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Eaton Weekly Democrat
T. FOSTER, Publisher.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party and the Collection of Local and General News.
Two Dollars per annum, in Advance.
VOL. IV. NO. 4S;
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 1, 1871.
WHOLE NUMBER 223.
The Three Ships.
Over the waters clear and dark '
Flew, like a startled bird, our bark.
All the day long with steady sweep
Sea-gulls followed us over the deep.
Weird and strange wero the silent shores,
Bioh with the wealth of buried ores.
Mighty the forests, old and gray.
With the secrets locked in their hearts away;
Semblanoe of castle and arch and shrino
Towered aloft in the clear sunxhine :
And we watched for the warder, stern and grim.
And the priest with his chanted prayer and hymn.
Over that wonderful northern sea.
As one who sailed in a dream sailed we.
Till, when the young meon soared on high,
Hothing was round us but sea and sky.
far in the east the Pale mootl swung
A Crescent dim in the a Hiiro hung ;
fiat the sun lay low in the glowing west.
With bars of purple across his breast.
. The skies ware aflame with the sunset glow.
: The billows were all aflame below ;
The far horiion seemed the gate
To some mystic world's enchanted state ;
; And all the air was a luminous mist.
Crimson and amber and amythyst.
Then silently into that fiery sea
Into the heart of the mystery
Three ships went sailing one by one.
The fairest visions under the sun.
Like the flame in the heart of a ruby set
Were the sails that Hew from each mast of jet ;
While darkly against the burning sky
Streamer and pennant floated high.
Steadily, silently, on they pressed
Into the glowlngi reddening west j
titftil, cn the far horizon's fold.
They slowly passed through its gate of gold.
ou think, porhaps. they were nothing More
Than schooners laden with common ore t
When Care crossed hands with grimy Toil,
And the decks were stained with earthly moil 1
Oh, beautiful ships, who sailed that night
Into the west from our yearning sight, :
. ull I kno tiat the freight ye bore,
Was laden Hot for an earthly' shot 8 i
, . To some fair realm ye were sailing on,
."V ' Where all we have lost shall yet be won :.
- Ye were bearing thither a world of dreams,
Bright as that sunset's golden gleams ;
And hopes whose tremulous, rosy flush
Grew fairer still in the twilight hush ;
Ye were bearing hence to that mystic sphere
. Thoughts no mortal may utter here
Songs that on earth may not be sung
Words too holy for human tongue
The golden deeds that we would hare done
The fadeless wreathes that we would have won !
And hence it was that our souls with you
Traversed the moasureless waste of blue.
Till you passed under the sunset gate.
And to us a voice said, softly, " Wait 1"
THE EMPEROR'S NEW SUIT.
Many years ago there lived an Empe
ror, who cared so very much about hav
ing new clothes that he spent all his
money merely for the sake of being
very smartly dressed. lie did not care
much about his troops ; he did not care,
either, about going to the play or driv
ing out, unless it were that he might
show his new clothes. lie had a new
suit for every hour in the day : and, as
one usually says of a King or Emperor,
he held a privy council, so of him it was
said, His Majesty sat in council with his
In the large town where he resided,
people led a merry life. Day after day
fresh visitors arrived at court: one day,
too, a couple of swindlers, who called
themselves first rate' weavers, made
their appearance. They pretended that
they were able to weave the richest
stuffs, in which not only the colors and
patterns were extremely beautiful, but
that the clothes made of such stuffs
possessed the wonderful property of re
maining visible to him who was unfit
for the office he held, or who was
" What capital clothes they must be I"
thought the Emperor. "If I had but
such a suit, I could ' directly find out
what people ' in my empire wero not
equal to their to their office ; and beside,
I should be able to distinguish ej.the
clever from the stupid.' By Jove, I must
have some of this stuff made directly
for me I" And so he ordered large sums
of money to be given to the two swind
lers, that they might be set to work im
The men erected two looms, and did
as if they worked very diligently ; but
in reality they had got nothing on the
loom. They boldly demanded the finest
silk and gold thread, put it all in their
own poekete, and worked away at the
empty loom until quite late at night. .
"I should like to know; how the
weavers are getting on with my stuff,"
said the Emperor, one day, to himself;
but he was rather embarrassed when he
remembered that a sill felly, or one un
fitted for his office, would not be able
tosee the stuff. ' Tis true he thought, as
faTas regarded himself, there was no risk
whatever ; but yet he preferred sending
some one else to bring him intelligence
of the two weavers, ana how they were
getting on, before he went himself.
Everybody in the whole town had heard
of the wonderful property that this
stuff was said to possess, and all were
curious to know how clever or loolish
their neighbors might be found to be.
" I will send mv worthy old minister,"
said the Emperor at last, after much
consideration ; " he will be able to say
how the stuff looks better than anybody:
for he is a man of understanding, and no
one can be found more fitted than he.
' So the worthy old minister went to
the room where the two swindlers were
working away with all then might and
main. "Lord help me 1" thought the
old man opening his eyes as wide as
possible ; " why I can't see the least
thing whatever on the loom." But he
took care not to irive voice to his
The swindlers begged him most po
litely to have the goodness to approach
nearer to the looms ; and then pointing
to the empty irame, asked him it the
colors were not of great beauty. And
the poor old minister looked, and look-
ed, and could see nothing whatever ;
for, indeed, there was nothing at all
there. Bless me !" thought he to him
elfj "am I, then, really a simpleton?
Well, I never thought so, and nobody
... aroknowit. I not fit for my office!
r' otmng on earth shall make me say
' ht I hve not seen the stuff."
"T' " Well, sir," said one of the swindlers,
.still - working busily, " you don't say if
the stuff pleases you or not."
- " Oh,t beautiful ! the work is admira
ble!"; said the minister, looking at the
t . "
beam through his spectacles. " This
pattern and these colors well, well ; 1
shall not fail to tell the Emperor that
both are most beautiful."
" Well, we shall be delighted if you
do so," said the swindlers, and named
the different colors and patterns which
were in the stuff. The minister listened
attentively to what they said, in order
that he might be able to repeat all to
The swindlers then asked for more
money, and silk, and gold thread, which
they said they wanted to finish the
piece they had begun. But they put,
as before, all that was given to them into
their own pockets, and still continued
to work, with apparent diligence, at the
Some time after, the Emperor sent
another officer to see how the work was
getting on, and if the piece of broad
cloth would soon be finished. But he
fared like the other. lie stared at the
loom from every side ; but as there was
nothing there,of course he could see only
the empty frame.
" Does- the stuff not please you as
much as it did the minister?" asked
the men, making the same gestures as
before, and talking of splendid colors
and of colors which did not exist.
Stupid I certainly am not," thought
the new commissioner ; " then it must
be (hat I am not fitted for the lucrative
office. That were a good joke ! How
ever, no one dare even suspect such a
thine." And so ho began praising the
stuff that he could not see, and told the
two swindlers how pleased he was to
behold such beautiful colors and such
charming patterns. " Indeed, your Ma
jesty," said he to the Emperor, n his
return, " the stuti which the weavers
are making is extraordinary fine."
The magnificent brocade that the .fc.ni-
peror was having woven at his own ex
pense was the talk ot the whole town.
1 he Emperor wished to see the costly
stuff while it was on the loom ; so, ac
companied by a chosen train of cour
tiers, among whom were the two trusty
men who had so admired the work, off
he went to the two cunning cheats.
As soon as they heard of the Emper
or's approach, they began working
with all diligence, although as yet
there was not a single thread on the
" Is it not magnificent ?" said the two
officers of the crown. " Will your ma
jesty only look ? What a charming
pattern I what beautitul colors I said
they, pointing to the empty trames, tor
they thought the others could really see
What's the meaning of this ?" said
the Emperor to himself. " I see noth
ing I This is a terrible matter I Am I
a simpleton, or am not fit to be Emper
or? Why, that were the worst that
could happen to me. Uh, charming:
the stuff is really charming," said he
then ; " 1 approve it highly 1' And he
smiled graciously, and examined the
empty looms minutely ; tor he would
not for all the world say that he could
not see what his two officers had so
much praised. The whole suit strained
their eyes to discover something in the
looms, but they could see as little as the
others. At the same time, in order to
please their master the Emperor, they
all cried out, " Oh, how beautiful !" and
counseled His Majesty to have new
robes made out of this magnificent
stuff, for the grand procession which
was about to take place. " Excellent 1
charming!" was echoed from mouth to
mouth : and all wero extremely pleased.
The Emperor was as satisfied as his
courtiers, and conlerred on each ot the
cheats an order which they were to
wear in their button-hole, and gave
them the title of " Knights ot the most
honorable order of the loom."
The night preceding the day on
which the procession was to take place
the two men stayed up all night, and
had sixteen candles burning, so that
everybody might see how they worked
to get the .Emperor s new aress aone in
proper time. They pretended to unroll
the stuff from the loom ; they cut in the
air with their sciseors, and sewed with
needles that had no thread. " INow,
then, said they, " the Emperor's new
suit is ready at last."
The Emperor then made his appear
ance in the chamber of his two Knights
of the most honorable Order of" the
Loom, accompanied by his chamber
lains of the highest rank ; and the two
cheats held up their arms, as though
they had something in their hands and
said : " Here are your Majesty's knee
breeches, here is the coat, and here the
mantle. The whole suit is as light as
a cobweb j and when dressed one
would almost fancy one had nothing
on ; but that is just the beauty of this
" Of course !" said all the courtiers,
although not a single one of them could
see anything of the clothes.
" Will your Imperial Majesty most
graciously be pleased to undress 7 We
will then try on the new things Lefore
The Emperor allowed himself to be
undressed, and then the two cheats did
exactly as if each one helped him on
with an article of dress, while his ma
jesty turned round himself on all sides
before the mirror.
" How well the dress becomes your
Majesty ! and how well it fits ! What a
pattern ! W hat colors ! 1 his is, in
deed, a dress worthy of a king !
"The canopy which is to be borne
above by your Majesty in the procession
is in readiness without, announced the
Chief M ister of the ceremonies.
" I am quite ready," replied the Em
peror. " Do my new things sit well ?"
asked he, turning round once more be
fore the looking-glass, in order that it
might appear that he examined the
dress very minutely.
The nages who were carry the Empe
ror's train felt about on the ground as if
to lift un the end of the mantle, and
did exactly as if they were carrying
something, for they also did not wish to
betray simplicity or unfitness for their
post. , j
And so the Emrjeror walked on under
the high canopy, through the streets of
the metropolis, ana an me peupc i
the streets and at the windows cried
out, "Oh, how beautiful the Emperor's
new dress is ! what a splendid train I
and the mantle, how well it Bits !"
In short, there was nobody but wished
to cheat himself into the belief that he
saw the highly valued clothes, for other
wise he would have to acknowledge
i : 1 1- .ii . - i , V
miiiseii eimur a simpleton or an aWK
ward fellow. As yet none of the Em
peror's new dresses had met with such
approval as the suit made by the two
" But the Emperor has nothing on !"
said a little child. "Ah, hear the voice
of innocence !" said the father, and one
person whispered to another what the
child had said.
" But he really has nothing on !" ex
claimed at last all the people. This
vexed the Emperor, for he felt they
were right, but he thought " However,
I must bear the thing to the end !"
And the pages placed themselves
further from him, as if they were carry
ing a train which did not even ex'st.
Hans Christian Anderson.
For the Fair Sex.
Fashionable garters are of blue vel
vet, gold mounted.
Water proof cloth is made up now
into entire suits for ladies, which are
very neat, pretty, and useful.
Foitlards, pongees, poult de soie, and
very light gros grains will be the favor
ite dress materials this spring.
The last instance of modesty is that
of a lady who refused to wear a watch
in her bosom because it had hands.
The favorite bonnets are modifications
of the gipsy form; they either match
the toilet exactly or are in straw.
The latest style of neckties for the
ladies are of gay-colored erepe de chine,
trimmed with Valenciennes insertion
and wide edging.
The ladies have adopted the new
fashion of dispensing with the button
and fastening the chemise with a blue
Yellow linen and serge dresses are to
be trimmed this season with the yellow
cluny lace, which has a very beautiful
We are promised a new style in the
arrangement of ladies' hair this spring
something in the Grecian order.
White velvet and corduroy jackets
will be the favorite wear of New York
belles for riding, this season.
Opal and cameo shades are the favor
ite tints for evening dresses.
Matdkns must be mild and meek.
Swift to hear, and slow to speak.
It is most desirable that women
should marry. Yet many women live
single all their days, enjoy life, and do
a deal of good in the world.
Some one advises young ladies to be
ware of marrying a man, the initial of
whose name is the same as their own,
since there is an old saying which tells
To change the name and not the letter
Is to change for the worse and not for the better."
Very few of the lady promenaders of
the day take Dr. Dio Lewis' advice to
carry their arms down by their sides.
They prefer to carry them in front and
in a manner similar to a chicken's foot
on a roost.
The " Lome Gipsy" is a round hat,
the latest style for young ladies, and is
made of straw trimmed with blue, a
silk of a peculiar texture, ancl very ap
propriate for the adornment of chapeaux.
Ladies are carrying parasols with
long, heavy handles and long points
using them as walking sticks, and, as a
lady has about as much idea of using a
cane as a man has of a fan, it is ex
tremely ludicrous to behold the opera
tion. Girls always love those boys best who
are the kindest, best natured, most con
siderate and " manlike" in their beha
vior ; and who are not coarse, profane,
and loaferish in their talk. The boys
who are by their school or playmates
loved the most, make the best men.
A fashionable young lady of rather
attenuated figure, while in the hands of
her dressmakers, became alarmed at
the spaciousness apportioned to her
bodice, and declared that she could
never wear it, and the silk had been
wrongly cut. " Pardon me," mademoi
selle," said the modiste, " the design is
quite correct ; the lilting is exactly as it
should be. I have made your dress,
and now I must bring you up to it !"
A Sister of Charity.
Dr. Hall, of the Journal of Health, re
lates the following:
On a bleak winter s night- a mere
scrawl was handed in at the door, with
a name known to tame ; death was im
minent. The patient was in a kind of
out-house, back from the street. A soli
tary woman attended the unfortunate
sufferer, silent, busy, anticipating every
want, translating every gesture almost
before it was made. In the early morn
ing, at noon, and in the hours of dark
ness, she was always there, prompt,
noiseless, vigilant, self-possessed. Day
after day it was the same thing, and
with all this there was such a benignity
in the whole demeanor that 1 wanted
to know her name and her relation to
the patient, who had been abandoned
by the dearest ties of humanity, and
whose mental state was evidently as
great a torture as that of the body. The
tumultuous heavings of the mind and
conscience were in sad unison with the
ceaseless tossings of the emaciated
frame, and the vain efforts of the rest
less, tearless eye to close it3elt in sleep.
" I shall die if I don't sleep," was the
constant, piteous exclamation 1 Lover
and friend and daughter even kept
sternly aloof from that miserable bed
side. She had heard of the hapless and
abandoned sufferer, and for humanity's
sake supplied every want from her own
purse, and continued so to do for weeks
and weary months, until death brought
relief frem the fearful combination of
human sufferings. To do so much, and
for so long a time ; to administer tire
less personal attentions and unstinted
pecuniary aid to one so abandoned,
without the hope or possibility ot re
ward, was the work of that angel of
goodness, who had written so much and
so sweetly, in prose and verse Alice
A book about kingfishers has just
been completed by Mr. Sharpe, the li
brarian of the Zoological Society of
.London. It gives an account of every
known species ot these curious birds,
which are remarkable lor being exceed
ingly isolated, having no near allies
whatever. Although found in every
country, it is somewhat singular that
thev are least plentiful in South Ameri
ca, that region of the earth which most
abounds m rivers ana nsh.
Pasture for Pigs.
The Prairie Farmer, in answering the
query of a correspondent says :
If you will turn your pigs into a good
clover 2asture, or, in the absence of
such a one, a pasture of. mixed grasses,
they will require little if any other food
than that which they can procure by
grazing from the time other stocks are
turned out till you can manure a crop
of corn. Of course they must be well
supplied with water, and they will re
quire salt the same as other kinds of
or stock. 1 he most economical way ot
dinposing of skimmed milk, ordinarily,
is to feed it to stock hogs. They also
relish and derive advantage from char
coal and the ordinary soft Western coal.
Many of our best swine-raisers prof
to summer their pigs on grass alone,
with the exception of the articles we
have mentioned, believing that the ani
mals are not only more cheaply kept in
that manner, but that they are much
more healthy. Where it is not conven
ient to fence in an inclosure for a hog
pasture, it is a comparative easy matter
to soil them during the summer. If this
is done, the green food that is fed to
them should be raised very near the
yard where the hogs are kept, to save
the expense of moving it. Clover and
timothy, or, in fact, anv of the quick-
growing grasses, may be used to good
advantage for this purpose. Orchard
grass is said to be relished t y hogs, and it
will bear cutting as often as once a
In Canada they make use of onts and
peas, or oats and vetches or tarts, for
soiling hogs : the plan being to sow once
a fortnight throughout the season a plot
of ground sufficiently large to produce
food enough to keep the hogs during
that length of time. In the New Eng
land States, where fewer hogs are kept,
and where it is not usual to let them
run at large, they rely largely on early
pastures to keep theni through the
summer. Several Eastern papers have
advocated planting largely of the Early
Kose potatoe each season, with a view
of feeding them to hogs. In our opin
ion hogs would prefer almost any of the
substances we have named to raw tur
nips, while we think they could be
Fertilizers for Potatoes.
An interesting experiment with pot
ash in the growth of potatoes has been
made by Mr. Charles D. Hunter, of
Blennerhosset. Cumberland, who com
municates the rosults to the Mark Lane
Express. Mr. Hunter experimented
upon several fields, the souree of pot
ash employed being muriate of potash
of 80 to 83 per cent, strength priced at
10s. 6d. per cwt. Jlr. Hunter's recom
mendations for potatoes are, super
phosphate ot lime, 6 1-2 cwt., muriate ot
potash, 3 cwt., and sulphate of am
monia, A l-Z cwt. per acre. 1 his will be
found for potatoes much better in coun
teracting disease than farm-yard man
ure, and if the latter be valued at 8s.
per ton laid down in the field, the
above mixture will be found cheaper,
even taking into consideration the after
enects ot the larm-yard manure.
These experiments," says Mr. Hunter,
" were tried upon Blcnnerhasset farm,
manured and farmed by William Law
son, Esq., and where in 1868 and 1869,
40 and 70 acres of potatoes have been
grown entirely with these chemical
manures ; and though 1-t and even 18
cwt. per acre have been applied, the
potatoes are to-day (March 25) coming
out of the pits nearly as sound as wnen
they went in." The application 01 this
mixture in the case of grain cannot be
advised as a profitable investment.
Upon a grass crop," Mr. Hunter
states, " rich in clover, the effects of
potash are very marked, and when ap
plied in moderate quantities say un
der 20s. cost per acre will generally
prove profitable if quality is wanted :
but where a great weight per acre of
rye grass is wanted, the addition ot pot
ash to the manures suited for that pur
pose has not proved profitable upon our
soils, though the quality of the produce
was certainly improved. It has also
shown profitable results when applied
to turnips, and probably all root crops
will pay lor the use ot potash along with
the ordinary manuring."
Horses should bo watered from a
brook, pond, or river, and not wells or
springs, as the well water is hard and
colder, while the running stream is soft
and rather warm. The preference of
horses is for the solt, even though it be
muddy water, to that which is hard.
Horses should be allowed in summer
time at least four waterings a day, and
a half bucket at a time, and in winter a
pailful may be allowed morning and
evening, which is sufficient to assuage
their thirst without causing them to
bloat or puff up. Care, however, should
be taken that the horse is not put to
work immediately after drinking a full
bucket ot water, especially if they are
required to go fast, because digestion
and severe exertion can never go on to
gether, and moreover purging is apt to
ensue. In some cases, broken wind or
heaves is thus produced. Avoid giving
warm or tepid water to horses that are
often driven from home, because cold or
well water will then be given them,
which will be liable to produce a con
gestive chill, followed by lung fever, and
in some cases colic. When horses are
thus carefully watered, if one or more
of them should refuse their accustomed
feed, something is wrong, and they
should not be taken out of the stable to
work, or driven further that day ; but
an examination should be made as to
the cause with a view . to its removal.
N. W. Farmer.
French Brandy. It has been ascer
tained from official reports that during
the recent troubles in France the stock
of French brandy in this country has
increased to an enormous extent. The
statement is that there are now thir
teen millions of gallons in bond in Lon
don. Draw a little upon your imagina
tion, and see it you can realize this
quantity. Where is it all to go to, and
who is to drink it ? And yet, in spite
of this glut in the market, the price,
instead of going down, has gone up,
and you cannot buy a gallon of brandy
to-day without paying considerably
more for it than you did a year ago,
This is a commercial mystery, but the
Many a man dreads throwing away
his life at once, who shrinks not from
Five and Ten Years.
" The conduct of the Democratic par
ty during the war," says the leading
Kepublican newspaper of the country,
" will not be ' forgotten by the people
in the next Presidential campaign."
That newspaper intends to follow the
programme of Morton, and Butler, and
the other demagogues who now have
the Kepublican party in leading stringR.
It intends to resurrect dead issues, and
revive the partisan hatred which stirred
the souls of men when a fierce and pro
tracted civil war devastated the land,
and swept our citizens by hundreds of
thousands to death on desperately con
tested battle-field. It borrows the brains
of Butler, and the trickery and char
latanism of Morton, to instruct the peo
ple concerning their duties and interests
in a contest which will determine
whether the United States government
shall stand or fall.
AVe apprehend the people care less
about the conduct of the Democratic
party during the war, than what has
been done by the Kepublican party
since the war. In its oppositon to the
negro policies and unconstitutional and
tyrannous measures of the party in
power, from 1861 up to the time of the
surrender of Leo, the Democratic party
brought upon itself defeat. That is
understood. Have parties battling for
right never been defeated? It is not
necessary here to inquire whether the
Democracy were right or wrong. They
were honest, and any Republican in the
country to-day, of ordinary intelligence,
and possessing any knowledge of the
history of political parties here, who
says he has ever doubted the fidelity of
the Democratie party to the Union,
and the political system established un
der the federal constitution, is a man
whose testimony under oath ought not
to be accepted by a competent jury.
there can be tound an abundance ot
honest and intelligent Kepublicans who
will aver that they do not believe the
present administration, and the majority
in Congressare true to the Constitution
and the Union.
It seems probable that the next
Presidential campaign will be one in
which the respective parties will be
tound battling lor and against the same
issues. If the Grant party choose to
talk about what the Democratic party
did during the war, it will find no oppo
sition. We will let the graves of Demo
cratic officers and soldiers reply to such
speech. Our national cemeteries ought
to be, and doubtless will be, as eloquent
as the venom and slander of demago
gues who seek to defame the memories
of the men who gave their lives for the
The democracy will have much to say
of the conduct of the Republican party
since the restoration of peace. The
people are more interested in the pres
ent and future than in recalling party
i-oudx. the victories won by the Union
soldiers were worthless if the govern
ment they fought to save, and for which
countless hosts of them died, is to be
overthrown by the treason of those who
have been placed in power.
ijvery act which strikes down the I
rights of States reserved by them in
the Constitution, is an act ot treason.
Every act which denies to our citizens
the protection guaranteed to them by
constitutional safeguards, is an act of
treason. Every usurpation of power by
Congress, is an act of treason. The at
tempt to invest a .President with the
powers of a dictator, and place him
above the law, was an act of treason as
infamous as any which ever was enter
tained by a Confederate in the Southern
Go to the soldiers who survived the
conflict with the Confederacy, and as c
them it they braved the perils and
hardships of the war to establish the
despotism and corruption which now
prevail in our Government. Did they
suppose that personal government was
to result trom tiettysburg I Did they
suppose that the slaughter of our armies
in the battles ot the W nderness would
establish a party in power which would
trample upon the Constitution for pur
poses of the basest partisanship ? Did
they stand " like a stone wall" around
the intrenchments of- Richmond to in
vest thieves and political prostitutes
with authority ? Did they march v ith
Sherman from Atlanta to the sea to
place the nation in the hands of such
tricksters as Chandler, and Morton, and
Butler? Did the men who stood by
Thomas at Chickamauga and Nashville
fight for the degradation of their own
race and countrymen, and to make pos
sible the infamies perpetrated by State
Governments under the control of ne
groes and carpet-baggers ? Did they
march to battle to sustain policies by
which political rings, and monopolists,
and privileged classes have made serfs
of the workingmen of the country, and
divided our national legislature into
gangs of bribe-takers ?
The Democratic 2'arty will demand
plain and honest answers to these ques
tions. The Grant party may go back
ten years. Five will answer our purpose.
There are, probably, but few men in
the country who have not heard of Sen
ator Powell Clayton, of Arkansas. He
is a carpet-bagger. He was Governor of
the State. He is United States Senator
Rice, the other United States carpet
bagger .Senator lrom that state, is re
ported to have stolen five thousand dol
lars from a client when he went to Ar
kansas. The charge had been frequent
ly made. We have never seen a denial
of it. A letter has been published to
which the name of Rice was attached,
acknowledging the theft. For these
reasons, it is tolerably safe to assume
that Rice is a thief, and a sneaking
thief, because he obtained his stolen
money by an act of base treachery.
Rice, however, is a decent man in
comparison with Powell Clayton. There
is not a carpet-bagger in the United
States to-day who has made a blacker
record that this man Clayton. Just be
fore the adjournment of Congress, he
made a speech, in response to a sere
nade, in which he said there wore
30,000 Ku-Klux in the State, and the
purpose of the organization was to as
sassinate Union men, and that the most
horrible crimes and outrages were daily
committed. Only a few weeks before,
a Governor of the State, in a message to
the Legislature, he said the people were
orderly and obedient to law, and for
these reasons he recommended a re-
moval of the political disabilities im
posed by the State Constitution.
What language will fitly describe the
miscreant who will thus defame and
villainously slander the people of the
State whom he assumes to represent in
the United States Senate ?
Drinking Among Business Men.
From the New York Times.
The London journals which lately
made an onslaught on drinking among
ladies, and makes a similar charge, with
increased emphasis, upon the business
community. It declares that the use of
spirituous liquors among merchants,
bankers and brokers has increased of
late in the most alarming manner.
"The American bar system," it informs
us, "which in New York and elsewhere
has been carried to a heigth at which,
though being so flagrantly scandalous
and intolerable, it has almost begun to
cure itself, has, unfortunately, taken
root in London." " Secret drinking"
among the mercantile classes " is free
and uncontrolled ;" and " the potations
of city men are terribly on the increase."
The reasons for this are several and
manifest. One, it appears, is the tele
graph. Formerly there was an interval
between sending his letters and getting
replies,. when a man of business could
meditate calmly on his affairs. Now, all
things are decided off-hand, and conse
quently there is kept up a constant
fever of excitement. Hence, nervous
exhaustion ensues, and stimulents are
resorted to. Another reason for excess
is that business men, instead of living
over their counting houses or shops,, as
was once the custom, now almost in
variably live several miles away. Most
of them come to the city by rail, which
works ill in various ways. In the first
place, there is a constant anxiety about
missing the train, so that nervous
fatigue begins vith the day. Then the
journey by rail is pronounced unfavora
ble to digestion, and, according to some
men, if taken every day, is injurious to
the brain as well as the stomach and
nerves. Besides these disturbing agen
cies, " overwork," the " strain of busi
ness," and the " anxieties of specula
tion," are set down as originating and
nourishing those physical and mental
conditions that lead men to seek the
consolations of alcohol, and, ultimately,
to become slaves to its fasicnating influ
ence. There is no doubt some truth in ; this,
although it is hardly truth of the sort
that warrants the air of discovery with
which the Saturday Review announces it.
Deplorable and extensive as is the habit
of drinking in our own business com
munity, we believe it has grown to be as
bad, or perhaps even worse, in London.
If it is worse there, the reason is clear.
Most Americans who drink before din
ner do not drink at or after dinner, but
the Englishmen who drink before din
ner are pretty certain to do the other as
well. There cannot be a question that
it is safer and healthier, if men must
drink at all, to drink at or alter dinner
than before it. It is equally certain,
however, that those who do only one of
the two are better off than those who
do both. Thus the city men in London,
who not only takes "nips" and " pegs"
throughout the morning, but swallows
a great quantity of wine with his dinner,
it is a disadvantage compared with his
New York brother, who confines him
self to the iormer set of stimulants.
With both classes, the growing habit of
concentrating the entire business of the
day into a small fraction of it is, no
doubt prejudicial. Early-closing move
ments are salutary in respect ot saving
the physical rather than the mental
powers, just as are the organizations
for shortening the hours of labor in still
humbler social strata. But with men
who do their entire day's work with
their heads, the more deliberately it is
done the better. Generally speaking, a
given set of brains can only healthily
secret a given amount of thought in a
stated time. If you habitually overwork
the mind, or, so to speak, over-focalize
its energies, you induce disease. It is
plain that many men who do not care a
straw for the exultation of drink, or for
its good fellowship, or for its flavor,
resort to it to " sustain" themselves
while habitually subjecting their powers
to excessive strain. The competitions
of business are in this way sapping and
ruining many noble lives. And men
of the world well know how numerous
are the cases ot sudden death m our
business community cases imputed to
"heart disease," "paralysis," and the
like, that are really the result of drink
ing, secret or other, which has been re
sorted to for the sake of keeping up
strength in the unremitting and arduous
battle of life.
Equally well do men of the world
know how much easier it is to point out
these evils than to correct them, to sug
gest remedies than to enforce their ap
plication. The dangerous theory that
alcoholic stimulus can be better born by
brains that are actively and perpetually
at work if, indeed, such stimulus is
not positively beneficial to such brains
has been much disseminated of late,
and is undoubtedly very mischievous.
Perhaps the temperance movement
went too far, and, like all excess, is now
followed by reaction ; but whatever the
influence or importance of this, it is
certain that drinking in business cir
cles, if less alarming among us than it
was three yeas ago, is still practiced
upon a scale of deplorable magnitude,
and that the evil calls for serious efforts
to restrain and extirpate it. It is a favor
ite theory with many that palliatives
are of dou'jtful service, and ought not
to be recommended. With such think
ers, total abstinence is the only proper
cure. We, however, venture! to think
that the application of more moderate
treatment may sometimes be not unpro
ductive of good. If, for example, busi
ness men were to cultivate and
encourage the habit of refusing to take
anything whatever of an intoxicating
character before dinner supposing the
dinner hour be six o'clock or later it
cannot he doubted an important reform
might be effected. The adoption of this
suggestion, we are persuaded, would
bring benefits which more sweeping and
practical remedies might altogether fail
A freight train loaded with iron
rails, on the Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy Railroad, broke through a
bridge at Coral Creek, on Saturday, de
molishing several cars, and delaying
several trains for some time.
Down by the wood side, warm and low.
Their happy lives they spend :
Beside them the waters leap and flow.
Above them the tall trees bend.
Around them the minstrel blackbird sings.
The thrush calls loudly near.
And they wear their golden crowns like kings
The fairest and first of the year.
The waves run bright with a sunny flow.
All down through the haxel bowers :
Sweetly and softly they sing as they flow,
A song they have learnt from the flowers.
Summer comes on with her plonteous gift
White roses and harebells blue,
And the stately crimson foxglove lifta
His head where the daffodils grow.
The earth is a fair and flowery realm.
And the west wind whippers low
Threugh the heavy boughs of the thick -leaved
And down by the water's flow
Down by the brook that all day long
Glimmers undor the alder bowers:
But it singeth not now the old sweet song
That it iearnt from the golden flowers.
The days of snmmer run brightly by.
But the waves have a sad refrain.
Which cannot, be still'd. nor its place be fill'd.
Till the daffodils blossom again.
Green Grocers Those who do busi
ness on the credit system.
Women's rights women may yet aspire
to positions in the navy ; Lot's wife was
an old salt, you know.
If boys can parse sentences easily at
school, it does not follow that they will
make good judges.
What's the difference between a
chilly man and a warm dog? One
wears a great coat and the other pants.
Tub foreman of a New Orleans' jury
indorsed a verdict for manslaughter
thus : " Verdic Gilty with mum sluter
" Halloh, there, Betsy, what o'clock
is it, and where's the chicken pie?
" It's eight, sir."
" Astonishing cure for consumption,"
as the old lady said when she sprinkled
snuff on her boarders' hash. '
Laws, like sausages, cease to inrpire
respect in proportion as we know how
they are made.
Wht are hens not immortal ? ' Be
cause they . have their necks twirled in -this.
A man who has no bills against him
belongs to the highest order of no-bill-ity.
An apothecary sent in a bill to a
widow which ran . thus : " To curing
your husband till he died 1"
Popping the question is a good deal
like champagne if it doesn't pop itself,
there is something wrong about it.
A man who sat upon a paper of carpet
nails said they reminded him of the in
come tax. '
Josh Billings says in his " Lecter :"
" Rats originally came from Norway,
and nobody would have cared if they
had originally staid there." The rats
still show their knaw away origin.
When anv one was sneaking ill of an
other in the presence of Peter the
Great he at first listened to him atten
tively, and then interrupted him : " Is
there not,"- said he. " a fair side also to
the character of the person of whom
you were speaking? Come, tell me what
good qualities you have remarked about
Modes of Salutation.
The usual salutation at Cairois, "How
do you sweat?" a dry, hot skin being
a sure indication of a destructive ephe
Greenlanders have none, and laugh at
the idea of one person being superior to
Islanders near the Philli pines take a
person's hand or foot, and rub it over
Laplanders apply their nose against
the person whom they salute, very
In the Straits of the Sound, they raise
the left foot of the person addressed,
pass it gently over the right leg, and
thence to the face.
The inhabitants of the Phillipines
bend very low, placing their hands on
their cheeks, and raise one foot in the
air, with the knee bent.
The Dutch who are considered as
great have a morning salutation, com
mon among all classes " Smaakely
keeten." ("May you eat a hearty din
ner.") Another is, " Hoe waart uwe ?"
("How do you sail?") adopted, no
doubt, in the early periods of the Re
public, when they were all navigators
Some author has observed, in con
trasting the haughty Spaniard with the
frivolous Frenchman, that the -proud,
steady gait and inflexible solemnity of
the former were expressed in his mode
of salutation "Comic esta?" ("How
do you stand ?") while the ' "Comment
vous portez vous 7" (" llow do you carry
yourself?") was equally expressive of
the gay motion and incessant action of
In some parts of Africa, a young wo
man, an intended brings a little water
in a calabash, and, kneeling down be
fore her lover, desires him to wash his
hands. Wen he has done this, the
girl, with a tear of joy sparkling in her
eyes, drinks the water. This is consid
ered the greatest proof she can give him
of her fidelity and attachment.
An Ethiopian takes the robe of an
other and ties it about him, so as to
leave him almost naked.
The Japanese take off a slipper, and
the people of Arracum their sandals in
the street, and their stockings in the
house, when they salute.
Two negro kings on the coast of Af
rica salute by snapping the middle
finger three times.
The inhabitants of Carmine, when
they show particular attachment, open
a vein and present their blood to the
friend as a beverage.
If the Chinese meet after a long sep
aration, they fall on their knees, bend
their faces to the earth two or three
times, and use many other affected
modes. They have also a kind of rit
ual, or academy of bows, by which they
regulate the number of bows, genuflex
ions, and words to be spoken on certain
occasions. Ambassadors practice these
ceremonies forty days before they ap
pear at court. The common salutation
in the southern provinces of China,
among the lower orders is, " Yafen ?"
(" Have you eaten your rice?")
In Otaheite they rub their noses together.