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I K GOUID, Publisher. Devoted to th "interests of the Democratic Party, and the Cblleeflon of Lecal and Gteneral News. Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
YOL. VI.--NO. 13. , EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 298. .
BALLAD OF THE BALL.
"Come right in! How are yon, Fred?
Find a chair, and have a light,"
"Well, old boy, recovered yet
From the Mather's jam last night "
"Didnt dance; the German's old.
" Didn't yon T I had to lead
Awful bore; but where were yon"
" Sat it out with Mbllie Meade.
" Jolly little girl she is
Said aha didn't o-a-r-e to dance
Bather have a quiet chat,
Then ahe gave me such a glance.
"So when yon had cleared the room.
And had captured all the chairs,
. Having nothing else, we two
Took possession of the stairs.
" I was on the lower step
Mollie on the next above.
Gave me her bouquet to hold
- A--k-e-d me to draw on her glove. .
M Then, of course, I squeezed her hand
Talked about my wasted life
Said my sole salvation must
Be a true and gentle wife.
" Then, you know, I used my eyes
She believed me, every worrL,
Almost said she loved me Jove !
Such a voice I never heard.
"Gave me some symbolic flower
With a meaning, oh, so sweet t
Dont know where it is, I'm sure.
Must have d-r-o-p-p-e-d it in the street.
"How I spooned ! and she the goose I
Well, I know it wasn't right,
But she did believe me so,
That I kissed her; pass a light."
"Mollie Meade! Well, I declare !
And walking np the avenue ! .
After what occurred last night,
- Who'd a-thought of seeing you ?
"Oh, yon awful wicked girl
There, dont blush I saw it all."
"Saw all what J"
" Saw you, last night,
At the Mather's in the hall."
" Oh, yon horrid ! where were yon?
Wasnt Oua an awful goose?
Most men must be caught; bnt he
Bun hia neck in the noose.
" I was almost dead to dance
I'd have done it if I could
But papa said I must stop.
And I promised ma I would.
" So I looked up sweet, and said
I didn't mind a talk with him.
; Hope he didnt see my face
Luckily the lights were dim.
" Then he gently squeezed my hand,
Looking sweetly in my face
' With his handsome, loving eyes;
Really, he's a funny case 1
" "He was all so earnest too;
But I thought I'd have to laugh
When he kissed a flower I gave.
Looking silly as a calf.
' I suppose Gus has it now.
In a wine-glass on his shelves;
It's a mystery to me
Why men will deceive themselves ... .
"Saw him kiss me t Oh ! you wretch;
Well, he begged so hard for one.
And thought there 'd no one know,
So 1 1-e-t him just for fun.
" I knew it wamt really right
To trifle with hia feelinsg dear,
But men are such funny thing,
They need a Lesson once a year."
COLMAN & CO., "PER C."
- X am Louis Golman, half of the firm,
long and well known in the county as
Colman & Co. I want to tell you how I
worked my way to this position. At the
age of fifteen, with my free consent, my
father signed articles which bound me
to give to William It- Lee, cabinet-maker,
the labor of three years. In lieu of
board, clothing, etc., the usual equiva
lent given, I was to receive the sum of
one dollar per week, and, at the expira
tion of three years, fifty dollars in
money. My home in the meantime was
with my father, who boarded and clothed
A backward look of three, the years
seem pleasant to me. I suppose many
times during my apprenticeship I longed
for more - liberty, more leisure, more
money, or something different from what
.1 had. I should hardly have been an
average boy if I had not, but in the main
I was tolerably contented.
So eighteen came. The heir of an
English estate on the happy day when
he was to take possession could hardly,
I think, have felt happier than L Upon
the morning of the day when my inden
tures were to cease, Mr. Lee came to me
4 4 1 suppose I shall not have to tell you
that I have no farther claim upon your
time after to-night."
I felt a certain amount of independ
ence as I replied:
"I know it, sir," and drew a sigh of
' relief.. ... - '
44 Come to the office," he said, 44 after
; hours," and turned away.
In the office at night I meet my father,
who, with me, saw the writings can
celed. I then received $50, shook hands
with Mr. Lee, and turned to leave the
office. . .
44 One moment," said Mr. Lee; 44 have
you any plans for the future ?"
44 No. sir." I said, nromntlv: " to-mor-
row is my eighteenth birthday, and I
want - to spend it without a thought of
He smiled a little gravely, and then
"Well, take a week to think of noth
ing, and then come back to me."
Outside, I found my fellow workmen
waiting to give me a cheer, for it was
customary among us on such occasions
- to have a general hand-shake.
44 Come, Colman, cannot we have
beer ?" said several voices.
This was also customary, and I hesi
. tated a moment, but something said to
me, 44 Begin now as you expect to go on,
and I said :
" Three times the sum. boys, in any
thing else you like : but let us have no
44 That's bo," said one of the number
: 44 remember poor Stearns."
Stearns was a man whom Mr. Lee had
employed again and again. A week since
he had been turned away because he
came to his work intoxicated, and we
knew he had had no work since.
Mears' remark gave me a thought, and
I turned quickly and said :
44 If the crowd will forego treats, oys
ters, or what it may be, well agree to
send the money to Stearns' wife and
My plan took well, and was seconded
not only with words but deeds, and we
deputised liittle Tom, as he was call
ed, to take the money to Stearns' house.
"And mind, said Mears again, "you
give it to Stearns' wife, else it may go
yet for drink."
Then I went home and spent the week
after in idleness. Perhaps I ought to
have felt guilty of waste of time. I do
not think I did. I thoroughly enjoyed
my respite and liberty to be out at any
time in the day. A curious feeling,
almost like seeing a new world, comes to
a person, who, having been shut up from
the sunshine for a considerable time, is
suddenly given the freedom to walk,
lounge or loiter, subject to no hours,
times nor bells. My father and mother
left me entirely to myself during that
week, though I have since been told that
my mother's heart beat anxiously for
fear I was beginning a downward path.
My judicious father restrained her fears,
44 Give bim his time a week, wife mine,
let him run to the end of his rope. I
think he will begin to pull in then."
I even deserted the family pew on
Sunday, a thine unheard of before, and
looked in at the differing faiths around,
but no comment was made. Until the
appointed time I had actually taken no
serious thought of my future. Punc
tually then, however, but with a sigh, I
presented myself to Mr. Lee. My father
was also there. Mr. Lee smiled as I
came in, and said :
" Well, Louis, what do you call your
last week's work ?"
" Belaxation," I promptly replied.
"Does it pay?"
" It has bo far," was again my prompt
" But I suppose you expect to go to
work sometime," said he.
- The satisfaction of returning to my
every day work came suddenly to me
then, and X said with animation :
I do, indeed, and I am here hoping
you have work to offer me."
Me looked pleased and grataned. o
did my father. Mr. Lee said presently :
I have to offer you my office work.
If you will engage with me for another
three years, I will give you three hun
dred dollars per year, and at the end of
that time an additional one hundred,
making it one, thousand dollars for the
three years work. What thing you r
My father then spoke :
" Louis, the decision is your own : but
the offer is fair. If you choose to take
it, your board at home is just to pay
your mother for extra care, say two dol
lars per week ; and if you do well, I will
cover Mr. Lee's one hundred dollars
with another hundred the day you are I
twenty-one. (Jan you do better r
. I knew I could not. I said so. So
again I was back in the familiar place,
with three years before me, but they
proved uneventful, save as the first links
which connected me with the firm of
Golman & Co.
The first duty assigned me in my new
position was the opening of some letters;
and the first letter I opened flaunted the
bill-head of " Colman & Co." My own
name! Just so, some day, I should send
out large sheets and bills, with just such
heading! oo 1 raised an air casue.
But this letter contained beside the
order some reference to a 44 superior
casket," and a slip from a paper making
public announcement that the decease
of uolman, of the turn oi uolman & uo. ,
would not alter the business arrange
ments of the firm. It would still be car
ried on at the old stand, with the same
name. Signed, Colman & Co., "per C."
I handed the letter to Mr. Lee, who
44 See to the order immediately, and
make a note of the reference to casket,
and file the letter on hook G."
He rose, took down a package of let
ters, saying to me:
"Tiook at these curious signatures;
Colman always signed like that, with a
long coil. The son has, I suppose, in
herited or acquired the same curious coil
to his signature."
1 returned answer to the letter, and
when finished a sudden fancy possessed
me to make of my 4 4 per C." the same
fanciful colL After a few endeavors, l
succeeded in doing this, and signed
William R. Lee, "perC," making of
my 44 C.'-' an exact imitation of the long
coiled C. appended to Colman & Co.
J; or the three succeeding years not a
month elapsed that we did not receive
an order of some kind, large or small,
with the same Colman & Co., "perC,"
and then the long coil; which I as inva
riably answered with my employer's sig
nature, William E. Lee, "per C," and
a nourish of the same around my (J.
I found myself at my majority m what
I thought then, and think now, an envia
ble state. I had at twenty-one a fair
address, good health, good habits, a
good trade, an average education, mod'
erate ambitions and a willingness to
work, and three hundred dollars a year
in ready money. Such was my start to
wards fortune. When my time expired
with Mr. Lee, he again asked me my
plans for the future. Though this time
1 had many and many a one, they were
very indefinite, and none of them prac
tical. Mr. Lee, as before, gave me ad
vice and opportunity. He sent me upon
business of his own through dinerent
parts of the State, saying: 44 Look out
for yourself as you go, and if you find
the right business point, let me know.
I liked this change. I was making
valuable acquaintance with business men
and the country, and for a year longer
found nothing which made me desire
One night 1 took a branch road and a
new route, to reach a certain point.
Starting with (a most unusual thing for
me) a racking headache, with the ar
and rattle of the cars so increased, that
by ten o'clock I determined to ask for
lay-over ticket at tne next station; j
stopped not to ask where, but threw my-
sen into an omniDus, anu arnvmg ui me
hotel, into a room and bed as quickly as
possible. Next morning I awoke with
my head clear, but with a feeling of ex
haustion that decided " me to remain
where I was for that day.
After breakfast, I sauntered out, going
slowly up the principal street, gazing
idly at the signs, dreamily settling my
self with a home, and a business, and
name, and my sign would read I started,
there it was: 44 Colman & Co." Yea,
read it aright, it was Colman & Co. 44
this Abbe town ?" I said to a man who
was passing. He looked hard at me, but
said civilly- enough, 44 It is, sir." I
crossed the road quickly, curious to con
front the bona-fide personages' who had
so many times appeared to me uder the
jagged signature of " Uolman & Co,
and the singularly coiled 44 per C."
I entered the open door and strolled
through the rooms. Nothing but a nice
lot of cabinet ware-rooms, with the ar
rangements, perhaps, in better taste than
is usual in such establishments. A
quiet, light-haired young man, abont my
own age, cam forward. ".Behold per
C!" I said to myself. He politely waited
till I had made a survey of the outer
rooms, then asked if he could be of ser
vice? I said I would like to see Mr.
Colman. A slight hesitation, .then he
said 44 Step -this way. " '" ;
Beyond the sales-room a green, baize
door opened into a room about twelve
feet square, neatly carpeted, furnished
with desk, chairs and sofa. Occupying
the room were two young women. One
at the desk did not raise her head at my
entrance. The other rose and bowed,
with the air of a business woman, and
the grace of a cultured lady.
For myself, I could only strive to con
ceal the awkwardness I felt. Who could
possibly expect to meet ladies and a
ladies' parlor in a gentleman's counting
room? I managed to bow and say:
44 Shall I beg pardon? I came in ex
pecting to see 'Colman, of the firm of
Colman & Co."
44 1 represent that name," the lady
said, quietly, then added, 4 '- Please be
Now, if Colman had been a man,
I should have had no difficulty in
stepping up to him, shaking hands, and
introducing myself and firm, and becom
ing business acquaintances in a moment.
This, however, was a new programme,
and I became still more invoived by my
next remark, which was that the person
I wished particularly to see was " per
C." Involuntarily I made a circling
motion with my thumb. The girl's head
at the desk bent low over the leaves of
the ledger. The woman sitting opposite
me, with a kept-back smile in her eyes
and on her lips, indicated with her eyes
the direction of the ledger, and said,
44 That is per C."
Was there ever Buch a position? I
glanced towards the desk. The eyes of
the girl were raised from the book and I
met my doom! I yielded to fate. Hence
forth, whatever befell me, my heart and
destiny were at the mercy of 44 per C."
There was a pause, and growing des
perate, I determined to explain matters.
Rising, I said :
44 Will you grant me grace for five
I was turned away from 44 per C," and
was looking straight into the comely face
of the older woman, one bowed, just
raised her eyes toward the desk, and I
knew then that 44 per C." was looking
and listening as well,
44 1 am Louis Colman, of MaconviHe.
I have written, I suppose, one hundred
letters to 4 Colman & Co.,' of Abbetown.
The first I wrote was in reply to an
order for a 4 superior casket,' sent on
the decease of 4 Colman,' of Colman &
Co. I signed it 4 per C.,' and copied as
nearly as I could the peculiar signature
of the order sent. It has been a no
tion of mine never to put it on any other
letter." (I-wished then that I could
have seen 4 per C.s" face.) 44 1 have
come to Abbetown quite by accident.
The sign it was which attracted my at
tention. I came in to see Colman. . I
wanted to see 4 per C Please don't
misunderstand. Believe me, I did not
expect to find affairs conducted by wo
The lady I addressed, as soon as I
had finished speaking, said:
Mr. Colman, and bowed as sne
pronounced my name, 44 1 give entire
credence to what you nave told me.
Four years ago. when you commenced
your business life, we, too, commenced
-mm- ... 1 . 1
ours. My lather was tjoiman, oi uoi
man & Co. He died suddenly. The
Co. is Mr. Hicksey. He is, and has
been for many years, helpless in body,
but his mind is perfectly clear. He al
ways advised, but the business was over
looked entirely by my lather. Through
my f ather s short illness, my sister and J.
took temporary charge of the correspon
dence, and when affairs called for a set
tlement, with the consent of JVir. iick-
. . a 1 1 ,
sey, we retained tne name ana tne dusi
ness. Mr. Hicksey's advice we followed,
and have been so far successful. Of
course, in our own town we are Known;
beyond that, people generally may natu
rally have come to your conclusion, that
a son has succeeded tne latner in dusi-
I am Colman. of Colman & Co.,
to the outside world; in proper person, I
am Miss Eugenie Colman. As such,
she said, with a smile. 44 as such, 1 in
troduce myself to you."
I arose, bowed, and turned to receive
an introduction to the younger sister as
Miss Caddie Colman. I felt that this
was intended as a dismissal. Taking
my hat in hand. I said:
44 May I see you again before I
She bowed acquiescence. After leav
ing Miss Colman, I indulged in a long
walk for the purpose of settling a plan
which had suddenly presented itself to
me and and upon which I was resolved
to act. In short, I had suddenly deter
mined to settle in Abbetown.
As soon as I had matured a plan, I
called on Mr. Hicksey. I proposed to
buv out his interest in the business. He
thought he did not care to sell, I then
went to Miss Colman. She said that
Mr. Hicksey had been exceedingly kind
to them, and she felt under obligations
to him: and that he wished soon to ad
vance Harley, his son, to his interest in
the business and retire.
My jealousy took immediate alarm,
and I sought Harley, the young man
whom I had seen first in the salesroom.
I was rather surprised to find that he
agreed with me. until he gave as nis
reason that another hand would keep
Caddie out of the place, and that would
suit him. Caddie, indeed !
I coolly said: 44 1 shall try to see that
Miss Caddie has interests elsewhere, if I
take an interest here.
He looked at me, I returned it; then
we understood each other. I stayed in
Abbetown three days longer, during
which time I cultivated Miss Caddie's
acquaintance as much as I dared. I
also told Miss Colman that I desired to
settle in Abbetown; that I loved her sis-
ter, and wanted to try and win her for
my wife. I then returned to Macon
ville, for a week. I was somewhat un
easy at leaving Harley Hicksey alone in
the field, for I thought if he loved the
girl as well as I knew I did that he
would not give her up without an ef
fort. In eight days I was again at Abbe
town. Harley Hicksey had again of
fered himself to Miss Caddie Colman,
and been refused. Mr. Hicksey, know
ing this, was ready to conclude a bar
gain for sale, and .Miss Colman desired
to remain with me, as before with Mr.
All this seemed so entirely to my
wishes that I began to fear that I might
miss the one thing to which all these
were made subservient the loss of Cad
die Colman. But as I had always tried
to use my opportunities, so I was not re
miss in this respect, and in one year
from the time of my settlement at Abbe
town I was a married man. We, Col
man & Co., are prospering in our busi
ness. -Mrs. Colman is a dignified, mat
ronly little lady, but among her family
she likes and I think will never lose the
sobriquet of 44 per C."
There is a moral to my story. Every
boy worth the name probably sees it. I
will write it neverthless: When o good
opportunity occurs don't stand idle and
wait for a better, v
Kansas is getting up an anti-tobacco
The most obstinate pig in the world
There are over 8,000,000 horses in the
United States. ','..
Indiana is raising two and a half mil
lions of hogs. r
A new evening paper, the Ledger, is
to be published in St. Louis.
Uncus Sam requires $301,705,036.99
to meet his expenses for 1873.
Dubuque boasts of a bridge that has
borne a train of 87 loaded cars all at
The heathen . Chinee is taking the
place of the colored laborer on the Texas
Harvard College proposes to abolish
compulsory attendance at recitations
and prayers, thus throwing the responsi
bility of scholarship and education upon
the students themselves. .
The number of marriages in Chicago
in the year since the hre have been
greater, and the number of divorces less
than ever before, the same being called
by moralists a purification by fire.
Babhcm's- aha:, o-tllidad -with.. John
Robinson's at Columbus, Ga. , and Bar-
num rather got tne best oi tne row,
whereupon Bobinson brought suit
against Jtiarnum for $3,uuu damages.
The only building left standing in the
Boston burnt district, says the Adver
tiser, has a Mansard roof. So has the
house of Mahlon D. Ogden, the only
house left standing in the North Side
burnt district of Chicago.
The 44 Woolwich infants," those gentle
pieces of English artillery, which weigh
35 tons apiece, have been delivered irom
the bottom of the sea, where they sank
with the vessel Marlborough, and are
doing as well as could be expected.
A Spmngpteld. Mass.. negro has just
invented an improved steam valve for
locomotives, by means of which the
steam pressure is removed from the top
of the valve, and the "wear and tear of
the machinery is greatly reduced.
It is believed the wheat which Cab.-.
fornia will send abroad .-the present - year
will exceed in- value that of the gold
which the State will produce during the
same period. - The wheat crop will bring
the State from$25,000,000 to $30,000,000.
The New York man who invented a
portable iron -safe to carry under the
clothing fell on a .Hudson steamboat tne
other day, in full armor. The machine
held his body firmly on the bottom of
the river, and nis heirs consider it a great
An enterprising thief in Oil City lately
stole over one hundred pounds of nitro
glycerine, and secreted it in his house
just behind a roaring fire. It was dis
covered by the police, and thus the great
labor of picking up the widely-scattered
remains of tne tniei ana nis wne ana
seven small children was avoided. He
was blown up by the Judge, however.
and sentenced to six months' imprison
The Bostoman glass-blowers are
manufacturing relics of the great fire,
They blow bottles and other vessels into
all sorts of shapes, resembling the result
of intense heat, while the inside is in
geniously filled with all sorts of liquids,
from cheap whisky to castor oil. CorkB
are inserted showing every degree of
burning, from a slight scorch to half
consumption, while the contents have
the appearance of having remained in
tact. These relics sell readily for from
twenty-five cents upward.
Growth of Philadelphia.
The city of Philadelphia was never so
prosperous as it is at present, and is lit
erally spreading in all directions. .Never
has bunding been so extensively carried
on as it is now. No less than 6,295
building permits were granted last year,
and, in the course of time, the city bids
fair, to entirely cover the 120 square
miles of land which are within its limits
in accordance with the act of the State
Legislature of 1854. Squares upon
sauares of houses now stand where four
or five years ago young men used to play
base-ball and go gunning. Perhaps tho
great exposition -! 1876 will find the
place as big as New York.
The first colony of Jews in New York
arrived in 1610, the city being at that
time still under the rule of the Dutch.
In 1706 the first Jewish congregation
was formed. They built the first syna
gogue in 1721. In 1844 there were four
synagogues: in 1004 there were twenty
and at present there are at least forty
synagogues in New York. The whole
number of Jewish houses of prayer in
the United States is about 5220.
The wool clip of the world is 1,818,
The Manure Heap.
The prudent farmer will not permit
the manure, that is made through the
winter season to go to waste, and if he is
very wise he will not be content with
simply hauling out a half dozen loads,
when if it is carefully saved he might
have 20 loads or more to put on his land.
Until one tries the experiment, it
seems astonishing that so much manure
could be saved as we have seen hauled
out from one barn during a single win
ter. The secret of a large manure heap
consists simply in cleaning out the stalls,
stables, and pens every day, instead of
once a week or once a month. By fre
quent additions, the -value of the heap
for fertilizing purposes is also greatly in
creased. When the manure has accumu
lated so as to be in the way. the better
plan is to haul it at once to the field.
Practically, every load of manure
hauled to the field, this winter, will add
a load of corn to the crib, we believe
that the good farmer can just as well get
one hundred bushels of corn to the acre
in Kansas, as to be getting but forty or
fifty; and we belidve this result is to be
obtained chiefly by using manure.
No matter whether the ground has
been long in cultivation or not; no mat
ter if it is the second year's ground; a
good coat of manure will increase the
yield of grain. Upon the Agricultural
(Joiiege farm we saw the enect oi ma
nure on new ground. We saw that the
portion manured was nearly as high
again (in June), and the stalks much
larger and stronger, and the color bet
ter than upon an adjoining place that
was not manured. We have not heard
the difference in bushels of grain, but
we will guarantee that the manure
counted in the crib in proportion to its
looks in the field.
We are satisfied that clover is a much
cheaper fertilizer for our large Western
farms, and our peculiar style of farming,
than' is stable manure, or, indeed, any
other fertilizer; but this is no reason
why we should waste the manure.
Therefore, improve any leisure hours by
distributing the manure not one or two
loads only, but twenty, thirty or fifty
loads. It will pay. Kansas Farmer.
To Prevent Sows Destroying Their
Recently a correspondent inquired for
a remedy m cases where sows ate their
young. we hna tne ioiiowing in a
monthly report of the Department of
Agriculture, which, although it does not
seem to furnish a remedy likely to be
generally applied, we give for what it is
worth. No one but the breeder who had
the misfortune to see a fine litter of pigs
destroyed by their dam herself perhaps
the best' sow in his pen can have a
realizing sense of the annoyance and
bitter disappointment such an oecurrenoa
involves. The report says:
It is well known that sows not unfre-
quently attack and destroy their young;
or, if prevented from this, will not let
down their milk, so that the young pigs
necessarily die from want of nourish
ment. When this condition of things is
not caused by a diseased condition of
the uterus, it is said that the sow can be
brought to terms by pouring a mixture
of ten to twenty grains of the spirits of
camphor with one to three ot tne tinc
ture of opium, into the ear. The sow
will immediately lie down on the side of
, 1 1 I'l 1 1 1" A. -
tne ear to wmcn tne application wa
made, and remain quiet in this position
for several hours without interfering
with her pigs; and on recovery from the
stupor will have lost her irritability in
regard to them. The experiment has
been tried in Germany hundreds of times,
according to one of the agricultural jour
nals, without any injurious effects. It is
also said that the eating oi pigs oy tne
parent sow can be readily prevented by
rubbing them all over with brandy, and
making the same application about the
nose of the sow herself.
Special attention should be paid to
those sows that farrow in winter. A
warm, sheltered bed is necessary to save
the pigs; and if not already done, a pen
should be constructed, and the sow
placed in it, and supplied with abun
dance of straw or leaves, in oiiiiaing
the pen, it is a good plan to fasten a six
or eight inch board against the side of
the pen, and about six inches from tne
floor, so that the sow cannot overlie the
pigs. This board serves to Keep tne sow
from the side of the pen, and enables tne
young ones to get under it, if in danger
of being laid on.
if the sow is fed with turnips or pota
toes, either cooked or raw, for a few days
before farrowing, it will increase the
flow of milk, and relieve constipation,
with which they are often troubled at
this season of the year.
The pen in which young pigs are con
fined should by all means be covered, to
keep out both rain and snow: and they
should oe early taught to arum ttiiik anu
slop. The pig is very easily stunted,
and if once set back in its growth, it
takes months to recover them.
While suckling, from the time of far
rowing forward, the sow should be fre
quently given charcoal and salt, as these
serve in a great measure to remove the
morbid appetite that causes them to eat
The total number of agricultural im
plements for which patents were granted
during tne year 101 is x,zuu, suooiviueu
into classes as follows: Bee-hives, 73;
churns, butter and cheese-making im
plements, 90; corn-huskers, 15; corn
sheller8, 15; cotton-pickers, scrapers,
cleaners, choppers, ete., 16; cultivators,
90; diggers, 21; egg-carriers, hatchers,
detectors, etc., 10; feed and straw cut
ters, 30; forks, hay, manure, etc., 20;
fruit-gatherers, 12; flower-stands, pots,
etc., 10; harrows and rollers, -40; harvest
ers and attachments, reapers and mow
ers, 160; hay-tedders, loaders, etc., 25;
hoes, 11; milk cans, coolers, stools, cow
milkers, 24; planters, drills, seeders,
etc., 177; plows and attachments, 160;
pruning implements, 20; racks, feed,
hay, etc., 5; rakes, 36; thrashers, sepa
rators, and cleaners, 72; miscellaneous,
70; total, 1,200. Among the miscellane
ous patents are coops, cattle-ties, flax
pullers, garden implements, grafting
tools, hog-snouters, heage-trimmers,
hair-clippers, insect-destroyers, okes,
root-cutters, sap-collectors, tree-protec-tocs,
transplanters, vases, yine-tr?J-lises,
The Pennsylvania Railroad Horror.
A letter from Erie, Pa., gives the fol
lowing harrowing details of the recent
terrible railroad accident at Prospect
Station, Pa. :
The immediate cause of the accident
at Prospect Station was a broken flange
on the tender wheel. About 60 rods
west of the station is a trestle work
some 30 feet high, over which the locomo--tive
and tender of the eastern bound
train passed in safety, bmt the baggage
and passenger cars, only two coaches
being on the train, were thrown from the
trestle, fell 30 feet, and struck top down
ward. The weight of the trucks crushed
in the cars, closing up the windows, and
to render the situation even more terri
ble, the passenger coach was partially
tilted upon its side, so that for the oc
cupants of that side there were no means
of escape. Almost immediately the cars
took fire, the passenger coach burning at
Some half a dozen persons waiting at
the station were soon at the scene of the
accident, but they worked at an immense
disadvantage. No water, could be had,
and the snow that was scraped up had
but little effect in staying the flames.
Only two axes were available, and the
wood work of the cars was bolted to
gether so firmly and intricately that but
little headway could be made with
All the time that these efforts were
being put forth the flames were steadily
gaining, and the shrieks of the impris
oned victims, as the scorching heat en
veloped them, was appalling to the stout
est heart. Now and then a rope was pat
through a cornice, fastened to a form,
and the sufferer pulled out by main
strength. Sometimes it would be a life
less body, and, the charred arms, legs,
or head would drop off in the struggle.
In three or four instances the head was
thus separated from the trunk, and in as
many more cases the body was bereft of
its limbs. The body of a lady was thus
rescued from the flames, the head and
one arm snapping off like a piece of
charcoal, while the other arm remained
untouched, a dainty kid glove covering
the hand, and her fingers wearing their
jeweled ornaments. The body will
doubtless be- recognized with the aid of
the rings; but for these it would have
been impossible to identify it. The
bodies of three other ladies were taken
out, neither of which can be recognized
by their friends.
Adding these to the number of in
jured that will die, it is estimated that
the total number of lives lost will not
fall short of thirty, the whole number of
persons in the two cars at the time of
the accident being about 45.
Prank Taylor; of Corry, was leaning
against some object, and seeing an ao
quaiirtanee panging called him by name.
The friend turned around and saw Tay
lor, apparently uninjured, but suddenly
he said, "tell my wife," and fell over
dead. He must have died from some
internal injury. The inmates of the
burning cars were crying for aid, and
Mr. Taylor's friend did not see him again
until his, corpse was brought in ' and
placed with the others.
After the groans of the dying: were
stilled in death, the stench arising from
the burning bodies was sickening. With
no means of extinguishing the flames,
and the heat being too intense to admit
of all the bodies being extricated, noth
ing could be done by the spectators but
to stand quietly by and see the remains
Great Railroad Enterprise.
On Friday, the 20th of this month,
there sailed from the port of New York
for Callao. Peru, South America, an ex
pedition composed of mechanics of dif
ferent kinds, among whom are James
Humphrey, of Windsor (formerly of
Wins ted), and Messrs. Chapman, Par
sons and -Barnard, of this city. They
go out in the employ of the Peruvian
Government, and take with them nine of
Leffel's turbine wheels, which are to be
placed at different points in the Peruvian
Andes, on the line of the uaiiao, juima
audOroyo railway. This road passes
along the base of the Andes, rising grad
ually until it arrives at the remarkable
altitude of lo.euo feet, wnen it pierces
the summit, and passes through a tunnel
3.000 feet in length. This tunnel is to
be operated upon similar to the Mont
uems TOmnei, oy meow ui au uvuaaco
sors, which are placed in close proximity
to the wheels, and are to be driven by
them. The compressed air is then car
ried to the required point in pipes,, and
forms the motive power for the diamonds
and Ballard drills: also, for blowers for
ventilation and other purposes. - This
road, after passing the Andes, stretches
awav across the country in the direction
of Brazil, and finally reaches a tributary
of the Amazon, thus affording a line of
communication between the Atlantic and
Pacific shores. It is believed that this
line of road presents greater natural ob
stacles to be overcome by the engineer
than any line in the annals of modern
times, and.when'completed must remain
a lasting monument to the energy and
enterprise of the American engineer.
Hartford Conn.) Vourant.
The Tobacco Crop.
The Louisville Courier-Journal esti
mates the total tobacco crop of 1872 at,
in round numbers, about 259.480.000 lbs,
against 262.735.000 lbs in 187a The
Western crop is probably not far from
the aggregate of the following totals
Kentucky, 105,305,000 lbs; .Missouri,
13.720.000 lbs : Illinois. 5.302,000 lbs
Indiana. 9.139.000 lbs : Ohio. 17.242.000
lbs; Tennessee, 19,533,000 lbs; other
Western States, 2,301,000 lbs. The
entire Western crop, therefore, exclusive
of the States east of Ohio, Kentucky and
Tennessee, will amount to 172,840,000
lbs. against about 145,000,000 lbs in 1871
The production of the same States in
1870 was as followB : Kentucky, 105-
305.800 lbs: Missouri. 13.320.400 lbs
Illinois, 5,249,200 lbs ; Indiana, 9,325,300
lbs ; Ohio, 18,741,aou lbs ; Tennessee,
21.465.400 lbs; other Western States
2.100.000 lbs aggregating 175,508,800
lbs. Of the year's crop, probably 50,000
hogsheads will be marketed in Jjouis-
The amount that Gen. George ..B
McClellan was swindled by the Arizona
diamond speculation has not been as
certained, but it is stated that he was
1 4 'severely victimized."
The melancholy days have come,
The saddest of the year ;
Gone are the pumpkin and the plumb,
The falling leaves are sere ;
The partridge now forgets to drum.
The squirrel to uprear
His merry tail ; the brooks are glum ;
The anglers disappear ;
The crow pursues the vagrant crumb,
Too grateful for the cheer ;
The top haa ceased its summer hum,
The kites are out of gear
O'er Mother Earth a fteroe autumn
Inverts its icy spear.
Each morning some imbibe their rum.
And some absorb their beer ;
Toung soldiers mumble M n-fo-fom I
To drive away their fear.
Blithe, joyous, happy school girls thrum.
Pianos far and near.
Or cut the cake of Sally Lnm,
Or Clara Vere de Vere ;
While others go to chewing gum
To check the truant tear.
A blind young man did once calnm-"
Niate hia predons dear.
And railed, instead of being mum,
Because he did not see her;
But when with cold his feet grew numb,
He turned in his career,
And danced a nplka on his thumb,
And walked off on Ida ear.
(Something broken) plumb,
J . in the V ...queer, ,
J machine ) tum-U-tum,
Men -of color Painters, k
The last man A cobbler. . .r , -Patnfuti
The children's kingdom Lap-land.
The rock that topers split on Quartz.
Common scents Musk and verbena.
The table of interest The dinner-ta
ble. . , -
Pobced politeness Bowing to circum
TbiaijS for the human understanding
Long walks. -
The acrobats of every household- The
pitcher and tumbler.
One can always find a sheet of wafer
in the bed of the ocean.
4 'Meet me at the gate, love, has been
changed to "Meet me at the grate.
Pabtbtdges are tame enough in Illinois
eat from the hand when properly
cooked. . .-' . .-
Which travels the fastest, heat or
cold? Heat, of course, because you can
catch cold.1 ' 1 ' '
rItTTW AntirA tobacco crop of the United
States last year was 263,196,100 pounds,
over one-uura oi waiuu ww xtm. .
Wttt should we celebrate Washing
ton's birthday more than mine?" asked a
teacher. "Because he never told a lie!'
shouted a little boy. . .
a rw nrlvn-rtifies for a competent per
son to undertake the sale of new med-
icine, and aaas mat "is wixi pmo hs
ly lucrative to the undertaker. .
A fwnvrx of Hoosiers. one of whom
was named Trooth, recently had a' little
quarrel over the division of some corn.
Trooth was crushed to the earth, but he
rose again and vanquished his assailant,
and now the eternal ears (of corn) are
Because you havent cash in hand,
- To freely advertise your stand.
Don't be backward nor afraid - .
To offer na your goods in trade.
For anything but law or physic
Well freely "set" our type "on tick"
Advertisers, dont be afraid
To delve in mines, where fortune's made.
Trrn Nw York Mail savs the law just
passed in Kansas, giving mothers control
of their children, is a capital measure,
and should be imitated in ovner states.
Children have had control of their
mothers bo long it is time ior a cnange.
We believe in rotation in the domestic
A -raaAcrreri- one slippery, frosty morn
ing, going home with one of his elderly
members, the old gentleman slipped and
f elL When the minister saw that he was
not hurt, he said: "My friend, sinners
on nlinoerv places." ', "Yes," re
plied the old man, looking at the preach
er, "I see they do, but I can't" , .
A Tbot man spent three-quarters oi
an hour, the other evening, in trying to
pick up a piece of moonshine from his
door-step, which he fondly fancied to be
a newspaper, jus tumcieu uo mixo
out, brought him. to consciousness by
the aid of a loose fence picket and
steadied his tottering steps into tno
Pdut TTiwnt in his lecture, tells a
good story illustrative of early times in
California, which originated in the trial
of a horse-thief. The jury had occupied
for an unpleasantly long tame a room ad
joining the one in which tne tnai uau
taken place, when the Judge, becoming
impatient, opened the door and re
marked, 44 Take your time, gentlemen;
but remember that we wan mm iwia
lay out the corpse." - .
These ought to be a straight, square,
efoni.Ti'n-a.fimneBs about an adveretase-
ment that will convince without a doubt
Do not say, "my stoca. m wuu;,
is doubtless ' tne pest; say n i "
best; you cannot get beyond that u you
swear to it It is worse yet to say, "One
of the best," or, "Among the best, a
though you wanted to be Washington
withhis little hatchet Keep the best
and let every one know it, ana tne uoru
will befriend you. ' ' '
Tn riin experiments to
heat conducting power of linen, cotton,
wool, and silk, Sir numpnrey vJ
found not only that materials conducted
heat in the order above given, linen be
ing the best but that also the tightness
or looseness possessed an important in
fluence. It is therefore evident that irt
the selection of winter clothing, and
especially of that to be worn next to tne
Sain, tne mawstim ui -
ing power, as wool and silk, should be
chosen, and the fabrics should be woven
loosely. As regards the external gar
ments the same rules apply with equal
force, but in this case care should be
taken to remove overcoat and shawls
when in a warm room; especially Bhuld
this be observed in the instance of furs
worn by ladies. The habit of wearing
these articles for hours in. succession,
while shopping and visiting, often so
weakens the power of resistance in the
wearers that they become the ready vic
tims of inflammation of the throat and