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NEATLY AND PROMPTLY EXECUTED
AT THIS OFFICE
On Reasonable Terms.
All order for job ork oru.lv,rtiia. -- ntj-v
ail. will iVutt.e m prrtnrpt attedWKn a If rami e
mall, will reserve se piuuiiii
caueu in person.
not under contract mint be plainly
1 of tin dwSewJl ot oy win be con-
-aiarkeH the l.nartl
41 nuei ana cnargea lor mi onici ...
F. T. FOSTER, Publisher.
VOL. IV. NO. 34.
Devoted to the Interests
of the Democratic Party and the Collection of Local
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1871.
and General News.
Two Dollars per annum, in Advance.
WHOLE NUMBER 209.
Don't Leave the Farm.
Come, boys. I hare sumef Btng to tell you ;
a t ome near, t wouiu wnispcr it low
You are thinking- of leaving the homestead
. Von t B.--TI1 a nurry-U) (roiY r)l ft II a n
n a cru. mail HnKuun - '
FaStaeofc. ' Ikt" 1
once in the vortex of fw
AUow soon the downward course begins !
t talk of the mines of rostrali-1- ' '
They're wwalthrjrin rela withoatmMdM:
But ah '. there is cold on the farm, boys, . &.
If you'll only shovel it out.
The mercantile trade i&aa1smrl.
The roods are first hShano then low :
Better risk the farm awhile longer
Don't be in a-'lrarry toi ''JilUT
The Htm hoar West h
And so has fhr- busiest mir
But wealth is not made in a day
I Wirv'fr Km in tx - in itn r-r 1
The bankers and brokers arr wcMth v ;
They take in their thoiuantts or st)
Ah ! think of the fraud and deceptions
Dowt be in a hurry tcr ft).
The farm id the safest and surest.
The orchards are loaded to-day ;
You are as free as the air of the mountains.
And monarch: of all you aarrear.
uetter stay on tne .arm a while longer.
Thouirh iirofitri enme in rn.rrir kIaw
nemeraopr. you ve nothing to risk
Don't be in a hurry to ko.
THE STORY OF A VALENTINE.
From Scribner's Magazine.
ji. S.. dines at my j Jain table, I sir' al
'ays a little abashed, I know that ho
has been accustomed always( to a variety
Jpf wines and sauces, to a cigarette after
ouch course, and to a cookery that would
Jkill an undeveloped American. So,
. Mien tlni Captain turns the cantor round
hree times before selecting his rontii-
anient, and when his eyes seem to be
-seeking for .Worcestershire sauce and
-iBurgundy wine, I feel the poverty of the
best feast .1 can furnish hrm. 1 am afraid
veteran magazine readers will feel thus
about, the odd litrln stcaev E'liav. arw .t a! 1.
-For I haveebserved of late that even the.
. sliort stories are highly seasoned ; and I
-vcannot bear to disappoint readers. So,
et me just honestly write over, the sal e-
vway to this story a warning. I have no5.
Cayenne pepper. No Worcestershire
sauce. No cognac. No cigarettes. No
murders. No suicides. No broken hearts.
' No lovers' quarrels. No angry father.
. No pistols and coffee. No arsenic. No
.laudanum. No shrewd detectives. No
'.trial for murder. No "heartless coquette.''
VNo "deep-dyed villain with a curling
pmustaohe." Now if, after this warfring,
. you have courage to go on, I am not re-
. Hubert said I might print.it if X would
w disgu-se tne names. It came out quit
- inciaentauy. we were discussing the
t woman question. I am a "woman's
J righter." Hubert the Rev. Hubert Lee,
I should say, pastor of the " First
Church," and, indeed, the only church
in Allen ville is not, though 1 flatter
.myself I have made some impression on
him. But the discussion took place in
Hubert's own house, and wishing to
tgive a pleasant turn at the end, I snp
.pose, he told me how, a year and a half
before, he had " used up" one woman's
'rights man, who was no other than old
' Dr. Hood, the physician that has had
charge of the physical health of Hubert
.and myself from the beginning. Unlike
most of his profession, the Doctor bad
5alwys been a radical, and even the
"Mswealth that has come in upon him of
'Cate years has left him quite as much of
radical, at least in theory, as .ever be
' 1 before. Indeed the old Doctor is not very
Stfinconsistent in practice, for he has edu
V cated.his only daughter, Cornelia, to his
''own profession, and I believe she took
J her M. IX with honors, though she has
a. lately spoiled her prospects by marrying.
J But socially he has become a little aristo
' cratic, seeking an exclusive association
? witli his wealthy neighbors. And this
does Trpt took yety well hi one who,
" iv ben he was pui h-m putiuulail; bit
ter on " a parse-proud aristocr;icy." I
" suppose Hubert felt this. Certainly--I
did, and therefore I enjoyed the conver;-.
sation that he repeated to me all the
more. e-?'. ::i't baolB
It seems that my friend Hubert had.
been away at the seminary for three
years, and that having at last conquered
in his great battle against poverty, and
having gained an -education in spite of
nimcumes, ana Having supplied a citv
v church acceptably for some months dur
Tjj ing the absence of the pastor in Europe,
ne came duck io our native village
to rest. on his laurels a few weeks, and
decide which of three rather impecuni
ous calls he would accept. When just
about to leave he took it into his head
for some reason, to "drop in" on old
It was nine o'clock in the morning,
and the Doctor's partner was making
morning calk while tho old gentleman
sat in his office to .attend to any that
might seek his services. This particular
morning happened to be an unfortunate
one, for there were no ague-shaken pa
tients to be seen, and there was not
even a case of minor surgery to relieve
tho tediousness of the morning office
hour. Perhaps it was for this reason,
perhaps it wife for the sake of old ac
quaintance, that he gave Hubert a most
cordial reception, and launched at once
into a sea of vivacious talk. Cornelia,
who was in the office, excused herself on
the ground that she was cram mi no for
her final examination, and seated herself
at a window with her book.
" I am afraid I take your time, Doc
tor," aid Hubert. k , .
"O "no, I am giving up practice toiri'y
IortneiDr. Beck, and shall give it all
to him in a year or two."
" To him and Miss Cornelia ?" queried
Uuberylaughmg. For it Was currently
reported that the young doctor and
Cornelia were to form a Mrtaership in
Other than luolesslonul uffiaira
Either because he wished' to -attract
her attention, or for some other reason,
Hubert soon managed to turn the con,
vernation to the subject of woman's
"fly and the old doctor and the young
parson were noon hurling at one another
ail tne staple, ana now somewhat stare'
arguments about woman's fitness and
woman's unfitness for many things. At
last, perhaps because he was a little cor
nered, Hubert said :
" Now, Doctor, there was a uueer
thing happened to a student in my dues
in the seminary. I don't suppose, Doc
tor, tlut you are much interested in a
love ty, but I would just like to tell
you this one, because 1 think you dare
not apply your principles to it in cvefY
part. Theories often fail when practic
ally applied, you know."
"Goon, llu goon; Id like to hear
the star-. And as for my principles,
tney u Pear applying anywhere !" And
tne 019 Doctor rubbed his hands togeth
er con Jden tly.
" This friend of mine. Henrv Gilbert '
saia nu, "was, liise myselt, poor
long lime ago. when hp wil n. hvir tlio
son ol J poor widow, the lot on which
he livad joined at the back the lot on
whicWlived a Mr. Morton, at that time
:l thriving merchant, now the principal
As there was a back gate between the
low, my tnend wrt the constant play-
mate from earliest childhood of Jennie
Morton. He built her play-houses out
of old boards, ho moulded clay bricks
Jor her use, and carved tiny toys out of
I jarie blocks lor her amusement. As ne
P-g,ew larger, and as Jennie's father grew
richer, and came to live in greater style,
i.enry grew more shy. But by all the
Unspoken language ot tne eyes tne two
iiavcr failed to mane tneir uncnangmg
regard known to each other.
" Henrv'went to college early. ' At va
cation time the two met. But the grow
inn difference in their social position
r could not but be felt. Jennie's friends
were ot a different race ironi nis own
Her parents never thought of inviting
turn to their entertainments. And if
tbev had. a rusty coat and a lack of
monev to snend on kid gloves would
have effeotually kept him away. He
was proud. This apparent neglect
aiung him. It is true that Jennie Mor
ton was all the more kind. But his
quick and foolish pride made him fancy
that he detected pity in her kindness.
And yet all this only made him deter
mined to place himself in a position in
which he could ask her hand as her
equal. . But you .do npt" understand,
Doctor, as I do. how irresistible is this
conviction of duty in regard to tho min
isjbry. Under that pressure my friend
settled it that he must preach. And now
there was before him a good ten years ot
poverty at least. What stiouia ne ao
" In his extremity he took advice of a
favoritfe theological professor. The pro
fessor advised him not to seek the hand
of a rich girl. She would not be suited
to the trials of a minister's life. But
finding that Henry was firm in his opin
ion that this sound general principle
not in the least apply to this partic
ular case, the professor proceeded to
touch the teriderest chord in the young
man's heart. He told him that it
would be ungenerous, and in some sense
dishonorable, for him to take a woman
delicatelv brought up into the poverty
and trial incident to a minister's life. If
you unaerstooa, sir, now uiuiuiu mo
sense of honor is, you would not wonder
at the impression this suggestion made
upon him. To give up the ministry was
in his mind to be a traitor to duty to
God. -To win her, if he could, was to
treat ungenerously her whose happiness
was dearer to him a thousand times
than his own."
6 I hope he did not give her up," said
1 Yes, he - gave her up, in a double
s!rit of mediwval self-saorifioe. Look
ing toward the ministry, he surrendered
his love as some of the old monks sacri
ficed love, ambition, and all other
things to conscience. Looking at her
happiness, he sacrificed his hopes in a
more than knightly devotion to her wel
fare. The knights sometimes gave their
lives. He gave more.
For three years he did not trust him
self to return to his home. But having
graduated and settled himself for nine
months over a churoh; there was no
reason why he should not go to see his
mother again. And once in the village,
the sight of the old school-house and
the old church revived a thousand mem
ories that he had been endeavoring to
banish. The garden walks, and espe
cially the apple trees, that are the most
unchangeable of landscapes, revived the
, at : : . L 1
OlU passion Wll.ll uiimuiimanei jvitoi.
He paced his room at night. He looked
out- at the new house of his rich neigh
bor. Ho chafed under the restraint of
his vow not to think again of Jennie
Morton. It waa.-'the old story of the
monk who thinks the world subdued,
but who finds it all at once about to as
sime "astery over him. i do not
know how the struggle might have end
ed,. put it was all at once stopped from
rt " There reached him a rumor that
Jennie was already the betrothed wife
of a Colonel Pearson, who was her fath-er-Viartner
in business. And, indeed,
Colonel Pearson went in and out at Mr.
Morton's gate every evening, and the
father was known to favor his suit.
"Jennie was not engaged to him. how
ever. Three times she had refused him.
The fourth time, in deference to her
father's wishes, she had consented to
think about it ' for a week. Ia truth,
Henry had been home ten days, and
had not called upon her, and all the
hope she had cherished in that direc
tion, and all the weary waiting seemed
Trf rin. When the Colonel's week was
nearly out . she heard that Henry was to
leave in two days. In a sort of despera
tion, she determined to accept Colonel
Pearson without waiting for the time
appointed for her answer. But that gen
tleman spoiled it all by his own over-
"For when he called, after Jennie had
determined on this course, he found her
so full of kindness that ho hardly knew
how to behave with moderation. And so
he fell to flattering her ; and, flattering
himself ai the same time that he knew
airthe ins and outs of a girl's heart, he
complimentr-d her on the many offers
she had received.
And I tell you what,' he proceeded,
' there are plenty of others that would
increase them. There's that young par
son Gilbert, I think they call him
that is visiting his mother, in the un
pointed and thread bare-look ing little
hoqse that stands behind this one. I've
actually seen that fellow, in his rusty,
musty coat, stop and look after you on
the street, and every night, when I go
home, he is sitting at the window that
looks over this way. The poor fool is in
love with you. Only think of it ! And
J chuckle to myself when I see him, and
say, uon 1 you wisn you coutu reacn so
high!" 1 declare, it', funny.'
.. J"-In that on speeefc Colonel Pearson
dashed fcis ?hnce to-viece. He could
not account for the sudden return of
winter in Jennie Morton's manner. And
all this sjnshinfe was powerless to dispel
it, or to bring back the least ap
proach of spring.
"Poor Jennie! You can imagine,
Doctor, how she paced the floor all that
night. She began to understand some
thing of the courage of Henry Gilbert's
heart, and something of the manliness
of his motives. All night long she
watched the light burning in the room
in the widow's house j and all night long
she debated the matter until her head
ached. She could reach but one conclu
sion : Henrv was to leave the day after
io-morrow. If any communication should
ever be opened between them, she must
begin it. ItVas as if she had seen him
drifting away from her forever, and
must throw him a rope. I think even
uch a woman s-rights man as yourself
WWliM hardly justify her, however, in
taking any step of the kind.
' 's I certainly should," said the Doctor.
" But she could not find a way she
hud bo rope to throw. Again the Colo-
1, meaning to do anything else but
that, opened the way. At the breakfast
table the next morning she received
liom him a magnificent valentine. All
at once she saw her method. It was St.
Valentine's day. The rope was in her
hand. Excusing herself from breakfast
she hastened to her room.
" To send a valentine to the faithful
lover was the uppermost thought. But
how ? She daro not write her name, for,
after all. she might be mistaken in
counting on his love, or she might offend
his prejudices or his pride by so direct
an approach. She went fumbling in a
drawer for stationery. She drew out a
little pine boat that Henry had whit
tled for her many years before. He had
named it 1 Hope,' but the combined wis
dom of the little boy and girl could not
succeed in spelling the nanio correctly
And here was the little old boat that he
had given, saying often afterward that
it was the boat they two were going to
sail in some day. The misspelt name
had been the subject of many a laugh
betwen them. Now but I mustn't be
" It did not take Jennie long to draw
an exact Likeness of the little craft. And
that there might be no mistake about it,
she spelled the name as it was on the
side of the boat: 'HOAfV
" There was not another word in the
valentine. Sealing it up, shp hurried out
with it, and dropped it in the post-office.
No merchant, sending all his fortune to
sea in one frail bark, ever watched the
departure and trembled for the result of
a venture as she did. Spain did not pray
half so fervently when the invincible
Armada sailed. It was an unuttered
prayer an unutterable prayer. For
heart and hope were the lading of the
litttle picture-boat that sailed out that
day, with no other wind but her wishes
in its sails.
"She sat down at her window until
she saw Henry Gilbert pass the next
street corner on his morning walk to the
post-office. Three minutes after, he went
home, evidently in a great state of ex
citement, with "her valentine open in his
hand. After a while he went back again
toward the post-office, and returned.
Had he taken a reply ?
" Jennie again sought the office.
There were people all around with those
hideous things they call comic valen
tines open in their hands. And they
actually seemed to think them funny !
She had a reply. It did not take her
long to find her room and to open it.
There was another picture of a boat,
but the name on its side read 'de
spair.' And these words were added :
Your boat is the pleasantest, but un
derstanding that there was no vacant
place upon it, z nave been obliged to
take passage on this.' Slowly the mean
ing forced itself upon her. Henry had
fears that she whom he thought engaged
was coqueting with him. I think, Doc
tor, you will hardly justify her in pro
ceeding further with the correspond
" Why not ? Hasn't a woman as much
right to make herself understood in
such a matter as a man? And when
the social advantages are on her
side the burden of making the advances
often falls upon her. Many women do
it indirectly and are not censured.
" Well, you know, I am conservative,
Doctor, but I'm glad you're consistent.
She did send another valentine. I am
afraid she strained this figure of speech
about the boat. But when everything
in the world depends on one metaphor,
it will not do to be fastidious. Jennie
drew again the little boat with the mis
spelt name. And this time she added
five words : ' 1 he master s place is va
cant.' " And quite late in the afternoon the
reply was left at the door : 4 1 am an
applicant for- the vacant place, if you
will take that of master's mate.'
"Good," cried the Doctor; "I always
advocated giving women every liberty
in these matters."
" But I will stump you yet, Doctor,"
said Hubert. That evening Gough was
to lecture in the village, and my friend
went, not. to hear Gough, but to see Miss
Jennie Morton at a distance. Somehow
in the stupefaction of revived hope he
had not thought of going to the house
to see her yet. He had jiostponed his
departure and had thrown away his
scruples. Knowing how much opposi
tion he would have to contend with, he
thought, if he thought at all. that he must
proceed with caution. But some time
after the lecture began he discovered
the Morton family without Jennie !
Slowly it dawned upon him. She was
at home waiting for him. He was near
the front of the church in which the
lecture was held, and every inch of aisle
was full of people. To get out was not
easy. But as he thought of Jennie
waiting it became a matter of life and
death. If the house had been on fire
he would not have been more intent on
making his exit. He reached the door,
he passed the happiest evening of his
life, only to awake to sorrow, for
Jennie's father is 'dead set' against the
" He has no right to interfere," said
the Doctor, vehemently. " You see I
stand by my principles."
" But if I tell the story out I am afraid
you would not," said Hubert.
" Why, isn't it done ?"
" I beg your pardon, Doctor, for hav
ing used a little craft. I have much
at stake. I have disguised this story in
its details. But it is true, I am the
Tho Doctor looked quickly toward his
daughter. Her head was bent low over
her book. Her long hair bung about it
like a curtain, shutting out all view of
the face. The Doctor walked to the
other window and looked out. Hubert
sat like a mummy. After a minute Dr.
Hood spoke :
" Cornelia !"
She lifted a face that was aflame.
Tears glistened in her eyes, and I doubt
not there was a prayer in her heart.
" You are a brave girl. I had other
plans. You have a right to choose for
yourself. God bless you both. But it's
a great pity llu is not a lawyer. He
pleads well." So saying, he put on his
hat and walked out.
This is the conversation that Hubert
repeated to me that day, sitting in his
own little parsonage in Allen ville. A
minute after his wife came in. She had
been prescribing for the minor ailments
of some poor neighbors. She took the
baby from her crib, and bent over her
till that same long hair curtained moth
er and child from sight.
" I think," said Hubert, " that you
folks who write love stories make a
great mistake in stopping at marriage.
The honeymoon never truly begins until
conjugal affection is enriched by this
holy partnership of loving hearts in the
life of a child. The climax of a love
story is not the wedding. It is the
" What do you call her ?" I asked.
" Hope," said the mother.
" Hope Valentine," added the father,
with a significant smile.
" And you spell the Hope with an ' a,'
J believe,"' I said.
" You naughty Hu," said Mrs. Corne
lia. " You've been telling. You think
that love story is interesting to others
because you enjoy it so much !"
A Man and a Pair of Mules Carried
300 Feet on a Cow-Catcher.
o'clock, as train No. 4, south-bound
from Indianapolis, on the Jeffbrsonville,
Madison and Indianapolis railroad, was
approaching the first road-crossing south
of the starch factory, this side of Edin
burg, a man named Abraham Russell,
with a wagon and two mules, attempted
to pass the track in the face of the loco
motive. The consequence was that a
collision resulted, and the cow-catcher
caught up man, mules, and wagon. The
train was running at a speed estimated
between twenty and thirty miles an
hour. The train having the Westing
ham atmospheric brakes on, they were
applied, and it was- stopped in the short
space of not quite three hundred feet
from the crossing. Upon looking fot-
the man, the omcers ot the train found,
him sitting on the fore part of the en-'
gine, with a few slight scratches, and the
mules were hanging on to the cow
catcher, bellowing at a terrible rate,
but.upon being extricated, got up, and
were found not to be injured in the
least. The wagon and harness were ther
only parts of the team injured ; theya
were torn into slivers. Had it not been
for the efficiency of the Westingham
brake, the officers think the accident
must have proved fatal. The -Jefferson-
ville road is now having tho brake ap
plied to all its trains. The team was tho
property of Jacob Multz, of Edinburg.
Telegraph in Mexico.
It is stated that the telegraph line,
from Mier, near the Rio Grande, to Cer
ralvo, is now completed, and is the com
mencement of a wire running through
Mexico, and forming a connec
tion with the lines of the United States.
The Legislatures of the States of Duran
gp and . Sinaloa have just authorized a
lottery, the profits of which, $30,000, are
to be employed in building a telegraph
line from Mazatlan, on the Pacific side,
to the cities of Sinaloa and Durango.
The Federal Government of Mexico,
some time ago, abolished all kinds of
lotteries except those whose proceeds
should be destined for works of public
utility, and the profits of which should
not exceed one fifth of the amount
raised. Under these exceptions the
States of Durango and Sinaloa have es
tablished the above-mentioned lotteries.
It is also stated that the Federal Gov
ernment of Mexico has just published a
decree, offering a donation of $25 for
each kilometer of telegraph laid be
tween Tampico and Matamoras. This
assistance, which amounts to $40 a mile,
does not seem to offer any substantial
encouragement for building such a line.
It 18 also stated that a steamer recentlv
brought to Vera Cruz 160 packages of
a - 1 ;i j 1 1 X !
material .01- Dunaing me teiegrapn line
between that citv and Minatitlan.
Mormon Profaoandism. The peculiar
tactics resorted to by the Mormon mis
sionaries in England to secure converts
are given in the Manchester (Eng.)
Ghuardicoi. They urge the dark clouds
hanging over Europe aud the threaten
ing aspect of political affairs in England
at the present time, as a reason why the
people of the latter country should em
brace Mormonism, and by emigrating to
Utah escape the terrible devastation,
woe and death for all unbelievers. The
"saints" were secure in Utah against
the machinations of the worldly and
secular governments; for, said one of
the missionaries in a recent sermon,
when a large army entered the Territory
some years" ago, backed by the whole,
power of the United States, the threat
ened danger passed away, and the good
things brought by the soldiers fell into
the hands of the " saints" for little or
nothing. Bacon was bought for l-4d.
and l-2d. per pound, and the suffering
"saints" who had bad teams were en
abled to get new ones. And it is by such
falsehoods as these that the poorer class
es in England are beguiled into embrac
The Western Reserve Historical So
ciety, of Northern Ohio, have recently
received a valuable collection of .copies
of documents in thb English State-paper
Office, in reference to the capture by
the French, in 1752, of Pickawillany,an
English trading-post on Laramie's creek,
Shelby county, Ohio. The facts relat
ing to this transaction have been very
obscure, some writers placing the date
ot the capture in 1 1 ol, others in 15J,
while some doubted whether the occur
rence ever took place at all. The Brit
ish Government, on the application of
Mr. Motley for these papers, ordered
copies to be made, free of expense, of
all the letters and documents in the
archives that related to the affairs in the
Ohio country about the period men
tioned. The collection, comprises hith
erto unpublished letters and reports of
Governor Robert Dinwiddie, of Virginia,
letters from the Lords of Trade to Din
widdie, and letters and .a manuscript
journal of Captain William Trent, agent
to the Western Indians. This journal,
commencing June, 1752, gives a full ac
count of the attack 011 Pickawillany,
and also various new facts of histori cal
importance in regard to the Twightwee
and Shaw-anese Indians.
' Senator Wilson proposes to esUtblish
a national standard for determinrrrg tho
quality and character of the materials
used in the construction of all vessels
according to their merits. He has in
troduced into the Senate a bill for this
purpose, which provides for the ap
pointment by the President of a com
mission of five members possessed of the
requisite scientific and practical skill,
who are to examine and certify the
rating of all registered vessels, the own
ers of which shall'require this service at
their hands. As an inducement to com
ply with the act, a deduction of five per
cent is to be allowed from the dutieson
all goods imported on vessels inspected
and found to have the national stand
ard rating provided for.
The lumber trade or Canada, it is
stated, has been extended beyond pru
dent limits, and the directors of the
Bank of Toronto have issued a circular,
announcing that it would be for the in
terest of all parties engaged in it to cur
tail their operations. The valuable
forests covering large portions of Canada
are being so rapidly cut away, that it is
believed the supply in tho course of a
few yeais must be exhausted. The pro
duction of sawed lumber for an over
stocked market, it is asserted, has the
simple result of giving away the forests
without recompense it is said to be
questionable whether in some coses even
the cost of labor has been obtained for
Inventions Suggested by the Late Civil
The inventions to which our late war
gave rise are as multifarious as were its
wants. Some idea of it its achieve
ments may bo gained by a look at
the cases of models in the United States
Patent Office. Shelf after shelf is loaded
with inventions suggested by the
necessities of war. Not a piece of ord
nance, nor firearm, nor vehicle, nor
tent, cami-cheBt, cooking-utensil, nor
appurtenance of war of any kind, but
was " improved" by the indomitable,
self-confident, inventive, " tinkering"
fellow. The caisson, gun-carriage, bomb
shell, gun-wad, the cap and the bullet,
are all of new fashion. There are new
modes of working, packing, transport
ing, cleaning, and loading such antiqua
ted instruments of warfare as are per
mitted to still exist nwv kinds of prim
ing new methods of igniting and new
fashioned cartridges, with new machines
for cutting, trimming, pressing, filling
and packing. An officer's arms must be
attached by a modren method ; his
shoulder-straps be fastened on with a
spring; and even the old flag is expect
ed to run up the staff and unfurl to the
breeze by means of some new-fangled,
As great ingenuity, if not as great
genius, is shown in models of ap partus
designed to promote the comfort of the
sick or wounded. In the beginning of
the war there was no hospital tent
which gave satisfaction. That used in
France is the same which answers the
ordinary purposes of shelter the regu
lation tent, as it is called by ite conical
shape giving to the tented field a pictur
esqueness gratifying, no doubt, to
French love of effect, but inclosing too
many feet of useless space to suit
Americans. Tho English "marquee"
serves an excellent purpose after it is
pitched and ready for use, but the quali
ties of compactness, portableness, con
venience in pitching and striking are
quite overlooked. It is substantial,
ponderous, costly, but it isn't handy: and
this, to Americans, is objection enough,
A score or more are there, of all shapes
and sizes, but that finally adopted and
used during the war, the wall-tent, with
sloping roof and straight side, is pre
eminently superior. It is light, easily
managed, portable, and cheap. An- umbrella-tent
was suggested and even
made, having a central pole or handle,
radiating arms upon which the cover is
spread, a hoisting apparatus raising and
shutting it. But it was too complicated.
Still pursuing our search, we see
miniature ambulances, a procession of
which adorns the shelves. The ambu
lance in use of old was bare of all com
fort. Look now inside one of these new
models, and you sets every contrivance
imaginable to lessen the suffering of the
sick or wounded. The ambulance is no
longer the instrument of torture. The
mattresses, used as stretchers also, slide
along the floor as rollers fastened to a
frame-work, resting, upon springs be-
Lneth and at the si'
n . ..
amount of ingenuity is shown in econo
mizing and utilizing means and space.
Each appliance is mcde to serve many
purposes. Seats are used as beds ; iron
wheels answer for legs. A second tier
of berths is suspended from the sides of
the wagon by rubber rings. Seats,
readily put out of the way, are placed
outside for attendants. Each is fur
nished with a chest for supplies, Tee and
water tanks. The cover is of enameled
cloth, light and impermeable. Two
horses can draw it, while on European
battle-fields four are required. The
American ambulence combines strength
and lightness the European, with its
wooden cover, enormous weight and
small capacity, carrying but two per
sons, supposes strength and clumsiness
Inventive genius does not desert
the soldier after wounding him accord
ing to scientific methods and nursing
him to health with the aid of its im
proved apparatus. It also does its best
to make good his loss of members. The
Patent Office shows a hundred model
legs and arms, which seem so excellent,
with all their springs and cords, ten
nons and joints, and if it were not for a
suspicion that we might be as stupid as
the Irishwomen with the washing ma
chine, we should almost regret having
no use for them. A dear old lady from
the country, whose eyesight was poor,
had her attention called to these mo
dels. Glancing at them without her
" specs," she said in a tone of deepest
sympathy, " And these are the limbs of
our soldiers shot to pieces in battle.
Poor fellows '. And now their legs are
brought up here for koorositiesJ"1 There
are arms which bend backward to the
shoulder and over the head hands of
which the fingers and palm act with
such facility that a pen or a playing
card is held with ease. At the Paris
Exposition the American specimens of
this class were pronounced superior to
all others. Ono is surprised to observe
how greatly we are indebted to the use
of caoutchouc for this degree of excel
lence. In this direction, as well as in
the manufacture of surgical instru
ments, and dentistry, it has effected a
revolution. Contrary to the general
rule, too, that cheapening processes are
inferior processes, this substance is su
perior for the surgeon's use to the cost
ly metals its supersedes. Mr. Seward's
face bears testimony to it utility, one
of the bones broken by the assassin's
blow being restored to shape by its
help. The capability which caoutchouc
possesses of hardness or elasticity, its
susceptibility of moulding and coloring,
the fact that it is incorruptible and in
oxidizable, and cannot therefore poison
or irritate the flesh, give it an essential
advantage over other material.
Conundrums tor the Sexes. For the
girls: Could you love a man who wore
false hair on his head, when he had
enough of his own? who painted his
face and improved his form as you im
prove (?) yours ? who pinch his feet with
small shoes, his hands with small gloves,
his waist with corsets; and then, as if he
had not already deformed himself
enough, tied a huge bustle to his back,
and thrust tiny mountains of wire into
his bosom? For the boys: Could you
love a girl who defiled her mouth with
tobacco and loaded the air with fumes
of cigars? who staggered home several
times a week the worse for liquor? who
indulged in fast horses, bet high at
races, and sn aggeretl around the streets
with questionable companions ?
Ile-hoatino, it is stated, is becoming
every year more popular in the Hudson.
The boat is placed on runners and is
driven along over the ice with great
velocity, by the force of the wind acting
on the sails. An ice-boat from Pough-
keepsie, it is reported, ran a race a few
days ago, with a fast railroad train, and
with the smooth ice and the wind in its
favor mad over a mile a minute.
Mysteries of the Toilet.
From the Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
With your kind permission I .have a
few 7words tp say to that Boston girl
who asks the following questions of her
" Could you love a man who wore
false hair on liis head when he had
enough of his own? who painted his
face and improved his form as you im
prove (?) yours? who pinched his feet
with small shoes, his hands with small
gloves, his waist with corsets, and then,
as if he had not already deformed him
self enough, tied a huge bustle to his
back, and thrust tiny mountains of wire
into his bosom 7"
I am disgusted with you, Boston, you,
or any other girl, who follows the fash
ions, and then rails about them ; for
there is not a doubt that you are the
very personification of style, from, the
jute switch that surmounts vour cra
nium to the dainty French boot which
torture your tiny feet. I hold that it is
everybody's duty to look as well as they
can, or their circumstances will admit
of ; and what would be said of any girl
or woman who did not arrange her hair
after the prevailing style? although
there are plenty of ladies who do that,
with only their luxuriant tresses, with
out getting any credit for it, as every
one says, "What a splendid switch
whose boots and gloves did not set neab"
Iy ? who wore lLUhtting dresses r And
suppose we do wear bustles ? When
they are properly adjusted, instead of
being a deformity, they are very becom
rng. there is nothing injurious about
them, and we must have some variety.
Women dress to please the men ; and
there is not a man in Christendom who
ha the moral couragoHo appear in public
with a lady dressed, however modestly
and sensibly, if in disregard of the pre
And when you come right down to
the nicety of the point, and talk about
getting up one's self to look pretty, the
men use quite as much deception for that
purpose as the women, and quite as
much money. Your gentleman pays a
barber by the week to keep his hair and
whiskers in order, and to .brush and.
clean and fix him tip, and turn him Out
in the -morning lit for his piaoe of busi
ness, and at night presentable for the
evening; and a tailor by the year to
keep him well dressed. Arid you just
go to these tailors to the " artist tail
ors " in Temple place, in your own city,
for instance and see what they will
you, if you can persuade them to tell, of
stays and corsets, padded chests, shoul
ders, and even legs, to which the " tiny
mountains of wire," which, perhaps,
some ladies wear although, for my own
part, I never saw such a thing are not
Men quite as often use cosmetics as
women. They wash in borax and lemon
juice ; use endless quantities of glycerine
and sweet oil ; and can tell the girls se
crets about sleeping in kid gloves and
poulticing hands and face to make them
white. Perhaps you have not a big
brother. I have, and a big cousin, both
of whom delight in looking as irresisti
ble as possible ; and some of the myste
ries of the toilet into which these lords
of creation have initiated us girls would
astonish you. Why, bless you, Boston,
we didn't even know there was such a
thing as "Pearltina" until they told
us. "Most all the students use it," says
cousin Tom, who is at Amherst. "Can't
get along without it it makes theiu so
tair." And then brother Jack tells who
buys cosmetics at his drug store and it
is not the girls.
I know for a certainty of more-rrfen
that paint tbeir faces than I do woni'-n
really paint, pink and white ; and you
can't find one lady in five hundred that
does that. Almost every lady some
times uses a little innocent toilet pow
der, to counteract the effect of soap,
and makes no secret of it; but that
is a very different thing from poison
Do you say it is only young clerks and
students that are so vain ? You are
mistaken. Vanity is not confined to a
class. I have heard a lady say, who for
years kept a large . boarding-house for
gentlemen, and at different times num
bered professional men, railroad offi
cials, insurance agents, drummers, me
chanics, etc., among her patrons, that
nearly every toilet table was supplied
with paint, and she knew they used it.
And no harm in it either, only this uni
versal painting makes- one almost fancy
that " civilization is a failure, and the
Caucasian played out."
I like to see fair play. The men need
not blame the women for what they are
continually doing themselves. " Could
vou love a man who pinches his feet ?"
I should just like to see Boston or any
other girl find a man to love who does
not wear boots a full size too small for
him. Did you ever see a man's bare
foot? I wish you could see brother
Jack's. They look about as much like
a lady's soft, white, pretty, perfectly
shaped feet as they do like mud-turtles.
Corns here, dislocations there, bunions
on the joints, and the toes piled up on
top of another, with the ends turned
under. And I know, by the sly talk I
hear between him and his ehums about
ointments and corn plasters, that he is
not an exception.
After making the few follies of the
gentler sex their own, in an aggravated
degree, these male bipeds assert their
manliness by chewing tobacco, smoking
cigars or worse, a nasty pipe by stag
gering home several times a week the
worse for liquor, by keeping disreputa
ble company of the opposite sex to their
own, indulging in fast horses, betting at
races, playing at billiards, and squander
ing their money generally. And it is
very little appreciation the wives, moth
ers, daughters and sisters get for keep
ing themselves nice, pure, dainty and
pretty, aud for doing everything in their
power to make home pleasant and at
tractive for them. Boston had better
let the men fight their own battles, as
they are quite able to do, and if she has
anything smart to say, let it be on the
other side of the question. To be sure
her article would not stand so good a
chance of getting printed ; for anything
down on the women every editor will
give a conspicuous place to, and every
man will chuckle over and read it aloud
to his lady friends within hearing, and
mark the place and send it to those at
a distance. Whether my letter is read
or not, I have freed my mind, and that
A SPRINGFIELD GIRL.
In Canon county, Nevada, the other
day, 300 Chinamen engaged in a street
fight 011 the strength of the loss of fifty
cents sustained by one of the number
in a gambling saloon. The noise they
made alarmed the whole white pojiula-
tion. who rushed to the sctie ol con
flict expecting to find a large number of
the celestials dead on the held ; but
there was not a wound among them
Yet the noise they had made was aston
A Docter in a Horrible Spell—How
Quacks Get their Diplomas.
From the South Bend Begister.
hands us the following letter received
bv him from an individual who pre
tends to practice medicine in a Michigan
town, not a thousand miles from here.
It is worthy of publication, as showing
to what devices and " ways that are
dark," quack doctors have to resort to
get their diplomas. It is hardly neces
sary to say that his request in the fol
lowing letter was not complied with :
Dr Sir: I take this opportu
nity to inform you that I am well and
doen a prety good business in Fraction
Medcine I, have the Beet cind of luck
mr. .Sir I wont a flavor of you
it you pleas 1 wunt you to send me a
copy of your diplomea and where your
name is assorted put my name in 1
have an objic in view, riot to do Kn.-v
bodv harm but to doe eood if vou will
fulfil 'my request I will pay you well mr
1 oeseaon vou semi me
true Copy of your Diplomea gest like
yours but put my -name In where yours
is git a big (heat of paper and rite it on
Send it right of if you pleas and gest as
soon as 1 git it 1 will send you a good
present if. you Ever a kindness doe it to
brae it you pleas
From Dr— Inclose 10ct to pay postage.
An Amerjcnn's Experience in Paris
During the Sieoe. A letter received at
Washington from Paris by a prominent
official, written by an American who has
stayed there during the siege, gives a
graphic account of lite in the French
metropolis under the present circum
stances. Affairs are said to be in a most
deplorable condition. Coal gave out
some time ago, hence there are no such
things as light or fire in the city. Even
the most wealthy classes sutler from
want of the commonest necessaries of
life, while among the poor and desti
tute the suffering i. beyond description.
Even the most sanguine do not expect
'that the city can hold out against the
(jermans bevond rebruary 1, unleaa by
Srovidential interposition. As an in
stance -illustrating the scarcity of
food, the letter gives the following rates
for the articles mentioned i Rats read
ily bring 5 francs a pair; cats are consid
ered cheap at $4 each ; male meat k
scarce at $1.50 a pound ; while turkey,
on the day the letter was mailed,
brought 250 francs. As a general thing,
the people are said to be despondent.
Trocnu. it is said, has lost his popular
ity, and has come to be regarded as a
total failure. He endeavored to leave
Paris by balloon a short time ago. under
the plea of gathering an army outside,
but was prevented, it being shown that
such conduct on his part would cause
the people to lose what confidence they
had left. Trochu himself, it is stated,
has become completely spoiled by the
praise lavished upon him, and has come
to think that he only can save .Trance,
and consequently will listen to no ad
vice or pay attention to instruttiona. A
significant political feature is said to be
observed in a number of the nobility
joining the Mobile Guards aa privates,
preferring this course to accepting com
missions in theaRepublican armies, on
the ground that the latter would in
someway commit them to the French
The. Navies ,of Paper. Printers are
sometimes asked why various kinds of
papers obtained the peculiar names they
bear. Here is the reason ; In ancient
times, when comparatively few people
could read, picture of every kind were
much in use where writing would now
be employed. Every shop, for instance,
had its sign, as well as every public
house ; and those signs were not then,
as they are often now, only painted
upon a board, but were invariably actual
models of the thing which the sign ex
pressed as we still occasionally see
some such sign as a bee-hive, a tea-can -
ister, or a uon, anu me nae. ror tne
same reason printers employed some de
vice, which they put upon the title-pages
at the end of their books. And pa
per-makers also introduced marks by
way of distinguishing the paper of their
manufacture from that of others ; which
marks, becoming common, naturally
gave their names to drnerent sorts 01
paper. A favorite paper mark between
lo40 and 1560 was the jug or pot.
and would appear to have originated
the term pot paper. The foolscap was
a later device, and does not appear to
have been nearly of such long continu
ance as the former. It has given place
to the figure of Britannia, or that of a
lion rampant, supporting the cap of lib
erty on a pole. The name, however,
has continued, and we still denominate
paper of a' particular size by the name
of " foolscap." Post paper seems to
have derived its name from the post
horn, which at one time was his distin
guishing mark. It does not appear to
have been used prior to the establish
ment of the General Postoffice (1670),
when it became a custom to Wow a
horn to which circumstance, no
doubt, we may attribute its introduc
tion. Bath pant is so named after
that fashionable city. London Printert'
The statistics of Lowell for 1870, iust
published, give the following informa
tion ia reference to the manufacturing
establishments of that city : Capital
stock invested in manufacturing com
panies. ?l:i,o50)0O : number of mills.
50; spindles, 526,710; looms, 12J40;
persons employed, 14.K9K, consisting of
6,035 males and K.86.1 females; weekly
product, 2,240.000 yards of cotton itoods.
21,667 yards of woolen goods. 35.000
yards ef carpeting, 2,500 shawls. 10.900
dozen- of hosiery. Raw materials used
per week: 612,000 pounds of cotton,
97,000 pounds of clean wool. Goods
dyed and printed per annum, 51,691,200
yards. There were also used ier an
num, 39.890 tons of anthracite coal.
18,100 bushels of charcoal. 1.875 cords
of wood, 102,576 gallons of oil, l,98),000
pounusoi starch, and 1,275 barrels or
flour. The steam power consists of 52
engines, with an aggregate force of 4,43(1
norse-power. 1 he manufacturing cor
porations suptiort an hospital for the use
of sick and disabled operative.
The New York Exprett says: " Acci
dents of a painful and fatal character
occur in the Hoosac Tunnel at short in
tervalsjthrough the use of nitro-glyoe-rine.
ITiese accidents mav lie the re
sult of carelessness or of igWbrance, or of
both combined. Ihey are too frequent
to lie 'continued, whatever the cause.
and measures should be taken to puff a
stop to thorn. If nitro-glycerine cannot
be empl6y.ed in works of useful news and
importance, without a tolerably sure
risk of killing dozens of men every day
or two, something less effectivo, but
safer, had better be employed instead."
From Dr— Inclose 10ct to pay postage. Trifles.
Bat for 1 In- illi each boar in act moke.
The care, with every day renewed.
It -eeroe aearce worth the while to take.
- u. h little thine with fortitude.
And he before whose wakened micht
The alrougeat onemice tnn.t fall,
le oTemome by foe ao aUcbt.
lie aeorai to hold them foe. at all.
C11 att an 000 a has lieen visited bra very
Pnii.ADRf.rniA nompleinn of having loo
Both Knoxville and Memphis are
agitating a corn exchange.
At Newhallville, Ct., 300 girls are em
ployed in making rifle cartridges.
What is rolled "a severe old-fash
ioned winter" prevails in England.
The police force of Tallahassee, .Flori
da, is oompoaed entirely of negroes.
Cm. 1. mi and the other Peruvian sea
ports are to be connected by a subma
A man has been sent to prison for nine
months in Vermont for sending threat
It is rumored that a marble quarry
has been discovered in Wilson county,
California's wool production last
year was 21,072,660 pounds -a large in
crease over 1869.
Owlt two citizens of New Orleans pay
tax on over a quarter of a million dol-
lars, worth of real
The owners of the different churches
in Calais, Maine, refuse to allow their
bells to be rung in case of fire.
A bill has been introduced into the
New York Legislature to incoriK)rate
the "Montauk Tribe of Indians."
In Paris, Illinois, they expel boys
from the public schools for wearing their
pantaloons inside their boots.
Messrs. Demaeet A Co., harness
manufacturers at Newark, have received
5140,000 contract from the French
Wolves enter the churchea in Duluth.
One weighing 100 lbs. was recently hot
in the Second Presbyterian Churoh.
The University of Tubingen, in Wurt-
emberg, has a faculty of ninety-two
professors, and is atttended by seven
nundred and seven students.
A man in Lumpkin, Ga., dreamed that
the devil was in town last week, and it
is thought that he dreamed with his
Pineapples grown in Cuba are canned
in Cedar Keys, They are then shrpp4
North and re-shipied to rlorida, where
they are sold.
A Baltimore physician's family, of
ight person- was poisoned on Saturaay,
t is thought maliciously, by a servant.
No deaths resulted.
The Boston Transcript thinks suioefc
has long been a national vice among the
French, but never before now has it as
sumed national proportions.
It waa lately announced that blue
birds had returned to some parts of
Pennsvlvania. but thev have now proba
bly taken their leave for warmer climes
The annual' consumption of sugar in
the United States now exceeds 500.000
tons, or lf000,000r000 pounds, with a
constant and steady increase.
The Hartford physicians contemplate
a good thing. They projaose to oten an
office for the treatment of poor people
who are unable to pay a doctor's bill.
A sealed can of oysters carelessly left
on the embers in a stove, in Owego, ex
ploded with tremendous force 1 bursting
the grate to atoms, shaking the house
and severely injuring a 1 v t inner.
A gentleman purchased a quantity of
supposed milk at a restaurant, a few
days ago, and a few hours afterward
found his purchase had "settled," the
top being clear water and the bottom a
poor quality of flour.
Five winters ago the Boston and Al
bany Railroad paid $90,000 to laborers
for shoveling snow in one month Ie-
ember. This winter their total outlay
for that purpose has not reached 4T5SJ,
Tln-v will now have a chance to dig to
their hearts' content.
The South London Pre of a recent
date stated that in Bermondsev the sup
ply of water was so scarce that it was
bought at three half-pence for four gal
lons, and strange to relate, it was sup
plied by the milkmen.
The poor exiles of Erin seem to be
much worse off in an Amoririan hotel
than in an English jail. A furious mob
besieges their refuge day and night, and
it is rumored that a flank movasnent on
the Sandwich Islands via the Under
ground RaUroad is in contemplation.
Haas is an instance of disinterested
ness. A Boston merchant who. gave
$5,000 to an educational institution and
was instrumental in securing $75,000,
has never seen the inside of the socie
ty's building, which the money built,
and has never been invited to visit It.
Two newspapers in Halifax, the
ChrmU3e and the Recorder, favor the
American side of the fishery question ,
and fail to see the justice of the protec
tion given to the Canadian fishermen
by the Imperial aud Dominion Govern
ments. Repbodcctionh of simple and artistic
cabinetwork, called "Old English Fur
niture," are having a groat nin i Brig
land. The favorite styles afe copied
from country mansions of the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries.
It would be an economy on the part
of the government to present most, of
the land-grabbing and subsidy claiming
practitioners with a city house and lot,
and liberal pensions each, with the one
saving clause that thy retire from buMi
ness. Perhaps it might accomplish the
same end as welL
Maim has for some years had a gen
erous way of fostering new manufac
tures by excepting their mills from
taxation for a term of years. The Port
land Pre urges that if this policy is to
be continued the exemption should ha
granted only to workingmen's co-operative
A Boston grocer, who excited the ire
of one of his customers by presenting at
a house his bill for goods rendered, was
waited upon by a daughter of the debt
or, who said : " I wish you wouldn't
come with that bill when father's home
it makes him nervous to be dunned."
The grocer aiologized.
Good Sti-ft in a Bov. Tho Han Fran
cisco Alta (iiliornia tells this incident:
" It is related of a youug son of Uriah
Brown, that failing to receive the assist
ance of the Democratic Governor of Ore
gon in an application for a naval cadet
ship, he went boldly on to Washington
to seek it for kitnself. He was bat a boy,
ami a son of a fierce amtle of Democra
cy ; but he had a Ixiy's undaunted hope
and courage, and ardently desired to
enter the navy of his country. He pene
trated tho awful presence of the Kxoeti-
tive ot the United States anu torn nt
story. Ho was recommended by Urn
Oregon and California Senator, irre
spective of party, und hi
.a ill lie aimiliir friends n
all, he got his ' commission tiom the
President, and, as cadet at large, he en
tor 1 lie Naval Academy."