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F. T. FOSTER, Publisher.
VOL. IV. NO. 33.
Devoted to the Interests
of the Democratic Party
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1871.
and the Collection of Local
and General News.
Two Dollars per annum, in Advance.
WHOLE NUMBER 208.
"God Bless Church Around the
BY ANNA MORRIS.
' The littlo church around the corner !"
, Why fall those wordj upon the ear
un strains 01 genu? sowing mam
That osir world-weary spirits che
Why is her fame of late o humble
Now sounding forth with trumpet tone.
Filling the Christian's heart with gladness
Where'er his Master's name is known ?
Because they seem a wand of magic.
To bring urback to days of old.
When Jesus to his lowly hearers
His tales of heavenly bliss told.
For now 'again, in priestly clothing.
A Pharisee with scornful brow
Think coldly of his fellow-sinner
' I am more noly far than thou 1"
II a mm run with Pluruain horror
A form that once, replete with lue,
lad nightly pleased the eager thousands
With scenes of mimic mirth and strife.
" An actor !" Ah 1 this world a stage is I
And each and all must play their part 1
Man looketh at the outward seeming.
Bat God alone can judge the heart !
And that cold form, on earth rejected.
Shall wear a brighter crown shove
Than he in priestly raiment vested.
Who fails in Christian deeds of love.
And many a soul now sorely tempted.
With sense of sin and shame upprost.
Shalt far above the coldly righteous
With God's forgiving love he blest 1
Oh 1 would that all might learn the lesson.
So fitly by the Saviour taught.
When to his side the fallen woman
By her accusers bold was brought.
He cased on her with holy pity.
Then on the captors one by one.
And bade him without sin " among them
To cast the first avenging stone 1"
And soon alone, no man condemning.
She stood her gracious Lord before :
His pitying eyes once more He lifted.
And bade her ' Go, and sin no morel"
If thus the pure and holy Saviour
Can look on sinful man with love.
How dares the frail and erring mortal
Thus set himself his Lord above T
God bless the church around the corner t
Still mav she stand a beacon there.
To guide into her fold the wanderer
Who needs the gentle Shepherd's care !
THE HAUNTED SHIP.
From Scribner's Magazine.
In the year 1853 I was first mate of
the "H," a three-decked ship of about
fifteen hundred tons burden, lying in
Mobile Bay waiting for a cargo of cotton.
Our sailors, twenty-four in number,
were all colored men, pretty fair seamen
generally, but, with four or five excep
tions, wofully ignorant, and correspond
ingly superstitious, w e nsvu ueeu in uis
bay .between three and four months, so
the spars and rigging Had tieen thorough
lv overhauled and put to rights. 1 was
sitting in the cabin one evening plan
nirta outwork for the ensuing day, when
my second mate, a rough old seaman of
the packet school, requested on audi
" Well, Mr. K., what is the matter
"The matter is, sir, that those darkeys
forward there are getting so scared that
unless we do something to or for them
they won't be worth shucks; some of
them ain't good for much. now. and
there's no use in having the rest of 'em
" Bat what are they frightened at ? I
have never heard anything of it before
" No 1 they were afraid to say any
thing to you about it; but for the last
month they have a yarn about a head
less ghost going around the decks at
night, groaning at an awful rate. Some
of em say it's a darkey without a head,
and others say it's a white chap with a
black face: but whatever it is, there
they are, afraid to come on deck after
dark or stand anchor-watch alone."
"This is a strange piece of business.
If there is a ghost aboard I should, think
it would first .pay its respects to the
quarter-deck. Do you think any of the
rascals are playing trick ?"
"No, sir! the knowirtgest ones is the
most sacred. There's Bob and Jackson
ought to know befer, but they both
swear they saw it in the middle-watch
last night; just told the third mate so."
" "Well ! suppose we go and inquire
We went forward together, and came
down so suddenly upon the sailors that
they evidently thought two. ghosts had
arrived instead of one. After the alarm
and confusion had subsided, I told them
what I had already heard, and asked
for further information, which was
readily furnished by a dozen eager vol
unteers, who, now that their tongues
were loosened by authority, seemed
anxious to outrival each other in "their
tale of horrors. It is needless to repeat
their stories; but about half of them had
seen the ghost in one of its forms, and
all of them had repeatedly heard the
groans. Bob and Jackson, my two best
men, who were acting as boatswains,
positively declared that they had seen it
in the forecastle on the previous night,
standing up against the bitt where I was
then leaning. This bitt, a timber about
a foot square, coming down through
from the upper to the main deck, near
the middle of the forecastle, was paint
ed black up to within a foot of the deck,
and the remainder of it lead color. On
either side of it, in the spar-deck, was a
bull's-eye to admit light, and there were
several nails on which were hanging
various articles of clothing.
" You saw the ghost standing right
here did you?"
"Yes, sir! right where you are now,
V Was the moon shining last night 1"
j xes, sir i quite origin in unemirioie-
y" Did you speak to or try to catch the
No. kir 1 w.oi 1 rlvc't An mieh u. thine;
fcr the world."
If you had, you would have found
that the ghost was nothing more
less than this bitt. with the moon
ining through the bull's-eves on it. and
Vn the clothing you see hanging there
, now. 1 never Knew ot a irhost. that
lidn't dwindle into a moonbeam or a
piece of linen."
"here was a genera look of increduli-
llnnn 4'., ..... 1 1, .i ,,! -
r . . , i t.,.. . , . .... ,uu ...... , ...... ..in
them mustered up courage to i.sk :
. -dui now about the groans and noises,
- V O. some .-f von etinea leMirl ami tho
Kind i n tr that o.... ........ s . .
- -W (- - "1(11117111, yi JU'lMlilMUll
wereof no use in altering the opinions
of nw crew, I left them, after giving the
lollowi ng admonition :
Sow. men ! in the first. i,i , i,
io such things a phnta - :iii,i noi
lly, I wish you to understand that
re is no ghost aboard of this ship,
I if you can't be made to understand
h anv other wnv. I'll m'tre vnu tho
fun of hunting all night For it. You
know what I mean. Good-night P
laving given the second mate his
Bra for the following dv. I snt rl...-n
to think the matter over, and " nsk mv-
few ruinations." as the sailors khv.
Uning AttfunMjnnmM now a
m ...1 i. 1 t .1 1 1
' ' I f 1 f -.v. Pi! I 111 III! II TIHl I
come to me for permission to be trans
ferrer! to other ships that were ready for
sea, but this I had attributed to the
characteristic restlessness of the class.
My ship was considered a good one for
sailors ; they were well fed and kindly
used so long as they behaved them
selves ; had plenty of work to do, so
that there was no time for growling or
' It was the ghost that made them anx
ious to leave the ship. There was no
fear of their running away ashore, be
cause, in those days, if a colored man
could not show his free papers in the
South, he was presumably a slave, and
held as such; but there Were many
ships in the bay that were short-handed,
and it was no uncommon thing for men
to be spirited away from one ship to an
other, when the latter was going to Bea
early in the morning. Mates of ships
were not very scrupurbtis about the
manner of filling up their crews m those
Says, as I well knew.- Haying, pondered
over all of these things jfSjsftrVilly. and
not seeing any presen"way Out of my
troubles, I turned in, trustincjp. fortune
for the future, t at fbtrmev4ite I
resolved to keep an look-out
whenever any ships weressWnt getting
ready for sea.
Things progressed as usual aboard of
fhe ship for sevetal days, and I heard
nothing more about the ghost ; bat my
own time was comijur. One evening I
had given my Htmn nlTii i i i permission
to absent themselves from the ship, and
was sitting bv mvself alone in the. cabin,
awaiting their return. Being tired of
my book, 1 sat dozing in a chair, When
my reveries were disturbed by a sound
like a half-smothered groan, that
seemed to come from that forward part
of the cabin on the starboard side. I
was wide awake in an instant, though
scarcely able to credit my senses. The
groans were distant enongh, and were
repeated in about the same interval
that is required for a human breath ;
still, my light did not burn blue, nor
did the ghost appear. As I listened
the sound came nearer, but seemed to
rise up from the lower between-decks.
I felt assured that the men, knowing
my officers were absent, had arranged
this plan to try my nerves. Without
any further consideration, I slipped my
shoes off, trimmed my dark lantern,
armed myself with a good stick, and
started in search of the ghast. Going
to the main hatch, the only one open. I
went down between decks, and, hauling
the ladder after me, proceeded aft,
where the noises : could be distinctly
heard ; but before reaching the mizzen
mast, they came, apparently, from be
neath my feet. This was not pleasant,
but my pride was aroused, and if there
Was any trick in the matter, it would
not do for me to. back out without dis
covering it ; so I went back to the main
hatch again, and down to. the lower
deck ;. but this time I did not take the
ladder away. Flashing the light ahead
of me, I went carefully along, guarding
against a surprise. This was needless.
for, upon reaching the locality of the
sounds, they were beneath my feet
again, coming up from the lower hole.
Matters were assuming an unpleasant
aspect. I will not say that my hair
stood on end, but certainly my feet
stood still, while my confidence in the
supernatural and myself began to be
slightlv shaken. I hesitated, doubted.
and finally concluding that it would be
better to wait until my officers returned
before pursuing the - investigation, beat
a most inglorious retreat to' the cabin ;
but there I could not rest, for now the
sounds were apparently under the
cabin floor, as if. they had followed me
up from the lower hold. Suddenly 1
thought of the carpenter, a stalwart
Dutchman, and hurrying to his room,
roused him out.
" Chips ! do you hear that noise ?"
I !"Yes, sir; I pese hear him many
times, and I shust puts mine head un
ter mine planket and says noting.--."
" Turn out now, and come down in
the hold with me, and we will see what
f Dunder unt Blitzen ! I shall nieht
" fJome along, you tool, ' said i, impa
tiently ; " you are no worse off there
than here. I have been down between-
decks alone, and now I want you along,
so that if any of the men ore down in
the hold we can cut them off."
This view of the case seemed to reas
sure him somewhat, and we soon found
ourselves in the lower hold. Wending
our way aft over the ballast the sounds
constantly becoming more audible we
finally reached the stern-post, and there,
while the groans came mourn full from
among the timbers of the stern frame,
we stood still, no one visible but our
selves. I do not know whether I was fright
ened, but my heart never beat so fast
before; and the poor Dutchman stood
trembling as it struck with palsy, the
droops of prespiration startling out like
beads. My own nerves were somewhat
shaken, but there was the pride of rank
and station ; so, after listening to the
unearthly sounds tor a tew minutes, we
returned to the cabin together, for the
carpenter would not turn in again until
his room-mate came aboard. When my
juniors returned we all went down into
the hold and listened for some time to
the sounds, which were apparently
traveling along through the timbers.
We could not satisfy ourselves regarding
the cause, and finally retired, thinking
that the poor darkeys might, after all.
have had some foundation for their
We remained some three months lon
ger in the Bay, and as no secret was
made of these occurrences the old "H."
received the name of " The Haunted
Ship." Many a merry party we had in
the cabin, and then would go down into
the hold to listen to the unearthly wait
ings of the tortured spirit who had
chosen my ship for its abiding place. At
length our own day of sailing came.
Having but little wind in the morning,
the steamboat Swan came to tow us out
side of Mobile Point. While at my sta
tion on the forecastle I heard Captain
George aboard the Swan calling out for
my harpoon, which was handed over to
him, and in a few seconds there was a
splashing in the water along side, a
shouting a board the Swan, and then
our ghost was lying on her forward
Work was temporarily suspended, so
that all hands might see what form the
spirit had taken. There lay an immense
Jew, or drum-fish, a well-known denizen
of southern water, which recieves its
name from the hollow, drum-like sound
it makes when seeking for its food.
This specimen was of unusual size, being
nearly six feet long, and weighing over
six hundred pounds. Having taken on
board about two hundred pounds weight
of his ghost-ship as an addition to our
sea-stock of in-ovision, we tripped mir
l ,r,,r,n r S:,i-' M1'1 W'e soon ou"
tne 5ulf of Mexico, making the best of
our way toward the Gulf of St Lawrence,
to take a cargo of deals for London.
Notwithstanding the capture of the
drum-fish, and the rational solution of
the mystery, some of the crew were
loath to abandon the delusion ; and un
til the " H." was lost, two years after
wards, she bore everywhere the ill name
of "The Haunted Ship.'
Terrible Indian Atrocities.
Tucson, Arizona, Jan. 29, 1870.
A terrible state of affairs exists
throughout Arizona, in the face of all
opposite representations. The Apaches
are increasing their works of theft and
murder. Within two weeks they have
captured a train, killed one man, and
wounded several others, between
Phoenix and Wickenburg. Another
train was attacked between Camp Mc
Dowel 1 and Florence, and they stole 18
mules and killed George Kane lully
Odwa'A Co.'s train was surprised thirty
miles southeast of here, stock stolen,
and. one man killed. The carriage on
the- last down trip between Wickenburg
and Bhcenix was attacked, and only es
caped by the amazing exertions of the
tlriver and team, wear louac Joe iving
was shot- through the groin, and a num
ber of horses taken. The farmers are
fleeing hence for safety. The friendly
Papagas have had many horses stolen
by the Apaches. Sixteen mules were
stolen near Florence, and 100 cattle at
the same place. This state of war is
similar in Central and Northern Ari
zona, near Prescott.
Representative men from all parts of
tne territory are nere attending tne
Legislature, and several mass meetings
have been held to counsel what is best
In this critical period an order comes
to transfer six companies of cavalry from
Arizona to the undisturbed Washington
Added to the Indian horrors is that
of an apparent determination of the
Mexican and other outlaws to plunder,
poison and assassinate the citizens.
Along the Gila road from Arizona city,
150 miles eastward, recently, Mexican
bandits massacred Charles Reidt. James
Lytle and Thomas Oliver, at Mission
Camp, and sacked the station, stole six
fine horses and escaped to Sonera, and
have not yet been captured, though the
Government offered $1,000 reward and
the citizens $500 more. About the 24th
inst., John Kilbride died .from the ef
fects of poison, believed to have been
administered at the instance of a Mexi
can woman. On the 20th, half a dozen
more men were poisoned, but survived,
at Gila Bend, reasonably believed to
have been the work of Thomas A.
Jones, acting in concert with Mexican
outlaws. Gov. Safford promptly offered
a reward for the capture of Jones, and
within twenty-four hours thereafter he
was taken within thirty miles of the
Mexican line, whither he was trying to
flee for safety. The Governor also ad
dressed a message to the Legislature re
questing authority to place not to ex
ceed twenty men in the field, in such
emergencies, to pursue, capture, and re
turn the desperadoes. With the active
thieves, poisoners, murderers, hostile
Apaches, and a wholly unprotected for
eign border, nearly all our boldest citi
zens who never are noted for temerity,
are abandoning their farms and .sta
tions, acknowledging, what they never
have done before, that they are dis
couraged. The delegates from Arizona and New
Mexico should present a bill to Con
gress for the protection of the southern
border, and enlist the California and
Texas Senators and Representatives in
its behalf. The Mexican bandits avow
their intention to clear the Gila settle
ment of whites.
How a Whole Family Became Blind.
From the Cambridge (Mass.) Herald.
There lives a family in Dorchester
county, every dark-eyed member of
which for the past fifty years has gone
blind at the age of 20 to 25 years.
Those with blue eyes escape the terrible
affliction. There is a tradition about
this singular circumstance, which we
lay before our readers as we heard it :
Some sixty years since-, so goes the
story, a beautiful black-eyed girl of 20,
from some cause or other, lost her eye
sight. Her misfortune brought penury
and want with it. Being reduced to
beggary, she was wont to go about ask
ing alms. During one of her journey -ings
she visited the neighborhood in
which resided the ancestors of those
who are now sightless. Instead of her
helpless condition exciting, as it should
have done, a feeling of sympathy, she
was treated with ridicule by some of the
younger members of the house her evil
star had led her into. Two of the boys,
as a matter of mere deviltry, took her
out, promising to conduct her to a plaee
where plenty awaited. Instead of giv
ing her a safe conduct, they carried her
into a swamp and left her. It is said
that she cried out, beseeching them to
put her on the public road, but they
heeded not her lamentations. Finding
herself about to be deserted among tho
tangled brushwood, she turned her
irayer to a curse, asking her Maker, in
ler revengeful anguish, to punish her
betrayers, by making their offspring for
seven generations as helpless as she was.
It is said that she was found dead in the
swamp, having perished from hunger
and cold. This may appear somewhat
romantic, but whether the traditionary
part of it be false or true, it is assuredly
fact that the male offspring of the
family referred to lose their sight as in
dicated. Hundreds of persons in Dor
chester county will verify it.
Marriaob or Miss Dr. Garrett.
English social circles are almost as much
interested in the approaching mar
riage of Miss Elizabeth Garrett,
M. D., as by that of the Marquis- of
Lorno' and the Princess Louise. Miss
Dr. Garrett is a very u strong-minded"
woman. She was one of the seven la
dies who fought their way through the
Edinhcrrgh Medical School to gradua
tion. She settled in London, and be
came not only a skillful physician, but
a prominent advocate of the ballot and
woman's rights to it. At the first elec
tion of a school board at which tho
three great principles of the cumulative
vote, woman suffrage and the ballot
were first introduced in England, she
was the most popular candidate in Lon
don, but nearly four times as many as
any other. The terms of the education
act wilt 'compel her to give up, of her
own accoiai, the practice of medicine.
It is not to be supposed that, after her
pleasant experince in voting and being
voted- for,-she will long remain silent
under the disfranchisement which her
marriage will carry with it.
Dr. McCosh gives to the theory of
Darwin, a qualified approval. He says
that it contains " a powerful denL of
truth," but not the whole truth, jtad
that many of his inferences are wrong.
From the Technologist for January.
Just now there is no subject comes
more appropriately to our minds than
that in 'which so many thousands are
concerned in these winter months ;
namely, heating as large a space with as
small a supply as possible. This is a
problem in which the poor are not the
only ones concerned ; it is us interesting
that large class possessed of slender
means as to the very needy ; for the po
sition they have to maintain renders
them as careful of their means as the
very poorest should be. The great
enemy of this unhappily large commu
nity is the cold, and thismust be guarded
against by all available means. Where
cooking stove is in use, it can be made
to heat two rooms on the same floor, by
having an aperture in the partition, in
which the back of the stove may be set,
taking the precaution against accident
by fire, of setting u frame of tin or zinc
between the stove and the wood-work of
the partition. A third room, over that
in which is the cooking stove, might bet
heated by a sheet iron dummy through
which the stove-pipe might pass on its
way to the chimney flue. And even a
fourth room may be heated to some ex
tent by passing the pipe through the
partition, dividing the two upper rooms,
before it discharges into the chimney.
It is true that all this calls for many
lengths of pipe, and it is comparatively
costly ; but when compared with the
amount of comfort thus conveyed, and
regaiding the economizing of fuel at the
same time, it is at least worthy ot con
sideration. In a one-story cottage or
tenement, wherein the floor is divided
into four rooms by two partitions,
intersecting each other at right
angles, the best plan to adopt would be
to have the cooking stove or the fire
place, as the case may be, located at the
point of intersection, having each side
facing a room. If the fire-place be of
brick, the back and two sides should
have sheet iron plates inserted in them,
and the fire-place itself, being in an
angle of the room, would necessarily
project into the other rooms, making
angular heating places at each. Three
rooms could be heated to some degree
one cooking stove, without interfer
ing with the oven or other fixings in the
least, by having the front in the kitchen
ranging with the partition wall, and
having the body of the stove project
back into the other room, having a suffi
cient height of alcove over the griddles
permit of the perfectly free opera,
tions of the boiler, etc. This can be
easily understood by supposing a cook
stove completely inserted in a fire-place.
kitchen ranges generally are. Here
there is but .little stove-pipe required,
and that which is used gives out heat to
the room m which it is set at the back
the cooking stove. To avoid the ex
pense of chimney building in cheap
cottages, a flue may be safely construct
to rest on the ceiling joists by havaig
the latter sufficiently strong to boar the
weight. - It is well also to prop them up
with two-inch planks placed upright,-
one at each side ot the perpendicular
line of the flue. The two upright
planks, being set against the chimney
back, could be readily made to form
sides of a shelved closet or small
It not unfrequently happens that
stores are so situated as to present no
opportunity for heating by stoves placed
them, unless by marring the general
appearance, or having to accept the in
conveniences of a lengthy and uncouth
looking stove-pipe, with its necessary
suspenders of wire nailed up at inter
vals. In such case heat may be intro
duced from the cellar beneath, through
register in the floor, or a cast-iron or
namented pedestAl, appropriately pierced
the purpose. The heat would be
generated by a furnace in the cellar,
having a hot-air chamber in connection
with the floor of the store, by means of
short pipe and a register ; the smoke
be carried oft' through a stove-pipe,
hung beneath the cellar ceiling, and
discharged into the nearest chimney
flue. A simple, ready and economical
heater, to answer the required purpose,
may be formed in the following manner:
Under the point fixed upon for the loca
tion of the register, in the store, place a
large-sized sheet iron box stove. Around
this build a hollow wall chamber, say
treble the dimensions of the stove.
This hollow wall may be made of two
parallel walls laid up on edge, and
bound at intervals with pieces of hoop
iron. The inner wall might be com
posed of tire brick the outer wall of
common brick. The inter-space might
two inches wide, and be packed with
ground charcoal, a bed of which should
likewise be laid on the floor of the hot
air chamber, with a layer of sand over
the stove to stand upon. The ob
ject of this introduction of charcoal is
prevent the escape of heat, it being a
non-conductor. Plaster of Paris, or
gypsum, would answer the same pur
pose. The door of the stove should be
taken off, and set in the brickwork in
front, taking care that the opening be
secure against any escape of fire into
the hot-air chamber : in fact, placing
the brickwork in close connection with
the front of the stove. It is evident
that the space surrounding the stove
will, when the fire is going, become
filled with hot air, which will rise
through a large pipe to the register in
the store. And lest any heat may be
lost, it would be well to have a second
pipe outside of this one, with a space of
inch or so betweeii the two. thus re
taining, without any loss, all the hot air
its ascent to the store floor. A cold
opening, having a stopper or slide,
should be provided at the floor line of
the hot-air chamber, and another for the
draft of the stove itself.
Any handy man could readily put up
such a heating contrivance as this,
which possesses all the principles so
elaborately and scientifically carried out
the various patent hot-air furnaces,
etc., at a comparative trifling expense.
Other rooms on a level with the store
might also be so heated as to be com
fortable from the same source; but this
would call for a larger sizetl stove and
chamber, as well as for an addi
tion to the pipes conveying the heated
not to speak of the necessary in
crease of fuel to meet this extra demand
If manufacturers of jotteiy would
turn their attention to the making of
earthenware for hot-air furnaces, how
much more healthy would they be than
iron as a material for such purposes, and
hew many houses of the lowly would be,
furnished with this comfort, because it
could be made to come within the
means of the great majority. The pipes
coultl be of glazed earthenware, and the
stove of terra eotla. In fact, all stovts of
rooms might be cheaplv constructed in
latter, and present the advantage
a lighter and pleasanter color, be
sides retaining heat so much longer than
iron. Should the misfortune of a
A Rhinoceros and the Ice.
Mr. Frank Buckland writes to Land
Water an account of a strange ice acci
dent to the rhinoceros at the Zoological
Garden, London, recently. The animal
had been turned out as usual into the
paddock behind the elephant house
while the dens were being cleaned. The
snow had fallen thickly during the
night, so that the pond was not to be
distinguished from the ground. The
rhinoceros not seeing the pond, pot
her fore feet on the ice, which immedi
ately gave way, and in she went head
over heels with a crash. The keepers
ran for Mr. Bartlett, the resident super
intendant. When he came in a few
minutes, he found the poor rhinoceros
in great danger of drowning, as she was
floundering about among great sheets of
ice, under which she had probably been
kept down till her great strength en
abled her to break up the whole mass,
Here, then, was a most awkward acci
dent under unexpected and novel cir
cumstances. Mr. Bartlett, with usual
courage, quickness and readiness of re
source, was quite equal to the occasion.
He immediately let the water oft' the
pond by knocking away a large plug
which he has thoughtfully fixed instead
of a tap, which is liable to get out of or
der. In the meantime the poor rhinoc
eros was in great danger of drowning, as
the pond is nine feet deep ; so, while the
water was running off, Mr. Bartlett, los
ing no time, sent for all the available
keepers and a long and strong rope ; bar
row loads ot gravel were at the same
time strewed on the sloping sides of the
ponds to give the exhausted animal a
foothold. The rope was tnen tossed
round the haunches of the rhinoceros,
like tho kicking strap of a horse in har
ness, and twenty-six men, one-half at
one end of the rope and the other half
at the other, pulled hard on the rhinoc
eros; so that in her struggles to get up
the bank she would not only be support
ted, but pulled forcibly forward. After
much hauling on the part of the men
and much plunging on the' slippery
bank of the pond, the rhinoceros was at
last landed on terra jirma. The salvors of
this valuable living property had . then
to look out for themselves. Mr. Bartlett
had anticipated this, for he had left the
sliding gate of the inclosure open just
wide enough to let out one man at a
time, but not a rhinoceros. An absurd
scene then ensued : everybody rushed
to the gate, but the first of the fugitives
from the rhinoceros, naturally stout, and
possibly stouter at Christmas time than
usual, jammed fast in the gate, so that
the other twentyfive men were in the
paddock with the rhinoceros. The poor
frightened and half-frozen beast luckily
behaved very well; she did not rush
after the men, but stood still, pricked
her ears and snorted, giving the keepers
time to get out as fast as they could,
through the ingenious "man-hole," or
guard, in the railing made in case of
emergencies. Neither the rhinoceros
nor the men received the slightest in
jur'. Shortly after the accident Mr.
Buckland saw the rhinoceros munching
her breakfast as if nothing had hap
pened. The rhinoceros was the big fe
male; she is about ten feet six inches
long, and about five feet high at the
shoulders, and she weighs, at a guess,
between three and four tons. The ice
was four inches thick.
A Prussian Officer's Experience of
A Prussian officer, who was captured
before Paris early in December, and ex
changed after three days' captivity, has
given an account of his treatment and
experience in a Berlin paper. It must,
however, says the London Times, be -received
with some caution. He was first
taken before the commandant of St.
Denis, Admiral la Rouciere, who pro
vided him with an elegant civilian cos
tume, invited him to a sumptuous din
ner, placed a carriage and a commis
sionaire at his disposal, and, on his pro
mise not to quit Paris, allowed to go at
large. He was afterwards presented to
Gen. Schmitz, the head of Gen. Trochu's
start", who received him very courteous
ly and conducted him to Gen. Trochu,
who also ottered him a capital dinner.
In the course of conversation the Gen
eral asked why the German start" gave
no intimation of the commencement of
the bombardment, to which the officer
replied that, as a soldier, he was wont
simply to obey orders, and did not know
the intentions of his superiors. Gen.
Trochu rejoined, rather excitedly, that
he was anxious for the beginning of the
bombardment, as the German guns
could only bombard the quarters chiefly
inhabited by the mob, who were the
greatest incumbrance to him in his un
dertakings. He should be glad in that
way to lose a couple of hundred thou
sand of these rauaille. He also stated
that he was accurately acquainted with
the hostile positions at all points, and
was convinced that he could silence the
German guns by the French batteries.
He went into details as to the construc
tion of the former, and expressed an
opinion that their range was less than
that of the French field artillery. The
officer saw various herds of cattle round
Paris, and in a restaurant where he
breakfasted, and had beefsteak, vegeta
bles anil wine for three francs, there
was much activity, and vegetables were
ottered on low terms in the markets.
French Protest. Twelve opposition
journals have protested against the de
cree issued by the Bordeaux Govern
ment, providing for the disqualification
from the privilege of an election to the
National Assembly of members of the
families reigning over France since 1789,
of all persons who have acted as Impe
rial officials, candidates in past elections,
or held office as Ministers, Senators or
Councillors of State under the Empire,
and Prefects who have accepted office
between the 2d of December, 1851, and
the 4th of September, 1870. A deputa
tion from these waited upon Jules
Simon, and stated to him verbally the
grounds on which the protest is based.
Simon, in his reply, declared that the
decree issued by the Paris Government
on the 28th of January abolished pll dis
qualifications for the National Assem
bly, and that he (Simon) would insist
upon the execution of the Paris decree.
It is said that the pecnliar otlor of
commercial tannin may be entirely re
moved, and thus better titter! for offi
cinal administration, by first dissolving
six parts in twelve parts of warm water,
placed in a porcelain vessel, then pour
ing the solution into a flask, after add
ing from one half to one part of ether,
and shaking it up thoroughly. The mix
ture at first appeal's of a dirty green,
and very turbid ; but it settles in a few
hours, the coloring matter sinking to
the bottom in the form of a flocculent
coagulum. The liquid is then to be fil
tered, and the filtrate evaporated.
Tannin thus pre wired has no odor,
and gives a perfectly clear solution with
crack occur, it would be much easier to
mend this earthenware work than to
remedy the same in an iron stove ; and
the chances of such an occurrence are
as likely in the one material as in the
As to the question of expansion of
material under the influence of tire, it
must become a subject of trial and con
trivance on the part of the worker who
would seek to make a fortune as well as
to acquire a grateful place in the minds
of millions he would benefit.
Mount Washington in Winter.
Prof. Huntington writes to tho Boston
One who has viewed the grand pano
rama that is spread out before the be
holder, who stands on the summit of
Mount Washington, only through the
haze of a summer day. can hardly ima
gine the gYandeur of tho sceue as it ap
pears on a clear day in winter. Would
you not like to see it? Then go with
ine, for to-day it is so mild and pleasant
that we cannot stay within doors. The
sun shines brightly alove, the sky is
intensely blue, and in the zenith deep
ens even into purple. Such a sky is
seen only at high altitudes. The at
mosphere to-day must bo free from all
impurities. We will stand on the very
highest point of the mountain no, this
will not do, we cannot see westward.
On the Tip Top House the view is bet
ter, but the roof is steep ; can we walk
up? Certainly, for the frost adheres to
the roof so that we have a secure foot
ing. Now we can go no higher, but this
is all we could wish. To-day, so clear
and transparent is the atmosphere that
space seems half annihilated. Instead
of one vast mantle of white, as we might
have expected, the variety of colors is
greater even than in summer ; and the
shadows could any artist desire any
thing more grand ?
To follow round the whole horizon
and study the scene that is spread out
before us would take several days. One
feature more of the scene that is par
ticularly striking we will notice here,
namely : the shadows as they, fall
aslant the sides of the mountains or
across the deep valleys. On account of
the snow and the transparency of the
atmosphere, not to say anything of the
lengthened shadows of winter, they are
much more noticeable than in summer.
On Monroe, Franklin and Pleasant
there is the same beautiful rose tint just
over the border : and the dark shadows
of the mountains, as they fall on the
snow, where the light streams through
the deep ravines, and as the sun climbs
higher we watch the shadows until Hie
sunlight flashes down- the sides of the
mountains. in tne aiternoon it is
grand to watch the shadow of Mount
Washington as it falls into the deep
gorge westward, climbs the snow-clad
summit of Mount Moriah, falls into the
valley of the Androscoggin and then
climbs the heights beyond. Now we
think to lose it, but it lingers yet, for it
mounts high upon the hazy atmosphere
and then gradually fades away as
the sun sinks beneath the western
THE "FROST WORK."
The " frost work" is one of the most
remarkable phenomenon of this high
altitude. As few have ever seen it, and
none have attempted to describe it,
and as the causes that produce it are
but imperfectly understood, we shall,
perhaps, be pardoned if we present
some rather crude ideas in regard to it.
It is difficult also to convey in words
any idea of its wonderful form and
beauty. From the study given to it
last winter, and the opKrtuiiities we
have had of observing its formation,
we are aole to give what seema to
us a plausible, if not a correct theory to
account for this, the most plastic of idl
the handiwork of nature. At our very
first observation we see that it forms
only when the wind is northward, i. e.,.
at some point between X. and W. or N.
and E., and never when the wind is
southward. It begins with mere prtints
on everything that, the wind reaches,
on the rocks, on the snow, on the rail
way, and on every part of the buildings,
even on the glass. On the south side it
is very slight, as the wind reaches there
only in eddying gusts. When tho sur
face is rough, the points, as they begin,
are an inch or more apart: when
smooth it almost entirely covers the
surface at the very beginning, but soon
only a few points elongate, so. on what
ever suriace it oegms to lorm ii nus very j
soon the same general appearance, pre
senting everywhere the beautiful,
feathery -liks forms. In going up the
mountain we do not see it until we get
some distance above the limit of the
trees; it is nearly a mile, before it is
seen in its characteristic forms, and it is
only immediately about the summit
that it presents its most attractive
features. Wc notice also that it always
forms toward the wind never from ft
and the rapidity with which it forms
and the great length of the horizontal
masses is truly wonderful. We placed a
round stick an inch in diameter in a
vertical position, where it wa.- exposed
to the full force of the wind, and in less
than two days some of the horizontal
icicles we call them icicles for the
want of a more appropriate name
were two feet in length and scarcely
any thicker than the stick itself. They
fornied on every part of the stick that
was exposed, but of course some points
were much longer than others. They
remained several days, but with a
change of wind they were blown off.
On some of the piles of stones south of
the house, these horizontal masses are
now more than five feet in length. On
the southern exposure:-, instead of the
"frost work." there are only mas-is of
pure. ice. which have always a peculiar
hue of greenish blue. In the early part
of December, when she thermometer
ranged from twenty-five to twenty-nine
degrees and the wind was southward,
the ice formed to the thickness of a
foot or more on the telegraph-poles near
the lrotise. These icy masses are formed
evidently by the condensation of the
vapor of the. atmosphere, as it is not un
common for it to be above the oiiit of
saturation. The "frost work'" i- aba
formed by the condens 'tion of vapor,
but besides the vajior the air must lie
filled with minute specula, of ice. As
the vapor condenses they are caught,
and thus the horizontal feathery masses
are formed. This accounts for the facts
that we have observed, namely, that it
forms when the wind is northward and
always toward the wind.
The following is the .summary of the
meteorological observation by Ser
geant Theodore Smith, of tho Signal
The hia-tiest temperature liae been
The low.-st - ...........
fMvitiff h mean of
The hlKht-Ht ltarometer
torn S. W.
The raean lieinit
rreet-l for elevation....
The prevailing wind
We have only two calms on record, and
the greatest velocity extended one hun
dred miles per hour, a rate without "pre
cedent in meteorological record. The
observations on clouds are very limited
there having been only six clear days
during the month. A very remarkable
phenomenon presents itself in the rapid
changes in the relative humidity of the
Hon. A. II. Stephens weighs seventy
Gov. Alcorn's message was sixty feet
Charixitte Cubhnan has taken a rest
dence at Newport, R. I.
Gen. McClellan's salaries aggregate
The stockholders' family free list has
killed Krighani Young's theatre.
The Cincinnati Commercial published
the oration of Ralph Waldo Emerson
under the head of " Emerson's Pilgrim's
Mr. Thos. A. Carew has a bat-relief of
ii . . r ...... T . .
Horace Aiann on exhibition at t'hild-
art 'tore in Boston.
Carlotta Patti has lost greatly by
spurious tickets at Rio Janeiro. Seven
hundred dollars' worth were taken in
Mr. W. T. Sinus, of Sumter county,
Alabama, recently lost three ehilrlrnn
T J " .....
in one night, by cerebrospinal menin
B. K. Seaman, of Iowa Falls, offers b
to any young person who will spell 250
words correctly, according to the rules
Ex-Gov. A. R. Allen, of Quincv. Flor
ida, has been arrested and earned to
Jacksonville, charged with violating the
The camp table of the King of Prus
sia is graced with tho curious, thin, well
worn, old historical plates which the
Great Frederick took to the wars with
Father Hyacinths contemplates an
other visit to the United States next au
tumn, convinced that he did not see
half enough of the country when he was
Commodore Vanderbilt's application
for delay in the hearing of the dividend
tax case of the New York Central Rail
road before the Commissioner of Inter
nal Revenue has been granted.
A letter to Victor Emanuel congratu
lating him on the thorough establish
ment of Italian unity, signed by men
prominent in mercantile, social and
scholarly position, headed by Governor
mnin, is soon to oc sent trom Boston.
On Wednesday last, Hon. A. B. Bacon,
of the editorial staff of the New Orleans
Pic tyuiie, died, after a distinguished and
honorable career as journalist and law
yer in Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas.
Clara Louise Kellooo testified ber
good opinion of the Woman's Christian
Association in Cincinnati by sending
the young ladies belonging to that so
ciety free tickets to the performance of
the oratorio of the Messiah.
Jacob Trees and Sarah Trees, of
Shelby county, Iud., for fifty-nine years
husbahd and wife, died within four
hours of each other about two weeks
ago. Both were attacked at the same
time and with the same disease.
James A. Rissell, father of Adjutant
General Russell of Pennsylvania, died
at Bedford, in that State, on the 20th
ult., at the age of eighty-five years. Mr.
Russell was a reputable lawyer, and had
successful practice for nearly sixty
Dr. Holmes savs " Walvino U .
pet mil falling, with a per)etual self-
rucovnry. nus most complex, violent
and nerilouH ntwrutinn wtiitli uA ,i;....t
of its extreme d inger only by continual
practice nom a very early period of
The Atlanta Cbiutitutiou says Dr. Mc
Cownn, of Jonasboro', Ga., has brought
monstrosity to that city to have it
preserved in alcohol. It was an infant
whose far e bore a striking resemblance
.. .i . .
" common screecning-owl, the
brains being massed in the back part of
To the Missouri Historical Society has
been presented a letter written by Dan
iel Boone, which reads as follows : " I
certify that I gave permission to Benja
min Gardner to satel on a pies of vacant
land coal Little Purray, on the Missury,
some time in December, 1802. Given
under my hand this 23d day of Fcbury,
1806. Daniel Boone."
A correspondent inquires whether the
iwm of Mr. Bryant entitled "Thana
topaia'.' has ever leen translated into
either German or Italian. It has been
translated into German half a dozen
times, but we are not aware that there
is any printed veitrioii of it in Italian.
Sergeant Robinson, who saved Secre
tary Seward's life at the time of the as
sassination of President Lincoln, has
received a favorable report upon the
petition for an appropriation of $5,000.
He i unable to rio heavy labor on ac
count of his wound then received.
George Fish, of South Dover. Mc,
aged seventy-eight years, both of whose
hips are out of joint, so that he can only
get about on crutches, has collected at
farm houses in the surrounding country,
and brought into Bangor, with one
horse, the past season, 18,620 dozen eggs,
which he sold for $3,927.
The Moon's Influence on Rain. Mr.
Ja mes (Glassier, F. R. S., of England, in
recent lecture, said that the whole of
the rain had its origin and fall 800 feet
from the earth. Desiring to discover
the influence of the moon on the ele
ments, he found, after a long series of
investigations, that on the ninth day of
the moon there was much more rain
than on any other day, and that on the
first and last week of the moon there
was the least amount. He had taken
account, from I X J ii to 1869, of every day
on which there had been an 'inch of
rainfall, and he had found that on July
26, IK67, the rainfall amounted to
three and seven-tenth inches the
largest amount that had fallen in one
day at the Royal Observatory. From
careful olwervations made by him he
hud no doubt that the moon did exer
cise an influence upon rain. Another
his investigations was as to the time
day that rain fell most, and he had
found that the largest quantity of rain
fell at ai.out four o'clock in the after
noon. Obi.. John H. Mokhv, of guerrilla hum-,
haa been admitted to practice at the bar
of the Knifed States ( ircnit Court. Rich
Little Boy Blue.
BY ABBY SAGE RICHARDSON.
l'ndcr tho bar atark, lltUa-Boy Bla
Sleep with his head on bis arm,
While voices of men and votes of msWi
Are railing him over the farm.
.Sbecp in the meadows are run nine wild.
Where poisonous herbaae arows.
Leaving wbile tuft of downy fleeca
On the thorns of the sweet wild rose.
Out In the fislds where I he silksjn corn
IU plumed head nods and bows.
Where golden pampkins ripen below.
Trample the white-faced eows.
But no loud blast on the shining horn
Calls back the straying sheep.
And the cows may wander In bay or 0OTB
While their keener liesast asleep.
Mis roguish eyes are tightly shut.
JJin dimples arc all at rest:
The chubby hand, tucked under his bead.
By one rosy ebeek is pressed.
Waken him ? No. Let down the hers
And gather the truant rbaep.
Open the barnyard and drive In the eows.
But let the httlr boy sleep.
For year after year we can Bear the fleeoe.
And corn can always be sown: -But
the nleep that visits little Boy Blue
Will not come when the years Bare flown-
A Trusty Boy.
A' few years ago, says a Now York
paper, a large, drug firm in this city ad
vertised for a boy. Next day the atora
was thronged with applicants, and
among them came a queer looking little
fellow, accompanied by his aunt, in liau
of iaitbleas parent, by whom he had
Looking mi this little waif, tha mer
chant in the store promptly said, "Can't
take him , places all full ; besides be ia
too small." " I know he is small," said
the woman, " but he ia willing and faith
ful." There waa a twinkle in the boy's
eyes which mado the merchant think
again. A partner in the firm voluq
teered to remark that " ha did not sea
what thoy wanted of such a boy ha
ii i .'. tl . . .... ,.r
wmii i uiggvi ill cm I a piui n mwp .
But after consultation the boy waa set
A few days later, a call was made on
the boys in the store for soma one to
stay all night. The prompt response of
the little fellow contrasted well with tha
reluctance of the other. In the mid
dle of the night, the merchant looked
in to gee if all was right in the store,
and presently discovered his youthful
protege, busy scissoring labels. " What
are you doing?" said he . "1 did not
tell you to work nights." " I know yon
did not tell me so, but I thought I
might as well be doing something. In
the morning the cashier got orders to
'double that hoy h nages, lor lie is
Only a few weeks elapsed before a
show of wild beasts passed through the
streets, and very naturally all hands in
the store rushed to witness tha specta
ole. A thief saw hi opportunity and
entered in a rear door to seise some
thing, but in a twinkling found himself
firmly clutched by the diminutive clerk
aforesaid, and after a struggle, was cap
tured. Not only was robbery preven tea,
but valuable articles taken from other
stores were recovered. Whan asked by
the merchant why be stayed behind to
watch when all other quit their work,
tho reply was, " You told me never to
leave the store when others were absent,
and I thought I'd stay." Order wore
immediately given once more, " Doable
that boy s wages : ne is willing ana
faithful." In 1869, that boy waa receiv
ing a salary of $2,500, and in 1870 was
to become a partner in the establish
Manly Jack Stone.
I'm Jack Stone, you know, that' aot
grandpa and dog Johnnie ; but that
don't make me proud.
1 want to be manly, because grandpa
says boys snould be, and ne ougnt to
know, he's lived so long. He say boys
never ought to cry, so whan I run a
splinter into my finger, 1 don't cry when
T . . . i .
iney try io get n ouv.
I had a tooth oat, the other day. It
was not tUeasant, but I didn't cry. I waa
manly. It hurt. The man had a long
iron in his hand, and told me to let mm
see the tooth. He said I must be quiet,
and it wouldn't hurt me. I told him I
guessed it would. I had two out before.
One a dentist took out, and tha other I
pulled with a string. Dentist ought
not to tell stories, because it' not right.
Dr. Thomas come to see me whan
I'm sick . He don't tell the truth. Ha
says bis medicine ia real nice. It isn't .
tastes like rustv nails. lie ougnt to
1 love nails, but not to eat. 1 ney are
handy when you want to make a wagon.
like wagons first rate. I mean toy
wagons, that my dog Johnnie can draw.
Horse wagons do very well.
Home are manly. I hey don t cry
when you drive nails in their foot to
fasteu their shoe on. They don't seem
I shouldn't like to be a horse. They
can't slide, or skate, or snowball. They
have to work real hard ; sometime cruel
men beat thorn, and they have to stand
up and go to sleep, and have only hay
and oats to eat.
I don't think hav is half so good to
eat mi meat and pie. 1 found a nail in
the mince-pie yesterday. Mother says
came out of the flour-barrel. It al
most broke my tooth.
I was going to say a word about beina
manly, but I forgot it.
Some boy think it is manlv tojtmoka
cigars and drink. I don't. I am never
going to think so.
Peter Cole is manly. He help blind
men to cross the street). Sometimes
the bova laugh at him. He don't care.
He tolls them he known he's right, and
he's going to do what's right. Ian't he
1 like to read little story papers very
well. One time Johnnie got one, and
gnawed it all up. 1 didn't bea, John
nie. I wanted u, but lie didn't know
any better, so I forgave him It isn't
right to be it people or dog, when thoy
don't know any better.
Johnnie paved my life once. 1 fall
into the water, and he jumped in and
bit my clothes.
bit my clothes
He didn't bite me, but
living now if he hadn't
That showed how much
We've been friends ever since, and if
Johnnie should go dead, I should cry.
should forget to be manlv then, but I
would he right. Tommy Lane says it ia
foolish to cry for a dog when he's dead,
but I couldn't help crying for Johnnie.
wonder if Tommy's (log waa to save
his life, and then die, if Tommy wouldn't
Last Kourth of July Tommy tied
some tire-crackers to his dog' tail, and
then burned them. They went snap,
The dog run very fast. It waa not
rleaaant to see him. Tommy was cruel,
untied the cracker, and then 1 got
some water and put it on the dog I
firandua say I was manly. Waa 17
Some boys love to stone cats, and steal
birds-nests. They call it fun. They
don't think it funny if they have their
toys taken from them, grandma would
saye KoM' Companion.
Two Ways of Looking at Things.
his companion, as they were going to
" Ah !" replied the other, "1 waa re
fleeting ii in the uselesaiiee oi our being
filled ; for lot as go away ever o full, wo
always come back empty."
Dear mo! bow strange to look at in
that way." aaid the bucket : " now I en
joy the thought that however empty we
conic we always go away full. Only look
it in that "light, and you will be a
cheerful as I am."'
A PivNsrr.TAKl man accidentally
dropped a pistol cartridge, into a pip
was smoking. He i having tin ear