Newspaper Page Text
d)c Cfltdtt ttleeklt) democrat
GEO. W. MEHAFFET, Proprietor and Publisher, "PRINCIPLES,' NOT MEN." Two Dollars per Annum, in Advanoe.
VOL. V.-NO. 23. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1870. WHOLE NO. 231.
A CITY COUSIN ABOUT TO BE
BY JOHN G. SAXE.
Is it trae, whit they tell me, myJSesntlfnl cousin.
Ton it going to be married ? nave settled the
That the carta are all printed? the wedding-dress
en usee r
And everything- fixed for an evenlne in May
Ah well just Imagine had I been a Turk.
And you bat. no matter 'Us Idle to whine ;
purest or oosnms some bd,j uiaj nu,
II feel a little (I own It!) In mine 1
ne give j
And now let me
you. dear consln, I pray.
A word of advice II there'b anything in it.
Accept It; If not, yon can thrown away.
An excellent maxim fa " creds exnerto .
Which means tBlnte your Latin I venture to
For practical wisdom 'tis host to refer to
A teacher who knows what he's talking about:
Cut mot .' rve been married this many a year ;
And know rather more than a bachelor can ;
And more I suppote It is equally clear
Than a r young wire, or anew-married man.
Of coarse there'll be matters to weary and vex,
Bnt woman is mighty, and Patience endures ;
And ours recollect Is the (much) "softer sex,"
Though we (not very gallantly) soy it of yours
Se strong should be merciful 1 Woman we find,
Thongh weaker in body, surpassing ns still
la virtue ; and strong very strong In her mind,
(When she knows what it la) not to mention
Ma gentle I How hard yon will find it to bear
When your husband Is vrong ; and as difficult.
In the other rnntinffenov not St all
When you're forced, in yonr heart, to confess ha
Be careful of trlles ; a maxim of weight
In questions affecting the heart or the head ;
In wedlock, consider, how often the fata
Of the gravest affairs may depend on a thread 1
On a isallii perhaps 1 Ah ! the " conjugal tie"
Should never be strained to its ultimate teat;
Full many a matron has round, with a sigh.
That tka flilure was barely a button, at best 1
trace to this jesting 1
While friends by the
Their kind gratnlations are fain to employ
None mora than your poet yonr
Pats his heart in the words while he's " wishing
Quite through to its close may your conjugal life
Maintain the Impressions with which It began ;
The women stall saying "I envy ihe wife ,
And husbands exclaiming, "I envy the man I"
May 35111, 1870.
It was a cold December night, and
nothing was stirring in the village street
hat the wind. This trespasser did not
content itself with the public highway,
bnt invaded the private houses without
the slightest compunction. It roared
down, the kitchen chimneys, rushed
through the public rooms, and even forced
itself Into the chambers of the sick, mak
ing them shiver in their bed. It was so
utterly destitute of good breeding, or the
lightest sense of honor, that not a corner
escaped its scrutiny ; and having no re
spect for persons, it burst into the Post
master's parlor, driving the smoke imper
tinently into the eyes of his wife, on pur
pose to make her sneeze. The former
august personage stood with his back to
the fire, appearing to be in perfect luxury
of mind, body and estate. The flame
blazed in steady defiance of the powers of
the air, shedding a ruddy glow on the
carpet, curtains and carefully polished
mahogany : also on the features of an old
man standing behind' the table who re
turnecr the Postmaster's smile unenvious
ly, although it was rare he did not know
cold, hunger and diseomfort.
" You must see, Tom," urged the for
mer, " that the offer is a capital one for
you. The child will be boarded, clothed
and educated in a very different way from
what she now is. You have not the
means to provide for her. I do not
understand how you can hesitate for a
- "Thank you humbly, sir," said the old
man, and in truth the reverence and hu
mility of his manner could not have been
greater to the Queen herself.
" Thank you very humbly."
But the tone expressed something be
sides deference. The argument was clear
and unanswerable, yet he was not con
vinced. He turned in dull perplexity to
" Remember." she said, kindly guessing
his thought, " it will not be parting from
the child ; you shall come as often as you
like to see her every day if you fancy.
And what a pleasure it will be to watch
her growing up, so weU cared for and
Persuasion had more power than rea
soning ; yet neither was strong enough to
convince him. There remained some hid
den objection, which words would not, or
could not, reveal. His helpless silence
roused the Postmaster's impatience.
" Sir," said the old man at length, " I'll
speak to Dot."
" Suppose," suggested the Postmistress,
"we leave the matter for the present.
Think of it to night, and let us know to
morrow. There is no need to hurry your
self in deciding."
Tom assented gracefully, and with a
profound obeisance left the room. Once
oat in the open air the wind met him face
to face, and shook and buffeted him until
he thought he had never known how
threadbare and scanty his coat really was.
He was feign to draw it closely around
him, to prevent the blast penetrating to
his very heart, thereby proving itself to
be not merely unscrupulous, but unfeel-
The struggle with the unseen enemy
was desperate, bnt not so fierce or violent
as the conflict within, in the heat of which
the chills of the outer world were forgot
Fortune had not bestowed upon Tom a
brilliant career, nor were his circum
stances the most enviable. To beggary
was added neglect and ill-usage, to these
were united the suffering of bodily de
formity ; and the sum total of misery pro
duced rose to a fearful amount. How he
contrived to scramble from boyhood to
manhood, heaven knows if, indeed, a
creature may be dignified by the name of
man, who xan only be" so called in the
sense of his being a few degrees higher
than the beasts of the field, and many
lower than the angels. Yet this poor soul
was not without his ambition. His high
est aim had been to attain the rank of
cobbler ; he could conceive no greater
happiness ; and his desire was fulfilled. In
the service of a harsh, parsimonious mas
ter, in a dark back room, he cobbled, and
was content ; but he was doomed to lose
even this gratification. His eyesight
gradually failed, and he was compelled to
give up work. He yielded not only with
out a murmur, but with cheerfulness, be
ing accustomed to receive thankfully, but
to ask nothing. A few small shopkeepers,
out of compassion, employed him on er
ranrlR. and bv this means he picked no
livelihood. In such circumstances it is
difficult to conceive any room for happi
ness any loop-hole through which hope,
comfort, or joy could enter. The cripple
seemed to have no heritage in the delights
of a beautiful world. Yet to the very
lowest there is always a heaven at band.
One bitter night he was returning home.
As he passed under an archway he saw a
child seated upon a step, her eyes closed,
her face and hands blue with cold. He
bent over her. For the first time 'in his
life he recognized e link between himself
and a fellow-creature. She was also cold,
poor and lonely. They were eoually mis
erable. Seized by a sudden impulse he
lifted her in his arms and carried her
through the streets to his wretched garret
Then taking off his coat he wrapped her
in it, and commenced rubbing the icy
hands and feet. After some time the child
opened her eyes, and from that moment
the strong bond between tnem was sealed
She never left him. He soon lavished
upon her all the devotion of an undying
nature. In return, the poor little heathen,
who had never entered a church in her
life, thought nothing on earth so wor
shipful as Tom, and adored no other
Deity. A new life had dawned upon
them both, a great mine of wealth bad
been opened. Thev were no longer poor,
lonely, desolate. Call it infatuation, or
what vou wdl, it was a wonderful power
which could thus transform want into
plenty, cold into warmth, comfortlessness
into luxury one of those few inexplicable
powers which combat and conquer Death.
It can now be understood what was the
old man's despair when the Postmistress
sent for him and proposed to adopt the
child. She had taken a fancy to the little
thing, and having learnt the destitute
condition in which the two lived, never
doubted her charitable offer would be ac
cepted. The old man could not rejoice.
He could only realize the one miserable
fact she must go. He hastened home
very dejected, and when in sight of the
house, thought it had never looked so
poor. The roof was broken in several
places and slates wanting. The window,
in which a faint light glimmered, was
Datched with paper, the walls were dis
colored with the damp, and the door was
low. As he groped his way up the rickety
stairs, he sighed involuntarily :
" Oh, Dot, Dot, Td like to take all the
warmth and shine out of that house be
fore I ever teU of it to you !"
On entering he peered through the
darkness for the one object which made
the room light to him. The child knelt
close to the fire, sewing some coarse gar
ment. Her gentle, quiet face, with the
short brown hair brushed smoothly off it,
possessed all the thought, power and pur
pose of womanhood. Her eyes sparkled
with pleasure on seeing the old man, but
she greeted him with a comic pretence of
"I was hoping," she said, with dignity,
"it wasn't you. I thought you'd have
6tayed outside a'l night rather than come
in and look me in the face. Perhaps
you've forgotten what I told you yester
day?" Tom hung his head with a happy con
sciousness of guilt, and could not restrain
a chuckle of enjoyment.
" No," he said, meekly ; " I remember.
It was not to be late again."
" The very words," replied Dot, sternly.
" And yet here you are. What did you
think I'd do T Weren't you frightened of
" No," said the other, submissively.
" Well, I wonder you weren't," she con
tinued, with cruel determination ; " I've
been thinking, and have settled what to
do. First, 1 hit upon no Are, but that's
too common to be any punishment at all.
And then I said no supper, but that
wasn't hard enough. So now I have it
dry bread, and nothing to eat with it.
I've put the beer, butter and bacon into
" At this, unable to keep up her part
any longer, she looked at him, and they
both laughed gaily. The fact was, the
three last-mentioned articles were dain
ties never seen in poor Tom's cupboard
from year's end to year's end.
Enough was truly a feast to them, and one
of very rare occurrence. This grand
stretch of imagination fully supplied the
absence of these luxuries. Tom was en
chanted. " I don't wonder," continued she. grave
ly, " you think the supper bare. But my
mind s made up, and however much you
beg, I'm not going to give in."
There was no doubt the table was bare.
The assortment of glass and china was
anything bnt magnificent. It consisted of
one cracked jug, one tumbler, two sau
cers, and a clumsy pocket-knife, rather
the worse for wear. Nor was the palate
tempted by much variety. In solids they
had the ehoice between two things bread
or nothing and in liquids, water or noth
The old man's face clouded. All his
former misery returned, and his mirth
was gone. Dot observed the change.
"I see," she said, quietly, "you're dis
contented, and I'm glad. It's well you
should feel uncomfortable for a little
just what I want."
Thev seated themselves, but he could
not take a mouthful. His eyes were fixed
on the child with a long devouring gaze.
She, indeed, was his sustenance and re
freshment. How could he live without
"Dot," he whispered, with a sudden
effort, "don't everything look poor?
Wouldn't the floor be warmer to tread if
it had a carpet? and the room feel less
cold if the grate held all the coals it could
hold ? and wouldn't a curtain at the win
dow help to keep out the wind ? Say,
don t you feel it poor?
She opened her eyes in silent astonish
ment and looked around her. After a few
minutes' scrutiny, " I should say," she re
plied, "there ain't no doubt you're the
pleasantest thing in the room to look at."
And in truth that was not saying much.
"Tell me," repeated Tom, anxiously,
" is it poor, very poor?"
The child nodded assent
"Ahl" he sighed, "I knew it;" then
added, gently, 'How would you like to be
always warm and well fed to have every
thing soft underfoot, and no wind to keep
you awake at night ? Could you fancy it
for a moment ?"
She shook her head. No, she could
"Shut your eyes," 8aid tne Oai man,
tremblingly, " and try. I shall describe
it to you as well as I can."
BM obeyed, and ne laid me picture
before her in as bright colors as he could
muster. When complete, he disclosed the
Postmistress' kind proposal.
"My darling," he faltered, when he had
scrupulously satisfied his conscience, "you
did'nt guess I was bringing such good
news with me, did you ? Cau you believe
you have only one more night to spend in
this poor place only one more night to
Dot was silent for some time.
"Strange," she said, musingly, but there
"Child," said the old man, " Pll go with
Sou to tee door to-morrow, but I'll not go
l I couldn't bear that I couldn't stand
seeing your face when you learn, for the
first time what a poor little beggar you've
been all these years, unbeknown to you.
I'll wait outside, and you'll come down
and say good-bye before I go altogether.
Don't put on any finery they'll give to
you. I'm far too wretched a creature not
to like that frock best. I'll not keep you
a minute. Do you understand ?"
Dot nodded. It was difficult to guess
what was passing through her mind.
" Now," said he, tenderly, "go to bed.
The time will pass quicker sleeping than
any other way."
She obeyed; but before lying down,
drew near the old man and threw her
arms round him without a word. It was
impossible to discover what lay behind
those sober brown eyes. Tom stationed
himself beside her till she fell asleep.
The fire .died oat, bnt the moonlight
streaming through the small window shone
upon his motionless form in the small
place. Night passed, and the gray dawn
appeared, yet he never moved, nor closed
his eyes. He could not bring himself to
leave her. When she awoke, his face was
the first sight that greeted her.
" Dear," he said, cheerily, " only a few
hours now. Aren't yon very happy ?"
Their scanty morning meal, consisting
of the remains of last night's supper, was
taken in silence. When finished. Dot out
on her shawl and Arranged her shabby,
threadbare garment to the best advantage.
Tom watched her without a word. The
two then descended the stair into the
street. Suddenly be turned, and. point
ing to the house, whispered to her i
" Don't it seem impossible, now. vou
could have been happy in such a place ?
and strange that you didn t know you
were miserable there till last night ?"
When they reached the Postmaster's
house she left him. He followed her
eagerly with his eyes till the door was
"I shouldn't wonder." he mattered, as
he paced up and down, " if she were to
forget me after all ; it would be only natu
ral, wouldn't it?" and he appealed to him
self as to a second person. Receiving no
reply, he continued : " It would be very
wrong if she didn't like what's warm bet
ter than what's cold, and what's beautiful
better than what's ugly I Very bad taste !
I couldn't grudge it to her, could I ?"
By tbls time he was again in front of
the house. He stopped involuntarily, and
closing his eyes, stretched out his hands
toward it, saying :
" uoo bless little Dot, always."
When he looked ud she stood bv his
side, and the door was shut. He bent
over her with infinite tenderness.
".My darling," he said, " I'll not keep
you. Bay one good bye, and then go."
Bnt the child hud slipped her hand into
" Just a little way up the street," she
" No, really !" exclaimed he, delighted.
They reached the corner, and he turned.
" A few steps farther," persisted she.
" No, really !" repeated the other, aston
" I want," she said, as they drew near
the house, "just to go up and give a last
look ; do you mind ?
They mounted the stair and he lingered
at the door.
" Why should you ?" he urged, sorrow
fully. "Wouldn't it be better to say
good-bye here ?"
one pushed gently past nun and en
tered. "Yes," said he, sadly watching her face:
" you did'nt know till now how wretched
it was, did you ?"
Dot turned to him and hung her head
without speaking. There was evidently
something she wished but was ashamed
" Dad," she whisperd at length, "there's
no help for it I was born a miserable
beggar, and I must remain so, please I'll
He pointed silently to the few ashes in
the grate and the broken loaf on the table.
' No," she pleaded, gently, " I haven't
forgotten, but I'd rather be cold and hun
gry and stay."
Receiving no answer, she knelt be
side his chair and put her arms around
" Are you disappointed ? Are you sor
ry ?" she exclaimed, anxiously.
The old man took the small face in his
two hands without a word.
" I see," she said, " you couldn't believe
it of me, could you ? " and you're very
' Child," said Tom, slowly ,Vdld I show
how I hated the place, and grudged
Dot hung her head.
"No," she answered, sorrowfully ; " It
wasn't you, nor nobody but my own mean
'Then you choose to remain here ?''
"Yes," she whispered, looking very
much ashamed. " I don't wonder you
can't believe it"
A light gleamed over the worn, pinched
features of the old man. For the sake oi
this moment all the past years of accum
ulated miseries were as nothing.
"Oh, Dot r he murmured, tremblingly.
"Oh, Dot, Dot!"
But he could say no more.
The Postmistress greeted the child on
her reappearance with a smile.
"So Vb you," she said, kindly ; .' I
thought you'd be back soon, but you
needn't have run yourself out of breath."
"Please, ma'am," said Dot, becoming
incoherent in her eagerness, "and thank
you all the same, but I've been thinking I
shouldn't like Dad to call when I'm not
within reach to hear him, and may be he
might feel the room a little strange with
out me, after being accustomed to see me
in it ; so thank you, ma'am, all the same,
and I'd rather not."
" Not come l repeated the other, sur
prised. "Do you really mean it?"
" You see,'r said the child, her face
flushing, " I couldn't feel warm with him
cold, nor satisfied with him hungry ; and
I know he'll lie awake at nights not be
cause of the wind, but for thinking of me.
Besides, he always fancies his victuals less
poor when I'm by. So you won't be
angry, or ask me to stay ? for I'd rather
The Postmistress did not reply. To
judge from the expression of her face, the
silence was not ominous. When she
spoke her tone was deferential in its gen
tleness. " 8ince you cannot stay with me," she
said, " I have one favor to ask ; will you
allow me sometimes to go and see you ?"
Dot dropped a profound courtesy.
" Ma'am, she said, promptly, "me and
Dad will be
And thus the matter ended.—Cassett s
The Planet Mars.
From a work recently issued by R. A.
Proctor, F. R. A. S. of England, entitled
" Other Worlds Besides Our Own," we
reproduce maps of the two hemispheres
of the planet as seen through a good tele
scope. The maps have already appeared
in print, and the credit of the observa
tions on which they are based is due to
Mr. Dawes, not to Mr. Proctor. They
show the distribution of land and water
on the surface of the planet We give
reference letters to the earth names of the
more important continents and seas. We
have no means of knowing how they are
designated by the inhabitants of the
The shaded portions of the diagram
represent the land ; the white spots show
the relative distribution of the water.
The upper part of each diagram repre
sents the north, and the breaks in the
bounding circles show the positions of
the poles. Each pole is surrounded by a
patch of ice, marking the middle of the
polar regions. The following are the ref
De La Rue Sea.
A comparison of the above diagrams
with a hemisphere map of our world, will
show several important differences. On
the earth the land lies in compact, though
irregular, masses, and the tides of tne
ocean have free course except where thev
pass between islands, or through channels
which separate islands from the main
land. The surface of Mars is marked by
numerous seas of the bottle-neck form,
and these run between continents and
lengthy peninsulas; only one well defined
is'and being visible, and that is probably
a volcano. On Mars the land and water
are nearly equal, while on the earth the
waters cover nearly three-fourths of the
entire surface. The land of Mars is of a
ruddy color, and it is the reflection of the
solar rays from this which gives the red
appearance of the planet The water is
of a greenish hue (as seen through the
telescope), and the latter fact indicates a
condition similar to the waters of the
earth, which are bine or green according
to the distance from the shore. The ap
parent hue of the waters is undoubtedly
modified somewhat by the passage of the
rays of light through the Martial atmos
phere before they pass through " the ethe
real void" to impinge on the aerial envel
ope which surrounds our earth. Mars
presents a very large extent of coast line
as compared with the earth, and it is ap
parent from the diagram that it is possible
to travel by land to almost every part of
his land surface without resort to naviga
tion. The phenomena of tides as witnessed
on the earth are bnt faintly reproduced on
Mara, and for the reason that he has no
attendant satelite. With us the attraction
of the moon is to that of the sun as 51 to
20. Hence the magnititude of our tides
being represented by 7, that due to the sun
would be represented by 2. The greater
distance of Mars will cause the height of
the tidal wave in the larger oceans to be
small, not exceeding 3 or 4 inches. The rush
of water through the narrow inleti will
be somewhat greater, though slight just
enough to keep up a moderate circulation
in the waters. With such a land contour
on our earth the greater tides would
cause rapid changes in the plan of the
continents ; in Mars we have no apparent
element of mutability in this direction.
The permanence of such an outline as is
presented by Mars would be practically
impossible were he attended by a moon of
considerable weight Here we have one
among numerous examples of " the eternal
fitness of things" to their surrounding
In this lesser tidal flow, we have also an
absence of the forces which have pro
duced such great changes in the earth's
surface, in cutting channels through what
was once an isthmus, and the separating
an island from the main land. But, inas
much as Mars exhibits a greater propen
sity for channel forming than is indicated
in the case of our earth, we can but con
clude that the original volcanic action
which elevated the land masses above his
mean surface, operated largely in lines of
force, whereas the upheavals of the earth
were often effected in points, as is attested
by our own numerous lslandic formations.
And, strangely enough, these elevating
forces appear to have operated in the po
lar regions nearly parallel to the plane of
the equator, while in the equatorial re
gions these lines of upheaval are more
nearly perpendicular to the direction of
rotation on the axis. This irregularity of
formation is undouDieoiy uue to tne great
eccentricity of the orbit of Mars ; the
more important ruptures in the once
thin crust occurring near the time of the
The ice patches at the poles of Mars.
which have been observed to iicreasei
and decrease regularly as each pole is
alternately turned away from the sun or
towards him, are almost conclusive evi
dence of the existence of an atmosphere
similar to that of the earth, in which the
processes of evaporation and ninfall,
melting and thawing, are perpetually
going on, as in the case of the earth But
the amount of solar heat and solar evap
oration must be much more variable than
with us, owing to the great eccentricity
of the orbit of the planet This will also
give rise to much greater differences of
extreme and average temperature in the
two hemispheres than with us, and kence
give a possibility of far wider rang, and
much greater differences in the modes of
existence than are known on the earth.
From this we may infer that the number
of classes and species of vegetable! and
animals is much greater, while the lum
ber of individuals of each order is much
smaller on the surface of Mars than on
that of the earth, and it is very probible
that the majority are monannial having
an existence limited to one year of Mars'
It is also noteworthy that the (positions
of the ice formations indicate that the
poles of Mars are the regions of greatest
cold, which is not the case on the earth's
surface, the point of minimum tempera
ture in our Northern Hemisphere lying
ten or twelve degrees from the pole,
toward the American .Continent, while
our magnetic poles show an equally wide
departure from the poles of rotation. It
is already known that the position of the
magnetic pole is deducible from a study of
tbe lunar motion, and it is highly proba
ble that the position of the points of least
temperature will yet be traced to the same
cause. Mars being unattended by a moon,
there is, in his case, no apparent cause for
difference in the average locality of the
several poles of rotation, magnetism, and
High Live, or the Ugly Club. One
room most be emptied of the company,
and five or six gentlemen must volunteer
to belong to the Ugly Club, and must
practice making up faces (or possibly rig
ap some comic masks) until they acquire
countenances which it will be difficult to
pass without a smile.
These stand near the entrance of the
Now announce to the company that
you have a room devoted exclusively to
the aristocracy, and those who wish to
rise in life, and who have a sufficiently
dignified deportment, may enter ; but they
must be introduced to the members of the
Ugly Club at the door.
The company now try their fortune
one by one, and none bnt those who can
bow successively to tbe members of the
club, and wish each a stately " good even
ing," without smiling or laughing, can be
Those who pass the ordeal must be in
troduced so others who may have already
-passed into the room, by some fictitious
title of nobility, as "The Marquis of
Hardscrabble," " Lady Porringer, " The
Duke of Terra del Fuego," etc , etc.
Dutch Concbrt. In this the company
are formed into an orchestra, or band, in
which each one chooses an instrument,
and some one is leader. When the con
cert commences, all play with spirit, imi
tating the motion of playing, but not
making any sound. The leader now goes
around to the different players, and as he
stops In front of one, he suddenly begins
to imitate the instrument which that one
plays ; and that player must as suddenly
cease imitating his own instrument, and
imitate that which the leader has been
The members of the company are sev
erally playing on the drum, fife, accordeon,
jewsharp, triangle, trumpet, bugle, cornet,
banjo, guitar, trombone, violoncello,
double bass, obe, clarionet cymbals, tam
bourine, hand-organ, bag-pipe, bones,
horn, piano, melodeon, harp, church-bell,
and gong. Mr. C, the leader plays the
violin. He walks about Dually, then sud
denly faces the guitar player, and begins
to imitate that instrument. Miss D , who
is playing the guitar, suddenly begins to
play the violin. The leader now walks
about awhile, playing the guitar, when he
suddenly begins to play the drum. The
drummer suddenly shifts to the guitar.
The leader presently begins to play the
trombone, when the trombone player be
gins to play the drum ; and so on. Any
one who does not forthwith change instru
ments when the leader changes, mast be
counted out of the game ; and the game
continues until the leader is left nearly
alone, or the company are tired.
All must be done in silence. Laughter
and talking must be made to pay a forfeit
Odd and Even. Italian peasants are
said to amuse themselves for an hour at a
time with this simple game, which is played
by two, who suddenly throw out the right
hand at each other, opening one, two,
three or four fingers. First one, and
then the other, must tell the sum of the
fingers, and whether it is odd or even.
TeU instantly. Three or even four may
throw out their hands at once, in which
esse it will take a quick sight and good
Sports and Games.
A Balloon Duel.
Perhaps the most remarkab1 - duel ever
fought took place in 1808. It was peculiar
ly French in its tone, and could hardly
have occurred under any other than a
French state of society. M. de Grandpre
and M. le Pique had a quarrel, arising out
of jealousy concerning a lady engaged at
the Imperial Opera, one Mademoiselle
Tirevit. They agreed to fight a duel to
settle their respective claims; and, in
order that the heat of angry passion should
not interfere with the polished elegance
of the proceeding, they postponed the
duel for a month the lady agreeing to
bestow her smiles on the survivor of the
two, if the other was killed ; or, at all
events, this was inferred by tbe two men, if
not actually expressed. rne duellists
were to fight, in the air. Two balloons
were constructed, precisely alike. On the
day denoted, De Grandpre and his se
cond entered the car of one balloon, Le
Pique and his second that of the other ;
it was in the garden of the Tuilleries,
amid an immense concourse of spec
tators. The- gentlemen were to fire,
not at each other, bat at each other's
'balloons, in order to bring them down by
tne escape ot gas ; and as pistols migm
hardly have served for this purpose, each
aeronaut took a blunderbuss in 'his car. At
a given signal the ropes that retained the
cars were cut, and the balloons ascended.
The wind was moderate, and kept the bal
loons at about their original distance of
eighty yards apart, wnen about nail a
mile above the surface of the earth, a pre
concerted signal for firing was given, M
le Pique fired but missed. M. de Grandpre
fired and sent a ball through Le P que's
balloon. The balloon collapsed, the car
descended with frightful rapidity, and Le
Pique and his second were dashed to
pieces. De Grandpre continued his ascent
triumphantly, and terminated his aerial
voyage successfully at a distance of seven
leagues from Paris.
BY AN EMINENT PHYSICIAN.
One of the sacred promises to those
who are to inherit the better life is:
"That the sun should not light upon
them, nor any heat" To the inhabitants
of the " dry and thirsty land," it is well
remarked by an author on sunstroke, this
promise was full of meaning. This dis
ease, or rather accident, has undoubtedly
been recognized in some form from the
earliest periods of history. The suffer
ings of armies in tropical climates, or dur
ing the hot season in higher latitudes, is
frcauentlv due to the effects of heat.
Laborers exposed to the steady action of
tne son's rays in summer, and so situated
or clothed as to interrupt free perspira
tion, or by their habits raising the tem
perature of the blood, are liable to sun
stroke. It follows that so called sunstroke
may occur without exposure to the sun,
ana such is the case quite frequently. All
the conditions may be present in the
shade, and even when the person is in a
state of rest
Though not strictly correct, sunstroke
may, for practical purposes, be defined to
be an affection of the nervous system,
due to overheated blood. The term over
heated most be taken in a relative, and
not literal sense; for if the nervous sys
tem is in good condition, and the func
tions of the body otherwise well perform
ed, tbe temperature of the blood may De
very much increased, without dangerous
or even injurious results. But if the in
dividual is greatly fatigued, or poorly
nourished, or weakened by disease, so
that the nervous system is depressed or
enfeebled, the effect of the sudden eleva
tion of the temperature of the volume of
the blood may prove most disastrous.
This result is produced, not by overstimu
lation, but by actual depression, for this
is the recognized effect of, overheated
blood upon the nervous centres. What
ever other and more subtle causes may be
operating upon the individual, this one
will be most apparent, and, if avoided,
will save the exposed person from an at
tack. By far the larger number of victims of
sunstroke are the intemperate ; they are
predisposed by an induced depression of
the nervous system, due to poor nutrition,
and by superheated blood from the nse of
stimulants. They often fall dead in sum
mer from the effects of heat, even while
sitting quietly in the shade. Among la
borers and soldiers, the intemperate are
the subjects of sunstroke. The aged and
infirm are liable to be prostrated by heat,
due to the rise of temperature of the
blood, excited by the heated external air.
Feeble children, also, often sink from
pure exhaustion, due to the depression of
The prenioriiDuiy symptoms are heat,
dizziness, great thirst, suffusion of the
eyes, followed by fainting, or insensibili
ty, like an attack of apoplexy.
As sunstroke depends upon several
conditions, of varying intensity, so its at
tack may be slight or great, according to
these conditions. In some cases, it is but
a transient fainting, or, perhaps, only a
feeling of slight depression, lasting for
several days, while in the severer forms,
death follows quickly, as though there
had been a veritable coup de eoleU, or
stroke of the sun.
In the management of this disease, pre
vention is eminently important. It is an
affection which can always be prevented
by proper precautions, and the preventive
measures can be practiced by every one.
The one prime object must be to keep
cool, and, above all, to keep the head, the
seat of the great nervous centre, cool. It
will not do to cool the extremities simply,
for thus the blood is driven in upon the
brain and lungs, and fatal mischief may
.thus be created. The whole body should
be kept in as nearly the normal tempera
ture as possible. This may be done by
dressing in light loose clothing, which al
low the cooling process of perspiration to
go on unchecked. The Chinese fan their
shaven heads, and so, if we create a cur
rent of air around us, we reduce temper
ature. We should avoid all stimulating
draughts which excite the circulation, and
for the same reason very active exercise
becomes dangerous. The feeble -and ex
hausted should be placed in airy rooms
and be gently fanned. The laborer should
rest during the heat of the day, and drink
cooling fluids, and when at work frequent
ly bathe the head, neck, and hands in cool
When the attack comet on, the sufferer
should be taken to a shade, a mustard
plaster should be applied, and over his
bare head, neck, and chest, cold water
should be dashed. ibis is all that can
safely be done without medical advice.
Hearth and Home.
A Dog Story.
Commodore Scuddek, of the United
States Navy, had a double-nosed pointer
dog of which he bragged a good deal, and
for which he would have refused a larger
sum than was aver offered for a dog since
tbe creation of the world. But he is dead
now not Commodore Scudder, but the
dog. Like the famous hound Gelert, he
died a martyr to his high sense of honor.
The Commodore told me the story :
"I went out hunting partridges one
day," he said, " and took the dog along.
We hadn't much luck at first, but after
awhile Buster that was the dog's name
stood and pointed at a covey of the finest
birds 1 ever saw in all my born days.
They were squatting down in the low
grass, a dozen yards off, in plain sight, and
I determined to fire at them as they lay.
lifted my gun, took deliberate aim, and
would have killed a dozen at least; but
before I could pull the trigger a courier
dashed up with a dispatch which he said
required immediate attention.
" I reserved my fire and read the dis
patch. It was an order from the Navy
Department to proceed, without a mo
ment's delay, to Philadelphia, to take
command of a squadron which was about
to sail to the Mediteranean. I was so
much excited, you understand, that I laid
down my gun right on the spot, and went
off, leaving Buster there pointing at those
birds like they were North Stars and he
was a mariner's compass, so to speak.
forgot all about him ; bat he was a faith
ful dog, Buster was and, like Casablan
ca, he wouldn't have left even a burning
snip witnout my orders.
"Well, I went to the Mediterranean,
and cruised around for three years, hav
ing a first rate time. When J returned,
at the end of the cruise, it occurred to
me, as I stepped ashore in Philadelphia,
to go oat and see how things were at the
place where T went gunning. J ohn and I
went and the first thing I came across
was my gun, lying there with the barrel
covered with .-uat and broken clean off
the rotten stock. But what was my sur-
Srise, upon going a few paces further, to
nd the skeleton of that heroic, doable
nosed pointer, standing up just where I
had left the dog three years before! He
had never budged an inch, Mr. Quill, not
a single solitary inch, that double nosed
pointer hadn't; but he had stood there
and pointed at those birds, until he had
perished in his tracks I Well sir, after
shedding a tear over my departed friend,
I went a few yards ahead, and there tears
the skeletons of those partridges ! I regard
this as the most extraordinary circum
stance that ever came under my observa
tion ; but if any man presumes to doubt
my word, I'll shoot him on the spot I
will, by George 1"
It was queer, that story of Scudder's
about his dog, but it would hardly be safe
FACTS AND FIGURES.
Galveston has 80,000 dogs.
Anna Dickinson is worth f 18,000 a
Baltimore has forbidden the playing
of hand organs.
Springfield 111., papers say the census
shows the population of that city to be
It is now positively certain that the
next Universal Exhibition will be held at
Vienna in 1878.
The profits of the Methodist Protestant
Book Concern for the last four years have
Indiana, it Is said, has fewer female
convicts in proportion to her population
than any other State in the Union.
Tee yearly income of A T. Stewart
is given at $1,420,000; W. B. As
ter's, $1,273,000; Cornelias Vanderbilt's,
Charlotte Ottilia rd was the first
notable female printer. She was in
business for SO years in Paris from 1506
There is a boy in Sullivan county, Pa,
three months old, who Weighs forty
pounds. He weighed twenty-eight
pounds at birth.
Last year a hundred and forty-three
Slebe ians in France importuned the
Imperor to confer titles of nebility upon
The Methodist Eoiscopal Conference
in New Jersey has ruled that no minister
in the conference snaili marry any di
The average weight of the graduating
class of Trinity College, nartford, twen-
t '-one members, is 14ZM, pounds, l ne
average age is 22jrf years.
The statistics of emigration and immi
gration of the Kingdom of Saxony show
that 471 persons moved into that country
during tne year I860, while 451 emi
grated from it
Fairmount Pabx, Philadelphia, in
cluding the new district, haav 8,706 acres,
and is tbe largest publh
Central Park, New York, only me
The British iron-clad navy comprises
47 vessels, varying in size from the
Agineourt, of 6 621 tons, and 28 guns, to
the Viper, of 737 tons, and twoguns.
Just opposite to the famous political pris
on of Mazes, in Paris, is an inn with this
legend over the door : " Here the inmates
are more comfortable than they are across
A man in Washington county, Pa , has
recently built a house, the four corners of
which are each in a different townshir,
the corners of the townships meeting fa
the center of his cellar.
A woman named Agnes Swoka, in East
Prussia, injured her husband in sad a
terrible manner by pouring boiling water
over him, that he died of it She as
sent to the penitentiary tor live years.
A lake has been discovered is the
mountains, mar Helena, Montana, from
which an unlimited supply of water will
be obtained for rnining purposes at and
near that place.
It is estimated that eight bandied
young men in Baptist colleges in this
country are studying for the ministry
two hundred and forty of whom are in
At a Lisbon theater, where they are
playing a drama descriptive of California
life, a party of miners are represented in
red and blue silk pantaloons and patent
A Montreal bat maker made a cricket
bat which he begged Prince Arthur to ac
cept. Prince Arthur, however "cannot
accept presents," and soothed the man's
tendtr feelings by buying it
. The Newport Mercury has entered upon
its one hundred and thirteenth year of
publication. One hundred and twelve
years ago (June, 1758), the Mercury was
first published by James Franklin.
It is claimed that a man In Salem, Ohio,
can tell from memory the weather of any
and every day since 1897 that he distinct
ly remembers whether any day was clear
or cloudy, warm or cold, rainy or snowy.
A tooth of seventeen, named Charles
Thompson, was brought to Iowa from
New York, last April, and bound out to
a farmer. He became dissatisfied, and
started back on foot making the distance
of 1,100 miles in six weeks, averaging 24
miles a day.
There are altogether 958 officers in the
regular army of Saxony. Of these, 8 are
generals ; 7 lieutenant generals ; 10 major
generals ; 22 colonels; 18 lieutenant
colonels; 52 majors; 1M captains; 196
first lieutenants, and 880 second lieuten
ants ; 11. auditors and 96 surgeons.
The tribe to which an Indian murderer
belongs is known by the method by which
the victim is scalped. The Cheyennea re
move a piece not larger than a sliver dol
lar, from Immediately over the left ear;
the Arspahoes take the same from over
the right ear. Others take from the crown,
forehead, or nape of the neck The Utes
take the entire scalp from ear to ear,
and from the forehead to the nape of the
In Massachusetts during tbe past year
there were fewer marriages than in the
year before, or the year preceding that, a
feet which may to some extent be ex
plained by the emigration of young men
to the West. There were twice as many
marriages between Americans as between
foreigners, and yet more children bonipf
foreign than native families. In the city
of Boston the number of foreigners and
of Americans married was about equal,
but the births of the foreign were as seven
to three of the American tollies. Tb
Increase of the population of the State la
wenty nine per day.