Newspaper Page Text
- Lt, G. GOULD, Publisher. ' Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. " Two Dollars per Annum, In Advance,
VOL. VI. NO. 41. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1873. WH PEL NUMBER 327.
I Bit beside thee, mill-stream,
The wheel goes whirring round ;
The bairniee play among the he;.
Their yellow ringlets float away
On light blue air that seems to sax,
" Be merry, eUp and bound.
And dance beside the mill-stream ;
There's mnsio in the sound."
I ait beside thee, mill-stream,
A -knitting stockings brown.
Bo spick-and-span for my old man
(He's in the mill among the bran);
And show a leg and foot he can,
For one that's growing down,
As shapely to thee, mil-stream,
As any jo in town,
I lore thy brawling, mill-stream, .
As dearly as thy splash,
When its foam-kiss, on days like this,
Lights np the wheel with sunny bliss ;
For if I hear thy wrathful hiss
Below the tempests s crash,
I know the wheel turns, mill-stream, '
The faster for the clash.
I've lived beside thee, mill-stream,
Full forty years this Jnne ;
My slip-coat cheese, and honey-bees,
My cherries, and my apple-trees,
I thank kind Providence for these,
His gifts around me strewn ;
I well may think our mill-stream.
Is nerer ont of tone.
This homestead nigh thee, mill-stream,
Held once two bonny boys ;
My little Joe is lying low, -But
Willie has a farm to show ; -Fine
crops of wheat and barley mow,
And wife, and household Joys ;
His bairns stand yonder, mill-stream.
And listen to thy noise.
I would not leave thee, mill-stream.
Before these limbs are dreet
For my last bed, that shall be spread
Close by my buried darling's head ;
There, turf lies softly on the dead ;
There I shall be at rest,
Nor hear thy clatter, mill-stream,
Above the old wife's breast.
THE DOCTOR'S STORY.
Thackery Bays there axe no new stories
all are old. But they are not turned
in that kaleidoscope we call time, and
though it may be the same piece, we see
another color through it. - What was at
one torn a deep green, at another be
comes a rose color, soft and beautiful.
So my story may be old, bnt in the
turning, a new light may come through
an old bit of glass, which shall not have
grown dim by the shadows of time.
I was sitting late one night in my
office, before a grate fire, or one that
had been great a few hours before, with
my feet on the table before me. I had
forgotten to replenish the fire, had no
idea what time it was, for my thoughts
had been busy in studying ont the case
of a patient I had that day been to see.
I had had many years of practice, bat
this case was something new to me. I
was puzzling over it, my books of refer
ence lav scattered about on the table
and chairs, and I was just beginning to
see where the difficulty lay, when I heard
a shot, the sound of men .running, and
soon somebody ascending the stairs and
coming toward my door. It was opened
hastily bv a bur stout fellow, a mechanic.
bv the name of Boss, a man I had known
some time. He spoke out short and
craick : .
" Doctor, there's a man down on the
sidewalk dead, I guess. Wish you'd
come down and see.
I snatched my hat and followed Boss
down stairs, and there lay the man al
most before the door. I examined him
and found life was gone. He was be'
yond all human aid. -1 inquired of Boss
if he knew anything about him. He
said he believed he boarded at the Se
vere House, and roomed with a man by
the name of Dougal, but knew . nothing
We took the poor fellow between us,
and carried him to his room, and getting
Dougal up I asked him what he knew of
the voting man. Me was very much af
fected at first, and said he was a good
friend of his, that they had roomed to
irether for more than a year, that bis
name was King Johnston King ; that
he worked in the machine shops, and
everybody liked him. He was a great
hearted fellow. The Only difficulty was
he would drink Bome times, and he sup
posed that was what he had been at to
night. His home was in Canada ; he had
a father and mother, and some sisters,
he believed : a mother anyway, for he
had talked about her Sunday nights,
sometimes. -As I looked at young King,
lying where we had put him, on his own
bed, with Mb white, Doyish face, and the
dark curls that lay damp on his low,
broad forehead, I thought of my own
Krrw tViat ha A loft ma nnlv a. fas mars
before, to help hold our flag high above
all outrage and slander, that had been
shot, and fallen in the midst of smoke
and fire, and some one had found him,
and had buried him as a soldier should
be buried, with his own flag about him,
and 1 always felt that it was a debt
owed, and believed there" would come
time when I might repay it ; and this
was the first chance I had ; and I resolved
that Johnston King should have from
me all that a son could have.
I told the voune man I would attend
to the funeral. I staid at the hotel
that night, or what there was left of it,
and the next morning found out the par
ticulars of the trouble. 1 . .. :
Johnston King had gone into one of
the saloons, had take a glass of ale, and
was passing out, when some man whom
he knew slightly offered him something
stronger ; got him under the influence ef
it, and then began to banter and annoy
him,, until he was beside himself, when
he gave the man a sound knock, which
sent him into one corner of the room.
He got up as mad as natural depravity
and drink can make a man. He took
out a pistol from his pocket, which
King discovered, and ran, but the man
followed him, and fired after going but
little way. Somehow I could not blame
young King. His frank, open face had
touched my heart. I thought of his
home and his mother,' and I believed
there was a something hidden that we
might not know in this life, but that
would be made clear by-and-by. It
seemed the saddest thing I had ever
known. We buried him that day. The
mechanics from the shops attended the
funeral, and all seemed to feel sad and
troubled, and I heard them saying one
to another :
We shall miss poor King he always
kept things lively ; and many a time
when I've been blue he has had
cheery word for me, that set me
right again. Someway he always left
track of light behind him." '
Yes. I was glad I had done for this
man what somebody had done for my
boy. The papers that day had an ac
count of the affair, closing up with
eulogy on X)r. liar drier a kindness,
doing for a stranger all that he could
have done for one of his own family.
crushed the paper in my hand as I read
it, and my whole being rose against
that word kindness. It is kind of a per
son to do what he likes best to do. I
hod done this thing because it was a
pleasure, and not a trial. I felt as if I
were cheating the public in leading
them to think it was a goodness in me.
Goodnesses and kindnesses come with
Some one, probably Dougal, sent the
paper to the postmaster of Hamilton,
Canada, requesting him, if any family
by that name lived there, to send them
the paper. And it was not many weeks
before I received a letter from the
mother of Johnston King, saving thev
had got the paper announcing the death
of their only son, and thanking me, in
words that seemed to be full of tears,
for the interest in 1dm I had shown.
.The letter was beautifully written, evi
dently by a woman of culture and 're
finement. She told me something of
the grief their son's life had been to
them, and yet they had loved him de
votedly, and his two sisters were
nearly crushed under ' the blow. I
answered the letter, and we kept up the
correspondence for several months ; and
1 never received better letters in my
life, full of truth and comfort. , They
made the days brighter than they came
into. I learned to know herself, her
husband and her daughters through
them. One day I received one. in
which she asked me for my photograph,
i 11 - i it r l 1 ii
wiling me bud ieiL so u Hue juiew us ail,
my wife, my two boys and myself, but
she wanted to see my proxy, if in no
other way, one who had been bo much to
them. Now, I am an elderly man, and
not remarkably good looking, though
one of my young lady friends (for I
have always had a liking for young
ladies), tells me my face is better than a
handsome one, that . it is genial and
honest, and always carries a good ser
mon in it. Even if this were true
(which of course I do not believe), it
would not come out in the picture, and
I didn't just like to have them Bee my
gray hairs, and hnd out what an old
man I was. But in my next letter I sent
one, for wno can nelp minding a
woman? And when her next letter
came, there came with it a photograph.
and as it dropped out of the envelope I
was ratner surprised to see a fresh.
bright, pretty face before me of a young
lady. X had of course a picture of Mrs.
Jxing in my own mind as a lady in mid
dle life, with puffs of gray hair tucked
under a white cap, rather large in figure,
with a matronly air and a motherly face.
We all make pictures, to comfort our
selves with, of friends we have not seen,
and are often strangely deceived when
the actual is presented to ns ; and do you
wonder that at first I should have been
somewhat surprised to see this sweet
young face before me ? But on reading
the letter, 1 found Mrs. King had sent
me her daughter Buth's picture, as
neither she nor her husband had any of
their own at that time. Of course I
must needs answer by a little note of
thanks to Miss Buth, for this picture.
and then came in return a bright, cheery
letter, such as young ladies know well
how to write, and after that the mother's
correspondence dropped into the daugh
ter s hands. -
Une evening about this time our
hearts were all made glad by Ned's (my
oldest boy s) return from -Ann Arbor,
for his summer vacation. And the week
passed by with rides and visits, trips out
into the country, etc; for I always
take my vacation with Ned, and when
my boys are at home with me, I forget
my gray hairs, and the years that have
made my shoulders stoop, and am a boy
again. And I do not believe my -boys
are afraid of their father, though I know
there are times when the chaps like to
be bv themselves, and X always have an
intuition, or is it the boy feeling left
behind ? that tells me when the old man
is better off at home or in his office.
Une morning this dawned upon me as a
company of boys, with Ned in the van,
started on for a Hunt, into tne country,
So I declined their urgent invitation to
loin them, going to my office instead,
and, sitting down at my desk, took up a
pile of unanswered letters, that had been
accumulating during my vacation, and
among them I found a letter from Buth
' I was kept busy during the day
answering business- letters, - leaving
Ruth's, being the pleasanter-duty, till
the rest were off my mind. What with
interruptions. I didn't get to it that day,
and when Ned came into the office the
next morning. I tossed it over to him,
asking him to answer it for me. He
took it up, and - seeing a lady's hand
writing, a look of dismay came over his
face. X told him to open and read it.
My back was toward him, but X kept a
lookout over my shoulder, to see how he
ot on with it. JAis face lighted up as
ie read, but as he finished and laid it
down, I could see nothing in it but
Why, lather, X never wrote to a
girl in my life. How to you expect me
to answer such a letter as that I
I got up, and going out to my desk,
took out f one of the pigeon-holes
Buth's picture, and laying it before
him, told him its history, and that per
haps it might inspire him, anyway, to
do the best he could. The letter had
been neglected a long time, and I could
not answer it that day, nor the next, and
so left him.
Had x any designs on these young
people ? How can I tell ? An old man's
heart is past finding out. But I believe
there is in every loving Human heart a
desire for the happiness of others, and
if a person can help it along, is he to
blame for doing it 7 Well, Ned answer
ed the letter, and very soon after went
back to college ; but I have never been
able to hnd that photograph from that
day to this. Whenever I allude to it in
Ned s presence, a suaaen nt oi abstrac
tion comes over the boy, which prevents
his understanding ordinary conversation.
At the fall vacation a company of the
students went to Niagara, and Ned
wrote, saying he would like to take a
trip over into Canada, as it was quite
the talk nowadays, and it might be a
good plan to take it in at the same time.
As I closed the letter which I had been
reading aloud at the tea table, my wife
spoke up from the depths of a mother's
"X wonder if that boy will go ever
there, and he hasn't a decent nit of
clothes with him. Doctor, you sit down
this minute, and write to him not to do
it, anyway, unless he gets himself fixed
X looked over at Annie, and said,
" Pshaw I wife, if the girl cares much
about him, clothes won't make any dif
ference, and if it is clothes she wants,
we don t want her ; besides. Ned s trot a
handsome face, and looks well enough ;
he'll manage that, you needn't worry."
How quickly a mother takes every
thing in. And I must confess I shook
a little in my own boots, for I have a
vague idea girls do like to see their gen
tlemen friends in raiment suited to a
gentleman. But the next letter from
the young man, dilating on the beauties
of Canada, and its superior advantages,
set our minds at rest on the clothes
A few weeks ago I took a trip to my
old home in the East. It had been
many years since I had seen my boy
hood's home so long, indeed, that in
many of the old families I used to
know, almost as I did my own, I passed
myself ott as Xader Unap, and begged
for my destitute ' church, or asked leave
to stay over night, without their having
a suspicion of my identity. While there,
I received a letter from little Buth
King, earnestly inviting me to come
over and make them a visit, with a post
script from Mrs. King, making the invi
tation still stronger. How they knew I
was so near them, that big boy of mine
at Ann Arbor can only tell. I made np
my mind I would accept, and a few days
afterward went, and was received with a
cordiality that warmed me all through,
and made me believe more strongly than
ever before that human nature is good,
honest nature, most of it anyway, and
Canada nature a good deal like the rest.
Mrs. King did have the silver puffs,
under the -snowy cap, and the pure, wo
manly face I knew she must have.
Mr. King was a severely honest En
glishman, and Mary, the oldest daughter,
very much like him, an open face, and
good constitution, thoroughly energetic
in her ways. She saw the justice of a
thing as well as the goodness of it. A
character yon could always tie to, that
is, if you wanted to. I thought I saw
a glimmer of light, andwny jonnston
King had left his home, and wandered
so far away from it, wandered in more
than a literal sense, because a father
had been unkind in his justice. It
seems almost wrong, sometimes, that a
just father and an impetuous son are
not allowed to understand each other.
Buth was like her mother, with quiet,
winning ways, and a loving, happy face.
a deep heart, and a clear head ; and,. I
soon found out, quite able to hold her
own when she was attacked. A face that
made you feel instinctively that " still
waters run deepest."
As X went into the pleasant home par
lor, a bright fire burned in the grate.
and just above the mantel, in a heavy
gilt frame, hung a eaintinar of tne bov X
had laid in his coffin so far from this
home. An ivy vine was wreathed
around it, and it was hung in such a
way that it could be seen from every
part of the room. A strong, sweet face,
with something of Doth xtutn and Mary
in it. X stopped before it as X entered.
and I knew that mother stood beside
me. though I did not turn my head.
The sisters were near me, also, and the
father a little apart, with his head bow
ed, and his hand folded behind him. As
I turned toward the mother,' she took
the hand I held out to her, I spoke not
a word : there was no word to speak,
bnt we understood each other, and that
X staid a few days, and had a most
delightful .visit. The evening I came
away I happened to be in the parlor
alone, when Xiuui came in softly and
stood beside me. . I put my arm round
her, and " drew her to me, running my
hand through her long, light curls, and
over her fair, white forehead. She
turned her face toward me, " And. she
was one, the beauty of whose eyes were
evermore a sweet surprise." As I look
ed at her, a little searchingly, X fear,
soft flush came into her face, and the
twinkle in her eyes grew brighter, as
she said, almost in a whisper : " Well,
will I do ?"
Since my return home I have written
to Ned of my visit, and the pleasure it
gave me : that little Buth was all I had
expected from the inlook into her char
acter her letters had given me. And
now, I suppose, from little signs I have
discovered, there will be a wedding
somewherein her Majesty s Xfomimons
the coming summer, and I shall have
daughter to brighten an old doctor's
Unheard-of Horrors in a Lunatic Asylum.
A most horrible and almost incredible
condition of affairs in the Vermont In
sane Asvlum is described in the report
of the Legislative committee appointed
to investigate the management of that
institution. The committee's first dis
covery was that the asvlum. which is
controlled by a private corporation, was
greatly overcrowded, 485 patients being
packed into a space intended to accom
modate auu at tne most, xms, nowever,
is a trifling matter in comparison with
other revelations. Seventy-five of these
unfortunates were thrust away in sub
terranean dungeons, dark, damp, foul,
and pervaded by unendurable stenches.
Some were confined in apartments nine
feet bv four in size, with air and ventila
tion only through auger holes bored in
the doors. The active as well as the
passive inflictions put upon these pool
people proved equally inhuman. Among
them was the punishment of the bath.
in which the patient, securely bound, is
placed in a bathing-tub, and a continu
ous stream of cold water allowed to fall
upon his head. This torture, it may be
remarked in passing, was one of the
most excruciating known in the dark
ages, resulting usually in insanity or
death. To this asylum of horrors the
committee also state that sane men have
been consigned through fraud and bri
bery. The picture is as complete as
Charles Beade could make it, but with
out the romance of fiction. The reality
is something for the Legislature of Ver
mont to deal with promptly and severe
ly ; for it is too disgraceful for belief,
except as attested by an official investi
gation such as has produced this as
tounding report. Boston Boet,
There are twenty-seven Roman Catho
lic churches in Chicago.
A Toledo paper fixes the wealth of
the late Horace F. Clark at $25,000,000.
Moke visitors attend the Vienna Ex
position on Sunday than any other day.
Emigrants are still arriving in New
York at the rate of 3,000 to 4,000
The Japanese mint has already coin
ed 15,500,000 pieces of gold and silver,
valued at $20,178,000.
Mb. Moses Dttpont, of Holyoke,
Mass., and his twenty-three brothers
have, between them, 322 children.
American female newspaper reporters
are found in all parts of the world. Six
teen went to the Vienna Exposition.
Moke persons were wounded by the
use of powder on the recent Fourth of
July than in any battle of the Bevolu-
On. Crnr mourns because . Barnnm
could not find a level spot of ground in
or near the city large enough to place
his tents upon.
The walls around Constantinople,
which were built fifteen centuries ago,
are still perfect only seven of the forty
three original gates are remaining.
Buffalo Bill and Texas Jack have
both retired from the stage in order to
extend the hospitalities of the boundless
prairie to the Earl of , Dunraven and
Sylvester Brown, of Ashtabula,
Ohio, when adjudged not guilty of the
murder oi ma wile, rose np and said
" Gentlemen, I think X can stand the
soda water on this 1"
A St. Louis physician committed an
assault upon a fellow wno tied his horse,
attached to a load of coffins, to a post
before the doctor s door. The M. U.
objected to suoh a mode of advertising.
Five girls, neither of them over twenty
years of age, have entered 320 acres of
land in Kansas, and intend to make a
dairy farm of it. All but two of the
girls are graduates of Eastern schools,
and two of them are proficient in agri
The total tonnage of the vessels
which passed through the Suez canal in
1870 was 409,312 ; in 1871, 703,202 ; in
1872, 1,082,091 tons. These figures in
dicate a satisfactory increase in the traf
fic, which, however, is not at all as
great as was expected.
The drain of emigrants to America."
says the Limerick Jieporler, " is abso
lutely alarming. The people are leaving
the country in crowds ; a respectable,
well-dressed, intelligent- and orderly
population are abandoning their country
in countless numbers.
The woman who is annually killed by
the bite of a spider expired this season
at Knoxville, Tenn. Hei gifted sister,
who works out the road-tax, when last
heard from, completed grading a section
of road in Maine.' The remaining sis
ters plow eighty acres and plant it in
corn this year in xLansas.
A XiTNN, Mass., lady sold rags to a
Salem buyer. A week afterward she
called at his establishment and desired
to examine what she had sold. After
searching the loft diligently she found
her $1,600 in currency, and savings bank
book calling for S2.40U. Moral: .Never
hide your valuables in rag-bags.
According to the Melbourne A.ae
bushranger, who was killed some years
ago in an attempt to escape arrest, is as
serted by another bushranger, X'ower,
who is now in prison, to have been no
less notorious a person than Arthur
Orton, although ha went by the name
of Oosgrove.' Another complication this
for the Xichborne claimants little
The difficultr of inserting screws in
plaster walls without attaching them
anv woodworx may Do overcome py en
larging the hole to about twice the
diameter of tne screw, ruling it witn
plaster of Paris, such as is used
fastening the tops of lamps, etc., and
bedding tne screw in the soft plaster.
When the plaster has set the screw will
be held very strongly.
The counterfeit fifty cent notes which
... , 1 1 ( ,
are in circulation can do aetectea
holding the notes to the light, when one
can see there is no silk fibers in the pa
per, but it is simulated . by irregular
. - ., 1 1 , . ? XI
scratches on tne piaie, wmcn gives me
surface impression. The red treasury
seal is also printed in ink wmcn will run
and blur over the paper if a person
dampens his linger and passes it over
Summer Blankets for Horses.
Blanketing. summer now
become an acknowledged necessity, and
light blankets are now an important por
tion of the harness-maker s stock, xne
materials used for these are brown and
bleached linen, scrims, flannel and light
cotton duck. Muslin sheets are also
used, but these, as well as those made
of duck, are not popular. Linen and
flannel are the favorite goods ; they cost
moire, but are durable and look well
twilled braid is used for binding and
joining, and some of the finer qualities
have monograms or the name of
horse worked on with very narrow braid
of the same shade as the binding.
Scrims is used more as a protection
against flies than for any other purpose,
and being very light and loosely woven.
rea aires to be well bound and secured
at the seams : a strip of leather should
be stitched on under the braid,
either on the back of the scrims or
tween it and the braid ; the edge of
scrims must be turned in bo that
outer row of stitches will pass through
two thicknesses ; if this is not done
will ravel, and the binding come off.
Carriage and Harness Journal.
Four Degrees of Drunkenness.
There is a Rabbinical tradition
when Noah planted the vine, Satan
tended and sacriheed a sneep, a lion,
ape and a hog. These animals were
symbolize the gradations of ebriety.
When a man begins to drink, he is meek
and innocent as the lamb ; then becomes
bold as the lion ; his courage is
transformed into the foolishness of
ape : and at last he wallows in the
like the hog.
Yankee Machinery at Vienna—A Creditable
Showing, After All.
The Neue Freie Presse, of June 25,
gives some tables in its exhibition sup
plement, showing the comparative rep
resentation of tne various countries in
the machine department, group 13, from
which it appears that America makes a
very respectable showing, notwithstand
ing all that has been said to the con
In section L (motors) there are ex
hibited by Russia 14 machines, Hungary
7, Austria 98, Uermany 210, i ranee 55,
Switzerland 34, England 20, America 5,
Belgium 6, Italy 2, Sweden and Norway
8, Denmark 1, Netherlands 7 ; total
In section II. (metals), the following
is the showing : Xlussia b, Hungary 6,
Austria 61, Germany 180, France 30,
Switzerland 17, England 39, America
34, Belgium 21, Italy 12 ; total 403 ob
jects. Of machines for wood work : xvussia
exhibits 1, Hungary 3, Austria 83, Ger
many 50, France 26, England 60,
America 24, Sweden and Norway 31 ;
Of machines for textile fabrics : Aus
tria has 293, Germany 300, France 54,
Switzerland 65, Xlngland bo, America A,
Belgium 46 ; total 828.
Of miscellaneous machines, xankee
ingenuity makes a splendid exhibit,
showing a total of 450. England has
266, Austria 518, Germany 330, France
83, Switzerland 38, Belgium 97, Italy
8, Denmark 40, Neitherlands 11 : total
In section IIL (transportation), Xius-
sia exhibits oo objects, Hungary to,
Austria 152, Germany 60, France, 18,
Switzerland 4. England 22. America 22.
Belgium 120, Italy 3, Sweden and Nor
way 3, Denmark 1, the Netherlands 1
In section XV. (road -work), Russia
exhibits 23 objects, Hungary 43, Aus
tria 92, France 10, Switzerland 6, En
gland 24. America 1, Denmark 4, Ger
many 52, Sweden and Norway 1 ; total
The grand total of 4,964 o meets in
the machine department is divided as
follows: Russia 120, Hugary 198, Aus
tria 1.297, Germany 1,182, France 276,
Switzerland 164, England 496, America
539, Belgium 289, Netherlands 19, Den
mark 46, Italy 25, Sweden and Norway
This enumeration is a erreat surprise
to many, and 1 doubt whether any of the
American exhibitors expected they would
stand third in the list cf objects ex
hibited, Vienna Cor. Boston Qlobe.
Filters and Cool Water.
In view of the fact that the water we
drink is not unlikely to be crowded with
dangerous germs, it seems the part of
wisdom- to adopt tne simple precaution
suggested in our heading. A portable
filter may be made of common stone
ware or earthen jar. The bottom is
filled with stones as large as a goose-
egg, or is covered with a perforated slate
slab, leaving a space to hold a supply of
filtered water. A faucet is fitted into a
hole bored through the side of the jar,
as near the bottom as may be. On the
slab or stone is placed a layer of coarse
gravel, cleanly washed ; over that a layer
of clean washed sand ; then a layer of
powdered charcoal, also well washed;
still anotner layer of sand, and tnen one
of coarse gravel, both washed perfectly
clean. The remainder of the space is
for water. A cover, or a wet cloth,
placed over the top, excludes dust. If
a porous jar is used, the evaporation
from the outside during hot weather
will keep the contents almost ice cold,
particularly if it is kept in a current of
- mi ill t 5
air. iue same ukxibk arnuutcuiom
may be applied to a cistern. At the up
per corner is the chamber into which
the pipe discharges. The layers of ma
terial are gravel, sand and charcoal. As
the filter will need to be taken out oc
casionally to wash the contents, it is
well to make the chamber auite distinct.
so that access may be had to it at any
time without disturbing tne cistern or
Slavery in Peru.
revolting picture of the life dragged out
by slaves in 1 era wno are owned oy
Germans now living in Germany. One
of these wretches has power over 1,100
coolies, who, under cover of the revolvers
and the stripes of the whips of tnirty-
bix overseers, work from early morning
till late at night, year in and year out,
not even having a respite on Sunday.
Their food is two pounds of rice each
day. and nothing else. Many of them
are loaded with chains, and at night all
sleep in a stall surrounded by bull-dogs
and most closely watcned. in tms man
ner which recalls the outrageous con
duct of Sonnenkamp in Auerbach's
Villa on the Rhine their tyrant has
amassed a fortune of $13,000,000.
one year another German, who doubtless
shouts with the loudest when " JJTeineit
nnd Licht " are the watchword, burned
the corpses of thirty-six of these unfor
tunates merely to strike terror into the
survivors, whose faitn assures tnem tnat
there is no resurrection for those whose
bodies are thus disposed of.
Finances the Church of England.
A balance sheet of the revenues and
expenditures of the Church of England,
recently issued, gives some interesting
facts relative to its financial operations.
The membership of the Church is about
12.000.000. The average annual re
ceipts are over $50,000,000, derived from
the following sources : .endowments,
$21,000,000 : State aid, $2,500,000 :
rochial collections, J516,UUU,UUU, and
miscellaneous contributions and
$10,500,000. This sum is ex
pended as follows : Maintenance of
clercv. S'u.ouu.uuu : eaucauon oi
poor, $io,uuu,uuu ; cnurcn institutions,
foreign missions, church buildings, etc,
$14,500,000. Under the head of cleri
cal maintenance, the 2 Archbishops,
Bishops, and 70 Arch-deacons received
$692,780. There are 30 deans, 127 can
ons, 600 singers, and otners, wno
$1,080,025. In addition to these there
are 13,041 rectors and vicars, and 5,703
curates, whose services amount to $15,
730,255, or an average salary of $840
The export trade of Boston has more
than doubled in two years.
A NEW POWER.
An Invention for Which Wonderful
Things are Claimed—A Great Fuel
Mr. William Wells, of Salem, has juBt
perfected an apparatus for running
stationary or locomotive engines by va
por power, which, if it fulfills all that is
expected of it, will entirely revolutionize
the method of running engines of every
description. The new apparatus was
set np a few days ago, and on Saturday
afternoon it was put in practical opera
tion, for the first time, in the presence
of several gentlemen well versed in ma
chinery and the application of power.
The working of the engine was entirely
satisfactory, and all present expressed
themselves as highly pleased with the
success of the invention, which had been
considered by all but the designer as an
The whole apparatus is very simple in
construction, and the new power can be
applied to any engine. The whole pe
culiarity in "construction is in the boiler ;
the . engine being precisely like any
other, and the vapor being conveyed to
the cylinder of the engine just the same
as steam. The boiler is an upright one,
and is really a double boiler ; that is, it
has two heads at each end, one a few
inches from the other. The two cham
bers thus formed, one at each end of
the boiler, are filled with water, and are
connected by tubes, which are for the
circulation of the water between the two
chambers. . The second or inner boiler,
that between the two inner heads, is
filled with a preparation of bisulphide
of carbon, the vapor from which is the
motive power and takes the , place of
Bteam. Beneath the boiler is a small
fire-box, from which flues run np through
tne two boilers to tne smoke pipe.
These flues pass inside of the tubes al
ready mentioned, and the fire in passing
through heats the chemicals. By this
arrangement it will be seen that the
bisulphide in the inner boiler receives
the requisite amout of heat without
coming in direct contact with the fire
flues, as the water, as has been explained,
is kept in circulation through the tubes.
Mr. Wells claims that with a compara
tively small fire a great amount of power
can be obtained, and it nas peen prac
tically shown that,, with the water at a
temperature of 212 degrees Fahrenheit,
or the boiling point, a pressure of sixty-
live pounds to the square inch is ob
tained on the vapor boiler, and of course
if a greater heat is applied to the water,
the vapor pressure will increase propor
tionately. It should be mentioned that
the cnemioal preparation is used over
many times, as the vapor, after passing
through the cylinder of ' the engine,
passes into a condenser, and is then re
turned to the boiler to be used again.
The waste of chemical material is said
to be very small. It is estimated that
at least two-thirds of tne amount ot iuei
can be saved by the use of this inven
tion, but the exact amount can be bet
ter determined after further experiment.
Mr. Wells has been at work eight years
in-perfecting this apparatus, and judg
ing from the test of Saturday, his labor
and pains have not been thrown away.
Boston Globe, July 14. .-
The world is full of chronic fault
finders. Nothing - can ' please them.1
They take delight in growling and
grnmbling 6ver everything thev meet.
If anything is good, they complain be
cause it is not better. Humanity has
no bright side to these grumblers. It
looks black, dreary, hopeless to them
from whatever point of view they exam
ine it. They overlook the virtues of an
individual, and hold up a single fault to
judge his character from. They denounce
a party as corrupt because a lew rascais
disgrace themselves by nnwortny acts.
The church is false because a few hypo
crites find shelter within it. - The world
is on the high road to destruction, and
everything indicates the depravity of
man. We do not envy the happiness of
these growlers. Their unhappy frame
of mind is about the only pleasure
they enjoy. It may sound paradoxical,
but tne social misery wey create is io
t.ViAm a source of eniovment A single
hopeful heart is worth a regiment of
these fault-finders. - Humanity has its
bright side beautiful and attractive
to those who seek it. The world
alive with public and private virtue, and
we should be ready at all times to foster
and encourage this element of social
comfort and public happiness.
Did You Ever?
Mentioning a particular rodent, the
. -t 1 1 in l t r. .
veracious urass , v aiiey vjai. ) umun
sayB : The rat of which we speak has
his enjoyment in the North Star Mine.
The other day a miner down in one
the levels lit a short clay pipe in order
to take a whiff or two of smoke. - He
gave a couple of puffs and put the pipe
down on a piece of rock to attend to his
work. ' He in a few moments looked for
his pipe for the purpose of taking an-
. i l - mi TI
otner wmn. me F'P" k""c
looked a little further and beheld a rat,
who was old and gray with age and wis
dom, Bitting up on his haunches with
the pipe held in his moutn. xne miner
went to get his pipe, bnt the rat re
treated a few steps and again sat up and
began to smoke. The miner was sur
prised as well as delighted, and merely
remarked, "Go ahead, old fellow, and
have your smoke out." The rat
have his smoke ont, and then, putting
the pipe down, gave a little squeak
evident satisfaction and betook himself
in a dignified way to the darker recesses
of the mine. -
A Colored Verdict.
In one of the towns of Mississippi
two colored men were arrested on
charge of burglary. The jury before
whom thev were tried were all colored.
After the case was tried they retired
made up a verdict, which was announced
to the court. Un being called, tne judge
asked for the verdict which the foreman
delivered as follows: "Dis jury
dat one of de 'cased busted in de sto
and stole dat bacon, and dat de odder
didn't do nuffin." ' Which one do
find guilty ?" asked the Judge. " Dat's
de Question, boss." returned the fore
man: " dat's jest what we can't find
and we recommends dat de honorable
coat jest have anoder trial and find
which ob dem two nigger steal
Moll Clatterclack was smart in words
As anv woman's rishter.
And with the weapon of the toDgue
She wss an awful fighter :
She blazed at this, she snarled at that.
and keot ui each s clatter.
The very c nimbly on the roof
Was frightened at the matter.
With fret nnd scold, and snarl and Jaw,
She made the dishes rattle.
And clean destroyed the human folks,
And almost killed the cattle ;
The dog and oat, and rats and mice,
Became as deaf as adders ;
The chickens staid upon the roost.
And got as thin as snaaaers.
Bnt not content with things at home,
The mischief-making critter
Stirred np the people here and there,
And kerit them in a twitter.
Her mean and ever last In' tongue
Was always kept a waggin',
And yet you'd think she was a saint.
If aalnta were made by braggin.
She kept the neighbors by the ears .
With gossipin' and lyin ',
And kept the men a makin' oaths, , ,
And the womeo ill i cryin'.
Yon'd thought the eend o' time had come,.
With all the fuss and racket.
For when she found an honest name,
She tried her beet to black iU - J -
If ever mortal was possessed, ' ' -
She sartin had her legions.
And took her orders from the kins -
Of all the lower regions.
She pixened every home and heart, '
And spilt aU joy and gladness.
And made a howlin' wilderness -
Chock fall o' grief and sadness.
A SHBEWD General Sharp. ' ' ''
A very sly comedian Fox. ' f'
Thk convalescent Senator BoutwelL-'
By no means a clerical reader Pope. y
A leg All and military steward But
A modkrn Alexander the Great :
A KEPRESENTATrvB of energy and ex- -
ertion Pullman. .
A meliOdious and harmonious place ? .
What age is the most deceiving? .The ,
sausage. - .;....
Neves run into debtl it is bad enough .,
to walk into it.
How to be'always even with the world j.
Keep your head level. x
The objection to the dog tax is that it
is own-er-ons. -
Ir brevity be the soul of wit. what a
witty man little Thiers must be I -
The rarest thing in the world What -
is called common sense.- . ; 'l;
ChtjckIiE-hbads People who go round
chucking dice for drinks. . . . f
Ten currency mills make a cent ; but
fancy what ten gin mills makel ' - '
To keep the Indians quiet requires' 1
Neveb nod to an auctioneer unless
yon wish to buy or be sold. - :
Some ladies ' are so economical that
thev constantly resort to . tightening to .
prevent waistf ulness.
A BEvrvAMST asked an African if he
had found the Lord. "Golly, .said '
Sambo, "am de Lord lost?" .
Ah exchange says " Turkey is arm-
ing. Xf tne jzar once gets at ner in. ,
earnest, it will not be long before she is -1
legging." - . -. ; : U. i :
An English writer insists that from '
the abolition of capital punishment
will date the decline of the British
Hempire. e- ,. ' . ; .
A cottstbymah at Dyersbnrg, Tenn.t
nm nnticArl the other da v gravel v set
ting his watch by a painted Bign in front
of a jeweler s. -. .. :
" O, ma," said a little girl who had
been to the show, I ve seen the ele
phant, and he walks backward and eats -
Willi 1US uui.
A dandy asked a barber's boy if he
had ever shaved a monkey. " No, sir,"
answered the lad, " but if you will take
a seat I'll try.
A sohooii-gibii was .recently asked at
an examination, bv a clergyman, what
Adam lost by his ' fall, and, when
Eressed, replied, " I suppose it was his ,
- A piece of glass an inch long was
taken from the head of a Rochester man .
recently, in whose skull it had been
embedded for twenty years. He had
complained occasionally of a pane in his -head.
Tun English Chancellor of the Ex
chequer Bays that England will pay off
the Alabama award this year by the ex-,
cise on beer, and patriotic Britishers,
whenever theyjass a beer-shop, say one
to another: Hour country his hin dan
ger ; let's go hin and sup porter."
A careless barber, trimming Sheri
dan's ears, put him to great pain and
uneasiness. "Are yon. trimming my
left ear now," asked the wit. " No, sir;
not till I've done with the right" "Oh!
only I thought by what I felt that yon
were passing through to the left ear
without going round."
A gentleman whose house was under
repair went ont one day to see how the
-work nmgressed. and observing a quan
tity of nails lying about he said to the
carpenter, " Why don't yon take care of
it - ;i e rriTil Vk I not "
these nails ? They'll certainly be lost
No." replied the carpenter; "youli
find them in the bilL" .
We trust our readers can succeed bet
ter than we have in pronouncing the .
three following Indian words, which are ,
to be found in Church's "History of '
King Philip's War," printed in 1829:
In this language " Nnmmatchekodtan-
tamoonganunonash, signifies our lusts.
fies our loves. Kummogkodonattoot- '
fies, in the language of our time our
question." " '
An Irishman put his head into a law
yer's office and asked the inmate, "An'
what do yon sell here T' " Blockheads,"
replied the limb of the law. - " Och,
thin, to be sure," said Pat "it must be
a good trade, for ye have bnt one of
t them left"