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fi li I
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Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party and the Collect ion of Local and General New s.
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VOL. IV. NO 30
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JANUARY 26, 1871.
WHOLE NUMBER 205.
' " " 'tub- I- i til !..' V - .! -
Jim Bludso, (OF THE PRAIRIE BELLE.)
Because he don't live, yon tee
oe s ot put ot the habit
"Of nin'Hifcg yon and 'me.
tC4 you olTe nerfhoteltitt" "
How Jimmy Bludso passed in his checks.
The night of the tjhii l" "
He were n't no saint them engineers
Is ail prater nwh sJMrw- T jr '
One wife in Natcbei-under-the-Hul
A od an awkward man in a row
uMnnii'l.titi end he swyerJiadu t-nj.
Ami this is all the ft
s To. uw hi. enasfi
t Tve be pimd on I
h ad ,
st r -a n '
e russsd oa the river; .-.a. -s'i
to mind the pilot's bell : . m
And if ever the Prairie flelle took fire
A thousand times he swore,
All boats has their esftS irfesSfcsrrp,
The. fire burst out as she cleared the bar.
There waarupning,a4 cursing, hut, Jim yelled
Through the hot, black breath trf the burtrin' boat
Aud they all had trust In bu caesdcrneas.
And k.ni5wod he would keep his woxd.
And, snra'a your born, toy sH W ,
And Christ sin; oIn ' to ba too bard
On a man tQihtied. for men. kal
aftJ York IWa. mnJ
i .el lo
AN ADVENTURE ON THE PLAINS.
It was a pleasant event in my life
en ' nm .m i witote
re were1 dead.
utmost ntton toon
tuK ami Tift a tk
fw RAB lfejyurjri
took ncHHwaaoJf t
WTIrV 111 . ataa
- wants. 3
hin! alb the
AW si oaSASaAWejalAa.
re. -AH lle llRJUf1
tor tamed a strong menasHTp rof nle.
His wagon had fallen behind the train
"" TBe eonjeirer, werer, as cdeetaaaed
STlKf SSi Jqriou Aft tihto
- mamnrr uaaa
mwerstbiv an the dusnlstn AjuerujasXdfH-
ert. He Was toecorne an astonisher- to
the natives (Indiana a savior to civil
ized lives,aud-a lion in California.
We resumed our journey. . We bad
."asssiliiiil. however like many othersiaJJtese
days, with insufficient pi e pnrhtionsv Afi
soon as we found out our mistake we had
..i in 1 VUly CtAimmi" nn f ni.i -i
We killed bttUitttttnever we found
henx and always replenished ourwater
lis) iii ra, T ury sue ifsms u
where there wus scarcely a drop
tern MUstiv a blade of Brass, and
t$t$ '$b& living animal of ary desrrip-
'Awi.TBICW iiewan the tmahles of our
re Bad oewieutllD wseoun
-YiArr T ihe walllk,, rtwi-aMey
great numbers, threatening .mii aiimlt
ing us. OcewitnaUs. ihl Mt sIMtd to
snatch up something and dart away on
their horMRW dfcHslltthat we could
Every day, hjsjswrjlsr jsi Wat-
ten worse. In spite of our precautions,
the Indians grew more and more abu
srWAnf!9tfsWK,i W' beoAme watch-
Masiftsi -tnwdi to be more, forbMtjig, 1
oni our roroemrsmce was iukvu lur wjn-
ardice, and the savages began to thi,nk
thut they could do any thing wia&eisy
'WV ntbM'la rxjg.'iraT tlHi Hle
slatf 'miMliisfciiBg matters to a crisis at
The crisis soon came.
OMettopiar MAwidtea mmm riding
along by us, lie, began talkina in a
us way, :anu gesticulating
Tlasj Isslss ssflf "sjksji t i Th i Indian sprang
forward, nourishing his knife and threat
ening. At this the man calmly leveled
tiff p7WnHb tire 1 rtHsrhMflfrftugh
MKltnorr) ttOicall uj i- a1 V -taX
As the wretch fell shrieking from his
horse, the plain seemed to be alivo with
CoutitlesB nTtirtrjers. Wshfjd' ma or
ire seMaiU4vssembled together
- sMMPdaMMUfts. rroui Deninu e very i tamp
e swrerw sthiiwi Mtnd, they poured forth
ICJ fi?wL.' sLssssM ' ,'-'"',S
siL''' aSitssfiWi wasWir"Ti) T-b "irj"
Wjk Vtfv1TW wt-"wstopiwiMljt -rr had
1 hssUl jnfxft iniiha" u army, he said,
S and understood all its admirable discip-
1 hne. A few words ol warnine and a
short expIasMMS tshfriced to make ns
t m ixicy tim jiut. juuits jiaok tiiv n .
WitltMid whoopn and screams they
as they saw
Shortly after dusk the tramp of thou-
aands of! hoctrs sook ta
uponuBtnundered the Ii
arrtryeTO burst around.-
On they came, nearer and still nearer.
wntMWwr wfcm wtireathless sus-
At SH ur
volley burst in thunder
blil'Iekw sTwMrWB aniAt 'HM'gMbin .
Th ere was
'I'V n irrmtAd till r. k( - t -
AUC i nMaaauu . ay. iukul.
VJUI' WUMB sW-1iVTIIKU
hsghar , mWIIsIsssssWW, tfi
" BOise of men callings sjssi-assMlrei In
termingled with groans and cries of
Without adviniz them time to re-
m , mr J- . . .
cover from their confusion we poured in
another volley, and yet another, loading
as rapidly we cxad, ;ahd firing revol
vers where we had them. .' J
The effect was terrible. Many must
have been wounded or killed, judging
by the uproar that arfjosv For a time
there-was a confused hnbub of sounds.
Horses were trampling : men calling-;
groans were mingled with dries of rage.
During all this time wis) fired at intervals
whenever we heard a sound, husbanding
our ammunition, and- "not -willing to
waste a shot.
At last- there arosfe a wildMrantp of
horses, the sound moving from us, and
seeming to show that our enemies had
retired baffled from the assault.
Yet we were afraid of some plot.
Grignon made us keep our watch, and
all that night sue lay on our arms, ex
pecting every moment to hear the In
dian, yell, which announced the assault
of the savagfca. -1 ".'
After a long night, which seemed in
terminable, ' morning dawned. y,As the
light illumined the wide plain we looked
around anxiously for our, enemies, but
saw none whatever Wje Jtoofc a hsty
breakfast, and then deliberated on what
we oughilaA whettiftrtp. tgkp advan
tage orrmaeitainrni6eHrr? or wait
a while. Most of us thought we had
better hurry on ; but Grignon gave if as
his opinidnfthat the Indians. Were no In
the neighborhood and were waiting to
attack us on the march. He thought
that we had better wait at least anqf Mer
day.- W all yielded to his opinion,afcd
waited as best jve could.
We did not Vave to waiting.
. After a few, hours, at about 10 o'clock,
ten or a dozen Huirsemen appeared over
a hillock in tW distance, riding slowly
toward tas. ' -a
" They wiah to have a parley," said
Grignon. WSome of you -step forward
and see what they want. I wish to have
a word to say, but will wait .
Oae of or,mn.:was; sejepted, tod
went outsida of, oar nelo8re.to meet
- . Mean while Grignon li f ted a trunk out
of the wagon which belonged to him,
drew it, outside, and busied himself
coolly in arranging and turning oyer the
We all thought this was done for the
, l.nj -i ji av. itj,
Our representative stood outside wait
injfor the IndlshTS.1 Ten of them dis
mounted, and walked? towards uW In a
'friendly manner, while tfce rJst held the
'"" One df them addressed our men. in
The Indians, he said, did: not want
our lives. "They wanted powder. If we
would iriv them what we had, they
Kwould let s go in saiatyj and protect us
from other trrbes till we got beyona tne
- Give them our . powder I . A pleasant
request. It scarcely needed debate. We
Well, then, would we give them our
bullets ? TheyArere very much hx want
One of us said in a low voice that bul
lets, were theonlv thing they would get
froin us, but uie luUlaus Jld hj hw
him. Our representative refused very1
The Indians now stood ta Iking w ith
one another. Grignon advanced toward
them. He whispered something in a
Grtghon then stood facing the In
dians. " Are' yoa captain'?" said the spokes
man of the Indians, suddenly, as he no-,
"No, I'm the medicine m;" you t
can't shoot these men or these horses, I
sard them." !' i : - :':... . v
The Indian translated this to his com
panions, who burst into roars of laugh
ter - - . d r. . ni... II w
Gruinon advanced more closely. He
was locking' steadily at the Indian, and
we noticed that the latter appeared to
be uncomfortable under his gaze. . . n
" Sae," said Grignrm V " ypu can'ii
shoot me. Hore'' and he drew a pis
tol from hie pocket,.a revolver ",nre-
The Indian smiled.
" You, don't want me to kill you?",
"You can't," . ,
Tko InliivnTa avah flashed. :
"Shoo,tl" cried prignon, folding hisr
arms. . . , , .
The Indian hesitated a moment. ' He
looked at us suspiciously. Then he
looked . at -hiA companions, and ' said
something in their language. They all
The Indian took aim.
" You tell me to shoot," said he.
" Shoot P said Grignon again.
The Indian fired. "
Mled. tod. walking for-
'e-ThdSBT lltf TifcituWI him a
The Indians looked paralyzed,
Grignon showed him how to fire it
The Indian fired the other five shots.
Grignon caught each, bullet, some
times seeming to catch it from his breast,
sometimes frorrt his face, and each time
he handed it to the Indian. The other
Indians were now in a state of wild ex
citement. "They may ail shoot if they choose,"
said Grignon, and, saying this, he went
to has -trunk, drew out nine pistols, and,
coming up to them, proceeded to. load
teach one. He took the powder and put
it in, then the wadding and bullet, tod
the Indians saw- him. do it. He handed
a pistol to each on loading it . Suddenly,
one of those fellows took aim and fired:
Grignon, without seeming to have so-
to catch a bullet from lys forehead. He
tossed this toward the Indian, svho
picked tt rip with' an air of stvrjwfaofion.
1. A" -X..,l : . i , . . , ' i - 1 , il. .
Tnen ne stooa, anti xoiii -an me rem to
Eight reports sounded in rapid suc
cession. Grftmon totjk oK his hat- ami walk.-d
ur tb the Indians. To their amazement
eight bullets were m his hat. Eaeh man
took and looked At it in wonder. "
"Do you want tofire again '?n asked
They ali expressed a wisli to dd so.
"Well, hand me the nistols."
To their amazement the pistols- were
gone. . i t
They looked at one another in won
" Yon sfeel said Grignon, ' they fired
leepistesJatime, tory-and I swallowed
them." IX) ; ... - -
" SwaHowed them !" faltered the In
com nan ions
Yes ; 0t yotV wnt hev?'
The IndnraJdAd, , :
Whereupon Grignon opened
mtmnn nnonAl rim
mouth, and, rolling back his eyesf he
I . c nu .11
apparently from his throat
inseneu nis nns-ers and drew a nistol
followed. Then he drew forth a third,
then a fourth, and so on until he had
drawta forth the eight pistols from his
throat, while the Indians stood looking
on in utter bewihtermetat. And no
w onder; for we ourselves felt no less as
tonishment. We could-not account for
it ; we" were as much stupefied as the
After this' Grignon calmly drew forth
six or eight mote pistols, then a num
ber of cartridges, and -finally a carbine:
" I'm the medicine man," said he sol
emnly. The Indians said not a word:
" Do you want to fire again ?" said he,
and he offered pistols to the Indians.
- "Thiy all shrunk back in horror.
Grignon tossed the pistols, cartridges,
and carbine over to us, and smiled be
nignantly on the astonished savages.
He then shook; h is hand.
-. A knife fell out of the palm. Another
followed, and another. He shook three
more out of his hand, and drew a score
or so out of his oats. .
. " Perhaps yu would . like something
to drink 7" said he, smilingly to the In
dian who spoke English.
The savage looked at . him suspi
oiously. " What" 11 you have ? Bum, brandy,
gin, whisky, ale, porter, wine or cider ?''
T,her Indian brightened up, and spoke
to his fellows. They all preferred whisky-
' mr- ttHlM mm .
Grignon asked the Indian to lend him
a loose. Matutet winch ita wove, i lie
le rolled out.
jt.sgaiii$5 Tglass.roBed but. He shook
it a third time j nine more tumoiers tell
outr H shcVkf i tfp ghrn'fw- corkscrew
" Will you take'it raw or with water?'"
asked Grignon, as he proceeded to un-
" Isn't that
o-ood whisk Vf asked
Grienon. as he poured out a glass.
Th- Indito ssaelp itwamciously.
Then he tasted) it "Epe tSwe was
enough. He drank jti aft ojtj slacked
his hps, looked around triumphantly on'
his companions, and-then Tieldi out his
glass for more. At this all the other
mdians, encouraged by this experi-
clamored lor . some. Irrignon
pourett away lrom m uuli. racirunc
drank and wanted mor. GrigTfon was
quite wilhng to pour. He was net for
getful, however, of the dutiea-of 'hoepi
tah sjsll jwajgssj jaflatp the Jndians
whoever, holding IB 4rseB, WLo had
been watching the scene in stupfac
tion,. and pffhred some tb thepij The
smeH -or the : whisky was enewgs. for
them. They drank and wlrted more.
But ( irignon shook his head.
' ot aow,'n said to the. spokes
man. ' I'U give you a botti. api.wt-e to
carry home with you." And going up
to the blanket, heTshook out a dozen,
Lotties of the same kind as the last.
By this time the Indians were in the
jolliest mood conceivable.
" Bet ore I give you any more,;' sam
ha, " let m$ make you so that you will
not get arunft. " 1
He walked up to the first Imliaii, and
took each of his hands in his, and looked
atv nimsJeadtastiji jxi-x be eyes Tor snrrrc
time. Then he stroked his brows and
left hird ; this he did to each. The In
dians had all got over their suspicions,
and merely expected that . something
good -was coming. So they allowed him
to do as he- chose.
Grignon then stood off a little dis
tance, and in a lend voice ordered them
all to look at him. Whether they un
derstood or not made bo difference.
They certainly ail did look at him.
I had seen plenty of experiments be
fore isi mesmerism and electro-biology,
so that the present scene did not sur
prise me so much as it did my compan
ions and the other Indians.
(Jngiiun simply stood at -a-' distance,
waving his arms at times, ana giving
words of command. Every word was
Firsts hey ail began, to dance., ,
Then they all knelt down.
Then they touched hands, and could
not sever themselves from one another's
contact. untl muiau suuueniy rusueu
wildly around, with the others all joined 1
LI 1 11 111 1 , H i ui WJ- UW TIKUliamVC, 41UI
utterly unable, yelling and howling like
wild beasts. ,i
At last, a shout from Grignon, and the
charmjvas dispelled. Thev sprangback
froth one another, and stood motionless,
like so many statues.
they all began to shiver as
were suffering from intense
gathered their - blankets
closely arounp them, their teeth chat
tering and every limb trembling.
In an instant they were panting as
though with eXtaeaie. neat, drawing dii-
ficult breath), gasping and-flinging off
thnnh Wnnlrnt.. winl, V,, I . n vn. t I,. .
muse uuumoio nuiVU uni uiuiucuu w
fore they hUt wjappil s tightly about
them. JTarla.I .1
LTfe then pased, J ' H V m
iney began to barK tiKe apgs. . J.ney
went down on all fours, and 'evidently
imagined that they were ot the canine
Then they tried to imitate the motion
and croaking of frogs. After this they
went through performances too numer
ous to mention. At one time' they be
came ''rigid, and arranged themselves
... . , . , . i i i . i . , .
line tne sianes oi a tent ueaas togeisr
r feet .oywardv . Then, .ijpur pf them
knelt dowp and tried to run about with i
four others on their backs ; then they
all jumped wildly up in the air, .and be
gan to nap their hands. At last they
made a furious onset upon one another
with fists, nails and teeth, and if they
had not left their weapons behind, they
certainly would have done some fright.
The two Indians -who-held the horses
looked -on in horror, bewildered and
stupefied ; not knowing what to do.
They would have fled ia their fright, but
dared not leave their companions be
hind. Grignon stood calm with frown
ing brows, watching the uproar, -himself
the presiding spirit of the scene. My
companions '.were confounded..; Even
soma of them, as they afterwards told
me, thought that Grignon was the devil.
At last Grignon gave a loud shout.
The Indians fell fiat on the ground.
They lay there.. for some, time as if
Then Grignon waved hit) arms, and
they nose to their feet. All looked be
wildered tod frightened. With terrified
glances they regarded lirst Gnjnion and
then one another.
The Indian is superstitious, like alii
These. men saw, in Gngiion a e
Vrrignon a serrisjie ue-
exert 'over.' them apy
floWefr whieh he chose. '
I'll tag h
He walked up nearer.
They turned and ran
Grignon ran after them.
Away they went. They urged their
horses at the top of their speed.
Grignon followed them a short dis
tance. Then he turned back and came into
"Gather up these bottles," said he.
- (j Tackle up the cattle, and let us be
Instantly our men rose and obeyed.
Grignon took a heavy glass of whisky,
and then lay down in one of the wag
ons, utterly exhausted.
We traveled all that day, and the next
nicht unmolested. Grignon slept long
and soundly. After resting a long
we Dushed on our teams, so as to net
far beyond the hostile Indians as possi
We saw nothing more of them.
"They won't, dare to pursue us," said
Grignon, confidently. " They'll go back
and tell suon a story as will be tne won
der of the savages for many a long
i Grignon ' was right. Not only did they
not pursue us, but for all the remainder
of the year, and for the next, no travel-'!
ers on that route were molested.
"I don't see," said I, "how you man
aged to do those tricks on the open,
ground without any table."
"Only clumsy performers use tables,"
said he. ' I could have done far more
wonderful things, but they would have
been thrown away on those savages. I'll
reserve my good tricks for San Francis-
And'so he difl : Tor, erf all the wizardsi
magicians, and conjurors that have visi
ted the ! Golden State, none have won
such fame, or excited such wonder, as.
ruy friend Grignon.
The Pleasures of Winter.
would, if possJblo, ' pass the inclement
season in some part of the globe where
ft is recognized as a legitimate institu
tion. Hawthorne- hots not been the
'only traveler who has descanted upon
the discomforte of winter when experi- I
enoed in a climate where frost is but
irregular and uncertain visitor. Olm
sted, in his accounts of his winter tra,
vela . in Texas,. describes feelingly some'
of the sufferings he, underwent from the
cold " northers," against which the im
perfectly constructed houses afforded ar
Very ' inadequate protection. Winter,
indeed, is only an affliction in places, or
with people where
or with, whom there"""-"".)'
9 suitable meaus lor guarding against
us rigors. To well ted, well housed,
wfelr 1 c lathed people, winter is as de
lightful as any other season of the year.
Its pleasures, of course, are essentially
different from those of summer, but
they are no less vivid "and no less genu-,
ikte. I ' Not to mention those of eut-of-door
sports, such as skating and sleigh
ing, and are unexcelled by any of other
seasons, it is within-doors that the win
ter supplies us with some of its best de
i : t . a. K:itr. th.
brook-side, the garden, tbe poltsih, -thol
open window ail place, in fact, tltat
afforded us qniet and pleasant air, have.
ftqnal ehii.rjrnn , jipnn our affection ; but it L
is only in winter mat we come to under
stand the full significance of the word
home. When the storm is shaking our
cttements, and the night is Hack and
dangerous, then, within the drawn cur
tains and : around the blazing fire, we
discover how secure, and glowing, and
peaceful, and' rich in affections are
" henrth and home." 'Just as in spring
the first blossoms give us delight, so in
winter does the fire, when first lighted,
give us singular pleasure. Perhaps of
all our boyhood recollections those of
the old winter's fireside are the keenest
and most; delightful. When the first
snow fall comas this season, let the
reader take down-his copy of Whittier's
" Snow-bound'-and read the poem by
the brisk blaze of crackling logs, with
the sound of the outward blast reaching
his ear in melancholy menace, and see
what a relish the, pld-fashioned picture
will have for him. By the brisk blaze
of crackling logs ! Alas ! if he reads it
ali, in all probability it wilt be over the
hot air ol.a register, or by the burnt
iron of a store. Firesi'dee and hearth-
stones. are things of the past, and with
their departure nave gone neariy all the
bast charms of a winter home. Modern
"fife is 'surrounded' with a good many
conveniences, but every innovation in
our households teems to signalize the
death of some treasured pleasure. Your
furnace, no doubt, diffuses an even
warmth through the house, but, in shut
ting up the fireplace, it scatters the
household and breaks up the old time
family circle. It drives out of the home
an artist who was wont to paint deli-:
cious pictures on your walls, and tint
tbi clieeks of your dear ones with a rare
1 I . 1 1 ' J 1 l... I.,
glow. It excludes a friend whose bright,
sparkling chatter once entertained you
many a longvening, atid Whose blaze
andi gldw 'rarely farted to fill your heart
with cheerfulness.' and gratitude.
.There are a few. old fashioned people
who cling to wood fires, but many of the
younger generation remain ignorant of
what was onp the. .greatest charm of a
winter home: Cdal." says Ike Marvel,
"may have its uses in -the furnace,
which takes off the sharp edge of win-
tor from the whole interior of thehouse,
tffcV kyJLup aSy a. Sight .struggle
with Boreas for the mastery, but a coun-
u-y hyow without some one. open chim
ney arounil which, hi time of winter
twilight, when snows are beating against
tne panes, the lamily may gather and
watch the fire flashing, and crackling,
and flaming, and waving, until the
girls clap their hands and the boys
shout in. a kink of exultant thankfulness,
i not worthy the name." Apple-ton's
Rdssiaw Interests Still Ear. The
Shonghae Iftmriitr reports that 16,000
Koreans made their way from their own
country itito Russian territory. The
Russian Government fed as many as pos
sible of the people thus being thrown
on their hospitality-; but the Korean
Government is greatly enraged at the
emigration, and through the medium of
some Chinese omcials demanded tnat
the refugees should be returned. The
KiiHuians, on the other hand, being very
willing to retain she Korean-, made a
counter claim on the Korean Govern
ment for reimbursement of the "cost of
the food, &f., supplied to the poor peo-
ple, and ;is 4th W will probably be assessed
at mu-Il a uro as will he beyond tne
LmMA At tha KriKiuii (Ml-.l-.lnMIt T A
nt tfe HorOtm
mM,t. .!, nraksitulito la AhaA ttnasia
has gained an accession of 1,000 good,
b aettVera tsthe maritirne region of East-
I l 1 1 !
but when it comes to chalk, magnesia
and other unpalatable substances, they
people of Springfield, Mass., are
excited eyes the milk question.
quietly submit to milk and water,
Air-Holes in Iee.
timerlffltionj and whcn th is added' to it
Which must have been a nnie and a halt
anTsW mi leg distant from the nearest
There are some cuirous facts Connected
with the. air-lwies whioli form them
selves during winter. There are often
particular spot where partial openings
in the ice will be formed every winter.
These I conceive to arise from warm
springs, and to have no connection with
air-holes properly so-called, which are not
confined to any particular locality, but
may appear anywhere. There is always
a good deal of air under ice, and you may
often see it scattered about in small bub
bles when the ice is thin. It is probably
air excluded in tba process of crystali-
sundry Bases formed from decaying mat
ter in the water, it amounts during the
winter to a considerable quantity. Such
collections of air, like the bubble in a
spirit-level, are in a very uneasy condi
tion, and are rapidly transferred from
Lane place to another on any casual dis
turbance ot tne level, giving rise to one
of the numerous noises which are always
more or less heard on a lake covered
with ice t least, we used always to at
tribute to this cause a peculiar groaning
bound which was very common. Now,
if there should be any casual inequality
in the lower surface of the ice, the air
Will naturally collect there, and if it is
aboye 32 deg. F., which so far as it con
sists of evoled gas it probably wHl be, the
receptacle will be increased by thawing.
A dome-shaped cavity will thus be grad
ually formed, which will finally reach the
surface ; -air will escape from below, and
the surface-water, of which there is al
most always more or less after the snow
has fallen, will run down from above,
wearing the little jagged channels which
are characteristic of air-holes. The
whole thing will then after a while
freeze up again, leaving an indication of
where the air-hole has been in the dif
ferent color of the freshly-formed ice. I
have tried several such air-holes with an
axe when fi'-st formed, and have always
found them to lead to such a dome
shaped cavity. I remember on one occa-
sion an otter frequenting a large air-hole
which remained open tor some time, and
which must have been a mile and a half
Open water. How did he reach it ? for
no otter can travel that distance under
water without access to air
say that they will go to greater distances
still Wder the ice, and that they always
find ati there. It is likely enough that
Uiere may be many such dome-shaped
cavities, which have not yet reached,
notes, JUL uuc vvuuiu imagine Lilt an
thev contain to be not" of the most
holesome character. However, this
otter did frequent the air-hole for about
a week, which it certainly did not reach
by traveling on the ice, and though it
had a few chances ot breathing there in
the daytime at any rate, it contrived
during that period to elude the snares of
a .white man and ot an Indian, who
wasted a good deal of time in looking
So far, the process of the formation of'
air-holes, it I am right m my explana
tion; ia intelligible enough ; but some
times .they are formed in a manner
which is difficult to account for. Upon
one occasion" i-farai ciussod-th lake to
a friend's house, about four miles off, and
we had determined to start together
next morning to our nearest town, but I
had to go home first. I first went over
by daylight, when there certainly was
nothing unusual in the appearance of
the ice, which might be four or five in
ches thick at the time, with a slight
sprinkling of wettish snow on it. I
returned home about eleven at night,
aud, as it was bright starlight, with only
a few floating clouds, I should have
noticed any change ; but I came straight
across, and saw nothing to attract atten
tion. But when I crossed again at day
light in the morning, in one part of the
lake the whole surface was covered with
air-holes there must have been hun
dreds of them. At first I gave them
rather a wide berth, but, on approaching
to one to examine it, I found it frozen
up again, the clear ice in the hole, with
very slight indications of the character
istic jagged edges, being the only sign
that there had been an open air-hole
there during the night. I had no axe
with me to try whether they were con
nected with any cavity, but the appear
ances was as if bdlea of from two to five
or six inches in diameter had been
punched through the ice. Of course we
attributed it to electricity, as people will
do anything which they do not other
wise understand, and I nave never been
able to give any more intelligible expla
nation of the phenomenon. There
certainly had been some faint sheet
lightning that night, a very unusual
thing in winter j but .what connection, if
any, there may have been between the
two I cannot tell. FYom Nature.
A Race between a Horse and Locomotive.
The Pittsburgh Leader tells the fol
lowing story '. "
The following are the particulars of
an exciting chase of a trotting horse
over the Wallkill Valley Railroad -. Last
Wednesday morning, as the train from
Gardiner approached Lackey's Bridge,
about two miles from Gardiner's Station,
the engineer, in coming round the
curve on the down grade toward the,
bridge, saw a horse ahead on the track,
which, owing to the high embankment,
he knew could not get out of the way.
The animal, which was once a celebrated
trotter, becoming frightened, started to
run toward the bridge, and it was then
the engineer saw the importance of the
step which he was obliged to take.
Knowing that he could not stop the
train, it became a race for life which
should reach the bridge first.
If the horse arrived before the engine
it was almost sure to throw it from the
track, perhaps into the abyss below, to
gether with the whole train of passen
ger coaches, sacrificing every life on
board. He threw the throttle-valve all
the way open, and dashed down the
grade at the rate of fifty miles an hour.
On plunged the horse, and on came the
Sonderous thunder-machine with a
eafening roar behind. Half the dis
tance had been traversed, and the horse
was within a few feet of the stone-work.
Every pound of steam was forced into
the cylinder, and the engine gave ;one
mighty lunge, striking the animal upon
the right hip, throwing him high into
the air, clear from the stone below,
where he fell, with his head turned
partly under him, never once stirring
after he Was struck.
hi (tttrri '. l 'i " H - "
Ax Ohio girl " can always tell Sunday
or Sabbath, from any other day in the
week from the number of men and boys,
old and young, with guns and re
volvers, making for the woods and peo
Mark Twain's Wonderful Potato.
Some of our readers, or their neigh
bors, may be in want of a form of certi
ficate to append to a description of
some vegetable novelty, real br ima
gined, and we offer the following as one
of the best :
Mark Twain has been visiting Beech
er's farm, Greeley's farm, and the farms
of many of our leading city farmers, so
that he has fallen completely in love
with the business, and especially the
part of it which raises the wonderful
new seedling. He stated his agricultu
ral hne by the announcement of a new
potato. He thus tells its origin : " I
obtained it by crossing the yam of the
tropics with the Canadian thistle, and
by carefully selecting and cultivating
the specimen for several seasons i have
secured a product that permanently
combines the earliness of the former
and the endurance of the latter ; in
other words, my new potato is a. rare
combination of speed and bottom, and
it will do to bet on. I christened it
the Early Stunner a name suggested
by its extraordinary qualities and per
formances." Mr. Twain, however, not having had
much experience in farming, thought
best to place it in the hands of some re
liable man in which the public has con
fidence, and publishes heaps of testimo
nials. We give a specimen from Mr.
John Smith, a respectable butcher,
whose reputation for veracity is so well
known. He says :
" I am perfectly satisfied with the
Early Stunner.. The pound that 1 pur
chased of you will do me. In fact it
has already done me, so that I shall not
want any more. .The day after I planted
them my swine made a raid on the
patch, arid I supposed I had lost my
crop. You may imagine my disap
pointment, when the foremost hog, af
ter briskly opening the first bilL Sud
denly drppped the slice of Stunners he
had found there, and with an expres
sion of disgust and mortification, walked
off on his ear. a sadder and a wiser
hog, followed by the remainder of the
drove. My hogs usually range on my
potato crop and a hog-proof potato has
long been my hope. I hailed the Stun
ner with enthusiasm as being the thing
for poorly fenced fields."
Dr. Jones, the celebrated physician,
also gives the following testimony :
"Having rio ground of my own, I
planted a pound of the 'Early Stunners'
m ' the macadamized road, opposite my
residence. One of my neighbors re
commended an application of plaster, as
he thought the road had been ' summer
followed too much to raise crops with
out stimulant ; as this was my first ex
perience in agriculftrre, I acted upon his
suggestion, and applied one of Alcock's
porous plasters to each hill. The result
was amazing. On the 1st day of July 1
had ten bushels of Buckeyes ; Jury 2d
one hundred bushels of Pinkeyes ; July
4th, a pair of black eyes ; July Gth,
twins ; July 7th , had to dig my potatoes
or give bond to keep the peace.
" Accordingly I hired a couple of
Irishmen, sunk a shaft m my front:
yard, tunneled trader the road, and
soon struck a magnificent win of pota
toes. I shall never know how many
bushels there were, for a rumor got
abroad that there was an Irruption of
predatory Fenians. Before the next
morning's sun burst, the last potato had
disappeared, and I was ruined."
Divorce Business in Chicago.
From the Chicago Republican.
Mina Landgraff petitioned the Circuit
Court for a divorce from John Land
graff, to whom she was married in this
city on the 18th of June, 1867. Mina
had been John's housekeeper about a
year before their marriage, and had been
previously married in Germany to an
individual of the name of Plnmbhorn.
Her parents having emigrated to this
country, she obtained Plumbhorn's con
sent to come over and join them, and it
was agreed that he should follow her,
and that they should all live together in
Wisconsin, where her parents had set
tled down. This was in 1860, and for
five years Mina waited, and heard no
tidings of the dilatory Plumbhorn. At
last she got a letter from an intimate
friend, stating that he ' was dead : and
this letter she read confidentially to
Landgraff, who was also satisfied that
Plumbhorn was dead, and offered to
take the vacant place. Mina blushingly
consented, and became Mrs. Landgraff.
Very soon, however, after their mar
riage, Landgraff came into possession of
property worth $30,000, including three
houses and two lots on State street,
where they . lived. Then he became
tired of Mina, and began to treat her
very cruelly, beating her when she was
well, and refusing her medical aid when
she was sick. At last, in March, 1868,
she was- obliged to flee for shelter to her
friends and neighbors, in order to avoid
his cruelty ; and he took another house
keeper, with whom Mina alleges that
he is living in a state of adultery. His
persecution of her did not cease with
her quitting his house. In July, 1868,
he had her arrested and Indicted on a
charge of bigamy, alleging that her first
husband was still alive in Germany ; but
she was honorably acquitted. His next
move was to call in the assistance of a
certain Justice of the Peace and some
shyster lawyer, who so intimidated and
coerced Mina that she was induced to
put her name to a document which she
now understands to be an agreement to
release Landgraff from all claims to her
maintenance, but the exact purport of
which she did not then know, hhe asks
the Court to inquire info these matters,
and the Court has granted her leave to
prosecute her suit in forma pauperis.
Burning or Hxnrt Clay's Birth
Placr. We have just received informa
tion of the burning of thehouse where
Henry Clay was bom.' It' Was situated
on a small tract of ordinary land, near
the old Slash Churph, in the county of
Hanover, about five miles distant from
Ashland. A picture of it before us re
presents it as an old-fashioned, one
story frame-house, with sloping roof,
it has a large chimney at either end.
which, according to the fashion of the
times in which they were built, have
material enough in them for three mo
dern chimneys. At one end is a shed
room built over the chimney. This
shed had from age settled and separated
from the main building, thus leaving
a gap into which dry leaves and com
bustible matter had from time
to time fallen. . A spark dropping
upon them occasioned the fire, which
resulted in the destruction of the hum
ble birth place of-, tlus great American
commoner. At the time of its destruc
tion It wte occupied. lilehmond Whig,
Dee. 13. ., . insulin raV
Women as telegraphic operators have
proved a great success. They send the
electric spark right through a fellow.
Wit and Wisdom.
Taut about conceit as much as you
like, it is to human character what salt
is to the ocean, it keeps it sweet and
renders it endurable.
The Boston Poet thinks it remarkable
that Victoria C. Woodhull should, ir. her
petition, admit that she was above the
age of 21 years.
A TEMPZRABTCK lecturer says Every
moderate drinker could abandon the
intoxicating cup, if he would ; every
inebriate would if he could
Under the head of " Lost Races of
America," a gentleman is getting up a
list of the most celebrated horses which
have been beaten.
Tom" I say. Jack, what A beautiful
complexion Miss Smith has I Do yon
know her?" Jack " No, but I know a
girl who buys her complexion at the
same store." '
In Troy, liquor is allowed to be sold
only to the travelling public The citi
zens are to be seen every morning,
carpet-bag in hand, seeking something
to hold in their mouths. Boston Pott
A contemporary in Indiana tells how(
iv uta&.uuui, wuows i mi l uy ii is trsun wie
other day, took a short cut on foot, and
beat his ears fifteen minutes in a walk
of five miles.
A nviLr caricaturist represents John
Bull as avorsvcioui whale rushingthrough
the seas with his mouth wide open, and
Ben Butler in a small boat in the act of
Emerson startles the world with the
remark that "astronomers eclipse plan
ets !" The Chicago Pott says: "This
seems a little obscure at first, but it is
obviously true because they disc-over
Ons of the new elastic toys that
found its-way into nurseries represent
Bismarck holding Louis Napoleon by
A vigorous shaking, of the ex-
Emperor gives great delight to " Youug
America." . ,V. . . ,
A oentlem an in Essex, Mass., called
on one of the shoe dealers in that town,
a few days -since, and purchased a pair
of shoes for his bow. The shoe dealer
took the shoes for the purpose of rasp
ing off the pegs inside, when the pur
chaser objected, because, essstl he, ir
the pegs are cut off, the boy runs all
over town, and- the shoes will not last
him throe Weeks."
A little boy who went to church wns
cautioned to remember the text, which
Was: " Why stand ve all the day idle ?
Go into my vineyard, and whatsoever in
right I will pay thee." Johnny camp
home and Was asked to repeat the
text. He thought over it awhile, and
then cried out: " What d'ye stand
round here doing nuffin for ; go into my
barnyard and work. I'll make it all
right with you. ' '
A Horrible Seene.
A correspondent of the Detroit . 7VwV
-une, writing tram AUegan, December
26th, says: The residence of Emanuel
Help man, actuated on section 14, m the
township of Trowbridge, was entirely
consumed by tire on the night of tne
24 tb, with three of his children one
boy and two girls. Mr. and Mrs. Help
man barely escaped with their other two
children. . . ,, 3"
Mr. Helpman had worked hard all
day and retired early. His family , soon
followed, leaving the stove red iuot and
well filled, j. The fire must have caught
in tne rooi irom tne pipe, as uiere was
no chimney, and Mr. H. was awakened
about midnight by the roof falling in.
The fire had then blocked up the pass
age through the door, and he immedi
ately aroused his wife, broke open a
window and pulled her and two of the
children out, none of them having any
thing on hut their night clothes, and
even those being nearly burned off. His
other boy csjne, to, the window, and Mr.
H. had nearly succeeded in pulling him
out by the shirt, when the garment,
which was badly burned, parted, and
the boy fell back into the flames The
cries of the little sufferers were heard
for some time afterwards, but they could
not be -saved.
Mr. Helpman then covered his wife
and rescued children up in the hay in
the barn, and rode a horse one mile to
his nearest neighbor for assistance.
When he arrived he was nearly frozen,
that being the coldest bight of the sea
son, and he wholly naked. He sank into
a state of unconsciousness as soon as he
told his story. The neighbors immedi
ately rallied and furnished all the assis
tance within their power. Mr. H. is in
a critical condition, being roasted and
frozen in places. No calamity has ever
before cast such a universal gloom over
the community as this. Several hundred
dollars have already been raised for the
Speartno for Dead Men. On the 15th
of last month, a man named Hasaoh
mitt was seen by a potato peddler to go
to the banks of the Passaic River, divest
himself of most of bis clothing and jump
into the stream where the water was
swiftest. Before night the family Of the
deceased called at the police station and
said he was missing, and having been
deranged for a few days, they believed
him to be the missing man, and so it
proved. Nothing was seen of the body,
and it was supposed to have floated
down with the tide. Recently, a man
went to the river, cut a hole in the ice,
and commenced spearing for eels.
Hardly had he begun his eel fishing
when his spear struck something in the
mud, which he pulled to the surface,
and the surprise of the fisherman was
treat when he discovered he had
rough t to the surface the corpse.
A Be .vni.no ton Storv. During the
Revolutionary war, Tories, Yorkers and
Indians were about equally at discount
in Bennington and neighboring towns.
The late Judge Klin, then a great clum
sy boy of seven years old, was sent to
school to Shaftsbury. The schoolmis
tress, on dismissing her school, gave
out that the boys going home from
school, such as had hats on, should take
them off and make a bow, on meeting
Etople, the rest should nod their heads,
enry, wishing to- comply with the or
der, but wishing to know how it was to
be construed, said : " Bchoolmarm, f I
should meet a. Tory, or a X or Jeer, or an In
than, must I make a bow to them ?"
It is regarded in naval circles aa a fa
vorable indication of the peaceful end
friendly relations of the United States
with other nations that there hare been
no dispatches from any of our squadrons
on foreign coasts for the past three
months, other than those simply an
nouncing changes ol location of our na
A Horrible Seene. My Boots.
BY A. H. POE.
Now what's that jem'l
Tbsss ain't no I
Mamsaa saasVa '
Semi I broke tba I
bat w bad faa out (
ers the ruin
I I rvac
hat raw Mar 7 1 n
It's mr tools a-eraakia.
TaAdie. let my waaoa Ion.
any taat'ssant that I sfc.
Whan wa has bu maaUn.
Aint ttmeomeetmmutS roans) Mrs?
STllE." aSerV rtst you 'PSM?
IPs my Iwi a smetlia'.
Jus' yon see 'am. don't they shlas?
Papa staid a dollar i
Four, free dollars ; and a man
Gave my doc a collar.
'Boost he wants an ass boots Ilka tfceaa,
Woatdof ks barkfasny ?
Gums I'll buy hire whole two pair.
When I set my isssssf.
(ear the trask." wo bolter wart.
i ana me to rata as.
aa aha looks iaw riadst sua.
ft too. the tans shrt hawJmin'.
" Never mind, Neddy, you will
be there, and then you must
straight back as Cast m yon can, and you
will be home again before dark."
It was Nanny Norton speaking to her
young brother as he stood fastening his
plaid round him, looking gloomily out
at the snowy weather.
Now Nanny and her brother lined a
very long time agj, when little children,
ay, and big ones too, were 4cept very
strictly, and had not half the playthings
and pleasures that they expect nowadays.
They lived in a lonely house at the end
of a narrow lane, and behind the house
ware several fields and a f"W out
and barns : in fact, a small farm. The
owner of this form was their aunt, Mis
tress Norton, a prim, upright, severe old
lady, who had a great idea that ail chil
dren needed to be ksit well in their
nhafea. She never called the children by
any name but " niece " and " nephew,"
and they never thought of her but with
Benides these three, there lived in the
house the farm-man, old Nathan who
haul grown gray in thje mistress' service,
and his wife, who was still Strong and
hearty, but' as deaf as a post. You would
hare called it a dull home for a merry
bov of nine years old, if you could have
oeened through the lattice window on
one of the long wmter mghts.
There M the table of plain deal, but
dean as much sjsfernbblhg could make
it, aat the mi treat., straight as possible,
with her high cap, white handkerchief
and tight sleeres, her laAe-piUow before
for stie wa newr,idjt and none in
the country could make such lace sa
her. At her aide, btrisy with knitting,
L from vrhiphshe dared scarcely to look up,
aat Nannv. several, years younger than
her brother. rVHind them, hidden awav
is the immense ihiiiiiiay'oorner, which
looked as if it were made to hold the
whole fam ily . sat Nathan in large, rough
bearer hat, smoking his pipe, and now
and then kicking with his heel the logs
in the Are on the ground mL his lest. If
all the work were done, his wife would
probafyly'De at his side, nodding her
Head in a dose.
On thia particular afternoon Neddy
had been told bv his aunt to carry a
basket of new-laid eggs to a poor
bar. Now, neighbor, in that part
world, meant any one living Wt
-few ' miles of one's bouse. So
Neddv set forth on his errand, be
that he had a long Walk in the wind and
snow before him; tie did not like the
, tod,, like many a naughty boy both
pre and since, he loitered and played
hi the wood till twilight tw-gan to rail
A bunding snow-storm came on, ana
young Ned, who had not orwrr neon
thai way before, stood. still and begsn to
wjmderbere hewas. Then, getting
frightened, he began to run Wildly
among the trees, beatsng on tbe snow
And rubbing his eyes. Heated and tired
with his run, he stood still at length, put
hU bastes densn, stretched Mmeeli, and
in the end. lay down on. the snow and
fell fast aaleep.
All this time a kind sister nt jhome
was thinking of the little heedless boy.
Nanny watched the railing ' flakes
anxiously, and nwnislsil the minutes till
Neddy's return. And when the time
came and passed, and the
to fall, and the sky grew clear, and still
he did not come, she slipped out of
kitchen, called Hero, ttts flng, to
ner ancr sec one. samaraUM over
stile, she was soon in the dark wood,
calling gently his name. No answer
came, and Nanny stooped to the dog,
patted him, and whispered, " Good dog,
good dog, where's thy master V Away
went Nero, sniffing and peering about ;
then, with a short bark, he set off at a
last trot. Kenny followed aa well aa she
could, till she saw him spring through a
mass of brpken branches close to a
fallen tree, and knew by his whine that
be had found the boy. There lav the
child, sound asleep, the basket of eggs
at his side, his plaid lying loosely oyer
him. Nanny called him and shook him
l. -r-.. U - km, It mmm,m tSW
ueioic niic wuiu iinm a... - - -
late now to finish his errand; beskt
Nanny feared he would catch cold in
his snowy clothes. So she made him
run quickly home at her side, while she
.....-:... I it. i.ui, ..t
Reaching the lane, the good sister
went forward to explain all to his aunt.
Mistress Norton was strict and precise
indeed, but she wee not unreasonable,
and she whs never angry. So whea the
boy came shyly up to her, she only took
hold of his two hands, looked gravely at
him, and said very slowly : "Nephew,
if thou hast not loitered, the poor neigh
bor had had her eggs this night; by thy
fault she must now suffer," Then she
sent him to change his clothes, and,
With her own hands, got bun some hot
elder-wine to warm nun after his sleep
in tne snow. Ana xneaay, sitting in oiu
Nathan's corner, swung his feet back
wards and forwards, sipping the nice
hot stuff, and thinking that he wouldn't
ever be such a silly boy again. I won
der whether he kept his good resolution
or not! loinslBr4asBBt
Thr Lost Races. A writer in the
Missouri Republican, discussing the ques
tions suggested by the " relics of a lost
race, arrives at tne following conclu
sions regarding tne prentetoric occu-
, 4- . I.. - ' I r T1.. . Tk
IMUW) ui ui. iwin.liii T .UTJ .
primitive tribes of America were not
exotic but indigenous. 2. The
known as mound-builders were red
diaas in every eessetia
those now inhabiting
3. Ot the teti thousand mounds in
of human agency. A. Th high eel point
of art development attained by the
mound-builders only exceeded the use
of stone implements by a very limited
manipulation of native copper,
apart from their extreme advancement
is marked bv earth works.
ootterv. and the Himnlest aboriginal
tillane. A. Thev had no system
worship or any ideas of theology
elevated than such as are enter
by the hunter tribes Of tlte
"Evirvtuino has its use,
phiiesopmcai professor to ru n
what use as a drunkard's fiery
nossT as nam rann ot rns nuoiia.
a light-bonne," answered the iirofessor.
"to warn u ol the nine weier
underneath it. and remind i
the 'shoals of appetite oW which
might otherwise be wrecked,"
ment ends : " And your tetioner
ever pray if,praying will do any good.