ANNUL REPORT OF COMMISSIONER
Tars Hnkl is am abstract sf the agricultural
report of Commissioner Capron for the present
The Commissioner begins by expressing his
Ea till cation at being able to represent the great
tereet of agriculture as prosperous, although, he
asserts the present season has been one to test
sere rely the capabilities of our soils. He says,
however, that the fact of Increased production, in
a reason remarkable for excessive heat, in a coun
ty assumed to be liable to Injurious extremes of
temperature and seasons of continued aridity, af
fords strong evidence of the available depth and
fertility of our arable land.
An examination In detail of the facts of the
year's production, in the light of enlightened ag
ricultural experience and of science applied to
husbandry, would furnish hints to improvement
and aids to progress, which, adopted generally,
would Increase the present value of farm produc
tion to fhe extent of $800,000,000. It would do more
it would tend to the Increase of the fertility of
the soil, which, now, in nine farms out of ten, Is
annually decreasing, and it would proportionally
advance its intrinsic as well as market value.
It is gratifying to believe, from Indubitable evi
dence, the examples of rational and recuperative
culture are relatively increasing, however slowly,
and gradually making inroads upon the destructive.
Irrational modes so generally prevalent. These ex
amples are most numerous in the Middle States,
are seen with comparative frequency In the older
sections of the West, are found occasionally In New
England, and are beginning to be noted in the South
ern States : but there la no State ill which exhaust
ive and Irrational culture is not predominant. While
the cost of good land Is less than the Interest on its
intrinsic value, and its yearly Income may be en
hanced at the expense of the permanent investment,
there is little hope that the present necessity or
short-sighted greed will fall to work its improve
ment : but with high prices, both of land and labor.
it Is more than folly to expect remunerative profits
irom unsystematic ana unscientinc culture.
After specifications, the Commissioner discusses
the subject of Industrial education. He refers to
agricultural colleges in existence in many States,
and says that he Is confident that these Institu
tions are destined to become a vital power in the
land, which colleges weighted with a " corricnlum "
of studies of classical ages can never exert; bnt
It will be many years before their best fruits will
begin to appear, and many mistakes will be made,
(some of them, possibly, almost fatal In their
character), misconceptions of the sphere of their
highest utility will occur, and inefficiency will un
doubtedly mar the beauty of their practical results;
but ulimately, when the grand idea of practical
education In America shall he fully cryatalized,
and their faculties shall be composed of yonug
and v lgorous men, developed within these institu
tions and under the influence of higher progres
sion in physical and practical science, then their
true utility and beneficent influences will begin to
appear, in view of this he respectfully suggests
the Importance of an authorization, by Congress,
oj a commission, under the direction of the Agri
cultural Department, to examine minutely the plan
of organization, the construction of buildings, man
agement of grounds, and general workings of the
Industrial colleges organised under the Congres
sional land grant, with instructions to report to the
next Congress for the information of the country
and the benefit of Institutions of similar character
yet to be organized.
The Commissioner thinks It is to be regretted
hat so many still adhere to the impracticable idea
of locomotllve traction. The reports of the actual
work of the five steam plows now in operation by
stationary engines, in this country, are extremely
favorable to the idea of ultimate success in the so
lution of the problem of steam in plowing as an
adjunct of our agriculture.
Silk culture m California has been attended with
great success up to the present time, silk cultur
Ists claiming that the climate of that State is pecu
liarly adapted to the rearing of silk-worms on ac
count of the dryness and equality of the tempera
ture, and the rare occurrence of severe thunder
storms. In Utah experiments have been made
with success In feeding the worms upon the leaves
- of the Osage orange I nit tail of the mulberry. The
Japanese silk-worm, Samed cyntMa, on the ailan
thus, is now perfectly acclimated, and breeds in
the open air in Brooklyn. Philadelphia, and other
places, bnt as yet I have heard nothing of the use
of its cocoons in manufacture. Two other silk
producing worms, Attacvs yama mat and pernyi,
nave been bred this season In Brooklyn, bnt are
yet too scarce to be of any value.
The Commissioner speaks of the Cinchona or
Peruvian bark tree as one descry ing of great con
sideration. The supply is limited and precarious,
with no means of extension by propagation or
cultivation In South American nations. He recom
mends the establishment of one or more national
Slantations at points selected on account of their
ivorahle climatic influences. The time la now
opportune for commencing such a work, since a
supply of young trees Is easily obtainable from a
source whence no real difficulty arising from
transport and transplantation would occur. The
Ero negation of the Cinchona has been commenced
i the experimental division of the department
with highly successful results, and several hun
dred specimens now on hand will be increased to
thousands whenever facilities are anorded for
testing the feasibility of successful growth in the
open air. The Cmnmkeioiier earnestly hopes that
an appropriation will be granted by Congress for
The Commissioner, after referring to the high
order of talent required in the clerical force of
the department, says thai for such labor the most
meagre compensation only la offered, and It is
found difficult to obtain an Increase of suitable
service, and laapossible to remunerate properly
that already employed, which la fonnd to be most
efficient and reliable, while that which is practical
ly useless for the purpose is offered In unlimited
messnre. He therefore believes that a Just and
revision of clerical salaries would greatly in
se the efficiency of the department.
The work of the past year includes the collection
of the facts of production and experiment through
out the world, the publication of general and spe
cial reports. Investigations in natural science in Its
relation to rural efforts, the Introduction and propa
gation of many new and promising plants, and the
increase and improvement of farm products by the
dissemination of seeds and plants.
The Commissioner again calls attention to the
important necessity of establishing a division of
veterinary surgery in the department. He says the
value of stock lost annually from disease is enor
mous, and threatens not only to decimate our ani
mals, but to expose the human family to disease
from the consumption of unwholesome meats.-
A quarto edition of the reports arising from
the cattle disease investigation, condncted under
the auspices of the department, some of them
never before published. Is In course of publica
The eorreerjondence of the entomological divi
sion has largely -increased daring the year, inquiries
in regard to noxious insects navuig been received
from all parts of the country. The cotton army-
worm appears to have been less destructive than
usual and few complaints of loas from other cotton
insects have been made, while insects injurious to
fruits and vegetables have been unusually numer
ous and destructive. It Is in contemplation to pub
lish, whenever suitable authority is given for the
printing and illustration, a work on entomology,
prepared by the entomologist of the department, in
wdicd Known American insects or each order will
be accurately figured upon copper-plate, and which
has been declared, by those competent to Judge,
the most complete and exhaustive effort ever made
in una direction.
During the year many valuable aQ radons have
been made to the museum, -under the charge of the
entomologist, oy voluntary contributions or ex
change, without the aid of any appropriation
whatever for the purchase of new or rare specl-
The department herbarium continues to receive
large accessions to its material for systematic study
and illustration of the vegetable kingdom. The
addition for the present year already exceeds four
thousand species. The design of establishing at
the seat of government a collection of plants
wormy toe name ox a national nernanum is thus
in process of rajB accomplishment, at compara
tively small cost.
The library has been Increased during the year
by the collection of eight hundred and fourteen
volumes, obtained throtugk exchanges and by pur
chasing, many of which Ve rare and valuable; and
one hundred volumes of periodicals, now ready
for binding, with further additions yet to be made,
will swell the total increase for the year to about
one thousand volumes.
The department grounds are referred to encour
agingly by the Commissioner, and many of the Im
provements are cited. The new conservatorv la
also referred to, and the names of many of the A
v.utmai yinuu) gncu. i utj v oiu missi one T OC-
lieves that there can be no doubt whatever that
many new plants may be successfully acclimated,
any one of which may exceed in value the total
amount of appropriations hitherto made to this de
partment. The number of packages Issued during eleven
months of the year number 858,391, of which 183,
048 were sent to members of Congress, 71,885 to
agricultural societies, 71,400 to the corps of the sta
tistical correspondents, 7,980 to meteorological ob
servers. The distribution includes seeds of cereals,
grasses, hemp, jute, ramie, opium, poppy, sugar
beet, tobacco, sorghum, forest and shade trees, and
many of the larger species of plants, oleaginous,
edible, medicinal, and fibrous.
The total amount expended by the department
since November 30, 1869, is $169,175.24, under the
following appropriations, to-wit :
Compensation of Commissioner, clerks.
oncuuug siausiicB ana material ror an
nual and monthly reports 14,808 51
Purchase and distribution of new and val
liable seeds 80,789 81
j-iaumimBi g&ruen, iot isoor, repairs,
purchase of plants, etc '.
Contingencies Stationery, fuel, freight,
lights, for laboratory, museum, libraiy,
herbarium, keep of horses, etc
Improvement of grounds (reservation
Erection of g'aes structures ' for the culti
vation of TTiedical, textile audeconemic
Leaving a total balance
propriation for the current flsca
uuunuaeo or the ai-
1 year of ilOT.irrfi
Judge Portly says the liveliest time
he ever experienced was on issuing the
first number of a newspaper .in a Western
town. The people wanted something stir
ring. He published the personal history
of the leadimr politicians as furnished hv
their frienks. The Judge says that for the I
iirei nour iney an rusneu lor tne paper;
the second ho ir they went for him.
Interior Department—Annual Report
The report f Hon. J. D. Oex, Secretary
f the Interior, is dated October 31. Upon
the subject of public lands, there is a clear
statement of the various classes of Mexi
can grants now giving the Land Office so
much trouble. The Patent office is repre
sented as in excellent condition. On the
subject of Indian affairs the Secretary
"During the past year the department
has habitually pursued that policy which
was inaugurated by your direction. The
results have proven most conclusively its
wisdom, and shown that even under cir
cumstances of more than ordinary irrita
tion, a peaceful policy appeals with great
power even to the wildest savage. The
labors ot tue unpaid commission 01 citi
zens who have been co-operating with the
Indian Agencies, have been very valuable
during the past year, they personally su
perintending the purchase of Indian goods,
a work requiring more than a month of
their time in the . early summer. A sub
committee of the body were present at
the payments of moneys to the civilized
nations in the Indian Territory, and aided
in the negotiation which has resulted in
the final settlement of the Osage difficulty.
They attended the conferences in this city
with the Sioux, and have since visited
them, as well as the wild tribes in Wyo
ming and Dakota. Their work of inspec
tion has been extended to Oregon and
Washington Territory. They hove shrunk
from no self-sacrifice, toil or danger, in en
deavoring to make the policy you have
adopted toward the Indians an entire suc
cess. The healthful effect of their influ
ence and advice is cheerfully acknowledged
by the department and Indian Bureau,
and has inspired a just confidence in the
honesty of the transactions which have
been concluded under their supervision.
" Friends, to whom agencies in the
Northern and Central Superintendencies
were originally assigned, have most faith
fully and industriously continued their be
neficent work with success even greater
than could have been reasonably expected.
Since the passage of the act of Congress
making it impracticable to continue mili
tary officers in charge of Indian Agencies,
under your direction the field has been
subdivided and the various missionary as
sociations of the country invited to occupy
the same relations to them as those which
the Friends have to the agencies under
their control. The objections which
would naturally arise to the co-operation
of religious bodies in governmental work,
have been obviated, sd far as possible, by
inviting the assistance of all missionary
associations which have taken part in the
work of civilizing the Indians. A prefer
ence of any denomination or sect has thus
been avoided, and the labors already per
formed are utilized to a grcater extent than
would otherwise be possible. Whenever a
missionary school has been established, it
has been understood that you would ap
point an agent in sympathy with the mis
sion, so that its influence for good might
be increased by the whole force of the gov
ernmental patronage. If the Indians are
to be improved in condition, our policy
must be essentially changed, so that pro
vision for the wants of the matured and
aged shall be treated merely as a temporary
expedient, while the training1 of the
children in ways of civilization shall be a
controlling and permanent feature of the
system. On this point I will add that the
Commissioner of Education is earnestly
endeavoring to procure such information
with regard to the proper and successful
modes of Indian government as may ena
ble this bureau to co-operate most thor
oughly with the Indian Office.
"The estimated expenses of the Indian
service for the coming fiscal year, includ
ing appropriations which may bo.necessary
to meet the interest on non-paying stock
held in trust, will be $5,070,000, against an
appropriation of $6,150,000 for the current
year, showing a reduction of $1,080,000.
"The preliminary report of the census
is now printing, and will appear during
tne earlier oays ot tne next uongress.
This will necessarily be confined to gen
eral statistics, and exhibiting the popula
tion by aggregates and by classes of each
county in the United States, from 1790 to
1870 inclusive. Somewhat over 2,3W)
counties will appear. The tables of the
smaller civil subdivisions embrace over
30,000 items. The volumes containing ag
ricultural, manufacturing, social, and mis
cellaneous statistics will be ready by April.
"The organization of the bureau has af
forded an opportunity of applying the
principle of competitive examinations.
Those who desired clerical employment
were sent before the commission and re
quired to answer in writing a series of
written questions, and were accredited ac
cordingly. The clerical force employed
has been as large as possible with con
venience, in the belief that the statistics
furnished by the census will lose much of
their value unless they are presented to
the country at the earliest day possible.
"The subscriptions to the stocks of the
Union Pacific Railway Company amount
to $33,783,000, of which $33,763,300 has
been paid. The local receipts of the road
for the year ending June 30, 1870, were
$8,344,371.78; expenses, $5,049,573.45 ; net
The following statistics are given con
cerning the public lands ;
" During the last fiscal year public lands
were disposed of as follows :
Cash, sales S.iso.515
Located with military warrants 512.860
Taken for homesteads 8,698,910
Located with college scrip 192,848
Grants to railroads 996,685
Grants to wagon roads 86,688
Appropriated to States as swamp 481,698
Indian scrip locations 16,887
a quantity greater by 429,261 acres than
that disposed of the previous year. The
cash receipts of the office during the same
period amounted to $3,663,513.90, less by
$809,372.50 than received the previous
year. The quantity of land taken under
the Homestead act was greater by 961,545
acres than that of the orecedinir vesr
area ef public land undisposed of
is 138,773,220,994 acres, of which 1,307,
175,448 acres are unsurveyed. Grants for
educational purposes since the foundation
of the government amount to 78,570,802
acres; for military services, 73,460,961
acres ; lor internal improvements, ex
clusive of railroads and wagon
roads, 13,853,054. Swamp lands approved
to the States amount to 60,459,868
acres. There have been selected, hv
way of indemnity for swamp lands. 6.512.-
621 acres. There have been paid $72,849,
116 as indemnity for swamp lands sold bv
the government for cash. With regard to
the long standing question of private claims
to lands in New Mexico and Arizona, aris
ing under Grants made while the. conntrv
belonged to another sovereignty, and the
Act or Congress authorizing the Surveyor
General of these Territories to ascertain
and report on the claims, the Secretary
says the method adopted differs essentially
from that authorized in respect to similar
claims in California, and is liable to serious
abjections. The rights of the government
arc not represented, the Surveyor General
reporting only on documentary evidence
submitted by interested parties. The set
tlement of claims rests with Congress,
which is not so well adapted as a judicial
tribunal for passing upon the data of facts,
and loans, and the general boundaries
given in the original documents afford no
safe and certain means of ascertaining the
real extent of the tract. One claim con
finned by Congress covered an estimated
area of 450 square leagues. Ulie Secretary
refused to authorize the survey of it . :
cause the Gove
rnilient HI Mexico o.mlil
not lnwfully grant a tract larger than
eleven square leagues. The Secretary rec- 1
ommends, if a special tribunal for investi
gating these titles be not established, that
there should be additional legislation, de
fining the powers of the Department and
Bureau of Public Lands in such cases."
The following are the statistics of the
Patent Office :
"During the year ending September 31,
1870, there were ffled in the Patent Office
1,041 applications for patents, including
re-issues and designs ; 3,374 caveats, ana
160 applications for extension of patents.
Thirteen thousand six hundred and
twenty -two patents, including re-issues,
were issued, 101 extended, and 1,089 al
lowed, but not issued by reason of non
payment of the final fee. On the 1st day
of October, 1869, the unexpended balance
of appropriations was $416,804.58. Ap
propriations for the special year ending
June 80, 1871, $539,100, making an aggre
gate of $955,904.58; expenditures since
that date, $541,798.09 leaving an unex
pended balance of $414,108.49 available for
the remainder of the present fiscal year
Fees received during said year amounted
to $136,304.29 in excess of the expendi
tures, The appropriation asked for the
next fiscal year is $575,570. The- number
of patents during the past year is less than
that issued during the preceding year.
This fact is no proof that the enterprise
of the country has diminished, or of a de
ficiency in the application of their imita
tive genius and scientific attainments to
industrial pursuits and arts. The result is
due to the increased labor which has been
bestowed by the office upon applications,
whereby frivolous and worthless contriv
ances have been rejected.. 1 recommenueu
last year the abolition of the right to ap
peal from the decision ot the Lommis
sioner to one of the Judges ot the Supreme
Court of the District. This appeal from
an executive to a judicial officer, is a
strange anomaly unknown in the practice
of any other bureau, has worked only evil,
and that continually. It can now only be
taken in ex parte cases to the court. Even
this limited change in the pre-existing law
has been attended with the best practical
The Secretary of State speaks at length
of the beneficial effects of the visit of Red
Cloud and Spotted Tail to Washington.
He says : "At the time of their visit very
little hope was entertained tttat war could
he avoided ; but a simple, clear, and per
fectly frank statement of the attitude of
your administration was made to them both
by yourselt and the officers ot this depart
ment. No attempt was made to hide from
them the irravity ot the situation or abso
lute necessity of their accepting the new
condition of things. They were made to
understand the hopelessness of continued
conflict with the United States, through
whose country they had passed from thr
Upper Missouri to the capital,
and urged to trust implicitly and peacefully
to the good will of the government and
people of the United States, and to accept
the necessity of looking, in the future, to
agriculture rather tnan to Hunting lor sub
sistence. The viiiit made a favorable, and.
I sincerely trust, W enduring impression on
tneir minds, impending war, with all its un
numbered horrors, its waste of blood and
treasure, has been arrested. The influence
Of the leading Sioux Chieftains continues
to be on the side of peace, and this exam
ple has been followed by all the principal
warlike tribes, which last year were threat
ening our frontier settlements. To perpet
uate our Inendlv relations with the aioux.
much, however, remains to be done. The
reservation assigned by the Peace Commis
sion of 1868 ha.-i. not been absolutely se
cured, and I am Aware of no reason why
t lie ngnt oi tne indiaas to it should not be
respected and confirmed by positive act.
Until this is done they cannot be perma
nently located or induced to give up their
wandering habits and adopt a new mode
of life. Our delay in taking action on this
important question has already excited the
distrust of our good faith, and, If longer
continued, will, l tear, render their disaf
fection complete. I earnestly recommend
that the attention ofCongress be called to
l he consent or the Usages to remove
from Kansas to the Indian Territory, hap
pily, ends a difficulty which once foreboded
serious trouble. The wronirs inflicted on
these Indians, by encroachments on their
reserves, were ot the most atrocious char
acter." The speedy completion of the Cherokee
treaty now before Congress, is recommend
ed. The survey of the lands of the Choc
taws and Chicaksaws is in progress. The
Secretary recommends that, before the
Land Office is established, the allotments
made to certain supposed speculators by
statute and treaty, of which the Choctaws
complain, be investigated and reconciled.
The statistics of business in the Pension
Bureau during- the past year, were, made
public some time ago. Secretary Cox, in
treating of tins branch of this department,
says : " The committee has devoted special
attention and energetic efforts, first, to a
thorough examination of the evidence pre
sented in support of pension claims, thus
causing the rejection of such as are ficti
tious and unfounded : second, to a search
ing inquiry in regard to the present list of
luvoiiucu pensioners, v ilu a view to a more
just and nnform graduation of the existing
rates ; and, third, to the ascertainment ana
cancellation of fraudulent claims hereto
fore allowed. The actual amount saved by
the disallowance of unjust claims cannot
be accurately estimated, but from other re
forms I have mentioned a reduction of $1,
360,000 has been made in the amount re
quired to pay pensions allowed prior to
the current year. The amount of invalid
pensions stopped under the last bien
nial examinations was $44,584; of those
reduced, $83,784; of those stopped dur
ing the year by order of the bureau, $21,
888 ; of those so reduced, $5,316 ; and of
other pensions so stopped, $10,920 ; aggre
gating annually $167,062. During the
same year the sum of $20,103.44 was fraud
ulently drawn by women who had remar
ried, nearly the whole of which has been
recovered. The sum of $6,122.56 was re
ported as retained by attorneys in excess of
legal fees, a large proportion of which has
been restored to the pensioners. Forty at
torneys were arrested for violations of the
statutes, of whom eighteen were convicted,
eleven acquitted, three escaped, and the
cases of eight were pending" at the dose of
the year. Sixty-five pensioners were arrested
for fraud, of whom twenty-two were con
victed, nine acquitted, four escaped, and
the cases of thirty were pending at the
close of the year.
" In view- of the actual and attempted
frauds upon colored pensioners and appli
cants for pension, in the States of Alabama,
Mississippi and Tennessee, a special com
mission was appointed to make a thorough
investigation. They examined, and reported
upon 750 cases, and their labor disclosed
an enormous amount of systematic extor
tion and fraud upon pensioners and the
"If the balance of the existing appro
priation in the Pension office remaining
unexpended the 1st of July next be with
held from the Treasury, and applied to that
service, the amount required for the next
year will be $10,000,000 less than the ap
propriation for tbe present fiscal year.
"The Bureau of Education has received
applications for information from all the
sections of the country, and from abroad.
A large part of the facts and statistics nec
essary to answer these inquiries satisfac
torily have never been collected. Congress
has not authorized the printing of any of
the several reports emanating from the bu
reau, and the Commissioner was, until last
August, compelled to answer by corres
pondence inquiries made of him. Three
thousand copii s of the circular of infor
mation waa, by my direction, then printed.
They have been distributed, but the de
mand lit; not been supplied. The Com
missioner has prepared a condensed state
ment exhibiting the present condition of
education m the several estates, ana con
taining statistics which, in a collective
form, nave never been published. It is ob
vious that the bureau, as at present consti
tuted, has no jurisdiction to the vital inte
rests with which to some extent it is
charged. The Secretary refers to the opin
ions expressed on una auujet;. ui mo mot
A considerable portion of the Secreta
ry's report relates to the public institutions
in the" TDistrict of Columbia. He says, con
cerning the Capitol, that it may be regard
ed as completed, "and that the grounds
about it should be put in order at once.
For the repairs of the buildings and im
provement of the'grounds, he recommends
an appropriation of $80,000, which is less
by $54,000 than the sum voted for the
USEFUL AND SUGGESTIVE.
Shoemaker's Measure. No. 1 is
inches, and every additional number M of
, , . , e i .1 i X .
an men more, out om y ror emieoen a ieeu
For adults, No. 1 is 8V inches, and every
additional nrrmber of an inch more.
In his late " Walks and Talks," Joseph
Harris says he has but very little faith in
any improvement in farming "until we
drain our land and work it thoroughly and
repeatedly to kill weeds, and make all the
manure we can."
Country Soai Six pounds of soda ash,
six pounds of grease, three pounds stone
lime, four gallons water. Boil the soda
and lime in the water until the soda is dis
solved, then pour it out and let it settle
When the drees are all in the bottom
pour the top off into an iron pot, add the
crease and boil until it is soap ; wnen sui-
ficiently thick, pour into pans to cool, and
cut into bare.
The report of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture conies to the startling
conclusion that such is tne wholesale ae
struction of American forests, there will
be an actual famine for wood in the coun
try within thirty years, unlets immediate
measures are taken to supply their places
by new plantations, it is estimated that
from 1850 to 1860, 20,000,0 0 acres of tim
ber land were brought under cultivation,
and that in the present decade no less than
a hundred millions will be so reclaimed.
A correspondent of the Country Gen
tleman planted a few acres of turnips,
which were large enough to begin to feed
the first week in July, when they were fed
to pigs, and no other feed given until the
last week in September. No lot of pigs
could have, done better, growing and keep
ing in good condition all the while. He
does not advocate cooking white turnips
for pigs under any circumstances. They
are only fit for them raw in warm weather.
Steamed Swedes are good mixed with
plenty of meal but potatoes are so much
better, that half the meal mixed with them
would feed as fast.
In many localities the drouth has nude
a short crop of hay, and though of extra
quality, it will not suffice to carry the ordi
nary stock of the farm through the own
ing winter. All the substitutes ever used
for good hay will be wanted, and it be
comes farmers to make the most of them.
Oat and wheat straw that is often allowed
to rot upon the gronad, or is used for bed
ding, makes a very good fodder, and should
be carefully stacked or stored in the barn
at the time of threshing. If cut and mixed
with corn-meal or with wheat bran, cattle
will thrive upon the feed quite as well as
upon good hay. Those who have sowed
corn fodder abundantly have a good substi
tute for hay. Save what is left from the
fall feeding. Make the most of the fodder
from the cornfield, which is often damaged
from careless stacking. American AgrieuU
A writer in an English journal sug
gests the use of ordinary sulphuric acid, or
oil of vitriol, as an excellent agent for the
the destruction of weeds on lawns. The
difficulty of eradicating such unsightly ele
ments of the lawn is well understood, since
to do so satisfactorily requires the removal
of a large amount of dirt, producing a cor
responding injury to the general appear
ance. By taking the acid in question,
and allowing a few drops to fall into the
crown of any obnoxious weeds, it will turn
them brown in an instant, and ultimately
cause the death of the plant. Great eare
of course must be taken to prevent any of
the acid from falling upon the skin or arti
cle of clothing, but, with ordinary care, a
large amount of surface can be treated in a
short time with most excellent general re
sults. The fall is a good time to operate
How Much Work a Horse Can Do.
At a former meeting of the British Asso
ciation In Dublin, Mr. Charles Bianconi,
of Cashel, read a paper relative to his ex
tensive car establishment, after 'which a
gentleman stated that at Pickford's, the
great English carrier's, they could not
work a horse economically more than tan
miles a day, and wished to hear Mr. Bian
coni's opinion on the subject. Mr. Bian
coni stated, he found, by experience, ho
could better work a horse eight milea a
day for six days in the week, than aix
miles a day for seven days in the waek.
By not working on a Sunday he effected a
saving of 12 per cent Mr. Biancohi's
opinion on this point is of the highest au
thority ; for although the extension of rail
ways in the land has thrown thirty-seven
of his vehicles out of employ, whioh daily
ran 2,446 miles, still he has over nine hun
dred horses, working sixty-seven oonvey
ances, which daily travel 4,244 miles ; it is
also founded on the result of forty-three
La Clkdh housb, Chicago. $2 00 per day.
Nome better.) Corner of Madison and Canal
Naw Patott Law for 1870, published by Mnnn
Co., 87 Park Row, N. Y., sent free. .
Pbussino's White Wine Vinegar Is a most
superb article for table use. Warranted pure.
Pebfumtbrt. See Tallman's Adv't.
Phrenological, Journal and Pak-
abd's Mohthly. Says a New York dally: " The
Phrenological Journal Is worth a great deal more
than the price asked for It." Get the December
number and read the following among its rich
content!: General Trochn, Governor of Paris;
What Can I do Best, or What a Physician ought to
be; George Traek, the Reformer: A Wife's Strat
agem; Gen. Robert E. Lee; Watch Manufacture
In America; Physical Education; Let lit have
Peace; A Merry Christmas; Louis Adolphe Thiers;
Our VUt to Salt Lake City ; Our National Bever
age; Spiritualism; Wanted Young Men; Picket
Duel. A tempting list of Premiums Is offered for
subscribers. Single number, 90 cts. ; $1.00 a year.
Address 8. R. Wells, Publisher, 880 Broadway,
The American Builder and Jour
nal or Ast for December contains a large amount
of fresh and valuable matter from the pens of its
contributors and editors, is richly Illustrated, and
beautifully printed. Amoag the contributed pa
pers we mention as specially interesting to tbe
general as well as the professional reader, are "In
the Louvre," T. V. Jasmund ; "Art in New York,"
D. O. C. Townley ; "Common Sense in Art," Mrs.
E. J. Lakey; "Fresco Painting," A. I. Melton.
"Ruskln and his Critics," "Legislation Against
Fire," "Evils In Life Insurance Practice," are ably
written editorials. The miscellaneous matter is
prepared with great eare, aad the Editor's After
Dinner Honr and The What-Kot, gossipy and hu
morous departments, are fully up to their nsual
standard. Published at 151 and 158 Monroe street,
About free years ago, the 3ortUwesern Manufac
turing Company, which is located on North Jeffer
eou street, between Lake and Randolph streets, in
thie city, connected the manufacture of wrought
inm steam and gas pipe to their works, una al
though they have had a very- strong Eastern com
petition to contend against, they have succeeded in
building up a very large biiiiness in this branch of
industry. They have run their pipe works the
present season nilit and day ; are using daily over
ten tons of Iron, and the superior quality of pipe
produced therefrom creates a demand for It not
only in the North, West and Southwest, but as far
east as Ohio and Pennsylvania a fact that Is
highly creditable to tbe skill and energy of this
which has 400 hands employed in Its
An Old Friend.
For many years the Press of the eountry has
chronicled the beneficial effects of Hoststter
Stomach Bitters. Editors, authors, physicians,
merchants, officers of the army and navy, chem
ists, counsellors, ministers of the gospel, In short,
a great cloud of witnesses of every profession.
trade and calling, have testified to its efficacy as a
tonic and regulating medicine. The names and
statements of these witnesses have been published
in the public prints. Many of them are well
known to the whole public. Their testimony has
never been challenged or impugned . This
has been tried, and pronounced, on the authority
of those whose lives and. health It has preserved, a
pure, harmless and eminently salutary prepara
tion. Attempts have been made to rival It. They
have failed. There Is nothing equal to the enjoy
ment experienced by the afflicted when using thie
valuable specific. Its mild tone, its sure and vig
orous action upon a disordered stomach, and the
cleansing cf the entire human body, recommend
it to the whole community aa a RELIABLE
Is you do not feel well you send for a doctor, he
calls npon yon, looks wise, scrawls some hiero
glyphics upon a piece of piper which you take to
a drug store and there pay Ml cents to $1.00 be
sides the doctor's fee, for a remedy nine times out
of ten not half so good as Da. Mobsb's Ln ij' an
Root Pills, which cost but x5 cents per box. Do
you think the former the best, because you pay tbe
most for It? If you do, we advise you to nse. Just
as an experiment, the Monss's Indian RootPilis.
They are prepared from a formula pronounced by
the most learned physicians of our country to be
the best and most universal of family medicines
The Morsb's Indian Root Pills cure Headache,
Lrver complaints. Indigestion, Dyspepsia. Female
irregularities, Ac., and are put up both sugar-coated
and plain. Give them a trial. Sold by a 1
We take delight In referring our afflicted friends
to any drag store where that most estimblc medi
cine. Dr. 8. O. Richardson's Sherry Wine Bitters,
can be procured. We advise our friends to use It,
because we know its value In curing Fever and
Ague, diseases common in the West, and all new
countries. It should be kept at hand In every
family. Sold by medicine dealers general)'.
Tem pern nee Men Admit Its Utility. Ko
attempt n ever been made or ever will be made, to nls
Ituise the cltameter of Plantation Bittkrs. It contains
alcohol j and no nitters thnt do not contain alcohol are
worth a msh. Water will neither preserve the virtues ot
tonic vec tables aor render them active In the system. This
Is a rhemle.il fftet whleh no one competent to deliver an
opinion on the subject will deny. Water tonics Inm sour
on me sromarn, li iney are noi sour w ik-ktii whb. mui
Id frwiMiih- the riLVI and nrodnee And nromote Indhros-
rkm. Instead of curing tt. Let It therefore he dtstlnrtly im-
derstood tnnl n.lNTATio!t hitters is sn sssDan rasiorav
Hve. Bat msrk this: It la sirtrUv a medicine, not a aever
aae. It Is to be taken In limited quantities and at atstsd
urnes. like other remedies and antidotes, and therefore Its
use Is In accordance with temperance raw, as well as with
that "higher law" which renders It incumbent npon every
heme irirted with reason to resort to the best possible means
ef asoonspUahlng a salutary end.
Sea Moss Farle from pure Irish Moss, tor Blans
Maiie, PsdoiDgB. Cnstards. Creams, Ae., Ae. The cheap
est, healthiest, and moat delicious food In the world.
A MONTHLY M AO AJEPTE FOB
This sharmlnc little pictorial, now entering upon a fifth
year, will maintain fie position as
Tlli BEST AND JIOST RICHLY ILLUSTMSTED
of all the magazines for children.
TW Person- subscribing NOW, will rcoave the closing
numbers of this year (lKTTfl FKKE.
Tzkms : SI .50 a year; 15 cents a single number. A
lample number, containing Club Hates, Fraud uni Lists,
tc., mailed for 10 cents. Address
JOHN L. SUOREY, Pub'r, 3tf Bronineld St., Boston.
EMPLOYMENT FOR ALL.
iQn ISA LAKY PER WEEK, and expenses,
OoV paid Agents, to sell our new and useful dlscov
eruK. AdojuesB. hWEKT A CO, Marshall. Mich.
A DAY FOB ALL.-Staidl Tool Samples
malted free. A.J. FVllaM. MS Broadway, N.T.
Enlarged, Improved, Illustrated.
FREE : FKEE ! X
riie most Popular Jnvenlle Kfazaatlne
Kntlrely original and First Class.
All new subscribers for the Littlb Cobfskai. for tbe
new year, whose names and money are sent in durina
November and December, win receive the November and
December numbers of 1870 FREE !
Tub Littlb Cokpobal has a larger circulation then
any other Juvenile Magazine In the world, and is baiter
wgrth the pries than any other magazine published.
One dollar and a half a year -. $730 for all copies ; single
copy 16 cents, or free to any one who will try to raise a
club. Beautiful Premiums for Clubs.
gubscrlbs SOW. Back numbers can always be sent.
SEWELL & MILLER,
Little Corporal PrrBLisHmo Hotjsk,
AXTlD-4Glf. (MO per day) to
sail tbe celebrated a OMI BH U riLat SKWisu
M ACHIKK. Has tbe uruiT-fixa. makes tbe
"IOCS KttCrt lauao on uoiu wutn, suu uwf
nemsad. Tbe beat and cheapest lamUy eew
ing Machine In the mark' t. Address JOH v
BON. CLARK A CO., Boston. Mass.. Pltts
burch, Pa., Chicago? Ill.ror St. Louis. Mo. .
4 Good Fall Tonic!
JUST WHAT 18 WANTED
AGUE OR CHILLS,
Dr. 8 O. Richardson's
SHERRY WINE BITTERS
The celebrated New England Remedy
lor the cure of
": ': T- :7. T;l:-r ;;;ii .
Fever and Ague,
Jasndice, General Debility, and all Dis
eases arista from a Disordered Htoia-
ach, I.i ver or Bowels, sack as
Acidity ot tbe stomach. Indigestion, Heartburn, Loam of
Appetite, Costtveoess, Blind or Bleeding Piles, Disgust ot
Food, Sour KrneUons, Sinking or Fluttering of the Pit of
tbe Stomach, Dimness of Vleloa, Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes, Pain In the Side, Back, Chest or Umba, and In
all cases where a TONIC Is necessary.
Read the following from Dr.
Leoner. for mauv vents
prominent physician and druggist of the
Nav abbs. Stark Co., Ohio, June 31.
Borne time since, I received a lot of Dr. Richardson's
Sborrv Wine Bitters to sell on commission. They are all
sold, ami your farther supply ol three dozen just received.
I think I shall need more soon, as they are in good demand
and highly praised by sufferers from Indigestion, fever and
ague, dyspepsia, and liver complaint.
Tours, very respectfully,
J abbs L. Lap Fan, M. D.
For Fever and Ague It la a sure curs.
J. N. HARRIS It CO., Prop's,
tW Sold bv all Druggists and Medlctne Dealers.
tTJK IOIoITT. A lis and ran (O bul sent as a cu
j rloeity !br 50c. H. S. Jones, 27 OUs Block, Chicago.
DON'T WAKTE TIME AND LABOR
by UMlntr up an old Axe. &nl to LIPP1N
OOTT V liAKEVVELl., nttrrbonrti, Ph., iukI tiwy wll
twcntl ;t dp-tup axe, Expiissaice ptUa. Hall a day loit la
grind Log will thus be saved.
BOTH SIDES OF THE STREET. MOTH AND REST.
S600 PRIZE. 9900 PRIZE.
These volumes are in response to the offer made in the autumn of 18C0, and . sro
, .i k,v, -oarfj. tlipir high n1ijriui nhsfsfiaf aiid elea
brodinir. Three hundred and thirteen volumes in irxantAaoript were receijed ma
iiuuui8t a." . . ir.no- t vn feet wide, and two feet high.
SPUe, WQeo paciteu in suuu uuw., uo .v. - -oi ' - iii..fi...J.. rft ,
r,' iJi .i ....i. ,Vorc atatn In the Union and the Canada. Ins I
Zi fuWmeetlng the condition, of tU
at the head of this advertisement, and will be found of such Interest and Unoe,l
places them at the head ot the juvenile religious mamu.o v. ' "T
iQrvor.ri hminri in o-old and black, l'rice. sVL.ao each. Tenth thousand now l
Other Selections from
Orient Boys fl 50
Tom Bently 1 &0
Captain John ........ 160
Charity Hurlburt 1 60
Snail Shell Harbor 120
The Whole Armor 1 26
Choice Selections for the
Under the Cross, (16 Illus.) . . S4 25
" " (Tu. Mo.) So to 8 (X 1
" " (small, 4 nius.) . 1 50
Court and Camp of David, (10 Illns.) 2 50
Carmina Cceli, or Songs of Heaven 2 00 I
Baby's Christmas, (33 Illus ) . . . 1 25
Our Happy Home, (17 Illus.) . . 100
Faithful Promlser, (tinted paper, gilt) 1 25
Little Maddie, (3 vols, in one.) . . 1 76
Jessie Gordon 160
FOR SALE BY ALL BOOKSELLERS, OR SENT PREPAID BY MAIL.
pm.k.ixl: bkjtb wait Ftrz.r, wfBBcmrr vwrts jtT.iM.ot rir.
HENEY H0YT, Publisher, 9 0mihill, Bortos.
Same 313 Manuscripts.
Into the Highways
Queen Rhoda . . . . .
Kept from Idols ....
Eleanor Wllloughby's Self
Aunt Rebecca's Charge .
Holidays from Ceneral List.
The I'earl Necklace
The So ui re's Daughter 1
"Eiiarene CoODer . . 1H
Fj-ank Wentworth 11
The Old Oak Farm 1 00
Fred's Fresh Start
Sketches from Falestlna . . 80
Yachtville Boys . . .
. . . i
COUGHS, CBOCP, BBOHCMTIS,
COLDS, ASTHMA, INFLUENZA,
Hoarseness and Incipient Consumption.
Bass's Pbotoral Blots has rapl'tlv won tfca favor of
patients -who have tried It, and also the patronage of the
medical (acuity In every section ol the country where it
has Nifi lotmoiiced. So remi'dy for t lie lnngs and throat
ever discovered stands so pormlar after once taaxL as this
prepai-atlon. It Is made under the snnervlsloo of Mr. T. H.
Barr, one ol the best practical ckcmlati Is the State. The
past sUteas years, where known, has Iniraeed oa to make
It more widely known lor the benefit of the uflerlng. Let
the afflicted give It a fair trial, as we are confident Bast re
lief aad permaHent cure win be the result. Bold by an
11a in tue section wnerc una anveruaeuieufc at puie
K. B. Circulars glrlec certlflcalss of
1 be sa
nt on applies Bon. or mer will be
impaiiYlrut each botue of U.e Pectoral JOlzlr.
The Kllxir U iihmssnt to take, and la neatly and etapfsaaT
put up In larse botUui, at ONE HOLLAR EACH.
T. H. BARR A CO., Tansa llArn a, lie
Sold In CHICAGO at Wholesale by . .
fTTTXER, FINCH a KI LLER; LOKO & SMITH; AX
S. 11 A At K. STEVKHBON HELD: HuHLBUT
Mi ALL : E. ISCRNHAM 4 BON ; BlU KI CO.;
TOLMAJf 4 KINO ; ROCKWOOD BLOCKX
RICK a RJCIBTKO : UOHMEN M I
In ST. LOUIB hy
RICHARDSON 4 C.; COLLINS BKOB.
And throughout the Northwest bv all n, assarts.
To Dye any Color In a om
ul ou TIs Wash-Bailer,
Aniline Compound Concentrated
ThMt Jf"' Duo are the result ol
nine yean' cxportrne la the boataeaa,
and far excel all others now manotao
tnred. Thev are the brilliant BdsU
colon preparedready to dissolve In water, containing rrora
lino totixt met more than the liquid ror the seam price.
Any colors, except Blacks and Drabs, we send to any per
son In the Unless states free ot postage, oa receipt o
twenty-five cents, provided they are n1t for ealetrye
dealers. Blacks and Drabs are seat (or forty casta ear.
Bend with the order a small piece ol the material yon wish
to color ; also postage stamp fur pamphlet containing par-
Uc-uliirn. . ,
Colors for sale by Dmgxlsts, Grocers and Dealers.
) His, B71 ana am Hroaoway
FREE TO BOOK AGENTS.
W will send a handsome Prospectus of our Jfnc Mui
tmt'il Fitmitt fl'Wrtoany Book Agent, free of charjre.
Address NATIONAL FfBLIBHINfT CO., PhlladBtpbls,
Pa.. Chicago, UL, Cincinnati, Ohio, or St. Lotus. Mo.
Bend your address for Catalogue
27 fax tret selling article, extast, or
12 cents for sample of our fastest
selling new 25 cent article and cat
btanVorj) a oo,
51 Reynold. Block. Chicago, IfL
or 8t- Lou la. Mo.
T T.T.I-ST R 1THD R O O K . vrrv nonslar.
Agents maae Slnu a momn. Aoam wiin
stamp, W. T.
EH, Publisher, Chicago, 111.
-k, HOW TO INVEST XT!
ct Send 25 Cents for a Certificate In
PACKARD & CO.'S
i Holiday DistriDUtion
" ' or
1 PIANOS, MKLGDEOKS,
1 WATCHES, JKWELKY, .,
S?l VALUED AT ttTBO.SOO.
1k ..1:Try "lieu- disposed of on the
pa fl plan, and not. to be paid for until
sail ou.now whRt J'Oii ane to receive.
Certificate and Clrcuthrs sent on
a j receipt or 25 Cents, or ti for f 1.
g 38 W. Fouth St., Cincinnati, O.
A BUNTS WANTED TO SELL El KTKE.N OE
the fastest setting sroetee In America. Band for circu
lar. R. R. LAN IK)N, Agent,
1 04 and IN Madlsoa St, etileage.
Will bur a rHlNTTXG nVflCK Id Northern nttMlft. W
tabiished, aod bow doing & pAyinjj boaliwart. fw fix-
PEKEI MERV i W. B. TAHMAN'S
Elobjda W.tkf. stronger and more delightful than
eologns; EAiTTTtAB CaLLjl, for the Handkerchief : Tos-
aL'ls Mrss. Laxu Labo. new. very fine ; Coloovbs.
A IB UlU, BAf-HBTS. POSAIIBR. OSIBT Pl.AHTBllS, SS-
ISO KxTBAl-rn, MflaKB site Kxtsaciw. all kin-la.
t....,i..n.d.. .... o. litiOftil 1 l..iu, l.). ttlierr not
solcL Families su obtain a uwly at wholesale price, by
rttlraj for i-lc flat, tioed. sent by express. LaMos.
TOBY, JaVESVSLLK. VtlsfXlNslS. ,
HUNTERS AND TRA
sent tne by J. UOlaL'M. o
Tit A l'1'l It - '
1-eiiAo us. .vji.'-.
fVtT- lOWT! -UK I
fflO to G0 tb- clay tn ca-h. ytrnj U
Patent CwH'r-Mlaa and Tie Holder.
Tit. lo pe ol 'Vnap" ties lovk fast . th .lot
ted halo. Well gnld'nlatro. Mailed for SO els
AseuU wanted. 6. K. Willias, HarUoid, Ct
n ma i
S IV. ..U S.larT? To
local and traveling salesmen. A it diss, (with
K. H. W AI.KKK. M Park Row. K.
Weed Family Favorite
.nd muinhrinml hv the
la the bast mil saeil ranahts
Tor all kinds of family woe In ase. Hesro-wlble Agents
wanted In every coonty. A liberal dlacom. . the trade
Send for price tart arid terms to OFO. O, THOMAS. SI
(.-BJoacn. Agent lor me jiorunre mass mmm
you nee thin ad
Ti m.. rr t. jnsT w ma Tin .
ENOCH MOBOAaV'8 SOB'S' urn
Is Better and Cheaper than Soap.
Wlioicaal l ( suoaao aval nr. Louia
T rir T-eifji vs is fl Bornsis.
local Agents Wanted.
IwBntSlocal agsntasras town end
MibMeMa'the ouoary to aBwssa the
fo $10 can be eaelly rsale la ah sveijMs;.
Liberal cash coiiiuiassiin allow ea, ansa
.Buiip k.r bi'BtSMsae and rauts Oam
I F I I Is A TOR Y POWDFH.
m mi rMrrr, (muii iuur td riTK m ! iiuimi
Injury to tbt svfln. Scot by maJi for 91 J5.
PPIlAltl'8 ASTHMA CURE
Believes most violent jmsoajsuis In rrva SBstrrss.
!. Price bmo
UB0 by mail.
THE JAPANESE HAIR STAIN
Colors the whiskers and hair a beautiful slags or mows
It consults of only on. sswpafB-IMS. U sens, bv maM.
Address S. C. ITT1AM. KoTlsl Jeyne St, Pnlledelphla.
TV drcnlar. sent free. Sold by ail Di uggKUa.
Agents ! Read This !
WeVjJ-1' pat aobktb a s a i a it
VV of Mao prr weak and expenses, twafiow s large
WOODS UNCIVILIZED TlAjOasB."
PACER n. TK) rln. Tnrn.lis. Oo nf tb
ato.t.aluUil, .o1 bsvuSfol lM.-k.aaas. world.
ft'U th. bert B.KSt for lllfl Agent .rer oflVred.
Alw. KBnx'i r ... Ore.t a of,.
" OVKRIA NT) THROUGH ASIA."
rn ... SptraoKii. Illsur.ua . ihon pietere. n.irli..
false-. . n" f.rt.r Mr. .liv r.11 rem-i r atearl.. lilU
AIM . Ssawtaltoa ef tbe .laser BTrereaS Missies ,a.f.W the
v - awe
BSakSSv. larri'iT '"f mfwl' i. r'". jrj'T '
r. U. UlLlfTW nje tU. i oai.
Better. Eresher and Cheaper than any In the West. Bend
for More having elsewhere, to
Dearborn Sts., Chicago.
oETTIafO UP CLTJBB.
Great Saving to Consumers.
Parties esquire how to get op etnas. Oar ts,
sand It Prtce List, and a flab Jbrsi wU seeomjasy
with foil mrectlocavaklnc a laras saving to coraranjers
and remunerative to Cmb orgsassera.
THE GREAT AMERICAN TEA CO.
SI V 99 wreet,
P.O. aagaswB. infW YOMM.
"Tir "r".. ' oka v. "oi W, Mew York.
"HOLIDAY JOURNAL FOR 1871
contain, a Christ asaa ttarr, K stead I at Plars.
IbTmIc Bssrts. cVc. ill oagn ; lllustrau. Kesri
Free e r.-.pt 4 eafatanip fcr twtejr.- Adrtrea,
ADA.MH A (OwrsblUhes-s, Rwstsa.
Lands in South-West Missouri.
TH V. ATLAIT1C A PACIFIC BA1LIIOAB
(Epibraetng lata thwastt PadSe save aw sale lllfaasllnai
of best quality, lofaj err. hi, etwaik Ear awtewAsra, km
patuiailet, apply to AMOS TI si. Land Coniimlasl ;aar
Ko. 923 Walnut ftrcct. hi. Louis. Mo.
AO A errs. I Hlh Year
rrult and mi. imenta Treea, Nursery mock, Evergreens.
lV.rt.in. llcU:. Hants. Tultm. Ilyertnlhs, Cron-.
I.H . nharsd Kmll and lluwer f-lalea. All aiw l.-ksiS
Fruit and tHii.wiieittal Trees, N
cwj. aur .
y. u.. l'utKKix. b
"IT imx WAVaa." a-t feafSWafa y. A.i.n .y. W
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