Newspaper Page Text
L. G. GOULD, Publisher
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News.
Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
VOL. VI.--NO. 52.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1873.
WHOLE NUMBER 338.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I floundered
weak and weary
O'er the many rough, uneven tacks and pins upon
While I towed with ne'er a napping, suddenly I
heard a flapping,
As a thousand million gaping specters passed within
Tls some phantasy. I muttered. Strange return
ing answer uttered.
Only Blood, and nothing more.
Quite distinctly I remember, it was in the warm Sep
tember, As my body and each member, heated, lay upon the
Hopelessly I sooth'd my sorrow with the promise
I some antidote would borrow borrow from ma
That would dissipate the demons that were ravening
for my gore
Blood, my heart's, and nothing more.
Yet the feeling dim, uncertain, that the morning's
From the night's mysterious terrors would arise for
me no more,
Bet my heart with madness leaping, while the de
mons, still unsleeping.
Their fierce watch upon me keeping as I lay upon
Iiost in anguish worse than weeping, sobbing, shrink
ing more and more
Shrieked for blood, and nothing more.
Presently, with hope no longer, but with resolution
Demons !" said I, " many millions that seek my
true heart's gore,
Know that I'm no longer napping, but prepared to
do some rapping,"
And at once began a slapping, sideways, backward,
and before ;
But, that dreadful climax capping, in there rushed
ten million more
Crying Blood, and nothing more.
Forward at their legions daring flew I madly, pillow
Vowing vengeance deep, destructive vows no mor
tal breathed before ;
Still their front evinced no token that their serried
ranks were broken,
Was the same distractive mutter, uttered by them
Ver and o'er
Blood well have, and nothing more,
Those mosquitoes never quitting, still upon the
walls are sitting,
On the whiten 'd walls and ceiling, blackening my
chamber o'er ;
While their shrill and demon screaming seta my
soul with frenzy dreaming,
As their eyes upon me gleaming fill my mind with
And the chorus of their screaming, as I fly my cham
Is Blood, and nothing more.
AMONG THE BULLS AND BEARS.
" Suppose wo take a look at the me
nagerie ?" suggested my "Wall street
- "The menagerie? Where is it ?'
Just up the street. We sometimes
call it the bear garden, or the lunatic
asylum, for a change.
By either of these names, it seems,
the New York Stock Exchange is more
familiarly known in the region of bulls
' and bears than by its proper one. A
stranger, entering at a time of excite
ment in the stock market, would cer-
tAinlw nnnftipr thA liust nam A the most
appropriate. At such a time, downright
madness reigns supreme. The scene
presented is one of such clamor, con
fusion, furious gesticulation, and wild
surging and" swaying of the crowds of
brokers on the floor, that a person wit
nessing it for the first time might very
naturally regard the roaring, hustling,
bellowing throng as a mass-meeting of
Standing in the gallery provided for
the public, and looking down upon the
three or four hundred men who struggle
and shout and scramble below, the
stranger may well wonder what all the
tumult is about, and whether any real
business can be done in the midst of
such mad confusion. It seems impossi
ble that these men can understand each
other. They are scattered in swaying
groups over the floor of the large cham
ber, and almost every man in each groud
appears to be in desperate altercation
with his neighbor. A hundred hands
are shaking violently before a hundred
faces ; a hundred throats are roaring as
though their owners were so many
screaming dervishes ; and, to make the
deafening din still greater, squads of
well-grown boys rush hither and thither
between the groups, calling brokers by
name in the highest and shrillest kev
their voices can command. Surely, no
bedlam ever presented a more turbulent
- scene, or one more dazing or bewilder
ing to an unaccustomed mind, than may
be witnessed in the New York Stock Ex-
, i 1 1 . - j i r i l i
day stir up the spirits of the bulls and
Strangers visiting the Stock Exchange
always express surprise at the youthf ill
ness of the men bv whom the enormous
business of the place is transacted.
Searing so often of the money kings of
New York, and naturally picturing
to themselves solid-looking men, well
on in middle life, as the bulls and bears
of the great stock market, they are as
tonished at finding merely a multitude
of young men. most of whom have the
appearance of clerks, and any one of
whom will, on the slightest provocation,
yell at an unknown visitor like a Co
manche or Apache savage. The mag
nates of the street, who are the men we
all read of in the newspapers, are hardly
ever seen in the Exchange, and some
even are not members of it. They gen
erally remain in the background, con
coct their plans in little private offices,
and issue instructions to their various
brokers as a General issues orders to his
subaltern on a battle-field. One of these
magnates may have half a dozen brokers
employed in the Exchange at the same
time, without one of the six knowing
that five others are executing orders
from the same man that employs him.
It is by the eecresy of their operations
that the leading bulls and bears achieve
particular success ; and, in order that
there snail be no leakage of informa
tion, they keep all their plans and pur
poses to themselves. The whole num
ber of brokers who have the privilege of
trading in the .exchange is about one
thousand, while the number of opera
tors recognized as leaders probably does
not exceed twenty-five or thirty. "These
are the captains who organize and con
duct campaigns ; the others are the rank
and file who do the fighting bellowing
and goring, or growling and squeezing,
according to their classification under
th siens of Taurus and TTrsna.
A broker desiring to become a mem
ber of the Exchange is required to un
dergo a sort of inquisition before a com
mittee, in order that his qualifications
may be determined. He must also make
a full statement of his business affair,
and satisfy the committee that he is in
a proper financial condition. If he
passes the examination successfully, he
must then purchase s seat in the Board,
or, in other words, pay for the privilege
of membership. This privilege is an
expensive one. At the present time a
seat costs from eight '.o nine thousand
dollars, which must be paid before the
purchaser can do any business in the
Exchange. A year ago the price was
from four to five thousand. The value
of seats varies according to the demand.
If a broker fails in business, he can
neither use his seat nor sell it until his
affairs are settled ; the seat is held as
part of his assets, and may be sold for
the benefit of his creditors. Taking
the number of seats in the Board at one
thousand (" seat," by the way, is a mis
nomer, for seats would only be in the
way during the daily battles on the
floor), and the price of each at nine
thousand dollars, the total value of
membership in the Stock Exchange is
found to reach nearly a million dollars
an increase of one hundred per cent,
within a year.
It requires very Btringent rules to
keep the lively gentleman of the Ex
change within any bounds of propriety.
A stock broker, though he be thirty
years old (and not many are much be
yond this age), is just as sure to be in
mischief as an irrepressible school-boy,
unless business or the rules of the board
deter him. He is a volatile and exu
berant animal, who finds delight in
pranks and peccadilloes, and looks upon
the playing of practical jokes almost as
a duty. Anecdotes innumerable might
be told to illustrate his penchant for
fun and frolic When not engaged
"bulling" or "bearing" stocks, he is
pretty sure to be found indulging in
some wild sort of capers with "the
boys," this being the familiar and stand
ard term for his associates. Now and
then, when business is dull, he starts a
war-whoop, in which he is quickly joined
by fifty others ; and presently he and
the fifty are " skylarking" all over the
hall. If the season be the end of the
summer, when the time for discarding
white hats is supposed to have arrived,
and a member enters with one of these
objects on his head, it is sure to come
to grief immediately. Before he is
fairly inside, a howl of derision is raised,
and the hat knocked off and kicked
in turn by every foot that can
reach it. The owner takes all this as a
matter of course, and seldom loses his
temper over it, even though he himsilf
be hustled all over the hall after his
hat. Next day he may have a chance to
retaliate, and he surely will not allow it
to pass unimproved.
The entrance of a new member affords
a gala-time to the boys. He must be
initiated without delay, and, as he
knows this beforehand, he prepares him
self for the ordeal. The moment he
enters, a signal that all understand is
given by some one near him. It is no
sooner heard through the hall than a
wild, demoniac yell is raised, and the
new-comer is instantly surrounded by a
scrambling, screaming, shoving crowd.
His hat is likely to be the hrst object of
attack. The brokers seem to have a
special antipathy to hats when the mood
for frolic is on. If they do not crush
the neophyte's felt or castor ever his
eyes, they are sure to send it flying to
the ceiling, some sixty feet above, and
each time it comes down it is returned
heavenward with an exultant shout. In
the meantime, its owner is receiving at
tentions not much milder than those
bestowed on the hat. The boys have
taken him in hand, and are hustling and
hauling him all around the chamber.
If he is not too heavy to be lifted, they
have taken him up bodily, and are play
ing a queer game of pitch-and-toss with
him, throwing him hither and thither,
from one group to another, as though
he were an effigy rather than a man.
Presently, perhaps, they get him to the
center of the hall, where there is a large
table, and, despite his struggles to get
away, he is laid on this, and subjected
to a new process of jocular persecution.
As many of the boys as are within reach
ing distance seize him by legs, feet,
arms, and head, and pull and drag him
over the table, now to one side, now to
another, until the poor fellow, who gen
erally preserves good nature all through,
is almost breathless. When they finally
release him his hair is all over his face,
his collar and cravat probably have dis
appeared, his hat is battered utterly out
of shape, his coat is either rent down
the back or deprived of a skirt, one of
his boots, if not both, has parted com
pany with his feet, and his vest and
linen are " mussed" in a way to make a
proper housewife groan with despair.
But the ordeal is now past, the new man
has become a broker in good standing,
and is ready an hour later to join his
persecutors in new mischief, or con
tribute his snare to the uproar of a
struggle between bulls and bears.
But there is no delight so enjoyable
to these mischievous merry-makers as
that of catching a stray countryman on
the floor. The Stock Exchange seems
to have particular attractions for our
bucolic friends coming to town on a visit.
They have heard a great deal about it. and.
being in town, they want to see what it
is. It is against the rules for any per
son not. a member to go upon the floor,
but occasionally a gentleman from the
" rural deestricks," equipped with carpet-bag
and umbrella, and knowing
nothing about this rule, slips past the
door-keeper unnoticed. But, if the door
keeper overloooks him, the boys do not.
The instant he is seen, two or three
brokers move quietly between him and
the door, and then elbow and push him
forward, apparently by accident, until
they get him a considerable distance
from it. One of them then cries out :
" New Tenuessees !"
The meaning of this is known by alL
It is a signal that a stranger is on the
floor. Instantly the whole business of
the place is suspended, a terrific yell is
raised one that would do credit to any
band of savages on the continent and
the frightened and bewildered country.
man finds himself pitched and hustled
hither and thither, up and down, across
and around, by a surging, screaming,
laughing crowd, and. if he looks unward.
he may see his hat dancing through the
air in one airecuon, nis carpet-Dag in an
other, and his venerable umbrella in a
third. But, fortunately for the stranger,
there is help at hand. One of the door
keepers dashes into the crowd, grasps
him by the collar, and pulls him by
mam iorce to tne door, whither his nat,
carpet-bag. and umbrella, follow him.
and ha makes his way to the street as
quickly as he can, hardly knowing
whether he has escaped from a band of
Indians or a lunatic aylum, but very
glad to have escaped at all. It is very
rarely that any one is injured in these
sports of the brokers. The play may
be somewhat rougn, ova mere is no in
tention to hurt, and nerves and clothing
suffer about the only damage that is
Of the thousands of practical jokes
played in the Exchange, one of a com
paratively harmless character may be
related. The cloak-room connected with
the hall is a receptacle for the overcoats,
canes, and overshoes of members. One
very disagreeable day last winter, when
the streets were deep in slush, business
was extremely dull, and the spirits of
the boys were considerably depressed as
well. Owing to the condition of the
streets, most of the brokers had worn
overshoes, chiefly of the kind known as
arctics, when going to the Board, and all
the shoes were, as usual, deposited in the
cloakroom. When the dullness of the
day had become almost intolerable, one
of the boys conceived a bright idea to
relieve it. Moving slyly to the cloak
room, he got a large cloak and spread
it on the floor. Then gathering all the
shoes within his reach into the cloak,
he picked up his prize and moved quietly
back into the hall, stationing himself in
a corner, with the bundle at his feet. A
minute later a shoe was. seen whirling
through the air, and then another,
and another. The brokers, thinking
some one was throwing their shoes
out of the cloak-room, made a rush
thither, but found no one there. Then,
turning around, they found the air
rapidly thickening with overshoes,
which soon fell in a heavy shower on
their heads. It did not take them long
to find out the cause of the phenomena.
The man with the bundle was quickly
discovered, and in an instant the spirit
of mischief had broken loose all through
the hall. The shower of shoes thick
ened and thickened, until the air be
came actually dark with these articles,
and, when the sport finally ceased, the
overshoes of two or three hundred mem
bers were so mixed and scattered about
that to sort and mate them again would
be almost impossible. Many of the
boys had to return from ths Board that
day without the customary protection
for their feet, but the frolic they had
enjoyed reconciled them to the tem
The readiness with which those wall
street merry men pass from absorbing
business to school-boy fun, might be
shown by a hundred illustrations, brt
one will suffice here. The incident oc
curred recently, and on a day when the
.Exchange was halt wild with panic.
Some failures had occurred, and appre
hensions of many more were in all
minds. The hail was packed with
brokers, and the excitement was in
tense. Almsst every man present was
anxious to sell, in order to escape the
expected crash, and the groups scattered
over the floor were pushing, roaring,
driving, bellowing, gesticulating, as
they do on'y when the market is panic
stricken. Suddenly, when the tumult
was at its height, a man wearing a pe
culiar white hat appeared in the gal
lery. A broker, turning from one of
the groups, looked up and saw him. No
sooner did his eye take in the unusual
chapeau than he faced the stranger and
"Take off that hat!"
Instantly the panic was forgotten, the
whole business of the Exchange came
to a sudden stop, and almost every man
on the floor looked to the gallery and
shouted at the t"p of his voice :
" Take off that hat !"
The order was not obeyed for some
time, so the shrill cry went up again
and again. Presently the man took off
the obnoxious, hat, made a mock bow to
the crowd below, waving the hat at the
time, and then retired. As quickly as
the brokers had stopped business they
were at it again, and a person going in
a moment later, and marking the eager
ness on each face, and the clamor rag
ing all over the place, could hardly be
lieve that such a scene as the one de
scribed had just been enacted.
Often the announcement of a failure
has no other effect upon them than to
elicit a thundering "H-a-a-h! fol
lowed by a long, loud laugh. But it is
not indifference to a comrade's misfor
tune that causes the boys to act in this
manner when he gets into trouble.
Wall street brokers are for the most
part generous-hearted fellows, and as a
class they are rarely behind in deeds of
charity. But they must have their
fun, and frequently they are rather
careless as to whether the object of it
be a suitable one or not. As an in
stance of their off-hand generosity, may
be cited their subscription of a purse of
three hundred dollars in the Exchange,
for the boy who was saved from the
wreck of the Atlantic. The boy was
brought into the hall by a broker, and
placed on a table where all could see
him, and in a few minutes the purse was
made up and given to him. Appleton's
An Extensive Beehive.
" How doth the little busy bee ?" in
quires Dr. Howe. It doth very much
indeed at Los Angeles, where there ex
ists at this moment the largest hive in
the world. It is a fissure of a rock, the
opening of whiuh is seventeen feet wide,
and the depth of which is lbO feet, in
numerable swarms of bees have made
this cavern their home, and have accu
mulated enormous quantities of honey
it is calculated that there must be many
thousands of tons of it. The inhabit
ants of the country have more than once
tried, although the approach of the fis
sure is difficult, to drive away the bees
and take possession of their treasure,
but they have always been repulsed
with loss. We cannot but think that
the tame surrender of so magnificent
prize as the wax and honey contained in
a hire of 160 feet deep shows a lamenta
ble want of enterprise in the population
of Los Angeles, and are disposed to
suggest that they should call in for
The new Illinois Homestead law ex
empts from seizure for debt homestead
to the value of $1,000, and adds a sew
ing machine to the list of personal
The President is letting his beard
They are making bricks out of ochre
A Brooklyn man has cured his liver
complaint by turning hand-springs over
Australia now looms up as one of
the great wheat-producing centers of the
It is stated that the second volume of
Lamon's Lincoln will never get into
print, so discouraging was the reception
of the first.
Clews, the New York banker, in try
ing to savo himself, offered two per
cent, a day for money. A his is tau per
cent, a year.
The plan of correcting echo in public
halls by stretching wires across them
from wall to wall has had a practical
trial in the cathedral at Cork, and given
Last words of two roughs who re
cently killed each other at Truckee,
CaL: .rugate "Ua, uodi Am tailed!
White" Thank God, I've killed him.
It's some satisfaction to know that I've
outlived him ; but I suppose I must fol
low him in a few minutes. Pull off my
Earl Granville has informed Baron
de Worms, President of the Anglo
Jewish Association, that the British
Minister at Tangiers has been instructed
to inquire into the alleged ill-treatment
of the Jews in Morocco, and, if neces
sary, to interfere at once on then
The- greatest carpet manufacturing
locality in the world is in the Nineteenth
Ward of Philadelphia. There are about
250 manufactories in the ward. The
number of looms is estimated at 8,000.
On an average, 800,000 yards of carpets
are turned out weekly. The number of
yards made in a year is 41,600,000.
The abolition of the gaming-tables
has literally ruined Baden-Baden. In
proof of this may be mentioned the
fact that only 120,000 people have visited
the place this year, thus showing a
falling oft of 50,000, as last season
there were no less than 70,000 visitors.
The upper class of society, English and
foreign, have deserted the pretty but
now dull little place, and it is left en
tirely to the middle classes of Germany.
One of the most remarkable features
of our present financial disturbances, if
not of all past commotions, is, that not
one- Jewish bank or banker has sus
pended ; and this leads to a considera
tion of the general fact that in Europe
they are regarded by leading statesmen
as the most riear-haftchxt-and reliable
financiers. Being eminently conserva
tive, they never venture alL One of
their great maxims is to keep a healthy
Why will these scientific men frighten
us so ? They are trying continually to
bully us with a comet, or the conjunc
tion of half a dozen planets, or some
other horrid thing that does not give us
a ghost of a chance. Now Prof.
Winchell says that the earth is contin
ually cooling, and in doing so is absorb
ing water, and in time its thirsty crust
will not only drink up the ocean, but
oven the atmosphere, and then the dry
and shriveled old globe will go meander
ing through space without a living
thing on its surface. And the sarcastic
Professor calls this kind of talk "recrea
tions in popular science."
London has 7,000 lawyers.
The population of London is 4,026,
000. The King of Ashantee, it is said, is
allowed add wives.
Charleston, S. C, has a colored
population of 26,173 to 22,749 whites,
New Haven claims 347 manufacto
ries, employing a capital of $12,000,000
and 8, 000 hands.
The working population of the United
States is estimated at 13,000,000 one-
third of the population.
There are in Paris 11,314 cafes, wine
shops or beer-saloons, containing in all
2, 711 public billiard tables.
An Indiana farmer has sold 100.000
watermelons this season, and still insists
that he ought not to be hung.
The population of Persia is about
9,000,000 or 10,000,000. The majority
of the inhabitants are Mohammedans.
The population of Texas, in 1870,
aggregated 818,579. In 1873 the Lone
Star State foots up 1,500,000 souls, an
increase beyond any previous ratio.
The St. Louis Democrat says of the
progressing Mississippi bridge at that
point : " The bridge, the tunnel ap
proaches, etc., will probably cost in the
aggregate about $9,000,000, of which
the bridge itself costs $6,000,000."
According to a report made at the
late session of the Wesleyan Confer
ence, that body numbers 348,580 mem
bers, with U0, 844 persons on trial.
They have also 5,869 Sunday schools.
with 666,760 scholars, an increase of
77 schools and 12,189 scholars during
The California State Board of Equal
ization has fixed the rate of taxation for
State purposes for this year at 50 cents
on the $100 of assessed value, so that
San Francisco, having $206,000,000 on
her own roll, will have to cone down
with $1,030,000 for her share. This is
for the State purposes alone. The city
tax will be three times as much, and the
amount paid in duties and internal rev
enue taxes about $9,000,000, making a
total of $13,000,000 of taxes to be col
lected in San Francisco next year. Of
the duties on imports, about $5,000,000
are repaid to our citizens by the people
of the coast outside of this city, leaving
$8,000,000 to be paid by 27,000 voters,
or about $300 annually of tax to every
voter, on the average. San JFrandeco
THE MODOC EXECUTIONS.
Hanging of Capt. Jack and his Fellow-
[Fort Klamath (Oct. 3) Cor. San Francisco Bulletin.]
Boston Charley and Black Jim were
led on the scaffold first, and Schonchin
next. They trod it with apparent in
difference and iron nerve, having evi
dently resolved to die as brave as they
Capt. Jack's thin lips were tightly
compressed, and bearing himself erect,
without trace of fear, he turned his
deep-set. glittering eyes toward the spot
where the remnant of his people, with
their wives and papooses, stood, with
a glance firm and proud, though sad.
He had grown a little fleshier during his
captiviiy. But with his large, well
formed head, firmly poised on hard,
sinewy shoulders, his clear-cut features,
deep-set, piercing black eyes, and com
manding carnage, even on tne scanoid
his appearance was striking.
Boston Charley looked the same lithe,
muscular savage, cunning, daring, and
cruel, that he was the morning of the
massacre, when, having breakfasted
with good old Dr. Thomas, he treacher
ously shot him, and kept firing until
his pistol was empty, though the first
shot was fatal. He cast his eyes over
the scene with furtive glances, but
showed no signs of blanching.
Black Jim. who assaulted Mr. Ayar,
and who was a leader of the band that
committed the massacre at Lost River,
Oregon, maintained an air of stolid im
passibility. Jim was only about 30
years of age, and physically was a
splendid looking fellow, muscular and
Schonchin. who shot and mutilated
Meacham, and though over 40 years of
of age and wounded in the first fight,
proved one of the most formidable of the
band, was last on the scafford. He had
evidently made up his mind to die
boldly, and displayed no evidence of t e
least discomposure. J ack walked easily
up the scaffold stairway, but looked
wretched and miserable.
The manacles had been struck off,
but their arms were securely pinioned
At precisely 9:45 a. m., the interpret
ers, Capt. O. C. Applegate and David
Hill, explained to the culprits the na
ture of the order to be read to them by
the Adjutant, and at 10 a. m., Adjutant
Kingsbury read the orders promulgat
ing the sentence of the commission and
the President s order therein, with tne
orders of the Secretary of War and the
Department Commander on the prem
The two reprieved prisoners, Barncho
and Slotuk. vet stood on the ground in
front of the scaffold, shackled and under
guard. During the reading the pinioned
victims were seated on the platform of
the scaffold, which consisted of uprights
about seven feet high, surmounted by a
cross-beam thirty feet m length. A he
platform was set on pine poles, eight
feet below the beam, solid at the back,
and with a hinged drop on which all
were seated, with their feet on the drop,
listening anxiously, but, of course, not
understanding a word of it. The read
ing occupied ten minutes.
Then the Adjutant read the order of
commutation in the case of Barncho and
Slotuk, which was issued on the ground
that they were merely acting under
Capt. Jack's orders in what they did.
The poor fellows were taken back to the
stockade, evidently happy at not accom
panying the others to the happy hunt
The coflins, bix in number, had been
placed directly in the rear of the gal
lows, two of them destined to be un
occupied, as the order commuting the
sentences of Barncho and Slotuk only
arrived at 10:30 last evening, and prep
arations had been made for them like
wise. The chaplain then offered up earnest
and fervent prayer for the souls of the
culprits, which was listened to atten
tively. At 10:15 the fatal nooses were placed
around their necks, under direction of
Capt. Hoge. It was necessary to cut
off a little of Jack's long hair, which was
in the way of the rope. Capt. Hoge
then bid farewell to the prisoners, and
the black caps were placed over the
heads of all the culprits. It must have
been an awful moment.
At 10:20 they stood on the drop, the
rope was cut by the assistant at a signal
made by Capt. Jtloge s handkerchief.
The bodies swung round and round.
Jack and Jim apparently dying easily.
but Boston and Schonchin suffering ter
rible convulsions. Asoston and bahon
chin repeatedly drew up their legs, but
the two others seemed to die almost in
stantly. As the drop fell with a terribly deadly
thud four poor human beings fell into
eternity, and a half-smothered cry of
horror went up from the crowd of over
500 Klamath Indians who witnessed the
awful spectacle. Wails of deep and
bitter anguish went up from the stock
ade where the wives and children of the
poor fellows had a fair view of the
An Important Discovery.
The Chicago Times says : A singular
development is communicated in a spe
cial telegram from New York with
respect to the invention of the sewing
machine. It transpires that in 1790 a
a man procured a patent in England for
fastening the soles of shoes to the
uppers, the plans of which, but not the
specifications, included a device very
much the same as the sewing machine,
especially in the needle, which is the
essential feature. This fact has been
unearthed by an examination of the
Patent Office reports pubiished by the
English Government in 1854. Its im
portance consists in this, that it avoids
the moral right, aDd ought to avoid the
legal -right, of the heirs of Elias Howo
to assess a royalty upon every sewing
machine that is manufactured in this
country. It would seem, indeed, that
in the light of this development, our
uovernment ought, at the earliest pos
sible moment, to abrogate all patents
that affect the sewing machine, and thus
destroy one of the most obnoxipus
monopolies in the country.
Parisians say that within six mVhths
Don Carlos will be driven from, fcjpr in
and Victor Jumanuel from iwme
THE WHEAT CROP.
Returns for the Month of September
from the Agricultural Bureau.
The average condition of the wheat
crop for the entire country, according
to the returns la 95. A comparison with
the September average of last year will
illustrate the crop prospects of the pres
ent, when the increased area of the
present season is duly considered:
, September ,
States. 1873. 1872.
Maine 83 109
New Hampshire 95 96
Vermont 96 91
Massachusetts 102 97
Connecticut 104 8
New York 62 85
New Jersey 105 89
Pennsylvania 102 76
Delaware so vz
Maryland 96 74
Virginia 82 99
North Carolina. 82 109
South Carolina 75 102
Georgia 75 104
Alabama 85 105
Mississippi 90 102
Texas 85 120
Arkansas 95 106
Tennessee 78 116
West Virginia 91 96
Kentucky 85 110
Ohio 97 84
Michigan 96 95
Indiana .- 84 97
Illinois 93 95
Wisconsin 107 98
Minnesota. 109 104
Iowa 100 100
Missouri. 100 70
Kansas 100 85
Nebraska 107 109
Oregon 107 96
Reports were received from 844 coun
ties, of which 246 were average, 185
above, and 413 below. The principal
wheat-producing States are thus repre
above Counties beiow
States. averaae. averaae. averaae.
Kentucky 3 10 19
Ohio 9 16 17
Michigan. 10 13 7
Indiana 1 - 10 32
Illinois 11 10 21
Wisconsin 16 9
Minnesota 17 4 -7
Iowa 16 15 18
Missouri. 14 18 23
Kansas 13 9 14
Nebraska 9 4 8
California 3 8 11
The present has not been a good wheat
year in the South.
Ohio reports cover more than half the
area in wheat, and indicate a very near
ly average yield, of about average
Michigan has nearly a full crop of
wheat of very good quality, well se
cured, and generally exceeding the ex
pectation in thrashing.
In Indiana this crop has suftered from
wmter-killing, the fly, chinch-bug, and
, - T ' ii i i , - ,
neavy rains in me sdock, causes wnicu
indicate a depreciation of sixteen per
In forty-three counties in Illinois the
average is ninety-three.
Wisconsin makes very encouraging re
turns, in no case below 100, and averag
ing 107 upon an increased area.
Minnesota is the banner Ktate of the
year upon wheat production. Increased
acreage in new and old counties was
returned in June, and the average for
condition is 109. In several counties it
is claimed to be the best crop for many
years, both for quality and quantity.
Keturns from two-thirds of the wheat
area of Iowa indicate an average yield
upon an increased area. The quality is
generally superior, with some excep
tions of injury from rain and blight.
Most of it was secured in good condi
tion. Missouri has secured an average
crop, mostly of good quality. Chinch
bugs caused a reduced yield in some
The crop in Nebraska is large and the
The crop of California is not so good
as was expected ; a large reduction from
the yield of last year may bo calculated
In Oregon no county reports less than
100. the average being 107.
The reports from the Tern tones are
A Curious Card.
Thp, nnsnension and snbseauent re
sumption of business by David Preston
& Co., Detroit, have been announced.
The card in which Mr. Preston declared
his purpose to resume is peculiar, but
said to be characteristic. He starts out
in this way :
It s good. X here s light aneao :
there's help in God ; there's wealth in
Jesus : there's power in prayer. I
landed in Detroit Nov. 4. 1848. I bor
rowed $12 to bring me here. I got a
situation at $12 per month,- and in less
than two months I had paid this $12
from mv wages. On the 4th of May,
1852. 1 manned a good wife, and in less
than one week thereafter I embarked in
business under the style of David Pres
ton & Co., bankers and brokers. My
entire capital at that time, out of which
I had to furnish a home and start my
bank, was less than $500. In May,
1854, 1 had amassed a fortune oi near
$5,000, and with this increased capital
I opened a bank in Chicago. In the
month of August following. Mr. A.
Klemm, our banker at No. 50 Wall
street, New York, failed, with $6,000 of
our money in his possession, which was
all we were worth and a little more. We
never realized but $15 out of this $6,000,
and yet I did not commit suicide, run
away, compromise, or resign, prayed
and worked and paid, and have been
doing the same kind of business ever
- mm " - " ' A.
since, and A expect to ngni 16 out vu
.1 T 1 11 - J . i.-mn-w. "
tnis line lo me euu oi jiij juumcj.
Ruling Passion Strong in Death.
-.' r . . . .
making a good bargain, was very m, ana
friends were expecting an early demise.
. 1 T J . 11.
Ills nepnew ana a man nireu iur um
iiaoinn haA Vii tailored a. steer which
had been fattened ; and when the job
was completed the nephew entered the
nooomlilod Tpliwii to the astonishment of
all, the old man opened his eyes, and
turning his head sugniiy, saia, in a mu
voice, drawling out tne woras :
" What have you been doing?"
" Killing the ste r," was the reply.
"What AA -von do with the hide?"
" Left it in the barn ; going to sell
Ttc-ti fl -1 w '
"Letthoboys drag it around the
yard a couple of times ; it win mane
xt'tii -li liAainiir "
And the good old man was gathered
eto me Jatners.
THE OLD CANOE.
Where the recks are gray and the shore is steep.
And the waters below look dark and deep.
Where the rugged pine, in its lonely pride,
Leans gloomily over the murky tide ;
Where the reeds and rushes are long and rank.
And the weeds grow thick on the winding bank ;
Where the shadow is heavy the whole day through.
There lieB at itB moorings the old canoe.
The useless paddles are idly dropped.
Like a sea-bird's wings that the storm has lopped.
And crossed on the railing, one o'er one.
Like the folded hands when the work is done ;
While bupily back and forth between
The spider stretches his silvery screen.
And the solemn owl, with his dull " too-hoo,"
Settles down on the side of the old canoe.
The stern half sunk in the slimy wave,
Rots Blowly away in its Uving grave,
And the green moss creeps o'er its dull decay,
Hiding Us moldering dust away.
Like the hand that plants o'er the tomb a flower,
or the ivy tnat mantles tne laiung lower ;
While many a blossom of loveliest hue
Springs up o'er the stern of the old canoe.
'lie currentless waters are dead and still
But the light wind plays with the boat at will.
And lazily in and out again
It floats the length of the rusty chain.
Like the weary march of the hands of time,
That meet and part at the noontide chime.
And the shore is kissed at each turning anew
By the dripping bow of the old canoe.
Oh, many a time, with a careless hand,
l nave pusnea it away from tne pelDiy strana.
And paddled it down where the stream runs thick.
Where the whirls are wild and the eddies are thick, .
And laughed as I leaned o'er the rocking side,
And looked below in the broken tide,
To sec that the faces and boats were two.
That were mirrored back from the old canoe.
But now, as I lesn o'er the crumbling side,
And look below in the sluggish tide.
The face that I see there is graver grown.
And the laugh that I hear has a soberer tone.
And the hands that lent to the light skiff wings
Have grown familiar with sterner things.
But I love to think of the hours that sped
As I rocked where the whirls their white spray ehed,
Ere the blossoms waved, or the green grass grew
O'er the moldering stern of the old canon.
When a lady stands at the hymenial
altar with an intended, you may know
she is about to draw her beau into a
A Connecticut clergyman recently
prayed for the absent members of his
nock who were prostrated on beds of
sickness, and those who were sitting
about on chairs of health."
' Why did Joseph's brethren put him
in a pit?" asked a Buffalo Sunday-
school teacher ; and the reply he got was,
.Because there was no room for him in
the family circle." -
Two Milesians were standing at the
Fairmount water-works in Philadelphia,
watching the big wheels splashing in the
water in every direction, when one of
them remarked : " Mike, isn't this a '
quare country, where they have to grind
their water before they can use it 1"
Father Boyle, of Washington, ad
dressing a school on the subject of
ii aster celebrations, a young miss asked
him : " Father Boyle, what is the ongin
of Easter eggs ?" " A hen, no doubt,
miss," replied the father, quietly. -
If the price of peaches was a moun
tain, thero would be snow on top of it.
Among the new-comers at the school
Monday, was a barefooted boy with a
fur cap on his head.
No actor has yet been able to coun
terfeit that expression of joy which a
man shows when discovering a ten-cent
stamp in his paper of tobacco.
Wide-awake people are the only ones
poptdarly supposed to be successful, but
Pullman s sleepers have enabled him to
pay $42,000 for a cottage site at Long
The commander of a schooner which
trades with Houston, Texas, is a lady.
She is described as having eyes like
diamonds. (Ah 1) Hair like a vexed
mass of golden feathers. (Oh !) A
faultless form. (Pshaw !) And a hand
as pure as polished snow. (Ouch !)
A lady on North Main street saw
something on her carpet on Saturday
morning, and hunting up an old paper,
placed it over the object, carefully lift
ed it. went to the back stoop and drop
ped in the slop-pail a pair of gloves.
She says she doesn t see anything very
amusing about this, but it seems as if
her husband would split himself over it.
Growth of Wealth in Ireland.
Within thirty years the population of
Ireland has declined to the extent of
3,793,838. This was between 1841 and
1871, according to the dates of the cen
sus, .cut the reduction of the popula
tion in this case does not indicate a
diminishing degree of prosperity. On
the contrary, it has gone on simulta
neously with an increase of wealth. In
live stock Ireland's riches grew during
the same period from $105,o29,04U to
$187,576,055. The number of flax lac
tones doubled. The number of spindles
increasedfrom 592,981 in 1862 to 916,660
in 1870. The flax power-looms were
4,666 in 1862, but ten years after they
were 14,834. The cotton power-looms
numbered 1,757 in 1862, and 3,437 in
1871. The total number of hands em
ployed in the factories in 1862 was
37,872 ; now it is 63,952. The deposits
in the joint-stock banks in i4i amount
ed to $27,839,255, and in 1871 they had
increased to $136,742,195. On the other
hand, the business of the pawnbrokers
has diminished. In 1867 there were
13.282.918 pledges for $9,252,755, and
in 1870 only 11,608,444 pledges for
$8,670,580. JS'ew lorc Times.
Wilkie Collins and Charles Bradlaugh.
A New York telegram says : At the
reception of Wilkie Collins at the Lotus
Club on Saturday night a remarkable ,
scene followed the introdutcion of
Charles Bradlaugh, J ate in the evening,
in the restaurant. He referred point
edly to the fact that class distinctions
in England were so great that this
American club had given him on foreign
soil the first opportunity of his life to
meet a countryman whom he was so
glad to honor, and even to say a word
in his praise. " There was no club in
England," said he, " that would give
me an equal privilege." The speech
was received with wild outbursts of en
thusiasm. Prolonged cheers were
given, and even after Bradlaugh had
turned to his seat at the table beside
Collins the crowd continued cheering
until he came forward and spoke briefly
again, V ' .