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' VOt;VI.--NO. 36. "-" " . ; S I EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 26, 1873. WHOEL NUMBER $2f
MORE CRUEL THAN WAR.
33'1 A correspondent of the Kanw City Timet revives
a striking poem, of which this i the hl.itory: A
.., Southern prieoner of war at Camp Chaae, in OUix
. f af ler pining of sicknesa in the hospital of that 8a
. .", w tion for aorae time, and confiding to his friend and
" fellow-captive. Col. W. 8. Hawkins, of Tennraree,
- that hewaa heavy of heart because his a8anoed
bride in Nashville did not write to him, d'ed jiist
before the arrival of a letter in which the lady curtly
'f broke the engagement. Col. Hawkins had been re
"ptested to open any epistle which should come
... t for him thereafter, and, upon reading the letter in
iou, penned the following versified answer.
" ::- The lines were imperfoctly given by the Southern
press just after the war, and deserve revival, if only
for the sake of the corrections requisite to do jos-Aire-
to their sentiment and win for Jiem a wider
appreciation : Sew York W'orW.J$
- TYoor letter, lady, came too lat-.
For heaven had claimed it A own
Ah, sudden change from prison bars
Unto the great, white ' jnonel
And yet I think he wo'jd stayed
To live for his disdain.
Could he have reay the careless words
r Which you hav e Bent vaitt-
80 J'dence did he wait.
T?? many a weary hour,
- - hi8 Bimple soldier-faith
v erven death had power ;
An .you did others whisper low
Heir homage in your ear,
tut though amongst their shallow throng,
Ilis spirit had a peer?
I would that yon were by me now,
' To draw the sheet aside,
And see how pure that look he wore
The moment when ne aiea.
. The sorrow that you gave to him
iI -. Had left-its weary trace,
As twere the shadow of the cross
. ; Upon his pallid face.
u Her love," he said, "could change for me
t . The winter cold to spring
1 - ' ' Ah, trust of fickle maiden's love,
Thou art a bitter thing 1
For when these valleys, bright in May,
Once more with blossoms wave,
State northern violeta shall blow
Above his humble grave.
. v , . -
"Your dale of scanty words had been
But one more pang to bear,
.; f Vor him who kissed unto the last
Your tress of golden hair.
I did not put it where he said,
; ; For, when the angels ctpue,
' C2 would not have them find the sign '
. Of falsehood in the tomb.
JVe read your letter, and I know
' ' The wiles that you had wrought
i., i To win thai noble heart of his,
' And gained it cruel thought !
J : i". What lavish wealth men sometimes give '
For what is worthless all ; .
, .. What manly bosoms beat for truth
i ?. Ai In tolly's falsest thrall I
Ton shall not pity him, for now
His sorrow has an end ;
' Xet would that yon could stand with me
Beside my fallen friend ;
And I forgive you for his sake.
T tn? Ashe if it be given -
May e'en be pleading grace for you
ltofore the oonrt of heaven.
f To-aight the cold winds whistle by,
. " . As I my vigil keep
Within the prison dead-house, where
Few mourners come to weep. v
S T" A rude plank coffin holds his form ! -f
' Yet death exalts his face,
And E would rather see him thus
V f Than clasped in your embrace.
;. ' ' To-night your home may shine with lights,
A V ' And ring with merry song,
And you yet smiling, as your soul
Had done no deadly wrong ; - -Your
hand so far that none would think
It penned those words of pain ;
Your skin so white would to God your heart
- Were half as free from stain.
.Td rather be my comrade dead
Than you in life supreme :
for your the sinner's waking dread,
. And his the martyr's dream.
Whom serve we in this life, we serve
In that which is to come ;'
' ' He chose his way; you yours ; let God .
Pronounce the fitting doom.
THE CHAINED HOST.
; - The potato famine in Ireland was no
where felt more severely than in that
fart of the country where the following
story iB told as a true tale.
In a small village in one of the most
barren districts in the west of . Ireland,
, there lived a very poor -widow, whose
sole inheritance from her husband were
: ; two health; children, girls, of the re
spective ages of three and five. Pain
fully and by the utmost effort she had
.contrived to pass two years of her sor
'lowf ul . widowhood. " Bad and scanty
' food, obtained only by labor too great
for her delicate frame, had at last thrown
her upon a sick bed, and death, in pity,
removed her in a few days and without
great suffering from her earthly troubles.
The poverty of the whole parish was so
great that nothing could be done for the
poor orphans. All the neighbors, with
r v the utmost desire to help, were too fam---
ine-etricken, and heard their own chil
"lren too often cry in vain for bread, to
" If the children could only be got to
Kilburn " a village some miles south
said one of the neighbors, after the poor
mother had been buried, " a brother of
their father lives there, and could
not possibly refuse to take care of
" But matters are as bad there as
"liere," replied another, and "I fear they
will be no better off there."
-"It cannot possiblv be worse than
here, for nothing but starvation stares
f. tnem in trie face. If we send them to
i ' their relations we have done our duty.
' We cannot possibly keep them here."
-1 -So a carrier, who was going near to
Kilburn, as an act of charity, took the
wo- giris uizzie was seven now, ana
JMary was five in his cart with him.
The timid children kept very quiet and
close together, and the carrier hardly
loo&eu at mem. xowara noon they
reached the spot where the cart would
turn; on. The man lifted them out,
.'showed them the road to the left,
and bade them go straight forward, and
if they did not turn from the high-road
' they would in about two hours come to
the "place. He then drove off. The
children sobbed out ,'good-by," and
9 looked after him as long as they could
see the least speck of the cart, and then
they both began to cry.
Lizzie ceased her crying first ; she
took Jiold of her little sister's hand, who
had seated herself on the grass, and
said : " Get up, Mary, we must not
stay here if we wish to get to Kilburn.
We cannot stop here on the road."
" I'm so hungry," sobbed Mary. "We
have had nothing to eat all day.'" And
again they both began to cry ; for Lizzie
was equally hungry.
The, children were very weak, and
. couhfjOnly drag themselves slowly along.
"Efaiidn hand they tottered on. At last
. lAz-4. ."fancied she saw a house, and
' 16inted toward the spot. But it took
them Tupre than a quarter of an hour be
fore they- reached the farm-house, for
, moh $t proved to - be. With hesitating
steps they entered the yard, for they
had never1 begged before, in spite of
wm& former misery. Hat at this mo-
men trthey' could think of nothing else
than their terrible hunger. When a few
steps f rom the house they heard the
farmer -violently scolding one of his
men. Then he went ito the house,
fiercely closed the door after him, bo as
to make the windows rattle, continuing
his abuse all the time. The children,
terrified, stood still at the door until the
voice ceased. Then Lizzie opened the
door and both children entered. The
former sat in an arm-chair by the fire.
Well, what do you want V he harsh-
ly nsked the children, who were too
frightened to utter a word and to tell
their errand. "Cant you speak? he
asked more roughly.
Lizzie at last took courage, and said,
gently, " Oh, if you would be so good
as to give us the least little bit to eat
a small piece of bread or a few pota
" I thought so," shouted the farmer;
"I was sure you were nothing but beg
gars, although you do not Beena to be
long to this neighborhood. We have
plenty of those here, and we do not want
them to come from other parts. We
have not bread for ourselves in these
hard times. You will get nothing here.
Be off, this moment 1"
The children, both terribly fright-
en"ed, began to cry bitterly.
-nat will not do you any good, con
tinued the man ; " that kind of whining
is nothing new to me, and won't move
me. Let your parents feed you ; but
they, no doubt, prefer idling rather
than get their living by honest labor.
" Our parents are both dead," said
" I thought so," replied the farmer.
"Whenever children are sent out to
beg, , their father and mother are
always dead, or, at least, their father.
This is a mere excuse for begging. Be
off this minute " ' .
"We have not eaten a morsel of
bread the whole day," pleaded Lizzie.
"We are so tired that we cannot move a
step. If you would but give us . the
least bit to eat, we are so hungry."
" I have told you I would not. Beg
gars get nothing here."
The farmer got up with a threatening
look. Lizzie quickly opened the door
and drew her sister with her. ' The
children again stood in the farm-yard,
but knew not what to do. . Suddenly lit
tle Mary drew her hand from her sis
ter s clasp and went off to the other side
of the yard ; there was a fierce dog
chained ; his dinner stood before him
in a wooden basin. Mary put her hand
into the basin and began to eat with the
dog. Lizzie went nearer, and saw that
in the basin there .was some liquor in
which a few, pieces of bread and a
few potatoes were floating. She,. like
wise, could not resist : she had but one
Lfeeling that of the most gnawing hun
ger ; she took some bread and potatoes
and ate them greedily.
The dog, not accustomed to such
guests, looked at the children full of as
tonishment'; he drew "back, and then
left them at his dinner, of which he had
eaten but very little. At this moment
the farmer stepped into the yard ; he
wished to see whether the children had
really left, and then he saw this singular
scene. The dog was noted for his
fierceness and feared alike by old and
Jroung. He was obliged to be constant
y chained, and no one dared to come
near him except his master. Even the
servant put his food before him in the
most cautious manner. In the first mo
ment the man thought of nothing but
the fearful danger in which the children
were, and walking quickly toward them,
he exclaimed :
"Don't you see the dbg? He will tear
you to pieces !"
JJut suddenly he stopped as if rooted
to the ground ; the dog had got up again
and gone near the children ; then he
looked at his master and wagged his tail.
It seemed as if he wished to say :
" Don't drive my guests away I"
At that Bight a great change came over
the man ; the spectacle before him acted
like an electrice shock, and feelings such
as he never had before seemed to stir
The children' had risen, terrified at
the call of the man, fearful of punish
ment for having eaten, with 'downcast
eyes.- At last,' after several minute's sil
ence, the farmer said ; -
'Are you really so fearfully hungry
that you do not even despise the dog s
food? Come in, then, you shall have
something to eat, and as much as you
use. And then taKine them by the
hand he led them into the house, calling
out to the servant, " Biddy, get some
hot bread and milk, and be quick, for
The dog had shamed his master the
brute had shamed the man. Touched
by what he had seen, the farmer was
anxious to make amends for what his
conscience showed him to be a great sin.
He seated the children at the table, sat
down by them, and kindly asked their
" My name is Lizzie, Bald the eldest,
and my sister is called mary.
" Have your parents been dead long ?"
" Our father has been dead two years,
but our mother only died last week.
At the thought of their recent loss
both children began to weep. '
" Don t cry, children," said the far
mer kindly. " God will in one way or
another take care of you. But tell me
now, where did you come from ?
" Prom Loughrea, replied the child.
"From Loughrea?" asked the man,
" from Loughrea ? That is strange 1
He becran to suspect the truth, and
asked, hesitatingly :
" What was your father s narae i
" Martin Sullivan," replied Lizzie.
"What Martin Martin Sullivan ?
he exclaimed, jumping tip at the same
time, and casting a piercing look at the
child, en, thoroughly frightening them.
liis face grew red, then tears came
into his eyes ; at last he sobbed aloud.
He took the youngest child into arms,
pressed her to his heart and kissed her.
The child ' struggled and called to her
sister for help ; she could not t.hinV what
the man meant. Then he put down the
little one and did the same to Lizzie.
who took it more quietly, as she had
seen that the man did not hurt her sis
ter. At last, becoming more composed,
he dried his tears and said :
" Do vou know my name, children ?"
" No,' replied Lizzie.
" How happened it, then, that you
have come to me ?" he asked. " Has
any one sent you to me ?"
" Nobodv has sent us." replied Lizzie.
' 'We were to go to Kilburn, where a broth
er of our father lives, and they saidhe
would gladly receive us. But I do not
believe it, for our mother always said
that he is a hard-hearted man, who does
not care for his relations."
" Your mother was quite right when
she said so," said the farmer. "But
what will you do if this hard-hearted
man does not receive you ?"
' Then we shall have to starve, an
"No, no 1" exclaimed the man quickly.
It shall never come to that never !
Dry your tears. The merciful God has
had pity on your helplessness, and has
made use of a fierce brute to soften the
heart of your uncle, and therefore he will
never forsake you never."
The children looked at the man in ut
ter bewilderment ; they did not under
stand what he said his words and his
behavior were alike strange to them.
This he soon perceived, for he added :
" You are going to Kilburn to Patrick
Sullivan : you are already there 1 I am
your uncle, and now that I know you
are the children of my brother Martin,
I make you welcome.
The children's tears auicklv chanced
into smiles, and the meal which Biddy
just then put on the table for them mode
them forget their grief. Patrick Sulli
van had taken his farm about a year be
fore. A kind Providence had directed
the children's steps to him ; but if the
dog had not taught him a lesson of kind
ness who knows what might after all
have become of the poor orphans. But
He who is the Father of the fatherless
would surely not have forsaken them.
The Conqueror of the Apaches—Something
of His History.
Mai. Gen. Geortre Crook was born
near Dayton, Ohio, graduated at West
Point in the class with Sheridan, Lieut.
Derby ("John Phoenix ") and other nota
bles. Crook was sent direct from West
Point to the Pitt River and Modoc In
dian country in 1851. Instead of idling
away his time on dress-parade tactics,
he set about learning the haunts and
habits of the savages, and fighting them
on every occasion, frequently whipping
them by the hundreds with his half com
pany, armed with old-fashioned weapons.
He would do his own scouting on foot,
and often alone.
He is one of the best shots with a rifle
in the world; -is very fond of hunting,
fishing, and all out-door exercise ; is per
sonally as brave as any man can oe, yet
cool under excitement. . In his battles
with Indians he will take as full a hand
almost invariably as any soldier he may
direct, and has made many an Indian
bite the dust. He fought in the differ
ent Indian wars of the Northwest, until
the rebellion, when, through more than
a hundred battles, he worked his way up
to n Major-Generalshipi After the
great war he was singled out by Grant
to conduct the war against the savages
of Southern Idaho and Oregon and
Northern Nevada ond California. He
concluded a peace round that great cir
cle after the manner of his late arrange
ment in Arizona. -
Crook will capture a "hostile," and,
with the offer of good food, clothes,
guns, horses, etc., in addition to au
thority, will buy him into turning
acrainst his own household. His heart
is in the right place a man disposed by
nature to do-exact justice, regardless oi
race or condition. He is tender-hearted
as a child, as fond of fun, and in every
way the life of the camp. He likes to
have vouncr. lively, witty men around
him. and generally arranges his staff
Phvsicallv he is as tough as a mule,
and can wear out half the young men of
twenty-five. Crook is scarcely forty-five
years of ace : married, but has no chil
dren. His wife keeps on his trail pretty
closely. In complexion, Crook is light-
haired almost white ; nose and mourn
indicating strength of character, pur
Denver News. A Texas Bender--Four Men Killed
On Friday last a most fiendish mur
der occurred on Elm fork of Trinity
river, near the village of Head of Elm,
in Cook county. One of the numerous
herds of cattle being driven over the
Kansas trail had been corralled for the
night, and after supper those that were
not on duty as guards, soon rolled them
selves in their blankets, to get what lit
tle rest a "cow boy can have.
About 10 o clock a Mexican, who was
one of the hands employed, and who was
acting lis cook, stealthily procured an
ax and commenced in cold blood to mur
der the unconscious sleepers. He suc
ceeded in killing four, when, just as he
was in the act of dispatching the fifth
one. the sleeper suddenly awoke, and,
discovering his danger,' gave the. alarm
and he with the remaining ones ' es
caped. - - -
One of the murdered men had his
head completely severed from his body,
while the others were mangled in the
most ghastly and almost unrecognizable
manner. The Mexican was notiooKed
upon as being dangerous, and no cause
was given for this fearful deed. The
only object was to secure the money and
Rtrak hfilononnc to the Tartv. which the
fiend was only prevented from doing by
the alarm which was given, during the
excitement of which he precipitately
.fled. Dallas (Texas) Jieraia.
Hob. Eveby Hen that Sckatcheth.
An ineenious West Bridgewater man
1 i -1 - 1 il j, . L 2 .1 1.
nas uKiuzeu uie uesuuuuve, nuu uenti
the scratching, power of hens to the
aid of agriculture. He places a hen with
chickens in a long, narrow cage, just
wide enough to fit in between two rows
of potatoes, wherein she scratches to
her heart's content. The cage is moved
along the space between the rows until
the ground has been thoroughly scratch
ed over, and the potatoes nicely hoed,
and all the bugs eaten.
The Bkooklyn Bbidge. The Brook
lyn bridge project, intended to connect
New York and Brooklyn, seems likely
to be brought to a stop. In the way of
swindling contracts the managers of the
Brooklyn Bridge Company have rivalled
the renowned Tammany chieftain. The
caissons of the bridge stand as remind
ers to the Brooklyn and New York tax
A factoky in Kankakee, HL, turns out
14,400,000 buttons per annum.
Always locate the bed-post in your
mind before putting out the gas.
Deaths from heart disease have in
creased 25 per cent, in twenty years.
Pbof. MitcheiiIi says the earth is
gradually cooling and absorbing the
The Popular Science Monthly says
that children are made deaf by boxing
A West Chester (Pa.') lady wrote her
will on a slate, and it has been admitted
The total valuation of the State of
Nebraska for purposes of taxation is
The German-speaking Catholics have
raised over $500,000 for a Catholic doily
paper in New York.
CAiiXFOBNiA has caught its first shad
this spring, the progeny of spawn de
posited by Seth Green in 1870.
Philadelphia has more penny daily
papers than any other city in the coun
try, four. New York has only one now.
There were in the United States, in
1870, 14,314 drug stores. The daily
average of prescriptions was twenty-one.
An Illinois mechanic is said to have
invented a steam painting machine,
which, for plain work, paints very well.
Henby Ward Beeches is said to have
received at least 500 blackmailing letters
since his name has gained such an un
A be cent French writer divides the
seasons in xxnaon into inree equal
parts four months of Winter, four of
fog, and four of rain. '
The streets of London are dangerous
places. No less than 533 persons have
been killed by vehicles in the last five
years, and 7,494 maimed or injured.
The cost of mamtaining the public
schools of New York for the coming year
will be $3,356,000. Of this sum, teach
ers will receive a little over $a,uw,uoo.
A London apothecary advertises for
competent person to undertake the
sale of a new patent medicine, and adds
that "it will prove highly lucrative to
Queen Victoria lately discharged a
number of laborers on her estate at Os
borne for asking sixpence a day ad
ditional pay and an hour less of work.
That is economy militant.
The beard of a dead man, who was
clean shaved at the tune of his burial,
six years ago, in Son Francisco, was
found to be eighteen inches long when
his co inn was opened a lew weeKs ago.
A lady, in Beading, Pa., who put out"
several pieces of lace on the grass, was
mystined by their strange oisappearance.
Thev finally were discovered in a tree,
to which a robin had carried them to
weave into its nest.
A Kentucky wagoner finds from his
account book that in thirty years' jour
neying over the turnpike between Mays
vifle and Lexington he paid $26,000 toll,
which, as he justly remarks, told heavily
on his business prohts.
Many of the lumbermen in the Michi
gan pineries are f usritives from justice.
The immense forests render concealment
from the officers of the law easy, and
offenders adopt this method of earning a
living for that reason.
The dailv weather map giving in a
complete and portable form the weather
changes over the whole country, ana
issuing from the Central Signal Office
at Washington, is now offered for sale
under a recent act of Congress at two
cents a copy.
A farmer's daughter out West re
ceived a hairy poodle dog from a friend
in New York. The unsophisticated
damsel wrote back thanking her friend
for the present, and saying that she
found it very handy, when tied to a sties,
to clean windows with.
Experiments have just been instituted
in Uerlin with a view oi determin
ing what harm is really done to
the roots of trees and shrubs
by coal-gas escaping from pipes and
permeating the soil. It has been found
that even so small a quantity as twenty-
five cubic feet of gas per day, distributed
through 576 cubic feet of earth, rapidly
kills the rootlets of all trees with which
it comes in contact.
The Autumn of Life.
It is the solemn thought connected
with middle life, that life's last business
is begun in earnest ; and it is then, mid
way between the cradle and the grave,
that a man begins to marvel that he let
the days of youth go by so half enjoyed.
It is the pensive autumn feeling, it is the
sensation of half sadness that we ex
perience when the longest day of the
year is passed, and every day that fol
lows is shorter, and . the light fainter,
and the feebler shadows tell that Nature
is hastening with gigantic footsteps to
her winter grave. So does man look
back upon his youth. When the first
gray hairs become visible, when the un
welcome truth fastens itself upon the
mind that a man is no longer going up
hill, but down, and that the sun is always
westering, he looks back on things be
hind. When we were children we thought
as children. But now there lies before
us manhood, with its earnest work, and
then old age, and then the grave, and
home. There is a second youth for man,
better and holier than his first, if he will
look on, and not look back.
A Model Legislator. It would be
pleasant to hear the mild rejoinder of
the member of the New Zealand House
of Assembly, whom Mr. Anthony Trol
lopo describes in his lately published
work, "Australia and JNew Zealand.
He says of thie luckless member that he
was " so vulgar, so ignorant, so illiter
ate, so incapable in his attempts, so
nauseous in his flights of oratory, so
blasphemous in his appeals to religion.
so impudent to the gentlemen around
him, so weak in his language, so strong
in his Billineserate phrases, that I could
think but little of a constituency which
would return him, and marvel at the
patience of a House which would endure
Settling a Duelist.
The Compte de B , a Colonel in
the line, distinguished for his gallantry
in the field, as well as for the length of
his service, was ordered to Martinique
with his regiment in the year 1798. At
that period the rage for dueling was
everywhere prevalent, but in no place
more so than in the West India Islands,
where the civilian and the military man
alike endeavored to establish his repu
tation by the questionable test of "an
affair." Among the officers quartered
in the garrison of St. Pierre was one, a
Capt. G , whose delight consisted in
fighting or fomenting duels, and who
measured every man's character by the
number he had fought. He was a man
of brusque manners and arrogant bear
ing, but of undoubted, though misap
It happened one day that conversing
with Compte de B , the subject of
dueling came on the tapis, when the
Colonel observed, that although he had
seen much and various service, it had
never been his chance to be engaged in
a single affair. The words appeared to
act like wildfire on the mind of his in
flammable companion. "What !" he
exclaimed " What I you never had a
cause for a quarrel? "Never!" re
plied the Colonel, calmly. " Eh bien
done, cried Uapt. , "viola une I
and raising his hand, while his eyes
gleamed with ferocious pleasure, he
struck M. de B a violent blow on
the cheek. The latter eyed him for a
moment, nor attempted to return the
blow, then- pointing significantly to his
sword, he left the spot. . -
The consequence was inevitable the
preliminaries were arranged, and the
same evening the parties met. - It was
decided to fight with small swords in
deed, dueling with pistols was rarely, if
ever, practiced in the French service.
The Compte de B came on the
ground, wearing upon his cheek a patch
of black taffeta, as if to conceal the
place where he had received the injurious
blow. They were both expert sworchv
men, but the Colonel, though no duel
ist, was a perfect master of his weapon.
His antagonist was soon at his mercy.
but he contented himself with inflicting
a severe wound in his sword-arm, and
having disabled him for the time, he
took out a pair of scissors, and, clipping
off a corner of the patch, very coolly
observed, " C est un peu mieux I" (It
is a little better.) As soon as (Japt.
G recovered from his wound, he re
ceived a second message from from M.
de B , and a second meeting was the
consequence, attended by a similar re
sult. Again they met, and again, on
every occasion, the Colonel wounded his
adversary and clipped off. a corner from
the tafteta on his cheek, accompanying
the act with the same observation. For
the fifth time the Compte de B i
vited his enemy to the field, and, with a
8 tern determination equal to .the per
severance which dogged him, Capt,
G obeyed the summons. Their
swords crossed again, but the Colonel's
aspect was changed. After a few passes
he saw his advantage, availed himself of
it in a moment, and in the next his
sword had pierced Capt. G 's heart,
who fell dead to the ground. . The Colo
nel sheathed his weapon, turned around
to his friend and pulled off the remain
der of the patch. Then, glancing at the
dead body at his feet, he quietly ob
served, JNow it is cured.
Dental Art Among the Japanese.
Dr. W. St George Elliott, formerly
of Troy, W . x., now at xokohama, J apan,
sends to the Dental Cosmos an interest
ing account of Japanese habits in regard
to teeth, and of the state of dentistry in
that empire. He says that the teeth of
the daughters of Japan are objects of
envy, and it is remarkable that a people
who place so much value upon their teeth
should keep up the custom of mac King
them after marriage. As a race the Japa
nese have got good teeth, and it is rare
to find an old person with any at all.
Their tooth-brushes consist of tough
wood, pounded at one end -to loosen the
fibers. They resemble paint-brushes,
and owing to their shape it is impossible
to Ret one behind the teeth. As might
be expected, there is an accumulation of
tartar which frequently draws the teeth
of old people. The greatest accumu
lation of tartar is behind the lower orals,
and those are frennentlv cemented to
gether by a dense, dark-brown deposit a
quarter of an inch in thickness. Their
process of manufacturing false teeth is
very crude. The plates are made oi
wood, and the teeth consist of tacks
driven up from under the side. A piece
of wax is heated and pressed into . the
roof of the mouth. It is then taken out
and hardened by putting it into cold
water. Another piece of heated wax is
applied to the impression, and after
being pressed into shape, is hardened.
A piece of wood is then roughly cut into
the desired form, and the model, having
been smeared with red paint, is applied
to it. Where they touch each other a
mark is left by the paint. This is cut
away till they touch evtnly all over,
Sharks' teeth, bits of iory, or stone, for
teeth, are set into the wood and retained
in position by being strung on a thread
which is secured on each end by a peg
driven into the hole where the thread,
makes its exit from the base, iron or
copper tacks are driven into the ridge for
masticating purposes, the unequal wear
of the wood and metal keeping up the
desired roughness. Their -full sets
answer admirably for the mastication of
food, but, as they do not improve the
looks, they are worn but little for orna
ment. 'The ordinary service of a set of
teeth is about five years, but they fre
quently last much longer. All full up
per seta are retained by atmospheric
pressure. This principle is coeqnal with
art. In Japan, dentistry exists only as
a mechanical trade, and the status of
those who' practice it is not very high.
It is, in fact, graded with carpenters
their word haayikjaan meaning tooth
The stock-yards in East St. Louis
will, when completed, be one of the
largest institutions of the kind in the
country. The land owned by .the com
pany consists of .400 acres, all of which
will be used lor stocK purposes.
Steam, as a fire-extinguisher, is tak
ing the place of water in Germany.
A Danbury Man's Adventure.
A Danbury man started for Green
wich, Friday, to see an iron fence.
What he wanted to see an iron fence for
we don't know, and it really makes no
difference. He went. He wanted to go
off on the 9:50 train, so he hurried home
to get ready. His wife and a vicious
outside woman were cleaning house, and
it was some little time before he could
get his society suit ready. In the
meantime he opened fire on the largest
liilf of a custard pie, holding it in his
hand, and dancing around and yelling
for his things. When she brought his
overcoat, he set the pie in a chair, to
put on the coat, but 'in his nervousness
itepped on the end of a lone-handled
whitewash brush which was balanced
across a pail, and the other end flew up
and discharged about a pint of the aw
ful mixture over the sofa, wall-paper.
and his panting, indignant wife. She
made a remark and he contradicted it.
Then he sat down in the chair where
the pie was, and" got np with a howl that
would have melted the stoutest heart.
She wanted him to wait while she
scraped off the surplus, but he was too
mad to converse in words of more than
one syllable, and started for the depot,
and boarded the train, and in the seclu
sion of the baggage-car removed the of
He got to Greenwich all right, and
looked at the fence. We hope he ad
mired it. Then he started for home
but missed the train, and as the next
was an express and didn't stop at Green
wich, he was obliged to walk to the
draw-bridge at (Jos Uob or stay in
Greenwich all night. So he walked up
there m the ram, but didn t mind it
much, as he. had an umbrella and the
pie was pretty well dried in. When he
got to Cos Cob he stood up on a fence
to rook at the scenery, and swear, when
sharp gust of wind took oil his hat
and carried it across a bog lot. . Then
he stepped down on the other side, too
amazed to express himself, and another
gust of wind came along, and turned
the umbrella inside out.- A brief con
versation here ensued between himself
and the umbrella, which he still held,
and he again started for the hat. When
he got it, he kicked it around several
tunes and then lammed it down on his
head, and started once more through
the bogs as the train drew up at the
bridge. It was a terrible struggle, as
the bogs were uncertain, but he strain
ed, and coughed, and spit, and howled,
and swore, and it did seem as if he
would catch it after alL What he
thought as he stood on that fence and
watched the train sail across the bridge,
no human being can tell.
An hour later he appeared m Stam
ford, wet through to the skin, splashed
with mud, and with an expression on
hiu face that would have scared
hydrant. - Backing himself against the
depot he stood there until near mid
night, and then went up on the owl
tram to TNorwalk, falling asleep in the
meantime, and narrowly escaping being
carried by the depot. Here he took the
freight for Danbury, arriving at home
just before daylight. His wife was abed
out not Bleeping. She lay there torn
Itv fnrenodinefi and harassed bv una
pense. Perhaps he was dead and lying
on the cold ground in the rain. Then
she thought of his lifeless 'body, and
groaned ; and thought of the pie and
arroaned again. She knew his knock
the moment it sounded, and, rushing
down-stairs in the costume appropriate
to that hour, she threw herself into his
hair and hysterically shouted, " Oh,
you old rascal 1 Come in here."
Paddle Your Own Canoe.
Judere S. crave his son a thousand dol
lars, telling him to go to college and
graduate. The son returned at the end
of the Freshman year without a dollar
and with several ugly habits. About
the close of the vacation the Judge Baid
to his son :
" WelL William, are you going to col
lege this year
" Have no money, lather.
' But I gave you" a thousand dollars
to graduate on 1
" That s oil gone, father."
" Very well, my son : it was all '.
could give vou ; you can't stay here
you must now pay your own way in the
A new liaht broke in upon the vision
of the astonished young man.. He ac
commodated himself to the situation ; he
left home, mode his wav thronsrh collesre.
and graduated at the head of his class
studied law,- became Governor of the
State of New York, entered the Cabinet
of the President of the United States,
and has made a record for himself that
will not soon die, being none other than
William 11. Keward.
A Novel Proposition. The latest
freak of French political eccentricity is
a proposition made by the Pans J'igaro
to divide France into four separate ter
ritories, each of which is to have a sepa
rate ruler. France proper is to have the
Count of Chambord for King, with Ver
sailles as his capital. Aquitane is to be
iriven to the Count of Pans, with Tou
louse for his capital. The Duke d'Au-
male is to have Burgundy, with his
capital at Avignon : and the 1 nnce Im
perial Corsica and Algiers, with his cap
ital at Algiers. As this would dispose
of all four claimants to the throne, and
give each of them a kingdom of his own,
there is a good deal of sense in tho lev
ity of -the Jrigaro.
The Way it Goes. A case rivaling
Jorndyce vs. Jarndyce has just been
heard in the Chancery (Jourt of Jven
tucky. About two years ago a gentle
man died and left his estate, worth
$3,000, to his two grandchildren. . His
debts amounted to $58. An administra
tor, with the will annexed, was appoint
ed ; by some means the case was thrown
into the courts, and attorneys being ap
pointed, brought finally before the
Chancellor on the Commissioner's re
port, to settle the fees. The attorney
charged and was allowed $1,300. The
administrator, clerks, and Sheriff
claimed the entire residue, leaving the
children nothing. The Chancellor re
fused to confirm the report.
The United States possess forty-one
A schoolmaster . on being asked what
was meant by the word " fortification,"
answered, " Two twentyfications make a
fortification." . ...
A German writer, complaining of the
difficulties in the pronunciation "of the
English language, cites the word "Boz,"
which he says is pronounced ' Dick
ens. . - ..
Waoneb don't like dramatic critics.
Ho says he can buy any of them for $5,
and that not one in a hundred is compe
tent to criticise a yellow dog's midnight
That farmer understood human na
ture who said :" "If you want your boy
to stay at home don t bear too hard on
the grindstone when he turns the
crank." . ' r
A petrified necro has been found in
an undertaker's garret at Roanoke, Miss.
It is thought tbat he undertook the
study of law and became absorbed in
Artificial coral may be made by
painting peeled and dried branches and
twigs with a melted mixture, composea
of two drahmes of vermilion and one
ounce of rosin.
The farmer gone to are show, ' t
"Hia daughter at the piano ; -i
Madame gaily dre-ssed in aatin
All tlie boys are learning Latin,
Witli a mortgage ou Uie farm 1
Mr. S.i who has been' in' the O-ing
business for several years, received last
week a neat " dun" colored card, with
Uncle Sam s name on the face, and upon
the back finds a financial problem ;
M To avoid proceedings nnpleaaabt,
I wish yon would pay what la due ;
If you do yonll oblige me at present,
If you donl then I'll oblige you.
Persistently youra, ' ; '
A French author, who is engaged in
getting up a book on Americans, has
been boring Jones to death for informa-
tion. The other day he as&ed J.,
Vat vaz ze - difference between ze
Yankee vimmen and ze Southern vim
men ?" " I'll tell you," snorted Jones,
if you won't bother me again. A
Yankee woman loves her husband, chil
dren, and minister about tho same, and
lives on codfish 'and pumpkin pie.' A
Southern woman has feet too small to
walk on, and wears shoes too small for
A Strange Story from Rome.
The New York Graphic publishes an
extract from a private letter, dated
Borne, May 15, which tells a rumor,
prevalent rn that city, that Pius IX.
died some days previous, and that his
place is filled by an old and astute priest
name Abbate Minati. His -story goes
that when the news of the Pope s fatal
illness was published, cardinals has
tened to the Vatican to take counsel to
gether upon the condition of affairs.
They found the situation an exceedingly
critical one for the Church. . .It seemed .
to them that nothing could have been
more inopportune than the death of the
Pope, and the election of his successor
at this moment, xney determineanpon
a stroke of the most daring and aston
ishing character. There was a priest of ,
the order of Benedictines, Abbate Mi
nati, who bore a striking resemblance to
Pius IX. Accordingly, they determined
that Father Minati, in the event of the
Pope s death, should enact the port of
Peter's successor. The Pope died, but
instead of their announcing this fact to
the people by bulletins from the Vati
can, they began to inform the, outside
world that the Holy Father was getting
better, and finally that he was quite well
a train, the fact being that the remains
of Pius IX. were hidden away in some of
the secret recesses of the Vatican eel- .
lars, and that Abbate Minati quietly
stepped into his place. To-day the
Head of the Uhurch is, in plain terms,
a dnmmv. wearincr the form ond keep-
ipg up the traditions of . Pius IX., -even
to the extent of taking a pinch of snuff
during mass, which the amiable old
man, now dead, always did. Of course
great care will be taken that this pro
pontiff exercises none of the functions of
real infallibility. ' He will receive depu
tations, smile affably, utter compliments
in Latin, take a walk now and then in
the Vatican gardens, and perform such
of the sacred ceremonies as are indis
pensable, but anything beyond that he
will not do. We shall not have any
more bulls, fulminations, definitions,
enclyclicals, or syllabuses, for the present.
The Grain Supply.
Chicago warehouses contained last
week 445,000 bushels of wheat, 4,026,
485 bushels of corn, 1,618,263 bushels of
oats, 232,174 bushels of rye, and 57,232
bushels of barley, making a total of
6,380,519 bushels of grain. The stock
of grain in Milwaukee was 875,548
bushels of wheat, oUiV-iHo busneis oi
oats, 73,646 bushels of corn, 104,800
bushels of rye, and 13,993 bushels of
barley. The amount of grain in New
York city was 136,361 bushels of wheat,
531,895 bushels of corn, 162,024 bushels
of oats, 42,073 bushels of rye, and
38,097 bushels of barley. The amount
of wheat in Buffalo was 95,000 bushels,
of corn 140,000 bushels, and of oats
120,000 bushels. Tho visible supply of
grain in the States and Canada, May 31,
1873, was 17,970,034 bushels, embracing
4,998,761 bushels of wheat, 9,347,757
bushels of corn, 3,422,467 bushels of
oats, and 201,049 bushels of barley
Cruelty to Animals. The State Department
has promulgated, for the in
formation of all concerned, the act of
Congress to prevent cruelty to animals
while transported by railroads, or other
means of transportation, in the United
States. The act does not take effect un- -til
Oct 1, after which railroad compa
nies are prohibited from keeping animals
in continuous confinement for more than
twenty-eight hours without unloading
for five hours, and properly feeding and
being watered. H they are Supplied on .
the cars with food and water, this pro
vision does not apply, United States
courts have jurisdiction in case of a vio
lation of the law, and fines not exceed
ing $500 are provided for each case. .
Land monopoly has begun to find its
way into California, a single firm in San
Francisco already being able to boast of
the ownership of two hundred and fifty
thousand acres of nice valley lands.