lje (Cut on 11-ccMi) pcmocrnt.
GEO. W. MEHAFFEY, Proprietor and Publisher. "PRINCIPLES. NOT MEN." Two Dollars per Annum, in Aflranoe.
VOL. V NO. 21. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 30, 1870. WHOLE NO. 229.
MY COTTAGE WINDOW.
H61m.T and humble, these my cottage-rooms.
No floe upholjiertng or gilded walls;
No woven threads from Persla'a fabled looms.
No fair-arched entrance into stately halls.
No marble Clytle with Its froaen veins
' All bloodless, wandering over snowy breast.
Bat one sweet Capid tosched with richer stains
Of rosy life on Up and cheek ; and crest
Of shining cnrls, whose spirals catch the glow
Of every snnbeam ; this my kingly boy.
And my one window, wisely marte for show.
Of greenest foliage these insure mt Joy.
My cottage-window, framed with sturdiest vine,
whose gladness langhs in every lnrty leaf.
Whore fuchsias hang their bells, and pansfes shine
Like vlol.:t eyes, touched with some childish
Hee blooms the roso, and thero the spicy rdntc,
Hflhi i.r.t- the calls, grand and pure and fair.
And hero sit I to read or work or think,
Or twine bright flowers In baby's golden hair.
Call mo not poor, for wondrous wealth Is mine.
The wealth of boundless love and sweet con
tent; One human blosom. heaven shall make divine.
And Ood's dear flowers in loving likeness blent.
Hearth and Home.
THE SHABBY HAT.
"Now, John, you must give up this time
to me, like a dear boy, and pet yourself a
nice thick overcoat ; I don t mean you
hall ever wear that one again ; it is real
ly too bad," and bo saying, Mrs. Flake
white took up from the table the coat in
question, which had been a warm friend
to me for I don't know how many winters,
and had been turned and repaired, till
what with new linings and buttons, differ
ent cellars and bindings to the cuffs, very
little of the original garment re
mained, and the general, result was un
mistakably shabby and hung it up in
the closet with a very determined air
indeed, that plainly told me her decision
, in the case was final.
The fact of the matter was this s Very
unexpectedly and opportunely, I had sold
one of my pictures at a fair price, and
having paid in full the arrears of ome
household accounts, there still remained
in our hands, unexpended, the magnificent
sum of twenty-five dollars, the best use to
make of which we were arguing and de
ciding upon, when the reader is introduced
into our snug little sitting-room. Ten
dollars of the amount we both agreed
should go into the savings bank, while the
remaining fifteen dollars very consid
erable amount to an artist with reputation
yet to make, and the best little wife in the
world to support we ware free to use as
" But, my dear, " said I, you know
you want a new hat and warm winter
gloves, and good thick-soled shoes; so'
you get them now, and I will promise to
buy a new coat when I sell another pic
ture.'' Mrs. Flakewhite quietly came over to
me, and putting-heMmi around soy neck,
held my face directly in front of her o wa
dimpled plump cheeks and bright eyes,
with a firm hold of my ear in her right
hand, giving it a pull at each word to be
quite sure I was giving attention, and said
in a coaxing tone and manner, the like of
which I never did see in any other wo
man never "John ! when I say please,
you always do what I -wish now please
buy yourself a new coat."
Of course I promised to do as she asked ;
I could not have refused under the cir
cumstances if she had expressed a wish to
have me purchase "Central Park for a
summer residence, and build a rose and
honeysuckle-covered cottage in the Ram
ble." This important matter being brought
to a sat i blac to ry conclusion, and having
been talking about it a long time, we
went to bed.
I awoke early next morning ; the ham
mer of our little eight-day clock in the
corner had just struck five hurried blows
on the twanging piece of curled wire in
side of its gothic porch, while the gor
geous landscape painted on its glass window-front,
resplendent in the earliest
mellow light of a summer sun, was the
first object which greeted my sleepy eyes,
and consciousness again broke in upon
my short forget fulness of trouble in sleep,
waking me to realise that it was time to
'be up and doing that every available in
stant of daylight must be coined upon my
pallet every ray of sunlight, so far as lay
within my power, be stamped upon my
canvas in some recognized form or legal
tender, the sum tots! to form the basis of
a " sight draft " upon the public, that, if
duly "honored" when presented, would
furnish my loving, uncomplaining, gentle,
hard toiling, cheerful wife with such ar
ticles of necessity as she required, and
add many a little luxury to our simple
needs and fancies, during the long stay of
winter, who had already heralded . its
coming by sending on his rough night
winds to moan among the tree tops, to
shake, fluttering down, the rustling
brown leaves that seemed reluctant, even
in death, to quit the boughs that bore
them, and to rudely sing and frolic about
our chimney tops, impuaently blowing
down puffs of smoke into our very face,
s we sat near our little wood fire, during
the first chilly evenings of October, while
"Jack Frost" winter's own clown and
jester was already at his pranks, jogging
nature's arms as she daintily painted our
window panes, thus causing the long,
slanting lines we see zig zagging across
them a cold night, rougeing nose as well
as face of old maid and young, nipping
sharply at exposed fingers and toes, and
heedlessly causing many a groan from
those unsheltered from his merciless fun.
That'll do for one sentence.
Thus moralizing myself awake, I quiet
ly turned out of bed, dressed and slipped
out or we room, leaving an.ro. r iaae
white poor tired little body soundly
I went down into the sitting-room for
my shoes, where I had changed them the
night previous for slippers, and while en
gaged in putting them on, some articles
of female attire on the chair near by at
tracted my attentim. First, there lay on
top Mrs. Flakewhite's hat of brown straw;
it was neatly mended in a dozen places ;
the pearl-colored ribbon on it, though but
little soiled, was creased and perforated
with fine holes, and pricked almost to a
pattern, in places where it had been sewed
on in different shapes ; there were no
flowers in it, and the strings, from much
tying under her round chin, were lustre
less and ropy. I felt my eyes moisten and
my sight grow dim, as I looked at it held
out at arm s length, and thought how dif
ferent it was from the trim bonnet I wish
ed to see cover that wavy brown hair,
and shade that dear face ; but then I re
membered, with pride and pleasure, that
even in spite of its being in last year's
style and its other shortcomings, many a
kind admiring glance was directed at its
contents as Mrs. F. and I walked out in
the afternoon, when it became too dark to
paint. Then there was a well worn dress
half ripped up, that my wife's nimble
fingers were doubtless engaged in turning
and trimming so as to look respectably
nice when household matters took her
into the street ; and lastly, a pair of little
gaiters I what is there in the whole range
of a lady's dress, that, looked at when
separated from the wearer, so charms and
fascinates masculine eyes as a well-shaped
little boot or gaiter? Creases of use and
marks of wear only add interest to the
sight, and are, so to speak, the finishing
touches to the picture, only that, in this
instance, the picture belonging to Mrs.
Flakewhite had been "finishing" too
j I replaced these several articles on the
chair as I found them, and turning with a
sigh into my studio, soon forgot my
trouble and found relief in work. Whether
the sight of the objects of my wife's un
complaining labor had nerved my hand
to unusual efforts, or whether I had
chanced upon a peculiarly fortunate mo
ment for work, f cannot say, but this
much I know, difficulties of drawing that
had perplexed and hindered me for a week,
vanished under the strokes of my happy
pencil this morning. I touched on little
patches of color that astonished and
charmed me with their excellence ; half
tints of great delicacy and difficulty
placed themselves, as it were, by some
magical power not my own, in just the
right place, while deep shadows flowed
boldly from my brush and increased the
effect of all the rest.
Not long after a hasty breakfast on my
part, Mrs. Flakewhite came into my
studio, dressed to go out wearing the
same brown hat with the pearl-onlored
ribbon, last year's style, that had affected
me so unpleasantly a few hours before
for her habitual good -by kiss, and I threw
into my greeting of her more than usual
heartiness and tenderness, from a feeling
of self-reproach of having allowed so
much goodness and loveliness to disfigure
itself with such a bonnet.
" Good-bye, John, dear ; I am so glad
you are painting so well this morning,"
said she : " we shall soon see somebody's
name well known in this city, and we
shall be selling all we can paint, and shall
have to double and quadruple our prices,
and have offers of orders to any amount,
and we shall have alarge handsome studio,
with a real north light, and a window so
tall we shall have to go up on a ladder to
open it, and we shall have a nice thick
overcoat every winter if we like, and we
shall go into the country every summer
sketching, with our little wife to read to
us while we paint, and we shall grow
great and good and and and," and I
could hot listen another instant to her
happy story, and throwing down pallet
and brushes, my arms closed around her
with a bear-like hug, and I stopped her
laughing rosy mouth with a detonating
kiss that could have been heard a block
away, ana men m&King ner iook me
straight in the eyes, I carefully whispered,
Mary, please uoa, snart oe true
prophet! and if wbatjprjn have sairr ever
does coca true, it will be greatly owing
to the cheerful help of my own dear, true
"John." saWBhe. looking through the
half closed door. "Iam going to get lamb
chops with sweet potatoes for dinner," and
1 listened wnue sne merruy sang uemeu
down stairs, nor moved until I heard the
front door close behind her and all of
earth I held most dear.
I was working interestedly and progress
ing finely as-ain with mv picture, and felt
a hopeful spirit and a quiet peace of mind,
that had been unknown 10 me iormonins
perhaps it was a premonition of good
fortune in store for me when the same
gentleman called again who had bought
my last picture. He said it had been
much admired since oeing inuueu ami
placed in a good light at his home, and
wm kind enough to mention the very
terms of praise which one of our favorite
artists had made use of about it, whose
name sent the blood surging and tingling
all over me with pleasure ; he would like
a companion picture of the same size,
took the liberty of advancing me one hun
dred dollars towards the price, to ensure
my commencing it at once, promised to
call soon again and see how I progressed
with the oider, and politely took his leave.
After he had gone 1 sat motionless for
som minutes to think over what had
passe 1 between us, and recover control oi
J i.V. -. r..iM
my senses, Dewiiuereu wivu wu m
T,luiri 1 had certainlv dreamed of su'
V'- . .7. I ' J i i ft
interviews Willi purcuaaers, mu uau uiwu
imagined how nice it must be for some of
my artist friends whose pictures were al
ways in demand, to whom such affairs
were not unusual, but both dreams and
imagination were now certainly realized ;
witness the one hundred dollar bill on the
easel shelf, just where my purchaser had
It was a new one freshly issued from
the Chemical Bank, and crackled as I took
it up, and though I seemed to be looking
at its printed face, my mind's eye saw
nothing there, but was busy far away,
with a new hat, a new alpaca dress, new
thick gaiters, and new warm gloves, that
I intended would be a surprise for Mrs.
Hastily pinning a bit of paper on my
studio door that stated I shoul>oon re
turn, I rushed over into the Bhwexy to
a milliner's store, where Mrs. F. and I
were known; I took the woman that
waited on me into partial confidence, and
in a few minutes suited niyseu wnn a ui
which was good, modest and lady like,
and in about half an hour which had
been thirty minutes of great enjoyment
to me was back again in my studio, my
several parcels hidden where they would
h nf from observation, and with a de
lightful anticipation of Mrs. Flakewhite's
surprise in the morning, again addressed
myself to work.
During the evening of this eventful day
we walked out together, and to Mrs.
Flakewhite's great satisfaction, after her
critical examination of seams and linings,
and button-holes and pockets, the coat
was decided upon, paid lor, and worn
home. I must here disclose to the reader
in strict confidence having a wholesome
dread of pulled ears before my eyes that
several times on our return home, in pass
ing under a bright street lamp, l was
made to walk a little in front, that Mrs
vioboajhit mio-ht aeain enjoy the excel
lence of the fit, and admiringly appreciate
mv now-fnvmrl eleirance.
Pleading fatigue, I retired that night
arhor onnnpr than usual, and matured
quiet my plan for surprising Mrs. Flake
wV.it in tha mnminff. As soon as I
knew mv faithful nartner was truly on
into the land of dreams, I stole out of bed
into another room, brought out my hid
den treasures and commenced filling a
large-sized paper box. purchased for this
very purpose. At the bottom, two pairs
of gloves and a half a dozen white hand
kerchiefs, with colored borders, then as
many sets of plain linen collars and cuffs
of different shapes and I thought as I
laid these in, how Mrs. F.'s delicate sense
of lady-like neatness would enjoy wear
ing them next a pair of very best
double-soled gaiters, over these a pearl
colored dress pattern sixteen yards of it
that the man I bought it of assured me
was of excellent quality, and on top of
all, the new hat, the crowning gift, and fit
summit to this monument of affection
reared in grateful recognition of a wife's
devotion and love.
On the cover of the box I laid an un
sealed envelope, addressed to " Mrs. John
Flakewhite, Present," containing the fol
lowing note :
M Will my dear wife accept from her husband the
accompanying box and Its contents, and still con
tinue to oblige the giver, by remembering that
each time she makes use of auy of these familiar
articles, she has fairly and honestly earned
them, by her habits of prudence, economy and
cheerful labor, under circumstances that render
these qualities truly valuable. Also, as the
articles in question may wear out and utterly disap
pear with use and time, that this letter be preserved
and shewn to children, grand-children, and their
children, as a perpetual honor to her remem
brance ; and telling them the Btory connected with
It, that they may be urged to keep forever lu the
family the virtues which It represents and illus
trates, and that the daughters may each In turn
merit such a memorial from, and prove herself to
be Indeed a crown to, herhusb.nd.
"John Kla ii white."
Having placed the box and letter on the
table, where Mrs. F. would be sure to see
it in the morning as soon as she got up, 1
stole back again into bed, and unusual
thing for me actually wished for day
Bight. In the morning I woke early, as indeed
I did nearly every hour during the night,
fearing to oversleep, and at once glanced
at the little table, where all, as yet, was
just as I left it, and lay quietly awaiting
tne discovery oi tne Dox, Dy Mrs. if lake
white which could not now be long, de
layed when I should feign the profound
est slumber. In a little while she moved.
and seeing me, as she supposed, fast asleep,
quietly arose, and, just as I had hoped,
and saw through halt-closed eyelids she
noticed the box at once, walked towards
it, read the address to herself on the let
ter, and with a smile of wonder and cu
riosity, opened it, and I watched her read
it slowly to the very end.
Now it was my turn to be surprised, for
I had expected that her natural female
curiosity would already have been hard
at work diving into the box, and her little
fingers would have explored to the very
last parcel in it ; but, no she actually
dropped into a chair by the table, and .
without so much as touching the box, cov
ered her face with her hands, sobbing
convulsively, while tears commenced
coming thick and fast, trickling through
her fingers onto the letter that lay in her
I saw at once that it would never do to
let this thing go on, and besides, a lump in
my own throat, that grew there in the
most sudden manner, warned me that it
was quite time to wake up ; so with a
would-be sleepy yawn, and a very de
cidedly sheepish face only that fortunate
ly fojajgxMraaF. didn't see that I sat up
in beSand as nothing more appropriate
for this unlooked for turn of affairs sug
gested itself to me, I simply said :
" Why, Mrs. Flakewhite I"
She looked up at me, and smiled
through her tears and if I did not see
a distinct rainbow shining in front of her
face, it was because my own eyes were
decidedly misty for the moment and she
came around to my side of the bed, and
nuttine her arm around my neck, managed
to say, between great gasping sobs
"John, dear 1 you are entirely too
good to me that letter is the nicest
present i ever nau m mi iuf mc a uu
thank vou a hundred times for whatever
is In the box but that letter has made
me so happy I will treasure it so long
as l live, ana on sne went again soo-
bing as hard as ever.
We soon gained our composure ior l
must confess that such happy tears were
contagious, and 1 had myself a slight attack-
and while I dressed, Mrs Flake
white fully equaled my expectations in
her delight at what the box contained.
She put on her best dress to give full
effect to her new magnificence, everything
fitted exactly, and with a nice shawl she
already had. thrown over her shoulders,
and the new hat poised gracefully on her
head, making an oval irame around ner
sweet face, charmingly colored with plea
sure and excitement, it was now my time
not to tire of looking at her, as I put her
through her paces up and down the room,
not forgetting a giance at the new gaiters
as they tripped in and out, when sudden-
. 1 1 2X.
ly sue stopped, anu looaiug mu niraigm
in the eyes, said, " John ! these beautiful
things cost a great deal of money, and
now I am waiting for you to tell me
where it all came from, for I know you
didn't borrow, and I am just as sure you
didn't hoot it."
" It was merely a part of some money
advanced on an order for a large picture
like my last one, that you know 1 sold,"
said I, trying to look indifferent and un
concerned, and being conscious at the
same time of making a wretched failure
"Oh! you sly old fellow, to keep such a
splendid secret from me ever since yester
day morning I How did you dare go to
sleep with all that on your mind, and
these collars and handkerchiefs and new
dresses and hats all the while tucked away
in some dark corner. I wouldn t nave
believed it of you 1"
The Incidents above related nappenea
several years ago, and, by the kindness of
my purchaser, through him I was enabled
to obtain other orders from friends
and acquaintances, and now thanks to a
kind public have no difficulty in dispos
ing of what I am able to produce, ine
greater part of Mrs. Flakewhitels laugh
ing prophecy has become a reality, and
Mary Flakewhite, aged three years, will
soon be old enough to have shown to her
the letter, which her mother keeps safely
laid away among her greatest treasures ;
only a few days ago Mrs. Flakewhite sent
I .-Jl. ni.k a "ono
ner running lulu uiy nn""' c
papa, see P wearing over her bright curls
the original "brown hat with pearl color
ed ribon, last year's style," that was so
intimately connected with my change of
fortune, while she herself stood at the
door, looking as cheerful and, if possible,
more charming than she did on the event
ful day when she last wore it, while she
said, smilingly, "John, dear, do you re
member that hat?"
Hon. John O. Com, of Albany, N. Y.,
has resigned the office of Police Justice
of that city, after having held it for
nearly 45 years. He was first elected to
the position in 1825, and has held it
ever since, with the exception of the
seven years, between 1838 and 1845. What
makes this long incumbency remarkable
is the fact that the office has always
been an elective one.
FACTS AND FIGURES.
England has 2,500 collieries.
Mark Lemon's life van insured for
George Sand has recently inherited
Thb first prize-fight in America occur
red in 1816.
A California sportsman shot 2,273
squirrels last spring.
There are 20,800 coopers in the United
States and Canada.
Each convict in Nevada costs the State
$2,254 per annum.
A trout pond near Watertown, N. T.,
contains nearly 50,000 fish.
Girls are received as pupils in the Am
herst, Mass., Agricultural College.
New Albany claims to be the second
city in Indiana in wealth and population.
There is only one town in Massachu
setts that has not a church building.
Sacramento City has twenty -six laun
dries the operatives in which are all Chi
namen. New York city has thirty-two daily
papers, and their receipts are nearly $9,
000,000 a year.
There are three hundred and three
newspapers and periodicals published in
An eel seven feet long and as thick as a
man's leg was caught, the other day, at
Thb King of Prussia has, at the garden
at Bablesber, fifty white mice, which he
often watches for hours.
There are 242 chartered Masonic
Lodges in the State of Iowa, and twenty
six working under dispensation.
Col. Pratt, of Prattsville, N. Y., is
said to have given to public and private
charities, in the course of his life, $1,
000,000. Mrs. Hawthorns says there will be no
biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne pub
lished, in accordance with his expressed
Long lace veils, slightly pointed in
front, are worn with bonnets this sum
mer, instead of the short veils which have
been so popular.
It is stated that a gentleman residing
near Portland, Me., has found a perfect
white rose growing upon one of his apple
Prince Dbkzdoff received from his
Russian iron and copper mines, in which
he employed 65,000 laborers, an annual
income of 1,400,000 francs.
A young shoddyite in New York
makes a great display in hotels and public
places by lighting his cigars and cigarettes
A few days ago an express train on
the Erie railway was run seventy-three
miles in ninety-six minutes; forty two
miles were made in fifty-seven minutes.
The Methodist Missionary Society, want
ing ten new missionaries, applied to all
the seminaries and to every district, and
found only sisjsfeom them all.
Pittsburg jrns an old ladytindeT arrest
for stealing a large illustrated Bible. She
says hen was too fine print, and she
couldn't get any consolation out of it.
Bhigham Young, ha Vang become tired
of tne many fale reports circulating about
him, says that he is aged sixty-nine, and
has sixteen wives and forty-nine children
In Russia, women having a certain
amount of property have a right to vote,
though it must be exercised by proxy, a
male relative or friend representing them
at the election.
A French society of a hundred per
sons have each, by special agreement, be
queathed their bodies to the dissecting
room to forward the progress of the
science of anatomy.
A Paris workman, drinking with a
companion, offered to bet thai he could
kill him with a single blow of his fist.
The bet was accepted, the blow dealt, and
the man fell dead.
A wealthy New York lady has a
Tr.nin for stealing parasols, not to use, but
to give them pet names and hang them
in a hall bedroom, which she has made a
perfect museum of these articles.
Usury laws have been abolished in
Maine. Parties can lend and borrow at
such a rate of interest as they may ex
press in writing. Where there is no agree
ment in writing, 6 per cent. :s the legal
California has one and cue-half per
cent, of the population of the nation; in
the number of her inhabitants she is the
twenty-fourth State, but in smount paid
as income-tax she ranks fourth.
Bomb thoughtful individual that rather
likes figures says the liquor used in the
United States would fill a canal " four feet
deep, fourteen feet wide, and i-e hundred
and twenty miles in length."
London pickpockets havea habit of en
gaging jugglers, and fire-eaters to begin
their performances in crowJed thorough
fares, and thus attract crowds on whom
the light-fingered gentry cat operate.
Bishop Thompson says hat there are
now 86 missionary societia and 40 000
missionaries in the field; the Word of God
is preached in 15,000 localities in the
heathen world ; $5,000,00.' is annually
collected to sustain them; 617,000 converts
are enrolled in Africa aid 713,000 in
Thb Agricultural Society of England
is composed of some of the cleverest and
most important men in theKingdom. It
now consists of 74 life governors, 74 an
nual governors, 1,511 lire nembers, 3,764
annual members and 15 mnorary mem
bers, making a total of 5,43.
In Contra Costa county, California, the
bounty for squirrel scalps he induced such
a raid on the little rodents hat more have
been killed already than tb fund can pay
for. Two dozen young nan of Pacheo
went out on a huut ant returned at
night with 1,480 scalps, or nore than 60 to
Some forty years ago tore lived in a
certain town an old man Thorn we shall
call Briggs, who had a propensity for
"hooking small and portatle articles that
came in his way. As he was poor and
past labor, and well knowi about town,
no further notice was take, of his pecu
lations than to keep a harp look-out
when he was around. 1 dealer bad a
quantity of dry fish landei on the wharf
at an hour too late to gettheut into his
store, and as he was abouteovering them
with an old sail cloth he epied old 11., ap
parently reconnoitering. ejecting a couple
of the fish, be said : ' Hen Briggs, I must
leave these fish out here o night, and I
will give you these two if ou promise me
that you will not steal an." " That is a
fair effer, Mr. A., but -well I don't
know," with a glance at ae offered fish
then at the' pile, " J think can do better f"
A Knowing Horse.
During the early settlement of Wis
consin or the wilderness part of it, at
least I was frequently employed by cor
respondents from abroad to search out
certain sections of land and report as to
their value, timber, quality of soil, etc.
In discharging this duty I usually went
out on horseback, using a favorite old
family horse. To find the particular sec
tion described, I would first find a survey
"or's " blazed line," and follow it up until
I found a " corner post," where I would
find the " corner trees " marked with the
number of the township, range, and sec
tion of which the post was the boundary ;
then by a glance at the map, I could tell
at once the distance and direction of the
section I was in search of, and wonld fol
low the blazed lines accordingly. On one
occasion a dismal, foggy day I had gone
a longer distance from home than usual,
and in a part of the wilderness that was
strange to me. After making the survey,
the fog came on so very thick that I dare
not take my usual course of returning
by a direct route, without regard to the
angles of the surveyor, but started on a
blazed line leading nearest to the required
direction. Before going far I came, to a
bog, or marsh, which was impassable on
horseback, and I was forced to go round
it. After I had got on the opposite side,
I could not find the line again, and, after
searching some little time, I gave it up,
and threw the reins upon the neck of the
horse and bade him go home ; preferring
to trust to his instinct to find the way,
rather than my awn judgment as to the
proper direction to be taken. We had not
gone many rods before I noticed the blazed
trees, for which I had been looking, and
my curiosity was at once excited to know
whether the horse really noticed the faint
marks on the trees, and was guided by
them. Accordingly, I left the reins per
fectly free, and was soon satisfied beyond
a doubt that such was the fact, for, on com
ing to a fallen tree or other obstruction,
he would go around it, return to the line,
and follow it without mistake ; in fact, he
seemed to find the line more readily than
I could myself. Afterward, I tested him
time and again. It made no .difference
whether the direction was to or from
home. Once start him on a surveyor's
line, and he would follow it unerringly.
If the direction was from home, on com
ing to a comer post he would make a stop,
as if to inquire whether to keep straight
on, or turn to the right or left. This was
only one of many knowing traits display
ed by him. But, notwithstanding the old
fellow was so docile and knowing, I could
never persuade him to let me shoot game
from his back ; and, after a few attempts,
I was forced to give it up. He would not
let me even mount him with the gun in my
hand, or allow it to be handed to me after
I had mounted. He appeared to have a
horror of firearms ; perhaps he had
noticed she result of their use on the
game, and mm afraid of sometime getting
a shot himself. With another horse I tried
an experiment that I never should
have thought of except for the in
telligence, ii not reasoning power,
displayed by an old favorite. I had
bought a horse fc Milwaukee a jet-black,
and perfect beauty of ahorse which was
said to have been caught from a drove of
wild horses on the Texas prairies. He
was gentle and docile enough while in
rhand, but once loggA there was no such
thing as catching sain again Dy any oi tne
ordinary means used for catching horses.
In fact, the man from whom I puftJatased
him, after chasing him for days with relays
of horses from his livery -stable, had beea
obliged, at last, to " crease " him, in order
to catch him t. ., to shoot him through
the top of the neck, just above the neck
bone, temporarily paralyzing him, with
out doing him permanent injury. This,
to be successfully performalHPquires a
good marksman ; for, if the 591 struck an
inch too low, the shot would be fatal.
After I had been his owner six or eight
months, he got loose in the fall of the
year, and took to the woods near by. I
used to see him often, but he would never
let me approach anywhere near him. Af
ter snow fell in the winter, and feed be
came scarce in the woods, he could occa
sionally be seen in the evening near the
stable, and I used to leave the door open
until bed-time, and sometimes as late as two
o'clock at night, and place a measure of
oats and salt within tempting distance in
side the stable, in hopes that he would go
in; but he was not to be entrapped in
that way. At last I began to cast about for
the reason why he would not venture to
enter the stable while fSfc door stood in
vitingly open and no person in sight, and
I came to the conclusion that the horse
reasoned after this manner : " As long as
lights are burning in the house people are
stirring about, and I am liable to surprise;
after the lights are out there is no more
stir for the night, and if the door was left
open I might venture in with safety."
Taking it for granted that I had solved the
problem correctly, I laid my plans accord
ingly. Attaching one end of a rope to
the handle of the stable door, I passed the
other end through the window of the
house, which commanded a view of the
situation, and at the usual hour for retir
ing, I had the lights put out and every
thing kept quiet. The result was as I
had hoped, rather than expected. The
lights had not been out more than ten or
fifteen minutes before the horse cautiously
approached and entered the stable. The
trap was sprung and we had him safe.
How this affected his reasoning faculties
I can't tell, but he must evidently have
considered himself taken in. That the
horse would not have gone into the stable
had the lights been left burning, I don't
pretend to say ; I give the facts as they
occurred. But I am satisfied, from more
than thirty years' close observation, that
the horse observes and makes a (mental)
note of a great deal more than is generally
supposed. Overland Monthly.
Cn am herb' Journal gives this illustra
tion of the power of India rubber to
deaden sound : " We once visited a fac
tory where some forty or fifty copper
smiths were at work in a shop above our
heads ; but what was remarkable, scarcely
a sound of their noisy hammers could tie
heard. On going up stairs we saw the
explanation. Each leg of every bench
rested on a cushion made of India rubber
cuttings. This completely deadened the
Thb moneyed value of the coal raised
in England is twenty-one million pounds
sterling. To win this amount from the
earth requires twenty-five hundred collier
ies, and gives employment to three hun-
dred thousand persons.
J. H. McMickle, Eso,, of Crawford
county, is said to be the oldest acting Jus
tice of the Peace in the State of Indiana,
and has been acting in that capacity for
forty-three years, and is still hale and
WILLIE AND THE APPLE.
Lrrrxs Willie stood under an apple tree old
The fruit was all ahinlog with crimson and gold.
Banging temptingly low : how he longed for a
Though he knew If he took one It wouldn't be
Bald he, "I don't see why my father should say,
'Don't touch the old apple tree. Willie, to-day.'
I shouldn't have thougat, now they're hanging so
When I asked for Just one he would answer me
"He would never find out If I took but Just one.
And they do look so good, shining out In the sun ;
There are hundreds and hundreds, and he would
So paltry a little red apple as this."
lie stretched forth his hand, but a low, mourning
Came wandering dreamily over hla brain ;
In his bosom a beautiful harp had long laid.
That the angel of conscience quite frequently
And ha sang. "Little Willie, beware, oh beware I
Your father la gone, but your Maker Is there :
How sad you wculd feel If you heard the Lord
'This dear little boy stole an apple to-day I' "
Then Willie turned round, and as still as a mouse
Crept slowly and careiully Into the house ;
In his own little chamber he knelt down tODrsv
That the Lord would furglve htm, and please not
"Little Willie almost stole an apple to day."
SOWING SEEDS OF KINDNESS.
BY HENRY WARD BEECHER.
The sun was going down upon Flor
ence as she sat with her mother upon the
verandah, and her face was sad, though
the sunlight fell full upon it.
" Mother, I am sorry that I ever had
anything to do with Mary Arlington."
" Why so, my child f "
"Because she only uses my kindness for
her own selfishness. I have helped her
in her lessdns, and I got her off when she
was in trouble with her teacher. Miss At
kins, and you know that I let Miss Atkins
think that I had broken the rules, rather
than that she should be exposed. And
she has never thanked me And I know
that she says hateful things about me be
hind my back. I am tired of being kind
to her and getting nothing for it but her
" Well, my dear, did you act kindly for
the sake of getting something back for it?
Ought we not to act generously for our
own sake, even more than for other's
"I don't see any use in being generous,
when it only makes people worse t"
"Bat oar Master says ' If ye love them
that love you, what reward (or merit) have
yef Do not even the publicans the same?'
It is very pleasant to receive kindness for
kindness. But no one is acting as a Chris
tian that is not willing to show kindness
and self-denial to those who are ungrateful
Nothing more was said this time.
Florence had the matter upon her heart
all the evening, and was glad when bed
time came, that .she might sleep off all her
She soon fell asleep and began to dream.
Now Dreamland is Fairyland. All manner
of queer people are moving about in
Dreamland, and very remarkable things
happen there. Florence had gone to
sleep without iilintmig bin wlmnlii i win
dow, and the wind must have been a lit
tle cool ; for she dreamed that the snow
lay upon the ground. And she saw a
man with a large bag slung diagonally
across nis breast sowing some kinds of
seed. It seemed - very strange to her to
see him casting seed on snow, and so she
dreamed that she asked him, "Will the
seed come up in the snow t"
When he heard her, he turned his face,
and she thought she never saw a farmer
with so noble a countenance. His eyes
were large and sad, and yet there was
a look in them of calm hopefulness.
" We sow our upseed grass on the snow,
in hopes that by and by the snow will
melt, and the seed, sprouted by its moist
ure, will come up." And fixing his eyes
gently upon her, as if he would mark the
effect of his words, he - said, " They who
in this world wonld sow the seeds of good
ness, must do as we farmers do, and often
sow upon the bosom of the snow."
She awoke so plainly did his voice
sound in her ears. Rising, she closed the
window, and again fell asleep.
In a short time she began dreaming
more strangely than before.
She though! that she saw 4 poor wo
man, who wW living upon a pttp of very
hard and rocky ground, tryfajV) plant
thereon some flower seeds. But every
time she opened her hand the wind seem
ed to puff them away. At last, when her
seed was almost gone, Florence thought
that what had seemed to be the wind
began to look like birds, and little by lit
tle they changed to beautiful spirits; and
she saw that they caught in their hands
the seed that would have fallen on the
rock, and threw it upward ; and the seed
seemed to fly up and up till it was ail gone
out of sight.
While she stood looking up, she thought
that the skies opened ; and she looked
through and saw those beautiful spirits
planting the very seed that had been cast
forth out of the palsied hand of the poor
old woman. No sooner did they touch
the ground than they sprang up again
into all manner of beautiful flowers more
beautiful a hundred times than any lilies
or roses, or jessamines, that she had ever
seen on earth.
As she stood admiring the wonderful
sight, she turned and saw the very same
person by her side that had been sowing
grass seed on the snow. But now he was
clothed radiantly, as if the brightest
clouds had been made into garments ; and
his face, that was beautiful before, seemed
to her more beautiful than all the flowers.
Then he looked very kindly upon her,
and said, "My dear child, do you not aee
that only here and there a seed fell to the
ground and came up, but that all the rest
went through and were planted in heaven?
So it is with kindness among men. The
earth catches a few only of the seeds of
kindness sown, but all the rest go through
and are planted in heaven. And so noth
ing good is ever lost."
At this he laid his hand upon her head,
and such a thrill ran through her body
that she sprung and awoke. Her mother
it was who had touched her, saying,
" Come, Florence ; it is morning. The
birds are calling you. Come."
I saw a tigress a little while ago. She
was in a cage gnawing a bone. A mau
put his umbrella against the bars of her
hn. and oh! how madly her eves glared.
She showed her white teeth, growled, and
sprang towards the man in a way that
made him start back in a hurry.
" Well," thought I, half alond, " if you
were loose, mistress Tigress, and in the
streets, I should not like to meet you.
You'd make mince-meat of the boys and
girls 'mazing quick."
" But there is a creature as dangerous
as the tigress running loose among the
children," whispered a friend at my el
bow. " Ah," cried X, looking round with sur
prise in my looks. " What is it?"
The " Just as I've-a mind-to," said he,
laughing, and leaving me very much puz
zled for the moment.
"The Just-as Tve-a-mind-to," exclaimed
L " He is Joking, I gneas. And yet it
seems to me I've beard that name before.
Oh, I've got it. He means the spirit of
willfulness and obstinacy which leads a
boy or girl to despise good counsels and
to say, ' Til do Just as I have a mind to.'
That's it. The Just-as I've-e-mind-to has
done much mischief. I . remember Will
Crusty, who was sent to mill by his father
with the horse and wagon. As he left
the door-yard bis lather said : ,
" Will, don't ford the river to day. The
water is too high. Go round by the
Will cracked his whip, and drove off
muttering : " I shall do just as I've a mind
to about that, old gentleman"
Then he drove straight to the ford. An
old farmer saw him and shouted i
" Will, don't cross the ford-' tain' t safe."
" I shall do just as Tve a mind to about
that, old gaffer, said Will.
So he drove into the river at the ford.
But the water was very high, the current
was strong. The horse lost bis foothold
and was carried into the deep water.
Will was frightened and falling into the
deep water, was carried over the mill dam
and dashed to death among the rocks.
The Just-as-I've a-mind to killed him as
certainly as any loose tigress would have
Nor is Will the only boy which this fierce
creature has killed. Millions I mean mil
lionshave been ruined by it. It loves to
drive children into ruin. Isn't it a dread
You wouldn't like to meet it? I sup
pose not Yet I fear some of yon have a
met It and have even given it a ledging
in your bosom for mark, the Just-as-I've-a-mind-to
is neither more nor less than a
stubborn will in a child's heart.
A oENTLBaf aw employed a mason to do
some work for him, and, among other
things, to " tbin-whiten " tT i walls of one
of his chambers This thin whitening is
almost colorless until dried The gentle
man was much surprised, on the morning
after t be chamber was finished, to find on
the drawer of his bureau, standing in the
room, white finarer marks. Opening the
drawer, he found the same on the articles
in it, and also on a pocket-book. An
(Tmin.lmit rrvsalad the same marks Oat
the contents of a bag. This proved cieaflaf
that the mason, with h's wet nanos, new
opened the drawer, and searched the bag,
which contained no money, and had then
closed the drawer without once thinking
that any ona would saws know it The
" thin whitening " wMMs happened to be
on his hands, did not show at first, and he
Srobtbly ha i no idea that twelve hours'
rving would reveal fata wickedness.
Children. bYware ofVvll thghtirnB
deedsl They all leave their fimgm-mm-ht,
whteh will one day be revealed. If you
diaofaamyour parents, or tell a falsehood,
or laMlwlisI is not your own, vou make
sad stains on your character. And so it
is with all an. It defiles the soul. It be
trays those whe engage in It, by the marks
it makes on them. These marks mav be
almost, if not quite, Invisible at first. But
even if they should not be seen during
any of your daw on earth (which is not at
all likely); jTjMIl ere li aTlav comlni
which every am mil be made
A Battle between a Roble, and a
We witnessed a battle the ether day so
singular in its nature as to deserve men
tion. On one of our principal streets, a
robin had built its nest in a tree. In the
nest were three or four eggs, which tempt
ed the appetite of a squirrel who chanced
to spy them. Me made a raw on vne neat,
and was just about preparing bm a sump
tuous feast, when the proprietor of the
invaded domtcil arrived. Seeing Wfaat
was going on, the robin made a dive at the
squrrel, inflicting a wound with his beak.
Then ensued one of the most lively serim
mages ever witnessed. Up and down the
tree, wtth the rapidity of lightning, ran
the squirrel, the robin in hot pursuit.
From one limb and branch to another,
thev both darted, both chattering and
chirping in utmost excitement. The robin
would fly on a rod or so, and men a art,
like an arrow from a bow, for the squirrel,
inflicting telling wounds. It was aorta ev
ident that the squirrel was getting
the worst of it, and he thought so too, for
he finally forsook the tree for
the ground, and beat a hasty retreat. He
didn't allow much grass to grow under
his feet as he made tracks for safe quarters.
The robin, apparently satisfied with hav
ing driven her antagonist from the field,
did not give further pursuit, but returned
to her nest in a very flust rated state. Her
victory was signal, and she is doubtless
now reflecting over it with self -satisfied
equanimity. Geneva (N. T.) Courier.
A Paris correspondent writes that in
consequence of the exodus of cashiers
which has recently taken place, the bank
ers are challenging their ingenuity to de
vise measures to prevent these nimble
heels from carrying off money with them.
One banker has placed an iron cage in
front of his safe, and insists that the cash
ier shall be locked in it until his cash ac
count be verified at the close of the day.
He has as yet found only one man willing
to accept this condition. " Yon most en
ter the cage at nine a. m., and yon will be
liberated at four p. m., after your ac
count has been vended," said the banker
to an applicant " Agreed." " You must
not leave it during the day under any
pretense. I keep the key In my pocket."
" All right ; I am used to confinement."
" Where have yon been" la the peni
tentiary during these last fifteen years."
Position still open.
An artificial fit-h has been swimming
about in the waters of the Seine for
some time. It is made of bides, covered
by India rubber, on a wooden frame
work. The submarine navigator remains
on his stomach in the ftsb, and vorks
the fins wtth his arms Tubes com
munica'e with the surface, to allow the
man-fish to obtain breathing air.
An English sailor ooy, not yet fourteen,
- - - i w;n...i -nntUr iri on the levee
at New Orleans, a few days ago. The
young desperado had to pull Jthe trigger
several times before his pistol went off.
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