Newspaper Page Text
V V JJ
L. GOULD, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection Local and General News.' Two Dollars per Annum, in Adrance,
VOL. V.--NO. 33. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1872. . WHOLE NUMBER 264.
The Royal Guest.
BY JULIA WARD HOWE.
Tby tell rr. T am shrewd with other men :
With thee I'm slow and difficult of rpeech,
IVith others I may rnide the ear of talk :
Thou winc'st it oft to realms beyond my reach.
If other guests should oome. I'd deck my hair.
And choose my newest garments from the shelf;
When thou art bidden. I would clothe my heart
With holiest purposes, as tor God himself.
For them I while the hours with tale or song
Or web of fancy, fringed with earelesa rhyme,
lint how to find a fitting lay for thee,
Who bast the harmonies of every time T
O friend beloved ! I sit apart and dumb.
Sometimes in sorrow, oft in joy divine :
A1 v liD v ill falter, but my Drisonrd heart
Sprinrs forth, to measure its faint pulse with
Thou art to me most like a royal guest.
Whose travels bring him to some lowly roof,
"Where simple rustics spread their festal fare.
And, blushing, own it is not good enough.
Bethink thee, then, whene'er thou eom'st to me.
From high emprise and noble toil to rest,
My thoughts are weak and trivial, matched with
But the poor mansion offers thee its best. .
BY HARRY W. LONGFELLOW.
O little feet, but snoh long years
Must wander through doubts and fears.
Mustache and bleed beneath your load 1
I. nearer to the wayside inn.
Where toil shall cease and rest begin, -
Am weary, thinking of your road.
0 little hands, that, weak or strong.
Have still to serve or rule so long.
Have still so long to give or ask,
1 who so much with book and pen
Have toiled among my fellow-met.
Am weary, thinking of your task.
O little nearts 1 that ihrob and beat
W ith such impatient, feverish heat.
Such limitless and strong desires 1
Mine, that so long has glowed and burned
With passions into ashes turned.
Now covers and eonoeals its fires.
HOW I MARRIED THE CAPTAIN.
I had never had an adventure. I
think most people counted me a very
quiet girl, drifted like a sea-shell into a
corner of the great world! The tides
passed over my head ; there was ship
wreck and disaster; there was sailing
out of argosies ; there was dancing and
music among the voyagers; butnothing
surged me np out of my sea-swept
nicne. Poor Elizabeth Grey 1 I said
aloud, will the tide ever reach you..
AH this sea talk, I think, grew out of
the little pink dress I was sewing on
that morning. Rosy Fox was going to
Europe, and this was one of a dozen or
two tiny dresses I had made for her.
Going to Europe ! Rosy a little prat
tling thing that didn't yet know one
street from another in her native city,
What would she do in Europe what
would Europe do for her? But for me the
very thought seemed like a glimpse of
heaven a sweet, forbidden glimpse;
for what had I to do with change, or
pleasure, or excitement 7
A eeam trees, orderly, exemplary an
orphan who had decently buried her
mother, and who creditably supported
" her little brother at school such was
my brief outward record.
This morning a strange restlessness
beset me ; an unaccountable yearning,
like a wooin g whin of ocean air. beck'
oned me away. Why should I stay and
vegetate in one spot forever? Could I
not earn my living elsewhere as well as
here? Did not folks use needles in
Kamtchatka and in New Zealand ?
Could I not take my sewine to another
The thought stood on tne verge of
my mind, hoveling, timorous, unreal,
its wing poised for night. 1 had no
money. The vision vanished, and in
the gray after-light my patch looked
dustier, darker, more straitened than
But this was not to be a day like
other days. It stands apart in my
memory now, illuminating that whole
year, as I have seen a clump of cardinal
flowers illumine a whole gray meadow.
A knock came at the open door of my
room, and it was flung back sharp and
suddenly. very lew visitors ever
climbed to my little third-story apart'
ment; seldom any one but testy
Madame Padwelle, for whom I worked.
This could not be the madame's foot
fall, so heavy and brisk. I looked up,
,. and there stood Capt. David, my
mother's old friend.
k v - i i : iAjw.Mn : 1
decided, and full of vigor as a Northern
pine, with a flavor of old-time quaint-
ness -about him a thrifty, well-to-do
man, whose ship had carried freight
into almost every port on the globe, but
chiefly to the West Indies.
I had not seen the captain since I
was a little girl, but I knew his face and
figure instantly. The tall . hat he
wore when in landsman's .rig, the red
bandana he flourished, were things of
memory. Many an odd sea-shell bad
he brought me, and many a dainty from
far-oil landshad shown hit remembrance
of my mother. His sharp gray eye was
full of a kindly humanity; 1 remem
bered that eye, and how it had stood to
me in childhood for illimitable geo
graphical knowledge, glimpses of polar
and fathomless waters, and an ine
unspeakable mysteries of the unknown
" Well, my little girl, how's ail the
folks?" said the captain, taking off his
steeple-crowned hat as he entered
The familiar voice, the hearty grasp
of his muscular hand, took me back to
my girlhood again ; for an instant it
seemed as if my mother were living, and
all the weight of care and loneliness
were lifted from my shoulders. Only
an instant. The tears gathered in my
eyes, and I said, abruptly,
" There are no folks, captain.
The captain's countenance fell. He
seemed inwardly to reprove himself for
his hasty pleasantry, recollecting that
this was the time for conventional
solemnity. Seating himself with gin
gerly caie on one of my slim-legged
chtirs. he wiped his forehead with his
" I know. 1 know." he said, uneasily
" 1 mean how's Jim ?" with a hasty
clutch at the name, as if to save himself
from further mishap.
Oh," said I, cheerfully, anxious
put iiim at his ease, to Jim's doing
famously. He'll take the priza in Ian
eu aires at his school next year."
"And you are working yourself
death to stuff the lad with Greek and
1 fell to laughing. " No, captain, not
exactly. But Jim's too smart and
good to he kept in the city, and I have
to ie avrav so much of the time sewing,
" You look like it," said the captain,
gr ufliy. " What do you liv e on ? Shirts
at sixpence apiece 7"
"No, indeed I I cried, indignantly.
I sew on pretty things robes and
dresses ; see this 1" and 1 held up Rosy's
pretty pink dress. It glowed in the
sunshine, its flounces and trillings trem
bling about like a superabundant growth
ihe captain eved it approvingly.
" Pretty enough," he said. " It's got all
your color in it, my little girl."
It was long since 1 had heard any one
express kindly interest in me, and the
words thrilled me with a strange leel-
ing, intense, exquisite, allied to pain.
You ought to have a change of air,"
said the captain, seeing I made no an
swer. The pretty dress seemed freighted
with the visions 1 had had while mak
ing it. Rosy glimpses out of the mat
ter-of-course drudgery, the dingy and
ashen hue of my habitual life, opened
out of its folds.
" Captain," said I, abruptly, as I laid
it carefully away, " how much does it
cost to go to the West Indies?"
By steam 7 '
No ; in your ship."
Oh," said the captain, ''I'm not
fitted up for passengers. A tight little
craft enough, but only to carry freight.
Why 7 Jinow any one going 7"
I am. Captain, let me be freight.
Stow meaway in the hatch or anywhere,
only let me go I Wee, 1 have thirty dol
lars to pay my passage ;" and I held up
my pnrse. "Jim's quarter's all paid
The money's an immense tempta
tion," said the captain, eying the slim
purse humorously " immense. I might
lay by on it after one or two more
" And, captain, you know I've a cousin
out there somewhere an engmeer or
something on a plantation."
Ay, that way blows the wind, does
it? Well, well, my child, I'll think
about it. It might do you no harm,
and, as you say, you might marry the
engineer when you find him."
Now, captain, you know 1 never said
"No? Well, it puts a bit of color
into your cheeks, Lisbeth, and that's a
good thing to see, however it comes.
I'll think atout it, ciuia. lis poor
traveling in a freight vessel, but many's
the trip the wife and I took together
when she was living."
Long ago the captain had lost his
young wire, a year or two alter tneir
marriage. I had never seen ner ; but
the captain's faithful remembrance
of her was pleasant. She was a sort
ef (aintly recollection to' him, bright
ening and sweetening his rue life,
and keeping her niche in his heart for
ever. Three days passed. I waited, I
sewed, I pricked my nngers perhaps a
little more than usual ; 1 looked out of
the window possibly a little oftener,
Madame - Padwelle scolded me, Ma
dame Padwelle coaxed me, and finally,
in a huff, madame paid me up and left,
severely intimating that she would be
glad to employ me again when I " felt
Then came the captain
" Well ?" queried 1.
"Well," answered he, "you'll find it
close quarters and a pretty hot voyage ;
but there s deck room."
Deck room I It was just the one
thing I wanted and then I knew that
the captain had consented.
t shall not teu you much about that
voyage. It stands yet in my mind in
the same relation as a dream vague.
without sharpnes8ofoutliBe,-with no
separation ot periods ot time; one big,
bountiful remembiance ot a season ot
infinite rest, when, adrift between air
and ocean, I seemed without bodily
entity ; for the things that had marked
my identity hitherto had been, but
were no longer.
1 was not seasick. A strange, vision-
like sensation wrapped me aoout, a
faintness as of a spirit coming newly
to life in a new world having left
the old incumbrance of the flesh, with
the old cares, far away on the far-away
There was nothing to do that is.
nothing for me to do no living to get,
no exertion to make. I seemed an atom
in the great sea of sky and water ; the
great Good was taking care of me, and
the great ocean clasping me m its infin
ite arms of peace.
1 was treated like a lady a rare and
delicious thing to one inured to hard
usage and to earning her bread in a big
bustling city. W hen the intense heat
made me ill, and the rosy-cheeked
mate s wife, woo had boe ray ooibmh
ion hitherto, succumbed to it also, the
captain took care of me himself. Some
times he earned me in his strong arms
up to the hammock swinging on deck
sometimes he brought me with his own
brawny, kindly hand my bowl of water
gruel. At odd times, when nothing
else called him, he furbished up his
rusty stock of schooling, and read me
some queer old sea-story resurrected
from the depths of his big wooden
chest. Rough, brown, and burly, the
sailors were all my friends ; they
pointed out the dolphins and porpoises,
and scared me with the prospect of
whales or imaginary sharks. their
dark faces and sturdy forms made a
solid background to my dream-land,
and gave it a picturesque touch of
xsut by -and by all this came to an end
Out of the dream land voyage we sailed
into dream-land iteell.
One morning I went up on deck, and,
behold 1 the gates ot paradise seemed
open to me.
The vessel lay anchored in a lovely
harbor. Sapphire-blue shone the wa
ter, edged where it touched the beach
with a line of lace-like foam. Beyond
rose hill above hill, crowned with
glowing foliage and arched by the azure
At the foot of these hills clustered a
group of long, low, flat-roofed building?,
unlike any I had -ever seen. Tbey
seemed to have grown out of the same
soil that nourished the cocoa and palm
waving above them. Intense color,
vivid, jewel-like, shone everywhere
about me. I rubbed my eyes. My last
glimpse of land had been the gray and
busy shores of New York. Had I, in
deed, passed out of my dim and cob-
webbed life and the " glory that should
be revealed ?"
A strange, melodious jargon greeted
my ears ; a musical " carambo I" hissed
between the teeth. This could hardly
be the accent of seraph. Looking
down, I saw a fleet of gayly painted
boats, fiom which a throng of red,
half-naked islanders climbed like
monkeys up the sides of the ship. They
gesticulated, they chattered, they hur
ried agile about the ship, chattering
their delicious Spanish a mellifluous
cornucopia of vowels with angles,
without Bharpne&e the living expres
sion of the strange scene upon which I
"-Porto Rico 1" said Captain David, as
he passed bu&i'y on hi way.
But busy as the captain was, he had
not forgotten me. Before night-fall a
snug little " casa," owned by a kindly
Spanish woman, received me. A quiet
place a little way beyond the busy
town, white floors, vast rooms open to
the roof, with here and there in wide
perspective a chair, a table, a flower
wreathed niche for the "Virgin. Such
was my new home.
ihough apart from the town, it Was
not isolated. Past its windows, whose
jalousies only veiled, but did not hide,
the outer world, drifted daily the char
acteristic sights of a tropic town. Over
laden mules and eleepy Spanish ponies,
bearing panniers ot fruit oranges, ba
nanas, mammee-apples, and I know not
what of shining and nameless things
moved leisurely down to the quay be
strode by sullen slaves, their dark faces
set on by now and then a scarlet vest
or a great overshadowing "sombrero '
or a lazy, halt-naked native loitered by
with a picturesque load ot dried plan
tain leaves for thatching his mountain
hut, where he lived free, independent,
and, in his expressive phrase, " solemn
My landlady, the Senora Marie, was
a great, motherly, kind-hearted woman,
a widow with a broad of olive-skinned,
wild-eyed little ones to look after. For
them she was very ambitious : for their
sakes she made the dainty "pates" of
guava and cocoa-nut. which her slave
Liza took down to market, poising them
on her head after the ancient fashion,
which is the only fashion of things in
Porto Rico ; for their sakes she rented
the pleasant rooms in her caea to
whomsoever the tides and winds brought
her from sea: and tor their sakes. no
doubt, had she been an American
woman, she would have set herself to
active industry and labored " diligently
with her hands." Ab it was, she cared
for them and planned for them after
her own sort, and loved them hugely.
She listened delighted while they clus
tered round me, chattering their dainty
lingo, wondering over my light locks,
my foreign dress, and coaxing me with
a winning witchery to talk to them in
bometim.es the captain dropped in
upon us ; he was taking in cargo, fireat
i . i h i . i i
nogsneaas oi sugar must nave oeen a
load on his mind, but he found room
for me also. Sometimes he took me
out before sunrise for a stroll on the
hills. Sometimes we rode on horseback
to some distant sugar plantation, or we
visited- rome oleander-hid hacienda
whose owner he knew. I was getting
along famously, he said ; the senora had
told him with all her nngers, eyes, and
tongue how she liked me, how golden
my hair was, and how I got on with th
children. Would I like to live in Porto
Oh, I liked it unspeakably ! The red
soil, the hills, the straggling roads, the
cocoa-trees, the tar sugar-cane planta
tions with their tall chimneys looming
against the sky ; it was all beautilul-
even this lazy life that lived itself with
out effort, and seemed to put to shame
the busy, undignihed scramble we had
" I love it all, captain !" I exclaimed.
" Well," said the captain, laughing,
" we must hur.t up our engineer and
see what can be done about it."
But Senora Marie had a new idea.
" The little senorita is happy here :
doubtless some ot her people long ago
were Spanish, eh ? She tells me she is
not rich money no muehe, eh? Let
her stay with me in my casa; I will give
her plenty mucho to eat and to wear ;
I will 'take her to my friends. They
have haciendas, plantations, plenty
slaves. She shall teach the children
and be happy. Eh, what say you, senor
senor capitan said nothing for some
time. He wiped his forehead with - his
red bandana ; he looked over at me
with a searching glance ; he knit his
brows. Finally he rose in his abrupt
fashion. U-Btnt might nn Trye. p-
said, and betook himself to his ship.
The hot day grew hotter; it named to
a close ; it died with gorgeous burning
behind the hills ; the sudden blackness
of tropic night came on ; but he did not
1 lay awake long that night listening
to the wash of the surf on the distant
shore, and hearing the lonely cry of the
watchman calling out "the hour in the
solitary streets of the town. How
strange it would be to grow familiar
with all these things, and live in this
strange land forever !
1 said nothing more to senora Mane
about her proposition. People in these
islands are in no such haste tor a decis
ioh. Perhaps I had miscalculated the
captain's kindness it might not pay
him to carry me back. And what did
1 want to go back to 7 To the struggle
for bread again ? To the narrow room
under the root to the narrow life ot
penury? Here I was rich, or might
be ; even the poorest here had his plan
tain hut and bis patch ot banana.
Yet something in me ached at the
thought that the good ship with its tidy
cabin, its kmdly captain and crew.
would go out from me, sailing through
the mists of the great ocean, and leave
me drifted among the palms and cocoas,
a worthless, unmissed thing, not worth
I tried to be sensible, to look the
matter in the face, and to rejoice that
fate -had provided for me so unexpect
edly. And when day alter day passed
I began to think that the captain had
regarded the thing as final, and after
his sailor fashion had departed without
even an adieu. 1 had seen him conclude
a bargain in just such brief manner.
Restless and weary with ft long night
of wakefulness, I rose one morning
early and set out for the shore. Early
though it was, however, none of our
household being astir. I found the
tiopic world awake before me; along
the road to the harbor wagon after
wagon, laden with sugar hogshead? and
drawn by rough, savage-leoking bulls
or unkept oxen, were passing on their
way to the wharf.
Etiquette in the West Indies does not
allow a lady to be seen abroad unatten
ded, so, hastily clambering up the hill
side bordering the road, i sought a
narrow, sheltered path I knew of,
which, crawling among the scraggy
bushes, kept its dimcult way to the
Weary with my exertions, I eat down
a moment to rest, just nere, at the
turn of the path, an opening through
wood and rising hill gave glimpse of the
ocean, with here and there the taint
racing of mast and sail, as from the
far outer world an occasional ship
As 1 sat there, leaning my nead on
my hand" 1 believe 1 teit the first
touoh ot homesickness l had ever
known. At least my little room at
home was shaded and quiet; at least its
poverty and nakedness were not dis
played on the roadside. Here was I
with my dream all ended, even in the
midst of my dreaming. Above me
palm and tamarind feathered the sky,
the jewel shinejof tropic leaf and flower,
splendor, color every where, and I alone
gray, solitary, and cold.
Absorbed in thought, I Know not how
long I sat. A quick step startled me. It
was not a native step; no native sets
hia foot down as if it were of the clight-
est importance when he lifted it again.
There was meanina andfnerir in-this
footfall, and I hastily rose to face the
intruder. It was tny gray, sturdy, faith
" Well, my little girl 1" cried the
hearty, familiar voice, "how's this?
Out here alone this time o' day 7 ine
women folks will all be down upon you
for breaking rules."
I 1 thought you had sailed," was
my reply, as I burst into tears in spite
Whereat the captain burst into that
honest, friendly laugh ol his, which
seemed so thoroughly to set aside trou
ble and difficulty, shredding them like
so many cobwebs.
Well, well I" he said; "well, wen,
Which was hia sole comment.
Taking my hand under his arm, he
drew me away from the path, up toward
the level of the hill, where a little
breeze stirred slumbrously, and a soli
tary lake, shut in with foliage of bam
boo and olamoenne vine, cooiea tne
" Rest here a bit, and wipe your eyes,"
said the captain, spreading his red hand
kerchief on the ground tor me to sit on.
1 am on my way to benora Marie's to
breakfast, but there's no hurry. Neither
she nor all her lazy slaves can get it
ready before twelve o'clock, you know.
He looked at his watch with seaman's
exactitude, and sitting down beside me.
opened his great umbrella over my head
to shut out the sun. l felt sheltered
So you though tI!Thad sailed, Lts-
beth? ' he said. "You must have
high opinion of your poor old captain's
good manners I"
I lie tears welled to my eyes again.
could not answer.
"Tut, tutl" said my companion
cheerily. " You must not be so down
hearted, Lisbetb, when Mrs. Marie has
taken so kinaly to yeu. But you'll get
on better when the BhipV- fairly rorrt -of
sight. -You'll teel more settled."
"it you were here," l broke iorm.
" Oh, what do you want of me ? You'll
be with the young senor and eenoritas,
and all the rest of it. They will treat
you like a princess. I'm no company
for such. They don't want an old sea-
dog like me."
Always from my childhood tne cap
tain had come and gone out of my lite
like a myth ; his ship waited in the har
bor; he had wings; be was not like any
one else. And for this reason his going
from me now seemed to shut me away
forever out of sight into a living death.
Something of this I muttered incohe
rently, clinging to him as though he
might vanish while I wept.
The captain stooped and looked into
my excited face t his gray scintillating
eye shot a strange ray into mine.
"Umphl'he said, tanning mmselt
with his great sombrero. "Its hot;
there's not a breath stirring, and it only
ten in the morning."
There was silence for a moment a
-tropic silence, unbroken by chirp of bird
or tall ot leaf. My eyes followed, the
far glimpse of the ocean, with the occa
sional sail heading toward the harbor.
" You like ships, Lisbeth?" said the
I love them 1" I cried, with enthu
"Just so, just eo. You like things
with a will; but,' my little girl, if you
expend so much feeling on everything,
what will you have for some good man
when he asks you to like him?"
" That would be different." My voice
"What would be different?" said the
captain, turning suddenly and harshly
upon me. " Jjisbeth," he said, more
softly, laying his great brown hand on
my arm, "you know I mean to be your
fjiend. I want you to remember that
after I am gone. If any trouble come
to you, you know where to write; yet,
after all, it will be strange to sail away
witnout my little girl."
I could make no reply.
" I wish the wife was here," said the
captain, with a troubled voice; "she
would ted me what to do."
There is nothing to do, captain
you nave done all you could lor me."
" You must hunt up that engineer,
Lisbeth." The captain was feeling
the depths of his fathomless pockets for
an extra handkerchief as he uttered
this jest; but I saw a tear wander down
over the bridge of his nose before
could find it.
" 1 don't want to hear that joke
again J" 1 cried, angrily, " I mean
live alone. I don't wan't any help Irom
" csoiuy there, my girl, somy i" was
the answer ; "you do not know what
you are saying, it's a hard shut to live
alone ; 1 have found it so, roving old
dog though I am. Do not say that you
will live alone, Lisbeth ; rather than
that, T would even ask you to marry an
old fellow like me 1"
What I said then I do not know,
what I did I do not remember. Like
one rescued from shipwreck, T looked
into the face of my friend, and thanked
And so it came about that we two
were wed. There is a little chapel down
by the wrterin that far island, a tiny
chapel without seats, and with a dim
flicker of tapers burning before the
shrine of the Virgin. There one morn
ing, before the sun was up, and belore
the ship spread her homeward sails in
the harbor, s wandering priest read the
marriage service over two strangers,
while the stout senora and her dark
eyed little ones stood in a hushed group
looking on, and Liza looked in at tne
doorway with her finger on her lips.
Pen Portraits of the Italian, Swiss,
and Brazilian Representatives at
The Geneva correspondent of the
London Timet writes as follows, under
date of the 16th imt, t
" I have already told you that the
contending parties have been generally
congratulated on their happy choice of
umpires. The Italian uovernment de
serves the highest credit for the ap
pointment of their representative.
They could not have found in the
whole peninsula a gentleman better
qualified for the task imposed upon him
than Count Sclopis di oaierano. us u
a gentleman highly distinguished both
fox - bis proficiency in all legislative
studies, and for the part he played in
the great events which lately changed
the destinies ot his country, fle was
one of the statesmen chosen by Charles
Albert to draw up a constitution for
Piedmont in 1847-8, and was a member
of that King's cabinet I believe as
Minister of Justice on the first instal
lation of a liberal government. In
later days he sat on the right of the
Chamber, and subsequently of the Sen
ate, during the administration of Count
Cavour, and was, witn uount rtevei,
one of the leaders of the Conservative
opposition. Hod it depended on Count
Sclopis, jriedmont wouia never nave
made common cause with the western
allies in the Crimean war of 1854. Italy
perhaps would never have been united,
and she would certainly never have
found her way to Rome. As a member
of the aristocratic and clerical party,
Count Sclopis was looked upon a a
codino, or reactionist, in Turin. But
he was universally respected for his
high character, even by his most deter
mined adversaries; and, although his
influence on public affairs considerably
declined, he was relied upon for earnest
and enlightened patriotism. Like Mas
simo d'Azeglio, he had no faith in the
possibility of an annexation and fusion
of the north with the south of Italy ;
and, like Count Balbo, be was too
strong a Catholic to think that the as
pirations of Italy should be allowed to
interfere with the imprescriptible rights
of the Holy See. He has been and is
one of the most distinguished members
of the Turin Academy, and has con
tributed to its essays a valuable work
on the 'Diplomatic Relations Vietween
the House of Savoy and the English
Government from the Earliest Times to
the Peace of 1815.' His literary fame,
however, chiefly rests on his 'History of
Legislation in Piedmont, & work of un
wearied research, and recommendable
for - mature oritioism. I believe that
hardly any man in Italy has made the
science of international law the object
of more assiduous pursuit than Count
Sclopis.- The Swiss arbitrator, M.
Staempni, has been repeatedly at the
head of the Federal Government, and
his influence is considered paramount,
whether he is the actual President or
whether he fills subordinate offices.
The Rr?.ilin.n arbitrator is the repre
sentative of the Emperor of Brazil in
Paris, and is conspicuous among tbe
diplomatists of his country. The im
pression among the persons l have here
conversed with is that the whole con
troversy before the tribunals will be
carried on by writing, and all the arbi
trators are sumcientiy conversant witn
the English language to understand
thoroughly what they read. Were the
occasion for oral discussion to arise, it is
possible that come of the arbitrators
might be unable to follow the oratoisit
they spoke English, but both the Eng
lish and American commissioner
would be able to use French as freely
as their own native idiom. The Lord
Chief Justice, as you are aware, is fully
as eloquent in one language as in the
other ; and the same, 1 believe, may be
asserted of his American colleague.
A Wonderful Clock.
Droz, a mechanic of Geneva, produced
a clock which excelled au outers
ingenuity. On it were seated a negro,
a shepherd and a dog. When the clock
struck, the shepherd played six tunes
on his flute, and the dog approaced and
fawned upon him. ThiB wonderful
machine was exhibited to the Xing
Spain, who was greatly delighted with
it. " The gentleness of my dog," said
Droz, "is his least merit. If your
Majesty touch one of the apples which
you see in the shepherd's basket, you
will admire the animal's fidelity." The
King took an apple, and the dog flew
his hand, barking so loud that the
King's dog, which was in the room, be
gan to bark also. At this the courtiers,
not doubting that it was an affair
witchcraft; hastily left the room, cros
ing themselves as they departed.
Having' desired the Minister of Marine
(the only one who ventured to remain)
to ask the negro what o'clock it was,
the Minister did eo, but obtained
reply. Droz then observed that
negro had n-,t yet learned Spanish,
nnnn which the nuestion was repeated
in French, when the black immediately
answered him. At this prodigy
firmness of the Minister also forsook
him, and he retreated precipitately,
that it must be the work
Ip thine enemy wrtiftg DUJ
of his children a drivxU
Farm and Garden.
well as of
claring Management and Feeding Stock. I bave
had the eare of cows for the last forty
years, and never had a case of abortion.
In the first place,. I endeavor to have
their diet as uniform as possible, sum
mer and winter. I put my cows in the
stables about the first of November,
and feed with a variety of plants, herd's
grass, red-top clover, water grasses,
brakes, skunk cabbage, wild-wormwood,
alder leaves and such other plants as
they get in the summer too numerous
I turn to pasture about the middle of
May. A portion of my pasture has
generally been new land, furnishing the
sweetest of feed from cultivated grasses,
with low, swamp grasses ; also a variety
of browse, such as chestnut, maple,
white, red and black oak, white and
black birch, ash, pine, hemlock, elders,
sweet fern, skunk cabbage, wormwood,
low laurel, not the poison laurel, etc.
Water gushes from springs and runs in
a sluggish stream through the pasture,
so that the cattle can have it cold or
warm ; and 1 have noticed tnat tney
sometimes drink the one
times the other showing
like a variety of water as
Cows kept on such a variety of food
and water, not allowed to come in till
three years of age, which go dry two
months previous to calving, that suckle
their calves only a day or two, wm sel
dom have any trouble from miscarriage.
I have often not allowed the calf to
suck at all. Tie up the cow at once and
milk ber, and feed the calf. The calf
may not do quite as well, but the cow
will be more quiet, bellow less when
turned to pasture, seldom have sore
teats, and the calf can be put in the
same pasture with the cow, if I raise it.
As a general thing I have taken care
of mv cows and milked them myself.
They have been treated with kindness,
and know nothing of being kicked,
whipped or pounded. I never had a
kicking cow, and when I see notices in
the Farmer of such animals I almost
wonder that people are not ashamed to
complain, as I think there is no need
of having kicking cows, if properly
managed. I have generally raised my
cows from calves. From the first I
treat them in such a way that they like
to be handled. When I milk a heifer
for the first time, I soften the teats with
milk, begin very moderately and as
easily for the animal as possible. If
she steps round, I talk to her sooth
ingly, but never strike or kick her.
Thus treated they will Boon learn that
tbey are not going to be hurt, and will
stand still. A heifer once calved when
I was awav from home. I went out in
tbe evening after getting home and
milked her in the lane, for the first
time, without trouble.
I have never fed much meal, or grain
of any kind, or roots, as I havo not
made a business of selling milk ; still I
have kept one or two cows during the
winter for milk for the family. Selling
milk may probably be made profitable
where farmers live near a village or city,
if they do not feed too high. But if
meal and roots are freely used for the
sake of getting a great amount of milk,
it will tend to injure the cow unless
fed systematically the year round. It
is like feeding a horse all the grain he
will eat, and then working him hard to
get pay for it. A horse thus treated
will soon wear out. It is far better to
feed a horse good hay, with a little
grain, and work moderately, as he will
last much longer, and be more profit
able in the long run. By high feed
cows are liable to disease; but if judici
ously fed and kindly treated, there
will be little trouble from abortion or
other ailments; M. L. Ooodell in. New
A New Use for Flax Seed. -The follow
ing statement, copied from an English
paper, is of great interest to the Amer
ican farmers, as it seems to open a new
use for flax seed, and may greatly
enhance the price, so as to make flax
growing profitable. The new use is in
the manufacture of an article called
linoleum, deriving the name from linum
and oeum. It is said that it will be a
rival of caoutchouc, or as is commonly
called, India rubber. The new article
is manufactured of linseed oil by oxi
dizing it until it is solidified into a re
sinous substanoe, as we frequently find
it when it has been exposed to the at
mophere. It is stated that "in this
state it is combined with resinous gums
and other ingredients, whereupon it
assumes the appearance and most of
the properties ot India rubber. Like
India rubber, it can be dissolved into
a cement and used in the manufacture
of the material for water-proof clothing.
It can be used as varnish for the pro
tection of iron or wood, or for coating
ships' bottoms. It is as good as a com
mon cement, having propenies uiumr
to the marine glue made from India
rubber and shellac. It is easily vulcan
ized by ' exposure to heat, and by this
means becomes as hard as the hardest
wood, and capable of the finest polish.
The great variety of uses to which
can be applied in this form will at once
suggest themselves to the reader. The
manufacture of linoleum has thus far
been made to produce floor cloth, for
oved itself well adapted.
Combined with ground cork, it is spread
on a stout canvas, the back of which
is afterward water-proofed witn oxi
dized oiL The fabric is then printed
by means of blocks in the ordinary way.
The floor cloth thus produced is pliable,
noiseless to walk upon, washes well,
preserves its color, and rolls up like
Ardin.rv carnet. It is very durable,
and its component parts will not de
compose by heat or exposure to
sun or air, as will India rubber. N.
How to Make a Village or City Garden.
Take barrels and bore holes around
middle, and one hole large enough
admit the nose of a watering pot.
the barrel with stones as high as
of holes, and fill in with good,
rich, fine earth to the top, in which
plant cucumbers, melons, squashes,
matoes, etc One barrel will be enough
of each kind. Be sure to have one
i stone lean over the large hole, where
you will pour in water until it runs
of the rule you bave made, ana wnicn
will prevent the earth from filling
, large hole up. K&nge tne Darrens rouna
your yard, and plant your seeds. Keep '
the barrels filled with water up to the
holes, and you have all the requisites
for rapid, healthy growth, air, heat,
and moisture. You can raise all the
vegetables you will need, in the greatest
perfection, and they will last until late
in the autumn, as they can easily be
covered on frosty nights. Cucumbers
and tomatoes may bang over the bar
rels, cutting them off" when they reach
the bottom. Melons may be tied to the
wall fence. The stones have an impor
tant service in holding up the earth,
and absorbing the heat during the day,
which they give out at night, keeping
the water with an even temperature.
You will be astonished at the remit if
bave never tried it. Prairie rar-
To Tell Good Powder. Place on asheet
of clean writing-paper, about three or
four inches apart, two small heaps of
powder, and upon firing one with a
heated wire, if it explodes with a good
report, and if no sparks fly off to ignite
heap number two, and if no specks are
left on the paper, it may be considered
as good powder. But ithi fails; the -ingredients
are impure, or they have
been mixed in the wrong proportions.
A Sonora Story.
The following rich story is related by
a Sonora paper, at the expense of a
queer genius who vibrated between
that town and Oregon, as " advance"
agent of a concert troupe, and who,
though pretty clever in " selling" the
curiously inclined, does not always come
off first best.
Frank Ball, traveling in a vehicle
tearing a strong resemblance to a ped
ler's cart. Old lady rushes out from a
house by the road side. The following
Old Lady " Say, what have you go t
to sell ?
Ball " I am traveling agent, madam,
for the greatest menagerie of ancient
or modern times, which is shortly to be
exhibited in this section, affording Jo
the inhabitants thereof an opportuni
ty of viewing the most stupendous
collection of animals ever before ex
hibited." Old Lady "You don't say. Have
you any elephants?"
Ball " We have, madam, six ele
phants ; but there constitute a compara
tively unimportant pari oi me wuw.
We have living specimens of bipeds
and quadrupeds, who roamed over the
earth, not only in the antediluvian,
but also in pilocene and postmiocena
periods, embracing the megatherium,
with six legs and two tails ; the icb
thyossAurus, with four eyes and three
tails ; the gyasticus, with no eyes, two
nojes and four tails ; the pleaiosaurus,
resembling Satan in shape, which
spits fire and breathes sulphur, and
many other species, too numerous to
mention. We also have a pious law
yer." Old Lady" Well, I declare."
Ball "But, madam, the greatest
curiosity by far of our exhibition; is a
learned and classical educated monkey,
who was brought up a Mohommedan
priest in the mysterious regions of the
Great Deiert of Sahara. This monkey
talks with fluency all the modern
languages, besides Latin, Greek and
Hebrew. He can repeat the ten com
mandments, the emancipation procla
mation, President Lincoln's last mes
sage, and performs the most intricate
examples in mathematics with rapidity,
ease and accuracy. While being ex
hibited in Washington he actually re
peated a long speech of the President.
This monkey corresponds
Beautiful yougg lady suddenly sticks
her head from the window and calls
" Mother ! mother 1 ask him why
they let the monkey travel so far ahead
of the other animals 1"
The British in India, having found
the shooting of Sepoys from the can
non's mouth ineffective in keeping their
tropical colonists in subjection, have
adopted another plan, sow given to the
world by the Delhi Gazette, the organ of
Western Christianity in Asia. It is a
pretty scheme, and is especially intend
ed for the punishment of assassins who
murder distinguished public function
aries within the boundaries "of her
Majesty's Indian dominions. The crim
inals, after being duly tried and con
victed, are to have both arms cut off
above the elbow, and be branded on the
forehead with the letter M. They are
then to be transported to England for a
period of twenty-one years; make the
voyage around the Cape of Good Hope
in an iron oge, and on arrival at Lon
don, be lodged in the tower. Here they
are to be exhibited with the wild beasts.
oiiirTMl avait month at the day and!
hour the murder was committed, and at
the expiration of the ierm, brought
back to India and decapitated. The
remains are to go to the doctors for dis
section, and afterward be burned if the
felon is a Mussulman, and buried if he
is a Hindoo. This treatment is expect
ed to " strike terror " into the fatalistia
natives, and at the same time, t pro
mote the efforts of the Christian mis
sionaries to convert the heathen to a.
religion of divine, mercy and brotherly
It has been stated that tbe Dominion
Government was to give the Canada
Pacifio railroad a subscription of $20,
000,000, scattered over ten years. It
appears now, from a remark made
Parliament by Mr- Gladstone, that the
Imperial Government has agreed to
guarantee a Canadian loan of 2,500,000
sterling for tne construction vi
way to the Pacific, provided Canada
should accept the Washington Treaty.
That, perhaps, accounts for the ready
acceptance of the treaty by Canada.
Ox the 6th, a child of Henry Hoff
mann, of Manistee, Mich., climbed up
to a pantry shelf, and ate some concen
trated ley wnicn was Eei away in a
The child died after 24 hours of suffer
ing. will make 900,000
staves this summer. Wenona" does a
staving business in this line.
A wnmw between six and seven feet-
higb passed through Kansas City lately.