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Eaton weekly Democrat. (Eaton, Ohio) 1866-1875, July 28, 1870, Image 4

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A Congress of Sapheads and Robbers.
The Chicago Evening Pott, a Radical
newspaper, is rather severe on Congress,
and publishes the following editorial under
the aboye caption :
"Mr. David A. "Wells writes to A. T.
Stewart that the amount of indebtedness
from this country to Europe has increased
in the last fiscal year, one hundred and
fifty-seven millions ; and that the aggre
gate amount now owing to foreign capital
hits by the general and various forms of
local government, the railroads and works
of internal improvements, is not less than
fifWn hundred millions of dollars !
"The Sapheadsin Congress are the mem
Jiprn. mainly from the West and South,
who do not know that the prosperity of
their respective sections of -the country is
greatly hindered by the taxes on Agricul
ture the special industry of their constit
uents imposed by the unprecedented
tariff on imports; and the Robbers are
those who, being interested in the various
forms of monopoly created by the tariff,
made use of their position in the House
or Senate to vote the money oui
pockets of the masses of the people into
their own, under the lying pretense that
they are 'protecting American industry.
Thou wn classes in the National
Legislature are in the ascendant; and
thnnuli from them lointly it is probable
that certain concessions will be wrung
for the amelioration of the condition of
agriculture, mining, marine pursuits, and
hired labor, it is now certain that no
change at all adequate to the deminds of
tho country will De maae ; nence, .nai me
tariff schedule, as it now standi on the
statute book, will substantially be sus
tained. The fact that that schedule is at
once the cause of wonder and ofabhor
rence to all enlightened men who desire
the advancement of food and iust gov
ernment ; that a scheme for taxation of
equally atrocious unfairness aoes not else
where exist in the civilized world : that it
is almost an irresistible incentive to fraud
and perjury on the part of importers, and
of unprecedented smuggling over all our
territorial boundaries ; that it is the most
unstatesmanlike of all human contriv
ances in its details, every one of which is a
discouragement to honesty in commerce ;
that it covers all the wide area between
a free list and a protective duty of
cmu per cent.; mat it inrusis nscu iuw
every man's affairs, covering, as it does,
nearly 4,000 articles, when imposts on
twenty-five commodities (mainly those
not produced in this country) with a fur-
tner amy on everymmg impuncu uut
eaual to the sum of the internal revenue
tax on what is made in this country
-would suffice to yield all the revenue and
afford all the protection that we ought to
have from that source ; that it calls into
existence a horde of dishonest and inca
pable officials and a great army of spies,
' by whom the patience of the people is
abused ; that it has been again and again
demonstrated as plainly as that two and
two make four, that a new, plain, simple,
honest, equal, smooth-working, anti smug
gling and cheap system of doing what
now is done with great cost, infinite
bungling, shocking debauchment of pub
lic morals and notorious inefficiency, may
be had for the asking, all these facts are
of no avail. The Robbers are clutching
their plunder ; and the Sapheads are'grin
ning with a foolish consciousness of
knowing nothing of what they do t The
work of despoiling the labor of a great na
tion goes on."
Commissioner Wells.
A newspaper occupying a rank which
may be fairly called second in importance
among the Republican newspapers in the
United States says, in its issue of Saturday
last:
" Technically, perhaps, Mr. Wells was
not dismissed his office expired yesterday
by limitation. The country will put a
different construction upon the occur
rence. The expiration of the office was
an incident which might have been averted ,
and would have been averted had not Mr.
Boutwell, in obedience to the monop
olists, desired his removal. There can be
no escape from that fact. And it is one
which will bring no credit to the Admin
istration, and no strength to the Republi
can party."
This is a very easy and generous way
of dealing with the fact that the office of
(special uommissioner or the rtevenue ex
pired by law. It was an office which
ought to have been continued, or ought to
have been permitted to expire, as its utili
ty and the manner of its performance
demonstrated its capacity to De ot practi
cal benefit, or proved it to be a mere sine
cure. No intelligent man in the country
will doubt that Mr. Wells has tried to
gather facts and statistics which would
enable Congress to legislate intelligently
upon the financial problems coming before
it. There may well be differences of
opinion concerning some ot the conclu
sions he has reached, but only blind, and
harsh, and unreasoning malevolence will
make any challenge of the integrity of his
motives, or of the great value of his inves
tigations as a statistician and financier.
We ask Republicans, not simply be
cause they are Republicans, but because
they are taxpayers and because it is a
matter in which they, in common with
all taxpayers, are interested, to think
carefully of the observations above quoted.
In well-considered and guarded language,
it is, in fact, a direct assertion that the
" monopolists," a class of men numbering
but an Insignificant proportion of the pop
ulation of this country, have determined
to kill one of the most faithful, hard
working, and valuable civil officers in -the
country. The moderate terms in which
the assertion is made does not touch its
significance.
What are the allegations of fact m the
quotation t One is, that the Secretary of
the Treasury of the United States has
made determined war on the continuance
of the office of Special Commissioner of
the Revenue. Another is, that he has
Sursued such action ia obedience to the
emands of the " monopolists." Who are
the " monopolists f What are the " mo
nopolists," that their interests and their
wishes should operate to strike down an
office which has proven itself to be of
direct, immediate, practical, and great
benefit to all men in the country who
wish to get a Clear and practical knowl
edge of our systems of taxation and of our
national resources? Bo it remembered
that we are quoting from the Republican
newspaper second in prominence and
circulation in the country, and that its in
dignation in witnessing the retirement of
Mr. Wells, and the action of the men who
have abrogated his office, and have en
deavored to kill him, has served to over
ride its partisan tactics.
Somewhat less of honesty and of whole
some plainness of speech might be ex
pected from it was there an electioneer
ing campaign in progress, but it is an ex
cellent symptom of improvement in pub
lic opinion that in the absence of those
selfish and partisan motives which too
often control the political press of the
country, when the day of voting is not
far ahead, there is a capacity and disposi
tion to speak of dishonesty and corrup
tion in civil life in about such words as
honest men ought to put together in deal
ing with the things.
The extract draws the matter very mild
in treating of t he retirement of Mr. Wells.
The multitude of small men and mean
men, commencing with Mr. Grant and
working downward so far as position
and salary are concerned who could be
spared from civil life with benefit to the
country, may fairly be called legion, but
of these Mr. Wells is not one. His in
clination to work and his capacity to
work have placed him in the front rank
among statisticians and political econo
mists, and every assault his enemies have
made on him nas omj served 10 verny me
of the statements made, in his
Chicago Times, July 6.
Evidences of the Approaching Dissolution
of Radical Party in the East.
A glance at the political condition of
parties in this country at the present time
shows the drirt ot tne current
in favor of the Democratic organization.
The Radicals are demoralized at the cen
tre and the circumference. mey are
worm-eaten with corruption, ovenoaueu
riii, irv uvtrl mtralvzed bv the inordinate
ambition of bad men in all sections of the
country. Their President is wedded to
all kinds of schemes which promise
golden results, ana tneir senators ana
Representatives are bold, blatant defend
ers of misrule and tyranny in the States
and nat ion. This condition of things has
nrodnced the usual results. The party
are dissatisfied and are letting that dis
satisfaction be seen in their actions in va
rious localities. In Allegheny county, in
this State, several hundred Radicals
signed a call for an independent move
ment and convention. "The time has
come," say the signers of the call, " for a
reform of our party organization." Again
they say : " We invite the cordial co-operation
of all honest Republicans who
wish to rescue their organization from the
corruntinir domination of selfish, unprin
cipled politicians. Such bubbles as this
rising to the surface of party politics
show that there is a lively lerraentauon
going on underneath. Judge Kelley will
nave a a independent candidate to face in
his district, and O'Neill is in a like
nredlcament. In Indiana the Rad
leal soldiers complain of being
cheated bv the wire-pullers or that party
and threats of vengeance at the polls are
heard in all portions of the State. The
Boston Journal, in speaking of the politi
cal campaign in Massachusetts, says .- "In
all probability the Republicans will have
as their standard-bearer, Gov. Claflin ;
the Democrats will again rally around
Uol. John tiuincy Adams, ana tne ljaoor
Reform party, if they desert Mr. Chamber
lin, will put up Mr. Colby, of Newbury
port. There are evidences that the con
test will be exciting, and without doubt it
will in some respects be a close one.
Much will depend upon the action of
Congress and the acts which it can con
summatc to bring relief to an over-taxed
nation." And it adds : " The Democrats
purpose making a strong effort to carry
the two Boston districts, and in one of
these districts an effort will be made to
induce a third candidate to run. The re
election of Hon. Henry Wilson will de
pend upon the result of the State elec
tion, and the prizes, therefore, or the next
campaign will call forth the best energies
of our opponents." These are a few mat
ters observed from the outlook, and they
are both significant and cheering. Each
day weakens the Radical party. Their
load is too heavy for them to carry. On
the other band, the Democratic party is
in splendid condition for the fight, and
must win the coming political battle.
Philadelphia Age.
The Highest Flight Ever Made by Man.
The most remarkable balloon ascension
on record was made in 1804. by Biot and
Guy-Lussac, in Paris. By this enterprise
they endowed science with a series of new
and important facts, questionable before
that time, as they carried with them a
complete set of suitable apparatus, and,
moreover, an unsurpassed knowledge of
observation and experiment. They
ascended to a height of 13,000 feet, and
observed that at the height of 8,000 to
9,000 feet the animals they had taken
with them, in order to observe the efiect
of the rarefied air and cold upon them,
did not appear to suffer any inconven
ience. In the meantime, the pulses of the
two experimenters were much acceler
ated ; that of Guy-Lussac, otherwise
always slow, 02 beats per minute, was 80 ;
and that of Biot, naturally rapid, 70 beats
per minute, was 111. At a height of
11,000 feet a pigeon was liberated ; it
dropped down whirling through the air
as if it had been stone. The air was too
thin, too much rarefied, to enable it to
fly. Three weeks later, Guy-Lussac went
up alone, and attained the helghth of 23,
000 feet, four and one-sixth miles, or
2,000 feet higher than the top of Chimbo
razo Mountain. The barometer was only
thirteen inches high, the thermometer 18
degrees Fahrenheit below the freezing
point, while at the surface of the ground
it was 80 degrees. He left the court-yard
of the Conservatoire dts Art el Metier, in
Paris, and, after an aerial voyage of six
hours, descended near Rouen, one hun
dred miles distant. The result of this
ascension on Guv-Lussac's health was
very injurious, partially by the want of
air tor respiration, combined with sudden
cold, but chiefly by the absence of the
accustomed pressure. At the extreme
height of 22,000 feet his face and neck
were swollen enormously, his eyes pro
truded from his head, blood ran from his
eyelids, nose and ears, and also came from
his lungs, by vomiting ; in short, his sys
tem received a shock from which he never
fully recovered the rest of -his life.
Democratic Committees.
The following are the names of the
Democratic Congressional Committee :
Eugene Casserly, California; John P.
Stockton, New Jersey; H. W. S locum,
New York ; John T. Bird New Jersey ;
Samuel J. Randall, Pennsylvania ; Benja
min T. Biggs, Delaware ; Frederick Stone,
Maryland; John W. Johnston, Virginia;
Francis E. Shober, North Carolina ; Phil
adelphi Van Trump, Ohio ; William E.
Niblack, Indiana ; Albert G. Burr, Illinois;
Boyd Winchester, Kentucky ; C. A. Shcof,
Tennessee; Era&tus Wells, Missouri;
Charles A. Eldridge, Wisconsin ; E. M.
Wilson, Minnesota ; Joseph F. Smitb,
Oregon ; James A. Johnson, California ;
John C. Conner, Texas; P. M. B. Young,
Georgia; and Adolph Baily, Louisiana.
The Congressional Committee have ap
pointed the following Resident Commit
tee: Hon. Samuel J. Randall, Pennsylva
nia, Chairman ; Hon. Henry W. Slocum,
New York ; Hon. Frederick Stone, Mary
land ; Richard T. Merrick, Washington
City ; General L. L. Jeffries, Maryland ;
Thomas M. Smith, Washington City, and
Arthur St. Clair, Denver, Colorado. It
was ordered that all communications bo
addressed to Hen. Samuel J. Randall,
Washington.
A party of Americans at Zurich, Swit
zerland, having become prejudiced
against the country for some reason, de
termined to wreak a horrible vengeance
on the unoffending Swiss. So they organ
ized among themselves a base-ball club,
with two nines, and played a match game.
The match excited great interest among
the natives, and our countrymen retired
over the Alps, their aces lighted with a
glimmer of sardonic satisfaction. Their
malicious revenge has worked, and now
poor Switzerland is cursed and inundated
with a passion for base ball.
London is not a paradise. Only 500.000
of the population attend public worship ;
iiu.uuo people unanv women among
them) are habitual gin-drinkers ; 200,000
individuals are arrested yearly for being
drunk on the streets ; the men who live
by gambling number 20.0OO: thm known
adult thieves 30,000, and the trained juve
nile criminals, 20,000.
A Sanitary Measure A clean foot
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Fob a Wkddiho Song Love knot.
The " Home Melodist " The baby.
How to Make a Fire Hot Keep it
coaled.
The Best Cure fob Vaniiy Be pho
tographed.
The man who tore his coat thniuis rents
are increasing.
She who can compose a cross baby is
greater than she who composes books.
Dr. Nelaton. the great French sur
geon, earned 400,000 francs last year.
It is loanlv here, as tho sentimental
pawnbroker's daughter said of her father's
shop.
A. sign in wrana naven, mien., reaas
as follows: "ESteme note urns next
Bilding."
A sharp young fellow says, " if time is
money, he is willing to exchange a Lime
of his for cash.
To avoid anxietv in sickness and health.
be insured in the Washington Life Insur
ance Company, of New York.
Entertaining Doubts Rubbish!
Doubts are very far from being " enter
taining ;" they're extremely annoying.
The most direct method of determining
horse-power. Stand behind and tickle
his hind legs with a Dnar.
Do you want to see your wife's smiles ?
Secure her from poverty by a policy in
the Washington Life, of New York.
The latest marriage announcements
read thus : No cards, no cake, no pres
ents, no wedding trip, no honeymoon, no
divorce.
It is said that all Japanese women can
read, write and cipher. An exchange
says : " In civilized nations men ' sigh-for'
them." Oh !
Mr. 8., is your customer D. a man to
be trusted ?" " I know of no one more
so. He is to be trusted forever he never
pays."
It is said that experienced husbands
can tell when their wives are about to ask
for money, by the way they purse their
mouths.
A REVEx-nsFUL individual, in the exu
berance of his rage at some one who had
offended him. said : " I'll have revenge.
I'll do something terrible. I'll give his
little boy a tin horn H
A girl, hearing the lady of her house,
at dinner, ask her husband to bring " Dom
bey and Son " with him when he came
home to tea, had two extra plates on the
table for the supposed visitors.
A coroner's jury in Alleghany coun
ty, Pennsylvania, rendered a verdict that
"the deceased came to his death by hang
ing, -which was caused by his wife s scold
ing the deceased because he was late to
tea.
" Ah, my dear fellow," said an old man
once to a friend, " I am weak and broken
down with age. I used to walk entirely
round the park every day ; but now I can
only walk halfway round and back
again."
The practice of distillery hands of
bathing after working hours in the vats
of whisky, not only refreshes and cleans
es the men, but adds to the " body " of the
liquor."
A man in South Hadley, who has just
got out of a law-suit, wants to obtain a
large framed picture of a cow, with one
client at the head and the other at the tail,
pulling, and the lawyers meanwhile quiet
ly milking.
Schell, the artist, is likewise a punster.
When with some of his brethren out
sketching, one of the club proposed to
remain and sketch another landscape.
"Gh, no," said Schell, "let's sketch the
train."
A Connecticut editor, commenting
upon the fact that a rival journalist is
rapidly cultivating a champion bald head,
inquires : " What's the use of a man hav
ing hair, anyway, when he can fold his
ears over the top of his head?"
" Does your officiating clergyman
preach the gospel, and is his conversation
and carriage consistent therewith " was a
circular from a bishop to a church warden
of his diocese. A veteran near by replied,
" He preaches the gospel, but does not
keep a carriage."
"Why are doctors called physicians,
mamma ?" said a little inquisitive girl to
her mother, who had just been visited by
one ot them. Physicians, replied
mamma, who was seldom at a loss for an
answer, " comes from feeseek, as the doc
tors ride about all day to seek fees."
More people are killed by lightning
than is commonly supposed. According
to some recently published statistics more
than 10,000 people have been smitten by
the electric fluid within the past thirty
years, of whom 2,252 were killed outright.
The fiery bolts, however, seem to make a
distinction on account ot sex, for of the
880 killed within the last ten years, only
n-i were lemaies.
According to the late James Y. Simp
son, there is a single manufactory of chlo
roform, located in Edinburgh, .which
makes as many as 8,000 doseaa day, or be
tween two millions and three millions of
doses every year evidence to what an ex
tent tho practice is now carried of wrap
ping men, women and children in a pain
leas sleep during some of tho most trying
moments and hours ot human existence
There is an old lady, who lives next
ooor to the navy yard at Portsmouth, in
New Hampshire, and who has the misfor
tune to be hard of hearing. Last Fourth
of July she sat in her parlor, while the
boys in the navy yard fired a salute of
thirty-six heavy guns. As the last sixty-eight-pounder
went off, the old lady start
ed up in her chair, and called out, "Come
ini"
' A coBBHspoNDENT of the Philadelphia
'oit states that in Pennsylvania there is a
criminal and pauper population ot about
25,000, ninety per cent, of which has been
brought to degradation and want by in
temperance. The revenue of the com
monwealth derived annually from liquor
licenses is about $420,000, while the annu
al cost to the people ot the State for sup
porting criminals and paupers, made such
by intemperance, is about $3,520,000.
Professor Porson, a short time before
his death, was in a mixed company,
among which were many distinguished
literary characters. One of the number,
a person of some celebrity, had a very
high opinion of his own talents, and
when the conversation turned on some of
his productions, as usual he began to ex
tol their merits. "I will tell you, sir,"
said Mr. Poreon, "what I think of your
poetical worka They will be read when
Shakspcare's and Milton's are forgotten,"
every eye was instantly turned on the
Professor, "but not until then ! '
Mb. East keeps a hotel, taking both
transient and permanent boarders, as they
may offer. Home time since he bad a
young married couple among his guests,
who kept up an appearanoe of ample
means, and seemed to have everything
they wanted, though they had prolonged
their stay for several weeks, and the
landlord had not called upon them for any
money. At last some little circumstance
occurred which made Easy a trifle uneasy
as to the solvency of his debtors, and he
said to his wife, in confidence : "What do
you think of Mr. and Mrs. Sharp ? They
are running up a pretty large bill. I sup
pose he is good for it though." " Oil, I
guess there's no danger," replied Mrs.
Easy. " They are all right. 1 asked him
for money yesterday, and he paid thirty
dollars on account" "Paid you thirty
dollars ?" " Yes." A sudden light dawned
on Mr. Easy. " I know where he got it,"
he exclaimed : " he borrowed thirty dol
lars of me yesterday morning !" ,
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Those keeping horses should twice a
week throw into the manger a handful of
gait and ashes. Horses relish this, and it
will tend to keep them in good flesh and
their hair soft and fine.
T)n Diaper it of the oninion that the
prevalence of insanity is largely due to
the use of tobacco. Insane asylums were
established in Europe soon after the intro
duction of tobacco, and when smoking
had become fashionable.
Cement for Sealing up Frtjtt.
Take of rosin and brick dust, a sufficient
quantity ; after melting the one, stir in
the other. Be careful and not put in too
much rosin, or the cement will not held,
and see that the brick dust is finely pow
dered. A contributor to an exchange finds
that it pays to clip off pasture land with
a scythe at coarse places left by the cattle,
and cart and stack near stables for bed
ding. In this way the weeds, small bushes
and coarse gram is converted into ma
nure. Corn Beef. The Scientific American
informs the ladies that if they would have
corn beef juicy after it is cold, and not as
dry as a chip, they should put it into boil
ing water when they put it on to cook,
and they should not take it out of the pot
when done until cold.
A Cheap and Good Pie. In half a
teacup of vinegar put one tables poonfal
of butter, one teacup of molasses, one
teacup of dried currants, one egg and a
little nutmeg. Roll two soda crackers
fine, and add to the above, and you will
have material enough for three plea
To destroy the red spider on fuschias, it
is recommended to fill a barrel nearly full
of water and slack in it about a quarter of
a peck ot lime, and let it stand until per
fectly clear. Hold the plants affected in
the water (bottom up) for about five or
ten minutes, then wash them in pure
water.
In digging wells or sink-holes great
care should be exercised that the drain
age from the latter does not affect the
former. Many wells are poisoned In this
way. The water tastes unpleasantly :
which is a proof that it is unhealthy.
been out the cause suspect that it is the
sink-hole, and you will be on the right
track. Many families suffer from the ef
fects ot water drawn from wells affected
by sinks.
ANexchange says that the best mode of
destroying tne wooacnucE that it; knows
is to place a quantity of gunpowder, in
closed in a paper bag, in the burrow, at
tach a fuse or a slow match to it, close the
burrow with earth, which should be
tramped hard, and ignite the fuse ;.the ex
plosion is fatal to the wood chuck, and the
whoie.iamiiy is often exterminated.
What Crops Should Follow Tobac
co. The Farmer' Home Journal, Louis
ville, ny., in discussing this subject says :
Tobacco4leaves the land in admirable con
dition for a crop of wheat, to be followed
by grass, which will do well for several
years. Almost any of our common crops
will do well after tobacco. Potatoes, if
planted on good tobacco land, which has
not been over-cropped, even two years in
succession, will usually indicate no lack of
this substance.
What is Thick Sowing. Alderman
Mechi, the eminent English farmer, and
the advocate of thin seeding, speaking of
his present grain helds says : l could not
nnd the halt acre ot wheat drilled with
only two pecks per acre, for it looked as
thick as where the bushel - was sown.
Thick sowers should really come and see
my 60 acres of wheat. I call one bushel
per acre thick sowing. Barley with six
pecks, and black oats with two bushels,
seem tmcK enough.
It is said that to remove chaff from an
animal's eye, all that is needed is to roll a
piece ot paper around a little slick any
length or size desired, and put into a quill
some white coffee-crushed sugar and blow
it into the eye. Hold the cow by the
norns and take by surprise, ueneraiiy
two applications are sufficient, if the film
is completely over the eye, the sugar
scours and cleanses and heals all at the
same time. I tried it twice in the winter
of 1864, on the same cow, with complete
success. Both times It was from oat chaff,
and both times the white film had covered
the eyes. Pulverized loaf sugar is equal
ly good to remove the film from the hu
man eye.
How to Cure Hat. A correspondent
of the N. R. Farmer says : A process of
curing hay has been adopted and followed
by several farmers of my acquaintance,
which, as far as I can learn, has proved
very satisfactory for several yean. The
hay is all cot in the afternoon, when en
tirely free from external moisture. Next
day, after the dew is all off, it is turned.
After dinner it is raked and got in with
out delay. There is no cocking at night
and opening next day. All such labor is
saved. One man who has practiced this
several years is justly considered one of
the best farmers in town. His stock look
well, and produce as much as any. His
farm improves yearly, and he makes an
annual investment 'every year outside.
He considers his hay to be better than
when cured the old-fashioned way, and it
certainly looks and smells as well as any
I ever saw.
How to Dry Wild Flowers. Drying
wild flowers requires great skill and pa
tience, as these fragile blossoms of the
field perish so quickly. The points to at
tend to are to dry the specimens quickly,
thoroughly, and with a pressure that will
not crush them A good method is to
place each specimen in a sheet of brown
gaper, and Interpose several empty sheets
etween each sheet that is filled ; then to
place them in a napkin press, and press
them gently for the first day or two, just
enough to prevent the leaves and flowers
from shriveling. When the papers are
quite damp, separate them, and spread
them on the floor of a room where they
can dry a little ; then gather them togeth
er and place them again In the press,
rather increasing the pressure. This op
eration should be repeated daily till the
flowers are quite dry. A quicker and
better, but more troublesome way, is to
shift the flowers daily out of their damp
papers into hot and dry ones, immediate
ly pressing them down.
Water for Horses.
In the English Farmer' Journal, Mr.
Benjamin Cartledge, of Sheffield, a mem
ber of the Royal Veterinary College, calls
attention to the very common mistake
made by keepers of horses in limiting the
supply of water to their animals. Many
owners of horses, most grooms, and others
who have the charge of them, profess, he
says, " to know how much water a horse
ought to be allowed, and, when a poor,
thirsty, over-driven animal arrives at his
journey's end, he is treated to a very lim
ited supply, and tne pan is taxen away
before its necessity is half met. It is a
mistaken notion that cold water frequent
ly produces colic.' I have often known
it cure the disease. When cold water
does cause abdominal pain, it is from long
abstinence, and when the horse drinks to
excess. But even this is rare. I allow
my horse to drink from every trough I
meet on the road, if the water be clean,
and, in my own stable, I never had a case
of colic At home, my horses always have
water before them. A friend of mine, to
whom, the other day, I gave this advice,
directed his servant to adopt it. The
servant shook his head, and said 'he
thought he knew as well as Mr. Cartledge
when his horses required water, and how
much.' The owner, in reply, told the
BIIT3S -
"viae 12,000. Xo e Olvn to
E - S"E VIBWrOF -A. PORTION OP
Sb. rlber. of "THE WESTERN
Fn-rt ieii hvt-h.
LW' ,MB" CBUe-- 111.
OTFor
servant that might be so, but he must
allow his horses to drink as often and as
freely as he did himself."
Boy Smokers.
Here and there about the street corners
and around the doors of amusement, you
will see a lot of urchins, some of them
decently clad and presenting a respecta
ble appearance, who are engaged in as
serting their manhood by puffing away at
execrable cigars. It is fair to presume
that their anxious mammas are not aware
of the foul habits their darling boys pick
up and practice outside of the parental
roof; but for their benefit they should
know that it is stated that a French phy
sician has investigated the effect of smok
ing on thirty-eight boys, between the
ages of nine and fifteen, who were addict
ed to the habit. Twenty-seven presented
distinct symptoms of nicotine poison. In
twenty-two there were serious disorders
of the circulation, indigestion, dullness of
intellect, and a marked appetite for strong
drinks. In three there was . heart affec
tion ; in eight decided deterioration of
the blood ; in twelve there was frequent
epitoxis ; ten had disturbed sleep, and
four had ulceration of the mucus mem
brane of the mouth. It is easy, then, to
see how the ranks of the drunkards and
dissolute men "about town" are recruited,
when there are so many boys in training
for delirium tremens and all the horrors
Louisville Journal.
A gentleman who -sion
of school-teaching on the Western
Reserve in Ohio, gave out one morning,
as a reading lesson to his first class, that
portion of " The Merchant of Venice" in
which the "pound of flesh" scene occurs.
The reading finished, he asked the class
what Shylock meant when he said, "My
deeds upon my head." " Well," said the
tallest boy, " I don't know, unless he
meant he carried his papers in his hat !'
Godet fob August. The August
number of Codey' Lady's Book contains a hand
some steel-plate, entitled., " Going Home;" a
beautiful colored fashion plate, and other fashion
f llnst rations ; a wood engraving, "The Leisure
Hoar ;" a pretty piece of music, " Sitting in the
Porch;" interesting stories, sketches, latest
fashion intelligence, valuable household recipes,
etc., etc. L. A. Godsy, Philadelphia. SS.00 per
annum; two copies. $5.00; three, CT.BO; four,
$10.00; five, and one extra, $14.00; eight, and one
extra, $31.00 ; eleven, and one extra, $17.50.
Evert Saturday. No. 30, for week
ending July 33, contains six fall-page engravings :
On the Beach at Newport; a portrait of Mdlle.
Christine Nils son ; Marie Antoinette, on the occa
sion of her condemnation ; Jo and the Professor,
from Miss Alcott's " Little Women;" July, by
Qavarnl ; Blithe May Day, from a painting by J.
Fettle, A. B. A. The usual quantity of choice
reading matter, including another installment of
'The Mystery of Edwin Drood," is given.
FnxDS, Osgood & Co., Boston, Mass. SS.oO per
annum.
Dr. Scott, the proprietor and editor of the Leb
anon, O., Star, a prominent physician, says : Berry
Davit' Pain Killer , the old and well known reme
dy, which has acquired a world wide renown for
the cure of sudden colds, coughs, etc., weak
stomach, general .debility, nursing tore mouth,
cankered month or throat, liver complaint, dys
pepsia or indigestion, cramp and pam in the stom
ach, bowel complaint, painters' colic, Asiatic
cholera, diarrhea and dysentery, has lost none of
its good name by repeated trials; but continues
to occupy a prominent position in every family
medicine chest.
Batcheler's Hair Dye.
This splendid Hair Dye Is the beat In the world,
the only true and perfect Dye; harmless, reliable, In
stantaneous: no disappointment; no ridiculous
tints ; remedies the ill effects of had eyes ; invig
orates and leaves the Hair soft and beautiful black
or brown. Bold by all Druggists and Perfumers,
and properly applied at the Wig Factory, 16 Bead
street. Mew Torst-
I you do not (eel well you send lor a doctor, he
calls upon you, looks wise, scrawls some hiero
glyphic upon a piece of paper which you take to
a drug store and there pay 50 cents to f 1.00, besides
the doctor's fee, for a remedy nine times out of
tan not half so good as Dr. Monsa's Lmus Boor
Pills, which cost but 15 cents per box. Do
you think the former the best, because yon pay the
most for it 1 If you do, we advise you to use. Just
as aa experiment, the Moan's Ihdiah Boot
Pills. They are prepared from a formula pro
nounced by the most learned physicians of our
country, to be the best and most universal of fam
ily medicines. The Monsa's Lbtdiam Boot Pills
cure Headache, Liver complaints, Indigestion,
Dyspepsia, Female Irregularities, etc, and are put
up both sugar-coated and plain. Give them a trial.
Bold by all dealers.
Dnrno'B Catarrh Snuff
Strengthens Weak Byes Improves the Hearing,
Believes Headache, Promotes Expectoration,
Cures Catarrh in Its worst forms, and sweetens the
Breath. It contains bo Tobacco, Is mild, and pro
motes a pleasant sensation and beneficial results to
all who appreciate "A Clear Head." Sold every
where by Druggists.
Klddsb a Wbthbshzx, Agents,
10 William St.. Mow York.
The Blood in Summer.
The blood deteriorates fn hot weather. Profuse
perspiration deprives it of a portion of its nour
ishing and reproductive properties. Consequent
ly, in summer, tbe flesh loses In some degree its
dimness, the muscles lack their usual elasticity and
vigor, and the weight of the body diminishes.
These are clear Indications that tbe ordinary sup
ply of the life-sustaining principle afforded by the
food we eat, is not sufficient to meet the require
ments of the system under a high temperature.
There is another reason for this, besides the direct
influence of the heat, viz.: the loss of appetite
and tho weakening of tbe digestive powers which
it occasions. Under these circumstances s whole
some invigorant is evidently needed, and the best
and safest is Hoetetter's Stomach Bitters. This
admirable vegetable tonic and alterative acts fa
vorably upon the system in several ways. It in
creases the sppetite and facilitates digestion,
thereby inclining the stomach to receive and ena
bling it to assimilate a dne amount of nourish
ment. It also tones the relaxed secretive organs
and the bowels. Under its operation the process
of emaciation, occasioned by the drain through
the pores, Is arrested, the whole frame refrethed
and invigorated, and the spirits exhilarated. The
dyspeptic, the bilious, the nervous, the debilitated,
scarcely need to be told that It is precisely the
stimulant and corrective they ought to take at
this season. Thousands of them know the fact by
experience. Nothing In the pharmacopeia (or out
of It) will supply Its place least of all the Irtshy
local nostrums which some unscrupulous dealers
would be glad, for tho benefit of their own pock
eta, to peddle out In Its stead.
S-T-1860-X., however, like the Initials on the old
Roman banners, has a meaning. It represents Saint
Croix SV. being the eonrentlonal equivalent of Saint,
and 1-8-6-0 standing for the letters C-R-O-I, and so
formlnr, with the concluding X, the word Croix. By
Jtiacing the trademark and tne name of the island in
uxtapotttlon, with the figures over the letters they
are Intended to denote, the explanation will be under
stood: 8. T. HMO. z.
8 T CROI I.
Nothing can be more simple, or, It may be, more ap
propria te. 8'. Croix Rum Is the stimulating basis of
the Plantation Uittirs, and it Is, therefore, " in ac
cordance with the fitness of things," that St. Croix
snoaid be the basis of their business shibboleth.
further
rne new tood prepared from 111' tm
meetloi wliliond7rul success mJ'
a more deUgbtfal dessert for the table cannot be imagined-
Black as the Raven's Wing
Is Kidder's Raven Indelible Ink. It flows freely, never
Mots, and never fades. Csed as easily as common
5k, with a stjg or a anal pen. Remember "Raven
k-'KroDsSTwRTHMXL. Manulhctrets.B.T.
I f I M WJU.
Tbe Most Popular Medicine Extant.
1840. Thirty-Tears ,1870
Blues the Introduction of
PERRY DAVIS'
PAIN KILLER.
.rtr T? "SLES ".,'52
time baa
been used by
It remains.
B DROIHUUWPIH - -
people of all nations. . ,
to-day, that same good and efficient mav
iderful sower in relieving the meet severe
Sams has never been equaled, and ft has earned Its
World-wide popular! ty try Ms Intrinsic merit. No sua.
tive agent haViad so wlde-Sf read sale or given such
universal sausiacuon.
Directions accompany each bottle.
Mm IV. HARRIS efc CO.,
Boss Proprietors,
Cincinnati, Ohio,
Bold by sail Dmgglata.
SOMETHING NEW !
Win all those Afflicted with
COUCH or CONSUMPTION
Bead the following and learn the value of
ALLBN'S
LUNG BALSAM.
DB LLOYD, of Ohio, Burgeon In the army during
the war, from exposure contracted consumpfloa. Be
says: I have no hesitancy In stating that It was by
tea use of your LUNG BALSAM thai I am now alive
and enjoying health.'
DR. FLETCHER, of Missouri, says: "I recommend
your BALSAM In preference to any other medicine
tor Coughs, and It gives satisfaction.
ALLEN S LCNQ BAL
Is the remedy to cure all Lunc and Throat difficulties
It should be thoroughly tasted before using any other
Balsam. It will cure when all others fall. Directions
accompany each bottle.
J. N. HARRIS A. CO.,
Sole Proprietors,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
rT- SOLD BT ALL DRUGOISTS.
PKOMPT,
HONORABLE,
STRAIGHTFORWARD
Agents wanted In every city town and villas far the
country THE ONLY uNK Indorsed by the leading
lbs m
Sapera ana jcxprrss uon pan jes ox tne u nrcea ataiea.
ur goods give universal satisfaction, our premiums
to Agents oukot bs sxcbuid, and oar cheeks are
free. Having two Houses Boston and Chicago our
facllltlesare unequalled, and our business exeeeds
In amount all other houses In this trad combined.
tr jstmd for Circular and Free Club to
8. C. THOMPSON Sc CO.,
IS Lakc-st., Chicago, or 136 Federal-st., Boston.
F. 8. Country dealers having Dollar Stores or de
partments win nnd It to their advantage to examine
our stock before purchasing el e where. Special bar
gains la Hosiery, Towels, nanokerc. lets etc.
FRENCH ARTIFICIAL EYES !
The Largest Stork In the United State !
No rarrlcaJ operation required before Insertion. No
pain or In. convenience in wearing. They match the
natural Kyca la shape, Stsn, color, xpreai.lon and move
ment. A collection tent by ezpresa, when desires, to
aeiec. irotn. irrice 919 aaca. Bausnuruon inar
an bee u. uaxjk & n lu u r
A HLOChU Dnuglate.
209 Randolph St., Ckic-co, DL
CAUTION
WATCH BUYERS.
TTnai i imiilmia aartlas
are selling worthless Swiss
Watches bearing trademarks vary nearly similar te
tbe trademarks of genuine waltbam watches.
This Is not only a fraud on the purchaser, but a great
Injury to the reputation of the genuine watch.
To avoid Imposition, buyers sheuld Insist on getting
genuine Waltham watches, and take no other. This
la tne only safe rule, St ace some saflns frequently aat
deavor to sell other watches in prefnuos on wttah
larger profits are made.
The trademarks ef the various styles are;
AMERICAN WATCH Co Waltham,
AMN. WATCH Co Waitbasa,
1 M
! Mass
APPLETON, TRACY at Co Waltham, Mass.
WAT.TTT A u WATCH Co Waltham. Mass.
r. 8. BAKTLETT Waltham. Mass.
WM. KLLKBY Waltham. Mass.
HOME WATCH Co Boston, Mass
Examlae the spelling of these names earefaDy before
buying Ajry variation even of a single letter Indicates
a coun versos.
For sale by all leading Jewelers.
ROBBnrs
APPIaETOlf ,
183 Broadway W T.
We Ml suae our Bodlea. It would be as rational
to endeavor to repair a watch with a chls.1 and a
aledge hammer, as to attempt to rented, the derange,
menta of the delicate onrana ot dlrestlon and secre
tion, with draulc cathartics, b Tisuni Rrrsu-
vs cist SlLTm ApaansaT, are combined, in due
groponlop, alt the Ingredients r-quired to relieve the
owels from obstruction. Invigorate tbe stomach,
regulate tbe qua tlty and Improve the finality of the
gastric Juice and the bile, and neutralize any acid mat
ter that may exist In toe circulation.
SOLD BY ALL DRUUUISTS.
This Is BO PATENT MEDICINE HUMBUG, getten
np to dupe the Ignorant and credulous, nor Is ft repre
sented aa being " composed of rare and predon. sub
stances brought from the Bur corners of the earth, car
ried seven times across the Great Desert of Sal arah on
the backs of fourteen camels, and broswhtecroea the
Atlantic Ocean on two ships." It It a sJiSSt
sootktng liemtAt.a perfect fectL forp Iti"" ,
" Cold m ns Hsit," also for offensive Breath. Loss
or Ialra ofthi TSeuse of SsnriLTsc. Rearing.
Waterlog or Weak Ky. s. Pain or Presmre In the Head,
when caused, as they all not tinfroauently are. by the
violence of Catarrh. nrwn . ,
I offer, in good faith, a standing Reward of ftas for
a case or catarrh ttallewnnotcure.
FOB SALE BY MOST DRUGGISTS EVERY WHKKK.
i'K I 'S 50 CUSTT..
B-ntbv mall, post paid, on receipt of Bixtv f um.
Pott r nscaages for f.0O or 1 Dosen for tsoo.
s-T a tw-o cent stamp for Dr. Sage's pamphlet on
Catarrh. Address t-etor M
BUTTilO. m. T.
ABE FOR THE OaXIBNT 'FLAVOBPasJ EX
TRACTS The Purest aad Best m use.
L. J. HJTJS CO., Ml State-st-. Chicago
A GREAT MEDICAL DISCOVERY
Dr. WALKER'S CAXJFOBKIA
VINEGAR BITTERS
s'l Hundrsdi of Thousands fjf,
So"
P
Bear teetlniej' to -Mr Tfrraier
faal rnraff.a T S . .
WHAT ARE THEY?
pi
m
THE T ABE MOT A VILE
F ANCY DRINI
Made of Pear Bans, Whiskey, Prssf Balrite
nnd Refuse Lienors doctored, spiced and sweet
ened to please tho taste, called ' Tonics." " Appetla
rs," "Restorers," Ac, that lead the tippler oa to
drunkenness end ruin, but are a true MsSISlns, made
from the Native Boota and Barbs of CaBXbraia, frew
from sill Alcoholic Htlasnlanta. They are (he
OB EAT BLOOD PCK.IFIKB sued A LIFE
GIVING PRINCIPLE a parfact Renovator aad
in vigors tor of the System, oaai J lag at all poisonous
matter and restoring the blood to a healthy ouadaUusa.
Bo person can take these Batters according to direc
tion and remain long unwelL
SI wfllbo given for aalmatiauta snsjs.pn iliisl
tbe bones are not destroyed by mineral poises or
other means, and the vital organs wsstsrl be road Skat
point of repair.
For Inflammatory aaS Chronic Bhruarus
tlsin and Goat. Dyspepsia, or Iadlgeatlan,
Bi I Ions, Reml tt rnt and Iateranitteut Fevers
Dlaraaes of the Blood, Liver, Kidneys had
Bladder , these Bitters hare d sea most success
ful. Sack Diseases are caurtd by Vitiated
Blood .which fa generally produced by
of the Digestive Organ.
DYSPBPSIA OR rWDIGsTSSnOW,
ache. Pain In the Shoe Ideas. Coughs, 1 tghtaeas of the
Chest, DUxiness, Boar Eructatlooe the
Bad taste in tbe Month, Bfttoua .
ii f Its nnsil. Tal istltin nf tbe Lu.gs.Pau la tbe
tsarinas of the Sidneys, and a hundred
symptoms, are the offsprings or J
They Invigorate the stomach, and
sad U ver and bowels, which render them of unequalled
efficacy in alaanalng the blood of all Impurities, and
Imparting new life and vigor to the whole ijslssa
rOBSKIN DISEASES, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Ehuem. Blotches, Bpots, Pimples, Pustules, thvCaar-
buneles. Ring- Worms, Scald Heed. Sore Eras, Erysip
elas, itch. Scurfs, DiscolorsUoas of fheaSTa. 1
and Diseases of tbe Bkln, of whatever r
are literally dug up and carried out c
short time by tbe use of these Bitters. One bottle in
such cases will convince the most incredulous of 'hear
curative effect.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever yea Sad its
Impurities bunting through the skin lnPtmpHs Jfc aa
ttons or sores ; cleanse it when you nnd It obstroetsd
and sluggish In the veins ; cleanse It when It Is font,
and your feelings will tell you when. Keep the blood
pure and the health of the system will follow.
PIN, TAPE and other WOtMM. lurking la the
system of so many thousands, are effectually destroy
ed and removed. For full enrasaSsass, read earefuBy
the circular around each bottle, printed in four lan
guages English, German, French sasd SpaaaaSh.
J. WALEEB, Proprietor. B H.MoDOEALD CO.
Druggists sad Gen. Agents. Sssa FlsassSrn, CaU
aad 82 and at Comnaeroe Street, New York.
Say- SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS-
reddTVSreffeAA
sd Bar it to
P. O. Bos sun. New York.
PRUSSINfl'S
Metises Warranted to pi seat is paeUea. first in tialass
awarded at they. S Fair, (he lUiaols Stats Fair, sad
Chicago City Fair. Largest works of the Bad ra the
its purity.
CHAS. G. E. PBUBBING, Sis Ml State St. 01
gar- Ask yoer grocer jpcPi slsgs yltasgssr.
bv even
.!.....! , i n - - r T ! ftaawaw
The official reports of assay of the saUltsry huspHahj
of Earope state that: "It pats a stop so he Isswad
of this powerful enemy, and renders the processor
the malady Impossible. It at a direct salsf salst te a
tubercular, sabrhtd ooaettiatsoe by pie.einlag the
settling and flxlng of thelbumlnoua imattev ; asore
over, ft powerful?, rxettss the saw Is try of trwJ laags
sad increases the circulation ofthe blood."
TBI
aota j
Assam ros fjsrrrax srraTaa. arte
FEVER
AND
AW HIR
ES' OCH MOB-GAS'S 0IB' ism
Is Better and Cleaper than Soap.
TKY IT.
Wholesale la CsncAOO and St. Lotna.
lsWYTCOlsTaTSI ABfsN SaVdcsBSj.
Weed Famil;
Aa now perfected and ansauuaetured by 1
M. Co.. of Hartford, la the hast sad asost r
FAMILY SEWIICO KACHUTE
Snr all kinds of family work la ass
Arenta wanted In every eonatv. A liberal (
the trade. Band for prase Met sad terms to Gl
THOMAS, m Lake-su, Chicago, Area t Bar the 1
"aw-fl o
a
I asjaaTsssssT
" VBaee9a9aBBeeW
W 'JtBBt-Assfl flaw
PATENTS !
tavanters who wish to sake eat LMSsrs Pease tat e
JSa toi counsel with MTJNN Oft- editors of the
ufc daassacoa, who have gos seated elMssebe
ZSitjiaPatent office tor over Twenty Tsars. Their
KertcsJ. aad European ftdent Agency Is the meet
atsastve aa tbe world. Ohsigss less than any other
"liable agency. A passphlet cos lam lag full laatrao
dons to Inventors M seat gratia.
MTJNN C30-
T Park Bow. New Yerk.
1KB
7 Favorite
e Wangs
stahts

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