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VOL. Vi.NO. 27. " EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 313.
KATIE LEE AND WILLIE GRAY.
[Always published once a year.]
'" biown heads -with tossing cnxls,
Rod lips shutting over pearls, -
r ' 5" fe6t "bite and red with dew,
!JT "J" tilack and two eyes blue
XitUe br,y and girl were they.
AataeXee and Willie Gray.
Taey were standing where a brook,
Bending like a shepherd's crook,
Flashed its silver, and thick ranks
Of green willows fringed the banks,
Half in thought and half in play
.Katie Ln and WillU Gray.
TThey had cheeks like cherries red,
He was taller 'most a head ;
Sh with arms like wreaths of snow,
Swings a basket to and fro,
A3 she loiterB, half in play
Chatting there with Willie Gray.
" Pretty Katie," Willie said.
And there came a dash of red
Through the brownness of his cheek,
Boys arestrong and girls are weak,
And I'll carry, so I will,
Katie's basket u the hill."
Katie answered with a laugh,
Ton shall only carry half,"
And X'aca tossing back her curls,
Boys are weak as well as girls."
Do yon think that Katie guessed
Half the wisdom she expressed T
"Men are only boys grown tall ;
Hearts don't change much, after all.
And when, long years from that day,
Katie Lee and Willie Gray
Stood again beside that brook,
t Bending like a shepherd's crook,
Is it strange that Willie said,
While againa dash of red
Crossed the brovnness of his cheek ;
I'm strong, and you are weak,
Lite is but a slippery steep,
Hung with shadows, cold and deep.
" Will you trust me, Katie dear,
Walk beside without fear 1
May I carry and I will
AH your burdens up the hill V
- And she answered with a laugh,
" No but you may carry half."
Close beside the little brook,
Bendlnglike a shepherd's crook,
Washing with its silver bands,
. ' . Ite sad early at the sands,
Is a cottage, where, to-day,
Katie Uvea with Willie Gray.
In a porch she sits, and lo !
Swings a basket to and fro
Vastly different from the one,
That she swung in years agone;
This is long, and deep and wide,
And has rockers at the side.
He towered by a head above the tall
. sst of the crowd, as erect, if not as vig-
orous, at eighty-five, as he had been at
eighteen 1 What a colossal frame was
his ;. what limbs, and broad shoulders,
. upon which his head, proportionately
massive, was set in a haughty fashion,
befitting this ultimua Romanorum, this
' relic of a grand epoch and a noble
. As he walked slowly past, lifting his
, gold-headed stick as if it were a knightly
truncheon,, I reflected how rich must be
lus experience, how manifold his memo
ories 1 .. Was he not associated with the
brightest day that had ever poured its
. meridian splendor on his native State
a time of genius, of opulenee, of social
' brilliancy, V the Augustan' age " of
And now, he seemed to me like some
solitary column among ruins, scar
red by the destroying elements here and
there, but vigorous and firmly planted
Years had gone by since T had seen
him last, and I felt an unwonted quick
ening of the blood, an unusual tremor
at heart, when, hastening after him
along the noisy Charleston "Bay," I
laid my hand on his arm, and asked,
" You nave not forgotten me, Judge ?"
"Forgotten you!" he replied, his
. steel-gray eyes flashing under their
enormous eye-brows ; " why, boy, your
father was one of my dearest friends
am I likely to iorget his son?" He
. spoke in a deep voice, and with a half
.; reproachful air, as if Borne trifling slur
- had been cast upon his. good faith and
A few more commonplace questions
and replies, and I told the Judge that I
had come to Charleston with the pur
pose of collecting material for a biog
raphy of the distinguished scholar and
statesman, Hugh S. Legare.
"I am delighted to hear that," he
cried, " the more so, indeed, since I
may probably be able to help you on
' some points of importance. Lagare
and I were intimates ; I knew him thor
oughly, virtues and weaknesses alike.
If, then, you wish to hear about him
and his career, come and dine with me
to-morrow." Of course I gladly ac
cepted this invitation.
- The next day, at the appointed hour,
I found the Judge in excellent spirits,
and ready to deluge me with information.
We dined alone, so as not to be in
terrupted ; and that our conference was
full of interest may be inferred from the
fact that, although we sat down to table
at an early hour, St. Michael's bells were
chiming midnight when I rose to take
my leave !
After my special object, touching the
biographical sKetch. had been furthered,
the old gentleman's conversation turned
upon the " dreadful changes " as he
expressed it which had occurred since
the war, not only in the political, but
social status of the city and State.
' - " Sir," said he, " the race of gentle
" men is dying out ! A great horde of
- Goths, carpet-baggers, adventurers, and
reckless chevaliers d'industrie, have
overrun the State, and society is being
tainted to the core. All ideas of per
sonal honor and responsibility have been
discarded. The mass of the people are
without dignity, courage and self-respect.
Insults, once considered mortal, are
now allowed to pass, with little more
notice than the shrug of a shoulder, or
a mere retort in words.
"But. surely. Judge, said 1. "vou
don't regret the partial abandonment of
the old custom of duelling
" I do regret it," he answered, smiting
the table in the earnestness of his pro
test : the duello, under proper restnc
, tions, is the greatest conservative agent
' on earth ! Men. even under the most
refined conditions of society and civil
ization, are disposed to be bullies, and
, there, ought always to be a recognized
check to this tendency, outside the word
ings of the law. In its absence society
becomes brutal and effeminate. One
. must choose between the gentleman'i
pistol and the bowie-knife of the black-
guard, or between a spirited resentment
of injuries and the craven submission of
a cur 1"
" You have seen many duels in your
day. Judare ?
"Well, yes, a good many; and, by-
the-way, let me tell you that I have
known several instances in which Foi
tune, or, I prefer to say, Providence, has
befriended the injured, and also the
weaker party, making all the science,
coolness, and confidence of the profes
sional duellist of no avail in the issue.
One especially remarkable case I will re
late to you ; but first another glass of
wine, if you please." We drank to each
other in that straw-colored .and hock
flavored madeira which, with the jovial
generation of Carolinians by whom, it
was imported, is rapidly sinking to
the dregs, to become like " rare Ben's "
canary, and Shakspeare's " sack," an
antiquated " tipple," a fairy wine of the
Having somewhat pensively emptied
his glass, the Judge proceeded :
In 1825 I resided in St. Paul's par
ish. My plantation was situated about
thirty miles on the other side of the
Ashley river, not very far from the small
hamlet of 'Willtoun's Bluff. The par
ish at that period was thickly settled by
opulent, educated, and decidedly exclu
sive gentlemen. The society among
themselves was charming. Every per
son occupying a certain social position
was intimate with his neighbor; and
what with club-dinners, whist-gatherings,
balls, andhun ting-matches, the win
ters passed away merrily enough. But,
as I have said, we were aristocrats in
both feeling and practice. Any new
comer, desirous f " pitching his tent "
in St. Paul's was well aware if he knew
anything whatever of us that admis
sion to our notice and friendship was
not to be dreamed of, unless his creden
tials in regard to birth and breeding
were of an unexceptionable character.
No French noble, under the reign oi the
Fourteenth Louis, could have been
charier on these points than we were, or
more disposed to look de haut en bas
upon those we had reason to consider
our social inferiors. This principle of
exclusiveism, however, was destined to
receive a shock. A fellow named John
Gillis, who for years had acted as over
sear upon different plantations near
the Edisto, and whose wealth by no
means scrupulously acquired was re
ported to be enormous, came to reside
in St. Paul's, some time, I think, during
the winter of !ib. Me came under tne
worst possible auspices ; for, in addition
to the general bad opinion of his char
acter, he forced the sale of the finest
plantation in the parish (after having
bought up the floating notes of its owner,
one of our mends;, and, finally, so
manuvered as to possess himself of the
" He had scarcely been settled therein
month, before, with unparalleled au
dacity, he sent his name in as a candi
date for admissien to our club. The
magnates of that association stood
achast. For my part, I couldn't help
laughing at the man's impudence, but,
l course, J. joined the others in blacK-
" This rejection, instead of abashing,
marely infuriated Gillis. He took ad
vantage of the circumstance that noth
ing had been absolutely proved against
his character for honesty and upright
dealing, to assert his chums to be re
served upon an equal footing socially,
the most aggravating ana. oftensive
"Perseverance, backed by unlimited
cheek ' (to borrow a slang phrase), are
capable of accomplishing a great deal.
It so happened that one oi our
young men the bluest -blooded per-
naps oi mem ail got into a personal
difficulty with Gillis, who, being com
bative as a game-chicken, and brave as
Julius Caesar, immediately challenged
hin to the field of honor. The youth,
in his anger, accepted the challenge, and
was snot tnrongn tne lungs ior nis con
descension. He did not die, but his
health was permanently injured.
' The consequence of such a meeting
i necessarily to weaken, if not de
stroy, the efficiency of our taboo. A
man whom one of our- comrades had
fought, we (it was maintained) could not
continue utterly to ignore. True, our
club doors were shut against his admis
sion as stringently as ever, and in both
our individual and collective capacity,
wa refused to associate with him. Never
theless, the shrewd rascal comprehended
that, on one essential point, he 'had us,'
as Bassanio says, ' upon the hip,' A
fastidious number of our circle had es
tablished a precedent it would scarcely
be en regie to violate. In extreme cases,
therefore, Mr. John Gillis was to enjoy
the privilege of popping away at our
honorable carcasses a concession which
I alone opposed as foolish and demor
" Thus the resolute parvenu endeav
ored to force his way upward, pistol in
hand. Every year, for three years fol
lowing, he was ' out with some member
of our club, and on every occasion he
had succeeded in ' winging ' his adver
sary. We began rather to respect his
pluck and coolness, and to be careful
about giving him unnecessary offense.
-when certain occurrences took place
which ended in ridding us forever of Mr.
" -: n 1 l; n4-A.n?.
VI1X11I UUU U1D fiOKUllUUUD.
There lived at Willtoun's Jjlufi '
c-entieman oi consiaeraoie property,
11 ?3 1. 1 L
whom everybody in the parish liked for
his free-handed, liberal ways, his jovial
temper and his proverbial generosity
and unselfishness. Arthur Wilson was,
in some respects, a Falstaff, without
Falstairs vices. .Lake the hero of Gads-
lull, he was physically ' a tun of a man,'
and he resembled him likewise in his
superabundant wit and humor. But,
poor fellow ! he had been destined to
suner from a terrible "thorn in the
flesh.' His wife, a dried up little crea
ture one could hardly see in her hus
band's gigantic and overpowering pres
ence, ruled him nevertheless with
sway absolute, despotic, and admitting
cf neither appeal nor modification.
was the most ludicrous thing on earth
to observe this ' man mountain,' a wave
of whose hand would have half anni
hilated his tiny consort, shrinking with
the dread of a school-boy from the mere
sound of her shrewish voice, or depre
cating her displeasure by elaborate genu-
nexions and anxious concessions, none
cf which ever soothed or satisfied her
" The Wilsons had no children of their
own, but a niece of Arthur's resided
with them, who, in her nineteenth year,
was the handsomest girl X ever remem-
ber to have known, which is saying an
immense deal, I can assure you.
" Handsome is as handsome does,
remarks the proverb, and it must be ac
knowledged that Kitty Wilson's conduct
added nothing to the general apprecia
tion of her beauty, ohe was a wild,
eccentric, reckless young thing, whose
depraved taste was exhibited in a manner
which almost ran her good-natured uncle
mad. For, mirabile dictu, Kitty fell in
love, of all persons in the world, with
" Though a widower and middle-aged,
he was good-looking, and had certainly
acquired not a few of the externals of a
gentleman ; but still the young lady's
guardian could not entertain for a mo
ment the idea of such a match. It was
opposed to every rule of lea convenances,
a circumstance which only strengthened
Kitty's perverse determination to carry
out her own blood in the matter.
" How she had made the acquaintance
of Mr. Gillis, where and when they had
first encountered each other and been
smitten with a ' mutual flame,' remained
a mystery ; but there is little doubt that
Kitty would have married her cavalier if
she had had only her kind and somewhat
yielding uncle to contend with.
Uut Mrs. Wilson, a nost in nerseu,
rushed to the rescue. She had
been absent from home during the ini
tial stages of the courtship, or it would
never have been allowed to go so far.
" ' Ho, indeed ! as she viciously ex
claimed, I would have nipped it in the
bud !' Whether her authority could be
rightly stretched to that extent, whether
in truth she had any legal authority in
this case, the fiery little woman did not
pause to consider.
' he only yearned to snow her hand,
to begin hostile operations with a ven
geance. The chance she looked for
Gillis called at her house, request
ing to see Miss Kitty. He was admitted
to the presence of the indignant matron
instead. What she said to him pre
cisely, did not transpire ; but her lan
guage and bearing must have been bit
terly insulting, for Gillis left the house
in a white rage, and in less than an
hour's time had revenged himself upon
the wife by subjecting the husband to
the grossest of indignities.
But one course remained open to
our good-natured friend. He must meet
Gillis immediately, and in a hght a
" In this delimma he replied to me
" Certainly, I will serve you, Arthur,'
said I, replying to his somewhat woe
begone appeal; 'but how about your
shooting ? Are you in fair practice
Practice Y he echoed, dolefully:
' I never shot a pistol but once. Then
the d d thing burst, and carried away
the tip of my ear look I And, throw
ing buck his gray, but still luxuriant
locks, he showed me where the organ in
question had been slightly marred of its
" 4 There's not a moment to be lost.
then,' I exclaimed. ' Come, I'll let you
have my own weapons ; they are perfect
beauties, and a baby almost could man
If that were so, it speedily became
evident that Arthur Wilson was less
skillful than the suppositious baby,
" When I had arranged all prelimina
ries for a meeting with Gilhs on the fol
lowing morning, I took my man into the
yard and drilled him. Good heavens !
what a raw. awKward recruit lor the
' noble army ' of duelists he turned out
to be !
Instead of reducing his huge person
to its least practicable size, he insisted
A " , J . J AT
upon squaring xus uouy wjwhxu mt
mark, and taking his shots in that most
. " And such shots as they were ! Out
of a dozen trials, he lodged only two
bullets within a space of ten feet m
height and six in breadth. The others
were plumped into the ground, with the
exception of one widely-erring piece of
lead, which flew over the outbuilding
that sustained the target, and, smashing
a kitchen-window opposite, elicited
shrieks long and loud from the cook.
"Xjuckily that responsible domestic
was not hurt, but her fright was extreme.
' ISO use, no use I tis only a waste
of ammunition !' cried Wilson, after the'
twelfth shot, which grazed his own boot
but cheer up, F , I may do better
on the ground, you know.'
Keallv it was extraordinary. The
wilder his shooting, the more confident
my fat principal became. All bis for
mer despondency had vanished. x&
was as cool as usual, and even in higher
spirits. X tried to encourage this mood
in him. but. to confess the truth,
looked upon the poor fellow as doomed.
Why. Gillis could, cut a tape-line, hit
auarter-piece, or snuff a candle, at
twenty paces, and was hard and steady
as the rock of Gibraltar. We could
only trust to the chapter of accidents,
Contrary to my advice and entreaties,
Wilson insisted upon having a small
party of friends to sup with him that
" If 1 m to be Killed to-morrow, he
said, as I know you think I will be,
for heaven's sake let me enjoy the so
ciety of my comrades for the last time.
i ji t t ,
than it is ; therefore, what matter ?
We sat up until after eleven, drink
ing and playing wnist. as tne ciock
struck the half hour to midnight, I took
our friend's arm and mildly compelled
him to retire.
" ' Take care,' I whispered on the
threshold of his chamber, ' don't over
sleep yourself in the morning. '
Pshaw, man I he replied, you
needn't be so cautious ; my wife knows
all about this quarrel, and she'll see
it that 1 m up in good time ; never fear.
" He spoke a little bitterly, as if his
consort's tender care for hiahonor was
characteristic which, under the circum
stances, he would have preferred to dis
" To-morrow dawned through a driz
zly, cold, uncomfortable mist. Never
in life had I felt so savage and gloomy
feeling by no means softened when,
standing on the appointed ground, which
overlooked a cemetery, I watched our
friend's elephantine person looming big
ger than its wont through the gloom.
" Doctor, JJ muttered to the surgeon,
' have your instruments ready. They'll
" The doctor grinnd, evidently with
professional satisfaction, as his eye
dwelt demurely opon the man, whose
body he would soon, doubtless, be en
gaged in carving, unless he fell dead at
the first shot, which might happen.
" Gillis, with his second, reached the
ground a few minutes after us. He rode
up in a magnificent landau, drawn by a
pair of blood-horses, and looked so
diabolically cool, tranquil, and assured
of victory, that I yearned to trounce the
arrogance out of him with a manilla cane.
" There was little time, however, ior
these idle longings. I approached our
adversary's second, and we tossed up for
positions and the word.
He won them both wnien .was a
charming omen I thought and we
then proceeded to place our principals
at the regulation distance of ten paces,
which, owing to Wilson's height and
ulk, had never seemed so leaifjuiiy
short to me before.
" Out came the pistols next, but, in
loading the weapon designed for Wilson,
I found a trifling impediment in the
barrel, which occupied me some minutes
in removing. While thus engaged, Gil
lis address d his second impatiently,
and, in a voice loud enough to reach
us all :
" ' What's the matter now ?' he cried.
Come. Phillips, hurry up, and don't
keep me waiting here the whole morning.
Haven't I told you I must be in Charles
ton by three this afternoon? and, by
I' (pulling out his watch), 'it's
growing cursed late !'
" Mr. Phillips, 1 said, if your prin
cipal violates the rules by speaking in
that way again, we shall retire from the
' Quite right, sir,' Mr. Phillips re
plied, who really seemed exasperated at
the others conduct. 'Another word
(to Gillis), ' and I'll leave the ground
This incident did not improve Gillis
temper, you may be sure, and so when,
all preliminaries duly arranged, the par
ties confronted each other before nring,
I saw the devil in the scamp's eye as
plainly as I have often detected it in the
eves of a vicious stallion.
" ' Gentlemen,' said Phillips, clapping
his hands-sharply, ' gentlemen, prepare
to receive the word! Are you ready?
Fire ! One !
" We never heard the second or third
numbers, and I scarcely think they were
repeated, for, between ire and "Une,
Wilson had blazed gallantly away, antic
ipating his enemy's shot by just the
fraction of a second.
"Simultaneously with the report of
his own pistol we saw Gillis le(p into
the air, and then fall heavily on his side.
Yet, wonderful to relate, before anybody
could reach him, he had partially re
covered himself, and, staggering to his
feet, yelled hoarsely out : " The other
pistol, Jf hiliips, quicK, tne otner pistol i
I) n his soul, I'll bag him yet 1 Don't
you hear me, fool ? the other pistol I'
In uttering these words, the wounded
wretch blundered and stumbled about
the ground, but he got his quietus, and
in a short time was stretched once more
upon the earth, never, by his own efforts,
to rise again 1
"In less than twenty-four hours Gil
lis was a dead man ! While being car
ried to bis home, he raved and blas
phemed horribly, and such were his suf
ferings before insensibility came t bis
relief that, as I was told, none but the
attending physician could muster up the
The debt of England was reduced last
The total meat supply of Great Britain
last year was seventy-eight pounds for
-Two real Archdukes of Austria helped
to put out a tire in the house of the
umtea states minister at Vienna.
Families whose Bons have joined the
insurrectionists are fined 20 reals per
day during their absence.
The French insurance companies did
well last year; the proportion of damages
did not exceed 40 per cent, of the pre
The high price of iron is embarrassing
British ship-builders. Finding they could
not safely take contracts, one hrm, the
most extensive on the Tay, recently dis
charged 150 of their workmen.
President Titters is said to be worth
$200,000, in great part through his writ
ings. Victor Hugo is put down for
$120,000; "George Sand" for nearly
twice as much; Edmond About for
$50,000; Victorien Sardon, author of
"Rabagas," for $100,000; andTheophile
Gautaer died worth $200,000.
The workmen in one of those co-oper
ative enterprises known as "industrial
partnerships," in England, recently re
ceived a bonus of 3 per cent, on the
year's earnings, and have received in all
$27,500 (in addition to the wages current
in the district) since the new scheme was
The Prussian Minister of the Interior
has been beaten in all his suits against
the newspapers who published the .Papal
allocution. Such victories ruin the un
fortunate editors, who are despoiled of
their property arbitrarily, and then, after
weeks of legal discussion, are told to go
rn'peace, the Minister erred in his con
struction of the law.
The accounts of Mme. Adelina Patti's
benefit at St. Petersburg, recently, pre
sent the Emperor Alexander in an en
tirely new light. His Majesty went on
the stage, and, with his own hands, of
fered the heroine of the evening a dia
mond coronet representing wild roses.
At the inspiring sight of the Czar of all
the Russias making a present on the
public boards to an undoubtedly charm
ing prima donna, the loyal audience
rose as one man and applauded with en
The great profits that may be realized
by coal owners in England and elsewhere
are indicated by the statement of a coal
company organizing in London, which
claims that a profit of 50 cents per ton
will yield 26 per cent, on the capital em
ployed; and that it the present price,
$5.25 per ton for steam coal, is main
tamed, the company will clear S6 per
ton, and of course be able to pay a very
THE LAW OF STORMS.
The Whirling Movement, and its Causes—
How to Tell the Direction of a Storm—
How to Tell the Direction of a Storm— Center.
Observations of the weather during
the past few years have established our
knowledge of the important meteorolog
ical fact that all our storms are accom
panied by the phenomenon of a circular
wind. The fac is now much more widely
Known than its cause. The accompany
ing diagram will enable our readers to
understand the latter :
The secondary cause of a storm is a
reduced air-pressure over any particular
part of the earth s surface ; which is
indicated by a depression of the mer
cury in the barometer within that region,
Hence the central district of a storm is
technically called "an area of low bar
ometer." Towards this region the sur
rounding air rushes iu to restore an equi
librium, and that rush of air is known as
wind. The resulting circular motion.
around the central point, is due to the
rotation of the earth upon her axis, from
west to east.
It is easy to calculate that the velocity
of rotation at the equator, 24,900 miles
in 24 hours, is 17.3 miles per minute.
while at the pole it is nothing. In the
latitude of 40 degrees it is 13i miles ; in
the latitude of 45 degrees it is rzi miles
per minute. The earth carries the at
mosphere along with it, and the velocity
of the atmosphere at any point iB the ve
locity of that point, which decreases with
an increase in the latitude. It is evident
that, if a mass of air at any point be
moved northward of southward, from
any cause, it will preserve for a time the
eastward velocity of the point from which
it started : lust as a stone thrown from
the window of a moving railroad car is
carried forward by the impetus of the
train. Henoe, a mass of air moving
southward, m this hemisphere, will lag
behind in the rotation, while the relative
motion will be faster than that of the
surface if it move northward, because of
the change in velocity of the surface due
to the latitude.
Now suppose the top line of our dia
gram to represent the parallel of 45 de
grees of latitude, and the length of the
horizontal arrow indicate the motion per
minute on that parallel.' Let the lower
line represent the parallel of 40 degrees ;
then the length of the arrow near it will
indicate the velocity of the air there per
minute. In each case the sun. ace, and
its superincumbent air, moves in the di
rection of the arroww If an area of low
barometer be at C, nearly midway be
tween these two parallels, the air will
move towards that area from every point
of the compass : and the result is indi
cated in the diagram, where the dotted
lines show the tendency, and the full
lines show the direction, of the actual
movement. A mass of air coming from
the north at N, moves eastward with a
velocity 12j miles per minute, while the
storm-center moves 12 miles per minute.
Hence, the moving air drags behind at
the rate of J mile per minute, or 30 miles
per hour, and takes the direction of the
arrow, towards the circumference of the
small circle, instead of its center at J.
Similarly a mass of air moving north
ward, from S. has an initial velocity of
13J miles per hour greater than that of
the center of the storm ; and moves in
the direction of the arrow from S, in
stead of the dotted line. Similary, we
may show that the same deviation oc
curs in the case of the air coming from
every direction towards C ; and the con
sequence is that the air moves round the
center of the area of low barometer, in
a direction contrary to that of the hands
of a watch that is laid with its face up
The vertical motion resulting from
all directions towards a storm-center is
even more decided than indicated by the
diagram, which only represents the
secondary tendency. The central rush
is opposed, or counteracted, by the elas
ticity of the several volumes of air as
they approach each other ; and their
impetus carries them around in the di
rection of the movement already estab
lished, so that the whirl extends nearly
as far from the center as the distance
from which the winds blow. All the air
that tends towards the storm-center
moves round it, in an approximate circle
in just the same way that water courses
round in a funnel, for a similar reason,
and in the same direction, the only differ
ence being that the central column
air moves upward, while the central
column of water in the funnel moves
A knowledge of these facts enables
not only to tell the direction of the storm
center, but often to know whether it
approaching towards us, or receding,
is passing us at a harmless distance,
we face the wind the storm-center will
plways be on the right hand ; or if we
turn so that the wind blows from left
right we shall face the storm-center. If,
at the same time, the mercury in the bar-
m L 3
ometer continues to fall, we may be sure
that the vortex is approaching us ;
while, if the barometer rises, we
may count on its having passed by.
The general direction of the movement
of the center is from west to east ; out it
may depart several points from the cardi
The preceding generalizations of po
sition apply to the Northern Temperate
Zone. A little consideration will help
us to understand that, in the Southern
Temperate Zone, the direction of the
rotary movement is the opposite to that
of storms in this region ; tne winds diow
round the vortex the same way that the
hands of a watch move. In the Torrid
Zone, within what are technically known
as the " doldrums" (the limits of true
cvclone action), the difference between
the lengths of the successive parallels of
latitude is bo small tutt the conditions ,
of rotary motion kie present but feebly,
and not at all on the equator.
It is evident that this Knowledge is of
much greater practical value on the
water than on the land : added to which,
storms move with more regularity on the
ocean than on shore, the motion not
being interfered with by irregularity of
surface. On land our theoretical circle
often becomes an irregular ellipse, but
on the ocean the circular form is very
nearly preserved. The manner may
avoid serious damage, and perhaps total
loss, by a knowledge of these facts of
storm motion, by steering as nearly as
may be away from the vortex. This may
be accomplished by keeping the starboard
side to windward, and getting out of the
track if the storm-center be moving to
wards the first noted place of the vessel.
Some of our ocean-going seamen are
already educated up to a knowledge of
these facts, and an appreciation of their
value ; and there can be no doubt that a
more thorough dissemination of the
principles of storm science will result in
a material diminution in the annnal per-
Colbert, in Chicago Tribune.
The ex-rebel raider Gen.
keeps a livery-stable.
St. Atiottsttne. Fla.. is nftv years
older than any city in the United States.
The members of the Iowa Press As
sociation are going to "excurt" to
Niagara Falls in June to the extent of
$50 a head, if they can get $50 ahead of
A Boston girl who was married four
years ago in a dress worth $5,000 may
now be seen splitting her own Kindlings
and doing her own washing.
A retired soldier, who marched up
ward of 4,000 miles during our civil
says that the hardest March he
ever experienced is the one just gone.
CoNNEonom manufactures about half
of all the carriage trimmings, cutlery
and edge tools, hardware, plated ware,
spectacles and eyeglasses made in the
A St. LoOls constable recently levied
upon the dinner being prepared in one
of the hotels oi tne city, ana, as uie
claim was not satisfied, the inmates were
obliged to go hungry.
Eight rears ago Gen. John B. Gordon
led a column of Virginia troops against
Fort Ste adman, one of Gen. Grant s
fortifications at Petersburg. Now he
sits in the United States Senate. In the
House. Alexander H. Stephens, ex-Vice-
President of the Confederacy, has seven
ex-rebel Generals to greet.
The man who sells the lease of the
corner of Broadway and Fulton streets
to the New York Evening Post for
$250,000 was an oyster catcher m New
York bay, seventeen years ago. Getting
a little money ne worKea nis way up,
and finally invested all he had in a loag
lease of that land at $19,000, which he
has just sold for $250,000.
The work of removing the Bed nver
raft is progressing under Lieut. Wood
ruff, being effected by sawing out the
logs and floating them off down the
river. About six miles of the raft has
alreadv been cleared up.
It would be
infATAafino-tn aaa the total amount that
has been expended by the Government
m fnnrnn- vpara fnr T.n A TATrl OVA 1 OI til 1H
same raft, and also how many times the
raft has been removed and re-iormea
The will of the late Samuel J. Browne,
a clergyman of Cincinnati, has been an
nulled, on the ground that the testator
was insane. This will left $200,000 to
found a university to be named after Mr.
Browne. The heirs of the testator
agree to give $100,000 to endow the Cin
cinnati University. This Mr. Browne,
it will be remembered, shot a boy and
Vi'HaI V,im tnr 1-nViViinor Viia nroh n.rr . a
killed him. for robbing his orchard, a
few months before his death.
" o j
Every one who has been shocked by
the visible suffering of cattle, as they
stand with lowered heads and weary.
jaded faces in the crowded cars which
are transporting them to the Eastern
markets, will learn with pleasure that a
radical change is to be made in the ship
ping department. The Palace cstocK
Car Company is making' arrangements
by which cattle can be shipped to the
East from Texas without change of cars,
and can be fed and watered by the way,
and will have plenty of room in which
to sleep comfortably.
During the war a large number of
slaves were enlisted in the army from
Maryland and Kentucky, from Virginia
and other (States penetrated py me
armies of the Government. Heretofore
under the bounty and pension laws no
provision had been made for such per
sons, but one of the very last acts passed
bv Congress before its recent adjourn
ment placed them on the same footing
as to bounties and pensions as all other
A very important provision of the
new consolidated pension laws has just
been brought to notice, and is one which,
if literally construed, will take several
millions out of the Treasury. It de
clares that the pension of widows shall
be increased at the rate of $2 per month
for each child under the age of 16 years
of the husband on account of whose
death the claim has been or shall
granted, the increase to date from July
5, 1866. This provision attracted
attention at the time of the passage
THE DOOR STEP.
BY EDMUND C. STEADMAN.
The conference meeting through at last,
Ws boys around the vestry waited,
To see the girls come tripping past.
JAke snow-birds waiting to De maiea.
Not braver he that leaps the wall
By level musket flashee litten,
Than I. who stepped before them all,
Who longed to see me get tne minem.
But no, she blushed and took my arm 1
we let tne oia noiss isks tue umuwmj,
And started toward Maple Farm
Along a sort of lovers' Dy-way.
I cant remember what we said,
Twas nothing worth a song or story,
Tet that rude path by -which we sped
Seemed all tranaiormea ana in a giw
The snow was crisp beneath our feet.
The moon was full, the fields were gleaming ;
By hood and tippet sheltered sweet,
Her lace witn youin ana uraiui a.
- The little band outsit) fees ma fwe'-mi -n-
O sculptor, If you could but mould it I
So lightly touched my Jacket cuff,
Xo keep u warm x naa mi iiuiu aw
To have her with me there alone,
Twas love and fear and triumph blended ;
At last we reached the foot-worn stone,
Where that delicious Journey enaea. . .
She shook her ringlets from her brow,
And with a " Thank you. Ned," dissembled '
But yet I know she understood
Wltii what a oaring wisn i uvuiiaw.
A cloud passed kindly overhead,
The moon was slowly peeping through it, v.
Tet hid its face as if it said,
Come, now or never 1 aoui ao u
My lips till then had only known
ine kiss OI mower ana ox bibmjx-,
But somehow, full upon her own
Sweet, rosy, darling mourn i sissea nor i
Perhaps it was only boyish love, yet, still,
O, lis ti ess woman ! weary lover !
To feel once more that fresh, wild thrill
I'd give Dut wno can live uie over j
A capital business Lending money.
A " CHEST-PROTECTOR "A good pftd-
A noisy piece of crockery The cup
Ought not a hermit to call his heuse
When is a lawyer strongest? When
he is fee-blest.
Mixing in society Taking your grog
with your friends.
Never leave your hat in a passage
unless it's a bad one. .
We can never see the point of a joke
when we are the butt "
Which is the chief of precious stones
mentioned in the Bible ? Brimstone.
The proverb sayB. "It is never too late
to mend" nor too early. .
"Figures won't lie." "Buttheydo,"
said Guppy ; " my wife's did. "
"RrMw-K rncprao mav be taught in a
single lesson of three words: Never lend
Marriage The altar on which man
lays his wallet, and woman her aftec
" Shami you sue for damages?" "Not
much ! it's repairs I need ; I m damaged st
Why should Irish tradesmen give more
trust than others ? Because they are of
the sell-tick race.
A boy at North Adams; Mass., has de
claimed " On Linden, when the sun was
low," 340 times.
Sam, am Julius studying for de mm
strels?" "Yes." "Where?" "At the
Sing Sing 'cademy."
Pi vnn a11 m of what race of men
Napoleon Bonaparte was descended? Of
course I can (Coraican). Well, then,
why don't you?
Srr atill .that is the devil 1" remarked
the xvev. jut. jaammuuu n ? j j
iSluHfl meeting, tne oiner nigim, tto-oyii".
one cried " fire" outside. - jmo, am
it's Jim Chase," cried a little boy near
the window, who saw the "fire alarm
running along the street.
a mrv.-ra.k-a.-cns. boasting to a school
mate of his father's accomplishments,
put it thus: " My father can ao almost
anything. He's a notary public, and
he's a 'pothecary, and can pun teem,
Lmd he's a horse doctor, and he can
I wAcrrma Ann l.lllllitt. MM
AUCAAU " T - i U X 11
I play the fiddle, and he s a jackass at all
Murray hires a cab to take him to an
Mr. Duffer gives to beggars ana avoias
a poor box.
Mr. Jones dares not praise a jjiuimo
until he knows who painted it.
an album, peu a
I An j -Vl wt.H old postage stamps.
I , v traxrol
i Mr. iianss preiero, no " "
second class, because the. first class is no . ...
Mr. urown begins w ugm " "
cording to the almanac instead oi tne
thermometer. : '
Mr. Grabb is always ready to oorrow
a cigar of you, but never volunteers to
lend you one.
Miss Simperton can't -travel half a
dozen miles without a lady's maid and ' 4. -,
half a dozen band-boxes.
Mr. Toirkins can't enjoy a pppet , ...
show because he won't restrain himself j
from looking at the wires. ,
Miss Dawdleton can crochet, knit, and
tat, but, except in great emergencies,
cannot sew a button on.
Mr. Robinson once journeyed to Jeru-,," V
salem, and cannot meet you for five
minutes without saying he has done so.
Mr. Moneybags aspires to oe a Bcnooi
trustee, although he calls intelligence
"reliable" and peculiar "pecoolier."
Mr. Flucker never plays a game of
billiards with a friend without alleging
that he has not touched a cue for up
wards of a twelvemonth. '
Mr. Growler never misses any chance,
-mil An Inn nth Ar Tiartv is in power, of
proclaiming his opinion of the decadence
of the republic. .
M Preparation of jj bench uhaiik.
The substance generally hnown as
French chalk, used by tailors for mak
ing marks upon cloth, is manufactured
by fubbing ultramarine, ochre, etc (ac
cording to the color desired), with pipe
clay softened ivlth water. The mixture
is then poured into moulds, and dried
in 'slightly heated room.
s) "4 ,