Newspaper Page Text
I G. GOULD, Publisher.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and tkCollection of Local and General News.
Two Dollars per Annum, in Adyance,
VOL; VL-NO. 33.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 5, 1873.
WHOLE NUMBER 319.
A SPIRITUAL SONG.
BY GEORGE MACDONALD.
Weep T most my heart runs orer ;
Would be once himself discover
Only once from far away I
Holy sorrow I atill prevailing
Is the weeping, is the wailing :
Would I here were turned to Clay I
Evermore I see him crying,
Kver praying, ever dying ;
Will this heart unending beat T
Will my eyes in death close never T
Weeping all into a river
Were a blessedness too sweet 1
In there none with me lamenting T
Dies his name in echoes fainting T
Is the peopled world struck dead ?
Shall I from his eyon, ah I never
lrink love and life forever f
Is he now and always dead T
Dead ! What moans it sound of dolors ?
Tell me then, I pray, ye scholars
What imports the nymbol dim.
He is dumb, and all turn fro me ;
No one on the earth can show me
Where my heart might look for him.
Eartu no more while t am in it
Can provide one happy minute ; ,
All is but a dream of woe.
I, too, am with him departed :
Would I lay with him still-hearted
In the region down below 1
Hear, oh, hear, his and my Father 1
Speedily my dead bones gather
Unto his oh, noon, I pray !
Grass will soon liis low mound cover
And the wind will wander over,
- And the form will fade away
If his love they but perceived,
Suddenly had all believed,
letting all things else go by ;
Ixrd of love Aim only owning,
AH with me would fall bemoaning.
And in bitter weeping die.
We had just finished breakfast. Tom
laid down the egg-spoon he had been
playing with, and looked across at
" Aunt Anne, I think 111 take a wife,"
he said, exactly as he might have said,
" I think I'll take another enp of coffee. "
" Take a wife ?" repeated mother, by
no means receiving the information as
tranquilly as it had been given. " What
- " Well,'! don't know," answered Tom,
thoughtfully. It's a notion I've got in
my head, somehow."
" All nonsense 1" said mother, sharply.
" Do you think so ?" said Tom, appar
ently doubtful, but not in the least put
out ' '
"Think so? I know it. What in the
; world can you want of a wife f After all
' these years we have lived so comfortably
together, to bring home somebody to
turn the house upside down I And, then,
what's to become of that poor, child ?" -
The. "poor child" that was I red
dening at being brought into the argu
ment m this way, was about to speak for
-herself when Tom interposed, warmly :
" I'm sure May knows I would never
have any wife who would make it less a
home for her-don't you, May?"
' - " Of course, " said L
' "And I'm sure she knows nothing of
the sort," persisted mother, " nor you
either, Tom Dean. How can you answer
for what a wife may take into her head
to do, once you get her fixed here ? You
can't expect her to forget, as you do, that
May has no real claim on you."
" That I have no real chum on her, I
suppose you mean, ma'am," Tom put in
for. the second time, just as I was getting
thoroughly unoomfortable. "But, for
all that, I intend to keep her that is,"
added Tom, with one of his short
sighted blinks sideways at me, " as long
as she'll stay with me, eh, May ? And
whoever has anything to say against that
arrangement will have to go .out of my
house to say it not that I'm afraid of
any such result in this case and, on the
whole, Aunt Anne, I should like to try
Mother smiled grimly, but Tom was
bo evidently bent on his " experiment,"
aa Tie called it, that she gave up the argu
ment. . - "v ,
' "You can dance, if you're ready to
pay; the piper," she said, shortly. " And,
pray, how soon do you mean to be mar
ried?" Tom's face fell a little at this ques
tion. ' . .
" Well," said he, ' " J can't say exactly.
I suppose we shall have to be engaged
"What!" said mother, opening her
, eyes ; " why you never mean to say,
Tom, you haven't spoken to her yet ?"
"" Not yet," answered Tom, cheerfully.
" Time enough for that, you know, after
I had spoken to you."
Mother, as a minister's widow, was
' not much given to the idle mirth that is
as the crackling of thorns under a pot,
but now she leaned back and laughed
till the tears stood in her eyes.
" Well," she said, "if it was anybody
else, I should say he was cracked ; but
you never were like other people, and
you never will be, Tom Dean. But, at
least, you have fixed on the lady ?"
" Oh, yes," answered Tom ; " but, if
you will excuse me, Aunt Ane, I would
rather not say any thing about her just
yet ; for, if if any thing should happen,
. it wouldn't be pleasant for either party,
you know." With which vailed allusion
' to his possible rejection, Tom took his
hat and left the room.
' Our household was rather queerly put
together. - There was no particular rea
. son why I should have been one of it at
' all ; for I was not really related to Tom,,
nor even to " mother," as I called her,
though I am sure we were as dear to
each other as any mother and daughter
could be. - 6he was the second wife of
my father, who, like most ministers, had
been richer in grace than goods, and
had left us at his death very little to
live on. Then it was that Tom Dean
had come forward, and insisted on giv
ing a home to his auut and to me, whom
he had scarcely seen a dozen times in
his life before. That was exactly like
Tom " queer Tom Dean," as his
friends were fond of saying, " who never
did anything like anybody else. " I sup-
' pose, in spite of his clear head for busi
ness, there is no denying that he was
: whimsical ; but I am sure, when I think
- of his unfailing generosity and delicacy.
I can't help wishing there were a few
' more such whimsical people in the
; world. Naturally, at the time I am
speaking of, my opinion had not been
asked : all I had to do was to go where
mother went, and, while she gave her
energies to the housekeeping,! gave mine
to growing up, which by this time I hod
pretty well accomplished. But perhaps
for that very reason for one sees with
different eyes at twelve and eighteen
my position in the house had already
begun to seem unsatisfactory to me ;
and the morning's words put it in a
clearer light, since it had been used as
an argument against Tom's marrying. I
knew that mother had spoken honestly,
believing that such a step would not be
for his happiness ; but was not he the
best judge of that ? I knew him, if re
flection should bring him round to her
opinion, to be perfectly capable of
quietly sacrificing his own wishes for my
sake, who had not the shadow of a claim
upon him ; so it must be my part to pre
vent his own kindness being turned
against him now. Still, it was not so
easy to see how I was to provide for
myself, in case it should become advisa
ble. What could I do? Draw and
sing and play tolerably, but not in a.
manner to compete with the hosts that
would be in the field against me. Litera
ture ? I had read so many stories
whose heroines, with a turn of the pen,
dashed into wealth and fame. That
would be very nice, only I was not the
least bit literary ; I had never even kept
a journal, which is saying a great deal
for a girl in her teens. The "fine
arts," then, being out of the question
for me,. what remained? There was
some clerkship, or a place in. some
family, and and there was Will Broom
That may seem like going away from
the point, but it was not. I was matter-of-fact,
but I could see well enough
what was going on right under my eyes,
and I had a "pretty clear idea of what
was bringing Will to the house so often
as he had taken to coming lately. There
was a " situation," then, that would
give me the home-life I liked best, and
felt myself best suited for ; but would
it answer in other respects ? I overcast
the long seam I was sewing twice over,
I was so busy trying to make up my mind
whether I liked Will Broomley well
enough to pass my whole life with him ;
and even then I had not come to any de
cision, when I was called down-stairs to
Letty was the prettiest, I think, of all
my friends, and certainly the liveliest.
Tom called her " the tonio," and used
to laugh heartily at her bright speeches.
I suppose it was this that made mother
fix on Letty as his choice. When I
came into the sitting-room I found a
kind of cross-examination going on. It
was amusing to anybody m the secret,
as I was, to watch mother's artful way
of continually bringing the conversation
round, as if by chance, to bear on what
she wanted to know. But it all amounted
to nothing, either because Letty was too
good a fencer, or because she really had
nothing to betray. : But, . when Tom
came home, mother took care to men
tion that Ijetty had called.
"What, the tonio ?" said Tom. " Too
bad I missed her."
"But for your choice being already
made," said mother, with a covert scru
tiny of his face, " 1 dare say you might
have as much of the tonio as you liked."
" But I go on the homeopathio prin
ciple, you know," answered Tom, with a
twinkle in his eye. "
After that, mother's belief in Letty's
guiltiness wavered. Her suspicions
were transferred from one to another of
our acquaintances, but always with the
same unsatisfactory result.
" It passes my comprehension," she
said to me, despairingly, one day. " I
am positive I could tell the right one by
Tom's face in a minute, and yet I have
mentioned everybody we know."
" "Perhaps it is somebody we don't
know," I suggested ; " some friend of
his we have never seen."
"What I a perfect stranger?" said
mother, sharply. Never talk to me,
child ; Tom's not capable of that I"
I was silent, for I did not want to
worry her; but that was my opinion all
the same. : -
That same evening it was rather
more than a week since Tom had hurled
that thunder-bolt of his at us mother
began about it openly.
When are you going to introduce
your wife to us, Tom ? I suppose you
have come to an understanding by this
time?".. , ..
"Oh, there's no hurry," said Tom, as
he had said before ; but this time he
did not speak quite so cheerfully. "The
fact ia," he continued, with a little hesi
tation, "" there there's a rival in the
case." . " :
" A rival ?" repeated mother, with un
" Yes, a young fellow younger by a
good deal than .1 am," and Tom's face
assumed an absurdly doleful look. Je
is always there now. I confess I don't
see my way clear ; I'm waiting for her
to makeup her mind."
" And she s waiting, most likely, for
you to make up yours," said mother,
. ... . t -1 t . 1 A
iorgeuang, m nor propensity to ngnt
matters, that she was playing the enemy's
" There's something in that that never
occurred to me," said Tom, his face
brightening. Mother saw her mistake,
and made a counter-move at once.
" But the ways of my time are old-
fashioned now; young ladies, now-a-days,
take matters into their own hands.
If -she cared for you, you may be pretty
sure sha wouldn t have waited till this
time to let you know it that is, I judge
by the girls I am in the habit of seeing ;
but if this one is a stranger to me "
(here mother riveted her eyes on Tom s
face ; oh, dear, my unfortunate word !)
" if she is an entire stranger, I cannot
pretend to form any .opinion of her, of
" Of course," repeated Tom, absently.
" Not that 1 have any such idea," re
sumed mother, growing warmer ; " I
have said, and I say again, that to bring
a perfect stranger under this roof is not
my opinion of you, Tom.
I felt mother's words like so many
pins and needles ; for Tom was looking
meditatively across at me, and though that
was just a way of his, it seemed now as
if he were reading in my face that the
opinion was mine, and that I had been
meddling in what did not concern me.
I felt myself, for very vexation, getting
i . j-ii .-
reaaer every moment, iiu n grew in
tolerable. " It is so warm here," I said, for an
excuse, turning toward the .t rench win
dow. " I am going to get a breath of
I went out into our little strip of gar
den ground ; Tom followed. I thought
I should never have a "better opportunity
to say what I had it in my mind to say,
so I waited for him by the bench under
the old pear tree. "Sit down here,
Tom," I said, " I've something to say
" Have you ?" said Tom ; "that's odd,
for I . Well, never mind that, just
yet. What is it, May ?"
" Tom," I said, still surer now he had
misjudged me, and more resolved to sot
him right, " I want a place."
" A place ? repeated Tom. puzzled.
as well he might be, by this sudden and
indefinite announcement ; " what kind
of a place ?"
" I don t know, I said, for, indeed.
my ideas were of the vaguest. ' 'I thought
you might, being in the way of those
things. .Now, pray, Tom, J. went
on quickly, " don't fancy I nni discon
tented, or or anything of that sort ; the
truth is, ever since x leit on school x
have wanted something " to do, and had
it in my mind to speak to you about it."
With this I looked at Tom, fearing he
might be vexed ; but he did not look
vexed, only preoccupied.
" I do know of a place, as it happens,"
he said, after awhile, " only I'm not
sure how it would suit you."
" That 8 soon seen, said x. "What
is it like ?"
" Well, it's a sort of of general use
" Why. it must bo to run errands,"
said I, laughing. "And where is it,
" Well," said Tom, hesitating again,
"it's with me."
" How verynice !" Iexclaimed. "How
soon can I have it ?" ""
" The sooner the better, so far as I
am concerned," said Tom, and with that
he turned round and looked at me, and
directlv I mot his eves I knew some
how, all in a moment, what he meant ;
and I knew, too, both that 1 could not
have passed all my life with Will Broom
ley, and why I could not.
1 am sure Letty waiters, who inter
rupted us just then, must have thought
my wits were wandering that evening,
and, indeed, they were : for X was com
pletely dozed with this sudden turn
things had taken. But Tom, who had
the advantage of me there, tookit quite
coolly, and laughed and talked with
Xjetty just the same as ever tin she went
Xt was pretty late when she went in.
Mother sat where we had left her, knit
ting in the twilight.
" Wasn't that Letty Walters with you
a while ago?" she said, as we came up.
" Yes, said I, with a confused feeling
of an explanation of something being
necessary ; " she just came to bring the
new crochet-pattern she promised me."
" M m I said mother, as much as to
say sha had her -own ideas as to what
Letty come for.
Tom had been wandering about the
room in an absent sort of fashion, tak
ing and putting down in the wrong
E laces all the small objects that fell in
is way. He came up and took a seat
by mother. X became or a sudden very
busy with the plants in the window ;
for I knew he was going to tell her.
" Wish me joy. Aunt Anne, said he.
" it's all settled."
" Settled, is it ?" said mother, in any
thing but a joyful tone. " So it's as I
Buspscted all along. Well, you have my
best wishes, Tom ; perhaps you may be
happy together after all ; I'm sure I hope
This wasn't a verv encouraging sort of
congratulation, and Tom seemed rather
taken aback by it.
"X m sorry you are not pleased, he
said, after a pause ; " I had an idea
somehow you would be." -
"I don t know from what you judged.
But there, it's no use of crying over
spilt milk. You'll be married directly,
I presume ; I must be looking out for a
house," and mother stroked her nose re
flectively with a knitting-needle.
"What for?" said Tom ; "X thought
of keeping on here all the same."
" X never supposed otherwise, said
mother " Of course I did not expect to
turnyou out of your own house. "
" Xsut what is the need of looking out
for another, then ?"
" Why, for myself."
"For myself 1" repeated Tom, in a
tone of utter amazement. "Going to
leave us just now ? Why, Aunt Anne,
I never heard of such a thing 1"
" Now, Tom, said mother, speaking
very fast, and making her needles fly in
concert, we might as well come to an
understanding at once on this subject.
I am fully sensible of your past kind
ness now just let mo finish I say I
appreciate it, and have tried to do my
duty by you in return, as I hope I should
always be ready to do. . X wish all good
to you and your wife, and shall be glad
to help her if ever I can, but to live in
the same house with her is what would
turn out pleasantly for neither of us,
and, once for all, I can't do it."
" Aunt Anne, said Tom. pushing
back his chair, and staring in mother's
excited face, " either you or I must be
out of our wits. v
" It's not me, then, at any rate," re
torted mother, getting nettled.
Amusement and certain embarrass
ment had kept me a silent listener so
far, but there was no standing this ; I
tried to speak, but could not, for laugh
ing. " I think you are all out of your wits
together, said mother, turning sharply.
What ails the child V it s no laughing
" You don't understand each other,
I gasped ; " oh, dear ! it it's not Letty
oh oh, dear ! and relapsed again.
" Not Letty ?" repeated mother, turn
ing to Tom. "Then why did you tell
me so t
" I never told you so," said Tom.
" Why, yes you did," persisted mother.
" You came in and told me you were
going to be married."
" Yes, so I am," said Tom, still at
"Now, Tom Dean," said mother.
rising and confronting him, " what do
you mean? who is going to be your
-".Why, May, of course," answered
" May !" and then, after a pause of
inexpressible astonishment, it was
mother's turn to laugh. " Do you
mean to say, Tom, it was that child you
hmu mi 1 1 1 n 1 1 vi mi I hub t. i i i
"Why, who else could it be?" said
"Well," said mother, "I ought to
have remembered you never did anything
like anybody else. But, still, why in
the world did you go to work in such a
roundabout way ?"
" I wanted to see how you took to my
idea," said Tom.
" And how did you supposo we were
to guess your idea meant May ?" mother
"Who else could it bo?" repeated
Tom, falling back xn what ho evidently
found an unanswerable argument. It
was no nso talking to him. Mother
gave it up with a shake of the head.
"And you won't want another house
then, Aunt Anne ?" said Tom, sudden
ly. That set mother off again ; Tom
joined with her, and altogether I don't
think we ever passed- a merrier evening
than the one that " made us Tcqiiainted
with Tom's wife. Kate Putnam, Osgood,
in Appletons' Journal.
See in another column tho advertise
ment headed "I Will Help Any Man."
PiiASTEii-OF-rABis, mixed with a thick
solution of gum arabie, makes a perma
nent cement for china.
Tire groat religious and benevolent so
cieties make encouraging exhibits at
their anniversary meetings this year.
Quartz flower is deemed one of the
best articles for polishing knives. It is
used largely in the manufacture of stone
The Atlanta Herald asserts that three-
fourths of the twenty criminals now un
der sentence of death in Georgia are
The foxes have holes, but William B.
Astor doesn't know where to lay his head,
for he has 3,000 houses in New York city
to choose from.
The smelting of Utah and Colorado
lead and silver ores is now successfully
carried on in Pittsburgh. Tho lead pro
duced is equal in every respect for all
purposes to tho best English and Gor
A machine is employed in cleaning the
old bricks in the burnt district "f Bos
ton which removes the mortar, etc., from
them at the rate of thirty-five or forty a
minute, or about as fast as they can be
placed in position.
Mr. Chase was three times married.
His first wife was Catherine Carniss, his
second, Sarah Smith, and his third. Belle
Ludlow. Ho occasionally contributed
to the North American Review, and was
the author of some good verses.
PmxATVKT.raiA has the largest light
ning-rod manufactory in the world.
x lfty thousand feet of rods nro manu
factured daily. It is impossible to com
pute the misery which this single estab
lishment will inflict, through its travel
A La whence man allows his wife $5- a
week for pin money, with tho under
standing that she shall forfeit ten cents
for each absent button, and the same
amount for each cup of poor coffee.
This arrangement lias been going on for
two years, and the day has not yet come
when he could claim" ten cents.
Apbopos to the discussion of the free-
seat system, the Churchman gives the
following figures concerning Episcopal
churches in New York city : Number of
congregations, 74 ; number of pewed
churches, 30 ; number of pewed churches
self-supporting. 25 ; number of free
churches, 36 ; number of free churches
There is in tho library of the Smith
sonian Institution at Washington a vol
ume on the history of paper, which was
published in Bavaria in 1765. The pe
culiar feature of this work is that the
pages are interleaved with specimens of
paper made from the following sub
stances : Hornet's-nests, sawdust, moss,,
beech, willow, aspen, mulberry, climatis,
pine, hop-vine, grape-vine peelings,
hemp, leaves of aloes and lilies of the
valley, mothworth, barley-straw, cab-
bp ge-stumps, thistle-stalks, burdock,
wheat-straw, broom-corn, and XSavarian
Table showing the quantity of seed
required to the acre :
Deitutnalion. Quantity nf Seed.
Wheat i IX to 2 bu
Harley lj to 2) bu
Oats 2 to 4 bu
Bye 1 to 2 bu
liucKwucat. ?i to l DU
Millet 1 to 1',; bu
Corn V to 1 bu
Beans... 2 to ly, bu
Peas 2i to 3 bu
Hcini) 1 to IX bu
Max yi to 2 bu
Kiee 2 to 1)4 bu
Broom corn. ............. . . 1 to 1 bu
Potatoes 6 to 10 bu
Thu'othy 12 to 24 qts
Mustard 8 to 20 qts
Herd grass..... . 12 to 16 fjts
Flat turnip.. 2 to 3 lbs
Red clover 10 to 16 lbs
White clover . .. 4 to 4 lbs
Bluograss.. 10 to 15 lbs
Orchard grass 20 to 30 lbs
Carrots.............. .............. 4 to 5 lbs
Parsnips... 6 to 8 lbs
Table showing tho number of seeds in
one pound, and weight per bushel :
A'uvibcr of Number of
Xarne. sealit jier lb. 10. jter bit.
Wheat 10,500 58 to 04
Barley. 15,403 48 to 66
Oats 20,000 38 to 42
Rye 23,000 56 to 60
Vetches 8,300 60 to 63
Lentils 8,2110 58 to 60
Beans COO to 1,300 CO to 65
Peas 1,800 to 2,000 60 to 65
Flax seed 108,000 50 to GO
Turnip seed 155,000 50 to 56
ltape seed 118,000 50 to 66
Mustard (wliiU;) 75,uo0 75
Cabbage seed 128,000 52
Maugel wura-1 24,iH)0 . 20 to 24
Parsnip seed 07,000 14
Carrot seed 257.IK10 9
Luccrn seed 20.1,000 58 to 60
Clover (red) 240,600 60 to 63
Clover (white) 686,400 . 50 to 62
Kye grass ((icrenuial).. 3:M,ooo , 20 to 28
Bye grass (Italian) 272,000 13 to 18
Sweet vernal grass 023,000 8
According to" Sir John Herschel, a
ray of light from the extreme red por
tion of the spectrum numbers 3G.G40
undulations to the inch, and four hun
dred fifty-eight trillions to the second.
The extreme violet ray, as emanating
from the opposite end of the spectrum,
travels at the rate of seven hundred and
twenty-seven trillion undulations to the
second, or fifty-nine thousand seven
hundred and fifty to the inch.
Rapid Growth of the West.
The West draws new Bottlers into its
capacious bosom by its fertility, its free
homesteads, and its infinite demand for
labor, whether skilled or unskilled. It
also drives them to take shelter under
its wings by competition.
New England once raised her own
breadstuffs, but she has long ceased so
to do. The produce of richer and
cheaper lands competed with her farm
ers, till it proved more than a match for
their skill and energy. Many of them
then turned to manufactures, but a still
larger number were hence driven West.
They made their own some of the cheap
acres there, and enlisted in the ranks
of the agricultural army which had
Thus the West is constantly acting on
the East with an increasing weight, and
that of a larger and longer lever. Here
is one secret of its rapid growth.
It is forty years since the first white
families entered Iowa. - But no more
than one-third of its present population
were born within its limits ; two-thirds
have come in.
Of its twelve hundred thousand to
day, about one-half were born in some
more eastern State. Foreign countries
being further than the Atlantic slope
from the West, have hitherto felt its in
fluence less but even they were long
since driven as well as drawn to send
their sons thither. The influence ex
erted upon, them has been of the same
nature with that which Has Drought
Westward so many of our own East.
Hence one-sixth of the population of
Iowa has come intolt from beyond the
Not one-sixth of the population of
Nebraska were born within its limits.
More than twenty-five thousand home
steaders and pre-emptors have filed
claims in the land-office at Lincoln, a
capital not yet six years old and within
the last three years about three thousand
settlers have bought farms on the land
grant to the Burlington and Missouri
River railroad on ten years credit and
six per cent, interest, and, on contracts
mode since 1872, no installment of the
principal due till the beginning of the
fif tli year and then only one-seventh. .
The Westward tidal wave was never so
strong as to-day but it will be stronger
to-morrow. The stronger it grows
the more strength it has to grow
stronger. Nor can it fail to wax still
more mighty till so many of the Euro
pean millions have migrated that "the
density of population and the rate of
wages shall have become well-nigh
equalized on both sides of the Atlantic.
Prof. J. D Butler.
Some months since, an illustrated
daily newspaper was started in New
York city, called the Graphic. Many
thought that it- existence would be very
short, though it was an attractive novelty.
It seems, however, that its publication
is a financial success, and the probabili
ties are that illustrated daily newspapers
will soon become as plenty as blackber
ries. Powell's Awerican Newspaper
Reporter says : The process of illus
tration used by the Oraphic.Companj is
a secret, jealously guarded by the pro
prietors, and is yet upon its trial. The
rough theory, however, may be of inter
est to our readers. Upon a sheet of
paper is spread a layer of oily transfer
ink used by the lithographers, and over
that a thin layer of a photographic pre
paration which the action of light readily
decomposes. The subject for illustra
tion is then photographed and the nega
tive placed over the prepared sheet. The
action of the light, passing through the
unobstructed parts of the negative, de
composes the surface of the sheet, and
leaves the image in a sort of bas-relief.
The other portions are then removad,
and the sheet laid over one of the porous
stones used by the lithographers, and
subjected to pressure. The oleaginous
ink sinks into the stone, and makes, in
oil, as it were, the outlines of the de
sired picture. The stone is now sponged
with water, and is ready for printing.
The ink-roller of the press passes over
it, leaving no trace whatever on the clean
portions of the surface, but coating every
place where the oleaginous transfer ink
has touched, and printing the picture
upon the sheet of paper that follows.
Extreme Summer Heat.
The following figures show the ex
treme summer heat in the various coun
tries of the world : Bengal and the
African desert, 150 degrees Fahrenheit ;
Senegal and Gaudaleupe, 130 deg.; Per
sia, 125 deg.; Calcutta and Central
America, 120 deg. ; Afghanistan and the
African deserts, 110 deg.: Cape of Good
Hope and Utah, 105 deg. ; Greece, 104
deg.; Montreal, 103 deg.; New York,
102 deg.;. Spain, India, China and
Jamaica, 100 deg.; Sierra Leone, 94
deg. : France. Denmark. St. Petersburg,
Shanghai, tho Burman Empire, Buenos
Ayres and the Sandwich Islands, 100
deg. ; Great Britain, Siam and Peru, 85
deg.; Portugal, Pekin, and Natal, 80
deg.; Siberia, 77 deg.; Australia and
Scotland, 75 deg. ; Italy, Venezuela and
Madeira, 74 deg. ; Prussia and New Zea
land, 70 deg.; Switzerland and Hun
gary, 66 deg. ; Bavaria, Sweden, Tasma
nia and Moscow, 65 deg. ; Patagonia and
the . Falkland Isles, 55 deg. ; ice
land, 45 deg., and Nova Zem
bla, coldest of all, 34.
An Epicurean Feast.
A pleasant Parisian gentleman named
Decroiro, who appears to have been
wholly given up to the delights of science,
recently prepared a banquet for his fellow-scientists
which, judging from the
bill of fare, could not have been of a
peculiarly appetizing character. The
meats furnished consisted of the flesh of
horses which had died of . the glanders,
of cows which hod perished from rinder
pest, and of a donkey just dead from
hydrophboia. Xt was, emphatically, a
" test" banquet, and proved the devotion
of its partakers to the cause of science
as it was the intention to demonstrate to
the world that the flesh of animals was
not affected as human food by the worst
diseases, but that the cooking effectually
purges it from all infectious matter.
Undoubtedly M. Decroire is a very esti
mable gentleman in private life, but we
should hardly like to trust ourself in a
boarding-house of his keeping.
Meissonnteb has sold a picture on
which he is Btill engaged, entitled
Charge des Cuirassiers," for 300,000
A traveler says that in Spain um
brellas differ in size from an ordinary
dinner-plate to a small tent, and their
colors are as various as the tints of the
Bismarck is a great consumer of lager
beer, introducing it into his dwelling-
house in small kegs, which are on tap
at all hours of the day and night, and
on all occasions.
The neatest and prettiest passenger
boats one sees abroad are those sailing
up and down the Clyde from Glasgow.
They are magnificently fitted up, swift,
and in summer crowded to the water's
edge. . - - - -
The grand prize of 12,000 francs for
the most useful French industry has
been awarded to M. Pasteur for the im
provements he has introduced into the
manufactures of silk, wine, vinegar, and
Is Napoleon dead ? A correspondent
of the Prris Figaro says no, and that
the person interred at (Jhiselhurst is a
counterfeit Emperor, while the real
Bonaparte is traveling quietly through
France, testing the political feelings of
A London reporter, finding the tele
graph office door closed and the porter
asleep, while the operator was at work
beyond hearing the knocker, in an upper
story, procured entrance by telegraph
ing irom another .omce to a clerk in
Glasgow, who in turn sent the message
back to London. The double process
occupied but a very few minutes.
ConstanttnopiiK is to have, for the
first time under Moslem rule, a public
exhibition of paintings, in disregard of.
the fanatical scruples which have bo
long forbidden the Turks to tolerate the
representation of the human form by
brush or chisel. The Turkish painter,
Ahmed Effendi, initiated the movement,
with hearty support from the Government.
Purity of Character.
Over the beauty of the plum and the
apricot there grows a beauty more ex
quisite than the fruit itself a soft, del
icate plush, that overspreads its blush
ing cheek. Now, if you strike your
hand over that, and it is once gone, it
is gone forever, for it never grows but
once. Take the flower that hangs in the
morning, impearled with dew, arrayed
as no queenly woman ever was arrayed
with jewels. Once shake it, bo that the
drops roll off, and you may sprinkle
water over it as carefully as you please.
yet it can never be made again what it
was when the dew fell silently upon it
from heaven. On a frosty morning,
you may see the panes of glass covered
with landscapes mountains, laKes, trees,
blendid into a beautiful, fantastio pic
ture. Now lay your hand upon the glass,
and by the scratch of your finger, or by
the warmth of your palm, all the deli
cate tracery will be obliterated. So
there is in youth a beauty and purity of
character which, when once touched and
defiled, can never be restored ; a fringe
more delicate than frostwork, and which,
when torn and broken, will never be re
embroidered. A man who has soiled
and spotted his moral garments in youth,
though he may seek to make them white
again, can never wholly do it, even were
he to wash them with his tears. When
a young man leaves his father's house,
with the blessing of his mother's tears
still wet upon his forehead, if he once
loses that early purity of character, it
is a loss he can never make whole again.
The unanimous vote by which the
Presbyterian Assembly - at Baltimore
adopted the recommendation that two
committees be appointed to confer with
the Old School Synod of Missouri and
the Southern General Assembly, for the
purpose of reunion with those branches
of the church, probably marks the be
ginning of the end of the political schism
which has divided the XTesbytenan
Church of America- since 1861. The
Presbyterian Church North and South
divided in that year, on account of the
action of the General Assembly at Pitts
burgh, which declared that the allegi
ance of citizens was due to the United
States, therebv denving the doctrine of
State allegiance and State rights. The
Missouri Synod has nofbeen associated
with either branch since 1866. Its
separation was the result of the adoption
of a resolution by the General Assembly,
in 1865, that every church session and
every Presbytery in connection with the
Presbyterian Church Worth should ex
amine every person who came from a
Southern State asking for admission
into any of their churches or XTesby-
teries touching his relations to the Fed
eral Government and touching his views
on the slavery question ; and insisting
. ( r . - ii l
upon a coiuession ox sin u im appli
cant hod been guilty of disloyalty.
A World of Suicides.
Prof. Faraday has given it as his opin
ion that all who die before they are a
hundred years old may be justlycharged
with self-murder ; that Providence hav
ing originally intended man to live a
century, would allow him to do bo if he
did not kill himself by eating unwhole
some food, allowing himself to be an
noyed by trifles, giving license to passion
and exposing himself to accident. The
French savant Flonrin advanced the
theory that the duration of life is meas
ured by the time of growth. When the
bones' epiphysis are united the body
grows no more, and it is at twenty years
that this union is effected in man. The
natural termination of life is five re
moves from the several poiats. Man,
being twenty years in growing, lives, or
should, five times twenty years; the
camel is eight years in growing, and
lives five times eight years ; the horse is
fave years in growing, and lives twenty-
five years ; and so on with other ani
A cynical lady, rather inclined to
flirt, says most men are like a cold
very easily caught, but hard to get
OLD AND NEW.
Now little feet
Patter on the floor ;
New little faces
Peep through the door ;
New little souls
Have entered Into life ;
New little voice
Speak in love or strife ;
New little fingers
Tightly clasp our own ; '
New little tendril
Bound our hearts havegrown.
Still the old voices
Echo in our ear, . - .
And the old faces '
Hallowed are -and dear ;
Still the old friends
Who have passed away,
Lire in our affection-
Love has no decay,
And the old words, -
Spoken long ago, s
Keep the heart tender, , ).
Make the tears flow.
Thus New and Old '
Mingle in one.
Each has its blessing ;
And when life is done ,
Old faces, old friends
Will meet us again
Treasures long buried
" We shall regain :
All that is lovely, '" "
All that is true.
Will live on forever, - -
The Old and tile New. .
A doob belle A pretty housemaid.
Intellectual farming Harrowing a
man's feelings. ! -" '
Why is a mouse like ft load of hay ?
Because the cat '11 eat it.
See in another column the advertise
ment headed " I Will Help Any Ma."
What is the difference between a
jailer and a jeweler ? , One watches cells
and the other sells watches. ,
A Western editor informs a corre
spondent that the words '" N6 cards"
accompanying a marriage notice signify
that the wedded pair don t play poker.
A stranger, a voung man from the
country, after having gazed at the bananas
at the eating house in' the union JJepot
in Kansas City, the other day, wanted
to know what " them 'ere sweet potatoes
were wuth,' and why so . much pains
was taken to string 'em.". He couldn't
see that he was wrong When the by
standers laughed, ; i ' '
Items of Public Importance.
The Commissioner of Internal Reve
nue is making energetic preparations for
assuming, on the 20th inst., the duties
heretofore discharged by district asses
sors in relation to assessing taxes on dis
tilled spirits and tobacco, the , banking
tax and the tax upon legacies and suc
cessions. It is already apparent that
the complete knowledge and control of
the brewing, distilling and tobacco man
ufacturing business obtained by the
Commissioner through the centralization
of affairs in his office will result in large
additions to the revenue derived from
In answer to an innmrv from the Sur
veyor of Customs of a Western port of
entry, the Secretary of the Treasury
decides that the law and regulations al
low an agent or attorney to make an .
entry of imported goods for an import
er and give bond for the production of
owner's oath, only in case of the sick
ness or absence from the port pf such .
owner or consignee, ' and then only in
case due power of attorney is bled
therefor. : This decision , is of general
interest and importance.
Next September we are to receive
from Great Britain the Alabama indem
nity. This period is rapidly approach
ing, -and in view of the fact that the
whole amount is to be paid in- gold, in
Washington, on a day named, the move-
wionf. rtf ark mnnVt Aron la a.t.t,rftl.incr At
tention as a circumstance very likely to .
disturb the Jngush market, which can-.
not be agitated without affecting our
own. It would be well for the managers
of our financial institutions to bear the
near approach of this payment in mind.
The Attorney-Ueneral has lust given
an important opinion to the effect that
the law to abolish the franking privilege
is not to be construed to prevent the
transmission of letters containing cur
rency for redemption. 1 It is the wish of
the Secretary of the Treasury that as
fast as fractional currency or legal ten
der becomes worn, it should be ex
changed for new notes. The Govern
ment, on the payment ' of ordinary
postage, permits all such . letters to be
registered free to and from Washington,
that no one may have any excuse for
repudiating money. An adverse deci
sion would cut on this privilege, now
availed of to a large extent all .over the
Austria—The Cause of the Financial
A Vienna letter thus tells what the
mania for wild speculation has done in
the Austrian capital. Will Americans
heed the warning ?
" Many old, respectable banking
houses have gone on the list of bank
rupts along with the crowd of mushroom
concerns which sprang up under the in
fluence of the mania for speculation that
has prevailed during the past year. In
the great crisis of 1859 the total loss oc
casioned, by the fall of stocks quoted on
the Bourse amounted to twenty-five mil
lion florins. Already it has exceeded ten
times that amount. The chief sufferers
are now speculative banks and numerous
building companies. Hundreds of bub
ble companies were organized, and their
stock was snatched up at prices absurdly
inconsistent with the prospects of the
profit they offered. Almost every day
saw new banks organized with mythical
capital, whose stock was palmed off on
the credulous publio by the influence of
the names of a few barons and counts
upon the lists of directors, and by the
puffing of subsidized newspapers. The
building companies outnumbered the
banks, and were about as unworthy of
trust. They undertook everything, from
erecting monster hotels to putting up
soda water pavilions. Cotton and woolen
factories, iron works, breweries, mills,
etc., were built without any regard to
the demand that existed for their pro
ducts, and the speculative fever iduced
people to buy stock ; not as an invest
ment, but in the hope that the next day
somebody would give a higher price for
it. Hundreds pf costly buildings have
been erected in Vienna by these build
ing companies in a style of elegance be