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F. T. FOSTER, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party and the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per annum, in Advance.
VOL.. IV NO. 41. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 1871. WHOLE NUMBER 216.
What are the days bat Viand?.
So many little island?.
And sleep the sea of silence
That flows about them all ?
There, when tho moon is risen.
Tho peaceful waters glintcu :
But yonder plashing listen !
It is the souls that fall.
The little boats arc skimming.
The wind-let boats are skimming,
JSach in iu silver rimming.
Apart from flcot and shore.
There not an oar is dipping
With just a cftble'a slipping
Glides out the phantom shipping
That wanders evermore.
Every day's an island,
A green or barren island,
A lowland or a highland.
That looks upon the sea.
There fruitful groves are crowning ;
lucre- barren 01108 are frowning,
And rocky channels drowning
Tho little boat? that flee.
llow many are the islands.
The teeming, talking islands.
That in the sea of silence
The roving vessels find T
Their number no man knoweth ;
Their way the current shows t h ;
The tide returnless floweth
As each is left behind.
The sailor longs to tarry v
For rest they long to tarry
When at same isle of faery
They touch and go ashore.
With songs of wistful pleading
They follow fate unheeding.
Ana with the tide's receding
Are drifting as before.
But sometime, in the sailing.
The blind and endless sailing.
They pass beyond the hailing
Of land upon the lee:
Tbo lowlands and the highlands.
And all beyond the islands.
Behold the sea of silence
Behold the great white sea.
-Cur Awsar, in Barpcr't Magazine.
A MINER'S STORY.
From the Southern Magazine
"It's caved," exclaimed Bill Beaver,
bursting into the cabin where I was leis
urely eating breakfast and reading the
news from some last year's papers that
were pasted on the wall. "The ground
has caved ! It came down mighty sud
den ; and little Jimmy was at the breast.
I was further out in the drift, and had
the start of it ; but it made such a close
call for me, that I know he must
This technical jargon revealed to me
trie tact mat our mine had caved and
buried one of our companions : for
" little Jimmy" was not an infant but a
man a miner and a friend. He had
been working at the " breast' or farth
est end of the "drift," but was now,
perhaps, sleeping his last sleep in tho
bosom of the mother of us all.
Three years before this we had come
to this creek. We had prospected tho
" side gulches" and the bars, and found
"colors" everywhere. Indications were
favorable, so we "staked" a body of
ground along the main creek, built cab
ins, organized a company, of which tho
writer was elected President, and wont
to work to open our claim.
Those three years had been years of
toil and privation. "We were in the heart
of the Rocky Mountains. Our camp was
pitched in a little basin of a valley, warm
and sunshiny, and just at tho entrance
of a deep and gloomy canon which we
named " The Devil's Sate," and through
which our sparkling little stream foamed
and tumbled dm" it to the great river,
Our ground was deep and very wet :
drainage was necessary, and we had
driven a tunnel for this purpose through
the earth and boulders that filled the pri
meval bed of the creek, until we had at
tained a horizontal distance of 1,000
yards ; but the slope of the gulch was so
gradual that wo had not reached the
bed rock," where wo hoped to find the
gold laid in heaps. " Bed-rock" being
the objective point, must be reached ; so
we sank a shaft at the head of our tun
nel and betook ourselves to a pump.
As it was a couple of thousand miles
to the nearest foundry, and wo could
not afford to await the completion of
the North Pacific Railroad, a pump un
der the circumstances was a problem ; so
I will tell you how we got one.
We had blacksmith's and carpenter's
tools, which most of us could use : there
was plenty of timber growing, on the
mountains, and a pair of dilapidated
freight-wagons supplied our stock of
iron. Great slabs or segments were cut
from fir-trees, and hewn and dressed on
one side to a smooth plane. Tho other
side was rounded to an arc or convex
surface, so that when four such seg
ments were placed together lengthwise,
secured with pins at the edgs, which
were first squared and then made paral
lel, they formed a long hollow trunk or
barrel, four-squart within, but outside
cylindrical, and tapering slightly from
one end t the other. Upon this were
driven hoops or bands of iron which
forced the joints close like those of a
cask, and thus we had pumps or pipes
of considerable length and solidity.
It was easy to fit to them valves and
pistons, and to work them with a wood
en walking-beam moved by the crank
ot a water-wheel. This crank was a
master-piece. It had an arm or leverage
of two feet, and was forged frbm the
iron axle of one of our wagons, and its
eidgeons or bearings were turned in a
the of our own contriving.
This was a heavy iron job for our re
sources, but.it was finished after an age,
it seemed to us, of toil, puzzling and
perspiration ; and wo had produced ma
chinery that wits capable of raising to a
height of nearly thirty feet many tons of
water per day, and which answered all
our requirements for drainage,, so that
we were able to reach that long-sought
bed-rock" at a depth of ninety eet
below the present bed of the creek. 1
will mention here that our ' pump was
twelve metres square inside, and had a
stroke of four test, rawing -the water
twenty-nine foot into our drain-tunnel,
whence it flowed out to the. surface a
thousand yards down the canon.
We had reached " bed-rook," but had
pot " struck It very rich," and were
running a drift or tunnel on bed-rock
across and up the gulch in search of the
" pay-streak" which we were hoping
every day to find, when the announce
ment of a startling accident was made.
Here was the ruin of our hopes and the
death of our friend ; for there was little
room to hope for any other result.
It must not be supposed that much
time wan wasted in such reflections, for,
telling Bill to rouse the entire camp, I
rushed off to tho mine. Such of the
men as had heard of the occurrence
hurried from their work, bringing with
them their picks and shovels as likely to
be needed, and the miners from wet
diggings oame clad in",coat, high boots
and halmet-shsrped caps of india-rubber,
and looking like knichts in armor.
Knights they were, too, for that matter,
for though armed onlf with shovel and
pick, they were as (hiring and as gener
ous. as ever belted Prince who rode with
hu.ee in rest to right imaginary wrongs ;
and they were ready now to risk every
danger to save the poor fellow buried in
the mine beneath.
Un reaching the scene, 1 found our
machinery apparently uninjured; but
looking more closo.y 1 discovered that
the pump was raising not a drop of wa
ter, and it would not be long before the
entire mine would bo flooded. The pump
must be relieved at once or we could
not hope, to save the mine, much less to
rescue our lnond.
Calling Bob Piper, a tall, black-bearded
miner, who had worked at his trade
in every mining country, from the
English Channel to the Pacific Ocean,
and who, for his skill, courage and ex
perience, was the mining oracle of our
camp, 1 pointed him to the pump,
which was wearing itself out in vain,
for it lifted no water.
" Bob," said I, " we must fix that
pump 1 It is our only hope to save Lit
" We'll fix it," replied Bob, quietly.
" The pump is starved choked up at
the bottom. We'll fix it ; and as for
the poor lad, we'll git un out."
Bob was a West of England man, and
his dialeat stuck to him.
" We'll git un out bonny. I think he
bean't dead. I've helped men out in
the Old Country and this too ; an' God
will help us we'll git un out now ; won't
us, Benny V
Benny, thus appealed to, answered
with an emphatic " You bet," and the
next moment he and Bob, followed by
two others, were clambering down the
steep and slippery flight of ladders that
led into the mine, until their candles,
glimmering like stars, were one by one
swallowed up in the black shaft. Axes
had been sent down in a bucket, and in
a few moments were heard blows ring
ing on the mass of wood and iron that
composed the barrel of the pump. They
were cutting holes to let the water into
the pump below. It had already risen
above their waists, and the mouth of the
lowest drift was nearly submerged.
The machinery was cracking and
groaning and the wheel dashing round,
but it was idle show, and the mine was
filling up, and soon the men would be
driven out ; but meantime we could
hear the blows of the axes. Presently
the clumsy walking-beam quit groaning,
stood still, and began to tremble. The
wheel had stopped for a moment, then
began to move slowly and went round
with a surge.
There was a great rush of water
through the pump, aud it was all right.
Our old wooden pump was equal to the
occasion. The flood-gates were opened
on the great overshot wheel, and it was
required to do its best. It rushed round
steadily, and in an hour the mine was
treed from water, so that men could
press into the drift.
It was arranged that if Little Jimmy
were found alive, tho fact should be tele
graphed aloft by two strokes ot the signal
bell; but if dead, one tap should an
nounce it. Men were working under
ground as only such men could work.
They had been told off into gangs of
four each, which spelled or relieved each
other every fifteen minutes ; and as they
advanced into tho avalanche of rocks
and earth that filled the drift, every
inch had to be propped by heavy tim
hers, for the vast mass above them had
been shaken and had lost its cohesion,
and at any moment might crush down
like a mountain.
Presently, to those who waited above,
there came a sharp peal of the bell
then another. He alive I What
shout went up from the men assembled
there ! Out of tho the depths of that
canon, above its cliffs and crags, and
over the trees that waved on their sum
mite, and above the mountains that tow
ered beyond far above them all it rose
like incense. It ascended into heaven,
for it was a prayer a prayer of thanks
giving and of praise ; not formed in
speech, not framed in language but the
overflowing of the heart that cannot be
uttered in words.
My story is done. Little Jimmy had
been overwhelmed with an avalanche,
his candles extinguished, and he dashed
down with his face to the earth : but
the rocks and timbers had formed an
arch over him. He was borne down to
the earth, and the water had risen round
him ; and resting his elbow on the
ground, he was just able to support his
head above it. In a little while he would
have drowned where he lay, but he was
Strong hands had dragged him out
of this grave. They had harnessed them
selves to the "horse whim, and hoisted
him into the glorious sunshine. They
bore him to his cabin, and placed him
in the the tender care of ""Doc." Here
we will leavr him.
The three drinking-saloons in our lit
tle camp proclaimed open doors and
free whisky for the rest of that day ; and
the boys were about to take a drink,
Bob Piper asked leave to offer a senti
ment : " Gennelmen," said he, " I told
you we'd git nn out, if so bo God would
help us. Gennelqpen, he did help us."
" You bet" was the applauding and
A Horrible Accident. A most horri
ble accident occurred a few miles west
Mattoon, 111., in tho edge of Moultrie
county, on Tuesday afternoon, resulting,
the death, in the most shocking
manner, of a young son, aged 13, of
The boy had been to Summit, the first
station west of that citv, for tho family
mail, and was returning home on horse
back. Reaching Whitley's creek, the
boy rode his horse into the stream, and.
stopping it for water, ran his hand
through a slip-noose of a rope halter
about the horse's neck, dropped the bri
dle rein, and was reading. Some wild
ducks flew up out of the water, fright
ening the the horse, when it threw the
boy from the saddle, and, starting head
long, dragged and whirled liim at its
heels for three or four miles, until every
shred of clothing, including his boots
even, were torn from his bruised and
mangled body, and until the fatal rope
that bound him to his dreadful fate was
fairly worn out, and he was left dead
the roadside Mattoon Journal.
The reason wo don't hear of girls giv
ing the mitten nowadays they don't
learn to knit.
DESK ROOM IN NEW YORK.
What it Costs to do a Snug Little Business
New York Letter to Troy Times.
If there be anything poetic in a man,
trouble will bring it into exercise. The
most afflicted of all the Scriptural
writers is tho most poetic. Reasoning
in this way, we might imagine the rent-
payers ot this city to be richly endowed
with the divine afflatus, tor certainly
they have trouble enough. Here, for
instance, is Rushton, late of the Astor
House corner, who has hung his sign
there so long that it seemed like " the
last rose of summer," now pulls it down,
and sings a farewell song ot departure.
For thirty-six years Rushton has been
on that corner. When the Astor House
was completed, and when these stores
were dear at $1,500 a year, this man had
the temerity to undertike such a rent,
and what was still more remarkable, he
succeeded in paying it. The Astor was,
when finished, rented for a moderate
sum. Coleman fe Stetson paid $18,000
for the hotel, and the eight stores in the
basement brought enough to make the
sum $30,000. The entire building cost
a half million, and the old man was
wont to say that a real estate investment
at six per cent, was better than stocks
at seven. But it did not remain at six
per cent. As business increased rents
advanced also, and in a few years the
basement stores brought $3,000 apiece,
which, although a large sum for a room
only fifteen feet by thirty, was readily
obtained. But still rents advanced, and
as the retailers were driven out, a class
of tenants appeared who could afford to
meet the exorbitant demand. These
were the railway ticket agents, and the
introduction of the desk system en
abled him to share the enormous rent.
A half dozen of these agents could each
have a desk in one apartment, and an
immense amount of business was clone
in this line by these associated dealers.
Each year the landlord advanced his
claims. Old John Jacob was hard
enough, but his son William was harder
on his old tenant.
" Farewell, old friend : we now must part,
A grasping landlord bids me sever
The ties that bound thee to my heart ;
But can I forget thee ? Never I"
Rushton, like all true bards, has the
prophetic gift, which he indicates by the
remark, "the old familiar corner may
tall to decay. Here is a slight mistake.
The corner will not decay. A brave
firm has dared even the $8,500 rent,
and if they fail to meet it, it is just the
spot for a business which requires little
space for great operations. It will ac
commodate twelve desks, each worth
$900 a year. The departing Rushton
may, like Jacob of old, have twelve an
cestors, but, at any rate, a new feature
in rents is this very desk system.
Speaking of this system, I am re
minded of the changes which have oc
curred in Taylor's Hotel. In 1851 the
lot, which is 40x100 feet, was sold at
auction, and being a corner lot on
Broadway, brought $62,500. Taylor put
up his hotel and restaurant, and made
a groat deal of money. Tho entire cost
of the hotel (including the lot) could
not have been over $125,000, but such
was the advance in Broadway prop
erty that in 1868 he sold it to tho
Merchants' Express Company for $450,
000, and the purchasers could have
taken $50,000 for their bargain. As this
company is now consolidated with the
American Express, the business is re
moved, and the building is rented for
offices. The first floor is divided into
desk accommodations, each of which is
separated by a neat iron railing. These
desks rent at prices ranging from $700
to $2,500 per year, the latter being de
manded for that nearest the front door.
Price of Coal Lower at Retail than
From the New York Times, March 25.
Retail prioes of coal have now come
down to about the point where they
stood five weeks ago, before the suspen
sion of work in the mines. Some deal
ers, fearing that a general prostration
would follow the resumption of work by
the miners, have been glad to keep a
little below prevailing prices in order to
clear off' their stocks. Others have found
that the clamor about high prices and
the mildness of the weather reduced the
demand so much that unless they low
ered their prices they could not make
any sales at all. The result has been a
constant, though irregular, decline dur
ing the last ten days. In the wholesale
market there has been no corresponding
fall. The few operators who control the
small amount of coal which is for sale
not. being affected by the causes which
have influenced the retailers, have suc
ceeded in keeping up prices, so that the
usual order of things have been reversed,
and the coal market presents the phe
nomenon of an article selling lower at
retail than at wholesale. In fact, the
trade appears to be in a disordered con
dition after its violent spasm, and retail
prices vary in the most extraordinary
manner. Each individual seems to have
put such prices on his wares as conform
ed to his own theories of the state of the
market, without the slightest regard to
what his neighbors were getting. Hence
it comes that white-ash coal, egg and
stove size, for which a dealer, who may
be called A, charge $1 2 50 per ton, was
found, on inquiry, to be for sale by B, in
the very next block, for $8,50, while C,
D and E. along the street, varied in their
charges between those two extremes.
Wise purchasers compare the prices of a
number of dealers before buying, and
make a saving thirty per cent, thereby.
Opposition to New Inventions. Near
ly every new invention by which pro
duction is made easier and cheaper, has
met with strong opposition. The old
way of making boards was by splitting
up the logs with wedges ; and, clumsy
as the method was, it was no easy mat
ter to persuade the world that there was
a better. Saw-mills were first used in
Europe in the fifteenth century. In
1663 a Dutchman built one in England,
but the public outcry against it was so
vehement that he was soon obliged to
decamp ; and, for the next hundred
years, no one ventured to repeat the ex
periment. In 1768 another rash ad
venturer began to erect another mill,
but a mob gathered at once and tore it
A Maine man, going into tho wilder
ness, took what he supposed was his
compass, but found, when he needed its
guidance, he had instead taken hi
out all right.
It brought him
The Position of the German Government.
A newspaper correspondent has ob
tamed an interview with iiismarck, in
which the state ot anairs in raris was
discussed. After a corteous reception
and some jireliminary conversation,
during which the .Prince expressed his
appreciation ot the good sense and con
sistencv displayed by the people and
government of the United States during
the war, he proceeded to iullv state his
views on the situation, and to define the
position Germany takes in tho domestic
troubles of France, winch was, m sub
stance, that he denied that Germany
had sent a message to the rebels, declar
ing that she would not interfere, but
would maintain inendly relations, and
adds : " There is a mistaken idea pre
vailing in England with regard to the
position of Germany toward the rioters
in Paris, in consequence of a wrong
translation of the letter of (ien. Schlot-
tein. The Journal iJfficiel said that so
long as the Germans were not interfered
with, a passive atLitUde would beobserv
ed. This was made to read ' friendly
attitude' a very different thing. There
have only been three telegrams sent
from Germany relating to the riots, and
two of them were simply of a military
character. One of these, my own, ad
dressed to Favre, was also misinterpre
ted. In short, Germany will never inter
fere with the internal anairs ot r ranee,
but all parties must respect and observe
the peace stipulations to the letter, and
if, in order to do this, the legitimate
trench government appeals tor aid,
Germany will probably extend to a cer
tain degree. Germany will also aid the
government of France to enforce law and
order by relaxing the strict regulations
of the peace preliminaries. Further
than this Germany will be passive. Ger
many will afford facilites for the con
centration of government troops, and, if
necessary, give liners assistance in sup
pressing the commune in Paris." He
declares that the regular government is
the only one competent to assure Ger
many of the payment of the promised
indemnity, and hence ' he means to
maintain it. Ho recognizes the Reds as
simple rioters, and says that so soon as
the insurgents transgress the terms of
the conventions concluded with the
legitimate government of France, the
Hermans will treat them as rioters, and
disperse them by force of arms ; but so
long as they do not transgress the stipu
lations they will be let alone.
The Bridge at St. Louis—A Sonorous
Sensation on the River.
From the St. Louis Republican.
Yes'erday, a little after 4 o'clock, the
attention of citizens generally was at
tracted to tho river by the sudden out
burst of a deafening chorus of steam
whistles, varied occasionally bv the re
port of a cannon. The cause of the ex
citement was an important event in
connection with the east abutment pier,
About twenty minutes past 4 o'clock
the caisson reached the rock, and Sup
erintendent McComas, and the other
gentleman associated with him in the
work, felt so rejoiced at the event that
they had turned on in full blast all the
steam whistles about the works and fired
a salute with a small piece of artillery
which they have at the works to be used
on such occasions. 1 he caisson reached
the rock at a distance of 199 feet 10
inches below the surface of the water
and 127 feet 4 inches below the city di
rectrix. The pressure in the air cham
ber is now about 48 pounds per square
inch. The gangs of men working in the
compressed air have numbered each
from 25 to 30, but owing to careful
medical supervision no ill effects have
been experienced. The work of filling
up the chamber m the manner indi
cated in our recent allusion to tho sub
ject will be pushed forward rapidly. To
any person familiar with the peril and
difficulties of carrying down these pier
foundations, it is not hard to under
stand the satisfaction of the men actu
ally engaged in the work when it draws
. . . i T a1 - . L r
to a conclusion. 1 II mis uawj Lnei r-. to
particular grounds for rejoicing, as the
last caisson is now sunk to the rock bed
under the Mississippi. When the air
chamber is filled the balance of
the bridge work will be above ground,
in the free atmosphere in which ordi
nary mortals " have their being."
A Sad Bridal Eve.
"There's many a slip 'twixt cup and
lip," is an axiom of ancient times, but
can be applied witn every sense oi pro
priety in the presentsorrowful instance.
On Monday night last, a young man in
the employ ot Judge strong, ot oetau
ket. named Du Troit, left the beach in
a small boat for Port Jefferson, for the
purpose of getting a suit of clothing
which he had previously ordered, and
some trinkets for a young lady. From
the residence of his employer a girl ot
nineteen, quite handsome, and withal
good-natured, accompanied him to the
beach, and bade him good-bye as he
Bushed off for the other side. To this
iirl he was encaged to be married, and
it was for his wedding outfit he was go
ing to Port Jefferson, as on Wednesday
they were to be married.
From that time to the present noth
ing has been heard from Du Troit. As
he did not present himself on Tuesday
morning, those who were interested in
him felt worried, and began to make
inquiries regarding him. No one had
seen him. The boat in which he de
parted could not be found. The night
was dark, and it occurred to some that
lie might have met with an accident.
Wednesday came and went, and so did
Thursday, but brought no tidings of Du
Troit. On Friday it was thought best
to dredge the bay. The boat was found
at the bottom, near the Port Jefferson
landing ; but, notwithstanding the
dredging was most thorough, not the
slightest vestige of the object of the
search was discovered. The people now
entertain the belief that he has been
foully dealt with. If he perished in the
bay his body would have been found.
The poor girl is completely broken
down with grief. To her the stroke is
a hard one, as all her hopes are thus
blighted on the eve of the wedding day.
Innocence is like an umbrella when
once lost we may never hope to see it
Tunics are much worn as overskirts,
and are a darker shade than the dress.
Lemon Turnovers. Mix the flour, sugar,
and the grated rind of the lemon with
a little milk to the consistency of bi t
ter; then add the eggs well beaten, and
the butter melted. Fry brown.
Mock Mince Pies. Six crackers pound
ed fine, one cup of molasses, one of su
gar, one-half of butter, one half of
vinegar, one-half pound of raisins chop
ped, two eggs, and spice to taste.
Snow Pancakes. Make a stiff batter
with the flour and milk, a little rated
nutmeg and the salt. Divide the batter
into any number of pancakes, and add
the snow to each. Fry them lightly and
Raised Doughnuts. Sift the flour, add
a little salt, beat the milk and fat to
gether, prepare the yeast cakes as di
rected in recipe, or use yeast. Make a
stiff dough ; when risen, work in the
spice, and cut out in any shape and fry.
Waffles. Make a paste of the flour
and milk, beat the sugar, eggs and wine
together, flavor to taste. Warm your
waffle-irons, then grease them, fill them
nearly full, elose them, and place them
over a fire. Turn the irons so as to bake
the waffles on both sides ; when done
take out, butter, and sift sugar over
them ; eat hot.
Apple Cake. One-half a cup each of
sugar, butter and milk, two cups of
flour, a teaspoonful of cream of tartar
and half a teaspoonful of soda. Bake in
four jelly cake pans. Four large apples,
grated ; one egg, one cup of sugar, the
grated rind and juice of a lemon ; let it
come to a boil, and, when cold, spread
between the cake like jelly.
Hominy Cakes. One pint of boiled
hominy well mashed ; one-half pint of
sifted flour ; one egg ; one tables poonful
of melted butter ; sweet milk enough to
make a rather thin batter ; a teaspoon
ful of salt ; one teaspoonful of soda,
sifted with flour, and two of cream of
tartar. Drop the batter small on griddle.
English Biscuit. Mix the flour with
the butter, make milk warm and sweet
en with sugar, pour it gradually into
the butter paste, dissolve the tartar in
half a teacup full of cold water and add
to the mixture, working the paste to a
good consistency, roll out, and into
small biscuits ; bake in a quick oven di
rectly after they are made.
Cream. Cake. The whites of four eggs,
reserving one for seasoning. One cup
of sugar; one half-cup of butter; one
half cup of sweet milk ; a teaspoonful
of soda, and two of cream tartar, and
two of cups of flour. Bake in round
tins. For the cream : The yolks of three
eggs ; one-half pint of milk ; butter the
size of an egg : four teaspoonfuls of corn
starch. Sweeten to suit your taste. Boil
the same as custard, and when half
cold flavor with lemon, and spread the
cake like jelly cake.
Charlotte Russe. Arrange Savoy bis
cuits, lady fingers, or any kind of light,
delicate cake, around your mold in
strips. Wash each piece with the white
ot an egg to make them stick together.
When the mold is neatly lined with
cake, set the mold in the oven five
minutes, to dry the egg and cement the
pieces. Put a pint of milk in the upper
part of a farina kettle, with boiling
water in the lower kettle ; place over
the fire ; beat four eggs and stir into the
milk, letting it just thicken. In another
saucepan or kettle, dissolve a box of
gelatine in a pint of water and let it
boil up as for jelly. Strain the jelly
into the custard,- turn both into a dish
and stir gently till cold. Sweeten a
quart of rich cream with a pound of
sugar, flavor with vanilla, and beat or
churn the cream to a froth, and stir into
the custard and gelatine as soon as it
begins to thicken. When well stirred
together and cold, pour into your mold ;
cover the top with a frosted cake, pret
tily ornamented, if you choose, and set
on the ice ready for use.
Or, put one ounce of gelatine in two
tumblers of milk, and boil hard ; beat
the whites and yolks of six eggs, sepa
rately, adding a half-pound of sugar to
the yolks while beating, and stir into
the boiling milk, till they thicken and
form a rich smooth custard, then stir in
the whites beaten to a stiff foam, letting
it remain on the fire only long enough
to thicken. Flavor with vanilla. Whip
a pint of rich cream till stiff, then stir
into the custard. Whn cold, pour into
the mold in which the cake has been
placed. Set it on the ice till needed.
Instead of lining the mold with cake,
plums, strawberries, raspberries, or any
other fruit may be arranged around the
mold, and the cream and gelatine and
custard, when cold, poured into the
middle. Set on the ice to harden, and,
when cold, tho whole turned out. This
very pretty when well made, and
Is Your Orchard All Right?
Haye you top-dressed the soil around
about every bearing tree with lime or
with wood ashes? If not, it will pay to
scatter two or three bushels of quick
lime, as soon as it is slacked, over the
surface of the ground, as far each way
as the longest branches extend. The
earlier it is done in the growing season,
the more satisfactory will be the effect
on the bearing tree. If wood ashes are
so scarce that only one or two bushels
per tree can be applied, let them be
scattered at once. Barn-yarl manure
also constitutes an excellent top-dressing
around about fruit trees.
Have you pruned away all the super
numerary, worthless and decaying bran
ches from every tree top ? If you have
not, procure a good pruning saw, climb
into the top, and then cut out the bran
ches, when they are too thick. Let
branches be removed with a smooth cut.
after which, carry a kettle of liquid
grafting wax into the tree-top, and with
a paint-brush smear the wounds with
warm wax, and press a piece of paper
into the wax which has been laid on the
wound, before it cools. Avoid the prac
tice ot cutting off largo branches, rruit
trees shold bo so pruned when they are
small, so that it will seldom be necessary
to serve a large branch.
Have you searched the branches oi
your apple trees for the eggs of the tent
caterpillar, which are glued to small
twigs near the extremities of the outer
limbs? If not, take an hour or two oc
casionally, and collect the eggs of these
depredators before they hatch. Insects
are now so numerous that the price of
fruit is measured by unremitting vigi
Facts About Norway.
The Storthing Legislature of Norway
assembled on the 1st of February. The
constitution is so democratic that the
Storthing consists of but one House.
There are 111 members, consisting of 42
peasants, 26 government officials, 21
other officials, 14 merchants, 5 lawyers,
3 manufacturers, and 1 artisan. The
Norwegian telegraph is completed to
North Cape. Of 37 vessels the past sea
son that engaged in the walrus and seal
fishery, six were wrecked ; the remain
der took 852 walruses, 2,240 seals, 98 po
lar bears, 873 reindeers, of the aggre
gate value of 25,973 specie dollars. The
yield of the small whale and shark fish
ery was 28,269 specie dollars. During
the year 1869 the number of Norwegian
vessels arriving in tho United States
was 372 ; number departing from United
States, 347. Value of imports in Norway
in 1869, 24,000,000 specie dollars ; of ex
ports, 17,000,000 specie dollars. The
principal imports are cereals ; the prin
cipal exports, fish and lumber. During
the same year the number of Swedish
vessels arriving in the United States
(not including Colifornia) was 43 ; num
ber departing, 30. Value of exports
from Sweden to the United Statea (di
rect), $1,013,008; of direct imports from
the United States, $200,000. Total va
lue of imports into Sweden, $35,000,000;
of exports, $32,000,000. The aggregate
population of Sweden and Norway is
about 6,000,000. The cereal crops have
been good the past two seasons in both
kingdoms, and the emigration to the
United States during 1870 was only
about 25,000 half of what it was in
1869. The railroad between Christiana
and Stockholm will be completed in
May. There are over 1,000 mile of
railroad in operation in Sweden, and
nearly 500 in Norway.
Points of Etiquette.
Don't speak of persons with whom
you are slightly acquainted by their
Irritability is a breach of good morals
as well as good manners. Gentle cour
tesy wo owe to all.
Be punctual. It is always annoying
to be kept waiting and often a serious
detriment to one's business.
Answer a civil question pleasantly
and kindly, even if you are in a hurry.
Jokes are dangerous things, to be
used, like gunpowder, with extreme
If possible, always be at the station a
few minutes before the cars start. Get
ting aboard after the train is in motion
is not favorable to bodily safety, nor to
that calmness of mind which leads us to
Don't be disturbed if you find the beet
seats taken. As no one knew you were
coming, of course, they did not reserve
Have your ticket in your hand. Con
ductors havn't always the time to wait
till the portmonnaie, pocket, and trav
eling bag, are searched, after receiving
it. We once saw a lady, when the con
ductor demanded her ticket, dire to the
lowermost depth of her traveling bag,
where she clutched something franti
cally, and, in blind haste, handed the
waiting officer a fine tooth comb, sup
posing it to be her ticket, which she
afterward found in tho folds of her gar
ments. When a car is crowded, don't fill a
seat with your bundles. True polite
ness is not amiss, even amid the con
fusion and bustle of a public con
veyance. If an open window proves
uncomfortable to another, you will
Don't fidget vith tho hands or feet.
Let alone the watch chain and necktie.
Quiet ease, without stiffness, indicates
Whispering in church is impolite.
Besides showing disrespect to the
speaker, it is extremely annoying to
those who wish to hear. Coughing
should be avoided as much as possible.
Sleeping, with its frequent accompani
ment; snoring, had better be done at
Valldity of Conductors' Checks.
An interesting case was recently tried
in the Superior Court of Baltimore. The
plaintiff, on May 1, 1867, purchased a
through ticket from New York to Balti
more, and proceeded on tho Philadel
phia, Wilmington and .Baltimore Rail
road as far as Perryville, where he left
the train the conductor, after leaving
Philadelphia, having taken up the
through ticket, and given the plaintiff
a check ii. lieu of it. On the 6th, the
plaintiff got upon the train for Balti
more at Havre de Grace, and offered the
check in payment of his fare, which the
conductor refused, notwithstanding the
plaintiffs assertion that on leaving the
train at Perryville, on May 1, he was in
formed by the ticket agent there that
the check would be good on any other
day. On the plaintiff's refusal to pay
the fare in money, he was ejected. In
an action to recover for this ejection, the
Uourt instructed the jury that the plain
tiff was not entitled to recover, unless
more force was used than was necessary
to put him off, and unless he was put off
at a point where there was no station
house at hand, or no place for shelter
and food. The Court also held that if
tho check had been indorsed in writing
by the ticket agent or by the conductor,
May 1 , it was good for another train at a
subsequent time, and would have bound
the company ; but that the conductor
of the train, May 6, was not required to
take one s word, unsupported by a writ
Wonders of Chemistry. Linen can
be converted into sugar ; sugar into al
cohol and carbonic acid ; alcohol into
ether and water. Sugar can also be
converted into oxalic acid, and like
wise into pure charcoal and water. Al
cohol will readily change into acetic
acid or vinegar. Coal tar is transformed
into dyes that surpass the Tyrian purple
of old. Starch may be transmitted into
gum, alcohol, sngar, vinegar or oxalic
acid ; and these are but a few of the
magical changes which modern chemi
cal science has made "familiar as house
A friend of ours who is chief clerk in
the Government Dispensary, says that
no medicine chest is now complete with
out Johnson's Anodyne Liniment. We al
ways sapposed it was prescribed by law ;
it is not, it ought to be, for certainly
there is nothing in the whole materia
medica of so much importance to the
soldier and the sailor as Johnson's Ano
The Programme for Courting.
We meet, are duly introduced.
We talk and danee awhile.
Tben either seeks the other's face.
To catch the brightest smil e.
Tben moonlight smiles and Lalla Kookh.
And serenading smiles.
That touch and lure away the heart
Like seftest vesper chimes.
Then presents shower at her feet
The poet? back to Chaucer.
" Forget me not," in danling gilt.
On China cup and saucer.
Then bright bouquets where ererr bud
A languid odor sbods.
Then pencil cases, solid gold.
With hollow heads for leads.
Then parting nerer more to meet.
Then meetings by and by.
And then who said you couldn't kiss
Outside of rusting rye ?
She does not frown, nor turn away.
But, blushing, takes lore's token.
And will you love me T" " Yes. I will I"
And so -the ice is broken.
A if an in New Hampshire has
Quicksilver has been discoi
Noxubee county, Miss.
It is estimated that it will take
$350,000 to complete the Washington
monument at Washington, V. O.
At Peterborough, N. II., at a recent
birth, the great-grandmother of the
child acted as head nurse. The grand
mother was also present.
Some folks never can let well enough
alone. Here is a new insurance com
pany being formed to protect men
against desertion by their wives.
Covinoton, Ky., is excited by the ru
mor that the mother of a young girl
recently murdered there is about to
marry the father of the youth accused
of killing her.
A raioBTrcL tale of marine disaster
comes from the Wabash Canal. The
Green Rabbit sunk the Dead Beat in a
collision, but the crew of the wrecked
vessel were taken off by the Tobacco
A took country store-keeper, named
Samuel Williston, began studying for
the ministry in Massachusetts many
years ago, but his eyesight failed him,
and to eke out his scanty means his
wife began covering by hand tbe wooden
buttons of the period. Samuel Willis
ton's factories at Rasthampton now
make half tbe buttons of the world, his
fortune is nearly six million) of dollars,
and he has given away one million to
religious ana educational objects.
Wit and Wisdom.
When may a chair be said to dislike
you? When it can't bear you.
When Eve told Adam to chastise his
son, what five scriptural names did she
use? " Adam," Both Eve, " Cain Able."
A pai'ER has an article headed with
the conundrum, " Why do wives fade?"
We suppose it is because they won't
" Ah, parson, I wish I could take my
gold with me," said a dying deacon
Swiss. " It might melt," was the con
When should a woman go into the
lumlier business 7 When she pines for
her lover, who is a spruce young man,
and of whom she thinks a great deal.
It is forty years, my old friend
John, since we were hoys together."
"Is it? well, don't speak so loud,
there's that young widow in the next
A boy eight years old, in one of our
public schools, having been told that a
reptile " is an animal that creeps," on
being asked to name one on examina
tion day, promptly replied " the baby."
A French artist being asked to draw
an allegorical figure ot Kenevolenoe,
carefully sketched a bit of India-rubber.
" This," said he, " is the true emblem of
benevolence : it gives more than any
other substance I"
A touno Hoosier once said to a Hoo
sieress : " Sal, is there any body court in'
you now 7" And Sal replied: "Well,
Ham, there is one fellow sorter oourtin',
and sorter not, but I reckon it is more
sorter not than sorter,"
The rising generation " age" rapidly
in Detroit. A mature specimen, aiizht
years old, was hunting around the police
stations for a stray father the other
night. " You see," he remarked, with
filial exultation, " the gov'ner's a little
wild yet, but he'll grow out of it."
A sad story is told of a Congressman,
new to the ways of the House, who
mistook the meaning of the clapping
for pages which always follows the chap
lain's opening prayer. " Well, that
beats me," said he, " 1 don't see any.
thing in that prayer worth cheering."
The ancients believed that the indi
vidual whose hair was straight and lank,
was weak and cowardly. Frizzly hair
was indicative of coarseness and clumsi
ness. .The hair that specially won their
admiration was that which, flowing
down, terminated in ringlets. The Em
peror Augustus was favored by nature
with wonderfully fine and abundant
hair. Auburn or light brown tresses
were thought most distinguished, and
the possessor of hair of either tint was
pre-supposed to be intelligent, industri
ous, and of a peaceful disposition. Black
hair was not hoid in esteem by the Ro
mans. Red hair was positively hideous
in their eyes. Ages before tho time of
Judas it was an object of aversion. It
was even held to be an omen of wicked
ness in its possessor. Fortunately, these
old-time prejudices have quit worn
away. Men no longer base their esti
mate of character upon the color of the
A Vista or Busy Lira. While visiting
the hew store of John V. Farwell A Co.,
one day last week, we were surprised at
seeing the large amount of goods being
sold by them. The enormous drain of
their daily shipments would soon empty
their mammoth store, were not their
stock replenished during the night from
the immense reserve in their warehouse,
as well as by fresh arrivals from
the manufacturers in this country and
in Europe. The daily emptying and
filling up of this great depot of dry goods
is like the ebbing and Mowing ot tho tide.
In tbe amount of sales they lead all
Death will stop all income ; provide
for the change by insuring in The
Mutual Life Insurance Company of