E. 0. W. MEHAFFEY, Proprietor and Publisher. TH1NCIPLEB, NOT ME3ST." ' Two Dollars pr Annum in Advance
VOL. V.-NO. 12. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1870. WHOLE NO. 220.
THE CHILD'S PRAYER.
BY J. L. M'ORENRY.
sniBssaaaiiliiB of ot tan.
UH doenc ana seaeon imgiw yei ;
The Brat enetamsed on memory's page.
The last I erer can forget :
Twaa when U orb of Jar tfeeilned
nepeatn the many colored mat,
rd seek my mother's knee, and And
Upon bar bosom perfect rest :
And when the Man began to shine
From ont the ether bine and deep.
Repeat the prayer whose opening One
was " Now flay me down to aleeo."
O, eatetkood henrc ; how calm how bright!
Bow Ok a dream they pane away !
r sank to sleep one tUfi-hU
ana woce in enaiess aay i
Thon manhood, with lta perile, came ;
It high wrought hopes. Ha rag no desires ;
laMwi'i fervid, qnenchreee name.
And paaalon'a baJerleJ rornace flree ;
Bat oft the thought had power to away,
Amid temptation 3 fierce and deep
" If thru I a In how can I aay
'I pray the Lord my aonllt) keep T M
Around na Bit, on silent wing.
The viswlees meeeengere of death :
Where health ia now, an hoar may bring
The burning brow and fevered breath ;
Alas, bow many sparkling eyes
That close to-olgntnn scenes of mirth.
swore iiiihim Basra eosat new
Shall look their last on
of earth I
I know, ere morninir dawna.
The stiver cord of life may break ;
O, Father, take aw home to Thee
" If I should die before I wake 1"
For " earth to earth, and dust to dost,
Most soon be chanted o'er our sod ;
And for tbe rest we can bnt trust
The ever-living Father, Gtodl
O, welcome faith! with what delight
We near the rim deep and wide.
When friends we lore, with forms Of light.
Are waiting oat the other aide l
When life's low tide ts ebbing But,
knd sense and thought their throne forsake.
Be then my earnest player, my but,
" I pray the Lord my soul to take."
MISCELLANEOUS. A CHANGE OF BASE.
BY RUTH CHESTERFIELD.
David Thompson's new house
finished at last, the Utter of carpenters,
masons and painters was cleared away,
and now be had brought with him his in
tended wife, that they might plan for fit
ting it up.
David had been engaged three years
bat being a prudent young man, he said
he could never marry till he had a fair
start in the world. He thought he had it
now, since, in addition to youth, health, a
house and 20 acres of land, Mr. Burch,
the great mill-owner, hail lately made
him his foreman, a position he bad lone
coveted. The wedding day was therefore
fixed ror Beptemner , tnrce montna
For once in the world's history, no one
found any fault with the match, but all
declared the happy pair were very well
suited for each other.
Sallie Dearing, the bride elect, was
neither a beauty, a belle, nor a genius she
was just a sweet womanly woman, with
domestic habits, and a great many little
feminine tastes and fancies.
As to the Dealing family, they were re
spectable, root ana branch, and always
had been as far back as memory or records
At the present time there were none of
them remaining In town save Bailie and
her parent, who weee getting to be elder
ly people when she was born.
"It's a good house and thoroughly
built," said David, looking around him
with satisfaction. "I allowed none bat
the best materials to go into it. It. might
have been done a third cheaper, bat I said
no it is for a lifetime."
" And so bright and Bunny," said Sallie,
"it seems like home already. Some
houses strike a chill aa soon as you enter
them, hat I don't think ours can-ever ha
one of that kind."
"I don't think house could, with
you for its mistress," returned David, gal
lantly. In every apartment Sallie found some
thing to praise and admire, from the bay
window m the pkrtor to the wash-boilers
in the back, kitchen. Opening the door
of the bed-room on the ground floor, she
remarked " This shall be OUT father's
and mother's room. It's just near enough
to the parlor for company,' sncr just far
enough off to be. quiet. Yon must have
manned it on Duroose for them, such a
dear, good David as you are," and the
young lady laid hex hand caressingly on
David took no notice of the slight ad
vance, however, but stood twirling his
mustache, and looking thoughtful and em
barrassed. " Of coarse my parents are to live with
us?" said Sallie, questioningly, after a
" I feared you might be expecting it,"
answered David, "and I have evaded the
subject in sach a way that I hoped you
would understand me without any ex
planation. It seems you did not, however,
and the explanation may as well come
now aa any time. If you wUl think the
matter over, you will see that this' thing
"Because nobody could reasonably ex
pect a young man to take such a burthen
upon his shoulders."
" Bat they'U not be a burthen upon you
at least not much, My parents are not
" And wholl take care of them in their
old age?" aaked David.
" Who should, but the daughter they
took care of when she was a baby ?" re
1 want my wife to watt on me.
"I don't think I should ever fail in
duty to my husband."
"I'm Bare you wouldn't, my darling, so
now it's settled, and we'll say no more
" David, I put to you the name question
you pot to me Who will take care of my
parents in their old age T Who, if their
daughter forsakes them ?"
" I don't ask you to forsake them," said
David, impatiently; that's jurf like your
bigh -flown way of putting things. I am
willing you should do aa much for your
parents as other people do for theirs ; but
who hesitates to marry and leave the old
folks behind? Itiia the way of the world.
The young bird forsakes the old nest, and
builds herself a new one."
" But have you never read how the stork
that was young and strong winged, car
ried the old one on its back ? and would
you have me less dutiful than tbe fowls of
the air?" replied bailie.
"After all, the brute creation ape no
patterns tor us," said David, Boeing how
Bailie had turned the tables upon him
"Anddoesn'Uhe Scriptures savthat a man
shall leave father and mother and cleave
unto his wife? Answer me that. Of
course, the same rule holds good for
women, too. So now, my dear, let us drop
the subject I haven't shown you the
second story yet. I hope you will admire
the staircase, for I quite pride myself
upon it," and the young man started to
lead the way up stain.
. " It is no use to go any further," said
Sallie, mournfully, yet firmly.
" What do you mean by that ?" aaked
David, pausing and looking back.
" That I shall live where my parents
' That's for you to decide"
" And I have decided. Of all the wo
men in the world I have chosen you
but when I marry you, I do not marry
"Very well, David."
" How am I to understand that ?"
" That you and I part company."
" Very well, it is, then. But let me tell
you this, I'm mot the man to be trifled
with. It is avow or never with me ."
" Never," said Sallie.
"And Vet me tell you farther, that if
you won't be mistress of this house, there
are plenty that will. There's Jennie
Burns, the handsomest girl in the country
I will not say she is to be had for the
asking ; bat t have reason to know she
thinks favorably of me As to this freak
of yours, it ia nothing more nor leas than
sheer obstinacy under the guise of filial
Hard words avail nothing ; but this I
will say, that whoever you bring hare, be
it Jennie Burns or another, I scarcely
think she can be to you what I could have
been I, who have, loved you bo long and
faithfully. And, David, when you shut
m out of your life and home because I
refused to DreaK bm mrtn tjommanament.
take care that you do not shut out God's
blessing at the same time."
Sallie had advanced to the outside door
and was standing on the threshold, and
the setting bus, which, through the hazy
atmosphere, was red as blood, shone full
upon her. Ah she said the last words she
raised her hand to heaven, and, bathed in
that crimson light, she reminded David
of a martyr in the names. He thought
that she had never looked so noble, and
that ha had never loved her bo well, but
he answered not a word. He walked
home with her in silence, and refused to
enter the house.
Mr. Buroh, besides being owner of the
mills, waa an amateur farmer. He took
delight' in drives and strange breeds of
animals, and rare specimens of plants.
He seldom visited the mills, leaving the
care of the business almost entirely to his
foreman. Beyond these facts, the towns
people knew little of him, for he Uved in
great seclusion at his place. River bank,
which waa a mile or two out of the yil-
laving heard that his foreman was
bent to be married, he offered him the
prettiest Attorney heifer on his farm as a
present, and invited him to come and se
lect it himself. David thanked him very
heartily at the time, but had never availed
himself of the offer. Mr. JJarch supposed
this might be owing to difrdnc anyone
day raffled him on the subject.
" I'm not going to be married, sir at
least not at present," said JJavid, looking
" Indeed) I hope nothing serious has
occurred," said Mr. Burciu, ..
"It's all off," said David, shaking his
" A lover's quarrel, perhaps. If thatB
all, don't despair. Young ladies like to
''Not Baffle, air," said David.
"I suppose then she has taken some
new fancy. They're fickle creatures, these
womankind. What suits them to-day, of
fends them to-morrow. WeU, cheer up, my
)ad, and learn to-get along without them,
as I do," said Mr. Burch, smiling and lay
ing his hand lightly on David's shoulder.
I'm certain Sallie never loved any one
hut me," answered David, decidedly, "and
since you are bo kind aa to take an inter
est in the affair, I 'win tell you tbe truth
ahwutft She Was unreasonable enough
to exrieet to saddle me With the care of
her old father and mother."
" And you could not afford to take such
a chargei Well, I am glad you' told me,
for that is easily settled. Rather than
two young people should be disappointed,
I'll raise your salary."
' It was not just thwV said David; "the
Dealings have a little property of their
own but she had some fine-spun notions
about the matter, and wanted to take them
into the family.
" Oh I" said Mr. B., and paused abruptly,
seemingly intently occupied with punch
ing Uttfe holes in the ground with his
gold-headed cane. "One ahouldn't be
hasty in affairs of so much importance,"
said he at length. "Perhapa you may yet
induce her to reconsider."
" It would be of bo use to try," said Da
vid, " for you might as well attempt , to
move the sun as to move Sallie Dearing
when once she gets set upon anything she
fancies to be her duty."
" Very unreasonable truly, saia mr. a.;
but there was a touch of sarcasm in his
tone. "And you could not think: ot yield
ing yourself?" .
"never, air, never.-
" Well, you shall have the Alderney all
the same, for I suppose you won t sell
your place ?"
" Not I, air, nor buy a rope to hang my
self with, either."
Mr. Burch laughed, and aa he walked
away he said to himself, "I guess the heifer
will console him lor nia loss.
David did not, indeed, buy a rope to
hang himself; but he slipped his neck into
the matrimonial noose in the course of a
few months, and moved into his new house
precisely as he had planned to do the
only difference being that Jeannie Burns
was his bride instead ot aiiie u earing.
Sallie meanwhile, was not left entirely
without consolation, for. if she had lost a
lover, she had gained a friend, and that
friend waa no less a personage than Mr.
She was much surprised one day, on
rmeninsr the front door in answer to the
summons OI trio Kreav unaan kuuouci, w
behold him Standing on the step, and his
Virvroo nBvhm at the oate about as much
O . .
surprised as you wouru uo u suuue ui
Washington, which aaorns me square,
should dismount from its rampant steed
and'pay you a visit.
He extended his hand smilingly, and m
rmired for her father and mother, upon
which SaUie invited him in. He said he
had been trying to obtain some of the old
English strawberry plants. He had the
Hovey seedling and the Bartlett, and in
fact almost every other variety ; but the
old English had become very rare, and he
was told that Mr. Dearing had it.
Upon which Mr. Dearing said that he
had, and that Mr. Burch waa welcome to
some. And then they fell into a long
conversation about horticulture in gen
eral, and Mrs. Dearipg treated him to a
glass 'of her elderberry wine. Bo he
stayed an hour or more, and though he
addressed but few words to Sallie, his
hazel eyes were upon, her even while he
talked to her father. And so, upon one
pretext or another, he continued to come,
until at last he came without any pretext
The old people valued his society on
their own account not a little, but more
because, as they said, the companionship
of a gentleman like Mr. Burch waa such
an advantage to a young girl like their
daughter. As for' Sallie, she regarded
him as a dear brother, or at least she
thought she did, until her old friend, Mrs.
Burdock the same who was bo scandal
ized by the "pink ribbons" destroyed
It waa one afternoon in early June,
when Mr. Dearing slept in his arm-chair,
hie wife darned his stockings, and Sallie
sat stitching away upon some pretty piece
of nonsense which, truth to tell, die was
much addicted to doing that Mrs. Bur
dock stalked in like some gaunt and griz-
ly Fate. After discoursing a short time
About the lateness of the season, the pros
pect for crops Mrs. Black's rheumaUz
and Mr. Brown's broken leg she came
at last to the subject uppermost in her
mind, and which had been the real mo
tive of her calL
" So Mr. ' Burch is going to be mar
ried," she remarked, looking keenly at
Sallie. That young woman gave a little
start which caused her to prick her finger
and stain her work with blood, and, let
na hope she derived a momentary satis
faction from the fancy that the cambric
was Mrs. Burdock, ami the needle a dag
ger. She did not, however, look up nor
make any reply, bat her mother Bald, in
the most commonplace way in the world :
" Ib he ? Who ia the lady ?"
" That I hain't found out, but he's fixin'
up his house with tile beautihilest new
things. I made an arrant there and saw
'em myself. It must be the Queen of
Sheby at least," and Mrs. Burdock
cackled at her own wit. "He's been
down to Boston three times in one week
only think of it," she added.
What followed Sallie did not hear she
.felt confused and bewildered, and was
thankful when she could steal' away to
her chamber. Then she reproached her
aelf for feeling distressed at the news.
"What is it to me," thought she,
" whether he is married or not ? He has
been the kindest and dearest of friends,
and I hoped things might continue aa
they weru, bat I had no right to expect it.
Well, whatever happens, I shall always
reverence him as tbe noblest man in the
world nobody can deprive me of that
Like many other young, ladies, Sallie
was a little given to superlatives, as may
The next day Mr. Burch called, Mail
ing, as handsome aa ever. He confirmed
the truth of Mrs. Burdock's statement
with regard to refitting his house, and
paid Sallie the compliment of asking the
benefit of her taste in completing the ar
rangements. " Will you put on your hat, and go with j
me now r ne aaatea. I
" Certainly,'' she said, and tried tot add,
" with pleasure," but the words got no
..!. . V. ,. V . I . I
1U1U1U LIJAU 11C1 UUUHk
She remembered how she had once
gone over another house with, .another
bridegroom, but it wae not that memory
which caused her to sigh as she crossed
the threshold at Kiverbank.
" Indeed, Mr. Burch, you had little need
of any taste but your own," she observed.
They had nearly completed their sur
vey of the house, and were now standing
by recess filled with the choicest of
" Then you are pleased ?" he asked.
" I am charmed.
'It still lacks one thing without which
even Paradise waa . not complete," he
said "its Eve."
" A difficulty which will soon he sup
plied, I suppose," said she, turning her
back on Mr. Burch, and looking intently
into the heart of a calla-Uly.
" That depends on you," he said.
"On me!" exclaimed Sallie, facing him
now ; " how can that ne r
" Because, unless von consent to marry
me youraelf, I shall remain single."
"Impossible I" said ne.
" Have I presumed too much f" he ask
ed, regarding her earnestly.
"I meant impossible that you could
think of me," stammered simple S<ie,
" But seeing that it ifl not impossible
what then ?"
" Why, then "
" I shall fill up the blank to suit my
self," said he, bending lower, and taking
her hanos in his, but, to his surprise, sue
" There are some things that may cause
you to alter your mind,' said she.
" WeU !" said he, and waited for what
she had to aay next.
" I have been engaged before," she said.
f I know it"
" To your foreman."
"I know it"
" I have two old people dependent on
" I know it"
" And I can never leave them."
"And I never wish you to. It was
hearing of your devotion to them that
first led me to seek your acquaintance.
I know so dutiful a daughter must make
a true and faithful wife, and so I set my
self to the task of winning your affection.
Have I succeeded?"
Sallie waa agam wrapt in contempla
tion of the callarlily. But Mr. Burch
waa a man who was not to be put off with
any evasions, bo he repeated, "Have I
" Tea," said Sallie.
Then he kissed her, as it waa high time
he should do, and said a great many lack
adaisical things to her, of which this is
" I won't say that year personal graces
had no effect, upon me ; but then 1 must
have loved you if you had been as gaunt
and grim as "
" Mrs. Burdock," suggested SaUie. Both
laughed, and he finished his sentence
" instead of the sweetest Uttle lady in all
t.ri world, aa von are."
So Mr. Burch fulfiUed the prediction of
Mrs. Burdock, and brought a wile to Kiv-
ffVinnV Viir that irtrA vnman WA.A RfiTP.lv
disappointed that the expected " Queen of
Sheby " should turn out to ne noooay out
Uttle Sallie Dearing.
Mr. and Mrs. Dearing were very happy
in tneir new home : nor do l tninx men-
son-in-law ever regarded them aa a burden
or wisnea tnem awav. tor he waa more
than once heard to remark, " There is
nothing which gives such dignity to a
house as the presence of serene old age."
No Bpecial misfortunes befel David
Thompaon, and the world voted him a
prosperous man, yet -sometimes, when
vexed to the soul by a vain, frivolous and
heartlesa wife, he thinks of one whose
steadfast spirit might have been his stay
And sometimes, when returning home
at evening, he fancies he sees standing on
bis threshold, by the crimson light of the
setting son, a figure with one hand raised
to heaven, and these are the words it ut
" And, David, when you shut me out of
your life and home because I refuse to
break the Fifth Commandment, take care
that you do not shut out God's blessing at
the me time 1" Neva England farmer.
I all who are smitten with the love of
fame could become personally acquainted
with a few really famou'a people, their eyes
would be speedily opened- They would
And that the laurel-crownecr goddess who
seemed so charming and so enc11,1111' J
them waa utterly ignored and uWou.nt
of bv those who had secured her arm. es-
They would find that scarcely any fact
appeared of leas value to such people than
the fact that they were famous They
would find them working hard and pain
fully for the development of some great
idea, or the accomplishment of some great
task for his own sake, and without the
slightest reference to the admiration their
labors might happen to excite in the minds
of men. There are men who live for
fame, and who are merely famous without
the greatness on which true fame can alone
be based ; but a single glance at the inner
life of such men would be sufficient to re
veal the utter hollowness of such a life
and its entire lack of capacity to satisfy
Arrasaiz ia a trnlv trreat man. bnt what
does he care for the gaping crowd that
wonders at learning. His absorption in
his work ia bo complete that in addition
to the love of fame, another of the ruling
passions of the human mind has lost its
influence over him. When urged to
devote a portion of his time to lecturing on
account of his great popularity and the
amount of money he would be sure to
derive from the plan, he replied, "I have
no time to make money."
What did Beethoven care for fame ?
Once on a certain occasion when he waa in
despair by reason of his increasing deaf
ness, and he waa almost tempted to com
mit suicide, he says: Art she alone
she held me back. Oht it seemed to me
impossible to quit this world before I had
accomplished all of which I felt myself
capable, and therefore I preserved this un
It-is needless to multiply instances. Our
position ia abundantly verified by facts.
Therefore we say to our friends : Do .not
be misted by the glitter or popular ap
nlause. The anoroval of thoughtful and
judicious friends is worth more than the
senseless shouts of the whole world. Be
sides, there is only one way in which true
fame can be achieved, and that ia by doing
one's work well '.fteto York Musical
A Chapter Upon Figures.
; About two years ago, the following ar
rangement of figures appeared m the
WaveAey Magazine, in which, if we mis
take not, it waa atyled "A Curiosity ":
la' I 4 i li
. ( i .
3 7 11
. , 4 , I .
li 9 a s
nr it 1 1. s
Counting the above upward, across, or
from corner to corner, It wUl be found
that the amount in each instance is 84. It
is a clever hap-hazard combination of fig-
urea, without any rule for their formation.
The proper arrangement of figures in odd-
numbered squares has, however, oeen
long known; they are easily made, and
no matter which way they may be count
ed, wiQ give the same amount in each
column, as may be seen in either of the
following squares :
10 sach war. 66 BACH Wat.
IT Bt 1 8 I IB
111 5 1 "TTTT
4 T is it ST
vt ib ia ai s"
U !, l9
8 1 6
175 BACH "WAT.
BO t S t 8 1 1 10 IB 1 8
TT 5 is"BT"ss
fl - B 8 TT1 B SB 87
a l TtT.so i4SP 6
it t is-' a "b g 4 i
,ai j.a -"ay tr g r ia
8 j 31 40 49 B 11 0
369 BACH WAT.
47 SB esj 80
T.1! ST' 7T" 9
iat 8 ji5"i
1 , 30
SB I 44 61
To make these squares, we begin by
placing No. 1 in the middle place in
the top row ; we then put No. 2 at the
bottom of the next row to the right,
and oblioue upward to! the right with our
next figures, until we fill the place in the
last perpendicular row, when we carry
oar next figure to the left hand place on
the horizontal row next above it; we
again oblique upward to the right, until
we reach either to the top or a filled
place if to the top, we place our next
figure at the foot of the next row to the
right, and oblique upward as before, to
the right ; if to a filled place, we put our
next number directly under the last one
made, and oblique upward to the right, as
before, untU we come to the top, a filled
place, or the last row on the right if the
latter, we go to the left place on the hori
zontal row next above and so on to the
end, when the highest and last number
will be found at the foot of the row con
taining No. 1. When we get to the top
place on the right hand column, we can
not drop to the bottom of the next row
to the right, as there ia none, and there
fore place our next number under the last
one made, and then go to the top of the
And now, having shown what has been
done in forming these squares, we will
give a few of our own thoughts upon the
matter, and, although offered for a pas
time, we have the hope that they will
be found worthy of consideration. We
have said that the Waverley com
bination was formed without rule. This
we repeat ; but we have discovered how
aimilar ones may be formed, and how to
know the exact number any square be it
odd or even numbered, large or small
should contain when the numbers are
added consecutively together, as well aa
the total of each column, horizontal, per
ocndicular. or diagonal. Thus, to find
what the square should contain, we mul-
tiply the number of places in the square
by half the number of places, and to the
product add the other half; and, to show
what each column of the square should
contain, we divide the sum of its square
by one of its parallel aides, and we have
me answer, in us :
8 x 89 x 44345-i-315.
4 x 418 x 88130-4-484.
5 x 525 x 12Jf -H2k825-t-565.
6 x 886 x 18186J-4-6lll.
7 x 749 x 24J24l,225-t-7175.
8 x 864 x 82322,080-4-8260.
9 x 981 x 40j4;-t-40K3,321-t-9369.
10 x 10100 x 50505.050--10505.
20 x 20400 x 200 200 80,200 -i- 20
40x401,600x800800 x 1,280,00040
80 x 806,400 x 3,200 8,200 20,488,-200-1-80266,040.
And bo on, as far aa we may wish to go.
The truthfulness of these rules can be
easily tested for, as 1284567
-t-8W45, and 451011 12 1814
1516136. so 1361718192021
?--232425325 ; and so it will be
found vT'tb all. We will now give a few
even-numbered squares, commencing with
two of the same number of places aa the
one in the Waverley, each of which shows
a different combination :
4 x 416 x 8 8136-4-434, the num
ber in each column.
14 I 1 I 7 I IB
9 4 la la
b ria it T
T 16 IB s
1 I J4 4
9l B g
io T"iT b
With the square of 36 places, we have
6x686x1818666, the sum of the
square : and this, divided by 6 one of the
parallels gives ill as the sum of each
89 1 B 84 I 4 6 80
n ar io ae
94 94 14 17 16 18
.16 "is- BB "B0jBTi 19
"as n f" " 8 SF
i StT T T 8T T
And, with the square of 100 places, we get
10 x 10100 x 50505,050-4-10505:
100 'JO I 8 1 9 96 B 4 I 98 BB
90 &T WtS 86 84 18 W
gp-29" 3" & 7B 9T g-'rT 4
3E3?J "aV as Tb "bTIbb" ts
68 6V 48 68 48 44 46 47 69 69
"5T4T"5T 46 68 67 58T 54 "4T 4V
H WaT 4' i aa 44 :sr jftj as mbT
81 91 TS 7TT 26 lW 78 I 94 F
81 91 fiT 14 U"85l 15 rTf 88 8T
T in 9B"99si'96 9TI 8 T
The above square may be counted in a
hundred different ways, and always with
the same result. It will also be observed
that the first and tenth parallels of this
square, when added together, make a
hundred and one ; so also do the second
and ninth, the third and eighth, the
fourth and seventh, and the fifth and sixth.
A similar arrangement wUl be observed
in the smaller squares ; and, as the first
and last numbers must be added together,
the parallels wiU always count one more
than the number of places in the square.
Extravaoast parents moat expect to
have extravagant children, and when
masters and mist resses do not economize,
they can scarcely expect the servants to
There ia a vast difference between econ
omy and stinginess. The former is laud
able the latter despicable. Prudent per
sona who study their expenses closely are
likely to set aside three-twentieths ef their
yearly income for contingencies; six
twentieths for household expenses ; three
twentieths for servants and amusements;
four-twentieths for education of children,
personal expenses, etc. ; and four-twentieths
for rent, wear and tear of furni
ture, insurance, etc For example, sup
pose vour income to be $2,000 a year, you
expend $600' for food, f 300 on Bervants, I
SJAA - : J A n.n.n,ild 4
nu, ewv ii uuuujr uu pcx oun.i - m If !
$400 for rent, while there remains $300
for an accumulating fund. If your in
come ia fluctuating, be sure and set aside
six-twentieths of It for a reserve fund, and
divide the rest of the income as above.
There la a great deal in management.
Some housekeepers will make $2,000
go farther than others will $4,000.
The habit of spending money need
lessly, in the gratification of a host of
imaginary wants, la one into which
our young men and women are too apt to
fall. The folly of this they can see and
acknowledge, and yet they have not the
resolution! to pursue a different course.
We call upon all our readers who are not
blessed with abundant means to ponder
upon these things to abstain from pres
ent expenditurea, and lay up a stated
amount of their income every year.
There is many a man who keeps him
self poor by indulging in the following
trifling expenses :
Two glasses of ale a day, at ten cents
seventy -three dollars per year.
Three cigars a day, at ten certa each
one hundred and nine dollars and fifty
Makintr nearly $200 worse than thrown
away, since malt liquor and the nicotine
tepefy the brain.
That $200 would pay the premium upon
a life insurance for the benefit of wife and
children, or it would save, perhapa, an
nrprlmrrteriwl motner irom neeuiera mu
in hr old ape. It ia pitiful to think of
th" tens and hundreds of thousands of
dollars which are yearly consumed in
smoke and in liquors .which debase and
bruitify man, "who was
made a Uttle
lower than the angela." Well might
Jeremiah aay : "God made man up-right,
but he hath sought out many inventfona.
Hearth and Home.
a,wrv-n Ru a t.t. Hnn A half inch in
uuninv r, mi .
depth is as much aa should be placed over
any of the small kinds of flower-seeds,
and many of them ought not to be cover
ed more than half that depth ; and after
sowing, the surface of the soil, if light,
should be gently packed down with either
a hoe or spade, as this will press it closely
to the seed, and in a measure prevent
drying. Success or failure in growing
plants usually depends upon some little
difference in the way the soil ia manipu
latod. The professional florist apparently
does every thing in the most hurried and
careless manner, but he never omits those
important operations which insure the
life and future growth of his plants.
Hearth and Home.
" Why Bridget," said a mistress, who
wished to rally her girl for the amuse
ment of her company upon the fantasti
cal ornamentation of a pie, " why bless
me ! did you do thia? Yon are quite an
artist; how did you do it?" "Indeed,
mum, it was myself that done it," replied
Bridget ; " aint it purty f Faith, I did it
with yer false teeth, mum!"
FACTS AND FIGURES.
Umbrbi.lab with windows are the
Cincinnati pays $10,000 a month for
Nbjlbxt 700 Philadelphia girls wen
married to foreigners last year.
Francb claims nearly one -fourth of all
the theaters in Europe.
Caxbs with whistles are at the present
time very fashionable in Paris.
Tim total yield of quicksilver on the
Pacific coast, in 1869; waa 16,898 flasks.
Ovbb thirteen miles of streets were
opened in Detroit during the past year.
Tax elevated railway In Greenwich
street. New York, will run for the public
Tart city of Paris uses 100,000 reams of
Eaper per day in her different printing
A twbtntt-onk pound trout, two feet
nine inches long, has been caught in Lake
At a late funeral in Hartford, the coffin
was borne by six sons of the deceased
A woman in Concord, N. H., with an
income of near $5,000, hires out as a house
keeper. A Boston paper states that a few chips
and some small pieces of tarred paper are
all that is left of the great Cohseum.
Thkrb are now in Berlin seventeen
advertising agencies, which do together
a business of four million thalers a year.
Tbi English National Lifeboat Insti
tution is doing a great work. Last year
the Doats saved o n uvea ana tw vessels.
A Pennsylvania girl has reclaimed
her lover from a lunatic asylum, where
his parents put him because ha would
A. co anaapoNDBNT writes that a new
mania has sprung up among the ladies of
Hamburg a fancy tor learning to cook.
A lady who was injured by the falling
Of seats at a circus in Oregon Utty, Ore
gon, has recovered $8,000 damages from
Hon. John A. Cobb, eldest son of the
late Howell Cobb, owns and manages
14.000 acres of rich land, in one body,
about fourteen miles from Americas, ua.
Jack Reynolds, while on the way to
the'gallows, 'exclaimed, in the bitterness of
ma heart ana soui, - say uo i i wisn an
the rum waa oat of the world I"
A verdict of $15,000 has been render
ed acainat the Adams Exnreaa Comoanv.
the value of a large lot of peaches intend
ed for New York, left at Fortress Mon
roe in 1867.
It is said that Oeortre Hunnewell. who
waa recently pardoned from the Massa
chusetts State Prison, after twenty-two
years' confinement, was more surprised
at the street cars than at anything else.
Two old pumps in London, the bandies
Of WMch had been removed, have been
mistaken for letter-boxes by stupid peo
ple, and thirty or forty letters, supposed
to have been " stolen in the Post Office,"
have been removed from them.
Trx editor of Cassell'a Hagamine says
one of the most success fa 1 editors ot the
day once remarked : " An editor is gen
erally right when he rejects an article, but
almost always wrong wnen ire Begins to
give his reason for so doing."
A Rochester Police JvsBttee, instead of
sending to jail a man who was brought
before nim for begging, procured employ
ment for him, and was rewarded by the
heartfelt thanks of the man and his prom
ise to give a good report of himself.
Statistics of commerce and navigation
show that the imports of the year 1869 were
$468,461,427, gold value, and in 1868 were
$880,701,510 ; domestic exports, $464878,
309, mixed values, against $441,800,672 in
1868, while the re exports were f za.azi,
514, against $30,904,978 in 1808.
Mr. Howlbtt writes to the London
Timet that on March 25 a spot was visible
on the sun, indicating a disruption ot the
solar photosphere to the enormous extent
of not less than 16,000,000 square miles,
or eight times the superficies of the terra
A cistern in Lawrence, Kan Baa, was
cleaned out recently. The Tribune says :
" The result waa interesting to that class
of our young men who depend upon
boarding-houses for their daily food.
Coffee and tea had been concocted from
this cistern for a long time. The cleaning-out
operation brought to light one
dead cat, five defunct rata, an old boot, a
shoe, two hoop skirts, part of a mop, and
about a foot of general filth."
Old JtjrxiE A Dm, of Greenfield, Mass.,
was quite famous for his extra Judicial
opinions. One of them runs aafollowa:
Presiding at the trial of one Fiak for an
aggravated crime, and the Jury having
brought in a verdict of " guilty," Judge
Aiken said: "Fiak, stand up. For the
crime of which you have been convicted
you are condemned to solitary confine
ment for one day, and to imprisonment
during the rest of your natural life and I
wish it was in my power to sentence you
The PottBTiUe (Pa.) Miner? Journal
says that a few days since, at the Colorado
Colliery, the workmen struck an old
gangway of a colliery worked many yean
ago oy Btepnen wraru, in wnicn was
found a three foot gang railway track up
on which stood a coal wagon capable of
carrying three tons ot coal. Although
this gangway was cut many years ago, in
the early history ef the region, the props,
timbers, the ties, and wagons, were in a
perfect state of preservation, and from all
appearances, will last a century yet.
Thb Chicago Chrietian Standard aaya
about twenty of tbe atudenta of the Bap
tist Theological Seminary, in that city,
found themselves unable to meet the
small charge of two dollars and thirty
cents a week for board at the Seminary
building. There were two alternatives
left them either to abandon their studies
or submit to still further privations.
With a apirit of sacrifice rarely equaled,
they decided upon the latter ; and they
have been liviner the wife of a married
student doing, the cooking on one dollar
a week. They do without meat or butter.
or tea. or coffee in fact the staple of
their " larder " is com and oatmeal 1 And
their wardrobe ia aa scanty aa their table
Ttrit San Jose ( flal 1 Mercum at Anril
2 relates the following incident : "The
Mayor brought into our office yesterday,
a little lad, who gave his name as Robert
Graham, and says he is 14 years of age,
but looks several yeara younger. This
rad tells a singular story. He says he left
Kalamazoo, Michigan, about a month ago,
without any money; he did bo because
hia step-mother, with whom he had been
stopping, turned him out of doors, and he
thought he could reach a married sister
supposed to be living In thia valley. He
got on the train coming west, and when
the conductors would pat him off the cars
he would get on the next train, spending
intervals at stations along the railroad.
Sometimes passengers, op laarniag his
condition, would give him a littlo money
to get his mania with, but he often had to
go hungry. But never faltering, he
worked his way along in thia style, until
he traveled the whole distance to Cali
fornia, and ia now in San Jose. He ia an
interesting boy, rather delicate, and gives
an Intereatinr account of hia adventures.
The married sister he wishes to find mar
ried a man named Andrew Taylor,
maiden name waa Alice Graham
boy ia now stopping at one of the
at the expense of the Mayor, until
tune as ma sister can ne Heard from.
Who Would be a Boy Again?
fir company one evening, when the song
" Would I were a boy again," waa called
for, a gray-headed "old boy " discoursed
A boy again 1 Who would be a boy pgain,
if he could t to have measles, itch and
mumps ; to get licked by bigger boars aad
scoaOeid by older brothers ; to stub toes ;
to slip up en the ice ; to do chores ; to get
roar ears boxed ; to get whaled by a thick
handed school master ; to be made to stand
up aa the dunce for the amusement of the
whole school and tell you how miserable,
weak, and stupid yon were when you
wen bora, and to ask yon what would
have become of yon at that interesting
time in life If your parents had not been
so patient with and so kind to you ; to eat
at the Beoncid table when company cornea;
to set out cabbage plants and thin corn
because you are little, and consequently
it wouldn't make your back ache so much;
to be made to go to school when you don't
want to; to lose your marbles ; to have
your sled broken ; to get hit in the eyea
with frozen apples ana soggy snow balls ;
to out your flager; lose your knife; to
have a hole in the Beat of yonr only pair
ot pants when your pretty cousin from
the city comes to aee you; to be
called a coward at school If you don't
fight; to be whaled at home if you do
fight at school ; to be struck after a little
girl and dare not tell her ; to have a boy
too big for you to lick to Bell yon that
your sweetheart squints; to have yonr
sweetheart cut yon dead and affiliate with
that boy John Smith, whom yon hate
particularly because he set your noae out
of joint the week before ; to be made to
go to bed when you know you ain't a bit
sleepy; to have no fire -crack era on the
Fourth of July, no skates on Christmas;
to want a piece of bread and batter with
honey ana get yonr ears pulled; to be
kept from the circus when it euaieaa to
town and when all other boys go ; to get
pounded for stealing roasting ears ; to get
run by bull dogs for trying to nip water
melons ; to have the canker rash, cate
chism, stone bruises; to be called up to
kisa old women that visit your motner;
to be scolded because yon like Maggie
Love better than your own sister ; to be
told of a noorehing time little boys will
have who teU lies, and are not like George
Washington ; to catch roar big brother
kissing the pretty school ma'am -on the
sly, and wish yon ware big so you could
kiss her. too, and and why who'd be a
boy again ?
Dr. Livingstone's Adventure With the
Dr. Livingstone's Adventure With the Lion.
stone's account of his adventures in Africa,
during one of hia early visits, may be new
to some of our readers : " In going round
tho end of the hill I saw one of the-beasts
sitting on a piece of rock aa before, bnt
. . .Y t i i i : . . l i i. t t n , X2
tnis i fTSMT us uau a uwa uuau ui uuu.
l .. 1., ., . v,;.-t .-..Id rtflT T 4wB- a sfftrwl
aim at hia body through the bush, and
a 1. . V , 1 : . . . I, rf. n.mn
areu nuw ihuios iaw &.
then called nut : He la ahoO he ia ahoU'
Others cried: 'He has been snot oy
another man, too t Let us go to htm P I
did not see any one elae snoot at him, bnt
I aaw the lion's tail erected in anger be
hind the bush, and, turning to the people,
said : ' Stop a Uttle till I load again.
When in the act of ramming down the
bullets, I heard a about.
' Starting and looking naii rouna, i saw
the Uon Just in the act of springing upon
me. I waa upon a little height ; ne cengm-
my shoulder as he sprang, and we uotn
came to the ground below together.
Growline horriblv close to my ear, he
shook me as a terrier does a rat Thia
shock pToaWsed a stupor similar to thai
which seems to be salt by a mouse
after the first shake of a cat, It
caused a sort of areammeaa, in wnion
,i f mi fool In a- of
terror, though suite conscious of all that
waawappening. i ws us.o a kZZT
partially under the influence of ehofaroform
describe, who see all the operation, but
feel not the knife. Thia singular condi
tion waa not the result of any mental pro
cess. The shake annihilated fear, and al
lowed no sense of horror in looking round
at the beaat. Thia peculiar state la prob
ably produced in all animals killed by tbe
earntvora ; and, If ao, ia a merciful pro
vision by the benevolent Creator for less
ening the pain of death. Turning round
to relieve myself of the weight, aa he had
but one paw on the back ot my head, I
saw his eyes directed towards Mebalwe,
who waa trying to shoot him at a distance
of ten or fifteen yarda. Hia gun, a flint
one, missed fire In both barrela ; the lioa
immediately left me, and Mf
balwe, bit hia fMf'tSt
whose life I had b'"
been tosaed by a btifhticj B4Brrip tod to spear
the lion while he waa biting Mebalwe He
left Mebaiwo and caught this man by the
shoulders, but at this moment the bnUetB
he had received took affect, and he Wl
down dead. The whole was the work of
a few minutes, and must have been hia
of d vine- raire. In order to take
out the charm from him the Baktela on
the following day made a nuge ")"
over the carcass, which was declared to be
that of the largest Uon they had ever
seen. Besides crunching the bone W
splinters, ha left eleven teeth wounds on
the upper part of my arm A wound
from this animal's tooth resembles a gun
shot wound ; it ia generally followed by a
great deal of sloughing and discharge, and
pains are felt periodically ever afterward,
f had on a tartan Jacket on the i oocaaton,
and I beUeve that it wiped off all the virua
from the teeth that pierced the flea ; tor
my two companions in thia affray bare
both Buffered from the peculiar pains,
while I have escaped with only the Incon
venience of a false joint In the limb. The
man whoae shoulder waa wounded showed
me hia wound actually buret forth afresh
on the same month of the following year.
This curious point deserves the attention
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