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. L. t. GOULD, Publisher. -, Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and "the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, In Advance,
VOL. VI.--NO. 45. -. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 331.
THE SPRIG OF GREEN.
At Fredericksburg on that dread day,
Ere yet the strife began ;
Along the battle-line of Blue
The General order ran.
Win we or loae ; our conntry Vcurse
Upon the wretch who shirks,
But honor to the roan that dies
The nearest to the works.
Before them rose the giant range
Of hills in martial round.
From whose grim tope all bodefully,
The bristling cannon frowned.
No break within that iron line.
But neath from left to right ;
And Meagher with his Irish lay
Before Saint Harye'a height.
37e gloom was there, but every face
As careless and as bright
As if it was a wedding morn,
And not a day of fight.
And in their caps though all around
Nor tree nor shrub was seen
They wore heaven knows from whence
Each man a sprig of green.
.Not long they waited for the'sound
That told the strife begun ;
Hark 1 from the river's further side,
It is the signal gun.
A thousand cannon from the bills
Bellowed in fierce acclaim,
And all the mighty line of blue
Swept upward through the flame.
Of what avail are words to paint
The strife that none can tell,
The hurrah from the Union host :
The wild Confederate yell.
The saber's clank; the horseman tramp;
me scream off snot and sneii :
And groans of dying men, that went
To make the mimic hell.
All day against those awful heights
Our lines were hurled in vain ;
All day the shattered ranks closed up
But to be torn again,
Until the sun withdrew her light '
As if for very shame ; ' '
And night came down upon the field
- To end the bloody game.
The morning broke all fair and bright
Upon the dead array.
And lovingly on hill and plain
The blessed sunbeams lay.
The fight was done, the field was won,
- The blue had lost the day ;
And from their works all curiously
8 warmed down the men in gray.
Thick lay the slain, like sheaves of grain.
Ripened by battle suns ;
But one had died beyond the rest,
A stone's east from the guns.
They raised him softly, for the brave
- Bespecfthe brave I ween,
And in his cap, uu withered still.
They found sprig of green.
Of all the thousands lying round,
Close locked In death's embrace.
That oue though all were brave and true
From death had got such grace.
No bearded soldier old in wars,
Had won the happy place ;
He who died nearest to the works
Had only a boy's face
They buried him jnst where he fell, .
These foemen with rude art,
They said that he had earned the place
By his undaunted heart.
And one a poet in his soul, .
- Though rough in garb and mien
Slanted upon the simple mound
The dead boy's sprig of green.
The brave man dies, but the brave deed
With death will not be found ;
And travelers say, that to- this day,
The children playing round,
Can point the atranger to the spot,
The fairest in the scene,
The grave where sleeps the Irish boy
Who wore the sprig of green.
HUNG IN ARMOR.
you ever at Gairskittery ? No ?
'Well, never go ; for measles, famine,
quacks, unpaid bills, tight Btays, bad
wine, and the ringleader of all our dem
agogues came from thence ; so I will
sot describe it. The reader always
likes to have some share in the book or
article he is reading. It flatters him
-when the writer concludes that he
knows enough to fill up details."
I will merely mention that my tale
begins at 12 o'clock m. ; that the month
is August ; that the trembling aspen
trees were on one side of the road, and
the broad sea on the other. Don't you
perceive that you know all the rest ? that
the trees are green, tne ocean restless
and dazzling, the sun hot, and the road
intolerably dusty ?
And now imagine oo this road, back
in the medieval ages, not Mr. G. P. R.
James solitary horseman, but two men,
father and son, both shrewd country
fellows, trottinsr along on two donkeys.
" Shall-we get there in time ? " quoth
" Yes, it cornea off at 2 o'clock, and
now it is only a quarter past 12."
I want to see it very much. No
doubt he will be hung with stolen armor
" Yes, and that will be a grander
sight than a black coat and a white
". How did he get the idea of stealing
a coat of mail ? - S
Not a hard idea tosret.":
No, it was the armor that was hard
to get." said the son, who wanted to be
wittv. " Was it very handsome ? ".
" Magnificent ! All inlaid with
" And was he caught as he carried it
" Yes, for a suit of armor is not
. .moved about as silently as a feather
bed : so he very soon came to a place
called ' Stop !
I Rfn i "
" Did the servants in the castle catch
" Not they they were frightened ;
" Of course.' interrupted tne son,
" else there would be no fun in being a
" Nor any excitement in being robbed.
JtJut they did not think that there was
any robber in the case."
" They thought it was a ghost. The
rascal, who was as b trout? as a horse,
carried the suit of armor in front of
him, so that it looked as if a giant or
the Gommendatore in Don Uiovanni
was tramping down the stairs. It made
a most horrible noise. Unluckily for
the.tliief, the lord of the castle, who
was as bold as Baron Munchausen, and
feared neither ghosts nor men, had not
vet cone to bed. He had been absorbed
in reading a heroic book called
Saueekv.' which was written in
country where they have abolished the
have-nis-carcass act, ana an tne .Brig
adier Generals are Presidsnte of col
leges. He was quietly ascending the
stairs as the thief was coming down,
and he just arrested him ; and as they
lived in a country where honest -men can
recover their own, the Baron sent him
off to prison."
" And he was tried?
" Yea, and sentenced to be hung in
the stolen armor.
' But why. in the name of old
" Aha ! The lord of the castle knew
ery well what he was about. He had
keen eye to the main chance ; a suit of
armor in which a man has been hung is
talisman. He had conceived a scheme
greater than any ever concocted in the
windy brain of a first-class political
economist. He would wear this armor
in the impending war; and the story
preading far and wide, the enemy s
knees would double up with fear, and no
one would dare to touch the man cased
in that awful suit."
How very clever ! Come, let us
hurry ; for after hearing all this I would
give all l nave, and a little more, too, to
see the hanging."
fck the father and son jogged on, and
half an hour after they reached Gair
skittery. There was an immense crowd in the
square. In the center was a very hue
gallows, of magnificent rosewood, not
very tall, for the criminal was a low fel
low ; but still there was ample room for
him to dance between heaven and earth,
and the rope was already twisting about
in the wind like an eel hung up by his
The criminal would have an uninter-
upted view of the ocean, if that was
any consolation ; and besides, those
who know Bay that hanging is not un
pleasant. Our two donkey-men pushed into the
crowd and waited with the rest, but with
less fatigue than the rest, as they were
They did not have to wait long. At
precisely 2 o'clock the prison gates
swung open, and the procession ap
The robber was dressed in the splen
did armor. He was mounted on an ass.
with his head turned toward its tail." His
hands were tied'behind him. Judging
by his attitude his reflections were not
They rode him in front of the gallows.
It was an unwelcome sight. He was
wishing that he. knew nothing about
what was happening to him ; he envied
little dog that somebody kicked. A
butterfly flew past. He thought it in-
ulting to him, which was rather a hasty
induction ; but he had very little time to
correct errors in reasoning, for the
hangman put up his ladder, and the
priest read the sentence.
The thief never stirred : and the
spectators watched the motionless fig
ure, and hoped that he would not be
guilty of the audacious swindle of dying
before he was hung.
They ordered him to get down, but he
remained silent and motionless as the
Then the irritated hangman seized
him by the arms and pulled him down,
and stood him on the ground. In one
minute he had gone through the alpha
bet from an upright I te a zig-zag Z. -
Is there anything you want ?
growled the hangman.
" What is it ? and be quick.
The judge and the lord of the castle
ihrugged their shoulders, and motioned
to the hangman to proceed.
He tried to make the thief go up the
ladder, but it was no easy matter. It is
really absurd, but you have no idea of
the difficulty of persuading some people
to die. -
With superhuman effort the hangman
hoisted him up, and nearly exploded
himself in doing it, while the thief kept
praying that Heaven a gift would give
him, which would enable him to evapo
rate then and there into ammoniacal or
demoniacal gas : and condense comfort
ably back again somewhere outside of
But making personal use of gases was
not so common in those days as now ;
so the noose was slipped around his
neck, . and with a vigorous kick the
hancrman launched him into space.
The crowd applauded and shuddered,
and little children, with long curls float
ing behind them like golden clouds,
were held up by their mothers, the bet
ter to Bee the show.
The body twisted and turned, and
then hung down still. ..The Z became 1
The men on the donkeys had watched
breathless till it was over. " Well."
said the Son. "the poor wretch has paid
dear for not stealing the armor.
But he meant to steal it, and the
will 'has been- made to suffer for the
deed. Javelins I it was not very pleas
ant to see.
Twenty minutes after, our travelers
trotted away. They stopped in the little
town, where they had money to re
ceive, and toward nightfall they departed
for home, quite riotous with good luck
and good spirits : for they had collected
their money and were also filled with
The next day, just before daylight,
two soldiers came from the eastle to
take down the body, and to return the
now invaluable armor to their lord. But
thev met wtth an unexpected surprise
The gallows was there, and the rope
twisting in the wind, but the man in
armor was not.
The soldiers rubbed their eyes and
clanged their . sabers and brandished
their txleaxes : then they stabbed,
poked, pricked, scratched, and ripped
up all the bushes far and near, but no
man in armor turned up. any more than
the one who was to be cut down ; and
what was strangest of all, the rope was
neither broken nor severed, but just as
it had been before the execution took
ast they nurried home to tell the
unwelcome news to the lord of the cas
tle, who would not believe them, but
Bet, out to look for himself. He was
such a high and mighty lord that he
thought the criminal thought he might
be there to oblige him, and so it was
pity that he saw just what the others
What had become of the dead man
for dead he was, as all the people knew.
Had some other thief taken advantagi
of the night to carry oft tne armor
That was plausible : but what did he
want of the body? Had bis friends
and relations been there? That was
not unlikely, only he had no friends
relations, and if he had, they J would
have taken the body and then left the
The lord of the castle was in despair,
He was " sold," as they say in these de
generate days. He advertised a great
reward ; no oue oame for it. He caused
all the houses to be searched. It was
bootless! Then be consulted wise
man of ancient Gotham, the 'same who
had planted a hedge around the cuckoo
to keep spring all the year, and to him
he propounded this question :
" Mow can a man who has been hung
escape from a rope by which he is sus
The wise man from Uotham took
three weeks to study upl this grave
subject, - and gave this answer, " He
Then the lord of the castle put this
A thief who could not steal when
he is alive, being condemned to
death for stealing can he steal after he
The wise man sat with his chin upon
his hand, and looked as wise and old
as anything except the difference be
tween right and wrong, and replied,
The lord of the castle asked him,
He said he could not tell : and he was
the wisest man of his time.
They sent him home, and began
to think that the thief was a sorcerer,
and ordered masses to allay his vindic
tive spirit, for they believed that he
would take speedy vengeance on the
lord of the castle and all who helped to
And the lord of the castle wan
dered about asking for his armor from
man, from woman, and from the devil,
who he now believed had personated the
Nothing came of it.
At last, he was just about to give
it up, when one morning as he awoke
a great noise and shouting reached his
ears, coming from the direction of the
His servants rapped hurriedly upon
his door, and, as he opened it, they
screamed out together : " My lord,
my lord, do you Know what nas hap
"No; but if you will hold your
tongues long enough, I am going to ask.
What is it?"
"A miracle 1"
"Yes! the criminal he is there
on the gallows, with your armor, and
" Quite dead I Only"
"Did he have spurs on when he was
hung ? Steel spun, my lord 2" ,
" But he has them now," cried the
men, their eyes roiling wuaiy mm
fright ; and then they gasped out in
awful whispers, " And his helmet, my
lord 1 His helmet is not on his head.
He has taken it off. He has placed it
carefully on the ground, and he hangs
bare-headed 1" -
The lord of the castle turned pale.
There was nothing like it in " Sqeeky "
-not even a pumpkin ghost or a paste
board bogy to be scared at. It was con
trary to nature for a dead man to come
back and Hang himself again contrary
to natnre in every sense : and in those
medieval ages there were no foxes to
say and geese to believe that spirits
came back. It must be the Monarch of
Evil himself ! - But -the Baron himself
had never been . afraid of man, or the
potentate just mentioned, and he was
not going to begin now ; so with a deep
returning flush on his face, the expres
sion of which grew nrmer every moment,
he dressed himself quickly and ran
down to the square.
It was even so. The thief hung bare
headed, the spurs on his feet, the hel
met on the ground beneath him ; and
everybody shouting. "A miracle! a
He has repented, cried some, "and
nnmfl back and rekuner himself 1"
' He has always been here, cried
the others, " only his sorcery concealed
But why those spurs? He must
have been gone away on some unfin
ished business. What a fool to come
As for the Baron, surer than ever of
the inestimable, life-preserving talis
man which he who wore the armor
would possess, he carried off his prop
erty triumphantly. He took the spurs,
too, which" was practical justice, per
haps, but not exactly a point of honor.
The " Saturday Review" of those me
dieval days gave three versions of this
The wise man of ancient Gotham de
clared, through the pages of the " Re
view, that if at the last moment the
sufferer had will enough, he might ab
sorb his body -into his will, and, as the
will is invisible, tne oooy wouia pe in-
viftihiA liR-AwiflA hn f, the body reap
peared at the end of a month because
his will suddenly " caved in," so to say.
This was a capital theory, and might be
essayed by all the poor dear murderers,
if they could see that it led to anything
at all satisfactory in the end, which it
The next version was offered by Dr,
Phthisgig, who was then delivering
lectures in the Center of Creation,
otherwise called " The Hub." The
Review had just reported a remarka
ble one, in which the learned Doctor
proved inductively, deductively, pro
ductively and seductively, that spiders
carried their ears on their legs. This
profound philosopher maintained that
the animal on the gallows escaped, but
being pursued by an awful phantom
called Remorse, he could not endure his
life lenger than a month, and had come
back to be pious and good, and to do
justice on himself. Dear old PhthiiKg
I honor him for believing that there
something divine in the worst natures.
True, when his wife puts her boots on
of a morning, she finds little snakes
squirming up, which the good man has
tucked up in the boots to keep safe and
warm over night. But never mind, his
heart is all right, and he is the simplest
pleasantest, kindliest old Dominie
Sampson of a philosopher in the Hub
which is saying octavo volumes, where
so many good, and pious, and learned
philosophers do congregate.
But thirdly, and finally, a medieval
reporter, who had " interviewed every-
bodv upon whom he could lay hands,
declared that those country fellows go
ing home at night passed the gallows
A long and pitifnl gmn sounded
their isvsrtiea ears.
" Jevelins !" exclaimed the father,
The sou tumbled upside down off
the donkey, and yelled with all his
O h I groaned the man on tne
gallows ; " have mercy ! help me
With quaking knees the father mount
ed the ladder, and found that the rope
had caught round the helmet instead of
the neck of the thief, who was as alive
as alive could be.
Accordingly he took him down, and,
penetrated with pity.thetwomen carried
turn to their home.
Alas ! why is it that a man who has
once stolen will steal again ? Is it force
of habit, methodic science, special, in
nate depravity, or predestination ?
Sheltered, fed, and kindly treated, this
scamp made up his mind to steal the
countryman's donkeys, his daughter,
and the spurs, which were an heirloom
of value. In fact, there was nothing
else of value to steal.
And so one night when the church
clock chimes struck the last quarter to
eleven, there was a sudden cry in the
countryman's house, "Help! help!
murder !" for the gag with which the
thief had sought to stifle her cries had
fallen, from the young girl's mouth. In
an instant, with a horrible oath, her
father was on him. He threw him
down : he stamped his foot upon his
prostrate body ; he lifted the fellow and
hurled m-m across the room ; ne nustied
him into another, and there, with his
son's help, he bound him fast, and the
next night the two men carried the
wretch back to the gallows, dressed in
the stolen armor, and taking off the
helmet to make sure this time that the
rope fitted his neck, once more he was
swung into the air, and this time he
hung by the neck till he was dead.
The spurs, which were buckled on the
heels of the mailed boots, they forgot to
remove. The young girl was safe,
and one does not think of trifles at such
Of these three versions you can choose
which vou please.
As for the lord of tne casue, ne pui
on his armor, which was to be such a
sure talisman against squibs, and
crackers, and boiling pitch, and guns,
and sallabalas. and lightning, and
itriding off to the wars, he was killed
the very hrst man. vaiaxy.
A Wooden Railroad—Fifteen Miles an
Hour with Ease.
The Clarendon (S. C.) Press contains
lengthy account of the wooden rail
road of tramway which has been lately
built, and which brings Manning Uourt-
House in communication with the out
side world :
The South Carolina Central railroad
had been allowed to drop through the
hands of the onginal projectors, and a
considerable amount of cutting-out and
grading had been accomplished, when
Messrs. Lane and Pritchett, large tur
pentine distillers, doing a very large
business, purchased the right oi way
and set about to construct a road that
would take their products to market.
The road from Manning to J-ianes
Turnout, on the Northwestern railroad,
was cleaned out and graded and laid
with scantling. This road is fifteen
and a half miles long. The bed is con
structed precisely as all other railroads
are. The whole structure aDove tne
bed is precisely similar to other rail
roads, except in place of iron, this road
has wooden stringers, four oy nve
inches, fastened down to the cross-ties
bv long iron spikes passing through
both stringer and cross-tie, mating me
stringer both steady and firm. These
stringers are hve inches upon tneir iace,
and the tracks or wheels of the running
stock are five inches upon their face.
The friction in running being distrib
uted over wide surfaces, the .injury to
the rails will be much less.
The flanges of the wheels are two
and a half inches deep, thereby pre
venting any probability of running off.
A portion of the road has been in opera
tion nve montns, over wnicn trains nave
been running daily, and most of the
strmgers are smoom. ine roiig
on the road is common, out quiwj eiie-
UaV . Ln engine wuaw. . xlxj
out is sumcien!, lo cixjr "ts"'
tJCU. Of 1UOA1(Uj tU Wiu cr- v. Auaruvu
tier hour. The proprietors are now
gone to the North for anotter engine of
capacity. le road is regarded
as a success, and answers ail tne pur-
poses oi a nrst-ciassiron road. ineroi
has cost about $1,200 per mile. By this
iiir a nm r. i -s.t n 1 1' r 1 1 it i v . i r.
road 50,000 pounds can be sent twice a
Drinking wine is a habit ; so -
iner spirits, ale, cider, coffee and water.
The last is thought a necessity; Dut to
drink much is a habit. Some people
drink little, not .because their cons titu
tions reauire less than others : it is
their habit. These people never per-
Bpire so much as hose who drink more.
The more that is drank, the more water
passes away, or the system would suf
fer. As it is, the strain affects it. The
skin, the kidneys, bowels, lungs, are
all drawn upon. The result is, as may
be naturally expected, exhaustion. For
this reason the man who drinks much
water, particularly during the summer
and in the hottest weather, is less able
to endure fatigue. The water is of no
benefit to him that is the excess. It
must pass away, and this requires an
effort of the system, which is the sweat
ing process. Had he not the excess of
water, he would not have perspired so;
it would not have been there for the
system to expeL By the habit of drink
ing so much a false thirst is created.
We should drink only what is needed.
The habit of drinking more will soon be
overcome, and the person will feel much
stronger, and more capable of bearing
fatigue, in winter little lood is needed,
beyond what our food furnishes; in
summer, some more, but not much,
There are in the United States
establishments for the manufacture
silk, employing 6,649 hands. This in
dustry is confined to the seven States
JNew Jersey, Connecticut, jNew lork,
Pennsylvania. Massachusetts, Vermont.
and New Hampshire, the two first States
named producing more than half of the
A BRAVE ACT.
A Kentucky Student at Heidelberg Saves
Life and Wins a Wife-She is a Countess
At the gala regatta of the South Ger
man Boating Association at Mannheim,
in Baden, on the 13th of "June, there
took place an event which shed consid
erable luster on American gallantry and
which ended in a most romantic man
ner. On the above-mentioned day the
banks of the Rhine were lined with
spectators, among which the South
German aristocracy was fully repre
sented. Just as the crews of four boat
ing societies were speeding past the last
pillar of the new bridge a thrilling
spectacle attracted all eyes. A hand
some young lady, most elegantly
dressed, who had been leaning over the
low railing of the bridge, suddenly lost
her balance and fell into the water,
which was at least seventy-five feet un
derneath. Two or three heart-rending
shrieks burst from the lips of those
standing near, and then the thousands
of spectators, losing all interest in the
race, looked with breathless suspense
for the result of this terrible accident.
The poor young lady struck the water
heavily, and disappeared at once. The
Rhine at that place is deep and rapid ;
and when the aged father of the unfor
tunate lady, in a voice of agonizing
grief, offered a princely reward to who
soever would save 1ns daughter, there
was no response.
All at once a tail young man, in the
costume of a German student, and wear
ing the gold embroidered cap of the
Vaudal Society, of Heidelberg, rushed
to the left bank of the river and
plunged boldly into the water a leap of
thirty feet. There was a loud shout of
applause, and then again a pause of
breathless silence. All eyes were rivet
ed on the gallant swimmer as he strug
gled against the rapid current at the
very spot where the lady disappeared.
lie -dived down. What a minute oi
suspense ! But all at once a heavy bur
den fell from all those oppressed hearts.
The swimmer emerged from the depth,
and on his arm held the senseless body
of the young lady. Another shout of
applause rang the welkin. Now two
boats rowed rapidly toward the pair, and
they did not come any too soon, for the
young swimmer was visibly growing
faint. . and when he, with his fair bur
den, was drawn into the boats, he sank
down with utter exhaustion. When the
boat reached the left bank, the young
hero was at once the object of a fer
vent ovation, while the young woman s
father took the latter in his arms and
carried her, still in an unconscious state,
into a carriage.
The young hero was a Kentuckian
named Clarence Goodwin, a law student
at the university of Heidelberg. The
oldest and most experienced fisherman
on the Rhine pronounced his exploit a
truly heroic deed, and already on the
following morning the urana uuke of
Baden conferred on young Uoodwin,
who is only nineteen years old, the large
golden medal for deeds of courage and
devotion. But still a greater reward
awaited him. The young lady whose
life he had saved, and who, notwith
standing the terrible shock she had suf
fered, had soon revived, was the only
daughter of the Count of Reigera, one
of the wealthiest South German noble
men. Her father went himself to the
savior of his daughter, and after thank
ing him in the most touching manner.
bronght him to the young Countess.
The latter thanked young Goodwin with
tears in her eyes, and said that her life
long gratitude belonged to him. JLur-
ing the next few days the two were seen
frequently together on the public prom
enade, and everybody in Mannheim be
lieves that they are engaged to be mar
ried. Jsouisvzue vouner-journal.
A Leipsic Tragedy.
determined to bravenged. Having ao
greater . , . of the .eachery J the
A terrible tracedv is narrated bv the
German papers, lierr bchwemuoll, a
merchant of Leipsic, aged 65 years.
alter losing his hrst wile, married a
young girl oi lo, who, ol course, was
i .i t ii. u in.
SchVeinhoff had by his first wife a son,
, ml. . . - . rathp.r wild.
Qn returnmp. home after two
absence, the son,
acred 25 years, com
menced a liaison with his step-mother,
O-l i3t 4 A
- - . awaited his 0pWrtunity. On
T tjnnV a Ws" n1 -orfft .
i . . - -. ..
country house then occupied Dy his
wne. imwrmg ine grounds, ne saw ner
and his son seated at the edge of. a small
once put spurs to his steed and trampled
the woman under the horee s feet, bhe,
hying, fell into the lake. The son
sprang upon the lather, and, during
struggle which ensued after Schweinhoff
had been pulled from his horse, he stab
bed him fourteen times in the face and
breast with a poniard which the father
had carried in his own belt. Then he
ran to the rescue of his - mistress, and
leaped into-tne water, out nis sirengxn
failed him before he reached her. The
lifeless remains of the guilty pair were
recovered an hour later.
Some competent sanitary and bibu
lous authority asserts that when people
feel the need of an acid, if they would
let vinegar alone, and use lemons or ap
ples, they would feel just as well satis-
ned and receive no injury- -a- sugges
tion may not come amiss as to a good
plan when lemons are cheap in the mar
ket. A person should then purchase
several dozen at once and prepare them
for use in the warm, weak days 01 spring
and summer, when acids, especially cit
ric and molic, or the acid of lemons, are
so grateful and useful. .Press your
hand on the table to make it squeeze
more easily : then press the juice into
bowl or tumbler never into tin ; strain
out all the pulp from the peels to
tract the acid. A few minutes' boiling
is enousrh : then strain the water with
the iuice of the lemons : put a pomul
white susrar to a pint of the juice ; boil
ten minutes, bottle it, and your lemon
ade is ready. Put a tablespooniul
two of this lemon syrup in a cIhfb
water, and yon have cool, healthful
PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
Officers of the State Granges, and their
Officers of the State Granges, and their Postoffice Address-Number of Granges
Master Afonzo Gordon, Bock Falls.
O. JS. ualt.
Master George L Parsons, Winona.
Secretary William Paist, St. Paul.
Master A. B. Smedley, Cresco.
Secretary Gen. WUliam Daane Wilson, Pes
Master Col. John Cochrane, Wanpon.
Secretary J. Brainerd, Oshkosh.
Master John Weir, Terre Hante.
Secretary T. Reene, Valparaiso. -
Master T. C. V. Boling, Jacksonville.
Secretary George W. Spurgeon, Jackson
Master William B. Porter.
Secretary William McCaig, Elmwood.
Master William Maxwell, Maxville.
Secretary J. P. McMnrray, Trenton.
Master W. S. Battle, Tarboro.
Secretary C. W. Lawrence, Fayetteville.
Master John T. Jones, Helena.
John S. Devall s Bltiff.
Master Gen A. J. yanerin. Early Grove.
Secretary W. L. Williams.
Master Thomas Taylor, Colombia.
Secretary CoL D. Wyatt, Coksbury.
Master E. P. Cotton, Irasbnrg.
E. L. Hovey, St. Johnsbary. -
Master -8. H. Ellis, Springsboro.
Secretary D. M. Stewart, Xeuia.
Master S. F. Brown, Schoolcraft.
A. M. Coffee, Knob Noster.
Master Col. I. J. Smith, Oconee.
Secretary E. Taylor, Colapaohee.
Master J. W. A. Wright, Tnrlock.
Secretary W. H. Baxter, Tnrlock.
NUMBER OF GRANGES.
Ttia following is the number of Grano-es or
ganized in the United States up to this date:
Arkansas " 26
Pennsylvania. . .
Virginia... .. ...
Massachusetts ... 1
New Jersey 3
West Virginia. ... 2
Trees and Rainfall.
The effect of trees on the rainfall of a
country is no longer a question. A
peach tree gives off eighteen pounds, or
about two gallons, ox moisture every
twelve hours. The evaporation from
the earth through trees is immense ; the
roots often draw from springs them
selves, and throw off through their
branches great volumes of humid air.
Especially is this true in Nebraska.
where, at the depth of twenty feet, white
sand is struck, and this Band is so full
of water that, in many places, subter
raneous streams have been formed,
which have been frequently found when
boring shafts or wells.
The great currents of air which leave
the Pacific coast humid and warm empty
in Bnows on the Rocky Mountains, and.
leaving the mountains dry, they sweep
over the vast plains, finding no moisture
to take up until tney pass over tne mis-
soon and Aussissippi. when, naving be
come again charged, they empty in Illi
nois and Wisconsin. In Wyoming Ter
ritory, the dearth is almost complete :
but in Nebraska the heavily-timbered
heads of her streams give some humid
ity, and the clouds empty in frequent
showers along the Ixiups, iMiobrara,
Plattes, Elkhorn, and Missouri. Those
who have watched the effect of forests
on rainfalls say that, by commencing at
the edge of the dry belt, the forests, and
consequent rainfalls, may gradually be
extended across the whole of the dry
belt. So we might commence, say 200
miles west of Omaha, and, by gradually
Elanting trees westward, increase the
umidity of the atmosphere, until the
required moisture for rain is reached all
over the plains.
In Germany the Kibe lost 18 percent.
of its flow in consequence of cutting
away the trees along its banks, exposing
the waters to the hot sun and conse
quent increased evaporation. The island
of. Santa Cruz, in the West Indies,
which twenty years ago was a garden of
fertility, is now a desert the result 01
cutting away the forests. The theory
is this : The dry currents of air are re-
... . . -4. . eIevated
eievated until a
- t of 'condensation is reached.
point of condensation is reached. Kadi-
ation is also prevented, tne air cooieo,
and the clouds passing over forests are
rendered more easily condensed. Elec
tricity is also a great agent, the trees
beinsr netratively charged, and drawing
with a great power the positively-charged
I advance these theories with no hesi
tating doubts, for they are no longer
experiments, but facts, demonstrated by
positive experience ana miowieugu vi
j, , -1 .overn the atmosnhere.
Cor. Chicago Tribune.
Cunning IiITTlk Toads. It is certain
that Shakespeare's idea of the toad was
inaccurate in two respects. The toad is
not " uarly and venomous," and does not
wear " a precious jewel in its head.
The Eev. J. G. Wood, that excellent
naturalist and charming writer, assures
us that his children had a trough full
of tame toads, each of which answers to
its own particular name and comes when
called. The children, he says, carry
them round the garden, and hold them
up to any insect they may chance to
f anov. to enable them to swallow it.
which they do by a lightning flash of
their glutinous toncrues. Nay. more
their tender care for their unlovely pets
is so great that they bathe and kiss them
daily, he declares, just as they them
selves are treated by their nurse, upon
one occasion one 01 the children, who
had received an orange, was seen with
her owu especial toad seated on her
hand, partaking with his mistress of
the orange in alternate sucks or bites,
To Remove Iron Rust. Take the
iuice of a lemon and drop on the spots
and lay the articles out in tne sun, wnen
the rust will soon disappear.
From the folds of your snow-white pillow,
My love, my beautiful, rise,
And come to the casement window,
. Where the wind through the cedars sighs.
Star and planet are leaping
Out through the cloudless bine ;
Planet and Htar are weeping
And wondering where are yon.
The moon, like a royal maiden.
Sits on her cloud-built throne,
And the breath of the dainty tulips
From t? e garden paths is blown ;
Under the drooped narcissus
The bulbul sit and sings
And the leaves of the rose are brushing
The dew from the wind's light wings.
Under thy leafy casement.
Sweet, I sm waiting still,
WatchiDg the lamp-lit lattice
Till thy hand on the window-sill
Bustles the dainty rose-lesves
That lovingly cluster there
Sighing till somebody culls them
To twine in thy dark-brown hair.
My own, my beautiful Nina,
Gome, till my love I pour
Come, till I tell the passion
My heart can hide no mon
Till I sit in the rich sweet luster
Of thy dark-blue eyes divine,
And bless in a blissful rapture .
The hour that shall make thee mine.
Shine out, O shimmering planet 1
0 panting shadow, lie still I
Methinks 'tis the rim of hsr raiment
1 see by the window-sill ;
Hush, bulbul under the roses 1
Oh, rapture ! the hour draws near !
Silence, thou restless zephyr !
'Tis her step, His her voice I hear !
" Do you think we have all gone mad, sir 7
In truth, I wish you'd leave off ;
I'm dying to-night with a toothache.
And your howling wont cure my cough.
-Tie really strange, tis monstrous,
How little of sense remains.
Or even of common politeness,
When folks get love on their brains."
Natdbaii suppers Eels.
Cheeky "swEuas" Mumps.
Net profits A fisherman's. .
When does a man feel trirliah ? When .
he makes his maiden speech. ,
Why is an overworked horse like an
umbrella ? Because it is used up. ; .
Don't worry your neighbor's cats.
Respect, by all means, his felines.
Josh Billings says that a red herring
will keep a man dry better than an um- -
When a urirl falls in love with an un
lucky Irishman her heart' always goes
pity-Pat. . '
"I'm going to draw this beau into a .
knot," a lady said, when standing at the -hymeneal
Why is a talkative young man like a
Soung pig ? Because, if he lives, he is
kely to become a great bore.
A iiADY correspondent wants to know
why, since the invention of needle-guns,
women can't fight as well as men.
Why do people talk about the idle
wind ? It is almost always active, and, . -
like a cheerful farmer, whistles as it
[From the Danbury News.]
If there is room for one more in that
balloon of the Graphic's, there is a
young man in uanbury who can nil it.
He lives opposite us and plays an ac
cordion. He might object to running
the risk, but he could be stunned by a
blow on the head, and got into the bal
loon before he recovered. ' '
Wx saw, a man who was crossing
White street, yesterday, pick up a lump
of coal and put it in his pocket
' There," we said to ourself, " is a truly
economical man. He is not afraid to
save. He realizes that a penny saved is
a penny earned, and he will profit by .
it." Then he stepped into a saloon to
get a drink, and we moved on.
A North Main street gentleman saw
his boy in front of the house throwing
a -ball in the air, last evening, lie
hadn't played ball himself for thirty
years, and knew nothing of the kind of .
ball base-ball clubs have introduced in
the last few ears. but he felt the old
spirit rising in him at the memory of
former triumphs, and ne nia up ms
hands and told his son to "let her slide."
She slid. He caught it full and fair,
and then dropped it, and started into
the house,, with his eyes full of tears,
and his lands pressed under his arms.
The youth subsequently informed an
other boy that he could plainly hear the
old man s bones snap.
A D anbury man of statistical turn
can tell how many stalks of oats there,
are' in the average acre. He has count-
ed the hairs on his children s heads, and
has the number pasted in their hats.
He keeps company waiting while he
demonstrates the number of tendons
there were in the animal from which
came the steak, and will stop people in
the street when they are in a hurry ana
hold them until he explains how many
threads form the garment which they
may have on. People at hrst were
struck with admiration for the brain that
man carries with him, but now they
wish he would die.
The pastor of the Slawson church
sends us the following item: Ihe
church, as will be remembered, is hold- .
ing a series of revival meetings, wmcn ,
are largely attended. Prominent among
the speakers is Rev. Mr. Chaffee, of
Illinois. Last Faiday evening the build
ing was crowded, and Mr. Chaffee was
considerably animated. He was sitting
in a chair at the front, his wonderfully
long legs crossed, and his voice sending
forth a volume of song. The upper leg
was swinging majestically, the motion
increasing as the singing advanced.
They had just reached that part of the
hymn where it says, " Then I can safely
reach my home, my God, my heaven,
my all," and Mr. Chaffee was doing his
level best, and had just got out Then
I can Bafely reach my home," when the
oscillating limb- came suddenly in con
tact with a miserable dog that had in
some way got into the house, and sent
it flying and howling under one of the
benches. Of courwe Mr. Chaffee was
surprised, 'but when a little woman
popped up in the galleay and shook an
ominous looking umbrella at him, and
cried in a voice of passion, "You kick
that dog again, yon Ulinoy giraffe, and
you won't safely reach your home, " he
was more than astonished he was fairly
macadamized. He subsequently told
our informant that "he never before
was so completely flabergaBted, so thor
oughly eireumbobolated, whatever tht