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Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News.
Two Dollars per Annum, in Adrance,
VOLr. V.--NO. 51.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1872.
WHOLE NUMBER 283.
An Insect—"Genus Culex."
BY LAZY BEE.
There ii a little insect . .
Tia singing; while I sins:
It has no Toiee or feather
Its notes axe in its wince. .
It eomefl from out the water.
Bat never drinks a drop.
Though ftia an awful toper.
And "claret" ia ita sop.
Ita J era are very lengthy
'Twaa never known to walk.
A nipaf-ingaleish singer
,'Cwas never known to talk.
Its music nay he charming
"To soothe the savage breast ;"
Its strains are quite too ttirrina
To harmonise with rest.
It sleeps all day, in order
To wakeful be all night;
And. though it thrives in darkness.
It always "goes for" lightl
It is the great oolleetor ,
Whose &'' a draft at sight:
It bores the bleeding debtor.
Receipting with a bitel
It is a flying lancer.
That laughs at locks and bars;
It brake a thought in motion.
As 'twere a train of cars 1
They say that, in a lifetime.
It takes a single meal :
But this must be an error.
To Judge by what I feel!
It flies from hat te mansion.
And "takes a drink from each .
Thus mixing wine with whisky.
And onion juice with peach I
Its days are few in number.
And yet, if they were less, "'
'Twould not disturb my slumber, '
Nor cause the least distress!
A house ie not a "castle"
While i may freely come
And "sample" blood at pleasure.
As if 'twere common rum 1
And I am fierce with anger
To think I cannot fight
These gboets that haunt my chamber
nd make me dread the night.
And if the reader answers,
"Too might procure a net;" '
If I was mailed in iron
- They'd circumvent me yetl
"A doctor's life is a strange o-c-!'
muttered Dr. John Hessman, as be
jumped into his carriage, taking the
reins from the hands of the grinning
Ethiopian who, - for the last twenty
minutes, had been cherishing the fond
delusion that he was to aecompany his
master on his round of. professional in
quiry, i.'- .4
" Not this time, Ebony," said the
doctor, with a good-natured shrug of
liis broad shoulders.' " You shall come
to-morrow, noting the look of disap
pointment in the boy's face. Dr. John
was more tender of his; servants than
some are of their wive?.,
"Oh, never mind, mass a, never
mind!" replied Ebony, like the aver
age human, quite forgetful of his an
noyance when the subject of considera
tion was distasteful. "I knows what
'tis. I just knows what .'tis," added
Ebony, as he watched the carriage but
of sight. ". "He's got one of his spells,
and wants to talk t hieself; I knows
him of old. If 'twas anybody but Dr.
John I should say, ' Ebony, that man
has got softening of the skull,' but no
such nonsense can be laid on him."
Dr.-John did want to be alone, or as
much alone as a man could be in the
streets of a crowded -city, and - he did
want to talk to himself. Most men
who are . in the habit of communing
with their own souls,, do it in audible
language; so in this respect, -whatever
he might be in others, Dr. , John did
not differ from his brethren. A man's
own opinion is not unfrequently his
best and safest- companion. It will
keep its owner's secrets, and, when the
companionship is frequent, will in all
cases properly guide and admonish.
Self-communism in its highest form is
the avenue which leads directly to the
heart of gold.
"Yes," continued the doctor "yes,
air." (Sometimes Dr. John was very re
spectful to himself.) A doctor's life: is.
no joke. Easy, my beauty, easy ! Now,
John, look at that horse. , You are only
just a little more of a man than he is.
It's fun for him to travel where there's
another horse close by that he can out
run. Exactly the case with- yon, John.
If it hadn't been for another horse in
the shape of a doe tor you were deter
mined to get a little, the start of,
where woula you have been to-day?
That's the point. Worthy ambition.
eh ? to pass a poor devil on the road of
Hie I Upon my word, l believe I should
be a better man if I had a wife. I
rather like women,- but it is a little
hard to understand how a fellow man
ages with a woman tied to him morn
ing, noon, and night... That's whattekes
men. Then I am not sure that any
body' d have me that was any Way suita
ble. Of course I should want intelli
gence and intellectuality, too, by
George ! and I never could endure a
plain woman, or a woman with a loud
voice, or yes, sir, that question is in
order," continued the doctor, stroking
his long, silky, black beard. "That is
what I call driving the nail in. What
nave you got, John Hessman, to give
in exchange for those royal treasures of
mind and body ? A good name? Yes.
. An - unexceptionable position, . unim
peachable integrity? Yes, sir. These
are something;" and here our M. D,
reigned up before an elegant brown
stone mansion, where one of his best
(pecuniarily speaking) and most fash
ionable patients resided. Here Dr.
John was employed by the year; and
although the position was no sinecure,
on account of the amount of patience
required to battle with the nervous tan
cies of the principal invalid of the es
tablishment, still, Dr. John, to use his
own telling vernacular, considered it
" an exceedingly soft thing," and, soft
it was, in more senses than one.
Dr. John walked right up into the
" Oh, good morning, doctor. A little
late, aren't you ? Seems to me I have
been waiting an unusual length of
time," drawled the lady from her luxu
"About the usual hour," replied Dr.
John, with no special show of defer
ence. " What seems to be the matter
this morning ? "
" Now, really, doctor, this is too cruel,
Matter this morning 1 Do you rem em
ber what was the matter yesterday?
X'lease don't be so blunt. You shock
my nerves terribly."
" Let me see," said the doctor.
Yesterday, according to your own ad
mission, you were lagged out witn a
fashionable party and a late supper.
That, of course, can-ot be the case to
" J know 1 sbould not nave attempt
ed it in mv weak state, doctor. I know
just what you will think of it," sighed
the fashionable woman, irom ner
downy bed. "But then you men never
will understand what society demands
of us women. Dear Estelle (dear Es
telle was the invalid's daughter) had
quite set her heart on going to Mrs.
Donk's reception. Of course 1 could
not allow' the dear child to go unat
tended, and, blesa your heart, Dr. Hess
man. the girl's father would not accom
pany her to a party if she fell dead in
consequence, un, ixra, sucn a time as
did have about it, trying to induce
Mr. Waters to escort her. I really be
lieve that scene had more to do with
my suffering than the party had. Dear
me, such a set man as Mr. W aters is l
told him say 8 I, ' William, this may
result in my death I' Say he, ' When a
woman eeta to be forty years old, and
don't know enough to take care of her
own health, and the health of her chil
dren, it is time she died ;' and then,
doctor, he lit his cigar and puffed out
of the house. I tell you this because I
want you to know what has so un
nerved me, and that you may not lay it
all to the party. Estelle is quite ill,
too, doctor, and when you have writ
ten out my prescription, I wish you
would walk into the next room and see
Dr. John knew that something must
be administered - or his professional
reputation be irretrievably ruined, so,
with a quiet smile playing around his
large mouth (Dr. John's mouth was
really very large, and truth compels us
to- state that he had an underjaw to
match, though , the rows of unexcep-
tionally white and even teetn, ana tne
silken chin-covering, glossy and soft as
a woman's hair, entirely redeemed the
lower part of his face Irom ugliness),
the physician wrote the few necessary
Latin words, among which aqua seemed
really the most conspicuous, and then
passed into the other room. The doc
tor knew what awaited him. This little
game had been tried more than once
betore. , .
" Good morning. Miss Estelle," -said
Dr. John, approaching the sofa where
the languid beauty reclined. , " Your
mother tells me you are ill." ?
Miss Estelle, with an almost impa
tient gesture;' brushed away , the float
ing hair from her temples, carelessly,
and really unintentionally, it would
seem, baring by tne motion one ot tne
most beautiful arms that sculptor ever
raved about, and replied : '
" Your manner seems to say, ' Miss
Estelle, you are always ill. ; Why don't
you behave yourself?"
"Oh, how happy I should : be,-Dr.
John, if you would once in your life be
kind to me. 1 do really think some
thing is the matter with my heart.
What if I should die?"
No picture of Watteau's could ever :
have been more witching, more charm
ingly colored than the little form before
him. Every accessory of toilet had
been brought to bear upon the citadel
of his heart ; and to a handsome woman
no dress is so becoming ss the necaeee
of her boudoir with its lace , and fan
tastic embroidery, slippered . feet, and
graceful posture.' Thea ihe vases filled
with flowers, the mirrors, aad jewels,
and . enticing - lolling . chairs. .- Heigho I
many a strong man has bowed to such
a shrine, and made a fool of himself for
life, when in the glare and glitter of the
drawing room no such nonsense would
have been thought of.
Dr. John acknowledged the beauty
of this picture. It was dainty, piquant,
dangerous. It had been dished up to
him on several- previous occasions, but
never so much .Mo his 'mind as now.
The beauty's manner was earnest, and
almost supplicating. Whatman could
fail to . be appreciative under such cir
cumstances? '- Remember too that Dr.
John was praying to be loved bad that
morning almost prayed that heaven
would send him a little bundle of com
fort in .the shape of a good wife, and it
will not be strange that, notwithstand
ing the efforts previously made to en
trap him, he should think only of the
"What are you reading, Miss Estelle?"
asked Dr. John, after a moment of ap
preciative scrutiny. "Wilson's Essays,
eh?" and the doctor's face showed all
the surprise and pleasure felt by its
owner. "And. upon my word, if here
isn't Emerson. Tt at is healthy food
rather heavy, though, I should think,
for a sick girl!" "
Miss Estelle drew a long breath. For
the first time in the twelve months of
trial had she received one word of com
pliment or condemnation from the man
whom her mother had determined she
should marry. - '
"And as true as I live, another book
under the pillow. Really, I have some
curiosity to know the title of that vol
ume, also, continued the doctor, al
Uh, it is nothing," replied the would
be invalid, languidly, "but a stupid
cookery book that I got from the libra
ry. Mother depends upon me, you see,
for our desserts, and I can tell you
thit sometimes my ingenuity is sorely
One little hand tucked the volume
further under the pillow, while the
other, unconsciously, of course, dropped
upon the doctor s with the white, jew
eled Sneers lying on his, the iair, uaz
zling face upturned, the words which
would have-doomed him to -misery all
the days of his life, were spoken.
- How wonderfully and providentially
little things sometimes appear to save
from desolation and death! The hand
with which she had striven to hide the
partially-concealed volume had, strange
ly enough, lifted the frill of the pillow,
and disclosed both title and author,
one of the most mischievous and reck
lessly-written books ever translated into
the Lnelish language.
For a moment the doctor sat silent
with horror and astonishment. Not so
much that the young woman before
him had developed a taste for such lit
erature, but that she could so unblusu-
mgly lie to him.
"I do not think," said he, at last
"that you need any medicine. So you
have my permission to study the cook
book under your pillow as diligently as
you may feel disposed. It is pleasant
to know that fashionable . young ladies
are possessed of such domestic and lit
erary tastes. Good morning. Miss Wat
ers." Dr. John passed Out of that ' abode
sick at heart.
"I came very near losing myself in
that trap. . What confounded fools men
The thought was rather humiliating,
and Dr. John was unable to shake it off
during the day; and, when he turned
his horse's head homeward, it was with
a feeling of disgust and loneliness never
"Pretty much all alike, I'm afraid,"
he continued softly, to himselt.
J ust then a little hgure in the middle
of the street attracted his attention.
A child, to all appearance not a day
over five years, with uplifted arms stood,
heedless ot danger, looking into his
face. Quicker than I can tell Dr. John
had jumped from his carriage, seized
the little creature, and placed her on
the seat beside him.
'You were in great danger,' my dear,"
said the doctor, looking down into the
singularly sweet and intelligent face.
"What made you stand in the middle
of the crowded street?"
"Are you a doctor?" was the only re
"5y profession yes, little miss, and
by name John Hessman. Have you
any commands for his highness?"
"if. you are a doctor 1 want you to
go home with me, and if you are not,
please tell me where 1 can hnd one.
My sister Elate is sick awful sick and
she talks and sings all the time; and I
haven't got any money neither has
sue; but she will die u somebody don't
"I am a doctor, and will go home
with you, litle darling," said our friend,
involuntarily drawing the sobbing child
toward , him. "Don't ciy; I can help
her if anybody can."
Before they arrived at the residence
of the sick girl, Dr. John had discov
ered, by skillful questioning, that the
child's name was Florence Britton the
sister's, Kate Britton; that Kate wrote
stories, and made reports, and some
times had to be out late at night taking
notes and preparing articles 'for the
press: that she had not been well dur
ing the . winter, and' for the last three
weeks had been unable to attend to her
literary duties, and was now suffering
from brain fever. The room. which the
doctor entered was plainly and neat
ly furnished, and bore unmistakable
marks of refinement and taste. -
'Kate," said the little girl, climbing
into the bed where her sister lay moan
ing with pain; "sister Kate, I have
brought a doctor to see you. X lounu
him in the street, and he says he can
make you well. Look at him,-Kate
he is very kind.".
"Cuddle right down beside me, Flory,
darling, r. There, that's a good little girl.
Go to sleep; don't mind sister Kate,
she's only got : a head-ache. Say your
prayers, Flory, say your prayers, mur
mured the girl, even in delirium thought
ful of her precious charge.
Here was a case to rouse Dr. John's
energies a case which appealed to his
sympathy and respect a case, so far as
he was able to judge, of utter loneliness
and destitution. So, like the good man
he was, he sat himself to work in good
earnest. ; jA good nurse was procured,
necessary articles were brought into the
house, and over all he watched as ten
derly as if the sufferer had been his
own sister. - The fourth day the invalid
awoke -to consciousness, and looked at
Dr. John straight in the face.
"Where am 11 she asked, attempt
ing to rise.
"At home," he replied. "Please be
very quiet." . ;.;
"Where is Iflory?"
"Asleep by your side. Don't ask any
"Who are you7" she continued, ap
parently oblivious to the command.
"John Hessman, at your service, and
at present your self-constituted physi-
m, who will be obeyedl JNOw, drink
this beef tea take "Flory's little hand
in yours, and go to sleep."
W ith a sigh ot reiiet, a smile, a mo
mentary attempt to keep her eyes open
a little longer, and the invalid was
sleeping as quietly as an infant.
Four weeks from that day, Mies -iS-ate
Britton rode out in the doctor's car
riage, almost as well as ever. -
Dr. John looked unutterable things
as he jumped into his gig and took his
seat beside ner. v ery like tne day a
month ago when he had something very
particular to say to himseJt only now
he evidently had a communication to
make to another. .
"It will be safe for me to resume my
writing to-morrow, will it not, doctor?"
inquired Kate, the first to break the
silence. "I feel better and stronger to
day than I have tor a year."
"No, little girl," repuert the doctor.
"It will not be safe for you to resume
your writing in six months."
"Cm. doctor, you are only oking nowi
I know you are," said Kate, noting the
look of amusement in his expressive
"No, Kate, indeed I am not joking,
You shall never go back to thatdrudgery
again, it 1 can help it."
The hot blood mounted clear to
"Dr. Hessman," she said, assuming
a business like manner, "but for you I
should have been in my grave."
"What imperturbability," broke in
her companion, with more truth than
"Well," she continued, you saved my
life, kept my darling little sister from
starvation, and cared tor us both
though we had been your own kindredl
But can 1 never
"There child, stop just where you are,
Never, if you h we any regard for my
feelings, allow that word to slip from
your lips. I want to take you and
Flory to my home, and make your hap
piness my only care. In short, Kate,
want a wife and a sister. Wilt you be
the first? .Perhaps you do not exactly
love me now, but I know I can mpke
"But I do love you," said Kate, under
"All right, then, will you go?"
Dr. John scarcely ever talk to him
Mrs. Senator Sumner is in Venice.
Stanley will be a card next winter as
a lecturer. ,.
It is announced that Edwin Forrest
is going to give Shakespearean readings
the coming season.
Lord Monck's failure as Viceroy of
Canada was largely due, according to
the Toronto Globe, to his failure to give
During the twenty or thirty years
Noah Webster gave to his dictionary, a
copyright of one per cent, per copy on
the sale of his spelling book supported
The Archbishop of Halifax recently
called on George Brown, the champion
oarsman, and after congratulating him
on his victory at Digby, handed him a
check for $40.
Dr. Evans, the American dentist, is
as famous and popular as ever in Paris.
His business is said to be worth to him
over $50,000 per annum. .Royal fami
lies come to him from all over the con
tinent. Howlish Wampoo, a chief on the
Umatilla reservation in Oregon, is con
tented to own 2,000 horses, 600 head of
cattle, a good house, and $5,000 in
greenbacks- That is a good coin for one
of copper color. . . . ....
James Russell Lowell has just left
London, nd Justin McCarthy says that
he looks very youthful that he seems
to be enjoying a poetical Indian sum
mer of restored youth. He avoided
society while in London.
Miss Emilt Faithfull, who will
shortly arrive here to discuss the woman
question,- is a lady of wealth and high
social position, and an intimate friend
of Queen Victoria. She devotes her life
and money to the elevation of her sex
in remunerative employments.
The Paris Soir says that the Imperial
Geographical Society of St. Petersburg
has sent to Mr. Stanley a gold medal of
great value. It aids that the Queen of
England has sent him her portrait set
in diamonds, together with an auto
graph letter thanking him for his suc
cessful efforts to discover- Dr. Living
stone. The Geographical Society of
Florence also has - voted a medal to Mr.
Stanley. .... ' : -
It is reported that a ' man in Cincin
nati fell from the top of a four-story
building, the other day, to the stone
sidewalk, without being injured in the
least. He was a life insurance agent,
and struck on his cheek. At the time
of his fall he was leaning on the edge of
the roof, shoving his papers at a painter
whom he had treed on a swinging scaffold
The Centennial Celebration.
', The Centennial Commissioners have
so tar been considerably embarrassed
through a failure on the part of Con
gress to make an appropriation for im
mediate expenses, lhe bill provides
for the issue of $10,000,000 of stock in
shares of $10 each. The Board of
Finance has just perfected a plan for
an equal share in the several States and
Territories ot the U mon, as follows :
New Terk f 1
Vermont . .
i; tan .
1 1 39,390
Mi chi gas............
New J erT
Maryland .. 1
Sou Ih Carolina
The Commissioner and alternate Com
missioner of each State and Territory
are to have charge of the subscriptions
until the entire amount has been made
up. According to. the rules which have
been agreed to, it appears that one
hundred clear days are to do allowed
for the sale of shares. At the end ot
that time the books will have to be for
warded to Philadelphia. The Commis
sioners expect that the applications for
stock will greatly exceed tne sum re
Sergeant Bates Redivivus.
Gilbert TT. Bates, the vagarious gen
tleman who carried tbe United States
flag through the Southern States after
the close of the war is now going to test
the feeling of the English people in
their " tight little island,'' by a similar
performance. According to a corre
spondent of the Bloomington (111.)
Liberal, a contract has been made and
duly signed between Bates and Thomas
J. Warren, of Saybrook. McLean county,
111., on a wager of one thousand dollars
against one hundred dollars, that the
said Bates cannot carry the flag of the
United states in the daytime, and on
foot, said flag to be of large size, and
displayed, during the entire trip, from a
nine feet nag staff, from tbe dividing
line between Scotland and England to
the Mayor's Hall in the city of London,
without molestation or insult to himself
or the flag. The contract stipulates that
Bates shall return before the 1st day of
January, A. D. 1873, with the vouchers
of the municipal officers of the towns
and boroughs that he may pass through
A Talented Cargo.
The steamer Cuba, which arrived at
New York last week, brought to out
shores a distinguished array of artists,
literary, dramatic, and musical. Among
the number were Miss Clara Louise
Kellogg, the American cantatrice
Mme. Pauline Lucca, the new prima
donna ; Miss Clark Doria, the charming
soprano, whose short but successful
season of last year is well remem
bered ; Mark Smith, the popular come
dian ; Edmund Yates, the novelist
Mr. Rubenstein, pianist, and M. Wren
VV I TOR PRESIDENT, flfi' 3
BOJtA.CE OK KJSLVY,
jf-f I I FOB VICE-PRESIDENT. I
yV IS. GSATZ It BOWS',
How the Radical Vultures Have Preyed
on the Prostrate South and Devoured
Seven Hundred Thousand Square
Miles of Territory Given
Up to Pillage.
Extortions Unprecedented in the World's
History—The Dreaded War
Extracts from the Speech of Gov. B.
Gratz Brown, at Springfield, Ill.
How has it been at the bouth, where re
conciliation was to be compassed T How
have life and the family been environed
with an atmoephore o5 security? -How has
trade been encouraged, taxation lightened,
prosperity protected r in otner words nas
the Administration there been a synonym
in such sense of gcod government? Sarcely
will any contend so. On the contrary I do
not hesitate to amrm that it nas been an or
ganized system of depredation and plunder
whereby a most debased set of traffickers in
Northern honor have been foisted upon
Southern communities to strip them of ihoir
substance in the name of loyalty. The ex
tent to which this Has cone is almost in
credible. So enormous does the computa
tion aggregate that it might well be disbe
lieved were it not borne ojt by the official
report ot a congress commission, it is
from the information therein contained that
the figures are drawn, which I desire now
to submit to your thoughtiul consideration.
They will well repsy your study, even when
you return to your, homes, for they tell the
strange, sad story ot nearly 70,UU0 square
miles of territory given tip to pillage under
the ostensible forms of Republican Govern
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY MILLIONS STOLEN.
The difference between the debts of the
several States subjected to this domination
of the National Administration before that
went into effect, and at the present time,
will measure approximately the injury that
has been done. The increased rate of taxa
tion and cost of government will show the
hardship that must hereafter be borne by
the people it has undertaken to care for.
The two together will throw additional light
on the question why the conquered sections
have not been reconciled to such rule as has
been prescribed by the conquest.
Upon the termination ot Hostilities a mili
tary occupancy was had of the States that
had been in rebellion, and by act ot Con
gress of March 2, 1867, they were consti u-
ted separate military aepartments. batisnea
that there was every disposition manifested
there to acquiesee in the result of the war,
and confirmed still further in that belief by
the report of the General of the Army, who
made an extended tour ol inspection with that
view, Congress by acta passed in June, 1868,
began the work ot reconstruction. Prior to
that time tha Confederate debts, local and
general, had been repudiated, so that the
vast increase which has since resulted is all
chargeable directly to the reconstruction
policy of the President. It has been done
entirely under tne auspices oi .Republi
can rule. It has ' been sustained and forti
fied throughout by the Administration at
Washington. What the measure. ot that
spoliation has actually been may be best
realized irom tne tabulate a statement i now
State Debt Stale Debt
in 186S. in 1S71.
Ariansaa . $4,036,952 $li,761,26S
Alabama . 7,9(.3'J6 3S.341.9K7
Florida.. ....... 523,866 l.,797,587
Georgia . .. 2,670,7AO 2U.137.iHiU
Louisiana 14,347,a'l 4I.19M73
HiasUaippi. ... . 1 7U6.971
North Carolina .1S.779.94S 34,8-7 ,4t7
South Carolina . 4,4i7,6S 29.ISS.914
Texas. . . 384 S6U 17.UU0.6UU
Total . 450.060.477 $218,116,744
Startling, however, as this exhibit may
seem, Bhowing these impoverished commu
nities to h ve been plundered of $168,056,267
in three short years of attempted restoration,
it only represents a very small part of the
injury inflicted. The enhanced cost-of con
ducting State- Administrations has fully
kept pace with the unprecedented inflation
ef debt, while taxation has gone in many
instances to the extent of stripping the peo
ple ot all means ot living. Xhus in Arkan
sas the annual cost of conducting the Gov
ernment was, in 1860, $204,096, while in
1870 it is shown to have been $2,140,372.
The tax rate before the war was 5i mi Is ; it
now exceeds 40 mills. Florida shows a like
increaseof the general tax rate from 23 cents
on the $100 to $1.50, producing $83,000 of
taxes then against S47l,tsiioi extortion now,
In Georgia, the expense of administration
waa, in 1868, $325,600; in 1871, $924,413,
with tax rates increased from 61 cents to
$4.10 on the $100. The tax rate in Louisiana
has gone up from five mills to 14J mills,
while in Mississippi the conduct of affairs,
which cost r.nnually about $300,000 in 1860,
is reported at SI ,500,000 in 1870, snowing an
increase of 500 per cent. Alabama likewise
has been victimized trightfully. The tax
return there in 1860 was $851,171 ; in 1870,
$2,982,932. with an increase in the rates Irom
20 cents to $2 on the $100. North Carolina,
in like manner, has been necessitated to
multiply four or five times her taxation to
meet exDenses. passing from 40 cents to $1.80
on the $100. South Carolina has been for
carpet-baggers "a field of cloth ol gold"
the taxes levied for State purposes being in
1861 only $400,000, while last year it is re
ported by tne Congress Committee as ever
$4,000,080. Texas, the last of these nine
States, has now a tax rate, for State and
county purposes, of $2.17, while a committee
appointed to investigate the alarming
increate of taxation reports that there was
collected from the people last year, as gen
eral taxes, tbe enormous sum of $5,361,000
an extortion from an unresisting com
munity unprecedented in the history of the
PROPERTY VALUES VIRTUALLY DESTROYED.
Bear in mind, too, that for this vast in
fliction of debt, and this exhaustive an
nual drain, the former mortgaging the life
work of more than one generation of men,
snd the latter making the rich poorer than
the poor, there is absolutely nothing in the
shape of a return to show. It has been
stealing literally stealing, and a President
boasting of a policy, an Administration
calling itself Republican, a party claiming
to be upright and honest, knowing fully to
a' I the facts, has sustained by force of arms
and threats of a military reoccupancy,such
a rule. But consider still further tbe addi
tional exhibits I wish to present from the
same source, Bhowing bow local pillage-has
equally kept pace with the more elaborate
system of general plunder, and how it has
had the effect virtually to destroy all values
in property. It is said of some parts of
South America where justice does not pre
tend to dwell that only something which
can be swallowed or ridden a diamond or a
mule will command a price, and truly it
would seem if the same was about to be
come true in many of our Southern States.
A eased val tT n-
StAtM- lCTfl. 1AA0. 1A70
Ala $1)1.171 $2.9S',952 $432,199,762 Sl.tSSg2.39S
Ark. ... 636.393 2,866,890 126.96.36.199') 91.523.813
Fla 1S9.124 496,106 68.920,68 32,4811X3
6a .797.88 2,627.029 6I,823,38T 227,249,910
La 4.M60J80 7,60"32 435,787,264 2S3.371.88n
MiH. 9M.806 3.736.432 SII9.472.912 I77.278.S90
N. C. 104.732 188.8.131.529 292.297.602 130.378 622
8. C... 1.280.386 2,767.67 489.319.128 183 913 337
Texas.. 633 285 1.129,677 267 792.33S 149,732,929
Total...$l 1,217 ,S39 $26,020,232 $3,294,241,496 $1,404,487,468
Again see what a disastrous influence has
been exerted upon labor and its products by
this systematic robbery. Can you wonder
that lrnds should be left idle rather than
cultivated, or that none should be willing
to exchange other tokens of value for them
when Government itself thus takes the
shape of confiscation? The striking con
trast here presented is eloqaent of misiule,
and carries with it nothing to commend
such government to the affections of the
people oppressed, or to reconcile them to the
blessings of a republiciem thus held up for
their admiration and adhesion.
, Acres impre"d , , V aj ne improT'd lands ,
Fla. . 651,213
N. C 6.517, 23"
S. C. 4,672.000
Tota)...38,698.996 31 978.916 $1,207,587,857 $545,977,915
GRANT INCAPABLE OF RECONCILING THE SOUTH.
That is tbe material aspect of late recon
struction, as it had developed under the
auspices of the President! Does it not show
in a glaring light how certainly the worst
r .suits of social disorder will fo1 low close
upon the attempt to substitute a personal for
a constitutional Government, or a military
for a civil ru'e? And.do not the two aspects,
when taken together te political and the
material demonstrate in their delineation
that policies more at variance with any suc
cess in restoring cordial good will in sec
tions rocent'y tranquilized could not have
been fallen upon? If the Union ia to be
henceforth a bond, indeed, t en it muBt re
present a common protection, at the South as
well as at the North; its Federal authority
musr be the exponent of the whole country,
taking direction from a free expression of
the whole people. It cannot in a stats of
peace continue to enact a conquest and re
flect a free Government. If it is to assume
tbe task of reconciliation, then it must lay
aside the role of arbitrary power. If it is
to mean peace, it cannot with impunity con
nive at plunder. Tet it was peace and re
conciliation which thi President pledged
himself to accomplish.
And now answer, my fellow-citizens, in
all sincerity, and banishing whatever of
partisan feeling may have been aroused, can
it be possible that a rule s unpropitious
toward reconciliation as is thus demon
strated out of the facts of reconstruction
could possibly have emanated from a sincere
desire to administer our national affairs in
that interest? Is it not evident that this
great public demand haa been unhesitating
ly sacrificed? And to what end? It was
not in the behalf of order ; for, with few
local rxceptions, no disorder has been pro
jected. It waa not as a morality., for I have
shown that it haa put to the blush all past
experiences of corrupt spoliation. It could
have been only, therefore, to perpetuate
power for the Administration and its follow
ers. And is it not equally evident to you,
in iact, is it not the one deduction tnat flows
freely forth from all this abuoeof power, this
disregard of popular rights, this unparalleled
devastation of communities which it claimed
to govern that the present Administration is
now utterly disqualified for longer assuming
the task of reconciling the people of the
South to the new order and ot wedding them
firmly to the life of the Republic? Against
it there is every prejudice, in it no qualin
cation. Ita agents are not patriot! who may
be trusted with such work, but plunderers
intent on quite other accomplishment. Its
lines have been set and hardened in alien
policies, and only those who value partisan
success more, and peaceful restoration less,
can henceforth justify to their own convic
tion a longer support ot tne r resident and
his policies, or a further extension of his
THE SUBJECTION OF WHITES TO BLACKS AN IMPOSSIBILITY.
The second great problem about which the
people of the United States have been most
concerned, because wisely foreseeing that
its achievement was tbe sole guarantee oi
any abiding peace hereafter, has been the
reconciliation of the races at the South, and
the establishment of such civil order there
its would insure that result. Again, and in
this respect has the Administration proved
a auccess ?
In discussing this branch of the anbject
it will be well first to discriminate as te what
success implies. You will readily concede,
I know, that all our experience of the sub
jection ol the black race by the white race
under tne old lorms oi siarerj w uui a
success. It was was not a. success, although
for many vears sustained by the whole
power of the Federal Government, by the
1 ... . , i . i
army and toe navy, tne uongraoa a,uu uo
President. It was not a success, although
subjection had tamed its spirit and almost
extinguished any courageous aspiration for
achieving its own iioerty. Ana so iubwko
I may claim that any attempt to suoject toe
white race to the black race, te govern ty
virtue of caste, to rule in tne name of color,
will equally fail to prove a success. iwet
lera together in tbe same land, it must be
either peace or war between the races. If it
is to be peace, tnen tar otner peuiica, m a
shall undertake to snow, win nave vo uo m
at.illxd m d commended there to the confi
dence of both races than any which have
vet been advanced by tbe Administration
If it is to be war, tien rest assured theym
nnthina of this nation will follow thoso
against whom injustice and oppression and
deprivation f rights may be wantonly en
forced. If it is to oe war, then the fellow
Hhin of kindred blood will connect over this
land, and they who have needed the entire
moral support of a freedom-loving people to
rescue them from bondage will stand isolated
in the attempt to perpetuate the same in
justice from which they themselves have
just been delivered. Nor will it be a success,
but a failure so d.smal thjtt history will
weep to record its misfortunes. Iiet it not
be War in any event, if the patriotism of the
nation can avert sucn ending.
HARMONIZATION OF THE RACES.
The nine Southern States whose recon
struction, as it is called, has been under
taken by the Administration, contain, ac-
cording to the census ot 1870, a population
thus enumerated : ;
. 464.810 .
Total... ...3,377,280 - 1.103.860
It will thus be seen that there is herec om- -iciled
in a contiguous territory a population
consisting of 3,877,280 whites, and 3,103,860
colored persons. The two races are animated
by feelings easily excited into hostility, and
have memories of pride and servitude that
slumber uneasily in their minds. If once in
flamed into animosity it may,, for these
reasons, he many years before hatred can be
obliterated. Without doubt the most terrible
and enduring of all the contests the world
hss known have been those generated by
the rivalry of distinct races involved in a
war tor mastery, and bequeathing the re
sentments of one age to rekindle the strug
gle in another. Desolate empires, destroyed
civilizations, re-established slaveries have
chronicled the result of such strife in East
ern lands, while many of the fairest pov
inces of Europe have been kept in a state of
chronic internal hostility by the same cause.
Moor and Spaniard in their deadly feud red
dened tbe waters of Granada from the sea
to the Guadalqoiver. Hungary was torn by
conflict of Magyar acd Sclavonic populations,
by pheasant wars and fomented jeal
ousies, until it lapsed hopelessly under Aus
trian dominion. Poland owe half its mis
eries and all its subjugation to a fateful
rivalry of races. .Intact, only -the severest
torms of despotic authority nave been able
to maiatain the semblance of order wher
ever such animosity had once been luily
antagonized. : ' ' : i
Am I not right, then, luamrmmg that one
of the weightiest of all the public questions
we are now caned upon xo solve la now tnese
races, sin 11 be harmonized in a political so
ciety resting on popular appeal for its eon-
trolling power? Am X not equally correct
in affirming that unless this can now be
done, unless this rancor of races shall be
successfully avoided, unless torn , early re
adjustment of civil society be attained, tbe
forms of all Republican Government must
there eventually be replaced by a harsh and
cruel repression founded on force alone ?
And in that event who will be the van
quished who will rise to substantial mas
tery ? I do not need to answer that qustion,
but it is one I present to you as well worthy
of profound reflection. Indeed, the very
nterrogation is a danger signal in the path
of all prosperity, implying disaster not to
one race alone, but to both ; threatening not
merely to that brilliant progress that may
otherwise be securely anticipated, but
equally so to all tbe enlargements ef freedom -
HENRY WILSON FLAYED.
His Paltry and Sneaking Attempts to Parry
the Charge of Know-Nothingism—The
Latest Dodge-Is Such a Man Fit For
The New York ZYt&une thus .pays its re
spects to Mr. Jeremiah Colbai'h (latterly
known as Henry Wilson), the Grant Vice
Presidential candidate. While- the com
ments are sharp and incisive, every .'one
must admit that they are not a . whit more
so than the dishonorable acd sneaking con
duct of Mr. Colbaith warrants : :
We hope that our readers will excuse ns if
we refer once more to Gen. Wilson's Kdow
Noth i ng record. , That person made a speech
at Katick, Mass., on Friday evening, the
purport of which, was that the speaker was a
Know Nothing, but that he became so out of
the most virtuous motives, and withont in
fact becoming a Know-Nothing at all I So,
we suppose, he took the solemn and tre
mendous eaths which the order required of '
its novices without meaning anything, and
most decidedly without meaning to be true
to them. This Natick speech, in view of the
facts, will convince nobody, and ought to
convince nobody ."
It is time, perhaps, to sum up this matter.
The facts proved and not now denied by the .
General are, mat ne oecame a anov-n otn
ing ; that he professed to entertain the dis
tinctive doctrines of the Know-Nothings;
that he sat as a delegate in the Know-Noth-ing
National Convention ; that he was elect
ed Senator by Know-Nothing votes-Jo much
for proven charges I , . , .
Mr. W llson responds by saying mat ne
was a unow-notomg; mat wnue ne pro
fessed to entertain the distinctive doctrines
of the Know-Nothings he inwardly repu
diated them all; that he sat in the National
Know-No-hig Convention as delegate lor
the purpose ot defeating the object of that
Convention ; and mat ne piayea a aouuio
game, and while he was at heart friendly
to foreigners, ne was acting. wim men who
were their avowed enemies.
But the case of Mr. Wilson needs to be
considered as a whole, and we prepose now
to show it. We have not been censuring
Mr. Wilson for being a Know-Nothing, but
for dishonorably sneaking out of it. We
have no controversy about Know-Nothipgism.
It is not our habit to discuss aeaa issues.
When Know-Nothingism was a live ques
tion, we fought it : now that it is dead, we
care nothing about it, and have no contra-
versv with the handreas ot tnousanas oi
good men who were once deluded into a
support of it. But this is the case of a man
1 . , i, t . j i r a i
wuo now aspires to oe v ico-.rreeiueui vi iud
United States. .
Ha was asked whether he had not been a
member of the Know-Nothing party. He re
plied, indignantly branding as a monstrous
and wicked slander the intimation that he
had ever id one word or done one thing
against the equal rights of all citizens of
whatever color, race, or nationality. Then
it was proved by the oriimpeaohable testi
mony of Frank W. Bird, Albert Pike, and
a whole cloud of witnesses that he had been
a duly elected, duly initiated' and uncom
monly active Know-Nothing. Then tome
Germans here mailed him a letter asking
about it. They received a reply from his
home, under his frank and bearing hss sig
nature, flatly denying that he had ever been
& Know-Nothins. Then 'F. W. Bird and
other old frien-'s of his openly denounced
him as a liar. Then he authorized an asso
ciated Press d is pate o, declaring the German
letter a forgery. The Germans thereupon
hrouffht to us a copy of their letter to mm,
and his reply, in German, under his frank,
and in the same hand in which previous
German letters of his were written, duly
signed as they had been, Henry Wilson,
per H. A." Herman Askenssy, of Boston,
then f cknowledged himself the amanuensis
of the letter, admitted that, he was in the
habit of conducting Senator wiison-a war-
man correspv nnence, said ne naa oeen in
structed to answer this letter, and that,
alter preparing the answer, be naa consult
ed the Senator about it. And then, Senator
Wilson makes a speech, acknowledging that
he waa a Know-Nothiog. That is his case j
and the whole of it. .. .
We have elected a good many kinds or
people to our highest executive offices, but .
never a paltry creature like thia. ; We drop
Mr. Wilson. We have, in time past, regard
ed and treated him as an honorable man.
No intelligent person need make that mis
take again. ' .
An old lady in Rochester, N. Y.,' still
fodders and fondles a goose 23 years of
age. U has furnished feathers for a
large family of daughters.