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L. ti.- GOULD, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, In Advance,
VOL. VI.--NO. 32, . EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 29, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 318.
LEFT ALONE AT EIGHTY.
BY ALICE ROBINS.
What did you Mrt dor breakfast 7
Somehow Pre slept too late ;
You are Tory kind, dear EOio ;
Go tell thorn not to wait. '
111 ttrem aa quick as ever X can.
My old hands tremble sore.
And Folly, who nscd to help, dear heart,
Lieut t'other side of the door.
Put up the old pipe, deary,
I couldn't amoke to-riny ;
I'm nort o dazed aud f riRhtcned,
And don t know what to say.
It's loneaome in the house here,
And lonesome out o door
I never knew what lonesome meant
In all my life before.
The bees go humming the whole day long.
And the first June rose has blown ;
And I am eighty, dear Lord, to-day,
Too old to be loft alone 1
O, heart of love 1 so still and cold,
O precious lips so white
For the first sad hours in sixty years
You were out of my reach last night.
You ve cut the flower. You're very kind ;
tthe rooted it last May.
It was ooly a slip ; I pulled the rose,
And threw the stem away. '
Cut nhe, sweet, thrifty soul, bent down,
And planted it where she stood ;
Dear, maybe the flowers are living," she said,
Asleep in this bit of wood."
I cant rest, dear I cannot rest ;
Let the old man have his will.
And wander from porch to garden-post
The house is so deathly still ;
Wander, and long for a sight of the ate
She has left ajar for me
We had got so used to each other, dear,
So used to each other, you see.
Sixty years, and so wise and good,
She made me a better man ;
Frm the moment I kissed her fair, youLg face,
Our lover's life began.
And seven fine boys she has given me,
And out of the seven not one
But the noblest father in all the land
Would be proud to call his son
O, well, dear Lord, 111 be patient,
But I feel sore broken tip ;
At eighty years it's an awesome thing
To drain such a bitter cup.
I know there's Joseph, and John And Hal,
And four good men beside :
Bat a hundred sons couldn't be to me
Like the woman I made my bride.
My Utile Polly wo bright and fair !
So winsome and good and sweet I
She had roses twined in her sunny hair,
White shoes oi her dainty feet ;
And I held her hand was it yesterday
That we stood up to be wed ?
And no, I remember, I'm eighty to-day,
And myMoar wif o Volly is dead. '
Velocity means rate of motion. But
what is motion t Could there be found,
anywhere through space, a point of ab
solute rest, from . which to date as a
starting-point, we might quickly give
the ' old-time answer that motion is
change of place. And were there any
degree of speed, however great, or how
ever small, measured from any such
point, which might bo used as a unit of
velocity, we could as easily define what
. we mean by rat of motion. But, when
we come to realize ' that no such fixed
point has been found, and no unit of.
velocity agreed upon, that every known
particle of matter is in absolute motion,
and that their motions are "in every con
ceivable direction, and, with every com
ceivable degree of velocity, the Case is
This is an unenviable predicament for
one who would write intelligently, if he
could, on a subject that certainly po
Besses some interesting points. Our
fathers had a much easier time. With
them there wore many fixed points
broad earth, with its firm rocks and im
movable hills from which they Could
measure motion at witL But that time
was long -. since before -. those arch
" heretics," Copernicus and Galileo,
played such wild work with the f otthda
tions of physical faith, proving, to the
satisfaction of everybody, except the
Pope and a few other conservators of the
oldregirnes, that " the earth doesmove,"
thus striking away the only fixed points
from which to measure absolute motion.
This was not all the mischief done it
was only the entering wedge. For a
time, after the earth had. been abandon
ed to the resistless whirl upon its own
axis, and the - stupendous orbit round
the sun assigned to it by Copernicus.
the minds of a few rallied around the
sun itself aa a fixed center: and others
looked, as a last resort, to those twink
lers on high, which to this day- are call
ed ." fixed stars." Alas I they are fixed
only in fancy. Science has demonstrat
ed that the sun is no better behaved
than the earth, but is whizzing through
Btace. like a errent red-hot nfliinnn-hnll
Bhot in the direction of the constellation
Hercules, and that the starry hosts are
all engaged in a ' brilliant dance, more
grand ana nimble-rooted than imatnna
tion can conceive, in some order, and
probably around some center, as yet
oeyona tne reach or science.
This upturning of all the old settled
notions about rest and motion would
seem to have been pretty thorough, but
is was scarcely tne hail. When any one.
wearied with the ceaseless motions of
Bun, moon and stars, sought relief by
looking to the earth in hopes to find
something here that was at least rela
tively at rest, they shared the fate of the
nove sent out from .Noah s ark. True.
there were many things relatively at rest
as to their external forms, but, when their
interiors came to be critically examined,
is was discovered mat, not only is every
living creature, whether animal or vege
table, a laboratory, with various depart-
ukjuvo, xorever aiive with, pumping,
pushing, heating, cooling, depositing,
rejecting', but that even the atoms of
hardened -steel and other adnmn.nt.inA
things, instead of being at perfect rest
among themselves, locked each to each,
as our fathers thought, appear to be in
a state of endless activity, how great in
proportion to their several magnitudes
we know not, but perhaps even to the
extent of rotation nnon thir ravm-a!
axes, and even of revolution round each
other, like stars in the unwearied skv.
So Bays theory ; and if it prove to be
trne, then is there no rest this side of
neaven. .. .
- In this state of affairs, what are we to
do fpr a zero and a unit ? "We must ap
point them for ourselves, of course, and
the simplest plan will be to adopt the
principle involved in that queer German
philosophy which distributes the whole
universe into two grand divisions, " The
jue" oh one side, and " The Not Mef
on the other, and suppose each man to
make his- person the zero, and his rate
oi locomotion tne unit of measure.
Now, it is true 'that this plan, involves
an almost absurdity : for. if each man
makes his person a zero,' he is in fancy
his own fancy, by-the-by, the center
the universe the fixed point from
which, and to which, and tangentially
related to which, all motion proceeds.
But, if he is a fixed point he cannot
move ; so that, as lie strolls tipon the
surface of the earth, it is not he that
moves within and therefore over it, but
the earth that moves hither and thither
under him ; or, as he walks leisurely
away from the foot of a mountain, it is
not that the flexors and extensors of his
legs, acting upon their appropriate
bones, shove him away from the moun
tain, but shove the mountain away from
him. fcidiculous, however, as this may
seem, let every intelligent man, and
especially every astronomer, think be
fore he laughs ; for it is identically the
principle which is adopted in the gravest
and sublimest of sciences, when it de
scribes the zenith, the highest point of
the visible universe; "lis culminating
directly above the observer's head, and
the nadir as the point directly beneath
his feet, and the horizon, the apparent
boundary between earth and sky, as a
circle of which his eye is the center.
Having - thus secured our starting-
point and our unit of measure, we give
our attention first to the lesser velocities.
A man's rate of locomotion, as deduced
from the march of an army, is fairly
stated at twenty miles a day, two miles
per hour, and three feet per second.
The Blow pace of the ox, and the still
Blower of the tortoise and the snail,
whatsoever lessons they may teach of
the wonders to be accomplished
bv perseverance, have little the aspect
of romance. We let them pass.
The slowest motion in nature, of
which the naked eye can take cogniz
ance, is that of a star, as it passes over
a small moveless twig, while the watch
er rests his head against a support. The
star, we mean a fixed star, can never be
magnified by the most powerful tele
scope to be more than a point of light,
and we might reasonably expect that in
passing the twig it would be suddenly
and wholly quenched on one side, and
as suddenly appear in full glory on the
other. But this is not so ; its fading
occupies a number of seconds, probably
because the pupil of the watcher's eye
is broad enough to graduate its light
into a kind of penumbra.
But there are motions in Nature too
slow to bo perceived except after a lapse
of time, though we are certain of them
as we are of the march of an army
the growth of a plant, for instance ; that
he increase oi distance between its
root and the terminal bud. True,
farmers tell us that they can sometimes
hear their corn grow : for that, "in a
rich bottom, after a shower, in growing
weather, the shuck will crack audibly of
a still night, as its overlapping parts
give way to the increasing ear. But
who' yet, unless it be whilom Jack, of
moon-climbing memory, ever professed
to see the growth of anything, even of
the most rampageous vines t
Slow m these motions are, however,
they are rapid in comparison with others,
which are familiar enough to us all,
though few persons may have ever had
the curiosity to calculate their rate. We
lind it to be three feet ra ttiatncter, ana
one hundred and fifty feet in lenerth.
from the earth to its topmost twig. On
counting its concentric rings, each one
of which required, a year for its deposi
tion, we learn that it is three hundred
and sixty years" old. These figures
enable ns to determine that the erowth
of the bnm upward has been at the aver
age rate of five inches a year a low rate
of velocity, truly ! - But what shall we
say of v that other velocity, represented
by the increase of size from the center
of the trunk outward ? Eighteen inches
in the three hundred and sixty years is
at the rate of one-twentieth of an inch in
one year, or 1-7300 of an inch a day, or
1763 UU of an inch an hour,
Slow as these rates of motion are, they
are as truly velocities however they
may seem rather to be tarditiesr as the
flight of arrows, or as the flashing of
sunbeams, for all velocities are oom
parative. - '.
Let us now exchange the microscope
for the telescope ; in other words, turn
from the lower to the higher velocities.
The ordinary rate of human travel on
foot is estimated at twenty miles a day.
But men have not been content with this
snail's pace. They first increased their
speed by the use of horse-power, which
gave them an average rate of thirty or
forty miles a day. Then they devised
steam-power, the average locomotive
rate of which no one as yet is able to
specify. Already the newspapers have
announced, in large capitals, the astound
ing fact -
' ABOUND THE
a feat which, only a few years since, re
quired tenfold the time. Enormous,
however, as tliis rate of travel seems to
be, when compared in the ogarrcprato
with former rates, it will be shorn of
much of its apparent glory when small
portions of the average are compared
with other well-known rates ; for twenty
five thousand miles divided into seventy
four parts gives the average of not quite
three hundred and forty miles a day, or
fourteen miles per hour. This rate was
not only attained, but even exceeded, by
many a juvenile savage of the Pacific
islands, who would learn to balance him'
self on the forward declivity of an ocean
billow, and ride his wild horse shore
ward until lodged upon the sands. What
is the speed of these billows has prob
ably never been estimated, but those in
mid-ocean have been known to outrun
the storms that raised them, and to have
attained a velocity of forty or more miles
tne nour. xne average rate of travel,
indicated by the average of "Bound
the world in seventy-four days." is far
from being the highest attained in travel
ing. Forty miles per hour, equivalent
to about one thousand miles a day, is
not uncommon, although, if any one
will look out of the car-window at the
rugged sides of a railroad-cut, while
traveling past them at this rate, he will
be apt to feel his blood curdle at the
thought of a possible crash. Yet even
forty miles an hour is by no means the
maximum. Twenty years ago, express
trains on seme of the best constructed
English railways were run at the fearful
speed of a mile a minute, and, on
special occasion, when a sudden emer
gency demanded it, a locomotive and
its tender were reported to have been
forced up to nearly one hundred miles an
. We torn from this fierce rate, bo pain
fully suggestive of accident, to another
wliich is far greater, yet gentle and
pleasant. Any one who will watch the
play of a woodman's, ax, at. the distince
of a quarter of a mile, will be amused,
no matter how often it has been wit
nessed, to note the difference in time
between the fall of the ax and the sound
of the blow reported to the ear. At
that distance the stroke is heard while
the ax is lifted in the air, ready for the
succeeding blow. A careful measure
ment of the velocity of sound shows that,
although it varies much with varying
circumstances, it travels usually ut the
rate of about five miles a minute. This
speed is oftentimes made visible in the
flight of a cannon-ball; for, although the
initial velocity of the ball is so much
greater than of sound that persons killed
within the range of a mile are usually
struck before the report could be heard,
yet so greatly is its flight retarded by
atmospheric resistance that it soon
slackens to less than the velocity of
sound. The two rates ore therefore so
nearly alike that either may be taken as
pretty fair representative of the other.
Should the time ever arrive and there
is no telling what may or may not be ex
pected when railway speed shall equal
that of sound, then several rather queer
looking phenomena will be within the
bounds of possibility : e. g., were signal
cannon to be planted at each mile-post
along the road, and fired at the instant
of the cars passing at this rate, no report
would be heard by any of the passengers
aboard, until the train had slackened
peed at the next station, live, ten, or
twenty miles ahead, at which time all
the reports would come thundering to
gether I Again, were a cannon-ball hred
after the train, from a point directly in
the rear, at the distance of a quarter of
mile, it is doubtful whether it would
overtake the train at all, unless swifter
than some cannon-balls of our day ; or,
if it should succeed in entering the open
back door,- it would move with such
seeming laziness that a passenger might
easily capture it in his hat 1
This brings ns to consider two highly
interesting velocities in which all dwell
ers upon earth are vitally concerned, yet
to which few people have deigned more
than a passing thought. The descrip
tion just now given of the maximum
rate of travel attained, and possibly at
tainable, on railways, was penned by the
writer with bated breath, for he had a
vivid recollection of the thunder and
rush of forty miles the hour over a rail
road not so smooth and safe as it is now..
More than one reader, probably, will
sympathize in the feeling. Now, were
the highest rate ' already attained, of
sixty, eighty, or a hundred miles the
hour, increased tenfold, who would
willingly trust himself aboard any train
of oars, on any railroad built by human
hands 1 Of who, being aboard, would
think of lying down to sleep, except tin
der the full meaning of his childhood's
prayer. .If X should die before X
wake ?" Yet there is not a mother's son'
or daughter of us who has not been rid
ing at this tenfold rate all our lives, and
been going to sleep, too, every night
of our journey, as quietly and trustful
ly as little'children do within reach of a
patent's arm. It is true, our road is
very smooth and very safe, never having
experienced, during the last six thou
sand years, the first jolt or jar, much
less the first " run-off" or collision. But
the fact that our so-called car Is the
earth, and its great superintendent the
Almighty Creator, does not in the least
diminish the velocity with which we
travel ;. nor need it rtiTnfmnh our won
der, though we must admit that it adds
vastly to our sense of security.
The .motion of the earth has been
spoken of as if it were one only ; but, of
course, no one can forgret that it is two
fold. In its daily whirl upon its axis,
all who live at the emiators are swept at
the rate of twenty-five thousand mites in
twenty-lour noui'si or Upward of one
thousand miles an hour. Those who
live in latitude 60 degrees, move at ex
actly half the speed." The average rate
at dmerent points of the United Htatcs
may therefore be set down at about sev
en hundred miles the hour more than
double the velocity of sound or of a can
And now what lanenapre shall we use
in speaking of that other motion of the
earth in which- we all participate f We
make a yearly circuit round the sun of
about five hundred and fifty million
miles. - To do "this requires a veloci
ty of one million five hundred thousand
miles n day, or sixtytwO thousand miles
an hour, which is upward of one thou
sand miles evert minute ! This is a
speed which is actually inconceivable.
Yet at this rate, as was just now said,
we travel without jolt, without collision.
and even without feat of evil. We sit
comfortably in our easy-going car, look
complacently at the stars, past which we
so madly rush, then go to bed and sleep
and dream, and awake in the morning.
and seldom think of the grand equipage
in which we are traveling at the rate of
sixteen miles a Second.
At this point of our survey it might
seem the dictate of reason to stop, since
we are already beyond the boundary of
the conceivable. Xiut, although past
that boundary, we are far from having
reached the limits of the calculable,
The electric fluid, shot along our tele
graph-wires, so far outstrips the daily
motion of the sun that a cable dispatch
dated London, five o'clock p. m., of any
day, is delivered in Washington City
about twelve o clock m. of the same day.
The rapidity of its transmission, though
seemingly indefinite, or, as we ordinarily
say, instantaneous, is not actually so.
There is an appreciable portion of time
in its transit, and that time has been
measured. The distance by wire be
tween Cambridge, Massachusetts, and
San Francisco, California, is about thir
ty-six hundred miles. In an experiment
undertaken for the purpose of testing
its practical velocity, the electric spark
was sent and returned over this distance
in three-fourths of a second ; a rate
sufficient t carry it round the earth
two seconds and a half, or to complete
the circuit of the earth's orbit in two
hours and forty minutes, instead
three hundred and sixty-five days.
We have but one more velocity to no
tice. It is that of light. Until the year
1675, the passage of light was supposed
to be instantaneous, and the discovery
the truth was the result almost of acci
dent. The celebrated Romer had colon-
lated with great precision the eclipses of
Jupiter's satellites when that planet and
the earth were on the same side of the
sun. To his surprise and perplexity,
however, the eclipses took place sixteen
minutes too late, when Jupiter was on
the side of the sun opposite to the earth.
Every obscuration and reappearance of
these satellites took place exactly in the
order predicted, and at nearly the calcu
lated intervals, but they were regularly
sixteen minutes behind time. The only
solution of the phenomenon was to bo
had in supposing that light requires six
teen minutes to pass through the diam
eter of the earth s orbit, i. e., one hun
dred and eighty-four million miles. This
astounding fact was soon corroborated
by other testimony, until now there is
scarcely any fact in physical science
more firmly established than that light
travels with the enormous velocity of
one hundred and ninety-two thousand
miles a second.
To form a conception, as near as pos
sible, of this degree of speed, let us put
two things together. Were the earth
girdled with a speaking-tube capable of
conveying sound all its length, or at the
rate of five miles a minute, a message
around would occupy five thousand min
utes, or eighty-three and two-third
hours, or nearly three and a half days
for its passage ; whereas light, if it
could be sent around on the same track,
would encircle the earth eight times be
tween each beat of a second-measuring
Here, now, we are compelled to stop.
There is no greater velocity in nature
known to man. The transmission of
gravitative force is known to bo greater,
but it is given up that that must be in
stantaneous ; for, if not absolutely so,
it must be (so Laplace calcutated from
reliable data) at least fifty million times
greater than that of light. Appletons'
Nbw Yobk doctors recommend figs for
Ses young ladies acted as pall-bearcrs
at a funeral in New York, recently.
Soot is said to be one of the best fer
tilizers, and quite as valuable as guano.
Stokes' relatives are discouraged, and
they have plainly told him ho must hang.
See in another column the advertise
ment headed "I Will Help Any Man."
A Memphis printer has fallen heir to
third of a $15,000,000 estate in En
One thousand Chinese arrived at San
Francisco, last week, on the steamer Al
toona. Three men were crushed to death by
the falling of a -hay loft, in New York,
A Minnesota hen has cot into the
newspapers by laying thirty-six eggs in
There are strong movements in differ
ent States in favor of abolishing the
grand jury system.
The sale of oysters durinft the sum
mer months is prohibited in Pennsyl
vania by legislative enactment.
The cotton seed of the South, which
wore once thrown away as worthless, are
now worth $3,000,000 per year.
A vessel was recently loaded with
oO.utX) bushels oi corn, irom a umcago
elevator, in less than two hours.
The first Chinaman ever arrested in
San Francisco for drunkenness turned
up in the police court the other day.
Shandy made of figs is the latest Cali
fornia novelty. It is said to be very
cheap, and yet to have excellent drunk-
The Scientific American says " that
in less than, twenty years most of the
heating and cooking will be done by
The death of Hon. Mr. Orr is attrib
uted to the severity of the climate at St.
Petersburg. - Hon. Anson Burlingame
died from the same cause.
England spends annually nearly ten
millions Bterhng upon her navy, Franco
less than five, the United States under
four, and Italy scarcely one and a half.
More immigrants have reached
America during the last three months
than during all the year 1872, and not
third who intend to come this year are
The Taunton (Mass.) Gazette says
that " if Ben Butler runs for Governor
of Massachusetts ho will be flattened
out so thin that his shadow will disap
pear from the earth. .
Ex-Secbetaby. Welles declares that
neither Mr. Seward nor any other mem
ber of the Cabinet ever influenced
controlled President Lincoln to any such
extent as Mr. Adams implies in his ora
Justice Dowling wants 810,000 from
the New York Sun for saying that
opened court, the other day, by asking
a prisoner for a " chaw," and wound
by adjourning to the front room to take
The Omaha Bridge Company, which
is a lesser Credit Mobilier ring in the
Union Pacific railroad, and which levies
tolls of its own on all railroad freight
which crosses the Missouri at Omaha,
is said to make $1,000 a day by its ex
In 1872 there were scaled in the
Minnesota lumber districts about 400,
000,000 feet of logs, and in the Chip
pewa. Black and Wisconsin river dis
tricts about the same quantity. The
production of the season of 1873 will
A new era in the history of American
horse-raciner is to be inaugurated
Long Branch this season. Admission
to the field is to be free to the general
public, and an admission fee is to
charged only to the grand stand
Until recently it was supposed
water had little motion below hfty fath
oms. It is now known, however,
in certain localities there is motion
the water at the depth of five hundred
fathoms ; and this motion has proved
seriouB source of injury to submarine
THE KANSAS HORROR.
The Butcheries by the Bender Family—A
Tale of Horror Surpassing the Conjurings
of the Most Fervid Imagination.
[From the Chicago Tribune.]
It has been left for American frontier
life to develop a story of crime more
horrible and more mysterious than any
told in the fiction of which Mr. Thack
eray's " Catherine " was a paraphrase.
The adventures told in the biographies
of Jack Sheppard and Dick Turpin ;
the horrors that Sue and the elder Du
mas invented to satisfy mcrbid appe
tites ; the blood-curdling sketches
evolved out of Poo's abnormal imagina
tion ; the staple of the " Dime Novels"
and the weekly serials ; the traditions of
the sensational drama with the way-side
inn, with its trap-doors and murders,
which people have come to regard with
the disgust that attends ascertained ex
aggeration, have all been made possible
by the systematic and prolonged butch
ery practiced by the Bender family in
Southeastern Kansas. The series of
murders in the Black Forest which
Charles Beade utilized in one of his
stories, and the slaughter which made
Troppmann's name known throughout
the world, do not compare in point
of pure and unadulterated horror with
this case. Troppmonn enticed away a
single family on the pretext of discover
ing an inheritance, and murders all the
members of it, but the Benders and
their confederates lay in wait for all
people who happened to come their way,
aud slaughtered them with the prospects
of small gain. The " Chamber of Hor
rors " in Madame Tusseaud's London
collection of wax figures does not, with
all its hideous caricatures, present, so
complete a picture of human depravity
as has been traced to an isolated frontier
settlement in Labette county, Kansas.
The disappearance of Dr. York, a
brother of Senator York, who exposed
the Pomeroy bribery, caused the first
vigorous investigation into the cause of
numerous similar disappearances that
had occurred in a section of Kansas not
far from Independence. Dr. York was
missed about the middle of lost March,
and, a short time ago, Senator York or
ganized a party to scour the country in
search of some trace of him. Dr. York
was known to have taken the route be
tween Independence and Osage Mission,
and the sconring party came across a
house situated about half way between
Drum Creek and Big Hill, a dismal ex
panse of prairie land. This house was
a sort of half way stopping place, com
bining a grocery and eating-house,
where travelers usually halted for lunch.
The house was kept by a family named
Bender, consisting of the old man and
a young man, said to be father and son,
and an old woman and a young woman,
said to be mother and daughter. Both
couples were supposed to be married,
but the young woman, who professed to
bo a spiritualistic medium, to tell for
tunes and to cure diseases, had a bad
reputation in the neighborhood. When
the object of Senator York's search be
came known -to these people, the young
man offered to assist the party, and the
young woman desired to make an ap
pointment with Senator York, when, she
promised, she would reveal the manner
of his brother's disappearance through
the aid of the spirits. Little attention
was paid to these oners, and senator
York and his party went on. They were
obliged to return at last without having
discovered any clue to the mysterious
disappearance. Senator York then em
ployed a detective named Beers, who
went to work at the case. After some
days, Beers' attention was drawn to
the Bender house, and, when he went
there, he found that it had been de
serted. The whole family, warned by
Senator York's search, had fled. Their
absence increased the detective's sus
picion. Search was instituted at once,
and traces of the missing York were
soon discovered. The first convincing
evidence of foul play in the house was
found when Beers lifted a trap-door in
the floor, and the sickening stench of
decomposing remains came rushing
through the opening. This satisfied
Beers that Dr. York had met with a
violent death on those premises, and he
prosecuted his search still further. A
patch of ground at the bock of the house
had been newly plowed over, and Beers
carefully examined it in search of a dis
turbance or sub-soil. Having found a
spot which looked as though earth hod
been thrown up, he took a wagon-rod,
plunged it in the around, and, at a
depth of about four feet, it pierced what
was subsequently found to be the re
mains of a human body. Men were set
to work to dig, and a body was found,
which was subseauently ldentihed as
that of Dr. York.
The finding of York s body induced
a search for others, which resulted in
the finding of nine bodies in all, several
of which were identified as those of per
sons who had suddenly and mysteriously
disappeared within a few months dock.
It was observed that there had been
regular system of burial. Each body
had been deposited near a tree, which
was then pruned in a manner to indicate
that one burial had been made in that
spot, so that there would be no danger
of digging a grave where one body al
ready rested. This systematic arrange
ment showed that the murderers serious
ly and deliberately counted upon filling
up the patch oi ground with corpses,
making a church-yard without a church.
a cemetery without a tomb, xne bodies
were all deposited after a regular sys
tem the right arm folded across the
breast and the left stretched down
the side. There was a disposition
economize ground, as u it was learea
. . . . . .
that the burial place would not accom
modate all the victims; for some of the
bodies were placed on the side in narrow
ditches, and some- doubled up m
The wounds on the head, which
identified in all the bodies that have
been unearthed, and the arrangement
the house, have indicated the manner
which the victims met their death. They
were all travelers "who stopped at
house for refreshments. They were
seated at a table in the back room, near
which hunsr a curtain. One or more
persons, whether male or female, were
concealed beliind this curtain,
4"OT,it- Va ti-a-oolAi t.n fli liuyU rf
1 ,1 o v.on.n.o. Tha vi.tjm
then seized and dragged to the trap
door, his throat was cut, and then
body was dropped into the cellar below,
where it was allowed to remain until
night came. It was then taken out and
buried without attracting atteution. All
the bodies were marked in the same
manner, except that of a little girl who
had accompanied her father, and who is
supposed to have been thrown into tho
grave alive, as her body shows no marks
of violence. The spoils of the Bender
family, engaged in this traffic in human
lives, must have been small, as none of
the murdered travelers are known to
have had any considerable money with
them. It is supposed, howeevr, that
the Benders had confederates posted
along the road to inform them of favor
able opportunities, and many arrests
have already been made. The Bender
family, the two women and two men,
escaped, and have not yet been appre
hended. The detective, Beers, had
tracked them to St. Louis at last ac
counts, and it is not probable that they
will be harbored in any quarter of the
[From the Kansas City Times.]
The devil's kitchen, otherwise the
Bender house, is a small, rude frame
shanty, without lath or plaster or inter
vening substance between its floor and
the rafters of the pointed roof. In size
it is 16x21 feet. Small uprights 2x4
inches are Bet to mark the house into
two compartments, but no wall had ever
been made other than a white cotton
cloth hung in the rear apartment and
against these uprights. The front
apartment had in it a counter, over
which the butchers once pretended to
sell groceries. In the rear room was a
rude a bed, a table, a stove, and three
The table, to which the guests of the
fiends were seated, was placed directly
over the trap-door, so that the guest's
back was to and against thejwhite curtain.
In this position it was an easy thing for
the male villains in the front apartment
to strike the form clearly linBd and rest
ing against the white cloth, and when
the blows of the sledge and the hammer
had knocked the victim, with a crushed
and broken skull, senseless and helpless
to the floor, for the female fiends in the
back room to cut the throat. ' The exe
cution was as simple as it was dreadful,
but, though it would seem resistance .to
such well-planned murder of the trust
ing and unsuspecting was impossible,
the walls gave silent evidence that some
of the murdered ones had not been sent
to their doom without an effort to defend
their lives. No less than a dozen bul
let holes in the Bides and roof of the
house attest that armed men, when
struck down so relentlessly, had attempt
ed to shoot their murderers, but, un
fortunately, the aims had been wild,
and the murderers are reserved for the
One of the most marvelous stories
ever heard, but which is vouched for by
reliable men, is the following : One
evening about three months ago, a poor
woman, footsore and weary, traveling to
Independence, without money, stopped
at the Bender den and asked for some
supper, and for the privilesre of resting
awhile. She was invited in, and being
nearly exhausted she took her shoes and
scanty .wrappings off and lay down on
the bed in the bock room. She soon fell
into a troubled doze, from which she was
awakened by the touch of the old hag of
the den, who, pointing to an array of
pistols and double-edged knives, of vari
ous sizes, lying on the table, said la tne
spirit of hellish - malignity : " Xhere,
your snpper is ready." The woman was
motionless and breathless with terror.
and as she sank back on the bed, the
devil dame picked up the knives one by
one and drew her finger along the sharp
ened blades, at the same time glancing
fiendishly at her intended victim. How
long this terror lasted the woman could
not telL but at last she. in the very des
peration of fear, arose as though not
alarmed, and made a private excuse ior
going out. She was permitted to do so,
and moving around to the shelter of the
stable, barefooted and scarce half-clad,
she darted off on the wings of fear, and
ran two miles to the house of one who
protected her and gave her shelter. As
she was running away, she 'turned fre
quently to see if she was pursued, but
no one followed her, though she saw the
light from the opened doorway several
times, as though tne . uevus msiue were
awaiting her return.
A Shameful Exhibition.
A shameful exhibition has very re
cently taken place in London under the
especial oversight of the Marquis of
(Jueensberry. Xhe entertainment was a
orize-ficrht of the most brutal deBcnp-
tion. 'Xhe arena selected was a aisusea
chapel, now known as Grafton Hall, in
Uoho. Xhe lessee oi tne ouiioing uau
understood that it was to be a sparring
match, and did not know the real char
acter of the performance until ne en
tered the hall a short time before the
opening. He savs : - "I was told there
was a noble Marquis, two noble Lords,
.and three Colonels ' of her Majesty
armv in the crowd. The persons form
inc the meeting all appeared to be well-
dressed, well-fed men. with the animal
stroncrlv marked in their features." The
prize to the winner was given Dy tne
Marquis of Queensberry, and an addi
tional sum of 100 was raised by sub
. " - ... ....
scription. This young nobleman is an
officer in the naw. Xhe pugilists wore
gloves, but of a very different kind from
the ordinary boxing-gloves. The agony
caused is greater than with the naked
fist, and a man may be killed quite
easily. One of the men was hammered
until insensible, after which, by the use
of stimulants, he revived enough to ngnt
several rounds more. The backers
the loser tried to crowd in and break up
tho fight when they saw their money
would be lost. Nothing seems to have
been wanting to make the fight brutal
We are told these contests are now
almost daily occurrence in London.
Only a short time ago a man was killed
in one of these glove-fights after it had
lasted about seventy minutes.
The very worst penman in the world
i Geo. M. D. Bloss, of the Cincinnati
JSnquirer. It is necessary to employ
special printers to set his copy : tney
previously undergoing a long training
I nvmirA ft mnjitarv over his hieroclvThica.
"RlnBn' antnorrnnh lookalike "Good Unf.
o r . : . .
- fins for sale, and be to you,"
BY JUDGE SILAS H. WRIGHT.
All day long tbe stalwart woodman
SwringH bis glittering ax amain.
And the atricken mountain monarch
Moans with heart-consuming pain.
Kach inopMive stroke is followed
iiy a clean and clear-cut chip
Tough cuonRh to pin tnetUor,
Some Alaskan ice-struck ship.
Hound about his feet collecting,
ltoachiiifr even to the knee
Two white heaps hewn from the bosom
Of that stout aud stately tree.
Aud at length a timid tremor
rtteals upon each limb and leaf ;
And a groan so very human.
Now a wall akin to grief.
Hark ! a sound as If of thunder
Miakes tbe hill and shakes the sky,
And the echoes catch each other
As among ths rocks they fly.
Now the woodman stands a moment'
To rogsin his failing breath,
And with open, careless collar
Breathes in rosy, hill-born health.
Then he mounts the fallen monarch.
As a king might mount his throne,
And he triumphs in the conquest, .
Which bis arm. hath won alone. .
Log on log of lengthy sedgment
Down the hillside soon it rolled
Where the plow ere long will struggle
To explore the virgin mould.
Now the heaps are nightly kindled,
And the fires light up the sky.
And a more than boreal brightness
Beams about the hill-tops high.
New he builds his cribbed cabin,
Fences 'round about a field.
Which no foenisn e'er can conquer,
Which no freeman e'er will yield.
Bprtakled be onr land with cabins ;
Granlenr but provoked a groan
And liberty is ever cradled,
In the cots that poor men own.
pedes trianism -
The crossed paths Allopath and .
Quest What is the circumference of
the waste of time ?
The law of juries Many are called,
but few are chosen.
Can a man be said to pay as he goes
if he sleeps on tick ? '
If a miss is as good as a mile, how
much better is a Mrs. ?
If you are courting a girl, stick to
it ; no matter how large her father's feet
Gxrls. never marry a doctor, or you .
will be tied day and night to your "pil
ler." Bomb preachers would make fine mar
tyrs ; they are so dry they would burn
"Why is an errand-boy like an old ,
horse put up at auction ? Because he
will go for what he will fetch.
A LAr MODE OCTOSYLLABIC.
gince tbe Mod oca, concealed in their lava, defy
Our troops' metaliurgio oonchology,
Let Science," said Jones, with a wink in hi eye.
" .Extract mezn oy Aioaocimoiugy.
" This is clever," said Brown ; and I would not
be t bongos -To
care what mode doctors barbarians :
But fear, ere they're either extracted or caught.
They'll au DS jaoaoctogenariaaB."
Doctob " I am pleased to say, Mrs.
Fitzbrown, that I shall be able to vac- ,
cinate your baby, from a very "healthy
child of your neighbor, Mrs. Jones 1
Mrs. Fitzbrown " Uh dear, doctor I . x
could not permit that. . We do not care
to be mixed up with the Joneses in any
"What's that picture on? said a
countryman in our hearing the other
day in a print store, to the proprietor,
who was turning over some engravings. :
"That, sir, said tne dealer, - lsvosnua
commanding the sun to stand stall.
Am tell 1 . well, wmcn is josn ana
which is his son ?"
Makers of fishing tackle, whose sea-
son is now at nana, complain oi tne
scarcity of features for the manuf ao-,
ture of artincial mes. une ox mem
says that all the feathers have - flown to
tho heads of women, who are little bet- ,
ter than artificial flies themselves with '
the hooks very well concealed.
A flT.TwHxowK l&dv recently re
quested her husband to go to the dress
maker and tell her that she (his wife) .
had changed her mind and would have
the watered biik made up instead oi tne
poplin, and that, " if she thinks it ;
would look better with bias flounces
without puffing, and box-pleaded below
the equator, which should oe gatnerea.
in hemstitched gudgeons up and down
the seams, with a gusset stitch between,
she can make it up in that way, instead
of fluting the bobinet insertion and
piecing out with point applique, asL
suggested yesterday. The man is now
a raying maniac
Humorons. The Blujay.
The bluiay iz the dandy amung birds,
a feathered fop, a jackanapes by natur,
and ov no use only tew steal Korn ana
eat it on a rail.
- They are a mistenous mrd, for I hav
r. ... i ai
seen them solitary ana aione in vuo
wooded wilderness, one hundred- miles .
from enny aighns ov civilizashnn.
Az a means ov diet, they are just
about az luxurious az biled indigo bag ,
would be, such az the washwimmin use
tew blue their clothes with. -
The bluiay haz no song they kant
sing even xrom ureemana icy
.. --. i i i
ov them, flying among the evergreens .
i i 3 ' Mn AM 1; jwil
n-meA .nil AAW 1(W"V at
J Ijl .BUM nmsJJ " . w
It iz hard work: tor me to say a narsu
word aginst the birds, bat when i write
their history it iz a duty l owe tew pos
The Profits on Beeb Beer is the
poor man s wine. Why should he pay
two prices lor it 7 jjeer is eoia to me
saloons at 82 a keg. We have been in
formed that the average number of glass
es drawn per keg is over one hundred.
An expert tells us that when he was in
the business a keg was good for 105
glasses. At five cents per glass this
m-wra ft-t 9.5 rtAi IrAcr tn tha rAtniler.
yielding him a profit of $3.25. This is
an indecent extortion. If the retailer
pays $2 per keg and gets $3.15 for it
over his coon ter, that is ample compen
sation for handling. But, we are told,
1 the small concerns
could not live witn-
out more than fiftT Tier cent profit. Let
r. . . ., ' t. , I
them die, xaen.vxncmnan