were tedious in sorting the cards.
He could tell the precise time by a
watch. He knew the number of per
sons in a room when he entered it ;
would direct his voice to each person
in particular even to strangers after
they had once spoken; and would
miss any one who was absent, and
could tell who that one was.
What has he Made?
The Albany Post thus sensibly re
plies to a statement made in the New
York Herald that during the last
twenty years William B. As tor has
bo managed a fortune of twenty mil
lions as to roll it into sixty millions :
"Suppose he has, what then ?
What has he made by the operation,
except increased worriment to keep
the run of his increased wealth ? As
tor, with sixty millions, eats no more
oysters, quail, woodcock and boned
turkey, than he did when be was
worth ten millions. He dresses no
better and has a thousand times less
fun. We beat him on the sleep, and
have no law suits with tenants and
trespassers. Robbers lay for Astor
every time he goes out-doors after
dark. They don't think of us. As
tor, with sixty millions of dollars,
has sixty millions of troubles. To
keep the run of his rents, bonds and
real estates, keeps Astor in work four
teen hours a day, and yet Astor gets
three square meals a day. which is
just what we obtain without any mil
lions, any tenants, any real estate,
and only work eight hours per day.
"If men's happiness increased with
their money, every body should be
justified in worshiping the Qolden
(Jan. ine nappiness increases witn
their earnings up to a certain point
the point necessary to secure them
the comforts of life, say $2,000 a year.
AU beyond this ia superfluous. Be
ing superfluous, it is productive of no
good whatever. The richer the man,
the greater is the probability that
his sons will live on billiards and die
in the inebriate asylum. With con
tentment and $2,000 a year a man
may be as happy aa a prince. With
out contentment you will be miser
able, even if your wealth equal the
rent rolls of Croesus."
The town of Lost Trail, Montana,
has only one woman within its lim
its, and the husband can't sleep
nights because so many men stand
arouna nis gate and grate their
teeth.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Nature's weapons blades of grass.
One county in Indiana has a lady
physician and a lady minister.
Ohio has oil portraits of its sixteen
Governors.
The authorities or Hartford are
routing out the gamblers.
Petroleum has been discovered at
Newton, Ala.
Unprofitable industry spinning
yarns at the street corners.
Oysters are regularly imported in
to England from New York.
One Buffalo dealer has sold 20,000
valentines this year.
Solitary confinement has crazed
nine convicts in the Detroit prison.
Brazilian troops are served with
rations of dog-meat.
Mr. Voorhees, who was murdered
in Brooklyn, last week, has an insur
ance of $60,000 on his life.
Prince Bonaparte counts on five
years confinement for killing Nolr,
and desponds accordingly.
The number of steamships plying
between this country and Europe
will be greatly Increased in the
Spring.
An astronomer predicts for this year
a comet of such brilliancy, and "so
near the earth, that our nights will be
almost as bright as our days.
The author of the "Black Crock,"
three years ago a penniless Bohe
mian, is building an elegant villa
near Port Chester, New York.
Discovery was made and ventila
ted that the wives of some officials
In t'.ie Stat. Department were out
spoken secessionists.
The Erie, Pa., fire bugs have been
caught at last. Their names are Ed
ward Firah. Peter Later and Philip
metz. Firsn has confessed.
The Shaker Society at Alfred, Me.,
contemplate selling their real estate
at that place, and uniting with one
of the societies in Michigan or Ohio.
If recent suspicions are well found
ed, people having sons to educate
will soon be inquiring If all the
West Point cadetships have been
disposed of.
Henry Ward Beech er says the thir
teenth chapter of 1st Corinthians is
the most perfect description of a gen
tleman that ever was written or
thought of.
A formidable movement has been
inaugurated in Chicago to secure the
inforcement of the Sunday Liquor
law.
Leverrier, one of the scientific
glories of France, has been rltnmlss
ed from the Observatory because
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte did not
fancy the astronomer's remarks in
the Senate.
A woman recently fell out of the
fifth-story windo-y in Paris upon
the head of a foot passenger. They
both had to roll In the mud, but
neither was badly injured.
It is said that a watch-dog is not so
htrge in the morning aa at night, be
cause he is let out at night, and taken
in in the morning.
Leroy Col ton was lately convicted
of the murder of Mayor Loch mar,
sentenced to be hung on the 8th of
April.
Father Jesse Grant, though recent
ly appointed to the Covington (Ky.)
Postmastership, intends to retire to
private life, says the Cincinnati
Commercial.
Most of the members of the roval
family of Bavaria hate each other so
cordially that they do not speak to
eacn other except on official occa
sions.
It hi remarked as a singular circum
stance in the South African dig
gings that all the diamonds have bean
found bv natives and not by Europe
ans. Tne natives go upon all-four,
scanning tne surface ana scraping
witn tneir nails, wane tne European
tries to maintain the dignity of an
erect attitude.
Abootblack in Newark. N. J.
ing a pickpocket stealing the watch
of an intoxicated cou try man, gave
the alarm, get knocked down for his
pains by a friend of the thief, and
locked up bv tan eetute authorities
for creating a row.
Roof gardening has been commen
ced in Baltimore, a gentleman hav
ing devoted the roof of his stable
and carriage house to the purpose of
growing ornamental plants. Water
pipes are carried to mis portion or
the building for convenience of
watering flowers in dry seasons.
A Lynn, Mass., woman blew her
stove in pieces, smashed her win
dows, half burned up her kitchen
furniture, and injured a little boy,
the other-day, by thawing out a
tightly corked jug of frozen water
in the stove oven.
The majesty of the law was fearfully
sustained by Lord Eskgrove, who, it
is related, once sentenced a tailor ror
murdering a soldier, in these words :
"And not only did you murder him,
whereby he was bereaved of his life,
but you did thrust, or push, or pierce.
or propel the deadly weapon through
his regimental breeches, which were
his Majesty's."
Use Dr. Pierce's Alterative Ex
tract, or Golden Medical Discovery
for all Coughs, Colds, Bronchial or
Lung Diseases. It arrests and cures
Consumption in its early stages. Sold
by druggists, or encleae three dollars
and twenty-five cents to Dr. R. V.
Pierce, Buffalo. N. Y.. and ret three
bottles free of express charges.
In numbers there is safety. It was
upon this principle that the formula of Jud-
aoK'a MoraiAis Bui Pn.m was prepared.
Dr. Judson, intending to spend a fortune
In advertising his pills, submitted Ms re
cipe to the revision of the most Intelligent
and learned physician of the age, and
too result la a simple but moat ef
ficacious medicine the Jadson's Mountain
Herb Pills. They purify the blood, remove
all obstructions, cleanse the skin of all pim
ples and blotches, and are perfectly ear sad
safe in their operation. The Jodaon'a Moun
tain Herb Pills cure Bllliousnesa, Female Ir
regularities, II nad acini, ana many of the dis
eases arising from imparre blood and a derang
ed digestion. Use "the Judson's Mountain
Herb Pills, ann" when you have proved their
virtue recommend thorn to your friends . They
arc both sugar-coated and plaih . for sale ev
erywhere. Z

xml | txt