Newspaper Page Text
Xj- G. GOULD, Publisher.. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
VOL. VII. NO. 3. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 341.
OLD FARMER BROWN.
BY EUGENE J. HALL.
From the harvest-field, old Farmer Brown came
noma with a look of care
He threw his hat on the floor, and sat down in hia
old plint-bottomed chair ;
He wiffed. the sweat from his dripping brow, and
fwito omnia oja jacK-snixe ;
He whittled away to himself awhile, and called to
bm uttie wife.
Trm knr quaint and tidy kitchen, she came through
tQae Onen rirwir.
Wtth her sleeves pinned up to her shoulders and
Ker skirt pinned up before.
looked as faded, wrinkled and worn as the folds
of her gingham-gown,
TWhen she saw the hatggard and hopeless look on the
xaoe c uarmer jsrown.
Then 4vn in her rocking-chair she sank, In a sort
or Helpless way.
Nor spoke one word, but listened, and looked to hear
'what he mignt say.
2Hannah, I'm sick a-llvin' hen an a-workin' from
snrins to fall
A-r&isin' taters an cwa to sell, that don't bring
nothin at all.
XHere we have worked together for forty years like
a pan- or staves,
.'An' that old ht&rtgaye aint lifted yet that I owe to
That judgmunt-note o' Deacon Dunn's will soon be
a faliin1 due,
An where t"he money's a-cemin from, why, I can't
tell, nor you.
I'm kept in sech a worry an' fret by all of these sort
Kaatl have to sell the stuff that I raise right off for
what it briugn.
It costs so much for my taxes now, an' to keep the
That I haven't no chance to make a cent, an' that is
what's to pay.
Hannah, we've both on us crown old, an' our chil
dren all are none :
There is no one now that is left at home for us to
I aint as strong as I used to be, nor as able to work,
I know: .
But I've gut to set these matters square, an' the
xarm'U nave to go.
M Half o1 k world lives idle, with plenty to eat an'
An fbhe ones who work the hardest have often the
Aoast to spare.
'Hbs farmers work till their forms are bent, an' their
hands are hard an' brown ;
3The workmen delve in the dust an' smoke o' the
workshops in the town ;
The sturdy sailors bring to our shores the wealth o1
foreign lands :
.An' the other half o the world subsists by the work
o' tnese naraenea nanus.
An this is one o' the reasons why I cant pay what I
While yon an' I are a-gettin' old, an' the f arm H have
" I've worked in the woods in the winter-time, I've
piowen an' sowed in tne spring,
JVe hoed and dug through summer and fall, an' I
haven't made a thing.
Soaatttimes I lie awake all night, an' worry, an' fuss,
ax1 never a single wink o sleep nor a bit o rest
II think o' our grown-up children, an' the life they've
jest begun ;
'Tkey've got to hoe the same hard row as you and 1
I think o' the politicians, an' the way they rob an'
An, the more I think o' farmin', the poorer it makes
The speculators bny up our cheese, our butter, our
wool an' hay,
An' they sell 'em again for moren twice as much as
they had to pay.
TThey bleed us in transportation, they fleece us
They cheat us on our provisions an' the very clothes
They live in their lofty houses, on the best that can
"Their wivea icear dazzlin' diamonds, an' their chil
dren kfef around ;
In the sr.nimer they go to the seashore an' the
sprr'ags to make a show,
An' tot is the way our butter an' cheese an' our
tsorn an' taters go.
""We work in the sun all summer, raise turnips an'
corn on shares,
tThat the railroads an politicians may cheat us an
put on airs.
'They carry the reins o' power, an' will till we All our
They rule an' ruin the markets, an we are a pack o'
What's to be done ? God only knows. I've failed
in many ways
In try in' to lay a lee tie by to ease my declinin'
I never have bean a shiftless man ; I've figgered ;
I've worked an' tried,
Whit the old farm's been a-runnin down since the
day fattier died.
F borrowed money to pay my debts, an I've
rached the interest grow,
Till it fairly got the start, o' me, an' the farm'U have
Tlren the little wife of Farmer Brown stood up upon
And she looked at him in a kind of way that she
never had before.
'The furrows fled from her shriveled cheeks and her
face grew all aglow ,
" I never will sign the deed, John, an' the farm shall
There's jest one thing to be done, aa sure as you an'
I are born ; .
You must join the Gkahgx an vote, John, if you
would sell your corn.
Hope an' prayer are good, John, for the man who
digs an' delves,
Stat Hsaven will never help us, John, unless we help
3 .ain't as chipper an smart an' spry, nor as strong
&s I used to be,
jRsfc I've got a heap o' spunk, John, when it's started
up in me."
Over the old man's furrowed face the tears began to
He never had felt more proud and strong since their
. wedding long ago ;
A golden gleam of heavenly hope illumined his soul's
And, knecting down on the time-worn floor, both
bowed rteir heads in
Our Fireside Friend.
WHY I EXCHANGED.
Some five years ago I was a subaltern
in a marching regiment,, and quartered
iii a large garrison town in England.
3Vly duties consisted of the usual round
of morning and afternoon parades, visit
ing the men's dinners and teas, and other
regular work. In addition to this we
had, occasionally, to mount guard, and
to pass twenty-four hours in a sort of
It is one of the regulations of the ser
vice that when officers or men are on
guard they should always be in a state
of readiness to " fall in' on parade in a
moment's notice. If you feel very sleepy
and desire rest, yon must take it while
you are buttoned up to the throat and
strapped down at the heels ; a lounge in
au arm chair, or probably a little hori
zontal refreshment upon a sofa, is the
extent of rest which an officer on guard
is supposed to indulge in.
Among my brother subalterns in gar
rison it was our usual practice to infringe
upon this strict letter of the law ; and
when the principal part of our duty had
been accomplished we used to indulge
ourselves by divebting our limbs of their
armor, and seeking refreshment between
the sheets of a little camp bed that was
placed in the inner guard-room.
It was a part of the duties of an officer
on guard to visit all the sentries during
the night, the time for visiting them
being usually an hour or so after the
field officer had visited the guard ;
the field officer being Colonel or Major
who was on duty for the day, and who
"came once by day and once by night to
tee the guards and to see that all was as
it should be. There was no exact limit
to the number of times that the field
officer might visit the guards, but it was
)he usual thing, and had become almost
a custom, for him to come once a day
and once by night, so that after the last
visit the subaltern usually waited an
hour or so, walked round the limits of
his post, visited all his sentries, and
then turned into bed.
It was a bitter cold morning in Janu
uary that my turn for guard came
on. I marched my men to the post, re
lieved the old guard, and then, having
gone tnrougn tne regular duty and
dined, endeavored to pass the time Until
the field officer had visited me. The
previous evening I had been at a ball in
town, and in consequence was very tired
ana steepy ana loo&ed wren consider
able longing to the period when I could
refresh myself by disrobing and enjoy
ing a good snooze.
At length I heard the welcome chal
lent j, ''Who comes there ?" which was
answered by the response, "Grand
rounds," and " Guard, turn out !" was a
signal which I willingly obeyed, for I
knew that in an hour afterward I should
be in the arms of the cod of sleeD.
Slipping ou my cloak and cap, and
grasping my sword, I placed myself in
front f the guard and received the
neia ouioer, who briefly asked me if
everything was correct, directed me to
dismiss my guard, and rode off without
saying " Good night," a proceeding that
I thought rather formal.
Giving directions to the sergeant to
call me in an hour, for the purpose of
visiting the sentries, I threw myself into
my arm chair and tried to read a novel.
The time passed very quickly, as I had
a nap or two, and the sergeant soon ap
peared witn a lantern to conduct me
round the sentries.
It was a terrible night, the wind blow
ing hard, while the snow and sleet were
driving alone; before it. The ther
mometer was several degrees below
freezing, and I felt that I deserved much
from my country for performing so con
scientiously my arduous duties. The
sentries were very much scattered, and
I had to walk nearly two miles to visit
them all. 1 accomplished my task,
however, and returned to the guard
room, where I treated myself to a stiff
glass of grog, and throwing on my regi
mentals I jumped into bed, feeling that
really deserved the luxury.
In a few moments I was fast asleep, not
even dreaming of any of my fair part
ners of the ball, but sound sleep. Sud
denly I became conscious of a great
noise, which sounded like a drum being
At first I did not realize my position,
and could not remember where I was,
but at last it flashed across me that I
was on guard, and that something was
the matter. Jumping out of bed, I
called to know who was there.
The Sergeant answered in a great hur
ry, saying :
" Sir, the field officer of the day is
coming, and the guard is turning out."
I rushed to my boots, pulled them on
over my unstockinged feet ; thrust my
sword-arm into my large- regimental
cloak, which I pulled over me ; jammed
my forage cap on my head, and, grasp
ing my sword, looked to the outward
observer as though "fit for parade."
1 was just in time to receive the held
officer, who again asked me if my guard
was correct. I answered, rather in a
tone of surprise, and said : " Yes, sir,
I could not imagine why my guard
should be visited twice, as such a pro
ceeding was unusual, and perhaps my
tone seemed to imply that I was sur
prised. Whether it wasthat, or whether
a treacherous gust of wind removed the
folds of my cloak and exhibited the
slightest taste in life in the end of the
night-shirt, I know not ; but the field
officer, instead of riding off when he
received my answer, turned his horse's
head in the opposite direction and said :
.Now, sir, X want you to accompany
me around the sentries. "
Had he told me that he wanted me to
accompany him to the regions below I
should scarce have been more horror
struck, for already I had found the
change of temperature between a warm
bed in -a warm room, and the outside air
and to walk two miles on a windy,
frosty night, with no raiment besides
boots, night-shirt, and cloak, "vas really
suffering for one's country and no mis
take. I dared not sho"v the slightest hesita
tion, however, for fear the state of my
attire might be suspected, though I
would have given a week's pay to have
escaped for only five minutes. A non
commissioned officer was ready with a
lantern, and we started on our tour of
The field officer asked several ques
tions connected with the position and
duties of the sentries, to which I gave
answers as well as the chattering of my
teeth would permit me. The most ner
vous work, however, was passing the
gas-lamps, which were placed at inter
vals of one or two hundred yards.
The wind was blowing so fresh that it
was with difficulty I could hold my cloak
around me, and conceal the absence of
my undergarments. Every now and
then an extra gust of wind would come
round a corner, and quite defeat all the
precautions -which I had adopted to en
counter the steady gale. I managed to
dodge in the shades as much as possible,
and more than once ran the risk of be
ing kicked by the field officer's horse,
as 1 slunk behind him when the gas
might have revealed too much.
It was terribly cold, to be sure, the
wind; and snow almost numbing my
limbs. I had a kind of faint hope that
the field officer might think that I be
longed to a Highland regiment, and if
he did observe the scantiness of my at
tire, might believe that that kilt would
explain it. I struggled and shivered
on, knowing that aU things must have
an end, and that my " rounds " must
come to end before long. But I feared
that I could not again get warm during
We had nearly completed our tour,
and were within a few hundred yards of
the guard-room, when we passed the
field officer's quarters. I fondly hoped
that he would not pass them, and that
he would dismiss me at the door, but I
was rather surprised to see a blaze of
light come from the windows, and to
hear the sound of music. It was evident
that there was a " hop" going on inside,
and I already began to tremble from a
sort of instinct that even worse misfor
tune was yet to attend me.
My premonitions were true, for upon
reaching his door my persecutor, in a
cheerful tone, said :
" Well, we've had a cold tour ; you
must come in and take a glass of wine,
and perhaps a waltz will warm you."
" I'm really much obliged," I hastily
answered, " but I should not like to
leave my guard."
" Nonsense, nonsense, man the guard
will be all right ; you must come in."
This " must" he said in quite a deter
I felt desperate, and again declared
that I thought I should be wrong to
leave my guard.
" I'll take the responsibilty," said the
demon ; " so come along saying which,
he grasped my arm, and almost dragged
me into the porch of his quarters.
When we entered the house and were
exposed to the light of the hall lamps, I
fancied I saw a slight twinkle in the eye
of the officer, and I began to wonder
whether he really knew of my predica
ment, and wished to have his joke. Me
gave no other intimation, however, that
1 saw, but quickly took on his cloak,
and said that I had better do the same.
Seeing me hesitate, he said, "Gome,
look alive ; off with it."
Further remonstrance I found would
be useless, so that there was no help for
me but a full confession. Summoning
my courage, and fearing to hesitate, I
blurted out, " Colonel, I've no trows
" The deuce you haven't !" he said.
" Well, you'd better go and put them
on, and then come here as soon as pos
sible, and have a glass of something
I rushed out of the quarters, half de
termined not to return. I was fully awake
now, and shivered like a half-drowned
dog ; but no sooner had I dressed my
self than the Colonel came over t o say
that a quadrille. was waiting for me.
I determined to put a bold face on the
matter, and entered the drawing-room,
where a party of about fifty had as
sembled. It was evident by the titters of
the young ladies, the grins of the men,
and the subdued smiles of the dowagers
that my story was known.
The Colonel had told it as a good joke
to the Major, who had whispered it to
his wife, she had breathed it into the
ear of two of her friends, and in about
ten minutes every person in the room
knew a young subaltern had unwillingly
gone his rounds in his night-shirt.
As long as X stayed in that garrison X
was a standing oke. When the girls
saw me they always looked away and
smiled, and it seemed as impossible for
me to obtain a serious answer from any
of them as for a clown to preach a ser
mon. They even seemed to be afraid to
dance with me. fearing, as I afterwards
heard, to look at my legs, lest I might
be deficient in some article of raiment.
I soon exchanged and went into an
other regiment : and years afterwards I
heard my own adventure related in a
crowded drawing-room, all the details of
the story being true except the name of
the prisoner my misfortune having
been attributad to an unfortunate fall.
I never went to bed on guard after
[From the New York Evening Mail.]
Jet has secured its old place in fash
Never before has lace been so much
worn as now.
Camel's hatb lace is the latest novelty
The "Coronet" and the "Caftan" are
the newest things in bonnets.
The " Direotorie basque" is one of
the newest inventions in ladies' gar
ments. The "Persian" colors are much in
vogue just now ; they are very rich and
The most stylish dresses this season
will be as plain as possible. Black silk
will be the favorite material for street
Some few gentlemen, whose taste in
dress is for the gaudy, but not neat, are
wearing light silk waistcoats for full
Totma ladies who sigh after high
backed silver combs need only to hunt
among their grandmothers' relics to
find "just the thing."
Cut steel has superseded oxidized sil
ver for belt-buckles, chatelaines, and
the like. Small jewelry of this material
is also coming into fashion again.
The most gaudy garments will be
worn in the house this winter, such as
sleeveless jackets of scarlet cloth, em
broidered in Nile-green, gray and violet.
It is considered " the thing" to wear
a small feather stuck in the hat-band ;
but there's no necessity of wearing half
a bird, as some fellows do.
Necklaces will be much worn this
winter. A new style is of square blocks
of gold, enameled with Pompeiian de
signs on the six sides, and joined by
six light chains.
The styles in ladies' dresses have now
got bock as far as the days of Catharine
de Medicis. At this rate we shall soon
have reached the styles prevalent in the
Garden of Eden.
The new color predicted to sweep
everything before it this winter is as yet
unnamed. It is described as looking
like spoiled preserves, and will be worn
in polonaises over black silk.
A lady in New York says she does
not want to be lectured about extrava
gance, when, to her knowledge, the
young man of the period brings home
bills of $80 for neckties, and $250 for a
few pair of ivory and oxidized buttons,
and a night-gown of blue India silk,
puffed and ruined in sinful fashion, for
$60, and half a dozen of raw silk under
wear, at $18 the set, and Balbriggan
socks for 2.75 a pair, and a dozen lawn
ties for $7 apiece.
Glass bonnets have appeared. They
are formed of a tissue woven by fine
glass threads, and may be said to be the
glass of fashion fitted to the mold of
form. Ladies who wear them must
deny themselves the pleasure of criticis
ing their neighbors, on the principle
that it is dangerous for those who live
in glass houses to throw stones.
In Paris smooth hair is the fashion,
although some ladies destroy the beauty
of the new arrangement by pasting
"cats' paws" on either side of the face.
Nast charges $10,000 a year, rnd has
a carte blanche for his Harper's Week'-
Thb late Mr. Schonchin closed his
speech on the Fort Klamath gallows
with: "All I have now to say is, let
A MissorBi lady, who is known to law
as a femme covert, declines to pay taxes
because she cannot earn the money with
which to pay the taxes.
The statement is repeated that Alex
ander H. Stephens and Hersehel V.
Johnson are to start a daily in Washing
ton, independent in politics.
let England there were 25,705 Coro
ner's inquests held last year, 19,046
being on men. In the preceding year
there had been 193 more inquests.
" "Villainous whisky is the cause of a
large percentage of the deaths in the
State." So says a report to the State
Medical Association, in session at Little
Princess Louise, the wife of theMar
quis of Lome, is a sculptor of cohsid
siderable merit, and is now engaged in
designing busts for the adornment of
her London home.
Of the 39,000 Americans permanently
residing in Paris nearly 20,000 are from
Louisiana, 5,000 from Virginia, 3,000
from other Southern States, and only
2,000 from the North and West.
The Woman's Journal thinks that if
Mr. Alexander T Stewart will let the
1,000 women' who are to occupy his
hotel up-town make their own code of'
police regulations all will be well,
A eailboad is now in contemplation
from the Bussian town of Orenburg to
Peshawar in India, a distance of 2,500
miles. When this portion of the line
shall be'finished, a railroad will extend,
without break of gauge, from Calais to
Calcutta, through Warsaw and Moscow.
In view of the present iron scarcity in
England some of the papers are com
plaining of the absurdity Of wasting it,
as is done in tea. It is stated that a
very large percentage Of iron and steel
filings is mixed with various grades of
teas, especially in those coming from
Gov. Straw, of New Hampshire, who
was one of the judges at the baby-show
at the State Fair, last week, was sur
prised Saturday by finding on his door
step an infant of about two months old.
Having had enough of babies for one
week, the Governor turned the infant
over to the police anthof itieSi
P. J. Peterson and F. H. Brandt.
the original discoverers of the Little
Annie. Del Norte, and Margaretta
lodes, in Colorado, have just Bold out
their claims for 410,000 cash. These
men, one of whom is a Swede and the
other a German, are thus suddenly
raised to opulence, and will immediate
ly visit their wondering relatives in Eu
rope. Among the awards of the Mixed Com
mission, which has been sitting during
the summer at Newport, was 8110,000
to Dr. James Syihe, a Scotchman of
New Orleans, whose Valuable store of
drugs was appropriated by Butler. The
doctor died about three years ago in
poverty, and the money will go to his
New Hampshire has a compulsory
school law, requiring that every person
having in custody a child between eight
and fourteen years of age shall send it
to school at least twelve weeks in the
year, of which six shall be consecutive.
The law provides that the child may be
instructed in a private school or at
Two nephews of Hersehel "V. John
son, of Georgia, named James and Ben
jamin Hardee, were killed recently in
Robertson county, Texas. They were
bearers of a note to G. W. Powell, a
well-known desperado, who, upon read
ing the communication, immediately
drew a pistol and shot them dead. The
young men were unarmed.
There will, it is estimated, be pro
duced in California this year over
12,000,000 gallons of wine, of the value
of $3,500,000 ; two millions of pounds
of grapes for table use, with 250,000
pounds of raisins. The acreage under
cultivation of the vine is estimated at
less than 40,000 acres, and it is further
estimated that 8,000,000 of acres are
especiilly adapted to the cultivation of
The state of education in France is
discouraging. There has been no im
provement of late years. Over 200,000
children, from seven to thirteen years
of age, receive no instruction whatever.
Twenty-three per cent, of the young
soldiers cannot read or write, and thirty
four per cent, of the married meh and
women cannot sign the marriage act.
The most ignorant departments are
Brittany, some of the central ones, and
those adjoining Spain and the Mediter
ranean. A Newburtport (Mass.) paper says
that a hundred and eight years ago a
meeting was held at the Wolf Tavern,
on State street, to consult on " the
greate Tumult and Uneasiness on Occa
sion of the Stamp Act." Mr. William
Davenport, who kept the tavern, charged
the guests with seventy-nine bowls of
punch, which at a quart each would
setm to be a liberal supply. The com
pany stayed till morning, and took supper
and breakfast. There is a difference
between the customs of 1765 and 1873.
John Bright, who was recently re
elected to Parliament, made a great
speech a few days ago in Birmingham,
in which he reviewed the political topics
of the day. In his allusions to the re
lations of Great Britain and the United
States, he once more appeared as the
staunch friend and advocate of this
country. Beferring to the constant
talk about the humiliations of the Wash
ington Treaty, Mr. Bright indulged in
some plain home talk, und notified his
hearers that the real humiliation of
England was between the years 1861 and
1865, and that, if the press and aristoc
racy of England had observed ordinary
fairness at that time, there would have
been no occasion for the treaty at all.
Synopsis the Proceedings of the National
Convention of Farmers, Held at
The first Convention
Patrons of Husbandry convened at
Chicago Wednesday, Oct. 2d. Dele
gates were in attendance from Illinois,
Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Nebraska,
Indiana, New York and Canada.
C. D. Beeman, of Iowa, was elected
temporary Chairman, and S. M. Smith
and S. x. li- XJnme, temporary secre
taries. Mr. Beeman, befere taking the chair,
made a short speech, in which he said
that he was eft route to New York to or
ganize a State Grange. This question
of cheap transportation is one of vital
importance to the farmers of the great
Northwest, when it is considered that
400,000,000 bushels of grain are yearly
shipped eastward, and that the farmers
pay for f eightage to the seaboard twenty-five
cents per bushel more than they
should pay if the charges were honestly
registered. Cormorants in the guise of
transportation Companies are preying
Upon the producers, and farmers must
guard theif interests well;
A permanent organization was effected
by the election of the following officers :
James M. Allen, President ; S. M.
Smith and S. T. K. Prime, Secreta
ries. Mr. Flagg read to the Convention a
telegram from Hon. William Windom,
Chairman of the Senate Committee on
Transportation, inviting them to confer
with the committee, at their sitting in
St. Louis, by delegates or otherwise.
Mr. A. G. Searles, of Kankakee
County, BL, offered the following reso
lutions, which were laid on the table :
Whereas, Railways have been built by
large grauts of public lands and by subsidies
granted them by towns, villages, and cities
through which they passed ; and,
Whereas, They have the power granted
them by the State to run their line of road
through our farmB, and even through our
houses and barns, if thej tome in the way of
their line of road, and appropriate oilr prop
erty to their use without oilr consent and
against our wishes and desires ; therefore
Jiesolveil, That railways are public domain,
and as sbcli should be. under the control of
Congressional law ; and
Resolved, That we call upon Congress to
enact a general railway law and put them
under the control of a Department of tho Gov
ernment, or a liureaii of the Government,
called the Department of Railway Transporta
tion, that Bhall establish a uniform tariff of
maximum rates per mile on the roads, and
rates per ton on water transportation from
place to place.
The following Committee on Besolu
tions was appointed : C. D. Beeman,
Iowa : A. G. Dalton, Illinois : N. G.
Lockhart, Indiana ; J.W. Kellogg, Wis
consin ; M. M. Hoonton, Illinois ; J. S.
Moirton, Nebraska ; Thomas T. Smith,
Mr. J. S. Morton, of Nebraska,
offered the following resolution, which
was adopted by the Convention :
Resolved, That a committee of three citizens
of Illinois be appointed by the Chair to report
to this Convention tne eaect upon producers
aud shippers of the legislation on railways in
Illinois, and whether they advise similar legis
lation in all the States.
The Question of water transportation
was brought before the Convention in
the following resolutions offered by Mr.
Colleen, of Illinois :
JiesflDfl. That the first ditty of the people
to subject all transportation companies or
corporations to the restraints of law ; and,
Resolved, That it is their next duty to urge
the making of a ship channel from the Atlan
tic seaboard, by the way of the lakes and the
Mississippi, to deep water in the Gulf of
Mexico by the National Government; and,
Resolved, That it is our next duty to urge
the Federal Government to assist in the build
ing of a double track railway between the
Eastern and Western sections of country.
A long, spirited, and somewhat
desultory discussion ensued, and the
resolutions were finally disposed of by
referring them to the Committee on
After Some business of ah unimpor
tant nature the Contention adjourned!
The second and last daV's session of
the Convention was largely occupied
with a carefully-prepared address on
railroads and transnortation. bv Mr.
Flagg, at the conclusion of which the
Committee on Xtesoiutions made its
reports, which substantially embraces
the following propositions: I. That
Congress pass a maximum freight aud
passenger tariff between States, and
that Legislatures regulate rates within
States. 2. That Congiess open water
routes from the Mississippi river to
the seaboard. 3. That the people be
urged to support home manufactures.
4. That the prospeet of the early completion-
of the double-track freight road
from New York to Omaha is a matter of
congratulation. S, Urging thg people
to free themselves from debt. 6. Oppo
sition to special legislation. 7. Thor
ough organization of the farmers for
self-protection. The first resolution
was passed. The second brought out a
long discussion, during which numerous
substitutes and chauges were made and
tabled, the final result being the adop
tion of the following resolution :
" We demand the construction of
railroads and the improvement of water
communications between the interior and
seaboard, the same to be owned aud
operated by the General Government
for the purpose of affording cheap and
ample transportation, and to protect the
people from Jthe exactions of monopo
lies." The third, fifth, sixth and seventh
resolutions were unanimously adopted,
but the fourth was lost.
Besolutions were also adopted urging
the importance of speedy legislation on
the transportation question, and recom
mending Farmers' Associations to fur
nish the Bailroad and Warehouse Com
mission with information on which to
At the evening session, the only busi
ness of any general importance was the
passage of two resolutions, one advising
the farmers to hold back their live stock
products until they could get a fair
price $5 per hundred on hogs being
considered a fair price; the other recom
mending other States to improve upon
the Bailroad law of Illinois, after which
the Convention adjourned sine die.
[From the Chicago Tribune, Oct. 25.]
The Farmers' Convention, before its
final adjournment Thursday evening,
passed the following resolution, a prac
tical indorsement of which is now
Konsrht in the National Board of Trade.
" We demand the construction of railroads
and the improvement of water communica
tions between the interior and seaboard, the
same to be owned and operated by the general
Government, for the purpose of affording
cheap and ample transportation, and to pro
tect the people from the exactions of monopo
It should be stated, in justice to the
Convention and the class it represented,
that the resolution was declared adopted
on a iiva voce vote, although the noes
appeared about as numerous as the
The Cornell Tragedy.
[Ithaca Cor. New York Sun.]
The Kappa Alphas do not deny that
they took Leggett to Six-Mile Gorge
because of its adaptability for their
mummeries. They had used it before,
and the facilities Which it offer for scar
ing candidates hate never gone unap
preciated. They claim, however, that
the ceremonies were to have been con
cluded at a point a little further up.
The theory generally accepted here, and
which is indorsed by most of the stu
dents who are not members of the K.
A. Society, is that Leggett was taken to
the gorge to frighten him. He was
blindfolded with an elaborate arrange
ment of straps and buckles, so that be
could not possibly get a glimpse of his
surroundings until the moment came
for the terrorizing. Some of the Stu
dents went down under the overhanging
cliff and fixed the colored lights. The
paraphernalia for the masquerade had
grobably been arranged by those who
ad previously arrived. Horrible masks
and costumes of devils were donned.
Then the fires were lighted, and the vic
tim was led to the very verge of the
cliff. At a signal, like the firing of a
gun close to his ear, or some equally un
suspected or bewildering noise, the
blindfold was snatched off. With the
noise still ringing in his ears, and held
by two fellows in the garb of demons,
the scene before him was calculated to
inspire the acme of terror in a body
already bewildered. The glare of light
flashed up from a yawning gulf at his
feet, dazzling his eyes that had been so
suddenly uncovered. Demons danced
and howled, with firebrands waved above
their heads, around an empty coffin.
Every device that could heighten terror
was displayed. The horrible scene was
so suddenly flashed upon him, and was
so far beyond anything that ho had ex
pected, that for an instant in his bewil
derment he forgot that it was all a farce.
Recoiling from the counterfeit hell that
yawned at his feet, he toppled Lee and
. - . i ,,-, - . ,
VV atson, wno were noiaing mm, ana tno
three fell over the pfecipic?,
President White and Profa, Morris,
Schaffer, Heart and Crane, of Cornell
University, are members of the Kappa
Alpha Society, It is not supposed,
however, that any of them participated
in the fatal initiation, although Prof.
Crane was near enough at hand to be
brought to the spot immediately after
the f alL This connection of the society
with the professorship, and the fact
that its members are among the wealthi
est and most socially pretentious among
the students, is believed to eJtplain the
attempt to suppress a thorough investi
gation. The slipshod method of the in
quest, the absence of searching inquiry,
and the impatent conclusion, show how
nearly this attempt was successful, The
students were Allowed to answer or re
fuse to answer as they chose, ond, con
sequently, the evidence was so garbled
and distorted as to be nearly worthless.
The admission that whisky was taken
along to revive the victim", Ehould be
faint under their treatment, was about
thejMily important fact that slipped out.
Use for Fruit, Vegetable and Oyster
Throw them in the fire, and let them
Unsolder. They will spring open about
one inch. Punch holes through each of
the four corners, large enough. Take a
piece of twine,, put through the noies
and tie the can togetner. e m on a
piece of board or shinrfe cut just large
enough for it to rest upon. Fill up the
Can with prepared soil, and you have a
superb pot, or can, to start flowers or
other nlants in. When vour plant is
large enough to put out, dig a hole
large enough to set the can in ; take
away the bottom, set the can in it, cut the
strincs. and the can sprinRS open : slip
it up over your plant, fill up with dirt,
and your plant won t Know it lias rjeen
disturbed. The old way, we sometimes
ruin the plants by jarring the spots to
loosen the dirt, so that it will come out. '
With the cans I have never lost any,
nor even checked their growth in the
least. I even start poppy, larkspur, etc.,
The Last of the Modocs.
[Redding, Cal. (Oct. 24), Cor. San Francisco
[Redding, Cal. (Oct. 24), Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.]
The arrival this afternoon of the re
mainder of the celebrated band of Mo
docs created quite a sensation among
our people generally. From every quar
ter of the country people came in, ex
pecting to see something grand. But
the Modocs, though historical, are any
thing but attractive in appearance. A
more filthy, insignificant looking band
of Indians could not well be imagined.
Princess Mary and the widow of Jack
were the most observed. They were
each arrayed in a deep mourning f tar
and ashes for the death of their kindred.
All look as though they had lain out all
winter under an ash-heap. They left
here on the cars at 9:30 to-night for
their new home in Wyoming Territory.
Capt. Hasbrouck, with twenty men of
Light-Battery B, Fourth Artillery, and
Company G of the Twelfth Infantry,
will escort them to Cheyenne.
.An agricultural journal, given to using
ideas not its own, rather "put its foot
into it," recently, in giving "a few illus
trations of very neat country houses
adapted to the farm and village lot,
which readily explained themselves ;
and if not desired in full, might suggest
ideas to the intending builder." Un
fortunately one of the illustrations was
a picture of Queen "Victoria's Palace at
Osborn, Isle of Wight, and how that
could be considered as a neat house
adapted for a village lot or farm, the
editor failed to explain or suggest, rsor
rowed feathers do not always suit the
LICENSED, FOR WHAT?
IJcpnued to make tho strong man weak ;
Licensed to lay the wiee man low ; .
Licensed a wife's fond heart to break.
And make the children's tears to flow.
Licensed to do thy neighbor harm.
Licensed to kindle hate and Btrife ;
Licensed to nerve the robber's arm ;
Licensed to whet the mm derer's knife.
Licensed thy neighbor's purse to drain,
And rob bim of his very last :
Licensed to beat his feverish brain
Till madness crowns tby work at last.
Licensed like spider for a fly,
To spread thy nets for man, thy prey ;
To mock bis struggles, suck him dry,
Then cast the worthless hulk away.
Licensed where peace and qniet dwell,
To bring disease and want and woe ; .
Licensed to make this world a hell,
And tit man for a hell below.
The scientific conundrum of the day
is : What did Io die of ? Iodide of
"Have von heard my last soDg?"
asked a music writer of a gruff critic.
"I hope so, was the reply.
Though Shakepeare positively doth affirm it,
And to dispnte it may not be discreet,
Yet I cannot believe that which we call flour
By any other name would smell as wheat.
An Iowa editor wrote : " During the
past week we have been visiting the So
lons of the country ;" and his constant
subscribers think that is a funny way to
spell " saloons.
" Thebb I" said Jones, as he wrath-
fully pushed away the pie which his
landlady had just served him, "that
stuff isn't fit for a pig to eat, and I ain't
going to eat it 1" .
Off and on. The man who gets off
mav eet offer, but he can't hope to
reach the superlative ; while the man
Who gets on, we are told, may get honor,
and, by possibility, honest.
At a hotel-table one boarder remarked
to his neighbor, " This must be a
healthy place for chicfcens." Why
asked the other. " Because I nevar see
any dead ones hereabouts. "
A man in blouse scene Paris, of
courses-presents a bottle of perfume to
his beloved, saying : " When you smell
this you will regret that your Creator
did not make you all nose.
A pby-goops merchant of Hartford
was asked how he spent his evenings.
His reply was, " At night I store my
mind, and during the day I mind my
store." He was alive at last accounts.
Catchtno a little Tartar "So you
don't care about donkey-riding, Miss.
And why ?" " Oh, I've got a pony, and
one doesn't csre about donkeys after
that, you know 1" " Has a pony got
more legs than a donkey, thfen ?" Missy
(who don't like to be chaffed) " Yes ;
exactly twice as many aa some donkeys
that I know of."
Jonks dropped in at a closed bar the
other day and purchased a glass of his
favorite beverage. As he munched the
customary clove, he observed that the
bar-tender had returned him short
change. "Well," said the gentleman
of the shirt front and diamond pin,
"we'll owe it to you." "But what
kind of security- can you give me?"
asked the wary Jones. "Suppose
you take a lean on the bar," was the
A Wo do ward avenue business man
found a counterfeit 50-cent scrip among
his tar-ency, the other day, and he put
it in his vest, and that afternoon gave it
to a little girl begging on the streets.
When he came back from tea, he found
the same piece of scrip in the drawer
again, and, questioning his clerk, he
learned that a little girl had brought it
in. bought a stick of gum, and gone
away with 49 cents good money. That
bonk has suspended on currency pay
Detroit Free Press.
The season approaches when the boy
of the period turns his mind to medita
tion. As the hour of 8 p. m. strikes, he
Bof tly withdraws from the table where
he has been engaged in digging the
putty from a nail-head, and unostenta-
V. .... 1 . , 1 Al.
tiously deposits nimseii dsc oi uie
stove to think. We are particular to
this wnrrl. because there is
an impression on the part of his parents,
and his eldest Bisier, wno nas iuo uuuui
of escorting him to bed nights, that he
openly express this belief, but he stoutly
denies it, and lmmeaiaieiy pruceeuu
demonstrate the gross injustice of the
insinuation by humming some familiar
piece. XTetty soon tne iiuiuuiujs
ceases ; there is a signincant movement
at the table, and then it is resumed
for five minutes.
RgWU) l.V . .
when it gradually dies out, and all is si
lent back of the stove. When the boy
comes to again, he is being lifted to
his feet by his waistband, and cuffed on
the head to indicate that it is after 10
o'clock. He makes a desperate attempt
to find where he left off on the tune, but
ignominiously fails, and five minutes
i . i M . wfl, on in-
later is Biumuuug up d",
terested and active siater in his rear,
nr.A Arml? lint fm'nt.lv maintaininc: that
Mil. - J 1
he was not asleep, but only thinking.
trips in tho British Channel, although
their officers take pains to prevent any
from becoming public. One of these
Bteamers was built at Cherbourg and
the other on tne uiyae. xue unwr w
about 400 feet long, and is built on a
different plan from the original cigar
steamer, which now lies at her wharf in
Baltimore. Instead of a wheel in tho
center the vessel has two propellers at
xi - L ..f lm mirror TMlft
tne extreme pumi-o ui l uv. vis. .
cigar portion of the hull is submerged,
and an eye-witness uescnoes me uuo
appearance of tho vessel as he saw it re
cently in the harbor of Southampton as
t . n n 1 1 ,i o ni'fnn steumer
Uitlli v. .
perched on the back of a whale. Mr.
Wmans hopes to ooiam u Bptw
twenty miles an hour by. propulsion
alone with his strange craft.
Michigan's Constitutional' Conven
tion has adopted a clause prohibiting
railway companies from giving free
passes to any but railway operatives.