Newspaper Page Text
. ; - v ; . ; ; ; . ' -
L. G. GOULD, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. ' Two Dollars per Annum,' in Advance,"
VOL. VI.-NQ. 42. - EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1873. ! WHOEL NUMBER 328
THE FRIEND'S BURIAL.
BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.
My thoughts are aU in yonder town,
Where, wept by many tears.
To-day my mother's friend lays down
The burden of her years.
True as In life, no poor disguise
Of death with her is seen,
And on her simple casket lies
No wreath of bloom and green;
O not for her the florist's art,
The mocking weeds of woe,
- The blessings of the Toiceless heart,
- The love that passeth show I
Yet all about (he softening air
- Of new-born sweetness tells,
- And the un gathered May-flowers wear
The. tints of ocean shells.
The old assuring miracle
Is fresh as heretofore ;
And earth takes up its parable
Of life from death once more.
Here organ swell and chnrch-bell toll
Methinks but discord were.
The prayerful silence of the soul
Is beat befitting her.
. Ho sound should break the quietude -
Alike of earth and sky ; . . j,-
; O wandering wind in Seabreok wood,
- Breathe but a half -heard sigh !
Sing softly, spring-bird, for her sake,
And thou not distant sea, . ;
. XApse lightly as if Jesus spake, .r
And thou wars Galilee I .; --.
For all her quiet life flowed on '.;r
As meadow streamlets flow,
Where fresher green reveals alone
The noiseless way they go.
From her loved place of prayer I see
a ne puun ronea mourners p&sa, ,
With sfow feet treading reverently v.
The graveyard's springing grass.
Stake roomy O mourning ones, for me,
Where, like the friends of Paul,
That you no more her face shall see
You Borrow most of all.
Her path shall brighten more and more . .
Unto the perfect day? - -: -K
She cannot fail of peace who bore' " '
, Such peace with her away. .
O sweet, calm face, that seemed to wear
The look of sins forgiven I ""
O voice ef prayer that seemed to bear
- Our own needs up to heaven 1
How reverent in our midst she stood.
Or knelt in grateful praise !
. What grace of Christian womanhood
C - Was in her household ways 1,
For still her holy living meant
No duty left undone ;
- The heavenly and the human blent
Their kindred loves in one.
' And if her life small leisure found
For feasting ear and eye,
And pleasure, in her daily round,
Bhe passed unpausing bjj. r
Yet with her went a secret sense
Of all things sweet and fair,
And beauty's gracious providence
Refreshed her unaware, '.-."
- fehe kept he tine of rectitude K
With love's unconscious ease ;
Her kindly instincts understood
All genUe courtesies.
- An inborn charm of gracdonsnees
Made sweet her smile and tone, I
- And glorified hor farm-wife dress 1
With beauty not its own.
The dear Lord's best interpreters
Are humble human souls ; -The
Gospel of a life like Jiers
la more than books and scrolls,
From scheme and creed the light goes out,
The saintly fact survives ;
The blessed Master noz.e can doubt
. Revealed in holy lives.
Story of an Aged Jurist.
Our District Court was in session,
and in the evening, daring the recess, a
small party of us were assembled in the
private room of the presiding judge, a
man fully up to three-score-and-ten,
with but one guiding light while upon
the bench justice, itrict and impar
tial ; and to while away the time, he
told ns a story, as follows :
" Years ago I was Prosecuting Attor
ney for my judicial district. I was
young then a little more than thirty
but had worked hard to instruct and
- improve myself in my profession. When
I became District Attorney I meant to
do my duty, and as I felt myself, in . a
measure, pitted against the whole bar,
I gathered my strength, and prepared
to. marshal all the forces at my com
mand. . " At length came what I had long de
sired m capital trial. It was a case of
murder, seemingly of the most atrocious
character. The Attorney-General came
down to attend, but when he found how
well I understood the case, and how
thoroughly I had prepared myself, he
did not propose to bother' himself.' He
would leave me to conduct the prosecu
tion, holding himself in readiness to
render assistance, or offer suggestions,
in case of need. . ... -. r :-
" The case came on, and I presented
the Government's complaint, and the
grounds therefor. The prisoner at the
bar was Charles Ashorof t, a young man
of five-and-twenty intelligent and
handsome and about the last man in
the world one would have selected as a
murderer. Yet he stood thus charged,
and the evidence . was overwhelming
" The facts, as elicited in evidence,
were these : Ashcrof t had been a
teacher in the academy of the town
where he resided, and where the killing
had been done. He had waited upon a
young lady, named Susan Lattimer, and
had evidently loved her very dearly; but
it seemed that Susan was not inclined to
be constant. A wealthy suitor present
ed himself for her hand, and she cast off
the poor pedagogue and accepted the
new-comer. . .
" One Saturday afternoon Susan Lat
timer went on foot to visit an uncle who
lived two miles distant, and to shorten
the way she took the cart-path through
a wood that stretched down between the
two sections of the town. . Shortly after
she was seen to enter this wood, Charles
Ashcroft was seen to follow with a
double-barreled gun upon his shoulder.
Susan Lattimer went to her uncle's,
but finding only a servant of the family
at home;- she started back at once by the
way she had come.
In the wood, on her return, she was
met by Ashcroft, who stopped her, and
upbraided her for her desertion of him.
Two girls-rone fourteen years of age,
and the other a year younger who had
gone to the wood for the purpose of
fathering beech-nuts, passed the twain
while they were conversing, and heard
Ashcroft 'swearing terribly,' as they
expressed it, at Miss Lattimer. They
heard him declare that he. ' would
as lief die as not ;' and they heard her
say, 'Don't kill me !' At this point the
altercation frightened them, and they
"Charles Ashcroft returned to his
boarding-place, pale and agitated, with
both barrels of his f owling-piece empty,
but with no game. Later, the body of
Susan Lattimer was found in the wood,
not far from where the altercation had
taken place. She had been shot dead,
the whole of one side of the face and
head having been shockingly torn by a
heavy piece of pigeon-shot, evidently
discharged with deliberate aim, and at
a very snort distance, some of the shot
was extracted, and exhibited to a store
keeper in the village, who unhesitating
ly declared that it was exactly such shot
as he had sold on the same Saturday to
" In response to this Ashcroft could
only deny, in the most solemn manner,
that he had thought or offered harm of
any kind to the deceased. He admitted
the truth of the statement made by the
two girls ; and he admitted that he had
Eurchased the shot as the storekeeper
ad said. His story was, that on that
Saturday afternoon he had gone into
the wood to shoot pigeons. - He did not
know that Miss Lattimer had gone that
way. He met her unexpectedly, and
foolishly allowed himself to give vent to
his feeling of indignation. : For words
spoken on the occasion he. hardly felt
himself responsible. In fact, he could
not remember what he did say. After
talking until they had both become ex
hausted by intensity of feeling, and
Miss Lattimer had fallen to crying bit
terly, he bade her farewell, and told her
be had troubled her for the last time.
She sat down upon a log by the side, of
the path, still crying, and asked him to
leave her. He obeyed her, and saw her
not again until he saw her dead. In ex
planation of the empty barrels of his
gun, and no game, he said that he had
met Miss Lattimer before he had seen
any pigeons, and that after leaving he
had. no heart to sport. He had dis
charged his piece into the empty air, as
he never allowed himself to deposit a
loaded gun in a dwelling-house.
" There is no need that I should give
you the details of the trial. Suffice it
for me to say that I felt my reputation at
stake as Prosecuting Attorney. The State
was my client, and she demanded that I
should succeed. Able lawyers were ar
rayed against me, with money and social
power to back them, and I ' must over
come them in the combat, if I could. I
marshaled my .- forces, and disposed
them in the best possible manner. I
threw my whole soul into the work, and
used every means possibly presented.
I took the connection of the prisoner
with the homicide as granted. Then I
drew a picture of the murder, which
.made the jury shudder and quake as
they sat ; and I demanded that outraged
justice should be vindicated ; that
the community should . be protected ;
that our homes, and our highways, and
our byways, should be safe to the inno
cent ones whom we loved. I held the
grisoner up in colors so -frightful and
ideous that he fainted outright in his
box ; and then this circumstance I
caught up and turned' against .him. ' I
fairly carried the jury by storm ; and
our sympathetic and good-hearted
Chief Justice had allowed all his sympa
thies to be expended upon the distressed
and heart-broken parents and brothers
and sisters of the deceased. The coun
sel for the prisoner were outflanked and
overpowered, and they struggled hope
lessly. In the end a verdict of murder
in the first degree was rendered, and
the prisoner was sentenced to be exe
cuted. "I was' jubilant and proud at the
close of the trial ; and both bench and
bar joined in complimenting me. I went
to my home, expecting my wife to con
gratulate me warmly. She had been
present through most of the trial, and
had witnessed my triumph. But she
said not a word. When I asked her if
she did not join with me in gratitude
for my success, she shook her head.
" I am proud of my husband's legal
fame,' she said, 'but I cannot feel
grateful in the present instance. I
think, Edward, you have condemned an
innocent man !'
" The words struck me like a bolt of
lightning not only the words, but the
more than human feeling witn wmcn
they had been spoken. I recovered my
self, and laughed at the gentle woman
for her misplaced sympashy. I asked
her to look at the evidence. -
. " ' Look at what evidence ?' she de
manded. ' There are unseen evidences
as strong as those which are palpable to
sight and hearing. The heart feels
them, and the. calm judgment indorses
them. As I live, I do not believe Charles
Ashcroft ever knowingly or willingly
did harm .. to that dead girl. He
knows no more how she met her death
than do I.'
f The - flurry of conquest was over,
and in my own sanctuary' I Bat down
and reflected. I took up now the case
for the defendant, and went over the
whole business from beginning to end.
Shutting out the evidence directly im
plicating the prisoner, mere was no Hu
man being wno couia nave oeiievea nim
nity. What, tnen, was tnis evidence t
id it directly connect him with the
killing? No. Only circumstantially
was he connected therewith. Was it
possible that some one else could have
done the deed? Aye, a thousand times.
Was it more probable that some one
else did it than that Ashcroft did it ?
Here was the rub. I had seen guilt in
many forms, and I had seen innocence
accused. I had seen the guilty wretch
attempt to hide his guilt, and had heard
him deny it in to to. And here came in
the evidence which my wife experienced,
and which I could feel, but which never
could be presented to a jury of ordinary
men with moving power. In the bear
ing of the prisoner there had not been
one shadow of that brazen impudence
which is sure to crop out somewhere, or
somehow, in the demeanor of guilt long
struggling to affect innocence. Nor had
he displayed the despair of a hopelessly
entrapped criminal. On the contrary,
he had presented, as I could calmly re
view the scene, a crushed and broken
heart a manhood struggling under a
frightful incubus, and a shivering,
shuddering sensitiveness under the sus
picions restinsr upon him. Now that I
had won the victory, I could afford to
judge without prejudice, and I found
myself, ere long, in trouble, "had con
demned the man ; Zhad consigned him
to the gallows.
" How how could she have come to
her death if he did not kill her ? - What
other way is possible ?'
" I had mused aloud at this point, and
my wife had heard me. 4.
There are many ways,' she said,
with a directness which showed that her
thoughts had been in company with my
own. ' Ashcroft left her sitting upon a
log, crying. When she got up to start
again for home she blundered along
almost blindly, thinking of nothing but
the betrayed lover she had sent from
her. There have been plenty of pigeons
in these woods, and others beside
Charles Ashcroft were in all probability
hunting there that Saturday afternoon.
Did you never hear of persons being
shot by sheer accident in such places ?
What more easy than for Susan Latti
mer to have suddenly come into range
of a gun already aimed, with the finger
of its owner pressing the trigger ?'
" ' But, I cried, startled at the
thought, 'had such an accidentoccurred,
the man would have come forward and
owned it,' . .. .
" ' It was not A man ; it was a boy,
said my wife, ' and the catastrophe
frightened him out of his wits a boy
who knows not the grades of homicide
who fears that the gallows would follow
a revelation of the deed.'
'.' I cannot tell you, gentlemen, how
that thing worked upon my mind. I
came to the belief that my wife ' had
truly solved the problem ; and the more
I reflected, the more firmly became that
solution fixed in my faith. The time
for ' Ashcrof t's. execution was drawing
near. : How could I save him ? : There
was but one way.- - A new. trial without
some new evidence was out of the ques
tion. I must set him free. ' I could not
see him hanged. I visited him in his
cell, aud came away morally certain
that he was innocent. I asked, my wife
if she had the will and the courage to
help that man to break his bonds. She
flashed in the glory of her woman's
power like an impatient soldier. I told
her I would set her on the track, but I
must not know how the work was done,
hor where the prisoner had gone. She
comprehended and agreed.' ' I lent my
official influence to gain her access to
the jail, and she did the rest. . She came
home one night radiant like a saint who
has had a glimpse of heaven. On' the
following morning I was informed that
the condemned man had escaped. I
asked my. wife no questions and she
offered no information.
: ' " Search was instituted, but no trace
of.. the fugitive could be found. The
time set for the . execution passed, and
not many days., thereafter an honest
farmer, living near to the uncle whom
Susan Lattimer went to visit that Satur
day afternoon, came to me in great trib
ulation. His son, a boy of fourteen,
had confessed the shooting of Miss Lat
timer. I went over with tho father, and
saw the boy. I found him sick nigh
unto death, his life worried away by the
fearful secret which he had held gnaw
ing in his bosom. I promised him that
no harm should come to him, and he
brightened up. It was exactly as my
wife had suggested. The lad had seen
a pigeon upon a tree, and had crept into
a clump of bushes on the opposite side
of the cart-path, in order that he might
raise his gun " without frightening the
bird. He had cocked his piece and
taken aim, and his finger was pressing
the trigger when Miss Lattimer, with
her head bent down, came directly be
fore the muzzle. She had come like a
dark shadow between him and the bird,
and not until his piece had been dis
charged did he know who had thus sud
denly obstructed his sight. When he
had leaped out from his cover and seen
the fearful work he had done, he was
for a moment paralyzed with a terror
that was awful. Soon the phantom of
Murder appeared to his appalled sense,
and he ran away and hid. And from
that time he suffered, ' until his secret
was so near killing him that he had to
let it out '
"I returned home and asked my wife
if she knew where Charles Ashcrof t was.
She.said she knew. I told her what I
had discovered, and bade her bring him
back. On the very next day Ashcroft
appeared and delivered himself up at the
. " The final result you can easily com
prehend. At the new trial the boy was
able to attend, and Charles Ashcroft
was set at liberty with but little cere
mony, his character fully cleared from
even the appearance of guilt, and his
friends multiplied in number.
And bo the life of an innocent,
high-minded man was saved. He would
have been surely hanged had he re
mained in prison to the appointed day.
People said it was an interposition of
Providence. They little dreamed how
much of that precious Providence lay
in the subtle instincts and in the heart
of my wife ; nor did they suspect my
own official treason. But I never blamed
myself never. And the teachings of
that experience have served me well in
the later years."
Newspapers in India.
From returns lately published, we
learn that there are in India 315 different
newspapers, of which 68 are English, 36
in the dialect which passes as English
among the natives, and 211 are in the
native language. One among them, sold
at a pice, or farthing, is perhaps the
lowest priced newspaper in the world.
The number of readers oi maia is very
small, and it is the practice for crowds
to asseble and listen to one reader, and
in bia way news is dispersed with re
markable rapidity. At the beginning of
the present century tnere were not more
than five newspapers in India. Cham
Aster Many Years. A bit of ro.
mance, a Vermont paper says, crops out
at Shaf tsburv. in that State, in the mar
riage of Nathaniel Olin, an old man of
seventy years, to a woman who, years
ago, nad been tne onoe oi ms jomu,
but from whom he had been divorced.
During the long interval Olin has lived
in Ohio, and had two other wives, by
one one of whom he had a large family
of children. But the first wife seemed
to have cherished a tender feeling tow
ards Tiim throueh all these lone; years.
and remained single and loyal ; last
week the two met, and the old flame re
vived, and the happy panacea of mar
riage was the satisiactory denouement.
Yale College catalogues 160 Smiths.
-Pounded ice, dipped in white of egg
will settle the stomach when all else
The census shows that there are
35,814 more men than women in Wis
consin. Miss Nellie Grant is credited with
contemplating a' book about Long
Gen. Bbaxton Brago is canvassing
the cities of Georgia as agent for a
patent wooden water-pipe.
A Vermont man has invented a con
trivance by which kerosene lamps may
be filled from the bottom.
. An Idaho lawyer paid $25 the other
day for calling the Judge on the bench
" a bloated old rhinoceros. "
Cmco, CaL, has produced some onions
weighing four pounds each, yielding
from eight to ten tons per acre.
A floating cannon ball is one of the
sights at Yienna. It weighs 50 pounds,
and floats, in a caldron of quicksilver.
During the last - six months 12,500
Chinese emigrants have landed in Cali
fornia. Of white folks there were 600
less. ' ; . '
George Francis Train's doctor bills
as to insanity, presented to the New
York Board of Supervisors for payment,
amount to $1,800. -,
A Vermont school-teacher has struck
the thing at last. . He makes unruly
boys turn a . grindstone 1,000 times,
while another boy tears on it with a stick
The value of flour and wheat exports
from California to Atlantic and foreign
ports for the' year ending June 30 is
$19,252,000. . Value of. the wheat crop,
$50,000,000. ,; :
Some of the ambisexual colleges, this
year, are bestowing the degrees of '..' M.
JUaid of science. And tne oacne
lors ditto sing : Maids of Science, ere
we . part, give, : oh, give us back;, our
It is said that some of the enterpris
ing New York journals, unable to ob
tain permission- to send correspondents
on the Tigress, overcame the dimculty
by causing their correspondents to enlist
The ororjertv valuation of Mississippi
in 1860 was $607,324,000. In 1870 it
was $209,177,000, a loss of two-thirds in
ten years., The. amount gathered by
taxation in lauu was $'ja,BiK, and in
1870 $3,736,373. 1 . .
Jacob B. JordaW and Clayton Sutton
were deer-drivino: in Ouachita : county,
Ark., recently, when the former and the
horse upon wmcn lie was tiding were
shot and killed by Sutton, he taking
Jordan's horse for a deer as he came
through some bushes near him.
The average number of persons per
house, in various cities of the United
States, is as follows : New York, 14.72 ;
Cincinnati, 8.81 ; Brooklyn, 8.64 ; Bos
ton, 8.46 ; Jersey City, 8.37 ; Hartford,
5.56; Rochester, -5.36 ; and Toledo,
the lowest, 5.25. The densest popula
tion is that of the Fourth Ward, New
York, where there are 24.61 persons to
IlxiInois 'is almost out of debt. In
1860 the State owed nearly $12,000,000,
and during the war . the equipment of
troops' and similar objects cost large
sums, which temporarily increased the
debt. All has been paid off since the
war, however, excepting about $2,500,
000, which the State is now : ready to
pay, but is unable to do so because the
holders refuse to surrender their bonds,
which are not yet due., .
"LEx-Gov. Leonard Sargent, of Ver
mont, who' was counsel for the accused
at the celebrated Boom trial more than
fifty years .ago, and is the only living
man tnorougmy acquainted witn . mat
remarkable case, when the prisoner was
saved from hanging by the 'discovery
that his supposed victim was alive and
well, is soon to publish a pamphlet con
taining an authentic record of the half
forgotten and of ten misquoted facts'. '
Reason in Dogs.
The Hon. S. . L. M. Barlow owns a
pair of thoroughbred Scotch deer
hounds, male and female. Their
sinewy limbs, deep chests, slim muzzles,
intelligent faces, and kindly dispositions
make them ornamental additions to a
gentleman's country-seat, and , assert
their claim to . lineal descent from the
stag-hound that lives in poverty as the
companion of Sir Walter Scott. Being
dogs of good education as well as blue
blood, they seldom leave their master's
residence, and treat less-favored quad
rupeds with lofty contempt. About a
week ago the male, who wags his tail to
the name of Walter, followed the farm-
cart to a neighbor's house. , A very large
and ferocious mastiff possessed prior
dog privileges there. Instead of receiv
ing his visitor with becoming hospitali
ty, he assaulted- him savagely, and in a
few minutes injured him so badly that
lie was carried home in the cart. The
mastiff's teeth inflicted a bad wound in
Walter's chest, almost perforating it
from side .to side. He refused to sub
mit to human surgery, but tried a
remedy taught him by instinct. In the
moist earth on the border of a fish
pond he dug a hole that just fitted his
breast. He chose a shady place for his
hospital, and never left it, except for
his meals, until he was cured. During
the tedious hours of convalescence his
mate' was constantly with him. After
five days ho considered himself well.
Then the pair went from the house, and
going straight to where the mastiff
lived, without warning or giving him
any other living show, they set upon
him. The fight was short, sharp and
decisive. Before their victim's owner
could render assistance they had torn
the mastiff limb from limb. After see
ing their work well done, they turned and
jogged home. Jyetu 1 orfc isun.
Two new ideas have lately been ex
tracted from an English tourist : That
Buffalo is the place for bison shooting,
and that the seat of American Mormon-
ism is at Utica, N. Y. -
Railroad Progress in the United States.
[From the New York World.]
commencement of railroad enter
prise in this country was in 1830, the
year in which the Liverpool and Massa
chusetts line was : opened in En
gland, and Stephenson's , locomotive
was first brought into use. In
that year twenty-three miles were
opened of the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road, the first undertaking of the kind
here. This line was, however, for two
years thereafter worked by horse-power.
The number of: miles opened in the
United btates each year since that date
is given by Mr. Henry V. Poor, in his
Manual of the Railroads, as follows :
MILES OF RAILROADS OPENED EACH YEAR.
5.1 "3 si' 5l -3 si
rm'- si IN Year- si. ill
1830. : S3 ; ;.. 1851 10982 1961
1831 95 72! 1852 ... ,12908 .1926
18H2.. 220 134 1853....... 15360 252
1833. 880 151 1854 1720 1360
18)4.....'.. J633 253 1855 18374 1654
1835.. 1098 -456 1856. 22017 3848
1836 1273 175 1857 24503 2486
18S7i...... 1497 : 224 1858. 26968 2468
1838 1913 416 1859.... 28789 1821
1839 2302 389 1860. 80635 1846
1840.. 2813 616 1861 81286 651
1841. &i35 717 1862 32120 ' 864
1842 4026 491 1863 83170 1050
1843 4185 159 1864 32908 738
1844....... 4377 192 1865 &5086 1177
1845 4633 256 1866.. r 36827 1742
1846 4030 297 1867 39276 2449
1847.. 5598 668 1868.. 42255 2979
1848......'. 6996 ' 398 1869.. 47373 6118
1849. 7366 1369 1870 62898 , 5525
1850.. 9021 1656 1871 6U677 ' 7779
The number of miles constructed in
the decade ending in 1840 was 3,515 ;
in that ending with 1850 it was 5,508 ;
in that ending with I860 it was 21,614 ;
and in that ending with 1870 it. was
22,764. The greater number of miles
constructed in any one year was in 1871,
in which .7,453 miles were opened.' The
progress of railroads as will be seen by
reference to the table, was seriously in
terrupted during the war of secession :
for during the four years of its con
tinuance only 3,273. miles were opened
4,180 miles less than were opened, dur
ing the year 1871. ' ..,.:
A glance at the above table further
shows that' the progress of railroads in
this country was very backward till the
gold discoveries of 1848. 1 At the close
of that year we had less than 6,000 miles
in operation, of which 1,276 were in
New England, 2,518 miles in the Mid
dle, and 1,523 in the -Southern States,
and but 679 miles in the Great West ;
while the Pacific slope had not a mile
of 'railroad. By the close of 1860, just
previous to the beginning of the war,
the mileage had increased' more, than
fivefold,'or to over 30,000 miles, of which
11,064 were in the Western States and
23 in the Pacific. And in eleven years
more, -. notwithstanding that four rof
them were spent in the war, the mileage
of railroads in the Union just about
doubled, the Western States by this
time having in operation more than
28,00U miles of road..
The following table gives the distribu
tion of railroads through the various
sections of country at four decennial
periods : .-''"'
MILEAGE OF RAILROADS IN EACH STATE AND SECTION
AT FOUR DECENNIAL PERIODS.
States. 1847. 1851. : 1861. 1871.
1. Maine 11 293 472 871
2. New Hampshire ;. 63' 637 661 ' 790
3. Vermont 413 662 . 675
4. Massachusetts 373 1,038 1,264 1,606
5. Rhode Island... 50 68 , 108 136
6. Connecticut 102 461 630 .' 820
'New England States.
7. NewYork..... :-.
8. New Jersey
303 587 .
39 . 127
, IBB 1 , 361
688 , 2,947 :
658; 2,176 -271
Hi Maryland and D. C
12. West Virginia. .......
13. Ohio --,..
14. Michigan w..
15. Indiana, .....
16. Illinois '..
19; Iowa.. .......
20. Kansas J..
21. Nebraska, etc-. ...... . .
196 1,846 11,320 28,388
223 620 1,379. 1,490
87 283 ' 937 1,190
204 378 973 1,201
271 '70S 1,420 4,108
. : : 21 . 402 . 466
46 183 746 1,671
14 . 75 862 990
40 80 335 639
. , 392 : 866
28 94 547 1,123
112 1,258 1,520
. .. I .. 38 258
913 2,541 . 9,283 ' 18,421
23 . 1,013
.; - .. 169
., 23 1,765
23. Virginia .... .". . V
24. North. Carolina. .
25. South Carolina
27. Florida...; ....'
29. Mississippi :
30. - Louisiana . .'
34. Arkansas ....
Southern States ......
States. 1841. 1851. 1861. . 1871.
New England 689 2,800 3,697 4,898
Middle 1,837 ' 3,W tt,WW - JZjiXMJ
Western 196 1,846 11,320 28,388
Southern..... 913 2,541 9,283 18,421
Pacinc -23 1,765
Grand Total 3,535 10.982 31.286 60,852
For the fisrures which we have thus
far given-we are indebted to Mr. Poor's
estimate of the status of our railroad
system as it stood on the 1st of January
of the present year, varies slightly from
these figures, as it gives the mileage of
railroads in operation at the end of l&iA
(a year later than Mr. Poor's figures ex
tend) at 70.178 miles, of which 2,083 are
in the ' Territories and Indian country.
This that journal states to be an in
crease pf 7,613 miles in the year rather
less than the increase of 1871, which it
puts down at 7,878.. but more than the
increase of 1870, which it places at
7,433. The Monitor further states tnat
43,000 additional miles of railroad were
in various stages of preparation at the
beginning of the present year, which,
when completed, will increase the grand
Cotal to over 113,000 miles.
According; to the St. Louis papers,
the Northern Line "is bound to have a
big thing in Upper Missouri freights
hereafter," not by placing boats on the
Missouri, by a good deal, but by taking
goods destined for Sioux City, . Fort
Benton, etc., to St. Paul on their Mis
sissippi steamers, and forwarding the
packages thence . to Sioux City by rail.
The rate to St. Paid is 40 cents a hun
dred. The steamer Rock Island, which
passed up yesterday, had a large con
signment of sugar for Fort Benton.
The new city reservoir in Philadel
phia covers an area of 100 acres, and
has a capacity of 700,000,000 gallons.
Perils of Ballooning.
. Mr. La Mountain's terrible death by
a fall from his balloon, on the 4th of
July, near Ionia, Mich., recalls to mind
some of the fatalities which have here
tofore happened to balloonists in their
perilous undertaking. ' What caused La
Mountain's calamity was described in
the Ledger yesterday. It was simply the
result of utter carelessness in securing
the rope gearing of the machine. This
was so loose and unstayed that the gas
envelope or globe was left free, to turn
upside down, and it did it with the most
lamentably fatal consequences to' the
unfortunate balloonist himself. Since
1784 about twenty-five lives have been
lost. Of the most prominent accidents,
the first occurred in 1785,, when De
Bozier and Boumaine Laine attempted
to cross from France to England in a
hydrogen - balloon, to which a small
" mongolfiere" (or hot air) balloon was
attached. After reaching a height of
8,000 feet the balloons took fire, were
quickly burned up, and the voyagers
were precipitated upon the rocks of the
French coast and . crushed to a jelly;
Mad. Blanchard, the wife of .the cele
brated balloonist of that name,' assumed
his profession, and in 1819, while mak
ing an ascent from the Tivoli Garden, in
Paris, was dashed to pieces in conse
quence of her balloon taking fire from
the fireworks discharged in mountebank
style on the occasion. In Italy, several
years later, a Venetian nobleman and
his wife having made several successful
ascents, finally fell from a great height
and perished on the spot. In , the
year 1824 Lieut. Harris, of the British
navy, was killed by the too rapid de
scent of a balloon near London, and in
the same year Windham Sadler, a skill-'
ful i balloonist who had successfully
crossed the Irish, channel, waff-thrown
from his balloon and killed by a collis
ion with a tall chimney in a descent at
Liverpool. , In 1863 an amateur aero
naut (Chambers) was killed atBasford
Park, England; by the rapid ; descent of
a balloon, his death being, caused from
the effects of the gas he inhaled as much
as from the bodily injuries he received.
In ,1837 a fatal "parachute" descent
was made from a height of 5,000 feet,
by . Robert 'Cocking, tha : apparatus be
ing , detached, from Green's balloon,
which rose from Yauxhall Gardens.' The
parachute, unable to resist the pressure
upon it, collapsed, and, falling upon the
body Of poor .Cocking, the whole came
thundering to the ground from a height
of 1,500 feet, killing him instantly.
Compared with' the number of balloon
ascents, the number ' of persons killed
may be considered small, but the mor
tality,' compared with the fatal results
from- -any other pursuits, will be found
to . show a percentage quite large.
Philadelphia Ledger. : '
A Michigan Lumberman.
- Dr. David Ward's great wealth rests
in his immense amount of cork pine
lands in Michigan and Wisconsin,
amounting to over 150,000 acres, every
forty acres of which he has been over
himself, making a careful estimate of
the number and dimensions of the trees,
and noting all the characteristics of soil.
His land was nearly all selected from
close observation years before most
people had an idea of their ultimate
value, and the very best taken ; location
upon streams and facilities,. for running
the timber to market were carefully con
sidered, so that to-day he owns the finest
tracts of really available and valuable
cork pine in the United States, and the
most or it. JiiB pine lands may De sum
marized as follows : On the Saginaw,
30,000 acres ; on the Manistee and An
Sauble, 90,000 acres' ; on the Chippewa,
in Wisconsin,' 30,000. Total, 150,000
acres. : . In addition he-owns 20,000 acres
of. the very best hard-wood timbered
lands' for farming in the central and
northern- part of the 'State,' besides all
his. valuable property in Oakland county,
and 13.000.000 feet of logs 1 afloat.
Placing the same : valuation upon his
pine lands alone, as other persons are
selling detached tracts in the -vicinity
of his, and it aggregates the sum of
$6,500,000, and we may here say that
that amount of green bacKs BtacKed up
would not obtain tne aeeas oi nig pine
property alone. The difference in pine
land is very great, as between cork and '
other qualities, and acre by acre the
cork nets more than three times as much
as any other yariety. I'ontiac Qazette. 1
A New Golden Land.
A (startling announcement comes from
the Argentine Republic, which, if true,
bids fair to rival the brightest days: of
California, the golden dreams of Aus
tralia, or the diamond glitter of South
Africa. In the lovely valley of Fajatina,
situated in , the Rjoja, - fertile only in
spots where the soil is subjected to irri
gation by storms, came a thoughful
German. He had dreamed of gold amid
the mountains of the Velasco, and like.
a hardy pioneer he wended his way, un
checked by disappointment, . until - he
had reached the happy valley. Sure of
his discovery he .purchased one league,
two leagues, and shortly thereafter near
ly the whole region. The secret spread
like wfldfire. ' Gold, rich gold, lay in
virgin heaps upon the. soil, and Buenos
Ayres, for some years . falling into the
bacKwarK tracK,- opened its eyes, and
saw again prosperity at her gates. Mes
sengers have sailed for England, and
the enormous sum of $100,000,000 in
currency has been paid for the lands.
Everybody eagerly awaits the report of
the engineers, who have been sent to in
vestigate. Should the result be favora
ble, the hungry seekers after wealth
will no doubt strike for the La Plata,
and the land of siver be hereafter known
as the land of gold.
Tons op Rah, to a Mile. Railroad
men and ' iron dealers can ascertain the
number of tons of rails to. a mile by a
simple calculation. By multiplying the
weight of the rail per yard by 11, and
dividing by 7, the correct number of
tons required to lay one mile of track is
correctly and quickly secured. As an
example, take a rail weighing thirty
pounds per yard : 30x11 330 ; divided
by 7 47J tons. The rule holds good
for iron of any weight, and is one of
those singular mathematical workings
which puzzles ns to know how they
were ever discovered.
"TO MATE IN THREE MOVES."
. ! r.,
' Crimson tbe heart of the sea-coal AM, - "
Bessie and I, in the ioddy glow, ,
: Her mother reads, and the old grandsirs ' '
Dreams of his youth in the " long ago." ,
r ' , . , i ' . 1 ' ' ' I
Quiet and warmth, and love in the room, , .
( Now or never my suit so prams J -i i".
Where the hyacinths shed their sweet perfume,
We play two game one lova; one chess ;
Qaeen of the red, and quean ef my heart, f ' i
When will you wear my golden ring ?
Flushing her cheeks the roses start, . :
Slyly she murmurs, "Check to your king."
i My pawns advance, press on, and die J i i " '
The bishops battle in'lines oblqine ; , , ,
My brave knights faU, but I cant tell why
My heart grows strong as my game grows weak.
Darling, answer me, lift your eyes ; . . .
- -Your mother sleeps, and the time approves ;
Speak, sweet mouth, with a glad surprise ;
' " You'll be mated, sir, in taxes moves." ' '
Then let this be one and ber dimpled hand t
Ixmks all tbe fairer for a plain gold ring ;
: In vain I rally my scattered band i 41 ' ' 5'
As again she checks my poor lost king. - .
- . - -....'; , .j,,.,-.
1 "Nearer her gold brown curls to mine.
The chess-men seem in a dark eclipse, j
Check ! Shall I die and make no sigh 7
And I Bteal a kiss from her ripe, red lips.: . ,
Mate ! and her. joyous eye proclaim
Who wins in love, and who by chess ; , ,
the pride of my life is the golden gams.
That was lost when I won my darling Bess. .
' Cubbknt literature most in vogue!
Price currents, . .,';- f.'!- Ir-ir-'.-x
The worst way to invest your money
To keep it in your vest. r
A' myth The ' " gentlemanly hote
clerk" so much spoken of. r r r-'T'.
It is astonishing how few people. 'in
Wall street have a . .W;aireye. y
A Scbanton household is enjoying an
era of peace. The lady of the house
put her tongue, to a fiat iron to Joe -if t
was hot. . , -if.-; -
We are now able to understand the .
chief industry ' bf ' the American ' In
dians. . ihey are, cjueny engaged 1 in
raising hair. . , . , . , . 1 1
-' Titk about the jaws of death," ex
claimed a hen-pecked, husband ' they
are no circumstance compared, to- the
jawsoflife." ' ' ." ' .'
i A feoAKDiNO-HOTJsE ' fiend ' tells the
story that- in av recent thunderstorm the
warring of the elements, was so .awe-inspiring
that the hair in a dish of butter
in tha t pantry turned completely 1 white
during the night, ,(? 1t; ,,-
''" Cannot something be done.to.pre-
vent yonng ladies being insulted on our
per. There can. Just have the . little
girl's mother tuck her into her little bed
about eight o'clock in the evening, and
lock the door on her." -. 0 3
A candidate forthe. civil service re
cently gave on his examination in-disgust,
because tf;e was - asked how many
bushels of wheat could be- - bought for -ten
dollars if one bushel cost . forty
cents.' He said he had not learned any
thing about wheat, but he had always
done his sums in potatoes and tur
nips.'. ' ; "
Weli in formed otd lady to polite
young . tourist : , "So you ve come . to
see the beauties of the neighoorhood,
have you? WelL then; young man,
there hain't none to see, for they're inst
all on 'em the plainest-faced, common
place wenches about these partis there
is to be found in all the wide wbrld,
and so I'll tell ee." . ; ,
'' Old ' Mr. ' Franklin of Cattaraugus
county. New York,' (Created - a vast deal
of excitement the other, dajr by throw
ing a plowshare into the river, "on" ac
count of his wife's- incessant- seolding.
Mr. Franklin, it might , be well to add,
was attached to1 the weight :by a rope ;
consequently, Mrs- F., has lost a hus
band, a plowshare, and ' three feet i
good rope, just through ' a chronic pro
pensity to wag her tongue Jot :'
The Detroit Free Press says :' : A
boy about ten year? old came " blubber
ing into the Central Station yesterday
noon, and when asked what the matter
was, he replied : 'You see, I, said my
dog Sam could lick Billy 'Grady's dog
Bose, and I'd bet stamps on it,j ..Sam
went to do it, an' he'd shook that pup
sure, only Billy put-snuff on his dog, .
and Sam got a-coughing and .sneezing,
and Bose floored, him , and chawed him
till he couldn't holler-gimme a warrant "
for him." . . - ., v ;-'
Fbom Des Moines : -, "A .young lady
passed up Walnut street, one morning
recently, and immediately thereafter a
bashful young store clerk disoeyered
one of those indispensable accessories to
a lady's complete toilet-r-a garter.
He picked it up, and, hastily: overtak
ing her, presented it with a graceful
bow. Your necktie, miss.' She glanced
at him once ; a terrible meaning was im
plied in that Jlook. She didn t wait a
moment, and clerky was left standing
with the beloved little thing in his
hands and a crowd, of boys hooting at
his discomfiture," ' .
The New York Water-Works.
The water-works of New York -city
now have a storage capacity of 6,570,
000,000 gallons, as follows : Distribut
ing reservoir at Forty-second street,
20,000,000 gallons ; Central Park reser
voir, 1,150,000,000; Croton reservoir, or
lake, 500,000,000 ; storage reservoir at
Boyd's Corners, 3,000,000,000 ; natural
lakes, 2,000,000,000. At the introduction
of Croton water in 1842, and until 1848,
the daily demand never exceeded 18,
000,000 gallons. At that time the city
had only 450,000 inhabitants ; and in
1872, with a population of J,000,000f the
quantity required each day by thirsty
Gotham was 88,000,000 gallons a year.
From April 1, 1870, until April 1, 1871,
the actual supply was 84,000,000 gallons
a day, and from the 1st of April, 1871,
to the 1st of April, 1872, it averaged 88,
000,000 gallons. The present daily sup
ply averages a&,0UU,WO gallons, indi
cating almost an alarming increase eith
er in the use or waste of the water.
"A man in Scott county, Ky., has
been tried three times for the same
murder. First he was sentenced to five
years' imprisonment, next to two years,
and the third time acquitted." The
chances are that, if they had tried him
again, they would have given him a
$350 watch and chain. Louisville