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GEO. W. MEHAFFET, Proprietor and Publisher. "PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN," Two Dollars pe? Annua, ia Aefranoe.
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VOL. V -NO, 28. ,J EATON,, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1870. WHOLE NO. 236.
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"NOW I LAY ME DOWN TO SLEEP."
BY MRS. F. BARROW.
Goldbh head, to lowly bending,
LJtOeW so white and bare.
Dewy tyw, half that. hall opened.
Lisping out her erenlsg prayer.
Well aha knows whan aha la raying,
"Mow I lay ma down to sleep,"
Ha to Sod that ana la praying
Fraying aim her tool to heap.
Ball asleep, and murmuring faintly,
" If I sSould die before I wake ' '
Tiny Snaars rlsanaa so saintly
' TUB IXTTi' "IT aval W UUte .
Oh, the rapt use sweat, unbroken.
Of the tool who wrote that prayer 1
Chli dren-a myriad earless noatlag
Up to heaven, record It there.
If, of all that haa bean written,
1 could chow, what might be mine.
It should be-that chlla'a paUUon
Klulng to the throne divine.
While the muffled balls were ringing.
Hy free son
onL on faith deuendlnr
Faith, and lore, and perfect trust
Would approach Him, humbly praying
(All the little ones around).
J sees, funor, take thy servant ;
aire to her thy children's crown,"
THE ORIGINAL "SHYLOCK."
A SLAVONIC STORY. (1)
Translated from the Serble Language by Louis
Leges, and from the French by Professor La
Thr father- of Omer upbraided htm
every daw for his idleness and hi love to
ran the streets of Sarajevo, playing on the
" You are young, my son," said he to
him ; " we are old, we cannot work. Who
will feed us, If yon do not?"
Omer paid no attention to his father's
counsels, and refused to work. He was
known at Saraievo as the chief of all the
idlers. To go from house to house, from
window to window such was his occu
pation. Everybody- saw that Omer was
not yet ripe for marriage, and marriage
was forbidden to him, both on account of
his youth and his empty purse. Every
body was convinced thaw the devil Was
in him. The shame of his conduct re
flected upon his poor parents. The sor
row which they experienced abridged
their lives ; they died.
Omer remained the chief of a cracked
and empty house with three orphans
For a long time he had been desirous to
live In freedom, without having to incur
his father's reproaches, and to be able
to satisfy all his caprices ,- but he soon
felt how hard it was to live without pa
rents, and how heavy was the house upon
" Who will spin now, whu wUl weave.
who will sweep the house ? This la seri
Heving thus uflected, Omer said to
By my tambourica, nothing remains
but to marry."
And he hung his tambourica on his
shoulder and proceeded under the windows
of the beautiful Meira. Ha arrived there
at the hour when the Turks pray. Alight
was burning, and voices were heard in the
chamber. Omer knocked at the window ;
silence ensued. He Bang; the light was
put out, No one paid attention to him.
For three evenings in succession' he
came under the window, and each time
returned home sad and desolate. Meira
had not even showed herself. He went
back a fourth time :
" Here I will sing again to-night, and
will come back no more under her win
dows." He tuned his tambourica, and with a
sad voice sang :
" Tambourica. my past-time.
Bow, my sweetjoy :
Long enough haa tbou fed my hunger
And qnsnened my thirst.
Tambourica my past-time,
Bow, my sweet Joy,
Alas ! r-ra lost s whole year
Singing nnder Metre's window :
Meira will not even hook at me.
At those words, the light waa ex
tinguished, the window suddenly opened.
Omer was mad with joy, but Meira said
" I think you have become crazy, Omer.
T am astonished at vour whims. What do
you seek under my windows? All that is
anite useless let me tell vou."
baler's Joy vanished away, and behold
him now more desolate than ever.
Meira, seeing his great agitation, re
"My friend, yea wish, perhaps, to
marry me. Is it so, Omer T
" Yes." he reolied.
"Take care:" she continued; "that
cannot be. Tou have not a morsel of
bread at home, and you dream of mar
riagel I know what you are going to say:
' Birds of a feather flock together.' My
parents are poor, it is true ; but there is
no prettier girl than I in Saraievo ; I can
get a rich husband. But listen, Omer.
Neither gold nor silver can make one
happy; they do not satisfy the heart's
cravings. As for me, I would prefer you
to all Saraievo -, but I love and respect
my parents. I will only marry one who
is willing to make them happy and capa
ble to maintain them till death."
'Omer having heard that reflected a
"Ah, if I only knew hew much would
be required !"
" Open a store," said Meira ' become
a trader. I shall be satisfied if you can
only procure food and raiment for my pa
rents and your orphans."
"Adieu, Meira," said Omer; "I com
prehend all, and If anything can result
from all that, to-morrow we shall see each
Full of joy and sadness, at the same
limn. Omer loft. AfelrfL
"Ah!" said he to himself, "if I could
borrow money somewhere, who would be
happier than I. If I cannot, who will be
more nnhaBDV T
That idea pursued him the whole night
in his dreams. When he awoke he no
longer knew what he was about, so joyful
was he. He had recollected that his great
est friend was a very rich Jew.
" If that one don't lend me money no
Thus thinking he went to Ieaac (it was
the name of the Jew). He found him at
home and made him an expose of that
which he had at heart. The Jew exnresaed
his readiness to comply with the wishes of
his dear friend Umer, and to lend him
"It will be my greatest joy," said he, "to
(1) This story Is curious, because it shows that
wwwjooi ox onaaaspearea --oayiucjt is very
( A string Instrument of music.
see you married to the beautiful Meira."
Then he asked him how long it would
take hkn to pay the money back.
" Seven years," replied umer.
" And if you can't pay me at the end
of seven years, what shall we do then f"
After reflection, they caused the follow
ing agreement to be registered in presence
of the Judge (Cadi) :
" it umer, in seven years, has not re
turned Isaac the thirty purses borrowed.
let Isaac, in presence of the tribunal, cut
on a drachm of Omer s tongue.
Who was happier than young Omer r
All that day he could think oi nothing
but his wedding. What a grand repast
he would give I What beautiful dresses
he would give to his beautiful Meira. In
a word, he never inquired whether he
could return his mend's money ; he only
thought of the best way to spend it
At the end of a month Meira was
brought into rich Omer's dwelling. The
feast lasted eight whole days. Everyone
asked whence came to Omer that fortune
which enabled him to display such mag
nificence. Many supposed that he had
not found it within the ground. There is
an old proverb which says, "Labor is
better than money." And another still
Which says, "It is not sufficient to sing in
Our Omer, after the wedding, felt no
uneasiness. He said to himself :
" I have still fifteen purses left I shall
commence trade with that"
Soon he filled a store with salt tobacco,
pineapples, brooms, etc. Thus he traded
for four yean. During that time no sin
gle care was visible upon his brow. Prob
ably he had forgotten both the borrowed
money and his agreement ,- out the fifth
year came, and then people began to read
upon his physiognomy that something
was gnawing him. On the seventh year,
his countenance was entirely changed.
His wife and friends often caught him
weeping. In vain they asked the cause of
his grief, tie retused to answer.
"Nobody," said, he, "can assist me;
Such was always his answer. Mean
while the beautiful Meira had been in
formed by the Jew himself of the clause
of the terrible contract She exerted her
woman's wit to find a remedy ; for what
woman would like to have a man without
a tongue ?
" Come, it is time," said Meira to her
self; "I will take & bochtchaiuk (a present) ;
go to the Cadi and cast myself at his
And she went twice.
"That woman shames me," said the
Cadi. " She has doubtless some design ;
she wishes to ask me some favor."
When the third day arrived, Meira re
turned before the Call with more beauti
ful presents still. -She kissed the flap of
his coat and started away. But the Cadi
ordered his guards to stop her.
" Persevering woman, said the Cadi,
" twice already have you shamed me.
In what manner can I be agreeable to
you? Say." That was all Meira desired
She Dlaced one hand upon her brow, the
Oiner upon her breast and said :
" Cadi, your goodness thrills my heart
'Wish joy, and now I can implore you.
Grant me the favor to sit for one hour,
on Friday next, in your place upon the
Friday came on. It was the day fixed
for reimbursing the debt Omer had not
a bschlouk (a franc) in his purse, and the
Jew was to cut off a drachm of Omer's
tongue before the tribunal. Meira had
got up early in the morning. As soon as
she arrived, the Cadi clothed her with the
judicial robes, and with his own hands
placed the tor Dan upon ner neao. one
was a iunny uaai, inueeu, going w vry a
case ; but nobody could have recognized
her. The true C idi retired into the next
room and watched the proceedings
through a pane of glass.
Our improvised Cadi had already
smoked a whole ehibotlk when the Jew
and Omer entered the court room. The
latter was wiping his tears.
Cadi. What do you want of me T
The Jew. I come to claim sentence,
noble effendi 1
Cadi. What business brings vou r
The Jew then explained to the Cadi
how, seven years before, he had lent Omer
thirty purses, and wnat contract mey naa
entered into. If the sum was not returned
to him he was to cut off a drachm of
Omer's tongue, and he had come for that
Cadi (to Omer). Is it true f What is
vour name t Did he speak the truth ?
Omer (weeping). Effendi, all that is
The Cadi opened his register and com
me need to run over the leaves. He stop
ped at a certain page and assumed a
H Yes, it is true. So it is written in the
book. And you Jew, did you bring
razor ? " he asked.
"Certainlv." replied the Jew.
" WelL then." said the Cadi, gravely,
" cut off, but take good care not to cut off
more than a drachm ; for, know that if
vou should cut off either more or less
than a drachm, as set forth in the agree
ment you shall not be allowed to justify
yourseii, uut win iwion uui unu m.
The Jew snaaaerea, ami xcuecteu a mo
Oh ! no, illustrious effendi, but ii I
should cut off more than a drachm, I will
indemnify him with gold ; if I should cut
off less, 1 will make him a present of the
By Allah, Jew, are you the Cadi, to
dare dictate laws before the tribunal ?
Come, come, cut off at once 1 "
Tou can see now tne jew a embarrass
ment and torment
Pardon, noble effendi ; 1 do not wish
to have anything to do with our soverign
master s anaira. l Know mat it is ywur
custom to judge according to tne letter. .
X leave Mm tne thirty purses : l leave mm
his piece of tongue We are good
The Judge assumed a more terrible
look still, and. addressing the euards
" Let the executioner come in, that I may
teacn mat dog of a Jew obedience to the
court Cut off this moment ! "
The executioner appeared ; the Jew
fell on his knees, kissed the Cadi's robe
and commenced to beseech him. But the
uadi did not aiiow himself to be softened.
" Cut on tne oracnm of Omer's tongue,
infidel, else ttte executioner will cut thy
The Jew perceived that but one chance
remained him m order to save his lite.
"Illustrious effendi ! " said he, " I give
you thirty purses ; I give up the thirty
which I have lent to my debtor. Be for
me a father and a mother. Effendi, I have
sinned ; pardon me ; on?er me not to cut
off the tongue of whomsoever, especially
that of my good friend Omer."
" Cut his head off," said the Cadi to the
The executioner seized the poor J ew
who clung to the Cadi.
" Pity, effendi, if you are Turk." Then
Omer intervened, and beseeched the
Cadi in favor of his friend.
"Omer." said he to him, "for your
sake, I forgive him. The probity of a
Turk'is more solid than stone. Let that
Jew understand thoroughly what a
tribunal is, and also the sentence of a
And the Jew paid the Cadi thirty
purses. The latter invited him afterward
to embrace Omer.
" And to put an end to this affair, I am
going," said he, " to enter it on the great
After having kissed the Judge's shoes,
and the carpet under him, the two par
ties thanked him for his equitable sen
tence and paternal goodness, and left the
One door closed, another opened.
The true Cadi entered, splitting hia
" By my beard, woman, I see nothing
in the books wiser than you t If you
were a man, in truth, there would be no
Cadi equal to you in Constantinople."
Meira thanked him for his: kindness to
her in yielding his own seat, and offered
him fifteen purses of the Jew's money.
The Cadi refused, and gave her one
more purse. She kissed the flap of his
coat thanked him, left the tribunal and
returned home before Omer, whr mtd
stopped at the coffee house.
On seeing him arrive from her window,
she began to jest
"Ah! ah! here 1b Omar with his tongue
cut off," said she, stammering like.
" You are mis tape n," said Omer.
She, pretending astonishment asked
him : G
" What has happened then ?"
" God and the wise Cadi (he ia as hand
some as an apple, God keep him from all
harm)! have saved me and fooled the
"Is the Cadi handsomer than I?" re
plied Meira, showing him the thirty
Omer wept for joy. and thrice kissed
the brow of his skillful 'spouse. Seeing
how wise she was, he loved her three
times more than before ; he listened to
her good advice, attended closely to his
business, and acquired great riches.
The Spider and the Bee.
A spider, living in the country, and
having followed his business for a time in
an obscure corner, determined to travel a
little, for improvement or taste, and also
for any advantage in business which
might chance to turn up. By a good for
tune he turned his steps to a flower gar
den, where were displayed a thousand
blossoms, or every variety and Hue. As
we always compare new tilings to some
thing well known before, so In his mind
he compared the colors of brilliant flow
ers to the various insects which, in his en
tomological studies, he had become ac
quainted with. Elated with all he saw,
he passed on. sometimes creeping, some
times throwing a suspension bridge from
pier to pier of flower-stalks, until the
thought occurred to him that he had not
dined nor supped. Accordingly he looked
around for a place whereon to spread his
table. For spiders are accustomed to
spread their table first, and then to sit
down on it, or near it to see what fortune
will send them.
At length after several selections and
rejections, he found a saloon of the most
admirable description. It was nothing
less than a morning glory ! If he had
only known the name which it bore in the
catalogues, he would, I suppose, have
been still more proud than he was of his
tent t or that must De a sumptuous
flower which can boast a name as long as
a Spanish princess, as this did. It was the
Loomed neaeracea suveroa oranatnora.
Across the opening of this splendid bell the
spider stretched his web. in tne morning
I first saw him there. The dew was fresh
on the leaves. He said to himself, " This
is the very cell of pleasure ! There will
be enough hungry flies or other insects
coming here for honey. It shall be my
business to entertain them when they
alas for day-dreams! While he
thus fondly expecting his guests, I saw a
bumblebee of the largest size heavily
flving from blossom to blossom, from bell
to bell, and the thought crossed my mind,
how queer it would be if he should visit
the spider. Sure enough, he seemed to
have caught my thought for, in a second,
he carried his great blundering body right
down to the bell, through the web ! but
not liking it he made off. like Sampson,
with a part of his prison on his shoulders.
Meanwhile, the spider seemed tar more
alarmed than the bee, and shrunk back
into his flower-house. Misfortunes never
come single, it is said. About an hour
after this encounter, I went out to
how the traveled spider was enjoying
himself He and I had both forgotten one
thing, and that is, that on a fair summer
morning the convolvulus shuts up its
blossoms by ten o'clock. While the spider
lay securely inside, the edges had folded
down and closed the opening entirely
The flower had proved a prison ! Ah, ye
who spin webs of evil across the places of
pleasure, and lurk for the destruction of
the simple, may your refuge prove
snare, and may you be caught in the very
net which you spread for outers.
A Model Doctor.
Stevens, of Massachusetts, was one of
those who had rather risk being disturbed
at nights for an insignificant complaint
than to expose mmseit to tne necessity oi
putting to the debt or his conscience
dead body that he might have conjured
into life. He related to me some very
amusing facts and of a nature to excuse,
to a certain point, the under-forwardness
that certain physicians show to disturb
their sleep for unknown patients.
One night a Dig fellow ot a lacaey,
ilt-edged and laced all over, pulled the
ell violently at the doctor's door.
It was winter. It froce so hard that
would have made a white bear shiver.
Three o'clock had just struck.
The lackey came, in absence oi tne
ordinary physician of his mistress, Madam
R , to claim the immediate cares
the doctor. The case was urgent ; there
was not a moment to be lost
Fnmine as he did. the doctor rose,
-dressed in haste and ran benumbed with
cold, and harassed with fatigue to the
house of the distinguished patient
At the f rst glance, he perceived that he
had to deal with a distempered imagina
tion. " Ah ! doctor," said the fine lady, "how
glad I am to see you."
" Why," said the doctor, " you are
better health than I am you are as fresh
as a rose f
"Ah ! how pleased I am ;" she added,
saying, "I wanted to be put in heart again.
However, something unusual happens to
"I am hungry."
The doctors first impulse was to get
angry, and go home to bed again, by
sending to Pluto's gloomy region this too
healthy patient, but he refrained from it
Truly," said he, "this hunger at three
o'clock at night ud such cold weather, Is
a serious matter, and you have done well
not to wait for daylight to consult me."
Dear me. doctor, prescribe : i snau
take what you please, only that I may
"Madam, do you luce cnocoiate r
"O ! much indeed, doctor."
"O, also very much ; I always have
some in the house."
Very good. Let chocolate be made
immediately. You shall take a cup with
one briosh ; two, if you like."
"And then, afterwards, doctor r:
"Afterwards you will leel relieved, and
you can sleep and I, too. But what I
offer you now is but a palliative. Yon
will feel tne symptoms oi tne same trou
ble to-morrow, about 10 o'clock in the
"1 anal! leel Hungry, doctor r-
" Yes. mail am, you have an intermit
tent chronic affection which, I must con
fess, would become mortal if you did not
energetically combat against it"
" o doctor r l have done well men to
send for you. Cook I hasten, then the
chocolate and the briosh ee ; is it not so,
O yes ! certainly. For the rest of the
medication I am going to write out my
Will it be very bad to take, what vou
order me, doctor?"
On the contrary, madam ; it will be
And the doctor gravely wrote as fol
To take every morning, fasting, a
good-sized mutton chop, which must be
accompanied with a fresh piece of bread,
upon which a slight coat of Goshen butter
must be spread, rror beverage, two or
three glasses of old Medoc
it tms medicine functions wen, as i
am very well assured it will, ft will be
necessary, five hours later, to take a slice
of the breast of a fowl, likewise accom
panied with a piece of fresh bread, with
the same fresh butter of Goshen.
Then to wait natienflv the effect of
this second quieting potion until six or
seven o'clock. At that time if my diag
nostic is certain the symptoms of the
disease will appear again. The patient
lor the third time ot tne das', will reel tne
sting of hunger. There is nothing in this
relapse aWhich must disquiet her, and
which cannot, victoriously, be battled
with by science.
"The patient must sit down to the tame
and eat a little ot everything that is agree
able to the palate. Soon this obstinate
distemper will again yield belore this re-
Smen. And even towards the end of tms
gustation, the patient wiU-ftwrl a certain
well-being a natural effector a beginning
of a arood digestion.
" r or tne remainder, i advise tne patient
to change nothing in her habits.
" Doctor at B.
" N. B. If another 'attack will mani
feat itself at night a cup of chocolate, with
brioshes, or simply a piece of bread and
cheese, would suffice to combat it with
The next morning she sent the doctor
a hundred dollars, witn me louowing
Dear Doctob Your medication has
done wonders. The chocolate and the
brioshes have calmed extremely well
my nocturnal hunger ; and this morning
the mutton-chop l toon. lasting accord
ingto your prescription, has produced
the same happy effect Ah ! let any one
henceforth dare deny, before me, the re
suit of science !"
This kind note and the hundred dollars.
easily consoled the doctor for his night so
Answers to Correspondents.
BY JOSH BILLINGS.
" Thomas." " Jordan is a hard road to
travel." I kant tell you who waz the in
ventor of this saying, some foot sore cuss
grobably, who waz too lazy to keep
088 and waggon.
" rraaDiKAJSD. "Man wants -out tittle
here belo, nor wants that little long," is a
libel; man wants everything he can see, or
hear ov, and never is willing to let go of
hi z grab, whenever yu nnd a man who is
thoroughly satisned with wnat he has got
yu will find either an ide at, or one who
haz tried hard to git some more and
couldn't do it The older a - man grows,
the more w antral he bekums, ax his hold
on life slackens, hiz pinch on a dollar
" Marcus." "If a man asks for bread,
will yu give him a stun," iz a Bible ques
tion, and iz a fair one. I have known
folks to give bread that was stoney. That
iz as near az I kan answer the question
" Herod." He that puts a small value
on his services, issues proposals to the
lowest bidder. When yu make a request
of divine Providence, it is bsst to be
modest if yu expekt to git what yu ask
fori but there is so little modesty in the
world, between men, that when we cum
across it we mistake it for ignorance, or
imbecility. Yn will often see little boys
ketching flies, and killing them just for
fun, but you don't see them ketch hornets
just for fun. The sting in the hornet's
tail is what makes him respect able.
" Miller " Yu have got it right the
fust time, ingratitude iz one ov them
crimes that every body sticks up their
nosto at, it is the worst insult we can giv,
or receive, it lets a man drop down belo
the level of the dum brutes, for the yel
lowest and meanest dog is the United
States wags hiz tail if yu throw him but
a burnt crust. What an awful thought it
iz, that ingratitude iz the common sin
" Matilda " Kissing iz one ov the
rudiments ; babies are learnt it instead ov
the alphabet, but they dont understand
the strong points in it yet they seem to
luv it without knowing why ; this iz a
bricky argument that kissing is one uv
natures most natural noshuns. I kant tell
you whether thare is enay particular
etiket to be observed in administering a
kiss or not. .Between lovers it is sum
times usual to kiss and hang on, bat it
strikes me that the best way is to cum up
front face, in single file, thes fire and fall
back one pace ; this gives the patients a
chance tew get the flavor. The great buty
ov a kiss lies in its impulsiveness, and its
impressibility, two big words, but worth
I haven t done enny thing In the kiss
ing line (oy an ameteur latur), of late
years, and there may be some new dodge,
that 1 ain't posted in, but me old fashion
ed, 25 years ago kind, I remember fresh,
that kind don t hev enny mathematicks in
U, but .was more like spontaneous com
bustion. Hissing, as a general thing, is not very
interesting to bystanders, and iz sum times
even looked upon, by a third party, az
'Warwick.' "He that giveth tew the
poor, lendeth to the .Lord , if yu had
read yure Bible ez much ez I hev, yu
wouldn't hav asked me if Shakspeare
wrote this remark.
Charity iz az mutch ov a privilege az it
iz a duty, and lending to the Lord iz un
doubted security for any man's munny.
lie that gives nothing away while liv
ing, dies a bankrupt and his estate is
generally settled by hiz heirs, a good
deal az the crows settle a dead hoss by
pitching into the remains.
Tnare iz many folks whose hearts Due
with charity, but whose extremity i are
cold, a half a-dollar kontracts to a three
cent piece by the time it reaches the end
ov their fingers.
"Giadad." Yure juicy letter haz ques
tions enuff tew make a district school
master faint, and if I should answer them
alL yu would be fuller ov edukashun than
Who the author of the saying, "the
good die yung," was, I don't care, but I
will remark, if that iz a good bet the
younger a man can die the better, and not
tew be born at all, is a ded sure thing.
Again, az it regards me number ov
years that a kat kan live, that depends en
tirely upon circumstances, they kant
live over Sunday with me.
Abel. Yu kant pick out a hypo
krite by his looks enny more than yu kan
a fat oyster by the shell ; they are fre
quently like an old musket laid away up
garret, hav often been known to let oph a
charge mat had been sleeping with one
eye open for 3 years. They are like silver
plated forks, wear well for a long time but
are sure to show me odious brass at
" Hannibal " Giving presents with
the hope ov receiving presents in return
takes away awl the cream ov giving or re
ceiving ; it is like swopping skim-milk
lor mux mat has been sxima.
" Mercusy." " Owe for a lodge m
sum vast wilderness, waz the private
opinion ov Mr. Cowper, one ov the very
lew men who have uvea yet who waz
pore enuff tew monopolize a woods with
out enny company eat hiz soul and me
God who made it Most people holler for
solitude without thinking mat it iz a
thickly settled place, full ov memory s.
Solitude iz me last place for a good man
to go to, and the only place mat a wicked
man can't live in. Even wild beasts
don't like solitude, and luv to see the
smoke of a chimney. Solitude in small
doses is all well enuff, but 25 miles squar
uv it would make most men either a coun
terfeiter or a hoss-thief.
Scenes in a Deaf Mute School.
A Boston correspondent of the Wor
cester Spy gives this interesting account
of the public deaf mute school in that
city, where articulation is taught :
One of the public schools here ia for
deaf and dumb children. It was estab
lished last autumn, and the results of the
six months' teaching are encouraging to
the teachers, and astonishing to outsiders.
There are between thirty and forty pu
pils, girls and boys, from six years old to
sixteen. Some were born deaf and dumb
some became so while they were mere
babies, and a few had learned to talk and
read a little belore they lost their hearing
A few of them had received instruction
previously at Hartford, or some other in
stitution : bat a large majority came to
this school knowing not even their let
ters, and having no means, excepting nat
ural signs, of communicating with each
other. Here signs are not allowed, and
the children are taught to articulate. The
method of instruction is very interesting,
and must require almost superhuman pa
tience in the teachers. First the alphabet
ia thoroughly taught With a large chart
on one easel and a blackboard on another.
me teacher begins with those unfortunate
pupils who cannot hear a sound she
makes. She points to a letter, A for in
stance, and says it over and over again
showing the children how the lips form
it placing their fingers on their throat
that they may feel trie organ there, and
me motion when she articulates me
letter, showing them how to fill their
lungs and to make a sound ; men the let
ter is written in its varying forme, capi
tal, small, writing and printing; and so
letter after letter is taught until me ai
phabet is mastered. Then comes short
words and sentences, taught in the aa
slow, patient way. There is nothing
more interesting or more touching than
to watch a lesson given to one oi tnese
children. The teacher wishes to teach
me child the words "on" and " under
She places a book on a chair, looks into
the child's face, who has already learned
book and chair, and tells him to say
these words. He savs mem. and in
strange voice, but still quite plainly, and
touches them as he speaks. Then the
teacher laying me book on me chair,
says " On, on, until the child repeats it
then placing the boos under tne cnair.
makes him say under ; men she writes
both words on the black-board that he
mav spell them, and he writes them after
wards (reading, spelling and writing are
taught at the same time in this way) ; she
men gives him an exercise, speaning
she would to a child that can hear, "Put
your slate on me table," " put your hat
under me taoie, ana bo on. sue
child repeats each sentence after her, and
men does the thiDg required often mak
ing mistakes, but trying until he under
stands and succeeds.
The eagerness in young faces, the
strained attention, the whole soul in the
eyes which are fixed with almost painful
intentnesa upon the teacher's lips ; the
struggle for speech; the passionate de
light at success, when the teacher says
"right" are strangely pathetic. It seems
as if some peculiar character were needed
for such teaching, and mis school is lortu
nate in its teachers. The four ladies have
all. from various reasons, been interested
for years in the teaching of the deaf and
dumb, and when this school waa opened
intense sympathy with this lorm ot aiflic
tion led them to undertake this work
rather than something more easy and
pleasant They seem to have infinite pa
tience with the poor little creatures who
have such fearful difficulties to contend
with : thev have real enthusiasm in
werk, and entire faith in its success ; and
thev have reason for their faith, tor
ready thev are teaching arithmetic and
geography. It is wonderful to see a class
called up before the blackboard on which
are written fifty words without connec
tion, and each scholar in turn takes
the pointer and indicates the word the
teacher speaks. There are no signs ; she
speaks as she would to any other class,
with perhaps a little more emphatic enun
ciation, and a little more pronounced
movement of the lips ; every eye ia fixed
upon her face, and when she naa spoken
the word, every eye is turned on the
blackboard, and if me boy there haa failed
to understand, and points to me wrong
word, the little hands go up eagerly to
correct the mistake. Then the blackboard
ia cleaned, sad they write words and sen
tences from dictation. They learn very
quickly to understand the motion of the
lips, and those who articulate most dis
tinctly are able to talk a little with their
teachers. Having once seen this school it
is impossible to forget it ; and one goes to
it again and again to assure one's self that
it is real ; that it is no tale of magic, but
that such wonders are really done by me
enthusiasm, devotion, patience, and sweet
ness of four young ladies who give their
hearts to these unfortunate children.
FACTS AND FIGURES.
Cincinnati has 150 miles of streets and
During 1869 there were 83,000 deaths
by violence in Kagland.
Tna Milwaukee city directory contains
One hundred thousand settlers entered
Kansas in the year 1869.
In Virginia the oak is said to be dying
out, and me poplar succeeding.
Five sixths of the American railroads
have the four feet eight inch gauge.
Thb George Pea body statue in London
ia now complete, at a cost of $30,000.
A California lady has taken to silk
worms as pets, and raised a large colony
Nashvtllsi has a population of 25,771,
being an increase of nearly 9,000 since
Thb birds witin the city limits of New
Orleans are now protected by law from
Thrrs is an umbrella m. Bangor, Ma,
which has been in possession of one fam
ily lor nity years, it was a onaai gut.
A cBNsos of Sweden, lust completed.
shows a population of 4,172,089 souls a
decrease in two years of 22,061.
Thb Prussian Government it is said,
pays fifty thousand dollars a year to the
political spies whom it keeps in Paris.
A coNSciancB-sTRicxjut New Jersey
tippler has entered a complaint against
himself for drunkenness, and paid the
fine. ; idi. inn! ',
Ohb of the rules of the Philadelphia
free baths is that no person shall remain
in the water longer than twenty minutes.
It ia stated that Daniel Webster's head
grew larger as his intellect expanded, and
he had to change me size oi his ns every
It is bat five years si nee nitro-glycerine
was introduced. During that time it has
been the direct cause of 1,790 deaths.
A liottor dealer in Linn county. Han.,
has been Ben tec cad to ten minutes' impris
onment and a fine of f300 for a violation
of me law.
One hundred and fifty men, each over
65 veara of age. sat down to a dinner to-
E ether, the other day, at a hotel on Peake's
iknd, Portland Harbor.
Thb late James T. Brady once remark
ed that his experience among, clients con
vinced aha that a man's wife ia hia beat
Thb Sportsmen's Club of Denver City,
last spring imported several hundred doz
en of quails, and turned them loose. They
are reported to be doing well.
A young lady of Boston, troubled with
large ears, is reported to have had a
couple of inches trimmed from them all
around by an ingenious surgeon.
Thb youngest man ia the United States
House of Representatives is Eugene Hale,
of me Fifth District of Maine, who is 84
years old. The Republicans have nomin
ated him for re-election to Congress.
Tint London rose show took place on
the 25th of June and was visited by over
seventeen thousand persona The roses
exhibited varied in color from white to
Thb Rev. Ellas Libby, of Limerick,
Me., walked twelve miles and picked half
a bushel of blueberries on a recent Satur
day, preaching the following Sunday, as
usual; aged oi.
A touso lady in Brooklyn. N. T.. haa
received as a wedding present a fan made
in Paris, at a cost of over 13,500 ia gold.
It is of tortoise shell, studded with tiny sol
Thb assessed value of real estate in
New York city for the present year ia
$742,134,350; the personal property is
assessed at $305,292,699 ; making a total of
real and personal property of $1, 047,427,-
A young girl, convicted of child-mur-
UCi 111 AUDUiO, UiU TVUVIV.V1 u uvwwu,
committed suicide in her cell after she has
been informed that me Emperor, Francis
Joseph, had changed her sentence to im
prisonment for life.
The Trenton Sentinel aava : " A family
of high social standing ia New York city
has lately lost a daugnter oy aeimum ire
mens. Another daughter of the same fam
ily has been reduced very low from me
same cause, out is gradually recovering.
A lbadino physician in Paris, after
asking a patient me questions according
to lormuia, aa to Bleeping anu eating, next
demands what newspaper he reads. If
the patient be nervous or excitable.-the
mildest and dullest journal is prescribed
Thb Boston Journal of Chemistry says
that the one hundred grains of metallic
iron found in the blood of a healthy adult
would be sufficient to make a good sized
pen-knife blade, but no useful implement
ot a larger size.
A Washington gentleman, the other
day, tried the experiment of carrying
$1,400 in one dollar bills in hia hat, but a
gust of wind took off his hat scattering
the greenbacks in every direction, and
leaving him a $800 poorer, .if not wiser,
r Trnuia there are 198 academies,
with 3,242 professors and 56,171 pupils, of
whnm HM.no are rruramuui, i
r..tvri;r 3 HAS Israelites; and 10 belong
in. m different omer sects. The number
of preparatory colleges ia twenty nine, of
which thirteen are asssj
Thb emigration from Sweden to the
United States has decreased vastly since
last year. From the beginning of this
year to me last ot June,1 about nine
thousand four hundred emigrants have
sailed from the port of Gottenburg for
America, to eighteen thousand and six
hundred in the same period last year.
A LITTLE-FOLK SONG.
Ousts hare, yau
Hare's a show
Five baby psgs
All la a raw I
They ens last al
Brown. Dink sad whit
witn taus carwa uin,
And eyes so bright.
It Us treat
To see thesa eat
And hear them sqoaak,
A-week 1 A -week I
And, oh. what fan
To see them run !
And then SCO short.
With grant and snort.
With canoes snoot.
Mo, Master Dick,
Pat down that stick.
Too most not dig
A baby pig
Under the rib.
To make alas sqneeL
Bow wontd yon leel
Should I do so
To you , you know f
You meet he hlsrt,
Or else you'll And
You won't ooaaa here
Again, my dear.
DO IT NOW.
1 would like to have yon run down to
Mrs. Bowen's for me, Katy, before sun
down," said Mrs. Nelson to her daughter,
who sat busily stitching away in her little
" O mother ! couldn't I go lust aa well
before' school to-morrow T I have this
pair of pillow cases almost done for my
doll, and Aunt Martha is going to give me
two nice little pillows and a feather bed
for her as aeon as I have the bed clothes
all made neatly."
. i . . .
" But, my dear, i wish yea to taxe ner
the money for the work that she haa sent
home to day. She is a poor woman sad
may need ii".
Still Katy looked reluctantly at the
u&LUbjr scwina: wu wtuu uw, WH WMU
down the ruffled pillow-case with a sigh.
" rerhaDs me poor woman is wessons-
ln1iiiaAittll Knw Srvrwl tor Vir fhll.
diea to-morrow," continued her mother.
"Think what a relief it wHl be to have
that, care off her mind."
The thought waa enough Tor Katy' a
really benevolent little heart, and she
quickly laid up her work in a pretty robs
wood box, so It would net be In any one's
way, and prepared herself for the walk.
"Here is a basket with some of Ann's
tea-biscuit and a plate of batter," Mad
Katy's mother ; "you may take that to Mrs.
Bowen if it will not be too heavy;
take this cup of
some grapes to the little sick boy. T dare
say they will be refreshing."
Katy returned from her kind errand
that night a Utile weary, but very light
"I am ao glad I went to-night mother,"
she said. "They were
to supper, with only a 1
meal and a - pitcher of -
The woman cried when l gave ner tne
basket and seemed so glad. She gave the
sick boy his biBcnit and grapea first ; and
I wish you could have seen hew happy
his pale face looked."
"I am very glad, too, that yon want tarr-
night said her mother, "and I hope you
will leara mis lesson from it, never pat
off doing a kind action till to-morrow,
when you can do it to day. A good man
waa urged not to go out on a stormy even
ing to pay a htri to a poor laborer, aa to
morrow would certainly do aa well ;tH
he answered, 'Think what a Ueeaaas
good night' a sleep is to a poor man. x nia
may relieve some anxiety wmea wuu
cause him a aleeplesa night' The
mand to God's ancient people is
which we should remember : The fj
of him that ia hired shall not abide with
thee all night until the morning.' Bo you
see, dear Katy, ft was an act of jasUoe, aa
well as kindness, to take the money to
night instead of putting It off till to-mor-TtW.
Obedience to Parents.
Show me a boy who obeys hia parents,
bo has respect for age, always has a
Lsoositioa. and who applies him
self diligently to get wisdom end to do
good towards others, sad if he ia not re
spected and beloved men mere hi no such
thing ai truth in the world.
Kven when parents are ui-temperea
and unreasonable they should be treated
win respect sad forbearance by their
children. Olympiaa, mother of Alexan
der the Great, was a wetaan or asaMOoua
disposition, and occasioned much trouble
to her son. Nevertheless, when pursuing
hia conquests in Aaia, he aeat her many
splendid presents oat of thai apoirs which
he had taken, as tokens of hie aaTlrtlssj,
He ssalv bewired that she wcsald not med
dle with state affairs, bat allow hia king
dom to be managed peaceabsy by his gov
ernor, aVatl paler. When she sent a harsh
reply to me request Whicn ae aan mane,
he bore at pstiontly, and did not use sharp
language in return.
On one occasion, when she had been
unusually troublesome, An ti pater seat
him letters complaining or ner in vary
ievous terms. Alexander only said,
"AnlltMlnr rliwa nnt know thai one slnffta
tear ef my mother ia able to blot eat Mx
hundred or ma epiauea.
A boy was ones tiraajtii by aome ot
his companions to pluck rip cherries from
a tree which hia father had forbidden him
" Tou need not be afraid," said one of
his companions, "for if your father should
find out that you have taken then hp ia so
kind he would not hurt yon."
"That ia the very reaMon," replied the
boy, "why I would not touch them. It ia
true that my father would not touch me,
yet my disobedience, 1 know, would hurt
my father, and that would be worse to
me than anything elaa" , .
A boy who growa up with such princi
ples will be a man in the beat sense of the
word. It shows a regard for rectitude
that would render him trustworthy under
every trial. Q olden Hours.
Ah exchange aaya, a lazy boy will make
a lazy man sa sure k a crooked aaphng
will make a crooked tree. Who ever saw
a boy grow up in idleness that did not
make a shiftless vagabond when he be
came a man, as leas he had a fortune to
keep up appearances? The mass of thieves,
criminals and paupers have come to what
they have by being brought up in idleness.
Thoee who constitute the business patt of
me community who make our great and
useful men were taught in their boy
hood to be industrious. Boy, Sake pipe
out of your mouth and think of this.
When are a yo
lady's ear rings like
people in debt f
en they are iu ner